Economic News Release

Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, October 3, 2012                         USDL-12-1980

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


             METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- AUGUST 2012


Unemployment rates were lower in August than a year earlier in 325 of the 372 metropolitan
areas, higher in 40 areas, and unchanged in 7 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Five areas recorded jobless rates of at least 15.0 percent, while 20 areas
registered rates of less than 5.0 percent. Two hundred seventy-four metropolitan areas
reported over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment, 92 reported decreases, and
6 had no change. The national unemployment rate in August was 8.2 percent, not seasonally
adjusted, down from 9.1 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In August, 54 metropolitan areas reported jobless rates of at least 10.0 percent, down
from 99 areas a year earlier, while 123 areas posted rates below 7.0 percent, up from 73
areas in August of last year. El Centro, Calif., and Yuma, Ariz., recorded the highest
unemployment rates in August 2012, 29.9 percent each. Bismarck, N.D., registered the lowest
unemployment rate, 2.6 percent. A total of 214 areas recorded August unemployment rates
below the U.S. figure of 8.2 percent, 150 areas reported rates above it, and 8 areas had
rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in August was registered in
Pascagoula, Miss. (-3.0 percentage points). Twenty-five additional areas had decreases
of 2.0 percentage points or more. Elmira, N.Y., reported the largest over-the-year 
jobless rate increase (+1.6 percentage points), followed by Kennewick-Pasco-Richland,
Wash. (+1.5 points). Three other areas had increases of at least 1.0 percentage point
from a year earlier.

Among the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more, the
highest unemployment rates in August were registered in Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev., and
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., 12.3 percent each. Four additional large areas
posted rates of 10.0 percent or more. The lowest jobless rate among the large areas
was recorded in Oklahoma City, Okla., 4.6 percent. Forty-three large areas reported
over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, five registered increases, and one had no
change. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Fla., experienced the largest unemployment rate
decline from August 2011 (-2.2 percentage points). Thirty-one other large areas reported
rate decreases of at least 1.0 percentage point. Buffalo-Niagara Falls, N.Y., was the
only large area to record an unemployment rate increase larger than 1.0 percentage point
(+1.1 points).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In August 2012, Detroit-
Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., registered the highest jobless rate among the divisions, 
12.4 percent. Framingham, Mass., reported the lowest division rate, 4.9 percent. 
(See table 2.)

Twenty-seven of the metropolitan divisions recorded over-the-year jobless rate decreases
in August, while seven registered increases. Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, Fla., posted the
largest rate decline from a year earlier (-2.0 percentage points). Twelve additional
divisions had decreases of 1.0 percentage point or more. No division reported an
unemployment rate increase over the year greater than 0.8 percentage point.

In 5 of the 11 metropolitan areas that contain divisions, the ranges between the highest
and lowest division jobless rates were 2.0 percentage points or more in August. Boston-
Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., recorded the largest rate difference among its divisions,
6.3 percentage points (Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., 11.2 percent, compared with
Framingham, Mass., 4.9 percent).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In August, 274 metropolitan areas reported over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 92 reported decreases, and 6 had no change. The largest over-the-year 
employment increase occurred in New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa.
(+117,900), followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. (+103,000), and 
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+89,500). The largest over-the-year percentage gain
in employment was reported in Lafayette, La. (+9.4 percent), followed by Columbus, Ind.
(+9.1 percent), and Pascagoula, Miss. (+6.9 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle
Beach-Conway, S.C. (-5,000), followed by Colorado Springs, Colo. (-4,400), and Milwaukee-
Waukesha-West Allis, Wis. (-4,000). The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in
employment was reported in Dalton, Ga. (-5.1 percent), followed by Hot Springs, Ark.
(-4.9 percent), Yuba City, Calif. (-4.3 percent), and Pittsfield, Mass. (-4.2 percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 36 of the 37 metropolitan areas with annual
average employment levels above 750,000 in 2011. The largest over-the-year percentage
increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas were posted in Houston-
Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+3.5 percent), San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif.
(+3.4 percent), and Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, Texas, and San Francisco-Oakland-
Fremont, Calif. (+3.2  percent each). Only one of the large areas reported a percentage
decrease: Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, Wis. (-0.5 percent).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in August 2012 for 32 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers within a
metropolitan area. Twenty-nine of the 32 metropolitan divisions reported over-the-year
employment gains, while 3 reported losses. The largest over-the-year increases in the
metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J. (+92,900),
and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+74,000). The largest over-the-year
decreases in the metropolitan divisions were in Nashua, N.H.-Mass., and West Palm
Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach, Fla. (-2,600 each). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions was reported in San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, Calif. (+3.8 percent),
followed by Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (+3.0 percent), and Peabody, Mass.
(+2.8 percent). The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred
in Nashua, N.H.-Mass. (-2.1 percent).

________________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for September is
scheduled to be released on Friday, October 19, 2012, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The
Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for September is
scheduled to be released on Tuesday, October 30, 2012, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note


   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for
372 metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 8 areas in Puerto Rico.  Estimates for 34
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented.  Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
   
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program
   
   Definitions.  The labor force and unemployment data are based on 
the same concepts and definitions as those used for the official na-
tional estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a 
sample survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.  The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis.  The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
over.  Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation.  Unemployed persons are those who were
not employed during the reference week (based on the definition above),
had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with
the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed.  The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed
persons.  The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force.
   
   Method of estimation.  Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, 
and New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals.  Model-based estimation was
extended to the following areas and their respective balances of state
in 2005:  the Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-
Warren-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-
Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Metropolitan Statistical Area; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division.  (Model-based estimation of the New Orleans-
Metairie-Kenner metropolitan area was suspended following Hurricane
Katrina; the indirect estimation methods described below will be used
for this area until further notice.)  Modeling improves the statistical
basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools for
analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series.
For all other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared
through indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work" esti-
mates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of residence 
as used in the CPS.  Unemployment estimates are aggregates of persons 
previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment in-
surance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geograph- 
ically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure 
that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-state 
totals.  A detailed description of the estimation procedures is avail-
able from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions.  Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the end of each year, usually
implemented with January estimates.  The adjusted model-based estimates
reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revi-
sions in the other data sources, and model reestimation.  All substate 
estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised model-based 
estimates.

Employment--from the CES program
   
   Definitions.  Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month.  Persons are counted at their place of work
rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than
one payroll are counted on each payroll.  Industries are classified on
the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 ver-
sion of the North American Industry Classification System.
   
   Method of estimation.  The employment data are estimated using a
"link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-
month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sam-
ple of establishments reporting for both months.  The estimates of em-
ployment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the esti-
mates for the previous month by these ratios.  Small-domain models are 
used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES 
published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based 
estimates.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state un-
employment insurance (UI) laws.  The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month.  Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employ-
ment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in 
the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates
   
   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors.  Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed.  Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations.  Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the particular estimation processes used.  The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding.  Unemployment rates are computed from un-
rounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates.  Model-based error measures
are available for states on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm.
Measures of nonsampling error are not available, but additional infor-
mation on the subject is provided in Employment and Earnings Online at
www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.
   
   Employment estimates.  Measures of sampling error for state CES data at
the supersector level are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm.
Information on recent benchmark revisions is available on the BLS website at
www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions
   
   The substate area data published in this release reflect the stan-
dards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and 
Budget on December 1, 2009.  Data reflect New England City and Town
Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the
six New England States.  A detailed list of the geographic definitions
is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
   
   More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop
these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings
Online.
   
