Economic News Release

Employment Characteristics of Families News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, April 26, 2013                            USDL-13-0730

Technical information:  (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      EMPLOYMENT CHARACTERISTICS OF FAMILIES -- 2012
 

In 2012, 10.5 percent of families included an unemployed person, down 1.0 percentage point
from 2011, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Of the nation's 80.1 million
families, 80.0 percent had at least one employed member in 2012.

These data on employment, unemployment, and family relationships are collected as part of
the Current Population Survey (CPS), a monthly sample survey of approximately 60,000
households. Data in this release are annual averages. Families are classified either as
married-couple families or as families maintained by women or men without spouses present.
Unless otherwise noted, families include those without children as well as those with
children under age 18. For further information, see the Technical Note.

Families and Unemployment

The number of families with at least one member unemployed decreased to 8.4 million in
2012 from 9.0 million in 2011. The proportion of families with an unemployed member
decreased to 10.5 percent in 2012. Black and Hispanic families remained more likely to
have an unemployed member in 2012 (16.8 percent and 14.5 percent, respectively) than white
and Asian families (9.5 percent and 9.2 percent, respectively). (See table 1.)

Most families with an unemployed member also had at least one family member who is employed.
Among families with an unemployed member in 2012, 67.5 percent also had an employed family
member, about the same as in 2011. (See table 1.)

Among married-couple families with an unemployed member, the proportion of families with at
least one employed family member was 80.2 percent in 2012, up from 79.2 percent in 2011.
Among families maintained by men (no spouse present) with an unemployed member, 53.3 percent
had an employed member in 2012; for families maintained by women (no spouse present), the
proportion was 45.6 percent. Both proportions were little changed from 2011. (See table 3.)

Families and Employment

The share of families with an employed member edged up to 80.0 percent in 2012 from 79.8
percent in 2011. The likelihood of having an employed family member rose in 2012 for black
and Hispanic families, to 75.4 percent and 84.6 percent, respectively. The likelihood for
white and Asian families showed little change at 80.1 percent and 88.1 percent, respectively.
(See table 1.)

In 2012, families maintained by women with no spouse present remained less likely to have
an employed member (72.4 percent) than married-couple families (81.9 percent) or families
maintained by men with no spouse present (81.1 percent). Both the husband and wife were
employed in 47.4 percent of married-couple families in 2012. The husband was the only
worker in 20.2 percent of married-couple families, and the wife was the only worker in
8.0 percent of these families. (See table 2.)

Families with Children

In 2012, 43.1 percent of all families included children (sons, daughters, step-children,
or adopted children) under age 18. Among the 34.6 million families with children, 87.8
percent had at least one employed parent in 2012, up from 87.2 percent in 2011. The mother
was employed in 67.1 percent of families with children maintained by women with no spouse
present in 2012, and the father was employed in 81.6 percent of families with children
maintained by men with no spouse present. Among married-couple families with children,
96.3 percent had at least one employed parent in 2012. The share of married-couple
families with children where both parents worked was 59.0 percent. (See table 4.)

Mothers

The labor force participation rate--the percent of the population working or looking for
work--for all mothers with children under age 18 was 70.5 percent in 2012, little different
from the prior year. In 2012, the participation rate for married mothers with a spouse
present (68.3 percent) remained lower than the rate for mothers with other marital statuses
(75.2 percent). (Other marital status refers to persons who never married or are widowed,
divorced, separated, or married but living apart from their spouse.) Married mothers were
equally as likely to be employed as mothers with other marital statuses in 2012, but their
unemployment rate was substantially lower--5.4 percent, compared with 14.1 percent for
mothers with other marital statuses. (See table 5.)

Mothers with younger children are less likely to be in the labor force than mothers with
older children. In 2012, the labor force participation rate of mothers with children under
6 years old (64.8 percent) was lower than the rate of those whose youngest child was 6 to
17 years old (75.1 percent). The participation rate of mothers with infants under a year
old was 57.0 percent. Among mothers with infants, there was virtually no difference in the
participation rate of married mothers (57.0 percent) and those with other marital statuses
(56.9 percent). However, the unemployment rate for married mothers of infants, at 5.5
percent, was considerably lower than the rate for mothers with other marital statuses,
at 23.2 percent. (See tables 5 and 6.)




Technical Note

   The estimates in this release are based on annual average data from the Current
Population Survey (CPS). The CPS, which is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for
the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), is a monthly survey of about 60,000 eligible
households that provides information on the labor force status, demographics, and
other characteristics of the nation's civilian noninstitutional population age 16
and over.

   The data presented in this release are not strictly comparable with data for
earlier years due to the introduction of updated population estimates, or controls,
used in the CPS. The population controls are updated each year In January to reflect
the latest information about population. Additional information is available from
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#pop.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request: Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When
a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the true population values they represent. The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and
this variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a
90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will
differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of
sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of
confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can occur for
many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population, inability
to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of
respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   Additional information about reliability of data from the CPS and guidance on estimating
standard errors is available at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#reliability.

Definitions

   Definitions of the principal terms used in this release are presented below.

   Family. A family is a group of two or more persons residing together who are related
by birth, marriage, or adoption. The count of families is for "primary" families only,
that is, the householder and all other persons related to and residing with the householder.
Families are classified either as married-couple families or as families maintained by
women or men without spouses. Families include those without children as well as those with
children under 18.

   Householder. The householder is the family reference person. This is the person (or one
of the persons) in whose name the housing unit is owned or rented. The relationship of other
individuals in the household is defined in terms of relationship to the householder. The
race or ethnicity of the family is determined by that of the householder. Married, spouse
present; other marital status. These terms denote the marital status of individuals at the
time of interview. Married, spouse present, refers to husbands and wives living together in
the same household, even though one may be temporarily absent on business, on vacation, on a
visit, in a hospital, or for other reasons. Other marital status includes persons who are 
never-married; married, spouse absent; separated; widowed; or divorced. Separated includes
persons with legal separations, those living apart with intentions of obtaining a divorce,
and other people permanently or temporarily separated because of marital discord. Married,
spouse absent, includes married people living apart because either the husband or wife was
employed and living at a considerable distance from home, was serving away from home in the
Armed Forces, had moved to another area, or had a different place of residence for any other
reason except separation as defined above.

   Children. Data on children refer to own children under age 18 that live in the household.
Included are sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children of the husband, wife, or
person maintaining the family. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, other related
children, and all unrelated children living in the household.

   Employed. Employed persons are all those who, during the survey reference week, (a) did
any work at all as paid employees; (b) worked in their own business, profession, or on
their own farm; (c) worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers in a family member's operated
businesses. Persons who were temporarily absent from their because of illness, vacation,
labor disputes, or another reason also are counted as employed.

   Unemployed. The unemployed are persons who had no employment during the reference week,
were available for work at that time, and had made specific efforts to find employment
sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons who were waiting
to be recalled to a job from which they had been laid off need not be looking for work to
be classified as unemployed.

   Civilian labor force. The civilian labor force comprises all persons classified as
employed or unemployed.

   Unemployment rate. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the
 civilian labor force.

   Labor force participation rate. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as
a percent of the population

   Employment-population ratio. The employment-population ratio is the employed as a percent
of the population.




Table 1. Employment and unemployment in families by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2011-2012 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2011 2012

EMPLOYMENT IN FAMILIES

Total families

78,362 80,141

With at least one family member employed

62,529 64,091

As a percent of total families

79.8 80.0

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

56,498 58,007

With no family member employed

15,833 16,050

As a percent of total families

20.2 20.0

White

Total families

63,635 64,246

With at least one family member employed

51,030 51,491

As a percent of total families

80.2 80.1

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

46,203 46,710

With no family member employed

12,605 12,755

As a percent of total families

19.8 19.9

Black or African American

Total families

9,370 9,671

With at least one family member employed

6,954 7,290

As a percent of total families

74.2 75.4

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

6,105 6,419

With no family member employed

2,416 2,380

As a percent of total families

25.8 24.6

Asian

Total families

3,559 4,024

With at least one family member employed

3,131 3,546

As a percent of total families

88.0 88.1

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

2,932 3,315

With no family member employed

427 478

As a percent of total families

12.0 11.9

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total families

10,902 11,769

With at least one family member employed

9,178 9,962

As a percent of total families

84.2 84.6

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

8,201 8,978

With no family member employed

1,724 1,808

As a percent of total families

15.8 15.4

UNEMPLOYMENT IN FAMILIES

Total families

78,362 80,141

With at least one family member unemployed

9,043 8,444

As a percent of total families

11.5 10.5

Some family member(s) employed

6,079 5,702

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

67.2 67.5

Some family member(s) employed full time(1)

5,211 4,902

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

57.6 58.1

White

Total families

63,635 64,246

With at least one family member unemployed

6,608 6,133

As a percent of total families

10.4 9.5

Some family member(s) employed

4,627 4,321

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

70.0 70.5

Some family member(s) employed full time(1)

3,964 3,719

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

60.0 60.6

Black or African American

Total families

9,370 9,671

With at least one family member unemployed

1,767 1,629

As a percent of total families

18.9 16.8

Some family member(s) employed

985 885

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

55.7 54.3

Some family member employed full time(1)

835 752

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

47.3 46.1

Asian

Total families

3,559 4,024

With at least one family member unemployed

389 370

As a percent of total families

10.9 9.2

Some family member(s) employed

298 292

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

76.4 79.0

Some family member(s) employed full time(1)

270 259

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

69.3 70.1

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total families

10,902 11,769

With at least one family member unemployed

1,781 1,707

As a percent of total families

16.3 14.5

Some family member(s) employed

1,226 1,197

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

68.8 70.1

Some family member(s) employed full time(1)

1,030 1,020

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

57.8 59.7

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more per week at all jobs.

