Economic News Release

Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Monday, October 21, 2013             USDL-13-2005

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


    METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- AUGUST 2013


Unemployment rates were lower in August than a year earlier in 311 of
the 372 metropolitan areas, higher in 47 areas, and unchanged in 14
areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Twenty-
eight areas had jobless rates of at least 10.0 percent, and 41 areas
had rates of less than 5.0 percent. Two hundred and eighty-eight
metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 72 had decreases, and 12 had no change. The national
unemployment rate in August was 7.3 percent, not seasonally adjusted,
down from 8.2 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates
in August, 32.6 percent and 26.3 percent, respectively. Bismarck,
N.D., had the lowest rate, 2.4 percent. A total of 207 areas had
August unemployment rates below the U.S. figure of 7.3 percent, 158
areas had rates above it, and 7 areas had rates equal to that of the
nation. (See table 1.)

El Centro, Calif., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate
decrease in August (-5.6 percentage points). Twenty-two other areas
had rate declines of at least 2.0 percentage points, and an additional
113 areas had declines between 1.0 and 1.9 points. Yuma, Ariz., had
the largest over-the-year jobless rate increase (+2.0 percentage
points). No other area had an increase larger than 0.8 percentage
point.

Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1
million or more, Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., had the
highest unemployment rate in August, 10.4 percent. Minneapolis-St.
Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., and Oklahoma City, Okla., had the lowest
rates among the large areas, 4.7 percent each. Forty-three of the
large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, five had
increases, and one had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. (-2.2 percentage points). No
large area had a jobless rate increase greater than 0.3 percentage
point.

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34
metropolitan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable
employment centers. In August, Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., and
Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., had the highest jobless rates
among the divisions, 11.1 percent each. Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick,
Md., had the lowest unemployment rate, 5.2 percent. (See table 2.)

Twenty-eight metropolitan divisions had over-the-year jobless
rate decreases in August, while three had increases and three had no
change. Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla., and West
Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach, Fla., had the largest rate
declines from a year earlier (-1.9 percentage points each). Thirteen
other divisions had rate decreases of 1.0 percentage point or more. No
division had an unemployment rate increase greater than 0.3 percentage
point.

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In August, 288 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in
nonfarm payroll employment, 72 had decreases, and 12 had no change.
The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred in New York-
Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+172,800), Dallas-Fort
Worth-Arlington, Texas (+111,000), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa
Ana, Calif. (+84,500). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in
employment occurred in Naples-Marco Island, Fla. (+6.3 percent),
followed by Winchester, Va.-W.Va. (+5.8 percent), and Lafayette, Ind.,
and Odessa, Texas (+5.2 percent each). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Cleveland-
Elyria-Mentor, Ohio (-7,900), followed by Bloomington, Ind. (-4,000),
and Peoria, Ill. (-3,500). The largest over-the-year percentage
decreases in employment occurred in Bloomington, Ind. (-5.0 percent),
Lawrence, Kan. (-4.4 percent), and Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City
Beach, Fla. (-3.6 percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 36 of the 37 metropolitan
areas with annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2012. The
largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment in these large
metropolitan areas occurred in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas
(+3.7 percent), followed by Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Fla.
(+3.6 percent), and Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, Tenn.
(+3.3 percent). The only large area that had an over-the-year percentage 
decrease in employment was Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, Ohio (-0.8 percent).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in August 2013 for 32
metropolitan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable
employment centers within a metropolitan area. Twenty-nine of the 32
metropolitan divisions had over-the-year employment gains and 3 had
losses. The largest over-the-year increase in employment within the
metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-
N.J. (+112,200), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+78,900), and
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill. (+56,900). The only over-the-year
decreases in employment occurred in Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich.
(-4,700), followed by Gary, Ind. (-1,900), and Lake County-Kenosha County,
Ill.-Wis. (-1,300). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the
metropolitan divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+3.7
percent), followed by Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+3.6 percent), and
Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury, Mass.-N.H. (+3.4 percent). The
largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in
Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., and Gary, Ind. (-0.7 percent each).

_____________
Due to a lapse in funding, Bureau of Labor Statistics data collection,
analysis, and dissemination activities were suspended from Oct. 1 through
Oct. 16. The September 2013 Regional and State Employment and Unemployment
news release and the September 2013 Metropolitan Area Employment and
Unemployment news release, which would have disseminated preliminary 
September data, will not be published. Instead, final September data
for both news releases will be included with the publication of the
October news release data. These releases will be scheduled shortly.




Technical Note
 
 
   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 372
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 8 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 34
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
over. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The 
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor 
force.
   
   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and
New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-based estimation was extended
to the following areas and their respective balances of state in 2005:
the Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-
Elyria-Mentor, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Livonia,
MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL
Metropolitan Division; New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA Metropolitan
Statistical Area; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan
Division. (Model-based estimation of the New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner
metropolitan area was suspended following Hurricane Katrina; the
indirect estimation methods described below will be used for this area
until further notice.) Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis,
such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through
indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work"
estimates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of
residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are aggregates of
persons previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment
insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the end of each year, usually
implemented with January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates
reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any
revisions in the other data sources, and model reestimation. All
substate estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised
model-based estimates.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather
than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one
payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of
the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are
produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data
are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in
which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the
previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment
for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by
the previous month’s employment estimates. The weighted link relative
technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets
certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, relatively small sample sizes limit the
reliability of the weighted link-relative estimates. In these cases,
BLS uses the CES small domain model (SDM) to generate employment
estimates. The SDM combines the direct sample estimates (described
above) and forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease the
volatility of the estimates. With the January 2013 estimates published
on March 18, 2013, BLS refined the SDM methodology to incorporate more
real-time information in the model. For more detailed information about
the CES small domain model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, 
and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level 
for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted
for states, metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total
nonfarm level. For states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector
level as well. In some metropolitan areas with metropolitan divisions,
the seasonally adjusted payroll employment totals are computed by 
aggregating the independently adjusted total nonfarm estimates for the
component metropolitan divisions. Revisions of historical data for the
most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not available for
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Measures of sampling error
for states down to the supersector level are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not 
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2013.pdf. 

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the
standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management
and Budget on December 1, 2009. Data reflect New England City and Town
Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the
six New England States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is
available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   More complete information on the technical procedures used to
develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and
Earnings Online.
   
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment. Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, labor market areas, counties, cities
with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the
administration of various federal economic assistance programs are
available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the
CES program are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service:  (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                July              Aug.              July              Aug.           July        Aug.   
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2012     2013     2012     2013p     2012     2013     2012     2013p   2012  2013 2012 2013p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,178.8  2,170.4  2,162.8  2,159.5    178.7    142.2    170.2    145.2   8.2   6.6   7.9   6.7
  Anniston-Oxford.......................     52.7     52.6     52.1     52.1      4.6      3.9      4.3      4.0   8.8   7.5   8.3   7.6
  Auburn-Opelika........................     68.8     69.3     69.4     69.5      5.0      3.8      4.7      3.8   7.3   5.5   6.7   5.5
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    535.5    531.7    530.5    529.6     38.2     29.8     36.6     31.6   7.1   5.6   6.9   6.0
  Decatur...............................     72.3     72.4     72.2     71.8      5.9      4.5      5.5      4.6   8.1   6.2   7.6   6.4
  Dothan................................     63.3     63.2     62.9     63.0      5.0      3.9      4.9      4.1   7.9   6.2   7.8   6.5
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     69.3     69.3     69.1     69.1      5.5      4.4      5.3      4.6   8.0   6.4   7.7   6.6
  Gadsden...............................     45.5     45.6     45.5     45.8      3.7      2.9      3.6      3.1   8.1   6.3   7.9   6.7
  Huntsville............................    213.1    211.6    212.3    211.1     14.9     11.8     14.2     12.2   7.0   5.6   6.7   5.8
  Mobile................................    188.5    187.2    186.9    186.9     17.9     14.1     17.0     14.4   9.5   7.5   9.1   7.7
  Montgomery............................    170.1    170.1    169.3    168.9     14.2     11.4     13.9     11.8   8.4   6.7   8.2   7.0
  Tuscaloosa............................    101.3    104.2    102.2    103.7      8.1      7.1      7.6      6.5   8.0   6.8   7.4   6.3
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    375.5    373.5    369.8    369.3     24.9     22.0     23.0     20.9   6.6   5.9   6.2   5.7
  Anchorage.............................    199.8    198.1    196.8    195.3     12.0     10.4     11.0      9.9   6.0   5.3   5.6   5.1
  Fairbanks.............................     46.8     46.2     46.3     46.0      2.8      2.4      2.6      2.3   6.0   5.2   5.5   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,029.2  3,017.8  3,023.6  3,007.9    272.3    251.2    264.5    261.2   9.0   8.3   8.7   8.7
  Flagstaff.............................     75.7     75.2     74.2     73.9      6.5      6.0      6.0      6.0   8.6   8.0   8.1   8.1
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     86.4     83.9     85.3     82.8      8.8      8.2      8.7      8.4  10.1   9.7  10.2  10.2
  Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale.................  2,029.7  2,034.5  2,031.8  2,031.4    157.0    142.2    153.8    150.7   7.7   7.0   7.6   7.4
  Prescott..............................     93.4     90.2     92.7     90.1      8.3      7.4      8.2      7.7   8.9   8.2   8.9   8.5
  Tucson................................    454.9    451.4    456.9    449.1     35.7     32.7     35.1     34.4   7.8   7.2   7.7   7.7
  Yuma..................................     97.1     94.8     94.0     94.0     31.1     31.4     28.8     30.7  32.0  33.2  30.6  32.6
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,372.3  1,343.4  1,351.2  1,324.7    108.2    102.6     97.7     95.6   7.9   7.6   7.2   7.2
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    237.1    241.4    234.3    238.8     14.8     14.1     13.0     12.9   6.2   5.9   5.5   5.4
  Fort Smith............................    134.0    133.4    133.4    132.8     11.2     10.1     10.5      9.6   8.4   7.6   7.9   7.2
  Hot Springs...........................     43.3     42.1     42.8     41.0      3.5      3.3      3.1      3.1   8.0   7.8   7.3   7.5
  Jonesboro.............................     60.3     60.6     59.7     60.3      4.6      4.4      4.1      4.0   7.6   7.2   6.8   6.7
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    351.7    347.2    347.6    340.8     24.8     23.5     22.6     22.2   7.0   6.8   6.5   6.5
  Pine Bluff............................     43.1     41.8     42.4     41.2      4.3      4.3      3.9      4.1  10.0  10.3   9.2   9.8
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,583.3 18,692.4 18,507.6 18,655.7  2,051.6  1,745.3  1,952.1  1,649.9  11.0   9.3  10.5   8.8
  Bakersfield-Delano....................    403.8    394.7    404.3    396.2     53.1     45.8     49.9     43.3  13.2  11.6  12.3  10.9
  Chico.................................    101.0    100.4    102.0    101.0     13.3     10.8     12.3     10.1  13.2  10.8  12.1  10.0
  El Centro.............................     77.5     77.5     79.4     75.7     23.4     21.2     25.3     19.9  30.1  27.4  31.9  26.3
  Fresno................................    451.9    447.3    447.3    441.2     67.7     55.8     63.5     52.4  15.0  12.5  14.2  11.9
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     62.2     62.1     60.9     60.9      9.3      7.8      8.7      7.3  14.9  12.6  14.3  12.0
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana......  6,511.2  6,631.8  6,470.4  6,630.5    713.4    646.9    674.5    611.2  11.0   9.8  10.4   9.2
  Madera-Chowchilla.....................     68.0     68.3     68.5     69.0      9.4      7.8      8.7      7.1  13.9  11.4  12.6  10.4
  Merced................................    109.5    108.1    111.2    110.0     18.9     15.7     17.5     14.6  17.2  14.5  15.8  13.3
  Modesto...............................    241.3    238.4    243.3    240.3     37.8     30.7     34.6     28.5  15.7  12.9  14.2  11.9
  Napa..................................     79.3     81.4     79.0     80.0      6.2      4.9      5.9      4.6   7.8   6.0   7.4   5.8
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    437.9    441.0    435.4    438.2     42.1     35.2     41.2     34.1   9.6   8.0   9.5   7.8
  Redding...............................     82.1     80.5     81.8     80.4     11.0      8.8     10.5      8.2  13.5  10.9  12.9  10.2
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,802.5  1,784.3  1,796.4  1,786.2    236.4    195.8    226.8    186.5  13.1  11.0  12.6  10.4
  Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville...  1,055.2  1,046.8  1,050.2  1,042.3    114.8     92.8    109.1     88.1  10.9   8.9  10.4   8.5
  Salinas...............................    239.0    237.3    235.2    234.3     23.1     19.3     21.8     18.3   9.6   8.1   9.3   7.8
  San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos.........  1,609.1  1,614.9  1,603.6  1,608.3    153.4    126.1    147.2    119.5   9.5   7.8   9.2   7.4
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont.........  2,341.8  2,352.2  2,333.6  2,341.8    201.6    161.9    193.5    152.7   8.6   6.9   8.3   6.5
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........    940.3    955.4    939.9    957.0     84.9     68.5     81.9     64.9   9.0   7.2   8.7   6.8
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles...........    144.6    147.2    143.1    143.7     12.4     10.2     11.7      9.5   8.6   6.9   8.2   6.6
  Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta......    231.8    234.3    230.4    232.9     18.8     15.8     17.9     14.8   8.1   6.7   7.8   6.3
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    154.9    158.7    153.4    155.7     15.8     13.1     15.0     12.3  10.2   8.3   9.8   7.9
  Santa Rosa-Petaluma...................    260.0    258.9    258.4    258.1     23.2     18.4     22.1     16.9   8.9   7.1   8.6   6.6
  Stockton..............................    298.4    297.6    299.0    298.0     46.4     38.0     43.7     36.3  15.5  12.8  14.6  12.2
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    218.5    220.2    217.6    218.4     23.1     18.8     22.0     17.8  10.6   8.5  10.1   8.2
  Visalia-Porterville...................    206.2    204.4    206.0    204.2     33.2     28.0     31.6     26.8  16.1  13.7  15.3  13.1
  Yuba City.............................     71.3     70.5     71.6     71.9     12.2      9.8     11.3      9.1  17.1  13.8  15.8  12.6
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,763.4  2,786.1  2,751.0  2,781.2    229.0    193.0    216.5    185.4   8.3   6.9   7.9   6.7
  Boulder...............................    179.1    181.4    178.1    181.6     11.7      9.8     10.9      9.3   6.5   5.4   6.1   5.1
  Colorado Springs......................    314.8    314.6    314.3    313.9     30.7     26.4     28.5     25.2   9.8   8.4   9.1   8.0
  Denver-Aurora-Broomfield..............  1,426.3  1,446.5  1,417.9  1,448.1    116.7     97.5    111.1     94.5   8.2   6.7   7.8   6.5
  Fort Collins-Loveland.................    181.5    182.3    181.1    182.5     12.2     10.2     11.3      9.6   6.7   5.6   6.3   5.3
  Grand Junction........................     78.7     77.9     79.0     77.9      7.5      6.5      7.2      6.1   9.6   8.3   9.1   7.9
  Greeley...............................    126.1    124.5    125.9    125.4     11.5      9.3     10.7      8.9   9.1   7.5   8.5   7.1
  Pueblo................................     75.3     75.6     74.8     74.6      8.5      7.4      8.1      7.2  11.3   9.8  10.9   9.7
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,914.5  1,895.1  1,893.0  1,868.9    174.4    158.5    166.6    152.2   9.1   8.4   8.8   8.1
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    492.4    489.2    485.4    480.7     41.4     37.7     39.5     36.3   8.4   7.7   8.1   7.6
  Danbury...............................     94.4     93.6     93.4     92.5      7.0      6.3      6.8      6.0   7.4   6.7   7.2   6.5
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    601.8    598.1    595.9    589.8     55.6     50.6     53.5     48.7   9.2   8.5   9.0   8.3
  New Haven.............................    318.8    314.7    315.4    310.6     30.5     27.7     29.0     26.7   9.6   8.8   9.2   8.6
  Norwich-New London....................    153.1    149.0    151.2    147.6     13.9     12.5     13.3     12.0   9.1   8.4   8.8   8.1
  Waterbury.............................    102.4    101.1    101.2     99.7     11.9     11.2     11.5     10.7  11.7  11.1  11.4  10.8
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    448.4    445.6    444.9    442.0     33.9     33.6     32.6     30.7   7.6   7.5   7.3   6.9
  Dover.................................     75.4     75.0     74.7     74.0      6.2      6.0      6.0      5.5   8.2   8.0   8.0   7.5
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    368.9    375.9    365.3    361.8     34.4     33.8     33.0     30.8   9.3   9.0   9.0   8.5
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,226.4  3,250.7  3,185.1  3,182.6    188.5    185.8    181.1    172.8   5.8   5.7   5.7   5.4
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,449.0  9,479.8  9,411.0  9,445.8    870.8    702.5    844.1    672.0   9.2   7.4   9.0   7.1
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    285.4    285.8    284.6    284.7     27.5     21.7     26.7     20.6   9.7   7.6   9.4   7.2
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin....    102.2    104.4    100.5    103.0      6.6      5.3      6.2      4.9   6.5   5.1   6.1   4.7
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    255.2    255.6    253.3    252.1     23.7     18.8     23.0     17.9   9.3   7.4   9.1   7.1
  Gainesville...........................    140.8    142.3    139.3    142.3     10.7      8.6      9.7      7.7   7.6   6.0   6.9   5.4
  Jacksonville..........................    708.2    717.6    703.3    707.8     62.9     50.6     60.7     47.7   8.9   7.0   8.6   6.7
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    273.2    270.3    273.6    270.3     29.2     23.5     28.4     22.7  10.7   8.7  10.4   8.4
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach...  2,968.7  2,955.9  2,959.1  2,952.3    270.3    222.1    264.6    216.2   9.1   7.5   8.9   7.3
  Naples-Marco Island...................    148.3    153.0    147.7    153.5     14.5     11.6     14.4     11.4   9.8   7.6   9.8   7.4
  North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota.........    306.3    304.5    304.6    302.9     28.1     22.5     27.4     21.5   9.2   7.4   9.0   7.1
  Ocala.................................    134.4    135.8    134.5    135.7     14.0     11.3     13.6     10.7  10.5   8.3  10.1   7.9
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.............  1,165.3  1,172.6  1,160.1  1,164.6    104.3     81.4    100.3     76.9   8.9   6.9   8.6   6.6
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    273.2    273.6    270.6    272.1     26.3     21.5     25.5     20.4   9.6   7.9   9.4   7.5
  Palm Coast............................     35.9     35.0     35.7     34.6      4.3      3.7      4.2      3.5  12.0  10.5  11.8  10.1
  Panama City-Lynn Haven-                                                                                                   
    Panama City Beach...................     95.0     91.1     93.5     89.4      7.6      5.9      7.3      5.6   8.0   6.5   7.8   6.3
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    219.6    219.5    218.7    218.2     19.2     15.3     17.9     14.2   8.7   7.0   8.2   6.5
  Port St. Lucie........................    189.7    190.8    190.4    194.1     21.6     18.4     21.2     17.9  11.4   9.6  11.1   9.2
  Punta Gorda...........................     70.1     70.1     69.9     69.9      6.5      5.2      6.4      5.0   9.3   7.4   9.2   7.1
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     62.9     63.3     62.6     63.9      7.6      6.2      7.5      6.0  12.1   9.8  12.1   9.4
  Tallahassee...........................    188.5    189.9    187.6    188.9     15.8     12.7     14.4     11.6   8.4   6.7   7.7   6.1
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,336.4  1,360.4  1,333.7  1,359.3    124.9     99.5    120.9     94.7   9.3   7.3   9.1   7.0
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,834.7  4,844.0  4,797.0  4,774.6    463.4    439.4    441.9    397.9   9.6   9.1   9.2   8.3
  Albany................................     75.8     74.4     74.9     73.2      7.7      7.3      7.3      6.7  10.1   9.8   9.7   9.1
  Athens-Clarke County..................    112.8    113.5    112.7    112.0      8.2      7.8      7.6      6.9   7.3   6.9   6.8   6.1
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta........  2,752.4  2,778.9  2,732.1  2,737.6    256.2    239.6    244.5    218.3   9.3   8.6   8.9   8.0
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    265.1    266.2    262.4    263.0     25.5     24.3     24.0     22.4   9.6   9.1   9.2   8.5
  Brunswick.............................     52.0     51.0     51.1     49.8      5.5      5.1      5.1      4.6  10.6  10.0  10.1   9.3
  Columbus..............................    132.9    131.8    131.7    130.1     13.0     12.1     12.2     11.1   9.7   9.2   9.2   8.5
  Dalton................................     60.0     59.6     59.4     57.9      7.1      7.4      6.8      6.0  11.9  12.3  11.4  10.3
  Gainesville...........................     91.6     91.2     91.1     90.4      7.5      6.9      6.9      6.0   8.2   7.5   7.5   6.6
  Hinesville-Fort Stewart...............     33.3     33.0     33.3     32.8      3.3      3.3      3.1      3.0   9.9  10.0   9.3   9.3
  Macon.................................    114.9    114.2    113.9    113.1     11.6     10.8     11.0      9.8  10.1   9.5   9.7   8.7
  Rome..................................     48.7     48.1     48.4     47.3      5.1      4.9      4.8      4.2  10.4  10.2   9.9   8.8
  Savannah..............................    183.9    181.8    182.0    178.6     16.4     15.7     15.6     14.0   8.9   8.6   8.6   7.8
  Valdosta..............................     68.2     67.8     67.7     66.8      6.2      5.9      5.9      5.3   9.1   8.7   8.6   7.9
  Warner Robins.........................     71.8     71.0     71.1     69.9      5.9      5.7      5.5      5.1   8.2   8.1   7.7   7.4
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    653.2    645.2    647.0    643.4     40.4     30.0     37.3     27.1   6.2   4.6   5.8   4.2
  Honolulu..............................    456.0    449.3    452.3    448.9     25.0     18.8     23.1     17.2   5.5   4.2   5.1   3.8
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    781.3    784.4    775.1    775.6     53.7     48.8     52.7     49.4   6.9   6.2   6.8   6.4
  Boise City-Nampa......................    307.6    311.9    306.1    308.1     21.3     19.0     20.8     18.8   6.9   6.1   6.8   6.1
  Coeur d'Alene.........................     72.7     72.8     72.1     71.9      5.7      5.0      5.5      4.8   7.8   6.9   7.6   6.7
  Idaho Falls...........................     64.1     64.5     63.3     63.8      3.7      3.4      3.8      3.6   5.8   5.3   6.0   5.7
  Lewiston..............................     28.5     28.2     28.7     28.1      2.0      1.8      2.0      1.7   6.8   6.3   6.8   5.9
  Pocatello.............................     42.9     42.4     42.3     42.0      3.1      2.8      3.1      2.9   7.2   6.7   7.4   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,671.7  6,617.2  6,592.3  6,553.2    625.3    631.7    594.2    589.7   9.4   9.5   9.0   9.0
  Bloomington-Normal....................     90.5     87.9     90.3     86.8      7.0      6.9      6.6      6.2   7.7   7.8   7.3   7.2
  Champaign-Urbana......................    113.1    111.6    109.0    107.8     10.3     10.0      9.7      9.0   9.1   8.9   8.9   8.3
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville.............  4,959.3  4,962.6  4,894.1  4,915.7    463.8    475.7    436.9    445.8   9.4   9.6   8.9   9.1
  Danville..............................     36.8     36.0     36.2     35.4      3.9      4.2      3.8      4.0  10.6  11.8  10.6  11.3
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island..........    205.4    201.9    202.7    199.7     14.5     13.9     14.1     12.9   7.1   6.9   7.0   6.5
  Decatur...............................     54.3     52.0     53.7     51.1      6.2      6.8      6.1      6.1  11.3  13.1  11.4  12.0
  Kankakee-Bradley......................     56.2     55.0     55.8     54.1      6.4      6.2      6.2      5.6  11.3  11.2  11.2  10.4
  Peoria................................    205.3    199.3    203.7    197.2     16.5     18.7     16.2     17.2   8.0   9.4   8.0   8.7
  Rockford..............................    169.6    164.4    168.2    161.8     19.8     18.8     19.5     17.3  11.7  11.4  11.6  10.7
  Springfield...........................    116.0    113.1    117.7    115.6      9.4      9.0      9.2      8.1   8.1   7.9   7.8   7.0
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,177.4  3,189.9  3,150.6  3,177.9    271.1    266.1    265.9    237.5   8.5   8.3   8.4   7.5
  Anderson..............................     60.6     61.2     60.9     61.6      6.0      6.0      6.0      5.3   9.9   9.7   9.8   8.6
  Bloomington...........................     92.6     91.9     93.9     89.9      7.5      7.5      7.2      6.4   8.2   8.2   7.7   7.1
  Columbus..............................     41.8     42.7     41.5     42.9      2.7      2.7      2.7      2.4   6.5   6.4   6.4   5.5
  Elkhart-Goshen........................     93.9     93.3     93.0     92.0      8.9      7.9      8.7      7.1   9.5   8.5   9.3   7.7
  Evansville............................    183.0    181.6    180.8    180.8     14.3     13.8     13.9     12.5   7.8   7.6   7.7   6.9
  Fort Wayne............................    206.3    206.6    204.2    207.3     16.9     17.6     16.8     14.5   8.2   8.5   8.2   7.0
  Indianapolis-Carmel...................    921.4    929.7    915.6    923.5     73.0     70.0     71.8     63.3   7.9   7.5   7.8   6.9
  Kokomo................................     42.9     43.3     42.6     43.3      4.0      3.9      4.0      3.5   9.4   9.1   9.4   8.1
  Lafayette.............................     95.5     97.0     94.5     98.8      7.7      8.1      7.4      6.7   8.1   8.4   7.9   6.8
  Michigan City-La Porte................     50.6     49.9     49.5     49.6      5.0      4.9      5.0      4.5   9.9   9.9  10.1   9.1
  Muncie................................     53.3     53.1     54.4     52.7      5.4      5.4      5.3      4.5  10.2  10.3   9.7   8.6
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    151.0    149.6    149.7    147.7     14.5     14.2     14.0     12.9   9.6   9.5   9.4   8.7
  Terre Haute...........................     78.5     78.8     77.8     77.5      8.5      8.4      8.3      7.4  10.9  10.7  10.7   9.5
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,650.7  1,670.1  1,627.1  1,662.0     84.6     77.9     83.6     77.2   5.1   4.7   5.1   4.6
  Ames..................................     46.9     47.3     47.1     48.2      2.1      2.0      2.0      1.9   4.6   4.3   4.3   4.0
  Cedar Rapids..........................    144.9    144.7    143.5    144.8      7.5      7.0      7.7      7.1   5.2   4.8   5.4   4.9
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    316.4    322.2    313.5    318.7     16.2     14.6     16.1     15.0   5.1   4.5   5.2   4.7
  Dubuque...............................     53.4     54.1     52.9     53.7      2.5      2.4      2.5      2.4   4.6   4.5   4.7   4.5
  Iowa City.............................     90.9     91.9     90.9     92.7      3.8      3.6      3.7      3.5   4.2   3.9   4.1   3.8
  Sioux City............................     76.9     79.3     75.9     78.2      4.2      4.0      3.9      3.8   5.4   5.0   5.2   4.8
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     94.6     96.1     93.1     95.5      5.0      4.5      4.9      4.5   5.3   4.6   5.2   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,507.4  1,510.4  1,478.9  1,485.0     95.5     92.8     87.9     88.3   6.3   6.1   5.9   5.9
  Lawrence..............................     59.5     60.1     60.9     58.9      3.7      3.6      3.4      3.5   6.2   6.1   5.6   5.9
  Manhattan.............................     60.4     62.0     60.2     60.1      3.6      3.7      3.4      3.5   5.9   5.9   5.6   5.9
  Topeka................................    121.4    121.8    120.1    119.7      8.2      8.1      7.9      7.7   6.8   6.7   6.6   6.4
  Wichita...............................    305.9    305.9    299.8    300.0     22.8     21.7     21.1     20.4   7.4   7.1   7.0   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  2,096.4  2,097.3  2,077.5  2,071.9    179.8    177.8    172.7    160.9   8.6   8.5   8.3   7.8
  Bowling Green.........................     65.7     65.0     65.6     64.8      4.9      4.9      4.7      4.5   7.5   7.5   7.2   6.9
  Elizabethtown.........................     57.7     56.6     57.1     56.0      4.6      4.4      4.4      4.0   8.0   7.7   7.8   7.2
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    243.3    249.6    240.9    247.4     16.7     16.4     16.3     15.2   6.9   6.6   6.8   6.2
  Louisville-Jefferson County...........    642.6    642.8    637.3    637.4     54.4     53.0     52.7     46.9   8.5   8.2   8.3   7.4
  Owensboro.............................     59.7     60.0     59.2     59.3      4.3      4.2      4.2      3.8   7.2   7.0   7.0   6.4
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,115.5  2,123.3  2,086.0  2,092.6    152.2    151.5    140.5    148.2   7.2   7.1   6.7   7.1
  Alexandria............................     68.8     68.5     67.2     67.4      5.0      5.0      4.5      4.9   7.3   7.4   6.7   7.3
  Baton Rouge...........................    386.2    390.2    383.6    384.8     28.0     27.1     25.6     26.4   7.3   6.9   6.7   6.9
  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux............    106.1    108.2    104.2    107.0      5.2      5.4      4.8      5.3   4.9   5.0   4.6   4.9
  Lafayette.............................    143.0    146.1    141.3    143.4      7.5      7.8      6.8      7.7   5.2   5.4   4.8   5.3
  Lake Charles..........................     96.5     99.2     95.6     98.6      6.4      6.3      5.8      6.4   6.6   6.4   6.1   6.4
  Monroe................................     83.0     82.3     81.4     80.0      6.4      6.1      6.0      6.1   7.8   7.5   7.4   7.6
  New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner...........    553.2    553.5    546.3    547.3     40.4     40.0     37.8     39.5   7.3   7.2   6.9   7.2
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    188.7    186.1    185.9    182.3     13.2     13.9     12.4     13.6   7.0   7.5   6.7   7.5
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    722.2    727.4    719.5    724.6     51.7     48.0     46.7     45.6   7.2   6.6   6.5   6.3
  Bangor................................     70.7     71.3     70.2     71.1      5.6      4.9      4.7      4.7   7.9   6.9   6.8   6.6
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     57.1     57.2     57.1     57.1      4.4      3.9      4.0      3.7   7.7   6.9   7.0   6.6
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford.....    212.0    215.5    211.6    214.5     12.6     12.0     11.3     11.4   6.0   5.6   5.3   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  3,171.0  3,167.9  3,130.9  3,123.9    228.8    222.0    220.1    207.9   7.2   7.0   7.0   6.7
  Baltimore-Towson......................  1,490.4  1,492.4  1,475.2  1,474.9    115.6    111.5    111.8    104.9   7.8   7.5   7.6   7.1
  Cumberland............................     50.1     49.4     49.5     49.1      4.2      3.9      4.0      3.7   8.4   7.9   8.2   7.5
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    127.9    126.6    125.7    125.1     10.1      9.0      9.9      8.6   7.9   7.1   7.9   6.9
  Salisbury.............................     66.1     63.9     64.7     63.1      5.8      5.5      5.5      5.1   8.8   8.6   8.5   8.1
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,515.1  3,550.0  3,504.1  3,529.7    246.7    255.0    233.8    241.7   7.0   7.2   6.7   6.8
  Barnstable Town.......................    152.7    152.9    150.9    150.7      9.1      9.1      8.5      8.4   5.9   5.9   5.6   5.6
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy...............  2,565.8  2,604.4  2,558.3  2,590.4    165.7    170.4    157.0    160.1   6.5   6.5   6.1   6.2
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner..........     71.9     71.5     71.6     71.1      6.9      6.9      6.6      6.6   9.6   9.7   9.2   9.3
  New Bedford...........................     87.3     88.4     87.2     87.8      9.2      9.8      8.9      9.5  10.6  11.1  10.2  10.8
  Pittsfield............................     40.2     39.8     39.7     39.1      2.8      2.8      2.6      2.6   6.9   7.1   6.5   6.7
  Springfield...........................    338.2    333.9    336.6    331.8     28.7     29.0     27.2     27.8   8.5   8.7   8.1   8.4
  Worcester.............................    293.4    294.8    292.6    294.0     23.1     23.5     21.9     22.2   7.9   8.0   7.5   7.6
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,742.9  4,805.1  4,691.0  4,760.2    496.4    465.8    433.6    415.2  10.5   9.7   9.2   8.7
  Ann Arbor.............................    182.6    186.4    180.2    183.9     12.9     13.6     10.8     11.4   7.1   7.3   6.0   6.2
  Battle Creek..........................     64.6     65.3     64.0     64.3      5.6      5.6      4.8      4.7   8.7   8.5   7.4   7.4
  Bay City..............................     52.5     53.0     51.9     52.0      4.9      5.2      4.3      4.5   9.3   9.8   8.3   8.6
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia................  2,048.1  2,063.8  2,031.7  2,067.2    250.5    214.5    223.1    202.4  12.2  10.4  11.0   9.8
  Flint.................................    185.8    189.9    183.7    185.5     20.3     21.2     17.5     18.0  10.9  11.2   9.5   9.7
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    392.2    410.6    389.1    403.9     30.9     30.7     26.5     26.0   7.9   7.5   6.8   6.4
  Holland-Grand Haven...................    131.4    135.6    130.4    133.0     10.5     10.5      8.8      8.7   8.0   7.7   6.7   6.5
  Jackson...............................     71.3     72.2     70.3     70.7      7.0      7.1      6.0      6.1   9.8   9.9   8.6   8.7
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    162.4    164.1    160.4    162.0     14.0     13.8     12.0     11.9   8.6   8.4   7.5   7.3
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    232.2    233.8    228.1    229.1     20.1     20.8     16.8     17.1   8.7   8.9   7.4   7.5
  Monroe................................     70.7     70.4     69.6     69.3      6.6      6.7      5.5      5.5   9.4   9.6   7.9   7.9
  Muskegon-Norton Shores................     85.2     88.4     84.5     86.6      8.4      8.6      7.4      7.4   9.8   9.8   8.8   8.5
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     75.2     74.7     73.8     73.4      7.5      7.3      6.5      6.4  10.0   9.8   8.8   8.7
  Saginaw-Saginaw Township North........     91.4     91.6     90.2     90.2      8.9      9.4      7.7      7.9   9.7  10.2   8.6   8.8
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  3,001.7  3,013.1  2,980.8  2,989.2    174.6    153.1    165.7    142.1   5.8   5.1   5.6   4.8
  Duluth................................    145.9    144.4    144.7    142.6     10.0      9.3      9.4      8.5   6.9   6.5   6.5   6.0
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     57.7     57.3     56.6     56.3      3.1      2.6      2.9      2.3   5.4   4.5   5.1   4.1
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,872.0  1,899.1  1,862.1  1,882.2    108.6     94.0    104.0     88.4   5.8   5.0   5.6   4.7
  Rochester.............................    108.1    106.5    107.2    105.5      5.2      4.6      4.9      4.3   4.8   4.4   4.6   4.1
  St. Cloud.............................    108.0    108.2    108.3    108.4      6.4      5.6      6.0      5.1   5.9   5.2   5.5   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,354.2  1,309.0  1,323.9  1,289.6    140.0    112.8    120.0    107.9  10.3   8.6   9.1   8.4
  Gulfport-Biloxi.......................    119.5    113.2    116.0    110.1     11.4      8.8      9.6      8.5   9.5   7.7   8.3   7.7
  Hattiesburg...........................     68.9     66.1     67.7     64.6      6.4      4.8      5.3      4.6   9.3   7.3   7.8   7.0
  Jackson...............................    277.3    267.4    270.2    261.9     23.0     18.1     19.0     16.9   8.3   6.8   7.0   6.4
  Pascagoula............................     72.5     70.5     71.5     69.5      7.9      6.2      6.7      5.9  10.8   8.8   9.4   8.6
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  3,027.6  3,050.1  2,981.1  3,022.1    225.0    225.7    210.4    214.1   7.4   7.4   7.1   7.1
  Cape Girardeau-Jackson................     46.4     46.6     46.6     46.9      3.4      3.4      3.1      3.3   7.3   7.3   6.6   6.9
  Columbia..............................     96.8     97.8     94.7     96.0      5.3      5.4      4.7      4.9   5.5   5.5   5.0   5.1
  Jefferson City........................     77.1     77.2     75.7     76.3      4.8      4.9      4.4      4.5   6.3   6.3   5.8   5.9
  Joplin................................     86.6     86.6     84.5     85.6      6.0      5.9      5.4      5.5   6.9   6.8   6.4   6.5
  Kansas City...........................  1,064.4  1,068.9  1,046.4  1,057.9     77.0     75.9     71.9     75.7   7.2   7.1   6.9   7.2
  St. Joseph............................     73.1     74.0     71.9     73.3      4.5      4.5      4.2      4.3   6.1   6.0   5.8   5.9
  St. Louis (1).........................  1,434.4  1,428.2  1,416.4  1,413.7    116.3    113.3    109.9    105.1   8.1   7.9   7.8   7.4
  Springfield...........................    223.7    225.3    217.5    219.4     14.8     13.9     13.7     13.5   6.6   6.2   6.3   6.2
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    516.9    517.3    514.8    515.8     29.8     24.9     28.7     24.5   5.8   4.8   5.6   4.8
  Billings..............................     89.1     90.0     89.2     89.5      4.1      3.6      3.9      3.5   4.6   3.9   4.3   3.9
  Great Falls...........................     39.9     39.3     40.1     40.1      2.2      1.8      2.1      1.8   5.5   4.6   5.3   4.5
  Missoula..............................     57.9     57.7     59.0     57.9      3.4      2.7      3.2      2.6   5.8   4.6   5.4   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................  1,032.2  1,052.9  1,019.5  1,030.7     44.5     46.5     39.4     39.2   4.3   4.4   3.9   3.8
  Lincoln...............................    175.3    181.8    175.5    178.1      6.9      7.3      6.0      5.9   3.9   4.0   3.4   3.3
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    469.6    480.4    465.0    470.5     22.2     22.0     20.3     19.6   4.7   4.6   4.4   4.2
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,384.0  1,374.3  1,376.8  1,364.3    161.0    130.6    152.7    128.0  11.6   9.5  11.1   9.4
  Carson City...........................     28.4     27.6     28.1     27.0      3.2      2.6      3.0      2.5  11.2   9.5  10.6   9.4
  Las Vegas-Paradise....................    994.8    991.8    989.6    986.7    118.6     95.9    112.6     94.3  11.9   9.7  11.4   9.6
  Reno-Sparks...........................    224.9    219.7    225.0    218.4     25.1     20.4     23.9     19.8  11.2   9.3  10.6   9.1
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    753.5    755.9    749.2    751.0     42.9     38.4     42.5     36.4   5.7   5.1   5.7   4.8
  Manchester............................    106.9    107.3    106.7    106.5      6.2      5.4      6.2      5.1   5.8   5.1   5.8   4.8
  Portsmouth............................     46.7     47.5     46.6     46.8      2.3      2.1      2.2      2.0   4.8   4.5   4.8   4.3
  Rochester-Dover.......................     83.7     84.6     83.8     84.2      4.9      4.3      4.8      4.1   5.9   5.1   5.7   4.9
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,656.7  4,661.5  4,607.1  4,615.5    476.4    399.6    441.8    381.2  10.2   8.6   9.6   8.3
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    141.2    140.5    139.6    138.9     18.6     16.2     17.6     15.4  13.2  11.5  12.6  11.1
  Ocean City............................     70.4     68.7     68.3     67.1      6.7      5.8      6.2      5.4   9.5   8.4   9.1   8.0
  Trenton-Ewing.........................    212.4    212.7    209.9    210.1     18.8     15.4     17.0     14.5   8.8   7.3   8.1   6.9
  Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton..........     69.6     68.3     68.7     67.8     10.4      8.6      9.9      8.4  15.0  12.6  14.3  12.3
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    944.9    942.8    934.9    927.0     72.8     70.3     66.4     60.9   7.7   7.5   7.1   6.6
  Albuquerque...........................    399.9    401.5    395.3    394.0     33.1     31.2     30.3     27.3   8.3   7.8   7.7   6.9
  Farmington............................     55.8     55.4     55.1     54.0      4.4      4.2      4.1      3.7   8.0   7.6   7.4   6.8
  Las Cruces............................     92.6     92.3     92.9     92.2      7.5      7.6      6.7      6.4   8.0   8.3   7.2   6.9
  Santa Fe..............................     77.9     76.5     76.5     74.6      4.6      4.4      4.3      3.9   6.0   5.8   5.6   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,736.9  9,785.0  9,646.4  9,745.2    871.0    743.0    819.9    735.2   8.9   7.6   8.5   7.5
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    452.8    453.1    449.8    452.1     35.8     29.1     33.7     28.5   7.9   6.4   7.5   6.3
  Binghamton............................    117.9    116.2    116.7    115.9     10.7      8.9     10.1      8.7   9.1   7.6   8.7   7.5
  Buffalo-Niagara Falls.................    580.7    582.7    579.7    582.3     51.4     43.2     48.4     42.3   8.9   7.4   8.4   7.3
  Elmira................................     40.5     40.1     40.1     39.9      3.7      3.1      3.5      3.1   9.1   7.8   8.7   7.7
  Glens Falls...........................     72.7     72.9     71.3     72.3      5.3      4.4      5.1      4.3   7.3   6.1   7.1   6.0
  Ithaca................................     55.4     55.9     54.5     55.3      3.8      3.1      3.5      3.1   6.9   5.6   6.4   5.6
  Kingston..............................     88.2     87.9     87.2     87.4      8.3      6.8      7.9      6.7   9.4   7.7   9.0   7.6
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                    
       Long Island......................  9,686.1  9,754.8  9,585.4  9,694.5    914.2    782.1    854.9    766.0   9.4   8.0   8.9   7.9
     New York City......................  4,039.5  4,081.6  4,003.1  4,072.3    399.4    355.7    375.4    354.6   9.9   8.7   9.4   8.7
  Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown......    324.4    322.4    321.5    319.7     28.1     22.8     26.5     22.4   8.7   7.1   8.2   7.0
  Rochester.............................    530.2    526.4    525.5    523.4     44.9     37.2     42.3     36.3   8.5   7.1   8.0   6.9
  Syracuse..............................    323.3    324.5    321.0    322.7     28.6     23.8     26.7     23.4   8.9   7.3   8.3   7.3
  Utica-Rome............................    139.2    139.4    137.5    138.3     12.0     10.2     11.3     10.0   8.6   7.3   8.2   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,771.3  4,752.5  4,717.4  4,688.6    477.2    432.8    458.4    388.4  10.0   9.1   9.7   8.3
  Asheville.............................    219.6    221.0    217.1    217.0     17.5     15.0     16.9     13.7   8.0   6.8   7.8   6.3
  Burlington............................     74.1     74.3     73.4     73.6      7.6      6.8      7.2      6.0  10.3   9.1   9.8   8.2
  Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill..........    918.1    924.5    918.1    925.5     93.5     84.6     89.8     76.9  10.2   9.2   9.8   8.3
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    278.7    277.0    274.3    273.9     22.2     19.8     21.0     17.7   8.0   7.1   7.7   6.5
  Fayetteville..........................    164.2    164.1    163.6    161.2     18.0     17.4     18.9     15.9  11.0  10.6  11.6   9.8
  Goldsboro.............................     56.0     55.9     54.6     54.2      5.2      5.1      5.0      4.5   9.3   9.2   9.3   8.4
  Greensboro-High Point.................    378.0    374.6    371.6    370.5     40.1     35.9     38.1     31.9  10.6   9.6  10.2   8.6
  Greenville............................     99.6     99.2     98.0     97.5     10.3      9.7      9.7      8.5  10.3   9.7   9.9   8.7
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    171.1    168.4    168.8    165.8     19.4     17.0     18.5     15.1  11.3  10.1  11.0   9.1
  Jacksonville..........................     69.1     69.1     68.6     68.3      6.5      5.9      6.2      5.5   9.4   8.6   9.1   8.0
  Raleigh-Cary..........................    614.4    609.8    603.9    596.8     50.1     44.7     47.9     40.3   8.2   7.3   7.9   6.8
  Rocky Mount...........................     71.1     69.4     69.7     67.6      9.8      9.4      9.4      8.1  13.9  13.5  13.5  12.0
  Wilmington............................    186.0    186.2    185.9    185.8     18.9     17.0     18.0     15.4  10.1   9.1   9.7   8.3
  Winston-Salem.........................    245.2    243.8    242.8    241.7     23.6     20.9     22.6     18.7   9.6   8.6   9.3   7.7
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    401.1    408.7    399.5    408.6     12.2     11.7     11.8     10.9   3.0   2.9   3.0   2.7
  Bismarck..............................     63.4     63.0     62.8     62.3      1.7      1.6      1.7      1.5   2.6   2.5   2.8   2.4
  Fargo.................................    120.4    120.9    120.5    120.7      4.2      3.9      4.1      3.6   3.5   3.2   3.4   3.0
  Grand Forks...........................     53.4     52.0     53.1     52.2      2.4      2.0      2.1      2.1   4.5   3.9   4.0   4.0
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,823.2  5,821.3  5,777.6  5,777.5    435.7    424.8    402.4    399.6   7.5   7.3   7.0   6.9
  Akron.................................    374.1    377.6    371.3    374.0     26.2     26.4     24.1     25.0   7.0   7.0   6.5   6.7
  Canton-Massillon......................    200.3    201.8    198.7    200.0     15.1     14.7     13.8     14.1   7.5   7.3   7.0   7.0
  Cincinnati-Middletown.................  1,104.6  1,105.1  1,094.6  1,093.9     81.9     78.2     75.9     73.7   7.4   7.1   6.9   6.7
  Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor...............  1,077.6  1,075.9  1,068.3  1,066.7     81.2     78.5     77.1     74.7   7.5   7.3   7.2   7.0
  Columbus..............................    982.2    991.2    975.8    985.5     63.1     62.2     58.2     59.4   6.4   6.3   6.0   6.0
  Dayton................................    405.3    403.3    402.1    400.0     32.4     31.3     29.8     29.3   8.0   7.8   7.4   7.3
  Lima..................................     49.4     48.7     49.1     48.1      3.9      4.0      3.6      3.7   8.0   8.1   7.4   7.7
  Mansfield.............................     58.7     57.5     57.9     56.8      5.0      4.9      4.5      4.3   8.5   8.5   7.8   7.6
  Sandusky..............................     44.2     44.4     43.1     43.0      3.0      3.0      2.6      2.7   6.8   6.9   5.9   6.2
  Springfield...........................     67.9     67.1     68.1     67.1      5.2      4.9      5.0      4.6   7.7   7.2   7.3   6.8
  Steubenville-Weirton..................     55.7     54.0     54.7     53.5      5.6      5.1      5.6      4.9  10.1   9.4  10.2   9.2
  Toledo................................    319.2    320.8    316.6    318.5     26.1     26.4     23.2     24.7   8.2   8.2   7.3   7.7
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    268.1    268.9    266.0    267.4     23.7     22.7     21.4     21.0   8.8   8.4   8.1   7.9
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,811.7  1,820.5  1,798.1  1,806.7     97.6     92.7     93.7     90.6   5.4   5.1   5.2   5.0
  Lawton................................     47.7     47.7     47.2     47.4      3.3      3.0      3.2      2.9   6.9   6.3   6.7   6.1
  Oklahoma City.........................    593.1    608.2    590.1    605.0     30.0     29.2     28.6     28.6   5.1   4.8   4.8   4.7
  Tulsa.................................    448.0    452.3    444.2    449.1     25.5     23.9     24.8     23.5   5.7   5.3   5.6   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,977.6  1,944.9  1,969.8  1,941.3    176.3    157.3    170.3    150.3   8.9   8.1   8.6   7.7
  Bend..................................     79.8     77.4     79.8     77.3      8.6      7.2      8.2      6.9  10.8   9.3  10.3   8.9
  Corvallis.............................     42.9     42.2     43.2     42.8      3.1      3.0      3.0      2.7   7.3   7.0   6.8   6.4
  Eugene-Springfield....................    175.9    170.5    174.5    169.1     16.1     14.2     15.6     13.6   9.1   8.3   8.9   8.1
  Medford...............................     98.7     97.2     99.3     96.8     11.2     10.2     10.8      9.3  11.3  10.5  10.9   9.6
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro..........  1,183.4  1,175.1  1,183.1  1,176.3    100.0     89.3     98.5     84.1   8.4   7.6   8.3   7.1
  Salem.................................    196.5    193.0    195.8    192.8     18.8     16.6     18.1     15.9   9.6   8.6   9.2   8.2
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,576.4  6,631.0  6,538.8  6,550.5    557.2    514.5    544.2    514.0   8.5   7.8   8.3   7.8
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    438.2    446.8    436.5    442.0     40.3     35.5     38.7     35.1   9.2   7.9   8.9   7.9
  Altoona...............................     66.1     66.1     65.9     65.2      5.0      4.6      4.9      4.5   7.6   6.9   7.4   6.9
  Erie..................................    143.4    144.2    142.8    143.0     11.8     10.8     11.3     10.8   8.2   7.5   7.9   7.6
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    295.6    295.0    294.2    290.5     22.7     20.5     22.4     20.5   7.7   6.9   7.6   7.1
  Johnstown.............................     68.7     69.1     68.3     68.0      6.6      6.3      6.4      6.2   9.6   9.1   9.4   9.1
  Lancaster.............................    275.3    277.5    271.6    275.0     19.4     18.0     19.0     18.1   7.0   6.5   7.0   6.6
  Lebanon...............................     76.3     76.2     75.6     75.0      5.1      4.8      5.2      4.8   6.7   6.3   6.9   6.3
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  3,046.7  3,062.5  3,029.7  3,029.7    283.3    257.1    274.3    253.1   9.3   8.4   9.1   8.4
  Pittsburgh............................  1,276.6  1,291.4  1,267.3  1,270.4     98.4     90.9     96.6     90.9   7.7   7.0   7.6   7.2
  Reading...............................    209.1    210.4    207.4    208.0     17.8     16.3     17.3     16.4   8.5   7.7   8.4   7.9
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre................    286.6    287.7    286.3    285.3     28.9     27.0     28.2     26.9  10.1   9.4   9.8   9.4
  State College.........................     74.3     74.9     75.0     75.3      5.1      4.8      4.8      5.0   6.9   6.4   6.4   6.6
  Williamsport..........................     64.3     64.8     63.9     64.7      5.5      5.1      5.1      5.0   8.5   7.9   8.0   7.7
  York-Hanover..........................    232.1    231.8    231.1    229.6     19.5     17.3     18.7     17.2   8.4   7.5   8.1   7.5
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    567.0    559.9    565.4    555.4     62.7     51.9     58.9     52.4  11.1   9.3  10.4   9.4
  Providence-Fall River-Warwick.........    701.6    695.3    701.3    691.8     76.4     65.5     72.8     66.5  10.9   9.4  10.4   9.6
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,195.3  2,192.7  2,174.9  2,182.6    209.8    176.9    202.8    178.4   9.6   8.1   9.3   8.2
  Anderson..............................     85.1     84.6     84.6     84.3      7.8      6.4      7.5      6.6   9.2   7.6   8.9   7.8
  Charleston-North Charleston-                                                                                                          
    Summerville.........................    342.7    342.2    338.8    341.0     27.3     22.8     26.2     23.6   8.0   6.7   7.7   6.9
  Columbia..............................    376.4    378.0    372.8    376.0     32.4     27.6     31.3     28.3   8.6   7.3   8.4   7.5
  Florence..............................     93.7     92.6     92.9     92.7      9.9      8.8      9.6      8.9  10.5   9.5  10.3   9.6
  Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.............    317.8    316.9    315.1    317.0     25.9     21.9     24.7     22.4   8.1   6.9   7.8   7.1
  Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway    139.9    139.5    136.7    136.1     12.6     10.6     12.3     10.8   9.0   7.6   9.0   8.0
  Spartanburg...........................    137.0    135.9    136.2    135.7     13.5     11.3     12.7     11.2   9.9   8.3   9.4   8.2
  Sumter................................     45.0     44.7     44.6     44.3      4.9      4.2      4.7      4.1  10.8   9.5  10.5   9.3
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    454.2    459.0    449.0    454.2     20.2     16.6     19.7     16.3   4.5   3.6   4.4   3.6
  Rapid City............................     69.3     70.7     70.3     71.1      3.0      2.5      3.0      2.4   4.3   3.5   4.3   3.4
  Sioux Falls...........................    132.6    136.5    131.2    134.6      5.3      4.1      5.2      4.0   4.0   3.0   4.0   3.0
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,139.5  3,153.6  3,112.1  3,116.5    266.8    267.2    255.7    258.4   8.5   8.5   8.2   8.3
  Chattanooga...........................    263.0    262.6    259.9    258.7     21.3     21.8     20.4     20.6   8.1   8.3   7.8   8.0
  Clarksville...........................    117.2    117.4    117.5    117.1     10.6     11.0     10.3     10.4   9.1   9.4   8.8   8.9
  Cleveland.............................     58.8     58.7     58.9     58.3      4.8      4.8      4.7      4.6   8.2   8.2   7.9   8.0
  Jackson...............................     59.0     58.9     57.8     57.4      5.1      5.3      5.0      5.1   8.7   8.9   8.7   8.8
  Johnson City..........................     99.8     98.3     99.4     97.7      7.8      7.8      7.7      7.8   7.8   7.9   7.7   8.0
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    147.1    146.9    147.0    146.0     11.4     11.4     11.2     11.1   7.7   7.7   7.6   7.6
  Knoxville.............................    370.8    374.5    365.3    368.3     26.2     26.8     25.9     26.2   7.1   7.2   7.1   7.1
  Memphis...............................    625.4    619.7    614.3    609.4     59.6     58.7     55.9     57.3   9.5   9.5   9.1   9.4
  Morristown............................     63.5     62.1     62.9     61.9      6.3      6.0      6.2      5.9  10.0   9.7   9.9   9.5
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                     
    Franklin............................    858.4    876.6    849.4    863.0     59.8     59.5     59.3     58.5   7.0   6.8   7.0   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 12,663.4 12,868.3 12,572.9 12,780.8    934.4    857.4    872.5    798.9   7.4   6.7   6.9   6.3
  Abilene...............................     84.5     85.4     83.7     84.4      5.1      4.7      4.6      4.2   6.0   5.5   5.5   5.0
  Amarillo..............................    134.9    135.3    132.7    133.7      7.4      6.9      6.8      6.2   5.5   5.1   5.1   4.7
  Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos..........    965.7    987.3    962.1    982.5     60.9     55.1     56.8     51.4   6.3   5.6   5.9   5.2
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    189.7    189.2    187.9    187.8     21.1     19.2     19.9     18.4  11.1  10.1  10.6   9.8
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    164.0    164.5    162.2    162.4     18.2     17.1     17.4     16.3  11.1  10.4  10.7  10.0
  College Station-Bryan.................    113.2    114.5    112.1    113.6      7.4      7.0      6.8      6.3   6.6   6.1   6.0   5.5
  Corpus Christi........................    218.2    222.9    217.1    222.0     15.2     14.0     14.0     13.0   7.0   6.3   6.5   5.9
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,352.6  3,435.3  3,340.7  3,433.7    241.8    219.7    228.0    205.6   7.2   6.4   6.8   6.0
  El Paso...............................    323.9    322.9    322.5    321.8     32.6     29.9     30.8     28.1  10.1   9.3   9.5   8.7
  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown............  3,058.5  3,128.3  3,036.2  3,105.8    224.0    202.7    209.0    189.6   7.3   6.5   6.9   6.1
  Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood..............    171.6    172.4    170.6    171.2     13.9     12.9     12.9     12.1   8.1   7.5   7.6   7.1
  Laredo................................    100.6    102.1     99.7    101.5      7.9      7.3      7.1      6.7   7.9   7.2   7.1   6.6
  Longview..............................    116.5    118.3    115.4    117.7      7.5      7.1      7.0      6.6   6.4   6.0   6.0   5.6
  Lubbock...............................    147.2    149.2    146.6    147.3      9.4      8.6      8.4      7.5   6.4   5.8   5.7   5.1
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    312.5    313.2    311.0    311.3     37.7     35.4     35.8     33.7  12.1  11.3  11.5  10.8
  Midland...............................     91.5     96.2     91.7     95.7      3.6      3.4      3.2      3.1   3.9   3.5   3.5   3.2
  Odessa................................     83.9     87.4     83.7     87.5      4.0      3.7      3.7      3.4   4.7   4.2   4.4   3.9
  San Angelo............................     56.2     57.3     56.1     56.7      3.3      3.2      3.0      2.9   5.9   5.6   5.4   5.1
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.............  1,033.5  1,038.7  1,026.8  1,030.3     73.2     67.0     67.7     61.4   7.1   6.5   6.6   6.0
  Sherman-Denison.......................     58.6     58.7     57.8     58.0      4.4      4.0      4.1      3.7   7.6   6.9   7.2   6.4
  Texarkana.............................     65.1     64.5     64.5     63.5      4.8      4.7      4.5      4.5   7.3   7.3   6.9   7.2
  Tyler.................................    104.1    103.0    102.9    102.5      7.6      7.0      7.4      7.0   7.3   6.8   7.2   6.8
  Victoria..............................     61.6     62.3     61.3     62.0      3.8      3.6      3.4      3.3   6.2   5.8   5.6   5.3
  Waco..................................    117.5    118.6    116.8    117.4      8.6      7.9      7.8      7.2   7.3   6.7   6.7   6.1
  Wichita Falls.........................     72.8     72.0     71.7     70.8      5.0      4.6      4.6      4.1   6.8   6.3   6.4   5.8
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,360.1  1,411.9  1,357.8  1,412.1     82.3     64.8     79.9     67.7   6.0   4.6   5.9   4.8
  Logan.................................     65.3     66.3     65.5     66.3      3.2      2.7      3.2      2.8   4.8   4.0   4.8   4.2
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    265.1    274.4    263.1    273.6     16.4     13.1     15.9     13.4   6.2   4.8   6.0   4.9
  Provo-Orem............................    228.2    238.8    230.0    241.3     13.7     10.9     13.5     11.7   6.0   4.6   5.9   4.9
  St. George............................     58.3     59.7     58.7     60.6      4.2      3.3      4.1      3.3   7.3   5.5   7.0   5.5
  Salt Lake City........................    604.0    633.8    602.4    631.4     35.4     27.6     34.2     28.7   5.9   4.3   5.7   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    360.3    357.2    358.9    355.6     18.6     15.9     17.5     14.0   5.2   4.4   4.9   3.9
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    118.5    116.9    118.3    116.2      5.3      4.7      4.8      4.0   4.5   4.0   4.1   3.4
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,253.4  4,296.6  4,205.4  4,216.0    263.1    249.1    253.0    234.3   6.2   5.8   6.0   5.6
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     80.0     82.0     80.1     81.0      6.1      5.5      5.6      4.9   7.6   6.7   7.0   6.0
  Charlottesville.......................    109.0    106.4    106.1    104.4      6.0      5.6      5.6      5.1   5.5   5.3   5.3   4.9
  Danville..............................     50.2     50.4     50.0     50.0      4.7      4.3      4.5      4.0   9.3   8.4   9.1   8.1
  Harrisonburg..........................     66.2     67.9     64.6     65.4      4.4      4.0      4.0      3.5   6.7   5.9   6.2   5.3
  Lynchburg.............................    122.1    122.3    120.8    120.0      8.8      8.3      8.3      7.5   7.2   6.8   6.8   6.3
  Richmond..............................    674.8    677.0    668.6    663.8     45.2     41.9     43.6     39.9   6.7   6.2   6.5   6.0
  Roanoke...............................    159.4    160.9    158.3    158.0     10.2      9.7      9.7      9.2   6.4   6.0   6.1   5.8
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    841.8    859.2    832.7    848.3     58.1     53.3     55.7     50.3   6.9   6.2   6.7   5.9
  Winchester............................     67.7     71.0     67.3     69.6      4.2      3.7      4.1      3.5   6.2   5.3   6.0   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,502.4  3,500.0  3,465.7  3,484.2    289.8    239.2    281.3    236.2   8.3   6.8   8.1   6.8
  Bellingham............................    104.2    102.5    105.1    103.9      8.1      7.4      8.1      6.8   7.7   7.2   7.7   6.5
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    117.7    114.8    118.5    116.7      8.8      8.1      8.9      7.5   7.5   7.1   7.5   6.4
  Kennewick-Pasco-Richland..............    136.4    135.0    132.5    132.4     11.3     11.1     11.4     10.2   8.3   8.2   8.6   7.7
  Longview..............................     42.5     41.0     42.7     41.1      4.6      4.3      4.7      3.9  10.9  10.4  11.0   9.5
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     56.7     55.6     56.9     56.1      5.0      4.6      5.1      4.3   8.8   8.2   9.0   7.7
  Olympia...............................    123.4    122.0    124.3    123.6      9.7      8.9     10.0      8.3   7.9   7.3   8.0   6.7
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,892.9  1,919.9  1,875.2  1,904.3    150.5    111.0    138.6    116.7   8.0   5.8   7.4   6.1
  Spokane...............................    221.9    222.4    223.6    227.6     19.1     17.5     19.3     16.3   8.6   7.9   8.6   7.2
  Wenatchee-East Wenatchee..............     75.3     72.9     68.4     67.9      4.3      3.9      4.7      4.2   5.8   5.4   6.9   6.2
  Yakima................................    139.6    135.4    128.0    127.2     11.4     10.7     12.3     11.1   8.2   7.9   9.6   8.8
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    816.5    806.4    808.3    801.2     60.3     49.8     60.0     48.6   7.4   6.2   7.4   6.1
  Charleston............................    140.1    137.9    138.2    136.8      9.6      7.8      9.9      7.7   6.9   5.6   7.2   5.6
  Huntington-Ashland....................    127.5    125.5    127.3    124.9      9.8      9.1      9.6      8.6   7.7   7.3   7.5   6.9
  Morgantown............................     66.7     67.8     66.4     67.7      3.5      2.9      3.7      3.0   5.2   4.3   5.5   4.4
  Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna...........     76.2     75.7     75.8     74.9      5.5      4.9      5.4      4.6   7.3   6.4   7.2   6.2
  Wheeling..............................     68.8     68.0     67.9     67.1      5.1      4.6      5.1      4.4   7.5   6.8   7.6   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,092.4  3,125.2  3,062.6  3,087.9    221.7    211.3    208.3    190.5   7.2   6.8   6.8   6.2
  Appleton..............................    124.7    128.4    123.9    126.1      8.2      7.9      7.7      7.0   6.5   6.2   6.2   5.6
  Eau Claire............................     91.4     92.9     90.3     92.3      5.9      5.6      5.6      5.1   6.5   6.0   6.2   5.6
  Fond du Lac...........................     55.8     57.2     55.4     56.4      3.9      3.8      3.6      3.4   6.9   6.6   6.5   6.0
  Green Bay.............................    174.5    178.6    173.6    176.6     11.7     11.0     11.0     10.0   6.7   6.2   6.3   5.6
  Janesville............................     80.1     80.7     78.6     79.4      6.9      6.4      6.5      5.9   8.6   7.9   8.2   7.4
  La Crosse.............................     76.5     78.5     76.0     77.4      4.4      4.3      4.2      3.9   5.7   5.4   5.5   5.1
  Madison...............................    350.1    353.8    346.8    350.4     18.5     17.5     17.4     15.9   5.3   4.9   5.0   4.5
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    804.1    814.4    798.7    807.1     63.6     61.7     60.4     55.7   7.9   7.6   7.6   6.9
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     95.0     97.2     93.9     95.6      6.4      6.3      6.0      5.7   6.8   6.4   6.4   5.9
  Racine................................     98.8     99.1     97.9     97.3      8.8      8.7      8.3      7.7   8.9   8.8   8.4   7.9
  Sheboygan.............................     63.0     63.1     62.6     62.3      4.2      3.8      3.9      3.4   6.6   6.0   6.3   5.5
  Wausau................................     71.9     71.8     71.1     70.7      5.4      4.9      5.0      4.4   7.5   6.8   7.1   6.3
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    310.7    312.1    308.2    309.7     16.2     13.1     15.5     12.6   5.2   4.2   5.0   4.1
  Casper................................     44.5     44.8     44.2     44.2      2.1      1.8      2.1      1.8   4.8   4.1   4.8   4.0
  Cheyenne..............................     46.0     47.7     45.5     46.6      2.8      2.1      2.6      2.1   6.0   4.4   5.8   4.4
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,221.2  1,187.1  1,203.8  1,183.3    183.7    174.3    173.4    176.6  15.0  14.7  14.4  14.9
  Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian.......    102.2    100.9    100.9    100.7     16.2     16.3     15.4     16.2  15.9  16.1  15.2  16.1
  Fajardo...............................     25.1     24.4     25.1     24.2      4.3      4.0      4.1      4.0  17.3  16.4  16.4  16.5
  Guayama...............................     23.6     24.1     23.4     24.2      5.2      5.1      4.9      5.2  21.9  21.1  20.8  21.4
  Mayaguez..............................     32.9     31.3     32.6     31.2      5.3      5.7      5.1      5.8  16.0  18.3  15.5  18.5
  Ponce.................................     82.8     80.1     81.2     80.2     12.8     12.2     12.4     12.6  15.5  15.3  15.3  15.7
  San German-Cabo Rojo..................     46.4     44.8     45.4     44.6      7.3      7.9      7.0      8.1  15.8  17.6  15.4  18.2
  San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo..............    817.8    795.0    808.8    791.2    115.2    106.2    108.0    107.2  14.1  13.4  13.3  13.6
  Yauco.................................     34.6     33.2     33.5     33.4      6.0      5.9      5.8      6.1  17.4  17.8  17.4  18.1

   1 Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., is the exception in that it is listed under
Illinois for operational reasons. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                  July              Aug.              July              Aug.           July        Aug.   
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2012     2013     2012     2013p    2012     2013     2012     2013p   2012  2013  2012 2013p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,583.3 18,692.4 18,507.6 18,655.7  2,051.6  1,745.3  1,952.1  1,649.9  11.0   9.3  10.5   8.8
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana........  6,511.2  6,631.8  6,470.4  6,630.5    713.4    646.9    674.5    611.2  11.0   9.8  10.4   9.2
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  4,889.0  4,991.8  4,859.3  4,996.6    581.1    540.1    548.1    510.2  11.9  10.8  11.3  10.2
     Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.............  1,622.2  1,640.0  1,611.0  1,633.9    132.3    106.8    126.3    101.0   8.2   6.5   7.8   6.2
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...........  2,341.8  2,352.2  2,333.6  2,341.8    201.6    161.9    193.5    152.7   8.6   6.9   8.3   6.5
     Oakland-Fremont-Hayward..............  1,320.9  1,319.4  1,316.3  1,313.5    126.3    102.3    121.6     96.7   9.6   7.8   9.2   7.4
     San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City.  1,020.9  1,032.8  1,017.3  1,028.3     75.2     59.6     71.9     55.9   7.4   5.8   7.1   5.4
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    368.9    375.9    365.3    361.8     34.4     33.8     33.0     30.8   9.3   9.0   9.0   8.5
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,226.4  3,250.7  3,185.1  3,182.6    188.5    185.8    181.1    172.8   5.8   5.7   5.7   5.4
     Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick (3).....    675.0    678.8    664.8    668.7     37.5     37.0     36.1     34.4   5.5   5.4   5.4   5.2
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,551.5  2,571.9  2,520.3  2,513.9    151.0    148.8    145.0    138.4   5.9   5.8   5.8   5.5
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,449.0  9,479.8  9,411.0  9,445.8    870.8    702.5    844.1    672.0   9.2   7.4   9.0   7.1
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.....  2,968.7  2,955.9  2,959.1  2,952.3    270.3    222.1    264.6    216.2   9.1   7.5   8.9   7.3
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................  1,025.2  1,035.3  1,021.5  1,034.9     81.8     64.0     78.9     60.5   8.0   6.2   7.7   5.8
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,305.7  1,279.4  1,301.7  1,277.1    127.2    108.3    126.1    107.8   9.7   8.5   9.7   8.4
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Boynton Beach......................    637.7    641.2    635.9    640.2     61.3     49.7     59.7     47.9   9.6   7.8   9.4   7.5
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,671.7  6,617.2  6,592.3  6,553.2    625.3    631.7    594.2    589.7   9.4   9.5   9.0   9.0
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville (2)...........  4,959.3  4,962.6  4,894.1  4,915.7    463.8    475.7    436.9    445.8   9.4   9.6   8.9   9.1
     Chicago-Joliet-Naperville............  4,174.0  4,186.5  4,116.6  4,149.4    393.5    406.6    368.4    382.8   9.4   9.7   8.9   9.2
     Gary (3).............................    329.4    327.8    325.5    326.0     30.2     31.4     29.8     28.8   9.2   9.6   9.1   8.8
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    455.8    448.2    452.0    440.3     40.1     37.7     38.8     34.2   8.8   8.4   8.6   7.8
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,515.1  3,550.0  3,504.1  3,529.7    246.7    255.0    233.8    241.7   7.0   7.2   6.7   6.8
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (2).............  2,565.8  2,604.4  2,558.3  2,590.4    165.7    170.4    157.0    160.1   6.5   6.5   6.1   6.2
     Boston-Cambridge-Quincy..............  1,557.4  1,587.9  1,552.4  1,578.7     93.7     99.1     87.4     92.0   6.0   6.2   5.6   5.8
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    128.1    129.3    127.8    128.4     10.4     10.5      9.8      9.9   8.2   8.1   7.7   7.7
     Framingham...........................    150.4    152.7    149.8    151.6      8.2      8.8      7.7      8.2   5.4   5.8   5.2   5.4
     Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (2).    126.2    128.4    125.7    127.7      8.5      8.3      8.3      8.0   6.7   6.5   6.6   6.2
     Lawrence-Methuen-Salem (2)...........     74.7     75.5     75.1     75.5      8.4      8.4      8.5      8.4  11.2  11.1  11.4  11.1
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    156.9    157.6    156.5    156.8     11.8     11.5     11.1     10.9   7.5   7.3   7.1   6.9
     Nashua (2)...........................    177.6    178.0    176.5    177.7     10.7      9.7     10.6      9.4   6.0   5.5   6.0   5.3
     Peabody..............................    131.6    133.0    131.5    132.1      9.3      9.4      8.8      8.8   7.0   7.1   6.7   6.7
     Taunton-Norton-Raynham...............     62.9     62.0     62.9     62.0      4.8      4.8      4.6      4.5   7.6   7.7   7.3   7.3
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,742.9  4,805.1  4,691.0  4,760.2    496.4    465.8    433.6    415.2  10.5   9.7   9.2   8.7
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..................  2,048.1  2,063.8  2,031.7  2,067.2    250.5    214.5    223.1    202.4  12.2  10.4  11.0   9.8
     Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.............    832.5    833.0    825.8    834.6    113.2     98.8    101.4     92.4  13.6  11.9  12.3  11.1
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,215.6  1,230.8  1,205.9  1,232.6    137.4    115.7    121.7    109.9  11.3   9.4  10.1   8.9
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,736.9  9,785.0  9,646.4  9,745.2    871.0    743.0    819.9    735.2   8.9   7.6   8.5   7.5
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                           
       Long Island (2)....................  9,686.1  9,754.8  9,585.4  9,694.5    914.2    782.1    854.9    766.0   9.4   8.0   8.9   7.9
     Edison-New Brunswick (3).............  1,255.7  1,255.2  1,243.6  1,245.2    119.4     98.7    109.4     93.7   9.5   7.9   8.8   7.5
     Nassau-Suffolk.......................  1,516.4  1,528.9  1,498.5  1,519.4    118.1     94.5    112.0     93.6   7.8   6.2   7.5   6.2
     New York-White Plains-Wayne (2)......  5,795.8  5,848.5  5,739.5  5,820.8    563.8    492.8    529.7    487.2   9.7   8.4   9.2   8.4
     Newark-Union (3).....................  1,118.2  1,122.2  1,103.9  1,109.0    112.9     96.0    103.9     91.5  10.1   8.6   9.4   8.2
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,576.4  6,631.0  6,538.8  6,550.5    557.2    514.5    544.2    514.0   8.5   7.8   8.3   7.8
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  3,046.7  3,062.5  3,029.7  3,029.7    283.3    257.1    274.3    253.1   9.3   8.4   9.1   8.4
     Camden (3)...........................    673.0    671.2    667.7    666.4     72.8     60.6     68.3     58.0  10.8   9.0  10.2   8.7
     Philadelphia.........................  2,015.8  2,034.3  2,007.0  2,008.7    181.0    168.1    177.8    169.2   9.0   8.3   8.9   8.4
     Wilmington (3).......................    357.8    357.1    355.0    354.5     29.6     28.3     28.2     25.9   8.3   7.9   7.9   7.3
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 12,663.4 12,868.3 12,572.9 12,780.8    934.4    857.4    872.5    798.9   7.4   6.7   6.9   6.3
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,352.6  3,435.3  3,340.7  3,433.7    241.8    219.7    228.0    205.6   7.2   6.4   6.8   6.0
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,234.1  2,288.9  2,226.5  2,288.7    162.5    147.5    152.8    138.2   7.3   6.4   6.9   6.0
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,118.5  1,146.4  1,114.2  1,145.0     79.3     72.3     75.2     67.4   7.1   6.3   6.7   5.9
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,502.4  3,500.0  3,465.7  3,484.2    289.8    239.2    281.3    236.2   8.3   6.8   8.1   6.8
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,892.9  1,919.9  1,875.2  1,904.3    150.5    111.0    138.6    116.7   8.0   5.8   7.4   6.1
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,516.5  1,545.6  1,496.5  1,523.3    116.7     80.4    104.3     87.5   7.7   5.2   7.0   5.7
     Tacoma...............................    376.4    374.3    378.6    381.0     33.8     30.6     34.3     29.2   9.0   8.2   9.1   7.7

   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 34 metropolitan divisions. 
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated
December 1, 2009, available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town
Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the
state that corresponds to the first city in their title. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions
lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.
Three sets of metropolitan areas and divisions have similar or identical titles. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va.,
the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. For the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., and Chicago-Joliet-Naperville,
Ill.-Ind.-Wis., metropolitan areas, the division titles are similar but include only Massachusetts and Illinois, respectively. Estimates
for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area July August Change from
August 2012 to August 2013(p)
2012 2013 2012 2013(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,872.8 1,888.9 1,882.6 1,892.3 9.7 0.5

Anniston-Oxford

47.2 47.3 47.4 47.1 -0.3 -0.6

Auburn-Opelika

54.7 55.8 56.1 56.4 0.3 0.5

Birmingham-Hoover

500.6 500.5 500.6 499.9 -0.7 -0.1

Decatur

53.5 54.2 54.2 54.2 0.0 0.0

Dothan

55.9 56.6 56.1 56.6 0.5 0.9

Florence-Muscle Shoals

54.3 54.9 54.7 55.1 0.4 0.7

Gadsden

35.8 36.5 36.2 37.0 0.8 2.2

Huntsville

208.5 208.3 209.7 208.7 -1.0 -0.5

Mobile

172.0 173.1 172.5 173.8 1.3 0.8

Montgomery

166.1 167.8 167.2 167.3 0.1 0.1

Tuscaloosa

94.0 97.2 96.1 98.1 2.0 2.1


Alaska

357.7 356.8 357.1 355.2 -1.9 -0.5

Anchorage

182.9 184.9 183.3 184.4 1.1 0.6

Fairbanks

40.8 41.1 41.0 41.4 0.4 1.0


Arizona

2,386.3 2,453.6 2,445.3 2,493.4 48.1 2.0

Flagstaff

63.0 64.4 63.5 64.8 1.3 2.0

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

44.4 44.1 45.0 44.0 -1.0 -2.2

Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale

1,704.7 1,760.1 1,748.0 1,790.2 42.2 2.4

Prescott

54.4 54.1 55.5 55.4 -0.1 -0.2

Tucson

345.2 352.3 355.4 357.1 1.7 0.5

Yuma

48.2 47.6 49.8 49.0 -0.8 -1.6


Arkansas

1,159.6 1,174.6 1,167.8 1,178.1 10.3 0.9

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

206.5 217.7 208.6 219.3 10.7 5.1

Fort Smith

114.5 117.5 116.3 118.7 2.4 2.1

Hot Springs

37.5 37.7 38.0 37.4 -0.6 -1.6

Jonesboro

49.9 52.2 50.7 53.0 2.3 4.5

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

339.0 347.0 340.8 347.2 6.4 1.9

Pine Bluff

35.4 35.0 35.6 35.3 -0.3 -0.8


California

14,309.3 14,536.0 14,387.9 14,591.2 203.3 1.4

Bakersfield-Delano

239.5 242.9 240.9 243.0 2.1 0.9

Chico

67.1 68.1 68.8 69.2 0.4 0.6

El Centro

43.7 45.3 44.8 45.6 0.8 1.8

Fresno

281.0 286.1 281.7 284.7 3.0 1.1

Hanford-Corcoran

36.5 37.0 36.3 36.9 0.6 1.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,226.1 5,314.9 5,239.3 5,323.8 84.5 1.6

Madera-Chowchilla

33.4 33.7 32.7 33.4 0.7 2.1

Merced

54.5 55.1 57.0 57.5 0.5 0.9

Modesto

148.3 150.2 152.6 153.0 0.4 0.3

Napa

63.0 66.0 64.0 66.1 2.1 3.3

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

275.7 280.4 277.1 281.7 4.6 1.7

Redding

57.4 57.5 57.8 58.0 0.2 0.3

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,134.0 1,138.0 1,144.0 1,152.1 8.1 0.7

Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville

821.9 826.9 825.6 828.2 2.6 0.3

Salinas

123.5 124.8 123.1 124.3 1.2 1.0

San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos

1,256.9 1,274.9 1,263.0 1,277.8 14.8 1.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

1,980.4 2,007.6 1,988.2 2,010.2 22.0 1.1

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

902.0 928.2 907.6 935.6 28.0 3.1

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles

100.8 104.4 100.9 102.3 1.4 1.4

Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta

168.1 171.3 168.9 172.0 3.1 1.8

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

88.8 92.9 88.6 91.5 2.9 3.3

Santa Rosa-Petaluma

171.0 172.0 171.8 173.5 1.7 1.0

Stockton

188.9 191.7 191.7 193.6 1.9 1.0

Vallejo-Fairfield

119.3 122.4 119.9 121.7 1.8 1.5

Visalia-Porterville

107.0 109.0 108.3 109.3 1.0 0.9

Yuba City

36.1 37.3 36.8 38.3 1.5 4.1


Colorado

2,317.1 2,380.0 2,326.3 2,378.9 52.6 2.3

Boulder

166.6 170.7 167.3 170.9 3.6 2.2

Colorado Springs

252.2 254.9 254.1 254.9 0.8 0.3

Denver-Aurora-Broomfield

1,255.2 1,291.1 1,257.4 1,291.7 34.3 2.7

Fort Collins-Loveland

140.0 142.6 141.3 143.2 1.9 1.3

Grand Junction

59.8 60.1 60.3 60.4 0.1 0.2

Greeley

83.9 85.3 84.7 86.8 2.1 2.5

Pueblo

57.6 58.7 57.5 57.7 0.2 0.3


Connecticut

1,633.3 1,656.5 1,630.1 1,642.7 12.6 0.8

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

410.5 417.3 406.8 411.5 4.7 1.2

Danbury

67.4 68.4 67.2 68.2 1.0 1.5

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

538.9 548.9 536.2 543.6 7.4 1.4

New Haven

266.9 269.1 266.3 267.4 1.1 0.4

Norwich-New London

129.5 128.4 128.6 127.9 -0.7 -0.5

Waterbury

62.4 62.6 61.8 62.3 0.5 0.8


Delaware

422.2 430.9 421.3 428.6 7.3 1.7

Dover

62.7 63.3 62.2 62.5 0.3 0.5


District of Columbia

740.5 742.5 727.1 728.7 1.6 0.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,045.1 3,095.0 3,035.1 3,068.5 33.4 1.1


Florida

7,279.4 7,429.1 7,375.9 7,502.1 126.2 1.7

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

201.3 204.2 204.0 206.9 2.9 1.4

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

79.5 82.3 79.7 82.2 2.5 3.1

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

153.1 155.6 154.2 155.5 1.3 0.8

Gainesville

124.5 127.3 125.6 129.3 3.7 2.9

Jacksonville

589.7 606.1 595.3 605.8 10.5 1.8

Lakeland-Winter Haven

188.9 189.4 192.3 192.0 -0.3 -0.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,234.5 2,275.4 2,264.7 2,299.8 35.1 1.5

Naples-Marco Island

111.8 118.1 113.1 120.2 7.1 6.3

North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota

240.3 242.1 242.7 244.5 1.8 0.7

Ocala

90.2 93.1 91.9 94.5 2.6 2.8

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,029.3 1,052.4 1,040.0 1,059.4 19.4 1.9

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

193.7 196.9 194.9 198.3 3.4 1.7

Palm Coast

20.0 19.6 20.4 19.8 -0.6 -2.9

Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach

74.7 72.6 74.9 72.2 -2.7 -3.6

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

160.5 162.6 163.3 164.2 0.9 0.6

Port St. Lucie

118.5 121.1 121.4 125.8 4.4 3.6

Punta Gorda

40.8 41.4 41.3 41.9 0.6 1.5

Sebastian-Vero Beach

43.6 45.0 43.9 45.9 2.0 4.6

Tallahassee

158.8 161.9 161.5 163.7 2.2 1.4

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,138.7 1,179.7 1,153.2 1,194.9 41.7 3.6


Georgia

3,929.7 4,042.1 3,962.8 4,045.1 82.3 2.1

Albany

61.0 61.0 61.5 61.1 -0.4 -0.7

Athens-Clarke County

86.1 88.2 87.5 88.7 1.2 1.4

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta

2,340.8 2,413.1 2,358.8 2,415.9 57.1 2.4

Augusta-Richmond County

211.5 215.8 212.8 216.6 3.8 1.8

Brunswick

40.6 40.7 40.7 40.5 -0.2 -0.5

Columbus

118.9 119.5 119.8 120.0 0.2 0.2

Dalton

62.7 62.6 63.1 62.9 -0.2 -0.3

Gainesville

74.3 75.3 75.3 76.3 1.0 1.3

Hinesville-Fort Stewart

19.3 19.4 19.7 19.7 0.0 0.0

Macon

97.2 98.8 98.1 99.9 1.8 1.8

Rome

38.3 38.4 38.9 38.6 -0.3 -0.8

Savannah

156.8 157.4 157.6 157.4 -0.2 -0.1

Valdosta

53.3 54.0 53.8 54.2 0.4 0.7

Warner Robins

59.1 59.1 59.3 59.0 -0.3 -0.5


Hawaii

597.3 606.3 603.4 606.7 3.3 0.5

Honolulu

439.8 444.9 444.2 445.0 0.8 0.2


Idaho

627.3 645.1 629.7 645.4 15.7 2.5

Boise City-Nampa

265.9 274.0 268.5 274.2 5.7 2.1

Coeur d'Alene

55.0 56.2 55.6 56.2 0.6 1.1

Idaho Falls

50.1 50.9 50.0 50.8 0.8 1.6

Lewiston

25.8 26.1 26.0 25.9 -0.1 -0.4

Pocatello

35.0 35.1 34.9 34.9 0.0 0.0


Illinois

5,752.2 5,817.3 5,765.6 5,817.0 51.4 0.9

Bloomington-Normal

89.1 88.7 90.4 89.0 -1.4 -1.5

Champaign-Urbana

101.0 102.8 98.6 100.7 2.1 2.1

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

4,391.6 4,456.1 4,404.4 4,458.1 53.7 1.2

Danville

29.6 29.2 29.7 29.3 -0.4 -1.3

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island

185.6 185.9 185.9 186.2 0.3 0.2

Decatur

52.2 50.1 52.4 50.6 -1.8 -3.4

Kankakee-Bradley

43.3 43.3 43.7 43.3 -0.4 -0.9

Peoria

186.3 182.5 187.0 183.5 -3.5 -1.9

Rockford

149.5 148.7 149.8 148.8 -1.0 -0.7

Springfield

111.3 111.5 114.5 116.3 1.8 1.6


Indiana

2,861.3 2,917.3 2,917.0 2,962.8 45.8 1.6

Anderson

39.5 40.6 41.1 41.9 0.8 1.9

Bloomington

76.6 76.5 80.4 76.4 -4.0 -5.0

Columbus

48.6 50.2 49.6 51.3 1.7 3.4

Elkhart-Goshen

113.8 115.2 115.5 115.3 -0.2 -0.2

Evansville

174.4 175.1 176.3 177.2 0.9 0.5

Fort Wayne

205.0 205.5 206.9 211.5 4.6 2.2

Indianapolis-Carmel

911.5 930.1 924.7 936.9 12.2 1.3

Kokomo

41.8 42.9 42.6 43.6 1.0 2.3

Lafayette

90.6 92.7 92.1 96.9 4.8 5.2

Michigan City-La Porte

42.9 42.6 42.8 42.8 0.0 0.0

Muncie

48.5 48.7 51.2 49.5 -1.7 -3.3

South Bend-Mishawaka

130.9 130.1 132.7 130.5 -2.2 -1.7

Terre Haute

68.8 70.0 70.0 70.1 0.1 0.1


Iowa

1,498.3 1,521.7 1,503.1 1,518.2 15.1 1.0

Ames

45.4 45.8 46.7 47.4 0.7 1.5

Cedar Rapids

138.7 139.8 139.2 139.9 0.7 0.5

Des Moines-West Des Moines

325.4 335.0 328.0 332.8 4.8 1.5

Dubuque

57.0 57.9 57.5 57.8 0.3 0.5

Iowa City

90.4 91.7 92.2 93.6 1.4 1.5

Sioux City

73.1 75.2 73.5 75.0 1.5 2.0

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

89.6 91.7 89.8 91.9 2.1 2.3


Kansas

1,339.6 1,360.4 1,346.5 1,361.9 15.4 1.1

Lawrence

46.8 47.5 49.7 47.5 -2.2 -4.4

Manhattan

52.7 54.5 53.7 53.7 0.0 0.0

Topeka

107.4 108.4 108.3 108.7 0.4 0.4

Wichita

281.4 283.7 281.7 284.0 2.3 0.8


Kentucky

1,818.4 1,838.3 1,829.9 1,849.0 19.1 1.0

Bowling Green

61.2 61.4 62.4 62.6 0.2 0.3

Elizabethtown

48.8 48.5 49.1 49.0 -0.1 -0.2

Lexington-Fayette

251.6 262.9 253.0 264.9 11.9 4.7

Louisville-Jefferson County

610.5 621.1 615.6 629.0 13.4 2.2

Owensboro

52.3 53.5 52.9 53.8 0.9 1.7


Louisiana

1,903.7 1,933.9 1,914.3 1,947.9 33.6 1.8

Alexandria

62.5 62.5 62.5 62.6 0.1 0.2

Baton Rouge

367.7 375.6 373.3 378.8 5.5 1.5

Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux

94.8 97.2 94.8 98.1 3.3 3.5

Lafayette

154.5 158.6 155.3 159.2 3.9 2.5

Lake Charles

90.1 93.2 91.1 94.7 3.6 4.0

Monroe

76.4 76.3 76.3 75.8 -0.5 -0.7

New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner

523.9 527.8 527.4 533.9 6.5 1.2

Shreveport-Bossier City

177.6 175.1 177.8 175.5 -2.3 -1.3


Maine

610.5 618.5 611.0 616.8 5.8 0.9

Bangor

63.0 63.6 62.7 63.5 0.8 1.3

Lewiston-Auburn

47.2 47.4 47.4 47.3 -0.1 -0.2

Portland-South Portland-Biddeford

197.3 200.5 197.4 199.7 2.3 1.2


Maryland

2,576.3 2,623.3 2,577.5 2,620.5 43.0 1.7

Baltimore-Towson

1,311.8 1,338.2 1,313.2 1,336.3 23.1 1.8

Cumberland

38.8 38.9 38.9 39.0 0.1 0.3

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

103.2 104.1 103.1 104.0 0.9 0.9

Salisbury

52.2 51.2 52.1 51.1 -1.0 -1.9


Massachusetts

3,289.3 3,344.4 3,280.3 3,337.1 56.8 1.7

Barnstable Town

113.5 115.0 112.4 113.8 1.4 1.2

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

2,500.2 2,561.9 2,494.7 2,559.4 64.7 2.6

Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner

47.7 47.5 47.6 47.2 -0.4 -0.8

New Bedford

65.9 67.2 65.9 66.8 0.9 1.4

Pittsfield

36.9 37.1 36.8 36.5 -0.3 -0.8

Springfield

282.2 280.0 281.5 279.7 -1.8 -0.6

Worcester

241.3 244.3 241.2 245.1 3.9 1.6


Michigan

3,999.7 4,066.8 4,020.7 4,086.2 65.5 1.6

Ann Arbor

197.5 200.6 197.8 201.8 4.0 2.0

Battle Creek

55.5 56.0 55.9 56.3 0.4 0.7

Bay City

36.5 36.7 36.6 36.7 0.1 0.3

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,818.4 1,828.5 1,831.9 1,840.9 9.0 0.5

Flint

132.3 134.1 133.4 134.3 0.9 0.7

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

379.5 398.9 382.2 399.8 17.6 4.6

Holland-Grand Haven

110.0 113.1 111.2 113.0 1.8 1.6

Jackson

53.6 54.0 53.7 53.9 0.2 0.4

Kalamazoo-Portage

134.0 135.5 134.4 135.9 1.5 1.1

Lansing-East Lansing

209.6 209.8 209.9 210.3 0.4 0.2

Monroe

38.7 38.1 38.9 38.5 -0.4 -1.0

Muskegon-Norton Shores

61.6 63.7 62.0 63.8 1.8 2.9

Niles-Benton Harbor

60.6 60.2 60.8 60.5 -0.3 -0.5

Saginaw-Saginaw Township North

85.0 84.2 85.3 85.0 -0.3 -0.4


Minnesota

2,729.4 2,798.9 2,744.0 2,807.3 63.3 2.3

Duluth

129.4 130.2 130.3 130.2 -0.1 -0.1

Mankato-North Mankato

51.7 52.7 51.4 52.1 0.7 1.4

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,761.3 1,826.1 1,770.1 1,827.1 57.0 3.2

Rochester

107.3 107.9 107.8 108.1 0.3 0.3

St. Cloud

99.7 102.8 101.4 103.8 2.4 2.4


Mississippi

1,086.6 1,111.4 1,101.7 1,119.9 18.2 1.7

Gulfport-Biloxi

106.1 105.3 106.4 104.7 -1.7 -1.6

Hattiesburg

57.7 58.3 58.9 58.4 -0.5 -0.8

Jackson

255.6 258.2 257.1 259.6 2.5 1.0

Pascagoula

54.0 55.8 55.4 56.8 1.4 2.5


Missouri

2,644.3 2,681.0 2,660.8 2,689.7 28.9 1.1

Cape Girardeau-Jackson

42.0 42.4 43.2 43.1 -0.1 -0.2

Columbia

93.4 95.3 93.7 94.7 1.0 1.1

Jefferson City

74.9 75.3 75.2 75.6 0.4 0.5

Joplin

78.3 78.7 78.0 79.0 1.0 1.3

Kansas City

993.7 1,006.1 998.2 1,008.2 10.0 1.0

St. Joseph

61.4 62.7 61.7 63.0 1.3 2.1

St. Louis(1)

1,287.3 1,301.5 1,295.5 1,306.5 11.0 0.8

Springfield

193.8 197.9 192.4 194.5 2.1 1.1


Montana

448.2 457.3 450.2 457.1 6.9 1.5

Billings

81.1 82.9 81.8 82.8 1.0 1.2

Great Falls

34.6 34.8 35.2 35.6 0.4 1.1

Missoula

55.0 55.8 56.7 56.4 -0.3 -0.5


Nebraska

960.5 971.1 962.1 972.3 10.2 1.1

Lincoln

174.5 177.7 176.5 178.6 2.1 1.2

Omaha-Council Bluffs

469.7 474.7 469.7 474.5 4.8 1.0


Nevada

1,136.5 1,150.4 1,142.0 1,163.2 21.2 1.9

Carson City

28.1 27.7 28.2 27.6 -0.6 -2.1

Las Vegas-Paradise

817.2 833.2 821.0 843.2 22.2 2.7

Reno-Sparks

189.4 188.7 191.5 191.3 -0.2 -0.1


New Hampshire

635.9 644.4 637.4 643.1 5.7 0.9

Manchester

97.7 98.9 98.1 98.5 0.4 0.4

Portsmouth

58.0 59.2 58.3 58.5 0.2 0.3

Rochester-Dover

54.0 54.9 54.7 55.2 0.5 0.9


New Jersey

3,898.1 3,988.7 3,890.4 3,967.7 77.3 2.0

Atlantic City-Hammonton

139.9 142.3 139.7 141.8 2.1 1.5

Ocean City

54.0 53.3 52.8 52.3 -0.5 -0.9

Trenton-Ewing

242.1 247.0 241.8 245.2 3.4 1.4

Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton

54.7 55.7 55.1 55.6 0.5 0.9


New Mexico

794.6 804.3 801.0 807.9 6.9 0.9

Albuquerque

363.0 370.5 365.4 370.5 5.1 1.4

Farmington

48.1 48.3 48.1 47.9 -0.2 -0.4

Las Cruces

66.9 67.1 68.9 69.0 0.1 0.1

Santa Fe

62.0 61.6 61.6 61.2 -0.4 -0.6


New York

8,798.9 8,918.5 8,784.9 8,905.3 120.4 1.4

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

441.6 445.8 441.5 446.5 5.0 1.1

Binghamton

106.6 106.0 106.3 105.9 -0.4 -0.4

Buffalo-Niagara Falls

544.2 550.9 547.0 552.0 5.0 0.9

Elmira

39.7 39.7 39.5 39.5 0.0 0.0

Glens Falls

60.1 60.5 59.1 60.2 1.1 1.9

Ithaca

63.3 64.4 62.9 63.9 1.0 1.6

Kingston

59.6 60.1 59.1 60.2 1.1 1.9

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island

8,555.3 8,741.6 8,533.3 8,706.1 172.8 2.0

Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown

249.2 249.3 248.9 247.9 -1.0 -0.4

Rochester

509.3 509.9 508.3 508.5 0.2 0.0

Syracuse

312.4 316.9 312.7 315.8 3.1 1.0

Utica-Rome

129.4 130.4 128.9 129.8 0.9 0.7


North Carolina

3,914.7 3,986.8 3,990.8 4,058.7 67.9 1.7

Asheville

168.1 172.7 170.9 174.1 3.2 1.9

Burlington

56.7 58.6 58.0 59.6 1.6 2.8

Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill

829.7 851.8 851.3 874.7 23.4 2.7

Durham-Chapel Hill

279.1 281.9 282.3 286.2 3.9 1.4

Fayetteville

124.7 126.2 126.5 127.4 0.9 0.7

Goldsboro

42.2 42.3 42.5 42.6 0.1 0.2

Greensboro-High Point

337.1 340.5 340.3 346.4 6.1 1.8

Greenville

77.9 78.6 79.3 79.9 0.6 0.8

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

140.7 140.9 142.6 143.1 0.5 0.4

Jacksonville

47.0 47.6 47.9 48.4 0.5 1.0

Raleigh-Cary

521.8 527.0 526.3 526.9 0.6 0.1

Rocky Mount

55.3 54.2 56.0 55.1 -0.9 -1.6

Wilmington

135.8 138.5 139.8 142.5 2.7 1.9

Winston-Salem

200.8 203.8 204.1 207.6 3.5 1.7


North Dakota

429.1 443.5 430.9 444.7 13.8 3.2

Bismarck

67.4 69.3 66.9 68.9 2.0 3.0

Fargo

127.0 131.3 127.6 132.3 4.7 3.7

Grand Forks

53.4 54.0 53.5 54.1 0.6 1.1


Ohio

5,175.6 5,225.2 5,182.5 5,219.8 37.3 0.7

Akron

321.3 328.0 322.1 327.3 5.2 1.6

Canton-Massillon

166.0 169.5 166.7 168.8 2.1 1.3

Cincinnati-Middletown

1,003.0 1,017.9 1,005.7 1,017.2 11.5 1.1

Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor

1,024.9 1,018.2 1,023.2 1,015.3 -7.9 -0.8

Columbus

951.1 969.1 952.9 969.9 17.0 1.8

Dayton

373.9 375.3 374.6 375.3 0.7 0.2

Lima

51.7 51.3 52.0 51.1 -0.9 -1.7

Mansfield

52.8 52.0 52.7 52.0 -0.7 -1.3

Sandusky

40.4 41.0 39.7 39.9 0.2 0.5

Springfield

49.2 49.1 49.9 49.7 -0.2 -0.4

Steubenville-Weirton

43.9 42.9 43.6 43.1 -0.5 -1.1

Toledo

302.3 306.3 304.0 307.1 3.1 1.0

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

222.6 225.5 223.8 227.4 3.6 1.6


Oklahoma

1,591.0 1,605.5 1,603.1 1,611.6 8.5 0.5

Lawton

42.7 43.0 42.5 43.1 0.6 1.4

Oklahoma City

583.6 600.9 589.0 602.8 13.8 2.3

Tulsa

420.3 426.7 421.4 426.8 5.4 1.3


Oregon

1,630.9 1,658.2 1,639.0 1,665.3 26.3 1.6

Bend

62.9 63.2 63.5 63.4 -0.1 -0.2

Corvallis

36.5 36.7 36.8 37.1 0.3 0.8

Eugene-Springfield

139.8 139.5 139.3 138.9 -0.4 -0.3

Medford

73.8 74.3 74.6 74.3 -0.3 -0.4

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,004.1 1,025.3 1,006.2 1,025.7 19.5 1.9

Salem

138.4 140.2 140.6 142.0 1.4 1.0


Pennsylvania

5,694.5 5,732.9 5,697.5 5,739.5 42.0 0.7

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

342.2 352.9 342.8 353.7 10.9 3.2

Altoona

60.5 60.8 60.9 60.8 -0.1 -0.2

Erie

130.0 131.3 130.4 131.9 1.5 1.2

Harrisburg-Carlisle

327.0 327.7 327.4 326.5 -0.9 -0.3

Johnstown

58.2 58.7 58.3 58.5 0.2 0.3

Lancaster

229.7 233.6 229.3 234.6 5.3 2.3

Lebanon

51.1 51.2 51.0 51.0 0.0 0.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,703.8 2,740.1 2,704.8 2,738.4 33.6 1.2

Pittsburgh

1,157.3 1,173.5 1,153.3 1,168.8 15.5 1.3

Reading

168.9 171.0 169.0 171.0 2.0 1.2

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre

250.6 252.2 251.9 253.4 1.5 0.6

State College

70.9 71.7 72.5 72.9 0.4 0.6

Williamsport

55.4 56.1 55.8 56.9 1.1 2.0

York-Hanover

176.5 177.1 177.3 178.1 0.8 0.5


Rhode Island

465.0 468.5 467.3 470.2 2.9 0.6

Providence-Fall River-Warwick

546.3 552.4 549.1 553.8 4.7 0.9


South Carolina

1,852.5 1,893.7 1,859.8 1,892.2 32.4 1.7

Anderson

60.0 61.1 60.7 60.9 0.2 0.3

Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville

306.6 312.1 307.5 312.2 4.7 1.5

Columbia

350.5 359.1 352.3 358.9 6.6 1.9

Florence

82.1 82.4 82.7 83.1 0.4 0.5

Greenville-Mauldin-Easley

303.7 308.7 305.9 310.3 4.4 1.4

Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway

126.7 129.0 125.1 126.1 1.0 0.8

Spartanburg

120.7 122.4 122.2 123.3 1.1 0.9

Sumter

36.8 37.2 37.2 37.4 0.2 0.5


South Dakota

419.1 426.2 421.1 428.8 7.7 1.8

Rapid City

63.7 64.5 65.9 66.4 0.5 0.8

Sioux Falls

140.3 143.3 140.7 144.2 3.5 2.5


Tennessee

2,688.6 2,736.7 2,716.7 2,753.5 36.8 1.4

Chattanooga

232.6 235.7 235.6 237.6 2.0 0.8

Clarksville

85.3 86.1 87.0 87.7 0.7 0.8

Cleveland

42.9 43.3 44.2 44.2 0.0 0.0

Jackson

60.9 61.8 61.1 61.4 0.3 0.5

Johnson City

76.9 76.5 78.6 77.8 -0.8 -1.0

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

117.3 118.2 119.2 119.8 0.6 0.5

Knoxville

327.2 335.8 331.1 338.7 7.6 2.3

Memphis

596.9 603.2 602.4 607.1 4.7 0.8

Morristown

44.6 44.1 45.1 45.0 -0.1 -0.2

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

777.1 808.6 788.6 814.9 26.3 3.3


Texas

10,836.0 11,155.1 10,896.2 11,154.7 258.5 2.4

Abilene

65.7 67.2 65.9 67.0 1.1 1.7

Amarillo

111.5 113.2 111.4 112.8 1.4 1.3

Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos

817.9 846.7 823.0 846.8 23.8 2.9

Beaumont-Port Arthur

158.0 160.0 158.6 159.7 1.1 0.7

Brownsville-Harlingen

130.7 132.7 130.9 132.3 1.4 1.1

College Station-Bryan

94.2 96.2 94.8 96.6 1.8 1.9

Corpus Christi

183.6 190.3 185.6 191.0 5.4 2.9

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,003.0 3,119.5 3,024.0 3,135.0 111.0 3.7

El Paso

279.6 282.9 282.1 283.7 1.6 0.6

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown

2,686.6 2,787.4 2,700.6 2,781.3 80.7 3.0

Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood

129.0 131.0 129.8 131.2 1.4 1.1

Laredo

92.4 94.9 93.3 95.4 2.1 2.3

Longview

100.1 103.0 100.7 103.1 2.4 2.4

Lubbock

128.1 131.5 129.6 131.5 1.9 1.5

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

221.8 225.7 224.9 227.7 2.8 1.2

Midland

81.7 86.9 82.8 86.6 3.8 4.6

Odessa

71.2 74.9 71.8 75.5 3.7 5.2

San Angelo

45.7 46.9 46.3 47.0 0.7 1.5

San Antonio-New Braunfels

875.9 890.4 882.1 889.9 7.8 0.9

Sherman-Denison

43.1 43.5 43.0 43.4 0.4 0.9

Texarkana

55.7 56.2 56.2 56.2 0.0 0.0

Tyler

94.5 94.7 94.2 94.3 0.1 0.1

Victoria

51.5 52.6 52.1 52.9 0.8 1.5

Waco

106.4 108.6 107.3 108.6 1.3 1.2

Wichita Falls

58.0 58.0 57.8 57.9 0.1 0.2


Utah

1,236.7 1,276.5 1,250.5 1,283.7 33.2 2.7

Logan

51.6 52.3 52.2 52.7 0.5 1.0

Ogden-Clearfield

203.1 208.4 204.0 208.9 4.9 2.4

Provo-Orem

188.5 196.0 192.6 199.4 6.8 3.5

St. George

48.6 49.6 49.4 50.8 1.4 2.8

Salt Lake City

635.9 662.5 641.7 662.5 20.8 3.2


Vermont

297.8 302.5 298.5 302.9 4.4 1.5

Burlington-South Burlington

114.5 115.9 114.8 115.9 1.1 1.0


Virginia

3,719.6 3,774.0 3,731.9 3,762.5 30.6 0.8

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

68.4 70.8 69.8 71.5 1.7 2.4

Charlottesville

99.7 97.1 98.6 97.5 -1.1 -1.1

Danville

38.4 39.1 39.2 39.7 0.5 1.3

Harrisonburg

60.9 62.7 61.1 62.3 1.2 2.0

Lynchburg

101.5 102.1 102.1 102.3 0.2 0.2

Richmond

625.2 631.1 627.8 628.6 0.8 0.1

Roanoke

157.8 159.9 159.2 159.5 0.3 0.2

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

749.1 771.4 750.9 773.9 23.0 3.1

Winchester

56.6 60.7 57.3 60.6 3.3 5.8


Washington

2,885.0 2,951.2 2,881.9 2,943.2 61.3 2.1

Bellingham

80.5 80.7 79.7 80.3 0.6 0.8

Bremerton-Silverdale

82.7 81.8 82.6 81.5 -1.1 -1.3

Kennewick-Pasco-Richland

99.7 100.9 100.4 99.9 -0.5 -0.5

Longview

36.2 35.8 36.1 35.3 -0.8 -2.2

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

45.1 45.4 44.9 44.9 0.0 0.0

Olympia

97.9 98.8 97.7 97.8 0.1 0.1

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,721.5 1,773.3 1,718.8 1,764.3 45.5 2.6

Spokane

205.8 211.0 205.2 212.1 6.9 3.4

Wenatchee-East Wenatchee

40.8 41.7 40.5 40.7 0.2 0.5

Yakima

76.8 77.7 76.4 76.6 0.2 0.3


West Virginia

762.1 769.5 765.0 770.4 5.4 0.7

Charleston

147.5 148.2 147.9 148.5 0.6 0.4

Huntington-Ashland

111.2 111.0 112.6 111.9 -0.7 -0.6

Morgantown

65.1 67.3 65.8 67.8 2.0 3.0

Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna

68.6 69.3 69.0 69.0 0.0 0.0

Wheeling

66.6 66.9 66.4 66.5 0.1 0.2


Wisconsin

2,798.9 2,841.9 2,804.8 2,853.0 48.2 1.7

Appleton

117.6 121.4 118.1 121.0 2.9 2.5

Eau Claire

81.3 82.7 81.3 83.5 2.2 2.7

Fond du Lac

45.5 47.1 45.7 47.1 1.4 3.1

Green Bay

168.4 172.2 169.5 173.4 3.9 2.3

Janesville

62.6 63.2 62.0 63.2 1.2 1.9

La Crosse

73.9 75.9 74.2 76.0 1.8 2.4

Madison

351.6 354.4 351.7 355.8 4.1 1.2

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

823.4 830.9 826.6 837.4 10.8 1.3

Oshkosh-Neenah

92.2 93.6 91.7 93.5 1.8 2.0

Racine

75.5 75.1 75.6 75.0 -0.6 -0.8

Sheboygan

59.2 59.1 59.3 59.3 0.0 0.0

Wausau

65.9 66.0 66.0 66.1 0.1 0.2


Wyoming

296.8 301.8 296.6 300.2 3.6 1.2

Casper

41.7 42.0 41.5 41.8 0.3 0.7

Cheyenne

45.3 47.6 45.3 46.8 1.5 3.3


Puerto Rico

923.9 887.4 924.9 884.3 -40.6 -4.4

Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian

47.9 46.4 48.2 46.5 -1.7 -3.5

Fajardo

15.4 14.9 15.6 14.8 -0.8 -5.1

Guayama

15.8 16.3 15.9 16.4 0.5 3.1

Mayaguez

36.6 32.9 36.5 33.0 -3.5 -9.6

Ponce

60.8 58.1 60.0 58.2 -1.8 -3.0

San German-Cabo Rojo

20.6 19.1 20.3 19.0 -1.3 -6.4

San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo

689.6 664.0 689.8 663.1 -26.7 -3.9

Yauco

13.6 12.6 13.4 12.7 -0.7 -5.2


Virgin Islands

39.5 38.6 38.6 38.3 -0.3 -0.8

Footnotes
(1) Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. is the exception since it is listed under Illinois for operational reasons.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
[In thousands]
State, area, and division July August Change from
August 2012 to August 2013(p)
2012 2013 2012 2013(p) Number Percent

California

14,309.3 14,536.0 14,387.9 14,591.2 203.3 1.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,226.1 5,314.9 5,239.3 5,323.8 84.5 1.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

3,831.7 3,890.5 3,845.0 3,897.0 52.0 1.4

Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine

1,394.4 1,424.4 1,394.3 1,426.8 32.5 2.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

1,980.4 2,007.6 1,988.2 2,010.2 22.0 1.1

Oakland-Fremont-Hayward

979.3 985.5 982.9 986.7 3.8 0.4

San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City

1,001.1 1,022.1 1,005.3 1,023.5 18.2 1.8


District of Columbia

740.5 742.5 727.1 728.7 1.6 0.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

3,045.1 3,095.0 3,035.1 3,068.5 33.4 1.1

Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick(2)

570.7 587.7 569.6 586.6 17.0 3.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

2,474.4 2,507.3 2,465.5 2,481.9 16.4 0.7


Florida

7,279.4 7,429.1 7,375.9 7,502.1 126.2 1.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,234.5 2,275.4 2,264.7 2,299.8 35.1 1.5

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

719.1 737.5 725.8 748.5 22.7 3.1

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,008.3 1,020.1 1,024.2 1,027.1 2.9 0.3

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach

507.1 517.8 514.7 524.2 9.5 1.8


Illinois

5,752.2 5,817.3 5,765.6 5,817.0 51.4 0.9

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville(1)

4,391.6 4,456.1 4,404.4 4,458.1 53.7 1.2

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

3,729.2 3,794.6 3,738.2 3,795.1 56.9 1.5

Gary(2)

269.7 268.0 272.9 271.0 -1.9 -0.7

Lake County-Kenosha County(1)

392.7 393.5 393.3 392.0 -1.3 -0.3


Massachusetts

3,289.3 3,344.4 3,280.3 3,337.1 56.8 1.7

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy(1)

2,500.2 2,561.9 2,494.7 2,559.4 64.7 2.6

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

1,731.8 1,782.0 1,727.5 1,779.7 52.2 3.0

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

87.7 89.1 87.7 88.5 0.8 0.9

Framingham

158.8 161.9 158.1 161.1 3.0 1.9

Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury(1)

79.5 82.0 79.2 81.9 2.7 3.4

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(1)

118.4 119.0 118.1 118.9 0.8 0.7

Nashua(1)

124.8 124.9 124.5 125.7 1.2 1.0

Peabody

102.0 103.7 102.2 103.2 1.0 1.0


Michigan

3,999.7 4,066.8 4,020.7 4,086.2 65.5 1.6

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,818.4 1,828.5 1,831.9 1,840.9 9.0 0.5

Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn

709.5 703.5 715.5 710.8 -4.7 -0.7

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,108.9 1,125.0 1,116.4 1,130.1 13.7 1.2


New York

8,798.9 8,918.5 8,784.9 8,905.3 120.4 1.4

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island(1)

8,555.3 8,741.6 8,533.3 8,706.1 172.8 2.0

Edison-New Brunswick(2)

1,010.3 1,028.6 1,012.6 1,028.3 15.7 1.6

Nassau-Suffolk

1,269.8 1,293.3 1,260.4 1,287.5 27.1 2.2

New York-White Plains-Wayne(1)

5,307.8 5,431.5 5,295.9 5,408.1 112.2 2.1

Newark-Union(2)

967.4 988.2 964.4 982.2 17.8 1.8


Pennsylvania

5,694.5 5,732.9 5,697.5 5,739.5 42.0 0.7

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(1)

2,703.8 2,740.1 2,704.8 2,738.4 33.6 1.2

Camden(2)

499.2 509.2 500.4 508.9 8.5 1.7

Philadelphia

1,872.3 1,894.3 1,872.0 1,893.5 21.5 1.1

Wilmington(2)

332.3 336.6 332.4 336.0 3.6 1.1


Texas

10,836.0 11,155.1 10,896.2 11,154.7 258.5 2.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,003.0 3,119.5 3,024.0 3,135.0 111.0 3.7

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,111.2 2,192.8 2,125.3 2,204.2 78.9 3.7

Fort Worth-Arlington

891.8 926.7 898.7 930.8 32.1 3.6


Washington

2,885.0 2,951.2 2,881.9 2,943.2 61.3 2.1

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,721.5 1,773.3 1,718.8 1,764.3 45.5 2.6

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,451.8 1,499.1 1,450.6 1,491.1 40.5 2.8

Tacoma

269.7 274.2 268.2 273.2 5.0 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Part of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(2) All of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.


Last Modified Date: October 21, 2013
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