Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release

 	
For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, October 24, 2013	USDL-13-2040

Technical information:	(202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                    JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – AUGUST 2013

There were 3.9 million job openings on the last business day of August, little changed from July, the 
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The hires rate (3.3 percent) and separations rate (3.2 
percent) also were little changed in August. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job 
openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by geographic region.
  
Job Openings

The number of job openings in August was 3.9 million, little changed from July. (See table 1.) The 
number of job openings rose in August in three industries and declined in state and local government. 
Job openings were up in the Northeast region. 

The number of job openings in August (not seasonally adjusted) rose over the year for total nonfarm and 
total private but fell for government. Job openings levels increased in several industries and decreased in 
information. In the Midwest region, the number of job openings rose over the year. (See table 7.)

Hires

The number of hires in August was 4.5 million, essentially unchanged from July. The number of hires 
also was little changed for total private and government. Over the month, the number of hires was little 
changed in all industries and in all four regions. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in August, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed 
for total nonfarm and total private but fell in government. The number of hires increased over the year in 
retail trade and in educational services and decreased in state and local government. The hires level was 
little changed in all regions. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.4 million total separations in August, little changed from July. The number of total 
separations for total private and government also was little changed.

In August, the quits rates were essentially unchanged at 1.7 percent for total nonfarm, 2.0 percent for 
total private, and 0.6 percent for government. The quits rate increased over the month for retail trade and 
was little changed in all other industries and in all regions. (See table 4.)

The quits rate (not seasonally adjusted) rose over the 12 months ending in August for total nonfarm and 
total private but was unchanged for government. The quits rate was up in several industries and was 
down in mining and logging and in durable goods manufacturing. The quits rate increased over the year 
in the West region. (See table 10.)

The layoffs and discharges rate was unchanged in August at 1.2 percent. The rates also were little 
changed over the month for total private (1.4 percent) and government (0.4 percent). The rate rose in 
August for the Midwest region. Seasonally adjusted estimates of layoffs and discharges are not available 
for individual industries. (See table 5.) 

The layoffs and discharges rate (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months ending 
in August for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Over the year, the layoffs and discharges 
rate increased in educational services and decreased in federal government and in state and local 
government. The rate decreased in the South region. (See table 11.)

In August, there were 363,000 other separations for total nonfarm, about the same as in July. The 
number of other separations also was essentially unchanged over the month for total private and 
government. Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not available for individual industries 
or regions. (See table 6.) Over the 12 months ending in August, the number of other separations was 
little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and government. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in August 2013, hires totaled 52.3 million 
and separations totaled 50.4 million, yielding a net employment gain of 1.9 million. These figures include 
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.

Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

3,632 3,808 3,883 4,405 4,497 4,488 4,341 4,273 4,376

Total private(1)

3,222 3,402 3,520 4,083 4,219 4,195 4,051 3,992 4,097

Construction

79 99 111 301 307 298 298 292 301

Manufacturing

257 234 272 232 222 231 248 238 229

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

613 655 732 903 906 947 895 838 931

Retail trade

371 413 428 591 635 672 604 568 669

Professional and business services

709 664 674 897 1,001 918 895 934 906

Education and health services(3)

651 670 746 495 530 550 470 490 517

Health care and social assistance

592 610 682 421 452 457 398 426 430

Leisure and hospitality

420 493 518 767 753 748 748 731 709

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

57 47 69 128 114 107 113 119 101

Accommodation and food services

363 446 449 640 639 641 635 612 609

Government(4)

409 406 363 322 277 294 289 281 279

State and local

331 357 319 289 253 264 259 247 247

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

2.6 2.7 2.8 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.2

Total private(1)

2.8 2.9 3.0 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.6

Construction

1.4 1.7 1.9 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.0 5.2

Manufacturing

2.1 1.9 2.2 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.0 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

2.3 2.5 2.7 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.6

Retail trade

2.4 2.6 2.7 4.0 4.2 4.4 4.1 3.7 4.4

Professional and business services

3.8 3.5 3.5 5.0 5.4 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.9

Education and health services(3)

3.1 3.1 3.5 2.4 2.6 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.5

Health care and social assistance

3.4 3.4 3.8 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

3.0 3.4 3.5 5.6 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2.8 2.3 3.3 6.5 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.9 5.0

Accommodation and food services

3.0 3.5 3.6 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.0 5.0

Government(4)

1.8 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

State and local

1.7 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,400
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Estimates of sampling errors are available upon request.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)

Total

3,632 3,800 3,907 3,869 3,808 3,883 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,222 3,400 3,479 3,459 3,402 3,520 2.8 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.0

Construction

79 99 102 120 99 111 1.4 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.7 1.9

Manufacturing

257 243 237 210 234 272 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.9 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

613 715 784 712 655 732 2.3 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.7

Retail trade

371 455 514 473 413 428 2.4 2.9 3.3 3.0 2.6 2.7

Professional and business services

709 731 632 685 664 674 3.8 3.8 3.3 3.6 3.5 3.5

Education and health services(6)

651 662 660 665 670 746 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.5

Health care and social assistance

592 600 602 598 610 682 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.8

Leisure and hospitality

420 468 477 483 493 518 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

57 57 59 49 47 69 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.3 2.3 3.3

Accommodation and food services

363 410 419 434 446 449 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.6

Government(7)

409 401 428 411 406 363 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6

State and local

331 330 367 356 357 319 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6

REGION(8)

Northeast

650 638 654 658 619 716 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.7

South

1,439 1,525 1,555 1,504 1,464 1,452 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9

Midwest

766 805 886 918 843 872 2.5 2.5 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.7

West

776 831 812 789 881 844 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.9 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)

Total

4,405 4,395 4,490 4,318 4,497 4,488 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,083 4,100 4,206 4,036 4,219 4,195 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.7

Construction

301 283 317 309 307 298 5.3 4.9 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.1

Manufacturing

232 222 239 225 222 231 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

903 868 889 842 906 947 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.5 3.6

Retail trade

591 598 620 586 635 672 4.0 4.0 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.4

Professional and business services

897 912 890 928 1,001 918 5.0 5.0 4.8 5.0 5.4 4.9

Education and health services(6)

495 544 541 470 530 550 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.6 2.7

Health care and social assistance

421 465 468 403 452 457 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.6 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

767 809 802 793 753 748 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.3 5.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

128 123 124 133 114 107 6.5 6.1 6.1 6.5 5.6 5.3

Accommodation and food services

640 686 678 660 639 641 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.3

Government(7)

322 295 284 282 277 294 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

State and local

289 262 258 253 253 264 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4

REGION(8)

Northeast

680 742 724 671 663 719 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.8

South

1,733 1,720 1,760 1,714 1,761 1,766 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.6

Midwest

1,007 952 1,036 945 1,105 1,024 3.3 3.1 3.4 3.1 3.6 3.3

West

985 981 971 988 968 979 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)

Total

4,341 4,287 4,381 4,228 4,273 4,376 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,051 3,987 4,081 3,913 3,992 4,097 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.6

Construction

298 300 306 310 292 301 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.0 5.2

Manufacturing

248 224 249 224 238 229 2.1 1.9 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

895 857 883 789 838 931 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.6

Retail trade

604 604 613 549 568 669 4.1 4.0 4.1 3.6 3.7 4.4

Professional and business services

895 858 848 891 934 906 5.0 4.7 4.6 4.8 5.0 4.9

Education and health services(6)

470 518 544 480 490 517 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.5

Health care and social assistance

398 445 477 413 426 430 2.3 2.6 2.8 2.4 2.5 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

748 779 734 740 731 709 5.4 5.5 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

113 120 108 107 119 101 5.7 6.0 5.3 5.2 5.9 5.0

Accommodation and food services

635 659 626 633 612 609 5.4 5.5 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.0

Government(7)

289 300 300 315 281 279 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3

State and local

259 256 261 281 247 247 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.3

REGION(8)

Northeast

669 697 695 679 685 749 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.9

South

1,678 1,645 1,726 1,739 1,734 1,597 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.2

Midwest

1,033 924 986 887 894 1,009 3.4 3.0 3.2 2.9 2.9 3.3

West

961 1,021 974 923 961 1,021 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)

Total

2,139 2,185 2,233 2,205 2,342 2,364 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

2,013 2,040 2,098 2,063 2,208 2,229 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.0

Construction

74 98 103 106 100 98 1.3 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7

Manufacturing

111 109 112 99 114 96 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

468 470 453 461 459 550 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.1

Retail trade

327 340 321 329 347 430 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.8

Professional and business services

376 410 418 455 541 476 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.9 2.6

Education and health services(6)

275 283 283 286 285 299 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4

Health care and social assistance

232 251 246 254 258 260 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

432 454 464 436 454 440 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

41 42 42 46 48 43 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.1

Accommodation and food services

391 412 422 390 406 396 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.3

Government(7)

126 146 135 142 134 135 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6

State and local

117 134 124 131 122 124 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6

REGION(8)

Northeast

321 308 323 298 321 352 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.4

South

903 918 964 934 1,006 980 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0

Midwest

476 516 494 525 525 515 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7

West

439 444 452 448 490 518 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)

Total

1,859 1,741 1,752 1,602 1,589 1,648 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,758 1,645 1,649 1,503 1,498 1,563 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

101 96 103 99 91 85 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

271 324 302 309 307 330 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3

South

670 601 625 647 608 496 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.0

Midwest

464 325 416 277 294 426 1.5 1.1 1.3 0.9 0.9 1.4

West

454 491 410 370 380 397 1.5 1.7 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.3

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)

Total

343 360 396 420 342 363 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

281 302 333 347 286 305 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

62 58 63 73 56 58 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)

Total

3,718 4,077 3,982 2.7 2.9 2.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,280 3,647 3,593 2.8 3.1 3.0

Mining and logging

15 26 23 1.7 2.8 2.5

Construction

82 105 117 1.4 1.7 1.9

Manufacturing

260 257 276 2.1 2.1 2.2

Durable goods

159 156 182 2.1 2.0 2.4

Nondurable goods

101 101 94 2.2 2.2 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

649 708 781 2.5 2.7 2.9

Wholesale trade

138 135 153 2.4 2.3 2.6

Retail trade

406 447 469 2.7 2.9 3.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

105 126 159 2.1 2.5 3.1

Information

122 92 63 4.3 3.3 2.3

Financial activities

260 322 252 3.2 3.9 3.1

Finance and insurance

201 272 181 3.3 4.4 3.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

59 50 71 2.9 2.4 3.4

Professional and business services

729 688 689 3.9 3.5 3.5

Education and health services

637 704 739 3.1 3.3 3.5

Educational services

64 70 69 2.1 2.2 2.2

Health care and social assistance

573 634 670 3.3 3.5 3.7

Leisure and hospitality

439 550 544 3.0 3.6 3.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

63 46 80 2.7 1.9 3.4

Accommodation and food services

377 504 464 3.0 3.9 3.6

Other services

86 195 109 1.5 3.4 1.9

Government

438 430 388 2.1 2.0 1.8

Federal

84 48 45 2.9 1.7 1.6

State and local

353 382 344 1.9 2.1 1.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

691 650 764 2.7 2.5 2.9

South

1,427 1,579 1,429 2.9 3.1 2.8

Midwest

815 906 932 2.6 2.9 2.9

West

785 941 856 2.6 3.1 2.8

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)

Total

4,907 4,952 4,993 3.7 3.7 3.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,346 4,633 4,482 3.8 4.0 3.9

Mining and logging

32 34 28 3.7 3.8 3.1

Construction

292 363 283 4.9 6.0 4.6

Manufacturing

253 249 253 2.1 2.1 2.1

Durable goods

150 144 153 2.0 1.9 2.0

Nondurable goods

103 105 100 2.3 2.3 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

941 922 1,005 3.7 3.6 3.9

Wholesale trade

150 134 113 2.6 2.3 2.0

Retail trade

625 630 722 4.2 4.1 4.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

166 158 169 3.4 3.2 3.4

Information

78 79 79 2.9 2.9 2.9

Financial activities

198 243 213 2.5 3.1 2.7

Finance and insurance

126 161 141 2.2 2.7 2.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

72 82 71 3.6 4.0 3.5

Professional and business services

918 1,070 937 5.1 5.7 5.0

Education and health services

629 613 710 3.1 3.0 3.5

Educational services

122 105 160 4.0 3.4 5.2

Health care and social assistance

507 508 550 3.0 2.9 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

825 831 790 5.7 5.6 5.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

119 121 93 5.3 5.2 4.1

Accommodation and food services

705 710 697 5.8 5.7 5.6

Other services

180 229 185 3.3 4.1 3.3

Government

562 319 512 2.7 1.6 2.5

Federal

37 23 33 1.3 0.8 1.2

State and local

525 297 478 2.9 1.7 2.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

677 770 715 2.7 3.0 2.8

South

1,995 1,892 2,018 4.1 3.8 4.1

Midwest

1,138 1,160 1,169 3.7 3.8 3.8

West

1,099 1,131 1,091 3.7 3.8 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)

Total

5,144 4,680 5,279 3.8 3.5 3.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,696 4,316 4,863 4.2 3.8 4.2

Mining and logging

36 30 26 4.2 3.4 2.9

Construction

300 313 307 5.1 5.2 5.0

Manufacturing

300 249 280 2.5 2.1 2.3

Durable goods

188 149 157 2.5 2.0 2.1

Nondurable goods

112 100 124 2.5 2.2 2.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

983 863 1,064 3.9 3.3 4.1

Wholesale trade

143 132 111 2.5 2.3 1.9

Retail trade

674 569 783 4.5 3.7 5.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

166 162 170 3.4 3.3 3.4

Information

83 70 105 3.1 2.6 3.9

Financial activities

213 207 250 2.7 2.6 3.1

Finance and insurance

135 141 168 2.3 2.4 2.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

78 66 82 3.9 3.2 4.1

Professional and business services

962 1,016 1,020 5.3 5.4 5.4

Education and health services

597 584 669 3.0 2.9 3.3

Educational services

108 105 139 3.5 3.4 4.5

Health care and social assistance

489 480 530 2.9 2.8 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

961 776 908 6.7 5.2 6.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

170 103 150 7.6 4.4 6.6

Accommodation and food services

791 673 758 6.5 5.4 6.0

Other services

260 208 235 4.7 3.7 4.3

Government

449 364 417 2.2 1.8 2.0

Federal

42 31 41 1.5 1.1 1.5

State and local

406 333 376 2.3 1.9 2.1

REGION(3)

Northeast

817 730 917 3.2 2.8 3.6

South

2,011 1,939 1,924 4.1 3.9 3.9

Midwest

1,238 936 1,266 4.1 3.0 4.1

West

1,080 1,075 1,172 3.7 3.6 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)

Total

2,796 2,685 3,109 2.1 2.0 2.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,593 2,521 2,893 2.3 2.2 2.5

Mining and logging

22 14 15 2.5 1.5 1.7

Construction

93 126 122 1.6 2.1 2.0

Manufacturing

157 128 135 1.3 1.1 1.1

Durable goods

93 81 67 1.2 1.1 0.9

Nondurable goods

65 48 68 1.4 1.1 1.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

591 489 704 2.3 1.9 2.7

Wholesale trade

78 46 63 1.4 0.8 1.1

Retail trade

417 364 559 2.8 2.4 3.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

95 79 82 1.9 1.6 1.6

Information

48 41 65 1.8 1.5 2.4

Financial activities

123 117 152 1.6 1.5 1.9

Finance and insurance

83 78 104 1.4 1.3 1.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

40 39 48 2.0 1.9 2.3

Professional and business services

466 637 595 2.6 3.4 3.2

Education and health services

353 324 391 1.8 1.6 1.9

Educational services

66 35 68 2.2 1.1 2.2

Health care and social assistance

287 289 323 1.7 1.7 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

590 529 593 4.1 3.6 4.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

76 63 77 3.4 2.7 3.4

Accommodation and food services

514 466 516 4.2 3.7 4.1

Other services

148 118 121 2.7 2.1 2.2

Government

203 164 216 1.0 0.8 1.0

Federal

15 12 18 0.5 0.4 0.6

State and local

188 151 198 1.0 0.9 1.1

REGION(3)

Northeast

429 356 483 1.7 1.4 1.9

South

1,156 1,157 1,253 2.4 2.3 2.5

Midwest

660 601 708 2.2 2.0 2.3

West

552 571 665 1.9 1.9 2.2

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)

Total

1,989 1,595 1,790 1.5 1.2 1.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,814 1,478 1,653 1.6 1.3 1.4

Mining and logging

12 14 8 1.4 1.6 0.9

Construction

193 179 165 3.3 2.9 2.7

Manufacturing

117 89 120 1.0 0.7 1.0

Durable goods

79 50 74 1.1 0.7 1.0

Nondurable goods

38 40 46 0.8 0.9 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

324 290 269 1.3 1.1 1.0

Wholesale trade

54 75 31 1.0 1.3 0.5

Retail trade

212 156 166 1.4 1.0 1.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

57 59 73 1.2 1.2 1.5

Information

31 25 34 1.1 0.9 1.3

Financial activities

63 57 67 0.8 0.7 0.8

Finance and insurance

36 36 37 0.6 0.6 0.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

27 20 30 1.3 1.0 1.5

Professional and business services

459 342 394 2.5 1.8 2.1

Education and health services

186 190 218 0.9 0.9 1.1

Educational services

36 63 63 1.2 2.1 2.0

Health care and social assistance

150 126 155 0.9 0.7 0.9

Leisure and hospitality

332 209 285 2.3 1.4 1.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

91 35 71 4.1 1.5 3.1

Accommodation and food services

240 174 214 2.0 1.4 1.7

Other services

97 82 92 1.8 1.5 1.7

Government

175 117 137 0.8 0.6 0.7

Federal

18 9 12 0.7 0.3 0.4

State and local

157 109 126 0.9 0.6 0.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

314 307 366 1.2 1.2 1.4

South

745 642 546 1.5 1.3 1.1

Midwest

465 250 476 1.5 0.8 1.5

West

465 397 402 1.6 1.3 1.3

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)

Total

359 400 380 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

290 317 317 0.3 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

2 2 2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Construction

14 8 20 0.2 0.1 0.3

Manufacturing

25 32 25 0.2 0.3 0.2

Durable goods

16 19 16 0.2 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods

10 13 9 0.2 0.3 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

68 84 90 0.3 0.3 0.3

Wholesale trade

11 11 17 0.2 0.2 0.3

Retail trade

44 49 58 0.3 0.3 0.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

14 24 15 0.3 0.5 0.3

Information

4 4 6 0.1 0.2 0.2

Financial activities

28 33 31 0.4 0.4 0.4

Finance and insurance

16 27 26 0.3 0.5 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

12 6 5 0.6 0.3 0.2

Professional and business services

37 37 31 0.2 0.2 0.2

Education and health services

57 70 60 0.3 0.3 0.3

Educational services

6 6 8 0.2 0.2 0.3

Health care and social assistance

51 64 51 0.3 0.4 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

39 38 30 0.3 0.3 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3 5 2 0.1 0.2 0.1

Accommodation and food services

37 34 28 0.3 0.3 0.2

Other services

15 8 21 0.3 0.1 0.4

Government

70 83 63 0.3 0.4 0.3

Federal

9 10 11 0.3 0.4 0.4

State and local

61 73 52 0.3 0.4 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

74 67 67 0.3 0.3 0.3

South

109 140 126 0.2 0.3 0.3

Midwest

113 85 82 0.4 0.3 0.3

West

64 108 105 0.2 0.4 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: October 24, 2013
Recommend this page using: