Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


                                   
For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, August 11, 2010    USDL-10-1103

Technical information:   (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:           (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


              Job Openings and Labor Turnover – June 2010

There were 2.9 million job openings on the last business day of June
2010, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The job
openings rate was unchanged over the month at 2.2 percent. The hires
rate (3.3 percent) and the separations rate (3.3 percent) were little
changed. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job
openings, hires, and separations for the total nonfarm sector by
industry and geographic region.

Job Openings
The number of job openings in June was 2.9 million, which was little
changed from May. Although the month-to-month change is small, the
number of job openings has risen by 599,000 (26 percent) since the
most recent series trough of 2.3 million in July 2009. Even with the
gains since July 2009, the number of job openings remained well below
the 4.4 million open jobs when the recession began in December 2007
(as designated by the National Bureau of Economic Research). (See
table 1.)

The number of job openings in June (not seasonally adjusted) increased
from 12 months earlier for total nonfarm, total private, and
government. The job openings level increased in many industries and in
2 of the 4 regions—Midwest and South. The level was little changed
over the year in the Northeast and West. (See table 5.)

                              - 2 -

Table A.  Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally
adjusted
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   |    Job openings    |       Hires        | Total separations
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
     Industry      | June | May  | June | June | May  | June | June | May  | June
                   | 2009 | 2010 | 2010p| 2009 | 2010 | 2010p| 2009 | 2010 | 2010p
-------------------|--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                     Levels (in thousands)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..............|2,519 |2,939 |2,937 |3,856 |4,581 |4,254 |4,310 |4,146 |4,351
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|2,197 |2,597 |2,544 |3,580 |3,846 |3,931 |3,968 |3,816 |3,811
  Construction.....|   59 |   79 |   55 |  268 |  321 |  290 |  352 |  340 |  313
  Manufacturing....|  110 |  205 |  227 |  217 |  266 |  262 |  351 |  238 |  258
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  472 |  452 |  441 |  758 |  819 |  876 |  823 |  800 |  862
   Retail trade....|  322 |  274 |  267 |  519 |  567 |  593 |  547 |  574 |  593
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  396 |  601 |  521 |  640 |  805 |  833 |  722 |  806 |  750
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  517 |  512 |  510 |  528 |  479 |  510 |  496 |  446 |  482
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  276 |  288 |  317 |  689 |  678 |  695 |  706 |  707 |  664
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|   19 |   41 |   50 |  103 |  105 |  117 |  112 |  122 |   91
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  258 |  247 |  267 |  586 |  573 |  578 |  594 |  585 |  572
 Government(3).....|  322 |  342 |  393 |  276 |  735 |  323 |  343 |  331 |  540
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  271 |  237 |  246 |  251 |  246 |  252 |  264 |  263 |  269
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                       Rates (percent)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..............|  1.9 |  2.2 |  2.2 |  3.0 |  3.5 |  3.3 |  3.3 |  3.2 |  3.3
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|  2.0 |  2.4 |  2.3 |  3.3 |  3.6 |  3.6 |  3.7 |  3.5 |  3.5
  Construction.....|  1.0 |  1.4 |  1.0 |  4.4 |  5.7 |  5.2 |  5.8 |  6.1 |  5.6
  Manufacturing....|  0.9 |  1.7 |  1.9 |  1.8 |  2.3 |  2.2 |  3.0 |  2.0 |  2.2
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  1.9 |  1.8 |  1.8 |  3.0 |  3.3 |  3.5 |  3.3 |  3.2 |  3.5
   Retail trade....|  2.2 |  1.9 |  1.8 |  3.6 |  3.9 |  4.1 |  3.8 |  4.0 |  4.1
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  2.4 |  3.5 |  3.0 |  3.9 |  4.8 |  5.0 |  4.4 |  4.8 |  4.5
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  2.6 |  2.6 |  2.5 |  2.8 |  2.5 |  2.6 |  2.6 |  2.3 |  2.5
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  2.1 |  2.2 |  2.4 |  5.3 |  5.2 |  5.3 |  5.4 |  5.4 |  5.1
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|  1.0 |  2.1 |  2.5 |  5.4 |  5.5 |  6.1 |  5.9 |  6.5 |  4.7
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  2.2 |  2.2 |  2.3 |  5.2 |  5.1 |  5.2 |  5.3 |  5.2 |  5.1
 Government(3).....|  1.4 |  1.5 |  1.7 |  1.2 |  3.2 |  1.4 |  1.5 |  1.4 |  2.4
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  1.4 |  1.2 |  1.2 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.4
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and
other services, not shown separately.
  2 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not
shown separately.
  3 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  p = preliminary.

Hires
In June, the hires rate was essentially unchanged for total nonfarm at
3.3 percent. There were 4.3 million  hires in June for total nonfarm,
398,000 (10 percent) higher than its most recent trough in June 2009.
Hires remain below the 5.0 million hires in December 2007 when the
recession began. The hires rate did not increase in June for any
industry or region; the rate fell in government and in the South
region. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in June, the hires rate (not seasonally
adjusted) rose for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The
hires rate increased over the past 12 months in many industries and in
the Midwest region. The rate fell over the year in other services.
(See table 6.)

