Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


                                   
For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, July 13, 2010        USDL-10-0963

Technical information:   (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:           (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


              Job Openings and Labor Turnover – May 2010

There were 3.2 million job openings on the last business day of May
2010, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The job
openings rate was little changed over the month at 2.4 percent. The
hires rate (3.4 percent) was little changed and the separations rate
(3.1 percent) was unchanged. This release includes estimates of the
number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the total
nonfarm sector by industry and geographic region.

Job Openings
The number of job openings in May was 3.2 million, which was little
changed from April. Although the month-to-month change is small, the
number of job openings has risen by 868,000 (37 percent) since the
most recent trough of 2.3 million in July 2009. Even with the gains
since July 2009, the number of job openings in May 2010 remained below
those in place at the start of the recession in every industry except
government, and in each region except the Northeast. (See table 1.)

                                 - 2 -

Table A.  Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally
adjusted
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   |    Job openings    |       Hires        | Total separations
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
     Industry      | May  | Apr. | May  | May  | Apr. | May  | May  | Apr. | May
                   | 2009 | 2010 | 2010p| 2009 | 2010 | 2010p| 2009 | 2010 | 2010p
-------------------|--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                     Levels (in thousands)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..............|2,488 |3,302 |3,206 |3,962 |4,292 |4,504 |4,401 |4,013 |4,085
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|2,183 |2,675 |2,596 |3,690 |3,935 |3,778 |4,076 |3,726 |3,756
  Construction.....|   37 |   88 |   80 |  328 |  349 |  313 |  393 |  345 |  344
  Manufacturing....|  104 |  195 |  196 |  204 |  305 |  258 |  364 |  249 |  232
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  479 |  456 |  455 |  843 |  856 |  807 |  905 |  803 |  787
   Retail trade....|  334 |  292 |  281 |  562 |  593 |  558 |  597 |  551 |  565
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  407 |  550 |  580 |  739 |  780 |  777 |  790 |  733 |  785
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  523 |  561 |  520 |  460 |  496 |  482 |  427 |  475 |  443
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  278 |  274 |  299 |  683 |  711 |  671 |  684 |  684 |  689
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|   22 |   24 |   42 |   81 |  127 |  101 |   88 |  114 |  117
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  255 |  250 |  257 |  602 |  584 |  570 |  596 |  570 |  571
 Government(3).....|  304 |  627 |  611 |  272 |  357 |  726 |  325 |  287 |  328
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  256 |  260 |  239 |  251 |  248 |  240 |  250 |  248 |  257
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                       Rates (percent)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..............|  1.9 |  2.5 |  2.4 |  3.0 |  3.3 |  3.4 |  3.4 |  3.1 |  3.1
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|  2.0 |  2.4 |  2.4 |  3.4 |  3.7 |  3.5 |  3.8 |  3.5 |  3.5
  Construction.....|  0.6 |  1.5 |  1.4 |  5.4 |  6.2 |  5.6 |  6.4 |  6.1 |  6.2
  Manufacturing....|  0.9 |  1.7 |  1.7 |  1.7 |  2.6 |  2.2 |  3.1 |  2.1 |  2.0
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  1.9 |  1.8 |  1.8 |  3.4 |  3.5 |  3.3 |  3.6 |  3.2 |  3.2
   Retail trade....|  2.2 |  2.0 |  1.9 |  3.9 |  4.1 |  3.9 |  4.1 |  3.8 |  3.9
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  2.4 |  3.2 |  3.4 |  4.5 |  4.7 |  4.7 |  4.8 |  4.4 |  4.7
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  2.7 |  2.8 |  2.6 |  2.4 |  2.5 |  2.5 |  2.2 |  2.4 |  2.3
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  2.1 |  2.1 |  2.2 |  5.2 |  5.4 |  5.1 |  5.2 |  5.2 |  5.3
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|  1.2 |  1.3 |  2.2 |  4.3 |  6.7 |  5.4 |  4.6 |  6.0 |  6.2
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  2.2 |  2.2 |  2.2 |  5.4 |  5.2 |  5.1 |  5.3 |  5.1 |  5.1
 Government(3).....|  1.3 |  2.7 |  2.6 |  1.2 |  1.6 |  3.2 |  1.4 |  1.3 |  1.4
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.2 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.2 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.3
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and
other services, not shown separately.
  2 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not
shown separately.
  3 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  p = preliminary.


The number of job openings in May (not seasonally adjusted) increased
from 12 months earlier for total nonfarm, total private, and
government. The job openings level increased in many industries and in
3 of the 4 regions—Northeast, South, and West. (See table 5.)

Hires
In May, the hires rate was essentially unchanged for total nonfarm at
3.4 percent. Although the over-the-month change in the rate was not
significant, the last time the hires rate was 3.4 percent was August
2008. The rate was between 3.0 percent and 3.3 percent from September
2008 through April 2010. The number of hires for total nonfarm has
increased by 648,000 (17 percent) since the most recent trough in June
2009 but remains below pre-recession levels. The hires rate increased
in May for government, reflecting the temporary workers hired for
Census 2010. The number of hires remained below pre-

                                 - 3 -

recession levels in every industry except government (due to Census
2010 hires) and in each region. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in May, the hires rate (not seasonally
adjusted) rose for total nonfarm. The hires rate increased over the
past 12 months in mining and logging, durable goods manufacturing, and
federal government, and fell in wholesale trade. The hires rate
increased over the year in the Midwest and South and was little
changed in the other two regions. (See table 6.)

Separations
Total separations includes quits (voluntary separations), layoffs and
discharges (involuntary separations), and other separations (including
retirements). The total separations, or turnover, rate for total
nonfarm remained at 3.1 percent in May for the fourth consecutive
month. The rate was also little changed over the month for total
private and government. The total separations rate (not seasonally
adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months ending in May for
total nonfarm and total private, and was unchanged for government.
(See tables 3 and 7.)

The quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or
ability to change jobs. In May, the quits rate was essentially
unchanged at 1.4 percent for total nonfarm and was little changed in
every industry and region. The number of quits fell by 1.4 million (46
percent) between the November 2006 peak and the September 2009 trough.
Since September 2009, the number of quits has risen by 161,000. (See
table 4.)

Over the 12 months ending in May, the quits rate (not seasonally
adjusted) was little changed for total nonfarm and total private and
unchanged for government. The quits rate was little changed in every
industry and region over the year except in information where the rate
decreased and in federal government where the rate increased. (See
table 8.)

The layoffs and discharges component of total separations is
seasonally adjusted at the total nonfarm, total private, and
government levels. The layoffs and discharges rate was little changed
in May for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Layoffs and
discharges declined from a peak of 2.6 million in January 2009 to 1.9
million in May 2010, just 30,000 above the level at the start of the
recession. (See table B below.)

The layoffs and discharges rate (not seasonally adjusted) fell over
the 12 months ending in May for total nonfarm and total private and
was little changed for government. The layoffs and discharges rate
fell over the year in many industries and 2 of the 4 regions—Midwest
and West. (See table 9.)

Table B.  Layoffs and discharges by industry, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                   | Levels (in thousands) |        Rates
                   |------------------------------------------------
     Industry      |  May  |  Apr. |  May  |  May  |  Apr. |  May
                   |  2009 |  2010 |  2010p|  2009 |  2010 |  2010p
-------------------|------------------------------------------------
Total..............| 2,342 | 1,760 | 1,865 |  1.8  |  1.4  |  1.4
 Total private.....| 2,163 | 1,633 | 1,708 |  2.0  |  1.5  |  1.6
 Government........|   179 |   127 |   157 |  0.8  |  0.6  |  0.7
--------------------------------------------------------------------
  p = preliminary.

                                 - 4 -

The other separations series is not seasonally adjusted. In May, there
were 312,000 other separations for total nonfarm, 242,000 for total
private, and 71,000 for government. Compared to May 2009, the number
of other separations was little changed for total nonfarm and total
private but increased for government. (See table 10.)

The total separations level is influenced by the relative contribution
of its three components—quits, layoffs and discharges, and other
separations. The percentage of total separations at the total nonfarm
level attributable to the individual components has varied over time.
In May 2010, the proportion of quits and layoffs and discharges were
equal at 46 percent. From the beginning of the series in December 2000
through October 2008, the proportion of quits exceeded the proportion
of layoffs and discharges. In November 2008, layoffs and discharges
became the larger contributor to total separations. In February 2010,
the relative contribution reversed again with the proportion of quits
slightly exceeding the proportion of layoffs and discharges. (Computed
using values from tables 3 and 4, and table B above.)

Net Change in Employment
Over the 12 months ending in May, hires totaled 49.4 million and
separations totaled 49.9 million, yielding a net employment loss of
0.6 million.

____________

The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for June 2010 are
scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 11, 2010 at 10:00 a.m.
(EDT).





                                 - 5 -

Technical Note


  The data for the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS)
are collected and compiled monthly from a sample of business
establishments by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Collection

  In a monthly survey of business establishments, data are
collected for total employment, job openings, hires, quits, layoffs
and discharges, and other separations.  Data collection methods
include computer-assisted telephone interviewing, touchtone data
entry, web, fax, e-mail, and mail.

Coverage

  The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments such
as factories, offices, and stores, as well as federal, state, and
local government entities in the 50 states and the District of
Columbia.

Concepts

  Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this
release are in accordance with the 2007 version of the North
American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  In order to
ensure the highest possible quality of data, State Workforce
Agencies verify with employers and update, if necessary, the
industry code, location, and ownership classification of all
establishments on a 3-year cycle.  Changes in establishment
characteristics resulting from the verification process are always
introduced into the JOLTS sampling frame with the data reported for
the first month of the year.

  Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who
worked or received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th
day of the reference month.  Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-
term, seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave.  Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay
period, are not counted as employed.  Employees of temporary help
agencies, employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and
consultants are counted by their employer of record, not by the
establishment where they are working.

  Job openings.  Establishments submit job openings information for
the last business day of the reference month.  A job opening
requires that: 1) a specific position exists and there is work
available for that position, 2) work could start within 30 days
regardless of whether a suitable candidate is found, and 3) the
employer is actively recruiting from outside the establishment to
fill the position.  Included are full-time, part-time, permanent,
short-term, and seasonal openings.  Active recruiting means that
the establishment is taking steps to fill a position by advertising
in newspapers or on the Internet, posting help-wanted signs,
accepting applications, or using other similar methods.

  Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions,
demotions, or recall from layoffs are excluded.  Also excluded are
jobs with start dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for
which employees have been hired but have not yet reported for work,
and jobs to be filled by employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants.
The job openings rate is computed by dividing the number of job
openings by the sum of employment and job openings and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

  Hires.  Hires are the total number of additions to the payroll
occurring at any time during the reference month, including both
new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the
location after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or
intermittent employees who returned to work after having been
formally separated, and transfers from other locations.  The hires
count does not include transfers or promotions within the reporting
site, employees returning from strike, employees of temporary help
agencies or employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or
consultants.  The hires rate is computed by dividing the number of
hires by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.

  Separations.  Separations are the total number of terminations of
employment occurring at any time during the reference month, and
are reported by type of separation--quits, layoffs and discharges,
and other separations.  Quits are voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations).  Layoffs and discharges are involuntary separations
initiated by the employer and include layoffs with no intent to
rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last more than 7
days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or closings;
firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of permanent or
short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal employees.
Other separations include retirements, transfers to other
locations, deaths, and separations due to disability.  Separations
do not include transfers within the same location or employees on
strike.

                                 - 6 -

  The separations rate is computed by dividing the number of
separations by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.
The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates are
computed similarly, dividing the number by employment and
multiplying by 100.

  Annual estimates.  Annual estimates of rates and levels of hires,
quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and total
separations are released with the January news release each year.

   The JOLTS annual level estimates for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels.  The annual rate estimates are
computed by dividing the annual level by the Current Employment
Statistics (CES) annual average employment level, and multiplying
that quotient by 100.  This figure will be approximately equal to
the sum of the 12 monthly rates.  Note that both the JOLTS and CES
annual levels are rounded to the nearest thousand before the annual
estimates are calculated.  Consistent with BLS practices, annual
estimates are published only for not seasonally adjusted data.

  Annual estimates are not calculated for job openings because job
openings are a stock, or point-in-time, measurement for the last
business day of each month.  Only jobs still open on the last day
of the month are counted.  For the same reason job openings cannot
be cumulated throughout each month, annual figures for job openings
cannot be created by summing the monthly estimates.  Hires and
separations are flow measures and are cumulated over the month with
a total reported for the month.  Therefore, the annual figures can
be created by summing the monthly estimates.

Special collection procedures

  An implied measure of employment change can be derived from the
JOLTS data by subtracting separations from hires for a given
month.  Aggregating these monthly changes historically produced
employment levels that overstated employment change as measured by
CES at the total nonfarm level.  Research into this problem showed
that a significant amount of the divergence between the CES
employment levels and the derived JOLTS employment levels was
traceable to the Employment Services industry and to the State
Government Education industry.  In the former industry, businesses
have a difficult time reporting hires and separations of temporary
help workers.  In the latter industry, employers have difficulty
reporting hires and separations of student workers.  BLS now
devotes additional resources to the collection, editing, and review
of data for these industries.  BLS analysts more closely examine
reported data that do not provide a consistent picture over time,
and re-contact the respondents as necessary.  Analysts work with
the respondents to adjust their reporting practices as possible.
Units that cannot be reconciled but are clearly incorrect on a
consistent basis are not used, they are replaced by imputed values
using standard techniques.

Sample and estimation methodology

  The JOLTS survey design is a random sample of 16,000 nonfarm
business establishments, including factories, offices, and stores,
as well as federal, state, and local governments in the 50 states
and the District of Columbia.  The establishments are drawn from a
universe of over 9.1 million establishments compiled as part of the
operations of the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW),
program.  This program includes all employers subject to state
Unemployment Insurance (UI) laws and federal agencies subject to
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE).

  The sampling frame is stratified by ownership, region, industry
sector, and size class. The JOLTS sample is constructed from
individual panels of sample units drawn on an annual basis. The
full annual sample consists of one certainty panel composed of only
large units selected with virtual certainty based on their size and
24 non-certainty panels.  Each month a new non-certainty panel is
rolled into collection, and the oldest non-certainty panel is
rolled out.  This means that at any given time the JOLTS sample is
constructed from panels from three different annual sampling
frames.  The entire sample of old plus new panels is post-
stratified and re-weighted annually to represent the most recent
sampling frame.  Additionally, the out-of-business establishments
are removed from the old panels.  The annual sample is supplemented
with a quarterly sample of birth establishments (i.e., new
establishments) to better reflect the impact of younger
establishments in the JOLTS sample.

  JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked monthly to the
employment estimates of the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
survey.  A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the
levels for all other JOLTS data elements.

  JOLTS business birth/death model

  As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as
current as its sampling frame.  The time lag from the birth of an
establishment until its appearance on the sampling frame is
approximately one year.  In addition, many of these new units may
fail within the

                                 - 7 -

first year.  Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the
sampling frame immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings,
hires, and separations from these units during their early existence.
BLS has developed a model to estimate birth/death activity for current
months by examining the birth/death activity from previous years on the
QCEW and projecting forward to the present using an econometric technique
known as X-12 ARIMA modeling. The birth/death model also uses historical
JOLTS data to estimate the amount of “churn” (hires and separations) that
exists in establishments of various sizes.  The model then combines
the estimated churn with the projected employment change to
estimate the number of hires and separations taking place in these
units that cannot be measured through sampling.

  The model-based estimate of total separations is distributed to
the three components – quits; layoffs and discharges; and other
separations - in proportion to their contribution to the sample-
based estimate of total separations.  Additionally, job openings
for the modeled units are estimated by computing the ratio of
openings to hires in the collected data and applying that ratio to
the modeled hires.  The estimates of job openings, hires, and
separations produced by the birth/death model are then added to the
sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

  BLS seasonally adjusts several JOLTS series using the X-12-ARIMA
seasonal adjustment program.  Seasonal adjustment is the process of
estimating and removing periodic fluctuations caused by events such
as weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school
year.  Seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental
changes in the level of the series, particularly those associated
with general economic expansions and contractions.  A concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal
adjustment factors are calculated each month, using all relevant
data, up to and including the data for the current month.

  JOLTS uses moving averages as seasonal filters in seasonal
adjustment.  JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both additive and
multiplicative seasonal adjustment models and REGARIMA (regression
with autocorrelated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal
adjustment factors at the beginning and end of the series and to
detect and adjust for outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

  JOLTS hires minus separations should be comparable to the CES net
employment change.  However, definitional differences as well as
sampling and non-sampling errors between the two surveys
historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES over time. To limit
the divergence, and improve the quality of the JOLTS hires and
separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly Alignment Method.
The Monthly Alignment Method applies the CES employment trends to
the seasonally adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus
separations) forcing them to be approximately the same, while
preserving the seasonality of the JOLTS data.  First, the two
series are seasonally adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS
implied employment trend and the CES net employment change is
calculated. Next, the JOLTS implied employment trend is adjusted to
equal the CES net employment change through a proportional
adjustment. This proportional adjustment procedure adjusts the two
components (hires, separations) proportionally to their
contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations).  For
example, if hires are 40 percent of the churn for a given month,
they will receive 40 percent of the needed adjustment and
separations will receive 60 percent of the needed adjustment. The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors.  After the monthly alignment method has been used to
adjust the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the
adjusted levels.  The Monthly Alignment procedure assures a close
match of the JOLTS implied employment trend with the CES trend. The
CES series is considered a highly accurate measure of net
employment change owing to its very large sample size and annual
benchmarking to universe counts of employment from the QCEW
program.

Using JOLTS data

  The JOLTS data series on job openings, hires, and separations are
relatively new.  The full sample is divided into panels, with one
panel enrolled each month.  A full complement of panels for the
original data series based on the 1987 Standard Industrial
Classification (SIC) system was not completely enrolled in the
survey until January 2002.  The supplemental panels of
establishments needed to create NAICS estimates were not completely
enrolled until May 2003.  The data collected up until those points
are from less than a full sample.  Therefore, estimates from
earlier months should be used with caution, as fewer sampled units
were reporting data at that time.

  In March 2002, BLS procedures for collecting hires and
separations data were revised to address possible underreporting.
As a result, JOLTS hires and separations estimates for months prior
to March 2002 may not be comparable to estimates for March 2002 and
later.

                                 - 8 -

  The federal government reorganization that involved transferring
approximately 180,000 employees to the new Department of Homeland
Security is not reflected in the JOLTS hires and separations
estimates for the federal government.  The Office of Personnel
Management's record shows these transfers were completed in March
2003.  The inclusion of transfers in the JOLTS definitions of hires
and separations is intended to cover ongoing movements of workers
between establishments.  The Department of Homeland Security
reorganization was a massive one-time event, and the inclusion of
these intergovernmental transfers would distort the federal
government time series.

Reliability of the estimates

  JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling
error.  When a sample rather than the entire population is
surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ
from the "true" population values they represent.  The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular
sample selected, and this variability is measured by the standard
error of the estimate.  BLS analysis is generally conducted at the
90-percent level of confidence.  That means that there is a 90-
percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a
sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the
"true" population value because of sampling error.  Estimates of
sampling errors are available upon request.

  The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain
data from all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness
of respondents to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by
respondents, errors made in the collection or processing of the
data, and errors from the employment benchmark data used in
estimation.

Other information

  Information in this release will be made available to sensory
impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD
message referral phone: 1-800-877-8339.


Table 1.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              May    Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    May   Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May
                                            2009   2009   2010   2010   2010   2010   2010p  2009  2009  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010p

Total....................................  2,488  2,531  2,854  2,647  2,785  3,302  3,206    1.9   1.9   2.2   2.0   2.1   2.5   2.4

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  2,183  2,130  2,471  2,266  2,363  2,675  2,596    2.0   2.0   2.3   2.1   2.2   2.4   2.4
  Construction...........................     37     67     62     65     83     88     80     .6   1.2   1.1   1.2   1.5   1.5   1.4
  Manufacturing..........................    104    171    154    167    180    195    196     .9   1.5   1.3   1.4   1.5   1.7   1.7
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    479    378    395    453    470    456    455    1.9   1.5   1.6   1.8   1.9   1.8   1.8
   Retail trade..........................    334    237    255    297    305    292    281    2.2   1.6   1.7   2.0   2.1   2.0   1.9
  Professional and business services.....    407    404    424    409    423    550    580    2.4   2.4   2.5   2.4   2.5   3.2   3.4
  Education and health services..........    523    545    624    502    536    561    520    2.7   2.7   3.1   2.5   2.7   2.8   2.6
  Leisure and hospitality................    278    227    268    285    257    274    299    2.1   1.7   2.0   2.1   1.9   2.1   2.2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     22     20     19     19     24     24     42    1.2   1.1   1.0   1.0   1.3   1.3   2.2
   Accommodation and food services.......    255    207    250    266    232    250    257    2.2   1.8   2.2   2.3   2.0   2.2   2.2
 Government(6)...........................    304    401    383    381    421    627    611    1.3   1.8   1.7   1.7   1.8   2.7   2.6
  State and local government.............    256    294    256    246    262    260    239    1.3   1.5   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.3   1.2


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    552    547    585    542    599    678    705    2.2   2.2   2.3   2.2   2.4   2.7   2.8
  South..................................    864    943    986    916    945  1,080  1,175    1.8   2.0   2.1   1.9   2.0   2.2   2.4
  Midwest................................    525    495    613    566    573    664    610    1.7   1.7   2.0   1.9   1.9   2.2   2.0
  West...................................    554    603    648    682    707    821    718    1.9   2.1   2.2   2.3   2.4   2.8   2.4


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus
job openings.
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of
Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas,
Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio,
South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah,
Washington, and Wyoming.
  p = preliminary.



Table 2.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              May    Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    May   Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May
                                            2009   2009   2010   2010   2010   2010   2010p  2009  2009  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010p

Total....................................  3,962  3,997  4,087  4,011  4,331  4,292  4,504    3.0   3.1   3.2   3.1   3.3   3.3   3.4

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  3,690  3,715  3,790  3,710  3,970  3,935  3,778    3.4   3.5   3.5   3.5   3.7   3.7   3.5
  Construction...........................    328    335    312    306    400    349    313    5.4   5.9   5.6   5.5   7.1   6.2   5.6
  Manufacturing..........................    204    244    289    267    279    305    258    1.7   2.1   2.5   2.3   2.4   2.6   2.2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    843    849    822    821    897    856    807    3.4   3.4   3.3   3.3   3.6   3.5   3.3
   Retail trade..........................    562    547    584    572    646    593    558    3.9   3.8   4.1   4.0   4.5   4.1   3.9
  Professional and business services.....    739    652    729    767    744    780    777    4.5   4.0   4.4   4.6   4.5   4.7   4.7
  Education and health services..........    460    496    487    470    503    496    482    2.4   2.6   2.5   2.4   2.6   2.5   2.5
  Leisure and hospitality................    683    657    715    652    712    711    671    5.2   5.1   5.5   5.0   5.5   5.4   5.1
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     81     94    102     88    114    127    101    4.3   5.0   5.4   4.6   6.0   6.7   5.4
   Accommodation and food services.......    602    562    613    564    598    584    570    5.4   5.1   5.5   5.1   5.4   5.2   5.1
 Government(6)...........................    272    282    297    301    360    357    726    1.2   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.6   1.6   3.2
  State and local government.............    251    254    254    258    268    248    240    1.3   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.4   1.3   1.2


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    706    746    836    733    837    695    811    2.8   3.0   3.4   3.0   3.4   2.8   3.3
  South..................................  1,448  1,463  1,449  1,381  1,618  1,585  1,640    3.1   3.1   3.1   2.9   3.4   3.4   3.5
  Midwest................................    871    900    936    965  1,073  1,012  1,055    2.9   3.1   3.2   3.3   3.6   3.4   3.6
  West...................................    923    879    922    861  1,025    870    972    3.2   3.1   3.2   3.0   3.6   3.0   3.4


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 3.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              May    Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    May   Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May
                                            2009   2009   2010   2010   2010   2010   2010p  2009  2009  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010p

Total....................................  4,401  4,195  4,155  3,969  4,048  4,013  4,085    3.4   3.2   3.2   3.1   3.1   3.1   3.1

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  4,076  3,884  3,858  3,663  3,743  3,726  3,756    3.8   3.6   3.6   3.4   3.5   3.5   3.5
  Construction...........................    393    382    405    362    365    345    344    6.4   6.7   7.2   6.5   6.5   6.1   6.2
  Manufacturing..........................    364    273    276    260    245    249    232    3.1   2.4   2.4   2.3   2.1   2.1   2.0
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    905    901    856    806    866    803    787    3.6   3.7   3.5   3.3   3.5   3.2   3.2
   Retail trade..........................    597    567    577    551    620    551    565    4.1   3.9   4.0   3.8   4.3   3.8   3.9
  Professional and business services.....    790    649    698    716    699    733    785    4.8   3.9   4.2   4.3   4.2   4.4   4.7
  Education and health services..........    427    486    457    440    455    475    443    2.2   2.5   2.4   2.3   2.3   2.4   2.3
  Leisure and hospitality................    684    688    709    621    677    684    689    5.2   5.3   5.5   4.8   5.2   5.2   5.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     88    109    111     78    119    114    117    4.6   5.8   5.9   4.1   6.3   6.0   6.2
   Accommodation and food services.......    596    578    598    543    558    570    571    5.3   5.2   5.4   4.9   5.0   5.1   5.1
 Government(6)...........................    325    311    296    306    305    287    328    1.4   1.4   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.4
  State and local government.............    250    283    269    273    268    248    257    1.3   1.4   1.4   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.3


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    830    817    789    730    821    690    774    3.3   3.3   3.2   3.0   3.3   2.8   3.1
  South..................................  1,600  1,499  1,561  1,459  1,423  1,427  1,495    3.4   3.2   3.3   3.1   3.0   3.0   3.2
  Midwest................................  1,053  1,016    988    858    895    948    978    3.5   3.5   3.4   2.9   3.0   3.2   3.3
  West...................................  1,033  1,061  1,034    954    920    944    933    3.6   3.7   3.6   3.3   3.2   3.3   3.2


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 4.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              May    Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    May   Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May
                                            2009   2009   2010   2010   2010   2010   2010p  2009  2009  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010p

Total....................................  1,807  1,753  1,772  1,851  1,918  1,972  1,877    1.4   1.4   1.4   1.4   1.5   1.5   1.4

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  1,706  1,639  1,661  1,719  1,802  1,871  1,774    1.6   1.5   1.6   1.6   1.7   1.7   1.6
  Construction...........................     77     76     99     84     83     67     59    1.3   1.3   1.8   1.5   1.5   1.2   1.0
  Manufacturing..........................     91     75     85     97     89     99     95     .8    .7    .7    .8    .8    .8    .8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    394    392    368    432    424    442    422    1.6   1.6   1.5   1.8   1.7   1.8   1.7
   Retail trade..........................    291    291    266    333    316    330    324    2.0   2.0   1.8   2.3   2.2   2.3   2.2
  Professional and business services.....    309    248    259    300    315    323    322    1.9   1.5   1.6   1.8   1.9   1.9   1.9
  Education and health services..........    251    271    248    237    253    299    250    1.3   1.4   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.5   1.3
  Leisure and hospitality................    381    375    401    393    406    419    413    2.9   2.9   3.1   3.0   3.1   3.2   3.2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     42     32     48     35     36     40     39    2.2   1.7   2.5   1.9   1.9   2.1   2.1
   Accommodation and food services.......    339    344    353    358    371    379    374    3.0   3.1   3.2   3.2   3.3   3.4   3.3
 Government(6)...........................    100    114    112    132    117    101    103     .4    .5    .5    .6    .5    .4    .4
  State and local government.............     97    106    106    121    105     93     89     .5    .5    .5    .6    .5    .5    .5


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    296    280    268    320    325    332    291    1.2   1.1   1.1   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.2
  South..................................    726    722    736    755    750    744    714    1.5   1.5   1.6   1.6   1.6   1.6   1.5
  Midwest................................    392    391    380    421    438    442    440    1.3   1.3   1.3   1.4   1.5   1.5   1.5
  West...................................    396    382    362    434    406    429    412    1.4   1.3   1.3   1.5   1.4   1.5   1.4


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 5.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  May      Apr.     May           May      Apr.     May
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  2,452    3,638    3,207           1.8      2.7      2.4

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  2,144    2,988    2,600           1.9      2.7      2.4
  Mining and Logging............................     12       26       18           1.7      3.6      2.5
  Construction..................................     41      110       89            .7      2.0      1.6
  Manufacturing.................................    105      205      201            .9      1.7      1.7
   Durable goods................................     60      128      133            .8      1.8      1.8
   Nondurable goods.............................     44       77       68           1.0      1.7      1.5
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    460      473      450           1.8      1.9      1.8
   Wholesale trade..............................     79       94      118           1.4      1.7      2.1
   Retail trade.................................    316      304      265           2.1      2.1      1.8
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     65       75       66           1.3      1.6      1.4
  Information...................................     48      104       92           1.7      3.7      3.3
  Financial activities..........................    154      274      225           1.9      3.5      2.9
   Finance and insurance........................    118      226      187           2.0      3.9      3.2
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     36       48       37           1.8      2.4      1.9
  Professional and business services............    398      591      578           2.4      3.4      3.4
  Education and health services.................    495      612      488           2.5      3.0      2.4
   Educational services.........................     43       74       62           1.3      2.2      1.9
   Health care and social assistance............    452      538      426           2.7      3.2      2.5
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    305      346      338           2.2      2.6      2.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     27       33       53           1.3      1.8      2.6
   Accommodation and food services.............     278      313      285           2.4      2.7      2.4
  Other services................................    128      247      122           2.3      4.4      2.2

 Government.....................................    308      650      606           1.3      2.7      2.5
  Federal.......................................     45      381      365           1.5     11.3      9.7
  State and local...............................    263      269      241           1.3      1.3      1.2

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    517      773      687           2.0      3.0      2.7
  South.........................................    844    1,184    1,178           1.7      2.5      2.4
  Midwest.......................................    521      745      604           1.7      2.5      2.0
  West..........................................    571      936      737           1.9      3.1      2.5


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a
percent of total employment plus job openings.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 6.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  May      Apr.     May           May      Apr.     May
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  4,327    4,762    4,875           3.3      3.7      3.7

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  4,040    4,478    4,135           3.7      4.2      3.8
  Mining and Logging............................     16       32       33           2.3      4.5      4.6
  Construction..................................    403      494      381           6.6      9.0      6.7
  Manufacturing.................................    234      314      295           2.0      2.7      2.5
   Durable goods................................    106      183      179           1.4      2.6      2.5
   Nondurable goods.............................    128      131      116           2.8      2.9      2.6
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    907      933      847           3.6      3.8      3.4
   Wholesale trade..............................    190      174      135           3.4      3.1      2.4
   Retail trade.................................    597      640      584           4.1      4.5      4.1
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    119      119      128           2.5      2.5      2.7
  Information...................................     57       57       54           2.0      2.1      2.0
  Financial activities..........................    176      220      204           2.3      2.9      2.7
   Finance and insurance........................    108      140      126           1.9      2.5      2.2
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     68       80       78           3.4      4.1      4.0
  Professional and business services............    770      900      822           4.7      5.4      5.0
  Education and health services.................    425      484      440           2.2      2.5      2.3
   Educational services.........................     51       47       44           1.6      1.4      1.4
   Health care and social assistance............    374      436      396           2.3      2.7      2.4
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    853      855      839           6.4      6.6      6.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    129      159      150           6.5      8.5      7.6
   Accommodation and food services.............     724      697      689           6.4      6.3      6.1
  Other services................................    200      189      219           3.7      3.6      4.1

 Government.....................................    287      284      740           1.2      1.2      3.2
  Federal.......................................     21      104      487            .7      3.5     14.4
  State and local...............................    266      180      253           1.3       .9      1.3

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    766      812      875           3.1      3.3      3.5
  South.........................................  1,520    1,769    1,705           3.2      3.8      3.6
  Midwest.......................................  1,016    1,189    1,219           3.4      4.0      4.1
  West..........................................  1,025      992    1,075           3.5      3.4      3.7


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 7.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  May      Apr.     May           May      Apr.     May
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  3,959    4,129    3,671           3.0      3.2      2.8

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,608    3,923    3,328           3.3      3.7      3.1
  Mining and Logging............................     23       21       16           3.3      3.1      2.2
  Construction..................................    327      331      283           5.3      6.0      5.0
  Manufacturing.................................    324      279      202           2.7      2.4      1.7
   Durable goods................................    200      149      111           2.7      2.1      1.5
   Nondurable goods.............................    124      131       92           2.7      2.9      2.0
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    849      817      729           3.4      3.3      3.0
   Wholesale trade..............................    162      142      103           2.9      2.6      1.8
   Retail trade.................................    558      550      528           3.9      3.8      3.7
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    128      125       99           2.7      2.7      2.1
  Information...................................     67       54       48           2.4      2.0      1.7
  Financial activities..........................    167      229      170           2.1      3.0      2.2
   Finance and insurance........................    106      162      104           1.8      2.9      1.8
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     61       67       65           3.1      3.5      3.4
  Professional and business services............    655      813      671           4.0      4.9      4.0
  Education and health services.................    429      486      430           2.2      2.5      2.2
   Educational services.........................     85       55       69           2.7      1.7      2.2
   Health care and social assistance............    344      430      361           2.1      2.6      2.2
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    606      707      619           4.5      5.4      4.6
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     63      104       92           3.1      5.6      4.6
   Accommodation and food services.............     543      603      528           4.8      5.4      4.6
  Other services................................    163      187      160           3.0      3.5      3.0

 Government.....................................    350      206      343           1.5       .9      1.5
  Federal.......................................     73       35       70           2.6      1.2      2.1
  State and local...............................    277      171      273           1.4       .9      1.4

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    655      686      612           2.6      2.8      2.5
  South.........................................  1,508    1,551    1,421           3.2      3.3      3.0
  Midwest.......................................    887      931      833           3.0      3.2      2.8
  West..........................................    910      960      805           3.1      3.3      2.8


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 8.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  May      Apr.     May           May      Apr.     May
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  1,764    2,120    1,847           1.3      1.6      1.4

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  1,646    2,040    1,731           1.5      1.9      1.6
  Mining and Logging............................      6       10        7            .8      1.4      1.0
  Construction..................................     75       64       54           1.2      1.2      1.0
  Manufacturing.................................     83      111       90            .7      1.0       .8
   Durable goods................................     39       55       40            .5       .8       .6
   Nondurable goods.............................     45       56       50           1.0      1.3      1.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    393      477      421           1.6      1.9      1.7
   Wholesale trade..............................     40       66       43            .7      1.2       .8
   Retail trade.................................    297      346      334           2.0      2.4      2.3
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     55       65       44           1.2      1.4       .9
  Information...................................     35       30       20           1.3      1.1       .7
  Financial activities..........................     69      119       85            .9      1.6      1.1
   Finance and insurance........................     33       83       54            .6      1.5      1.0
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     36       36       31           1.8      1.9      1.6
  Professional and business services............    299      355      325           1.8      2.1      2.0
  Education and health services.................    244      306      240           1.3      1.6      1.2
   Educational services.........................     23       32       30            .7      1.0       .9
   Health care and social assistance............    220      274      211           1.4      1.7      1.3
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    360      452      395           2.7      3.5      3.0
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     38       37       36           1.9      2.0      1.9
   Accommodation and food services.............     322      415      359           2.8      3.7      3.2
  Other services................................     82      117       94           1.5      2.2      1.8

 Government.....................................    118       80      116            .5       .3       .5
  Federal.......................................      3        7       15            .1       .2       .4
  State and local...............................    115       73      101            .6       .4       .5

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    274      353      274           1.1      1.4      1.1
  South.........................................    730      839      725           1.5      1.8      1.5
  Midwest.......................................    367      468      429           1.2      1.6      1.4
  West..........................................    393      460      418           1.3      1.6      1.4


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 9.  Layoffs and discharges levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  May      Apr.     May           May      Apr.     May
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  1,924    1,650    1,512           1.5      1.3      1.2

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  1,738    1,572    1,355           1.6      1.5      1.3
  Mining and Logging............................     16        9        8           2.2      1.3      1.1
  Construction..................................    246      242      219           4.0      4.4      3.9
  Manufacturing.................................    219      142       93           1.8      1.2       .8
   Durable goods................................    147       75       60           2.0      1.1       .8
   Nondurable goods.............................     72       67       33           1.6      1.5       .7
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    376      277      239           1.5      1.1      1.0
   Wholesale trade..............................    107       69       58           1.9      1.2      1.0
   Retail trade.................................    206      161      140           1.4      1.1      1.0
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     64       46       42           1.3      1.0       .9
  Information...................................     25       21       25            .9       .8       .9
  Financial activities..........................     78       69       66           1.0       .9       .9
   Finance and insurance........................     54       44       38            .9       .8       .7
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     24       25       28           1.2      1.3      1.4
  Professional and business services............    323      378      296           2.0      2.3      1.8
  Education and health services.................    153      151      161            .8       .8       .8
   Educational services.........................     56       21       36           1.8       .6      1.1
   Health care and social assistance............     97      131      125            .6       .8       .8
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    221      226      193           1.7      1.7      1.4
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     24       66       52           1.2      3.6      2.6
   Accommodation and food services.............     198      160      141           1.7      1.4      1.2
  Other services................................     80       57       56           1.5      1.1      1.1

 Government.....................................    185       78      157            .8       .3       .7
  Federal.......................................     62       17       43           2.2       .6      1.3
  State and local...............................    124       61      114            .6       .3       .6

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    331      267      292           1.3      1.1      1.2
  South.........................................    682      602      572           1.4      1.3      1.2
  Midwest.......................................    456      358      330           1.5      1.2      1.1
  West..........................................    455      423      318           1.6      1.5      1.1


  1 Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
  2 The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a
percent of total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 10.  Other separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  May      Apr.     May           May      Apr.     May
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................    271      359      312           0.2      0.3      0.2

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................    224      311      242            .2       .3       .2
  Mining and Logging............................      2        3        1            .3       .4       .2
  Construction..................................      6       25       10            .1       .4       .2
  Manufacturing.................................     22       26       20            .2       .2       .2
   Durable goods................................     14       19       11            .2       .3       .2
   Nondurable goods.............................      8        8        9            .2       .2       .2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........     80       63       69            .3       .3       .3
   Wholesale trade..............................     15        7        2            .3       .1      (4)
   Retail trade.................................     56       43       54            .4       .3       .4
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...      9       14       14            .2       .3       .3
  Information...................................      6        3        3            .2       .1       .1
  Financial activities..........................     19       41       19            .2       .5       .3
   Finance and insurance........................     18       35       12            .3       .6       .2
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........      1        6        7           (4)       .3       .4
  Professional and business services............     32       80       50            .2       .5       .3
  Education and health services.................     32       29       28            .2       .1       .1
   Educational services.........................      6        3        3            .2       .1       .1
   Health care and social assistance............     26       26       25            .2       .2       .2
  Leisure and hospitality.......................     24       28       31            .2       .2       .2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........      1        1        3           (4)      (4)       .2
   Accommodation and food services.............      23       27       28            .2       .2       .2
  Other services................................      1       13        9           (4)       .2       .2

 Government.....................................     47       48       71            .2       .2       .3
  Federal.......................................      8       11       12            .3       .4       .3
  State and local...............................     39       37       59            .2       .2       .3

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................     50       67       46            .2       .3       .2
  South.........................................     95      110      123            .2       .2       .3
  Midwest.......................................     65      105       74            .2       .4       .2
  West..........................................     62       77       69            .2       .3       .2


  1 Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
  2 The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  4 Data round to zero.
  p = preliminary.


Last Modified Date: July 13, 2010
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