Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


Technical information:      (202) 691-5870       USDL 08-0787
                   http://www.bls.gov/jlt/
                                                 For release:  10:00 A.M. (EDT)
Media contact:              (202) 691-5902       Tuesday, June 10, 2008



             JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER:  APRIL 2008



   On the last business day of April, there were 3.7 million job openings in the
United States, and the job openings rate was 2.6 percent, the Bureau of Labor Sta-
tistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  The job openings, hires,
and total separations rates were essentially unchanged in April.  This release in-
cludes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for
the total nonfarm sector by industry and geographic region.

   Although the month-to-month changes in job openings, hires, and turnover data
are often small, the trends over time are notable.  The job openings rate remained
essentially flat from August 2006 through September 2007 then began trending down-
ward; in March and April, the rate has been at the lowest point since mid-2005.  The
hires rate had an overall downward trend from July 2006 through March 2008, reaching
the lowest point since 2004.  The over-the-month change in the hires rate in April
was positive, but the rise was not statistically significant.  The separations rate
has had an overall downward trend since November 2006.  (See tables 1, 2, and 3.)

Job Openings

   In April, the job openings rate was unchanged at 2.6 percent.  Job openings in-
clude only those jobs open on the last business day of the month.  Over the month,
the job openings rate did not rise or fall significantly in any industry or region.
Since the series began in December 2000, three industries consistently have had
higher job openings rates than the other industries:  professional and business ser-
vices (3.7 percent in April), education and health services (3.6 percent), and accom-
modation and food services (3.7 percent).  (See table 1.)

   Over the year, the job openings rate (not seasonally adjusted) did not rise signi-
ficantly for any industry.  The rate fell over the year for total nonfarm (to 2.7 per-
cent) and total private (2.9 percent) as well as in several industries, including con-
struction (1.6 percent); durable goods manufacturing (1.7 percent); nondurable goods
manufacturing (2.1 percent); wholesale trade (2.0 percent); information (2.3 percent);
finance and insurance (2.0 percent); educational services (1.6 percent); and state and
local government (1.9 percent).  Two industries--wholesale trade and information--have
experienced exceptionally steep declines in the job openings rate over the past year.
The job openings rate for wholesale trade fell from 4.1 percent in April 2007 to 2.0
percent in April 2008; the rate for information fell from 4.3 percent to 2.3 percent.
Regionally, the job openings rate fell over the year in the South (2.8 percent).  (See
table 5.)

Hires

   The hires rate, at 3.5 percent in April, did not change significantly over the
month. Hires are any additions to the payroll during the month.  For the fourth month
in a row, the hires rate did not change significantly in any industry or region.  As
occurs nearly every month, the seasonally adjusted hires rate was highest in April in
accommodation and food services (5.9 percent) and lowest in state and local government
(1.6 percent).  (See table 2.)

   From April 2007 to April 2008, the hires rate (not seasonally adjusted) increased
in natural resources and mining (to 4.9 percent), construction (7.0 percent), and fed-
eral government (4.0 percent). Over the year, the hires rate decreased significantly



                                   - 2 -



Table A.  Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally
adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                     |    Job openings    |       Hires        | Total separations  
                     |--------------------------------------------------------------
     Industry        | Apr. | Mar. | Apr. | Apr. | Mar. | Apr. | Apr. | Mar. | Apr. 
                     | 2007 | 2008 | 2008p| 2007 | 2008 | 2008p| 2007 | 2008 | 2008p
---------------------|--------------------------------------------------------------
                     |                     Levels (in thousands)                    
                     |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total (1)............|4,148 |3,672 |3,705 |4,816 |4,569 |4,784 |4,523 |4,390 |4,465 
                     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
  Total private (1)..|3,670 |3,225 |3,276 |4,383 |4,147 |4,332 |4,214 |4,100 |4,159 
    Construction.....|  148 |  102 |  102 |  333 |  350 |  375 |  362 |  367 |  409 
    Manufacturing....|  336 |  251 |  246 |  343 |  309 |  307 |  383 |  304 |  383 
    Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
     portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
     utilities (2)...|  736 |  562 |  596 |1,008 |  884 |  911 |  970 |  941 |1,008 
     Retail trade... |  365 |  344 |  365 |  679 |  598 |  639 |  667 |  688 |  721 
    Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
     and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
     services........|  693 |  714 |  691 |  826 |  893 |  934 |  786 |  806 |  735 
    Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
     health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
     vices...........|  694 |  696 |  692 |  510 |  501 |  510 |  416 |  449 |  431 
    Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
     hospitality (3).|  511 |  501 |  514 |  910 |  801 |  826 |  852 |  776 |  727 
     Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
      and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
      services.......|  450 |  450 |  454 |  800 |  654 |  688 |  702 |  656 |  628 
  Government (4).....|  477 |  441 |  433 |  421 |  429 |  428 |  315 |  291 |  312 
    State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
     government......|  430 |  389 |  392 |  331 |  315 |  311 |  246 |  228 |  253 
                     |--------------------------------------------------------------
                     |                       Rates (percent)                        
                     |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total (1)............|  2.9 |  2.6 |  2.6 |  3.5 |  3.3 |  3.5 |  3.3 |  3.2 |  3.2 
                     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
  Total private (1)..|  3.1 |  2.7 |  2.8 |  3.8 |  3.6 |  3.8 |  3.7 |  3.6 |  3.6 
    Construction.....|  1.9 |  1.4 |  1.4 |  4.3 |  4.8 |  5.2 |  4.7 |  5.0 |  5.6 
    Manufacturing....|  2.4 |  1.8 |  1.8 |  2.5 |  2.3 |  2.3 |  2.7 |  2.2 |  2.8 
    Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
     portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
     utilities (2)...|  2.7 |  2.1 |  2.2 |  3.8 |  3.3 |  3.4 |  3.7 |  3.5 |  3.8 
     Retail trade....|  2.3 |  2.2 |  2.3 |  4.4 |  3.9 |  4.2 |  4.3 |  4.5 |  4.7 
    Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
     and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
     services........|  3.7 |  3.8 |  3.7 |  4.6 |  5.0 |  5.2 |  4.4 |  4.5 |  4.1 
    Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
     health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
     vices...........|  3.7 |  3.6 |  3.6 |  2.8 |  2.7 |  2.7 |  2.3 |  2.4 |  2.3 
    Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
     hospitality (3).|  3.7 |  3.5 |  3.6 |  6.8 |  5.9 |  6.0 |  6.4 |  5.7 |  5.3 
     Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
      and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
      services.......|  3.8 |  3.7 |  3.7 |  7.0 |  5.6 |  5.9 |  6.1 |  5.6 |  5.4 
  Government (4).....|  2.1 |  1.9 |  1.9 |  1.9 |  1.9 |  1.9 |  1.4 |  1.3 |  1.4 
    State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      
     government......|  2.2 |  1.9 |  2.0 |  1.7 |  1.6 |  1.6 |  1.3 |  1.2 |  1.3 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   1 Includes natural resources and mining, information, financial activities, and
other services, not shown separately.
   2 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not
shown separately.
   3 Includes arts, entertainment, and recreation, not shown separately.
   4 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
   p = preliminary.



                                   - 3 -



in wholesale trade (2.1 percent), information (1.9 percent), finance and insurance
(1.8 percent), and accommodation and food services (6.2 percent).  The hires rate did
not change significantly in any region in April.  (See table 6.)  The steep downward
trend in the hires rate since 2006 continues in transportation, warehousing, and
utilities, but the rates have leveled off in construction, information, and profes-
sional and business services.

Separations

   The total separations, or turnover, rate was unchanged at 3.2 percent in April.
Separations are terminations of employment that occur at any time during the month.
Over the month, the separations rate increased in two industries--manufacturing (to
2.8 percent) and state and local government (to 1.3 percent).  The seasonally adjusted
separations rate was highest in April in construction (5.6 percent) and lowest in state
and local government (1.3 percent).  From April 2007 to April 2008, the total separa-
tions rate did not rise in any industry or region; the rate fell in arts, entertain-
ment, and recreation (4.5 percent), accommodation and food services (5.0 percent), and
in the South region (3.3 percent).  (See tables 3 and 7.)

   Total separations include quits (voluntary separations), layoffs and discharges (in-
voluntary separations), and other separations (including retirements).  The quits rate,
which can serve as a barometer of workers’ ability to change jobs, was little changed
in April for total nonfarm (at 1.8 percent).  The quits rate did not decrease in any
industry in April, but rose in state and local government (to 0.7 percent).  As has oc-
curred every month since the series began in December 2000, the seasonally adjusted
quits rate was highest in the accommodation and food services industry (4.0 percent)
and lowest in state and local government (0.7 percent).  (See table 4.)

   From April 2007 to April 2008, the quits rate (not seasonally adjusted) rose in real
estate and rental and leasing (to 2.4 percent).  The quits rate fell over the year in
wholesale trade (1.1 percent), accommodation and food services (3.8 percent), and in the
South region (2.1 percent).  (See table 8.)

   The other two components of total separations--layoffs and discharges, and other se-
parations--are not seasonally adjusted.  For April, the layoffs and discharges rate
(1.0 percent) and level (1.4 million) were little changed from a year earlier.  The lay-
offs and discharges rate in April 2008 was highest in construction (2.6 percent) and
arts, entertainment, and recreation (2.4 percent), and lowest in state and local gov-
ernment (0.2 percent).  The other separations rate (0.3 percent) and level (355,000)
were essentially unchanged in April from a year earlier.  The highest other separations
rate in April 2008 was for the federal government (0.9 percent).  The other separations
rate for most of the other industries ranged from 0.1 to 0.3 percent each month.  (See
tables 9 and 10.)

   The total separations rate is driven by the relative contribution of its three com-
ponents (quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations), with quits contributing
the largest portion.  The percentage of total separations attributable to quits has risen
and fallen over time.  The proportion of total separations due to quits rose from a post-
recession low of 50 percent in December 2003 to a high of 61 percent in December 2006 
(seasonally adjusted) before trending downward again.  In April 2008, quits accounted for
56 percent of total separations.  The proportion of separations attributable to quits var-
ies widely by industry with the highest proportion regularly occurring in the accommoda-
tion and food services industry (74 percent in April) and the lowest proportion regularly
occurring in the construction industry (34 percent in April).  (See tables 3 and 4.)

Flows in the Labor Market

   Several industries consistently have high rates of both hires and separations.  These
include construction; retail trade; professional and business services; arts, entertain-
ment, and recreation; and accommodation and food services.  In the 12 months ending in
April 2008, these 5 industries produced 32.9 million hires and 31.7 million separations.
Therefore, these five industries accounted for 58 percent of total nonfarm hires and 59
percent of total nonfarm separations while comprising only 40 percent of total nonfarm
employment.



                                     - 4 -



For More Information

   For additional information, please read the Technical Note or visit the JOLTS Web site
at http://www.bls.gov/jlt/.  Additional information about JOLTS also may be obtained by
e-mailing Joltsinfo@bls.gov or by calling (202) 691-5870.


                    ______________________________


   The Job Openings and Labor Turnover release for May 2008 is scheduled to be issued on
Wednesday, July 9.








                                  - 5 -


Technical Note


   The data for the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) are
collected and compiled monthly from a sample of business establishments
by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Collection

   Each month, data are collected in a survey of business establishments
for total employment, job openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges,
and other separations.  Data collection methods include computer-assisted
telephone interviewing, touchtone data entry, fax, and mail.

Coverage

   The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments such as
factories, offices, and stores, as well as federal, state, and local
government entities in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Concepts

   Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).  In order to ensure the highest possible
quality of data, State Workforce Agencies verify with employers and up-
date, if necessary, the industry code, location, and ownership classi-
fication of all establishments on a 3-year cycle.  Changes in establish-
ment characteristics resulting from the verification process are always
introduced into the JOLTS sampling frame with the data reported for the
first month of the year.

   Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the refer-
ence month.  Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, seasonal, sala-
ried, and hourly employees are included, as are employees on paid vaca-
tions or other paid leave.  Proprietors or partners of unincorporated
businesses, unpaid family workers, or persons on leave without pay or on 
strike for the entire pay period, are not counted as employed.  Employees
of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies, outside contrac-
tors, and consultants are counted by their employer of record, not by the
establishment where they are working.

   Job openings.  Establishments submit job openings information for the
last business day of the reference month.  A job opening requires that:
1) a specific position exists and there is work available for that posi-
tion, 2) work could start within 30 days regardless of whether a suitable
candidate is found, and 3) the employer is actively recruiting from out-
side the establishment to fill the position.  Included are full-time,
part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal openings.  Active re-
cruiting means that the establishment is taking steps to fill a position
by advertising in newspapers or on the Internet, posting help-wanted
signs, accepting applications, or using other similar methods.

  Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded.  Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled by
employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies, out-
side contractors, or consultants.  The job openings rate is computed by
dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and job
openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.


                                  - 6 -

   Hires.  Hires are the total number of additions to the payroll occur-
ring at any time during the reference month, including both new and
rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent, short-term and 
seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location after a layoff
lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent employees who returned
to work after having been formally separated, and transfers from other
locations.  The hires count does not include transfers or promotions 
within the reporting site, employees returning from strike, employees of
temporary help agencies or employee leasing companies, outside contrac-
tors, or consultants.  The hires rate is computed by dividing the number
of hires by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.

   Separations.  Separations are the total number of terminations of
employment occurring at any time during the reference month, and are
reported by type of separation--quits, layoffs and discharges, and 
other separations.  Quits are voluntary separations by employees (ex-
cept for retirements, which are reported as other separations).  Lay-
offs and discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the em-
ployer and include layoffs with no intent to rehire, formal layoffs
lasting or expected to last more than 7 days, discharges resulting
from mergers, downsizing, or closings, firings or other discharges
for cause, terminations of permanent or short-term employees, and
terminations of seasonal employees.  Other separations include re-
tirements, transfers to other locations, deaths, and separations
due to disability.  Separations do not include transfers within the
same location or employees on strike.

   The separations rate is computed by dividing the number of separa-
tions by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.  The quits,
layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates are computed simi-
larly, dividing the number by employment and multiplying by 100.

   Annual estimates.  Annual estimates of rates and levels of hires,
quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and total separations
are released with the January news release each year.

   The JOLTS annual level estimates for hires, quits, layoffs and dis-
charges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of the
12 published monthly levels.  The annual rate estimates are computed by
dividing the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
annual average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100.
This figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly
rates.  Note that both the JOLTS and CES annual levels are rounded to
the nearest thousand before the annual estimates are calculated.  Con-
sistent with BLS practices, annual estimates will be published only for
not seasonally adjusted data.

   Annual estimates are not calculated for job openings because job
openings are a stock, or point-in-time, measurement for the last busi-
ness day of each month.  Only jobs still open on the last day of the
month are counted.  For the same reason job openings cannot be cumulated
throughout each month, annual figures for job openings cannot be created
by summing the monthly estimates.  Hires and separations are flow mea-
sures and are cumulated over the month with a total reported for the
month.  Therefore, the annual figures can be created by summing the
monthly estimates.


                                  - 7 -

Sample methodology

   The JOLTS sample design is a random sample of 16,000 nonfarm business
establishments, including factories, offices, and stores, as well as
federal, state, and local governments in the 50 states and the District
of Columbia.  The establishments are drawn from a universe of over
eight million establishments compiled as part of the operations of the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, or QCEW, program.  This program
includes all employers subject to state Unemployment Insurance (UI) laws
and federal agencies subject to Unemployment Compensation for Federal
Employees (UCFE).

   The sampling frame is stratified by ownership, region, industry sector,
and size class.  Large firms fall into the sample with virtual certainty.
JOLTS total employment estimates are controlled to the employment esti-
mates of the Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey.  A ratio of CES 
to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for all other JOLTS data
elements.  Rates are then computed from the adjusted levels.

Using JOLTS data

   The JOLTS data series on job openings, hires, and separations are rel-
atively new.  The full sample is divided into panels, with one panel en-
rolled each month.  A full complement of panels for the original data
series based on the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system
was not completely enrolled in the survey until January 2002.  The sup-
plemental panels of establishments needed to create NAICS estimates were
not completely enrolled until May 2003.  The data collected up until
those points are from less than a full sample.  Therefore, estimates from
earlier months should be used with caution, as fewer sampled units were
reporting data at that time.

   In March 2002, BLS procedures for collecting hires and separations data
were revised to address possible underreporting.  As a result, JOLTS hires
and separations estimates for months prior to March 2002 may not be compar-
able with estimates for March 2002 and later.

   The federal government reorganization that involved transferring approx-
imately 180,000 employees to the new Department of Homeland Security is not
reflected in the JOLTS hires and separations estimates for the federal gov-
ernment.  The Office of Personnel Management's record shows these transfers
were completed in March 2003.  The inclusion of transfers in the JOLTS defi-
nitions of hires and separations is intended to cover ongoing movements of
workers between establishments.  The Department of Homeland Security reor-
ganization was a massive one-time event, and the inclusion of these inter-
governmental transfers would distort the federal government time series.

Seasonal adjustment

   BLS seasonally adjusts several JOLTS series using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal
adjustment program.  Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and
removing periodic fluctuations caused by events such as weather, holidays,
and the beginning and ending of the school year.  Seasonal adjustment makes
it easier to observe fundamental changes in the level of the series, par-
ticularly those associated with general economic expansions and contrac-
tions.  A concurrent seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new
seasonal adjustment factors are calculated each month, using all relevant
data, up to and including the data for the current month.


                                  - 8 -

  Prior to the January  2007 benchmark release in March 2007, seasonal adjust-
ment of the JOLTS series was conducted using the stable seasonal filter option
since there were not enough data observations available for the standard use
of moving averages as seasonal filters.  Although the seasonal adjustment of
the JOLTS series is conducted with fewer data observations than is customary,
the number of observations is now above the minimum required by  X-12-ARIMA to
use the normal seasonal filters.  Therefore, the standard use of moving aver-
ages as seasonal filter is now in place for JOLTS seasonal adjustment.  JOLTS
seasonal adjustment now includes both additive and multiplicative seasonal
adjustment models  and REGARIMA (regression  with autocorrelated errors)
modeling to improve the  seasonal adjustment factors at the beginning and end
of the series and to detect and adjust for outliers in the series.

Reliability of the estimates

   JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.  When
a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance
that the sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent.  The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the
particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by the standard
error of the estimate.  BLS analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent
level of confidence.  That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level
of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than
1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error.  Estimates of sampling errors are available upon request.

   The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.  Nonsampling
error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to include a seg-
ment of the population, the inability to obtain data from all units in the
sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide data on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, errors made in the collection
or processing of the data, and errors from the employment benchmark data
used in estimation.

   JOLTS hires and separations estimates cannot be used to exactly explain net
changes in nonfarm payroll employment.  Some reasons why it is problematic to 
compare changes in payroll employment with JOLTS hires and separations, espe-
cially on a monthly basis, are:  1) the reference period for payroll employment
is the pay period including the 12th of the month, while the reference period
for hires and separations is the calendar month; and 2) payroll employment can
vary from month to month simply because part-time and on-call workers may not
always work during the pay period that includes the 12th of the month.  Addi-
tionally, research has found that some reporters systematically underreport
separations relative to hires due to a number of factors, including the nature
of their payroll systems and practices.  The shortfall appears to be about
2 percent or less over a 12-month period.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD message referral
phone: 1-800-877-8339.







Table 1.  Job openings levels (1) and rates (2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels (3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region                Apr.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   Apr.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.
                                              2007   2007   2007   2008   2008   2008   2008p  2007  2007  2007  2008  2008  2008  2008p

Total (4)..................................  4,148  3,972  3,974  3,889  3,799  3,672  3,705    2.9   2.8   2.8   2.7   2.7   2.6   2.6

                INDUSTRY

 Total private (4).........................  3,670  3,520  3,526  3,449  3,350  3,225  3,276    3.1   3.0   3.0   2.9   2.8   2.7   2.8
  Construction.............................    148    138    140    133    123    102    102    1.9   1.8   1.8   1.8   1.6   1.4   1.4
  Manufacturing............................    336    303    305    286    239    251    246    2.4   2.2   2.2   2.0   1.7   1.8   1.8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities (5).    736    648    667    643    598    562    596    2.7   2.4   2.4   2.4   2.2   2.1   2.2
   Retail trade............................    365    344    358    346    326    344    365    2.3   2.2   2.3   2.2   2.1   2.2   2.3
  Professional and business services.......    693    685    706    752    699    714    691    3.7   3.7   3.7   4.0   3.7   3.8   3.7
  Education and health services............    694    713    698    680    737    696    692    3.7   3.7   3.6   3.5   3.8   3.6   3.6
  Leisure and hospitality (6)..............    511    591    574    515    530    501    514    3.7   4.2   4.0   3.6   3.7   3.5   3.6
   Accommodation and food services.........    450    518    514    467    477    450    454    3.8   4.3   4.2   3.9   3.9   3.7   3.7
 Government (7)............................    477    454    446    439    450    441    433    2.1   2.0   2.0   1.9   2.0   1.9   1.9
  State and local government...............    430    404    398    401    413    389    392    2.2   2.0   2.0   2.0   2.1   1.9   2.0

                 REGION (8)

  Northeast................................    681    629    644    662    576    602    628    2.6   2.4   2.4   2.5   2.2   2.3   2.4
  South....................................  1,692  1,620  1,574  1,536  1,485  1,386  1,374    3.3   3.2   3.1   3.0   2.9   2.7   2.7
  Midwest..................................    763    755    779    749    766    781    767    2.4   2.3   2.4   2.3   2.4   2.4   2.4
  West.....................................  1,016    957    988    966    954    918    937    3.2   3.0   3.1   3.0   3.0   2.9   2.9

   1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
   2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus
job openings.
   3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.
   4 Includes natural resources and mining, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
   5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
   6 Includes arts, entertainment, and recreation, not shown separately.
   7 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
   8 The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are:  Northeast:  Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South:  Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of
Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas,
Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest:  Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio,
South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West:  Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah,
Washington, and Wyoming.
   p = preliminary.







Table 2.  Hires levels (1) and rates (2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels (3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region                Apr.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.  Apr.    Apr.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.
                                              2007   2007   2007   2008   2008   2008  2008p   2007  2007  2007  2008  2008  2008  2008p

Total (4)..................................  4,816  4,672  4,717  4,639  4,586  4,569  4,784    3.5   3.4   3.4   3.4   3.3   3.3   3.5

                INDUSTRY

 Total private (4).........................  4,383  4,305  4,314  4,227  4,203  4,147  4,332    3.8   3.7   3.7   3.7   3.6   3.6   3.8
  Construction.............................    333    351    335    319    349    350    375    4.3   4.7   4.5   4.3   4.7   4.8   5.2
  Manufacturing............................    343    353    350    326    285    309    307    2.5   2.6   2.5   2.4   2.1   2.3   2.3
  Trade, transportation, and utilities (5).  1,008    946    970    916    882    884    911    3.8   3.5   3.6   3.4   3.3   3.3   3.4
   Retail trade............................    679    655    693    656    603    598    639    4.4   4.2   4.5   4.2   3.9   3.9   4.2
  Professional and business services.......    826    902    851    897    780    893    934    4.6   5.0   4.7   5.0   4.3   5.0   5.2
  Education and health services............    510    527    460    516    522    501    510    2.8   2.8   2.5   2.8   2.8   2.7   2.7
  Leisure and hospitality (6)..............    910    846    880    824    868    801    826    6.8   6.2   6.4   6.0   6.4   5.9   6.0
   Accommodation and food services.........    800    708    713    702    730    654    688    7.0   6.1   6.1   6.0   6.3   5.6   5.9
 Government (7)............................    421    349    390    394    387    429    428    1.9   1.6   1.7   1.8   1.7   1.9   1.9
  State and local government...............    331    287    326    319    306    315    311    1.7   1.5   1.7   1.6   1.6   1.6   1.6

                 REGION (8)

  Northeast................................    737    761    770    767    713    715    751    2.9   3.0   3.0   3.0   2.8   2.8   2.9
  South....................................  1,917  1,828  1,802  1,814  1,769  1,703  1,769    3.9   3.7   3.6   3.6   3.6   3.4   3.6
  Midwest..................................  1,044  1,027  1,045    998    944    986  1,017    3.3   3.3   3.3   3.2   3.0   3.1   3.2
  West.....................................  1,137  1,018  1,067  1,058  1,186  1,170  1,208    3.7   3.3   3.4   3.4   3.8   3.8   3.9

   1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
   2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
   3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.
   4 Includes natural resources and mining, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
   5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
   6 Includes arts, entertainment, and recreation, not shown separately.
   7 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
   8 See footnote 8, table 1.
   p = preliminary.







Table 3.  Total separations levels (1) and rates (2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels (3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region               Apr.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.    Apr.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.
                                             2007   2007   2007   2008   2008   2008   2008p   2007  2007  2007  2008  2008  2008  2008p

Total (4)..................................  4,523  4,640  4,408  4,477  4,503  4,390  4,465    3.3   3.4   3.2   3.2   3.3   3.2   3.2

                INDUSTRY

 Total private (4).........................  4,214  4,367  4,107  4,188  4,224  4,100  4,159    3.7   3.8   3.5   3.6   3.7   3.6   3.6
  Construction.............................    362    322    331    311    329    367    409    4.7   4.3   4.4   4.2   4.5   5.0   5.6
  Manufacturing............................    383    400    325    348    350    304    383    2.7   2.9   2.4   2.5   2.6   2.2   2.8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities (5).    970  1,065    981  1,005    957    941  1,008    3.7   4.0   3.7   3.8   3.6   3.5   3.8
   Retail trade............................    667    764    686    689    669    688    721    4.3   4.9   4.4   4.4   4.3   4.5   4.7
  Professional and business services.......    786    878    814    790    861    806    735    4.4   4.9   4.5   4.4   4.8   4.5   4.1
  Education and health services............    416    423    417    447    459    449    431    2.3   2.3   2.2   2.4   2.5   2.4   2.3
  Leisure and hospitality (6)..............    852    799    803    800    854    776    727    6.4   5.9   5.9   5.9   6.2   5.7   5.3
   Accommodation and food services.........    702    667    697    657    718    656    628    6.1   5.7   6.0   5.7   6.2   5.6   5.4
 Government (7)............................    315    286    295    290    278    291    312    1.4   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.4
  State and local government...............    246    240    256    237    229    228    253    1.3   1.2   1.3   1.2   1.2   1.2   1.3

                 REGION (8)

  Northeast................................    638    860    635    697    770    737    720    2.5   3.3   2.5   2.7   3.0   2.9   2.8
  South....................................  1,853  1,709  1,712  1,699  1,673  1,617  1,675    3.7   3.4   3.4   3.4   3.4   3.3   3.4
  Midwest..................................    998    974    980    975    902    918    991    3.2   3.1   3.1   3.1   2.9   2.9   3.1
  West.....................................  1,052  1,117  1,117  1,107  1,167  1,101  1,092    3.4   3.6   3.6   3.6   3.8   3.6   3.5

   1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
   2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
   3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.
   4 Includes natural resources and mining, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
   5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
   6 Includes arts, entertainment, and recreation, not shown separately.
   7 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
   8 See footnote 8, table 1.
   p = preliminary.







Table 4.  Quits levels (1) and rates (2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels (3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region               Apr.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.    Apr.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.
                                             2007   2007   2007   2008   2008   2008   2008p   2007  2007  2007  2008  2008  2008  2008p

Total (4)..................................  2,604  2,501  2,494  2,493  2,522  2,375  2,521    1.9   1.8   1.8   1.8   1.8   1.7   1.8

                INDUSTRY

 Total private (4).........................  2,452  2,361  2,358  2,355  2,384  2,258  2,370    2.1   2.0   2.0   2.0   2.1   2.0   2.1
  Construction.............................    132    116    119    113    133    111    138    1.7   1.5   1.6   1.5   1.8   1.5   1.9
  Manufacturing............................    194    187    182    183    187    157    178    1.4   1.4   1.3   1.3   1.4   1.2   1.3
  Trade, transportation, and utilities (5).    583    572    590    598    532    535    552    2.2   2.1   2.2   2.2   2.0   2.0   2.1
   Retail trade............................    422    433    445    437    374    399    408    2.7   2.8   2.9   2.8   2.4   2.6   2.6
  Professional and business services.......    418    398    367    351    492    386    429    2.3   2.2   2.0   1.9   2.7   2.1   2.4
  Education and health services............    272    269    258    276    271    279    282    1.5   1.5   1.4   1.5   1.5   1.5   1.5
  Leisure and hospitality (6)..............    577    557    561    525    539    529    508    4.3   4.1   4.1   3.8   3.9   3.9   3.7
   Accommodation and food services.........    529    516    513    465    488    494    467    4.6   4.4   4.4   4.0   4.2   4.2   4.0
 Government (7)............................    150    140    137    138    135    126    155     .7    .6    .6    .6    .6    .6    .7
  State and local government...............    128    125    120    119    116    101    136     .7    .6    .6    .6    .6    .5    .7

                 REGION (8)

  Northeast................................    343    367    312    358    410    334    382    1.3   1.4   1.2   1.4   1.6   1.3   1.5
  South....................................  1,146    996  1,008  1,045  1,021    996  1,016    2.3   2.0   2.0   2.1   2.1   2.0   2.0
  Midwest..................................    541    529    521    502    475    491    536    1.7   1.7   1.6   1.6   1.5   1.6   1.7
  West.....................................    586    607    632    583    632    568    588    1.9   2.0   2.0   1.9   2.0   1.8   1.9

   1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
   2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
   3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.
   4 Includes natural resources and mining, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
   5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
   6 Includes arts, entertainment, and recreation, not shown separately.
   7 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
   8 See footnote 8, table 1.
   p = preliminary.







Table 5.  Job openings levels (1) and rates (2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Apr.     Mar.     Apr.          Apr.     Mar.     Apr.
                                                   2007     2008     2008p         2007     2008     2008p

Total...........................................  4,326    3,722    3,829           3.1      2.6      2.7

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,841    3,291    3,392           3.2      2.8      2.9
  Natural resources and mining..................     12       13       16           1.7      1.7      2.1
  Construction..................................    182      102      119           2.4      1.4      1.6
  Manufacturing.................................    352      253      253           2.5      1.8      1.8
   Durable goods................................    212      160      149           2.3      1.8      1.7
   Nondurable goods.............................    141       94      104           2.7      1.9      2.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    759      566      613           2.8      2.1      2.3
   Wholesale trade..............................    257      131      121           4.1      2.1      2.0
   Retail trade.................................    367      329      374           2.3      2.1      2.4
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    135      106      119           2.6      2.1      2.3
  Information...................................    135       61       72           4.3      2.0      2.3
  Financial activities..........................    247      215      190           2.9      2.6      2.3
   Finance and insurance........................    178      157      126           2.8      2.5      2.0
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     68       58       64           3.1      2.7      3.0
  Professional and business services............    714      713      706           3.8      3.9      3.8
  Education and health services.................    708      693      697           3.7      3.5      3.6
   Educational services.........................     72       55       52           2.3      1.7      1.6
   Health care and social assistance............    636      638      645           4.0      3.9      3.9
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    580      551      576           4.2      4.0      4.1
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     83       57       87           4.1      3.0      4.2
   Accommodation and food services.............     497      494      489           4.2      4.1      4.0
  Other services................................    152      124      152           2.7      2.2      2.7

 Government.....................................    486      431      437           2.1      1.9      1.9
  Federal.......................................     49       60       39           1.8      2.2      1.4
  State and local...............................    437      371      398           2.2      1.8      1.9

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    684      577      630           2.6      2.2      2.4
  South.........................................  1,801    1,431    1,432           3.5      2.8      2.8
  Midwest.......................................    784      813      787           2.4      2.5      2.4
  West..........................................  1,058      901      979           3.3      2.8      3.1

   1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
   2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a
percent of total employment plus job openings.
   3 See footnote 8, table 1.
   p = preliminary.







Table 6.  Hires levels (1) and rates (2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Apr.     Mar.     Apr.          Apr.     Mar.     Apr.
                                                   2007     2008     2008p         2007     2008     2008p

Total...........................................  4,872    4,354    4,853           3.5      3.2      3.5

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  4,561    4,043    4,524           4.0      3.5      3.9
  Natural resources and mining..................     23       24       37           3.2      3.3      4.9
  Construction..................................    432      375      499           5.7      5.4      7.0
  Manufacturing.................................    342      308      301           2.5      2.3      2.2
   Durable goods................................    198      179      176           2.2      2.1      2.0
   Nondurable goods.............................    144      129      125           2.9      2.6      2.5
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    988      839      895           3.7      3.2      3.4
   Wholesale trade..............................    192      142      130           3.2      2.3      2.1
   Retail trade.................................    658      568      622           4.3      3.7      4.1
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    138      129      143           2.7      2.6      2.8
  Information...................................     78       49       58           2.6      1.6      1.9
  Financial activities..........................    232      166      183           2.8      2.0      2.2
   Finance and insurance........................    177      112      111           2.9      1.8      1.8
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     55       54       72           2.6      2.6      3.4
  Professional and business services............    857      879      999           4.8      4.9      5.6
  Education and health services.................    462      449      463           2.5      2.4      2.4
   Educational services.........................     56       46       49           1.8      1.5      1.5
   Health care and social assistance............    406      402      413           2.7      2.6      2.6
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    991      793      898           7.5      6.0      6.6
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    145      122      174           7.6      6.5      8.9
   Accommodation and food services.............     846      672      724           7.4      5.9      6.2
  Other services................................    156      160      191           2.8      2.9      3.5

 Government.....................................    311      311      329           1.4      1.4      1.4
  Federal.......................................     76       96      108           2.8      3.5      4.0
  State and local...............................    235      216      220           1.2      1.1      1.1

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    750      654      773           2.9      2.6      3.0
  South.........................................  1,897    1,635    1,761           3.8      3.3      3.5
  Midwest.......................................  1,105      963    1,109           3.5      3.1      3.5
  West..........................................  1,120    1,102    1,210           3.6      3.6      3.9

   1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
   2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
   3 See footnote 8, table 1.
   p = preliminary.







Table 7.  Total separations levels (1) and rates (2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Apr.     Mar.     Apr.          Apr.     Mar.     Apr.
                                                   2007     2008     2008p         2007     2008     2008p

Total...........................................  4,224    3,915    4,154           3.1      2.9      3.0

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,992    3,714    3,917           3.5      3.3      3.4
  Natural resources and mining..................     21       20       23           3.0      2.7      3.1
  Construction..................................    293      326      347           3.9      4.7      4.9
  Manufacturing.................................    379      301      380           2.7      2.2      2.8
   Durable goods................................    228      184      229           2.6      2.1      2.7
   Nondurable goods.............................    151      117      151           3.0      2.4      3.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    865      839      908           3.3      3.2      3.5
   Wholesale trade..............................    154      121      135           2.6      2.0      2.2
   Retail trade.................................    583      591      642           3.8      3.9      4.2
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    128      127      131           2.5      2.5      2.6
  Information...................................     66       45       57           2.2      1.5      1.9
  Financial activities..........................    184      189      212           2.2      2.3      2.6
   Finance and insurance........................    126      124      132           2.1      2.0      2.2
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     58       66       80           2.7      3.1      3.8
  Professional and business services............    828      795      750           4.6      4.5      4.2
  Education and health services.................    393      415      401           2.1      2.2      2.1
   Educational services.........................     51       39       54           1.7      1.2      1.7
   Health care and social assistance............    342      376      347           2.2      2.4      2.2
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    823      642      674           6.2      4.8      5.0
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    155       82       89           8.1      4.4      4.5
   Accommodation and food services.............     668      560      586           5.9      4.9      5.0
  Other services................................    140      142      165           2.5      2.6      3.0

 Government.....................................    232      201      237           1.0       .9      1.0
  Federal.......................................     65       53       61           2.4      2.0      2.2
  State and local...............................    167      148      176            .8       .7       .9

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    563      627      638           2.2      2.4      2.5
  South.........................................  1,843    1,466    1,659           3.7      3.0      3.3
  Midwest.......................................    859      805      866           2.7      2.6      2.8
  West..........................................    959    1,018      991           3.1      3.3      3.2

   1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
   2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent
of total employment.
   3 See footnote 8, table 1.
   p = preliminary.







Table 8.  Quits levels (1) and rates (2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Apr.     Mar.     Apr.          Apr.     Mar.     Apr.
                                                   2007     2008     2008p         2007     2008     2008p

Total...........................................  2,473    2,187    2,403           1.8      1.6      1.7

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  2,352    2,091    2,274           2.0      1.8      2.0
  Natural resources and mining..................     14       12       14           1.9      1.6      1.8
  Construction..................................    121       96      131           1.6      1.4      1.8
  Manufacturing.................................    191      160      175           1.4      1.2      1.3
   Durable goods................................    108       92      104           1.2      1.1      1.2
   Nondurable goods.............................     83       67       71           1.7      1.4      1.4
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    551      495      517           2.1      1.9      2.0
   Wholesale trade..............................     97       65       64           1.6      1.1      1.1
   Retail trade.................................    391      357      374           2.6      2.3      2.5
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     64       74       79           1.3      1.5      1.6
  Information...................................     46       28       37           1.5       .9      1.2
  Financial activities..........................    108      117      122           1.3      1.4      1.5
   Finance and insurance........................     81       71       73           1.3      1.2      1.2
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     27       46       49           1.3      2.2      2.4
  Professional and business services............    415      390      429           2.3      2.2      2.4
  Education and health services.................    258      258      270           1.4      1.4      1.4
   Educational services.........................     28       20       22            .9       .6       .7
   Health care and social assistance............    230      237      248           1.5      1.5      1.6
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    554      448      477           4.2      3.4      3.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     47       30       35           2.4      1.6      1.8
   Accommodation and food services.............     508      418      442           4.5      3.7      3.8
  Other services................................     93       89      103           1.7      1.6      1.9

 Government.....................................    121       96      129            .5       .4       .6
  Federal.......................................     22       19       22            .8       .7       .8
  State and local...............................     99       76      106            .5       .4       .5

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    311      297      357           1.2      1.2      1.4
  South.........................................  1,151      914    1,020           2.3      1.9      2.1
  Midwest.......................................    479      456      496           1.5      1.5      1.6
  West..........................................    532      520      531           1.7      1.7      1.7

   1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
   2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
   3 See footnote 8, table 1.
   p = preliminary.







Table 9.  Layoffs and discharges levels (1) and rates (2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Apr.     Mar.     Apr.          Apr.     Mar.     Apr.
                                                   2007     2008     2008p         2007     2008     2008p

Total...........................................  1,444    1,396    1,396           1.1      1.0      1.0

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  1,388    1,342    1,344           1.2      1.2      1.2
  Natural resources and mining..................      6        6        7            .9       .8      1.0
  Construction..................................    163      211      184           2.2      3.0      2.6
  Manufacturing.................................    149      110      179           1.1       .8      1.3
   Durable goods................................     98       71      107           1.1       .8      1.2
   Nondurable goods.............................     51       39       72           1.0       .8      1.5
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    251      263      276           1.0      1.0      1.1
   Wholesale trade..............................     51       52       64            .9       .9      1.1
   Retail trade.................................    150      166      168           1.0      1.1      1.1
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     50       46       45           1.0       .9       .9
  Information...................................     15       13       16            .5       .4       .5
  Financial activities..........................     53       60       66            .6       .7       .8
   Finance and insurance........................     30       46       40            .5       .8       .7
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     23       14       26           1.1       .7      1.2
  Professional and business services............    370      328      287           2.1      1.8      1.6
  Education and health services.................    112      125      105            .6       .7       .6
   Educational services.........................     19       14       29            .6       .4       .9
   Health care and social assistance............     93      111       75            .6       .7       .5
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    239      179      175           1.8      1.3      1.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    103       51       47           5.4      2.8      2.4
   Accommodation and food services.............     136      128      128           1.2      1.1      1.1
  Other services................................     31       47       48            .6       .9       .9

 Government.....................................     56       54       52            .2       .2       .2
  Federal.......................................     15       10       14            .6       .4       .5
  State and local...............................     41       44       39            .2       .2       .2

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    192      259      208            .7      1.0       .8
  South.........................................    588      467      528           1.2       .9      1.1
  Midwest.......................................    314      269      278           1.0       .9       .9
  West..........................................    351      401      382           1.1      1.3      1.2

   1 Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
   2 The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a
percent of total employment.
   3 See footnote 8, table 1.
   p = preliminary.







Table 10.  Other separations levels (1) and rates (2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Apr.     Mar.     Apr.          Apr.     Mar.     Apr.
                                                   2007     2008     2008p         2007     2008     2008p

Total...........................................    306      333      355           0.2      0.2      0.3

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................    252      281      299            .2       .2       .3
  Natural resources and mining..................      2        3        2            .2       .4       .2
  Construction..................................      8       18       32            .1       .3       .5
  Manufacturing.................................     39       31       26            .3       .2       .2
   Durable goods................................     22       21       18            .3       .2       .2
   Nondurable goods.............................     17       10        8            .3       .2       .2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........     62       81      115            .2       .3       .4
   Wholesale trade..............................      6        4        7            .1       .1       .1
   Retail trade.................................     42       68      101            .3       .5       .7
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     14        8        7            .3       .2       .1
  Information...................................      5        5        4            .2       .2       .1
  Financial activities..........................     24       13       23            .3       .2       .3
   Finance and insurance........................     16        7       19            .3       .1       .3
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........      8        6        4            .4       .3       .2
  Professional and business services............     42       77       35            .2       .4       .2
  Education and health services.................     23       32       26            .1       .2       .1
   Educational services.........................      4        5        2            .1       .1       .1
   Health care and social assistance............     19       28       24            .1       .2       .2
  Leisure and hospitality.......................     30       15       23            .2       .1       .2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........      5        1        7            .3       .1       .3
   Accommodation and food services.............      25       14       16            .2       .1       .1
  Other services................................     16        6       13            .3       .1       .2

 Government.....................................     55       52       56            .2       .2       .2
  Federal.......................................     28       24       25           1.0       .9       .9
  State and local...............................     27       28       31            .1       .1       .2

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................     60       71       74            .2       .3       .3
  South.........................................    104       85      112            .2       .2       .2
  Midwest.......................................     66       80       92            .2       .3       .3
  West..........................................     76       97       78            .2       .3       .3

   1 Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
   2 The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent
of total employment.
   3 See footnote 8, table 1.
   p = preliminary.






Last Modified Date: June 10, 2008
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