Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release

 	
For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, February 11, 2014	USDL-14-0216

Technical information:	(202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                    JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – DECEMBER 2013

There were 4.0 million job openings on the last business day of December, little changed from 
November, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The hires rate (3.2 percent) and 
separations rate (3.2 percent) were little changed in December. This release includes estimates of the 
number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by 
geographic region.

Job Openings

There were 4.0 million job openings in December, little changed from November. The number of 
openings was little changed in total private and decreased in government. The number of job openings 
decreased in health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment, and recreation; and state and local 
government. The Midwest region experienced a decline in job openings in December. (See table 1.)

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the year for total nonfarm and total 
private and was little changed for government. Over the year, the number of job openings increased in 
mining and logging; nondurable goods manufacturing; wholesale trade; professional and business 
services; and accommodation and food services. The job openings level decreased in healthcare and 
social assistance as well as federal government. The West region experienced an increase in job 
openings over the 12 months ending in December. (See table 7.)

Hires

There were 4.4 million hires in December, little changed from November. The number of hires was 
essentially unchanged for total private and government. The number of hires was little changed in all 
industries and in all four regions. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in December, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) changed little for 
total nonfarm, total private, and government. Hires levels were little changed in all industries and in all 
four regions. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.4 million total separations in December, little changed from November. The number of 
total separations was essentially unchanged for total private and government. (See table 3.)

In December, the quits rate was little changed at 1.7 percent for total nonfarm. The rate was little 
changed for total private (1.9 percent) and unchanged for government (0.6 percent). The quits rate 
decreased over the month for accommodation and food services and was little changed in all four 
regions. (See table 4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in December for 
total nonfarm and total private and was little changed for government. The number of quits rose over the 
year in several industries and in the West region. (See table 10.)

The layoffs and discharges rate was little changed in December at 1.2 percent. The rate was little 
changed over the month for total private (1.3 percent) and unchanged for government (0.4 percent). The 
layoffs and discharges rate was little changed in all four regions. Seasonally adjusted estimates of 
layoffs and discharges are not available for individual industries. (See table 5.) 

The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months ending 
in December for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The number of layoffs and discharges was 
little changed over the year ending in December for all industries and in all four regions. (See table 11.)

In December, there were 390,000 other separations for total nonfarm, little changed from November. 
The number of other separations was little changed over the month for total private and government. 
(See table 6.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not available for individual 
industries or regions. Over the 12 months ending in November, the number of other separations was 
little changed for total nonfarm and total private and decreased for government. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in December 2013, hires totaled 53.3 
million and separations totaled 51.4 million, yielding a net employment gain of 1.9 million. These 
figures include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for January 2014 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, March 11, 2014 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

___________________________________________________________________________________________________
|                               Revisions to the JOLTS Data                                       |
|                                                                                                 |
|With the release of January data on March 11, the BLS will revise the job openings, hires, and   |
|separations data to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics          |
|employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors. Unadjusted data and seasonally   |
|adjusted data from December 2000 forward are subject to revision. Also effective with the release| 
|of January data, durable goods manufacturing and nondurable goods manufacturing data will be     |
|available on a seasonally adjusted basis.                                                        |
|_________________________________________________________________________________________________|

Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Dec.
2012
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Dec.
2012
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Dec.
2012
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

3,612 4,033 3,990 4,195 4,529 4,437 4,062 4,278 4,370

Total private(1)

3,235 3,652 3,644 3,915 4,224 4,162 3,772 3,991 4,095

Construction

95 142 143 280 293 269 263 275 283

Manufacturing

242 283 297 236 260 256 231 229 240

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

704 758 773 890 1,024 969 840 947 952

Retail trade

436 449 470 600 708 696 595 668 680

Professional and business services

575 720 721 798 904 937 813 858 923

Education and health services(3)

670 666 592 506 510 500 468 466 482

Health care and social assistance

602 591 524 431 432 426 402 394 412

Leisure and hospitality

453 555 550 759 775 774 729 762 745

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

59 69 38 130 129 117 125 135 119

Accommodation and food services

394 486 512 629 646 656 604 628 625

Government(4)

377 381 346 280 305 275 290 287 275

State and local

313 328 298 246 266 245 251 252 242

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

2.6 2.9 2.8 3.1 3.3 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.2

Total private(1)

2.8 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.5 3.6

Construction

1.6 2.4 2.4 4.9 5.0 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.8

Manufacturing

2.0 2.3 2.4 2.0 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.9 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

2.7 2.8 2.9 3.5 3.9 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6

Retail trade

2.8 2.8 3.0 4.0 4.6 4.5 4.0 4.4 4.4

Professional and business services

3.1 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.8 5.0 4.5 4.6 4.9

Education and health services(3)

3.2 3.1 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.3

Health care and social assistance

3.4 3.3 2.9 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

3.2 3.7 3.7 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2.9 3.3 1.8 6.5 6.3 5.8 6.3 6.6 5.9

Accommodation and food services

3.2 3.8 4.0 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.1

Government(4)

1.7 1.7 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

State and local

1.6 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,400
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Estimates of sampling errors are available upon request.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Dec.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Dec.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)

Total

3,612 3,844 3,883 3,931 4,033 3,990 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.8

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,235 3,459 3,508 3,564 3,652 3,644 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1

Construction

95 109 112 127 142 143 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.4 2.4

Manufacturing

242 268 256 302 283 297 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.5 2.3 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

704 694 726 688 758 773 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.9

Retail trade

436 418 459 433 449 470 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.8 3.0

Professional and business services

575 658 629 736 720 721 3.1 3.4 3.3 3.8 3.7 3.7

Education and health services(6)

670 732 675 654 666 592 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.1 2.8

Health care and social assistance

602 668 602 582 591 524 3.4 3.7 3.3 3.2 3.3 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

453 514 550 513 555 550 3.2 3.5 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

59 76 58 77 69 38 2.9 3.6 2.8 3.6 3.3 1.8

Accommodation and food services

394 438 492 435 486 512 3.2 3.5 3.9 3.4 3.8 4.0

Government(7)

377 385 375 368 381 346 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6

State and local

313 339 324 328 328 298 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.5

REGION(8)

Northeast

661 682 701 648 677 685 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.6

South

1,364 1,424 1,433 1,428 1,485 1,497 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.9

Midwest

838 877 906 989 945 868 2.7 2.8 2.8 3.1 2.9 2.7

West

749 861 843 866 926 940 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.8 3.0 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Dec.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Dec.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)

Total

4,195 4,559 4,632 4,484 4,529 4,437 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,915 4,261 4,338 4,195 4,224 4,162 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6

Construction

280 298 299 329 293 269 4.9 5.1 5.1 5.6 5.0 4.6

Manufacturing

236 248 251 226 260 256 2.0 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.2 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

890 936 923 967 1,024 969 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.9 3.7

Retail trade

600 659 634 695 708 696 4.0 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.6 4.5

Professional and business services

798 979 999 900 904 937 4.4 5.3 5.4 4.8 4.8 5.0

Education and health services(6)

506 556 534 518 510 500 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4

Health care and social assistance

431 461 462 442 432 426 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

759 749 813 798 775 774 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

130 106 135 138 129 117 6.5 5.2 6.7 6.8 6.3 5.8

Accommodation and food services

629 643 678 660 646 656 5.3 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.4

Government(7)

280 298 294 289 305 275 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3

State and local

246 273 268 261 266 245 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3

REGION(8)

Northeast

687 729 728 718 695 660 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.5

South

1,660 1,822 1,817 1,747 1,797 1,704 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.4

Midwest

924 1,038 1,068 992 1,034 1,034 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.3

West

924 970 1,020 1,026 1,003 1,039 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Dec.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Dec.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)

Total

4,062 4,405 4,477 4,205 4,278 4,370 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,772 4,138 4,203 3,894 3,991 4,095 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.6

Construction

263 297 279 290 275 283 4.6 5.1 4.8 5.0 4.7 4.8

Manufacturing

231 246 246 210 229 240 1.9 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.9 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

840 917 872 908 947 952 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.6

Retail trade

595 650 619 637 668 680 4.0 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.4

Professional and business services

813 947 959 818 858 923 4.5 5.1 5.1 4.4 4.6 4.9

Education and health services(6)

468 516 515 467 466 482 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.3

Health care and social assistance

402 431 439 399 394 412 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

729 720 814 749 762 745 5.2 5.1 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

