Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


                                   
For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, October 9, 2009          USDL-09-1209

Technical information: (202)691-5870 • JoltsInfo@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/jlt

Media contact:         (202)691-5902 • PressOffice@bls.gov


             Job Openings and Labor Turnover – August 2009


On the last business day of August, the number of job openings in the
U.S. was little changed at a series low level of 2.4 million, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The hires rate was little
changed and remained low at 3.1 percent in August. The total
separations rate was little changed and remained low at 3.3 percent.
This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job
openings, hires, and separations for the total nonfarm sector by
industry and geographic region.

Job Openings

The job openings rate was unchanged in August at a rate of 1.8
percent. The number of job openings has fallen by 2.4 million, or 50
percent, since the most recent peak in June 2007. The job openings
rate was little changed in August in all industries and regions.  (See
table 1.)

                           - 2 -

Table A.  Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally
adjusted
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   |    Job openings    |       Hires        | Total separations
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
     Industry      | Aug. | July | Aug. | Aug. | July | Aug. | Aug. | July | Aug.
                   | 2008 | 2009 | 2009p| 2008 | 2009 | 2009p| 2008 | 2009 | 2009p
-------------------|--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                     Levels (in thousands)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total(1)...........|3,722 |2,408 |2,387 |4,654 |4,228 |4,029 |4,888 |4,430 |4,265
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|3,314 |2,090 |2,077 |4,378 |3,930 |3,762 |4,587 |4,147 |3,960
  Construction.....|   84 |   47 |   62 |  424 |  355 |  306 |  436 |  444 |  353
  Manufacturing....|  300 |  110 |  125 |  285 |  272 |  249 |  348 |  329 |  318
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  638 |  393 |  439 |  973 |  819 |  802 |1,031 |  874 |  826
   Retail trade....|  393 |  260 |  281 |  662 |  547 |  540 |  699 |  578 |  549
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  692 |  431 |  401 |  810 |  686 |  708 |  871 |  738 |  721
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  707 |  553 |  514 |  554 |  522 |  541 |  505 |  500 |  506
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  438 |  256 |  247 |  838 |  716 |  700 |  857 |  713 |  718
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|   56 |   17 |   20 |  161 |  138 |  104 |  152 |  121 |  117
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  378 |  237 |  228 |  692 |  582 |  599 |  708 |  594 |  601
 Government(3).....|  421 |  314 |  307 |  305 |  282 |  264 |  290 |  298 |  291
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  357 |  266 |  271 |  279 |  253 |  239 |  268 |  274 |  270
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                       Rates (percent)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total(1)...........|  2.6 |  1.8 |  1.8 |  3.4 |  3.2 |  3.1 |  3.6 |  3.4 |  3.3
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|  2.8 |  1.9 |  1.9 |  3.8 |  3.6 |  3.5 |  4.0 |  3.8 |  3.6
  Construction.....|  1.2 |  0.8 |  1.0 |  5.9 |  5.8 |  5.0 |  6.1 |  7.2 |  5.8
  Manufacturing....|  2.2 |  0.9 |  1.1 |  2.1 |  2.3 |  2.1 |  2.6 |  2.8 |  2.7
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  2.4 |  1.5 |  1.7 |  3.7 |  3.3 |  3.2 |  3.9 |  3.5 |  3.3
   Retail trade....|  2.5 |  1.7 |  1.9 |  4.3 |  3.7 |  3.7 |  4.6 |  3.9 |  3.7
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  3.8 |  2.5 |  2.4 |  4.6 |  4.1 |  4.3 |  4.9 |  4.4 |  4.3
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  3.6 |  2.8 |  2.6 |  2.9 |  2.7 |  2.8 |  2.7 |  2.6 |  2.6
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  3.2 |  1.9 |  1.8 |  6.2 |  5.4 |  5.3 |  6.4 |  5.4 |  5.5
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|  2.8 |  0.9 |  1.0 |  8.2 |  7.3 |  5.5 |  7.7 |  6.4 |  6.2
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  3.2 |  2.1 |  2.0 |  6.0 |  5.2 |  5.3 |  6.2 |  5.3 |  5.3
 Government(3).....|  1.8 |  1.4 |  1.3 |  1.4 |  1.3 |  1.2 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.3
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  1.8 |  1.3 |  1.4 |  1.4 |  1.3 |  1.2 |  1.4 |  1.4 |  1.4
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and
other services, not shown separately.
  2 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not
shown separately.
  3 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  p = preliminary.


Over the 12 months ending in August, the job openings rate (not
seasonally adjusted) decreased for total nonfarm, total private,
government, the majority of industries, and all four regions. The rate
was little changed in construction; wholesale trade; real estate and
rental and leasing; educational services; and other services.  (See
table 5.)

Hires

The hires level was little changed at 4.0 million in August but has
declined by 1.6 million, or 28 percent, since the most recent peak in
July 2006. The hires rate was low in August at 3.1 percent and little
changed from July. The hires rate was little changed in August in all
industries. The hires rate decreased over the month in the West and
was little changed in the remaining regions.  (See table 2.)

                           - 3 -

Over the 12 months ending in August, the hires rate (not seasonally
adjusted) declined for total nonfarm, total private, and government.
The hires rate decreased for mining and logging; construction; retail
trade; finance and insurance; educational services; and state and
local government. The hires rate fell over the past 12 months in the
West and was little changed in the remaining regions.  (See table 6.)

Separations

The total separations, or turnover, rate was little changed in August
and remained low at 3.3 percent. The total separations rate (not
seasonally adjusted) decreased over the 12 months ending in August for
total nonfarm and total private. Total separations includes quits
(voluntary separations), layoffs and discharges (involuntary
separations), and other separations (including retirements). (See
tables 3 and 7.)

The quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or
ability to change jobs. The rate was little changed in August at 1.3
percent. The quits level was 1.7 million in August, which is 45
percent lower than the most recent peak in December 2006.  (See table
4.)

Over the 12 months ending in August, the quits rate (not seasonally
adjusted) was lower for total nonfarm, total private, government, the
majority of industries, and all four regions. The industries for which
the quits rate was little changed over the year include
transportation, warehousing, and utilities; information; finance and
insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; arts, entertainment and
recreation; and federal government.  (See table 8.)

The layoffs and discharges component of total separations is
seasonally adjusted at the total nonfarm, total private, and
government levels. The layoffs and discharges level for total nonfarm,
total private, and government was little changed in August at 2.3
million, 2.2 million, and 135,000 respectively. The corresponding
layoffs and discharges rates were 1.8 percent, 2.0 percent, and 0.6
percent. The number of layoffs and discharges in August was 46 percent
higher than the recent low point in January 2006. (See table B below.)

The layoffs and discharges rate (not seasonally adjusted) was little
changed over the 12 months ending in August for total nonfarm and
total private and increased for government. The layoffs and discharges
rate rose in mining and logging; construction; nondurable goods
manufacturing; and state and local government. The layoffs and
discharges rate increased in the Midwest and was little changed in the
remaining regions.  (See table 9.)

Table B.  Layoffs and discharges by industry, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                   | Levels (in thousands) |        Rates
                   |------------------------------------------------
     Industry      |  Aug. |  July |  Aug. |  Aug. |  July |  Aug.
                   |  2008 |  2009 |  2009p|  2008 |  2009 |  2009p
-------------------|------------------------------------------------
Total..............| 2,169 | 2,431 | 2,323 |  1.6  |  1.8  |  1.8
 Total private.....| 2,078 | 2,348 | 2,179 |  1.8  |  2.2  |  2.0
 Government....... |    99 |   120 |   135 |  0.4  |  0.5  |  0.6
--------------------------------------------------------------------
  p = preliminary.



The other separations series is not seasonally adjusted. In August,
there were 321,000 other separations for total nonfarm, 263,000 for
total private, and 58,000 for government. Compared to August 2008, the

                           - 4 -

number of other separations was little changed for total nonfarm,
total private, and government. (See table 10.)

The total separations level is influenced by the relative contribution
of its three components—quits, layoffs and discharges, and other
separations. The percentage of total separations at the total nonfarm
level attributable to the individual components has varied over time.
The proportion of separations due to quits declined from 61 percent in
January 2007 to a series low of 38 percent in April 2009. It then rose
slightly and stood at 41 percent in August 2009. The proportion of
layoffs and discharges reached a series high of 55 percent in July
2009 then dropped slightly to 54 percent in August 2009. (See tables 3
and 4, and table B above.)

Net Change in Employment

Over the 12 months ending in August, hires totaled 50.9 million and
separations totaled 56.1 million, yielding a net employment loss of
5.2 million.

____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for September 2009
are scheduled to be released on Tuesday, November 10, 2009 at 10:00
a.m. (EST).




                         - 5 -

Technical Note


  The data for the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS)
are collected and compiled monthly from a sample of business
establishments by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Collection

  In a monthly survey of business establishments, data are
collected for total employment, job openings, hires, quits, layoffs
and discharges, and other separations.  Data collection methods
include computer-assisted telephone interviewing, touchtone data
entry, fax, e-mail, and mail.

Coverage

  The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments such
as factories, offices, and stores, as well as federal, state, and
local government entities in the 50 states and the District of
Columbia.

Concepts

  Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this
release are in accordance with the 2007 version of the North
American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  In order to
ensure the highest possible quality of data, State Workforce
Agencies verify with employers and update, if necessary, the
industry code, location, and ownership classification of all
establishments on a 3-year cycle.  Changes in establishment
characteristics resulting from the verification process are always
introduced into the JOLTS sampling frame with the data reported for
the first month of the year.

  Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who
worked or received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th
day of the reference month.  Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-
term, seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave.  Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay
period, are not counted as employed.  Employees of temporary help
agencies, employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and
consultants are counted by their employer of record, not by the
establishment where they are working.

  Job openings.  Establishments submit job openings information for
the last business day of the reference month.  A job opening
requires that: 1) a specific position exists and there is work
available for that position, 2) work could start within 30 days
regardless of whether a suitable candidate is found, and 3) the
employer is actively recruiting from outside the establishment to
fill the position.  Included are full-time, part-time, permanent,
short-term, and seasonal openings.  Active recruiting means that
the establishment is taking steps to fill a position by advertising
in newspapers or on the Internet, posting help-wanted signs,
accepting applications, or using other similar methods.

  Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions,
demotions, or recall from layoffs are excluded.  Also excluded are
jobs with start dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for
which employees have been hired but have not yet reported for work,
and jobs to be filled by employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants.
The job openings rate is computed by dividing the number of job
openings by the sum of employment and job openings and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

  Hires.  Hires are the total number of additions to the payroll
occurring at any time during the reference month, including both
new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the
location after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or
intermittent employees who returned to work after having been
formally separated, and transfers from other locations.  The hires
count does not include transfers or promotions within the reporting
site, employees returning from strike, employees of temporary help
agencies or employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or
consultants.  The hires rate is computed by dividing the number of
hires by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.

  Separations.  Separations are the total number of terminations of
employment occurring at any time during the reference month, and
are reported by type of separation--quits, layoffs and discharges,
and other separations.  Quits are voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations).  Layoffs and discharges are involuntary separations
initiated by the employer and include layoffs with no intent to
rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last more than 7
days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or closings;
firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of permanent or
short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal employees.
Other separations include retirements, transfers to other
locations, deaths, and separations due to disability.  Separations
do not include transfers within the same location or employees on
strike.

  The separations rate is computed by dividing the number of
separations by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.
The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates are
computed similarly, dividing the number by employment and
multiplying by 100.

  Annual estimates.  Annual estimates of rates and levels

                         - 6 -

of hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and total
separations are released with the January news release each year.

   The JOLTS annual level estimates for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels.  The annual rate estimates are
computed by dividing the annual level by the Current Employment
Statistics (CES) annual average employment level, and multiplying
that quotient by 100.  This figure will be approximately equal to
the sum of the 12 monthly rates.  Note that both the JOLTS and CES
annual levels are rounded to the nearest thousand before the annual
estimates are calculated.  Consistent with BLS practices, annual
estimates are published only for not seasonally adjusted data.

  Annual estimates are not calculated for job openings because job
openings are a stock, or point-in-time, measurement for the last
business day of each month.  Only jobs still open on the last day
of the month are counted.  For the same reason job openings cannot
be cumulated throughout each month, annual figures for job openings
cannot be created by summing the monthly estimates.  Hires and
separations are flow measures and are cumulated over the month with
a total reported for the month.  Therefore, the annual figures can
be created by summing the monthly estimates.

Special Collection Procedures

  An implied measure of employment change can be derived from the
JOLTS data by subtracting separations from hires for a given
month.  Aggregating these monthly changes historically produced
employment levels that overstated employment change as measured by
CES at the total nonfarm level.  Research into this problem showed
that a significant amount of the divergence between the CES
employment levels and the derived JOLTS employment levels was
traceable to the Employment Services industry and to the State
Government Education industry.  In the former industry, businesses
have a difficult time reporting hires and separations of temporary
help workers.  In the latter industry, employers have difficulty
reporting hires and separations of student workers.  BLS now
devotes additional resources to the collection, editing, and review
of data for these industries.  BLS analysts more closely examine
reported data that do not provide a consistent picture over time,
and re-contact the respondents as necessary.  Analysts work with
the respondents to adjust their reporting practices as possible.
Units that cannot be reconciled but are clearly incorrect on a
consistent basis are not used, they are replaced by imputed values
using standard techniques.

Sample and estimation methodology

  The JOLTS survey design is a random sample of 16,000 nonfarm
business establishments, including factories, offices, and stores,
as well as federal, state, and local governments in the 50 states
and the District of Columbia.  The establishments are drawn from a
universe of over 9.1 million establishments compiled as part of the
operations of the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW)
program.  This program includes all employers subject to state
Unemployment Insurance (UI) laws and federal agencies subject to
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE).

  The sampling frame is stratified by ownership, region, industry
sector, and size class. The JOLTS sample is constructed from
individual panels of sample units drawn on an annual basis. The
full annual sample consists of one certainty panel composed of only
large units selected with virtual certainty based on their size and
24 non-certainty panels.  Each month a new non-certainty panel is
rolled into collection, and the oldest non-certainty panel is
rolled out.  This means that at any given time the JOLTS sample is
constructed from panels from three different annual sampling
frames.  The entire sample of old plus new panels is post-
stratified and re-weighted annually to represent the most recent
sampling frame.  Additionally, the out-of-business establishments
are removed from the old panels.  The annual sample is supplemented
with a quarterly sample of birth establishments (i.e., new
establishments) to better reflect the impact of younger
establishments in the JOLTS sample.

  JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked monthly to the
employment estimates of the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
survey.  A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the
levels for all other JOLTS data elements.

  JOLTS Business Birth/Death Model

  As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as
current as its sampling frame.  The time lag from the birth of an
establishment until its appearance on the sampling frame is
approximately one year.  In addition, many of these new units may
fail within the first year.  Since these universe units cannot be
reflected on the sampling frame immediately, the JOLTS sample
cannot capture job openings, hires, and separations from these
units during their early existence.  BLS has developed a model to
estimate birth/death activity for current months by examining the
birth/death activity from previous years on the QCEW and projecting
forward to the present using an econometric technique known as X-12
ARIMA modeling. The birth/death model also uses historical JOLTS
data to estimate the amount of “churn” (hires and separations) that
exists in establishments of various sizes.  The model then combines
the estimated churn with the projected employment change to
estimate the number of hires and separations taking place in these
units that cannot be measured through sampling.

                         - 7 -

  The model-based estimate of total separations is distributed to
the three components – quits; layoffs and discharges; and other
separations - in proportion to their contribution to the sample-
based estimate of total separations.  Additionally, job openings
for the modeled units are estimated by computing the ratio of
openings to hires in the collected data and applying that ratio to
the modeled hires.  The estimates of job openings, hires, and
separations produced by the birth/death model are then added to the
sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

  BLS seasonally adjusts several JOLTS series using the X-12-ARIMA
seasonal adjustment program.  Seasonal adjustment is the process of
estimating and removing periodic fluctuations caused by events such
as weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school
year.  Seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental
changes in the level of the series, particularly those associated
with general economic expansions and contractions.  A concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal
adjustment factors are calculated each month, using all relevant
data, up to and including the data for the current month.

Alignment procedure

  JOLTS hires minus separations should be comparable to the CES net
employment change.  However, definitional differences as well as
sampling and non-sampling errors between the two surveys
historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES over time. To limit
the divergence, and improve the quality of the JOLTS hires and
separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly Alignment Method.
The Monthly Alignment Method applies the CES employment trends to
the seasonally adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus
separations) forcing them to be approximately the same, while
preserving the seasonality of the JOLTS data.  First, the two
series are seasonally adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS
implied employment trend and the CES net employment change is
calculated. Next, the JOLTS implied employment trend is adjusted to
equal the CES net employment change through a proportional
adjustment. This proportional adjustment procedure adjusts the two
components (hires, separations) proportionally to their
contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations).  For
example, if hires are 40 percent of the churn for a given month,
they will receive 40 percent of the needed adjustment and
separations will receive 60 percent of the needed adjustment. The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors.  After the monthly alignment method has been used to
adjust the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the
adjusted levels.  The Monthly Alignment procedure assures a close
match of the JOLTS implied employment trend with the CES trend. The
CES series is considered a highly accurate measure of net
employment change owing to its very large sample size and annual
benchmarking to universe counts of employment from the QCEW
program.

Using JOLTS data

  The JOLTS data series on job openings, hires, and separations are
relatively new.  The full sample is divided into panels, with one
panel enrolled each month.  A full complement of panels for the
original data series based on the 1987 Standard Industrial
Classification (SIC) system was not completely enrolled in the
survey until January 2002.  The supplemental panels of
establishments needed to create NAICS estimates were not completely
enrolled until May 2003.  The data collected up until those points
are from less than a full sample.  Therefore, estimates from
earlier months should be used with caution, as fewer sampled units
were reporting data at that time.

  In March 2002, BLS procedures for collecting hires and
separations data were revised to address possible underreporting.
As a result, JOLTS hires and separations estimates for months prior
to March 2002 may not be comparable to estimates for March 2002 and
later.

  The federal government reorganization that involved transferring
approximately 180,000 employees to the new Department of Homeland
Security is not reflected in the JOLTS hires and separations
estimates for the federal government.  The Office of Personnel
Management's record shows these transfers were completed in March
2003.  The inclusion of transfers in the JOLTS definitions of hires
and separations is intended to cover ongoing movements of workers
between establishments.  The Department of Homeland Security
reorganization was a massive one-time event, and the inclusion of
these intergovernmental transfers would distort the federal
government time series.

  JOLTS uses moving averages as seasonal filters in seasonal
adjustment.  JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both additive and
multiplicative seasonal adjustment models and REGARIMA (regression
with autocorrelated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal
adjustment factors at the beginning and end of the series and to
detect and adjust for outliers in the series.

Reliability of the estimates

  JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling
error.  When a sample rather than the entire population is
surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ
from the "true" population values they represent.  The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular
sample selected, and this variability is measured by the standard
error of the estimate.  BLS analysis is generally conducted at the
90-percent level of confidence.  That means that there is a

                         - 8 -

90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a
sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the
"true" population value because of sampling error.  Estimates of
sampling errors are available upon request.

  The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain
data from all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness
of respondents to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by
respondents, errors made in the collection or processing of the
data, and errors from the employment benchmark data used in
estimation.

Other information

  Information in this release will be made available to sensory
impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD
message referral phone: 1-800-877-8339.


Table 1.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Aug.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   July   Aug.   Aug.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July  Aug.
                                            2008   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2008  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009p

Total(4).................................  3,722  2,633  2,513  2,523  2,513  2,408  2,387    2.6   1.9   1.9   1.9   1.9   1.8   1.8

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  3,314  2,269  2,042  2,191  2,163  2,090  2,077    2.8   2.0   1.8   2.0   1.9   1.9   1.9
  Construction...........................     84     51     29     39     56     47     62    1.2    .8    .5    .6    .9    .8   1.0
  Manufacturing..........................    300    115     95    105    113    110    125    2.2    .9    .8    .9    .9    .9   1.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    638    414    332    466    469    393    439    2.4   1.6   1.3   1.8   1.8   1.5   1.7
   Retail trade..........................    393    265    205    319    308    260    281    2.5   1.8   1.4   2.1   2.0   1.7   1.9
  Professional and business services.....    692    428    461    451    445    431    401    3.8   2.5   2.7   2.6   2.6   2.5   2.4
  Education and health services..........    707    537    515    530    531    553    514    3.6   2.7   2.6   2.7   2.7   2.8   2.6
  Leisure and hospitality................    438    289    322    265    276    256    247    3.2   2.1   2.4   2.0   2.1   1.9   1.8
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     56     25     22     20     19     17     20    2.8   1.3   1.1   1.0   1.0    .9   1.0
   Accommodation and food services.......    378    263    312    239    254    237    228    3.2   2.3   2.7   2.1   2.2   2.1   2.0
 Government(6)...........................    421    353    461    310    322    314    307    1.8   1.5   2.0   1.4   1.4   1.4   1.3
  State and local government.............    357    291    307    267    273    266    271    1.8   1.5   1.5   1.3   1.4   1.3   1.4


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    707    583    520    554    609    508    507    2.7   2.3   2.0   2.2   2.4   2.0   2.0
  South..................................  1,409  1,000    942    888    882    870    871    2.8   2.0   1.9   1.8   1.8   1.8   1.8
  Midwest................................    794    499    512    512    496    509    507    2.5   1.6   1.7   1.7   1.6   1.7   1.7
  West...................................    864    556    570    544    561    517    541    2.7   1.8   1.9   1.8   1.9   1.7   1.8


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus
job openings.
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of
Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas,
Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio,
South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah,
Washington, and Wyoming.
  p = preliminary.



Table 2.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Aug.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   July   Aug.   Aug.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July  Aug.
                                            2008   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2008  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009p

Total(4).................................  4,654  4,099  4,117  3,942  3,919  4,228  4,029    3.4   3.1   3.1   3.0   3.0   3.2   3.1

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  4,378  3,799  3,822  3,739  3,654  3,930  3,762    3.8   3.4   3.5   3.4   3.3   3.6   3.5
  Construction...........................    424    343    341    365    277    355    306    5.9   5.3   5.4   5.8   4.5   5.8   5.0
  Manufacturing..........................    285    244    236    206    225    272    249    2.1   2.0   1.9   1.7   1.9   2.3   2.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    973    883    888    842    744    819    802    3.7   3.5   3.5   3.3   2.9   3.3   3.2
   Retail trade..........................    662    595    655    575    519    547    540    4.3   4.0   4.4   3.9   3.5   3.7   3.7
  Professional and business services.....    810    668    733    721    644    686    708    4.6   4.0   4.4   4.3   3.9   4.1   4.3
  Education and health services..........    554    483    475    473    530    522    541    2.9   2.5   2.5   2.5   2.8   2.7   2.8
  Leisure and hospitality................    838    693    691    695    695    716    700    6.2   5.3   5.3   5.3   5.3   5.4   5.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    161     85     86     83    107    138    104    8.2   4.4   4.5   4.4   5.7   7.3   5.5
   Accommodation and food services.......    692    607    603    606    590    582    599    6.0   5.4   5.4   5.4   5.2   5.2   5.3
 Government(6)...........................    305    271    340    273    262    282    264    1.4   1.2   1.5   1.2   1.2   1.3   1.2
  State and local government.............    279    247    246    257    237    253    239    1.4   1.2   1.2   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.2


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    800    696    729    712    735    714    710    3.1   2.8   2.9   2.9   3.0   2.9   2.9
  South..................................  1,714  1,458  1,619  1,423  1,428  1,544  1,517    3.5   3.0   3.4   3.0   3.0   3.3   3.2
  Midwest................................  1,034    943    901    867    839    885    930    3.3   3.1   3.0   2.9   2.8   3.0   3.1
  West...................................  1,124    931    949    995    917  1,042    867    3.7   3.1   3.2   3.4   3.1   3.5   2.9


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 3.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Aug.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   July   Aug.   Aug.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July  Aug.
                                            2008   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2008  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009p

Total(4).................................  4,888  4,712  4,641  4,356  4,306  4,430  4,265    3.6   3.5   3.5   3.3   3.3   3.4   3.3

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  4,587  4,434  4,362  4,066  3,939  4,147  3,960    4.0   4.0   4.0   3.7   3.6   3.8   3.6
  Construction...........................    436    463    437    411    355    444    353    6.1   7.2   6.9   6.5   5.7   7.2   5.8
  Manufacturing..........................    348    401    390    367    352    329    318    2.6   3.3   3.2   3.1   3.0   2.8   2.7
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)  1,031  1,001    982    951    816    874    826    3.9   3.9   3.9   3.8   3.2   3.5   3.3
   Retail trade..........................    699    646    678    601    549    578    549    4.6   4.3   4.6   4.1   3.7   3.9   3.7
  Professional and business services.....    871    778    839    771    698    738    721    4.9   4.6   5.0   4.6   4.2   4.4   4.3
  Education and health services..........    505    466    462    419    489    500    506    2.7   2.4   2.4   2.2   2.5   2.6   2.6
  Leisure and hospitality................    857    751    716    684    696    713    718    6.4   5.7   5.4   5.2   5.3   5.4   5.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    152     95    102     88    115    121    117    7.7   4.9   5.4   4.6   6.1   6.4   6.2
   Accommodation and food services.......    708    649    612    596    594    594    601    6.2   5.8   5.4   5.3   5.3   5.3   5.3
 Government(6)...........................    290    265    255    288    340    298    291    1.3   1.2   1.1   1.3   1.5   1.3   1.3
  State and local government.............    268    251    243    250    272    274    270    1.4   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.4


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    824    878    700    774    799    716    743    3.2   3.5   2.8   3.1   3.2   2.9   3.0
  South..................................  1,799  1,741  1,682  1,565  1,535  1,602  1,509    3.6   3.6   3.5   3.3   3.2   3.4   3.2
  Midwest................................  1,026  1,085  1,065  1,016    958    958    967    3.3   3.6   3.5   3.4   3.2   3.2   3.2
  West...................................  1,258    978  1,188    980  1,053  1,181  1,066    4.1   3.3   4.0   3.3   3.6   4.0   3.6


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 4.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Aug.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   July   Aug.   Aug.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July  Aug.
                                            2008   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2008  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009p

Total(4).................................  2,453  1,856  1,777  1,788  1,787  1,778  1,739    1.8   1.4   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.4   1.3

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  2,322  1,749  1,678  1,682  1,680  1,673  1,639    2.0   1.6   1.5   1.5   1.5   1.5   1.5
  Construction...........................    151    102     74     84     70     68     63    2.1   1.6   1.2   1.3   1.1   1.1   1.0
  Manufacturing..........................    146     81     80     86     93     82     81    1.1    .7    .7    .7    .8    .7    .7
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    541    444    385    398    391    415    384    2.1   1.7   1.5   1.6   1.5   1.6   1.5
   Retail trade..........................    397    344    271    296    299    295    290    2.6   2.3   1.8   2.0   2.0   2.0   2.0
  Professional and business services.....    361    278    272    281    257    265    255    2.0   1.6   1.6   1.7   1.5   1.6   1.5
  Education and health services..........    285    249    228    249    264    235    245    1.5   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.4   1.2   1.3
  Leisure and hospitality................    529    433    430    396    429    411    429    3.9   3.3   3.3   3.0   3.3   3.1   3.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     45     35     41     45     46     38     43    2.3   1.8   2.1   2.4   2.4   2.0   2.3
   Accommodation and food services.......    487    402    392    351    378    372    382    4.2   3.6   3.5   3.1   3.4   3.3   3.4
 Government(6)...........................    139    107     99    107    111    107    104     .6    .5    .4    .5    .5    .5    .5
  State and local government.............    131    106     96     97     99    101     96     .7    .5    .5    .5    .5    .5    .5


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    337    273    263    303    279    234    265    1.3   1.1   1.1   1.2   1.1   1.0   1.1
  South..................................    978    751    691    718    693    724    677    2.0   1.6   1.4   1.5   1.5   1.5   1.4
  Midwest................................    567    431    410    397    403    435    372    1.8   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.3   1.5   1.2
  West...................................    566    408    453    398    434    404    435    1.8   1.4   1.5   1.3   1.5   1.4   1.5


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 5.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Aug.     July     Aug.          Aug.     July     Aug.
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................  3,906    2,575    2,544           2.8      1.9      1.9

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,457    2,232    2,221           2.9      2.0      2.0
  Mining and Logging............................     26        5        5           3.1       .7       .8
  Construction..................................     91       61       72           1.2       .9      1.1
  Manufacturing.................................    295      117      144           2.1      1.0      1.2
   Durable goods................................    170       64       68           2.0       .9       .9
   Nondurable goods.............................    125       53       76           2.4      1.1      1.6
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    714      407      515           2.6      1.6      2.0
   Wholesale trade..............................    133       86      102           2.2      1.5      1.8
   Retail trade.................................    451      270      319           2.9      1.8      2.1
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    131       52       93           2.5      1.1      1.9
  Information...................................     90       59       46           2.9      2.0      1.6
  Financial activities..........................    204      148      131           2.4      1.9      1.7
   Finance and insurance........................    165      106       96           2.7      1.8      1.6
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     38       42       35           1.7      2.0      1.7
  Professional and business services............    683      459      393           3.7      2.7      2.3
  Education and health services.................    721      593      523           3.7      3.0      2.7
   Educational services.........................     76       54       72           2.7      1.9      2.5
   Health care and social assistance............    645      539      450           3.9      3.2      2.7
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    438      269      250           3.0      1.9      1.8
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     60       16       21           2.6       .7      1.0
   Accommodation and food services.............     378      253      229           3.1      2.1      1.9
  Other services................................    194      113      142           3.4      2.0      2.5

 Government.....................................    449      343      324           2.1      1.6      1.5
  Federal.......................................     70       60       30           2.4      2.1      1.1
  State and local...............................    379      282      293           2.0      1.5      1.6

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    744      523      538           2.8      2.1      2.1
  South.........................................  1,439      944      907           2.8      2.0      1.9
  Midwest.......................................    832      570      533           2.6      1.9      1.8
  West..........................................    891      537      567           2.8      1.8      1.9


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a
percent of total employment plus job openings.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 6.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Aug.     July     Aug.          Aug.     July     Aug.
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................  5,159    4,694    4,425           3.8      3.6      3.4

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  4,651    4,377    3,987           4.0      4.0      3.6
  Mining and Logging............................     37       26       19           4.6      3.6      2.6
  Construction..................................    429      408      304           5.7      6.3      4.8
  Manufacturing.................................    311      306      271           2.3      2.6      2.3
   Durable goods................................    181      150      134           2.1      2.1      1.9
   Nondurable goods.............................    130      156      137           2.6      3.4      3.0
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  1,031      860      843           3.9      3.4      3.4
   Wholesale trade..............................    145      143      113           2.4      2.5      2.0
   Retail trade.................................    707      556      577           4.6      3.8      3.9
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    179      161      154           3.6      3.4      3.3
  Information...................................     59       92       51           2.0      3.2      1.8
  Financial activities..........................    211      234      180           2.6      3.0      2.3
   Finance and insurance........................    138      135       97           2.3      2.3      1.7
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     73       98       82           3.4      4.8      4.1
  Professional and business services............    797      756      713           4.5      4.5      4.3
  Education and health services.................    681      597      685           3.7      3.2      3.6
   Educational services.........................    146      107      122           5.3      3.8      4.4
   Health care and social assistance............    535      491      563           3.4      3.0      3.5
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    885      805      747           6.3      5.8      5.4
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    140      165       94           6.3      7.5      4.4
   Accommodation and food services.............     745      640      653           6.3      5.5      5.6
  Other services................................    209      291      175           3.7      5.3      3.2

 Government.....................................    508      317      438           2.4      1.5      2.1
  Federal.......................................     23       40       29            .8      1.4      1.0
  State and local...............................    485      278      410           2.6      1.5      2.2

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    826      852      733           3.2      3.5      3.0
  South.........................................  1,943    1,700    1,712           3.9      3.6      3.6
  Midwest.......................................  1,107      946    1,006           3.6      3.2      3.4
  West..........................................  1,283    1,196      975           4.2      4.1      3.3


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 7.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Aug.     July     Aug.          Aug.     July     Aug.
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................  5,638    4,970    4,829           4.1      3.8      3.7

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  5,211    4,561    4,397           4.5      4.1      4.0
  Mining and Logging............................     27       31       27           3.3      4.2      3.7
  Construction..................................    490      478      386           6.5      7.4      6.0
  Manufacturing.................................    379      313      320           2.8      2.6      2.7
   Durable goods................................    251      159      175           3.0      2.2      2.4
   Nondurable goods.............................    128      154      144           2.6      3.3      3.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  1,113      914      862           4.2      3.6      3.4
   Wholesale trade..............................    166      152      132           2.8      2.7      2.3
   Retail trade.................................    770      586      590           5.0      4.0      4.0
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    178      176      140           3.5      3.7      3.0
  Information...................................     64      104       66           2.1      3.6      2.3
  Financial activities..........................    255      247      219           3.1      3.2      2.8
   Finance and insurance........................    178      151      131           3.0      2.6      2.3
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     77       97       88           3.5      4.8      4.4
  Professional and business services............    913      781      741           5.1      4.7      4.4
  Education and health services.................    611      615      618           3.3      3.2      3.3
   Educational services.........................    117      124      115           4.2      4.5      4.2
   Health care and social assistance............    494      490      503           3.1      3.0      3.1
  Leisure and hospitality.......................  1,058      797      902           7.5      5.8      6.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    217      115      178           9.8      5.2      8.3
   Accommodation and food services.............     841      682      724           7.1      5.9      6.2
  Other services................................    301      281      256           5.4      5.1      4.7

 Government.....................................    427      409      432           2.0      1.9      2.0
  Federal.......................................     35       25       35           1.3       .9      1.2
  State and local...............................    391      384      397           2.1      2.1      2.2

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    961      795      868           3.8      3.2      3.5
  South.........................................  2,082    1,832    1,705           4.2      3.9      3.6
  Midwest.......................................  1,168    1,011    1,094           3.8      3.4      3.7
  West..........................................  1,427    1,333    1,162           4.6      4.5      4.0


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 8.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Aug.     July     Aug.          Aug.     July     Aug.
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................  3,108    2,142    2,203           2.3      1.6      1.7

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  2,893    2,003    2,042           2.5      1.8      1.9
  Mining and Logging............................     19        4       12           2.4       .5      1.6
  Construction..................................    219      100       90           2.9      1.6      1.4
  Manufacturing.................................    188       94      106           1.4       .8       .9
   Durable goods................................    113       40       56           1.3       .5       .8
   Nondurable goods.............................     75       55       50           1.5      1.2      1.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    659      457      465           2.5      1.8      1.8
   Wholesale trade..............................     89       61       42           1.5      1.1       .7
   Retail trade.................................    488      318      353           3.2      2.2      2.4
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     83       78       70           1.6      1.6      1.5
  Information...................................     47       45       36           1.6      1.6      1.3
  Financial activities..........................    130       94       98           1.6      1.2      1.3
   Finance and insurance........................     98       59       71           1.6      1.0      1.2
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     32       36       27           1.4      1.8      1.3
  Professional and business services............    448      321      306           2.5      1.9      1.8
  Education and health services.................    349      285      300           1.9      1.5      1.6
   Educational services.........................     52       29       36           1.9      1.0      1.3
   Health care and social assistance............    297      256      265           1.9      1.6      1.6
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    667      503      545           4.7      3.6      4.0
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     73       53       75           3.3      2.4      3.5
   Accommodation and food services.............     594      450      470           5.0      3.9      4.0
  Other services................................    166      100       84           3.0      1.8      1.5

 Government.....................................    215      139      161           1.0       .7       .8
  Federal.......................................     17        4       17            .6       .1       .6
  State and local...............................    198      136      144           1.1       .7       .8

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    432      291      339           1.7      1.2      1.4
  South.........................................  1,224      876      836           2.5      1.8      1.8
  Midwest.......................................    768      493      491           2.5      1.7      1.7
  West..........................................    683      483      537           2.2      1.6      1.8


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 9.  Layoffs and discharges levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Aug.     July     Aug.          Aug.     July     Aug.
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................  2,227    2,476    2,305           1.6      1.9      1.8

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  2,071    2,297    2,091           1.8      2.1      1.9
  Mining and Logging............................      6       25       14            .7      3.5      1.9
  Construction..................................    255      366      291           3.4      5.7      4.5
  Manufacturing.................................    168      197      190           1.2      1.7      1.6
   Durable goods................................    121      109      104           1.4      1.5      1.4
   Nondurable goods.............................     46       87       86            .9      1.9      1.9
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    369      384      332           1.4      1.5      1.3
   Wholesale trade..............................     66       81       84           1.1      1.4      1.5
   Retail trade.................................    232      216      185           1.5      1.5      1.3
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     71       87       63           1.4      1.8      1.3
  Information...................................     16       55       23            .5      1.9       .8
  Financial activities..........................    106      139      102           1.3      1.8      1.3
   Finance and insurance........................     66       85       45           1.1      1.5       .8
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     39       54       57           1.8      2.7      2.8
  Professional and business services............    427      404      384           2.4      2.4      2.3
  Education and health services.................    220      294      277           1.2      1.5      1.5
   Educational services.........................     58       88       75           2.1      3.2      2.7
   Health care and social assistance............    162      206      202           1.0      1.3      1.2
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    373      269      330           2.6      1.9      2.4
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    141       57       98           6.3      2.6      4.5
   Accommodation and food services.............     232      211      232           2.0      1.8      2.0
  Other services................................    133      164      149           2.4      3.0      2.7

 Government.....................................    156      179      213            .7       .8      1.0
  Federal.......................................     10        4        9            .3       .1       .3
  State and local...............................    146      175      204            .8       .9      1.1

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    477      427      473           1.9      1.7      1.9
  South.........................................    745      826      746           1.5      1.7      1.6
  Midwest.......................................    326      441      531           1.0      1.5      1.8
  West..........................................    679      782      554           2.2      2.7      1.9


  1 Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
  2 The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a
percent of total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.



Table 10.  Other separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Aug.     July     Aug.          Aug.     July     Aug.
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................    303      351      321           0.2      0.3      0.2

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................    247      260      263            .2       .2       .2
  Mining and Logging............................      2        1        1            .2       .2       .2
  Construction..................................     16       12        6            .2       .2       .1
  Manufacturing.................................     24       22       23            .2       .2       .2
   Durable goods................................     17       10       16            .2       .1       .2
   Nondurable goods.............................      7       12        8            .1       .3       .2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........     85       73       65            .3       .3       .3
   Wholesale trade..............................     12       10        6            .2       .2       .1
   Retail trade.................................     50       51       52            .3       .3       .4
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     24       12        8            .5       .2       .2
  Information...................................      1        4        7           (4)       .1       .3
  Financial activities..........................     20       14       20            .2       .2       .3
   Finance and insurance........................     14        7       15            .2       .1       .3
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........      6        7        5            .3       .3       .2
  Professional and business services............     38       57       51            .2       .3       .3
  Education and health services.................     42       36       41            .2       .2       .2
   Educational services.........................      7        8        4            .2       .3       .1
   Health care and social assistance............     35       28       37            .2       .2       .2
  Leisure and hospitality.......................     18       26       27            .1       .2       .2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........      3        5        5            .2       .2       .3
   Accommodation and food services.............      15       21       21            .1       .2       .2
  Other services................................      2       17       23           (4)       .3       .4

 Government.....................................     56       91       58            .3       .4       .3
  Federal.......................................      9       18        9            .3       .6       .3
  State and local...............................     47       73       49            .3       .4       .3

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................     51       77       55            .2       .3       .2
  South.........................................    113      130      123            .2       .3       .3
  Midwest.......................................     75       77       72            .2       .3       .2
  West..........................................     63       67       72            .2       .2       .2


  1 Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
  2 The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  4 Data round to zero.
  p = preliminary.


Last Modified Date: October 09, 2009
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