Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, August 6, 2013	USDL-13-1571

Technical information:	(202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                    JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JUNE 2013

There were 3.9 million job openings on the last business day of June, little changed from May, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The hires rate (3.1 percent) and separations rate (3.0 percent) 
also were little changed in June. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, 
hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by geographic region.

Job Openings

The number of job openings in June was 3.9 million, little changed from May. (See table 1.) The number 
of job openings was little changed over the month in all industries and regions.

The number of job openings in June (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the year for total 
nonfarm, total private, and government. Although the number of total job openings was little changed 
over the year, several industries experienced increases and several industries experienced decreases. In 
the Midwest region, the number of job openings rose over the year. (See table 7.)

Hires

The number of hires in June was 4.2 million, a decrease from May. The number of hires also declined for 
total private but was little changed for government. Over the month, the hires level decreased for health 
care and social assistance. In June, the number of hires fell in the Midwest. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in June, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed for 
total nonfarm, total private, and government. The number of hires increased in information over the year 
but fell in durable goods manufacturing and in educational services. The hires level declined over the 
year in the Midwest. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.1 million total separations in June, a decrease from May. The number of total separations 
for total private also decreased while government was little changed over the month.

In June, the quits rate was unchanged at 1.6 percent for total nonfarm, 1.8 percent for total private, and 
0.6 percent for government. The quits rate was little changed over the month for all industries and 
regions. (See table 4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months ending in June for 
total nonfarm, total private, government, all industries, and all four regions. (See table 10.)

The layoffs and discharges rate decreased in June to 1.1 percent. The rate was little changed over the 
month for total private at 1.3 percent and government at 0.4 percent. In the Midwest region, the rate 
declined in June. The layoffs and discharges component of total separations is not seasonally adjusted 
for individual industries. (See table 5.) 

The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) decreased over the 12 months ending in June 
for total nonfarm and total private but was little changed for government. Over the year, the number of 
layoffs and discharges increased in information. The layoffs and discharges level fell over the 12 months 
ending in June for educational services and for health care and social assistance; the level also fell in the 
Midwest. (See table 11.)

In June, there were 384,000 other separations for total nonfarm, essentially unchanged from the previous 
month. The number of other separations was little changed over the month for total private and 
government. The other separations component of total separations is not seasonally adjusted by industry 
or region. (See table 6.) Over the 12 months ending in June, the number of other separations was little 
changed for total nonfarm and total private but increased for government. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in June 2013, hires totaled 51.8 million 
and separations totaled 49.9 million, yielding a net employment gain of 1.8 million. These figures include 
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.

____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for July 2013 are scheduled to be released 
on Tuesday, September 10, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

3,792 3,907 3,936 4,357 4,490 4,201 4,292 4,381 4,081

Total private(1)

3,420 3,479 3,534 4,081 4,206 3,928 3,988 4,081 3,782

Construction

77 102 133 347 317 300 336 306 294

Manufacturing

310 237 215 283 239 225 266 249 229

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

584 784 775 855 889 842 853 883 802

Retail trade

337 514 524 573 620 584 569 613 556

Professional and business services

751 632 701 921 890 875 895 848 835

Education and health services(3)

717 660 641 486 541 454 487 544 476

Health care and social assistance

657 602 587 417 468 404 408 477 414

Leisure and hospitality

451 477 473 729 802 789 702 734 690

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

44 59 43 113 124 130 102 108 96

Accommodation and food services

408 419 430 616 678 659 600 626 593

Government(4)

372 428 402 275 284 274 304 300 299

State and local

301 367 344 245 258 244 272 261 266

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

2.8 2.8 2.8 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0

Total private(1)

3.0 3.0 3.0 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.3

Construction

1.4 1.7 2.2 6.2 5.5 5.2 6.0 5.3 5.1

Manufacturing

2.5 1.9 1.8 2.4 2.0 1.9 2.2 2.1 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

2.2 2.9 2.9 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.1

Retail trade

2.2 3.3 3.3 3.9 4.1 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.7

Professional and business services

4.0 3.3 3.6 5.1 4.8 4.7 5.0 4.6 4.5

Education and health services(3)

3.4 3.1 3.0 2.4 2.6 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.3

Health care and social assistance

3.7 3.4 3.3 2.5 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.8 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

3.2 3.3 3.2 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.1 5.2 4.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2.2 2.8 2.1 5.8 6.1 6.3 5.2 5.3 4.7

Accommodation and food services

3.4 3.3 3.4 5.2 5.6 5.4 5.1 5.2 4.9

Government(4)

1.7 1.9 1.8 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4

State and local

1.5 1.9 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,400
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Estimates of sampling errors are available upon request.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013(p)
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013(p)

Total

3,792 3,899 3,875 3,800 3,907 3,936 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.8

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,420 3,478 3,473 3,400 3,479 3,534 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.0 3.0

Construction

77 116 108 99 102 133 1.4 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.7 2.2

Manufacturing

310 274 271 243 237 215 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

584 644 669 715 784 775 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.9 2.9

Retail trade

337 396 424 455 514 524 2.2 2.6 2.7 2.9 3.3 3.3

Professional and business services

751 709 692 731 632 701 4.0 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.3 3.6

Education and health services(6)

717 672 687 662 660 641 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0

Health care and social assistance

657 612 621 600 602 587 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

451 488 500 468 477 473 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

44 52 64 57 59 43 2.2 2.5 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.1

Accommodation and food services

408 437 436 410 419 430 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.4

Government(7)

372 421 402 401 428 402 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8

State and local

301 357 344 330 367 344 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.9 1.8

REGION(8)

Northeast

684 700 699 638 654 672 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.5

South

1,513 1,547 1,501 1,525 1,555 1,566 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1

Midwest

770 831 825 805 886 888 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.8 2.8

West

824 821 850 831 812 810 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013(p)
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013(p)

Total

4,357 4,451 4,227 4,395 4,490 4,201 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.1

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,081 4,138 3,931 4,100 4,206 3,928 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.4

Construction

347 353 320 283 317 300 6.2 6.1 5.5 4.9 5.5 5.2

Manufacturing

283 231 201 222 239 225 2.4 1.9 1.7 1.9 2.0 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

855 936 821 868 889 842 3.4 3.6 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.3

Retail trade

573 651 562 598 620 584 3.9 4.3 3.7 4.0 4.1 3.9

Professional and business services

921 845 831 912 890 875 5.1 4.6 4.5 5.0 4.8 4.7

Education and health services(6)

486 499 520 544 541 454 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.2

Health care and social assistance

417 437 443 465 468 404 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

729 762 776 809 802 789 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

113 116 123 123 124 130 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.3

Accommodation and food services

616 646 653 686 678 659 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.4

Government(7)

275 313 295 295 284 274 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3

State and local

245 266 264 262 258 244 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3

REGION(8)

Northeast

722 716 722 742 724 694 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.7

South

1,727 1,843 1,640 1,720 1,760 1,664 3.6 3.8 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.4

Midwest

974 848 907 952 1,036 888 3.2 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.4 2.9

West

933 1,044 959 981 971 956 3.2 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013(p)
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013(p)

Total

4,292 4,180 4,123 4,287 4,381 4,081 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.0

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,988 3,884 3,819 3,987 4,081 3,782 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.3

Construction

336 322 316 300 306 294 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.1

Manufacturing

266 225 203 224 249 229 2.2 1.9 1.7 1.9 2.1 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

853 863 820 857 883 802 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.1

Retail trade

569 583 557 604 613 556 3.8 3.9 3.7 4.0 4.1 3.7

Professional and business services

895 770 780 858 848 835 5.0 4.2 4.2 4.7 4.6 4.5

Education and health services(6)

487 482 482 518 544 476 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.3

Health care and social assistance

408 413 416 445 477 414 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.8 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

702 730 738 779 734 690 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.2 4.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

102 103 108 120 108 96 5.2 5.2 5.4 6.0 5.3 4.7

Accommodation and food services

600 627 631 659 626 593 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.5 5.2 4.9

Government(7)

304 296 304 300 300 299 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4

State and local

272 251 260 256 261 266 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4

REGION(8)

Northeast

687 682 711 697 695 660 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6

South

1,702 1,712 1,599 1,645 1,726 1,643 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.3

Midwest

925 874 880 924 986 832 3.0 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.2 2.7

West

978 911 933 1,021 974 946 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.3 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013(p)
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013(p)

Total

2,148 2,286 2,099 2,185 2,233 2,160 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

2,016 2,159 1,967 2,040 2,098 2,029 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8

Construction

82 106 91 98 103 101 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.7

Manufacturing

111 102 94 109 112 102 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

481 501 446 470 453 462 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8

Retail trade

339 354 318 340 321 329 2.3 2.4 2.1 2.3 2.1 2.2

Professional and business services

389 385 372 410 418 417 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.2

Education and health services(6)

264 289 281 283 283 288 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4

Health care and social assistance

228 255 255 251 246 255 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

452 491 445 454 464 443 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

49 54 47 42 42 50 2.5 2.7 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.5

Accommodation and food services

403 437 397 412 422 393 3.4 3.7 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.2

Government(7)

132 127 131 146 135 131 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6

State and local

123 116 120 134 124 121 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6

REGION(8)

Northeast

317 311 288 308 323 295 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.1

South

918 1,034 894 918 964 910 1.9 2.1 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.8

Midwest

476 469 473 516 494 504 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.6

West

437 472 444 444 452 451 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013(p)
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013(p)

Total

1,786 1,572 1,686 1,741 1,752 1,537 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,679 1,467 1,572 1,645 1,649 1,440 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

107 104 114 96 103 97 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

296 300 358 324 302 297 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2

South

648 561 584 601 625 600 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2

Midwest

374 334 329 325 416 257 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.3 0.8

West

467 376 415 491 410 384 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.7 1.4 1.3

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013(p)
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013(p)

Total

358 323 338 360 396 384 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

293 258 280 302 333 313 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

65 66 58 58 63 71 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)

Total

3,777 3,928 3,953 2.7 2.8 2.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,368 3,487 3,524 2.9 3.0 3.0

Mining and logging

17 22 23 1.9 2.5 2.5

Construction

80 112 148 1.4 1.9 2.4

Manufacturing

323 241 219 2.6 2.0 1.8

Durable goods

208 147 151 2.7 1.9 2.0

Nondurable goods

114 94 68 2.5 2.1 1.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

567 785 759 2.2 2.9 2.8

Wholesale trade

139 117 103 2.4 2.0 1.8

Retail trade

331 513 523 2.2 3.3 3.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

97 154 133 1.9 3.0 2.6

Information

106 97 104 3.8 3.5 3.7

Financial activities

230 305 340 2.9 3.7 4.1

Finance and insurance

176 220 272 2.9 3.6 4.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

54 85 68 2.6 4.1 3.3

Professional and business services

716 608 680 3.8 3.2 3.5

Education and health services

690 660 610 3.3 3.1 2.9

Educational services

60 58 52 1.9 1.7 1.6

Health care and social assistance

630 603 558 3.6 3.4 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

476 509 502 3.2 3.4 3.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

44 79 40 1.9 3.6 1.7

Accommodation and food services

433 430 462 3.5 3.4 3.6

Other services

163 148 138 2.9 2.6 2.4

Government

408 441 429 1.8 1.9 1.9

Federal

67 60 53 2.3 2.1 1.9

State and local

341 380 376 1.8 1.9 1.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

693 662 682 2.6 2.5 2.6

South

1,461 1,563 1,535 2.9 3.1 3.0

Midwest

758 886 881 2.4 2.8 2.8

West

865 817 855 2.8 2.7 2.8

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)

Total

5,130 5,068 4,918 3.8 3.7 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,724 4,760 4,537 4.2 4.2 3.9

Mining and logging

33 29 31 3.8 3.4 3.6

Construction

433 396 372 7.4 6.8 6.2

Manufacturing

321 282 265 2.7 2.4 2.2

Durable goods

194 173 155 2.6 2.3 2.0

Nondurable goods

128 109 110 2.8 2.5 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

880 949 856 3.4 3.7 3.3

Wholesale trade

129 120 125 2.3 2.1 2.2

Retail trade

583 676 590 3.9 4.5 3.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

167 153 141 3.4 3.0 2.8

Information

69 76 99 2.6 2.8 3.7

Financial activities

214 237 219 2.7 3.0 2.8

Finance and insurance

137 157 138 2.3 2.7 2.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

77 80 81 3.9 4.0 4.0

Professional and business services

1,023 994 973 5.7 5.4 5.2

Education and health services

590 535 542 2.9 2.6 2.7

Educational services

79 51 53 2.5 1.5 1.7

Health care and social assistance

512 484 489 3.0 2.8 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

887 1,018 959 6.2 7.1 6.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

163 196 190 7.4 9.4 8.3

Accommodation and food services

724 822 769 6.0 6.7 6.1

Other services

274 243 222 5.0 4.4 4.0

Government

407 308 380 1.9 1.4 1.7

Federal

43 32 41 1.5 1.2 1.5

State and local

363 276 340 1.9 1.4 1.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

936 832 895 3.7 3.2 3.5

South

1,899 1,893 1,820 3.9 3.8 3.7

Midwest

1,186 1,257 1,070 3.9 4.1 3.4

West

1,110 1,086 1,133 3.8 3.6 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)

Total

4,476 4,286 4,284 3.3 3.1 3.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,011 3,943 3,790 3.6 3.5 3.3

Mining and logging

27 22 23 3.1 2.6 2.6

Construction

286 276 258 4.9 4.7 4.3

Manufacturing

266 251 237 2.2 2.1 2.0

Durable goods

155 148 134 2.1 2.0 1.8

Nondurable goods

111 103 103 2.5 2.3 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

832 823 779 3.3 3.2 3.0

Wholesale trade

116 105 101 2.0 1.8 1.7

Retail trade

555 581 540 3.7 3.9 3.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

161 137 138 3.2 2.7 2.7

Information

61 72 87 2.3 2.7 3.2

Financial activities

164 195 158 2.1 2.5 2.0

Finance and insurance

112 136 106 1.9 2.3 1.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

52 59 52 2.6 3.0 2.6

Professional and business services

870 838 830 4.8 4.5 4.5

Education and health services

606 551 559 3.0 2.7 2.7

Educational services

135 77 103 4.3 2.3 3.3

Health care and social assistance

471 474 456 2.8 2.7 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

714 712 693 5.0 5.0 4.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

83 89 80 3.8 4.2 3.5

Accommodation and food services

631 623 613 5.2 5.1 4.9

Other services

186 203 166 3.4 3.7 3.0

Government

465 343 494 2.1 1.5 2.3

Federal

32 34 30 1.1 1.2 1.1

State and local

433 310 464 2.3 1.6 2.4

REGION(3)

Northeast

738 625 698 2.9 2.4 2.7

South

1,759 1,750 1,719 3.6 3.5 3.5

Midwest

966 948 877 3.2 3.1 2.8

West

1,013 963 990 3.4 3.2 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)

Total

2,348 2,311 2,365 1.7 1.7 1.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,157 2,151 2,172 1.9 1.9 1.9

Mining and logging

16 13 14 1.8 1.4 1.6

Construction

88 103 111 1.5 1.8 1.8

Manufacturing

126 124 115 1.0 1.0 1.0

Durable goods

65 69 63 0.9 0.9 0.8

Nondurable goods

62 55 52 1.4 1.2 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

496 454 478 1.9 1.8 1.8

Wholesale trade

68 55 64 1.2 1.0 1.1

Retail trade

349 331 338 2.4 2.2 2.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

79 69 76 1.6 1.4 1.5

Information

38 35 42 1.4 1.3 1.6

Financial activities

93 112 97 1.2 1.4 1.2

Finance and insurance

64 79 68 1.1 1.3 1.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

28 33 30 1.4 1.6 1.5

Professional and business services

409 442 445 2.3 2.4 2.4

Education and health services

290 284 314 1.4 1.4 1.5

Educational services

50 36 46 1.6 1.1 1.5

Health care and social assistance

240 248 268 1.4 1.4 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

495 475 482 3.5 3.3 3.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

53 40 56 2.4 1.9 2.4

Accommodation and food services

442 435 426 3.7 3.5 3.4

Other services

107 109 75 1.9 2.0 1.3

Government

191 160 193 0.9 0.7 0.9

Federal

11 11 11 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

180 149 182 0.9 0.8 1.0

REGION(3)

Northeast

360 326 327 1.4 1.3 1.3

South

982 1,006 977 2.0 2.0 2.0

Midwest

522 495 561 1.7 1.6 1.8

West

484 484 500 1.6 1.6 1.7

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)

Total

1,728 1,593 1,474 1.3 1.2 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,574 1,477 1,313 1.4 1.3 1.1

Mining and logging

9 9 7 1.1 1.0 0.8

Construction

188 159 136 3.2 2.7 2.3

Manufacturing

122 101 95 1.0 0.8 0.8

Durable goods

79 67 55 1.0 0.9 0.7

Nondurable goods

43 34 39 1.0 0.8 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

258 303 228 1.0 1.2 0.9

Wholesale trade

39 45 32 0.7 0.8 0.5

Retail trade

158 204 152 1.1 1.4 1.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

61 54 44 1.2 1.1 0.9

Information

17 24 37 0.6 0.9 1.4

Financial activities

43 49 32 0.5 0.6 0.4

Finance and insurance

20 29 17 0.3 0.5 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

23 20 15 1.2 1.0 0.7

Professional and business services

401 372 345 2.2 2.0 1.9

Education and health services

267 174 180 1.3 0.8 0.9

Educational services

75 33 49 2.4 1.0 1.6

Health care and social assistance

192 141 131 1.1 0.8 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

193 197 171 1.3 1.4 1.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

29 46 21 1.3 2.2 0.9

Accommodation and food services

164 151 149 1.4 1.2 1.2

Other services

77 89 82 1.4 1.6 1.5

Government

154 116 161 0.7 0.5 0.7

Federal

9 11 10 0.3 0.4 0.4

State and local

145 105 151 0.8 0.5 0.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

290 240 286 1.1 0.9 1.1

South

628 609 588 1.3 1.2 1.2

Midwest

362 386 239 1.2 1.2 0.8

West

448 356 361 1.5 1.2 1.2

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)

Total

400 382 445 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

280 315 305 0.2 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

2 1 2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Construction

10 14 11 0.2 0.2 0.2

Manufacturing

18 27 27 0.1 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

11 13 15 0.1 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods

7 14 12 0.1 0.3 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

78 66 74 0.3 0.3 0.3

Wholesale trade

9 5 5 0.2 0.1 0.1

Retail trade

48 46 50 0.3 0.3 0.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

21 14 18 0.4 0.3 0.4

Information

6 13 8 0.2 0.5 0.3

Financial activities

29 34 29 0.4 0.4 0.4

Finance and insurance

28 28 21 0.5 0.5 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

1 6 8 0.0 0.3 0.4

Professional and business services

61 24 40 0.3 0.1 0.2

Education and health services

49 92 65 0.2 0.4 0.3

Educational services

10 7 8 0.3 0.2 0.2

Health care and social assistance

39 85 57 0.2 0.5 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

26 39 40 0.2 0.3 0.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2 3 3 0.1 0.1 0.1

Accommodation and food services

24 36 38 0.2 0.3 0.3

Other services

2 6 9 0.0 0.1 0.2

Government

120 68 140 0.5 0.3 0.6

Federal

12 12 10 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

108 56 130 0.6 0.3 0.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

88 58 85 0.3 0.2 0.3

South

149 134 153 0.3 0.3 0.3

Midwest

82 67 77 0.3 0.2 0.2

West

81 123 130 0.3 0.4 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: August 06, 2013
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