125 101 143 113 135 119 6.3 5.0 7.1 5.5 6.6 5.9

Accommodation and food services

604 619 671 637 628 625 5.1 5.1 5.5 5.2 5.1 5.1

Government(7)

290 267 274 311 287 275 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3

State and local

251 235 241 267 252 242 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3

REGION(8)

Northeast

663 735 713 686 676 687 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.6

South

1,609 1,634 1,837 1,660 1,674 1,675 3.3 3.3 3.7 3.3 3.4 3.4

Midwest

894 1,032 992 921 936 953 2.9 3.3 3.2 3.0 3.0 3.1

West

895 1,003 935 938 992 1,055 3.0 3.4 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Dec.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Dec.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)

Total

2,126 2,364 2,327 2,382 2,414 2,373 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,999 2,240 2,217 2,247 2,292 2,243 1.8 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9

Construction

68 102 96 87 68 89 1.2 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.2 1.5

Manufacturing

116 106 123 109 118 109 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

452 527 533 562 570 545 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.1

Retail trade

328 406 403 412 408 391 2.2 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.5

Professional and business services

413 490 453 444 477 506 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.7

Education and health services(6)

273 288 297 291 271 294 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4

Health care and social assistance

248 250 266 257 240 265 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

451 453 474 516 537 454 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.6 3.8 3.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

38 46 43 46 53 50 1.9 2.3 2.1 2.3 2.6 2.4

Accommodation and food services

413 407 431 470 484 404 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.3

Government(7)

127 124 111 136 122 130 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6

State and local

115 113 100 123 111 117 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6

REGION(8)

Northeast

315 329 320 351 354 332 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.3

South

892 993 962 981 994 939 1.8 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9

Midwest

454 524 577 538 544 525 1.5 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.7

West

465 519 468 512 523 577 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Dec.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Dec.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)

Total

1,569 1,676 1,756 1,504 1,499 1,608 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,479 1,592 1,650 1,396 1,404 1,524 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

89 84 106 109 94 84 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

284 337 321 266 258 273 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.1

South

557 525 721 564 538 575 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.2

Midwest

357 439 328 331 314 350 1.2 1.4 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1

West

370 376 386 343 389 410 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Dec.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Dec.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)

Total

367 365 394 319 365 390 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

293 306 336 252 295 328 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

74 59 57 67 70 61 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Dec.
2012
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Dec.
2012
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)

Total

3,103 3,603 3,414 2.2 2.5 2.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,746 3,249 3,095 2.4 2.7 2.6

Mining and logging

18 19 26 2.1 2.1 2.8

Construction

61 118 94 1.1 1.9 1.6

Manufacturing

214 251 267 1.8 2.0 2.2

Durable goods

143 149 161 1.9 1.9 2.1

Nondurable goods

71 102 107 1.6 2.2 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

561 676 629 2.1 2.5 2.3

Wholesale trade

105 128 159 1.8 2.2 2.7

Retail trade

332 395 370 2.1 2.4 2.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

125 153 100 2.4 2.9 1.9

Information

80 130 88 2.9 4.6 3.2

Financial activities

233 187 226 2.9 2.3 2.8

Finance and insurance

170 150 172 2.8 2.5 2.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

63 37 54 3.1 1.8 2.6

Professional and business services

505 649 640 2.7 3.3 3.3

Education and health services

631 630 547 3.0 2.9 2.5

Educational services

61 69 61 1.7 1.9 1.7

Health care and social assistance

569 562 486 3.2 3.1 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

340 469 419 2.4 3.2 2.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

39 63 23 2.1 3.2 1.2

Accommodation and food services

301 405 396 2.5 3.2 3.2

Other services

103 120 158 1.9 2.1 2.8

Government

357 354 320 1.6 1.6 1.4

Federal

59 48 45 2.1 1.7 1.6

State and local

298 306 274 1.5 1.5 1.4

REGION(3)

Northeast

555 605 574 2.1 2.3 2.1

South

1,193 1,296 1,307 2.4 2.5 2.5

Midwest

721 847 737 2.3 2.6 2.3

West

634 855 797 2.1 2.7 2.6

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Dec.
2012
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Dec.
2012
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)

Total

3,013 4,137 3,169 2.2 3.0 2.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,842 3,905 3,005 2.5 3.4 2.6

Mining and logging

20 19 21 2.3 2.2 2.4

Construction

166 214 151 2.9 3.6 2.6

Manufacturing

152 217 168 1.3 1.8 1.4

Durable goods

96 125 98 1.3 1.6 1.3

Nondurable goods

56 93 70 1.3 2.1 1.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

718 1,263 778 2.7 4.7 2.9

Wholesale trade

95 93 90 1.7 1.6 1.6

Retail trade

462 919 538 3.0 5.8 3.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

160 251 150 3.1 4.9 2.9

Information

54 64 44 2.0 2.4 1.7

Financial activities

130 153 125 1.7 1.9 1.6

Finance and insurance

75 101 77 1.3 1.7 1.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

55 51 48 2.8 2.6 2.4

Professional and business services

596 818 707 3.3 4.3 3.7

Education and health services

357 402 345 1.7 1.9 1.6

Educational services

39 49 38 1.1 1.4 1.1

Health care and social assistance

319 353 307 1.9 2.0 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

522 620 524 3.8 4.4 3.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

89 103 75 4.8 5.5 4.0

Accommodation and food services

433 516 449 3.7 4.3 3.7

Other services

127 135 142 2.3 2.5 2.6

Government

171 232 164 0.8 1.0 0.7

Federal

27 35 25 1.0 1.3 0.9

State and local

144 197 139 0.7 1.0 0.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

503 617 471 2.0 2.4 1.8

South

1,206 1,687 1,229 2.4 3.4 2.5

Midwest

640 900 718 2.1 2.9 2.3

West

663 933 750 2.2 3.1 2.5

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Dec.
2012
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Dec.
2012
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)

Total

3,866 3,804 4,131 2.9 2.8 3.0

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,610 3,613 3,895 3.2 3.1 3.4

Mining and logging

28 21 33 3.3 2.3 3.7

Construction

288 299 294 5.1 5.0 5.1

Manufacturing

196 206 209 1.6 1.7 1.7

Durable goods

118 107 118 1.6 1.4 1.6

Nondurable goods

78 99 92 1.8 2.2 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

915 839 1,031 3.5 3.1 3.8

Wholesale trade

101 105 91 1.8 1.8 1.6

Retail trade

623 602 724 4.0 3.8 4.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

191 132 216 3.7 2.6 4.1

Information

66 54 63 2.4 2.0 2.4

Financial activities

139 149 145 1.8 1.9 1.8

Finance and insurance

83 93 97 1.4 1.6 1.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

56 56 48 2.9 2.8 2.4

Professional and business services

804 810 899 4.4 4.3 4.8

Education and health services

409 365 415 2.0 1.7 2.0

Educational services

49 43 52 1.4 1.2 1.5

Health care and social assistance

360 323 363 2.1 1.8 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

623 709 636 4.6 5.1 4.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

99 157 89 5.4 8.3 4.8

Accommodation and food services

523 551 547 4.4 4.5 4.5

Other services

142 160 169 2.6 2.9 3.1

Government

256 191 236 1.2 0.9 1.1

Federal

39 28 31 1.4 1.0 1.1

State and local

217 163 205 1.1 0.8 1.1

REGION(3)

Northeast

647 618 658 2.5 2.4 2.5

South

1,473 1,411 1,528 3.0 2.8 3.1

Midwest

917 873 963 3.0 2.8 3.1

West

829 902 982 2.8 3.0 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Dec.
2012
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Dec.
2012
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)

Total

1,727 2,005 1,957 1.3 1.5 1.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,630 1,920 1,858 1.4 1.7 1.6

Mining and logging

10 10 13 1.2 1.2 1.5

Construction

51 56 67 0.9 0.9 1.2

Manufacturing

80 94 75 0.7 0.8 0.6

Durable goods

44 51 38 0.6 0.7 0.5

Nondurable goods

36 43 37 0.8 1.0 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

389 486 474 1.5 1.8 1.8

Wholesale trade

41 58 36 0.7 1.0 0.6

Retail trade

285 353 341 1.8 2.2 2.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

63 75 97 1.2 1.4 1.9

Information

41 31 32 1.5 1.1 1.2

Financial activities

59 71 61 0.8 0.9 0.8

Finance and insurance

36 46 40 0.6 0.8 0.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

23 25 21 1.2 1.2 1.0

Professional and business services

336 423 425 1.8 2.2 2.3

Education and health services

229 217 248 1.1 1.0 1.2

Educational services

18 20 19 0.5 0.6 0.6

Health care and social assistance

211 197 229 1.2 1.1 1.3

Leisure and hospitality

366 435 371 2.7 3.1 2.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

28 37 37 1.5 2.0 2.0

Accommodation and food services

338 397 334 2.9 3.3 2.8

Other services

69 96 91 1.3 1.8 1.7

Government

97 85 99 0.4 0.4 0.4

Federal

9 8 10 0.3 0.3 0.4

State and local

88 77 88 0.5 0.4 0.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

248 285 267 1.0 1.1 1.0

South

731 832 767 1.5 1.7 1.5

Midwest

379 454 439 1.2 1.4 1.4

West

369 433 483 1.2 1.4 1.6

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Dec.
2012
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Dec.
2012
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)

Total

1,786 1,512 1,802 1.3 1.1 1.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,703 1,448 1,728 1.5 1.3 1.5

Mining and logging

16 8 17 1.9 1.0 1.9

Construction

233 235 217 4.2 3.9 3.8

Manufacturing

97 97 108 0.8 0.8 0.9

Durable goods

63 48 62 0.8 0.6 0.8

Nondurable goods

33 49 46 0.7 1.1 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

455 286 488 1.7 1.1 1.8

Wholesale trade

50 41 48 0.9 0.7 0.8

Retail trade

287 200 336 1.8 1.3 2.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

118 45 104 2.3 0.9 2.0

Information

20 17 26 0.7 0.6 1.0

Financial activities

44 52 53 0.6 0.7 0.7

Finance and insurance

19 30 30 0.3 0.5 0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

26 22 23 1.3 1.1 1.1

Professional and business services

418 332 394 2.3 1.8 2.1

Education and health services

141 119 123 0.7 0.6 0.6

Educational services

27 18 30 0.8 0.5 0.9

Health care and social assistance

114 101 93 0.7 0.6 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

222 244 229 1.6 1.7 1.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

70 117 47 3.8 6.2 2.5

Accommodation and food services

153 127 182 1.3 1.1 1.5

Other services

56 58 72 1.0 1.1 1.3

Government

83 64 74 0.4 0.3 0.3

Federal

12 11 11 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

71 53 63 0.4 0.3 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

338 289 314 1.3 1.1 1.2

South

595 463 597 1.2 0.9 1.2

Midwest

458 355 453 1.5 1.1 1.4

West

395 404 438 1.3 1.3 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Dec.
2012
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Dec.
2012
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)

Total

352 288 372 0.3 0.2 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

276 245 309 0.2 0.2 0.3

Mining and logging

2 2 2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Construction

4 8 11 0.1 0.1 0.2

Manufacturing

19 15 26 0.2 0.1 0.2

Durable goods

11 8 18 0.1 0.1 0.2

Nondurable goods

8 7 8 0.2 0.1 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

71 67 69 0.3 0.3 0.3

Wholesale trade

10 6 7 0.2 0.1 0.1

Retail trade

51 49 47 0.3 0.3 0.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

9 12 15 0.2 0.2 0.3

Information

5 7 5 0.2 0.3 0.2

Financial activities

35 27 31 0.4 0.3 0.4

Finance and insurance

28 17 26 0.5 0.3 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

7 9 5 0.4 0.5 0.2

Professional and business services

50 55 79 0.3 0.3 0.4

Education and health services

38 30 44 0.2 0.1 0.2

Educational services

4 4 3 0.1 0.1 0.1

Health care and social assistance

34 26 41 0.2 0.1 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

35 30 36 0.3 0.2 0.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2 3 5 0.1 0.2 0.3

Accommodation and food services

33 26 31 0.3 0.2 0.3

Other services

18 6 6 0.3 0.1 0.1

Government

76 42 63 0.3 0.2 0.3

Federal

18 9 10 0.6 0.3 0.4

State and local

58 33 53 0.3 0.2 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

61 44 76 0.2 0.2 0.3

South

148 116 165 0.3 0.2 0.3

Midwest

79 63 70 0.3 0.2 0.2

West

64 65 61 0.2 0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: February 11, 2014
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