Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release

                                   
For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, March 11, 2011        USDL-11-0307

Technical information:   (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:           (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

(NOTE: Data published in this release for the seasonally adjusted total 
nonfarm and seasonally adjusted government sectors are erroneous.  The 
errors are found in the text and in Tables A-H and 1-4. Corrected data 
will be loaded into the JOLTS database on April 13, 2011. More information 
about these errors and corrected revision tables is located at 
http://www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_corrections_040811.htm.)


            Job Openings and Labor Turnover – January 2011

There were 2.8 million job openings on the last business day of
January 2011, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The
job openings rate (2.1 percent), hires rate (2.8 percent), and total
separations rate (2.7 percent) were little changed over the month.
This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job
openings, hires, and separations for the total nonfarm sector by
industry and by geographic region. This release also includes annual
estimates for hires and separations. The annual totals for hires and
quits increased in 2010 while the annual total for layoffs and
discharges decreased.

Job Openings
The number of job openings in January was 2.8 million, little changed
from 2.9 million in December. (See table 1.) The job openings level
has risen since the end of the recession in June 2009 (as designated
by the National Bureau of Economic Research) but remains well below
the 4.4 million openings when the recession began in December 2007.

____________________________________________________________________________
|                     Revisions to the JOLTS Data                          |
|The job openings, hires, and separations data in this release have been   |
|revised from January 2006 forward to incorporate annual updates to the    |
|Current Employment Statistics (CES) employment estimates and the Job      |
|Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) birth/death model and seasonal |
|adjustment factors.  See page 5 for more information.                     |
____________________________________________________________________________

                                 - 2 -

The number of job openings in January 2011 (not seasonally adjusted)
increased from 12 months earlier for total nonfarm, total private,
several industries, and the South region. The level fell over the year
for federal government. (See table 5.)

Table A.  Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally
adjusted
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   |    Job openings    |       Hires        | Total separations
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
     Industry      | Jan. | Dec. | Jan. | Jan. | Dec. | Jan. | Jan. | Dec. | Jan.
                   | 2010 | 2010 | 2011p| 2010 | 2010 | 2011p| 2010 | 2010 | 2011p
-------------------|--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                     Levels (in thousands)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..............|2,399 |2,921 |2,760 |3,585 |3,905 |3,712 |3,542 |3,836 |3,555
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|2,020 |2,500 |2,454 |3,311 |3,631 |3,453 |3,274 |3,539 |3,297
  Construction.....|   61 |   44 |   62 |  344 |  356 |  247 |  410 |  393 |  280
  Manufacturing....|  118 |  184 |  197 |  231 |  264 |  247 |  218 |  252 |  188
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  316 |  463 |  489 |  698 |  756 |  785 |  696 |  718 |  755
   Retail trade....|  218 |  268 |  283 |  507 |  476 |  535 |  475 |  470 |  514
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  381 |  609 |  494 |  681 |  780 |  775 |  640 |  735 |  730
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  519 |  510 |  498 |  409 |  465 |  434 |  373 |  450 |  401
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  221 |  270 |  279 |  593 |  596 |  590 |  597 |  583 |  594
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|   14 |   41 |   39 |   89 |   98 |   89 |   99 |   98 |   90
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  208 |  229 |  240 |  504 |  498 |  502 |  498 |  485 |  503
 Government(3).....|  379 |  421 |  306 |  274 |  274 |  259 |  268 |  297 |  258
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  226 |  319 |  239 |  233 |  242 |  229 |  248 |  269 |  227
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                       Rates (percent)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..............|  1.8 |  2.2 |  2.1 |  2.8 |  3.0 |  2.8 |  2.7 |  2.9 |  2.7
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|  1.9 |  2.3 |  2.2 |  3.1 |  3.4 |  3.2 |  3.1 |  3.3 |  3.1
  Construction.....|  1.1 |  0.8 |  1.1 |  6.2 |  6.5 |  4.5 |  7.3 |  7.2 |  5.1
  Manufacturing....|  1.0 |  1.6 |  1.7 |  2.0 |  2.3 |  2.1 |  1.9 |  2.2 |  1.6
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  1.3 |  1.8 |  1.9 |  2.8 |  3.1 |  3.2 |  2.8 |  2.9 |  3.0
   Retail trade....|  1.5 |  1.8 |  1.9 |  3.5 |  3.3 |  3.7 |  3.3 |  3.3 |  3.6
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  2.3 |  3.5 |  2.8 |  4.1 |  4.6 |  4.6 |  3.9 |  4.3 |  4.3
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  2.6 |  2.5 |  2.5 |  2.1 |  2.4 |  2.2 |  1.9 |  2.3 |  2.0
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  1.7 |  2.0 |  2.1 |  4.6 |  4.6 |  4.5 |  4.6 |  4.5 |  4.5
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|  0.7 |  2.1 |  2.0 |  4.7 |  5.2 |  4.7 |  5.2 |  5.2 |  4.8
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  1.8 |  2.0 |  2.1 |  4.6 |  4.5 |  4.5 |  4.5 |  4.3 |  4.5
 Government(3).....|  1.7 |  1.9 |  1.4 |  1.2 |  1.2 |  1.2 |  1.2 |  1.3 |  1.2
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  1.1 |  1.6 |  1.2 |  1.2 |  1.2 |  1.2 |  1.3 |  1.4 |  1.2
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and
other services, not shown separately.
  2 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not
shown separately.
  3 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current
Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment
factors.

Hires
In January, the hires rate was essentially unchanged at 2.8 percent.
The number of hires decreased in construction but was little changed
in every other industry and region. (See table 2.) At 3.7 million, the
number of monthly hires in January was well below the 5.0 million
monthly hires in December 2007 when the recession began.

                                 - 3 -

Over the 12 months ending in January, the hires rate (not seasonally
adjusted) was little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and
government. The hires rate fell over the year in construction and
federal government but rose in wholesale trade. The rate also fell in
the Northeast region. (See table 6.)

Separations
Total separations includes quits (voluntary separations), layoffs and
discharges (involuntary separations), and other separations (including
retirements). The total separations, or turnover, rate was little
changed at 2.7 percent in January. Over the 12 months ending in
January, the total separations rate (not seasonally adjusted) was
essentially unchanged for total nonfarm, total private, and
government. (See tables 3 and 7.)

The quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or
ability to change jobs. In January, the quits rate declined for total
private (to 1.4 percent) but was little changed for total nonfarm (1.3
percent) and government (0.5 percent). (See table 4.) The number of
monthly quits in January (1.7 million) remains well below the 2.8
million monthly quits in December 2007 when the recession began.

Although still low, the number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) in
January 2011 was higher than in January 2010 for total nonfarm and
total private. Professional and business services and federal
government were the only industries with a rise in quits over the 12
months. (See table 8.)

The layoffs and discharges component of total separations is
seasonally adjusted at the total nonfarm, total private, and
government levels. The layoffs and discharges rate was essentially
unchanged in January for total nonfarm and total private but fell for
government. After peaking at 2.5 million in February 2009, the number
of layoffs and discharges for total nonfarm fell to a series low of
1.5 million in January 2011. (See table B below.)

The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) declined
over the 12 months ending in January for total nonfarm, total private,
and government. Construction, durable goods manufacturing, and state
and local government experienced a decline in the number of layoffs
and discharges over the year. (See table 9.)

Table B.  Layoffs and discharges by industry, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                   | Levels (in thousands) |    Rates (percent)
                   |------------------------------------------------
     Industry      |  Jan. |  Dec. |  Jan. |  Jan. |  Dec. |  Jan.
                   |  2010 |  2010 |  2011p|  2010 |  2010 |  2011p
-------------------|------------------------------------------------
Total..............| 1,707 | 1,677 | 1,519 |  1.3  |  1.3  |  1.2
 Total private.....| 1,589 | 1,549 | 1,431 |  1.5  |  1.4  |  1.3
 Government........|   118 |   128 |    88 |  0.5  |  0.6  |  0.4
--------------------------------------------------------------------
  p = preliminary.

  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current
Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment
factors.

The other separations series is not seasonally adjusted. In January,
there were 440,000 other separations for total nonfarm, 370,000 for
total private, and 70,000 for government. Compared to January 2010,
the number of other separations was little changed for total nonfarm
and total private but higher for government. (See table 10.)

                                 - 4 -

Relative Contributions to Separations
The total separations level is influenced by the relative contribution
of its three components—quits, layoffs and discharges, and other
separations. The percentage of total separations at the total nonfarm
level attributable to the individual components has varied over time,
but for the majority of the months since the series began in December
2000, the proportion of quits has exceeded the proportion of layoffs
and discharges. Other separations is historically a very small portion
of total separations; it has rarely been above 10 percent of the
total.

Since February 2010, the proportions of quits and of layoffs and
discharges at the total nonfarm level have been close. In January
2011, the proportion of quits for total nonfarm was 47 percent and the
proportion of layoffs and discharges was 43 percent. The proportions
for total private were the same as for total nonfarm. For government,
the proportions were 39 percent quits and 34 percent layoffs and
discharges. (See table C below.)

Table C.  Quits and layoffs and discharges as a percentage of total separations, seasonally adjusted
(Levels in thousands)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                       Quits                      |             Layoffs and discharges
                   | ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   |      Jan.      |      Dec.      |      Jan.      |      Jan.      |      Dec.      |      Jan.
                   |      2010      |      2010      |      2011p     |      2010      |      2010      |      2011p
     Industry      | ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   |       |Portion |       |Portion |       |Portion |       |Portion |       |Portion |       |Portion
                   | Level |of total| Level |of total| Level |of total| Level |of total| Level |of total| Level |of total
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total..............| 1,482 |   42%  | 1,838 |   48%  | 1,659 |   47%  | 1,707 |   48%  | 1,677 |   44%  | 1,519 |   43%
 Total private.....| 1,387 |   42%  | 1,731 |   49%  | 1,559 |   47%  | 1,589 |   49%  | 1,549 |   44%  | 1,431 |   43%
 Government........|    95 |   35%  |   107 |   36%  |   100 |   39%  |   118 |   44%  |   128 |   43%  |    88 |   34%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  p = preliminary.

  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current
Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment
factors.

Net Change in Employment
Over the 12 months ending in January, hires (not seasonally adjusted)
totaled 47.3 million and separations (not seasonally adjusted) totaled
46.3 million, yielding a net employment gain of 1.0 million at the
total nonfarm level. These figures include workers who may have been
hired and separated more than once during the year. Nearly half of the
hires and nearly half of the separations during these 12 months
occurred in three industries:  retail trade; professional and business
services; and accommodation and food services. The large share of
total hires and separations accounted for by these three industries
reflects the size of the industries as well as their relatively high
hires and separations rates.

Annual Levels and Rates
This release contains the 2010 annual levels and rates for hires,
total separations, quits, layoffs and discharges, and other
separations. Note that annual figures for job openings are not
calculated because job openings are measured on a stock, or point-in-
time, basis rather than on a flow basis over a specified time period.
The annual figures and additional tables are published with the
release of January data each year. (See the Technical Note for
additional information on these measures.)

Calculating annual levels and rates allows additional comparisons
across years. After 3 years of declines, annual levels for hires,
quits, and other separations increased slightly in 2010. Layoffs and
discharges annual levels were down in 2010 after three consecutive
years of increases. Total separations annual levels declined for a
fourth year in a row. These figures reflect the effects of the
economic 

                                 - 5 -

recovery since the end of the recession as well as the hiring
and laying off of temporary workers for the Census 2010.

In 2010, annual hires increased to 47.2 million (36.4 percent of
employment) and annual total separations fell to 46.3 million (35.7
percent of employment). Annual quits increased slightly to 21.3
million (16.4 percent of employment) in 2010 after falling to 20.6
million (15.7 percent of employment) in 2009. Annual other separations
also increased slightly in 2010 to 3.8 million (2.9 percent of
employment). Annual layoffs and discharges decreased in 2010 to 21.2
million (16.4 percent of employment) after reaching 26.3 million (20.1
percent of employment) in 2009. (See tables 11 through 20.)

____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for February 2011
are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 13, 2011 at 10:00
a.m. (EDT).

     
           Revisions to Job Openings and Labor Turnover Data

In accordance with annual practice, the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS) data have been revised to reflect annual
updates to the Current Employment Statistics (CES), or establishment
survey, employment estimates. The JOLTS employment levels (not
published) are ratio-adjusted to the CES employment levels, and the
resulting ratios are applied to all JOLTS data elements. This annual
benchmark process resulted in revisions to all not seasonally adjusted
JOLTS data series from April 2009 forward, the time period since the
last benchmark was established. Additionally, the seasonally adjusted
JOLTS data series have been recalculated from January 2006 forward to
reflect updated seasonal adjustment factors. Further, the new
methodology incorporated in 2009 to more closely align the hires and
separations estimates with the monthly payroll employment change
created a dependency of the not seasonally adjusted estimates on the
seasonal adjustment process. Therefore, the not seasonally adjusted
data series have been recalculated from January 2006 forward to
reflect the updated seasonal adjustment factors’ effect on the
alignment process.

The revised JOLTS estimates covering the period from January 2006
forward show substantial downward revisions in most data elements
beginning in early 2008. These revisions are largely the result of
updates made to the JOLTS birth/death model. The birth/death model was
implemented in 2009 in order to provide an estimate for that part of
the population that cannot be captured in the traditional sample. (See
the technical note for a more complete description of the birth/death
model.)

The birth/death model was initially developed using Quarterly Census
of Employment and Wages (QCEW) data from the period 2000-2007. The
birth/death model estimates used in JOLTS monthly estimation since
2008 were based on a forecast that used the period 2000-2007 as a
baseline. With this release, JOLTS estimates for April 2008 forward
include the most up to date QCEW values available, January 2008
through June 2010. In the future, the JOLTS birth/death model
estimates will be updated each year as part of the annual retabulation
process.

Incorporating the QCEW data for 2008 forward into the birth/death
model enabled the model to more fully reflect the recent recession,
resulting in a sizeable downward trend in the number of establishment
births and the number of hires and separations from those new
establishments. The previously published estimates based on the
birth/death model using 2000-2007 QCEW data consequently overestimated
hires, job openings, and separations.

                                  - 6 -

Tables D through I present revised total nonfarm data for January
through December 2010. The December 2010 revisions also reflect the
routine incorporation of additional sample receipts into the final
December estimates. Table D (job openings), table E (hires), table F
(total separations), table G (quits), and table H (layoffs and
discharges) present revised data on a seasonally adjusted basis,
incorporating the new seasonal adjustment factors, benchmark level,
and birth/death model update. Table I (other separations) present
revisions on a not seasonally adjusted basis since that series is not
adjusted.

The BLS website contains all revised historical seasonally adjusted
and not seasonally adjusted JOLTS data. The data can be accessed
through the JOLTS homepage at http://www.bls.gov/jlt/.

Further information on the revisions released today may be obtained by
calling (202) 691-5870 or via the Internet on the JOLTS homepage.

Table D. Revisions in job openings data January 2010 - December 2010,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2010   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    2,854   |  2,399  |   -455     |     2.2    |  1.8    |   -0.4
February..|    2,647   |  2,489  |   -158     |     2.0    |  1.9    |    -.1
March.....|    2,785   |  2,649  |   -136     |     2.1    |  2.0    |    -.1
April.....|    3,302   |  2,756  |   -546     |     2.5    |  2.1    |    -.4
May.......|    2,939   |  2,777  |   -162     |     2.2    |  2.1    |    -.1
June......|    2,864   |  2,678  |   -186     |     2.1    |  2.0    |    -.1
July......|    3,141   |  2,845  |   -296     |     2.4    |  2.1    |    -.3
August....|    3,092   |  2,862  |   -230     |     2.3    |  2.2    |    -.1
September.|    3,011   |  2,756  |   -255     |     2.3    |  2.1    |    -.2
October...|    3,328   |  2,905  |   -423     |     2.5    |  2.2    |    -.3
November..|    3,202   |  2,966  |   -236     |     2.4    |  2.2    |    -.2
December..|    3,063   |  2,921  |   -142     |     2.3    |  2.2    |    -.1
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________

                                  - 7 -

Table E. Revisions in hires data January 2010 - December 2010,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2010   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    4,087   |  3,585  |   -502     |     3.2    |  2.8    |   -0.4
February..|    4,011   |  3,766  |   -245     |     3.1    |  2.9    |    -.2
March.....|    4,331   |  4,087  |   -244     |     3.3    |  3.2    |    -.1
April.....|    4,292   |  3,892  |   -400     |     3.3    |  3.0    |    -.3
May.......|    4,581   |  3,905  |   -676     |     3.5    |  3.0    |    -.5
June......|    4,250   |  3,933  |   -317     |     3.3    |  3.0    |    -.3
July......|    4,275   |  3,926  |   -349     |     3.3    |  3.0    |    -.3
August....|    4,156   |  3,882  |   -274     |     3.2    |  3.0    |    -.2
September.|    4,208   |  3,868  |   -340     |     3.2    |  3.0    |    -.2
October...|    4,249   |  3,865  |   -384     |     3.3    |  3.0    |    -.3
November..|    4,214   |  3,943  |   -271     |     3.2    |  3.0    |    -.2
December..|    4,184   |  3,905  |   -279     |     3.2    |  3.0    |    -.2
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________

Table F. Revisions in total separations data January 2010 - December 2010,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2010   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    4,155   |  3,542  |   -613     |     3.2    |  2.7    |   -0.5
February..|    3,969   |  3,793  |   -176     |     3.1    |  2.9    |    -.2
March.....|    4,048   |  3,872  |   -176     |     3.1    |  3.0    |    -.1
April.....|    4,013   |  3,633  |   -380     |     3.1    |  2.8    |    -.3
May.......|    4,146   |  3,897  |   -249     |     3.2    |  3.0    |    -.2
June......|    4,436   |  3,929  |   -507     |     3.4    |  3.0    |    -.4
July......|    4,390   |  3,879  |   -511     |     3.4    |  3.0    |    -.4
August....|    4,210   |  3,877  |   -333     |     3.2    |  3.0    |    -.2
September.|    4,139   |  3,827  |   -312     |     3.2    |  2.9    |    -.3
October...|    4,084   |  3,697  |   -387     |     3.1    |  2.8    |    -.3
November..|    4,154   |  3,868  |   -286     |     3.2    |  3.0    |    -.2
December..|    4,162   |  3,836  |   -326     |     3.2    |  2.9    |    -.3
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________

                                  - 8 -

Table G. Revisions in quits data January 2010 - December 2010,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2010   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    1,772   |  1,482  |   -290     |     1.4    |  1.1    |   -0.3
February..|    1,851   |  1,782  |    -69     |     1.4    |  1.4    |     .0
March.....|    1,918   |  1,803  |   -115     |     1.5    |  1.4    |    -.1
April.....|    1,972   |  1,738  |   -234     |     1.5    |  1.3    |    -.2
May.......|    1,929   |  1,815  |   -114     |     1.5    |  1.4    |    -.1
June......|    1,951   |  1,833  |   -118     |     1.5    |  1.4    |    -.1
July......|    1,974   |  1,780  |   -194     |     1.5    |  1.4    |    -.1
August....|    1,998   |  1,839  |   -159     |     1.5    |  1.4    |    -.1
September.|    1,983   |  1,839  |   -144     |     1.5    |  1.4    |    -.1
October...|    1,997   |  1,755  |   -242     |     1.5    |  1.3    |    -.2
November..|    1,921   |  1,756  |   -165     |     1.5    |  1.3    |    -.2
December..|    1,991   |  1,838  |   -153     |     1.5    |  1.4    |    -.1
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________

Table H. Revisions in layoffs and discharges data January 2010 - December 2010,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2010   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    1,953   |  1,707  |   -246     |     1.5    |  1.3    |   -0.2
February..|    1,823   |  1,753  |    -70     |     1.4    |  1.4    |     .0
March.....|    1,821   |  1,785  |    -36     |     1.4    |  1.4    |     .0
April.....|    1,760   |  1,585  |   -175     |     1.4    |  1.2    |    -.2
May.......|    1,904   |  1,786  |   -118     |     1.5    |  1.4    |    -.1
June......|    2,139   |  1,794  |   -345     |     1.6    |  1.4    |    -.2
July......|    2,112   |  1,819  |   -293     |     1.6    |  1.4    |    -.2
August....|    1,861   |  1,697  |   -164     |     1.4    |  1.3    |    -.1
September.|    1,808   |  1,642  |   -166     |     1.4    |  1.3    |    -.1
October...|    1,755   |  1,631  |   -124     |     1.3    |  1.3    |     .0
November..|    1,854   |  1,738  |   -116     |     1.4    |  1.3    |    -.1
December..|    1,838   |  1,677  |   -161     |     1.4    |  1.3    |    -.1
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________

                                  - 9 -

Table I. Revisions in other separations data January 2010 - December 2010,
not seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2010   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|      532   |    380  |   -152     |     0.4    |  0.3    |   -0.1
February..|      277   |    273  |     -4     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
March.....|      300   |    283  |    -17     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
April.....|      359   |    277  |    -82     |      .3    |   .2    |    -.1
May.......|      304   |    303  |     -1     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
June......|      389   |    375  |    -14     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
July......|      431   |    365  |    -66     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
August....|      359   |    385  |     26     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
September.|      354   |    341  |    -13     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
October...|      302   |    249  |    -53     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
November..|      287   |    268  |    -19     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
December..|      332   |    311  |    -21     |      .3    |   .2    |    -.1
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________




















                                 - 10 -

Technical Note


  The data for the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS)
are collected and compiled monthly from a sample of business
establishments by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Collection

  In a monthly survey of business establishments, data are
collected for total employment, job openings, hires, quits, layoffs
and discharges, and other separations.  Data collection methods
include computer-assisted telephone interviewing, touchtone data
entry, web, fax, e-mail, and mail.

Coverage

  The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments such
as factories, offices, and stores, as well as federal, state, and
local government entities in the 50 states and the District of
Columbia.

Concepts

  Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this
release are in accordance with the 2007 version of the North
American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  In order to
ensure the highest possible quality of data, State Workforce
Agencies verify with employers and update, if necessary, the
industry code, location, and ownership classification of all
establishments on a 3-year cycle.  Changes in establishment
characteristics resulting from the verification process are always
introduced into the JOLTS sampling frame with the data reported for
the first month of the year.

  Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who
worked or received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th
day of the reference month.  Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-
term, seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave.  Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay
period, are not counted as employed.  Employees of temporary help
agencies, employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and
consultants are counted by their employer of record, not by the
establishment where they are working.

  Job openings.  Establishments submit job openings information for
the last business day of the reference month.  A job opening
requires that: 1) a specific position exists and there is work
available for that position, 2) work could start within 30 days
regardless of whether a suitable candidate is found, and 3) the
employer is actively recruiting from outside the establishment to
fill the position.  Included are full-time, part-time, permanent,
short-term, and seasonal openings.  Active recruiting means that
the establishment is taking steps to fill a position by advertising
in newspapers or on the Internet, posting help-wanted signs,
accepting applications, or using other similar methods.

  Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions,
demotions, or recall from layoffs are excluded.  Also excluded are
jobs with start dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for
which employees have been hired but have not yet reported for work,
and jobs to be filled by employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants.
The job openings rate is computed by dividing the number of job
openings by the sum of employment and job openings and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

  Hires.  Hires are the total number of additions to the payroll
occurring at any time during the reference month, including both
new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the
location after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or
intermittent employees who returned to work after having been
formally separated, and transfers from other locations.  The hires
count does not include transfers or promotions within the reporting
site, employees returning from strike, employees of temporary help
agencies or employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or
consultants.  The hires rate is computed by dividing the number of
hires by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.

  Separations.  Separations are the total number of terminations of
employment occurring at any time during the reference month, and
are reported by type of separation--quits, layoffs and discharges,
and other separations.  Quits are voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations).  Layoffs and discharges are involuntary separations
initiated by the employer and include layoffs with no intent to
rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last more than 7
days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or closings;
firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of permanent or
short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal employees.
Other separations include retirements, transfers to other
locations, deaths, and separations due to disability.  Separations
do not include transfers within the same location or employees on
strike.

                                 - 11 -

  The separations rate is computed by dividing the number of
separations by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.
The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates are
computed similarly, dividing the number by employment and
multiplying by 100.

  Annual estimates.  Annual estimates of rates and levels of hires,
quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and total
separations are released with the January news release each year.

   The JOLTS annual level estimates for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels.  The annual rate estimates are
computed by dividing the annual level by the Current Employment
Statistics (CES) annual average employment level, and multiplying
that quotient by 100.  This figure will be approximately equal to
the sum of the 12 monthly rates.  Note that both the JOLTS and CES
annual levels are rounded to the nearest thousand before the annual
estimates are calculated.  Consistent with BLS practices, annual
estimates are published only for not seasonally adjusted data.

  Annual estimates are not calculated for job openings because job
openings are a stock, or point-in-time, measurement for the last
business day of each month.  Only jobs still open on the last day
of the month are counted.  For the same reason job openings cannot
be cumulated throughout each month, annual figures for job openings
cannot be created by summing the monthly estimates.  Hires and
separations are flow measures and are cumulated over the month with
a total reported for the month.  Therefore, the annual figures can
be created by summing the monthly estimates.

Special collection procedures

  An implied measure of employment change can be derived from the
JOLTS data by subtracting separations from hires for a given
month.  Aggregating these monthly changes historically produced
employment levels that overstated employment change as measured by
CES at the total nonfarm level.  Research into this problem showed
that a significant amount of the divergence between the CES
employment levels and the derived JOLTS employment levels was
traceable to the Employment Services industry and to the State
Government Education industry.  In the former industry, businesses
have a difficult time reporting hires and separations of temporary
help workers.  In the latter industry, employers have difficulty
reporting hires and separations of student workers.  BLS now
devotes additional resources to the collection, editing, and review
of data for these industries.  BLS analysts more closely examine
reported data that do not provide a consistent picture over time,
and re-contact the respondents as necessary.  Analysts work with
the respondents to adjust their reporting practices as possible.
Units that cannot be reconciled but are clearly incorrect on a
consistent basis are not used, they are replaced by imputed values
using standard techniques.

Sample and estimation methodology

  The JOLTS survey design is a random sample of 16,000 nonfarm
business establishments, including factories, offices, and stores,
as well as federal, state, and local governments in the 50 states
and the District of Columbia.  The establishments are drawn from a
universe of over 9.1 million establishments compiled as part of the
operations of the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW)
program.  This program includes all employers subject to state
Unemployment Insurance (UI) laws and federal agencies subject to
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE).

  The sampling frame is stratified by ownership, region, industry
sector, and size class. The JOLTS sample is constructed from
individual panels of sample units drawn on an annual basis. The
full annual sample consists of one certainty panel composed of only
large units selected with virtual certainty based on their size and
24 non-certainty panels.  Each month a new non-certainty panel is
rolled into collection, and the oldest non-certainty panel is
rolled out.  This means that at any given time the JOLTS sample is
constructed from panels from three different annual sampling
frames.  The entire sample of old plus new panels is post-
stratified and re-weighted annually to represent the most recent
sampling frame.  Additionally, the out-of-business establishments
are removed from the old panels.  The annual sample is supplemented
with a quarterly sample of birth establishments (i.e., new
establishments) to better reflect the impact of younger
establishments in the JOLTS sample.

  JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked monthly to the
employment estimates of the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
survey.  A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the
levels for all other JOLTS data elements.

  JOLTS business birth/death model

  As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as
current as its sampling frame.  The time lag from the birth of an
establishment until its appearance on the sampling frame is
approximately one year.  In addition, many of these new units may
fail within the first year.  Since these universe units cannot be
reflected on the sampling frame immediately, the JOLTS
sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and sepa-

                                 - 12 -

rations from these units during their early existence.  BLS has
developed a model to estimate birth/death activity for current
months by examining the birth/death activity from previous years on the
QCEW and projecting forward to the present using an econometric technique
known as X-12 ARIMA modeling. The birth/death model also uses historical
JOLTS data to estimate the amount of “churn” (hires and separations) that
exists in establishments of various sizes.  The model then combines
the estimated churn with the projected employment change to
estimate the number of hires and separations taking place in these
units that cannot be measured through sampling.

  The model-based estimate of total separations is distributed to
the three components–-quits; layoffs and discharges; and other
separations--in proportion to their contribution to the sample-
based estimate of total separations.  Additionally, job openings
for the modeled units are estimated by computing the ratio of
openings to hires in the collected data and applying that ratio to
the modeled hires.  The estimates of job openings, hires, and
separations produced by the birth/death model are then added to the
sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

  BLS seasonally adjusts several JOLTS series using the X-12 ARIMA
seasonal adjustment program.  Seasonal adjustment is the process of
estimating and removing periodic fluctuations caused by events such
as weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school
year.  Seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental
changes in the level of the series, particularly those associated
with general economic expansions and contractions.  A concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal
adjustment factors are calculated each month, using all relevant
data, up to and including the data for the current month.

  JOLTS uses moving averages as seasonal filters in seasonal
adjustment.  JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both additive and
multiplicative seasonal adjustment models and REGARIMA (regression
with autocorrelated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal
adjustment factors at the beginning and end of the series and to
detect and adjust for outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

  JOLTS hires minus separations should be comparable to the CES net
employment change.  However, definitional differences as well as
sampling and non-sampling errors between the two surveys
historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES over time. To limit
the divergence, and improve the quality of the JOLTS hires and
separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly Alignment Method.
The Monthly Alignment Method applies the CES employment trends to
the seasonally adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus
separations) forcing them to be approximately the same, while
preserving the seasonality of the JOLTS data.  First, the two
series are seasonally adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS
implied employment trend and the CES net employment change is
calculated. Next, the JOLTS implied employment trend is adjusted to
equal the CES net employment change through a proportional
adjustment. This proportional adjustment procedure adjusts the two
components (hires, separations) proportionally to their
contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations).  For
example, if hires are 40 percent of the churn for a given month,
they will receive 40 percent of the needed adjustment and
separations will receive 60 percent of the needed adjustment. The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors.  After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to
adjust the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the
adjusted levels.  The monthly alignment procedure assures a close
match of the JOLTS implied employment trend with the CES trend. The
CES series is considered a highly accurate measure of net
employment change owing to its very large sample size and annual
benchmarking to universe counts of employment from the QCEW
program.

Using JOLTS data

  The JOLTS data series on job openings, hires, and separations are
relatively new.  The full sample is divided into panels, with one
panel enrolled each month.  A full complement of panels for the
original data series based on the 1987 Standard Industrial
Classification (SIC) system was not completely enrolled in the
survey until January 2002.  The supplemental panels of
establishments needed to create NAICS estimates were not completely
enrolled until May 2003.  The data collected up until those points
are from less than a full sample.  Therefore, estimates from
earlier months should be used with caution, as fewer sampled units
were reporting data at that time.

  In March 2002, BLS procedures for collecting hires and
separations data were revised to address possible underreporting.
As a result, JOLTS hires and separations estimates for months prior
to March 2002 may not be comparable to estimates for March 2002 and
later.

  The federal government reorganization that involved transferring
approximately 180,000 employees to the new Department of Homeland
Security is not reflected in the JOLTS hires and separations
estimates for the

                                 - 13 -

federal government.  The Office of Personnel Management's record
shows these transfers were completed in March 2003.  The inclusion
of transfers in the JOLTS definitions of hires and separations
is intended to cover ongoing movements of workers between
establishments.  The Department of Homeland Security reorganization
was a massive one-time event, and the inclusion of these
intergovernmental transfers would distort the federal government
time series.

Reliability of the estimates

  JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling
error.  When a sample rather than the entire population is
surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ
from the "true" population values they represent.  The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular
sample selected, and this variability is measured by the standard
error of the estimate.  BLS analysis is generally conducted at the
90-percent level of confidence.  That means that there is a 90-
percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a
sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the
"true" population value because of sampling error.  Estimates of
sampling errors are available upon request.

  The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain
data from all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness
of respondents to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by
respondents, errors made in the collection or processing of the
data, and errors from the employment benchmark data used in
estimation.

Other information

  Information in this release will be made available to sensory
impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone: (202) 691-5200;
Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Jan.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Jan.  Aug.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.
                                            2010   2010   2010   2010   2010   2010   2011p  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010  2011p

Total....................................  2,399  2,862  2,756  2,905  2,966  2,921  2,760    1.8   2.2   2.1   2.2   2.2   2.2   2.1

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  2,020  2,556  2,429  2,560  2,639  2,500  2,454    1.9   2.3   2.2   2.3   2.4   2.3   2.2
  Construction...........................     61     54     68     69     94     44     62    1.1   1.0   1.2   1.2   1.7    .8   1.1
  Manufacturing..........................    118    173    183    193    213    184    197    1.0   1.5   1.6   1.6   1.8   1.6   1.7
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    316    409    419    445    430    463    489    1.3   1.6   1.7   1.8   1.7   1.8   1.9
   Retail trade..........................    218    250    239    272    248    268    283    1.5   1.7   1.6   1.8   1.7   1.8   1.9
  Professional and business services.....    381    613    554    575    647    609    494    2.3   3.5   3.2   3.3   3.7   3.5   2.8
  Education and health services..........    519    477    510    569    528    510    498    2.6   2.4   2.5   2.8   2.6   2.5   2.5
  Leisure and hospitality................    221    350    284    274    253    270    279    1.7   2.6   2.1   2.1   1.9   2.0   2.1
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     14     37     35     27     30     41     39     .7   1.9   1.8   1.4   1.5   2.1   2.0
   Accommodation and food services.......    208    313    248    247    224    229    240    1.8   2.7   2.2   2.2   2.0   2.0   2.1
 Government(6)...........................    379    305    326    345    327    421    306    1.7   1.3   1.4   1.5   1.4   1.9   1.4
  State and local government.............    226    228    239    272    244    319    239    1.1   1.2   1.2   1.4   1.2   1.6   1.2


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    455    594    559    605    603    548    524    1.8   2.3   2.2   2.4   2.4   2.2   2.1
  South..................................    823  1,035  1,015  1,084  1,053  1,023    970    1.7   2.2   2.1   2.2   2.2   2.1   2.0
  Midwest................................    473    612    540    584    634    617    517    1.6   2.0   1.8   1.9   2.1   2.0   1.7
  West...................................    572    685    648    740    769    829    622    2.0   2.3   2.2   2.5   2.6   2.8   2.1


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus
job openings.
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of
Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas,
Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio,
South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah,
Washington, and Wyoming.
  p = preliminary.


Table 2.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Jan.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Jan.  Aug.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.
                                            2010   2010   2010   2010   2010   2010   2011p  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010  2011p

Total....................................  3,585  3,882  3,868  3,865  3,943  3,905  3,712    2.8   3.0   3.0   3.0   3.0   3.0   2.8

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  3,311  3,627  3,614  3,580  3,668  3,631  3,453    3.1   3.4   3.4   3.3   3.4   3.4   3.2
  Construction...........................    344    332    327    331    324    356    247    6.2   6.0   5.9   6.0   5.9   6.5   4.5
  Manufacturing..........................    231    259    240    259    272    264    247    2.0   2.2   2.1   2.2   2.4   2.3   2.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    698    749    776    777    799    756    785    2.8   3.0   3.2   3.1   3.2   3.1   3.2
   Retail trade..........................    507    528    539    545    548    476    535    3.5   3.7   3.7   3.8   3.8   3.3   3.7
  Professional and business services.....    681    777    747    730    761    780    775    4.1   4.6   4.5   4.4   4.5   4.6   4.6
  Education and health services..........    409    471    487    465    491    465    434    2.1   2.4   2.5   2.4   2.5   2.4   2.2
  Leisure and hospitality................    593    628    645    596    590    596    590    4.6   4.8   4.9   4.6   4.5   4.6   4.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     89    102    110     87     94     98     89    4.7   5.3   5.7   4.6   5.0   5.2   4.7
   Accommodation and food services.......    504    527    535    508    496    498    502    4.6   4.7   4.8   4.5   4.4   4.5   4.5
 Government(6)...........................    274    254    254    285    275    274    259    1.2   1.1   1.1   1.3   1.2   1.2   1.2
  State and local government.............    233    221    224    250    243    242    229    1.2   1.1   1.2   1.3   1.3   1.2   1.2


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    749    669    724    690    701    680    604    3.0   2.7   2.9   2.8   2.8   2.7   2.4
  South..................................  1,311  1,463  1,427  1,449  1,572  1,513  1,396    2.8   3.1   3.0   3.1   3.3   3.2   3.0
  Midwest................................    829    898    854    880    879    878    873    2.8   3.0   2.9   3.0   3.0   3.0   3.0
  West...................................    820    844    851    839    883    806    893    2.9   3.0   3.0   2.9   3.1   2.8   3.1


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 3.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Jan.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Jan.  Aug.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.
                                            2010   2010   2010   2010   2010   2010   2011p  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010  2011p

Total....................................  3,542  3,877  3,827  3,697  3,868  3,836  3,555    2.7   3.0   2.9   2.8   3.0   2.9   2.7

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  3,274  3,556  3,526  3,436  3,568  3,539  3,297    3.1   3.3   3.3   3.2   3.3   3.3   3.1
  Construction...........................    410    320    330    323    342    393    280    7.3   5.8   6.0   5.9   6.2   7.2   5.1
  Manufacturing..........................    218    279    245    266    265    252    188    1.9   2.4   2.1   2.3   2.3   2.2   1.6
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    696    769    763    741    773    718    755    2.8   3.1   3.1   3.0   3.1   2.9   3.0
   Retail trade..........................    475    545    531    527    541    470    514    3.3   3.8   3.7   3.6   3.7   3.3   3.6
  Professional and business services.....    640    757    742    709    687    735    730    3.9   4.5   4.4   4.2   4.1   4.3   4.3
  Education and health services..........    373    429    460    408    460    450    401    1.9   2.2   2.3   2.1   2.3   2.3   2.0
  Leisure and hospitality................    597    601    607    613    595    583    594    4.6   4.6   4.6   4.7   4.6   4.5   4.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     99    103    104    106     99     98     90    5.2   5.4   5.4   5.6   5.2   5.2   4.8
   Accommodation and food services.......    498    498    503    507    497    485    503    4.5   4.5   4.5   4.5   4.4   4.3   4.5
 Government(6)...........................    268    322    302    260    299    297    258    1.2   1.4   1.4   1.2   1.3   1.3   1.2
  State and local government.............    248    289    266    220    263    269    227    1.3   1.5   1.4   1.1   1.4   1.4   1.2


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    747    662    647    677    715    598    545    3.0   2.7   2.6   2.7   2.9   2.4   2.2
  South..................................  1,269  1,448  1,422  1,288  1,407  1,476  1,428    2.7   3.1   3.0   2.7   3.0   3.1   3.0
  Midwest................................    764    859    890    821    890    841    873    2.6   2.9   3.0   2.8   3.0   2.8   3.0
  West...................................    834    800    836    781    829    759    790    2.9   2.8   2.9   2.7   2.9   2.7   2.8


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 4.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Jan.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Jan.  Aug.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.
                                            2010   2010   2010   2010   2010   2010   2011p  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010  2011p

Total....................................  1,482  1,839  1,839  1,755  1,756  1,838  1,659    1.1   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.3   1.4   1.3

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  1,387  1,726  1,723  1,654  1,653  1,731  1,559    1.3   1.6   1.6   1.5   1.5   1.6   1.4
  Construction...........................     71     77     80     77     56     81     59    1.3   1.4   1.5   1.4   1.0   1.5   1.1
  Manufacturing..........................     68    101     93     95    103    107     87     .6    .9    .8    .8    .9    .9    .7
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    306    398    411    376    388    373    342    1.2   1.6   1.7   1.5   1.6   1.5   1.4
   Retail trade..........................    223    299    319    291    292    274    250    1.5   2.1   2.2   2.0   2.0   1.9   1.7
  Professional and business services.....    251    363    337    342    317    335    334    1.5   2.2   2.0   2.0   1.9   2.0   2.0
  Education and health services..........    214    230    235    228    248    244    210    1.1   1.2   1.2   1.2   1.3   1.2   1.1
  Leisure and hospitality................    342    366    358    357    335    368    350    2.6   2.8   2.7   2.7   2.6   2.8   2.7
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     43     36     38     43     37     41     28    2.3   1.9   2.0   2.2   2.0   2.2   1.5
   Accommodation and food services.......    299    330    320    314    297    327    321    2.7   3.0   2.9   2.8   2.7   2.9   2.9
 Government(6)...........................     95    113    115    101    102    107    100     .4    .5    .5    .5    .5    .5    .5
  State and local government.............     91    103    106     89     91     98     92     .5    .5    .5    .5    .5    .5    .5


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    215    307    261    266    248    251    208     .9   1.2   1.1   1.1   1.0   1.0    .8
  South..................................    639    734    760    679    702    761    639    1.4   1.6   1.6   1.4   1.5   1.6   1.4
  Midwest................................    288    425    374    414    403    411    353    1.0   1.4   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.4   1.2
  West...................................    286    401    382    377    367    343    345    1.0   1.4   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.2   1.2


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 5.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2010     2010     2011p         2010     2010     2011p

Total...........................................  2,542    2,583    2,912           2.0      1.9      2.2

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  2,156    2,215    2,608           2.0      2.0      2.4
  Mining and Logging............................      8       21       28           1.2      2.8      3.8
  Construction..................................     58       33       58           1.1       .6      1.1
  Manufacturing.................................    124      159      207           1.1      1.3      1.8
   Durable goods................................     70      108      142           1.0      1.5      2.0
   Nondurable goods.............................     54       50       65           1.2      1.1      1.5
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    309      353      475           1.3      1.4      1.9
   Wholesale trade..............................     66       64      120           1.2      1.1      2.2
   Retail trade.................................    209      192      271           1.4      1.3      1.9
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     34       97       84            .7      2.0      1.7
  Information...................................    106       73       85           3.8      2.6      3.1
  Financial activities..........................    161      181      237           2.1      2.3      3.0
   Finance and insurance........................    132      160      208           2.3      2.7      3.5
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     29       20       28           1.5      1.0      1.5
  Professional and business services............    433      594      562           2.6      3.4      3.3
  Education and health services.................    556      492      533           2.8      2.4      2.6
   Educational services.........................     30       41       55           1.0      1.2      1.8
   Health care and social assistance............    526      451      478           3.1      2.6      2.8
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    218      205      272           1.7      1.6      2.1
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     12       28       35            .7      1.6      2.0
   Accommodation and food services.............     206      177      237           1.9      1.6      2.2
  Other services................................    184      105      151           3.4      1.9      2.7

 Government.....................................    386      367      304           1.7      1.6      1.4
  Federal.......................................    169       81       72           5.6      2.8      2.5
  State and local...............................    217      286      231           1.1      1.4      1.2

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    520      451      609           2.1      1.8      2.4
  South.........................................    892      919    1,055           1.9      1.9      2.2
  Midwest.......................................    503      530      557           1.7      1.7      1.9
  West..........................................    628      683      691           2.2      2.3      2.4


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a
percent of total employment plus job openings.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 6.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2010     2010     2011p         2010     2010     2011p

Total...........................................  3,429    2,841    3,539           2.7      2.2      2.8

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,161    2,680    3,294           3.0      2.5      3.1
  Mining and Logging............................     24       12       19           3.6      1.7      2.6
  Construction..................................    307      219      221           5.9      4.1      4.4
  Manufacturing.................................    258      157      270           2.3      1.4      2.3
   Durable goods................................    179       93      177           2.6      1.3      2.5
   Nondurable goods.............................     80       64       93           1.8      1.4      2.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    572      614      650           2.3      2.4      2.7
   Wholesale trade..............................     90       84      140           1.7      1.5      2.6
   Retail trade.................................    394      367      413           2.8      2.5      2.9
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     89      164       98           1.9      3.4      2.1
  Information...................................     53       55       63           2.0      2.0      2.4
  Financial activities..........................    147      137      134           1.9      1.8      1.8
   Finance and insurance........................     94       83       84           1.7      1.5      1.5
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     53       54       50           2.7      2.8      2.6
  Professional and business services............    756      629      862           4.7      3.7      5.2
  Education and health services.................    406      328      423           2.1      1.6      2.2
   Educational services.........................     56       32       68           1.8      1.0      2.2
   Health care and social assistance............    350      296      355           2.2      1.8      2.1
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    490      417      482           4.0      3.3      3.9
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     69       70       66           4.1      4.0      3.9
   Accommodation and food services.............     421      348      417           4.0      3.2      3.9
  Other services................................    147      112      170           2.8      2.1      3.2

 Government.....................................    268      161      245           1.2       .7      1.1
  Federal.......................................     51       23       31           1.8       .8      1.1
  State and local...............................    218      138      214           1.1       .7      1.1

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    678      505      556           2.8      2.0      2.3
  South.........................................  1,303    1,125    1,397           2.8      2.4      3.0
  Midwest.......................................    727      613      777           2.5      2.1      2.7
  West..........................................    722      598      809           2.6      2.1      2.9


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 7.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2010     2010     2011p         2010     2010     2011p

Total...........................................  4,309    3,764    4,256           3.4      2.9      3.3

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  4,046    3,516    4,005           3.9      3.2      3.8
  Mining and Logging............................     21       23       19           3.2      3.1      2.6
  Construction..................................    549      445      378          10.6      8.3      7.5
  Manufacturing.................................    305      227      257           2.7      2.0      2.2
   Durable goods................................    199      126      131           2.9      1.8      1.8
   Nondurable goods.............................    106      102      126           2.4      2.3      2.9
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    950      794    1,026           3.9      3.1      4.2
   Wholesale trade..............................    127      105      139           2.3      1.9      2.5
   Retail trade.................................    659      506      709           4.6      3.4      4.9
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    165      183      178           3.5      3.7      3.8
  Information...................................     70       70       73           2.6      2.6      2.7
  Financial activities..........................    213      145      189           2.8      1.9      2.5
   Finance and insurance........................    126       92      100           2.2      1.6      1.8
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     87       52       89           4.6      2.7      4.7
  Professional and business services............    720      808      819           4.4      4.7      4.9
  Education and health services.................    428      402      439           2.2      2.0      2.2
   Educational services.........................     53       52       69           1.8      1.6      2.2
   Health care and social assistance............    374      350      370           2.3      2.1      2.2
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    616      489      610           5.0      3.8      4.9
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     84       75       74           5.0      4.3      4.4
   Accommodation and food services.............     532      414      536           5.0      3.8      5.0
  Other services................................    175      113      194           3.3      2.1      3.6

 Government.....................................    263      249      251           1.2      1.1      1.1
  Federal.......................................     32       25       47           1.1       .9      1.7
  State and local...............................    231      224      204           1.2      1.1      1.1

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    956      646      688           3.9      2.6      2.8
  South.........................................  1,494    1,399    1,671           3.2      2.9      3.6
  Midwest.......................................    920      935    1,035           3.2      3.1      3.6
  West..........................................    938      784      863           3.4      2.7      3.1


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 8.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2010     2010     2011p         2010     2010     2011p

Total...........................................  1,576    1,518    1,744           1.2      1.2      1.4

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  1,481    1,437    1,644           1.4      1.3      1.6
  Mining and Logging............................      7        7        7           1.1      1.0      1.0
  Construction..................................     65       62       53           1.2      1.2      1.0
  Manufacturing.................................     72       71       89            .6       .6       .8
   Durable goods................................     34       37       43            .5       .5       .6
   Nondurable goods.............................     38       34       46            .9       .8      1.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    344      331      381           1.4      1.3      1.6
   Wholesale trade..............................     38       32       47            .7       .6       .9
   Retail trade.................................    253      250      281           1.8      1.7      2.0
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     53       49       53           1.1      1.0      1.1
  Information...................................     16       36       27            .6      1.3      1.0
  Financial activities..........................     66       68       75            .9       .9      1.0
   Finance and insurance........................     48       41       46            .8       .7       .8
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     18       27       29            .9      1.4      1.5
  Professional and business services............    255      289      335           1.6      1.7      2.0
  Education and health services.................    239      203      230           1.2      1.0      1.2
   Educational services.........................     29       22       32           1.0       .7      1.0
   Health care and social assistance............    209      181      198           1.3      1.1      1.2
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    341      298      351           2.8      2.3      2.8
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     36       28       23           2.1      1.6      1.4
   Accommodation and food services.............     305      270      328           2.9      2.4      3.1
  Other services................................     77       72       96           1.5      1.3      1.8

 Government.....................................     95       81      100            .4       .4       .5
  Federal.......................................      6        7       13            .2       .2       .5
  State and local...............................     88       75       87            .5       .4       .4

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    240      219      249           1.0       .9      1.0
  South.........................................    698      641      707           1.5      1.4      1.5
  Midwest.......................................    321      367      396           1.1      1.2      1.4
  West..........................................    317      291      392           1.1      1.0      1.4


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 9.  Layoffs and discharges levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2010     2010     2011p         2010     2010     2011p

Total...........................................  2,353    1,935    2,072           1.8      1.5      1.6

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  2,244    1,831    1,991           2.1      1.7      1.9
  Mining and Logging............................     11       13       10           1.7      1.8      1.4
  Construction..................................    467      380      314           9.0      7.0      6.2
  Manufacturing.................................    206      128      143           1.8      1.1      1.2
   Durable goods................................    149       68       72           2.1      1.0      1.0
   Nondurable goods.............................     57       60       71           1.3      1.4      1.6
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    515      407      544           2.1      1.6      2.2
   Wholesale trade..............................     72       64       56           1.3      1.2      1.0
   Retail trade.................................    365      222      381           2.6      1.5      2.7
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     78      121      107           1.7      2.5      2.3
  Information...................................     44       30       29           1.6      1.1      1.1
  Financial activities..........................    103       60       91           1.3       .8      1.2
   Finance and insurance........................     40       36       36            .7       .6       .6
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     63       24       56           3.3      1.2      2.9
  Professional and business services............    410      459      404           2.5      2.7      2.4
  Education and health services.................    150      157      143            .8       .8       .7
   Educational services.........................     19       24       27            .6       .7       .9
   Health care and social assistance............    130      133      116            .8       .8       .7
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    250      168      233           2.0      1.3      1.9
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     45       44       47           2.7      2.5      2.8
   Accommodation and food services.............     205      124      186           1.9      1.1      1.7
  Other services................................     89       29       78           1.7       .5      1.5

 Government.....................................    109      105       81            .5       .5       .4
  Federal.......................................      9        9       15            .3       .3       .5
  State and local...............................    100       96       67            .5       .5       .3

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    643      379      362           2.6      1.5      1.5
  South.........................................    669      656      822           1.5      1.4      1.8
  Midwest.......................................    512      491      502           1.8      1.6      1.7
  West..........................................    528      409      386           1.9      1.4      1.4


  1 Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
  2 The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a
percent of total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 10.  Other separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2010     2010     2011p         2010     2010     2011p

Total...........................................    380      311      440           0.3      0.2      0.3

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................    321      248      370            .3       .2       .3
  Mining and Logging............................      2        3        2            .3       .3       .2
  Construction..................................     18        3       12            .3       .1       .2
  Manufacturing.................................     27       28       25            .2       .2       .2
   Durable goods................................     16       21       16            .2       .3       .2
   Nondurable goods.............................     11        7        9            .3       .2       .2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........     92       56      101            .4       .2       .4
   Wholesale trade..............................     17       10       36            .3       .2       .7
   Retail trade.................................     42       33       47            .3       .2       .3
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     33       13       18            .7       .3       .4
  Information...................................      9        5       17            .3       .2       .7
  Financial activities..........................     45       17       23            .6       .2       .3
   Finance and insurance........................     38       15       18            .7       .3       .3
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........      6        2        5            .3       .1       .2
  Professional and business services............     55       60       80            .3       .4       .5
  Education and health services.................     39       42       66            .2       .2       .3
   Educational services.........................      5        6       11            .2       .2       .3
   Health care and social assistance............     35       36       55            .2       .2       .3
  Leisure and hospitality.......................     25       23       26            .2       .2       .2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........      4        3        4            .2       .1       .2
   Accommodation and food services.............      21       20       22            .2       .2       .2
  Other services................................      8       13       20            .2       .2       .4

 Government.....................................     59       62       70            .3       .3       .3
  Federal.......................................     16        9       19            .6       .3       .7
  State and local...............................     43       53       51            .2       .3       .3

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................     69       49       77            .3       .2       .3
  South.........................................    132      102      141            .3       .2       .3
  Midwest.......................................     87       76      137            .3       .3       .5
  West..........................................     92       83       84            .3       .3       .3


  1 Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
  2 The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 11.  Annual hires levels(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                            Levels (in thousands)

              Industry and region                  2006     2007     2008     2009     2010

Total........................................... 64,870   63,326   53,986   45,372   47,234

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 60,419   58,760   50,286   41,966   43,299
  Mining and Logging............................    311      345      349      185      280
  Construction..................................  5,394    4,815    4,370    3,627    3,923
  Manufacturing.................................  4,600    4,605    3,561    2,718    3,100
   Durable goods................................  2,736    2,682    2,046    1,399    1,771
   Nondurable goods.............................  1,862    1,922    1,513    1,318    1,330
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 13,802   13,199   11,105    9,256    9,356
   Wholesale trade..............................  2,043    2,206    1,807    1,423    1,347
   Retail trade.................................  9,595    9,109    7,564    6,214    6,481
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...  2,167    1,884    1,736    1,621    1,532
  Information...................................  1,117      981      747      663      614
  Financial activities..........................  3,078    3,137    2,421    1,863    1,884
   Finance and insurance........................  1,972    2,071    1,550    1,094    1,235
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........  1,104    1,067      871      769      651
  Professional and business services............ 11,949   11,467    9,702    8,001    8,942
  Education and health services.................  6,374    6,428    6,290    5,816    5,678
   Educational services.........................    883      916      914      849      860
   Health care and social assistance............  5,491    5,514    5,378    4,966    4,820
  Leisure and hospitality....................... 11,242   11,193    9,491    7,600    7,475
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........  1,574    1,639    1,410    1,166    1,277
   Accommodation and food services.............   9,667    9,552    8,081    6,433    6,201
  Other services................................  2,556    2,590    2,247    2,236    2,038

 Government.....................................  4,452    4,567    3,698    3,406    3,936
  Federal.......................................    710      846      336      501    1,083
  State and local...............................  3,743    3,720    3,363    2,907    2,854

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast..................................... 10,238   10,001    8,747    8,134    8,500
  South......................................... 25,286   24,339   20,133   17,047   17,546
  Midwest....................................... 14,021   14,229   11,957    9,781   10,887
  West.......................................... 15,326   14,760   13,144   10,408   10,304


  1 The annual hires level is the total number of hires during the entire year.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.


Table 12.  Annual hires rates(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                  Rates

              Industry and region                2006     2007     2008     2009     2010

Total........................................... 47.7     46.0     39.5     34.7     36.4

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 52.9     50.9     44.0     38.8     40.3
  Mining and Logging............................ 45.5     47.7     45.6     26.7     39.7
  Construction.................................. 70.1     63.1     61.0     60.3     71.0
  Manufacturing................................. 32.5     33.2     26.6     22.9     26.9
   Durable goods................................ 30.5     30.4     24.2     19.2     25.1
   Nondurable goods............................. 36.0     37.9     30.6     28.9     29.8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 52.5     49.6     42.2     37.2     38.0
   Wholesale trade.............................. 34.6     36.7     30.4     25.5     24.7
   Retail trade................................. 62.5     58.7     49.5     42.8     45.0
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities... 43.2     37.0     34.3     33.8     32.3
  Information................................... 36.8     32.4     25.0     23.6     22.6
  Financial activities.......................... 37.0     37.8     29.7     24.0     24.7
   Finance and insurance........................ 32.0     33.8     25.8     18.9     21.7
   Real estate and rental and leasing........... 50.8     49.2     40.9     38.6     33.6
  Professional and business services............ 68.0     63.9     54.7     48.3     53.6
  Education and health services................. 35.8     35.1     33.4     30.3     29.0
   Educational services......................... 30.4     31.1     30.1     27.5     27.3
   Health care and social assistance............ 36.8     35.9     34.0     30.8     29.4
  Leisure and hospitality....................... 85.8     83.4     70.6     58.1     57.4
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation.......... 81.6     83.2     71.6     60.9     66.9
   Accommodation and food services.............  86.5     83.4     70.5     57.6     55.8
  Other services................................ 47.0     47.1     40.7     41.7     38.0

 Government..................................... 20.3     20.6     16.4     15.1     17.5
  Federal....................................... 26.0     30.9     12.2     17.7     36.5
  State and local............................... 19.5     19.1     17.0     14.7     14.6

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast..................................... 40.4     39.0     34.0     32.7     34.3
  South......................................... 51.6     49.0     40.7     36.0     37.3
  Midwest....................................... 45.0     45.4     38.4     32.9     36.9
  West.......................................... 50.2     47.8     43.2     36.1     36.1


  1 The annual hires rate is the number of hires during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 13.  Annual total separations levels(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                            Levels (in thousands)

              Industry and region                  2006     2007     2008     2009     2010

Total........................................... 62,699   62,173   57,525   50,544   46,347

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 58,496   57,924   54,042   47,035   42,125
  Mining and Logging............................    254      311      317      294      210
  Construction..................................  5,237    4,980    5,111    4,714    4,139
  Manufacturing.................................  4,760    4,882    4,449    4,153    3,000
   Durable goods................................  2,770    2,886    2,686    2,519    1,637
   Nondurable goods.............................  1,990    1,995    1,765    1,636    1,366
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 13,432   12,896   12,260   10,365    9,116
   Wholesale trade..............................  1,895    2,127    2,058    1,763    1,346
   Retail trade.................................  9,511    8,940    8,331    6,761    6,317
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...  2,028    1,829    1,869    1,839    1,456
  Information...................................  1,140      994      865      843      659
  Financial activities..........................  2,966    3,274    2,657    2,197    1,939
   Finance and insurance........................  1,880    2,191    1,720    1,306    1,267
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........  1,083    1,084      940      891      671
  Professional and business services............ 11,431   11,192   10,515    8,735    8,540
  Education and health services.................  5,914    5,920    5,843    5,502    5,282
   Educational services.........................    831      854      815      805      788
   Health care and social assistance............  5,083    5,068    5,026    4,695    4,494
  Leisure and hospitality....................... 10,867   10,938    9,720    7,894    7,298
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........  1,495    1,592    1,440    1,232    1,242
   Accommodation and food services.............   9,372    9,345    8,279    6,658    6,056
  Other services................................  2,498    2,534    2,305    2,340    1,939

 Government.....................................  4,203    4,255    3,485    3,507    4,223
  Federal.......................................    722      823      330      446    1,056
  State and local...............................  3,480    3,430    3,155    3,063    3,167

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast.....................................  9,865    9,544    9,332    8,756    8,446
  South......................................... 24,368   23,876   21,478   18,675   17,063
  Midwest....................................... 13,976   13,880   12,495   10,937   10,524
  West.......................................... 14,487   14,875   14,222   12,180   10,310


  1 The annual total separations level is the total number of total separations during the entire year.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.


Table 14.  Annual total separations rates(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                  Rates

              Industry and region                2006     2007     2008     2009     2010

Total........................................... 46.1     45.2     42.1     38.6     35.7

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 51.3     50.2     47.3     43.4     39.2
  Mining and Logging............................ 37.1     43.0     41.4     42.4     29.8
  Construction.................................. 68.1     65.3     71.4     78.4     74.9
  Manufacturing................................. 33.6     35.2     33.2     35.1     26.0
   Durable goods................................ 30.8     32.8     31.7     34.6     23.2
   Nondurable goods............................. 38.5     39.3     35.7     35.9     30.6
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 51.1     48.4     46.6     41.6     37.0
   Wholesale trade.............................. 32.1     35.4     34.6     31.6     24.7
   Retail trade................................. 61.9     57.6     54.5     46.6     43.8
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities... 40.4     35.9     36.9     38.3     30.7
  Information................................... 37.5     32.8     29.0     30.1     24.3
  Financial activities.......................... 35.6     39.4     32.6     28.3     25.4
   Finance and insurance........................ 30.5     35.7     28.6     22.6     22.3
   Real estate and rental and leasing........... 49.9     50.0     44.1     44.7     34.6
  Professional and business services............ 65.1     62.4     59.3     52.7     51.2
  Education and health services................. 33.2     32.3     31.0     28.7     27.0
   Educational services......................... 28.6     29.0     26.8     26.1     25.0
   Health care and social assistance............ 34.1     33.0     31.8     29.2     27.4
  Leisure and hospitality....................... 82.9     81.5     72.3     60.4     56.1
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation.......... 77.5     80.9     73.1     64.3     65.1
   Accommodation and food services.............  83.8     81.6     72.2     59.6     54.5
  Other services................................ 45.9     46.1     41.8     43.6     36.1

 Government..................................... 19.1     19.2     15.5     15.5     18.8
  Federal....................................... 26.4     30.1     11.9     15.7     35.6
  State and local............................... 18.1     17.6     16.0     15.5     16.2

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast..................................... 38.9     37.2     36.2     35.1     34.1
  South......................................... 49.7     48.0     43.4     39.4     36.3
  Midwest....................................... 44.8     44.3     40.1     36.8     35.7
  West.......................................... 47.4     48.2     46.7     42.2     36.1


  1 The annual total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 15.  Annual quits levels(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                            Levels (in thousands)

              Industry and region                  2006     2007     2008     2009     2010

Total........................................... 36,354   35,134   29,912   20,571   21,296

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 34,271   33,122   28,237   19,319   19,951
  Mining and Logging............................    141      184      175       89       91
  Construction..................................  2,244    1,901    1,560      861      857
  Manufacturing.................................  2,510    2,514    1,891    1,020    1,114
   Durable goods................................  1,453    1,426    1,042      497      548
   Nondurable goods.............................  1,056    1,091      849      527      564
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  8,159    7,656    6,614    4,589    4,695
   Wholesale trade..............................  1,054    1,174      956      523      516
   Retail trade.................................  5,999    5,559    4,740    3,370    3,547
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...  1,109      925      923      696      631
  Information...................................    796      578      438      369      330
  Financial activities..........................  1,777    1,906    1,396      794      947
   Finance and insurance........................  1,182    1,404      949      504      630
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........    595      502      447      292      315
  Professional and business services............  5,991    5,798    5,046    3,285    3,823
  Education and health services.................  3,802    3,737    3,420    2,886    2,855
   Educational services.........................    443      415      384      311      346
   Health care and social assistance............  3,361    3,322    3,035    2,573    2,509
  Leisure and hospitality.......................  7,490    7,445    6,403    4,387    4,285
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    620      631      536      391      433
   Accommodation and food services.............   6,871    6,811    5,867    3,999    3,853
  Other services................................  1,361    1,403    1,291    1,036      958

 Government.....................................  2,085    2,013    1,675    1,253    1,343
  Federal.......................................    328      288      105       85      166
  State and local...............................  1,756    1,725    1,571    1,165    1,180

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast.....................................  5,319    4,713    4,376    3,021    3,367
  South......................................... 15,128   14,486   12,078    8,303    8,567
  Midwest.......................................  7,760    7,558    6,524    4,416    4,780
  West..........................................  8,147    8,377    6,934    4,832    4,583


  1 The annual quits level is the total number of quits during the entire year.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.


Table 16.  Annual quits rates(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                  Rates

              Industry and region                2006     2007     2008     2009     2010

Total........................................... 26.7     25.5     21.9     15.7     16.4

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 30.0     28.7     24.7     17.8     18.6
  Mining and Logging............................ 20.6     25.4     22.8     12.8     12.9
  Construction.................................. 29.2     24.9     21.8     14.3     15.5
  Manufacturing................................. 17.7     18.1     14.1      8.6      9.7
   Durable goods................................ 16.2     16.2     12.3      6.8      7.8
   Nondurable goods............................. 20.4     21.5     17.2     11.5     12.7
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 31.1     28.8     25.2     18.4     19.1
   Wholesale trade.............................. 17.8     19.5     16.1      9.4      9.5
   Retail trade................................. 39.1     35.8     31.0     23.2     24.6
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities... 22.1     18.2     18.2     14.5     13.3
  Information................................... 26.2     19.1     14.7     13.2     12.2
  Financial activities.......................... 21.3     23.0     17.1     10.2     12.4
   Finance and insurance........................ 19.2     22.9     15.8      8.7     11.1
   Real estate and rental and leasing........... 27.4     23.1     21.0     14.6     16.2
  Professional and business services............ 34.1     32.3     28.5     19.8     22.9
  Education and health services................. 21.3     20.4     18.2     15.0     14.6
   Educational services......................... 15.3     14.1     12.6     10.1     11.0
   Health care and social assistance............ 22.5     21.6     19.2     16.0     15.3
  Leisure and hospitality....................... 57.1     55.5     47.7     33.5     32.9
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation.......... 32.2     32.0     27.2     20.4     22.7
   Accommodation and food services.............  61.5     59.4     51.2     35.8     34.7
  Other services................................ 25.0     25.5     23.4     19.3     17.9

 Government.....................................  9.5      9.1      7.4      5.6      6.0
  Federal....................................... 12.0     10.5      3.8      3.0      5.6
  State and local...............................  9.1      8.9      8.0      5.9      6.0

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast..................................... 21.0     18.4     17.0     12.1     13.6
  South......................................... 30.9     29.2     24.4     17.5     18.2
  Midwest....................................... 24.9     24.1     21.0     14.9     16.2
  West.......................................... 26.7     27.1     22.8     16.8     16.1


  1 The annual quits rate is the number of quits during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 17.  Annual layoffs and discharges levels(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                            Levels (in thousands)

              Industry and region                  2006     2007     2008     2009     2010

Total........................................... 21,468   22,577   23,737   26,318   21,243

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 20,097   21,209   22,571   24,709   19,156
  Mining and Logging............................     75       91      114      178       93
  Construction..................................  2,639    2,857    3,330    3,737    3,138
  Manufacturing.................................  1,821    1,974    2,222    2,860    1,643
   Durable goods................................  1,023    1,210    1,422    1,844      929
   Nondurable goods.............................    796      763      797    1,017      713
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  4,171    4,284    4,720    4,929    3,621
   Wholesale trade..............................    645      822      987    1,096      713
   Retail trade.................................  2,849    2,759    2,963    2,822    2,274
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    679      704      768    1,011      634
  Information...................................    257      312      356      405      271
  Financial activities..........................    873    1,113    1,035    1,217      730
   Finance and insurance........................    467      611      612      666      423
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........    405      502      423      552      305
  Professional and business services............  4,586    4,751    4,881    4,846    4,113
  Education and health services.................  1,686    1,741    1,982    2,123    2,022
   Educational services.........................    338      386      385      445      388
   Health care and social assistance............  1,350    1,352    1,597    1,680    1,632
  Leisure and hospitality.......................  3,055    3,168    3,015    3,237    2,663
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    835      902      865      810      774
   Accommodation and food services.............   2,220    2,268    2,152    2,427    1,891
  Other services................................    935      913      913    1,179      864

 Government.....................................  1,369    1,370    1,171    1,610    2,087
  Federal.......................................    192      226      111      236      763
  State and local...............................  1,178    1,141    1,059    1,374    1,325

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast.....................................  3,675    4,005    4,211    5,038    4,388
  South.........................................  7,475    7,922    8,073    9,033    7,128
  Midwest.......................................  5,083    5,287    5,064    5,714    4,884
  West..........................................  5,233    5,362    6,393    6,537    4,842


  1 The annual layoffs and discharges level is the total number of layoffs and discharges during the entire year.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.


Table 18.  Annual layoffs and discharges rates(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                  Rates

              Industry and region                2006     2007     2008     2009     2010

Total........................................... 15.8     16.4     17.4     20.1     16.4

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 17.6     18.4     19.8     22.8     17.8
  Mining and Logging............................ 11.0     12.6     14.9     25.6     13.2
  Construction.................................. 34.3     37.4     46.5     62.1     56.8
  Manufacturing................................. 12.9     14.2     16.6     24.1     14.3
   Durable goods................................ 11.4     13.7     16.8     25.3     13.1
   Nondurable goods............................. 15.4     15.0     16.1     22.3     16.0
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 15.9     16.1     18.0     19.8     14.7
   Wholesale trade.............................. 10.9     13.7     16.6     19.6     13.1
   Retail trade................................. 18.6     17.8     19.4     19.4     15.8
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities... 13.5     13.8     15.2     21.1     13.4
  Information...................................  8.5     10.3     11.9     14.4     10.0
  Financial activities.......................... 10.5     13.4     12.7     15.7      9.6
   Finance and insurance........................  7.6     10.0     10.2     11.5      7.4
   Real estate and rental and leasing........... 18.6     23.1     19.9     27.7     15.7
  Professional and business services............ 26.1     26.5     27.5     29.2     24.6
  Education and health services.................  9.5      9.5     10.5     11.1     10.3
   Educational services......................... 11.7     13.1     12.7     14.4     12.3
   Health care and social assistance............  9.0      8.8     10.1     10.4      9.9
  Leisure and hospitality....................... 23.3     23.6     22.4     24.8     20.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation.......... 43.3     45.8     43.9     42.3     40.5
   Accommodation and food services.............  19.9     19.8     18.8     21.7     17.0
  Other services................................ 17.2     16.6     16.6     22.0     16.1

 Government.....................................  6.2      6.2      5.2      7.1      9.3
  Federal.......................................  7.0      8.3      4.0      8.3     25.7
  State and local...............................  6.1      5.9      5.4      7.0      6.8

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast..................................... 14.5     15.6     16.3     20.2     17.7
  South......................................... 15.2     15.9     16.3     19.1     15.2
  Midwest....................................... 16.3     16.9     16.3     19.2     16.6
  West.......................................... 17.1     17.4     21.0     22.7     17.0


  1 The annual layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 19.  Annual other separations levels(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                            Levels (in thousands)

              Industry and region                  2006     2007     2008     2009     2010

Total...........................................  4,875    4,466    3,875    3,652    3,810

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  4,130    3,593    3,236    3,005    3,019
  Mining and Logging............................     39       35       30       25       25
  Construction..................................    355      220      224      118      144
  Manufacturing.................................    431      392      338      275      245
   Durable goods................................    296      250      218      181      159
   Nondurable goods.............................    135      143      120       91       87
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  1,105      960      925      847      802
   Wholesale trade..............................    194      132      117      142      116
   Retail trade.................................    665      625      628      569      498
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    241      201      179      136      186
  Information...................................     85      102       68       68       59
  Financial activities..........................    315      257      228      185      266
   Finance and insurance........................    230      177      156      136      213
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     85       81       70       49       54
  Professional and business services............    852      645      585      602      606
  Education and health services.................    424      444      440      494      406
   Educational services.........................     53       50       46       52       53
   Health care and social assistance............    372      395      395      443      353
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    325      324      302      267      349
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     44       59       38       34       36
   Accommodation and food services.............     282      266      265      234      312
  Other services................................    202      217      100      125      120

 Government.....................................    748      874      639      645      788
  Federal.......................................    201      309      115      124      128
  State and local...............................    544      562      525      522      660

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast.....................................    870      821      740      690      689
  South.........................................  1,771    1,475    1,334    1,351    1,376
  Midwest.......................................  1,130    1,035      907      802      860
  West..........................................  1,103    1,132      891      808      885


  1 The annual other separations level is the total number of other separations during the entire year.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.


Table 20.  Annual other separations rates(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                  Rates

              Industry and region                2006     2007     2008     2009     2010

Total...........................................  3.6      3.2      2.8      2.8      2.9

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3.6      3.1      2.8      2.8      2.8
  Mining and Logging............................  5.7      4.8      3.9      3.6      3.5
  Construction..................................  4.6      2.9      3.1      2.0      2.6
  Manufacturing.................................  3.0      2.8      2.5      2.3      2.1
   Durable goods................................  3.3      2.8      2.6      2.5      2.2
   Nondurable goods.............................  2.6      2.8      2.4      2.0      2.0
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  4.2      3.6      3.5      3.4      3.3
   Wholesale trade..............................  3.3      2.2      2.0      2.5      2.1
   Retail trade.................................  4.3      4.0      4.1      3.9      3.5
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...  4.8      3.9      3.5      2.8      3.9
  Information...................................  2.8      3.4      2.3      2.4      2.2
  Financial activities..........................  3.8      3.1      2.8      2.4      3.5
   Finance and insurance........................  3.7      2.9      2.6      2.4      3.7
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........  3.9      3.7      3.3      2.5      2.8
  Professional and business services............  4.9      3.6      3.3      3.6      3.6
  Education and health services.................  2.4      2.4      2.3      2.6      2.1
   Educational services.........................  1.8      1.7      1.5      1.7      1.7
   Health care and social assistance............  2.5      2.6      2.5      2.8      2.2
  Leisure and hospitality.......................  2.5      2.4      2.2      2.0      2.7
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........  2.3      3.0      1.9      1.8      1.9
   Accommodation and food services.............   2.5      2.3      2.3      2.1      2.8
  Other services................................  3.7      3.9      1.8      2.3      2.2

 Government.....................................  3.4      3.9      2.8      2.9      3.5
  Federal.......................................  7.4     11.3      4.2      4.4      4.3
  State and local...............................  2.8      2.9      2.7      2.6      3.4

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast.....................................  3.4      3.2      2.9      2.8      2.8
  South.........................................  3.6      3.0      2.7      2.9      2.9
  Midwest.......................................  3.6      3.3      2.9      2.7      2.9
  West..........................................  3.6      3.7      2.9      2.8      3.1


  1 The annual other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Last Modified Date: April 08, 2011
Recommend this page using: