Economic News Release

Green Goods and Services News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, March 22, 2012                   USDL-12-0495

Technical information:  (202) 691-5185 * GGSInfo@bls.gov * www.bls.gov/ggs
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


(NOTE: This release was reissued on March 22, 2012 to correct the first 
paragraph in the GGS Scope section. The first sentence should have read,
"The GGS scope contained 25,513,300 jobs, or 20.0 percent of the nation's 
total employment." None of the tables were affected by this error.)
          
          
          EMPLOYMENT IN GREEN GOODS AND SERVICES - 2010


In 2010, 3.1 million jobs in the United States were associated with
the production of green goods and services, the U.S. Bureau of Labor
Statistics reported today. Green Goods and Services (GGS) jobs are
found in businesses that produce goods and provide services that
benefit the environment or conserve natural resources. GGS jobs
accounted for 2.4 percent of total employment in 2010. The private
sector had 2.3 million GGS jobs and the public sector had 860,300.
Manufacturing had 461,800 GGS jobs, the most among any private sector
industry. (See table 1.)

Among the states, California had the largest number of GGS jobs
(338,400), accounting for 2.3 percent of employment in the state.
Vermont had the highest proportion of GGS employment at 4.4 percent;
the District of Columbia had the second highest at 3.9 percent. (See
table 4.)

The GGS employment data are compiled through the Green Goods and
Services survey under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages
(QCEW) program. The GGS survey includes approximately 120,000 business
and government establishments within 333 industries that are
identified as potentially producing green goods or providing green
services. Establishments in the sample report whether they produced
green goods and services and the percentage of their revenue or
employment associated with that output. Those percentages are
multiplied by their employment to derive the number of GGS jobs for
the establishment. More information about the survey is provided in
the Technical Note.
  
Private Industry

The private sector had 2,268,800 total GGS jobs in 2010. The
manufacturing industry had the greatest number of GGS private jobs
(461,800). (See table A.) These jobs were 4.0 percent of manufacturing
employment. Examples of green goods and services produced by
manufacturing industries include iron and steel from recycled inputs,
air conditioning and refrigeration equipment meeting selected
standards, hybrid cars and parts, and pollution mitigation equipment.

Construction had 372,100 GGS jobs, comprising 6.8 percent of
construction employment. Among the GGS activities performed within
this industry are the construction of plants that produce energy from
renewable sources and weatherizing and retrofitting projects that 
reduce household energy consumption.

Professional, scientific, and technical services had 349,000 GGS jobs,
accounting for 4.7 percent of the industry’s employment. Industries
within professional, scientific, and technical services that have GGS
output include engineering and architectural services, computer
systems design, and management and consulting services.

Administrative and waste services accounted for 319,900 GGS jobs, 4.3
percent of industry employment. Waste collection and remediation
services are examples of GGS services within administrative and waste
services.


Table A. GGS employment level and share of total, 
by private industry, 2010 annual averages
------------------------------------------------------------
	|			  |    GGS     |   GGS    
NAICS	|      Industry		  | employment | percent(1)
------------------------------------------------------------
10	|Total private,		  |	       |	 
	| all industries......... |  2,268,824 |   2.1	   
11,21	|Natural resources        |  	       |  	   
	|and mining.............. |     65,050 |   3.6	   
22	|Utilities............... |     65,664 |  11.9	   
23	|Construction............ |    372,077 |   6.8	   
31-33	|Manufacturing........... |    461,847 |   4.0	   
42,	|			  |  	       |  	   
44-45 	|Trade................... |    202,370 |   1.0	   
48-49	|Transportation 	  |  	       |  	   
	|and warehousing......... |    245,057 |   6.2	   
51	|Information............. |     37,163 |   1.4	   
52,53	|Financial activities.... |        190 |   0.0	   
54	|Professional, scientific,|   	       |  	   
	|and technical services.. |    349,024 |   4.7	   
55	|Management of companies  |  	       |  	   
	|and enterprises......... |     34,711 |   1.9	   
56	|Administrative 	  |            |  	   
	|and waste services...... |    319,915 |   4.3	   
61,62	|Education and 		  |  	       |  	   
	|health services......... |     37,069 |   0.2	   
71,72	|Leisure and hospitality. |     22,510 |   0.2     
81	|Other services, except   |  	       |  	   
	|public administration... |     56,174 |   1.3	   
-------------------------------------------------------------
  1 GGS percent is the percentage of the GGS employment 
compared to the 2010 average annual employment data from the 
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. 
  NOTE:  Data may not add to total due to rounding.


Utilities

In private industry, the utilities industry accounted for 65,700 GGS
jobs, or 11.9 percent of total private utilities employment. Among the
industries involved in private sector electric power generation,
nuclear power had the highest GGS employment with 35,800 jobs in 2010.
Hydroelectric power generation had 3,700 total private GGS jobs in
2010. (See tables 2 and 3.)

The other electric power generation industry, which includes
electricity generated from biomass, sunlight, wind, and other
renewable sources, had 4,700 GGS private sector jobs. Within this
industry, electricity generated from wind had the highest employment
with 2,200 jobs, followed by biomass with 1,100 jobs, geothermal with
600 jobs, and solar with 400 jobs.

Government

The public sector had 860,300 GGS jobs in 2010, or 4.0 percent of
public sector employment. Local government had the largest portion of
GGS employment in the public sector, with 476,500 GGS jobs
representing 3.4 percent of total local government employment. The
transportation and warehousing sector, which encompasses mass transit
systems, had the largest GGS employment in local government with
228,900 GGS jobs. (See table 2.)

State government had 227,100 GGS jobs accounting for 4.9 percent of
state government employment. The public administration sector was the
largest industry in state government, having 141,700 GGS jobs in 2010.
This industry includes the enforcement of environmental regulations
and the administration of environmental programs.

The federal government had 156,700 GGS jobs representing 5.3 percent
of federal government employment. As was the case with state
government, most GGS jobs in federal government were in the public
administration sector, which had 128,300 jobs. The leisure and
hospitality sector, which includes national parks, had the second
largest GGS employment in federal government with 13,500 jobs.

Geographic Detail

The states with over 100,000 GGS jobs in 2010 were California
(338,400), New York (248,500), Texas (229,700), Pennsylvania
(182,200), Illinois (139,800), and Ohio (126,900). (See table 4.)

California had the highest GGS employment in the United States, with
338,400 GGS jobs representing 2.3 percent of the state's total
employment. Construction had the largest number of private sector GGS
jobs in California (39,600), followed by administrative and waste
services (39,300); professional, scientific, and technical services
(39,200); and manufacturing (31,200). (See table 6.)

New York had 248,500 GGS jobs or 3.0 percent of the state’s total
employment. In New York, the transportation and warehousing industry
had the largest amount of GGS jobs (32,000), followed by construction
(21,100), professional, scientific, and technical services (20,600),
and administrative and waste services (20,600).

Texas had 229,700 GGS jobs or 2.3 percent of the state’s total
employment. Professional, scientific, and technical services had the
largest number of GGS jobs in the state (35,800), followed by
construction (34,300) and manufacturing (27,400).

Vermont had the highest percentage of GGS total employment of any
jurisdiction (4.4 percent). The District of Columbia had the next
highest proportion of its employment in GGS jobs (3.9 percent).

Background

Definition

The BLS green jobs definition contains two components, an output-based
approach and a process-based approach. Output-based jobs are jobs
associated with producing goods or providing services that benefit the
environment or conserve natural resources. Process-based jobs are jobs
in which workers' duties involve making their establishment's
production processes more environmentally friendly or use fewer
natural resources.

This news release covers the output approach only.  The process
approach data will be released later this year.