                              - 3 -

Separations
Total separations includes quits (voluntary separations), layoffs and
discharges (involuntary separations), and other separations (including
retirements). The total separations, or turnover, rate in June was
essentially unchanged for total nonfarm and total private but rose for
government. The total separations rate (not seasonally adjusted) was
little changed over the 12 months ending in June for total nonfarm and
total private but rose for government. (See tables 3 and 7.)

The quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or
ability to change jobs. In June, the quits rate was unchanged at 1.5
percent for total nonfarm and was little changed in every industry
except government, where it rose. The quits rate fell in June in the
Midwest region. (See table 4.) The number of quits for total nonfarm
fell by 1.4 million between the November 2006 peak and the September
2009 trough. Since September 2009, the number of quits has risen by
245,000.

Over the 12 months ending in June, the quits rate (not seasonally
adjusted) was little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and
government. The quits rate increased over the 12 months ending in June
in finance and insurance, real estate and rental and leasing,
professional and business services, and federal government due to
quits of some temporary Census 2010 workers. (See table 8.)

The layoffs and discharges component of total separations is
seasonally adjusted at the total nonfarm, total private, and
government levels. The layoffs and discharges rate was essentially
unchanged in June for total nonfarm and total private but increased
for government. The number of layoffs and discharges for total nonfarm
peaked at 2.6 million in January 2009, falling to 2.0 million in June
2010. The number of layoffs and discharges for total private in June
(1,693,000) was below the level when the recession began (1,718,000).
In government, the number of layoffs and discharges in June (341,000)
was higher than when the recession began (117,000) due to the release
of temporary Census 2010 workers in May and June. (See table B below.)

The layoffs and discharges rate (not seasonally adjusted) was little
changed over the 12 months ending in June for total nonfarm and total
private but rose for government. The layoffs and discharges rate fell
over the year in a few industries but rose sharply in federal
government, reflecting the layoffs of temporary Census 2010 workers.
The layoffs and discharges rate declined over the year in the
Northeast region. (See table 9.)

Table B.  Layoffs and discharges by industry, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                   | Levels (in thousands) |        Rates
                   |------------------------------------------------
     Industry      |  June |  May  |  June |  June |  May  |  June
                   |  2009 |  2010 |  2010p|  2009 |  2010 |  2010p
-------------------|------------------------------------------------
Total..............| 2,224 | 1,904 | 2,034 |  1.7  |  1.5  |  1.6
 Total private.....| 2,039 | 1,736 | 1,693 |  1.9  |  1.6  |  1.6
 Government........|   185 |   169 |   341 |  0.8  |  0.7  |  1.5
--------------------------------------------------------------------
  p = preliminary.

The other separations series is not seasonally adjusted. In June,
there were 387,000 other separations for total nonfarm, 258,000 for
total private, and 129,000 for government. Compared to June 2009, the
number of other separations was little changed for total nonfarm and
total private but increased for

                              - 4 -

government. The rise in government other separations is due to state
and local government where other separations rose from 82,000 in June
2009 to 123,000 in June 2010. (See table 10.)

The total separations level is influenced by the relative contribution
of its three components—quits, layoffs and discharges, and other
separations. The percentage of total separations at the total nonfarm
level attributable to the individual components has varied over time,
but for the majority of the series, the proportion of quits has
exceeded the proportion of layoffs and discharges.

In June 2010, the proportion of quits was 45 percent and the
proportion of layoffs and discharges was 47 percent for total nonfarm.
For total private, the proportions were relatively steady in June at
48 percent quits and 44 percent layoffs and discharges. In contrast,
the proportion of quits in government declined from 31 percent in May
to 23 percent in June, and the proportion of layoffs increased from 51
percent in May to 63 percent in June as temporary Census 2010 workers
completed their work.  (Computed using values from tables 3 and 4, and
table B above.)

Net Change in Employment
Over the 12 months ending in June, hires totaled 49.8 million and
separations totaled 50.0 million, yielding a net employment loss of
0.2 million.

____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for July 2010 are
scheduled to be released on Wednesday, September 8, 2010 at 10:00 a.m.
(EDT).





                                 - 5 -

Technical Note


  The data for the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS)
are collected and compiled monthly from a sample of business
establishments by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Collection

  In a monthly survey of business establishments, data are
collected for total employment, job openings, hires, quits, layoffs
and discharges, and other separations.  Data collection methods
include computer-assisted telephone interviewing, touchtone data
entry, web, fax, e-mail, and mail.

Coverage

  The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments such
as factories, offices, and stores, as well as federal, state, and
local government entities in the 50 states and the District of
Columbia.

Concepts

  Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this
release are in accordance with the 2007 version of the North
American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  In order to
ensure the highest possible quality of data, State Workforce
Agencies verify with employers and update, if necessary, the
industry code, location, and ownership classification of all
establishments on a 3-year cycle.  Changes in establishment
characteristics resulting from the verification process are always
introduced into the JOLTS sampling frame with the data reported for
the first month of the year.

  Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who
worked or received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th
day of the reference month.  Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-
term, seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave.  Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay
period, are not counted as employed.  Employees of temporary help
agencies, employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and
consultants are counted by their employer of record, not by the
establishment where they are working.

  Job openings.  Establishments submit job openings information for
the last business day of the reference month.  A job opening
requires that: 1) a specific position exists and there is work
available for that position, 2) work could start within 30 days
regardless of whether a suitable candidate is found, and 3) the
employer is actively recruiting from outside the establishment to
fill the position.  Included are full-time, part-time, permanent,
short-term, and seasonal openings.  Active recruiting means that
the establishment is taking steps to fill a position by advertising
in newspapers or on the Internet, posting help-wanted signs,
accepting applications, or using other similar methods.

  Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions,
demotions, or recall from layoffs are excluded.  Also excluded are
jobs with start dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for
which employees have been hired but have not yet reported for work,
and jobs to be filled by employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants.
The job openings rate is computed by dividing the number of job
openings by the sum of employment and job openings and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

  Hires.  Hires are the total number of additions to the payroll
occurring at any time during the reference month, including both
new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the
location after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or
intermittent employees who returned to work after having been
formally separated, and transfers from other locations.  The hires
count does not include transfers or promotions within the reporting
site, employees returning from strike, employees of temporary help
agencies or employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or
consultants.  The hires rate is computed by dividing the number of
hires by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.

  Separations.  Separations are the total number of terminations of
employment occurring at any time during the reference month, and
are reported by type of separation--quits, layoffs and discharges,
and other separations.  Quits are voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations).  Layoffs and discharges are involuntary separations
initiated by the employer and include layoffs with no intent to
rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last more than 7
days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or closings;
firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of permanent or
short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal employees.
Other separations include retirements, transfers to other
locations, deaths, and separations due to disability.  Separations
do not include transfers within the same location or employees on
strike.

                                 - 6 -

  The separations rate is computed by dividing the number of
separations by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.
The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates are
computed similarly, dividing the number by employment and
multiplying by 100.

  Annual estimates.  Annual estimates of rates and levels of hires,
quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and total
separations are released with the January news release each year.

   The JOLTS annual level estimates for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels.  The annual rate estimates are
computed by dividing the annual level by the Current Employment
Statistics (CES) annual average employment level, and multiplying
that quotient by 100.  This figure will be approximately equal to
the sum of the 12 monthly rates.  Note that both the JOLTS and CES
annual levels are rounded to the nearest thousand before the annual
estimates are calculated.  Consistent with BLS practices, annual
estimates are published only for not seasonally adjusted data.

  Annual estimates are not calculated for job openings because job
openings are a stock, or point-in-time, measurement for the last
business day of each month.  Only jobs still open on the last day
of the month are counted.  For the same reason job openings cannot
be cumulated throughout each month, annual figures for job openings
cannot be created by summing the monthly estimates.  Hires and
separations are flow measures and are cumulated over the month with
a total reported for the month.  Therefore, the annual figures can
be created by summing the monthly estimates.

Special collection procedures

  An implied measure of employment change can be derived from the
JOLTS data by subtracting separations from hires for a given
month.  Aggregating these monthly changes historically produced
employment levels that overstated employment change as measured by
CES at the total nonfarm level.  Research into this problem showed
that a significant amount of the divergence between the CES
employment levels and the derived JOLTS employment levels was
traceable to the Employment Services industry and to the State
Government Education industry.  In the former industry, businesses
have a difficult time reporting hires and separations of temporary
help workers.  In the latter industry, employers have difficulty
reporting hires and separations of student workers.  BLS now
devotes additional resources to the collection, editing, and review
of data for these industries.  BLS analysts more closely examine
reported data that do not provide a consistent picture over time,
and re-contact the respondents as necessary.  Analysts work with
the respondents to adjust their reporting practices as possible.
Units that cannot be reconciled but are clearly incorrect on a
consistent basis are not used, they are replaced by imputed values
using standard techniques.

Sample and estimation methodology

  The JOLTS survey design is a random sample of 16,000 nonfarm
business establishments, including factories, offices, and stores,
as well as federal, state, and local governments in the 50 states
and the District of Columbia.  The establishments are drawn from a
universe of over 9.1 million establishments compiled as part of the
operations of the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW),
program.  This program includes all employers subject to state
Unemployment Insurance (UI) laws and federal agencies subject to
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE).

  The sampling frame is stratified by ownership, region, industry
sector, and size class. The JOLTS sample is constructed from
individual panels of sample units drawn on an annual basis. The
full annual sample consists of one certainty panel composed of only
large units selected with virtual certainty based on their size and
24 non-certainty panels.  Each month a new non-certainty panel is
rolled into collection, and the oldest non-certainty panel is
rolled out.  This means that at any given time the JOLTS sample is
constructed from panels from three different annual sampling
frames.  The entire sample of old plus new panels is post-
stratified and re-weighted annually to represent the most recent
sampling frame.  Additionally, the out-of-business establishments
are removed from the old panels.  The annual sample is supplemented
with a quarterly sample of birth establishments (i.e., new
establishments) to better reflect the impact of younger
establishments in the JOLTS sample.

  JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked monthly to the
employment estimates of the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
survey.  A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the
levels for all other JOLTS data elements.

  JOLTS business birth/death model

  As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as
current as its sampling frame.  The time lag from the birth of an
establishment until its appearance on the sampling frame is
approximately one year.  In addition, many of these new units may
fail within the

                                 - 7 -

first year.  Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the
sampling frame immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings,
hires, and separations from these units during their early existence.
BLS has developed a model to estimate birth/death activity for current
months by examining the birth/death activity from previous years on the
QCEW and projecting forward to the present using an econometric technique
known as X-12 ARIMA modeling. The birth/death model also uses historical
JOLTS data to estimate the amount of “churn” (hires and separations) that
exists in establishments of various sizes.  The model then combines
the estimated churn with the projected employment change to
estimate the number of hires and separations taking place in these
units that cannot be measured through sampling.

  The model-based estimate of total separations is distributed to
the three components – quits; layoffs and discharges; and other
separations - in proportion to their contribution to the sample-
based estimate of total separations.  Additionally, job openings
for the modeled units are estimated by computing the ratio of
openings to hires in the collected data and applying that ratio to
the modeled hires.  The estimates of job openings, hires, and
separations produced by the birth/death model are then added to the
sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

  BLS seasonally adjusts several JOLTS series using the X-12-ARIMA
seasonal adjustment program.  Seasonal adjustment is the process of
estimating and removing periodic fluctuations caused by events such
as weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school
year.  Seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental
changes in the level of the series, particularly those associated
with general economic expansions and contractions.  A concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal
adjustment factors are calculated each month, using all relevant
data, up to and including the data for the current month.

  JOLTS uses moving averages as seasonal filters in seasonal
adjustment.  JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both additive and
multiplicative seasonal adjustment models and REGARIMA (regression
with autocorrelated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal
adjustment factors at the beginning and end of the series and to
detect and adjust for outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

  JOLTS hires minus separations should be comparable to the CES net
employment change.  However, definitional differences as well as
sampling and non-sampling errors between the two surveys
historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES over time. To limit
the divergence, and improve the quality of the JOLTS hires and
separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly Alignment Method.
The Monthly Alignment Method applies the CES employment trends to
the seasonally adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus
separations) forcing them to be approximately the same, while
preserving the seasonality of the JOLTS data.  First, the two
series are seasonally adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS
implied employment trend and the CES net employment change is
calculated. Next, the JOLTS implied employment trend is adjusted to
equal the CES net employment change through a proportional
adjustment. This proportional adjustment procedure adjusts the two
components (hires, separations) proportionally to their
contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations).  For
example, if hires are 40 percent of the churn for a given month,
they will receive 40 percent of the needed adjustment and
separations will receive 60 percent of the needed adjustment. The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors.  After the monthly alignment method has been used to
adjust the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the
adjusted levels.  The Monthly Alignment procedure assures a close
match of the JOLTS implied employment trend with the CES trend. The
CES series is considered a highly accurate measure of net
employment change owing to its very large sample size and annual
benchmarking to universe counts of employment from the QCEW
program.

Using JOLTS data

  The JOLTS data series on job openings, hires, and separations are
relatively new.  The full sample is divided into panels, with one
panel enrolled each month.  A full complement of panels for the
original data series based on the 1987 Standard Industrial
Classification (SIC) system was not completely enrolled in the
survey until January 2002.  The supplemental panels of
establishments needed to create NAICS estimates were not completely
enrolled until May 2003.  The data collected up until those points
are from less than a full sample.  Therefore, estimates from
earlier months should be used with caution, as fewer sampled units
were reporting data at that time.

  In March 2002, BLS procedures for collecting hires and
separations data were revised to address possible underreporting.
As a result, JOLTS hires and separations estimates for months prior
to March 2002 may not be comparable to estimates for March 2002 and
later.

                                 - 8 -

  The federal government reorganization that involved transferring
approximately 180,000 employees to the new Department of Homeland
Security is not reflected in the JOLTS hires and separations
estimates for the federal government.  The Office of Personnel
Management's record shows these transfers were completed in March
2003.  The inclusion of transfers in the JOLTS definitions of hires
and separations is intended to cover ongoing movements of workers
between establishments.  The Department of Homeland Security
reorganization was a massive one-time event, and the inclusion of
these intergovernmental transfers would distort the federal
government time series.

Reliability of the estimates

  JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling
error.  When a sample rather than the entire population is
surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ
from the "true" population values they represent.  The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular
sample selected, and this variability is measured by the standard
error of the estimate.  BLS analysis is generally conducted at the
90-percent level of confidence.  That means that there is a 90-
percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a
sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the
"true" population value because of sampling error.  Estimates of
sampling errors are available upon request.

  The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain
data from all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness
of respondents to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by
respondents, errors made in the collection or processing of the
data, and errors from the employment benchmark data used in
estimation.

Other information

  Information in this release will be made available to sensory
impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD
message referral phone: 1-800-877-8339.


Table 1.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              June   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   June  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June
                                            2009   2010   2010   2010   2010   2010   2010p  2009  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010p

Total....................................  2,519  2,854  2,647  2,785  3,302  2,939  2,937    1.9   2.2   2.0   2.1   2.5   2.2   2.2

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  2,197  2,471  2,266  2,363  2,675  2,597  2,544    2.0   2.3   2.1   2.2   2.4   2.4   2.3
  Construction...........................     59     62     65     83     88     79     55    1.0   1.1   1.2   1.5   1.5   1.4   1.0
  Manufacturing..........................    110    154    167    180    195    205    227     .9   1.3   1.4   1.5   1.7   1.7   1.9
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    472    395    453    470    456    452    441    1.9   1.6   1.8   1.9   1.8   1.8   1.8
   Retail trade..........................    322    255    297    305    292    274    267    2.2   1.7   2.0   2.1   2.0   1.9   1.8
  Professional and business services.....    396    424    409    423    550    601    521    2.4   2.5   2.4   2.5   3.2   3.5   3.0
  Education and health services..........    517    624    502    536    561    512    510    2.6   3.1   2.5   2.7   2.8   2.6   2.5
  Leisure and hospitality................    276    268    285    257    274    288    317    2.1   2.0   2.1   1.9   2.1   2.2   2.4
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     19     19     19     24     24     41     50    1.0   1.0   1.0   1.3   1.3   2.1   2.5
   Accommodation and food services.......    258    250    266    232    250    247    267    2.2   2.2   2.3   2.0   2.2   2.2   2.3
 Government(6)...........................    322    383    381    421    627    342    393    1.4   1.7   1.7   1.8   2.7   1.5   1.7
  State and local government.............    271    256    246    262    260    237    246    1.4   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.3   1.2   1.2


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    584    585    542    599    678    657    627    2.3   2.3   2.2   2.4   2.7   2.6   2.5
  South..................................    874    986    916    945  1,080  1,078  1,030    1.8   2.1   1.9   2.0   2.2   2.2   2.1
  Midwest................................    500    613    566    573    664    568    608    1.7   2.0   1.9   1.9   2.2   1.9   2.0
  West...................................    568    648    682    707    821    689    624    1.9   2.2   2.3   2.4   2.8   2.3   2.1


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus
job openings.
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of
Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas,
Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio,
South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah,
Washington, and Wyoming.
  p = preliminary.



Table 2.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              June   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   June  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June
                                            2009   2010   2010   2010   2010   2010   2010p  2009  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010p

Total....................................  3,856  4,087  4,011  4,331  4,292  4,581  4,254    3.0   3.2   3.1   3.3   3.3   3.5   3.3

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  3,580  3,790  3,710  3,970  3,935  3,846  3,931    3.3   3.5   3.5   3.7   3.7   3.6   3.6
  Construction...........................    268    312    306    400    349    321    290    4.4   5.6   5.5   7.1   6.2   5.7   5.2
  Manufacturing..........................    217    289    267    279    305    266    262    1.8   2.5   2.3   2.4   2.6   2.3   2.2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    758    822    821    897    856    819    876    3.0   3.3   3.3   3.6   3.5   3.3   3.5
   Retail trade..........................    519    584    572    646    593    567    593    3.6   4.1   4.0   4.5   4.1   3.9   4.1
  Professional and business services.....    640    729    767    744    780    805    833    3.9   4.4   4.6   4.5   4.7   4.8   5.0
  Education and health services..........    528    487    470    503    496    479    510    2.8   2.5   2.4   2.6   2.5   2.5   2.6
  Leisure and hospitality................    689    715    652    712    711    678    695    5.3   5.5   5.0   5.5   5.4   5.2   5.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    103    102     88    114    127    105    117    5.4   5.4   4.6   6.0   6.7   5.5   6.1
   Accommodation and food services.......    586    613    564    598    584    573    578    5.2   5.5   5.1   5.4   5.2   5.1   5.2
 Government(6)...........................    276    297    301    360    357    735    323    1.2   1.3   1.3   1.6   1.6   3.2   1.4
  State and local government.............    251    254    258    268    248    246    252    1.3   1.3   1.3   1.4   1.3   1.3   1.3


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    739    836    733    837    695    844    731    3.0   3.4   3.0   3.4   2.8   3.4   3.0
  South..................................  1,399  1,449  1,381  1,618  1,585  1,681  1,522    3.0   3.1   2.9   3.4   3.4   3.6   3.2
  Midwest................................    854    936    965  1,073  1,012  1,090  1,045    2.9   3.2   3.3   3.6   3.4   3.7   3.5
  West...................................    865    922    861  1,025    870  1,014    942    3.0   3.2   3.0   3.6   3.0   3.5   3.3


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 3.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              June   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   June  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June
                                            2009   2010   2010   2010   2010   2010   2010p  2009  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010p

Total....................................  4,310  4,155  3,969  4,048  4,013  4,146  4,351    3.3   3.2   3.1   3.1   3.1   3.2   3.3

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  3,968  3,858  3,663  3,743  3,726  3,816  3,811    3.7   3.6   3.4   3.5   3.5   3.5   3.5
  Construction...........................    352    405    362    365    345    340    313    5.8   7.2   6.5   6.5   6.1   6.1   5.6
  Manufacturing..........................    351    276    260    245    249    238    258    3.0   2.4   2.3   2.1   2.1   2.0   2.2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    823    856    806    866    803    800    862    3.3   3.5   3.3   3.5   3.2   3.2   3.5
   Retail trade..........................    547    577    551    620    551    574    593    3.8   4.0   3.8   4.3   3.8   4.0   4.1
  Professional and business services.....    722    698    716    699    733    806    750    4.4   4.2   4.3   4.2   4.4   4.8   4.5
  Education and health services..........    496    457    440    455    475    446    482    2.6   2.4   2.3   2.3   2.4   2.3   2.5
  Leisure and hospitality................    706    709    621    677    684    707    664    5.4   5.5   4.8   5.2   5.2   5.4   5.1
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    112    111     78    119    114    122     91    5.9   5.9   4.1   6.3   6.0   6.5   4.7
   Accommodation and food services.......    594    598    543    558    570    585    572    5.3   5.4   4.9   5.0   5.1   5.2   5.1
 Government(6)...........................    343    296    306    305    287    331    540    1.5   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.4   2.4
  State and local government.............    264    269    273    268    248    263    269    1.3   1.4   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.3   1.4


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    778    789    730    821    690    734    694    3.1   3.2   3.0   3.3   2.8   3.0   2.8
  South..................................  1,500  1,561  1,459  1,423  1,427  1,521  1,602    3.2   3.3   3.1   3.0   3.0   3.2   3.4
  Midwest................................    881    988    858    895    948    988    912    3.0   3.4   2.9   3.0   3.2   3.3   3.1
  West...................................    978  1,034    954    920    944    920    907    3.4   3.6   3.3   3.2   3.3   3.2   3.1


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 4.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              June   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   June  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June
                                            2009   2010   2010   2010   2010   2010   2010p  2009  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010  2010p

Total....................................  1,830  1,772  1,851  1,918  1,972  1,929  1,961    1.4   1.4   1.4   1.5   1.5   1.5   1.5

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  1,727  1,661  1,719  1,802  1,871  1,828  1,836    1.6   1.6   1.6   1.7   1.7   1.7   1.7
  Construction...........................     72     99     84     83     67     64     68    1.2   1.8   1.5   1.5   1.2   1.1   1.2
  Manufacturing..........................     98     85     97     89     99     96    105     .8    .7    .8    .8    .8    .8    .9
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    408    368    432    424    442    438    437    1.6   1.5   1.8   1.7   1.8   1.8   1.8
   Retail trade..........................    308    266    333    316    330    338    329    2.1   1.8   2.3   2.2   2.3   2.3   2.3
  Professional and business services.....    268    259    300    315    323    330    331    1.6   1.6   1.8   1.9   1.9   2.0   2.0
  Education and health services..........    266    248    237    253    299    254    270    1.4   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.5   1.3   1.4
  Leisure and hospitality................    419    401    393    406    419    428    391    3.2   3.1   3.0   3.1   3.2   3.3   3.0
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     42     48     35     36     40     39     33    2.2   2.5   1.9   1.9   2.1   2.0   1.7
   Accommodation and food services.......    376    353    358    371    379    390    359    3.4   3.2   3.2   3.3   3.4   3.5   3.2
 Government(6)...........................    103    112    132    117    101    101    125     .5    .5    .6    .5    .4    .4    .6
  State and local government.............     99    106    121    105     93     88    101     .5    .5    .6    .5    .5    .4    .5


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    302    268    320    325    332    286    341    1.2   1.1   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.2   1.4
  South..................................    708    736    755    750    744    736    791    1.5   1.6   1.6   1.6   1.6   1.6   1.7
  Midwest................................    422    380    421    438    442    496    425    1.4   1.3   1.4   1.5   1.5   1.7   1.4
  West...................................    461    362    434    406    429    433    438    1.6   1.3   1.5   1.4   1.5   1.5   1.5


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 5.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  2,452    2,932    2,867           1.8      2.2      2.1

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  2,113    2,595    2,461           1.9      2.3      2.2
  Mining and Logging............................      5       19       16            .8      2.6      2.2
  Construction..................................     63       91       59           1.0      1.6      1.0
  Manufacturing.................................    106      209      228            .9      1.8      1.9
   Durable goods................................     53      135      151            .7      1.9      2.1
   Nondurable goods.............................     53       74       77           1.1      1.6      1.7
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    459      443      432           1.8      1.8      1.7
   Wholesale trade..............................     91      124      103           1.6      2.2      1.8
   Retail trade.................................    303      257      245           2.0      1.8      1.7
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     65       62       85           1.3      1.3      1.7
  Information...................................     45       87       66           1.6      3.1      2.4
  Financial activities..........................    149      222      236           1.9      2.8      3.0
   Finance and insurance........................    120      184      185           2.0      3.2      3.2
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     30       39       51           1.4      2.0      2.5
  Professional and business services............    370      602      492           2.2      3.5      2.8
  Education and health services.................    499      483      478           2.6      2.4      2.4
   Educational services.........................     67       68       50           2.2      2.1      1.7
   Health care and social assistance............    432      414      428           2.6      2.5      2.5
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    265      318      315           1.9      2.3      2.2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     18       51       49            .8      2.5      2.2
   Accommodation and food services.............     247      267      265           2.1      2.3      2.2
  Other services................................    151      121      138           2.7      2.2      2.5

 Government.....................................    339      338      406           1.5      1.4      1.8
  Federal.......................................     40       99      135           1.4      2.8      4.0
  State and local...............................    299      239      271           1.5      1.2      1.4

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    571      615      629           2.2      2.4      2.5
  South.........................................    832    1,061    1,018           1.7      2.2      2.1
  Midwest.......................................    463      552      590           1.5      1.8      1.9
  West..........................................    586      704      630           2.0      2.4      2.1


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a
percent of total employment plus job openings.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 6.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  4,468    4,931    4,946           3.4      3.8      3.8

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  4,112    4,181    4,517           3.8      3.9      4.2
  Mining and Logging............................     19       34       28           2.8      4.7      3.9
  Construction..................................    333      395      355           5.4      7.0      6.1
  Manufacturing.................................    256      305      305           2.2      2.6      2.6
   Durable goods................................    120      180      183           1.7      2.5      2.5
   Nondurable goods.............................    135      125      123           3.0      2.8      2.7
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    776      850      908           3.1      3.4      3.7
   Wholesale trade..............................    121      132      133           2.2      2.4      2.4
   Retail trade.................................    535      592      623           3.7      4.1      4.3
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    120      126      153           2.5      2.7      3.2
  Information...................................     66       52       60           2.3      1.9      2.2
  Financial activities..........................    201      204      243           2.6      2.7      3.2
   Finance and insurance........................    115      126      162           2.0      2.2      2.9
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     85       78       81           4.2      4.0      4.1
  Professional and business services............    661      845      890           4.0      5.1      5.3
  Education and health services.................    600      433      593           3.2      2.2      3.1
   Educational services.........................     98       43       87           3.4      1.3      3.0
   Health care and social assistance............    501      390      505           3.1      2.4      3.1
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    841      847      861           6.1      6.4      6.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    153      154      180           7.2      7.8      8.3
   Accommodation and food services.............     688      693      680           6.0      6.1      5.9
  Other services................................    358      218      273           6.6      4.1      5.0

 Government.....................................    356      749      429           1.6      3.2      1.9
  Federal.......................................     29      490       89           1.0     14.4      2.8
  State and local...............................    327      260      340           1.7      1.3      1.7

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    909      886      906           3.6      3.6      3.6
  South.........................................  1,584    1,725    1,710           3.3      3.6      3.6
  Midwest.......................................    983    1,229    1,236           3.3      4.1      4.1
  West..........................................    991    1,091    1,094           3.4      3.8      3.8


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 7.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  4,220    3,739    4,297           3.2      2.8      3.3

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,722    3,386    3,588           3.4      3.1      3.3
  Mining and Logging............................     20       16       16           2.9      2.2      2.3
  Construction..................................    311      282      265           5.0      5.0      4.6
  Manufacturing.................................    314      207      233           2.7      1.8      2.0
   Durable goods................................    191      116      131           2.6      1.6      1.8
   Nondurable goods.............................    123       91      102           2.7      2.0      2.2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    745      738      789           3.0      3.0      3.2
   Wholesale trade..............................    119      104      111           2.1      1.9      2.0
   Retail trade.................................    498      534      551           3.4      3.7      3.8
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    128      100      128           2.7      2.1      2.7
  Information...................................     66       49       52           2.4      1.8      1.9
  Financial activities..........................    159      170      187           2.0      2.2      2.4
   Finance and insurance........................    103      104      131           1.8      1.8      2.3
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     57       66       56           2.8      3.4      2.8
  Professional and business services............    662      691      690           4.0      4.2      4.1
  Education and health services.................    547      431      539           2.9      2.2      2.8
   Educational services.........................    109       69      109           3.8      2.2      3.7
   Health care and social assistance............    438      362      430           2.7      2.2      2.6
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    679      642      640           5.0      4.8      4.7
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     84       94       64           3.9      4.8      2.9
   Accommodation and food services.............     595      548      577           5.2      4.8      5.0
  Other services................................    217      159      176           4.0      3.0      3.3

 Government.....................................    498      353      708           2.2      1.5      3.1
  Federal.......................................     79       66      270           2.8      1.9      8.4
  State and local...............................    419      287      438           2.1      1.4      2.2

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    831      599      771           3.3      2.4      3.1
  South.........................................  1,509    1,445    1,654           3.2      3.0      3.5
  Midwest.......................................    875      873      919           2.9      2.9      3.1
  West..........................................  1,005      821      952           3.4      2.8      3.3


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 8.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  1,859    1,892    2,026           1.4      1.4      1.5

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  1,722    1,780    1,863           1.6      1.7      1.7
  Mining and Logging............................      7        6        8           1.0       .9      1.1
  Construction..................................     77       60       72           1.2      1.1      1.2
  Manufacturing.................................     94       90      105            .8       .8       .9
   Durable goods................................     43       39       56            .6       .6       .8
   Nondurable goods.............................     50       51       49           1.1      1.1      1.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    391      440      425           1.6      1.8      1.7
   Wholesale trade..............................     48       44       56            .8       .8      1.0
   Retail trade.................................    296      351      318           2.0      2.4      2.2
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     48       45       51           1.0      1.0      1.1
  Information...................................     29       21       24           1.0       .8       .9
  Financial activities..........................     60       84      109            .8      1.1      1.4
   Finance and insurance........................     45       54       72            .8       .9      1.3
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     15       30       37            .7      1.5      1.9
  Professional and business services............    268      329      347           1.6      2.0      2.1
  Education and health services.................    274      243      282           1.4      1.2      1.5
   Educational services.........................     43       29       37           1.5       .9      1.3
   Health care and social assistance............    232      214      244           1.4      1.3      1.5
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    417      413      390           3.1      3.1      2.8
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     45       37       34           2.1      1.9      1.5
   Accommodation and food services.............     372      376      357           3.2      3.3      3.1
  Other services................................    105       94      101           1.9      1.8      1.9

 Government.....................................    137      113      164            .6       .5       .7
  Federal.......................................      4       14       25            .1       .4       .8
  State and local...............................    133       99      139            .7       .5       .7

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    290      261      350           1.2      1.0      1.4
  South.........................................    695      729      799           1.5      1.5      1.7
  Midwest.......................................    394      472      405           1.3      1.6      1.4
  West..........................................    481      431      473           1.6      1.5      1.6


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 9.  Layoffs and discharges levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  2,025    1,543    1,883           1.5      1.2      1.4

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  1,756    1,373    1,468           1.6      1.3      1.4
  Mining and Logging............................     11        8        5           1.6      1.1       .7
  Construction..................................    226      212      185           3.6      3.8      3.2
  Manufacturing.................................    187       98      109           1.6       .8       .9
   Durable goods................................    122       65       61           1.7       .9       .8
   Nondurable goods.............................     65       33       48           1.4       .7      1.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    310      229      300           1.2       .9      1.2
   Wholesale trade..............................     68       58       52           1.2      1.0       .9
   Retail trade.................................    170      129      191           1.2       .9      1.3
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     72       42       57           1.5       .9      1.2
  Information...................................     29       25       22           1.0       .9       .8
  Financial activities..........................     94       66       47           1.2       .9       .6
   Finance and insurance........................     53       39       30            .9       .7       .5
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     41       27       18           2.0      1.4       .9
  Professional and business services............    351      313      296           2.1      1.9      1.8
  Education and health services.................    215      161      213           1.1       .8      1.1
   Educational services.........................     59       37       65           2.0      1.2      2.2
   Health care and social assistance............    156      124      148           1.0       .8       .9
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    232      203      229           1.7      1.5      1.7
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     37       54       27           1.7      2.7      1.2
   Accommodation and food services.............     195      150      203           1.7      1.3      1.8
  Other services................................     99       57       61           1.8      1.1      1.1

 Government.....................................    269      170      416           1.2       .7      1.8
  Federal.......................................     66       42      238           2.3      1.2      7.4
  State and local...............................    204      128      177           1.0       .6       .9

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    461      293      335           1.9      1.2      1.3
  South.........................................    694      592      718           1.5      1.2      1.5
  Midwest.......................................    418      333      426           1.4      1.1      1.4
  West..........................................    451      324      404           1.5      1.1      1.4


  1 Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
  2 The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a
percent of total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 10.  Other separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................    335      304      387           0.3      0.2      0.3

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................    244      233      258            .2       .2       .2
  Mining and Logging............................      2        2        3            .3       .2       .4
  Construction..................................      8       10        8            .1       .2       .1
  Manufacturing.................................     34       19       19            .3       .2       .2
   Durable goods................................     26       12       14            .4       .2       .2
   Nondurable goods.............................      8        7        5            .2       .2       .1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........     43       69       65            .2       .3       .3
   Wholesale trade..............................      4        2        3            .1      (4)       .1
   Retail trade.................................     31       54       42            .2       .4       .3
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...      9       13       21            .2       .3       .4
  Information...................................      7        3        6            .3       .1       .2
  Financial activities..........................      5       20       31            .1       .3       .4
   Finance and insurance........................      4       11       29            .1       .2       .5
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........      1        9        2           (4)       .5       .1
  Professional and business services............     43       49       47            .3       .3       .3
  Education and health services.................     58       27       44            .3       .1       .2
   Educational services.........................      7        3        6            .3       .1       .2
   Health care and social assistance............     50       24       37            .3       .1       .2
  Leisure and hospitality.......................     30       25       21            .2       .2       .1
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........      2        4        3            .1       .2       .2
   Accommodation and food services.............      28       22       17            .2       .2       .1
  Other services................................     13        8       14            .2       .2       .3

 Government.....................................     91       70      129            .4       .3       .6
  Federal.......................................      9       11        6            .3       .3       .2
  State and local...............................     82       60      123            .4       .3       .6

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................     81       45       86            .3       .2       .3
  South.........................................    119      125      137            .3       .3       .3
  Midwest.......................................     63       68       89            .2       .2       .3
  West..........................................     72       66       75            .2       .2       .3


  1 Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
  2 The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  4 Data round to zero.
  p = preliminary.


Last Modified Date: August 11, 2010
Recommend this page using: