Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release

 	
For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, May 9, 2014	USDL-14-0747

Technical information:	(202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                    JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – MARCH 2014

There were 4.0 million job openings on the last business day of March, little changed from 4.1 million in 
February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The hires rate (3.4 percent) and separations 
rate (3.2 percent) were unchanged in March. Within separations, the quits rate (1.8 percent) was 
unchanged and the layoffs and discharges rate (1.1 percent) was little changed in March. This release 
includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector 
by industry and by geographic region. 

Job Openings

There were 4.0 million job openings in March, little changed from 4.1 million in February. The number 
of job openings was little changed for total private and for government. The number of job openings was 
little changed in all industries. The West region experienced a decrease in job openings in March. (See 
table 1.)

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the year ending in March 
for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Over the year, the job openings level increased in three 
industries and decreased in three industries. Over the 12 months ending in March, the number of job 
openings increased in the Midwest region but decreased in the Northeast. (See table 7.)

Hires

There were 4.6 million hires in March, little changed from 4.7 million in February. The number of hires 
was little changed for total private and for government. In March, the number of hires was little changed 
in all industries and regions. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in March, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) increased for total 
nonfarm and total private and was little changed for government. The hires level increased over the year 
in four industries and decreased in construction. The number of hires rose in the South region. (See table 
8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.4 million total separations in March, little changed from February. The number of total 
separations was essentially unchanged for total private and government. (See table 3.)

In March, the quits rate was unchanged at 1.8 percent for total nonfarm. The rate also was unchanged for 
total private (2.0 percent) and government (0.6 percent). The quits rate was essentially unchanged over 
the month in all industries and in all four regions. (See table 4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in March for total 
nonfarm and total private. The quits level was little changed in government. The number of quits 
increased in four industries and in the South and West regions over the year. (See table 10.)

The layoffs and discharges rate was little changed in March at 1.1 percent. The rate was unchanged over 
the month for total private (1.3 percent) and government (0.4 percent). The layoffs and discharges rate 
was unchanged in all four regions. Seasonally adjusted estimates of layoffs and discharges are not 
available for individual industries. (See table 5.) 

The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months ending 
in March for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The number of layoffs and discharges 
increased in mining and logging and information but decreased in other services and federal 
government. The number of layoffs and discharges decreased in the Northeast region. (See table 11.)

In March, there were 381,000 other separations for total nonfarm, little changed from February. The 
number of other separations was little changed over the month for total private and government. (See 
table 6.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not available for individual industries or 
regions. Over the 12 months ending in March, the number of other separations (not seasonally adjusted) 
was little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and increased for government. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in March 2014, hires totaled 54.7 million 
and separations totaled 52.5 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.2 million. These figures 
include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for April 2014 are scheduled to be released 
on Tuesday, June 10, 2014 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

3,879 4,125 4,014 4,301 4,699 4,625 4,186 4,459 4,431

Total private(1)

3,506 3,736 3,631 4,020 4,401 4,315 3,877 4,168 4,129

Construction

106 127 104 346 289 260 325 254 256

Manufacturing

274 258 243 204 234 231 211 224 236

Durable goods

186 151 145 126 137 138 127 126 133

Nondurable goods

89 106 98 78 96 94 85 98 103

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

629 757 697 820 1,027 996 831 962 951

Retail trade

400 477 454 560 722 691 573 681 670

Professional and business services

714 817 819 851 1,015 981 784 962 914

Education and health services(3)

703 687 687 533 527 562 486 490 528

Health care and social assistance

638 618 619 454 448 478 421 417 448

Leisure and hospitality

508 578 611 783 841 804 745 812 778

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

65 68 57 124 135 121 109 131 124

Accommodation and food services

443 511 554 658 706 683 636 681 654

Government(4)

373 388 383 282 298 311 309 290 302

State and local

325 338 328 255 270 280 266 256 266

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

2.8 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.2

Total private(1)

3.0 3.1 3.0 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.6 3.6

Construction

1.8 2.1 1.7 5.9 4.9 4.4 5.6 4.3 4.3

Manufacturing

2.2 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9 2.0

Durable goods

2.4 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8

Nondurable goods

1.9 2.3 2.1 1.7 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.2 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

2.4 2.8 2.6 3.2 3.9 3.8 3.2 3.7 3.6

Retail trade

2.6 3.0 2.9 3.7 4.7 4.5 3.8 4.5 4.4

Professional and business services

3.7 4.1 4.1 4.6 5.3 5.2 4.3 5.1 4.8

Education and health services(3)

3.2 3.1 3.1 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.5

Health care and social assistance

3.5 3.3 3.3 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

3.5 3.8 4.0 5.5 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.6 5.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3.1 3.1 2.7 6.2 6.5 5.8 5.4 6.3 6.0

Accommodation and food services

3.5 4.0 4.3 5.4 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.5 5.3

Government(4)

1.7 1.7 1.7 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4

State and local

1.7 1.7 1.7 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Estimates of sampling errors are available upon request.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)

Total

3,879 4,126 3,914 3,874 4,125 4,014 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.8

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,506 3,757 3,552 3,477 3,736 3,631 3.0 3.2 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.0

Construction

106 165 124 124 127 104 1.8 2.7 2.1 2.0 2.1 1.7

Manufacturing

274 298 288 259 258 243 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0

Durable goods

186 175 177 155 151 145 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.0 1.9

Nondurable goods

89 123 111 103 106 98 1.9 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

629 786 763 675 757 697 2.4 2.9 2.8 2.5 2.8 2.6

Retail trade

400 439 474 379 477 454 2.6 2.8 3.0 2.4 3.0 2.9

Professional and business services

714 750 680 614 817 819 3.7 3.8 3.5 3.1 4.1 4.1

Education and health services(6)

703 682 624 700 687 687 3.2 3.1 2.9 3.2 3.1 3.1

Health care and social assistance

638 610 552 631 618 619 3.5 3.3 3.0 3.4 3.3 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

508 562 524 618 578 611 3.5 3.8 3.5 4.1 3.8 4.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

65 84 43 110 68 57 3.1 3.9 2.0 5.0 3.1 2.7

Accommodation and food services

443 477 481 508 511 554 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.9 4.0 4.3

Government(7)

373 369 361 396 388 383 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.7 1.7

State and local

325 313 311 345 338 328 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.7 1.7

REGION(8)

Northeast

764 692 688 666 694 676 2.9 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.5

South

1,472 1,535 1,490 1,440 1,569 1,591 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.0 3.1

Midwest

807 941 836 846 910 902 2.6 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8

West

836 957 900 921 952 846 2.7 3.0 2.8 2.9 3.0 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)

Total

4,301 4,574 4,578 4,516 4,699 4,625 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,020 4,286 4,291 4,228 4,401 4,315 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.7

Construction

346 299 251 281 289 260 5.9 5.1 4.3 4.7 4.9 4.4

Manufacturing

204 269 253 244 234 231 1.7 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9

Durable goods

126 147 146 138 137 138 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8

Nondurable goods

78 122 107 106 96 94 1.7 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.1 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

820 1,012 1,003 921 1,027 996 3.2 3.9 3.8 3.5 3.9 3.8

Retail trade

560 694 734 607 722 691 3.7 4.6 4.8 4.0 4.7 4.5

Professional and business services

851 950 980 980 1,015 981 4.6 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.2

Education and health services(6)

533 522 539 556 527 562 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.6

Health care and social assistance

454 448 461 475 448 478 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

783 792 795 789 841 804 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.8 5.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

124 141 126 117 135 121 6.2 6.8 6.1 5.6 6.5 5.8

Accommodation and food services

658 651 668 672 706 683 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.7 5.5

Government(7)

282 288 287 288 298 311 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4

State and local

255 249 259 262 270 280 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5

REGION(8)

Northeast

748 696 702 684 697 708 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.7

South

1,622 1,824 1,761 1,849 1,846 1,800 3.3 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.6

Midwest

907 1,022 1,053 944 1,040 1,010 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.0 3.3 3.2

West

1,024 1,032 1,063 1,039 1,118 1,108 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)

Total

4,186 4,316 4,468 4,419 4,459 4,431 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,877 4,028 4,170 4,113 4,168 4,129 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6

Construction

325 275 287 241 254 256 5.6 4.7 4.9 4.1 4.3 4.3

Manufacturing

211 228 247 242 224 236 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0

Durable goods

127 126 145 138 126 133 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.8

Nondurable goods

85 103 102 104 98 103 1.9 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

831 933 927 947 962 951 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.6

Retail trade

573 668 671 655 681 670 3.8 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.5 4.4

Professional and business services

784 888 952 940 962 914 4.3 4.7 5.1 5.0 5.1 4.8

Education and health services(6)

486 492 517 561 490 528 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.3 2.5

Health care and social assistance

421 416 442 471 417 448 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.3 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

745 761 771 763 812 778 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.6 5.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

109 127 116 106 131 124 5.4 6.1 5.6 5.1 6.3 6.0

Accommodation and food services

636 634 655 657 681 654 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.3

Government(7)

309 287 297 306 290 302 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4

State and local

266 253 265 261 256 266 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4

REGION(8)

Northeast

740 659 732 745 699 665 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.6

South

1,595 1,680 1,716 1,695 1,755 1,776 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5

Midwest

864 941 965 990 969 980 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.1

West

987 1,036 1,055 989 1,035 1,011 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)

Total

2,103 2,448 2,417 2,368 2,475 2,476 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,972 2,325 2,286 2,240 2,341 2,339 1.7 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0

Construction

90 75 85 96 91 98 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.6

Manufacturing

97 120 121 118 114 120 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0

Durable goods

50 66 66 61 60 66 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9

Nondurable goods

47 54 55 56 54 55 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

453 559 529 539 556 573 1.8 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2

Retail trade

333 410 383 421 419 426 2.2 2.7 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.8

Professional and business services

338 500 540 474 486 496 1.8 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.6 2.6

Education and health services(6)

285 283 316 305 304 288 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3

Health care and social assistance

258 250 283 269 265 253 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4

Leisure and hospitality

469 540 457 485 538 512 3.3 3.7 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

51 53 53 42 47 53 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.0 2.3 2.5

Accommodation and food services

418 487 404 443 491 460 3.5 3.9 3.3 3.6 4.0 3.7

Government(7)

131 124 131 129 134 138 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

State and local

119 113 119 118 124 126 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7

REGION(8)

Northeast

277 344 342 328 341 327 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

South

893 1,007 983 978 1,056 1,054 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1

Midwest

474 551 518 541 542 537 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7

West

459 547 574 522 536 558 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.8

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)

Total

1,755 1,511 1,702 1,703 1,596 1,574 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,635 1,419 1,597 1,596 1,506 1,481 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

120 92 105 106 90 93 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

396 252 318 335 289 274 1.6 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.1

South

586 551 603 596 564 569 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1

Midwest

316 304 368 376 342 345 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1

West

457 404 412 395 401 386 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)

Total

328 356 349 348 388 381 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

270 285 287 277 321 310 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

58 71 62 71 66 71 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)

Total

3,879 3,924 4,013 2.8 2.8 2.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,504 3,553 3,629 3.0 3.0 3.1

Mining and logging

15 23 40 1.7 2.5 4.3

Construction

110 114 103 2.0 2.0 1.8

Manufacturing

278 248 241 2.3 2.0 2.0

Durable goods

194 145 150 2.5 1.9 1.9

Nondurable goods

84 103 90 1.9 2.3 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

638 674 689 2.5 2.5 2.6

Wholesale trade

125 148 115 2.1 2.5 1.9

Retail trade

403 397 452 2.7 2.6 2.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

111 129 123 2.2 2.5 2.4

Information

100 100 97 3.6 3.6 3.5

Financial activities

271 205 208 3.4 2.5 2.6

Finance and insurance

226 154 173 3.7 2.6 2.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

46 51 34 2.3 2.5 1.7

Professional and business services

680 804 802 3.6 4.1 4.1

Education and health services

691 663 679 3.2 3.0 3.1

Educational services

61 65 64 1.7 1.8 1.8

Health care and social assistance

630 597 614 3.4 3.2 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

543 570 658 3.8 3.9 4.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

68 68 57 3.5 3.5 2.9

Accommodation and food services

475 502 601 3.9 4.0 4.7

Other services

178 152 112 3.2 2.7 2.0

Government

375 371 384 1.7 1.6 1.7

Federal

55 53 66 1.9 1.9 2.4

State and local

320 318 319 1.6 1.6 1.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

743 642 654 2.8 2.4 2.5

South

1,489 1,529 1,621 3.0 3.0 3.2

Midwest

808 845 898 2.6 2.7 2.8

West

840 907 840 2.7 2.9 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)

Total

4,055 3,861 4,363 3.0 2.8 3.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,852 3,643 4,134 3.4 3.2 3.6

Mining and logging

30 28 38 3.5 3.2 4.3

Construction

358 237 265 6.5 4.3 4.7

Manufacturing

204 205 228 1.7 1.7 1.9

Durable goods

129 125 140 1.7 1.7 1.8

Nondurable goods

75 81 89 1.7 1.8 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

787 806 961 3.1 3.1 3.7

Wholesale trade

111 122 129 2.0 2.1 2.2

Retail trade

546 554 674 3.7 3.7 4.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

130 131 159 2.6 2.6 3.1

Information

43 48 76 1.6 1.8 2.9

Financial activities

164 140 165 2.1 1.8 2.1

Finance and insurance

105 95 105 1.8 1.6 1.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

58 45 60 3.0 2.3 3.0

Professional and business services

803 893 926 4.4 4.8 4.9

Education and health services

457 438 491 2.2 2.0 2.3

Educational services

48 61 54 1.4 1.7 1.5

Health care and social assistance

410 377 437 2.3 2.1 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

814 687 829 5.9 5.0 5.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

133 95 125 7.1 5.0 6.5

Accommodation and food services

681 592 704 5.7 4.9 5.8

Other services

193 159 153 3.6 2.9 2.8

Government

203 218 229 0.9 1.0 1.0

Federal

25 21 30 0.9 0.8 1.1

State and local

178 196 199 0.9 1.0 1.0

REGION(3)

Northeast

686 501 655 2.7 2.0 2.5

South

1,561 1,592 1,729 3.2 3.2 3.5

Midwest

863 831 953 2.8 2.7 3.1

West

945 937 1,026 3.1 3.1 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)

Total

3,518 3,582 3,777 2.6 2.6 2.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,313 3,397 3,569 2.9 3.0 3.1

Mining and logging

26 27 29 3.1 3.1 3.3

Construction

269 211 213 4.9 3.8 3.8

Manufacturing

184 187 212 1.5 1.6 1.8

Durable goods

113 107 124 1.5 1.4 1.6

Nondurable goods

71 80 88 1.6 1.8 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

709 843 819 2.8 3.3 3.2

Wholesale trade

99 103 108 1.7 1.8 1.9

Retail trade

481 607 566 3.3 4.1 3.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

130 133 144 2.6 2.6 2.8

Information

42 55 76 1.6 2.1 2.8

Financial activities

157 129 162 2.0 1.6 2.1

Finance and insurance

111 84 117 1.9 1.4 2.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

46 45 45 2.4 2.3 2.3

Professional and business services

724 805 838 4.0 4.3 4.4

Education and health services

424 399 461 2.0 1.9 2.1

Educational services

39 42 50 1.1 1.2 1.4

Health care and social assistance

385 357 411 2.2 2.0 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

605 583 637 4.4 4.2 4.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

77 69 89 4.1 3.7 4.6

Accommodation and food services

528 514 548 4.4 4.3 4.5

Other services

171 159 122 3.2 2.9 2.2

Government

205 185 208 0.9 0.8 0.9

Federal

36 28 31 1.3 1.0 1.1

State and local

169 157 177 0.9 0.8 0.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

577 533 519 2.3 2.1 2.0

South

1,398 1,448 1,586 2.9 2.9 3.2

Midwest

700 754 796 2.3 2.5 2.6

West

843 847 875 2.8 2.8 2.9

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)

Total

1,866 2,012 2,217 1.4 1.5 1.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,769 1,916 2,115 1.6 1.7 1.8

Mining and logging

16 14 14 1.9 1.6 1.6

Construction

79 73 87 1.4 1.3 1.5

Manufacturing

89 90 113 0.7 0.7 0.9

Durable goods

48 48 65 0.6 0.6 0.9

Nondurable goods

41 42 48 0.9 1.0 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

399 482 512 1.6 1.9 2.0

Wholesale trade

54 51 64 0.9 0.9 1.1

Retail trade

283 363 366 1.9 2.4 2.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

62 67 81 1.2 1.3 1.6

Information

23 31 38 0.8 1.2 1.4

Financial activities

91 68 88 1.2 0.9 1.1

Finance and insurance

64 43 58 1.1 0.7 1.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

27 24 31 1.4 1.2 1.5

Professional and business services

323 401 467 1.8 2.1 2.5

Education and health services

270 252 266 1.3 1.2 1.2

Educational services

20 27 25 0.6 0.8 0.7

Health care and social assistance

250 225 241 1.4 1.3 1.3

Leisure and hospitality

397 420 444 2.9 3.0 3.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

38 30 41 2.0 1.6 2.1

Accommodation and food services

360 390 403 3.0 3.3 3.3

Other services

81 85 85 1.5 1.6 1.6

Government

97 96 103 0.4 0.4 0.5

Federal

11 8 10 0.4 0.3 0.4

State and local

86 88 92 0.4 0.5 0.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

235 266 277 0.9 1.0 1.1

South

813 876 976 1.7 1.8 2.0

Midwest

412 426 466 1.4 1.4 1.5

West

406 443 498 1.3 1.5 1.6

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)

Total

1,373 1,231 1,231 1.0 0.9 0.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,306 1,190 1,177 1.2 1.0 1.0

Mining and logging

7 10 12 0.8 1.1 1.3

Construction

186 124 120 3.4 2.2 2.1

Manufacturing

79 75 73 0.7 0.6 0.6

Durable goods

56 49 43 0.8 0.6 0.6

Nondurable goods

23 27 30 0.5 0.6 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

242 275 215 1.0 1.1 0.8

Wholesale trade

31 49 33 0.5 0.8 0.6

Retail trade

165 181 140 1.1 1.2 0.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

47 45 43 0.9 0.9 0.8

Information

11 21 33 0.4 0.8 1.2

Financial activities

44 40 46 0.6 0.5 0.6

Finance and insurance

27 21 34 0.5 0.4 0.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

17 19 12 0.9 1.0 0.6

Professional and business services

360 338 329 2.0 1.8 1.7

Education and health services

115 109 150 0.5 0.5 0.7

Educational services

17 12 22 0.5 0.3 0.6

Health care and social assistance

98 97 127 0.6 0.5 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

181 138 167 1.3 1.0 1.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

38 38 46 2.0 2.0 2.3

Accommodation and food services

143 99 122 1.2 0.8 1.0

Other services

80 60 34 1.5 1.1 0.6

Government

67 41 53 0.3 0.2 0.2

Federal

16 7 11 0.6 0.2 0.4

State and local

52 34 43 0.3 0.2 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

284 203 189 1.1 0.8 0.7

South

492 449 479 1.0 0.9 1.0

Midwest

232 258 250 0.8 0.8 0.8

West

365 321 313 1.2 1.1 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)

Total

279 339 328 0.2 0.2 0.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

238 292 277 0.2 0.3 0.2

Mining and logging

3 3 4 0.3 0.4 0.4

Construction

4 15 6 0.1 0.3 0.1

Manufacturing

16 22 26 0.1 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

9 11 16 0.1 0.1 0.2

Nondurable goods

7 11 10 0.2 0.3 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

68 87 92 0.3 0.3 0.4

Wholesale trade

14 3 11 0.3 0.1 0.2

Retail trade

33 62 60 0.2 0.4 0.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

21 21 20 0.4 0.4 0.4

Information

8 2 5 0.3 0.1 0.2

Financial activities

22 21 28 0.3 0.3 0.4

Finance and insurance

20 20 25 0.3 0.3 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

2 2 3 0.1 0.1 0.1

Professional and business services

40 65 42 0.2 0.3 0.2

Education and health services

40 39 45 0.2 0.2 0.2

Educational services

2 3 2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Health care and social assistance

38 36 43 0.2 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

27 25 26 0.2 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2 1 3 0.1 0.0 0.1

Accommodation and food services

25 24 24 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other services

10 13 3 0.2 0.2 0.1

Government

41 48 52 0.2 0.2 0.2

Federal

9 13 10 0.3 0.5 0.4

State and local

32 35 42 0.2 0.2 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

57 64 53 0.2 0.2 0.2

South

95 123 131 0.2 0.2 0.3

Midwest

58 70 80 0.2 0.2 0.3

West

71 83 64 0.2 0.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: May 09, 2014
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