The output based approach estimates the number of jobs associated with
producing green goods or providing green services. The BLS output
definition of GGS employment does not include workers from all
industries. BLS identified 333 industries from the 1,193 detailed
industries in the 2007 North American Industry Classification System
(NAICS) that potentially provide goods and services that directly
benefit the environment or conserve natural resources. These 333
industries, the GGS scope, consist of industries that may produce
green goods and services within one or more of the following five
groups:

  1.  Energy from renewable sources.
  2.  Energy efficiency equipment, appliances, buildings and vehicles,
      and goods and services that improve the energy efficiency of buildings
      and the efficiency of energy storage and distribution.
  3.  Pollution reduction and removal, greenhouse gas reduction, and
      recycling and reuse goods and services.
  4.  Organic agriculture; sustainable forestry; and soil, water, and
      wildlife conservation.
  5.  Governmental and regulatory administration; and education,
      training, and advocacy goods and services.

The GGS scope was identified by BLS after consultations with industry
groups, government agencies, stakeholders, and the public, which
helped BLS identify industries that potentially provide green goods or
services. Not every activity or product in the industries within the
GGS scope is considered green. An establishment classified in one of
these 333 NAICS industries may produce only green goods, both green
and non-green goods, or only non-green goods. Only the employment
associated with the production of green goods and services within
these selected industries is counted as GGS jobs. BLS recognizes that
establishments producing green goods and services may fall outside of
the GGS scope, and the associated employment will not be counted in
the GGS survey results.

GGS Scope

The GGS scope contained 25,513,300 jobs, or 20.0 percent of the
nation's total employment. Of these jobs, GGS estimates that 3,129,100
jobs, or 2.4 percent of total employment, were related to producing
goods and services that met the BLS GGS definition. (For more
information regarding the GGS definition and methodology, please see
the Technical Note.)


Table B. Employment by frame, 2010 annual averages
--------------------------------------------------------------
		               | Employment |   Percent of 
	Aggregation	       |   level    | total employment 
--------------------------------------------------------------
Total US covered employment(1) |127,820,400 |	   100.0 
GGS in-scope(1)		       | 25,513,300 |	    20.0 
GGS employment		       |  3,129,100 |	     2.4 
--------------------------------------------------------------
  1 Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages


Data Presentation

Data includes GGS employment, GGS employment percentage, and total
QCEW employment by industry and state. The total employment levels are
from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The QCEW
includes all businesses with employees covered by state or federal
unemployment insurance, which is approximately 95.3 percent of
civilian wage and salary employment in the U.S.

For More Information

The tables and charts included in this release contain data for the
nation and for the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Data for
2010 green employment levels and percents for all states are provided
in tables 4, 5, and 6 of this release.

For additional information about the Green Goods and Services data,
please read the Technical Note. Further information about the GGS data
may be obtained by calling (202) 691-5185 or by accessing the GGS
website at www.bls.gov/ggs.




Technical Note


This release presents statistics from the Green Goods and Services
program (GGS). GGS employment level and rate estimates are published
by state, ownership, and industry. Data for GGS are collected and
compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics from a sample of business
and government establishments in selected industries with workers
covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation
provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs).

Collection

In an annual survey of business establishments, data are collected for
employment, fiscal year, and the share of revenue or employment
associated with production of green goods or services at the
establishment level. Data collection methods include mail, computer-
assisted telephone interviewing, web, and fax.

Coverage

BLS sampled from 333 North American Industrial Classification System
(NAICS) industries identified as potential producers or providers of
green goods and services. The GGS survey covers all private
establishments in these industries, such as factories, offices, and
stores, as well as federal, state, and local government entities in
the 50 states and the District of Columbia. For a list of these
industries, please refer to the GGS Web site at www.bls.gov/ggs.

Concepts

Green Goods and Services. Green goods and services are defined as
goods and services produced by an establishment that benefit the
environment or conserve natural resources. Green goods and services
fall into one or more of the following five groups: (1) production of
energy from renewable sources; (2) energy efficiency; (3) pollution
reduction and removal, greenhouse gas reduction, and recycling and
reuse; (4) natural resources conservation; and (5) environmental
compliance, education and training, and public awareness.

Industry classification. The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS). Only the 333 industries identified by
BLS as producing green goods and providing green services are included
in the scope of the GGS survey. To ensure the highest possible quality
of data, the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program
verifies with employers and updates, if necessary, the NAICS code,
location, and ownership classification of all establishments on a 3-
year cycle. Changes in establishment characteristics resulting from
the verification process are annually introduced into the GGS sampling
frame.

Green Goods and Services jobs. GGS jobs are those associated with
producing green goods or providing green services. Some businesses
produce multiple products and services where one or more may be
included in the BLS definition. For these cases, BLS determined from
prior research that businesses often have difficulty providing
employment associated with the production of green goods and services,
while information on the revenue from the sale of the green goods or
services is more readily available and less burdensome for the
respondent to provide. The percentage of the establishment’s revenue
related to sale of green goods and services is used to estimate GGS
jobs, which are defined as employment related to the production of
green goods and services at the establishment level. Sampled
establishments that do not generate revenue are asked to report the
share of their employment involved with the production of green goods
and services. For example, employment related to research and
development, non-profit organizations, government agencies, and new
businesses may provide green goods and services without generating
income.

Employment. Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the twelfth day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working. The monthly employment figure provided by
respondents will be compared to employment data BLS has on file as
part of the QCEW program, which comprise BLS’ business register, in
order to verify that data are being collected for the correct
establishment.

Estimates
 

Estimates of GGS employment and GGS percent of total QCEW
employment are released with the annual GGS news release.
 
Sample and estimation methodology

Sample
 

BLS selects approximately 120,000 GGS establishments per year
from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program.
This program includes all employers subject to state Unemployment
Insurance (UI) laws and federal agencies subject to Unemployment
Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE). Most of these
establishments are selected from the second quarter QCEW sample frame,
while a small sample of new business establishments is selected from
the third and fourth quarters. The sample is designed to estimate GGS
employment at both national industry and state industry sector levels
of detail.

Beginning in the second year of collection, the GGS sample will be
divided into three panels, each containing approximately 40,000 sample
units. Two of the three panel samples will overlap with the previous
year’s sample to produce estimates of change in green employment. The
panel that does not overlap will have a new sample allocated and
selected.

Estimation

A Horvitz-Thompson estimator is used to estimate GGS
employment.

GGS percentage estimates are relative to the QCEW employment of all
industries contained within a particular estimation cell’s NAICS code,
not just the 333 industries included in the GGS scope. For GGS
employment percentages, the estimate of GGS employment is divided by
the 12-month average of QCEW employment over the reference period.

Reliability

GGS estimates are subject to both sampling and
nonsampling error. Sampling error arises from selecting a sample of
establishments rather than the entire business population. To measure
this error, GGS uses a balanced repeated replication technique to
calculate standard errors.

At the typical 90% level of confidence used in BLS analyses, there is
approximately a 90% chance that GGS sample-based estimates of GGS
employment will not differ from the true population totals by more
than 1.645 standard errors. Thus, GGS calculates the width of its 90%
confidence interval for total GGS employment as 1.645 multiplied by
the standard error. The confidence interval width of the total GGS
employment estimate is approximately 56,000.
There is about a 90% chance that the true population total of GGS
employment falls within 56,000 of the GGS estimate. For the estimate
of total green percentage, there is about a 90% chance that the GGS
estimate is within 0.03%.

Nonsampling error arises from various sources, such as establishments
failing to respond or misreporting data, coding and data processing
errors and sample coverage. Since GGS only samples establishments in
333 industries predetermined to potentially have GGS employment, any
green goods and services produced or provided in other industries is
not captured. GGS is also subject to errors in the sampling frame, in
which some establishments’ industry codes may be misclassified.
 
Specialized Procedures

GGS sampling methodology is coordinated with
the Occupational Employment Statistics survey. Sampling overlap
between the two surveys is maximized for additional inference to be
made about green staffing patterns. Such inferences are not included
as part of this GGS release.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




Table 1. Green Goods and Services (GGS) employment by industry sector, 2010 annual averages
Industry NAICS(1) GGS employment(2) GGS
percent(3)
Total employment(4)(5)

Total, all industries

3,129,112 2.4 127,820,442

Total private

2,268,824 2.1 106,201,232

Natural resources and mining

11,21

65,050 3.6 1,798,593

Utilities

22

65,664 11.9 551,287

Construction

23

372,077 6.8 5,489,499

Manufacturing

31-33

461,847 4.0 11,487,496

Trade

42,44-45

202,370 1.0 19,947,787

Transportation and warehousing

48-49

245,057 6.2 3,943,659

Information

51

37,163 1.4 2,703,886

Financial activities

52,53

190 0.0 7,401,812

Professional, scientific, and technical services

54

349,024 4.7 7,457,913

Management of companies and enterprises

55

34,711 1.9 1,854,778

Administrative and waste services

56

319,915 4.3 7,399,320

Education and health services

61,62

37,069 0.2 18,656,159

Leisure and hospitality

71,72

22,510 0.2 13,006,814

Other services, except public administration

81

56,174 1.3 4,349,563

Federal government

156,707 5.3 2,980,813

State government

227,103 4.9 4,606,001

Local government

476,479 3.4 14,032,396

Footnotes
(1) North American Industry Classification System, 2007.
(2) GGS employment is the number of jobs related to the production of Green Goods and Services.
(3) GGS percent is the percentage of the GGS employment compared to the total employment. This value is derived by dividing the GGS employment by the total employment.
(4) Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) 2010 annual average.
(5) Industries may not add to total because of unclassified employment in the QCEW. The unclassified NAICS sector is not shown separately, but it is included in the total.

NOTE: Data may not add to total or sub-total due to rounding.


Table 2. Green Goods and Services (GGS) employment by ownership and industry sector, 2010 annual averages
Industry NAICS(1) Private Federal government State government Local government
GGS employment(2) GGS percent(3) Total
employment(4)(5)
GGS employment(2) GGS percent(3) Total
employment(4)(5)
GGS employment(2) GGS percent(3) Total
employment(4)(5)
GGS employment(2) GGS percent(3) Total
employment(4)(5)

Total, all industries

2,268,824 2.1 106,201,232 156,707 5.3 2,980,813 227,103 4.9 4,606,001 476,479 3.4 14,032,396

Natural resources and mining

11,21

65,050 3.6 1,798,593 (6)- (6)- 3,665 1,740 77.2 2,255 (6)- (6)- 1,476

Utilities

22

65,664 11.9 551,287 9,998 74.0 13,507 (6)- (6)- (6)- 99,790 41.1 242,879

Construction

23

372,077 6.8 5,489,499 (6)- (6)- 5 (6)- (6)- 75,449 (6)- (6)- 107,960

Manufacturing

31-33

461,847 4.0 11,487,496 (6)- (6)- 41,820 (6)- (6)- 667 (6)- (6)- 2,230

Trade

42,44-45

202,370 1.0 19,947,787 (6)- (6)- 53,143 (6)- (6)- (6)- (6)- (6)- 7,160

Transportation and warehousing

48-49

245,057 6.2 3,943,659 (6)- (6)- 669,733 22,038 41.5 53,110 228,874 85.1 269,101

Information

51

37,163 1.4 2,703,886 (6)- (6)- 7,553 166 2.2 7,380 5,418 4.2 129,915

Financial activities

52,53

190 0.0 7,401,812 (6)- (6)- 16,108 (6)- (6)- 12,926 (6)- (6)- 50,977

Professional, scientific, and technical services

54

349,024 4.7 7,457,913 (6)- (6)- 71,122 1,573 8.0 19,664 (6)- (6)- 18,487

Management of companies and enterprises

55

34,711 1.9 1,854,778 (7)- (7)- (7)- (7)- (7)- (7)- (7)- (7)- (7)-

Administrative and waste services

56

319,915 4.3 7,399,320 (6)- (6)- 1,632 (6)- (6)- 10,328 30,732 43.1 71,330

Education and health services

61,62

37,069 0.2 18,656,159 (6)- (6)- 349,381 50,076 2.0 2,513,551 18,317 0.2 8,702,401

Leisure and hospitality

71,72

22,510 0.2 13,006,814 13,549 22.6 60,007 6,611 27.2 24,336 11,613 3.0 393,040

Other services, except public administration

81

56,174 1.3 4,349,563 (6)- (6)- 8,172 (6)- (6)- 3,194 2,574 5.7 45,320

Public administration

92

(8)- (8)- (8)- 128,304 7.6 1,684,928 141,689 7.6 1,870,180 77,696 1.9 3,989,959

Footnotes
(1) North American Industry Classification System, 2007.
(2) GGS employment is the number of jobs related to the production of Green Goods and Services.
(3) GGS percent is the percentage of the GGS employment compared to the total employment. This value is derived by dividing the GGS employment by the total employment.
(4) Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) 2010 annual average.
(5) Industries may not add to total because of unclassified employment in the QCEW. The unclassified NAICS sector is not shown separately, but it is included in the total.
(6) Data do not meet BLS disclosure standards.
(7) No government establishments are classified in this industry.
(8) No private sector establishments are classified in this industry.

NOTE: Data may not add to total or sub-total due to rounding.


Table 3. Green Goods and Services (GGS) private sector employment by detailed industry, 2010 annual averages
Industry NAICS(1) GGS employment(2) GGS percent(3) Total employment(4)(5)

Total private

2,268,824 2.1 106,201,232

Natural resources and mining

11,21

65,050 3.6 1,798,593

Crop production

111

36,611 6.9 528,867

Oilseed and grain farming

1111

4,654 11.1 42,105

Vegetable and melon farming

1112

8,429 9.0 93,881

Fruit and tree nut farming

1113

12,176 6.6 183,733

Greenhouse and nursery production

1114

7,468 5.1 145,600

Other crop farming

1119

3,885 6.1 63,548

Animal production

112

8,365 3.7 225,138

Cattle ranching and farming

1121

3,852 2.9 132,878

Hog and pig farming

1122

1,901 6.7 28,189

Poultry and egg production

1123

1,849 4.7 38,993

Sheep and goat farming

1124

(6)- (6)- 1,399

Aquaculture

1125

568 9.6 5,908

Other animal production

1129

(6)- (6)- 17,772

Forestry and logging

113

11,103 19.8 56,152

Timber tract operations

1131

811 22.7 3,571

Forest nursery and gathering forest products

1132

767 26.0 2,949

Logging

1133

9,525 19.2 49,632

Agriculture and forestry support activities

115

8,971 2.7 328,600

Support activities for crop production

1151

4,431 1.5 287,480

Support activities for animal production

1152

89 0.3 27,087

Support activities for forestry

1153

4,451 31.7 14,033

Utilities

22

65,664 11.9 551,287

Utilities

221

65,664 11.9 551,287

Electric power generation, transmission, and distribution

2211

44,151 11.2 395,960

Electric power generation

22111

44,151 26.1 169,294

Hydroelectric power generation

221111

3,731 53.0 7,045

Nuclear electric power generation

221113

35,755 68.0 52,582

Other electric power generation

221119

4,665 55.9 8,344

Water, sewage, and other systems

2213

21,513 46.0 46,723

Water supply and irrigation systems

22131

16,154 43.1 37,450

Sewage treatment facilities

22132

4,973 67.8 7,338

Steam and air-conditioning supply

22133

387 20.0 1,935

Construction

23

372,077 6.8 5,489,499

Construction of buildings

236

81,950 6.7 1,226,917

Residential building construction

2361

32,545 5.6 577,060

Nonresidential building construction

2362

49,405 7.6 649,857

Heavy and civil engineering construction

237

31,178 3.8 811,123

Utility system construction

2371

22,532 5.9 380,665

Land subdivision

2372

2,408 4.7 51,338

Other heavy construction

2379

6,238 6.6 94,619

Specialty trade contractors

238

258,949 7.5 3,451,459

Building foundation and exterior contractors

2381

40,917 6.1 673,940

Building equipment contractors

2382

160,112 9.9 1,624,657

Building finishing contractors

2383

37,744 5.9 638,119

Other specialty trade contractors

2389

20,177 3.9 514,743

Manufacturing

31-33

461,847 4.0 11,487,496

Textile product mills

314

12,771 10.7 119,145

Textile furnishings mills

3141

12,141 21.2 57,297

Other textile product mills

3149

630 1.0 61,848

Wood product mfg.

321

33,214 9.8 339,542

Sawmills and wood preservation

3211

426 0.5 82,493

Veneer, plywood, and engineered wood product mfg.

3212

6,849 10.8 63,192

Veneer, plywood, and engineered wood product mfg.

32121

6,849 10.8 63,192

Hardwood veneer and plywood mfg.

321211

1,939 13.2 14,687

Softwood veneer and plywood mfg.

321212

(6)- (6)- 14,010

Engineered wood member mfg.

321213

(6)- (6)- 4,013

Truss mfg.

321214

836 4.6 18,194

Reconstituted wood product mfg.

321219

3,719 30.3 12,288

Other wood product mfg.

3219

25,939 13.4 193,857

Millwork

32191

19,295 21.0 91,871

Wood window and door mfg.

321911

16,509 36.7 45,001

Other millwork, including flooring

321918

2,786 7.9 35,047

All other wood product mfg.

32199

6,644 13.0 51,299

Manufactured home, mobile home, mfg.

321991

4,275 22.3 19,154

Prefabricated wood building mfg.

321992

2,369 17.7 13,419

Paper mfg.

322

30,473 7.8 392,853

Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills

3221

30,473 27.3 111,667

Pulp mills

32211

1,069 17.9 5,960

Paper mills

32212

19,310 25.4 75,975

Paper, except newsprint, mills

322121

16,367 24.0 68,174

Newsprint mills

322122

2,943 37.7 7,800

Paperboard mills

32213

10,095 34.0 29,732

Petroleum and coal products mfg.

324

3,087 2.8 110,972

Petroleum and coal products mfg.

3241

3,087 2.8 110,972

Chemical mfg.

325

28,779 3.7 785,283

Basic chemical mfg.

3251

11,970 8.5 140,957

Agricultural chemical mfg.

3253

775 2.2 35,757

Paint, coating, and adhesive mfg.

3255

4,020 7.2 55,891

Paint and coating mfg.

32551

2,612 7.1 36,613

Adhesive mfg.

32552

1,407 7.3 19,278

Soap, cleaning compound, and toilet preparation mfg.

3256

3,883 3.9 100,830

Soap and cleaning compound mfg.

32561

3,883 7.6 51,330

Soap and other detergent mfg.

325611

1,900 7.9 23,996

Polish and other sanitation good mfg.

325612

1,982 8.7 22,712

Other chemical product and preparation mfg.

3259

8,132 9.7 83,977

Printing ink mfg.

32591

2,107 22.3 9,459

All other chemical product and preparation mfg.

32599

6,025 8.9 67,533

Custom compounding of purchased resins

325991

2,318 15.2 15,240

Other miscellaneous chemical product mfg.

325998

3,707 10.9 34,070

Plastics and rubber products mfg.

326

5,471 0.9 623,259

Plastics product mfg.

3261

1,370 0.3 501,690

Other plastics product mfg.

32619

1,370 0.5 271,410

Plastics plumbing fixture mfg.

326191

763 6.1 12,419

Resilient floor covering mfg.

326192

607 13.4 4,544

Rubber product mfg.

3262

4,101 3.4 121,569

Tire mfg.

32621

2,403 4.6 52,001

Tire retreading

326212

2,403 36.3 6,620

Other rubber product mfg.

32629

1,698 3.5 48,199

All other rubber product mfg.

326299

1,698 7.3 23,220

Nonmetallic mineral product mfg.

327

35,452 9.6 368,097

Clay product and refractory mfg.

3271

5,090 12.6 40,385

Glass and glass product mfg.

3272

8,171 10.3 78,992

Cement and concrete product mfg.

3273

13,584 8.0 169,822

Lime and gypsum product mfg.

3274

1,824 13.5 13,483

Other nonmetallic mineral product mfg.

3279

6,782 10.4 65,415

All other nonmetallic mineral product mfg.

32799

6,782 12.1 55,904

Mineral wool mfg.

327993

5,297 32.8 16,160

Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral products

327999

1,485 13.6 10,935

Primary metal mfg.

331

66,902 18.5 361,211

Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy mfg.

3311

43,658 50.9 85,809

Alumina and aluminum production

3313

9,002 16.7 54,054

Other nonferrous metal production

3314

6,716 11.6 58,038

Foundries

3315

7,526 6.8 111,092

Fabricated metal product mfg.

332

33,090 2.6 1,276,933

Forging and stamping

3321

1,668 1.9 88,261

Architectural and structural metals mfg.

3323

22,843 7.1 319,571

Plate work and fabricated structural product mfg.

33231

8,166 5.6 146,417

Fabricated structural metal mfg.

332312

8,166 10.7 76,664

Ornamental and architectural metal products mfg.

33232

14,677 8.5 173,154

Metal window and door mfg.

332321

14,677 28.9 50,699

Other fabricated metal product mfg.

3329

8,578 3.5 245,857

Metal valve mfg.

33291

6,656 8.3 80,316

Industrial valve mfg.

332911

3,284 14.2 23,139

Plumbing fixture fitting and trim mfg.

332913

936 9.7 9,634

Other metal valve and pipe fitting mfg.

332919

2,436 15.0 16,223

All other fabricated metal product mfg.

33299

1,922 1.2 165,540

Fabricated pipe and pipe fitting mfg.

332996

1,922 7.0 27,373

Machinery mfg.

333

70,329 7.1 991,039

Ag, construction, and mining machinery mfg.

3331

251 0.1 203,833

Commercial and service industry machinery

3333

8,112 8.8 92,198

Commercial and service industry machinery mfg.

33331

8,112 8.8 92,198

Commercial laundry and drycleaning machinery mfg.

333312

(6)- (6)- 3,321

Other commercial, service industry mach mfg, ex laundry, off mach, optical equip

333311,5,9

(6)- (6)- 60,193

Ventilation, heating, AC, and commercial refrigeration equipment mfg.

3334

40,835 32.4 125,863

Ventilation, heating, AC, and commercial refrigeration equipment mfg.

33341

40,835 32.4 125,863

Air purification equipment mfg.

333411

7,637 48.5 15,740

Industrial and commercial fan and blower mfg.

333412

1,822 17.5 10,389

Heating equipment, except warm air furnaces mfg.

333414

4,872 30.5 15,955

AC, refrigeration, and forced air heating mfg.

333415

26,505 31.6 83,778

Metalworking machinery mfg.

3335

771 0.5 155,017

Turbine and power transmission equipment mfg.

3336

20,360 22.4 90,989

Engine, turbine, and power transmission mfg.

33361

20,360 22.4 90,989

Turbine and turbine generator set units mfg.

333611

19,450 73.0 26,646

Engine and power transmission equipment mfg., excl. turbine mfg.

333612,3

910 3.7 24,518

Computer and electronic product mfg.

334

43,079 3.9 1,097,216

Computer and peripheral equipment mfg.

3341

2,033 1.3 158,897

Communications equipment mfg.

3342

3,742 3.2 115,903

Audio and video equipment mfg.

3343

565 2.8 20,042

Semiconductor and electronic component mfg.

3344

19,287 5.2 370,007

Navigational, measuring, electromedical, and control instruments mfg.

3345

17,452 4.3 407,363

Navigational, measuring, electromedical, and control instruments mfg.

33451

17,452 4.3 407,363

Automatic environmental control mfg.

334512

2,566 14.1 18,141

Industrial process variable instruments

334513

5,206 9.3 55,976

Totalizing fluid meters and counting devices

334514

1,004 9.3 10,809

Electricity and signal testing instruments

334515

3,099 7.7 40,296

Analytical laboratory instrument mfg.

334516

3,441 11.3 30,484

Other measuring and controlling device mfg.

334519

2,137 7.3 29,464

Electrical equipment and appliance mfg.

335

45,791 12.9 356,075

Electric lighting equipment mfg.

3351

7,765 17.1 45,283

Electric lamp bulb and part mfg.

33511

1,088 12.0 9,067

Lighting fixture mfg.

33512

6,677 18.4 36,216

Residential electric lighting fixture mfg.

335121

572 7.0 8,218

Nonresidential electric lighting fixture mfg.

335122

4,695 24.6 19,101

Other lighting equipment mfg.

335129

1,410 15.8 8,897

Household appliance mfg.

3352

20,123 34.3 58,657

Small electrical appliance mfg.

33521

433 3.5 12,368

Electric housewares and household fan mfg.

335211

433 4.8 9,033

Major appliance mfg.

33522

19,690 42.5 46,289

Household cooking appliance mfg.

335221

83 0.8 10,690

Household refrigerator and home freezer mfg.

335222

(6)- (6)- 14,972

Household laundry equipment mfg.

335224

(6)- (6)- (6)-

Other major household appliance mfg.

335228

(6)- (6)- (6)-

Electrical equipment mfg.

3353

8,304 6.2 134,292

Electrical equipment mfg.

33531

8,304 6.2 134,292

Electric power and specialty transformer mfg.

335311

4,086 17.0 23,978

Motor and generator mfg.

335312

4,218 11.0 38,503

Other electrical equipment and component mfg.

3359

9,599 8.1 117,843

Battery mfg.

33591

5,918 24.6 24,017

Storage battery mfg.

335911

(6)- (6)- 13,170

Primary battery mfg.

335912

(6)- (6)- 10,847

All other electrical equipment and component mfg.

33599

3,681 11.1 33,214

Miscellaneous electrical equipment mfg.

335999

3,681 13.9 26,446

Transportation equipment mfg.

336

38,522 2.9 1,327,169

Motor vehicle mfg.

3361

9,701 6.4 152,750

Motor vehicle parts mfg.

3363

18,854 4.5 415,325

Railroad rolling stock mfg.

3365

8,978 48.8 18,402

Ship and boat building

3366

988 0.8 123,603

Furniture and related product mfg.

337

14,888 4.2 356,094

Office furniture and fixtures mfg.

3372

11,561 12.0 96,070

Other furniture related product mfg.

3379

3,326 9.1 36,433

Trade

42,44-45

202,370 1.0 19,947,787

Merchant wholesalers, durable goods

423

95,505 3.5 2,718,043

Misc. durable goods merchant wholesalers

4239

95,505 34.6 276,189

Miscellaneous store retailers

453

106,865 13.8 772,389

Used merchandise stores

4533

106,865 85.2 125,437

Transportation and warehousing

48-49

245,057 6.2 3,943,659

Water transportation

483

3,180 5.1 62,401

Sea, coastal, and Great Lakes transportation

4831

1,885 5.1 37,289

Inland water transportation

4832

1,295 5.2 25,113

Transit and ground passenger transportation

485

241,877 57.7 419,152

Urban transit systems

4851

31,638 76.7 41,250

Interurban and rural bus transportation

4852

16,677 90.6 18,398

School and employee bus transportation

4854

160,896 88.0 182,762

Charter bus industry

4855

22,747 76.6 29,680

Other ground passenger transportation

4859

9,919 12.5 79,432

Information

51

37,163 1.4 2,703,886

Publishing industries, except Internet

511

23,197 3.1 754,903

Newspaper, book, and directory publishers

5111

21,659 4.4 496,026

Software publishers

5112

1,538 0.6 258,877

Motion picture and sound recording industries

512

2,204 0.6 368,885

Motion picture and video industries

5121

2,204 0.6 352,302

Broadcasting, except Internet

515

9,297 3.2 293,533

Radio and television broadcasting

5151

9,155 4.4 210,060

Cable and other subscription programming

5152

142 0.2 83,473

Other information services

519

2,465 1.7 141,462

Other information services

5191

2,465 1.7 141,462

Financial activities

52,53

190 0.0 7,401,812

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

523

190 0.0 800,476

Professional, scientific, and technical services

54

349,024 4.7 7,457,913

Professional and technical services

541

349,024 4.7 7,457,913

Legal services

5411

4,147 0.4 1,114,734

Architectural and engineering services

5413

172,738 13.5 1,278,970

Engineering services

54133

100,847 11.6 867,547

Architectural and related services excl. engineering services

54131,2,5,6,7,8

71,891 17.8 403,937

Specialized design services

5414

3,035 2.7 113,023

Computer systems design and related services

5415

54,741 3.8 1,446,380

Management and technical consulting services

5416

71,225 7.0 1,013,992

Scientific research and development services

5417

41,214 6.6 620,945

Research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences

54171

41,214 7.3 562,529

Research and development in biotechnology

541711

4,625 3.4 136,640

Other physical and biological research

541712

36,589 8.6 425,890

Advertising, PR, and related services

5418

(6)- (6)- 407,464

Other professional and technical services

5419

(6)- (6)- 578,397

Management of companies and enterprises

55

34,711 1.9 1,854,778

Management of companies and enterprises

551

34,711 1.9 1,854,778

Management of companies and enterprises

5511

34,711 1.9 1,854,778

Administrative and waste services

56

319,915 4.3 7,399,320

Administrative and support services

561

35,027 0.5 7,043,417

Travel arrangement and reservation services

5615

536 0.3 188,734

Services to buildings and dwellings

5617

34,491 2.0 1,730,720

Waste management and remediation services

562

284,889 80.0 355,903

Waste collection

5621

116,293 83.8 138,842

Waste treatment and disposal

5622

77,517 81.1 95,559

Waste treatment and disposal

56221

77,517 81.1 95,559

Hazardous waste treatment and disposal

562211

28,897 77.5 37,296

Solid waste landfill

562212

31,954 84.7 37,739

Solid waste combustors and incinerators

562213

4,876 79.3 6,151

Other nonhazardous waste disposal

562219

11,791 82.0 14,373

Remediation and other waste management services

5629

91,078 75.0 121,501

Remediation services

56291

58,855 77.3 76,135

Materials recovery facilities

56292

10,948 88.4 12,385

All other waste management services

56299

21,275 64.5 32,982

Septic tank and related services

562991

13,313 68.1 19,559

Miscellaneous waste management services

562998

7,962 59.3 13,423

Education and health services

61,62

37,069 0.2 18,656,159

Educational services

611

37,069 1.5 2,460,150

Leisure and hospitality

71,72

22,510 0.2 13,006,814

Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks

712

22,510 17.7 127,527

Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks

7121

22,510 17.7 127,527

Other services, except public administration

81

56,174 1.3 4,349,563

Repair and maintenance

811

23,203 2.0 1,135,118

Automotive repair and maintenance

8111

8,454 1.1 797,591

Electronic equipment repair and maintenance

8112

6,005 6.2 96,898

Commercial machinery repair and maintenance

8113

5,307 3.1 173,273

Household goods repair and maintenance

8114

3,437 5.1 67,356

Membership associations and organizations

813

32,972 2.5 1,313,677

Grantmaking and giving services

8132

3,789 3.0 124,667

Social advocacy organizations

8133

20,704 10.8 191,570

Professional and similar organizations

8139

8,479 2.0 424,989

Footnotes
(1) North American Industry Classification System, 2007.
(2) GGS employment is the number of jobs related to the production of Green Goods and Services. This table reflects private ownership only.
(3) GGS percent is the percentage of the GGS employment compared to the total employment. This value is derived by dividing the GGS employment by the total employment.
(4) Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) 2010 annual average.
(5) Industries may not add to total because of unclassified employment in the QCEW. The unclassified NAICS sector is not shown separately, but it is included in the total.
(6) Data do not meet BLS disclosure standards.

NOTE: Data may not add to total or sub-total due to rounding.


Table 4. Green Goods and Services (GGS) employment by state, 2010 annual averages
State Total, all ownerships Private ownership
GGS employment(1) GGS percent(2) Total employment(3) GGS employment(1) GGS percent(2) Total employment(3)

United States

3,129,112 2.4 127,820,442 2,268,824 2.1 106,201,232

Alabama

44,288 2.4 1,813,155 28,863 2.0 1,444,072

Alaska

11,460 3.6 316,691 6,657 2.8 237,454

Arizona

49,717 2.1 2,356,789 28,815 1.5 1,958,428

Arkansas

33,280 2.9 1,134,071 26,479 2.9 928,522

California

338,445 2.3 14,414,461 230,758 1.9 12,044,614

Colorado

72,452 3.3 2,176,986 54,453 3.0 1,802,165

Connecticut

39,207 2.5 1,595,713 31,782 2.3 1,353,600

Delaware

7,978 2.0 399,078 7,033 2.1 338,605

District of Columbia

26,941 3.9 693,274 12,021 2.7 447,938

Florida

95,963 1.3 7,109,630 81,954 1.4 6,044,806

Georgia

81,996 2.2 3,753,934 64,810 2.1 3,084,772

Hawaii

15,583 2.7 586,772 11,463 2.5 465,119

Idaho

22,192 3.7 605,571 13,826 2.8 492,915

Illinois

139,830 2.5 5,502,322 103,344 2.2 4,686,483

Indiana

67,948 2.5 2,709,831 57,467 2.5 2,304,768

Iowa

39,097 2.7 1,436,340 32,075 2.7 1,201,166

Kansas

27,856 2.1 1,297,779 23,059 2.2 1,047,456

Kentucky

32,096 1.9 1,712,178 24,925 1.8 1,403,521

Louisiana

34,289 1.9 1,832,357 26,816 1.8 1,481,210

Maine

13,925 2.4 577,790 11,184 2.3 478,849

Maryland

87,408 3.6 2,453,197 55,742 2.8 1,968,562

Massachusetts

79,307 2.5 3,149,169 64,462 2.4 2,733,361

Michigan

79,771 2.1 3,770,225 64,615 2.0 3,179,778

Minnesota

69,736 2.7 2,558,310 56,921 2.6 2,184,391

Mississippi

17,412 1.6 1,074,617 13,551 1.6 833,338

Missouri

65,205 2.5 2,573,703 41,226 1.9 2,142,941

Montana

14,545 3.5 419,231 8,031 2.4 334,866

Nebraska

17,703 2.0 896,936 13,106 1.8 736,906

Nevada

17,254 1.6 1,108,238 12,361 1.3 958,194

New Hampshire

11,502 1.9 600,697 10,319 2.0 513,531

New Jersey

76,025 2.0 3,735,703 52,878 1.7 3,135,081

New Mexico

21,267 2.7 781,694 13,016 2.2 592,879

New York

248,526 3.0 8,340,732 134,065 1.9 6,905,804

North Carolina

77,498 2.0 3,788,581 60,574 2.0 3,102,309

North Dakota

8,407 2.3 358,635 6,910 2.4 291,317

Ohio

126,855 2.6 4,908,571 97,027 2.3 4,169,532

Oklahoma

22,411 1.5 1,485,400 15,694 1.4 1,161,462

Oregon

54,953 3.4 1,598,173 37,642 2.9 1,318,288

Pennsylvania

182,193 3.3 5,472,171 149,377 3.1 4,742,319

Rhode Island

11,924 2.7 447,408 8,804 2.3 387,094

South Carolina

35,100 2.0 1,758,204 29,505 2.1 1,423,768

South Dakota

11,239 2.9 389,198 6,883 2.2 316,734

Tennessee

62,004 2.4 2,558,438 46,205 2.2 2,138,215

Texas

229,685 2.3 10,182,150 169,367 2.0 8,363,244

Utah

27,948 2.4 1,150,737 17,652 1.9 945,990

Vermont

12,884 4.4 293,058 9,308 3.9 240,237

Virginia

91,871 2.6 3,536,676 60,218 2.1 2,849,874

Washington

91,906 3.3 2,808,698 68,341 3.0 2,283,231

West Virginia

14,533 2.1 692,448 8,269 1.5 549,769

Wisconsin

59,463 2.3 2,633,572 54,771 2.4 2,246,531

Wyoming

8,031 3.0 271,151 4,197 2.0 205,226

Footnotes
(1) GGS employment is the number of jobs related to the production of Green Goods and Services.
(2) GGS percent is the percentage of the GGS employment compared to the total employment. This value is derived by dividing the GGS employment by the total employment.
(3) Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) 2010 annual average.

NOTE: Data may not add to total or sub-total due to rounding.


Table 5. Green Goods and Services (GGS) private sector employment percent by state and industry sector, 2010 annual averages(1)
State Total private Natural resources and mining Utilities Construction Manufacturing Trade Transportation and warehousing Information Financial activities Professional, scientific, and technical services Management of companies and enterprises Administrative and waste services Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Other services, except public administration

United States

2.1 3.6 11.9 6.8 4.0 1.0 6.2 1.4 0.0 4.7 1.9 4.3 0.2 0.2 1.3

Alabama

2.0 8.8 0.9 1.6 4.5 1.4 3.2 4.5 (2)- 2.3 (2)- 5.4 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Alaska

2.8 (2)- 16.7 5.7 (2)- 0.8 6.5 0.9 (2)- 12.7 (2)- 11.6 (2)- 0.6 3.4

Arizona

1.5 2.3 3.4 7.6 2.0 1.2 5.4 (2)- (2)- 2.5 (2)- 1.3 (2)- 0.2 2.2

Arkansas

2.9 6.2 5.9 4.7 10.0 1.0 (2)- 3.0 (2)- 3.3 (2)- 4.0 (2)- (2)- (2)-

California

1.9 3.7 10.8 7.1 2.5 1.0 3.7 1.3 (2)- 3.9 (2)- 4.6 (2)- 0.2 1.3

Colorado

3.0 (2)- 3.2 6.9 9.2 1.3 6.6 1.4 (2)- 8.2 (2)- 6.0 (2)- 0.3 3.1

Connecticut

2.3 (2)- 50.9 5.9 3.1 0.7 21.4 (2)- (2)- 4.0 (2)- 6.1 (2)- 0.3 (2)-

Delaware

2.1 (2)- (2)- 7.5 (2)- (2)- 26.8 (2)- (2)- 3.2 (2)- 2.7 (2)- (2)- 1.7

District of Columbia

2.7 (3)- (2)- 3.0 (2)- (2)- (2)- (2)- (2)- 7.3 (2)- 1.0 (2)- (2)- 3.3

Florida

1.4 3.3 7.9 6.0 2.3 0.6 2.9 0.4 (2)- 1.9 (2)- 3.9 (2)- 0.2 0.8

Georgia

2.1 6.6 8.1 4.8 6.1 1.0 2.0 (2)- (2)- 4.7 (2)- 2.9 0.1 0.4 4.3

Hawaii

2.5 5.1 2.8 4.5 (2)- 1.1 17.0 1.5 (2)- 11.3 (2)- 3.6 (2)- 0.2 (2)-

Idaho

2.8 5.1 16.2 9.4 3.7 0.9 8.9 (2)- (2)- 5.6 (2)- 5.6 (2)- (2)- 2.6

Illinois

2.2 5.4 6.6 7.6 2.7 1.1 8.6 4.6 (2)- 4.5 (2)- 3.9 0.3 (2)- 0.8

Indiana

2.5 6.6 10.6 8.0 4.8 1.8 1.5 0.8 (2)- 5.8 (2)- 4.4 0.2 0.1 (2)-

Iowa

2.7 4.2 8.1 6.5 8.3 1.1 2.3 (2)- (2)- 5.3 (2)- 2.9 0.1 (2)- 1.1

Kansas

2.2 2.7 26.4 7.1 3.9 0.9 8.4 0.9 (2)- 3.4 (2)- 3.5 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Kentucky

1.8 (2)- 3.6 9.1 3.2 1.4 0.7 0.4 (2)- 4.7 (2)- 3.4 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Louisiana

1.8 1.1 11.0 3.0 3.1 0.8 1.2 1.3 (2)- 4.6 (2)- 9.1 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Maine

2.3 9.8 45.9 8.0 2.8 1.0 7.0 4.2 (2)- 5.5 (2)- 7.0 (2)- (2)- 2.0

Maryland

2.8 4.3 13.6 8.8 6.8 0.8 8.7 (2)- (2)- 6.9 (2)- 5.2 0.3 0.2 0.6

Massachusetts

2.4 6.0 28.7 7.2 4.0 0.7 14.6 (2)- (2)- 2.9 (2)- 6.7 1.5 (2)- 1.0

Michigan

2.0 7.1 0.8 12.2 4.3 1.0 3.9 (2)- (2)- 2.9 (2)- 3.1 0.0 0.1 1.6

Minnesota

2.6 6.4 5.5 8.4 5.3 1.0 13.7 1.3 (2)- 8.1 (2)- 4.8 (2)- (2)- 1.4

Mississippi

1.6 5.1 10.2 3.1 1.3 0.7 2.2 2.6 (2)- 8.8 (2)- 6.1 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Missouri

1.9 5.4 3.4 4.3 3.7 1.3 6.7 (2)- (2)- 6.3 (2)- 3.1 0.3 (2)- 0.9

Montana

2.4 (2)- 2.9 7.9 (2)- 1.0 10.7 (2)- (2)- 8.2 (2)- 5.4 (2)- (2)- 3.0

Nebraska

1.8 6.2 (2)- 5.4 3.7 0.7 2.7 (2)- (2)- 1.7 (2)- 7.4 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Nevada

1.3 (2)- 5.5 3.8 3.1 1.2 6.4 (2)- (2)- 1.3 (2)- 3.7 (2)- (2)- 1.7

New Hampshire

2.0 9.8 29.8 6.9 1.7 0.7 17.9 2.5 (2)- 6.7 (2)- 3.8 (2)- (2)- 1.7

New Jersey

1.7 (2)- 2.3 3.8 2.5 0.7 12.2 (2)- (2)- 2.6 (2)- 3.2 (2)- 0.2 0.6

New Mexico

2.2 (2)- 4.0 7.7 2.7 0.9 14.8 (2)- (2)- 4.6 (2)- 3.7 (2)- (2)- 3.6

New York

1.9 (2)- 2.5 6.9 3.3 0.7 14.9 1.1 (2)- 3.7 (2)- 5.0 0.4 0.3 0.8

North Carolina

2.0 7.9 9.9 6.9 4.7 1.0 2.5 2.1 (2)- 2.9 (2)- 3.5 (2)- (2)- 0.9

North Dakota

2.4 1.5 (2)- 4.9 16.7 0.9 4.2 0.8 (2)- 2.3 (2)- 3.2 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Ohio

2.3 2.8 2.9 12.0 4.7 1.4 3.6 (2)- (2)- 4.9 (2)- 4.7 (2)- 0.3 0.2

Oklahoma

1.4 (2)- 2.5 5.0 3.4 1.0 (2)- (2)- (2)- 2.6 (2)- 2.9 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Oregon

2.9 8.0 10.6 8.3 4.2 1.5 3.9 3.1 (2)- 7.7 (2)- 5.9 (2)- 0.3 2.8

Pennsylvania

3.1 3.5 36.9 5.8 5.5 1.0 15.7 1.4 (2)- 9.1 (2)- 4.8 0.1 (2)- 0.8

Rhode Island

2.3 (2)- (2)- 11.3 3.7 1.1 21.6 1.3 (2)- 4.8 (2)- 6.4 (2)- (2)- (2)-

South Carolina

2.1 7.0 51.6 6.3 3.9 1.0 1.3 1.1 (2)- 0.9 (2)- 3.1 (2)- 0.1 1.4

South Dakota

2.2 4.3 10.7 8.2 4.4 0.9 7.3 (2)- (2)- 2.9 (2)- 7.0 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Tennessee

2.2 3.6 3.3 7.2 5.2 1.4 2.9 1.9 (2)- 4.5 (2)- 3.9 (2)- 0.1 1.0

Texas

2.0 1.2 22.7 6.1 3.4 1.0 1.9 (2)- (2)- 6.3 (2)- 3.5 (2)- 0.1 2.0

Utah

1.9 (2)- 6.2 4.9 3.6 0.7 1.2 (2)- (2)- 4.2 (2)- 5.6 (2)- 0.1 1.3

Vermont

3.9 6.6 (2)- 8.3 7.6 0.8 14.0 6.4 (2)- 16.3 (2)- 12.1 0.9 (2)- 0.9

Virginia

2.1 1.9 2.2 7.8 4.0 1.1 2.5 1.0 (2)- 4.5 (2)- 3.7 (2)- (2)- 1.7

Washington

3.0 10.1 3.7 8.6 2.8 1.1 4.7 (2)- (2)- 8.5 (2)- 11.0 0.1 (2)- 2.1

West Virginia

1.5 (2)- 12.6 5.0 2.0 0.9 (2)- 1.8 (2)- 5.0 (2)- 6.7 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Wisconsin

2.4 6.2 25.7 8.3 3.5 1.4 12.2 1.1 (2)- 3.9 (2)- 3.2 0.1 (2)- 0.7

Wyoming

2.0 (2)- 1.9 5.5 3.1 1.2 (2)- 3.3 (2)- 9.0 (2)- 9.1 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Footnotes
(1) GGS percent is the percentage of the GGS employment compared to the total employment. This value is derived by dividing the GGS employment (Table 6) by the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages 2010 annual average employment for the corresponding state and industry sector.
(2) Data do not meet BLS disclosure standards.
(3) No private sector establishments are classified in this industry.

NOTE: Data may not add to total or sub-total due to rounding.


Table 6. Green Goods and Services (GGS) private sector employment by state and industry sector, 2010 annual averages(1)
State Total private Natural resources and mining Utilities Construction Manufacturing Trade Transportation and warehousing Information Financial activities Professional, scientific, and technical services Management of companies and enterprises Administrative and waste services Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Other services, except public administration

United States

2,268,824 65,050 65,664 372,077 461,847 202,370 245,057 37,163 190 349,024 34,711 319,915 37,069 22,510 56,174

Alabama

28,863 1,729 123 1,373 10,742 4,225 1,567 1,074 (2)- 2,214 (2)- 5,380 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Alaska

6,657 (2)- 358 915 (2)- 351 1,216 55 (2)- 1,755 (2)- 1,309 (2)- 191 342

Arizona

28,815 787 407 8,429 2,888 4,748 3,422 (2)- (2)- 3,050 (2)- 2,475 (2)- 595 1,417

Arkansas

26,479 1,311 429 2,312 15,947 1,722 (2)- 456 (2)- 1,277 (2)- 2,128 (2)- (2)- (2)-

California

230,758 15,160 6,138 39,644 31,186 21,474 14,730 5,564 (2)- 39,209 (2)- 39,327 (2)- 2,952 9,100

Colorado

54,453 (2)- 266 7,945 11,487 4,373 3,797 996 (2)- 13,678 (2)- 8,034 (2)- 751 2,036

Connecticut

31,782 (2)- 3,215 2,932 5,071 1,615 8,238 (2)- (2)- 3,443 (2)- 4,764 (2)- 370 (2)-

Delaware

7,033 (2)- (2)- 1,450 (2)- (2)- 2,340 (2)- (2)- 759 (2)- 567 (2)- (2)- 219

District of Columbia

12,021 (3)- (2)- 313 (2)- (2)- (2)- (2)- (2)- 7,278 (2)- 414 (2)- (2)- 2,019

Florida

81,954 2,807 1,778 20,776 7,067 7,582 5,679 559 (2)- 8,122 (2)- 20,527 (2)- 1,585 1,960

Georgia

64,810 1,955 1,597 7,094 21,021 6,610 3,042 (2)- (2)- 10,199 (2)- 7,457 234 1,319 3,962

Hawaii

11,463 331 89 1,273 (2)- 902 3,932 150 (2)- 2,733 (2)- 1,450 (2)- 187 (2)-

Idaho

13,826 1,208 442 2,941 1,955 890 1,483 (2)- (2)- 1,765 (2)- 2,058 (2)- (2)- 398

Illinois

103,344 1,361 1,538 15,062 14,851 9,503 18,321 4,698 (2)- 15,558 (2)- 14,000 2,380 (2)- 1,610

Indiana

57,467 1,276 1,592 9,216 21,577 7,351 1,545 271 (2)- 5,605 (2)- 6,692 819 306 (2)-

Iowa

32,075 769 552 4,023 16,655 2,695 1,151 (2)- (2)- 2,226 (2)- 1,934 142 (2)- 473

Kansas

23,059 493 2,058 3,842 6,289 1,740 3,241 258 (2)- 2,077 (2)- 2,481 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Kentucky

24,925 (2)- 234 6,158 6,782 3,899 577 92 (2)- 3,224 (2)- 3,091 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Louisiana

26,816 644 1,040 3,587 4,320 2,342 775 313 (2)- 3,685 (2)- 8,195 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Maine

11,184 590 834 1,938 1,434 983 1,030 379 (2)- 1,281 (2)- 1,769 (2)- (2)- 316

Maryland

55,742 277 1,324 12,510 7,806 3,042 5,413 (2)- (2)- 15,517 (2)- 7,368 1,041 534 510

Massachusetts

64,462 468 2,993 7,738 10,088 3,068 10,057 (2)- (2)- 7,099 (2)- 10,503 9,250 (2)- 1,387

Michigan

64,615 2,290 151 14,562 20,399 6,132 3,453 (2)- (2)- 6,383 (2)- 7,416 110 419 1,914

Minnesota

56,921 1,505 700 7,326 15,448 3,974 9,843 684 (2)- 9,911 (2)- 5,799 (2)- (2)- 1,188

Mississippi

13,551 966 787 1,533 1,707 1,127 830 319 (2)- 2,782 (2)- 3,087 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Missouri

41,226 813 429 4,618 8,929 5,392 5,299 (2)- (2)- 7,684 (2)- 4,304 1,297 (2)- 754

Montana

8,031 (2)- 87 1,798 (2)- 680 1,115 (2)- (2)- 1,533 (2)- 1,024 (2)- (2)- 482

Nebraska

13,106 792 (2)- 2,269 3,349 1,018 1,009 (2)- (2)- 728 (2)- 3,051 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Nevada

12,361 (2)- 239 2,225 1,189 1,850 2,890 (2)- (2)- 607 (2)- 2,581 (2)- (2)- 465

New Hampshire

10,319 220 749 1,486 1,089 881 2,124 283 (2)- 1,930 (2)- 1,039 (2)- (2)- 324

New Jersey

52,878 (2)- 322 4,880 6,467 4,636 17,679 (2)- (2)- 6,996 (2)- 7,645 (2)- 573 681

New Mexico

13,016 (2)- 176 3,388 797 1,053 2,340 (2)- (2)- 2,480 (2)- 1,541 (2)- (2)- 746

New York

134,065 (2)- 964 21,128 15,089 8,111 32,017 2,711 (2)- 20,630 (2)- 20,556 6,517 2,078 2,533

North Carolina

60,574 2,521 1,207 12,193 20,257 5,931 2,536 1,454 (2)- 5,310 (2)- 7,967 (2)- (2)- 818

North Dakota

6,910 219 (2)- 1,037 3,757 567 468 60 (2)- 280 (2)- 372 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Ohio

97,027 680 586 20,200 29,443 11,028 5,615 (2)- (2)- 11,636 (2)- 13,120 (2)- 1,455 345

Oklahoma

15,694 (2)- 284 3,344 4,194 2,231 (2)- (2)- (2)- 1,628 (2)- 2,714 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Oregon

37,642 3,696 481 5,488 6,923 3,779 1,786 982 (2)- 5,336 (2)- 4,727 (2)- 430 1,723

Pennsylvania

149,377 1,686 8,051 12,597 30,974 8,270 31,187 1,306 (2)- 27,619 (2)- 12,932 605 (2)- 1,541

Rhode Island

8,804 (2)- (2)- 1,809 1,481 669 1,883 128 (2)- 993 (2)- 1,490 (2)- (2)- (2)-

South Carolina

29,505 886 6,221 5,032 8,144 2,880 586 286 (2)- 643 (2)- 3,924 (2)- 199 649

South Dakota

6,883 211 223 1,641 1,625 646 685 (2)- (2)- 324 (2)- 898 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Tennessee

46,205 388 110 7,222 15,560 5,879 3,546 860 (2)- 4,792 (2)- 6,669 (2)- 285 684

Texas

169,367 3,170 10,963 34,308 27,445 17,002 6,855 (2)- (2)- 35,835 (2)- 22,019 (2)- 915 5,734

Utah

17,652 (2)- 251 3,224 3,959 1,240 509 (2)- (2)- 2,732 (2)- 3,839 (2)- 164 401

Vermont

9,308 204 (2)- 1,120 2,350 390 905 344 (2)- 2,210 (2)- 1,059 490 (2)- 79

Virginia

60,218 396 238 14,198 9,091 5,612 2,444 797 (2)- 17,200 (2)- 7,170 (2)- (2)- 2,201

Washington

68,341 9,061 179 11,247 7,225 4,816 3,726 (2)- (2)- 13,377 (2)- 14,266 313 (2)- 2,801

West Virginia

8,269 (2)- 708 1,636 980 996 (2)- 183 (2)- 1,227 (2)- 2,041 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Wisconsin

54,771 1,509 2,821 7,865 14,928 5,584 10,385 505 (2)- 3,647 (2)- 4,085 310 (2)- 582

Wyoming

4,197 (2)- 46 1,232 272 443 (2)- 129 (2)- 816 (2)- 658 (2)- (2)- (2)-

Footnotes
(1) GGS employment is the number of jobs related to the production of Green Goods and Services. This table reflects private ownership only.
(2) Data do not meet BLS disclosure standards.
(3) No private sector establishments are classified in this industry.

NOTE: Data may not add to total or sub-total due to rounding.


Last Modified Date: March 22, 2012
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