Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


Technical information:      (202) 691-5870        USDL 09-0935
                   http://www.bls.gov/jlt/
                         JoltsInfo@bls.gov
                                                  For release:  10:00 A.M. EDT
Media contact:              (202) 691-5902        Wednesday, August 12, 2009


              JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER:  JUNE 2009


     On the last business day of June, the number of job openings in
the U.S. was little changed near a series low level of 2.6 million,
the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor
reported today.  The hires rate at 2.9 percent in June was at the
lowest point since the series began in December 2000.  The total
separations rate remained at a series low of 3.3 percent.  This
release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings,
hires, and separations for the total nonfarm sector by industry and
geographic region.



Job Openings
     The job openings rate was unchanged in June; the rate has held at
1.9 percent since March 2009.  The number of job openings varied
little over the last four months, after falling by 2.2 million, or 45
percent, from June 2007 to March 2009.  The job openings rate was
little changed in June in every industry and region.  (See table 1.)


                              - 2 -     

Table A.  Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally
adjusted
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   |    Job openings    |       Hires        | Total separations
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
     Industry      | June | May  | June | June | May  | June | June | May  | June
                   | 2008 | 2009 | 2009p| 2008 | 2009 | 2009p| 2008 | 2009 | 2009p
-------------------|--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                     Levels (in thousands)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total(1)...........|3,850 |2,523 |2,558 |4,811 |3,942 |3,776 |4,963 |4,356 |4,337
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|3,429 |2,191 |2,206 |4,498 |3,739 |3,673 |4,674 |4,066 |3,985
  Construction.....|  117 |   39 |   67 |  394 |  365 |  289 |  451 |  411 |  359
  Manufacturing....|  268 |  105 |  101 |  318 |  206 |  209 |  369 |  367 |  359
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  608 |  466 |  484 |  996 |  842 |  740 |1,031 |  951 |  785
   Retail trade....|  361 |  319 |  316 |  679 |  575 |  516 |  692 |  601 |  546
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  713 |  451 |  412 |  869 |  721 |  680 |  928 |  771 |  727
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  714 |  530 |  528 |  547 |  473 |  530 |  495 |  419 |  485
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  516 |  265 |  304 |  820 |  695 |  708 |  823 |  684 |  711
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|   46 |   20 |   16 |  109 |   83 |  104 |  116 |   88 |  104
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  468 |  239 |  283 |  707 |  606 |  601 |  714 |  596 |  611
 Government(3).....|  420 |  310 |  321 |  321 |  273 |  254 |  295 |  288 |  324
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  359 |  267 |  269 |  295 |  257 |  237 |  269 |  250 |  258
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                       Rates (percent)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total(1)...........|  2.7 |  1.9 |  1.9 |  3.5 |  3.0 |  2.9 |  3.6 |  3.3 |  3.3
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|  2.9 |  2.0 |  2.0 |  3.9 |  3.4 |  3.4 |  4.1 |  3.7 |  3.7
  Construction.....|  1.6 |  0.6 |  1.1 |  5.5 |  5.8 |  4.6 |  6.2 |  6.5 |  5.8
  Manufacturing....|  1.9 |  0.9 |  0.8 |  2.4 |  1.7 |  1.8 |  2.7 |  3.1 |  3.0
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  2.2 |  1.8 |  1.9 |  3.8 |  3.3 |  2.9 |  3.9 |  3.8 |  3.1
   Retail trade....|  2.3 |  2.1 |  2.1 |  4.4 |  3.9 |  3.5 |  4.5 |  4.1 |  3.7
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  3.8 |  2.6 |  2.4 |  4.9 |  4.3 |  4.1 |  5.2 |  4.6 |  4.4
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  3.7 |  2.7 |  2.7 |  2.9 |  2.5 |  2.8 |  2.6 |  2.2 |  2.5
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  3.7 |  2.0 |  2.3 |  6.1 |  5.3 |  5.4 |  6.1 |  5.2 |  5.4
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|  2.3 |  1.0 |  0.8 |  5.5 |  4.4 |  5.5 |  5.9 |  4.6 |  5.5
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  3.9 |  2.1 |  2.5 |  6.1 |  5.4 |  5.3 |  6.2 |  5.3 |  5.4
 Government(3).....|  1.8 |  1.4 |  1.4 |  1.4 |  1.2 |  1.1 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.4
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  1.8 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.5 |  1.3 |  1.2 |  1.4 |  1.3 |  1.3
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and
other services, not shown separately.
  2 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not
shown separately.
  3 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  p = preliminary.


     Over the 12 months ending in June, the job openings rate (not
seasonally adjusted) fell for total nonfarm, total private,
government, and a majority of the industries.  The exceptions were
construction; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance and insurance;
real estate and rental and leasing; educational services; other
services; and federal government, which were little changed.  Three of
the four regions experienced a drop in the job openings rate in the 12
months ending in June:  Midwest, South, and West.  (See table 5.)

                              - 3 -     

Hires
     The hires level was little changed at 3.8 million in June but has
declined by 1.9 million, or 33 percent, since the recent peak in July
2006.  The hires rate was 2.9 percent in June.  The hires rate
declined over the month in construction and trade, transportation, and
utilities.  The rate increased over the month in education and health
services.  (See table 2.)
     
     Over the 12 months ending in June, the hires rate (not seasonally
adjusted) declined for total nonfarm, total private, government, and
many industries.  The rate rose in the other services industry.  The
industries with little change in the rate were nondurable goods
manufacturing; transportation, warehousing, and utilities;
information; real estate and rental and leasing; educational services;
health care and social assistance; and arts, entertainment, and
recreation.  The hires rate fell over the past 12 months in three of
the four regions:  Midwest, South, and West.  (See table 6.)

Separations
     The total separations, or turnover, rate was unchanged in June
and remained low at 3.3 percent.  The total separations rate (not
seasonally adjusted) decreased over the 12 months ending in June for
total nonfarm and total private.  Total separations includes quits
(voluntary separations), layoffs and discharges (involuntary
separations), and other separations (including retirements).  (See
tables 3 and 7.)
     
     The quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or
ability to change jobs.  The rate was unchanged in June and remained
low at 1.4 percent.  The quits level was 1.8 million in June, which is
43 percent lower than the recent peak in December 2006.  (See table
4.)
     
     Over the 12 months ending in June, the quits rate (not seasonally
adjusted) was lower for total nonfarm, total private, government,
nearly every industry, and all four regions.  The three industries in
which the quits rate was little changed over the year were
information; educational services; and arts, entertainment, and
recreation.  The only industry in which the quits rate rose over the
year was federal government.  (See table 8.)
     
     The layoffs and discharges component of total separations is
seasonally adjusted at the total nonfarm, total private, and
government levels.  Layoffs and discharges levels were little changed
in June at 2.2 million for total nonfarm, 2.0 million for total
private, and 150,000 for government.  The corresponding layoffs and
discharges rates were 1.6 percent, 1.8 percent, and 0.7 percent,
respectively.  The number of layoffs for the U.S. in June was 35
percent higher than the recent low in January 2006.  (See table B
below.)
     
     The layoffs and discharges rate (not seasonally adjusted) was
little changed over the 12 months ending in June at the total nonfarm
and total private levels after rising over the year in January through
May.  Although the total nonfarm layoffs and discharges rate was
little changed over the 12 months ending in June, the rate rose in
mining and logging; durable goods manufacturing; federal government;
and state and local government.  The remaining industries and all four
regions were little changed over the year.  (See table 9.)
     
                              - 4 -     
     
Table B.  Layoffs and discharges by industry, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                   | Levels (in thousands) |        Rates
                   |------------------------------------------------
     Industry      |  June |  May  |  June |  June |  May  |  June
                   |  2008 |  2009 |  2009p|  2008 |  2009 |  2009p
-------------------|------------------------------------------------
Total..............| 1,990 | 2,273 | 2,150 |  1.4  |  1.7  |  1.6
 Total private.....| 1,882 | 2,140 | 2,004 |  1.6  |  2.0  |  1.8
 Government....... |   105 |   130 |   150 |  0.5  |  0.6  |  0.7
--------------------------------------------------------------------
  p = preliminary.


     The other separations series is not seasonally adjusted.  In
June, there were 363,000 other separations for total nonfarm, 251,000
for total private, and 111,000 for government.  Compared to June 2008,
the number of other separations was little changed for total nonfarm
and total private, but higher for government.  (See table 10.)

     The total separations level is influenced by the relative
contribution of its three components—quits, layoffs and discharges,
and other separations.  The percentage of total separations at the
total nonfarm level attributable to the individual components has
varied over time.  After the proportion of quits decreased to an all-
time low of 38 percent in April 2009, it increased to 42 percent of
total separations in June 2009.  The proportion of layoffs and
discharges moved in the opposite direction, increasing to an all-time
high of 54 percent in April 2009, and then decreasing to 50 percent in
June 2009.  (See tables 3 and 4, and table B above.)

Net Change in Employment
     In each month from July 2008 to June 2009, separations exceeded
hires.  Over the 12 months ending in June, hires totaled 51.8 million
and separations totaled 57.1 million, yielding a net employment loss
of 5.3 million.
     
       _______________________________________________
     
     The Job Openings and Labor Turnover release for July 2009 is
scheduled to be issued on Wednesday, September 9.




                         - 5 -

Technical Note


  The data for the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS)
are collected and compiled monthly from a sample of business
establishments by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Collection

  In a monthly survey of business establishments, data are
collected for total employment, job openings, hires, quits, layoffs
and discharges, and other separations.  Data collection methods
include computer-assisted telephone interviewing, touchtone data
entry, fax, e-mail, and mail.

Coverage

  The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments such
as factories, offices, and stores, as well as federal, state, and
local government entities in the 50 states and the District of
Columbia.

Concepts

  Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this
release are in accordance with the 2007 version of the North
American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  In order to
ensure the highest possible quality of data, State Workforce
Agencies verify with employers and update, if necessary, the
industry code, location, and ownership classification of all
establishments on a 3-year cycle.  Changes in establishment
characteristics resulting from the verification process are always
introduced into the JOLTS sampling frame with the data reported for
the first month of the year.

  Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who
worked or received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th
day of the reference month.  Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-
term, seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave.  Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay
period, are not counted as employed.  Employees of temporary help
agencies, employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and
consultants are counted by their employer of record, not by the
establishment where they are working.

  Job openings.  Establishments submit job openings information for
the last business day of the reference month.  A job opening
requires that: 1) a specific position exists and there is work
available for that position, 2) work could start within 30 days
regardless of whether a suitable candidate is found, and 3) the
employer is actively recruiting from outside the establishment to
fill the position.  Included are full-time, part-time, permanent,
short-term, and seasonal openings.  Active recruiting means that
the establishment is taking steps to fill a position by advertising
in newspapers or on the Internet, posting help-wanted signs,
accepting applications, or using other similar methods.

  Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions,
demotions, or recall from layoffs are excluded.  Also excluded are
jobs with start dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for
which employees have been hired but have not yet reported for work,
and jobs to be filled by employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants.
The job openings rate is computed by dividing the number of job
openings by the sum of employment and job openings and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

  Hires.  Hires are the total number of additions to the payroll
occurring at any time during the reference month, including both
new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the
location after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or
intermittent employees who returned to work after having been
formally separated, and transfers from other locations.  The hires
count does not include transfers or promotions within the reporting
site, employees returning from strike, employees of temporary help
agencies or employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or
consultants.  The hires rate is computed by dividing the number of
hires by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.

  Separations.  Separations are the total number of terminations of
employment occurring at any time during the reference month, and
are reported by type of separation--quits, layoffs and discharges,
and other separations.  Quits are voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations).  Layoffs and discharges are involuntary separations
initiated by the employer and include layoffs with no intent to
rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last more than 7
days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or closings;
firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of permanent or
short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal employees.
Other separations include retirements, transfers to other
locations, deaths, and separations due to disability.  Separations
do not include transfers within the same location or employees on
strike.

  The separations rate is computed by dividing the number of
separations by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.
The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates are
computed similarly, dividing the number by employment and
multiplying by 100.

  Annual estimates.  Annual estimates of rates and levels

                         - 6 -

of hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and total
separations are released with the January news release each year.

   The JOLTS annual level estimates for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels.  The annual rate estimates are
computed by dividing the annual level by the Current Employment
Statistics (CES) annual average employment level, and multiplying
that quotient by 100.  This figure will be approximately equal to
the sum of the 12 monthly rates.  Note that both the JOLTS and CES
annual levels are rounded to the nearest thousand before the annual
estimates are calculated.  Consistent with BLS practices, annual
estimates are published only for not seasonally adjusted data.

  Annual estimates are not calculated for job openings because job
openings are a stock, or point-in-time, measurement for the last
business day of each month.  Only jobs still open on the last day
of the month are counted.  For the same reason job openings cannot
be cumulated throughout each month, annual figures for job openings
cannot be created by summing the monthly estimates.  Hires and
separations are flow measures and are cumulated over the month with
a total reported for the month.  Therefore, the annual figures can
be created by summing the monthly estimates.

Special Collection Procedures

  An implied measure of employment change can be derived from the
JOLTS data by subtracting separations from hires for a given
month.  Aggregating these monthly changes historically produced
employment levels that overstated employment change as measured by
CES at the total nonfarm level.  Research into this problem showed
that a significant amount of the divergence between the CES
employment levels and the derived JOLTS employment levels was
traceable to the Employment Services industry and to the State
Government Education industry.  In the former industry, businesses
have a difficult time reporting hires and separations of temporary
help workers.  In the latter industry, employers have difficulty
reporting hires and separations of student workers.  BLS now
devotes additional resources to the collection, editing, and review
of data for these industries.  BLS analysts more closely examine
reported data that do not provide a consistent picture over time,
and re-contact the respondents as necessary.  Analysts work with
the respondents to adjust their reporting practices as possible.
Units that cannot be reconciled but are clearly incorrect on a
consistent basis are not used, they are replaced by imputed values
using standard techniques.

Sample and estimation methodology

  The JOLTS survey design is a random sample of 16,000 nonfarm
business establishments, including factories, offices, and stores,
as well as federal, state, and local governments in the 50 states
and the District of Columbia.  The establishments are drawn from a
universe of over 9.1 million establishments compiled as part of the
operations of the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW)
program.  This program includes all employers subject to state
Unemployment Insurance (UI) laws and federal agencies subject to
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE).

  The sampling frame is stratified by ownership, region, industry
sector, and size class. The JOLTS sample is constructed from
individual panels of sample units drawn on an annual basis. The
full annual sample consists of one certainty panel composed of only
large units selected with virtual certainty based on their size and
24 non-certainty panels.  Each month a new non-certainty panel is
rolled into collection, and the oldest non-certainty panel is
rolled out.  This means that at any given time the JOLTS sample is
constructed from panels from three different annual sampling
frames.  The entire sample of old plus new panels is post-
stratified and re-weighted annually to represent the most recent
sampling frame.  Additionally, the out-of-business establishments
are removed from the old panels.  The annual sample is supplemented
with a quarterly sample of birth establishments (i.e., new
establishments) to better reflect the impact of younger
establishments in the JOLTS sample.

  JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked monthly to the
employment estimates of the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
survey.  A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the
levels for all other JOLTS data elements.

  JOLTS Business Birth/Death Model

  As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as
current as its sampling frame.  The time lag from the birth of an
establishment until its appearance on the sampling frame is
approximately one year.  In addition, many of these new units may
fail within the first year.  Since these universe units cannot be
reflected on the sampling frame immediately, the JOLTS sample
cannot capture job openings, hires, and separations from these
units during their early existence.  BLS has developed a model to
estimate birth/death activity for current months by examining the
birth/death activity from previous years on the QCEW and projecting
forward to the present using an econometric technique known as X-12
ARIMA modeling. The birth/death model also uses historical JOLTS
data to estimate the amount of “churn” (hires and separations) that
exists in establishments of various sizes.  The model then combines
the estimated churn with the projected employment change to
estimate the number of hires and separations taking place in these
units that cannot be measured through sampling.

                         - 7 -

  The model-based estimate of total separations is distributed to
the three components – quits; layoffs and discharges; and other
separations - in proportion to their contribution to the sample-
based estimate of total separations.  Additionally, job openings
for the modeled units are estimated by computing the ratio of
openings to hires in the collected data and applying that ratio to
the modeled hires.  The estimates of job openings, hires, and
separations produced by the birth/death model are then added to the
sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

  BLS seasonally adjusts several JOLTS series using the X-12-ARIMA
seasonal adjustment program.  Seasonal adjustment is the process of
estimating and removing periodic fluctuations caused by events such
as weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school
year.  Seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental
changes in the level of the series, particularly those associated
with general economic expansions and contractions.  A concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal
adjustment factors are calculated each month, using all relevant
data, up to and including the data for the current month.

Alignment procedure

  JOLTS hires minus separations should be comparable to the CES net
employment change.  However, definitional differences as well as
sampling and non-sampling errors between the two surveys
historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES over time. To limit
the divergence, and improve the quality of the JOLTS hires and
separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly Alignment Method.
The Monthly Alignment Method applies the CES employment trends to
the seasonally adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus
separations) forcing them to be approximately the same, while
preserving the seasonality of the JOLTS data.  First, the two
series are seasonally adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS
implied employment trend and the CES net employment change is
calculated. Next, the JOLTS implied employment trend is adjusted to
equal the CES net employment change through a proportional
adjustment. This proportional adjustment procedure adjusts the two
components (hires, separations) proportionally to their
contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations).  For
example, if hires are 40 percent of the churn for a given month,
they will receive 40 percent of the needed adjustment and
separations will receive 60 percent of the needed adjustment. The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors.  After the monthly alignment method has been used to
adjust the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the
adjusted levels.  The Monthly Alignment procedure assures a close
match of the JOLTS implied employment trend with the CES trend. The
CES series is considered a highly accurate measure of net
employment change owing to its very large sample size and annual
benchmarking to universe counts of employment from the QCEW
program.

Using JOLTS data

  The JOLTS data series on job openings, hires, and separations are
relatively new.  The full sample is divided into panels, with one
panel enrolled each month.  A full complement of panels for the
original data series based on the 1987 Standard Industrial
Classification (SIC) system was not completely enrolled in the
survey until January 2002.  The supplemental panels of
establishments needed to create NAICS estimates were not completely
enrolled until May 2003.  The data collected up until those points
are from less than a full sample.  Therefore, estimates from
earlier months should be used with caution, as fewer sampled units
were reporting data at that time.

  In March 2002, BLS procedures for collecting hires and
separations data were revised to address possible underreporting.
As a result, JOLTS hires and separations estimates for months prior
to March 2002 may not be comparable to estimates for March 2002 and
later.

  The federal government reorganization that involved transferring
approximately 180,000 employees to the new Department of Homeland
Security is not reflected in the JOLTS hires and separations
estimates for the federal government.  The Office of Personnel
Management's record shows these transfers were completed in March
2003.  The inclusion of transfers in the JOLTS definitions of hires
and separations is intended to cover ongoing movements of workers
between establishments.  The Department of Homeland Security
reorganization was a massive one-time event, and the inclusion of
these intergovernmental transfers would distort the federal
government time series.

  JOLTS uses moving averages as seasonal filters in seasonal
adjustment.  JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both additive and
multiplicative seasonal adjustment models and REGARIMA (regression
with autocorrelated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal
adjustment factors at the beginning and end of the series and to
detect and adjust for outliers in the series.

Reliability of the estimates

  JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling
error.  When a sample rather than the entire population is
surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ
from the "true" population values they represent.  The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular
sample selected, and this variability is measured by the standard
error of the estimate.  BLS analysis is generally conducted at the
90-percent level of confidence.  That means that there is a

                         - 8 -

90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a
sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the
"true" population value because of sampling error.  Estimates of
sampling errors are available upon request.

  The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain
data from all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness
of respondents to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by
respondents, errors made in the collection or processing of the
data, and errors from the employment benchmark data used in
estimation.

Other information

  Information in this release will be made available to sensory
impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD
message referral phone: 1-800-877-8339.


Table 1.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              June   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   June  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June
                                            2008   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2008  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009p

Total(4).................................  3,850  2,920  2,973  2,633  2,513  2,523  2,558    2.7   2.1   2.2   1.9   1.9   1.9   1.9

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  3,429  2,461  2,606  2,269  2,042  2,191  2,206    2.9   2.2   2.3   2.0   1.8   2.0   2.0
  Construction...........................    117     55     58     51     29     39     67    1.6    .8    .9    .8    .5    .6   1.1
  Manufacturing..........................    268    115    141    115     95    105    101    1.9    .9   1.1    .9    .8    .9    .8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    608    488    488    414    332    466    484    2.2   1.9   1.9   1.6   1.3   1.8   1.9
   Retail trade..........................    361    362    334    265    205    319    316    2.3   2.4   2.2   1.8   1.4   2.1   2.1
  Professional and business services.....    713    501    482    428    461    451    412    3.8   2.8   2.8   2.5   2.7   2.6   2.4
  Education and health services..........    714    636    589    537    515    530    528    3.7   3.2   3.0   2.7   2.6   2.7   2.7
  Leisure and hospitality................    516    272    332    289    322    265    304    3.7   2.0   2.4   2.1   2.4   2.0   2.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     46     27     30     25     22     20     16    2.3   1.4   1.5   1.3   1.1   1.0    .8
   Accommodation and food services.......    468    242    302    263    312    239    283    3.9   2.1   2.6   2.3   2.7   2.1   2.5
 Government(6)...........................    420    417    367    353    461    310    321    1.8   1.8   1.6   1.5   2.0   1.4   1.4
  State and local government.............    359    328    317    291    307    267    269    1.8   1.6   1.6   1.5   1.5   1.3   1.3


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    661    560    607    583    520    554    610    2.5   2.2   2.4   2.3   2.0   2.2   2.4
  South..................................  1,529  1,109  1,109  1,000    942    888    880    3.0   2.2   2.2   2.0   1.9   1.8   1.8
  Midwest................................    758    587    563    499    512    512    485    2.4   1.9   1.8   1.6   1.7   1.7   1.6
  West...................................    879    655    638    556    570    544    560    2.8   2.1   2.1   1.8   1.9   1.8   1.9


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus
job openings.
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of
Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas,
Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio,
South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah,
Washington, and Wyoming.
  p = preliminary.



Table 2.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              June   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   June  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June
                                            2008   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2008  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009p

Total(4).................................  4,811  4,460  4,339  4,099  4,117  3,942  3,776    3.5   3.3   3.2   3.1   3.1   3.0   2.9

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  4,498  4,141  4,042  3,799  3,822  3,739  3,673    3.9   3.7   3.6   3.4   3.5   3.4   3.4
  Construction...........................    394    381    370    343    341    365    289    5.5   5.7   5.6   5.3   5.4   5.8   4.6
  Manufacturing..........................    318    237    257    244    236    206    209    2.4   1.9   2.1   2.0   1.9   1.7   1.8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    996    949    814    883    888    842    740    3.8   3.7   3.2   3.5   3.5   3.3   2.9
   Retail trade..........................    679    587    563    595    655    575    516    4.4   3.9   3.8   4.0   4.4   3.9   3.5
  Professional and business services.....    869    762    730    668    733    721    680    4.9   4.4   4.3   4.0   4.4   4.3   4.1
  Education and health services..........    547    539    527    483    475    473    530    2.9   2.8   2.8   2.5   2.5   2.5   2.8
  Leisure and hospitality................    820    743    704    693    691    695    708    6.1   5.6   5.3   5.3   5.3   5.3   5.4
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    109    105     89     85     86     83    104    5.5   5.4   4.6   4.4   4.5   4.4   5.5
   Accommodation and food services.......    707    627    614    607    603    606    601    6.1   5.5   5.4   5.4   5.4   5.4   5.3
 Government(6)...........................    321    306    275    271    340    273    254    1.4   1.4   1.2   1.2   1.5   1.2   1.1
  State and local government.............    295    261    252    247    246    257    237    1.5   1.3   1.3   1.2   1.2   1.3   1.2


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    824    753    837    696    729    712    766    3.2   3.0   3.3   2.8   2.9   2.9   3.1
  South..................................  1,722  1,663  1,566  1,458  1,619  1,423  1,331    3.5   3.4   3.2   3.0   3.4   3.0   2.8
  Midwest................................  1,130  1,003    904    943    901    867    856    3.6   3.3   3.0   3.1   3.0   2.9   2.9
  West...................................  1,152  1,002    960    931    949    995    904    3.7   3.3   3.2   3.1   3.2   3.4   3.1


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 3.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              June   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   June  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June
                                            2008   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2008  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009p

Total(4).................................  4,963  4,949  4,833  4,712  4,641  4,356  4,337    3.6   3.7   3.6   3.5   3.5   3.3   3.3

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  4,674  4,686  4,555  4,434  4,362  4,066  3,985    4.1   4.2   4.1   4.0   4.0   3.7   3.7
  Construction...........................    451    524    463    463    437    411    359    6.2   7.8   7.0   7.2   6.9   6.5   5.8
  Manufacturing..........................    369    476    424    401    390    367    359    2.7   3.8   3.4   3.3   3.2   3.1   3.0
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)  1,031  1,049    920  1,001    982    951    785    3.9   4.1   3.6   3.9   3.9   3.8   3.1
   Retail trade..........................    692    645    590    646    678    601    546    4.5   4.3   3.9   4.3   4.6   4.1   3.7
  Professional and business services.....    928    866    951    778    839    771    727    5.2   5.0   5.6   4.6   5.0   4.6   4.4
  Education and health services..........    495    494    498    466    462    419    485    2.6   2.6   2.6   2.4   2.4   2.2   2.5
  Leisure and hospitality................    823    763    731    751    716    684    711    6.1   5.7   5.5   5.7   5.4   5.2   5.4
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    116    117     88     95    102     88    104    5.9   6.0   4.5   4.9   5.4   4.6   5.5
   Accommodation and food services.......    714    650    635    649    612    596    611    6.2   5.7   5.6   5.8   5.4   5.3   5.4
 Government(6)...........................    295    277    271    265    255    288    324    1.3   1.2   1.2   1.2   1.1   1.3   1.4
  State and local government.............    269    267    251    251    243    250    258    1.4   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.3


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    811    813    783    878    700    774    780    3.2   3.2   3.1   3.5   2.8   3.1   3.2
  South..................................  1,837  1,898  1,742  1,741  1,682  1,565  1,524    3.7   3.9   3.6   3.6   3.5   3.3   3.2
  Midwest................................  1,123  1,120  1,121  1,085  1,065  1,016    998    3.6   3.7   3.7   3.6   3.5   3.4   3.3
  West...................................  1,182  1,180  1,188    978  1,188    980  1,060    3.8   3.9   4.0   3.3   4.0   3.3   3.6


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 4.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              June   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   June  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June
                                            2008   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2008  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009p

Total(4).................................  2,682  2,063  1,911  1,856  1,777  1,788  1,808    2.0   1.5   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.4   1.4

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  2,548  1,945  1,831  1,749  1,678  1,682  1,698    2.2   1.7   1.6   1.6   1.5   1.5   1.6
  Construction...........................    153     85     87    102     74     84     75    2.1   1.3   1.3   1.6   1.2   1.3   1.2
  Manufacturing..........................    166    105    105     81     80     86     88    1.2    .8    .8    .7    .7    .7    .7
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    571    469    372    444    385    398    392    2.2   1.8   1.5   1.7   1.5   1.6   1.6
   Retail trade..........................    400    360    323    344    271    296    299    2.6   2.4   2.2   2.3   1.8   2.0   2.0
  Professional and business services.....    487    326    310    278    272    281    267    2.7   1.9   1.8   1.6   1.6   1.7   1.6
  Education and health services..........    299    248    258    249    228    249    263    1.6   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.4
  Leisure and hospitality................    585    443    431    433    430    396    434    4.3   3.3   3.3   3.3   3.3   3.0   3.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     50     31     36     35     41     45     37    2.5   1.6   1.9   1.8   2.1   2.4   2.0
   Accommodation and food services.......    532    412    399    402    392    351    394    4.6   3.6   3.5   3.6   3.5   3.1   3.5
 Government(6)...........................    138    105    115    107     99    107    110     .6    .5    .5    .5    .4    .5    .5
  State and local government.............    130    100    110    106     96     97     99     .7    .5    .6    .5    .5    .5    .5


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    397    278    271    273    263    303    262    1.5   1.1   1.1   1.1   1.1   1.2   1.1
  South..................................  1,062    790    759    751    691    718    671    2.1   1.6   1.6   1.6   1.4   1.5   1.4
  Midwest................................    605    491    468    431    410    397    419    1.9   1.6   1.5   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.4
  West...................................    608    492    453    408    453    398    450    2.0   1.6   1.5   1.4   1.5   1.3   1.5


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 5.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................  3,727    2,509    2,495           2.6      1.9      1.8

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,265    2,194    2,152           2.7      2.0      1.9
  Mining and Logging............................     21       15        5           2.6      2.0       .7
  Construction..................................    122       44       72           1.6       .7      1.1
  Manufacturing.................................    270      108      104           1.9       .9       .9
   Durable goods................................    163       64       53           1.9       .9       .7
   Nondurable goods.............................    108       44       50           2.1       .9      1.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    574      465      463           2.1      1.8      1.8
   Wholesale trade..............................    141       81       97           2.3      1.4      1.7
   Retail trade.................................    319      320      289           2.0      2.1      1.9
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    114       65       78           2.2      1.3      1.6
  Information...................................    111       51       33           3.5      1.7      1.2
  Financial activities..........................    193      150      149           2.3      1.9      1.9
   Finance and insurance........................    150      111      113           2.4      1.9      1.9
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     42       39       36           1.9      1.9      1.7
  Professional and business services............    673      444      386           3.6      2.6      2.3
  Education and health services.................    694      505      508           3.6      2.6      2.6
   Educational services.........................     58       43       71           2.0      1.4      2.4
   Health care and social assistance............    636      462      437           3.9      2.8      2.6
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    490      287      295           3.4      2.1      2.1
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     44       25       14           1.9      1.2       .7
   Accommodation and food services.............     447      262      281           3.6      2.2      2.4
  Other services................................    117      126      136           2.0      2.3      2.4

 Government.....................................    461      314      343           2.0      1.3      1.5
  Federal.......................................     56       43       49           2.0      1.5      1.7
  State and local...............................    405      272      295           2.0      1.3      1.5

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    636      509      595           2.4      2.0      2.3
  South.........................................  1,501      912      860           2.9      1.9      1.8
  Midwest.......................................    719      510      460           2.2      1.7      1.5
  West..........................................    870      578      581           2.7      1.9      1.9


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a
percent of total employment plus job openings.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 6.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................  5,688    4,365    4,569           4.1      3.3      3.4

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  5,242    4,073    4,221           4.5      3.7      3.8
  Mining and Logging............................     44       19       20           5.6      2.6      2.8
  Construction..................................    495      455      358           6.6      7.2      5.6
  Manufacturing.................................    380      232      249           2.8      1.9      2.1
   Durable goods................................    215      106      120           2.5      1.4      1.7
   Nondurable goods.............................    165      125      129           3.3      2.7      2.8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  1,071      892      783           4.0      3.5      3.1
   Wholesale trade..............................    196      166      127           3.3      2.9      2.2
   Retail trade.................................    708      606      531           4.6      4.1      3.6
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    166      119      124           3.3      2.5      2.6
  Information...................................     79       56       65           2.6      1.9      2.3
  Financial activities..........................    272      182      213           3.3      2.3      2.7
   Finance and insurance........................    169      110      115           2.8      1.9      2.0
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........    103       72       97           4.7      3.6      4.8
  Professional and business services............    983      749      703           5.5      4.5      4.2
  Education and health services.................    614      438      601           3.3      2.3      3.2
   Educational services.........................    113       53      102           4.0      1.7      3.5
   Health care and social assistance............    502      385      500           3.2      2.4      3.1
  Leisure and hospitality.......................  1,001      849      875           7.1      6.3      6.4
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    168      130      165           7.5      6.5      7.8
   Accommodation and food services.............     833      719      709           7.0      6.3      6.1
  Other services................................    302      202      354           5.4      3.7      6.4

 Government.....................................    446      292      347           2.0      1.3      1.5
  Federal.......................................     32       19       21           1.1       .7       .7
  State and local...............................    414      273      327           2.1      1.4      1.7

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................  1,003      764      949           3.9      3.1      3.8
  South.........................................  1,993    1,520    1,571           4.0      3.2      3.3
  Midwest.......................................  1,325    1,002      999           4.2      3.3      3.3
  West..........................................  1,367    1,079    1,050           4.4      3.6      3.5


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 7.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................  4,896    3,893    4,181           3.5      2.9      3.2

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  4,464    3,582    3,720           3.8      3.3      3.4
  Mining and Logging............................     24       21       19           3.0      3.0      2.7
  Construction..................................    403      338      316           5.4      5.3      4.9
  Manufacturing.................................    337      323      317           2.5      2.7      2.7
   Durable goods................................    202      198      199           2.3      2.7      2.7
   Nondurable goods.............................    135      125      118           2.7      2.7      2.6
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    954      854      723           3.6      3.4      2.9
   Wholesale trade..............................    163      160      117           2.7      2.8      2.0
   Retail trade.................................    631      567      482           4.1      3.8      3.3
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    160      126      124           3.1      2.6      2.6
  Information...................................     73       69       70           2.4      2.4      2.5
  Financial activities..........................    204      161      157           2.5      2.1      2.0
   Finance and insurance........................    133      103       97           2.2      1.8      1.7
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     72       57       60           3.3      2.9      3.0
  Professional and business services............    918      626      673           5.1      3.7      4.0
  Education and health services.................    540      424      533           2.9      2.2      2.8
   Educational services.........................    102       80       94           3.6      2.6      3.2
   Health care and social assistance............    438      344      438           2.8      2.1      2.7
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    812      606      710           5.8      4.5      5.2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     87       63       84           3.9      3.2      3.9
   Accommodation and food services.............     725      543      626           6.1      4.7      5.4
  Other services................................    199      160      202           3.5      2.9      3.7

 Government.....................................    432      311      461           1.9      1.4      2.0
  Federal.......................................     25       37       66            .9      1.3      2.3
  State and local...............................    407      274      395           2.1      1.4      2.0

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    801      634      767           3.1      2.5      3.1
  South.........................................  1,844    1,493    1,450           3.7      3.1      3.0
  Midwest.......................................  1,064      875      923           3.4      2.9      3.1
  West..........................................  1,187      890    1,040           3.8      3.0      3.5


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 8.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................  2,767    1,767    1,869           2.0      1.3      1.4

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  2,584    1,645    1,720           2.2      1.5      1.6
  Mining and Logging............................     17        5        6           2.1       .7       .8
  Construction..................................    167       83       81           2.2      1.3      1.3
  Manufacturing.................................    158       85       85           1.2       .7       .7
   Durable goods................................     91       38       40           1.1       .5       .6
   Nondurable goods.............................     67       47       44           1.3      1.0      1.0
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    542      397      369           2.0      1.6      1.5
   Wholesale trade..............................     74       39       45           1.2       .7       .8
   Retail trade.................................    379      301      281           2.5      2.0      1.9
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     89       58       44           1.7      1.2       .9
  Information...................................     39       38       33           1.3      1.3      1.1
  Financial activities..........................    121       67       60           1.5       .9       .8
   Finance and insurance........................     82       34       43           1.4       .6       .7
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     39       33       17           1.8      1.7       .8
  Professional and business services............    518      272      282           2.9      1.6      1.7
  Education and health services.................    303      245      269           1.6      1.3      1.4
   Educational services.........................     41       22       40           1.4       .7      1.4
   Health care and social assistance............    262      223      229           1.7      1.4      1.4
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    579      371      434           4.1      2.8      3.2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     53       38       40           2.4      1.9      1.9
   Accommodation and food services.............     526      333      394           4.4      2.9      3.4
  Other services................................    142       81      101           2.5      1.5      1.8

 Government.....................................    183      123      149            .8       .5       .7
  Federal.......................................      8       12       16            .3       .4       .6
  State and local...............................    175      110      133            .9       .5       .7

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    402      283      268           1.6      1.1      1.1
  South.........................................  1,099      729      685           2.2      1.5      1.4
  Midwest.......................................    610      365      426           1.9      1.2      1.4
  West..........................................    656      390      490           2.1      1.3      1.6


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 9.  Layoffs and discharges levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................  1,826    1,838    1,949           1.3      1.4      1.5

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  1,667    1,702    1,749           1.4      1.6      1.6
  Mining and Logging............................      6       14       10            .7      2.0      1.4
  Construction..................................    220      249      225           2.9      3.9      3.5
  Manufacturing.................................    155      216      198           1.1      1.8      1.7
   Durable goods................................     96      147      131           1.1      2.0      1.8
   Nondurable goods.............................     59       70       66           1.2      1.5      1.4
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    349      374      310           1.3      1.5      1.2
   Wholesale trade..............................     75      106       68           1.2      1.9      1.2
   Retail trade.................................    211      206      170           1.4      1.4      1.1
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     63       62       72           1.2      1.3      1.5
  Information...................................     30       23       31           1.0       .8      1.1
  Financial activities..........................     74       75       92            .9      1.0      1.2
   Finance and insurance........................     46       52       50            .8       .9       .9
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     28       23       42           1.3      1.1      2.1
  Professional and business services............    369      309      341           2.1      1.8      2.0
  Education and health services.................    207      152      209           1.1       .8      1.1
   Educational services.........................     58       52       48           2.0      1.7      1.6
   Health care and social assistance............    148       99      162            .9       .6      1.0
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    203      213      247           1.4      1.6      1.8
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     32       24       42           1.5      1.2      2.0
   Accommodation and food services.............     170      189      205           1.4      1.7      1.8
  Other services................................     55       78       85           1.0      1.4      1.6

 Government.....................................    158      135      200            .7       .6       .9
  Federal.......................................     10       10       20            .4       .4       .7
  State and local...............................    148      125      181            .8       .6       .9

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    344      305      407           1.3      1.2      1.6
  South.........................................    637      666      642           1.3      1.4      1.3
  Midwest.......................................    377      434      428           1.2      1.4      1.4
  West..........................................    468      433      472           1.5      1.5      1.6


  1 Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
  2 The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a
percent of total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 10.  Other separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................    303      288      363           0.2      0.2      0.3

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................    212      235      251            .2       .2       .2
  Mining and Logging............................      1        2        3            .2       .3       .4
  Construction..................................     17        7        9            .2       .1       .1
  Manufacturing.................................     24       22       35            .2       .2       .3
   Durable goods................................     14       13       27            .2       .2       .4
   Nondurable goods.............................     10        8        8            .2       .2       .2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........     63       82       44            .2       .3       .2
   Wholesale trade..............................     14       16        4            .2       .3       .1
   Retail trade.................................     42       60       32            .3       .4       .2
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...      7        6        9            .1       .1       .2
  Information...................................      4        8        7            .1       .3       .2
  Financial activities..........................     10       19        5            .1       .2       .1
   Finance and insurance........................      5       17        4            .1       .3       .1
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........      5        2        1            .2       .1      (4)
  Professional and business services............     30       45       50            .2       .3       .3
  Education and health services.................     30       28       54            .2       .1       .3
   Educational services.........................      3        5        6            .1       .2       .2
   Health care and social assistance............     27       22       48            .2       .1       .3
  Leisure and hospitality.......................     31       21       28            .2       .2       .2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........      2        1        2            .1      (4)       .1
   Accommodation and food services.............      29       20       27            .2       .2       .2
  Other services................................      2        1       15           (4)      (4)       .3

 Government.....................................     91       53      111            .4       .2       .5
  Federal.......................................      8       14       31            .3       .5      1.1
  State and local...............................     84       39       81            .4       .2       .4

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................     55       46       93            .2       .2       .4
  South.........................................    108       99      124            .2       .2       .3
  Midwest.......................................     77       76       68            .2       .3       .2
  West..........................................     63       67       78            .2       .2       .3


  1 Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
  2 The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  4 Data round to zero.  
  p = preliminary.


Last Modified Date: August 12, 2009
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