Economic News Release

Commissioner's Statement on the Employment Situation News Release

Advance copies of this statement are made available to the press 
under lock-up conditions with the explicit understanding that 
the data are embargoed until 8:30 a.m. Eastern Standard Time.

                            Statement of

                          Erica L. Groshen
                            Commissioner
                     Bureau of Labor Statistics

                      Friday, December 6, 2013



      The unemployment rate declined from 7.3 percent to 7.0 
percent in November, and nonfarm payroll employment rose by 
203,000. Employment rose in transportation and warehousing, 
health care, and manufacturing. 
      
      Incorporating the revisions for September and October, 
which increased employment growth by 8,000 on net, monthly job 
gains have averaged 193,000 over the past 3 months.
      
      Transportation and warehousing employment increased by 
31,000 over the month, with gains in couriers and messengers 
(+9,000), truck transportation (+8,000), warehousing and storage 
(+5,000), and air transportation (+3,000).
      
      Health care added 28,000 jobs in November and has added an 
average of 19,000 jobs per month thus far this year. Monthly job 
gains in 2012 averaged 27,000 in the industry. In November, job 
growth occurred in home health care services (+12,000) and 
offices of physicians (+7,000), while employment declined in 
nursing care facilities (-4,000).
      
      Manufacturing added 27,000 jobs in November. Within the 
industry, food manufacturing (+8,000) and motor vehicles and 
parts (+7,000) added jobs over the month.
      
      Employment in retail trade continued to trend up (+22,000). 
Over the prior 12 months, retail employment rose by an average 
of 31,000 per month. In November, there were job gains in 
general merchandise stores (+14,000), sporting goods and hobby 
stores (+12,000), and automobile dealers (+7,000).  
      
      Employment also continued to trend up over the month in 
professional and business services (+35,000), construction 
(+17,000), and leisure and hospitality (+17,000). Employment in 
other major industries showed little change.
      
      Average hourly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm 
payrolls rose by 4 cents in November. Over the past 12 months, 
average hourly earnings have risen 48 cents, or 2.0 percent. 
From October 2012 to October 2013, the Consumer Price Index for 
All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose by 0.9 percent.
      
      Turning now to our survey of households, the unemployment 
rate decreased by 0.3 percentage point in November to 7.0 
percent. The number of unemployed persons fell by 365,000 over 
the month. Among the unemployed, the number of persons on 
temporary layoff declined by 377,000 in November, largely 
reflecting the return of federal workers who were furloughed in 
October due to the partial government shutdown.
      
      Although the number of unemployed persons declined, the 
labor force grew by 455,000 in November, reflecting an increase 
of 818,000 in the number of those employed. The gains in labor 
force and employment followed declines in October. The labor 
force participation rate, at 63.0 percent, changed little in 
November. The employment-population ratio rose by 0.3 percentage 
point to 58.6 percent, offsetting a decrease of the same size in 
October. 
      
      Among the employed, the number of persons working part time 
for economic reasons fell by 331,000 to 7.7 million in November. 
These individuals would have preferred full-time employment, but 
had their hours cut or were unable to find full-time work.
      
      Among those neither working nor looking for work in 
November, 2.1 million were considered marginally attached to the 
labor force, down by 409,000 from a year earlier. The marginally 
attached are those who had not looked for work in the 4 weeks 
prior to the survey but wanted a job, were available for work, 
and had looked for a job within the last 12 months. Of the 
marginally attached, 762,000 were classified as discouraged 
workers in November, down by 217,000 from November 2012. 
Discouraged workers are those who were not searching for work 
because they believed no jobs were available for them.
      
      In summary, the unemployment rate declined to 7.0 percent 
in November, and nonfarm payroll employment rose by 203,000.

Last Modified Date: December 06, 2013
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