Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


                                   
For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, April 6, 2010        USDL-10-0424

Technical information:   (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:           (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


            Job Openings and Labor Turnover – February 2010

There were 2.7 million job openings on the last business day of
February 2010, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The
job openings rate was little changed over the month at 2.1 percent.
The hires rate (3.1 percent) and the separations rate (3.1 percent)
were also little changed in February. This release includes estimates
of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the
total nonfarm sector by industry and geographic region.

  ___________________________________________________________________________
 |                    New JOLTS Supplemental Materials                       |
 |                                                                           |
 | With the release of the February 2010 data, new supplemental materials    |
 | will be posted to the JOLTS homepage each month. “Graphs and Highlights”  |
 | will provide graphs and a short discussion of data from JOLTS and other   |
 | BLS series, showing the historical behavior of JOLTS data elements alone  |
 | and compared to the other series as the economy moves through the business|
 | cycle. Statistically significant change tables will provide results for   |
 | over-the-month and over-the-year change. The materials can be accessed    |
 | through the JOLTS homepage at http://www.bls.gov/web/jolts.supp.toc.htm.  |
 |___________________________________________________________________________|


Job Openings

The number of job openings was little changed in February at 2.7
million. Although little changed over the month, the level has trended
upward since the most recent trough of 2.3 million in July 2009. The
job openings level was little changed in February for most industries
and all four regions. (See table 1.)


                             - 2 -


Table A.  Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally
adjusted
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   |    Job openings    |       Hires        | Total separations
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
     Industry      | Feb. | Jan. | Feb. | Feb. | Jan. | Feb. | Feb. | Jan. | Feb.
                   | 2009 | 2010 | 2010p| 2009 | 2010 | 2010p| 2009 | 2010 | 2010p
-------------------|--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                     Levels (in thousands)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..............|2,830 |2,854 |2,723 |4,095 |4,087 |3,961 |4,869 |4,155 |3,957
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|2,483 |2,471 |2,368 |3,837 |3,790 |3,664 |4,588 |3,858 |3,661
  Construction.....|   65 |   62 |   62 |  344 |  312 |  302 |  465 |  405 |  359
  Manufacturing....|  136 |  154 |  171 |  250 |  289 |  259 |  433 |  276 |  264
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  447 |  395 |  462 |  806 |  822 |  814 |  936 |  856 |  810
   Retail trade....|  325 |  255 |  320 |  546 |  584 |  563 |  602 |  577 |  553
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  490 |  424 |  401 |  722 |  729 |  735 |  918 |  698 |  690
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  561 |  624 |  552 |  520 |  487 |  483 |  508 |  457 |  455
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  313 |  268 |  274 |  702 |  715 |  648 |  732 |  709 |  626
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|   20 |   19 |   18 |   95 |  102 |   89 |  101 |  111 |   78
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  293 |  250 |  256 |  607 |  613 |  559 |  632 |  598 |  548
 Government(3).....|  347 |  383 |  354 |  257 |  297 |  297 |  281 |  296 |  295
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  305 |  256 |  246 |  248 |  254 |  255 |  260 |  269 |  264
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                       Rates (percent)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..............|  2.1 |  2.2 |  2.1 |  3.1 |  3.2 |  3.1 |  3.7 |  3.2 |  3.1
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|  2.2 |  2.3 |  2.2 |  3.5 |  3.5 |  3.4 |  4.2 |  3.6 |  3.4
  Construction.....|  1.0 |  1.1 |  1.1 |  5.4 |  5.6 |  5.4 |  7.2 |  7.2 |  6.5
  Manufacturing....|  1.1 |  1.3 |  1.5 |  2.0 |  2.5 |  2.2 |  3.5 |  2.4 |  2.3
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  1.7 |  1.6 |  1.8 |  3.2 |  3.3 |  3.3 |  3.7 |  3.5 |  3.3
   Retail trade....|  2.2 |  1.7 |  2.2 |  3.7 |  4.1 |  3.9 |  4.1 |  4.0 |  3.8
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  2.8 |  2.5 |  2.4 |  4.3 |  4.4 |  4.4 |  5.4 |  4.2 |  4.2
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  2.9 |  3.1 |  2.8 |  2.7 |  2.5 |  2.5 |  2.7 |  2.4 |  2.3
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  2.3 |  2.0 |  2.1 |  5.3 |  5.5 |  5.0 |  5.6 |  5.5 |  4.8
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|  1.0 |  1.0 |  1.0 |  4.9 |  5.4 |  4.7 |  5.2 |  5.9 |  4.1
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  2.5 |  2.2 |  2.3 |  5.4 |  5.5 |  5.0 |  5.6 |  5.4 |  4.9
 Government(3).....|  1.5 |  1.7 |  1.6 |  1.1 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.2 |  1.3 |  1.3
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  1.5 |  1.3 |  1.2 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.4 |  1.3
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and
other services, not shown separately.
  2 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not
shown separately.
  3 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  p = preliminary.




In February, the number of job openings was little different from 12
months earlier for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The
job openings level was little changed in most industries and in 3 of
the 4 regions over the year; the level fell in the South.  (See table
5.)

Hires

The hires rate was little changed in February at 3.1 percent. The rate
has remained between 3.0 percent and 3.2 percent since November 2008.
After falling from the most recent peak of 5.6 million hires in
January 2005, the hires level reached a low point of 3.9 million in
June 2009. In February 2010, the hires level was 4.0 million. The
hires rate was little changed in February for all industries and 3 of
the 4 regions; the rate decreased in the Northeast. (See table 2.)


                             - 3 -


Over the 12 months ending in February, the hires rate (not seasonally
adjusted) was unchanged for total nonfarm and total private, but
increased for government. The hires rate was little changed in the
remaining industries and in all four regions over the year. (See table
6.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits (voluntary separations), layoffs and
discharges (involuntary separations), and other separations (including
retirements). The total separations, or turnover, rate was little
changed in February for total nonfarm and remained low at 3.1 percent.
The rate was little changed for total private and government. The
total separations rate (not seasonally adjusted) decreased over the 12
months ending in February for total nonfarm and total private, while
the rate for government was little changed. (See tables 3 and 7.)

The quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or
ability to change jobs. In February, the quits rate was little changed
for total nonfarm (1.4 percent), total private (1.6 percent), and
government (0.6 percent). The rate was little changed over the month
for most industries while increasing in the Northeast and West
regions. After falling from the most recent peak of 3.2 million in
November 2006, the number of quits has hovered between 1.7 million and
1.8 million since April 2009. (See table 4.)

Over the 12 months ending in February, the quits rate (not seasonally
adjusted) was little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and
government as well as in almost every industry and region. (See table
8.)

The layoffs and discharges component of total separations is
seasonally adjusted at the total nonfarm, total private, and
government levels. The layoffs and discharges level was little changed
in February for total nonfarm (1.8 million), total private (1.7
million), and government (110,000). Although little changed over the
month, the number of layoffs and discharges has trended downward since
peaking in January 2009 for total nonfarm and total private and since
June 2009 for government. (See table B below.)

The layoffs and discharges rate (not seasonally adjusted) fell over
the 12 months ending in February for total nonfarm and total private,
and was little changed for government. The layoffs and discharges rate
fell over the year in many industries and in 3 of the 4
regions—Midwest, South, and West. (See table 9.)

Table B.  Layoffs and discharges by industry, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                   | Levels (in thousands) |        Rates
                   |------------------------------------------------
     Industry      |  Feb. |  Jan. |  Feb. |  Feb. |  Jan. |  Feb.
                   |  2009 |  2010 |  2010p|  2009 |  2010 |  2010p
-------------------|------------------------------------------------
Total..............| 2,593 | 1,953 | 1,822 |  2.0  |  1.5  |  1.4
 Total private.....| 2,453 | 1,826 | 1,712 |  2.2  |  1.7  |  1.6
 Government....... |   140 |   127 |   110 |  0.6  |  0.6  |  0.5
--------------------------------------------------------------------
  p = preliminary.

The other separations series is not seasonally adjusted. In February,
there were 283,000 other separations for total nonfarm, 247,000 for
total private, and 36,000 for government. Compared to February 2009,
the number of other separations was little changed for total nonfarm,
total private, and government. (See table 10.)


                             - 4 -


The total separations level is influenced by the relative contribution
of its three components—quits, layoffs and discharges, and other
separations. The percentage of total separations at the total nonfarm
level attributable to the individual components has varied over time.
The proportion of quits had exceeded the proportion of layoffs and
discharges every month from the beginning of the series in December
2000 until November 2008 when layoffs and discharges became the larger
contributor to total separations. In April 2009, the proportion of
quits hit a low of 39 percent and began to rise, while the proportion
of layoffs and discharges hit a high of 56 percent and began to fall.
In February 2010, the relative contribution reversed again with the
proportion of quits (47 percent) slightly exceeding the proportion of
layoffs and discharges (46 percent). (See tables 3 and 4, and table B
above.)

Net Change in Employment

Over the 12 months ending in February, hires totaled 48.3 million and
separations totaled 51.5 million, yielding a net employment loss of
3.2 million.

____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for March 2010 are
scheduled to be released on Tuesday, May 11, 2010 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).





                         - 5 -

Technical Note


  The data for the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS)
are collected and compiled monthly from a sample of business
establishments by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Collection

  In a monthly survey of business establishments, data are
collected for total employment, job openings, hires, quits, layoffs
and discharges, and other separations.  Data collection methods
include computer-assisted telephone interviewing, touchtone data
entry, fax, e-mail, and mail.

Coverage

  The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments such
as factories, offices, and stores, as well as federal, state, and
local government entities in the 50 states and the District of
Columbia.

Concepts

  Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this
release are in accordance with the 2007 version of the North
American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  In order to
ensure the highest possible quality of data, State Workforce
Agencies verify with employers and update, if necessary, the
industry code, location, and ownership classification of all
establishments on a 3-year cycle.  Changes in establishment
characteristics resulting from the verification process are always
introduced into the JOLTS sampling frame with the data reported for
the first month of the year.

  Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who
worked or received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th
day of the reference month.  Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-
term, seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave.  Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay
period, are not counted as employed.  Employees of temporary help
agencies, employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and
consultants are counted by their employer of record, not by the
establishment where they are working.

  Job openings.  Establishments submit job openings information for
the last business day of the reference month.  A job opening
requires that: 1) a specific position exists and there is work
available for that position, 2) work could start within 30 days
regardless of whether a suitable candidate is found, and 3) the
employer is actively recruiting from outside the establishment to
fill the position.  Included are full-time, part-time, permanent,
short-term, and seasonal openings.  Active recruiting means that
the establishment is taking steps to fill a position by advertising
in newspapers or on the Internet, posting help-wanted signs,
accepting applications, or using other similar methods.

  Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions,
demotions, or recall from layoffs are excluded.  Also excluded are
jobs with start dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for
which employees have been hired but have not yet reported for work,
and jobs to be filled by employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants.
The job openings rate is computed by dividing the number of job
openings by the sum of employment and job openings and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

  Hires.  Hires are the total number of additions to the payroll
occurring at any time during the reference month, including both
new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the
location after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or
intermittent employees who returned to work after having been
formally separated, and transfers from other locations.  The hires
count does not include transfers or promotions within the reporting
site, employees returning from strike, employees of temporary help
agencies or employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or
consultants.  The hires rate is computed by dividing the number of
hires by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.

  Separations.  Separations are the total number of terminations of
employment occurring at any time during the reference month, and
are reported by type of separation--quits, layoffs and discharges,
and other separations.  Quits are voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations).  Layoffs and discharges are involuntary separations
initiated by the employer and include layoffs with no intent to
rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last more than 7
days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or closings;
firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of permanent or
short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal employees.
Other separations include retirements, transfers to other
locations, deaths, and separations due to disability.  Separations
do not include transfers within the same location or employees on
strike.

  The separations rate is computed by dividing the number of
separations by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.
The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates are
computed similarly, dividing the number by employment and
multiplying by 100.

  Annual estimates.  Annual estimates of rates and levels

                         - 6 -

of hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and total
separations are released with the January news release each year.

   The JOLTS annual level estimates for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels.  The annual rate estimates are
computed by dividing the annual level by the Current Employment
Statistics (CES) annual average employment level, and multiplying
that quotient by 100.  This figure will be approximately equal to
the sum of the 12 monthly rates.  Note that both the JOLTS and CES
annual levels are rounded to the nearest thousand before the annual
estimates are calculated.  Consistent with BLS practices, annual
estimates are published only for not seasonally adjusted data.

  Annual estimates are not calculated for job openings because job
openings are a stock, or point-in-time, measurement for the last
business day of each month.  Only jobs still open on the last day
of the month are counted.  For the same reason job openings cannot
be cumulated throughout each month, annual figures for job openings
cannot be created by summing the monthly estimates.  Hires and
separations are flow measures and are cumulated over the month with
a total reported for the month.  Therefore, the annual figures can
be created by summing the monthly estimates.

Special Collection Procedures

  An implied measure of employment change can be derived from the
JOLTS data by subtracting separations from hires for a given
month.  Aggregating these monthly changes historically produced
employment levels that overstated employment change as measured by
CES at the total nonfarm level.  Research into this problem showed
that a significant amount of the divergence between the CES
employment levels and the derived JOLTS employment levels was
traceable to the Employment Services industry and to the State
Government Education industry.  In the former industry, businesses
have a difficult time reporting hires and separations of temporary
help workers.  In the latter industry, employers have difficulty
reporting hires and separations of student workers.  BLS now
devotes additional resources to the collection, editing, and review
of data for these industries.  BLS analysts more closely examine
reported data that do not provide a consistent picture over time,
and re-contact the respondents as necessary.  Analysts work with
the respondents to adjust their reporting practices as possible.
Units that cannot be reconciled but are clearly incorrect on a
consistent basis are not used, they are replaced by imputed values
using standard techniques.

Sample and estimation methodology

  The JOLTS survey design is a random sample of 16,000 nonfarm
business establishments, including factories, offices, and stores,
as well as federal, state, and local governments in the 50 states
and the District of Columbia.  The establishments are drawn from a
universe of over 9.1 million establishments compiled as part of the
operations of the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW)
program.  This program includes all employers subject to state
Unemployment Insurance (UI) laws and federal agencies subject to
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE).

  The sampling frame is stratified by ownership, region, industry
sector, and size class. The JOLTS sample is constructed from
individual panels of sample units drawn on an annual basis. The
full annual sample consists of one certainty panel composed of only
large units selected with virtual certainty based on their size and
24 non-certainty panels.  Each month a new non-certainty panel is
rolled into collection, and the oldest non-certainty panel is
rolled out.  This means that at any given time the JOLTS sample is
constructed from panels from three different annual sampling
frames.  The entire sample of old plus new panels is post-
stratified and re-weighted annually to represent the most recent
sampling frame.  Additionally, the out-of-business establishments
are removed from the old panels.  The annual sample is supplemented
with a quarterly sample of birth establishments (i.e., new
establishments) to better reflect the impact of younger
establishments in the JOLTS sample.

  JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked monthly to the
employment estimates of the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
survey.  A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the
levels for all other JOLTS data elements.

  JOLTS Business Birth/Death Model

  As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as
current as its sampling frame.  The time lag from the birth of an
establishment until its appearance on the sampling frame is
approximately one year.  In addition, many of these new units may
fail within the first year.  Since these universe units cannot be
reflected on the sampling frame immediately, the JOLTS sample
cannot capture job openings, hires, and separations from these
units during their early existence.  BLS has developed a model to
estimate birth/death activity for current months by examining the
birth/death activity from previous years on the QCEW and projecting
forward to the present using an econometric technique known as X-12
ARIMA modeling. The birth/death model also uses historical JOLTS
data to estimate the amount of “churn” (hires and separations) that
exists in establishments of various sizes.  The model then combines
the estimated churn with the projected employment change to
estimate the number of hires and separations taking place in these
units that cannot be measured through sampling.

                         - 7 -

  The model-based estimate of total separations is distributed to
the three components – quits; layoffs and discharges; and other
separations - in proportion to their contribution to the sample-
based estimate of total separations.  Additionally, job openings
for the modeled units are estimated by computing the ratio of
openings to hires in the collected data and applying that ratio to
the modeled hires.  The estimates of job openings, hires, and
separations produced by the birth/death model are then added to the
sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

  BLS seasonally adjusts several JOLTS series using the X-12-ARIMA
seasonal adjustment program.  Seasonal adjustment is the process of
estimating and removing periodic fluctuations caused by events such
as weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school
year.  Seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental
changes in the level of the series, particularly those associated
with general economic expansions and contractions.  A concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal
adjustment factors are calculated each month, using all relevant
data, up to and including the data for the current month.

Alignment procedure

  JOLTS hires minus separations should be comparable to the CES net
employment change.  However, definitional differences as well as
sampling and non-sampling errors between the two surveys
historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES over time. To limit
the divergence, and improve the quality of the JOLTS hires and
separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly Alignment Method.
The Monthly Alignment Method applies the CES employment trends to
the seasonally adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus
separations) forcing them to be approximately the same, while
preserving the seasonality of the JOLTS data.  First, the two
series are seasonally adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS
implied employment trend and the CES net employment change is
calculated. Next, the JOLTS implied employment trend is adjusted to
equal the CES net employment change through a proportional
adjustment. This proportional adjustment procedure adjusts the two
components (hires, separations) proportionally to their
contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations).  For
example, if hires are 40 percent of the churn for a given month,
they will receive 40 percent of the needed adjustment and
separations will receive 60 percent of the needed adjustment. The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors.  After the monthly alignment method has been used to
adjust the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the
adjusted levels.  The Monthly Alignment procedure assures a close
match of the JOLTS implied employment trend with the CES trend. The
CES series is considered a highly accurate measure of net
employment change owing to its very large sample size and annual
benchmarking to universe counts of employment from the QCEW
program.

Using JOLTS data

  The JOLTS data series on job openings, hires, and separations are
relatively new.  The full sample is divided into panels, with one
panel enrolled each month.  A full complement of panels for the
original data series based on the 1987 Standard Industrial
Classification (SIC) system was not completely enrolled in the
survey until January 2002.  The supplemental panels of
establishments needed to create NAICS estimates were not completely
enrolled until May 2003.  The data collected up until those points
are from less than a full sample.  Therefore, estimates from
earlier months should be used with caution, as fewer sampled units
were reporting data at that time.

  In March 2002, BLS procedures for collecting hires and
separations data were revised to address possible underreporting.
As a result, JOLTS hires and separations estimates for months prior
to March 2002 may not be comparable to estimates for March 2002 and
later.

  The federal government reorganization that involved transferring
approximately 180,000 employees to the new Department of Homeland
Security is not reflected in the JOLTS hires and separations
estimates for the federal government.  The Office of Personnel
Management's record shows these transfers were completed in March
2003.  The inclusion of transfers in the JOLTS definitions of hires
and separations is intended to cover ongoing movements of workers
between establishments.  The Department of Homeland Security
reorganization was a massive one-time event, and the inclusion of
these intergovernmental transfers would distort the federal
government time series.

  JOLTS uses moving averages as seasonal filters in seasonal
adjustment.  JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both additive and
multiplicative seasonal adjustment models and REGARIMA (regression
with autocorrelated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal
adjustment factors at the beginning and end of the series and to
detect and adjust for outliers in the series.

Reliability of the estimates

  JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling
error.  When a sample rather than the entire population is
surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ
from the "true" population values they represent.  The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular
sample selected, and this variability is measured by the standard
error of the estimate.  BLS analysis is generally conducted at the
90-percent level of confidence.  That means that there is a

                         - 8 -

90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a
sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the
"true" population value because of sampling error.  Estimates of
sampling errors are available upon request.

  The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain
data from all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness
of respondents to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by
respondents, errors made in the collection or processing of the
data, and errors from the employment benchmark data used in
estimation.

Other information

  Information in this release will be made available to sensory
impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD
message referral phone: 1-800-877-8339.


Table 1.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Feb.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Feb.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.
                                            2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2010   2010p  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2010  2010p

Total....................................  2,830  2,624  2,546  2,456  2,531  2,854  2,723    2.1   2.0   1.9   1.9   1.9   2.2   2.1

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  2,483  2,333  2,164  2,113  2,130  2,471  2,368    2.2   2.1   2.0   1.9   2.0   2.3   2.2
  Construction...........................     65     73     65     71     67     62     62    1.0   1.2   1.1   1.2   1.2   1.1   1.1
  Manufacturing..........................    136    139    141    155    171    154    171    1.1   1.2   1.2   1.3   1.5   1.3   1.5
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    447    415    363    334    378    395    462    1.7   1.7   1.4   1.3   1.5   1.6   1.8
   Retail trade..........................    325    282    228    207    237    255    320    2.2   1.9   1.6   1.4   1.6   1.7   2.2
  Professional and business services.....    490    446    436    425    404    424    401    2.8   2.7   2.6   2.5   2.4   2.5   2.4
  Education and health services..........    561    573    529    537    545    624    552    2.9   2.9   2.7   2.7   2.7   3.1   2.8
  Leisure and hospitality................    313    305    268    236    227    268    274    2.3   2.3   2.0   1.8   1.7   2.0   2.1
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     20     27     19     23     20     19     18    1.0   1.4   1.0   1.2   1.1   1.0   1.0
   Accommodation and food services.......    293    278    249    214    207    250    256    2.5   2.4   2.2   1.9   1.8   2.2   2.3
 Government(6)...........................    347    292    382    343    401    383    354    1.5   1.3   1.7   1.5   1.8   1.7   1.6
  State and local government.............    305    232    292    249    294    256    246    1.5   1.2   1.5   1.3   1.5   1.3   1.2


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    625    532    532    482    547    585    590    2.4   2.1   2.1   1.9   2.2   2.3   2.3
  South..................................  1,064    952    915    859    943    986    916    2.2   2.0   1.9   1.8   2.0   2.1   1.9
  Midwest................................    581    565    566    553    495    613    579    1.9   1.9   1.9   1.8   1.7   2.0   1.9
  West...................................    609    566    605    586    603    648    695    2.0   1.9   2.1   2.0   2.1   2.2   2.4


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus
job openings.
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of
Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas,
Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio,
South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah,
Washington, and Wyoming.
  p = preliminary.



Table 2.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Feb.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Feb.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.
                                            2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2010   2010p  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2010  2010p

Total....................................  4,095  4,091  4,001  4,160  3,997  4,087  3,961    3.1   3.2   3.1   3.2   3.1   3.2   3.1

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  3,837  3,833  3,689  3,878  3,715  3,790  3,664    3.5   3.6   3.4   3.6   3.5   3.5   3.4
  Construction...........................    344    349    325    329    335    312    302    5.4   6.0   5.7   5.7   5.9   5.6   5.4
  Manufacturing..........................    250    271    243    259    244    289    259    2.0   2.3   2.1   2.2   2.1   2.5   2.2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    806    854    772    847    849    822    814    3.2   3.4   3.1   3.4   3.4   3.3   3.3
   Retail trade..........................    546    566    518    554    547    584    563    3.7   3.9   3.6   3.9   3.8   4.1   3.9
  Professional and business services.....    722    698    709    808    652    729    735    4.3   4.3   4.3   4.9   4.0   4.4   4.4
  Education and health services..........    520    532    522    512    496    487    483    2.7   2.8   2.7   2.7   2.6   2.5   2.5
  Leisure and hospitality................    702    693    663    693    657    715    648    5.3   5.3   5.1   5.3   5.1   5.5   5.0
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     95    121    100    111     94    102     89    4.9   6.3   5.2   5.9   5.0   5.4   4.7
   Accommodation and food services.......    607    572    563    582    562    613    559    5.4   5.1   5.1   5.2   5.1   5.5   5.0
 Government(6)...........................    257    258    312    282    282    297    297    1.1   1.1   1.4   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.3
  State and local government.............    248    236    271    247    254    254    255    1.3   1.2   1.4   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.3


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    757    731    805    758    746    836    699    3.0   3.0   3.3   3.1   3.0   3.4   2.8
  South..................................  1,427  1,518  1,420  1,555  1,463  1,449  1,338    3.0   3.2   3.0   3.3   3.1   3.1   2.9
  Midwest................................    830    926    949    896    900    936    918    2.7   3.1   3.2   3.0   3.1   3.2   3.1
  West...................................    851    954    933    970    879    922    812    2.9   3.3   3.2   3.4   3.1   3.2   2.8


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 3.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Feb.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Feb.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.
                                            2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2010   2010p  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2010  2010p

Total....................................  4,869  4,274  4,171  4,130  4,195  4,155  3,957    3.7   3.3   3.2   3.2   3.2   3.2   3.1

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  4,588  3,990  3,901  3,846  3,884  3,858  3,661    4.2   3.7   3.6   3.6   3.6   3.6   3.4
  Construction...........................    465    415    381    347    382    405    359    7.2   7.1   6.6   6.1   6.7   7.2   6.5
  Manufacturing..........................    433    313    293    285    273    276    264    3.5   2.7   2.5   2.5   2.4   2.4   2.3
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    936    916    844    853    901    856    810    3.7   3.7   3.4   3.5   3.7   3.5   3.3
   Retail trade..........................    602    605    567    544    567    577    553    4.1   4.2   3.9   3.8   3.9   4.0   3.8
  Professional and business services.....    918    705    717    706    649    698    690    5.4   4.3   4.4   4.3   3.9   4.2   4.2
  Education and health services..........    508    503    473    486    486    457    455    2.7   2.6   2.5   2.5   2.5   2.4   2.3
  Leisure and hospitality................    732    677    707    716    688    709    626    5.6   5.2   5.4   5.5   5.3   5.5   4.8
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    101     86    128    116    109    111     78    5.2   4.4   6.7   6.1   5.8   5.9   4.1
   Accommodation and food services.......    632    591    579    600    578    598    548    5.6   5.3   5.2   5.4   5.2   5.4   4.9
 Government(6)...........................    281    284    269    284    311    296    295    1.2   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.4   1.3   1.3
  State and local government.............    260    267    242    249    283    269    264    1.3   1.4   1.2   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.3


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    783    744    727    728    817    789    703    3.1   3.0   3.0   3.0   3.3   3.2   2.9
  South..................................  1,759  1,598  1,544  1,531  1,499  1,561  1,437    3.7   3.4   3.3   3.3   3.2   3.3   3.1
  Midwest................................  1,089    948    920    752  1,016    988    859    3.6   3.2   3.1   2.6   3.5   3.4   2.9
  West...................................  1,166  1,037    939    894  1,061  1,034    925    4.0   3.6   3.3   3.1   3.7   3.6   3.2


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 4.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Feb.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Feb.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.
                                            2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2010   2010p  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2010  2010p

Total....................................  2,003  1,716  1,723  1,837  1,753  1,772  1,848    1.5   1.3   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.4   1.4

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  1,889  1,616  1,620  1,731  1,639  1,661  1,712    1.7   1.5   1.5   1.6   1.5   1.6   1.6
  Construction...........................     88     77     62     92     76     99     81    1.4   1.3   1.1   1.6   1.3   1.8   1.5
  Manufacturing..........................    100     90     80     75     75     85     96     .8    .8    .7    .6    .7    .7    .8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    410    387    382    413    392    368    461    1.6   1.6   1.6   1.7   1.6   1.5   1.9
   Retail trade..........................    309    285    287    276    291    266    361    2.1   2.0   2.0   1.9   2.0   1.8   2.5
  Professional and business services.....    311    265    277    264    248    259    270    1.8   1.6   1.7   1.6   1.5   1.6   1.6
  Education and health services..........    266    270    267    262    271    248    241    1.4   1.4   1.4   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.2
  Leisure and hospitality................    437    345    356    397    375    401    391    3.3   2.6   2.7   3.0   2.9   3.1   3.0
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     34     14     39     42     32     48     31    1.8    .7   2.0   2.2   1.7   2.5   1.6
   Accommodation and food services.......    403    331    317    355    344    353    360    3.6   3.0   2.8   3.2   3.1   3.2   3.2
 Government(6)...........................    114    100    102    106    114    112    136     .5    .4    .5    .5    .5    .5    .6
  State and local government.............    110     96     98    101    106    106    125     .6    .5    .5    .5    .5    .5    .6


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    287    245    300    276    280    268    344    1.1   1.0   1.2   1.1   1.1   1.1   1.4
  South..................................    774    659    677    757    722    736    787    1.6   1.4   1.4   1.6   1.5   1.6   1.7
  Midwest................................    523    359    382    377    391    380    440    1.7   1.2   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.5
  West...................................    519    371    388    446    382    362    446    1.8   1.3   1.3   1.6   1.3   1.3   1.6


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 5.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Feb.     Jan.     Feb.          Feb.     Jan.     Feb.
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  2,666    3,122    2,589           2.0      2.4      2.0

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  2,350    2,713    2,270           2.1      2.5      2.1
  Mining and Logging............................      9       11       15           1.2      1.7      2.2
  Construction..................................     66       61       62           1.1      1.1      1.2
  Manufacturing.................................    136      161      172           1.1      1.4      1.5
   Durable goods................................     66       84       97            .9      1.2      1.4
   Nondurable goods.............................     69       77       74           1.5      1.7      1.6
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    404      412      436           1.6      1.7      1.8
   Wholesale trade..............................     89      119       89           1.6      2.1      1.6
   Retail trade.................................    275      252      282           1.9      1.7      2.0
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     39       41       64            .8       .9      1.4
  Information...................................     67      124       77           2.3      4.4      2.8
  Financial activities..........................    183      237      149           2.3      3.0      1.9
   Finance and insurance........................    136      201      110           2.3      3.4      1.9
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     47       36       39           2.3      1.8      2.0
  Professional and business services............    482      488      391           2.8      2.9      2.3
  Education and health services.................    551      682      530           2.8      3.4      2.6
   Educational services.........................     51       38       56           1.6      1.2      1.7
   Health care and social assistance............    500      644      474           3.0      3.8      2.8
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    285      275      255           2.2      2.2      2.0
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     21       17       18           1.2      1.0      1.1
   Accommodation and food services.............     264      258      236           2.4      2.3      2.2
  Other services................................    168      262      184           3.0      4.8      3.4

 Government.....................................    316      409      319           1.4      1.8      1.4
  Federal.......................................     35      162       91           1.2      5.4      3.1
  State and local...............................    281      247      228           1.4      1.2      1.1

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    554      662      535           2.2      2.7      2.1
  South.........................................  1,026    1,076      872           2.1      2.3      1.9
  Midwest.......................................    528      660      526           1.7      2.2      1.8
  West..........................................    558      724      656           1.9      2.5      2.3


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a
percent of total employment plus job openings.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 6.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Feb.     Jan.     Feb.          Feb.     Jan.     Feb.
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  3,343    4,021    3,225           2.5      3.2      2.5

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,172    3,732    3,019           2.9      3.5      2.9
  Mining and Logging............................     14       33       19           1.9      4.9      2.9
  Construction..................................    277      275      237           4.6      5.2      4.6
  Manufacturing.................................    222      304      234           1.8      2.7      2.0
   Durable goods................................    127      201      128           1.7      2.9      1.8
   Nondurable goods.............................     95      103      106           2.1      2.3      2.4
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    612      718      615           2.5      2.9      2.5
   Wholesale trade..............................     91      136      107           1.6      2.5      2.0
   Retail trade.................................    406      477      418           2.8      3.3      3.0
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    115      105       89           2.4      2.3      1.9
  Information...................................     53       72       40           1.9      2.6      1.5
  Financial activities..........................    142      206      137           1.8      2.7      1.8
   Finance and insurance........................     93      141       86           1.6      2.5      1.5
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     50       65       51           2.5      3.4      2.6
  Professional and business services............    625      820      653           3.8      5.1      4.0
  Education and health services.................    455      504      415           2.4      2.6      2.1
   Educational services.........................     68       74       61           2.1      2.4      1.9
   Health care and social assistance............    386      430      354           2.4      2.7      2.2
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    587      625      534           4.7      5.1      4.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     64       92       57           3.7      5.5      3.4
   Accommodation and food services.............     523      534      477           4.8      5.0      4.4
  Other services................................    184      176      135           3.4      3.4      2.6

 Government.....................................    171      289      206            .7      1.3       .9
  Federal.......................................      7       48       34            .3      1.7      1.2
  State and local...............................    164      241      171            .8      1.2       .9

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    596      801      550           2.4      3.3      2.3
  South.........................................  1,303    1,456    1,205           2.7      3.2      2.6
  Midwest.......................................    705      905      775           2.4      3.1      2.7
  West..........................................    739      859      696           2.5      3.0      2.5


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 7.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Feb.     Jan.     Feb.          Feb.     Jan.     Feb.
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  3,886    5,489    3,129           3.0      4.3      2.4

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,725    5,147    2,957           3.4      4.9      2.8
  Mining and Logging............................     27       33       16           3.6      5.0      2.4
  Construction..................................    394      536      302           6.6     10.2      5.9
  Manufacturing.................................    376      415      230           3.1      3.6      2.0
   Durable goods................................    239      262      129           3.1      3.7      1.8
   Nondurable goods.............................    137      153      101           3.0      3.4      2.3
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    777    1,244      667           3.1      5.1      2.7
   Wholesale trade..............................    140      185      108           2.5      3.4      2.0
   Retail trade.................................    507      862      463           3.5      6.0      3.3
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    130      198       96           2.7      4.3      2.1
  Information...................................     60      119       52           2.1      4.4      1.9
  Financial activities..........................    190      347      146           2.4      4.6      1.9
   Finance and insurance........................    122      247       85           2.1      4.3      1.5
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     68      101       61           3.4      5.2      3.2
  Professional and business services............    773      827      601           4.6      5.1      3.7
  Education and health services.................    390      613      346           2.0      3.2      1.8
   Educational services.........................     43       77       33           1.3      2.5      1.0
   Health care and social assistance............    346      536      314           2.2      3.3      1.9
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    553      782      463           4.4      6.3      3.7
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     58      103       42           3.3      6.2      2.5
   Accommodation and food services.............     496      678      421           4.6      6.3      3.9
  Other services................................    185      230      133           3.4      4.4      2.5

 Government.....................................    161      342      172            .7      1.5       .8
  Federal.......................................     16       40       26            .6      1.4       .9
  State and local...............................    145      303      147            .7      1.6       .7

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    595      977      524           2.4      4.0      2.2
  South.........................................  1,456    1,949    1,177           3.1      4.2      2.5
  Midwest.......................................    881    1,296      679           2.9      4.5      2.3
  West..........................................    955    1,267      749           3.3      4.5      2.6


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 8.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Feb.     Jan.     Feb.          Feb.     Jan.     Feb.
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  1,550    2,121    1,430           1.2      1.7      1.1

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  1,476    1,991    1,339           1.4      1.9      1.3
  Mining and Logging............................      8       11        6           1.1      1.7       .8
  Construction..................................     68       96       65           1.1      1.8      1.3
  Manufacturing.................................     80      108       79            .7       .9       .7
   Durable goods................................     37       49       41            .5       .7       .6
   Nondurable goods.............................     43       58       37            .9      1.3       .8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    320      449      358           1.3      1.8      1.5
   Wholesale trade..............................     36       56       33            .6      1.0       .6
   Retail trade.................................    238      325      280           1.7      2.3      2.0
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     45       68       45            .9      1.5      1.0
  Information...................................     25       43       23            .9      1.6       .8
  Financial activities..........................     62      138       58            .8      1.8       .8
   Finance and insurance........................     44       96       30            .8      1.7       .5
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     18       42       28            .9      2.2      1.5
  Professional and business services............    256      280      231           1.5      1.7      1.4
  Education and health services.................    201      333      180           1.0      1.7       .9
   Educational services.........................     23       42       19            .7      1.4       .6
   Health care and social assistance............    178      291      161           1.1      1.8      1.0
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    329      424      295           2.6      3.4      2.4
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     21       40       18           1.2      2.4      1.0
   Accommodation and food services.............     308      385      277           2.8      3.6      2.6
  Other services................................    127      110       45           2.4      2.1       .9

 Government.....................................     74      130       91            .3       .6       .4
  Federal.......................................      3        8        9            .1       .3       .3
  State and local...............................     71      122       82            .4       .6       .4

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    181      334      211            .7      1.4       .9
  South.........................................    589      891      582           1.2      1.9      1.3
  Midwest.......................................    385      479      310           1.3      1.7      1.1
  West..........................................    395      418      327           1.4      1.5      1.2


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 9.  Layoffs and discharges levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Feb.     Jan.     Feb.          Feb.     Jan.     Feb.
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  2,071    2,836    1,415           1.6      2.2      1.1

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  2,015    2,698    1,370           1.9      2.6      1.3
  Mining and Logging............................     17       18        9           2.3      2.7      1.4
  Construction..................................    318      414      219           5.3      7.9      4.2
  Manufacturing.................................    278      271      136           2.3      2.4      1.2
   Durable goods................................    191      190       78           2.5      2.7      1.1
   Nondurable goods.............................     88       81       58           1.9      1.8      1.3
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    406      674      236           1.6      2.8      1.0
   Wholesale trade..............................     98      103       59           1.7      1.9      1.1
   Retail trade.................................    234      474      135           1.6      3.3      1.0
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     74       97       42           1.5      2.1       .9
  Information...................................     32       56       25           1.1      2.1       .9
  Financial activities..........................    117      122       60           1.5      1.6       .8
   Finance and insurance........................     68       74       34           1.2      1.3       .6
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     48       48       26           2.4      2.5      1.3
  Professional and business services............    455      490      322           2.7      3.0      2.0
  Education and health services.................    141      213      142            .7      1.1       .7
   Educational services.........................     17       27       11            .5       .9       .3
   Health care and social assistance............    124      186      131            .8      1.1       .8
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    196      326      142           1.6      2.6      1.1
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     36       56       20           2.1      3.4      1.2
   Accommodation and food services.............     160      270      122           1.5      2.5      1.1
  Other services................................     55      114       80           1.0      2.2      1.5

 Government.....................................     56      137       45            .2       .6       .2
  Federal.......................................      6       12        8            .2       .4       .3
  State and local...............................     50      126       37            .2       .6       .2

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    346      529      258           1.4      2.2      1.1
  South.........................................    773      875      497           1.6      1.9      1.1
  Midwest.......................................    437      707      305           1.5      2.4      1.0
  West..........................................    516      725      355           1.8      2.6      1.3


  1 Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
  2 The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a
percent of total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 10.  Other separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Feb.     Jan.     Feb.          Feb.     Jan.     Feb.
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................    264      532      283           0.2      0.4      0.2

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................    234      457      247            .2       .4       .2
  Mining and Logging............................      1        4        1            .2       .6       .2
  Construction..................................      8       27       19            .1       .5       .4
  Manufacturing.................................     18       36       15            .1       .3       .1
   Durable goods................................     12       23       10            .2       .3       .1
   Nondurable goods.............................      6       13        5            .1       .3       .1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........     51      122       72            .2       .5       .3
   Wholesale trade..............................      6       25       17            .1       .5       .3
   Retail trade.................................     35       63       47            .2       .4       .3
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     10       34        8            .2       .7       .2
  Information...................................      3       19        5            .1       .7       .2
  Financial activities..........................     11       87       27            .1      1.2       .4
   Finance and insurance........................      9       76       21            .2      1.3       .4
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........      2       11        7            .1       .6       .3
  Professional and business services............     62       57       49            .4       .4       .3
  Education and health services.................     47       66       24            .2       .3       .1
   Educational services.........................      2        7        2            .1       .2       .1
   Health care and social assistance............     45       59       22            .3       .4       .1
  Leisure and hospitality.......................     29       31       26            .2       .3       .2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........      1        7        4           (4)       .4       .2
   Accommodation and food services.............      28       24       22            .3       .2       .2
  Other services................................      2        6        7           (4)       .1       .1

 Government.....................................     30       75       36            .1       .3       .2
  Federal.......................................      7       20        9            .2       .7       .3
  State and local...............................     24       55       28            .1       .3       .1

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................     67      114       55            .3       .5       .2
  South.........................................     94      182       98            .2       .4       .2
  Midwest.......................................     59      110       63            .2       .4       .2
  West..........................................     43      126       67            .1       .4       .2


  1 Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
  2 The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  4 Data round to zero
  p = preliminary.


Last Modified Date: April 06, 2010
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