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment.  Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, labor market areas, counties, cities
with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the admini-
stration of various federal economic assistance programs are available 
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/.  Employment data from the 
CES program are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Ser-
vice:  (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                July             August             July             August          July       August  
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2011     2012     2011     2012p    2011     2012     2011     2012p   2011  2012  2011 2012p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,201.0  2,174.0  2,195.6  2,165.0    211.0    193.9    205.6    184.6   9.6   8.9   9.4   8.5
  Anniston-Oxford.......................     53.8     53.9     53.8     53.2      5.3      5.1      5.1      4.7   9.8   9.4   9.6   8.9
  Auburn-Opelika........................     67.6     65.6     68.2     66.2      5.3      5.2      5.4      4.9   7.8   8.0   7.9   7.4
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    533.6    524.9    530.8    523.1     47.0     41.5     45.9     39.7   8.8   7.9   8.6   7.6
  Decatur...............................     73.6     73.4     73.5     72.7      6.8      6.4      6.7      6.0   9.3   8.7   9.2   8.2
  Dothan................................     65.2     64.9     65.9     64.8      5.7      5.4      5.6      5.3   8.7   8.3   8.5   8.2
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     69.7     70.0     70.0     70.3      6.4      6.0      6.2      5.7   9.1   8.6   8.9   8.2
  Gadsden...............................     46.1     45.8     45.8     44.9      4.5      4.0      4.4      3.9   9.8   8.8   9.5   8.7
  Huntsville............................    213.9    210.6    213.6    210.3     17.2     16.1     16.8     15.2   8.1   7.6   7.9   7.2
  Mobile................................    194.6    193.2    193.2    192.3     20.9     19.6     20.5     18.5  10.7  10.1  10.6   9.6
  Montgomery............................    172.6    171.7    171.1    171.7     16.3     15.2     16.2     14.8   9.4   8.8   9.5   8.6
  Tuscaloosa............................     99.9     95.8    100.4     97.7      9.8      8.8      9.0      8.2   9.8   9.1   9.0   8.4
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    375.1    376.8    372.2    371.0     25.5     27.0     25.1     24.6   6.8   7.2   6.7   6.6
  Anchorage.............................    197.5    197.4    196.1    194.1     12.6     13.1     12.4     11.8   6.4   6.6   6.3   6.1
  Fairbanks.............................     47.0     46.9     46.6     46.7      2.9      3.1      2.8      2.7   6.1   6.6   6.1   5.8
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,024.9  3,001.2  3,025.1  3,014.8    304.1    261.8    296.7    257.3  10.1   8.7   9.8   8.5
  Flagstaff.............................     75.2     72.5     73.4     71.3      7.0      6.3      6.6      5.8   9.4   8.6   9.0   8.1
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     88.7     86.6     87.8     86.4      9.9      8.4      9.7      8.4  11.2   9.6  11.0   9.7
  Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale.................  2,023.3  2,018.0  2,024.0  2,029.4    181.5    150.9    177.5    149.8   9.0   7.5   8.8   7.4
  Prescott..............................     93.3     90.6     92.2     91.1      9.5      8.0      9.2      8.1  10.2   8.9  10.0   8.8
  Tucson................................    457.5    447.3    462.4    454.2     41.2     34.6     39.9     34.5   9.0   7.7   8.6   7.6
  Yuma..................................     93.2     95.2     93.0     92.6     28.8     29.9     28.5     27.7  30.9  31.4  30.7  29.9
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,382.5  1,404.7  1,369.9  1,382.3    117.6    109.4    109.3     96.1   8.5   7.8   8.0   6.9
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    232.1    242.5    230.2    240.7     15.7     14.9     14.7     12.7   6.8   6.1   6.4   5.3
  Fort Smith............................    132.1    130.7    131.0    130.0     11.7     11.1     11.2     10.3   8.8   8.5   8.5   7.9
  Hot Springs...........................     45.1     43.7     44.3     42.6      3.8      3.5      3.5      3.1   8.3   8.0   8.0   7.3
  Jonesboro.............................     60.1     60.6     59.6     60.5      4.9      4.6      4.5      4.0   8.1   7.6   7.6   6.6
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    352.9    357.7    347.7    352.4     26.6     24.9     25.0     22.1   7.5   7.0   7.2   6.3
  Pine Bluff............................     44.8     44.9     44.6     44.4      4.9      4.4      4.6      3.9  10.9   9.8  10.2   8.8
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,436.4 18,482.8 18,449.4 18,405.7  2,264.5  2,011.3  2,199.3  1,915.9  12.3  10.9  11.9  10.4
  Bakersfield-Delano....................    380.4    381.6    391.5    385.1     58.2     51.9     54.8     49.1  15.3  13.6  14.0  12.8
  Chico.................................    102.2    100.4    100.5     98.8     14.4     13.0     13.8     12.2  14.1  12.9  13.7  12.3
  El Centro.............................     78.6     75.5     79.7     76.8     25.6     22.8     25.9     23.0  32.6  30.2  32.5  29.9
  Fresno................................    449.5    450.4    445.8    447.6     73.0     66.3     70.3     62.8  16.2  14.7  15.8  14.0
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     61.2     63.2     61.5     63.2      9.7      9.1      9.2      8.6  15.9  14.4  15.0  13.6
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana......  6,539.8  6,475.5  6,528.3  6,432.3    799.3    705.7    779.2    662.8  12.2  10.9  11.9  10.3
  Madera-Chowchilla.....................     66.9     65.4     67.2     65.8     10.2      9.2      9.7      8.6  15.3  14.1  14.4  13.0
  Merced................................    108.8    106.6    112.0    109.4     19.9     18.5     19.0     17.4  18.2  17.3  17.0  15.9
  Modesto...............................    236.6    236.2    238.6    235.8     40.8     37.0     38.4     34.3  17.2  15.7  16.1  14.5
  Napa..................................     79.2     77.7     78.9     77.0      7.0      6.0      6.7      5.8   8.8   7.7   8.5   7.5
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    439.6    435.4    435.5    430.6     45.5     41.1     45.5     40.3  10.4   9.4  10.5   9.4
  Redding...............................     83.9     83.1     84.0     83.1     12.1     10.9     11.8     10.4  14.5  13.1  14.1  12.5
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,796.7  1,806.4  1,798.8  1,803.9    257.3    230.0    249.8    221.6  14.3  12.7  13.9  12.3
  Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville...  1,039.7  1,050.5  1,040.9  1,044.2    128.1    112.1    123.9    107.6  12.3  10.7  11.9  10.3
  Salinas...............................    234.3    237.5    231.8    234.8     24.5     22.5     23.8     21.6  10.4   9.5  10.3   9.2
  San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos.........  1,589.8  1,612.7  1,589.3  1,603.8    167.6    149.8    163.0    143.9  10.5   9.3  10.3   9.0
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont.........  2,263.1  2,313.6  2,271.6  2,305.3    224.1    196.9    219.2    190.0   9.9   8.5   9.6   8.2
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........    925.4    944.2    926.2    941.9     94.2     82.7     91.9     80.2  10.2   8.8   9.9   8.5
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles...........    139.8    139.6    137.6    139.0     13.6     11.9     13.2     11.3   9.7   8.5   9.6   8.1
  Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta......    232.1    230.6    228.3    229.4     20.2     18.2     19.6     17.4   8.7   7.9   8.6   7.6
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    155.3    158.5    154.5    155.9     17.0     15.3     16.3     14.7  10.9   9.7  10.6   9.4
  Santa Rosa-Petaluma...................    256.6    263.7    258.4    262.8     26.2     22.7     25.6     21.8  10.2   8.6   9.9   8.3
  Stockton..............................    292.6    300.1    297.5    302.2     51.2     45.2     48.7     43.1  17.5  15.1  16.4  14.3
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    216.1    218.8    217.1    217.6     25.7     22.6     24.9     21.7  11.9  10.3  11.5  10.0
  Visalia-Porterville...................    206.7    206.4    205.7    207.0     34.9     32.4     33.3     31.2  16.9  15.7  16.2  15.0
  Yuba City.............................     71.4     69.4     73.8     70.5     13.1     12.0     12.3     11.2  18.3  17.2  16.7  15.9
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,734.8  2,745.7  2,738.2  2,733.0    227.7    227.3    222.5    212.6   8.3   8.3   8.1   7.8
  Boulder...............................    174.5    176.8    172.7    176.5     11.3     11.6     10.8     10.7   6.5   6.5   6.3   6.1
  Colorado Springs......................    315.0    308.5    313.6    305.3     29.5     30.3     28.6     27.8   9.4   9.8   9.1   9.1
  Denver-Aurora-Broomfield..............  1,405.2  1,413.3  1,395.5  1,408.4    117.4    115.7    115.7    109.0   8.4   8.2   8.3   7.7
  Fort Collins-Loveland.................    178.5    179.8    179.4    180.8     12.1     12.1     11.7     11.1   6.8   6.7   6.5   6.1
  Grand Junction........................     78.5     81.2     79.8     81.3      7.6      7.6      7.4      7.1   9.7   9.3   9.3   8.8
  Greeley...............................    121.9    125.0    125.1    125.6     11.6     11.4     11.2     10.5   9.5   9.1   9.0   8.3
  Pueblo................................     77.2     77.2     76.2     76.1      8.0      8.5      7.8      8.1  10.4  11.0  10.3  10.6
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,945.2  1,938.4  1,936.6  1,912.9    177.6    179.6    171.7    176.0   9.1   9.3   8.9   9.2
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    497.3    496.5    492.8    488.6     41.9     42.4     40.5     41.5   8.4   8.5   8.2   8.5
  Danbury...............................     94.6     95.0     94.2     94.5      6.9      7.2      6.8      7.1   7.3   7.6   7.2   7.5
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    610.0    608.7    610.1    602.3     56.5     57.3     54.8     56.5   9.3   9.4   9.0   9.4
  New Haven.............................    324.6    323.6    322.4    318.7     31.3     31.5     30.2     30.8   9.6   9.7   9.4   9.7
  Norwich-New London....................    158.4    154.1    158.3    152.1     14.0     14.3     13.6     14.0   8.8   9.3   8.6   9.2
  Waterbury.............................    104.6    105.0    103.6    103.6     12.4     12.3     12.1     12.2  11.9  11.7  11.7  11.8
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    442.0    443.1    440.7    439.0     33.3     31.6     32.7     30.6   7.5   7.1   7.4   7.0
  Dover.................................     75.5     74.8     74.9     73.8      5.8      5.8      5.7      5.6   7.7   7.7   7.7   7.6
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    350.1    360.7    344.4    357.7     38.1     32.7     35.9     31.6  10.9   9.1  10.4   8.8
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,210.4  3,259.3  3,179.9  3,216.6    193.7    183.2    190.2    176.2   6.0   5.6   6.0   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,306.0  9,357.8  9,308.7  9,311.0  1,025.8    876.6  1,013.6    834.1  11.0   9.4  10.9   9.0
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    281.4    280.9    282.6    277.5     33.2     27.5     32.6     26.3  11.8   9.8  11.5   9.5
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin....    102.3    102.4    101.8    101.0      7.7      6.6      7.6      6.1   7.5   6.5   7.5   6.1
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    256.3    254.0    257.4    251.6     28.5     24.0     28.3     23.0  11.1   9.5  11.0   9.1
  Gainesville...........................    137.6    136.2    136.8    134.4     12.0     10.6     11.6      9.6   8.7   7.8   8.5   7.1
  Jacksonville..........................    701.8    700.5    698.5    696.4     75.0     63.4     73.7     60.4  10.7   9.1  10.6   8.7
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    275.6    276.2    275.2    275.8     34.3     29.3     33.9     28.2  12.4  10.6  12.3  10.2
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach...  2,888.1  2,929.0  2,895.6  2,904.6    314.7    273.2    311.2    258.6  10.9   9.3  10.7   8.9
  Naples-Marco Island...................    144.9    148.4    144.6    147.5     16.9     14.4     16.7     14.1  11.6   9.7  11.6   9.6
  North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota.........    302.0    302.3    302.3    300.2     33.9     28.2     34.0     27.3  11.2   9.3  11.2   9.1
  Ocala.................................    134.8    134.4    135.5    135.0     17.4     14.2     17.3     13.6  12.9  10.6  12.7  10.1
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.............  1,138.4  1,144.1  1,128.6  1,144.8    123.8    104.7    120.8     99.3  10.9   9.1  10.7   8.7
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    271.3    271.9    269.9    269.4     30.6     26.5     31.5     25.4  11.3   9.8  11.7   9.4
  Palm Coast............................     34.0     34.0     34.1     33.8      5.0      4.3      5.0      4.2  14.6  12.7  14.7  12.4
  Panama City-Lynn Haven-                                                                                                    
    Panama City Beach...................     93.6     92.9     93.8     92.2      9.1      7.7      9.0      7.3   9.7   8.3   9.6   7.9
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    219.2    214.5    217.7    212.5     22.6     19.4     21.9     17.9  10.3   9.0  10.1   8.4
  Port St. Lucie........................    189.6    186.0    190.0    185.2     25.1     21.8     24.9     21.1  13.3  11.7  13.1  11.4
  Punta Gorda...........................     69.8     70.4     70.3     69.1      7.8      6.6      7.9      6.4  11.1   9.3  11.2   9.3
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     62.9     62.6     62.9     63.0      8.8      7.7      8.7      7.5  14.0  12.2  13.9  11.9
  Tallahassee...........................    192.1    189.7    192.4    190.8     17.9     15.6     17.2     14.3   9.3   8.2   8.9   7.5
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,317.3  1,331.3  1,323.7  1,326.8    149.3    125.3    147.7    120.0  11.3   9.4  11.2   9.0
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,740.0  4,805.7  4,731.1  4,764.6    486.3    458.4    477.8    436.9  10.3   9.5  10.1   9.2
  Albany................................     73.1     74.3     73.0     73.3      7.9      7.7      7.8      7.3  10.9  10.3  10.8   9.9
  Athens-Clarke County..................    109.5    111.4    108.7    112.1      8.3      8.1      8.2      7.5   7.6   7.3   7.5   6.7
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta........  2,696.6  2,739.2  2,689.2  2,715.7    271.0    252.5    267.4    241.0  10.1   9.2   9.9   8.9
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    259.5    257.9    258.8    254.8     25.6     25.4     24.9     23.9   9.9   9.8   9.6   9.4
  Brunswick.............................     50.8     51.3     50.5     50.7      5.7      5.5      5.5      5.1  11.2  10.7  10.9  10.1
  Columbus..............................    131.4    132.9    131.6    131.6     12.5     13.0     12.7     12.2   9.5   9.8   9.6   9.3
  Dalton................................     62.0     58.7     61.1     58.3      8.0      7.1      7.6      6.8  13.0  12.1  12.4  11.6
  Gainesville...........................     90.8     95.8     90.6     94.0      7.6      7.4      7.4      6.8   8.3   7.7   8.1   7.2
  Hinesville-Fort Stewart...............     33.1     33.6     33.2     33.4      3.2      3.2      3.2      3.1   9.8   9.6   9.6   9.1
  Macon.................................    111.4    114.6    112.0    113.3     11.8     11.5     11.7     11.0  10.6  10.1  10.4   9.7
  Rome..................................     47.6     47.8     46.9     46.9      5.4      5.1      5.5      4.8  11.4  10.6  11.7  10.3
  Savannah..............................    177.0    179.2    175.1    178.9     16.8     16.2     16.6     15.3   9.5   9.1   9.5   8.6
  Valdosta..............................     64.5     66.5     65.1     66.2      6.3      6.1      6.1      5.7   9.7   9.1   9.4   8.7
  Warner Robins.........................     69.8     71.6     70.3     70.9      5.6      5.8      5.6      5.4   8.1   8.1   7.9   7.6
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    665.4    647.4    659.3    640.8     46.6     41.0     45.9     36.8   7.0   6.3   7.0   5.7
  Honolulu..............................    462.4    450.6    457.2    447.5     28.0     25.4     27.6     22.8   6.1   5.6   6.0   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    777.3    784.6    774.6    779.8     66.0     54.0     66.3     53.6   8.5   6.9   8.6   6.9
  Boise City-Nampa......................    303.4    308.5    302.7    306.3     26.8     21.4     27.0     21.2   8.8   6.9   8.9   6.9
  Coeur d'Alene.........................     72.6     73.8     72.2     73.7      6.9      5.7      6.9      5.5   9.5   7.7   9.6   7.5
  Idaho Falls...........................     63.4     63.3     62.7     63.1      4.4      3.8      4.4      3.9   6.9   5.9   7.0   6.1
  Lewiston..............................     29.0     29.6     29.1     29.7      2.1      1.9      2.2      1.9   7.3   6.5   7.5   6.3
  Pocatello.............................     43.4     44.7     43.9     44.7      3.5      3.1      3.7      3.2   8.1   7.0   8.4   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,641.6  6,667.6  6,606.9  6,579.2    688.5    617.5    678.1    587.5  10.4   9.3  10.3   8.9
  Bloomington-Normal....................     91.1     91.1     90.4     90.4      7.0      7.0      7.0      6.6   7.7   7.7   7.8   7.3
  Champaign-Urbana......................    114.4    113.6    112.0    109.6     10.6     10.3     10.4      9.7   9.2   9.1   9.3   8.8
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville.............  4,903.3  4,931.0  4,865.0  4,868.6    519.0    450.8    503.5    426.8  10.6   9.1  10.4   8.8
  Danville..............................     37.0     35.8     36.8     35.3      4.0      4.0      4.1      3.9  10.9  11.1  11.1  11.0
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island..........    206.2    203.4    203.9    200.4     15.0     14.7     15.3     14.5   7.3   7.2   7.5   7.2
  Decatur...............................     55.9     54.5     55.3     54.3      6.1      6.3      6.2      6.2  11.0  11.6  11.2  11.4
  Kankakee-Bradley......................     56.4     56.4     56.3     55.3      7.0      6.5      7.0      6.3  12.3  11.6  12.4  11.4
  Peoria................................    205.8    206.8    204.9    204.4     18.4     16.9     18.5     16.4   8.9   8.2   9.0   8.0
  Rockford..............................    171.3    170.8    170.6    168.1     21.8     20.2     23.5     19.7  12.7  11.9  13.8  11.7
  Springfield...........................    117.5    117.2    119.9    118.2      9.5      9.6      9.6      9.3   8.0   8.2   8.0   7.9
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,217.5  3,185.7  3,208.1  3,150.1    295.8    264.3    297.6    253.4   9.2   8.3   9.3   8.0
  Anderson..............................     61.4     59.9     62.1     60.3      6.6      5.9      6.7      5.7  10.8   9.8  10.7   9.5
  Bloomington...........................     94.3     92.3     93.7     91.6      8.3      7.3      7.9      6.9   8.8   7.9   8.4   7.5
  Columbus..............................     41.0     43.0     40.7     42.2      3.0      2.6      3.1      2.5   7.4   6.1   7.6   6.0
  Elkhart-Goshen........................     94.3     95.9     93.1     94.0     10.5      8.7     10.3      8.3  11.1   9.0  11.1   8.8
  Evansville............................    187.6    184.0    186.0    182.2     15.1     14.0     15.1     13.4   8.0   7.6   8.1   7.4
  Fort Wayne............................    212.8    215.6    211.6    211.9     19.0     16.4     19.2     16.0   8.9   7.6   9.1   7.5
  Indianapolis-Carmel...................    918.0    906.9    914.2    896.2     78.7     70.9     80.2     68.2   8.6   7.8   8.8   7.6
  Kokomo................................     43.4     43.0     43.6     43.0      4.6      4.0      4.5      3.8  10.6   9.2  10.4   8.9
  Lafayette.............................     95.3     96.7     96.9     95.5      8.3      7.5      8.2      7.0   8.7   7.7   8.4   7.4
  Michigan City-La Porte................     52.0     50.2     52.3     49.1      5.4      4.9      5.5      4.8  10.3   9.8  10.4   9.7
  Muncie................................     53.1     52.7     53.3     53.6      5.8      5.3      5.7      5.0  10.9  10.0  10.7   9.4
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    155.1    154.9    154.1    152.5     16.3     14.3     15.7     13.5  10.5   9.2  10.2   8.8
  Terre Haute...........................     81.4     79.5     80.5     79.5      8.7      8.3      8.8      7.9  10.7  10.4  11.0   9.9
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,672.9  1,663.5  1,658.1  1,636.5     93.0     85.0     96.3     87.4   5.6   5.1   5.8   5.3
  Ames..................................     47.0     48.5     47.4     48.5      2.4      2.2      2.3      2.1   5.0   4.5   4.9   4.4
  Cedar Rapids..........................    148.5    145.4    145.7    142.8      8.3      7.6      8.8      8.1   5.6   5.2   6.0   5.6
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    318.6    317.5    315.1    313.6     17.8     16.1     18.2     16.7   5.6   5.1   5.8   5.3
  Dubuque...............................     53.8     54.4     53.3     53.3      2.7      2.5      2.8      2.6   5.1   4.5   5.3   4.9
  Iowa City.............................     91.3     90.0     91.4     90.0      4.2      3.8      4.4      3.9   4.6   4.2   4.8   4.3
  Sioux City............................     78.7     79.4     78.0     77.8      4.7      4.2      4.5      4.0   5.9   5.3   5.8   5.2
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     96.2     97.1     95.1     94.9      5.2      5.0      5.3      5.1   5.4   5.1   5.6   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,520.2  1,508.4  1,499.5  1,482.0    105.8    100.9    104.0     91.9   7.0   6.7   6.9   6.2
  Lawrence..............................     60.4     58.7     60.7     59.4      4.0      3.9      3.9      3.5   6.7   6.6   6.5   5.9
  Manhattan.............................     61.0     60.3     60.7     60.2      3.9      3.8      3.8      3.5   6.3   6.3   6.3   5.9
  Topeka................................    123.4    122.1    121.5    120.0      9.0      8.7      9.0      8.2   7.3   7.2   7.4   6.9
  Wichita...............................    310.3    310.0    306.6    304.2     25.7     24.2     25.3     22.1   8.3   7.8   8.3   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  2,081.6  2,086.5  2,067.0  2,077.3    202.5    177.8    192.6    174.4   9.7   8.5   9.3   8.4
  Bowling Green.........................     64.2     62.5     63.8     62.9      5.6      4.8      5.3      4.7   8.7   7.7   8.2   7.5
  Elizabethtown.........................     57.4     56.6     56.2     55.8      5.1      4.5      4.9      4.5   8.8   8.0   8.8   8.0
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    239.9    241.2    238.6    239.1     19.6     16.4     18.3     16.3   8.2   6.8   7.7   6.8
  Louisville-Jefferson County...........    638.2    643.0    636.3    642.0     62.8     53.6     61.1     52.7   9.8   8.3   9.6   8.2
  Owensboro.............................     58.8     58.8     58.3     59.0      5.3      4.3      4.7      4.2   9.0   7.2   8.0   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,084.5  2,116.9  2,062.7  2,086.4    162.7    168.1    156.5    151.6   7.8   7.9   7.6   7.3
  Alexandria............................     68.7     69.0     68.1     68.0      5.4      5.5      5.0      4.9   7.8   8.0   7.4   7.2
  Baton Rouge...........................    379.6    382.8    374.5    378.8     30.3     30.6     29.0     27.4   8.0   8.0   7.8   7.2
  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux............    103.8    108.0    104.1    106.4      5.7      5.8      5.5      5.2   5.5   5.4   5.3   4.9
  Lafayette.............................    138.2    150.7    137.9    149.0      8.5      8.3      8.1      7.4   6.1   5.5   5.9   5.0
  Lake Charles..........................     93.5     95.1     92.2     93.7      6.6      7.0      6.6      6.3   7.1   7.4   7.1   6.7
  Monroe................................     81.4     82.3     80.6     80.9      6.7      7.1      6.4      6.5   8.2   8.7   8.0   8.1
  New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner...........    548.6    548.7    539.7    540.5     42.4     44.4     40.9     40.6   7.7   8.1   7.6   7.5
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    186.4    189.0    185.7    187.1     13.3     14.5     13.1     13.4   7.1   7.7   7.1   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    717.9    723.9    720.0    721.4     52.1     53.3     48.0     48.1   7.3   7.4   6.7   6.7
  Bangor................................     70.5     70.7     70.8     70.6      5.3      5.8      5.0      4.9   7.5   8.2   7.1   7.0
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     57.3     57.9     57.4     57.7      4.4      4.6      4.0      4.1   7.7   7.9   7.0   7.2
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford.....    208.9    211.5    209.2    210.6     12.5     12.9     11.4     11.6   6.0   6.1   5.4   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  3,110.1  3,135.4  3,086.6  3,089.4    229.5    221.7    224.1    217.6   7.4   7.1   7.3   7.0
  Baltimore-Towson......................  1,456.4  1,463.5  1,445.9  1,445.8    115.3    112.3    112.6    110.8   7.9   7.7   7.8   7.7
  Cumberland............................     51.0     51.8     50.7     51.4      4.2      4.1      4.1      4.1   8.2   7.9   8.2   7.9
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    121.9    122.9    121.0    122.7     10.9      9.8     11.0      9.7   8.9   7.9   9.1   7.9
  Salisbury.............................     65.4     66.3     64.5     64.3      6.1      5.7      5.8      5.5   9.3   8.6   9.1   8.5
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,490.3  3,489.6  3,491.6  3,493.7    263.4    228.7    250.3    222.6   7.5   6.6   7.2   6.4
  Barnstable Town.......................    148.1    149.2    148.2    148.9      9.9      8.4      9.3      8.1   6.7   5.6   6.3   5.4
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy...............  2,536.8  2,547.2  2,536.4  2,548.8    176.2    154.5    167.0    149.7   6.9   6.1   6.6   5.9
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner..........     72.2     70.9     72.2     70.9      7.5      6.4      7.2      6.3  10.4   9.0   9.9   8.9
  New Bedford...........................     86.3     86.3     85.8     86.1      9.4      8.6      8.9      8.5  10.9   9.9  10.4   9.9
  Pittsfield............................     41.3     39.7     41.3     39.5      2.9      2.6      2.7      2.5   6.9   6.5   6.6   6.3
  Springfield...........................    343.5    340.0    344.0    338.0     30.4     27.1     29.1     26.3   8.9   8.0   8.4   7.8
  Worcester.............................    295.8    292.6    296.2    294.2     24.4     21.5     23.2     20.9   8.2   7.4   7.8   7.1
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,734.9  4,746.7  4,700.4  4,701.3    545.4    488.5    485.1    433.5  11.5  10.3  10.3   9.2
  Ann Arbor.............................    179.3    183.3    178.1    181.4     13.7     12.5     12.1     10.6   7.7   6.8   6.8   5.9
  Battle Creek..........................     64.2     65.3     63.9     64.5      6.5      5.6      5.7      4.8  10.2   8.6   9.0   7.5
  Bay City..............................     52.6     53.4     51.9     52.6      5.4      5.0      4.9      4.4  10.3   9.3   9.5   8.3
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia................  2,057.9  2,036.4  2,045.9  2,026.7    272.0    243.1    242.6    221.7  13.2  11.9  11.9  10.9
  Flint.................................    184.1    189.6    184.8    186.6     22.7     20.4     20.0     17.7  12.3  10.8  10.8   9.5
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    385.2    390.8    383.1    387.2     35.3     30.8     31.5     26.6   9.2   7.9   8.2   6.9
  Holland-Grand Haven...................    130.0    133.0    129.2    131.5     11.8     10.5     10.4      8.8   9.1   7.9   8.1   6.7
  Jackson...............................     71.9     74.1     71.3     73.3      7.9      7.0      7.1      6.1  11.0   9.5   9.9   8.3
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    161.8    164.6    160.7    162.3     15.7     13.9     14.0     12.1   9.7   8.4   8.7   7.4
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    234.2    236.9    231.7    232.5     22.1     20.0     19.1     16.8   9.4   8.4   8.3   7.2
  Monroe................................     69.2     69.8     68.1     68.9      7.7      6.6      6.7      5.6  11.1   9.5   9.8   8.1
  Muskegon-Norton Shores................     83.6     83.2     83.2     81.9      9.3      8.4      8.4      7.5  11.1  10.1  10.0   9.1
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     74.9     74.1     74.8     73.8      8.1      7.5      7.3      6.5  10.8  10.2   9.8   8.8
  Saginaw-Saginaw Township North........     91.3     91.9     89.9     90.4      9.6      8.9      8.6      7.8  10.5   9.7   9.6   8.6
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  3,012.4  3,014.7  3,004.6  2,991.4    209.1    178.9    185.0    168.3   6.9   5.9   6.2   5.6
  Duluth................................    147.3    145.2    146.5    143.5     11.6     10.3     10.2      9.6   7.9   7.1   7.0   6.7
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     58.4     59.8     58.3     58.3      3.6      3.2      3.2      2.9   6.2   5.3   5.4   5.0
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,868.3  1,882.9  1,865.5  1,867.7    131.4    111.1    116.0    105.5   7.0   5.9   6.2   5.7
  Rochester.............................    106.3    106.3    105.9    105.0      6.0      5.3      5.5      5.0   5.7   5.0   5.2   4.7
  St. Cloud.............................    108.1    110.2    107.7    109.7      7.1      6.5      6.5      6.0   6.6   5.9   6.0   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,362.2  1,351.6  1,338.2  1,327.7    158.3    137.9    142.8    113.1  11.6  10.2  10.7   8.5
  Gulfport-Biloxi.......................    121.6    120.6    117.9    118.1     12.6     11.1     11.2      9.0  10.4   9.2   9.5   7.6
  Hattiesburg...........................     67.7     68.4     66.9     67.0      7.3      6.2      6.7      4.9  10.8   9.0  10.0   7.3
  Jackson...............................    277.7    273.3    270.4    267.6     25.2     22.5     22.1     17.8   9.1   8.2   8.2   6.7
  Pascagoula............................     74.8     75.0     73.0     74.8      9.2      7.7      8.4      6.3  12.3  10.3  11.5   8.5
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  3,067.9  3,036.6  3,047.1  2,989.0    264.2    230.7    268.8    213.3   8.6   7.6   8.8   7.1
  Cape Girardeau-Jackson................     47.8     46.4     48.1     46.5      3.8      3.4      3.9      3.1   8.0   7.4   8.1   6.7
  Columbia..............................     95.6     95.1     95.4     93.5      6.2      5.4      6.2      4.7   6.4   5.7   6.5   5.0
  Jefferson City........................     78.5     78.8     78.1     77.1      5.6      4.9      5.7      4.5   7.1   6.3   7.2   5.8
  Joplin................................     87.4     89.4     87.9     87.8      7.4      6.1      7.3      5.4   8.5   6.8   8.4   6.2
  Kansas City...........................  1,072.2  1,062.4  1,057.1  1,045.6     88.4     79.7     89.3     73.7   8.2   7.5   8.4   7.0
  St. Joseph............................     72.9     72.6     71.6     71.4      5.5      4.6      5.7      4.2   7.5   6.3   8.0   5.9
  St. Louis (1).........................  1,460.0  1,447.8  1,455.7  1,428.1    131.4    119.2    134.1    111.3   9.0   8.2   9.2   7.8
  Springfield...........................    223.7    225.0    220.6    218.7     17.3     15.1     17.9     13.8   7.7   6.7   8.1   6.3
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    512.4    518.5    512.4    517.3     33.5     30.4     32.9     29.3   6.5   5.9   6.4   5.7
  Billings..............................     89.2     89.4     88.5     89.7      4.5      4.1      4.5      4.0   5.1   4.6   5.1   4.4
  Great Falls...........................     41.5     39.7     41.0     40.2      2.4      2.2      2.4      2.2   5.9   5.6   6.0   5.4
  Missoula..............................     60.8     58.3     61.0     58.7      3.8      3.4      3.7      3.2   6.2   5.8   6.0   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................  1,015.2  1,028.1  1,007.3  1,016.6     46.3     44.3     44.1     38.5   4.6   4.3   4.4   3.8
  Lincoln...............................    172.4    176.8    171.7    176.4      7.0      6.8      6.7      5.9   4.1   3.8   3.9   3.3
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    463.4    472.5    461.5    470.1     23.4     22.1     22.7     19.9   5.1   4.7   4.9   4.2
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,389.0  1,373.8  1,388.1  1,372.3    195.2    171.9    192.0    164.1  14.1  12.5  13.8  12.0
  Carson City...........................     29.1     28.1     28.9     28.0      3.8      3.4      3.7      3.2  13.0  12.2  12.8  11.6
  Las Vegas-Paradise....................    995.0    985.0    992.6    984.9    144.3    126.6    142.4    121.0  14.5  12.9  14.3  12.3
  Reno-Sparks...........................    227.0    223.5    227.1    223.1     30.2     26.9     29.5     25.7  13.3  12.0  13.0  11.5
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    748.1    751.0    747.2    746.0     40.8     42.8     40.7     42.3   5.5   5.7   5.4   5.7
  Manchester............................    107.1    107.5    106.9    106.7      5.7      6.1      5.8      6.2   5.3   5.7   5.4   5.8
  Portsmouth............................     46.1     47.2     46.4     47.2      2.1      2.3      2.1      2.2   4.6   4.8   4.5   4.7
  Rochester-Dover.......................     84.3     84.5     84.6     84.2      4.9      4.9      4.7      4.8   5.8   5.8   5.6   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,605.1  4,662.6  4,582.1  4,598.9    453.1    471.2    424.0    444.3   9.8  10.1   9.3   9.7
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    139.1    146.5    139.1    145.1     17.7     18.4     16.6     17.7  12.7  12.6  11.9  12.2
  Ocean City............................     70.0     71.5     69.2     70.5      6.1      6.7      5.7      6.3   8.7   9.4   8.2   9.0
  Trenton-Ewing.........................    209.4    210.4    209.3    207.2     17.6     18.6     16.4     17.1   8.4   8.8   7.8   8.3
  Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton..........     69.9     72.0     70.0     70.7      9.8     10.3      9.1      9.8  14.0  14.2  13.1  13.9
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    934.2    932.0    928.0    922.1     75.0     69.3     70.9     58.8   8.0   7.4   7.6   6.4
  Albuquerque...........................    400.1    397.4    396.2    392.2     34.3     31.5     32.7     26.8   8.6   7.9   8.2   6.8
  Farmington............................     55.7     54.8     55.5     53.5      4.8      4.3      4.5      3.6   8.7   7.8   8.1   6.8
  Las Cruces............................     91.7     91.3     92.0     91.2      7.4      7.1      6.9      6.0   8.1   7.8   7.5   6.5
  Santa Fe..............................     75.2     76.4     74.7     75.1      4.8      4.4      4.5      3.8   6.3   5.8   6.1   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,608.6  9,730.4  9,582.8  9,617.2    799.9    887.3    774.9    845.4   8.3   9.1   8.1   8.8
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    447.5    451.2    444.5    445.8     32.3     36.2     30.9     34.9   7.2   8.0   7.0   7.8
  Binghamton............................    118.5    120.5    118.6    118.4      9.9     11.0      9.4     10.6   8.3   9.1   7.9   8.9
  Buffalo-Niagara Falls.................    576.6    581.4    577.8    577.6     46.5     52.5     44.2     50.6   8.1   9.0   7.7   8.8
  Elmira................................     41.1     40.1     40.7     39.8      3.2      3.7      3.1      3.6   7.8   9.3   7.5   9.1
  Glens Falls...........................     71.0     71.3     71.4     70.8      5.0      5.4      4.7      5.3   7.0   7.6   6.6   7.5
  Ithaca................................     53.4     55.2     53.6     53.4      3.6      3.8      3.3      3.6   6.7   7.0   6.2   6.7
  Kingston..............................     88.9     90.5     88.8     89.0      7.5      8.5      7.1      8.2   8.4   9.4   8.0   9.2
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                    
       Long Island......................  9,534.1  9,651.8  9,494.4  9,526.5    850.9    920.9    817.2    869.7   8.9   9.5   8.6   9.1
     New York City......................  3,961.1  4,015.5  3,958.6  3,971.9    369.3    409.1    363.3    383.6   9.3  10.2   9.2   9.7
  Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown......    324.2    326.5    322.9    324.3     25.5     28.4     24.3     27.4   7.9   8.7   7.5   8.4
  Rochester.............................    524.4    535.8    522.2    529.8     41.0     45.6     39.0     44.1   7.8   8.5   7.5   8.3
  Syracuse..............................    324.0    324.5    322.1    322.4     26.6     29.0     25.3     27.8   8.2   8.9   7.8   8.6
  Utica-Rome............................    139.9    143.6    139.8    142.9     11.2     12.3     10.8     11.8   8.0   8.6   7.7   8.2
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,701.6  4,713.3  4,670.3  4,671.2    513.3    464.6    503.7    451.8  10.9   9.9  10.8   9.7
  Asheville.............................    218.1    218.3    215.3    216.0     18.6     17.1     18.7     16.7   8.5   7.8   8.7   7.7
  Burlington............................     72.7     74.3     72.8     73.6      8.2      7.4      8.0      7.1  11.3  10.0  11.0   9.7
  Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill..........    898.4    900.5    901.0    902.0    102.4     90.9    101.0     87.7  11.4  10.1  11.2   9.7
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    266.9    271.8    264.9    271.2     22.8     21.5     22.8     20.6   8.5   7.9   8.6   7.6
  Fayetteville..........................    165.9    166.4    165.0    165.9     17.7     17.6     17.6     18.6  10.7  10.6  10.7  11.2
  Goldsboro.............................     55.4     56.7     54.8     55.7      5.5      5.1      5.4      5.0   9.9   9.0   9.8   8.9
  Greensboro-High Point.................    375.0    380.5    370.6    374.4     43.0     39.2     42.0     37.6  11.5  10.3  11.3  10.0
  Greenville............................     94.0     94.6     92.6     93.2     10.9     10.0     10.6      9.6  11.6  10.6  11.5  10.3
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    171.7    171.4    169.8    169.7     22.2     19.0     21.7     18.4  13.0  11.1  12.8  10.8
  Jacksonville..........................     67.8     68.9     67.6     67.3      6.4      6.4      6.5      6.2   9.5   9.3   9.7   9.2
  Raleigh-Cary..........................    593.4    607.7    583.9    598.2     52.9     48.2     52.7     46.5   8.9   7.9   9.0   7.8
  Rocky Mount...........................     72.7     73.0     72.1     72.1     10.9      9.6     10.5      9.3  15.0  13.2  14.6  12.9
  Wilmington............................    185.6    180.9    184.7    180.5     20.3     18.2     20.0     17.7  10.9  10.1  10.8   9.8
  Winston-Salem.........................    245.5    243.4    244.0    241.1     25.3     23.0     24.9     22.2  10.3   9.4  10.2   9.2
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    391.0    397.6    391.5    395.7     13.2     11.4     13.5     11.1   3.4   2.9   3.5   2.8
  Bismarck..............................     64.5     64.5     64.0     63.8      2.0      1.6      2.0      1.7   3.1   2.4   3.1   2.6
  Fargo.................................    122.7    121.8    122.6    121.8      4.5      4.0      4.7      3.9   3.7   3.2   3.8   3.2
  Grand Forks...........................     54.2     53.0     54.4     52.3      2.6      2.3      2.7      2.0   4.7   4.3   5.0   3.9
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,880.0  5,846.5  5,861.9  5,810.9    529.1    430.7    500.9    396.7   9.0   7.4   8.5   6.8
  Akron.................................    376.8    376.3    375.6    374.6     32.9     26.0     31.0     23.9   8.7   6.9   8.2   6.4
  Canton-Massillon......................    201.7    205.7    201.3    202.2     19.4     14.9     18.1     13.7   9.6   7.3   9.0   6.8
  Cincinnati-Middletown.................  1,110.6  1,119.6  1,109.4  1,117.8     99.7     81.0     95.1     75.4   9.0   7.2   8.6   6.7
  Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor...............  1,105.1  1,089.1  1,102.9  1,075.9     88.4     79.5     86.6     73.9   8.0   7.3   7.9   6.9
  Columbus..............................    966.9    971.8    958.9    967.0     77.6     62.2     73.1     57.5   8.0   6.4   7.6   5.9
  Dayton................................    415.0    407.8    414.9    406.3     40.0     31.9     37.6     29.5   9.6   7.8   9.1   7.3
  Lima..................................     50.7     51.2     50.3     51.3      5.2      4.0      4.8      3.6  10.2   7.7   9.5   7.1
  Mansfield.............................     60.1     59.2     59.8     58.2      6.6      5.0      5.9      4.5  11.0   8.4   9.8   7.7
  Sandusky..............................     46.6     46.4     45.3     45.9      3.8      3.0      3.4      2.5   8.2   6.4   7.4   5.5
  Springfield...........................     68.6     68.6     68.8     68.7      6.5      5.2      6.1      4.9   9.5   7.5   8.9   7.2
  Steubenville-Weirton..................     55.8     55.9     55.7     55.8      6.3      5.7      6.3      5.6  11.3  10.2  11.3  10.0
  Toledo................................    323.2    318.6    320.3    315.6     31.9     25.8     29.8     23.1   9.9   8.1   9.3   7.3
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    272.3    270.6    268.9    269.1     26.9     23.6     25.1     21.4   9.9   8.7   9.3   7.9
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,775.2  1,811.9  1,768.5  1,805.3    109.9     93.7    107.8     89.8   6.2   5.2   6.1   5.0
  Lawton................................     48.4     47.5     48.2     47.0      3.3      3.1      3.1      3.0   6.7   6.6   6.5   6.4
  Oklahoma City.........................    579.2    594.4    575.2    594.6     33.5     28.6     32.6     27.3   5.8   4.8   5.7   4.6
  Tulsa.................................    438.4    444.8    435.5    443.2     29.8     24.5     29.6     23.8   6.8   5.5   6.8   5.4
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  2,004.4  1,996.8  2,008.7  1,991.6    189.2    176.4    187.8    173.0   9.4   8.8   9.4   8.7
  Bend..................................     82.0     79.8     82.0     79.4      9.4      8.6      9.3      8.3  11.4  10.8  11.4  10.4
  Corvallis.............................     43.2     43.0     43.6     43.3      3.2      3.1      3.1      3.0   7.4   7.2   7.1   6.8
  Eugene-Springfield....................    179.2    177.6    179.6    177.4     17.5     16.0     17.3     15.6   9.8   9.0   9.6   8.8
  Medford...............................    101.5    101.1    101.3    100.9     12.0     11.2     11.8     10.8  11.8  11.1  11.7  10.7
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro..........  1,193.3  1,199.5  1,200.3  1,193.5    109.9     99.8    111.4     97.3   9.2   8.3   9.3   8.1
  Salem.................................    200.5    197.8    200.1    197.7     19.9     18.8     19.6     18.2   9.9   9.5   9.8   9.2
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,445.1  6,590.6  6,434.4  6,541.3    535.6    550.7    527.8    537.8   8.3   8.4   8.2   8.2
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    427.5    438.3    425.1    434.7     38.7     39.6     37.7     38.2   9.1   9.0   8.9   8.8
  Altoona...............................     66.2     65.7     66.5     66.1      4.7      5.1      4.8      4.9   7.2   7.7   7.2   7.5
  Erie..................................    141.8    148.4    142.2    145.6     11.7     11.7     11.6     11.1   8.3   7.9   8.1   7.6
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    290.8    294.3    290.9    292.5     21.7     22.4     21.7     22.1   7.5   7.6   7.5   7.5
  Johnstown.............................     68.8     68.6     68.5     68.8      6.3      6.6      6.2      6.3   9.2   9.5   9.0   9.2
  Lancaster.............................    269.5    278.8    267.1    273.8     19.3     19.1     19.1     18.7   7.1   6.9   7.2   6.8
  Lebanon...............................     74.3     76.1     74.2     74.2      5.1      5.1      5.1      5.1   6.8   6.7   6.8   6.9
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  2,988.5  3,028.1  2,983.5  3,008.0    273.2    279.2    266.4    271.5   9.1   9.2   8.9   9.0
  Pittsburgh............................  1,250.0  1,280.6  1,250.5  1,270.2     94.8     97.4     93.9     95.7   7.6   7.6   7.5   7.5
  Reading...............................    206.3    210.6    205.7    209.0     17.8     17.5     17.4     17.1   8.6   8.3   8.5   8.2
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre................    285.6    292.0    284.4    291.3     27.4     28.7     26.8     28.0   9.6   9.8   9.4   9.6
  State College.........................     73.7     75.5     75.4     75.7      4.7      5.0      4.8      4.8   6.4   6.7   6.4   6.3
  Williamsport..........................     61.1     63.9     61.1     63.2      4.8      5.4      4.7      5.1   7.9   8.5   7.8   8.1
  York-Hanover..........................    226.9    231.6    226.7    229.9     18.4     19.3     18.1     18.5   8.1   8.3   8.0   8.0
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    569.8    562.9    567.1    561.5     67.5     63.0     63.8     59.2  11.8  11.2  11.3  10.6
  Providence-Fall River-Warwick.........    704.9    695.3    703.2    695.9     81.7     75.6     78.6     72.7  11.6  10.9  11.2  10.4
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,188.3  2,169.9  2,179.1  2,142.1    231.5    210.0    231.4    201.1  10.6   9.7  10.6   9.4
  Anderson..............................     84.3     82.0     83.7     80.9      8.6      7.8      8.6      7.5  10.3   9.5  10.3   9.2
  Charleston-North Charleston-                                                                                                                     
    Summerville.........................    335.9    336.3    332.3    331.1     30.0     27.1     29.8     26.0   8.9   8.1   9.0   7.9
  Columbia..............................    372.3    376.1    369.9    370.4     35.9     32.4     35.2     31.2   9.6   8.6   9.5   8.4
  Florence..............................     95.1     95.0     94.5     94.0     11.2      9.9     11.1      9.6  11.8  10.4  11.7  10.2
  Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.............    317.8    311.0    317.8    309.9     28.5     25.8     28.3     24.6   9.0   8.3   8.9   7.9
  Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway    139.7    134.3    138.2    130.3     14.1     12.7     14.0     12.3  10.1   9.4  10.1   9.4
  Spartanburg...........................    131.1    134.6    132.2    134.3     14.7     13.6     14.5     12.7  11.2  10.1  11.0   9.5
  Sumter................................     45.3     44.6     44.5     44.1      5.5      4.9      5.4      4.7  12.0  11.0  12.0  10.7
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    454.7    453.9    451.6    447.2     19.9     19.9     20.4     19.5   4.4   4.4   4.5   4.4
  Rapid City............................     69.5     69.7     69.6     70.2      2.9      3.0      3.0      2.9   4.2   4.2   4.3   4.2
  Sioux Falls...........................    132.0    132.1    131.4    130.3      5.3      5.2      5.5      5.1   4.0   4.0   4.2   3.9
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,152.5  3,140.7  3,143.8  3,127.5    293.2    274.7    293.9    259.8   9.3   8.7   9.3   8.3
  Chattanooga...........................    264.4    264.1    263.1    263.6     22.8     21.8     22.9     20.6   8.6   8.3   8.7   7.8
  Clarksville...........................    115.8    116.1    115.5    116.6     11.8     10.8     11.6     10.5  10.2   9.3  10.0   9.0
  Cleveland.............................     56.1     55.3     55.5     55.4      5.4      5.0      5.4      4.8   9.7   9.0   9.8   8.6
  Jackson...............................     57.6     58.5     57.4     57.4      5.8      5.3      5.8      5.1  10.1   9.1  10.1   8.9
  Johnson City..........................    102.5    102.1    102.4    102.0      8.7      8.0      8.8      7.9   8.5   7.9   8.6   7.7
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    149.4    148.8    150.2    150.3     12.2     11.8     12.8     11.4   8.2   7.9   8.5   7.6
  Knoxville.............................    377.3    383.6    377.3    379.3     28.2     26.8     28.5     26.2   7.5   7.0   7.6   6.9
  Memphis...............................    633.4    632.2    628.6    625.5     65.0     60.7     64.1     55.9  10.3   9.6  10.2   8.9
  Morristown............................     63.5     62.0     62.7     61.9      7.1      6.5      7.0      6.4  11.2  10.5  11.2  10.3
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                      
    Franklin............................    849.7    842.0    844.3    836.8     68.7     61.3     69.6     59.9   8.1   7.3   8.2   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 12,498.0 12,728.0 12,479.7 12,625.9  1,059.9    959.3  1,026.9    887.7   8.5   7.5   8.2   7.0
  Abilene...............................     83.7     83.5     83.2     83.5      5.8      5.3      5.6      4.8   7.0   6.3   6.8   5.7
  Amarillo..............................    134.1    137.3    135.1    137.0      8.0      7.6      7.7      6.9   6.0   5.5   5.7   5.0
  Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos..........    941.2    968.9    945.7    968.4     68.7     62.0     66.9     57.3   7.3   6.4   7.1   5.9
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    191.8    192.6    188.5    191.1     21.9     21.9     21.7     20.5  11.4  11.4  11.5  10.7
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    166.8    160.9    165.0    159.5     20.2     18.6     19.9     17.7  12.1  11.6  12.1  11.1
  College Station-Bryan.................    114.5    114.7    113.6    111.7      8.5      7.8      8.1      7.0   7.4   6.8   7.1   6.3
  Corpus Christi........................    217.8    223.5    217.7    220.5     18.2     15.7     17.5     14.4   8.3   7.0   8.1   6.5
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,300.3  3,354.3  3,295.8  3,337.2    273.6    247.4    265.9    231.2   8.3   7.4   8.1   6.9
  El Paso...............................    324.3    332.1    324.1    328.3     35.8     33.4     34.9     31.3  11.0  10.1  10.8   9.5
  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown............  2,998.6  3,077.5  2,986.0  3,051.5    259.0    229.8    250.7    212.5   8.6   7.5   8.4   7.0
  Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood..............    171.8    173.1    171.5    171.6     15.0     14.3     14.6     13.1   8.7   8.3   8.5   7.7
  Laredo................................    100.6    103.2     99.0    101.9      8.8      8.1      8.4      7.2   8.8   7.8   8.5   7.1
  Longview..............................    113.8    116.8    114.2    115.3      8.4      7.7      8.2      7.2   7.4   6.6   7.2   6.2
  Lubbock...............................    149.1    150.0    148.9    147.6     10.6      9.7      9.8      8.5   7.1   6.4   6.6   5.8
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    310.9    313.5    315.4    310.1     40.3     38.6     39.5     36.3  13.0  12.3  12.5  11.7
  Midland...............................     84.5     88.2     85.0     87.7      4.1      3.7      3.9      3.3   4.8   4.2   4.5   3.8
  Odessa................................     79.5     85.6     79.4     83.1      4.9      4.1      4.7      3.8   6.2   4.8   6.0   4.5
  San Angelo............................     56.1     57.2     57.0     56.8      3.9      3.5      3.7      3.1   6.9   6.0   6.5   5.5
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.............  1,020.9  1,033.3  1,012.1  1,027.1     82.4     74.9     78.9     68.7   8.1   7.3   7.8   6.7
  Sherman-Denison.......................     59.0     60.1     59.1     59.5      5.2      4.6      5.1      4.3   8.8   7.7   8.6   7.2
  Texarkana.............................     65.4     69.6     65.9     68.1      5.3      4.9      5.2      4.5   8.1   7.1   7.8   6.6
  Tyler.................................    103.7    107.1    103.8    105.8      8.4      7.9      8.5      7.6   8.1   7.4   8.2   7.2
  Victoria..............................     61.7     61.4     62.2     62.1      4.5      3.9      4.3      3.5   7.3   6.4   6.8   5.7
  Waco..................................    116.9    118.1    117.5    117.2      9.5      8.7      9.2      7.9   8.1   7.4   7.8   6.7
  Wichita Falls.........................     73.3     73.2     74.0     72.8      5.7      5.2      5.4      4.8   7.8   7.2   7.3   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,341.6  1,361.8  1,342.4  1,368.8     94.5     84.0     92.7     76.8   7.0   6.2   6.9   5.6
  Logan.................................     64.5     66.6     66.6     67.6      3.5      3.2      3.5      3.0   5.4   4.8   5.2   4.4
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    263.5    263.8    260.7    263.7     19.0     16.8     18.7     15.3   7.2   6.4   7.2   5.8
  Provo-Orem............................    221.2    224.4    222.2    227.7     15.5     13.8     15.2     12.8   7.0   6.1   6.9   5.6
  St. George............................     58.2     57.3     57.4     58.2      5.0      4.4      4.9      4.0   8.6   7.6   8.5   6.8
  Salt Lake City........................    595.8    607.0    593.9    608.8     40.8     36.3     40.1     33.0   6.8   6.0   6.8   5.4
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    361.0    361.8    361.4    360.7     19.5     19.0     18.4     18.2   5.4   5.3   5.1   5.0
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    117.8    117.9    117.5    117.2      5.5      5.4      5.1      5.0   4.7   4.6   4.4   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,346.0  4,386.4  4,332.8  4,333.7    276.9    266.4    281.0    250.1   6.4   6.1   6.5   5.8
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     81.5     86.4     85.0     87.0      5.9      6.2      6.0      5.6   7.2   7.2   7.1   6.4
  Charlottesville.......................    111.6    112.7    111.5    110.5      6.2      6.0      6.2      5.5   5.6   5.3   5.6   5.0
  Danville..............................     52.4     53.0     52.8     52.8      5.3      4.8      5.4      4.6  10.2   9.1  10.3   8.6
  Harrisonburg..........................     68.3     69.6     68.1     67.1      4.5      4.5      4.3      4.0   6.6   6.5   6.4   5.9
  Lynchburg.............................    126.0    127.4    127.1    126.9      9.3      9.0      9.2      8.2   7.4   7.1   7.3   6.5
  Richmond..............................    682.1    686.2    679.5    679.9     48.2     46.0     49.2     43.4   7.1   6.7   7.2   6.4
  Roanoke...............................    161.7    161.9    163.4    161.0     11.0     10.4     11.1      9.7   6.8   6.4   6.8   6.0
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    866.2    870.0    861.3    854.3     61.4     59.2     62.5     55.4   7.1   6.8   7.3   6.5
  Winchester............................     69.1     68.7     68.5     67.9      4.5      4.2      4.6      4.0   6.5   6.1   6.6   5.9
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,492.7  3,531.7  3,487.2  3,482.4    314.6    296.6    312.1    295.0   9.0   8.4   9.0   8.5
  Bellingham............................    104.9    108.3    107.5    109.2      8.7      8.0      8.9      8.4   8.3   7.4   8.3   7.7
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    120.9    120.9    122.7    120.8      9.3      8.8      9.7      9.3   7.7   7.3   7.9   7.7
  Kennewick-Pasco-Richland..............    139.0    138.9    136.4    134.6      9.9     11.2     10.0     11.9   7.1   8.1   7.3   8.8
  Longview..............................     42.8     43.2     43.2     42.8      5.0      4.7      5.2      4.9  11.6  10.8  12.1  11.4
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     56.9     57.4     57.6     57.6      5.4      5.0      5.6      5.3   9.5   8.7   9.7   9.3
  Olympia...............................    125.9    127.5    127.0    128.0     10.2      9.7     10.7     10.5   8.1   7.6   8.4   8.2
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,873.1  1,903.9  1,868.3  1,879.8    166.0    157.1    157.1    150.1   8.9   8.2   8.4   8.0
  Spokane...............................    222.3    223.5    225.4    225.1     20.5     19.3     21.3     20.3   9.2   8.7   9.5   9.0
  Wenatchee-East Wenatchee..............     73.7     75.3     68.8     68.6      4.6      4.3      5.0      5.0   6.3   5.7   7.2   7.2
  Yakima................................    136.9    138.9    129.4    129.6     11.7     11.4     12.7     13.0   8.5   8.2   9.8  10.0
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    807.3    808.3    803.3    802.9     61.6     58.3     63.3     57.9   7.6   7.2   7.9   7.2
  Charleston............................    139.3    139.6    138.6    137.9      9.3      9.2     10.1      9.5   6.7   6.6   7.3   6.9
  Huntington-Ashland....................    127.2    128.5    128.1    129.3     10.6      9.5     10.8      9.3   8.3   7.4   8.5   7.2
  Morgantown............................     64.9     66.8     64.6     66.2      3.4      3.3      3.8      3.5   5.2   5.0   5.9   5.3
  Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna...........     77.4     77.1     76.6     77.3      6.4      5.4      6.5      5.3   8.3   7.0   8.5   6.8
  Wheeling..............................     69.6     69.5     69.1     69.5      5.8      5.1      5.9      5.1   8.4   7.3   8.5   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,095.8  3,106.9  3,081.2  3,083.5    234.2    229.8    224.7    218.9   7.6   7.4   7.3   7.1
  Appleton..............................    125.8    128.1    125.8    127.6      8.6      8.5      8.3      8.1   6.8   6.6   6.6   6.3
  Eau Claire............................     89.4     88.4     89.3     88.1      6.1      6.1      6.0      5.9   6.8   6.9   6.7   6.7
  Fond du Lac...........................     56.4     56.9     56.4     56.7      4.1      4.0      4.0      3.8   7.2   7.1   7.0   6.7
  Green Bay.............................    174.7    177.7    175.1    176.0     12.5     12.1     11.9     11.5   7.2   6.8   6.8   6.5
  Janesville............................     79.6     80.1     78.9     78.9      7.6      7.2      7.3      6.8   9.5   8.9   9.2   8.6
  La Crosse.............................     76.2     78.4     75.8     77.8      4.6      4.5      4.4      4.4   6.1   5.8   5.9   5.6
  Madison...............................    348.5    349.5    344.7    348.0     18.8     19.0     18.0     18.1   5.4   5.4   5.2   5.2
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    807.3    804.2    807.3    801.1     67.3     66.0     64.9     63.5   8.3   8.2   8.0   7.9
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     97.0     97.8     97.3     98.1      6.6      6.7      6.4      6.4   6.8   6.8   6.6   6.5
  Racine................................    100.1    100.4     99.3     99.2      9.1      9.2      8.9      8.7   9.1   9.2   8.9   8.8
  Sheboygan.............................     63.9     63.2     63.2     62.7      4.7      4.3      4.5      4.1   7.4   6.8   7.2   6.6
  Wausau................................     72.8     74.2     72.9     73.4      5.5      5.6      5.4      5.3   7.6   7.5   7.4   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    307.7    311.0    307.2    309.3     16.9     16.5     17.2     15.8   5.5   5.3   5.6   5.1
  Casper................................     43.3     43.9     42.9     43.8      2.4      2.2      2.4      2.2   5.6   4.9   5.7   4.9
  Cheyenne..............................     45.6     46.2     45.5     45.9      2.9      2.8      3.0      2.7   6.4   6.1   6.5   5.9
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,269.1  1,279.1  1,257.3  1,257.8    207.2    189.6    206.3    177.9  16.3  14.8  16.4  14.1
  Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian.......    107.7    106.2    106.3    103.4     18.7     16.7     18.3     15.8  17.4  15.8  17.2  15.3
  Fajardo...............................     25.9     26.6     25.5     26.0      4.8      4.4      4.8      4.2  18.4  16.7  19.0  16.0
  Guayama...............................     25.3     26.0     25.4     25.6      5.8      5.3      5.8      5.0  22.8  20.3  22.7  19.4
  Mayaguez..............................     34.1     35.3     34.1     34.9      6.2      5.6      6.2      5.3  18.3  15.8  18.1  15.2
  Ponce.................................     86.8     87.2     85.8     85.7     14.1     13.3     14.3     12.8  16.3  15.3  16.6  14.9
  San German-Cabo Rojo..................     48.0     49.7     47.0     48.5      8.0      7.5      7.9      7.1  16.7  15.1  16.8  14.7
  San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo..............    847.0    853.1    840.9    842.5    130.5    118.8    129.9    110.7  15.4  13.9  15.4  13.1
  Yauco.................................     36.9     36.7     36.2     35.2      6.6      6.2      6.6      6.0  18.0  17.0  18.3  17.0

   1 Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and are
available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs),
while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that
appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., is the exception in that it is listed under Illinois for
operational reasons. Data for 2011 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for
the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                  July             August             July             August          July       August  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2011     2012     2011     2012p    2011     2012     2011     2012p   2011  2012  2011 2012p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,436.4 18,482.8 18,449.4 18,405.7  2,264.5  2,011.3  2,199.3  1,915.9  12.3  10.9  11.9  10.4
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana........  6,539.8  6,475.5  6,528.3  6,432.3    799.3    705.7    779.2    662.8  12.2  10.9  11.9  10.3
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  4,926.1  4,847.3  4,924.0  4,818.6    651.3    576.6    635.1    539.1  13.2  11.9  12.9  11.2
     Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.............  1,613.7  1,628.2  1,604.3  1,613.7    148.0    129.1    144.1    123.7   9.2   7.9   9.0   7.7
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...........  2,263.1  2,313.6  2,271.6  2,305.3    224.1    196.9    219.2    190.0   9.9   8.5   9.6   8.2
     Oakland-Fremont-Hayward..............  1,283.6  1,304.0  1,286.0  1,298.7    140.2    123.3    136.8    119.4  10.9   9.5  10.6   9.2
     San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City.    979.6  1,009.6    985.6  1,006.6     83.9     73.6     82.3     70.6   8.6   7.3   8.4   7.0
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    350.1    360.7    344.4    357.7     38.1     32.7     35.9     31.6  10.9   9.1  10.4   8.8
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,210.4  3,259.3  3,179.9  3,216.6    193.7    183.2    190.2    176.2   6.0   5.6   6.0   5.5
     Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick (3).....    659.7    670.6    653.9    658.8     36.8     35.8     35.9     35.3   5.6   5.3   5.5   5.4
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,550.7  2,588.7  2,526.0  2,557.8    156.9    147.4    154.3    141.0   6.2   5.7   6.1   5.5
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,306.0  9,357.8  9,308.7  9,311.0  1,025.8    876.6  1,013.6    834.1  11.0   9.4  10.9   9.0
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.....  2,888.1  2,929.0  2,895.6  2,904.6    314.7    273.2    311.2    258.6  10.9   9.3  10.7   8.9
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................    998.9  1,002.7    999.9    995.3     97.2     81.6     95.3     77.7   9.7   8.1   9.5   7.8
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,268.1  1,303.7  1,270.9  1,292.3    145.7    130.3    145.3    121.9  11.5  10.0  11.4   9.4
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Boynton Beach......................    621.1    622.6    624.9    617.0     71.7     61.3     70.6     59.0  11.5   9.8  11.3   9.6
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,641.6  6,667.6  6,606.9  6,579.2    688.5    617.5    678.1    587.5  10.4   9.3  10.3   8.9
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville (2)...........  4,903.3  4,931.0  4,865.0  4,868.6    519.0    450.8    503.5    426.8  10.6   9.1  10.4   8.8
     Chicago-Joliet-Naperville............  4,116.3  4,152.0  4,084.1  4,100.2    445.5    380.7    429.0    359.3  10.8   9.2  10.5   8.8
     Gary (3).............................    332.6    325.5    330.9    322.2     31.5     29.5     32.3     28.4   9.5   9.1   9.8   8.8
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    454.5    453.4    450.0    446.2     42.1     40.6     42.3     39.1   9.3   9.0   9.4   8.8
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,490.3  3,489.6  3,491.6  3,493.7    263.4    228.7    250.3    222.6   7.5   6.6   7.2   6.4
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (2).............  2,536.8  2,547.2  2,536.4  2,548.8    176.2    154.5    167.0    149.7   6.9   6.1   6.6   5.9
     Boston-Cambridge-Quincy..............  1,536.9  1,549.5  1,535.9  1,550.6    101.9     86.8     94.9     83.0   6.6   5.6   6.2   5.4
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    126.8    126.4    126.9    126.8     11.4      9.7     10.7      9.3   9.0   7.7   8.5   7.3
     Framingham...........................    149.2    149.9    149.3    150.2      8.7      7.5      8.2      7.3   5.8   5.0   5.5   4.9
     Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (2).    124.5    124.6    124.8    124.5      8.6      8.1      8.4      8.1   6.9   6.5   6.7   6.5
     Lawrence-Methuen-Salem (2)...........     73.5     72.3     73.6     72.7      8.5      7.9      8.4      8.2  11.6  10.9  11.5  11.2
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    155.8    155.2    155.4    155.3     12.4     10.9     11.9     10.6   7.9   7.0   7.6   6.8
     Nashua (2)...........................    176.2    174.7    175.9    173.5     10.2     10.6     10.3     10.6   5.8   6.1   5.9   6.1
     Peabody..............................    130.7    132.4    131.2    132.8      9.5      8.6      9.1      8.4   7.3   6.5   6.9   6.3
     Taunton-Norton-Raynham...............     63.3     62.2     63.4     62.4      5.2      4.5      5.0      4.3   8.2   7.2   7.9   7.0
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,734.9  4,746.7  4,700.4  4,701.3    545.4    488.5    485.1    433.5  11.5  10.3  10.3   9.2
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..................  2,057.9  2,036.4  2,045.9  2,026.7    272.0    243.1    242.6    221.7  13.2  11.9  11.9  10.9
     Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.............    839.6    823.5    831.6    820.3    122.8    110.6    109.4    101.3  14.6  13.4  13.2  12.4
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,218.3  1,212.8  1,214.2  1,206.5    149.2    132.6    133.2    120.4  12.2  10.9  11.0  10.0
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,608.6  9,730.4  9,582.8  9,617.2    799.9    887.3    774.9    845.4   8.3   9.1   8.1   8.8
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                           
       Long Island (2)....................  9,534.1  9,651.8  9,494.4  9,526.5    850.9    920.9    817.2    869.7   8.9   9.5   8.6   9.1
     Edison-New Brunswick (3).............  1,230.4  1,237.7  1,223.8  1,223.7    112.3    117.6    104.3    109.6   9.1   9.5   8.5   9.0
     Nassau-Suffolk.......................  1,487.9  1,503.8  1,478.2  1,480.3    107.3    119.4    103.3    116.0   7.2   7.9   7.0   7.8
     New York-White Plains-Wayne (2)......  5,705.3  5,787.3  5,690.8  5,716.1    522.4    572.7    508.2    540.2   9.2   9.9   8.9   9.5
     Newark-Union (3).....................  1,110.5  1,123.0  1,101.6  1,106.4    108.9    111.1    101.4    104.0   9.8   9.9   9.2   9.4
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,445.1  6,590.6  6,434.4  6,541.3    535.6    550.7    527.8    537.8   8.3   8.4   8.2   8.2
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  2,988.5  3,028.1  2,983.5  3,008.0    273.2    279.2    266.4    271.5   9.1   9.2   8.9   9.0
     Camden (3)...........................    669.2    679.0    667.1    669.0     70.1     72.4     65.8     69.1  10.5  10.7   9.9  10.3
     Philadelphia.........................  1,967.3  1,995.5  1,965.1  1,988.4    173.6    178.6    171.9    175.2   8.8   8.9   8.7   8.8
     Wilmington (3).......................    352.0    353.6    351.2    350.6     29.5     28.2     28.6     27.1   8.4   8.0   8.1   7.7
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 12,498.0 12,728.0 12,479.7 12,625.9  1,059.9    959.3  1,026.9    887.7   8.5   7.5   8.2   7.0
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,300.3  3,354.3  3,295.8  3,337.2    273.6    247.4    265.9    231.2   8.3   7.4   8.1   6.9
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,201.1  2,236.5  2,199.7  2,224.5    182.9    166.0    177.9    154.8   8.3   7.4   8.1   7.0
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,099.3  1,117.9  1,096.1  1,112.7     90.7     81.4     87.9     76.4   8.3   7.3   8.0   6.9
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,492.7  3,531.7  3,487.2  3,482.4    314.6    296.6    312.1    295.0   9.0   8.4   9.0   8.5
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,873.1  1,903.9  1,868.3  1,879.8    166.0    157.1    157.1    150.1   8.9   8.2   8.4   8.0
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,495.8  1,518.3  1,487.7  1,493.9    129.6    123.1    119.1    114.0   8.7   8.1   8.0   7.6
     Tacoma...............................    377.3    385.6    380.6    385.9     36.5     33.9     38.0     36.1   9.7   8.8  10.0   9.4

   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 34 metropolitan divisions. 
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated
December 1, 2009, and are available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City
and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state that corresponds to the first city in their title. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some
divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are
listed. Three sets of metropolitan areas and divisions have similar or identical titles. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria,
D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. For the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., and
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis., metropolitan areas, the division titles are similar but include only Massachusetts and
Illinois, respectively. Data for 2011 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for
the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area July August Change from
August 2011 to August 2012(p)
2011 2012 2011 2012(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,863.7 1,867.3 1,859.3 1,872.4 13.1 0.7

Anniston-Oxford

47.8 48.4 48.0 48.2 0.2 0.4

Auburn-Opelika

53.0 51.0 53.5 52.0 -1.5 -2.8

Birmingham-Hoover

489.7 487.5 487.5 488.4 0.9 0.2

Decatur

54.0 54.3 53.9 54.3 0.4 0.7

Dothan

57.2 57.1 57.7 57.4 -0.3 -0.5

Florence-Muscle Shoals

53.9 54.8 54.3 55.4 1.1 2.0

Gadsden

35.8 36.1 35.6 35.1 -0.5 -1.4

Huntsville

206.7 204.9 206.8 206.1 -0.7 -0.3

Mobile

175.2 175.6 174.4 176.1 1.7 1.0

Montgomery

166.6 167.3 165.1 168.1 3.0 1.8

Tuscaloosa

90.8 87.4 92.0 90.1 -1.9 -2.1


Alaska

354.4 353.1 351.3 352.0 0.7 0.2

Anchorage

179.3 178.4 178.1 179.3 1.2 0.7

Fairbanks

40.8 40.3 40.4 41.1 0.7 1.7


Arizona

2,337.8 2,395.9 2,388.9 2,444.1 55.2 2.3

Flagstaff

61.6 60.7 61.5 60.7 -0.8 -1.3

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

45.3 45.6 45.8 46.2 0.4 0.9

Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale

1,664.9 1,714.2 1,698.4 1,745.6 47.2 2.8

Prescott

53.2 53.1 53.9 54.5 0.6 1.1

Tucson

340.0 342.8 352.0 353.1 1.1 0.3

Yuma

47.2 47.3 47.8 48.6 0.8 1.7


Arkansas

1,146.9 1,156.5 1,151.8 1,161.4 9.6 0.8

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

198.7 206.4 199.3 208.7 9.4 4.7

Fort Smith

111.4 109.0 111.7 110.1 -1.6 -1.4

Hot Springs

38.6 36.8 38.5 36.6 -1.9 -4.9

Jonesboro

49.1 48.9 49.2 49.9 0.7 1.4

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

335.5 337.3 334.4 336.8 2.4 0.7

Pine Bluff

36.1 36.2 36.7 36.7 0.0 0.0


California

13,916.8 14,212.8 13,934.0 14,239.5 305.5 2.2

Bakersfield-Delano

225.9 230.4 229.9 230.9 1.0 0.4

Chico

66.9 66.3 66.0 65.8 -0.2 -0.3

El Centro

43.0 42.5 43.8 43.7 -0.1 -0.2

Fresno

276.3 284.2 275.1 283.4 8.3 3.0

Hanford-Corcoran

35.2 37.3 36.2 38.1 1.9 5.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,118.9 5,204.5 5,085.9 5,188.9 103.0 2.0

Madera-Chowchilla

31.9 31.2 31.5 31.2 -0.3 -1.0

Merced

54.1 53.4 56.7 56.1 -0.6 -1.1

Modesto

142.3 144.0 145.2 145.8 0.6 0.4

Napa

62.0 60.7 62.6 61.3 -1.3 -2.1

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

273.1 271.7 272.9 272.2 -0.7 -0.3

Redding

57.7 58.0 58.0 58.5 0.5 0.9

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,106.7 1,131.8 1,117.2 1,142.6 25.4 2.3

Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville

792.2 813.4 795.7 813.4 17.7 2.2

Salinas

121.7 125.7 121.0 125.7 4.7 3.9

San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos

1,219.6 1,252.4 1,223.0 1,253.3 30.3 2.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

1,870.6 1,937.7 1,882.5 1,941.9 59.4 3.2

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

872.0 901.9 874.2 903.8 29.6 3.4

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles

94.7 96.0 94.5 97.2 2.7 2.9

Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta

165.5 166.1 164.0 167.2 3.2 2.0

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

88.0 90.9 87.8 89.6 1.8 2.1

Santa Rosa-Petaluma

165.9 173.7 168.2 174.7 6.5 3.9

Stockton

178.8 190.2 183.8 192.9 9.1 5.0

Vallejo-Fairfield

116.4 120.1 117.5 120.0 2.5 2.1

Visalia-Porterville

102.6 103.0 101.9 104.4 2.5 2.5

Yuba City

35.9 35.3 37.3 35.7 -1.6 -4.3


Colorado

2,264.1 2,300.1 2,272.3 2,304.5 32.2 1.4

Boulder

160.1 165.1 159.8 166.0 6.2 3.9

Colorado Springs

249.9 247.5 251.2 246.8 -4.4 -1.8

Denver-Aurora-Broomfield

1,217.2 1,250.4 1,219.6 1,253.4 33.8 2.8

Fort Collins-Loveland

136.3 139.0 137.8 140.9 3.1 2.2

Grand Junction

58.9 61.8 60.0 62.0 2.0 3.3

Greeley

79.6 81.5 80.9 82.6 1.7 2.1

Pueblo

58.7 59.3 58.2 58.8 0.6 1.0


Connecticut

1,620.6 1,626.4 1,615.0 1,617.7 2.7 0.2

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

404.1 407.2 398.6 403.0 4.4 1.1

Danbury

65.8 66.7 65.4 67.2 1.8 2.8

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

532.2 536.6 530.9 534.2 3.3 0.6

New Haven

265.2 267.6 262.6 265.1 2.5 1.0

Norwich-New London

131.8 128.6 131.2 127.5 -3.7 -2.8

Waterbury

62.7 64.0 61.5 63.6 2.1 3.4


Delaware

422.9 423.2 419.0 419.8 0.8 0.2

Dover

64.0 63.2 63.1 62.5 -0.6 -1.0


District of Columbia

739.9 747.5 725.5 731.0 5.5 0.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,009.1 3,046.3 2,985.7 3,023.9 38.2 1.3


Florida

7,153.6 7,218.2 7,224.4 7,310.1 85.7 1.2

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

197.3 197.4 200.2 198.2 -2.0 -1.0

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

80.7 80.3 81.0 80.5 -0.5 -0.6

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

153.8 153.0 156.6 153.8 -2.8 -1.8

Gainesville

121.8 119.7 122.5 120.5 -2.0 -1.6

Jacksonville

582.2 583.1 585.6 589.6 4.0 0.7

Lakeland-Winter Haven

190.7 192.4 192.4 194.7 2.3 1.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,177.2 2,189.2 2,207.6 2,212.5 4.9 0.2

Naples-Marco Island

108.6 112.1 109.5 113.0 3.5 3.2

North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota

235.4 237.1 238.0 239.7 1.7 0.7

Ocala

88.8 89.9 90.5 92.2 1.7 1.9

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,000.5 1,010.2 1,000.9 1,027.3 26.4 2.6

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

192.3 193.3 192.2 194.4 2.2 1.1

Palm Coast

18.3 18.6 18.5 18.7 0.2 1.1

Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach

73.7 73.4 74.4 73.9 -0.5 -0.7

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

159.6 156.3 160.7 157.9 -2.8 -1.7

Port St. Lucie

118.1 115.2 119.6 117.3 -2.3 -1.9

Punta Gorda

40.4 41.2 40.9 40.6 -0.3 -0.7

Sebastian-Vero Beach

42.9 43.4 43.3 44.3 1.0 2.3

Tallahassee

162.5 160.3 165.3 164.9 -0.4 -0.2

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,116.4 1,136.2 1,132.4 1,149.4 17.0 1.5


Georgia

3,863.4 3,914.1 3,889.5 3,939.2 49.7 1.3

Albany

59.0 59.3 59.2 59.7 0.5 0.8

Athens-Clarke County

84.1 84.6 83.9 86.6 2.7 3.2

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta

2,298.8 2,326.6 2,309.6 2,339.0 29.4 1.3

Augusta-Richmond County

208.0 205.0 209.3 206.0 -3.3 -1.6

Brunswick

39.8 39.8 40.0 40.1 0.1 0.3

Columbus

119.0 118.6 119.6 119.4 -0.2 -0.2

Dalton

65.1 61.0 64.7 61.4 -3.3 -5.1

Gainesville

74.9 79.1 75.2 78.7 3.5 4.7

Hinesville-Fort Stewart

19.5 19.6 19.8 19.8 0.0 0.0

Macon

94.6 96.9 96.0 97.2 1.2 1.3

Rome

37.4 37.2 36.8 37.0 0.2 0.5

Savannah

151.3 151.9 150.5 154.3 3.8 2.5

Valdosta

50.5 51.5 51.3 52.2 0.9 1.8

Warner Robins

58.4 58.9 59.2 59.1 -0.1 -0.2


Hawaii

587.6 594.1 581.8 596.4 14.6 2.5

Honolulu

433.1 436.2 429.4 438.1 8.7 2.0


Idaho

611.4 618.5 611.5 622.2 10.7 1.7

Boise City-Nampa

257.8 263.2 258.7 264.7 6.0 2.3

Coeur d'Alene

54.4 55.4 54.2 56.2 2.0 3.7

Idaho Falls

48.8 48.5 48.6 49.0 0.4 0.8

Lewiston

26.1 26.6 26.0 26.8 0.8 3.1

Pocatello

35.3 36.6 35.8 36.7 0.9 2.5


Illinois

5,684.5 5,714.7 5,675.3 5,718.6 43.3 0.8

Bloomington-Normal

88.2 88.3 88.1 89.6 1.5 1.7

Champaign-Urbana

100.3 100.1 98.4 98.6 0.2 0.2

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

4,319.7 4,350.7 4,315.2 4,354.0 38.8 0.9

Danville

29.2 28.0 29.0 28.4 -0.6 -2.1

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island

182.2 180.3 181.0 181.2 0.2 0.1

Decatur

53.4 51.4 53.0 52.7 -0.3 -0.6

Kankakee-Bradley

42.2 42.6 42.5 42.6 0.1 0.2

Peoria

181.7 184.7 181.9 186.1 4.2 2.3

Rockford

147.0 148.3 145.4 148.4 3.0 2.1

Springfield

111.1 110.8 114.2 114.2 0.0 0.0


Indiana

2,797.7 2,857.7 2,821.4 2,893.4 72.0 2.6

Anderson

39.0 39.1 40.2 40.6 0.4 1.0

Bloomington

75.3 76.1 76.3 77.3 1.0 1.3

Columbus

45.8 50.1 46.0 50.2 4.2 9.1

Elkhart-Goshen

108.7 116.0 108.5 115.9 7.4 6.8

Evansville

173.8 174.7 174.4 176.0 1.6 0.9

Fort Wayne

204.1 214.5 205.2 214.1 8.9 4.3

Indianapolis-Carmel

876.8 892.7 882.5 896.4 13.9 1.6

Kokomo

40.6 41.7 41.4 42.7 1.3 3.1

Lafayette

87.5 91.6 90.4 92.7 2.3 2.5

Michigan City-La Porte

42.7 42.1 43.7 41.9 -1.8 -4.1

Muncie

46.8 47.9 47.8 50.0 2.2 4.6

South Bend-Mishawaka

131.2 134.6 132.2 134.7 2.5 1.9

Terre Haute

70.0 70.0 69.9 71.5 1.6 2.3


Iowa

1,469.1 1,482.0 1,467.6 1,479.3 11.7 0.8

Ames

44.0 46.6 45.3 47.6 2.3 5.1

Cedar Rapids

139.0 137.1 137.5 136.1 -1.4 -1.0

Des Moines-West Des Moines

318.6 322.1 319.0 322.8 3.8 1.2

Dubuque

55.9 57.4 56.0 57.0 1.0 1.8

Iowa City

88.1 87.8 89.4 89.8 0.4 0.4

Sioux City

73.3 74.9 73.4 74.6 1.2 1.6

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

88.9 90.8 88.8 90.1 1.3 1.5


Kansas

1,319.8 1,337.2 1,322.9 1,340.6 17.7 1.3

Lawrence

46.7 45.8 48.1 47.7 -0.4 -0.8

Manhattan

52.3 52.4 52.7 53.4 0.7 1.3

Topeka

107.3 107.6 106.9 107.5 0.6 0.6

Wichita

279.0 284.0 279.2 284.1 4.9 1.8


Kentucky

1,784.3 1,822.0 1,795.1 1,830.9 35.8 2.0

Bowling Green

59.3 58.1 59.8 59.6 -0.2 -0.3

Elizabethtown

48.3 47.7 47.4 47.6 0.2 0.4

Lexington-Fayette

245.4 250.0 246.9 250.6 3.7 1.5

Louisville-Jefferson County

595.7 613.1 601.2 618.9 17.7 2.9

Owensboro

50.7 51.6 51.2 52.3 1.1 2.1


Louisiana

1,891.5 1,932.7 1,895.1 1,934.4 39.3 2.1

Alexandria

63.0 63.1 63.1 63.4 0.3 0.5

Baton Rouge

362.9 365.6 363.1 368.5 5.4 1.5

Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux

93.3 97.2 94.7 97.1 2.4 2.5

Lafayette

149.6 165.1 151.0 165.2 14.2 9.4

Lake Charles

87.7 88.9 87.4 89.0 1.6 1.8

Monroe

75.5 75.9 75.7 75.6 -0.1 -0.1

New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner

524.2 521.0 521.6 521.3 -0.3 -0.1

Shreveport-Bossier City

177.5 178.5 178.5 178.9 0.4 0.2


Maine

604.2 605.2 605.1 602.7 -2.4 -0.4

Bangor

63.4 62.6 63.3 63.0 -0.3 -0.5

Lewiston-Auburn

47.7 47.9 47.8 47.7 -0.1 -0.2

Portland-South Portland-Biddeford

195.3 196.7 195.3 195.9 0.6 0.3


Maryland

2,564.9 2,585.7 2,551.9 2,577.5 25.6 1.0

Baltimore-Towson

1,299.4 1,299.1 1,289.7 1,296.5 6.8 0.5

Cumberland

40.3 40.8 40.2 41.0 0.8 2.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

97.5 98.4 97.2 100.3 3.1 3.2

Salisbury

51.9 52.3 51.4 51.6 0.2 0.4


Massachusetts

3,234.2 3,277.7 3,216.6 3,261.0 44.4 1.4

Barnstable Town

108.7 111.2 108.2 110.5 2.3 2.1

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

2,447.5 2,496.9 2,434.7 2,486.8 52.1 2.1

Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner

47.3 47.1 47.0 46.9 -0.1 -0.2

New Bedford

64.5 65.6 63.7 65.0 1.3 2.0

Pittsfield

37.9 36.6 37.9 36.3 -1.6 -4.2

Springfield

284.0 285.7 283.1 282.7 -0.4 -0.1

Worcester

241.9 242.1 241.1 242.6 1.5 0.6


Michigan

3,914.8 3,968.7 3,930.7 3,976.9 46.2 1.2

Ann Arbor

194.4 197.4 195.0 197.8 2.8 1.4

Battle Creek

54.4 55.4 55.1 55.6 0.5 0.9

Bay City

36.4 37.1 36.4 36.8 0.4 1.1

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,764.5 1,796.7 1,774.8 1,802.2 27.4 1.5

Flint

130.4 134.9 133.5 134.6 1.1 0.8

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

369.7 374.1 371.5 374.8 3.3 0.9

Holland-Grand Haven

108.6 111.4 109.5 111.8 2.3 2.1

Jackson

53.8 55.9 54.2 56.1 1.9 3.5

Kalamazoo-Portage

132.6 135.0 132.8 134.0 1.2 0.9

Lansing-East Lansing

211.6 212.7 212.5 211.8 -0.7 -0.3

Monroe

37.0 37.5 37.0 37.7 0.7 1.9

Muskegon-Norton Shores

60.0 58.8 60.4 58.6 -1.8 -3.0

Niles-Benton Harbor

60.1 58.9 61.1 59.8 -1.3 -2.1

Saginaw-Saginaw Township North

84.9 84.4 84.3 84.2 -0.1 -0.1


Minnesota

2,673.9 2,729.4 2,704.7 2,729.4 24.7 0.9

Duluth

128.5 127.5 129.5 127.4 -2.1 -1.6

Mankato-North Mankato

51.5 53.6 52.1 52.6 0.5 1.0

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,721.3 1,755.2 1,734.7 1,754.5 19.8 1.1

Rochester

103.7 104.4 104.1 104.3 0.2 0.2

St. Cloud

98.3 101.4 99.3 102.0 2.7 2.7


Mississippi

1,078.5 1,073.4 1,083.7 1,080.8 -2.9 -0.3

Gulfport-Biloxi

107.3 108.7 106.6 108.6 2.0 1.9

Hattiesburg

55.8 57.9 56.5 58.2 1.7 3.0

Jackson

254.4 254.2 253.9 254.5 0.6 0.2

Pascagoula

55.1 57.3 55.2 59.0 3.8 6.9


Missouri

2,639.2 2,627.2 2,636.9 2,644.4 7.5 0.3

Cape Girardeau-Jackson

42.9 41.6 43.4 42.8 -0.6 -1.4

Columbia

90.7 90.7 91.2 91.4 0.2 0.2

Jefferson City

75.6 76.2 75.6 76.3 0.7 0.9

Joplin

77.2 80.4 78.3 80.5 2.2 2.8

Kansas City

981.1 985.2 976.5 989.8 13.3 1.4

St. Joseph

60.1 60.4 59.0 60.6 1.6 2.7

St. Louis(1)

1,287.9 1,287.4 1,294.0 1,295.9 1.9 0.1

Springfield

190.6 193.6 188.7 191.8 3.1 1.6


Montana

435.1 438.8 434.9 440.4 5.5 1.3

Billings

79.4 79.1 78.5 79.8 1.3 1.7

Great Falls

35.4 33.6 34.9 34.2 -0.7 -2.0

Missoula

56.6 53.9 56.9 54.7 -2.2 -3.9


Nebraska

941.4 957.3 944.2 956.4 12.2 1.3

Lincoln

171.4 176.0 172.2 176.4 4.2 2.4

Omaha-Council Bluffs

460.8 471.9 463.1 472.4 9.3 2.0


Nevada

1,119.3 1,126.5 1,121.1 1,128.6 7.5 0.7

Carson City

28.7 27.7 28.5 27.8 -0.7 -2.5

Las Vegas-Paradise

802.4 809.5 802.5 811.2 8.7 1.1

Reno-Sparks

188.8 188.2 189.3 188.1 -1.2 -0.6


New Hampshire

631.1 630.8 630.1 629.5 -0.6 -0.1

Manchester

98.1 98.9 97.9 98.3 0.4 0.4

Portsmouth

57.3 59.0 57.6 59.1 1.5 2.6

Rochester-Dover

54.9 54.4 55.0 54.3 -0.7 -1.3


New Jersey

3,885.4 3,929.9 3,863.9 3,912.2 48.3 1.3

Atlantic City-Hammonton

138.6 146.7 138.8 146.7 7.9 5.7

Ocean City

54.5 54.6 53.7 54.6 0.9 1.7

Trenton-Ewing

240.7 240.3 240.2 238.9 -1.3 -0.5

Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton

55.8 56.7 56.6 56.8 0.2 0.4


New Mexico

799.6 794.4 804.4 792.0 -12.4 -1.5

Albuquerque

370.6 367.7 371.1 367.8 -3.3 -0.9

Farmington

48.6 48.0 49.2 47.4 -1.8 -3.7

Las Cruces

68.1 66.9 69.7 68.0 -1.7 -2.4

Santa Fe

60.5 61.7 60.6 61.3 0.7 1.2


New York

8,726.4 8,838.9 8,685.2 8,802.5 117.3 1.4

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

437.5 440.0 434.2 436.9 2.7 0.6

Binghamton

108.0 109.1 108.4 107.8 -0.6 -0.6

Buffalo-Niagara Falls

542.2 544.0 544.2 543.8 -0.4 -0.1

Elmira

41.0 39.2 40.5 39.0 -1.5 -3.7

Glens Falls

58.3 58.3 58.9 58.4 -0.5 -0.8

Ithaca

60.6 63.0 61.0 61.2 0.2 0.3

Kingston

60.8 61.5 60.7 60.7 0.0 0.0

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island

8,461.6 8,559.1 8,396.5 8,514.4 117.9 1.4

Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown

250.5 249.8 249.8 250.9 1.1 0.4

Rochester

505.1 514.1 503.4 511.7 8.3 1.6

Syracuse

313.6 313.3 311.5 313.7 2.2 0.7

Utica-Rome

130.4 133.7 130.1 134.3 4.2 3.2


North Carolina

3,862.3 3,893.6 3,936.1 3,961.3 25.2 0.6

Asheville

167.1 168.5 167.8 170.6 2.8 1.7

Burlington

56.1 57.8 57.9 58.8 0.9 1.6

Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill

810.2 820.7 831.5 840.7 9.2 1.1

Durham-Chapel Hill

268.5 273.2 272.7 279.9 7.2 2.6

Fayetteville

128.4 128.2 130.8 129.5 -1.3 -1.0

Goldsboro

42.5 43.3 42.7 43.9 1.2 2.8

Greensboro-High Point

336.2 343.7 339.7 345.6 5.9 1.7

Greenville

73.1 73.8 73.5 74.9 1.4 1.9

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

140.9 142.5 142.3 144.3 2.0 1.4

Jacksonville

46.6 47.3 47.3 47.2 -0.1 -0.2

Raleigh-Cary

507.1 522.9 508.9 524.2 15.3 3.0

Rocky Mount

57.3 58.6 58.5 59.4 0.9 1.5

Wilmington

136.2 132.8 138.8 136.1 -2.7 -1.9

Winston-Salem

203.1 201.0 206.4 203.7 -2.7 -1.3


North Dakota

389.6 416.8 392.3 418.3 26.0 6.6

Bismarck

64.1 68.1 64.0 68.1 4.1 6.4

Fargo

123.0 127.6 123.2 128.6 5.4 4.4

Grand Forks

51.8 52.4 51.9 52.2 0.3 0.6


Ohio

5,092.6 5,196.3 5,096.4 5,197.2 100.8 2.0

Akron

317.7 323.2 318.6 323.1 4.5 1.4

Canton-Massillon

163.1 171.4 163.8 168.8 5.0 3.1

Cincinnati-Middletown

989.6 1,016.9 995.0 1,022.4 27.4 2.8

Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor

1,002.6 1,008.8 1,000.3 1,009.5 9.2 0.9

Columbus

918.0 937.4 913.7 936.6 22.9 2.5

Dayton

375.8 375.5 377.8 376.0 -1.8 -0.5

Lima

52.1 54.0 51.9 54.4 2.5 4.8

Mansfield

52.4 53.3 53.0 52.7 -0.3 -0.6

Sandusky

42.3 43.2 41.2 43.0 1.8 4.4

Springfield

48.7 49.9 49.1 50.0 0.9 1.8

Steubenville-Weirton

43.5 44.1 43.8 44.5 0.7 1.6

Toledo

300.3 301.1 299.2 300.6 1.4 0.5

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

224.4 224.8 222.3 225.9 3.6 1.6


Oklahoma

1,536.8 1,574.5 1,542.5 1,587.8 45.3 2.9

Lawton

43.2 41.9 43.4 42.0 -1.4 -3.2

Oklahoma City

562.6 579.6 564.4 586.5 22.1 3.9

Tulsa

404.6 413.0 404.8 415.1 10.3 2.5


Oregon

1,611.6 1,627.6 1,615.9 1,638.1 22.2 1.4

Bend

62.7 61.8 62.6 62.1 -0.5 -0.8

Corvallis

35.9 36.1 36.2 36.2 0.0 0.0

Eugene-Springfield

138.1 139.4 138.5 139.7 1.2 0.9

Medford

73.6 74.2 73.5 74.8 1.3 1.8

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

981.5 1,001.9 983.0 1,002.5 19.5 2.0

Salem

138.6 137.5 139.4 140.5 1.1 0.8


Pennsylvania

5,670.7 5,695.7 5,661.8 5,683.9 22.1 0.4

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

338.1 343.9 335.4 342.4 7.0 2.1

Altoona

61.8 59.9 61.9 60.9 -1.0 -1.6

Erie

130.2 135.4 130.6 133.5 2.9 2.2

Harrisburg-Carlisle

326.7 325.6 326.4 325.7 -0.7 -0.2

Johnstown

59.4 58.2 59.1 58.9 -0.2 -0.3

Lancaster

226.7 231.5 225.2 230.1 4.9 2.2

Lebanon

50.0 50.5 50.0 49.2 -0.8 -1.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,685.1 2,700.2 2,674.9 2,696.1 21.2 0.8

Pittsburgh

1,149.9 1,166.3 1,147.5 1,160.2 12.7 1.1

Reading

168.6 170.2 168.7 170.7 2.0 1.2

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre

254.7 256.8 253.5 257.7 4.2 1.7

State College

71.5 72.1 73.4 73.1 -0.3 -0.4

Williamsport

53.5 54.8 53.5 54.8 1.3 2.4

York-Hanover

175.2 176.7 175.4 176.8 1.4 0.8


Rhode Island

464.9 457.8 462.0 459.2 -2.8 -0.6

Providence-Fall River-Warwick

546.7 542.4 543.2 543.0 -0.2 0.0


South Carolina

1,840.7 1,852.2 1,839.6 1,854.6 15.0 0.8

Anderson

58.4 57.6 58.3 57.4 -0.9 -1.5

Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville

297.2 302.4 296.2 302.1 5.9 2.0

Columbia

342.8 352.6 343.5 352.3 8.8 2.6

Florence

82.0 83.7 82.0 84.2 2.2 2.7

Greenville-Mauldin-Easley

302.1 299.1 304.6 302.9 -1.7 -0.6

Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway

125.1 121.5 124.2 119.2 -5.0 -4.0

Spartanburg

112.8 119.1 115.0 121.3 6.3 5.5

Sumter

36.6 36.6 36.0 36.8 0.8 2.2


South Dakota

413.6 416.3 414.3 417.2 2.9 0.7

Rapid City

63.4 64.2 64.0 65.7 1.7 2.7

Sioux Falls

138.0 139.6 138.3 139.6 1.3 0.9


Tennessee

2,644.9 2,675.9 2,664.5 2,694.5 30.0 1.1

Chattanooga

230.7 232.0 232.6 235.5 2.9 1.2

Clarksville

82.4 83.9 83.3 85.1 1.8 2.2

Cleveland

38.8 39.0 39.0 39.2 0.2 0.5

Jackson

57.3 59.4 58.1 59.0 0.9 1.5

Johnson City

77.2 78.1 78.5 78.9 0.4 0.5

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

115.9 116.7 117.3 119.1 1.8 1.5

Knoxville

326.1 335.8 331.9 337.3 5.4 1.6

Memphis

591.9 599.1 598.0 603.2 5.2 0.9

Morristown

42.8 42.3 42.8 42.7 -0.1 -0.2

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

746.9 751.4 754.3 757.6 3.3 0.4


Texas

10,545.5 10,775.9 10,550.0 10,811.0 261.0 2.5

Abilene

64.3 64.1 63.9 65.0 1.1 1.7

Amarillo

110.3 112.8 111.3 113.7 2.4 2.2

Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos

787.8 813.4 793.6 819.3 25.7 3.2

Beaumont-Port Arthur

159.2 158.8 156.2 159.6 3.4 2.2

Brownsville-Harlingen

131.1 126.4 129.5 126.7 -2.8 -2.2

College Station-Bryan

94.4 94.4 94.2 93.0 -1.2 -1.3

Corpus Christi

180.5 186.3 181.3 186.2 4.9 2.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

2,919.3 2,976.8 2,924.3 2,985.4 61.1 2.1

El Paso

276.3 284.6 277.4 284.4 7.0 2.5

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown

2,592.7 2,679.1 2,593.4 2,682.9 89.5 3.5

Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood

128.2 128.9 128.3 128.8 0.5 0.4

Laredo

91.3 94.1 90.4 94.4 4.0 4.4

Longview

96.4 99.0 97.2 98.9 1.7 1.7

Lubbock

128.4 129.4 128.9 128.9 0.0 0.0

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

217.5 220.1 222.2 221.0 -1.2 -0.5

Midland

74.6 77.2 75.1 77.6 2.5 3.3

Odessa

66.7 72.7 66.8 70.9 4.1 6.1

San Angelo

45.0 46.0 45.9 46.2 0.3 0.7

San Antonio-New Braunfels

854.6 866.9 851.0 871.7 20.7 2.4

Sherman-Denison

42.9 44.2 43.3 44.4 1.1 2.5

Texarkana

55.4 59.4 56.0 58.8 2.8 5.0

Tyler

93.4 96.8 93.5 96.1 2.6 2.8

Victoria

51.0 51.0 51.6 52.2 0.6 1.2

Waco

104.8 105.9 105.8 106.4 0.6 0.6

Wichita Falls

58.0 57.7 58.6 58.0 -0.6 -1.0


Utah

1,198.9 1,221.3 1,210.4 1,234.7 24.3 2.0

Logan

50.1 51.5 51.8 52.7 0.9 1.7

Ogden-Clearfield

198.2 198.7 198.1 199.7 1.6 0.8

Provo-Orem

179.2 182.4 182.0 186.4 4.4 2.4

St. George

47.1 46.8 47.1 47.9 0.8 1.7

Salt Lake City

616.1 633.1 622.3 637.6 15.3 2.5


Vermont

293.1 299.3 294.3 298.4 4.1 1.4

Burlington-South Burlington

111.7 113.4 111.7 113.0 1.3 1.2


Virginia

3,672.7 3,729.1 3,667.9 3,715.5 47.6 1.3

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

68.0 72.4 71.4 73.9 2.5 3.5

Charlottesville

98.9 100.2 99.1 99.4 0.3 0.3

Danville

38.5 39.5 39.0 40.0 1.0 2.6

Harrisonburg

61.1 62.2 61.1 61.2 0.1 0.2

Lynchburg

101.8 103.5 102.9 104.2 1.3 1.3

Richmond

610.3 618.0 608.2 617.2 9.0 1.5

Roanoke

154.3 155.4 156.7 156.0 -0.7 -0.4

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

747.0 754.1 743.9 746.1 2.2 0.3

Winchester

56.4 56.1 55.9 56.0 0.1 0.2


Washington

2,837.3 2,891.9 2,827.1 2,875.6 48.5 1.7

Bellingham

79.8 82.6 79.7 82.2 2.5 3.1

Bremerton-Silverdale

84.1 83.5 84.2 82.9 -1.3 -1.5

Kennewick-Pasco-Richland

103.7 101.4 103.3 101.0 -2.3 -2.2

Longview

35.9 36.1 35.4 35.5 0.1 0.3

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

44.8 45.0 44.6 44.8 0.2 0.4

Olympia

98.9 99.7 98.1 99.5 1.4 1.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,675.6 1,725.2 1,668.6 1,716.6 48.0 2.9

Spokane

201.7 202.5 201.6 202.9 1.3 0.6

Wenatchee-East Wenatchee

40.7 41.8 39.5 40.3 0.8 2.0

Yakima

76.5 77.8 75.1 77.1 2.0 2.7


West Virginia

755.1 753.2 756.2 750.8 -5.4 -0.7

Charleston

149.0 148.7 149.1 148.1 -1.0 -0.7

Huntington-Ashland

111.0 113.0 112.6 114.8 2.2 2.0

Morgantown

64.1 66.0 64.1 65.9 1.8 2.8

Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna

69.5 70.0 69.1 70.6 1.5 2.2

Wheeling

67.3 67.8 67.2 68.0 0.8 1.2


Wisconsin

2,765.2 2,742.5 2,755.6 2,751.1 -4.5 -0.2

Appleton

117.1 119.5 117.5 120.1 2.6 2.2

Eau Claire

79.0 77.3 79.0 77.8 -1.2 -1.5

Fond du Lac

45.7 46.0 46.0 46.7 0.7 1.5

Green Bay

166.9 169.7 168.4 170.0 1.6 1.0

Janesville

61.1 61.9 60.7 61.4 0.7 1.2

La Crosse

73.0 75.0 72.6 75.1 2.5 3.4

Madison

347.9 347.1 344.6 348.6 4.0 1.2

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

819.4 812.7 821.6 817.6 -4.0 -0.5

Oshkosh-Neenah

94.1 94.1 94.6 95.4 0.8 0.8

Racine

76.7 76.5 75.9 76.1 0.2 0.3

Sheboygan

59.4 58.8 58.8 58.7 -0.1 -0.2

Wausau

66.6 67.6 67.1 67.6 0.5 0.7


Wyoming

294.7 298.3 292.9 298.4 5.5 1.9

Casper

40.3 41.5 39.8 41.6 1.8 4.5

Cheyenne

44.9 46.3 45.0 46.2 1.2 2.7


Puerto Rico

921.5 907.8 912.0 906.2 -5.8 -0.6

Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian

48.2 46.1 47.8 45.5 -2.3 -4.8

Fajardo

15.1 15.4 14.8 15.1 0.3 2.0

Guayama

16.3 16.8 16.5 16.7 0.2 1.2

Mayaguez

35.4 36.6 35.6 36.6 1.0 2.8

Ponce

61.5 59.7 60.3 59.1 -1.2 -2.0

San German-Cabo Rojo

20.5 20.7 19.9 20.4 0.5 2.5

San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo

681.0 669.1 675.0 668.6 -6.4 -0.9

Yauco

14.2 13.5 14.1 13.1 -1.0 -7.1


Virgin Islands

43.9 41.2 43.9 41.1 -2.8 -6.4

Footnotes
(1) Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. is the exception since it is listed under Illinois for operational reasons.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
[In thousands]
State, area, and division July August Change from
August 2011 to August 2012(p)
2011 2012 2011 2012(p) Number Percent

California

13,916.8 14,212.8 13,934.0 14,239.5 305.5 2.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,118.9 5,204.5 5,085.9 5,188.9 103.0 2.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

3,757.4 3,814.2 3,729.8 3,803.8 74.0 2.0

Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine

1,361.5 1,390.3 1,356.1 1,385.1 29.0 2.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

1,870.6 1,937.7 1,882.5 1,941.9 59.4 3.2

Oakland-Fremont-Hayward

935.8 957.3 939.2 958.1 18.9 2.0

San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City

938.9 980.4 947.4 983.8 36.4 3.8


District of Columbia

739.9 747.5 725.5 731.0 5.5 0.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

3,009.1 3,046.3 2,985.7 3,023.9 38.2 1.3

Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick(2)

566.2 573.1 561.0 570.5 9.5 1.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

2,442.9 2,473.2 2,424.7 2,453.4 28.7 1.2


Florida

7,153.6 7,218.2 7,224.4 7,310.1 85.7 1.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,177.2 2,189.2 2,207.6 2,212.5 4.9 0.2

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

698.9 703.6 705.5 707.2 1.7 0.2

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

987.1 990.9 1,001.0 1,006.8 5.8 0.6

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach

491.2 494.7 501.1 498.5 -2.6 -0.5


Illinois

5,684.5 5,714.7 5,675.3 5,718.6 43.3 0.8

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville(1)

4,319.7 4,350.7 4,315.2 4,354.0 38.8 0.9

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

3,672.4 3,702.2 3,669.4 3,704.4 35.0 1.0

Gary(2)

263.4 264.6 265.1 267.3 2.2 0.8

Lake County-Kenosha County(1)

383.9 383.9 380.7 382.3 1.6 0.4


Massachusetts

3,234.2 3,277.7 3,216.6 3,261.0 44.4 1.4

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy(1)

2,447.5 2,496.9 2,434.7 2,486.8 52.1 2.1

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

1,688.5 1,731.8 1,678.8 1,724.8 46.0 2.7

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

85.6 86.5 85.4 86.6 1.2 1.4

Framingham

157.2 159.4 156.7 159.0 2.3 1.5

Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury(1)

78.1 78.1 78.2 77.9 -0.3 -0.4

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(1)

117.5 117.7 116.1 117.0 0.9 0.8

Nashua(1)

123.7 121.5 123.4 120.8 -2.6 -2.1

Peabody

101.9 104.9 102.0 104.9 2.9 2.8


Michigan

3,914.8 3,968.7 3,930.7 3,976.9 46.2 1.2

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,764.5 1,796.7 1,774.8 1,802.2 27.4 1.5

Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn

692.2 693.7 693.1 697.3 4.2 0.6

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,072.3 1,103.0 1,081.7 1,104.9 23.2 2.1


New York

8,726.4 8,838.9 8,685.2 8,802.5 117.3 1.4

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island(1)

8,461.6 8,559.1 8,396.5 8,514.4 117.9 1.4

Edison-New Brunswick(2)

994.0 992.0 987.3 993.3 6.0 0.6

Nassau-Suffolk

1,246.4 1,255.5 1,236.6 1,239.3 2.7 0.2

New York-White Plains-Wayne(1)

5,251.9 5,332.3 5,214.1 5,307.0 92.9 1.8

Newark-Union(2)

969.3 979.3 958.5 974.8 16.3 1.7


Pennsylvania

5,670.7 5,695.7 5,661.8 5,683.9 22.1 0.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(1)

2,685.1 2,700.2 2,674.9 2,696.1 21.2 0.8

Camden(2)

500.8 507.4 498.8 503.7 4.9 1.0

Philadelphia

1,854.1 1,859.3 1,847.9 1,860.2 12.3 0.7

Wilmington(2)

330.2 333.5 328.2 332.2 4.0 1.2


Texas

10,545.5 10,775.9 10,550.0 10,811.0 261.0 2.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

2,919.3 2,976.8 2,924.3 2,985.4 61.1 2.1

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,055.7 2,094.3 2,059.7 2,098.6 38.9 1.9

Fort Worth-Arlington

863.6 882.5 864.6 886.8 22.2 2.6


Washington

2,837.3 2,891.9 2,827.1 2,875.6 48.5 1.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,675.6 1,725.2 1,668.6 1,716.6 48.0 2.9

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,410.4 1,454.3 1,406.2 1,447.8 41.6 3.0

Tacoma

265.2 270.9 262.4 268.8 6.4 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Part of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(2) All of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.


Last Modified Date: October 03, 2012
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