Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release

 	
For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, January 17, 2014	USDL-14-0039

Technical information:	(202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                    JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – NOVEMBER 2013

There were 4.0 million job openings on the last business day of November, little changed from October, 
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The hires rate (3.3 percent) and separations rate (3.1 
percent) were unchanged in November. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job 
openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by geographic region.
   
Job Openings

There were 4.0 million job openings in November, little changed from October. The number of openings 
was little changed in total private and government, as well as in all industries and in all four regions. 
(See table 1.)

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) was essentially unchanged over the year for total 
nonfarm, total private, and government. Over the year, the number of job openings increased in several 
industries but decreased in federal government. The West region experienced an increase in job 
openings over the 12 months ending in November. (See table 7.)

Hires

There were 4.5 million hires in November, little changed from October. The number of hires was 
essentially unchanged for total private and government. The number of hires was essentially unchanged 
in all industries and in all four regions. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in November, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) changed little for 
total nonfarm, total private, and government. The number of hires increased over the year in several 
industries and decreased in mining and logging. Hires levels were little changed in all four regions. (See 
table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.3 million total separations in November, little changed from October. The number of total 
separations was essentially unchanged for total private and government. (See table 3.)

In November, the quits rate was little changed at 1.8 percent for total nonfarm. The rate was unchanged 
for total private (2.0 percent) and for government (0.6 percent). The quits rate was essentially unchanged 
over the month for all industries and all four regions. (See table 4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in November for 
total nonfarm and total private and was little changed for government. The number of quits rose over the 
year in retail trade, accommodation and food services, and in the South region. (See table 10.)

The layoffs and discharges rate was unchanged in November at 1.1 percent. The rate was unchanged 
over the month for total private (1.2 percent) and was little changed for government (0.4 percent). The 
layoffs and discharges rate was little changed in all four regions. Seasonally adjusted estimates of 
layoffs and discharges are not available for individual industries. (See table 5.) 

The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) declined over the 12 months ending in 
November for total nonfarm and total private and was little changed for government. The number of 
layoffs and discharges decreased over the year ending in November for several industries and was little 
changed in all four regions. (See table 11.)

In November, there were 369,000 other separations for total nonfarm, little changed from October. The 
number of other separations was little changed over the month for total private and government. 
Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not available for individual industries or regions. 
(See table 6.) Over the 12 months ending in November, the number of other separations was little 
changed for total nonfarm, total private, and government. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in November 2013, hires totaled 53.0 
million and separations totaled 51.0 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.0 million. These 
figures include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for December 2013 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, February 11, 2014 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

3,789 3,931 4,001 4,420 4,484 4,494 4,179 4,205 4,258

Total private(1)

3,421 3,564 3,623 4,134 4,195 4,189 3,885 3,894 3,966

Construction

96 127 139 386 329 294 359 290 277

Manufacturing

271 302 297 234 226 259 229 210 234

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

731 688 716 900 967 1,018 774 908 941

Retail trade

475 433 416 597 695 698 512 637 667

Professional and business services

649 736 707 912 900 857 849 818 812

Education and health services(3)

691 654 669 471 518 516 465 467 468

Health care and social assistance

633 582 588 421 442 434 402 399 395

Leisure and hospitality

481 513 560 697 798 792 694 749 776

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

52 77 72 108 138 129 109 113 138

Accommodation and food services

428 435 488 589 660 663 584 637 639

Government(4)

368 368 379 286 289 306 294 311 292

State and local

301 328 333 256 261 272 255 267 253

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

2.7 2.8 2.8 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.1

Total private(1)

2.9 3.0 3.1 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.5

Construction

1.7 2.1 2.3 6.8 5.6 5.0 6.3 5.0 4.7

Manufacturing

2.2 2.5 2.4 2.0 1.9 2.2 1.9 1.8 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

2.8 2.6 2.7 3.5 3.7 3.9 3.0 3.5 3.6

Retail trade

3.1 2.7 2.6 4.0 4.5 4.6 3.4 4.2 4.4

Professional and business services

3.5 3.8 3.6 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.4 4.3

Education and health services(3)

3.3 3.1 3.1 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.2

Health care and social assistance

3.6 3.2 3.3 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

3.4 3.5 3.8 5.0 5.6 5.5 5.0 5.3 5.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2.6 3.6 3.4 5.4 6.8 6.3 5.5 5.5 6.7

Accommodation and food services

3.5 3.4 3.8 5.0 5.4 5.4 4.9 5.2 5.2

Government(4)

1.7 1.7 1.7 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3

State and local

1.6 1.7 1.7 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,400
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Estimates of sampling errors are available upon request.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)

Total

3,789 3,808 3,844 3,883 3,931 4,001 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,421 3,402 3,459 3,508 3,564 3,623 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.1

Construction

96 99 109 112 127 139 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.3

Manufacturing

271 234 268 256 302 297 2.2 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.5 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

731 655 694 726 688 716 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.7

Retail trade

475 413 418 459 433 416 3.1 2.6 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.6

Professional and business services

649 664 658 629 736 707 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.8 3.6

Education and health services(6)

691 670 732 675 654 669 3.3 3.1 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.1

Health care and social assistance

633 610 668 602 582 588 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.3 3.2 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

481 493 514 550 513 560 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.5 3.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

52 47 76 58 77 72 2.6 2.3 3.6 2.8 3.6 3.4

Accommodation and food services

428 446 438 492 435 488 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.9 3.4 3.8

Government(7)

368 406 385 375 368 379 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7

State and local

301 357 339 324 328 333 1.6 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7

REGION(8)

Northeast

674 619 682 701 648 715 2.6 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.7

South

1,434 1,464 1,424 1,433 1,428 1,449 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8

Midwest

912 843 877 906 989 953 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.8 3.1 3.0

West

769 881 861 843 866 884 2.5 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.9

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)

Total

4,420 4,497 4,559 4,632 4,484 4,494 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,134 4,219 4,261 4,338 4,195 4,189 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.6

Construction

386 307 298 299 329 294 6.8 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.6 5.0

Manufacturing

234 222 248 251 226 259 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

900 906 936 923 967 1,018 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.9

Retail trade

597 635 659 634 695 698 4.0 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.6

Professional and business services

912 1,001 979 999 900 857 5.0 5.4 5.3 5.4 4.8 4.6

Education and health services(6)

471 530 556 534 518 516 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5

Health care and social assistance

421 452 461 462 442 434 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

697 753 749 813 798 792 5.0 5.3 5.3 5.7 5.6 5.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

108 114 106 135 138 129 5.4 5.6 5.2 6.7 6.8 6.3

Accommodation and food services

589 639 643 678 660 663 5.0 5.3 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.4

Government(7)

286 277 298 294 289 306 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4

State and local

256 253 273 268 261 272 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4

REGION(8)

Northeast

736 663 729 728 718 695 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7

South

1,645 1,761 1,822 1,817 1,747 1,775 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.6

Midwest

1,013 1,105 1,038 1,068 992 1,033 3.3 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.3

West

1,026 968 970 1,020 1,026 991 3.5 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)

Total

4,179 4,273 4,405 4,477 4,205 4,258 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.1

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,885 3,992 4,138 4,203 3,894 3,966 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.4 3.5

Construction

359 292 297 279 290 277 6.3 5.0 5.1 4.8 5.0 4.7

Manufacturing

229 238 246 246 210 234 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

774 838 917 872 908 941 3.0 3.2 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.6

Retail trade

512 568 650 619 637 667 3.4 3.7 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.4

Professional and business services

849 934 947 959 818 812 4.7 5.0 5.1 5.1 4.4 4.3

Education and health services(6)

465 490 516 515 467 468 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.2

Health care and social assistance

402 426 431 439 399 395 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

694 731 720 814 749 776 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.7 5.3 5.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

109 119 101 143 113 138 5.5 5.9 5.0 7.1 5.5 6.7

Accommodation and food services

584 612 619 671 637 639 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.5 5.2 5.2

Government(7)

294 281 267 274 311 292 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.3

State and local

255 247 235 241 267 253 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.3

REGION(8)

Northeast

656 685 735 713 686 672 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.6

South

1,585 1,734 1,634 1,837 1,660 1,658 3.2 3.5 3.3 3.7 3.3 3.3

Midwest

982 894 1,032 992 921 953 3.2 2.9 3.3 3.2 3.0 3.1

West

956 961 1,003 935 938 976 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.1 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)

Total

2,140 2,342 2,364 2,327 2,382 2,428 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

2,010 2,208 2,240 2,217 2,247 2,304 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0

Construction

90 100 102 96 87 70 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.2

Manufacturing

106 114 106 123 109 126 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

465 459 527 533 562 579 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.2

Retail trade

344 347 406 403 412 425 2.3 2.3 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.8

Professional and business services

394 541 490 453 444 446 2.2 2.9 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.4

Education and health services(6)

280 285 288 297 291 289 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4

Health care and social assistance

247 258 250 266 257 258 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

442 454 453 474 516 539 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.6 3.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

42 48 46 43 46 52 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.3 2.6

Accommodation and food services

400 406 407 431 470 487 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.8 4.0

Government(7)

130 134 124 111 136 124 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6

State and local

119 122 113 100 123 111 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6

REGION(8)

Northeast

292 321 329 320 351 340 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.3

South

883 1,006 993 962 981 1,006 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0

Midwest

496 525 524 577 538 555 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.8

West

469 490 519 468 512 528 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.8

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)

Total

1,705 1,589 1,676 1,756 1,504 1,461 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,611 1,498 1,592 1,650 1,396 1,366 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.2

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

94 91 84 106 109 96 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

310 307 337 321 266 264 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.0

South

582 608 525 721 564 515 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.5 1.1 1.0

Midwest

397 294 439 328 331 318 1.3 0.9 1.4 1.1 1.1 1.0

West

416 380 376 386 343 364 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.2

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)

Total

334 342 365 394 319 369 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

264 286 306 336 252 296 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

70 56 59 57 67 73 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)

Total

3,371 4,200 3,574 2.4 3.0 2.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,029 3,829 3,225 2.6 3.2 2.7

Mining and logging

16 20 13 1.8 2.2 1.4

Construction

76 134 115 1.3 2.2 1.9

Manufacturing

237 313 270 1.9 2.5 2.2

Durable goods

156 181 154 2.0 2.3 2.0

Nondurable goods

81 132 116 1.8 2.9 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

641 781 642 2.4 2.9 2.3

Wholesale trade

122 99 111 2.1 1.7 1.9

Retail trade

417 540 363 2.6 3.4 2.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

102 142 167 2.0 2.7 3.1

Information

101 112 127 3.6 4.0 4.5

Financial activities

215 278 197 2.7 3.4 2.4

Finance and insurance

174 231 156 2.9 3.8 2.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

42 46 41 2.1 2.3 2.0

Professional and business services

582 801 632 3.1 4.1 3.2

Education and health services

650 680 626 3.0 3.1 2.9

Educational services

49 77 76 1.4 2.1 2.1

Health care and social assistance

600 603 550 3.4 3.3 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

398 530 470 2.8 3.6 3.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

46 81 64 2.4 3.9 3.3

Accommodation and food services

352 450 406 2.9 3.5 3.2

Other services

114 180 133 2.0 3.2 2.4

Government

342 371 349 1.5 1.6 1.5

Federal

58 39 40 2.0 1.4 1.5

State and local

284 332 309 1.4 1.7 1.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

608 702 650 2.3 2.6 2.4

South

1,269 1,515 1,272 2.5 2.9 2.5

Midwest

787 1,052 833 2.5 3.3 2.6

West

706 931 819 2.3 3.0 2.6

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)

Total

3,988 4,706 4,097 2.9 3.4 3.0

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,772 4,453 3,864 3.3 3.9 3.3

Mining and logging

30 34 18 3.5 3.8 2.0

Construction

281 341 212 4.9 5.6 3.6

Manufacturing

192 224 218 1.6 1.9 1.8

Durable goods

130 136 127 1.7 1.8 1.7

Nondurable goods

62 88 90 1.4 2.0 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,070 1,154 1,259 4.1 4.4 4.7

Wholesale trade

87 123 82 1.5 2.1 1.4

Retail trade

761 866 907 4.9 5.7 5.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

223 166 270 4.4 3.3 5.2

Information

75 71 63 2.8 2.6 2.3

Financial activities

178 211 150 2.3 2.7 1.9

Finance and insurance

124 138 103 2.1 2.3 1.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

54 73 47 2.8 3.6 2.4

Professional and business services

836 924 767 4.6 4.9 4.1

Education and health services

382 538 404 1.8 2.6 1.9

Educational services

30 80 52 0.9 2.3 1.4

Health care and social assistance

352 458 353 2.1 2.6 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

572 764 642 4.2 5.4 4.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

86 108 102 4.7 5.4 5.4

Accommodation and food services

485 656 539 4.1 5.4 4.5

Other services

156 192 133 2.9 3.5 2.4

Government

217 253 233 1.0 1.1 1.0

Federal

26 27 31 0.9 1.0 1.1

State and local

191 226 202 1.0 1.2 1.0

REGION(3)

Northeast

647 736 613 2.5 2.8 2.3

South

1,510 1,841 1,651 3.1 3.7 3.3

Midwest

877 1,024 907 2.8 3.3 2.9

West

954 1,105 926 3.2 3.7 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)

Total

3,749 4,270 3,775 2.8 3.1 2.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,550 4,016 3,579 3.1 3.5 3.1

Mining and logging

22 30 20 2.6 3.3 2.2

Construction

387 312 300 6.7 5.2 5.0

Manufacturing

205 221 210 1.7 1.8 1.7

Durable goods

126 133 114 1.7 1.8 1.5

Nondurable goods

79 88 96 1.8 2.0 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

672 906 835 2.6 3.5 3.1

Wholesale trade

94 142 95 1.6 2.5 1.6

Retail trade

446 622 598 2.9 4.1 3.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

132 142 141 2.6 2.8 2.7

Information

49 59 55 1.8 2.2 2.0

Financial activities

175 198 154 2.2 2.5 2.0

Finance and insurance

107 124 98 1.8 2.1 1.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

68 74 56 3.5 3.7 2.8

Professional and business services

826 799 758 4.5 4.2 4.0

Education and health services

372 423 363 1.8 2.0 1.7

Educational services

39 48 43 1.1 1.4 1.2

Health care and social assistance

334 375 320 1.9 2.1 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

651 879 727 4.8 6.2 5.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

122 152 160 6.7 7.6 8.5

Accommodation and food services

529 727 567 4.5 6.0 4.7

Other services

190 189 158 3.5 3.5 2.9

Government

199 254 196 0.9 1.1 0.9

Federal

30 47 32 1.1 1.8 1.2

State and local

169 207 164 0.9 1.1 0.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

615 706 609 2.4 2.7 2.3

South

1,352 1,676 1,392 2.7 3.4 2.8

Midwest

925 920 893 3.0 2.9 2.8

West

856 968 882 2.9 3.2 2.9

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)

Total

1,751 2,422 2,023 1.3 1.8 1.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,657 2,311 1,937 1.5 2.0 1.7

Mining and logging

11 11 11 1.3 1.2 1.2

Construction

78 100 58 1.3 1.6 1.0

Manufacturing

81 111 102 0.7 0.9 0.9

Durable goods

45 62 57 0.6 0.8 0.8

Nondurable goods

36 49 45 0.8 1.1 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

387 576 500 1.5 2.2 1.9

Wholesale trade

32 89 54 0.6 1.5 0.9

Retail trade

287 413 370 1.9 2.7 2.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

68 75 76 1.4 1.5 1.5

Information

27 32 32 1.0 1.2 1.2

Financial activities

80 83 71 1.0 1.0 0.9

Finance and insurance

50 52 47 0.8 0.9 0.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

30 31 24 1.5 1.5 1.2

Professional and business services

354 448 392 1.9 2.4 2.1

Education and health services

225 282 232 1.1 1.3 1.1

Educational services

22 29 19 0.6 0.8 0.5

Health care and social assistance

204 253 213 1.2 1.4 1.2

Leisure and hospitality

345 559 440 2.5 3.9 3.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

28 47 37 1.5 2.3 1.9

Accommodation and food services

317 512 403 2.7 4.2 3.3

Other services

69 110 98 1.3 2.0 1.8

Government

94 111 87 0.4 0.5 0.4

Federal

8 12 9 0.3 0.4 0.3

State and local

86 100 78 0.4 0.5 0.4

REGION(3)

Northeast

229 357 271 0.9 1.4 1.0

South

735 989 842 1.5 2.0 1.7

Midwest

410 554 465 1.3 1.8 1.5

West

378 523 446 1.3 1.7 1.5

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)

Total

1,739 1,554 1,460 1.3 1.1 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,676 1,459 1,395 1.5 1.3 1.2

Mining and logging

10 17 8 1.1 1.9 0.8

Construction

302 205 234 5.2 3.4 3.9

Manufacturing

111 94 93 0.9 0.8 0.8

Durable goods

72 60 48 1.0 0.8 0.6

Nondurable goods

39 34 44 0.9 0.8 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

224 256 262 0.9 1.0 1.0

Wholesale trade

52 48 36 0.9 0.8 0.6

Retail trade

124 162 175 0.8 1.1 1.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

49 47 51 1.0 0.9 1.0

Information

16 19 16 0.6 0.7 0.6

Financial activities

71 76 53 0.9 1.0 0.7

Finance and insurance

43 41 30 0.7 0.7 0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

28 35 23 1.4 1.8 1.2

Professional and business services

438 312 330 2.4 1.7 1.7

Education and health services

109 118 101 0.5 0.6 0.5

Educational services

14 17 19 0.4 0.5 0.5

Health care and social assistance

95 101 82 0.6 0.6 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

291 288 245 2.1 2.0 1.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

93 103 113 5.1 5.2 6.0

Accommodation and food services

197 185 132 1.7 1.5 1.1

Other services

105 72 55 1.9 1.3 1.0

Government

63 95 65 0.3 0.4 0.3

Federal

12 24 13 0.4 0.9 0.5

State and local

51 72 53 0.3 0.4 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

351 277 287 1.4 1.1 1.1

South

520 584 441 1.1 1.2 0.9

Midwest

449 322 363 1.5 1.0 1.2

West

420 372 369 1.4 1.2 1.2

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013(p)

Total

259 294 292 0.2 0.2 0.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

217 247 247 0.2 0.2 0.2

Mining and logging

2 2 1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Construction

7 7 8 0.1 0.1 0.1

Manufacturing

14 15 15 0.1 0.1 0.1

Durable goods

9 11 8 0.1 0.1 0.1

Nondurable goods

5 4 7 0.1 0.1 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

61 74 73 0.2 0.3 0.3

Wholesale trade

11 6 6 0.2 0.1 0.1

Retail trade

35 48 53 0.2 0.3 0.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

15 20 14 0.3 0.4 0.3

Information

5 8 7 0.2 0.3 0.3

Financial activities

25 39 30 0.3 0.5 0.4

Finance and insurance

14 31 21 0.2 0.5 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

11 8 9 0.5 0.4 0.4

Professional and business services

35 39 36 0.2 0.2 0.2

Education and health services

38 24 30 0.2 0.1 0.1

Educational services

3 2 4 0.1 0.1 0.1

Health care and social assistance

35 21 25 0.2 0.1 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

16 32 43 0.1 0.2 0.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1 2 11 0.0 0.1 0.6

Accommodation and food services

15 30 32 0.1 0.2 0.3

Other services

16 7 5 0.3 0.1 0.1

Government

42 48 45 0.2 0.2 0.2

Federal

10 12 11 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

31 36 34 0.2 0.2 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

36 72 50 0.1 0.3 0.2

South

98 104 110 0.2 0.2 0.2

Midwest

67 45 65 0.2 0.1 0.2

West

58 73 67 0.2 0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: January 17, 2014
Recommend this page using: