Economic News Release

Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, January 30, 2013               USDL-13-0142

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


       METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- DECEMBER 2012


Unemployment rates were lower in December than a year earlier in 290 of the 372 
metropolitan areas, higher in 68 areas, and unchanged in 14 areas, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Seven areas recorded jobless rates 
of at least 15.0 percent, while 33 areas registered rates of less than 5.0 
percent. Two hundred eighty-three metropolitan areas reported over-the-year 
increases in nonfarm payroll employment, 83 reported decreases, and 6 had no 
change. The national unemployment rate in December was 7.6 percent, not 
seasonally adjusted, down from 8.3 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In December, 47 metropolitan areas reported jobless rates of at least 10.0 
percent, down from 70 areas a year earlier, while 158 areas posted rates 
below 7.0 percent, up from 122 areas in December 2011. Yuma, Ariz., and El 
Centro, Calif., recorded the highest unemployment rates in December 2012, 
at 27.3 and 25.5 percent, respectively. Midland, Texas, registered the lowest 
unemployment rate, 3.1 percent. A total of 204 areas recorded December 
unemployment rates below the U.S. figure of 7.6 percent, 154 areas reported 
rates above it, and 14 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See 
table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate decline in December was 
registered in Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev. (-3.3 percentage points). Fourteen 
additional areas had decreases of 2.0 percentage points or more. Yuma, Ariz., 
reported the largest over-the-year jobless rate increase (+1.9 percentage 
points). Four additional areas had increases of more than 1.0 percentage 
point from a year earlier.

Among the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million 
or more, the highest unemployment rate in December was registered in 
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., 10.9 percent. The lowest jobless 
rate among the large areas was recorded in Oklahoma City, Okla., 4.6 percent. 
Thirty-nine large areas reported over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 
nine registered increases, and one had no change. Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev., 
experienced the largest unemployment rate decline from December 2011 (-3.3 
percentage points). The next largest rate declines occurred in Tampa-St. 
Petersburg-Clearwater, Fla. (-2.2 percentage points), and Orlando-Kissimmee-
Sanford, Fla. (-2.0 points). Buffalo-Niagara Falls, N.Y., and Pittsburgh, Pa., 
recorded the largest over-the-year unemployment rate increases (+0.6 
percentage point each).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. 
In December 2012, Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., registered the highest 
jobless rate among the divisions, 11.4 percent. Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, 
Md., reported the lowest division rate, 5.0 percent. (See table 2.)

Eighteen of the metropolitan divisions recorded over-the-year jobless rate 
decreases in December, while 15 registered increases and 1 had no change. 
Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla., and West Palm Beach-Boca 
Raton-Boynton Beach, Fla., posted the largest rate declines from a year 
earlier (-1.8 percentage points each). Seven additional divisions had 
decreases of more than 1.0 percentage point. Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., 
and Gary, Ind., reported the largest over-the-year unemployment rate increases 
(+0.7 percentage point each).

In 7 of the 11 metropolitan areas that contain divisions, the ranges between 
the highest and lowest division jobless rates were 2.0 percentage points or 
more in December. Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., recorded the largest 
rate difference among its divisions, 5.8 percentage points (Lawrence-Methuen-
Salem, Mass.-N.H., 10.9 percent, compared with Framingham, Mass., 5.1 percent).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In December, 283 metropolitan areas reported over-the-year increases in 
nonfarm payroll employment, 83 reported decreases, and 6 had no change. The 
largest over-the-year employment increase occurred in New York-Northern New 
Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+118,700), followed by Houston-Sugar Land-
Baytown, Texas (+84,500), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. (+83,200). 
The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment was reported in Lafayette, 
La. (+8.6 percent), followed by Elkhart-Goshen, Ind. (+7.0 percent), and 
Pascagoula, Miss. (+6.7 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Brownsville-Harlingen, 
Texas (-4,400), followed by Peoria, Ill. (-3,000), and Memphis, Tenn.-Miss.-Ark. 
(-2,600). The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment was reported 
in Danville, Ill. (-3.7 percent), followed by Decatur, Ill. (-3.6 percent), and
Brownsville-Harlingen, Texas, and Las Cruces, N.M. (-3.4 percent each).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in all 37 metropolitan areas with annual 
average employment levels above 750,000 in 2011. The largest over-the-year 
percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas were posted 
in Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, Texas (+4.3 percent), and Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, 
Texas (+3.2 percent).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in December 2012 for 32 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers 
within a metropolitan area. Twenty-nine of the 32 metropolitan divisions reported 
over-the-year employment gains and 3 reported losses. The largest over-the-year 
increases in employment within the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-White 
Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J. (+92,600), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif.
(+69,500), and Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+51,400). The largest over-the-year 
decreases in employment within the metropolitan divisions were in Gary, Ind. 
(-6,500), and Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, Fla. (-3,700). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan 
divisions was reported in San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, Calif. (+3.4 percent), 
followed by Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+3.2 percent), and Peabody, Mass. (+3.1 
percent). The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred in 
Gary, Ind. (-2.4 percent).

_____________
The Regional and State Unemployment 2012 Annual Averages news release is scheduled 
to be released on Friday, March 1, 2013, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Regional and 
State Employment and Unemployment news release for January 2013 is scheduled to be
released on Monday, March 18, 2013, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area 
Employment and Unemployment news release for January 2013 is scheduled to be
released on Friday, March 22, 2013, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


    --------------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                    |
   |             Current Employment Statistics (CES) Data Error         |
   |                                                                    |
   | BLS has identified errors in the local government employment       |
   | data for Shreveport-Bossier City, La. metropolitan statistical area|
   | (43340). Local government data in this area has been corrected for |
   | July and August 2010 in addition to the 2010 annual average value. |
   | More information on this data correction and a complete listing    |
   | of corrections to the CES State and Area database can be found     |
   | at www.bls.gov/bls/errata/sae_errata.htm.                          |
   |                                                                    |
    --------------------------------------------------------------------


    --------------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                    |
   |    Upcoming Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data     |
   |                                                                    |
   | Effective with the issuance of the Regional and State Unemployment |
   | 2012 Annual Averages news release on Friday, March 1, 2013, the    |
   | labor force data for census regions and divisions and all states,  |
   | the District of Columbia, and the seven modeled substate areas     |
   | presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release will be revised   |
   | from 2008 to 2012, incorporating updated inputs, new population    |
   | controls, and reestimation of models. The new population controls  |
   | will reflect the annual updating of population estimates by the    |
   | U.S. Census Bureau. Labor force estimates for all other metro-     |
   | politan areas and metropolitan divisions subsequently will be      |
   | revised to reflect updated inputs and adjustment to the new        |
   | statewide estimates. Data back to 2008 are subject to revision,    |
   | and the revised estimates will be published with the March 2013    |
   | Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release on     |
   | Friday, April 19, 2013.                                            |
   |                                                                    |
    --------------------------------------------------------------------


    --------------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                    |
   |       Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data       |
   |                                                                    |
   | Effective with the release of January 2013 estimates on Monday,    |
   | March 18, all nonfarm payroll employment estimates for states      |
   | and areas presented in tables 3 and 4 of this news release will    |
   | be adjusted to 2012 benchmark levels. Seasonally adjusted series   |
   | will be subject to revision from 1990 forward. Not seasonally      |
   | adjusted payroll data back to April 2011 will also be subject to   |
   | revision.                                                          |
   |                                                                    |
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Technical Note


   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for
372 metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 8 areas in Puerto Rico.  Estimates for 34
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented.  Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
   
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program
   
   Definitions.  The labor force and unemployment data are based on 
the same concepts and definitions as those used for the official na-
tional estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a 
sample survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.  The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis.  The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
over.  Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation.  Unemployed persons are those who were
not employed during the reference week (based on the definition above),
had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with
the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed.  The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed
persons.  The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force.
   
   Method of estimation.  Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, 
and New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals.  Model-based estimation was
extended to the following areas and their respective balances of state
in 2005:  the Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-
Warren-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-
Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Metropolitan Statistical Area; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division.  (Model-based estimation of the New Orleans-
Metairie-Kenner metropolitan area was suspended following Hurricane
Katrina; the indirect estimation methods described below will be used
for this area until further notice.)  Modeling improves the statistical
basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools for
analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series.
For all other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared
through indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work" esti-
mates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of residence 
as used in the CPS.  Unemployment estimates are aggregates of persons 
previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment in-
surance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geograph- 
ically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure 
that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-state 
totals.  A detailed description of the estimation procedures is avail-
able from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions.  Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the end of each year, usually
implemented with January estimates.  The adjusted model-based estimates
reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revi-
sions in the other data sources, and model reestimation.  All substate 
estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised model-based 
estimates.

Employment--from the CES program
   
   Definitions.  Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month.  Persons are counted at their place of work
rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than
one payroll are counted on each payroll.  Industries are classified on
the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 ver-
sion of the North American Industry Classification System.
   
   Method of estimation.  The employment data are estimated using a
"link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-
month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sam-
ple of establishments reporting for both months.  The estimates of em-
ployment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the esti-
mates for the previous month by these ratios.  Small-domain models are 
used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES 
published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based 
estimates.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state un-
employment insurance (UI) laws.  The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month.  Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employ-
ment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in 
the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates
   
   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors.  Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed.  Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations.  Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the particular estimation processes used.  The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding.  Unemployment rates are computed from un-
rounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates.  Model-based error measures
are available for states on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm.
Measures of nonsampling error are not available, but additional infor-
mation on the subject is provided in Employment and Earnings Online at
www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.
   
   Employment estimates.  Measures of sampling error for state CES data at
the supersector level are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm.
Information on recent benchmark revisions is available on the BLS website at
www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions
   
   The substate area data published in this release reflect the stan-
dards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and 
Budget on December 1, 2009.  Data reflect New England City and Town
Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the
six New England States.  A detailed list of the geographic definitions
is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
   
   More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop
these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings
Online.
   
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment.  Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, labor market areas, counties, cities
with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the admini-
stration of various federal economic assistance programs are available 
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/.  Employment data from the 
CES program are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Ser-
vice:  (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                              November          December          November          December       November    December 
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2011     2012     2011     2012p    2011     2012     2011     2012p   2011  2012  2011 2012p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,176.9  2,164.2  2,169.8  2,154.7    168.2    145.0    165.6    140.9   7.7   6.7   7.6   6.5
  Anniston-Oxford.......................     53.1     53.8     52.9     53.5      4.2      3.7      4.2      3.6   7.9   6.9   7.9   6.7
  Auburn-Opelika........................     68.6     67.7     67.9     67.1      4.4      3.8      4.4      3.8   6.4   5.6   6.4   5.7
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    526.8    523.4    526.1    521.7     37.0     31.4     36.3     30.5   7.0   6.0   6.9   5.8
  Decatur...............................     73.8     73.9     73.2     73.2      5.6      4.8      5.5      4.6   7.5   6.4   7.5   6.3
  Dothan................................     65.1     65.2     64.9     65.1      4.6      4.3      4.6      4.2   7.1   6.5   7.1   6.4
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     70.3     71.1     70.2     70.6      5.2      4.4      5.2      4.5   7.4   6.2   7.3   6.3
  Gadsden...............................     45.4     45.3     45.6     45.3      3.5      3.1      3.5      3.0   7.8   6.7   7.6   6.5
  Huntsville............................    212.4    210.9    211.4    209.8     14.1     12.0     13.9     11.6   6.6   5.7   6.6   5.5
  Mobile................................    191.8    192.2    191.0    190.6     16.9     14.4     16.4     13.8   8.8   7.5   8.6   7.2
  Montgomery............................    169.7    169.2    167.9    168.5     13.4     11.6     13.1     11.1   7.9   6.9   7.8   6.6
  Tuscaloosa............................    101.0     99.0    100.1     97.8      7.4      6.4      7.2      6.4   7.3   6.5   7.2   6.5
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    365.6    359.7    365.7    361.7     26.1     23.4     27.7     25.6   7.2   6.5   7.6   7.1
  Anchorage.............................    202.4    199.0    203.4    200.3     12.3     10.8     12.7     11.6   6.1   5.4   6.3   5.8
  Fairbanks.............................     47.1     46.8     47.5     47.1      3.0      2.6      3.2      2.9   6.4   5.6   6.6   6.2
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,019.4  3,022.0  3,014.0  3,018.1    261.6    227.6    263.9    237.1   8.7   7.5   8.8   7.9
  Flagstaff.............................     70.7     70.7     70.0     68.8      6.1      5.3      6.4      5.8   8.7   7.6   9.2   8.4
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     86.6     84.0     85.7     84.0      8.8      7.4      8.8      8.0  10.1   8.8  10.3   9.5
  Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale.................  2,027.3  2,045.3  2,029.7  2,042.9    157.0    131.9    158.8    137.7   7.7   6.5   7.8   6.7
  Prescott..............................     90.4     89.8     89.4     88.6      8.1      7.1      8.3      7.6   9.0   7.9   9.2   8.6
  Tucson................................    464.1    456.3    461.8    456.8     35.4     30.2     36.1     31.5   7.6   6.6   7.8   6.9
  Yuma..................................     89.6     90.0     87.6     90.2     23.6     24.9     22.3     24.6  26.3  27.7  25.4  27.3
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,373.6  1,351.4  1,367.1  1,337.1     98.9     87.4    104.9     95.1   7.2   6.5   7.7   7.1
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    233.1    237.9    231.7    235.2     12.6     11.0     13.2     11.9   5.4   4.6   5.7   5.1
  Fort Smith............................    130.2    127.4    127.8    126.0     10.6      9.7     10.9     10.2   8.1   7.6   8.5   8.1
  Hot Springs...........................     42.5     41.0     42.1     40.6      3.2      2.8      3.4      3.1   7.5   6.9   8.1   7.5
  Jonesboro.............................     59.3     59.7     58.7     59.5      3.9      3.7      4.2      4.0   6.5   6.2   7.2   6.8
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    346.2    341.4    346.3    338.2     21.9     19.7     23.1     21.2   6.3   5.8   6.7   6.3
  Pine Bluff............................     44.1     43.6     44.0     43.1      4.1      3.6      4.3      3.9   9.3   8.2   9.7   9.0
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,429.7 18,443.5 18,432.2 18,489.6  2,014.5  1,775.0  2,017.8  1,800.4  10.9   9.6  10.9   9.7
  Bakersfield-Delano....................    382.6    381.1    384.5    381.4     50.7     47.5     55.0     51.6  13.3  12.5  14.3  13.5
  Chico.................................    102.5    101.5    101.6    101.3     12.6     11.3     12.8     11.7  12.2  11.1  12.6  11.6
  El Centro.............................     77.5     77.0     76.5     77.1     22.4     20.4     21.5     19.7  28.9  26.5  28.1  25.5
  Fresno................................    433.2    435.8    436.4    439.9     68.3     62.9     70.7     65.4  15.8  14.4  16.2  14.9
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     61.7     62.1     61.4     62.0      9.1      8.6      9.5      8.9  14.8  13.9  15.4  14.4
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana......  6,551.3  6,478.1  6,550.5  6,487.6    704.3    592.2    699.3    605.7  10.8   9.1  10.7   9.3
  Madera-Chowchilla.....................     64.0     63.0     65.4     64.3      9.4      8.6      9.8      8.9  14.7  13.7  14.9  13.9
  Merced................................    109.7    109.6    109.3    110.0     18.0     17.1     19.8     18.9  16.4  15.6  18.1  17.2
  Modesto...............................    232.3    231.3    234.9    234.5     36.3     33.6     38.0     35.1  15.6  14.5  16.2  15.0
  Napa..................................     75.4     75.5     75.1     74.7      6.4      5.7      6.6      5.9   8.5   7.5   8.8   7.9
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    436.4    440.5    437.3    442.7     41.7     38.1     41.2     37.8   9.6   8.7   9.4   8.5
  Redding...............................     83.6     84.7     84.0     85.3     11.1     10.0     11.2     10.2  13.3  11.8  13.4  12.0
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,809.5  1,806.6  1,814.6  1,816.6    225.1    204.0    221.1    198.8  12.4  11.3  12.2  10.9
  Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville...  1,036.9  1,033.3  1,033.4  1,037.8    113.7    101.1    112.9    101.4  11.0   9.8  10.9   9.8
  Salinas...............................    225.0    233.3    217.2    222.6     24.1     22.2     31.3     29.1  10.7   9.5  14.4  13.1
  San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos.........  1,592.0  1,605.5  1,595.0  1,609.5    149.0    134.7    144.2    130.2   9.4   8.4   9.0   8.1
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont.........  2,280.5  2,313.8  2,279.0  2,324.6    197.7    174.8    191.8    170.2   8.7   7.6   8.4   7.3
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........    930.8    950.7    933.2    953.5     84.7     74.4     82.4     72.8   9.1   7.8   8.8   7.6
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles...........    139.0    141.8    135.6    139.3     11.9     10.4     11.7     10.2   8.6   7.3   8.6   7.3
  Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta......    227.7    231.6    225.3    229.4     18.6     16.9     19.3     17.5   8.2   7.3   8.5   7.6
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    151.5    155.9    149.0    155.1     16.5     14.9     18.5     17.0  10.9   9.6  12.4  11.0
  Santa Rosa-Petaluma...................    254.6    262.6    253.4    261.7     23.1     20.2     22.7     20.1   9.1   7.7   9.0   7.7
  Stockton..............................    294.6    296.8    297.2    302.1     46.4     41.9     47.9     43.8  15.8  14.1  16.1  14.5
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    216.7    217.5    217.6    219.7     22.7     20.3     22.7     20.5  10.5   9.3  10.4   9.3
  Visalia-Porterville...................    206.0    207.2    209.7    207.4     31.8     30.1     34.7     32.6  15.4  14.5  16.5  15.7
  Yuba City.............................     71.6     69.3     71.6     70.0     11.9     10.8     12.8     11.8  16.6  15.6  17.9  16.9
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,732.9  2,713.5  2,724.8  2,729.3    209.8    204.4    210.3    205.3   7.7   7.5   7.7   7.5
  Boulder...............................    178.2    178.9    177.0    180.0     10.1     10.1      9.8      9.9   5.7   5.7   5.5   5.5
  Colorado Springs......................    314.2    304.7    307.9    306.3     26.9     26.7     27.2     27.0   8.6   8.8   8.8   8.8
  Denver-Aurora-Broomfield..............  1,411.1  1,404.6  1,400.1  1,415.9    108.9    104.3    110.0    104.8   7.7   7.4   7.9   7.4
  Fort Collins-Loveland.................    178.7    180.3    177.7    181.9     11.0     10.7     10.9     10.6   6.1   5.9   6.1   5.9
  Grand Junction........................     79.6     80.3     79.2     81.1      6.7      6.8      6.9      7.0   8.4   8.4   8.7   8.6
  Greeley...............................    122.9    121.8    121.4    120.0     10.4     10.0     10.5     10.1   8.5   8.2   8.7   8.4
  Pueblo................................     77.0     76.4     76.4     76.2      7.4      7.7      7.5      8.0   9.6  10.1   9.8  10.5
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,917.6  1,872.7  1,905.0  1,853.8    149.5    154.8    145.0    144.4   7.8   8.3   7.6   7.8
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    482.9    474.1    481.6    468.9     35.1     36.6     34.1     33.6   7.3   7.7   7.1   7.2
  Danbury...............................     94.3     92.3     94.0     91.6      5.8      6.1      5.6      5.6   6.1   6.6   6.0   6.1
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    610.7    594.0    606.5    589.0     47.7     48.9     46.0     45.8   7.8   8.2   7.6   7.8
  New Haven.............................    322.5    313.4    318.2    309.8     26.2     27.0     25.3     25.0   8.1   8.6   8.0   8.1
  Norwich-New London....................    150.6    146.0    149.9    144.7     12.2     12.8     12.1     12.1   8.1   8.8   8.1   8.4
  Waterbury.............................    102.5    102.1    102.1    101.2     10.5     10.9     10.2     10.4  10.2  10.7  10.0  10.3
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    440.9    441.4    441.7    442.6     29.4     27.7     30.5     30.6   6.7   6.3   6.9   6.9
  Dover.................................     76.3     74.4     76.4     74.7      5.0      4.9      5.3      5.5   6.6   6.6   7.0   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    342.5    364.3    342.3    366.0     33.9     29.9     33.7     31.6   9.9   8.2   9.8   8.6
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,183.2  3,234.7  3,181.6  3,230.6    169.6    162.2    170.9    168.0   5.3   5.0   5.4   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,270.8  9,310.1  9,278.3  9,302.5    913.3    740.8    900.3    732.7   9.9   8.0   9.7   7.9
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    283.5    281.5    282.6    282.4     29.8     23.4     28.7     22.5  10.5   8.3  10.2   8.0
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin....    100.3     98.1     99.8     97.7      7.2      5.8      7.0      5.6   7.2   5.9   7.1   5.8
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    254.3    252.1    254.3    250.3     26.1     21.0     25.5     20.2  10.3   8.3  10.0   8.1
  Gainesville...........................    139.3    137.5    137.5    136.7     10.9      8.8     10.5      8.5   7.8   6.4   7.7   6.2
  Jacksonville..........................    694.8    694.1    696.3    694.7     66.3     53.0     64.4     51.2   9.5   7.6   9.2   7.4
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    273.8    274.4    274.1    274.0     30.5     24.7     29.4     23.6  11.1   9.0  10.7   8.6
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach...  2,882.4  2,908.0  2,894.8  2,909.6    271.1    224.9    275.9    235.2   9.4   7.7   9.5   8.1
  Naples-Marco Island...................    151.7    152.9    152.6    154.1     14.5     12.0     13.8     11.3   9.6   7.8   9.0   7.3
  North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota.........    303.5    302.6    301.8    302.4     30.9     24.6     29.8     23.6  10.2   8.1   9.9   7.8
  Ocala.................................    134.2    134.0    133.2    134.0     15.8     12.3     15.4     11.9  11.7   9.2  11.5   8.9
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.............  1,124.4  1,139.1  1,123.5  1,134.6    111.2     89.4    108.4     86.2   9.9   7.8   9.6   7.6
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    267.0    266.2    265.6    266.0     29.0     22.7     28.3     22.1  10.9   8.5  10.7   8.3
  Palm Coast............................     34.2     33.6     34.0     33.4      4.7      3.9      4.6      3.7  13.8  11.6  13.5  11.2
  Panama City-Lynn Haven-                                                                                                   
    Panama City Beach...................     88.8     88.3     89.6     87.6      8.9      7.3      9.1      7.4  10.1   8.3  10.2   8.5
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    211.5    209.8    210.3    208.5     20.2     16.3     19.8     16.2   9.6   7.8   9.4   7.8
  Port St. Lucie........................    189.7    186.1    189.5    186.3     22.2     18.4     21.3     17.6  11.7   9.9  11.2   9.5
  Punta Gorda...........................     71.0     69.2     71.3     69.8      7.2      5.8      7.0      5.6  10.2   8.4   9.9   8.0
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     64.0     64.6     64.8     64.7      7.5      6.2      7.2      5.9  11.8   9.6  11.1   9.1
  Tallahassee...........................    194.0    192.8    192.1    189.9     16.0     12.9     15.4     12.5   8.2   6.7   8.0   6.6
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,316.8  1,327.9  1,316.1  1,326.6    135.6    108.3    132.3    104.2  10.3   8.2  10.1   7.9
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,734.0  4,805.8  4,749.7  4,807.6    429.1    399.1    435.2    421.0   9.1   8.3   9.2   8.8
  Albany................................     72.9     73.5     73.3     73.3      7.1      6.8      7.2      7.1   9.8   9.2   9.8   9.7
  Athens-Clarke County..................    109.6    113.4    109.2    111.5      7.3      7.0      7.6      7.3   6.7   6.2   7.0   6.6
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta........  2,700.7  2,749.3  2,710.5  2,755.5    239.7    220.2    242.4    231.9   8.9   8.0   8.9   8.4
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    257.7    255.1    257.0    254.9     22.8     21.8     22.9     23.0   8.8   8.5   8.9   9.0
  Brunswick.............................     49.0     51.0     49.8     51.1      5.0      4.7      5.2      5.0  10.2   9.2  10.4   9.8
  Columbus..............................    132.3    132.3    133.0    132.4     11.3     11.0     11.7     11.9   8.5   8.3   8.8   9.0
  Dalton................................     59.7     58.2     59.8     58.5      7.3      6.4      7.3      6.6  12.1  11.0  12.3  11.3
  Gainesville...........................     91.0     94.8     91.3     94.4      6.7      6.1      6.9      6.5   7.4   6.5   7.5   6.9
  Hinesville-Fort Stewart...............     33.2     33.4     33.3     33.5      3.0      2.8      3.0      3.0   8.9   8.5   9.1   8.9
  Macon.................................    112.5    115.1    112.9    114.9     10.6     10.0     10.8     10.6   9.4   8.7   9.5   9.2
  Rome..................................     47.3     47.4     47.0     47.3      5.0      4.4      4.9      4.6  10.6   9.4  10.5   9.8
  Savannah..............................    173.9    179.5    175.1    180.9     14.7     13.8     15.3     14.8   8.4   7.7   8.7   8.2
  Valdosta..............................     65.6     66.9     66.1     66.5      5.8      5.5      5.8      5.7   8.8   8.2   8.7   8.5
  Warner Robins.........................     70.3     71.5     70.5     71.5      5.1      5.0      5.2      5.3   7.3   7.0   7.4   7.4
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    661.7    643.9    659.5    647.7     44.0     34.1     40.8     31.2   6.7   5.3   6.2   4.8
  Honolulu..............................    461.8    450.2    461.0    455.0     26.9     21.5     24.9     19.6   5.8   4.8   5.4   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    771.9    774.2    772.3    771.2     62.7     50.7     64.5     49.6   8.1   6.6   8.3   6.4
  Boise City-Nampa......................    302.7    307.2    302.2    306.1     25.1     19.8     25.2     18.8   8.3   6.4   8.3   6.2
  Coeur d'Alene.........................     71.8     72.4     72.3     72.6      6.8      5.6      7.1      5.5   9.5   7.7   9.9   7.6
  Idaho Falls...........................     63.3     64.3     63.9     64.1      4.3      3.5      4.5      3.5   6.8   5.5   7.0   5.4
  Lewiston..............................     29.8     30.0     29.3     29.9      2.1      1.7      2.1      1.7   7.2   5.7   7.3   5.7
  Pocatello.............................     44.9     45.1     44.9     45.1      3.4      2.8      3.6      2.8   7.6   6.3   8.0   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,576.6  6,614.0  6,554.8  6,618.4    607.6    546.2    610.5    570.8   9.2   8.3   9.3   8.6
  Bloomington-Normal....................     92.2     92.3     91.3     91.6      6.2      5.6      6.3      5.8   6.8   6.1   6.9   6.3
  Champaign-Urbana......................    117.2    117.4    114.2    116.3      9.2      8.4      9.2      8.6   7.8   7.2   8.0   7.4
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville.............  4,842.3  4,870.6  4,826.0  4,891.1    452.5    405.1    447.2    423.0   9.3   8.3   9.3   8.6
  Danville..............................     36.7     35.9     36.5     35.3      3.6      3.5      3.7      3.7   9.9   9.9  10.3  10.4
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island..........    200.1    197.5    197.8    195.0     14.8     12.7     15.5     13.9   7.4   6.4   7.8   7.1
  Decatur...............................     54.9     54.5     54.6     53.6      5.4      5.5      5.5      6.3   9.8  10.2  10.1  11.8
  Kankakee-Bradley......................     56.8     57.0     56.5     56.9      6.3      5.7      6.6      6.0  11.1  10.0  11.7  10.5
  Peoria................................    204.5    204.9    204.8    201.6     16.4     15.7     16.7     16.7   8.0   7.7   8.2   8.3
  Rockford..............................    168.7    167.6    168.4    166.4     20.0     17.7     20.7     18.6  11.8  10.5  12.3  11.2
  Springfield...........................    117.0    117.9    117.2    117.1      8.7      8.1      8.8      8.4   7.4   6.9   7.5   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,208.7  3,148.6  3,189.6  3,145.3    276.7    252.0    275.7    267.0   8.6   8.0   8.6   8.5
  Anderson..............................     61.1     59.1     60.7     59.6      6.2      5.6      6.1      6.1  10.1   9.5  10.1  10.2
  Bloomington...........................     99.1     95.7     96.1     94.9      7.1      6.8      7.3      7.2   7.2   7.1   7.6   7.6
  Columbus..............................     41.2     41.7     41.4     41.7      2.8      2.5      2.8      2.8   6.7   5.9   6.7   6.6
  Elkhart-Goshen........................     91.9     92.8     91.1     92.7     10.0      8.3     10.0      8.6  10.9   9.0  10.9   9.3
  Evansville............................    185.5    180.5    183.4    180.5     13.4     12.8     13.8     13.6   7.3   7.1   7.5   7.5
  Fort Wayne............................    212.6    212.5    212.8    212.4     19.9     15.7     18.1     16.7   9.4   7.4   8.5   7.9
  Indianapolis-Carmel...................    907.2    886.8    902.2    890.0     73.9     67.6     73.5     71.0   8.1   7.6   8.2   8.0
  Kokomo................................     43.6     42.8     42.8     42.8      4.3      3.8      4.2      4.0   9.9   8.8   9.7   9.3
  Lafayette.............................    101.2    100.1     99.6     99.4      7.4      7.3      7.4      7.5   7.3   7.3   7.4   7.5