NOTE: The race or ethnicity of the family is determined by that of the householder, the family reference person in whose name the housing unit is owned or rented. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 2. Families by presence and relationship of employed members and family type, 2011-2012 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2011 2012 2011 2012

MARRIED-COUPLE FAMILIES

Total

57,290 58,431 100.0 100.0

With at least one family member employed

46,910 47,830 81.9 81.9

Husband only

11,426 11,815 19.9 20.2

Wife only

4,764 4,696 8.3 8.0

Husband and wife

27,229 27,708 47.5 47.4

Other employment combinations

3,491 3,612 6.1 6.2

With no family member employed

10,379 10,601 18.1 18.1

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY WOMEN(1)

Total

15,147 15,517 100.0 100.0

With at least one family member employed

10,867 11,236 71.7 72.4

Householder only

6,248 6,403 41.2 41.3

Householder and other member(s)

2,683 2,896 17.7 18.7

Other member(s), not householder

1,937 1,937 12.8 12.5

With no family member employed

4,280 4,281 28.3 27.6

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY MEN(1)

Total

5,926 6,192 100.0 100.0

With at least one family member employed

4,752 5,025 80.2 81.1

Householder only

2,399 2,514 40.5 40.6

Householder and other member(s)

1,506 1,622 25.4 26.2

Other member(s), not householder

847 889 14.3 14.4

With no family member employed

1,174 1,168 19.8 18.9

Footnotes
(1) No spouse present.

NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 3. Unemployment in families by presence and relationship of employed members and family type, 2011-2012 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2011 2012 2011 2012

MARRIED-COUPLE FAMILIES

With at least one family member unemployed, total

5,576 5,140 100.0 100.0

Employment of family members

Some family member(s) employed

4,413 4,123 79.2 80.2

No family member employed

1,162 1,017 20.8 19.8

Unemployment of family members

Husband unemployed(1)

2,387 2,066 42.8 40.2

Wife employed

1,497 1,307 26.9 25.4

Wife unemployed, husband employed or not in labor force

1,610 1,567 28.9 30.5

Husband employed

1,350 1,328 24.2 25.8

Other family member(s) unemployed

1,579 1,507 28.3 29.3

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY WOMEN(2)

With at least one family member unemployed, total

2,498 2,372 100.0 100.0

Employment of family members

Some family member(s) employed

1,146 1,081 45.9 45.6

No family member employed

1,352 1,290 54.1 54.4

Unemployment of family members

Householder unemployed

1,268 1,191 50.8 50.2

Other member(s) employed

275 250 11.0 10.6

Other family member(s) unemployed

1,229 1,180 49.2 49.8

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY MEN(2)

With at least one family member unemployed, total

970 932 100.0 100.0

Employment of family members

Some family member(s) employed

520 497 53.6 53.3

No family member employed

450 435 46.4 46.7

Unemployment of family members

Householder unemployed

575 535 59.4 57.4

Other member(s) employed

231 209 23.8 22.5

Other family member(s) unemployed

394 397 40.6 42.6

Footnotes
(1) Total families with unemployed husbands, including those with unemployed wives.
(2) No spouse present.

NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 4. Families with own children: Employment status of parents by age of youngest child and family type, 2011-2012 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2011 2012 2011 2012

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Total families

34,269 34,566 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

29,891 30,351 87.2 87.8

No parent employed

4,379 4,215 12.8 12.2

Married-couple families

Total

23,334 23,297 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

22,360 22,429 95.8 96.3

Mother employed

15,267 15,243 65.4 65.4

Both parents employed

13,649 13,739 58.5 59.0

Mother employed, not father

1,618 1,503 6.9 6.5

Father employed, not mother

7,093 7,186 30.4 30.8

Neither parent employed

974 868 4.2 3.7

Families maintained by mother(1)

Total

8,538 8,757 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

5,622 5,872 65.9 67.1

Mother not employed

2,916 2,885 34.1 32.9

Families maintained by father(1)

Total

2,397 2,512 100.0 100.0

Father employed

1,908 2,050 79.6 81.6

Father not employed

489 462 20.4 18.4

WITH OWN CHILDREN 6 TO 17 YEARS, NONE YOUNGER

Total families

19,301 19,577 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

17,027 17,355 88.2 88.6

No parent employed

2,274 2,222 11.8 11.4

Married-couple families

Total

12,927 12,982 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,388 12,471 95.8 96.1

Mother employed

9,118 9,028 70.5 69.5

Both parents employed

8,136 8,104 62.9 62.4

Mother employed, not father

982 924 7.6 7.1

Father employed, not mother

3,270 3,443 25.3 26.5

Neither parent employed

539 511 4.2 3.9

Families maintained by mother(1)

Total

5,043 5,149 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

3,575 3,711 70.9 72.1

Mother not employed

1,468 1,437 29.1 27.9

Families maintained by father(1)

Total

1,330 1,447 100.0 100.0

Father employed

1,063 1,173 79.9 81.1

Father not employed

267 274 20.1 18.9

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 6 YEARS

Total families

14,969 14,989 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,864 12,996 85.9 86.7

No parent employed

2,105 1,992 14.1 13.3

Married-couple families

Total

10,407 10,315 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

9,972 9,958 95.8 96.5

Mother employed

6,149 6,215 59.1 60.3

Both parents employed

5,512 5,635 53.0 54.6

Mother employed, not father

636 580 6.1 5.6

Father employed, not mother

3,824 3,744 36.7 36.3

Neither parent employed

435 357 4.2 3.5

Families maintained by mother(1)

Total

3,495 3,609 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

2,047 2,161 58.6 59.9

Mother not employed

1,448 1,448 41.4 40.1

Families maintained by father(1)

Total

1,067 1,065 100.0 100.0

Father employed

845 877 79.2 82.4

Father not employed

222 188 20.8 17.6

Footnotes
(1) No spouse present.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 5. Employment status of the population by sex, marital status, and presence and age of own children under 18, 2011-2012 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2011 2012
Total Men Women Total Men Women

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

63,885 28,143 35,743 63,796 27,889 35,907

Civilian labor force

51,521 26,302 25,219 51,342 26,028 25,314

Participation rate

80.6 93.5 70.6 80.5 93.3 70.5

Employed

47,578 24,619 22,959 47,872 24,665 23,207

Full-time workers(1)

40,275 23,245 17,029 40,672 23,348 17,323

Part-time workers(2)

7,303 1,374 5,930 7,200 1,317 5,883

Employment-population ratio

74.5 87.5 64.2 75.0 88.4 64.6

Unemployed

3,943 1,683 2,260 3,470 1,362 2,108

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.4 9.0 6.8 5.2 8.3

Married, spouse present

Civilian noninstitutional population

49,999 25,392 24,607 49,590 25,010 24,580

Civilian labor force

40,783 23,873 16,911 40,273 23,478 16,795

Participation rate

81.6 94.0 68.7 81.2 93.9 68.3

Employed

38,379 22,480 15,900 38,257 22,372 15,885

Full-time workers(1)

32,940 21,322 11,618 32,958 21,275 11,683

Part-time workers(2)

5,440 1,158 4,282 5,299 1,097 4,202

Employment-population ratio

76.8 88.5 64.6 77.1 89.4 64.6

Unemployed

2,404 1,393 1,011 2,017 1,106 910

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.8 6.0 5.0 4.7 5.4

Other marital status(3)

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,886 2,751 11,135 14,206 2,879 11,327

Civilian labor force

10,737 2,429 8,308 11,068 2,549 8,519

Participation rate

77.3 88.3 74.6 77.9 88.6 75.2

Employed

9,198 2,139 7,059 9,615 2,294 7,322

Full-time workers(1)

7,335 1,923 5,412 7,714 2,074 5,640

Part-time workers(2)

1,864 216 1,647 1,901 220 1,681

Employment-population ratio

66.2 77.8 63.4 67.7 79.7 64.6

Unemployed

1,539 290 1,249 1,453 256 1,197

Unemployment rate

14.3 11.9 15.0 13.1 10.0 14.1

WITH OWN CHILDREN 6 TO 17 YEARS, NONE YOUNGER

Civilian noninstitutional population

35,027 15,431 19,596 35,353 15,539 19,814

Civilian labor force

29,193 14,289 14,904 29,234 14,347 14,887

Participation rate

83.3 92.6 76.1 82.7 92.3 75.1

Employed

27,178 13,422 13,756 27,421 13,620 13,801

Full-time workers(1)

23,186 12,735 10,450 23,520 12,918 10,602

Part-time workers(2)

3,992 686 3,306 3,901 702 3,199

Employment-population ratio

77.6 87.0 70.2 77.6 87.6 69.7

Unemployed

2,015 867 1,148 1,813 727 1,086

Unemployment rate

6.9 6.1 7.7 6.2 5.1 7.3

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 6 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,858 12,712 16,146 28,443 12,350 16,094

Civilian labor force

22,328 12,013 10,315 22,108 11,681 10,427

Participation rate

77.4 94.5 63.9 77.7 94.6 64.8

Employed

20,400 11,197 9,203 20,451 11,045 9,406

Full-time workers(1)

17,089 10,510 6,579 17,152 10,430 6,721

Part-time workers(2)

3,311 687 2,624 3,299 615 2,684

Employment-population ratio

70.7 88.1 57.0 71.9 89.4 58.4

Unemployed

1,928 816 1,112 1,657 635 1,021

Unemployment rate

8.6 6.8 10.8 7.5 5.4 9.8

WITH NO OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

175,732 88,175 87,558 179,488 89,455 90,033

Civilian labor force

102,096 55,673 46,423 103,633 56,299 47,334

Participation rate

58.1 63.1 53.0 57.7 62.9 52.6

Employed

92,291 49,671 42,620 94,597 50,890 43,707

Full-time workers(1)

72,282 41,087 31,194 74,137 42,129 32,008

Part-time workers(2)

20,010 8,584 11,426 20,460 8,761 11,699

Employment-population ratio

52.5 56.3 48.7 52.7 56.9 48.5

Unemployed

9,805 6,002 3,803 9,036 5,409 3,627

Unemployment rate

9.6 10.8 8.2 8.7 9.6 7.7

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more per week at all jobs.
(2) Usually work less than 35 hours per week at all jobs.
(3) Includes never married; married, spouse absent; divorced; separated; and widowed persons.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 6. Employment status of mothers with own children under 3 years old by single year of age of youngest child and marital status, 2011-2012 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2011 2012
With own children under 3 years old With own children under 3 years old
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year

TOTAL MOTHERS

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,259 2,893 3,353 3,013 9,134 2,829 3,256 3,049

Civilian labor force

5,613 1,848 2,083 1,682 5,612 1,832 2,044 1,737

Participation rate

60.6 63.9 62.1 55.8 61.4 64.7 62.8 57.0

Employed

4,977 1,645 1,844 1,488 5,047 1,656 1,845 1,546

Full-time workers(1)

3,486 1,169 1,296 1,021 3,552 1,177 1,272 1,102

Part-time workers(2)

1,492 476 548 467 1,495 479 572 444

Employment-population ratio

53.8 56.9 55.0 49.4 55.3 58.6 56.7 50.7

Unemployed

635 202 239 194 564 175 199 190

Unemployment rate

11.3 11.0 11.5 11.5 10.1 9.6 9.7 11.0

Married, spouse present

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,488 1,999 2,381 2,109 6,334 1,940 2,288 2,106

Civilian labor force

3,854 1,220 1,434 1,200 3,808 1,198 1,409 1,200

Participation rate

59.4 61.0 60.2 56.9 60.1 61.8 61.6 57.0

Employed

3,603 1,138 1,342 1,123 3,600 1,134 1,332 1,134

Full-time workers(1)

2,594 822 967 805 2,595 816 928 852

Part-time workers(2)

1,009 316 375 318 1,005 318 405 282

Employment-population ratio

55.5 56.9 56.4 53.3 56.8 58.5 58.2 53.8

Unemployed

251 82 92 77 208 64 77 66

Unemployment rate

6.5 6.7 6.4 6.4 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.5

Other marital status(3)

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,771 894 973 905 2,800 889 968 943

Civilian labor force

1,759 628 649 482 1,804 633 634 537

Participation rate

63.5 70.3 66.8 53.2 64.4 71.2 65.5 56.9

Employed

1,375 508 502 365 1,447 522 512 412

Full-time workers(1)

892 347 329 216 957 361 345 251

Part-time workers(2)

483 161 173 149 490 161 167 162

Employment-population ratio

49.6 56.8 51.6 40.3 51.7 58.8 52.9 43.7

Unemployed

384 120 147 117 357 111 122 124

Unemployment rate

21.8 19.2 22.6 24.2 19.8 17.5 19.2 23.2

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more per week at all jobs.
(2) Usually work less than 35 hours per week at all jobs.
(3) Includes never married; married, spouse absent; divorced; separated; and widowed persons.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Last Modified Date: April 26, 2013
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