  Michigan City-La Porte................     51.3     49.9     50.8     49.6      5.0      4.8      5.1      5.2   9.8   9.7  10.0  10.5
  Muncie................................     54.8     53.9     54.4     54.9      5.5      4.8      5.3      5.1  10.1   8.9   9.8   9.3
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    155.7    153.5    155.2    153.8     14.3     13.3     14.6     14.1   9.2   8.7   9.4   9.2
  Terre Haute...........................     79.6     80.2     79.1     80.1      7.9      7.8      8.1      8.3   9.9   9.8  10.3  10.4
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,665.9  1,644.3  1,661.5  1,629.0     86.8     74.1     95.7     85.3   5.2   4.5   5.8   5.2
  Ames..................................     49.4     49.9     49.2     49.1      1.9      1.5      2.0      1.8   3.8   3.1   4.1   3.6
  Cedar Rapids..........................    145.5    143.8    143.1    142.8      7.9      6.8      8.6      7.6   5.5   4.7   6.0   5.3
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    312.3    311.7    308.8    310.1     16.6     14.3     17.8     16.1   5.3   4.6   5.8   5.2
  Dubuque...............................     53.2     53.1     53.0     53.3      2.5      2.1      2.8      2.6   4.7   3.9   5.3   4.8
  Iowa City.............................     93.0     90.8     91.4     90.6      3.5      2.9      3.8      3.3   3.8   3.2   4.2   3.6
  Sioux City............................     77.8     77.7     78.0     76.5      4.0      3.6      4.4      4.1   5.2   4.6   5.7   5.3
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     97.0     95.3     96.1     94.4      4.9      4.3      5.3      4.9   5.0   4.5   5.5   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,512.4  1,490.5  1,505.4  1,488.3     92.5     77.7     90.2     78.3   6.1   5.2   6.0   5.3
  Lawrence..............................     62.8     61.3     61.4     60.9      3.4      3.0      3.1      2.9   5.4   4.8   5.1   4.8
  Manhattan.............................     62.5     64.1     60.9     63.3      3.4      3.0      3.1      3.0   5.4   4.7   5.1   4.7
  Topeka................................    121.0    119.8    120.5    120.0      8.1      7.3      7.8      7.3   6.7   6.1   6.5   6.1
  Wichita...............................    305.4    307.0    304.0    305.8     22.7     18.4     21.7     18.2   7.4   6.0   7.1   6.0
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  2,066.3  2,083.4  2,065.2  2,091.9    174.9    157.9    178.3    164.5   8.5   7.6   8.6   7.9
  Bowling Green.........................     64.3     63.7     64.2     63.9      4.7      4.2      4.8      4.3   7.4   6.6   7.4   6.7
  Elizabethtown.........................     55.7     56.2     56.1     55.8      4.8      4.0      4.9      4.2   8.6   7.2   8.7   7.4
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    240.1    243.3    239.7    245.6     16.6     14.8     16.6     15.0   6.9   6.1   6.9   6.1
  Louisville-Jefferson County...........    635.4    641.2    635.5    642.6     55.6     47.4     56.4     48.9   8.8   7.4   8.9   7.6
  Owensboro.............................     58.8     58.0     58.3     58.2      4.1      3.7      4.3      3.9   6.9   6.4   7.3   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,065.3  2,077.9  2,043.3  2,075.2    135.7     95.6    134.4    114.2   6.6   4.6   6.6   5.5
  Alexandria............................     67.2     67.9     66.9     67.4      4.4      3.0      4.3      3.8   6.5   4.5   6.5   5.7
  Baton Rouge...........................    376.7    375.6    372.8    374.3     24.6     16.9     24.5     20.1   6.5   4.5   6.6   5.4
  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux............    104.0    106.0    102.9    106.1      4.8      3.3      4.6      4.0   4.7   3.1   4.5   3.7
  Lafayette.............................    139.4    152.1    138.4    151.1      7.0      4.7      6.7      5.6   5.1   3.1   4.8   3.7
  Lake Charles..........................     92.2     93.6     91.1     92.5      5.8      4.0      5.7      4.9   6.3   4.2   6.3   5.3
  Monroe................................     80.6     81.9     79.9     81.7      5.6      4.0      5.6      4.8   7.0   4.9   7.0   5.8
  New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner...........    542.9    538.8    533.7    537.5     35.4     25.5     34.8     29.8   6.5   4.7   6.5   5.5
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    182.8    182.7    181.3    182.9     11.4      8.8     11.1     10.4   6.2   4.8   6.1   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    703.1    702.3    703.8    703.4     47.9     49.1     49.3     51.5   6.8   7.0   7.0   7.3
  Bangor................................     73.0     72.8     72.6     72.8      4.6      4.8      4.7      5.0   6.3   6.6   6.5   6.8
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     58.7     58.7     59.0     58.6      3.9      3.9      4.0      4.2   6.7   6.7   6.8   7.1
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford.....    205.5    204.9    204.4    204.1     11.5     11.7     11.4     12.1   5.6   5.7   5.6   5.9
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  3,074.6  3,104.5  3,066.5  3,103.7    195.1    199.0    194.5    207.0   6.3   6.4   6.3   6.7
  Baltimore-Towson......................  1,446.2  1,460.2  1,441.9  1,461.4     96.7     99.3     95.6    102.7   6.7   6.8   6.6   7.0
  Cumberland............................     51.8     52.5     52.2     52.6      3.6      3.6      3.9      4.0   7.0   6.9   7.6   7.6
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    121.1    121.1    121.9    120.8      9.6      8.7     10.1      9.4   7.9   7.2   8.3   7.8
  Salisbury.............................     64.0     63.5     64.1     63.6      5.6      5.4      5.6      5.7   8.7   8.5   8.7   9.0
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,453.3  3,459.3  3,445.1  3,460.2    221.9    212.0    226.0    227.4   6.4   6.1   6.6   6.6
  Barnstable Town.......................    131.8    132.0    131.3    131.0      9.2      8.8     10.0     10.0   7.0   6.6   7.7   7.6
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy...............  2,528.2  2,540.8  2,522.9  2,543.1    147.1    141.4    148.0    150.0   5.8   5.6   5.9   5.9
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner..........     71.1     71.4     71.1     71.6      6.2      5.9      6.3      6.3   8.7   8.2   8.8   8.8
  New Bedford...........................     85.5     86.1     85.0     86.4      8.1      8.2      8.4      8.9   9.5   9.5   9.9  10.3
  Pittsfield............................     38.4     38.1     38.3     38.4      2.6      2.5      2.7      2.7   6.6   6.5   6.9   7.1
  Springfield...........................    347.4    339.9    344.7    338.9     25.3     24.5     25.9     26.0   7.3   7.2   7.5   7.7
  Worcester.............................    294.7    293.4    295.3    293.7     20.2     19.7     20.6     21.1   6.9   6.7   7.0   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,627.5  4,609.8  4,617.5  4,628.5    395.7    364.6    413.6    411.5   8.6   7.9   9.0   8.9
  Ann Arbor.............................    181.0    183.7    181.2    183.3      9.4      7.9      9.8      9.4   5.2   4.3   5.4   5.1
  Battle Creek..........................     64.3     62.8     63.7     62.6      4.6      3.7      4.8      4.5   7.1   5.9   7.6   7.1
  Bay City..............................     51.5     51.7     51.6     52.1      4.0      3.5      4.4      4.3   7.8   6.8   8.5   8.3
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia................  2,001.0  1,991.2  1,997.0  1,993.3    192.2    193.5    193.6    204.0   9.6   9.7   9.7  10.2
  Flint.................................    184.6    184.6    185.5    187.1     16.4     14.5     17.6     17.0   8.9   7.8   9.5   9.1
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    381.1    382.2    379.2    383.6     25.5     20.7     27.1     24.7   6.7   5.4   7.2   6.5
  Holland-Grand Haven...................    129.4    130.5    129.4    131.6      8.6      6.9      9.1      8.3   6.6   5.3   7.0   6.3
  Jackson...............................     70.8     71.5     71.0     71.9      5.7      4.9      6.1      5.8   8.1   6.8   8.6   8.1
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    158.5    159.5    157.3    159.9     11.6      9.6     12.5     11.6   7.3   6.0   8.0   7.3
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    238.0    233.8    235.5    233.9     16.1     13.1     16.6     15.7   6.7   5.6   7.0   6.7
  Monroe................................     67.6     68.3     67.6     68.7      5.3      4.4      5.7      5.2   7.8   6.4   8.4   7.6
  Muskegon-Norton Shores................     81.9     80.1     82.2     81.1      7.0      6.0      7.3      6.9   8.5   7.5   8.8   8.6
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     73.1     72.2     71.8     72.4      6.2      5.2      6.7      6.3   8.5   7.2   9.3   8.8
  Saginaw-Saginaw Township North........     89.6     88.7     89.6     89.4      7.2      6.3      7.7      7.5   8.0   7.1   8.6   8.4
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  2,974.6  2,968.4  2,967.2  2,964.2    158.1    149.8    170.8    161.0   5.3   5.0   5.8   5.4
  Duluth................................    143.6    143.5    143.4    144.2      9.0      8.8      9.6      9.4   6.2   6.1   6.7   6.5
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     59.3     59.3     58.8     58.4      2.5      2.4      2.7      2.5   4.2   4.0   4.6   4.4
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,863.7  1,866.9  1,853.6  1,857.9     97.3     92.3    101.7     95.4   5.2   4.9   5.5   5.1
  Rochester.............................    102.7    102.0    102.3    101.6      4.5      4.2      5.0      4.6   4.4   4.1   4.8   4.5
  St. Cloud.............................    108.5    108.6    108.2    109.2      5.6      5.2      6.4      6.2   5.2   4.8   5.9   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,347.0  1,322.1  1,350.2  1,348.0    132.1     99.1    134.3    122.9   9.8   7.5   9.9   9.1
  Gulfport-Biloxi.......................    117.7    115.7    117.1    117.5     11.0      8.1     11.1     10.0   9.3   7.0   9.5   8.5
  Hattiesburg...........................     68.3     68.3     68.5     69.2      6.0      4.4      6.1      5.5   8.8   6.4   8.8   7.9
  Jackson...............................    272.2    266.6    272.3    270.7     21.4     16.1     21.6     20.3   7.9   6.0   7.9   7.5
  Pascagoula............................     73.7     74.7     73.7     76.2      8.1      5.9      8.1      7.3  11.0   7.9  11.0   9.5
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  3,035.3  3,003.6  3,032.8  2,984.9    229.5    191.3    235.5    193.3   7.6   6.4   7.8   6.5
  Cape Girardeau-Jackson................     47.1     46.5     47.4     46.2      3.2      2.7      3.3      2.7   6.8   5.9   6.9   5.8
  Columbia..............................    100.0     97.6     99.7     97.0      4.9      4.2      4.9      4.0   4.9   4.3   4.9   4.1
  Jefferson City........................     78.5     77.9     79.4     76.8      4.6      3.9      4.9      3.8   5.9   5.1   6.1   5.0
  Joplin................................     88.5     87.5     88.2     87.3      5.8      4.8      5.9      4.6   6.6   5.4   6.7   5.3
  Kansas City...........................  1,058.8  1,038.4  1,055.9  1,037.6     76.4     63.3     76.6     66.3   7.2   6.1   7.3   6.4
  St. Joseph............................     72.3     72.6     72.4     72.2      4.5      3.7      4.6      3.7   6.2   5.1   6.4   5.1
  St. Louis (1).........................  1,444.6  1,433.5  1,443.7  1,424.2    118.1     99.8    121.1     99.2   8.2   7.0   8.4   7.0
  Springfield...........................    222.9    226.4    224.9    225.6     15.1     12.5     15.5     12.1   6.8   5.5   6.9   5.4
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    503.2    506.5    500.4    503.6     32.2     28.7     33.4     29.4   6.4   5.7   6.7   5.8
  Billings..............................     86.4     87.2     85.8     87.5      4.0      3.5      4.1      3.6   4.6   4.0   4.8   4.1
  Great Falls...........................     40.0     40.4     39.9     40.2      2.2      2.0      2.3      2.1   5.5   4.9   5.8   5.1
  Missoula..............................     58.6     59.0     58.1     58.6      3.7      3.2      3.9      3.3   6.2   5.4   6.6   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................  1,012.6  1,025.4  1,011.7  1,026.2     38.6     34.8     41.8     38.3   3.8   3.4   4.1   3.7
  Lincoln...............................    175.9    178.6    175.5    178.7      6.0      5.3      6.4      6.0   3.4   3.0   3.6   3.4
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    462.9    470.8    462.4    469.7     20.0     17.7     21.7     19.3   4.3   3.7   4.7   4.1
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,382.4  1,353.3  1,379.0  1,353.6    175.4    138.5    178.3    132.8  12.7  10.2  12.9   9.8
  Carson City...........................     28.2     27.2     28.2     27.1      3.5      2.8      3.6      2.7  12.4  10.4  12.8  10.1
  Las Vegas-Paradise....................    992.0    971.3    987.5    974.4    129.4    101.3    131.2     97.0  13.0  10.4  13.3  10.0
  Reno-Sparks...........................    225.8    223.3    226.2    223.0     27.4     22.2     28.0     21.3  12.1   9.9  12.4   9.6
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    738.9    736.8    737.3    738.1     36.5     39.6     36.4     41.2   4.9   5.4   4.9   5.6
  Manchester............................    108.2    107.3    107.9    107.0      5.3      5.7      5.2      5.8   4.9   5.4   4.8   5.4
  Portsmouth............................     46.1     46.8     45.7     46.2      2.0      2.2      2.0      2.2   4.4   4.7   4.4   4.9
  Rochester-Dover.......................     86.3     85.3     85.4     84.9      4.1      4.3      4.2      4.6   4.8   5.1   4.9   5.4
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,563.1  4,603.1  4,565.6  4,619.4    398.9    430.0    398.9    431.7   8.7   9.3   8.7   9.3
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    134.9    140.0    135.6    138.8     16.6     20.4     17.3     19.9  12.3  14.6  12.7  14.3
  Ocean City............................     55.8     57.5     55.2     58.1      7.8      8.4      8.4      9.4  14.0  14.6  15.3  16.2
  Trenton-Ewing.........................    209.1    208.8    209.4    209.3     15.0     15.4     15.0     15.9   7.2   7.4   7.2   7.6
  Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton..........     71.1     71.1     71.6     71.8      8.8      9.1      9.2     10.0  12.4  12.8  12.9  13.9
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    930.4    935.3    929.2    939.0     61.6     55.9     61.6     60.6   6.6   6.0   6.6   6.5
  Albuquerque...........................    399.5    399.4    398.1    400.5     28.3     25.0     27.9     26.8   7.1   6.3   7.0   6.7
  Farmington............................     55.4     54.7     54.6     54.9      3.7      3.3      3.6      3.6   6.6   6.0   6.7   6.5
  Las Cruces............................     92.9     91.6     93.2     92.3      6.1      5.6      6.3      6.3   6.6   6.1   6.7   6.8
  Santa Fe..............................     75.4     76.8     75.4     77.2      3.9      3.6      4.0      3.9   5.2   4.7   5.3   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,484.6  9,535.7  9,470.5  9,563.4    750.7    754.7    759.5    788.1   7.9   7.9   8.0   8.2
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    437.2    442.8    436.8    440.7     29.8     30.2     30.5     32.6   6.8   6.8   7.0   7.4
  Binghamton............................    119.0    118.6    118.0    118.4      9.5      9.5      9.8     10.4   8.0   8.0   8.3   8.8
  Buffalo-Niagara Falls.................    566.6    569.0    563.9    567.4     42.7     44.7     45.0     48.5   7.5   7.9   8.0   8.6
  Elmira................................     38.9     38.7     38.7     38.7      3.0      3.3      3.1      3.6   7.8   8.4   8.0   9.3
  Glens Falls...........................     67.0     69.1     67.3     69.0      5.1      5.2      5.6      6.0   7.7   7.5   8.3   8.7
  Ithaca................................     54.3     56.7     54.0     56.4      3.0      3.0      3.0      3.2   5.5   5.4   5.6   5.6
  Kingston..............................     87.1     88.9     88.2     88.9      6.7      7.1      7.0      7.5   7.7   8.0   7.9   8.4
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                    
       Long Island......................  9,451.8  9,501.9  9,440.7  9,542.9    779.2    800.1    774.2    806.5   8.2   8.4   8.2   8.5
     New York City......................  3,952.6  3,955.9  3,948.0  3,980.1    352.7    341.9    348.6    349.9   8.9   8.6   8.8   8.8
  Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown......    318.0    322.7    317.9    322.0     22.8     23.7     23.2     24.8   7.2   7.3   7.3   7.7
  Rochester.............................    520.6    525.6    522.7    525.6     37.6     38.7     39.2     41.8   7.2   7.4   7.5   8.0
  Syracuse..............................    319.4    320.7    318.0    321.5     24.9     25.1     26.0     27.3   7.8   7.8   8.2   8.5
  Utica-Rome............................    140.0    140.4    139.7    141.4     10.8     11.1     11.4     12.2   7.7   7.9   8.1   8.6
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,665.8  4,746.4  4,643.6  4,707.2    470.0    425.2    474.7    444.9  10.1   9.0  10.2   9.5
  Asheville.............................    217.2    220.8    216.6    219.3     17.3     15.6     17.6     16.5   8.0   7.1   8.1   7.5
  Burlington............................     72.9     74.1     72.6     73.7      7.3      6.6      7.2      6.8  10.0   8.9  10.0   9.3
  Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill..........    895.5    917.1    890.9    913.3     91.6     82.4     92.3     85.9  10.2   9.0  10.4   9.4
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    267.8    273.5    266.7    272.8     21.0     18.9     21.0     19.6   7.8   6.9   7.9   7.2
  Fayetteville..........................    166.5    168.6    165.9    167.7     16.6     16.1     16.8     16.8  10.0   9.5  10.1  10.0
  Goldsboro.............................     54.8     56.6     54.4     56.1      5.0      4.9      5.0      5.1   9.1   8.6   9.2   9.1
  Greensboro-High Point.................    374.4    380.9    373.6    378.3     39.3     35.2     39.2     36.5  10.5   9.2  10.5   9.6
  Greenville............................     94.0     96.0     93.6     94.7      9.4      8.8      9.4      9.1  10.0   9.2  10.0   9.6
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    170.2    171.8    168.9    171.0     20.8     17.6     20.7     18.4  12.2  10.2  12.3  10.7
  Jacksonville..........................     67.3     70.4     67.1     69.2      5.9      5.8      6.1      6.1   8.8   8.3   9.0   8.8
  Raleigh-Cary..........................    588.4    601.9    585.7    595.4     48.4     43.2     48.4     44.6   8.2   7.2   8.3   7.5
  Rocky Mount...........................     72.6     74.3     72.4     73.9      9.9      8.7      9.9      9.3  13.7  11.7  13.6  12.5
  Wilmington............................    180.4    181.1    178.8    179.1     18.9     16.9     19.4     18.2  10.5   9.3  10.9  10.2
  Winston-Salem.........................    245.1    245.3    243.4    243.7     23.1     20.6     23.0     21.3   9.4   8.4   9.5   8.8
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    382.5    386.5    382.6    385.9     11.1     10.6     12.5     12.9   2.9   2.7   3.3   3.3
  Bismarck..............................     62.2     61.3     62.3     61.4      1.7      1.6      2.0      2.0   2.8   2.6   3.2   3.3
  Fargo.................................    122.0    121.0    121.6    120.1      3.9      3.6      4.5      4.4   3.2   3.0   3.7   3.6
  Grand Forks...........................     55.0     53.3     54.7     53.1      2.3      1.8      2.4      2.2   4.1   3.4   4.5   4.1
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,791.7  5,770.9  5,762.3  5,724.0    432.9    374.5    439.6    376.1   7.5   6.5   7.6   6.6
  Akron.................................    373.8    375.2    371.1    371.8     26.9     22.6     27.3     23.0   7.2   6.0   7.4   6.2
  Canton-Massillon......................    199.8    201.7    199.4    200.7     15.7     13.0     15.7     13.5   7.9   6.4   7.9   6.7
  Cincinnati-Middletown.................  1,099.2  1,104.7  1,095.1  1,102.3     83.2     70.2     83.0     70.2   7.6   6.4   7.6   6.4
  Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor...............  1,084.7  1,053.7  1,073.9  1,040.3     74.0     70.8     74.7     67.8   6.8   6.7   7.0   6.5
  Columbus..............................    959.2    965.8    956.3    958.7     62.4     53.0     61.2     51.8   6.5   5.5   6.4   5.4
  Dayton................................    412.1    407.9    409.2    404.3     32.8     27.3     32.8     27.2   8.0   6.7   8.0   6.7
  Lima..................................     49.8     50.3     50.0     49.7      4.1      3.4      4.1      3.5   8.2   6.7   8.3   7.0
  Mansfield.............................     59.0     58.3     58.4     58.1      5.3      4.4      5.4      4.4   9.0   7.5   9.2   7.6
  Sandusky..............................     40.2     41.7     39.9     39.9      3.1      2.7      3.4      2.8   7.8   6.4   8.5   7.0
  Springfield...........................     69.0     68.5     68.6     67.6      5.4      4.3      5.5      4.3   7.8   6.3   7.9   6.4
  Steubenville-Weirton..................     54.2     54.3     54.1     54.3      5.5      5.2      5.6      5.5  10.2   9.6  10.3  10.1
  Toledo................................    320.5    316.5    319.7    316.8     26.2     22.8     26.9     23.8   8.2   7.2   8.4   7.5
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    265.2    267.7    264.8    265.5     21.6     19.8     22.0     20.5   8.1   7.4   8.3   7.7
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,790.7  1,825.7  1,780.4  1,812.6    107.9     87.6    109.8     90.9   6.0   4.8   6.2   5.0
  Lawton................................     47.8     46.3     46.9     46.2      3.4      3.0      3.5      3.0   7.0   6.4   7.4   6.5
  Oklahoma City.........................    589.6    607.4    583.8    603.2     33.1     27.1     33.5     27.9   5.6   4.5   5.7   4.6
  Tulsa.................................    441.7    451.0    439.8    451.2     29.6     23.1     29.8     24.0   6.7   5.1   6.8   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,996.6  1,963.4  1,983.7  1,944.7    171.9    158.8    174.8    161.3   8.6   8.1   8.8   8.3
  Bend..................................     79.6     77.7     79.1     76.6      9.3      8.0      9.5      8.2  11.6  10.3  12.0  10.8
  Corvallis.............................     45.7     44.8     44.9     44.3      2.7      2.5      2.7      2.5   5.8   5.7   5.9   5.6
  Eugene-Springfield....................    180.2    177.7    178.5    176.9     15.5     14.0     15.4     14.0   8.6   7.9   8.6   7.9
  Medford...............................    103.9    102.5    102.2    102.5     10.5      9.6     10.6      9.7  10.1   9.4  10.4   9.5
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro..........  1,205.8  1,184.2  1,200.2  1,177.8     99.6     86.9     96.3     88.0   8.3   7.3   8.0   7.5
  Salem.................................    198.6    194.5    196.2    190.3     18.1     16.7     18.1     17.0   9.1   8.6   9.2   8.9
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,377.0  6,526.5  6,363.2  6,547.3    465.8    474.5    463.6    515.9   7.3   7.3   7.3   7.9
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    419.8    430.0    420.3    432.6     33.6     34.3     33.3     36.0   8.0   8.0   7.9   8.3
  Altoona...............................     64.8     66.1     65.2     66.5      4.2      4.3      4.3      4.9   6.4   6.6   6.7   7.4
  Erie..................................    140.6    144.2    140.3    143.5     10.2     10.1     10.5     11.3   7.2   7.0   7.5   7.8
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    281.2    286.7    280.8    288.0     18.9     19.0     18.4     20.4   6.7   6.6   6.5   7.1
  Johnstown.............................     68.3     69.4     67.8     69.5      5.3      5.5      5.5      6.3   7.8   8.0   8.1   9.1
  Lancaster.............................    264.6    270.7    264.0    272.2     16.7     16.3     16.3     17.8   6.3   6.0   6.2   6.6
  Lebanon...............................     72.8     72.9     72.2     73.1      4.4      4.5      4.3      4.9   6.0   6.2   5.9   6.7
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  2,976.4  3,021.3  2,968.6  3,028.7    238.2    240.7    235.0    255.0   8.0   8.0   7.9   8.4
  Pittsburgh............................  1,238.5  1,264.1  1,236.5  1,267.9     80.8     82.2     81.6     91.7   6.5   6.5   6.6   7.2
  Reading...............................    204.0    209.3    204.2    210.0     15.3     15.0     15.1     16.2   7.5   7.2   7.4   7.7
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre................    282.1    291.6    281.4    291.9     24.2     25.2     24.1     27.5   8.6   8.6   8.5   9.4
  State College.........................     78.0     79.7     76.4     78.4      3.8      3.9      3.9      4.6   4.9   4.9   5.1   5.9
  Williamsport..........................     61.9     64.0     61.7     63.6      4.3      4.7      4.3      5.2   6.9   7.3   7.0   8.2
  York-Hanover..........................    224.7    230.0    224.5    231.0     16.2     16.1     16.1     17.3   7.2   7.0   7.2   7.5
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    564.5    566.5    562.4    564.4     59.3     56.4     60.1     53.1  10.5  10.0  10.7   9.4
  Providence-Fall River-Warwick.........    700.0    700.2    696.6    698.0     72.0     68.9     72.8     66.1  10.3   9.8  10.4   9.5
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,144.7  2,133.4  2,136.3  2,135.6    203.6    176.5    202.4    187.4   9.5   8.3   9.5   8.8
  Anderson..............................     82.9     81.2     82.3     81.6      7.8      6.5      7.4      6.8   9.4   8.0   8.9   8.4
  Charleston-North Charleston-                                                                                                                   
    Summerville.........................    327.1    326.9    326.9    326.3     25.6     22.3     25.3     23.3   7.8   6.8   7.7   7.1
  Columbia..............................    371.3    367.9    367.6    367.7     30.1     27.1     29.6     28.0   8.1   7.4   8.1   7.6
  Florence..............................     92.7     93.5     92.5     93.2      9.5      8.3      9.6      8.9  10.3   8.9  10.4   9.5
  Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.............    313.8    310.6    313.5    310.8     24.2     21.4     23.7     22.1   7.7   6.9   7.6   7.1
  Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway    125.6    124.4    124.1    122.7     13.9     12.0     14.9     13.7  11.1   9.6  12.0  11.1
  Spartanburg...........................    132.7    134.1    132.1    134.3     12.5     11.0     12.4     11.3   9.4   8.2   9.4   8.4
  Sumter................................     44.1     43.7     44.6     43.8      4.8      4.2      4.7      4.5  10.8   9.7  10.6  10.2
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    446.5    445.4    445.3    441.6     17.7     18.4     20.2     19.9   4.0   4.1   4.5   4.5
  Rapid City............................     67.5     66.0     67.1     66.0      2.8      2.9      3.1      3.2   4.2   4.4   4.6   4.8
  Sioux Falls...........................    131.1    131.2    131.1    129.6      4.8      4.9      5.6      5.2   3.7   3.7   4.2   4.0
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,141.9  3,104.6  3,131.3  3,129.8    257.5    213.2    254.3    238.7   8.2   6.9   8.1   7.6
  Chattanooga...........................    262.2    263.5    262.4    264.6     19.4     16.9     19.2     19.1   7.4   6.4   7.3   7.2
  Clarksville...........................    115.2    117.2    114.8    118.3     10.2      8.8     10.1      9.6   8.9   7.5   8.8   8.1
  Cleveland.............................     54.9     53.2     54.2     54.0      4.6      3.7      4.4      4.1   8.3   7.0   8.1   7.6
  Jackson...............................     57.0     57.4     56.9     57.2      5.0      4.2      4.9      4.6   8.7   7.2   8.6   8.0
  Johnson City..........................    102.8    100.5    103.4    100.9      7.5      6.2      7.4      7.1   7.3   6.1   7.1   7.1
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    149.1    147.8    149.3    148.3     10.8      9.3     10.7     10.2   7.2   6.3   7.2   6.9
  Knoxville.............................    377.0    377.3    376.7    380.1     24.0     20.2     23.7     22.8   6.4   5.4   6.3   6.0
  Memphis...............................    633.2    621.4    633.9    627.2     57.5     47.6     56.3     53.9   9.1   7.7   8.9   8.6
  Morristown............................     63.1     61.4     62.5     61.5      6.3      5.2      6.2      5.7  10.0   8.5   9.9   9.3
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                      
    Franklin............................    846.1    836.8    839.6    843.9     59.3     46.2     57.4     51.3   7.0   5.5   6.8   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 12,503.7 12,628.7 12,494.0 12,621.6    903.1    737.4    887.0    762.9   7.2   5.8   7.1   6.0
  Abilene...............................     82.9     84.6     83.0     84.3      4.8      3.9      4.7      4.0   5.8   4.6   5.7   4.7
  Amarillo..............................    136.1    138.1    136.0    137.1      6.7      5.6      6.5      5.7   4.9   4.1   4.8   4.1
  Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos..........    941.6    973.4    939.1    971.2     59.0     47.3     57.1     48.6   6.3   4.9   6.1   5.0
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    188.3    187.1    187.2    188.5     19.2     17.3     19.1     18.8  10.2   9.2  10.2  10.0
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    161.8    157.5    162.3    156.1     17.8     15.2     17.7     16.0  11.0   9.7  10.9  10.3
  College Station-Bryan.................    116.6    114.4    115.2    114.6      6.8      5.8      6.6      5.8   5.9   5.1   5.7   5.0
  Corpus Christi........................    219.2    219.3    219.6    218.4     15.3     11.9     15.1     12.3   7.0   5.4   6.9   5.7
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,301.3  3,345.3  3,293.0  3,343.4    234.4    191.5    228.9    195.8   7.1   5.7   7.0   5.9
  El Paso...............................    327.0    326.8    327.6    326.2     31.4     26.7     30.8     27.5   9.6   8.2   9.4   8.4
  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown............  3,013.6  3,057.7  3,013.1  3,055.4    221.0    175.9    217.8    182.2   7.3   5.8   7.2   6.0
  Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood..............    171.2    172.6    171.0    171.9     13.3     11.2     13.1     11.4   7.8   6.5   7.6   6.6
  Laredo................................    102.8    101.0    102.6    102.5      7.2      6.1      7.1      6.2   7.0   6.0   6.9   6.1
  Longview..............................    113.6    114.1    114.5    114.2      7.2      6.0      6.9      6.3   6.3   5.3   6.0   5.5
  Lubbock...............................    150.1    147.1    149.4    146.3      8.2      6.7      8.0      6.9   5.5   4.6   5.4   4.7
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    322.5    316.3    323.8    320.1     35.3     30.4     36.0     33.0  10.9   9.6  11.1  10.3
  Midland...............................     84.8     87.5     85.0     87.3      3.2      2.7      3.2      2.7   3.8   3.0   3.7   3.1
  Odessa................................     79.7     83.2     80.5     82.6      3.9      3.0      3.7      3.1   4.9   3.6   4.6   3.7
  San Angelo............................     57.1     57.4     57.0     57.4      3.2      2.6      3.1      2.6   5.5   4.5   5.4   4.6
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.............  1,009.4  1,018.6  1,008.0  1,018.2     69.3     57.1     67.7     58.3   6.9   5.6   6.7   5.7
  Sherman-Denison.......................     59.1     59.0     59.2     58.3      4.5      3.6      4.4      3.9   7.7   6.1   7.4   6.7
  Texarkana.............................     67.1     68.1     67.3     67.6      4.6      3.7      4.6      3.9   6.8   5.4   6.9   5.7
  Tyler.................................    106.4    106.5    106.2    106.1      8.4      6.5      7.7      6.5   7.9   6.1   7.2   6.2
  Victoria..............................     61.0     60.8     60.6     61.1      3.8      3.1      3.7      3.2   6.2   5.1   6.2   5.2
  Waco..................................    115.7    116.8    115.9    116.6      7.9      6.5      7.7      6.5   6.8   5.5   6.7   5.6
  Wichita Falls.........................     72.4     73.4     72.0     73.8      4.7      4.0      4.6      4.1   6.5   5.4   6.4   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,333.1  1,364.5  1,329.3  1,359.1     73.3     67.3     73.1     70.5   5.5   4.9   5.5   5.2
  Logan.................................     68.1     69.1     67.4     67.7      2.6      2.5      2.6      2.6   3.8   3.7   3.8   3.8
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    254.8    258.5    252.8    258.1     14.6     13.3     14.7     14.0   5.7   5.1   5.8   5.4
  Provo-Orem............................    222.3    230.9    221.4    228.2     11.4     10.7     11.3     11.3   5.1   4.6   5.1   5.0
  St. George............................     56.2     57.3     55.5     56.6      4.0      3.5      4.1      3.8   7.1   6.2   7.3   6.7
  Salt Lake City........................    596.1    612.0    597.9    616.4     32.1     29.2     31.5     30.0   5.4   4.8   5.3   4.9
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    359.3    356.1    358.6    354.8     17.6     16.3     17.5     16.6   4.9   4.6   4.9   4.7
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    117.5    117.9    115.9    115.7      4.6      4.3      4.5      4.4   3.9   3.7   3.9   3.8
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,321.1  4,331.6  4,319.4  4,316.6    249.9    227.8    254.9    232.0   5.8   5.3   5.9   5.4
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     87.4     90.5     87.8     89.6      5.1      4.9      5.2      4.8   5.8   5.4   5.9   5.4
  Charlottesville.......................    114.5    114.2    113.6    111.8      5.4      4.9      5.5      5.0   4.7   4.3   4.9   4.4
  Danville..............................     52.9     52.4     52.7     52.3      4.6      4.0      4.6      4.0   8.7   7.7   8.7   7.6
  Harrisonburg..........................     70.0     70.7     69.5     69.9      3.9      3.7      4.0      3.6   5.6   5.2   5.7   5.1
  Lynchburg.............................    125.4    125.2    123.6    126.3      8.1      7.3      8.2      7.6   6.5   5.9   6.7   6.0
  Richmond..............................    675.4    673.4    677.7    669.2     44.1     39.5     44.3     40.0   6.5   5.9   6.5   6.0
  Roanoke...............................    162.5    159.8    160.2    159.1      9.9      8.9     10.0      9.1   6.1   5.6   6.3   5.7
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    845.1    845.7    844.3    845.7     56.6     50.5     57.5     50.8   6.7   6.0   6.8   6.0
  Winchester............................     68.2     67.7     68.0     67.5      4.2      3.5      4.3      3.7   6.2   5.2   6.3   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,485.2  3,455.2  3,477.6  3,455.9    293.0    251.5    296.9    265.6   8.4   7.3   8.5   7.7
  Bellingham............................    106.7    108.1    106.4    108.4      7.8      7.1      8.5      7.5   7.4   6.5   7.9   6.9
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    122.6    120.0    123.7    121.0      8.9      7.9      9.4      8.5   7.2   6.6   7.6   7.0
  Kennewick-Pasco-Richland..............    133.4    129.6    131.8    129.0     11.0     10.8     12.7     12.5   8.3   8.3   9.6   9.7
  Longview..............................     43.1     42.2     43.2     42.3      4.7      4.2      4.9      4.5  11.0  10.0  11.4  10.6
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     56.8     56.9     56.8     57.1      5.3      4.8      5.8      5.2   9.4   8.4  10.2   9.1
  Olympia...............................    131.0    129.0    131.6    129.9      9.8      8.9     10.5      9.6   7.5   6.9   8.0   7.4
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,884.8  1,876.5  1,886.2  1,882.5    150.0    126.8    145.5    126.0   8.0   6.8   7.7   6.7
  Spokane...............................    232.5    230.5    233.2    230.9     19.2     17.7     21.3     19.9   8.3   7.7   9.1   8.6
  Wenatchee-East Wenatchee..............     59.2     60.0     58.7     58.0      4.7      4.2      5.3      4.9   7.9   6.9   9.1   8.5
  Yakima................................    119.2    122.1    118.8    118.9     11.2     10.5     14.0     13.3   9.4   8.6  11.8  11.2
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    799.5    794.0    796.8    792.8     57.2     53.1     59.2     58.8   7.2   6.7   7.4   7.4
  Charleston............................    136.3    134.8    136.2    135.2      8.9      8.4      9.4      9.6   6.6   6.2   6.9   7.1
  Huntington-Ashland....................    128.6    130.0    128.4    129.2      9.5      8.3      9.7      9.0   7.4   6.4   7.6   7.0
  Morgantown............................     66.7     66.9     66.3     66.9      3.3      3.0      3.6      3.6   5.0   4.5   5.4   5.3
  Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna...........     76.3     73.7     75.9     73.4      5.6      4.6      6.0      5.2   7.3   6.3   7.9   7.1
  Wheeling..............................     67.8     67.5     67.9     67.2      5.1      4.7      5.1      5.2   7.5   7.0   7.5   7.7
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,051.3  3,058.4  3,038.4  3,043.2    199.2    189.0    199.5    199.3   6.5   6.2   6.6   6.5
  Appleton..............................    124.3    126.5    124.1    126.2      7.1      6.7      7.3      7.2   5.7   5.3   5.9   5.7
  Eau Claire............................     89.9     89.0     89.2     87.5      5.1      4.7      5.3      5.2   5.7   5.3   6.0   6.0
  Fond du Lac...........................     54.5     55.5     55.3     55.1      3.4      3.1      3.4      3.3   6.2   5.6   6.2   6.1
  Green Bay.............................    173.4    172.6    172.4    170.9     10.7      9.8     10.7     10.5   6.2   5.7   6.2   6.1
  Janesville............................     77.9     78.8     77.6     78.4      6.5      6.0      6.4      6.3   8.4   7.7   8.3   8.0
  La Crosse.............................     77.1     77.9     76.9     78.0      3.8      3.7      3.9      3.9   4.9   4.7   5.1   5.0
  Madison...............................    346.5    346.0    343.3    345.4     15.9     15.1     16.0     16.0   4.6   4.4   4.7   4.6
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    796.7    793.2    788.4    786.3     56.5     53.8     54.7     54.8   7.1   6.8   6.9   7.0
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     96.4     97.9     96.4     96.6      5.5      5.4      5.5      5.5   5.7   5.5   5.7   5.7
  Racine................................     97.4     98.1     97.2     98.0      7.8      7.6      7.7      8.1   8.0   7.8   7.9   8.3
  Sheboygan.............................     61.8     60.9     60.9     60.4      4.1      3.5      4.0      3.7   6.7   5.8   6.5   6.1
  Wausau................................     71.9     72.8     72.0     72.2      4.7      4.5      4.7      4.7   6.5   6.2   6.5   6.5
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    305.5    304.2    304.4    301.2     16.8     15.4     17.1     15.1   5.5   5.1   5.6   5.0
  Casper................................     43.5     43.5     43.5     43.3      2.3      2.0      2.3      1.9   5.2   4.5   5.4   4.4
  Cheyenne..............................     45.4     45.7     45.3     45.0      2.8      2.5      2.9      2.5   6.1   5.5   6.5   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,284.9  1,268.7  1,288.1  1,274.3    195.0    167.3    170.4    170.3  15.2  13.2  13.2  13.4
  Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian.......    107.1    103.7    107.5    105.4     17.3     15.6     15.3     15.9  16.2  15.0  14.3  15.1
  Fajardo...............................     26.2     26.4     26.1     26.4      4.6      3.8      4.2      3.9  17.7  14.5  15.9  14.9
  Guayama...............................     26.3     26.7     26.0     26.8      5.5      4.8      4.9      4.9  20.8  17.9  18.9  18.5
  Mayaguez..............................     34.6     34.4     34.5     34.3      5.8      5.2      4.9      5.4  16.8  15.2  14.3  15.6
  Ponce.................................     88.2     85.5     87.7     85.6     13.8     12.2     12.1     12.3  15.7  14.2  13.7  14.3
  San German-Cabo Rojo..................     49.7     49.0     49.7     49.1      7.6      6.8      6.7      7.2  15.3  14.0  13.5  14.6
  San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo..............    858.7    851.6    862.0    853.4    122.0    102.6    106.1    104.3  14.2  12.1  12.3  12.2
  Yauco.................................     36.5     35.7     36.4     36.2      6.3      5.8      5.7      5.9  17.4  16.2  15.5  16.4

   1 Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and are
available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs),
while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that
appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., is the exception in that it is listed under Illinois for
operational reasons. Data for 2011 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for
the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                November          December          November          December       November    December 
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2011     2012     2011     2012p    2011     2012     2011     2012p   2011  2012  2011 2012p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,429.7 18,443.5 18,432.2 18,489.6  2,014.5  1,775.0  2,017.8  1,800.4  10.9   9.6  10.9   9.7
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana........  6,551.3  6,478.1  6,550.5  6,487.6    704.3    592.2    699.3    605.7  10.8   9.1  10.7   9.3
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  4,931.7  4,855.8  4,931.6  4,863.4    573.7    478.2    573.4    496.0  11.6   9.8  11.6  10.2
     Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.............  1,619.7  1,622.3  1,618.9  1,624.2    130.6    114.0    126.0    109.7   8.1   7.0   7.8   6.8
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...........  2,280.5  2,313.8  2,279.0  2,324.6    197.7    174.8    191.8    170.2   8.7   7.6   8.4   7.3
     Oakland-Fremont-Hayward..............  1,292.0  1,304.9  1,289.4  1,310.5    123.1    109.9    120.0    107.6   9.5   8.4   9.3   8.2
     San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City.    988.4  1,008.9    989.6  1,014.1     74.6     64.9     71.8     62.6   7.5   6.4   7.3   6.2
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    342.5    364.3    342.3    366.0     33.9     29.9     33.7     31.6   9.9   8.2   9.8   8.6
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,183.2  3,234.7  3,181.6  3,230.6    169.6    162.2    170.9    168.0   5.3   5.0   5.4   5.2
     Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick (3).....    651.2    663.7    648.3    662.9     31.2     32.1     31.0     33.1   4.8   4.8   4.8   5.0
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,532.0  2,571.0  2,533.3  2,567.6    138.4    130.1    139.9    134.9   5.5   5.1   5.5   5.3
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,270.8  9,310.1  9,278.3  9,302.5    913.3    740.8    900.3    732.7   9.9   8.0   9.7   7.9
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.....  2,882.4  2,908.0  2,894.8  2,909.6    271.1    224.9    275.9    235.2   9.4   7.7   9.5   8.1
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................    992.4    995.6    991.9    993.1     87.1     69.7     84.6     66.9   8.8   7.0   8.5   6.7
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,270.0  1,292.4  1,279.1  1,299.1    120.6    103.4    130.2    118.7   9.5   8.0  10.2   9.1
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Boynton Beach......................    620.1    620.1    623.9    617.3     63.4     51.8     61.2     49.6  10.2   8.4   9.8   8.0
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,576.6  6,614.0  6,554.8  6,618.4    607.6    546.2    610.5    570.8   9.2   8.3   9.3   8.6
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville (2)...........  4,842.3  4,870.6  4,826.0  4,891.1    452.5    405.1    447.2    423.0   9.3   8.3   9.3   8.6
     Chicago-Joliet-Naperville............  4,068.9  4,103.2  4,053.8  4,129.0    385.6    341.8    377.0    354.1   9.5   8.3   9.3   8.6
     Gary (3).............................    331.0    321.6    331.0    318.8     29.3     28.6     29.6     31.0   8.8   8.9   9.0   9.7
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    442.4    445.8    441.1    443.3     37.6     34.6     40.5     37.8   8.5   7.8   9.2   8.5
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,453.3  3,459.3  3,445.1  3,460.2    221.9    212.0    226.0    227.4   6.4   6.1   6.6   6.6
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (2).............  2,528.2  2,540.8  2,522.9  2,543.1    147.1    141.4    148.0    150.0   5.8   5.6   5.9   5.9
     Boston-Cambridge-Quincy..............  1,529.3  1,544.6  1,525.3  1,543.1     83.4     79.1     83.4     83.8   5.5   5.1   5.5   5.4
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    127.3    126.7    126.9    126.9      9.4      8.5      9.7      9.2   7.4   6.7   7.6   7.3
     Framingham...........................    148.8    149.5    148.7    150.1      7.0      6.9      7.2      7.6   4.7   4.6   4.8   5.1
     Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (2).    124.3    124.4    124.3    124.6      7.6      7.7      7.7      8.1   6.1   6.2   6.2   6.5
     Lawrence-Methuen-Salem (2)...........     73.2     72.6     73.3     73.2      7.7      7.6      7.8      8.0  10.5  10.4  10.6  10.9
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    154.8    154.4    154.7    154.8     10.3      9.8     10.4     10.4   6.7   6.4   6.8   6.7
     Nashua (2)...........................    176.9    175.2    176.1    176.1      9.2      9.8      9.1     10.1   5.2   5.6   5.2   5.7
     Peabody..............................    130.0    131.4    130.1    132.0      8.2      7.9      8.3      8.5   6.3   6.0   6.4   6.4
     Taunton-Norton-Raynham...............     63.6     62.0     63.4     62.3      4.3      3.9      4.4      4.2   6.8   6.4   6.9   6.8
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,627.5  4,609.8  4,617.5  4,628.5    395.7    364.6    413.6    411.5   8.6   7.9   9.0   8.9
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..................  2,001.0  1,991.2  1,997.0  1,993.3    192.2    193.5    193.6    204.0   9.6   9.7   9.7  10.2
     Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.............    813.5    807.9    810.8    809.8     86.9     88.9     87.1     92.5  10.7  11.0  10.7  11.4
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,187.5  1,183.3  1,186.3  1,183.6    105.3    104.6    106.5    111.5   8.9   8.8   9.0   9.4
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,484.6  9,535.7  9,470.5  9,563.4    750.7    754.7    759.5    788.1   7.9   7.9   8.0   8.2
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                           
       Long Island (2)....................  9,451.8  9,501.9  9,440.7  9,542.9    779.2    800.1    774.2    806.5   8.2   8.4   8.2   8.5
     Edison-New Brunswick (3).............  1,214.2  1,225.8  1,214.4  1,227.5     99.7    111.5     99.2    107.1   8.2   9.1   8.2   8.7
     Nassau-Suffolk.......................  1,459.8  1,469.3  1,453.6  1,471.8     98.8    104.5     99.4    104.9   6.8   7.1   6.8   7.1
     New York-White Plains-Wayne (2)......  5,674.1  5,695.6  5,668.9  5,727.2    487.0    484.6    482.4    495.3   8.6   8.5   8.5   8.6
     Newark-Union (3).....................  1,103.7  1,111.2  1,103.7  1,116.4     93.8     99.6     93.1     99.2   8.5   9.0   8.4   8.9
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,377.0  6,526.5  6,363.2  6,547.3    465.8    474.5    463.6    515.9   7.3   7.3   7.3   7.9
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  2,976.4  3,021.3  2,968.6  3,028.7    238.2    240.7    235.0    255.0   8.0   8.0   7.9   8.4
     Camden (3)...........................    667.6    672.2    666.6    673.0     61.1     63.2     61.1     66.2   9.2   9.4   9.2   9.8
     Philadelphia.........................  1,954.2  1,990.6  1,945.8  1,995.3    152.1    153.4    148.3    162.4   7.8   7.7   7.6   8.1
     Wilmington (3).......................    354.6    358.6    356.2    360.4     25.0     24.0     25.7     26.4   7.1   6.7   7.2   7.3
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 12,503.7 12,628.7 12,494.0 12,621.6    903.1    737.4    887.0    762.9   7.2   5.8   7.1   6.0
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,301.3  3,345.3  3,293.0  3,343.4    234.4    191.5    228.9    195.8   7.1   5.7   7.0   5.9
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,202.6  2,230.1  2,195.1  2,229.4    157.6    128.9    154.0    131.8   7.2   5.8   7.0   5.9
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,098.7  1,115.3  1,097.8  1,114.1     76.7     62.6     74.9     64.0   7.0   5.6   6.8   5.7
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,485.2  3,455.2  3,477.6  3,455.9    293.0    251.5    296.9    265.6   8.4   7.3   8.5   7.7
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,884.8  1,876.5  1,886.2  1,882.5    150.0    126.8    145.5    126.0   8.0   6.8   7.7   6.7
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,493.6  1,487.0  1,492.1  1,489.2    115.5     95.7    109.0     92.8   7.7   6.4   7.3   6.2
     Tacoma...............................    391.2    389.5    394.1    393.3     34.5     31.1     36.5     33.3   8.8   8.0   9.3   8.5

   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 34 metropolitan divisions. 
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated
December 1, 2009, and are available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City
and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state that corresponds to the first city in their title. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some
divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are
listed. Three sets of metropolitan areas and divisions have similar or identical titles. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria,
D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. For the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., and
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis., metropolitan areas, the division titles are similar but include only Massachusetts and
Illinois, respectively. Data for 2011 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for
the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area November December Change from
December 2011 to December 2012(p)
2011 2012 2011 2012(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,878.6 1,889.5 1,871.2 1,882.5 11.3 0.6

Anniston-Oxford

47.8 49.1 47.9 49.0 1.1 2.3

Auburn-Opelika

54.3 53.9 53.8 53.2 -0.6 -1.1

Birmingham-Hoover

489.6 490.4 490.7 490.3 -0.4 -0.1

Decatur

55.0 55.8 54.6 55.3 0.7 1.3

Dothan

58.1 58.0 57.8 58.3 0.5 0.9

Florence-Muscle Shoals

55.1 56.6 55.3 56.1 0.8 1.4

Gadsden

35.7 36.0 36.0 36.2 0.2 0.6

Huntsville

207.1 207.1 206.8 206.5 -0.3 -0.1

Mobile

175.5 177.8 175.7 177.0 1.3 0.7

Montgomery

165.5 166.6 164.3 166.7 2.4 1.5

Tuscaloosa

94.0 92.3 93.3 90.9 -2.4 -2.6


Alaska

318.3 317.8 313.2 314.9 1.7 0.5

Anchorage

171.8 174.3 170.9 173.5 2.6 1.5

Fairbanks

38.1 39.2 38.0 38.8 0.8 2.1


Arizona

2,447.5 2,508.9 2,448.2 2,512.1 63.9 2.6

Flagstaff

60.1 61.6 59.2 59.7 0.5 0.8

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

46.2 45.5 45.7 45.3 -0.4 -0.9

Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale

1,746.2 1,798.5 1,750.1 1,801.9 51.8 3.0

Prescott

53.9 55.0 53.4 54.2 0.8 1.5

Tucson

361.3 362.9 358.9 364.7 5.8 1.6

Yuma

49.1 50.1 49.2 50.2 1.0 2.0


Arkansas

1,167.7 1,177.2 1,164.1 1,171.8 7.7 0.7

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

205.3 214.6 205.0 213.9 8.9 4.3

Fort Smith

111.8 110.8 109.9 110.2 0.3 0.3

Hot Springs

37.1 36.6 36.8 36.5 -0.3 -0.8

Jonesboro

49.7 51.1 49.2 51.3 2.1 4.3

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

339.2 340.8 341.6 340.5 -1.1 -0.3

Pine Bluff

36.6 37.5 36.5 37.2 0.7 1.9


California

14,250.0 14,525.7 14,277.8 14,515.6 237.8 1.7

Bakersfield-Delano

234.6 236.4 235.6 235.4 -0.2 -0.1

Chico

68.8 69.1 68.0 68.4 0.4 0.6

El Centro

45.0 46.0 44.9 46.5 1.6 3.6

Fresno

282.4 288.2 282.2 286.8 4.6 1.6

Hanford-Corcoran

37.0 37.5 36.9 37.2 0.3 0.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,231.7 5,322.5 5,245.6 5,328.8 83.2 1.6

Madera-Chowchilla

32.0 31.3 31.9 30.9 -1.0 -3.1

Merced

57.1 57.6 56.4 57.0 0.6 1.1

Modesto

142.7 143.9 143.9 144.9 1.0 0.7

Napa

61.5 62.2 61.3 61.1 -0.2 -0.3

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

276.0 280.9 278.2 282.8 4.6 1.7

Redding

58.4 60.4 58.9 60.7 1.8 3.1

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,149.1 1,162.3 1,153.1 1,165.7 12.6 1.1

Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville

807.9 816.1 804.2 815.0 10.8 1.3

Salinas

124.9 127.2 123.5 126.1 2.6 2.1

San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos

1,245.3 1,270.6 1,251.0 1,271.3 20.3 1.6

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

1,922.6 1,975.0 1,923.6 1,978.3 54.7 2.8

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

892.8 926.1 897.7 925.3 27.6 3.1

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles

97.3 100.9 94.7 99.1 4.4 4.6

Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta

166.3 171.5 166.2 170.6 4.4 2.6

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

89.0 92.3 87.8 92.1 4.3 4.9

Santa Rosa-Petaluma

169.0 177.9 168.2 176.3 8.1 4.8

Stockton

189.7 194.2 190.7 196.2 5.5 2.9

Vallejo-Fairfield

119.9 121.7 120.7 122.6 1.9 1.6

Visalia-Porterville

105.9 106.8 105.1 106.3 1.2 1.1

Yuba City

37.8 36.6 37.5 36.6 -0.9 -2.4


Colorado

2,276.6 2,330.0 2,285.1 2,338.1 53.0 2.3

Boulder

165.2 171.1 165.8 171.0 5.2 3.1

Colorado Springs

251.5 249.0 247.8 247.7 -0.1 0.0

Denver-Aurora-Broomfield

1,227.6 1,261.9 1,224.8 1,260.0 35.2 2.9

Fort Collins-Loveland

136.9 142.7 136.9 143.9 7.0 5.1

Grand Junction

60.9 62.9 60.7 62.9 2.2 3.6

Greeley

81.8 82.9 80.4 81.7 1.3 1.6

Pueblo

59.3 60.2 59.2 59.6 0.4 0.7


Connecticut

1,644.3 1,644.5 1,644.5 1,643.3 -1.2 -0.1

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

400.3 403.9 402.4 404.3 1.9 0.5

Danbury

68.3 68.5 68.5 68.8 0.3 0.4

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

548.1 548.0 548.1 548.9 0.8 0.1

New Haven

272.8 271.5 269.6 271.1 1.5 0.6

Norwich-New London

126.7 125.6 126.5 125.3 -1.2 -0.9

Waterbury

62.6 65.2 63.1 65.2 2.1 3.3


Delaware

418.9 421.7 419.4 422.0 2.6 0.6

Dover

65.2 63.3 64.8 63.0 -1.8 -2.8


District of Columbia

739.7 736.7 735.8 737.2 1.4 0.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,030.5 3,061.8 3,030.3 3,060.5 30.2 1.0


Florida

7,352.6 7,443.4 7,392.2 7,457.6 65.4 0.9

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

205.8 205.1 206.0 206.7 0.7 0.3

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

81.4 79.6 81.3 79.6 -1.7 -2.1

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

157.7 157.8 158.6 157.4 -1.2 -0.8

Gainesville

127.3 126.1 126.1 125.9 -0.2 -0.2

Jacksonville

596.6 602.1 600.6 605.9 5.3 0.9

Lakeland-Winter Haven

196.4 197.8 196.8 198.5 1.7 0.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,245.1 2,257.5 2,260.4 2,261.6 1.2 0.1

Naples-Marco Island

116.2 119.0 117.8 120.6 2.8 2.4

North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota

243.2 246.0 243.5 247.4 3.9 1.6

Ocala

91.5 93.3 91.4 94.0 2.6 2.8

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,022.1 1,043.8 1,026.1 1,045.0 18.9 1.8

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

193.9 196.2 193.7 197.3 3.6 1.9

Palm Coast

19.1 19.0 19.3 19.0 -0.3 -1.6

Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach

71.1 71.5 71.9 70.9 -1.0 -1.4

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

158.7 159.4 158.7 158.9 0.2 0.1

Port St. Lucie

121.3 119.7 121.3 120.7 -0.6 -0.5

Punta Gorda

42.5 41.6 42.8 42.3 -0.5 -1.2

Sebastian-Vero Beach

44.8 46.3 45.6 46.7 1.1 2.4

Tallahassee

169.6 169.7 169.4 168.6 -0.8 -0.5

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,150.3 1,170.9 1,154.0 1,175.0 21.0 1.8


Georgia

3,922.1 3,986.2 3,915.6 3,985.8 70.2 1.8

Albany

59.6 60.0 59.6 59.6 0.0 0.0

Athens-Clarke County

85.2 87.6 84.4 85.8 1.4 1.7

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta

2,332.6 2,369.8 2,334.1 2,371.5 37.4 1.6

Augusta-Richmond County

209.6 207.2 208.5 206.4 -2.1 -1.0

Brunswick

38.9 40.7 39.3 40.6 1.3 3.3

Columbus

121.0 120.2 121.0 119.6 -1.4 -1.2

Dalton

63.2 61.3 63.0 61.5 -1.5 -2.4

Gainesville

76.0 79.3 75.9 78.6 2.7 3.6

Hinesville-Fort Stewart

19.8 19.8 19.8 19.8 0.0 0.0

Macon

97.1 99.2 97.0 98.7 1.7 1.8

Rome

37.5 37.7 37.2 37.5 0.3 0.8

Savannah

150.1 154.8 150.5 155.6 5.1 3.4

Valdosta

52.1 52.9 52.2 52.7 0.5 1.0

Warner Robins

59.3 59.2 59.3 59.0 -0.3 -0.5


Hawaii

599.7 616.6 602.5 614.4 11.9 2.0

Honolulu

444.1 453.8 446.5 452.4 5.9 1.3


Idaho

612.9 626.3 611.4 624.6 13.2 2.2

Boise City-Nampa

260.2 267.6 258.5 266.7 8.2 3.2

Coeur d'Alene

53.5 54.5 53.4 54.8 1.4 2.6

Idaho Falls

48.8 50.4 49.0 50.3 1.3 2.7

Lewiston

26.6 27.4 25.9 27.1 1.2 4.6

Pocatello

36.8 37.4 36.5 37.3 0.8 2.2


Illinois

5,727.0 5,772.2 5,703.0 5,745.4 42.4 0.7

Bloomington-Normal

91.8 91.7 90.7 91.5 0.8 0.9

Champaign-Urbana

106.2 106.6 103.3 106.0 2.7 2.6

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

4,346.0 4,382.7 4,329.3 4,364.0 34.7 0.8

Danville

29.6 28.7 29.4 28.3 -1.1 -3.7

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island

179.7 179.4 178.0 176.9 -1.1 -0.6

Decatur

53.6 52.8 53.2 51.3 -1.9 -3.6

Kankakee-Bradley

43.9 44.4 43.5 44.5 1.0 2.3

Peoria

184.3 185.0 184.5 181.5 -3.0 -1.6

Rockford

148.3 148.6 147.4 146.7 -0.7 -0.5

Springfield

112.8 113.8 112.9 113.3 0.4 0.4


Indiana

2,870.3 2,937.4 2,864.4 2,923.2 58.8 2.1

Anderson

39.8 39.9 40.1 40.0 -0.1 -0.2

Bloomington

83.5 83.0 80.6 82.0 1.4 1.7

Columbus

47.5 50.1 48.1 50.1 2.0 4.2

Elkhart-Goshen

108.1 115.1 107.9 115.5 7.6 7.0

Evansville

177.5 176.6 176.1 176.5 0.4 0.2

Fort Wayne

207.6 218.1 211.1 217.7 6.6 3.1

Indianapolis-Carmel

891.2 899.1 890.8 902.0 11.2 1.3

Kokomo

42.2 43.0 41.6 43.1 1.5 3.6

Lafayette

97.2 98.7 96.2 98.5 2.3 2.4

Michigan City-La Porte

43.0 43.2 42.7 42.9 0.2 0.5

Muncie

50.2 51.4 50.3 52.4 2.1 4.2

South Bend-Mishawaka

137.1 138.4 136.9 138.5 1.6 1.2

Terre Haute

70.4 73.5 70.0 73.1 3.1 4.4


Iowa

1,502.0 1,513.5 1,489.5 1,502.5 13.0 0.9

Ames

48.8 50.4 48.9 49.5 0.6 1.2

Cedar Rapids

139.0 139.5 136.4 138.6 2.2 1.6

Des Moines-West Des Moines

321.8 326.5 319.1 325.2 6.1 1.9

Dubuque

57.0 57.8 56.6 58.2 1.6 2.8

Iowa City

93.5 92.3 92.0 92.7 0.7 0.8

Sioux City

74.1 75.0 73.9 74.0 0.1 0.1

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

92.5 92.1 91.8 91.3 -0.5 -0.5


Kansas

1,356.2 1,361.6 1,347.1 1,360.9 13.8 1.0

Lawrence

51.2 50.4 50.0 50.1 0.1 0.2

Manhattan

55.5 57.9 54.2 57.0 2.8 5.2

Topeka

107.6 108.3 107.5 108.4 0.9 0.8

Wichita

283.2 291.3 282.5 290.8 8.3 2.9


Kentucky

1,813.1 1,851.5 1,818.6 1,846.6 28.0 1.5

Bowling Green

60.7 61.0 60.8 60.8 0.0 0.0

Elizabethtown

46.9 48.3 47.2 47.8 0.6 1.3

Lexington-Fayette

251.1 256.7 250.4 259.2 8.8 3.5

Louisville-Jefferson County

608.1 626.8 609.8 625.1 15.3 2.5

Owensboro

52.4 52.0 52.2 52.1 -0.1 -0.2


Louisiana

1,934.7 1,971.7 1,937.9 1,961.5 23.6 1.2

Alexandria

62.9 64.3 63.4 63.2 -0.2 -0.3

Baton Rouge

370.6 373.4 371.4 371.4 0.0 0.0

Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux

95.4 97.5 95.7 97.7 2.0 2.1

Lafayette

155.2 171.0 156.5 170.0 13.5 8.6

Lake Charles

88.3 90.8 88.3 89.3 1.0 1.1

Monroe

76.8 78.8 77.0 78.4 1.4 1.8

New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner

531.8 531.6 529.3 530.4 1.1 0.2

Shreveport-Bossier City

178.1 177.8 179.0 177.9 -1.1 -0.6


Maine

599.0 599.6 595.1 594.1 -1.0 -0.2

Bangor

65.9 65.9 64.9 65.0 0.1 0.2

Lewiston-Auburn

49.2 49.4 49.4 48.7 -0.7 -1.4

Portland-South Portland-Biddeford

190.2 190.5 188.2 188.2 0.0 0.0


Maryland

2,588.4 2,605.7 2,584.6 2,606.8 22.2 0.9

Baltimore-Towson

1,315.1 1,321.9 1,314.4 1,326.1 11.7 0.9

Cumberland

42.2 42.5 42.4 42.3 -0.1 -0.2

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

99.9 99.6 100.5 98.9 -1.6 -1.6

Salisbury

53.7 53.1 54.2 53.3 -0.9 -1.7


Massachusetts

3,241.2 3,287.9 3,224.5 3,277.2 52.7 1.6

Barnstable Town

96.5 98.5 96.0 97.0 1.0 1.0

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

2,469.2 2,519.8 2,464.3 2,518.1 53.8 2.2

Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner

47.3 48.7 47.5 48.5 1.0 2.1

New Bedford

65.5 67.6 64.9 67.3 2.4 3.7

Pittsfield

35.3 35.5 35.1 35.7 0.6 1.7

Springfield

291.0 289.3 288.4 287.5 -0.9 -0.3

Worcester

245.6 247.3 246.4 246.7 0.3 0.1


Michigan

3,999.0 4,029.9 3,982.0 3,999.4 17.4 0.4

Ann Arbor

204.1 208.5 204.2 206.0 1.8 0.9

Battle Creek

57.0 56.0 56.2 55.1 -1.1 -2.0

Bay City

37.1 37.7 37.0 37.3 0.3 0.8

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,803.7 1,816.9 1,799.9 1,808.0 8.1 0.5

Flint

137.9 138.5 137.7 138.4 0.7 0.5

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

379.5 382.5 376.5 379.2 2.7 0.7

Holland-Grand Haven

113.7 116.1 113.8 115.7 1.9 1.7

Jackson

55.0 56.5 54.9 55.9 1.0 1.8

Kalamazoo-Portage

135.2 137.6 133.5 136.1 2.6 1.9

Lansing-East Lansing

224.1 221.3 221.0 218.8 -2.2 -1.0

Monroe

37.8 39.1 37.5 38.6 1.1 2.9

Muskegon-Norton Shores

60.7 59.2 60.8 59.1 -1.7 -2.8

Niles-Benton Harbor

61.1 60.8 59.6 60.0 0.4 0.7

Saginaw-Saginaw Township North

86.1 85.5 85.3 84.9 -0.4 -0.5


Minnesota

2,694.8 2,751.4 2,681.8 2,732.7 50.9 1.9

Duluth

127.3 129.4 126.9 129.8 2.9 2.3

Mankato-North Mankato

53.8 55.0 53.3 53.8 0.5 0.9

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,744.2 1,776.1 1,739.6 1,764.8 25.2 1.4

Rochester

101.6 102.9 100.9 102.0 1.1 1.1

St. Cloud

100.7 103.1 99.5 102.5 3.0 3.0


Mississippi

1,099.0 1,098.8 1,092.7 1,098.1 5.4 0.5

Gulfport-Biloxi

106.4 107.8 105.9 107.7 1.8 1.7

Hattiesburg

58.5 60.5 58.8 60.3 1.5 2.6

Jackson

256.7 257.7 257.3 257.7 0.4 0.2

Pascagoula

56.3 60.2 56.6 60.4 3.8 6.7


Missouri

2,668.4 2,687.6 2,648.0 2,688.4 40.4 1.5

Cape Girardeau-Jackson

43.4 43.2 43.4 43.4 0.0 0.0

Columbia

97.9 96.8 97.3 97.2 -0.1 -0.1

Jefferson City

77.3 77.5 77.5 77.2 -0.3 -0.4

Joplin

81.1 81.3 80.2 81.8 1.6 2.0

Kansas City

993.4 996.5 987.8 997.5 9.7 1.0

St. Joseph

61.2 62.4 60.9 62.2 1.3 2.1

St. Louis(1)

1,302.0 1,315.8 1,295.2 1,314.5 19.3 1.5

Springfield

195.1 201.5 196.0 202.5 6.5 3.3


Montana

425.8 435.2 424.0 433.0 9.0 2.1

Billings

77.9 78.9 77.2 78.9 1.7 2.2

Great Falls

34.6 35.0 34.3 34.6 0.3 0.9

Missoula

55.0 55.6 54.5 55.1 0.6 1.1


Nebraska

952.7 960.6 952.1 958.4 6.3 0.7

Lincoln

176.6 178.8 176.2 178.4 2.2 1.2

Omaha-Council Bluffs

465.9 474.7 465.0 472.5 7.5 1.6


Nevada

1,141.8 1,155.2 1,137.1 1,155.1 18.0 1.6

Carson City

28.2 27.8 27.9 27.7 -0.2 -0.7

Las Vegas-Paradise

821.7 828.3 814.9 830.6 15.7 1.9

Reno-Sparks

192.7 195.1 192.3 195.0 2.7 1.4


New Hampshire

631.9 630.3 631.0 631.1 0.1 0.0

Manchester

99.3 99.3 99.7 99.2 -0.5 -0.5

Portsmouth

56.7 58.1 56.1 57.4 1.3 2.3

Rochester-Dover

57.8 56.7 57.2 56.7 -0.5 -0.9


New Jersey

3,911.0 3,927.7 3,910.9 3,958.8 47.9 1.2

Atlantic City-Hammonton

136.4 137.9 136.6 137.5 0.9 0.7

Ocean City

38.0 39.3 36.7 39.1 2.4 6.5

Trenton-Ewing

245.0 244.3 245.4 244.9 -0.5 -0.2

Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton

59.6 59.5 59.6 59.5 -0.1 -0.2


New Mexico

809.2 804.6 808.0 804.8 -3.2 -0.4

Albuquerque

374.4 370.7 373.3 371.0 -2.3 -0.6

Farmington

49.4 48.2 48.7 48.2 -0.5 -1.0

Las Cruces

70.9 68.2 70.7 68.3 -2.4 -3.4

Santa Fe

61.4 62.1 61.3 62.4 1.1 1.8


New York

8,824.3 8,919.8 8,809.2 8,927.5 118.3 1.3

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

441.7 445.6 441.6 442.0 0.4 0.1

Binghamton

111.8 110.7 110.5 109.9 -0.6 -0.5

Buffalo-Niagara Falls

550.2 548.5 546.5 544.4 -2.1 -0.4

Elmira

39.5 38.6 39.3 38.4 -0.9 -2.3

Glens Falls

55.6 57.6 55.7 57.0 1.3 2.3

Ithaca

64.6 67.3 64.1 67.1 3.0 4.7

Kingston

61.7 62.6 63.0 62.6 -0.4 -0.6

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island

8,523.3 8,594.0 8,535.3 8,654.0 118.7 1.4

Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown

255.3 257.7 255.6 256.5 0.9 0.4

Rochester

518.5 521.0 520.6 519.1 -1.5 -0.3

Syracuse

319.3 319.3 317.5 319.0 1.5 0.5

Utica-Rome

134.9 134.7 134.3 134.7 0.4 0.3


North Carolina

3,970.4 4,028.4 3,955.7 4,023.2 67.5 1.7

Asheville

170.8 174.8 170.5 175.0 4.5 2.6

Burlington

58.4 59.2 58.4 59.2 0.8 1.4

Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill

836.2 857.6 833.2 859.4 26.2 3.1

Durham-Chapel Hill

278.2 283.0 278.0 285.1 7.1 2.6

Fayetteville

133.0 133.4 132.8 133.3 0.5 0.4

Goldsboro

43.5 44.1 43.3 44.1 0.8 1.8

Greensboro-High Point

346.8 352.8 347.2 352.8 5.6 1.6

Greenville

76.7 77.4 76.4 76.9 0.5 0.7

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

144.1 146.1 143.2 146.2 3.0 2.1

Jacksonville

47.9 49.7 47.8 49.1 1.3 2.7

Raleigh-Cary

517.5 528.1 516.6 526.0 9.4 1.8

Rocky Mount

59.9 61.7 60.1 61.5 1.4 2.3

Wilmington

136.3 136.6 134.8 135.5 0.7 0.5

Winston-Salem

209.1 207.6 208.2 208.3 0.1 0.0


North Dakota

407.3 425.9 410.4 424.3 13.9 3.4

Bismarck

65.8 68.9 66.4 69.2 2.8 4.2

Fargo

128.0 133.5 128.2 132.4 4.2 3.3

Grand Forks

54.7 55.5 54.7 54.9 0.2 0.4


Ohio

5,147.2 5,244.6 5,126.7 5,220.9 94.2 1.8

Akron

323.3 330.3 320.2 326.8 6.6 2.1

Canton-Massillon

165.8 170.5 165.6 170.1 4.5 2.7

Cincinnati-Middletown

1,001.4 1,025.3 999.0 1,023.6 24.6 2.5

Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor

995.9 1,006.5 989.7 1,002.5 12.8 1.3

Columbus

931.0 951.2 929.9 947.2 17.3 1.9

Dayton

382.3 384.6 379.3 381.9 2.6 0.7

Lima

52.8 54.1 53.2 53.4 0.2 0.4

Mansfield

53.0 53.6 52.6 53.6 1.0 1.9

Sandusky

35.6 38.0 35.0 35.9 0.9 2.6

Springfield

50.4 51.0 50.2 50.3 0.1 0.2

Steubenville-Weirton

43.3 43.6 43.2 43.5 0.3 0.7

Toledo

305.1 305.4 303.8 305.6 1.8 0.6

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

224.2 228.2 223.8 226.3 2.5 1.1


Oklahoma

1,577.9 1,617.2 1,577.0 1,611.4 34.4 2.2

Lawton

43.1 41.7 42.1 41.8 -0.3 -0.7

Oklahoma City

581.4 600.8 579.0 599.2 20.2 3.5

Tulsa

414.5 424.0 415.2 425.4 10.2 2.5


Oregon

1,636.0 1,654.5 1,627.6 1,648.8 21.2 1.3

Bend

60.8 61.4 60.0 60.7 0.7 1.2

Corvallis

38.5 38.8 38.3 38.9 0.6 1.6

Eugene-Springfield

140.4 142.8 139.4 143.3 3.9 2.8

Medford

76.9 78.0 75.7 79.0 3.3 4.4

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,000.0 1,013.9 998.1 1,010.4 12.3 1.2

Salem

142.8 143.3 141.7 141.5 -0.2 -0.1


Pennsylvania

5,758.7 5,812.4 5,746.0 5,787.6 41.6 0.7

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

341.1 344.7 342.5 345.9 3.4 1.0

Altoona

61.8 62.2 62.1 62.2 0.1 0.2

Erie

133.1 134.6 132.6 132.9 0.3 0.2

Harrisburg-Carlisle

323.2 326.0 323.7 326.3 2.6 0.8

Johnstown

61.0 61.1 60.2 60.4 0.2 0.3

Lancaster

228.7 233.3 228.5 233.4 4.9 2.1

Lebanon

50.5 49.5 49.9 49.3 -0.6 -1.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,735.8 2,758.3 2,733.0 2,757.8 24.8 0.9

Pittsburgh

1,171.1 1,180.0 1,169.7 1,176.5 6.8 0.6

Reading

172.0 175.8 172.4 175.4 3.0 1.7

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre

259.0 264.0 258.6 262.3 3.7 1.4

State College

78.8 79.5 76.9 77.4 0.5 0.7

Williamsport

55.8 56.7 55.5 55.8 0.3 0.5

York-Hanover

179.1 181.8 179.1 181.9 2.8 1.6


Rhode Island

463.8 462.2 459.4 460.7 1.3 0.3

Providence-Fall River-Warwick

547.8 548.1 543.1 546.3 3.2 0.6


South Carolina

1,847.7 1,880.1 1,842.8 1,874.3 31.5 1.7

Anderson

58.6 58.5 58.5 58.8 0.3 0.5

Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville

297.0 302.5 297.8 301.5 3.7 1.2

Columbia

353.1 355.3 349.7 354.5 4.8 1.4

Florence

83.0 85.3 82.6 84.5 1.9 2.3

Greenville-Mauldin-Easley

306.8 308.0 307.4 307.7 0.3 0.1

Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway

112.2 113.2 109.8 109.6 -0.2 -0.2

Spartanburg

118.8 123.2 118.2 123.2 5.0 4.2

Sumter

36.4 36.9 37.2 36.8 -0.4 -1.1


South Dakota

407.1 410.2 406.7 407.5 0.8 0.2

Rapid City

61.3 61.2 61.1 61.6 0.5 0.8

Sioux Falls

136.4 139.9 136.6 139.4 2.8 2.0


Tennessee

2,704.8 2,735.6 2,697.8 2,733.1 35.3 1.3

Chattanooga

235.2 238.7 235.1 237.8 2.7 1.1

Clarksville

84.7 87.7 84.6 87.7 3.1 3.7

Cleveland

39.1 38.7 38.6 39.1 0.5 1.3

Jackson

58.7 60.1 58.8 59.4 0.6 1.0

Johnson City

80.3 79.3 80.8 78.7 -2.1 -2.6

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

118.2 119.5 118.9 119.1 0.2 0.2

Knoxville

336.9 341.0 335.9 341.0 5.1 1.5

Memphis

611.4 610.9 612.8 610.2 -2.6 -0.4

Morristown

44.1 44.1 43.9 43.1 -0.8 -1.8

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

767.5 772.5 761.5 774.2 12.7 1.7


Texas

10,697.8 10,973.9 10,707.3 10,972.8 265.5 2.5

Abilene

64.7 66.7 65.1 66.7 1.6 2.5

Amarillo

113.9 115.9 113.9 115.6 1.7 1.5

Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos

798.9 833.3 799.3 833.9 34.6 4.3

Beaumont-Port Arthur

158.4 159.0 157.5 159.5 2.0 1.3

Brownsville-Harlingen

129.4 127.2 130.0 125.6 -4.4 -3.4

College Station-Bryan

98.0 96.9 96.9 97.6 0.7 0.7

Corpus Christi

184.4 187.9 184.9 187.5 2.6 1.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

2,961.3 3,033.4 2,961.3 3,040.5 79.2 2.7

El Paso

283.0 287.7 284.3 287.8 3.5 1.2

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown

2,642.9 2,725.8 2,646.5 2,731.0 84.5 3.2

Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood

129.6 131.6 129.7 131.6 1.9 1.5

Laredo

95.2 94.8 95.2 96.7 1.5 1.6

Longview

97.6 98.9 98.7 99.6 0.9 0.9

Lubbock

132.5 130.3 132.0 130.2 -1.8 -1.4

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

232.6 232.5 232.9 235.1 2.2 0.9

Midland

75.5 78.1 76.0 78.1 2.1 2.8

Odessa

67.7 71.7 68.9 71.3 2.4 3.5

San Angelo

46.8 47.1 46.7 47.7 1.0 2.1

San Antonio-New Braunfels

856.1 875.4 856.6 878.6 22.0 2.6

Sherman-Denison

43.8 44.5 44.0 43.6 -0.4 -0.9

Texarkana

58.1 60.6 58.5 60.2 1.7 2.9

Tyler

96.3 98.4 96.8 98.5 1.7 1.8

Victoria

51.4 51.2 50.9 52.1 1.2 2.4

Waco

105.1 107.8 105.4 107.8 2.4 2.3

Wichita Falls

58.3 59.6 58.0 60.1 2.1 3.6


Utah

1,228.9 1,267.7 1,234.6 1,270.4 35.8 2.9

Logan

55.5 56.2 55.0 56.1 1.1 2.0

Ogden-Clearfield

195.3 199.2 194.7 200.0 5.3 2.7

Provo-Orem

186.6 194.4 187.3 192.8 5.5 2.9

St. George

47.0 48.2 46.9 47.8 0.9 1.9

Salt Lake City

635.1 653.3 644.7 662.9 18.2 2.8


Vermont

304.0 307.1 308.1 310.8 2.7 0.9

Burlington-South Burlington

115.6 118.6 115.6 117.7 2.1 1.8


Virginia

3,722.7 3,760.0 3,715.4 3,744.7 29.3 0.8

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

75.1 78.4 75.5 77.8 2.3 3.0

Charlottesville

103.8 104.1 103.1 102.0 -1.1 -1.1

Danville

40.3 40.3 40.1 40.3 0.2 0.5

Harrisonburg

64.6 65.3 64.0 64.9 0.9 1.4

Lynchburg

103.5 103.8 102.0 105.1 3.1 3.0

Richmond

613.8 617.6 616.2 614.7 -1.5 -0.2

Roanoke

158.0 156.1 155.5 155.8 0.3 0.2

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

738.9 747.3 738.2 749.1 10.9 1.5

Winchester

56.8 56.2 56.5 56.1 -0.4 -0.7


Washington

2,861.1 2,912.2 2,839.0 2,894.1 55.1 1.9

Bellingham

81.6 85.3 80.2 84.3 4.1 5.1

Bremerton-Silverdale

82.5 82.5 82.1 82.3 0.2 0.2

Kennewick-Pasco-Richland

100.5 100.2 99.1 99.0 -0.1 -0.1

Longview

35.3 35.6 34.9 35.4 0.5 1.4

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

44.2 45.6 43.7 45.2 1.5 3.4

Olympia

100.4 101.1 99.5 100.7 1.2 1.2

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,692.4 1,738.8 1,688.4 1,737.3 48.9 2.9

Spokane

206.4 210.3 203.6 206.8 3.2 1.6

Wenatchee-East Wenatchee

39.1 39.3 38.8 38.6 -0.2 -0.5

Yakima

77.4 78.5 75.8 76.7 0.9 1.2


West Virginia

768.7 754.8 764.8 752.1 -12.7 -1.7

Charleston

149.2 146.9 149.2 146.9 -2.3 -1.5

Huntington-Ashland

115.1 117.7 115.2 116.4 1.2 1.0

Morgantown

67.7 68.1 67.3 67.8 0.5 0.7

Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna

70.2 68.6 69.7 67.9 -1.8 -2.6

Wheeling

67.1 67.1 67.5 66.5 -1.0 -1.5


Wisconsin

2,747.6 2,752.8 2,724.2 2,733.6 9.4 0.3

Appleton

117.9 120.7 117.0 120.8 3.8 3.2

Eau Claire

81.0 80.4 79.8 78.6 -1.2 -1.5

Fond du Lac

45.0 46.4 45.6 45.8 0.2 0.4

Green Bay

168.6 168.6 167.3 166.3 -1.0 -0.6

Janesville

60.8 62.0 60.5 61.7 1.2 2.0

La Crosse

75.2 76.1 74.6 76.1 1.5 2.0

Madison

350.8 350.8 347.0 350.0 3.0 0.9

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

818.6 819.2 811.7 812.5 0.8 0.1

Oshkosh-Neenah

94.8 96.1 95.3 94.8 -0.5 -0.5

Racine

75.2 75.9 75.6 75.9 0.3 0.4

Sheboygan

57.9 57.7 57.2 57.0 -0.2 -0.3

Wausau

67.0 68.4 67.0 67.6 0.6 0.9


Wyoming

284.7 285.9 284.6 284.6 0.0 0.0

Casper

41.1 41.6 41.1 41.3 0.2 0.5

Cheyenne

45.1 46.1 44.9 45.8 0.9 2.0


Puerto Rico

929.5 920.6 938.3 922.9 -15.4 -1.6

Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian

47.9 45.7 48.4 46.6 -1.8 -3.7

Fajardo

15.2 15.5 15.2 15.5 0.3 2.0

Guayama

17.3 17.8 17.1 17.8 0.7 4.1

Mayaguez

36.0 35.8 36.4 35.5 -0.9 -2.5

Ponce

61.8 59.4 61.8 59.5 -2.3 -3.7

San German-Cabo Rojo

21.5 21.0 21.6 20.9 -0.7 -3.2

San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo

688.8 682.5 695.5 684.5 -11.0 -1.6

Yauco

13.8 13.5 13.9 13.8 -0.1 -0.7


Virgin Islands

43.7 41.0 43.8 41.0 -2.8 -6.4

Footnotes
(1) Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. is the exception since it is listed under Illinois for operational reasons.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
[In thousands]
State, area, and division November December Change from
December 2011 to December 2012(p)
2011 2012 2011 2012(p) Number Percent

California

14,250.0 14,525.7 14,277.8 14,515.6 237.8 1.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,231.7 5,322.5 5,245.6 5,328.8 83.2 1.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

3,840.8 3,913.3 3,853.4 3,922.9 69.5 1.8

Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine

1,390.9 1,409.2 1,392.2 1,405.9 13.7 1.0

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

1,922.6 1,975.0 1,923.6 1,978.3 54.7 2.8

Oakland-Fremont-Hayward

958.7 977.8 956.4 977.9 21.5 2.2

San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City

963.9 997.2 967.2 1,000.4 33.2 3.4


District of Columbia

739.7 736.7 735.8 737.2 1.4 0.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

3,030.5 3,061.8 3,030.3 3,060.5 30.2 1.0

Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick(2)

565.2 578.3 563.7 580.0 16.3 2.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

2,465.3 2,483.5 2,466.6 2,480.5 13.9 0.6


Florida

7,352.6 7,443.4 7,392.2 7,457.6 65.4 0.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,245.1 2,257.5 2,260.4 2,261.6 1.2 0.1

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

717.0 722.2 719.6 724.7 5.1 0.7

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,021.0 1,022.6 1,027.4 1,023.7 -3.7 -0.4

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach

507.1 512.7 513.4 513.2 -0.2 0.0


Illinois

5,727.0 5,772.2 5,703.0 5,745.4 42.4 0.7

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville(1)

4,346.0 4,382.7 4,329.3 4,364.0 34.7 0.8

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

3,696.2 3,729.4 3,682.6 3,720.4 37.8 1.0

Gary(2)

270.7 270.4 272.2 265.7 -6.5 -2.4

Lake County-Kenosha County(1)

379.1 382.9 374.5 377.9 3.4 0.9


Massachusetts

3,241.2 3,287.9 3,224.5 3,277.2 52.7 1.6

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy(1)

2,469.2 2,519.8 2,464.3 2,518.1 53.8 2.2

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

1,702.6 1,750.9 1,698.7 1,745.6 46.9 2.8

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

88.7 89.5 87.9 88.9 1.0 1.1

Framingham

158.6 161.3 158.8 161.7 2.9 1.8

Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury(1)

78.4 78.9 78.7 79.2 0.5 0.6

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(1)

118.1 118.7 118.0 118.9 0.9 0.8

Nashua(1)

124.5 123.4 124.6 124.9 0.3 0.2

Peabody

102.2 105.1 102.5 105.7 3.2 3.1


Michigan

3,999.0 4,029.9 3,982.0 3,999.4 17.4 0.4

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,803.7 1,816.9 1,799.9 1,808.0 8.1 0.5

Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn

707.5 706.7 704.7 705.9 1.2 0.2

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,096.2 1,110.2 1,095.2 1,102.1 6.9 0.6


New York

8,824.3 8,919.8 8,809.2 8,927.5 118.3 1.3

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island(1)

8,523.3 8,594.0 8,535.3 8,654.0 118.7 1.4

Edison-New Brunswick(2)

988.7 989.7 988.9 999.9 11.0 1.1

Nassau-Suffolk

1,264.6 1,257.4 1,260.3 1,263.0 2.7 0.2

New York-White Plains-Wayne(1)

5,289.4 5,363.4 5,305.5 5,398.1 92.6 1.7

Newark-Union(2)

980.6 983.5 980.6 993.0 12.4 1.3


Pennsylvania

5,758.7 5,812.4 5,746.0 5,787.6 41.6 0.7

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(1)

2,735.8 2,758.3 2,733.0 2,757.8 24.8 0.9

Camden(2)

507.6 511.3 506.5 511.5 5.0 1.0

Philadelphia

1,894.8 1,905.9 1,891.8 1,905.2 13.4 0.7

Wilmington(2)

333.4 341.1 334.7 341.1 6.4 1.9


Texas

10,697.8 10,973.9 10,707.3 10,972.8 265.5 2.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

2,961.3 3,033.4 2,961.3 3,040.5 79.2 2.7

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,086.8 2,131.3 2,085.2 2,136.6 51.4 2.5

Fort Worth-Arlington

874.5 902.1 876.1 903.9 27.8 3.2


Washington

2,861.1 2,912.2 2,839.0 2,894.1 55.1 1.9

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,692.4 1,738.8 1,688.4 1,737.3 48.9 2.9

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,424.3 1,464.2 1,422.0 1,463.5 41.5 2.9

Tacoma

268.1 274.6 266.4 273.8 7.4 2.8

Footnotes
(1) Part of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(2) All of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.


Last Modified Date: January 30, 2013
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