Economic News Release

Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, November 28, 2012          USDL-12-2324

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- OCTOBER 2012


Unemployment rates were lower in October than a year earlier in 329 of the 
372 metropolitan areas, higher in 37 areas, and unchanged in 6 areas, the 
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Three areas recorded jobless 
rates of at least 15.0 percent, while 41 areas registered rates of less than 
5.0 percent. Two hundred eighty-eight metropolitan areas reported over-the-
year increases in nonfarm payroll employment, 80 reported decreases, and 4 
had no change. The national unemployment rate in October was 7.5 percent, 
not seasonally adjusted, down from 8.5 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, 35 metropolitan areas reported jobless rates of at least 10.0 
percent, down from 80 areas a year earlier, while 180 areas posted rates 
below 7.0 percent, up from 107 areas in October of last year. Yuma, Ariz., 
and El Centro, Calif., recorded the highest unemployment rates in October, 
29.8 and 28.1 percent, respectively. Bismarck, N.D., registered the lowest 
unemployment rate, 2.2 percent. A total of 213 areas recorded October 
unemployment rates below the U.S. figure of 7.5 percent, 149 areas reported 
rates above it, and 10 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. 
(See table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate declines in October were 
registered in Pascagoula, Miss. (-3.1 percentage points), Elkhart-Goshen, 
Ind. (-2.9 points), and Ocala, Fla. (-2.8 points). Twenty-six additional 
areas had decreases of 2.0 percentage points or more. Elmira, N.Y., reported 
the largest over-the-year jobless rate increase (+1.1 percentage points), 
followed by Yuma, Ariz. (+1.0 point).

Among the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million 
or more, the highest unemployment rates in October were registered in 
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., and Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev., 
11.7 and 11.1 percent, respectively. The lowest jobless rate among the 
large areas was recorded in Oklahoma City, Okla., 4.9 percent. Forty-three 
large areas reported over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, four 
registered increases, and two had no change. Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev., 
experienced the largest unemployment rate decline from October 2011 
(-2.5 percentage points). Three other large areas, all in Florida, reported 
rate decreases of at least 2.0 percentage points. Buffalo-Niagara Falls, 
N.Y., recorded the largest unemployment rate increase (+0.8 percentage 
point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 
metropolitan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable 
employment centers. In October 2012, Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., 
registered the highest jobless rate among the divisions, 11.9 percent. 
Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, Md., and Framingham, Mass., reported the 
lowest division rates, 4.8 and 4.9 percent, respectively. (See table 2.)

Twenty-seven of the metropolitan divisions recorded over-the-year jobless
rate decreases in October, while seven registered increases. Fort 
Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla., and West Palm Beach-Boca
Raton-Boynton Beach, Fla., posted the largest rate declines from a year
earlier (-1.9 percentage points each). Eleven additional divisions had
decreases of 1.0 percentage point or more. No division reported an
unemployment rate increase over the year greater than 0.6 percentage point.

In 6 of the 11 metropolitan areas that contain divisions, the ranges 
between the highest and lowest division jobless rates were 2.0 percentage 
points or more in October 2012. Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., recorded 
the largest rate difference among its divisions, 5.8 percentage points 
(Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., 10.7 percent, compared with Framingham, 
Mass., 4.9 percent).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, 288 metropolitan areas reported over-the-year increases in
nonfarm payroll employment, 80 reported decreases, and 4 had no change. 
The largest over-the-year employment increase occurred in New York-Northern 
New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+128,000), followed by Houston-Sugar 
Land-Baytown, Texas (+95,800), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. 
(+78,300). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment was 
reported in Lafayette, La. (+8.5 percent), followed by Elkhart-Goshen, 
Ind. (+7.3 percent), and Columbus, Ind. (+7.2 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Milwaukee-
Waukesha-West Allis, Wis. (-5,800), followed by Colorado Springs, Colo. 
(-4,400), and Augusta-Richmond County, Ga.-S.C. (-3,500). The largest 
over-the-year percentage decrease in employment was reported in Lawton, 
Okla. (-3.9 percent), followed by Auburn-Opelika, Ala., and Dalton, Ga. 
(-3.8 percent each), and Las Cruces, N.M. (-3.7 percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 36 of the 37 metropolitan 
areas with annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2011. The 
largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these large 
metropolitan areas were posted in Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas 
(+3.6 percent); Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, Texas, and San Jose-
Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+3.5 percent each); and Seattle-Tacoma-
Bellevue, Wash. (+3.1 percent). The only large metropolitan area that
reported a percentage decrease was Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, Wis. 
(-0.7 percent).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in October 2012 for 32
metropolitan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable
employment centers within a metropolitan area. Twenty-eight of the 32
metropolitan divisions reported over-the-year employment gains, while 
3 reported losses and 1 reported no change. The largest over-the-year
increases in the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-White 
Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J. (+113,500), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, 
Calif. (+57,800). The over-the-year decreases in the metropolitan 
divisions were in Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-3,400), Nashua, 
N.H.-Mass. (-1,700), and Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, 
Fla. (-1,100). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the
metropolitan divisions was reported in San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood
City, Calif. (+3.4 percent), followed by Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. 
(+3.1 percent), and Tacoma, Wash. (+3.0 percent). The largest over-the-
year percentage decrease in employment occurred in Nashua, N.H.-Mass. 
(-1.4 percent).

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for
November is scheduled to be released on Friday, December 21, 2012, 
at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment
news release for November is scheduled to be released on Tuesday,
January 8, 2013, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


    __________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                  |
   |         Current Employment Statistics (CES) Data Error           |
   |                                                                  |
   | BLS has identified errors in the state government employment     |
   | data in the Lubbock, Texas metropolitan statistical area         |
   | (31180). Federal and state government data in this area will be  |
   | suppressed from 1990 forward while we research the full scope of |
   | the errors. BLS plans to release the corrected series concurrent |
   | with the CES State and Area benchmark release on March 18, 2013. |
   | More information on this data suppression and a complete listing |
   | of corrections to the CES State and Area database can be found   |
   | at www.bls.gov/bls/errata/sae_errata.htm.                        |
   |                                                                  |
   |__________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note


   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for
372 metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 8 areas in Puerto Rico.  Estimates for 34
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented.  Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
   
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program
   
   Definitions.  The labor force and unemployment data are based on 
the same concepts and definitions as those used for the official na-
tional estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a 
sample survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.  The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis.  The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
over.  Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation.  Unemployed persons are those who were
not employed during the reference week (based on the definition above),
had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with
the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed.  The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed
persons.  The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force.
   
   Method of estimation.  Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, 
and New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals.  Model-based estimation was
extended to the following areas and their respective balances of state
in 2005:  the Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-
Warren-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-
Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Metropolitan Statistical Area; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division.  (Model-based estimation of the New Orleans-
Metairie-Kenner metropolitan area was suspended following Hurricane
Katrina; the indirect estimation methods described below will be used
for this area until further notice.)  Modeling improves the statistical
basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools for
analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series.
For all other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared
through indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work" esti-
mates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of residence 
as used in the CPS.  Unemployment estimates are aggregates of persons 
previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment in-
surance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geograph- 
ically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure 
that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-state 
totals.  A detailed description of the estimation procedures is avail-
able from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions.  Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the end of each year, usually
implemented with January estimates.  The adjusted model-based estimates
reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revi-
sions in the other data sources, and model reestimation.  All substate 
estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised model-based 
estimates.

Employment--from the CES program
   
   Definitions.  Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month.  Persons are counted at their place of work
rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than
one payroll are counted on each payroll.  Industries are classified on
the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 ver-
sion of the North American Industry Classification System.
   
   Method of estimation.  The employment data are estimated using a
"link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-
month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sam-
ple of establishments reporting for both months.  The estimates of em-
ployment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the esti-
mates for the previous month by these ratios.  Small-domain models are 
used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES 
published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based 
estimates.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state un-
employment insurance (UI) laws.  The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month.  Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employ-
ment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in 
the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates
   
   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors.  Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed.  Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations.  Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the particular estimation processes used.  The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding.  Unemployment rates are computed from un-
rounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates.  Model-based error measures
are available for states on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm.
Measures of nonsampling error are not available, but additional infor-
mation on the subject is provided in Employment and Earnings Online at
www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.
   
   Employment estimates.  Measures of sampling error for state CES data at
the supersector level are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm.
Information on recent benchmark revisions is available on the BLS website at
www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions
   
   The substate area data published in this release reflect the stan-
dards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and 
Budget on December 1, 2009.  Data reflect New England City and Town
Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the
six New England States.  A detailed list of the geographic definitions
is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
   
   More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop
these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings
Online.
   
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment.  Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, labor market areas, counties, cities
with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the admini-
stration of various federal economic assistance programs are available 
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/.  Employment data from the 
CES program are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Ser-
vice:  (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                             September          October          September          October       September    October  
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2011     2012     2011     2012p    2011     2012     2011     2012p   2011  2012  2011 2012p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,193.5  2,145.4  2,188.4  2,182.8    196.9    162.0    182.2    171.2   9.0   7.6   8.3   7.8
  Anniston-Oxford.......................     53.3     53.3     53.4     54.1      4.9      4.2      4.6      4.4   9.3   7.8   8.6   8.2
  Auburn-Opelika........................     68.5     65.8     69.2     67.7      4.9      4.2      4.6      4.6   7.2   6.4   6.6   6.7
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    530.3    517.6    528.8    528.4     43.9     35.1     40.3     37.2   8.3   6.8   7.6   7.0
  Decatur...............................     73.6     72.5     73.9     74.4      6.6      5.3      6.0      5.6   9.0   7.2   8.1   7.5
  Dothan................................     65.3     63.9     65.4     65.3      5.4      4.6      4.9      4.9   8.2   7.3   7.6   7.5
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     70.1     69.7     70.9     71.2      6.2      5.1      5.5      5.2   8.8   7.3   7.8   7.3
  Gadsden...............................     45.8     44.8     45.8     46.0      4.2      3.4      3.9      3.9   9.2   7.6   8.5   8.5
  Huntsville............................    213.7    209.7    213.0    213.3     16.3     13.4     15.2     14.2   7.6   6.4   7.1   6.7
  Mobile................................    193.0    190.6    192.0    194.0     19.5     16.1     18.3     16.9  10.1   8.5   9.5   8.7
  Montgomery............................    170.9    168.8    170.6    170.4     15.6     12.9     14.5     13.7   9.1   7.7   8.5   8.0
  Tuscaloosa............................    101.5     96.5    101.1     99.2      8.5      7.1      7.8      7.7   8.4   7.4   7.7   7.8
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    369.0    365.9    366.3    361.6     25.4     23.2     25.5     21.6   6.9   6.3   6.9   6.0
  Anchorage.............................    198.2    195.0    201.4    196.7     12.6     11.0     12.4     10.0   6.3   5.6   6.1   5.1
  Fairbanks.............................     47.3     47.4     47.4     47.7      2.8      2.5      2.9      2.4   6.0   5.4   6.0   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,038.7  3,021.9  3,034.1  3,022.7    289.3    240.9    281.1    244.1   9.5   8.0   9.3   8.1
  Flagstaff.............................     73.4     72.6     73.2     71.7      6.4      5.4      6.2      5.5   8.7   7.5   8.5   7.6
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     87.7     85.4     86.4     84.9      9.5      7.8      9.4      8.0  10.8   9.1  10.8   9.4
  Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale.................  2,035.0  2,037.3  2,033.8  2,039.8    173.5    139.6    168.5    141.0   8.5   6.9   8.3   6.9
  Prescott..............................     91.2     89.8     91.3     90.0      8.9      7.4      8.7      7.7   9.7   8.3   9.5   8.5
  Tucson................................    466.8    456.7    466.3    456.6     39.1     32.1     37.8     32.3   8.4   7.0   8.1   7.1
  Yuma..................................     92.3     91.4     91.4     92.5     27.4     27.1     26.3     27.5  29.6  29.7  28.8  29.8
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,375.0  1,378.0  1,373.1  1,364.7    105.6     90.2    100.1     90.6   7.7   6.5   7.3   6.6
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    233.8    239.4    233.6    238.8     14.1     11.7     13.3     11.9   6.0   4.9   5.7   5.0
  Fort Smith............................    130.5    130.3    130.4    128.6     11.0      9.9     10.8     10.2   8.4   7.6   8.3   7.9
  Hot Springs...........................     43.5     42.0     42.9     41.4      3.4      2.9      3.2      2.9   7.9   6.9   7.5   7.1
  Jonesboro.............................     58.8     59.7     58.9     59.4      4.3      3.8      4.0      3.9   7.3   6.4   6.8   6.5
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    349.2    349.1    346.1    347.3     24.2     20.7     22.8     20.8   6.9   5.9   6.6   6.0
  Pine Bluff............................     44.5     43.8     44.4     43.7      4.4      3.6      4.1      3.7   9.9   8.3   9.3   8.5
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,473.7 18,373.8 18,482.8 18,442.9  2,124.6  1,774.8  2,084.0  1,801.7  11.5   9.7  11.3   9.8
  Bakersfield-Delano....................    387.2    385.3    387.0    387.1     52.4     45.9     51.5     47.2  13.5  11.9  13.3  12.2
  Chico.................................    101.5     99.6    102.2    101.0     13.0     11.1     12.7     11.2  12.8  11.1  12.4  11.0
  El Centro.............................     79.0     77.6     78.7     76.7     25.0     23.3     24.2     21.5  31.6  30.0  30.7  28.1
  Fresno................................    447.4    448.0    438.1    440.7     67.1     58.4     68.8     61.0  15.0  13.0  15.7  13.9
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     62.0     62.0     61.5     61.8      8.8      7.9      9.0      8.6  14.2  12.8  14.6  13.9
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana......  6,553.6  6,419.9  6,567.9  6,463.4    756.6    603.8    735.2    617.3  11.5   9.4  11.2   9.6
  Madera-Chowchilla.....................     68.5     67.5     64.7     64.8      9.2      7.8      9.2      8.1  13.4  11.6  14.2  12.5
  Merced................................    113.4    109.1    111.6    110.1     17.7     15.7     17.3     16.2  15.6  14.4  15.5  14.7
  Modesto...............................    238.7    234.9    234.6    234.4     36.5     31.6     36.2     32.7  15.3  13.4  15.4  13.9
  Napa..................................     78.4     77.4     78.0     77.5      6.5      5.4      6.3      5.3   8.3   6.9   8.0   6.9
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    436.3    433.8    438.2    440.0     44.3     38.1     43.1     38.1  10.2   8.8   9.8   8.6
  Redding...............................     84.9     84.0     85.0     85.0     11.3      9.7     11.1      9.8  13.3  11.6  13.1  11.5
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,799.4  1,785.8  1,807.6  1,793.5    242.1    207.7    237.8    209.1  13.5  11.6  13.2  11.7
  Sacramento—Arden-Arcade—Roseville.....  1,037.9  1,041.3  1,035.8  1,038.9    119.6    101.1    117.8    102.0  11.5   9.7  11.4   9.8
  Salinas...............................    231.2    233.5    228.3    231.3     22.8     19.9     22.8     20.4   9.9   8.5  10.0   8.8
  San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos.........  1,583.7  1,596.7  1,591.5  1,601.7    157.5    135.3    155.4    137.0   9.9   8.5   9.8   8.6
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont.........  2,274.5  2,309.7  2,281.9  2,312.8    211.0    176.9    206.4    177.3   9.3   7.7   9.0   7.7
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........    932.8    946.0    931.8    950.4     89.7     75.0     87.9     75.3   9.6   7.9   9.4   7.9
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles...........    139.8    141.3    140.3    143.4     12.7     10.4     12.4     10.5   9.1   7.4   8.9   7.3
  Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta......    225.1    227.6    225.9    230.1     19.1     16.2     19.1     16.7   8.5   7.1   8.4   7.3
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    152.5    153.4    153.0    158.1     15.5     13.5     15.5     13.7  10.2   8.8  10.1   8.7
  Santa Rosa-Petaluma...................    259.2    264.8    257.8    265.4     24.6     20.1     24.1     20.3   9.5   7.6   9.3   7.6
  Stockton..............................    299.6    300.1    296.8    300.5     47.0     40.3     46.8     41.0  15.7  13.4  15.8  13.6
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    216.4    216.7    216.8    217.2     24.0     20.2     23.3     20.3  11.1   9.3  10.8   9.3
  Visalia-Porterville...................    209.2    207.4    207.0    207.1     32.1     29.1     32.3     29.9  15.4  14.0  15.6  14.4
  Yuba City.............................     71.7     69.4     71.4     69.3     11.7     10.3     11.7     10.6  16.4  14.9  16.4  15.3
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,744.9  2,746.2  2,743.6  2,746.8    216.8    203.3    212.1    206.1   7.9   7.4   7.7   7.5
  Boulder...............................    176.9    179.7    178.6    181.2     10.4     10.2     10.3     10.4   5.9   5.7   5.8   5.7
  Colorado Springs......................    316.1    306.1    315.0    307.2     27.9     26.6     27.3     27.1   8.8   8.7   8.7   8.8
  Denver-Aurora-Broomfield..............  1,410.6  1,413.7  1,411.6  1,416.4    113.5    104.6    110.5    105.3   8.0   7.4   7.8   7.4
  Fort Collins-Loveland.................    180.7    183.1    180.1    183.4     11.3     10.6     11.1     10.8   6.3   5.8   6.2   5.9
  Grand Junction........................     80.4     82.0     79.6     81.6      7.1      6.7      6.8      6.8   8.8   8.1   8.5   8.3
  Greeley...............................    124.2    126.7    124.1    126.3     10.9     10.0     10.7     10.2   8.8   7.9   8.6   8.1
  Pueblo................................     77.4     76.6     77.6     77.6      7.7      7.7      7.5      7.9   9.9  10.1   9.7  10.1
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,914.3  1,889.0  1,922.3  1,897.1    162.2    155.5    155.9    163.6   8.5   8.2   8.1   8.6
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    482.4    477.4    484.6    479.8     38.4     36.6     37.0     38.7   8.0   7.7   7.6   8.1
  Danbury...............................     93.7     92.9     94.4     93.7      6.3      6.1      6.0      6.4   6.7   6.6   6.3   6.9
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    606.7    597.7    611.0    600.5     51.5     49.2     49.5     51.7   8.5   8.2   8.1   8.6
  New Haven.............................    320.9    316.1    322.9    318.5     28.6     27.2     27.3     28.6   8.9   8.6   8.5   9.0
  Norwich-New London....................    153.0    149.1    152.0    148.0     13.0     12.5     12.5     13.3   8.5   8.4   8.2   9.0
  Waterbury.............................    102.9    102.9    102.7    103.5     11.3     11.1     10.9     11.5  11.0  10.8  10.6  11.1
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    436.7    436.0    440.1    440.6     32.0     28.5     31.6     29.0   7.3   6.5   7.2   6.6
  Dover.................................     74.7     73.7     76.0     74.4      5.5      5.2      5.4      5.2   7.3   7.0   7.2   7.0
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    344.3    361.5    343.1    361.8     36.3     31.6     34.6     30.1  10.5   8.7  10.1   8.3
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,182.4  3,228.5  3,187.0  3,246.5    188.3    170.9    179.3    165.2   5.9   5.3   5.6   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,326.7  9,387.1  9,304.0  9,389.7    987.0    809.9    946.4    767.5  10.6   8.6  10.2   8.2
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    285.1    280.9    284.1    281.2     32.2     25.8     30.5     24.0  11.3   9.2  10.7   8.5
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin....    101.6    100.2    100.2     99.0      7.4      6.0      7.0      5.7   7.3   6.0   7.0   5.7
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    257.4    255.5    257.6    254.4     27.9     22.5     26.8     21.3  10.8   8.8  10.4   8.4
  Gainesville...........................    141.0    138.9    139.1    140.1     11.4      9.6     10.5      8.7   8.1   6.9   7.5   6.2
  Jacksonville..........................    697.3    703.8    694.2    699.8     70.6     57.9     67.7     54.1  10.1   8.2   9.7   7.7
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    276.4    278.7    274.0    276.9     33.4     27.5     31.5     25.5  12.1   9.9  11.5   9.2
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach...  2,892.3  2,916.6  2,901.6  2,933.5    300.1    246.7    291.5    241.8  10.4   8.5  10.0   8.2
  Naples-Marco Island...................    147.8    148.9    148.4    150.4     16.3     13.8     15.4     12.7  11.0   9.3  10.3   8.4
  North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota.........    301.3    303.8    302.6    304.3     33.3     26.9     31.7     25.2  11.1   8.9  10.5   8.3
  Ocala.................................    135.8    136.1    135.2    135.7     16.8     13.3     16.1     12.4  12.4   9.8  11.9   9.1
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.............  1,136.5  1,156.2  1,129.6  1,153.3    118.8     97.5    113.8     91.3  10.5   8.4  10.1   7.9
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    270.3    270.7    268.2    268.7     31.0     24.8     29.9     23.3  11.5   9.1  11.1   8.7
  Palm Coast............................     34.2     34.3     34.4     34.3      4.9      4.1      4.8      3.9  14.5  12.0  13.8  11.3
  Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City                                                                                                    
  Beach.................................     90.9     91.5     90.0     90.4      9.0      7.3      8.8      7.1   9.9   8.0   9.8   7.8
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    216.4    213.4    213.6    212.2     21.3     17.6     20.1     16.4   9.8   8.3   9.4   7.7
  Port St. Lucie........................    189.2    186.8    189.9    187.1     24.3     20.5     23.1     19.2  12.8  11.0  12.2  10.2
  Punta Gorda...........................     70.3     69.6     70.5     69.4      7.8      6.3      7.4      5.9  11.1   9.1  10.5   8.5
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     62.8     64.0     63.1     64.6      8.4      7.2      7.9      6.6  13.4  11.3  12.5  10.2
  Tallahassee...........................    194.5    194.8    194.9    194.3     16.9     14.2     15.7     12.9   8.7   7.3   8.1   6.6
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,330.7  1,339.3  1,319.2  1,338.7    144.5    117.6    138.3    110.1  10.9   8.8  10.5   8.2
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,739.1  4,786.1  4,738.4  4,802.1    469.3    410.2    456.7    409.5   9.9   8.6   9.6   8.5
  Albany................................     72.9     73.9     72.6     73.4      7.8      6.9      7.5      6.9  10.7   9.4  10.4   9.3
  Athens-Clarke County..................    109.4    112.2    109.8    114.0      8.3      7.2      7.9      7.0   7.6   6.4   7.2   6.2
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta........  2,693.3  2,731.2  2,696.7  2,743.1    262.0    227.2    254.8    225.9   9.7   8.3   9.4   8.2
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    258.4    255.3    259.4    255.3     24.6     21.9     24.2     21.8   9.5   8.6   9.3   8.6
  Brunswick.............................     49.4     50.8     49.5     50.8      5.4      4.9      5.3      4.8  10.9   9.6  10.6   9.5
  Columbus..............................    133.1    131.4    131.6    131.7     12.7     11.5     12.2     11.5   9.5   8.7   9.3   8.7
  Dalton................................     61.1     58.4     60.7     58.6      7.8      6.5      7.8      6.6  12.7  11.1  12.9  11.3
  Gainesville...........................     91.1     94.2     90.8     94.4      7.4      6.3      7.2      6.3   8.1   6.7   7.9   6.6
  Hinesville-Fort Stewart...............     33.2     33.6     33.3     33.7      3.2      2.9      3.1      2.9   9.7   8.6   9.4   8.5
  Macon.................................    112.1    114.0    112.2    115.3     11.5     10.4     11.2     10.4  10.2   9.1  10.0   9.0
  Rome..................................     47.2     47.5     47.1     48.0      5.4      4.5      5.3      4.6  11.3   9.6  11.3   9.5
  Savannah..............................    175.4    179.8    174.1    179.8     16.1     14.3     15.5     14.2   9.2   7.9   8.9   7.9
  Valdosta..............................     65.4     66.4     65.6     66.3      6.1      5.5      6.0      5.4   9.4   8.3   9.1   8.2
  Warner Robins.........................     70.2     71.2     70.3     71.7      5.6      5.1      5.4      5.2   7.9   7.2   7.7   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    657.6    640.9    657.4    640.7     46.1     35.9     44.3     35.0   7.0   5.6   6.7   5.5
  Honolulu..............................    458.9    448.2    459.1    448.0     28.2     22.5     27.2     22.3   6.1   5.0   5.9   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    773.3    777.0    776.5    777.0     63.0     49.4     62.2     49.9   8.1   6.4   8.0   6.4
  Boise City-Nampa......................    301.8    303.3    301.7    304.5     25.9     19.8     25.5     19.9   8.6   6.5   8.4   6.5
  Coeur d’Alene.........................     71.7     72.6     72.2     72.4      6.7      5.3      6.6      5.4   9.3   7.3   9.2   7.5
  Idaho Falls...........................     62.5     63.6     62.8     64.1      4.3      3.5      4.2      3.5   6.9   5.6   6.8   5.4
  Lewiston..............................     28.9     29.8     29.0     29.7      2.1      1.8      2.0      1.7   7.1   6.2   7.0   5.7
  Pocatello.............................     44.2     45.1     45.4     45.5      3.4      2.8      3.4      2.8   7.7   6.2   7.5   6.2
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,591.2  6,623.2  6,590.8  6,675.4    646.3    536.3    634.3    558.6   9.8   8.1   9.6   8.4
  Bloomington-Normal....................     92.3     91.4     92.8     92.7      6.8      6.1      6.8      6.1   7.4   6.7   7.3   6.6
  Champaign-Urbana......................    117.1    115.5    117.8    118.2     10.1      8.9     10.0      9.0   8.6   7.7   8.5   7.6
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville.............  4,844.1  4,892.5  4,837.3  4,920.9    479.9    389.7    467.1    410.8   9.9   8.0   9.7   8.3
  Danville..............................     36.4     35.6     36.9     35.8      3.9      3.6      4.0      3.5  10.6  10.0  10.9   9.9
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island..........    202.3    199.2    201.1    199.1     14.8     12.9     15.3     13.7   7.3   6.5   7.6   6.9
  Decatur...............................     55.5     54.6     55.7     55.3      5.8      5.6      5.7      5.6  10.4  10.2  10.3  10.1
  Kankakee-Bradley......................     56.5     56.1     56.9     57.1      6.7      5.9      6.7      5.9  11.8  10.5  11.7  10.2
  Peoria................................    205.3    204.0    206.6    206.7     17.8     15.3     17.7     16.0   8.7   7.5   8.6   7.7
  Rockford..............................    170.3    168.1    171.0    168.6     23.1     18.4     21.5     18.2  13.6  11.0  12.6  10.8
  Springfield...........................    116.5    117.4    117.2    118.3      9.2      8.5      9.3      8.4   7.9   7.2   7.9   7.1
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,207.5  3,159.9  3,216.4  3,173.3    284.4    237.3    282.1    234.7   8.9   7.5   8.8   7.4
  Anderson..............................     61.5     60.0     61.5     60.1      6.2      5.4      6.1      5.3  10.1   9.0  10.0   8.7
  Bloomington...........................     98.5     96.2     99.8     97.2      7.8      6.6      7.6      6.1   7.9   6.8   7.6   6.3
  Columbus..............................     40.5     41.9     40.9     42.1      2.9      2.3      2.9      2.3   7.2   5.5   7.0   5.4
  Elkhart-Goshen........................     91.9     93.9     92.0     93.8     10.5      7.9     10.3      7.8  11.4   8.4  11.2   8.3
  Evansville............................    185.3    181.3    184.6    182.7     14.2     12.3     13.9     11.9   7.7   6.8   7.6   6.5
  Fort Wayne............................    213.9    215.4    214.5    214.2     18.3     16.3     18.2     14.6   8.6   7.5   8.5   6.8
  Indianapolis-Carmel...................    908.8    891.1    910.7    891.5     76.5     63.2     76.3     63.0   8.4   7.1   8.4   7.1
  Kokomo................................     42.6     42.6     43.1     43.3      4.3      3.6      4.3      3.5  10.2   8.4  10.0   8.2
  Lafayette.............................     99.7     98.8    100.7    100.7      7.7      6.4      7.6      6.4   7.7   6.5   7.5   6.4
  Michigan City-La Porte................     51.0     49.6     51.1     50.0      5.2      4.4      5.2      4.5  10.1   8.8  10.1   8.9
  Muncie................................     54.5     54.3     54.5     54.3      5.4      4.7      5.3      4.5   9.9   8.7   9.8   8.3
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    155.1    153.0    156.7    154.4     15.2     12.5     14.8     12.7   9.8   8.1   9.5   8.2
  Terre Haute...........................     80.4     79.2     80.7     80.8      8.2      7.3      8.0      7.2  10.2   9.2  10.0   8.9
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,663.2  1,637.9  1,670.2  1,654.6     91.9     72.0     88.5     75.9   5.5   4.4   5.3   4.6
  Ames..................................     49.5     50.3     49.7     50.7      2.1      1.5      2.0      1.7   4.3   3.0   4.0   3.4
  Cedar Rapids..........................    146.2    143.7    144.9    144.6      8.3      6.7      8.1      6.9   5.7   4.6   5.6   4.8
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    312.0    311.4    313.6    314.8     17.5     13.9     17.0     14.6   5.6   4.4   5.4   4.7
  Dubuque...............................     52.9     53.2     52.6     53.5      2.6      2.0      2.4      2.1   4.9   3.7   4.6   4.0
  Iowa City.............................     90.4     91.0     91.4     92.2      4.0      2.9      3.7      3.2   4.4   3.2   4.1   3.4
  Sioux City............................     77.1     77.3     77.6     77.9      4.1      3.5      4.0      3.7   5.4   4.5   5.2   4.8
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     96.1     95.3     97.1     95.1      5.1      4.1      5.0      4.4   5.3   4.3   5.1   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,505.7  1,483.0  1,507.5  1,488.4    100.4     78.0     93.6     77.6   6.7   5.3   6.2   5.2
  Lawrence..............................     62.5     60.9     62.4     61.0      3.8      2.9      3.4      2.9   6.0   4.8   5.5   4.7
  Manhattan.............................     61.8     63.5     62.2     64.4      3.6      2.9      3.3      2.9   5.9   4.6   5.3   4.6
  Topeka................................    121.9    119.1    120.5    119.2      8.8      7.1      8.1      7.0   7.2   5.9   6.8   5.9
  Wichita...............................    308.5    303.7    307.5    304.9     24.9     18.8     22.8     18.5   8.1   6.2   7.4   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  2,074.7  2,076.9  2,060.5  2,087.5    192.9    162.6    180.7    162.0   9.3   7.8   8.8   7.8
  Bowling Green.........................     64.9     63.4     64.1     64.4      5.1      4.2      5.2      4.6   7.9   6.6   8.1   7.2
  Elizabethtown.........................     56.2     55.7     55.7     56.5      5.2      4.1      5.1      4.2   9.2   7.4   9.1   7.5
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    240.3    239.6    240.0    242.9     18.6     14.8     17.3     15.2   7.7   6.2   7.2   6.3
  Louisville-Jefferson County...........    637.0    639.9    634.1    641.7     61.0     48.5     57.2     48.1   9.6   7.6   9.0   7.5
  Owensboro.............................     58.7     58.0     58.4     58.2      4.7      3.8      4.3      4.0   8.0   6.6   7.3   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,062.9  2,068.9  2,074.0  2,104.0    147.7    130.9    146.3    131.5   7.2   6.3   7.1   6.3
  Alexandria............................     67.0     67.4     67.2     68.1      4.7      4.1      4.7      4.2   7.0   6.1   7.0   6.1
  Baton Rouge...........................    376.8    374.8    378.5    379.3     27.3     23.2     26.5     23.4   7.2   6.2   7.0   6.2
  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux............    103.4    104.7    103.9    106.8      5.2      4.4      5.2      4.6   5.0   4.2   5.0   4.3
  Lafayette.............................    138.8    149.3    140.8    152.7      7.6      6.2      7.6      6.5   5.5   4.1   5.4   4.2
  Lake Charles..........................     91.8     93.3     92.0     94.5      6.1      5.3      6.2      5.5   6.7   5.7   6.7   5.8
  Monroe................................     80.2     81.4     80.8     82.9      6.1      5.6      6.0      5.6   7.5   6.8   7.5   6.7
  New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner...........    541.9    534.1    545.7    546.7     38.7     36.0     38.5     35.3   7.1   6.7   7.1   6.5
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    184.8    183.5    183.0    185.9     12.3     11.9     12.3     12.1   6.7   6.5   6.7   6.5
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    706.5    706.3    709.1    714.5     47.5     47.3     47.4     47.5   6.7   6.7   6.7   6.7
  Bangor................................     71.7     71.3     73.0     73.3      4.7      4.8      4.7      4.8   6.6   6.7   6.4   6.6
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     58.4     58.1     58.7     59.2      4.0      4.0      4.0      4.0   6.8   6.9   6.8   6.8
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford.....    206.2    205.3    207.4    208.3     11.6     11.6     11.6     11.5   5.6   5.7   5.6   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  3,079.4  3,085.7  3,087.0  3,118.4    215.4    201.2    207.1    197.8   7.0   6.5   6.7   6.3
  Baltimore-Towson......................  1,441.8  1,443.0  1,451.6  1,467.0    106.9    101.5    102.9     99.4   7.4   7.0   7.1   6.8
  Cumberland............................     51.8     51.2     52.0     51.7      4.0      3.7      3.8      3.6   7.7   7.2   7.3   7.0
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    121.8    121.9    121.0    122.1     10.5      9.2     10.0      8.9   8.6   7.6   8.2   7.3
  Salisbury.............................     64.9     63.8     64.3     63.1      5.7      5.1      5.6      5.1   8.8   8.1   8.7   8.1
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,447.5  3,465.7  3,450.8  3,479.9    250.4    223.2    230.3    216.1   7.3   6.4   6.7   6.2
  Barnstable Town.......................    137.0    138.7    134.5    135.2      9.5      8.3      8.8      8.2   6.9   6.0   6.5   6.1
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy...............  2,513.5  2,531.8  2,522.8  2,551.2    167.8    150.3    155.2    147.1   6.7   5.9   6.2   5.8
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner..........     70.8     71.3     70.9     71.3      7.0      6.2      6.4      5.8   9.9   8.7   9.0   8.2
  New Bedford...........................     85.1     86.0     85.4     86.8      8.9      8.4      8.3      8.0  10.4   9.8   9.7   9.2
  Pittsfield............................     39.0     38.6     38.7     38.3      2.8      2.6      2.6      2.5   7.1   6.7   6.7   6.5
  Springfield...........................    346.2    342.0    346.6    342.6     28.4     25.6     26.1     25.0   8.2   7.5   7.5   7.3
  Worcester.............................    294.0    293.3    294.2    295.2     23.1     20.8     21.1     20.1   7.8   7.1   7.2   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,655.3  4,669.7  4,647.5  4,685.6    455.1    384.9    422.7    387.6   9.8   8.2   9.1   8.3
  Ann Arbor.............................    178.8    182.4    181.0    184.7     11.4      9.0     10.3      8.6   6.4   4.9   5.7   4.6
  Battle Creek..........................     64.2     63.5     64.0     64.2      5.4      4.1      4.9      3.9   8.4   6.5   7.6   6.1
  Bay City..............................     51.6     52.1     51.2     52.3      4.6      3.8      4.2      3.6   8.9   7.2   8.2   6.9
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia................  2,023.1  2,012.3  2,021.8  2,028.7    226.1    200.9    213.7    212.8  11.2  10.0  10.6  10.5
  Flint.................................    181.6    185.1    182.5    186.7     18.9     15.6     17.2     15.2  10.4   8.4   9.4   8.1
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    380.0    384.9    377.8    387.4     29.8     23.0     27.0     21.7   7.8   6.0   7.2   5.6
  Holland-Grand Haven...................    129.0    131.6    129.1    132.1      9.8      7.6      9.0      7.3   7.6   5.8   7.0   5.5
  Jackson...............................     70.5     72.2     70.8     72.3      6.6      5.3      6.0      5.0   9.4   7.4   8.5   7.0
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    158.0    162.8    158.8    161.1     13.3     10.5     12.1      9.9   8.4   6.5   7.6   6.2
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    233.7    235.0    235.7    236.8     18.1     14.6     16.3     14.0   7.7   6.2   6.9   5.9
  Monroe................................     68.2     69.3     68.3     68.8      6.2      4.9      5.6      4.5   9.0   7.1   8.2   6.6
  Muskegon-Norton Shores................     81.8     81.4     81.7     81.0      7.9      6.5      7.3      6.1   9.7   8.0   9.0   7.5
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     73.2     73.4     73.3     72.9      6.9      5.7      6.2      5.3   9.4   7.8   8.5   7.3
  Saginaw-Saginaw Township North........     89.6     89.5     89.4     89.6      8.2      6.8      7.4      6.5   9.1   7.6   8.3   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  2,990.5  2,979.0  2,982.1  2,979.2    173.9    156.9    160.9    155.2   5.8   5.3   5.4   5.2
  Duluth................................    145.1    144.6    144.3    144.0      9.4      8.8      8.9      8.5   6.5   6.1   6.1   5.9
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     58.2     58.8     59.3     59.5      2.9      2.7      2.6      2.6   4.9   4.6   4.4   4.4
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,860.7  1,863.1  1,867.5  1,867.8    109.8     99.0    101.6     97.6   5.9   5.3   5.4   5.2
  Rochester.............................    103.4    102.5    103.4    102.8      5.1      4.6      4.8      4.6   4.9   4.5   4.6   4.5
  St. Cloud.............................    107.4    109.1    107.8    108.7      6.0      5.6      5.6      5.4   5.6   5.1   5.1   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,351.5  1,337.8  1,352.6  1,339.4    146.1    121.3    143.6    110.9  10.8   9.1  10.6   8.3
  Gulfport-Biloxi.......................    118.8    118.2    118.5    117.2     12.2     10.1     12.0      9.1  10.3   8.6  10.1   7.8
  Hattiesburg...........................     68.3     68.6     68.5     68.7      6.7      5.4      6.6      5.0   9.9   7.9   9.6   7.3
  Jackson...............................    272.6    268.1    273.8    270.3     23.9     19.9     23.6     18.0   8.7   7.4   8.6   6.7
  Pascagoula............................     73.7     75.6     73.8     75.3      8.7      7.1      8.5      6.4  11.8   9.4  11.6   8.5
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  3,040.0  2,981.7  3,045.0  3,015.0    251.8    186.9    240.3    197.8   8.3   6.3   7.9   6.6
  Cape Girardeau-Jackson................     47.5     45.4     47.3     46.3      3.6      2.6      3.4      2.9   7.5   5.8   7.2   6.2
  Columbia..............................     98.7     95.5     99.5     98.2      5.5      4.0      5.3      4.5   5.6   4.2   5.3   4.6
  Jefferson City........................     78.7     76.9     78.8     77.6      5.1      3.8      4.8      4.1   6.4   4.9   6.1   5.3
  Joplin................................     87.9     86.8     88.5     88.0      6.7      4.6      6.3      5.0   7.6   5.3   7.1   5.7
  Kansas City...........................  1,060.7  1,039.2  1,059.0  1,042.6     84.4     63.1     79.8     64.8   8.0   6.1   7.5   6.2
  St. Joseph............................     71.1     71.7     71.4     73.2      5.2      3.6      4.8      4.0   7.4   5.0   6.7   5.4
  St. Louis (1).........................  1,450.3  1,427.5  1,454.3  1,439.6    127.4     99.8    124.9    103.4   8.8   7.0   8.6   7.2
  Springfield...........................    223.2    221.4    223.9    225.8     16.7     11.8     16.1     13.0   7.5   5.3   7.2   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    505.7    508.4    504.5    510.4     31.3     26.0     31.6     27.7   6.2   5.1   6.3   5.4
  Billings..............................     86.9     87.9     86.7     88.2      4.3      3.5      4.1      3.6   4.9   4.0   4.7   4.0
  Great Falls...........................     40.3     39.7     40.1     40.2      2.3      1.9      2.2      2.0   5.8   4.8   5.6   4.9
  Missoula..............................     59.2     59.2     59.2     59.2      3.5      2.9      3.5      3.1   6.0   5.0   6.0   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................  1,003.7  1,017.0  1,013.1  1,026.3     41.8     34.6     41.2     35.9   4.2   3.4   4.1   3.5
  Lincoln...............................    172.7    176.1    175.2    177.5      6.6      5.4      6.3      5.6   3.8   3.1   3.6   3.2
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    456.7    465.4    458.6    471.0     21.7     17.8     21.1     18.2   4.7   3.8   4.6   3.9
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,391.6  1,363.6  1,386.8  1,371.4    189.3    152.7    183.4    149.3  13.6  11.2  13.2  10.9
  Carson City...........................     28.5     27.6     28.4     27.6      3.7      3.0      3.6      3.0  12.8  10.9  12.6  10.7
  Las Vegas-Paradise....................    999.7    977.6    995.5    985.1    140.3    112.5    135.8    109.8  14.0  11.5  13.6  11.1
  Reno-Sparks...........................    226.3    222.3    225.8    223.1     29.2     24.0     28.5     23.6  12.9  10.8  12.6  10.6
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    737.5    737.6    738.1    739.8     38.6     38.0     36.9     38.5   5.2   5.2   5.0   5.2
  Manchester............................    106.6    106.2    107.6    106.9      5.5      5.5      5.3      5.6   5.2   5.2   5.0   5.2
  Portsmouth............................     45.6     46.8     45.9     46.5      2.1      2.1      2.0      2.1   4.6   4.4   4.4   4.5
  Rochester-Dover.......................     85.8     85.4     85.7     85.5      4.5      4.3      4.3      4.3   5.2   5.0   5.0   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,553.0  4,551.7  4,564.7  4,610.5    419.0    418.7    408.1    432.6   9.2   9.2   8.9   9.4
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    138.2    142.3    135.4    139.8     16.8     17.3     16.8     18.1  12.2  12.1  12.4  12.9
  Ocean City............................     62.2     64.6     57.2     60.1      5.8      6.2      6.4      7.1   9.3   9.6  11.2  11.8
  Trenton-Ewing.........................    208.0    206.8    209.6    209.3     16.1     15.9     15.6     16.4   7.7   7.7   7.4   7.8
  Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton..........     71.4     71.0     70.8     71.7      9.1      9.3      8.9      9.5  12.8  13.0  12.6  13.3
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    926.8    927.2    930.3    933.3     66.7     55.6     65.3     56.3   7.2   6.0   7.0   6.0
  Albuquerque...........................    396.5    394.7    397.9    398.2     30.9     25.3     30.2     25.5   7.8   6.4   7.6   6.4
  Farmington............................     55.6     54.4     56.1     55.1      4.1      3.3      3.9      3.3   7.4   6.1   7.0   6.0
  Las Cruces............................     92.5     91.3     93.3     91.8      6.4      5.6      6.3      5.7   6.9   6.2   6.8   6.2
  Santa Fe..............................     74.1     75.9     74.9     76.1      4.4      3.7      4.3      3.7   6.0   4.8   5.8   4.9
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,487.8  9,537.2  9,505.4  9,620.2    773.6    782.8    762.2    797.6   8.2   8.2   8.0   8.3
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    438.9    440.4    439.0    445.9     31.3     32.8     29.9     32.4   7.1   7.4   6.8   7.3
  Binghamton............................    118.9    118.5    119.6    119.8      9.8     10.1      9.5     10.0   8.3   8.5   8.0   8.3
  Buffalo-Niagara Falls.................    571.3    570.6    569.7    576.4     44.1     47.9     42.3     47.4   7.7   8.4   7.4   8.2
  Elmira................................     39.7     39.2     39.4     39.5      3.2      3.5      3.0      3.5   8.0   8.9   7.7   8.8
  Glens Falls...........................     67.8     68.7     67.8     68.9      4.9      5.1      4.8      5.1   7.2   7.4   7.0   7.5
  Ithaca................................     54.9     56.7     54.6     56.8      3.2      3.2      3.0      3.3   5.9   5.7   5.6   5.8
  Kingston..............................     87.6     87.8     86.6     88.7      7.1      7.5      6.8      7.5   8.1   8.6   7.8   8.5
  New York-Northern New Jersey-Long                                                                                                     
  Island................................  9,420.7  9,449.0  9,459.9  9,556.0    809.8    804.0    801.6    830.5   8.6   8.5   8.5   8.7
     New York City......................  3,946.3  3,959.5  3,962.2  3,988.9    359.8    348.3    365.6    366.7   9.1   8.8   9.2   9.2
  Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown......    319.2    320.4    319.5    324.6     24.5     25.8     23.2     25.3   7.7   8.1   7.3   7.8
  Rochester.............................    519.1    526.9    521.5    530.7     39.3     41.8     37.4     41.2   7.6   7.9   7.2   7.8
  Syracuse..............................    320.4    320.6    319.7    323.3     25.9     26.8     24.7     26.5   8.1   8.4   7.7   8.2
  Utica-Rome............................    138.8    140.3    138.9    140.8     10.9     11.3     10.5     11.3   7.8   8.0   7.6   8.1
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,671.3  4,713.7  4,682.2  4,760.2    483.6    421.9    481.1    416.6  10.4   9.0  10.3   8.8
  Asheville.............................    217.3    218.8    218.2    221.0     17.9     15.6     17.7     15.0   8.3   7.1   8.1   6.8
  Burlington............................     72.8     73.9     72.8     74.3      7.5      6.6      7.6      6.5  10.3   8.9  10.5   8.7
  Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill..........    902.4    908.4    902.4    920.5     96.8     82.6     95.4     82.0  10.7   9.1  10.6   8.9
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    266.2    273.6    268.0    274.5     21.7     19.0     21.7     18.5   8.2   7.0   8.1   6.7
  Fayetteville..........................    166.1    166.5    166.7    169.1     17.0     16.0     17.0     15.8  10.3   9.6  10.2   9.3
  Goldsboro.............................     54.6     55.8     54.8     56.4      5.2      4.8      5.1      4.7   9.6   8.7   9.3   8.4
  Greensboro-High Point.................    371.7    378.8    374.3    380.4     40.4     35.3     40.4     34.6  10.9   9.3  10.8   9.1
  Greenville............................     92.9     94.8     94.2     96.0     10.1      8.8      9.8      8.8  10.9   9.3  10.5   9.2
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    170.4    170.6    170.7    172.4     21.0     17.5     21.0     17.3  12.3  10.3  12.3  10.0
  Jacksonville..........................     67.6     68.9     68.0     69.8      6.4      5.7      6.2      5.7   9.4   8.3   9.1   8.1
  Raleigh-Cary..........................    584.9    598.6    588.1    602.1     50.7     43.3     49.9     42.2   8.7   7.2   8.5   7.0
  Rocky Mount...........................     71.5     72.9     72.1     74.1     10.1      8.8     10.1      8.7  14.1  12.0  14.0  11.7
  Wilmington............................    183.9    180.1    182.2    181.7     19.1     16.7     19.1     16.2  10.4   9.2  10.5   8.9
  Winston-Salem.........................    245.0    243.8    246.4    246.9     23.9     20.7     23.9     20.4   9.8   8.5   9.7   8.2
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    386.2    391.0    386.2    391.8     11.2      9.2     10.5      9.4   2.9   2.3   2.7   2.4
  Bismarck..............................     62.1     62.0     62.2     61.8      1.7      1.4      1.6      1.4   2.7   2.2   2.5   2.2
  Fargo.................................    122.1    120.9    122.2    122.3      4.2      3.4      3.9      3.4   3.5   2.8   3.2   2.8
  Grand Forks...........................     55.9     53.5     55.6     54.2      2.4      1.7      2.2      1.7   4.2   3.2   3.9   3.1
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,811.3  5,782.5  5,824.1  5,810.0    479.4    377.8    464.9    364.3   8.2   6.5   8.0   6.3
  Akron.................................    373.5    373.9    377.8    377.6     29.9     22.8     29.4     22.3   8.0   6.1   7.8   5.9
  Canton-Massillon......................    200.4    200.8    201.2    202.6     17.2     13.1     17.0     12.7   8.6   6.5   8.5   6.2
  Cincinnati-Middletown.................  1,104.2  1,109.2  1,105.5  1,115.4     92.1     71.3     89.7     70.2   8.3   6.4   8.1   6.3
  Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor...............  1,088.1  1,071.7  1,085.7  1,065.4     81.7     70.3     75.9     64.9   7.5   6.6   7.0   6.1
  Columbus..............................    952.8    959.5    961.6    967.5     70.4     54.8     68.9     52.7   7.4   5.7   7.2   5.4
  Dayton................................    412.8    405.9    415.3    410.1     36.2     28.1     35.7     27.0   8.8   6.9   8.6   6.6
  Lima..................................     49.8     50.0     49.9     50.4      4.6      3.4      4.5      3.3   9.2   6.8   9.0   6.6
  Mansfield.............................     58.8     57.8     59.2     58.7      5.6      4.3      5.6      4.4   9.6   7.5   9.4   7.5
  Sandusky..............................     43.3     44.0     42.2     42.8      3.5      2.5      3.6      2.8   8.1   5.7   8.5   6.5
  Springfield...........................     68.4     68.0     69.0     68.9      5.8      4.7      5.8      4.3   8.5   6.9   8.4   6.3
  Steubenville-Weirton..................     55.6     55.3     54.7     54.8      5.9      5.3      5.7      5.2  10.5   9.7  10.5   9.4
  Toledo................................    321.6    315.2    322.5    317.0     28.4     22.6     28.1     22.0   8.8   7.2   8.7   6.9
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    268.5    267.7    268.0    268.1     23.4     20.1     23.2     19.7   8.7   7.5   8.7   7.4
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,777.4  1,826.3  1,785.7  1,827.1    109.7     90.2    112.3     95.5   6.2   4.9   6.3   5.2
  Lawton................................     47.8     46.6     48.1     46.3      3.3      3.1      3.5      3.2   6.9   6.6   7.3   7.0
  Oklahoma City.........................    580.5    603.4    587.2    603.5     33.7     27.8     34.9     29.7   5.8   4.6   5.9   4.9
  Tulsa.................................    438.3    448.8    441.3    449.2     30.0     23.9     30.5     25.2   6.8   5.3   6.9   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  2,000.8  1,972.8  1,998.6  1,971.4    176.3    149.2    175.1    159.4   8.8   7.6   8.8   8.1
  Bend..................................     81.3     78.1     79.9     78.2      9.0      7.3      9.1      7.9  11.1   9.4  11.4  10.0
  Corvallis.............................     44.0     43.2     44.9     44.4      2.8      2.4      2.8      2.6   6.4   5.7   6.2   5.8
  Eugene-Springfield....................    177.6    176.2    179.7    178.4     16.2     13.4     16.0     14.3   9.1   7.6   8.9   8.0
  Medford...............................    104.0    102.6    105.0    102.4     10.8      9.4     10.6      9.8  10.4   9.1  10.1   9.5
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro..........  1,196.1  1,186.2  1,200.2  1,182.2    103.7     87.1    103.0     88.7   8.7   7.3   8.6   7.5
  Salem.................................    200.0    196.2    199.8    196.8     18.2     15.6     18.2     16.5   9.1   8.0   9.1   8.4
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,394.8  6,537.9  6,394.7  6,555.5    482.4    490.6    477.8    485.2   7.5   7.5   7.5   7.4
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    421.2    430.5    419.2    435.3     35.2     35.6     35.1     35.5   8.4   8.3   8.4   8.2
  Altoona...............................     64.8     65.4     64.6     65.9      4.2      4.4      4.2      4.4   6.5   6.7   6.4   6.7
  Erie..................................    140.9    145.0    140.6    143.7     10.3     10.1     10.2     10.0   7.3   7.0   7.3   7.0
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    285.0    289.5    283.3    289.0     20.0     20.1     19.6     19.7   7.0   6.9   6.9   6.8
  Johnstown.............................     67.9     68.7     68.2     69.7      5.4      5.6      5.3      5.5   7.9   8.2   7.7   7.9
  Lancaster.............................    267.1    273.3    266.3    272.9     17.3     16.9     17.0     16.8   6.5   6.2   6.4   6.2
  Lebanon...............................     74.0     74.6     73.1     74.1      4.7      4.6      4.5      4.7   6.4   6.2   6.2   6.3
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  2,966.7  3,000.0  2,981.2  3,025.9    251.2    251.9    247.4    251.6   8.5   8.4   8.3   8.3
  Pittsburgh............................  1,235.3  1,263.6  1,241.2  1,268.6     83.2     84.9     81.6     83.4   6.7   6.7   6.6   6.6
  Reading...............................    206.1    209.4    205.1    209.5     16.1     15.7     15.8     15.5   7.8   7.5   7.7   7.4
  Scranton—Wilkes-Barre.................    280.8    290.3    281.4    292.0     25.0     25.7     24.9     25.5   8.9   8.9   8.8   8.7
  State College.........................     77.5     78.5     78.3     79.7      4.0      4.1      3.8      4.0   5.2   5.3   4.9   5.0
  Williamsport..........................     61.5     64.0     61.4     64.1      4.5      4.8      4.4      4.8   7.3   7.5   7.1   7.5
  York-Hanover..........................    226.1    232.2    226.2    232.6     16.8     16.9     16.6     16.7   7.4   7.3   7.4   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    563.2    562.8    563.8    569.1     60.9     55.2     60.5     56.4  10.8   9.8  10.7   9.9
  Providence-Fall River-Warwick.........    697.8    696.7    698.3    703.5     74.8     68.0     73.3     68.6  10.7   9.8  10.5   9.7
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,158.4  2,137.7  2,160.3  2,145.7    221.9    176.5    214.9    175.5  10.3   8.3   9.9   8.2
  Anderson..............................     83.1     80.8     83.9     81.4      8.2      6.4      7.9      6.5   9.8   8.0   9.4   8.0
  Charleston-North                                                                                                                      
  Charleston-Summerville................    327.4    329.0    328.2    328.6     28.1     22.3     27.3     22.1   8.6   6.8   8.3   6.7
  Columbia..............................    369.5    368.0    371.5    372.0     33.3     27.1     32.1     27.2   9.0   7.4   8.6   7.3
  Florence..............................     93.0     93.5     93.3     93.9     10.5      8.6     10.2      8.5  11.3   9.2  10.9   9.0
  Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.............    316.9    308.6    316.3    312.0     26.6     21.1     25.8     21.2   8.4   6.8   8.2   6.8
  Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway    129.7    126.4    127.9    126.1     13.9     11.1     13.9     11.4  10.7   8.8  10.9   9.1
  Spartanburg...........................    132.3    134.5    133.5    135.1     13.7     11.1     13.3     11.0  10.3   8.3  10.0   8.1
  Sumter................................     44.3     44.2     44.5     44.0      5.1      4.2      5.0      4.2  11.5   9.5  11.3   9.5
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    444.4    442.9    448.3    447.6     18.0     17.3     18.0     18.0   4.0   3.9   4.0   4.0
  Rapid City............................     67.7     66.8     68.1     66.8      2.8      2.7      2.8      2.8   4.1   4.1   4.1   4.2
  Sioux Falls...........................    129.4    128.5    130.4    131.6      5.0      4.7      5.0      4.8   3.9   3.7   3.8   3.7
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,149.1  3,103.3  3,151.4  3,126.8    284.5    235.9    268.8    242.6   9.0   7.6   8.5   7.8
  Chattanooga...........................    263.8    264.4    263.8    264.6     21.9     18.7     20.4     18.9   8.3   7.1   7.7   7.1
  Clarksville...........................    116.1    117.4    114.6    117.8     11.3      9.7     10.6      9.8   9.8   8.3   9.2   8.3
  Cleveland.............................     55.7     54.0     55.3     54.1      5.2      4.2      4.8      4.3   9.3   7.8   8.6   7.9
  Jackson...............................     57.4     56.4     57.4     57.0      5.4      4.5      5.1      4.7   9.5   7.9   8.9   8.2
  Johnson City..........................    103.1    101.3    102.9    101.3      8.4      6.9      7.7      7.1   8.1   6.9   7.5   7.0
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    150.2    149.9    150.0    149.2     12.2     10.4     11.3     10.3   8.1   6.9   7.5   6.9
  Knoxville.............................    377.0    377.0    378.2    379.8     27.4     23.1     25.2     23.4   7.3   6.1   6.7   6.2
  Memphis...............................    628.2    621.0    630.2    625.6     62.7     52.3     61.5     54.0  10.0   8.4   9.8   8.6
  Morristown............................     63.0     61.2     63.2     62.3      6.8      5.7      6.4      5.8  10.8   9.3  10.1   9.3
  Nashville-Davidson—Murfreesboro—                                                                                                      
  Franklin..............................    846.6    830.2    847.6    837.8     67.1     53.2     62.3     53.4   7.9   6.4   7.3   6.4
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 12,525.6 12,641.6 12,515.0 12,671.5  1,002.6    801.6    949.9    792.4   8.0   6.3   7.6   6.3
  Abilene...............................     83.8     84.0     82.3     84.9      5.5      4.2      5.1      4.2   6.6   5.0   6.2   4.9
  Amarillo..............................    135.7    136.2    135.6    137.8      7.6      6.0      7.1      6.0   5.6   4.4   5.2   4.3
  Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos..........    948.1    969.3    947.2    972.7     66.4     51.9     62.7     51.6   7.0   5.4   6.6   5.3
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    188.6    191.3    188.9    189.4     21.0     18.7     19.8     18.5  11.1   9.8  10.5   9.8
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    163.1    158.6    163.1    159.3     19.3     16.2     18.5     16.0  11.8  10.2  11.3  10.1
  College Station-Bryan.................    117.3    114.3    117.3    115.7      7.8      6.2      7.3      6.2   6.7   5.4   6.3   5.3
  Corpus Christi........................    219.0    221.5    218.9    220.2     17.1     13.0     16.0     12.8   7.8   5.9   7.3   5.8
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,314.3  3,334.5  3,300.9  3,342.7    260.0    208.6    247.9    206.7   7.8   6.3   7.5   6.2
  El Paso...............................    329.2    328.7    327.9    327.9     34.3     28.6     33.0     28.5  10.4   8.7  10.1   8.7
  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown............  2,996.5  3,064.7  3,013.0  3,072.6    245.3    192.5    231.6    189.1   8.2   6.3   7.7   6.2
  Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood..............    171.1    171.8    171.7    172.5     14.5     12.1     14.0     12.0   8.5   7.0   8.1   7.0
  Laredo................................    101.0    100.9    102.2    101.1      8.1      6.5      7.7      6.4   8.0   6.4   7.5   6.3
  Longview..............................    113.1    115.2    114.2    115.6      8.0      6.6      7.6      6.5   7.1   5.7   6.7   5.6
  Lubbock...............................    149.8    148.5    149.7    148.2      9.4      7.4      8.8      7.3   6.3   5.0   5.9   4.9
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    317.3    313.0    319.5    315.3     37.6     32.7     35.7     31.9  11.8  10.4  11.2  10.1
  Midland...............................     85.5     88.2     85.4     88.3      3.8      3.0      3.5      2.9   4.4   3.3   4.1   3.3
  Odessa................................     80.4     83.6     80.9     83.8      4.5      3.3      4.2      3.3   5.6   3.9   5.2   3.9
  San Angelo............................     56.7     57.6     56.5     57.9      3.6      2.8      3.4      2.8   6.4   4.8   6.0   4.8
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.............  1,011.2  1,026.7  1,014.2  1,028.1     77.7     61.9     73.5     61.4   7.7   6.0   7.2   6.0
  Sherman-Denison.......................     59.2     59.1     59.0     59.4      4.9      3.9      4.7      3.9   8.3   6.5   8.0   6.5
  Texarkana.............................     67.2     67.8     66.5     68.2      5.0      4.1      4.8      4.1   7.5   6.1   7.2   5.9
  Tyler.................................    104.5    106.3    106.5    107.0      8.3      6.9      8.7      6.9   7.9   6.5   8.2   6.5
  Victoria..............................     62.2     61.3     61.2     60.3      4.2      3.2      3.9      3.2   6.7   5.2   6.4   5.3
  Waco..................................    116.5    115.7    116.5    116.6      8.8      7.0      8.4      6.9   7.6   6.0   7.2   5.9
  Wichita Falls.........................     73.3     72.8     73.0     73.0      5.2      4.3      4.9      4.2   7.1   5.9   6.8   5.8
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,338.6  1,361.9  1,337.1  1,367.4     83.4     64.2     79.2     69.3   6.2   4.7   5.9   5.1
  Logan.................................     67.9     68.8     68.2     69.3      3.1      2.4      2.9      2.6   4.5   3.5   4.3   3.8
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    257.6    259.0    256.6    260.1     16.6     13.0     15.9     13.9   6.4   5.0   6.2   5.3
  Provo-Orem............................    224.7    229.0    224.6    230.9     13.5     10.3     12.8     11.2   6.0   4.5   5.7   4.8
  St. George............................     56.7     56.9     57.0     57.6      4.5      3.4      4.2      3.6   8.0   5.9   7.4   6.2
  Salt Lake City........................    592.4    604.0    592.7    607.6     36.5     27.9     34.6     30.1   6.2   4.6   5.8   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    360.6    358.2    360.1    359.3     18.7     17.4     17.3     16.6   5.2   4.9   4.8   4.6
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    118.1    117.8    118.2    118.2      4.9      4.8      4.6      4.5   4.2   4.0   3.9   3.8
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,325.9  4,339.6  4,328.3  4,359.2    272.4    243.8    260.7    234.3   6.3   5.6   6.0   5.4
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     86.9     90.3     86.5     92.0      5.8      5.3      5.5      5.2   6.6   5.9   6.3   5.6
  Charlottesville.......................    113.1    113.8    114.0    114.5      6.0      5.3      5.7      5.1   5.3   4.7   5.0   4.5
  Danville..............................     53.3     53.2     53.1     53.1      5.0      4.2      4.7      4.1   9.4   7.9   8.9   7.7
  Harrisonburg..........................     69.3     69.0     69.9     70.8      4.4      3.8      4.1      3.8   6.3   5.5   5.9   5.3
  Lynchburg.............................    126.1    124.5    125.8    126.5      9.0      7.8      8.5      7.5   7.1   6.3   6.8   5.9
  Richmond..............................    677.4    676.1    678.6    678.7     47.7     42.0     45.8     40.5   7.0   6.2   6.7   6.0
  Roanoke...............................    162.7    161.3    163.3    162.3     10.7      9.4     10.2      9.0   6.6   5.8   6.3   5.5
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    849.5    848.7    848.0    849.4     60.3     53.3     58.5     51.5   7.1   6.3   6.9   6.1
  Winchester............................     68.9     66.4     68.6     67.3      4.4      3.9      4.3      3.7   6.4   5.8   6.2   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,492.3  3,504.3  3,506.4  3,483.8    300.1    269.8    296.1    252.6   8.6   7.7   8.4   7.2
  Bellingham............................    104.8    108.2    105.7    109.2      8.1      7.5      7.8      7.0   7.7   6.9   7.4   6.4
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    121.7    120.2    121.7    120.7      9.1      8.3      9.0      8.0   7.5   6.9   7.4   6.6
  Kennewick-Pasco-Richland..............    135.7    134.4    136.8    134.7      9.3     10.5     10.5     10.3   6.8   7.8   7.6   7.7
  Longview..............................     42.9     42.2     42.9     42.5      4.8      4.5      4.7      4.2  11.3  10.7  11.0   9.9
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     56.9     57.2     57.1     57.6      5.2      4.8      5.0      4.6   9.1   8.3   8.8   8.1
  Olympia...............................    127.2    127.2    128.9    129.0     10.1      9.2      9.9      8.9   7.9   7.3   7.7   6.9
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,883.5  1,901.6  1,883.7  1,876.7    158.8    139.3    155.7    130.3   8.4   7.3   8.3   6.9
  Spokane...............................    224.8    227.3    230.5    230.2     19.5     18.1     19.2     17.4   8.7   8.0   8.3   7.6
  Wenatchee-East Wenatchee..............     65.3     65.0     65.4     65.8      4.4      4.0      4.3      3.9   6.7   6.2   6.5   5.9
  Yakima................................    132.3    132.1    131.1    131.2     11.0     10.5     10.7     10.0   8.4   8.0   8.2   7.6
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    805.1    805.2    802.8    804.0     59.9     55.5     57.9     54.3   7.4   6.9   7.2   6.8
  Charleston............................    137.5    137.3    136.9    136.7      9.8      9.4      9.3      8.9   7.1   6.8   6.8   6.5
  Huntington-Ashland....................    128.7    131.3    128.2    130.5     10.6      9.0      9.9      8.6   8.2   6.8   7.7   6.6
  Morgantown............................     66.7     67.9     67.2     68.4      3.8      3.5      3.5      3.2   5.7   5.1   5.2   4.6
  Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna...........     76.4     76.3     76.8     75.1      6.0      4.9      5.7      4.8   7.8   6.5   7.4   6.3
  Wheeling..............................     68.4     67.8     68.3     67.7      5.4      4.9      5.3      4.7   8.0   7.2   7.7   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,064.2  3,059.8  3,060.0  3,066.0    209.7    189.6    201.3    173.7   6.8   6.2   6.6   5.7
  Appleton..............................    123.6    126.0    124.3    126.8      7.7      6.9      7.3      6.3   6.2   5.5   5.9   5.0
  Eau Claire............................     90.4     87.7     90.5     88.1      5.5      4.9      5.2      4.4   6.1   5.6   5.7   5.0
  Fond du Lac...........................     55.1     55.4     54.9     55.6      3.6      3.2      3.4      2.9   6.5   5.7   6.2   5.1
  Green Bay.............................    173.5    174.0    173.7    173.3     11.2      9.9     10.8      9.2   6.5   5.7   6.2   5.3
  Janesville............................     77.5     77.7     78.1     78.4      6.9      6.1      6.6      5.5   8.9   7.9   8.4   7.1
  La Crosse.............................     76.9     77.7     77.8     78.1      4.1      3.7      3.9      3.4   5.4   4.8   5.0   4.4
  Madison...............................    346.0    344.4    346.0    346.7     17.4     15.8     16.7     14.2   5.0   4.6   4.8   4.1
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    801.5    793.2    800.6    792.2     60.6     54.8     58.1     50.1   7.6   6.9   7.3   6.3
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     96.1     97.3     96.4     98.1      6.0      5.5      5.7      5.1   6.2   5.7   5.9   5.2
  Racine................................     97.9     98.6     97.7     98.5      8.1      7.6      7.9      6.9   8.3   7.7   8.0   7.0
  Sheboygan.............................     62.1     61.0     61.9     61.0      4.3      3.6      4.2      3.3   6.9   5.9   6.7   5.4
  Wausau................................     72.0     72.6     71.4     73.5      5.0      4.6      4.8      4.2   7.0   6.4   6.7   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    305.7    305.9    305.9    305.2     16.3     13.6     16.3     13.4   5.3   4.4   5.3   4.4
  Casper................................     42.6     43.0     43.5     43.5      2.4      1.9      2.3      1.8   5.5   4.3   5.3   4.1
  Cheyenne..............................     44.4     44.7     45.0     45.1      2.8      2.3      2.8      2.3   6.2   5.2   6.2   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,275.7  1,258.0  1,286.7  1,267.5    195.9    176.5    209.5    180.9  15.4  14.0  16.3  14.3
  Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian.......    106.2    102.8    107.9    104.4     17.2     15.8     18.4     16.5  16.2  15.3  17.1  15.8
  Fajardo...............................     25.7     25.6     25.9     25.9      4.7      4.1      5.0      4.2  18.3  16.1  19.2  16.1
  Guayama...............................     26.0     25.8     26.3     26.7      5.4      5.0      5.8      5.1  20.9  19.3  22.0  19.0
  Mayaguez..............................     34.4     34.4     34.5     34.5      5.8      5.3      6.3      5.6  17.0  15.5  18.1  16.3
  Ponce.................................     87.5     85.5     88.2     85.6     13.7     12.8     14.8     13.1  15.7  14.9  16.7  15.3
  San German-Cabo Rojo..................     48.4     48.6     49.5     49.5      7.4      7.0      8.2      7.4  15.4  14.4  16.5  14.9
  San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo..............    854.9    842.1    859.6    847.9    123.1    109.6    131.4    111.7  14.4  13.0  15.3  13.2
  Yauco.................................     36.4     36.4     37.1     36.0      6.3      5.9      6.8      6.1  17.2  16.2  18.3  17.1

  1 Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
  p = preliminary. 
  NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and are
available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs),
while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that
appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., is the exception in that it is listed under Illinois for
operational reasons. Data for 2011 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for
the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                               September          October          September          October       September    October  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2011     2012     2011     2012p    2011     2012     2011     2012p   2011  2012  2011 2012p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,473.7 18,373.8 18,482.8 18,442.9  2,124.6  1,774.8  2,084.0  1,801.7  11.5   9.7  11.3   9.8
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana........  6,553.6  6,419.9  6,567.9  6,463.4    756.6    603.8    735.2    617.3  11.5   9.4  11.2   9.6
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  4,945.6  4,805.5  4,948.0  4,840.1    617.3    488.6    598.2    500.9  12.5  10.2  12.1  10.3
     Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.............  1,608.0  1,614.4  1,619.9  1,623.2    139.3    115.2    137.0    116.4   8.7   7.1   8.5   7.2
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...........  2,274.5  2,309.7  2,281.9  2,312.8    211.0    176.9    206.4    177.3   9.3   7.7   9.0   7.7
     Oakland-Fremont-Hayward..............  1,288.5  1,303.3  1,292.2  1,304.0    131.8    111.1    128.9    111.7  10.2   8.5  10.0   8.6
     San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City     986.0  1,006.4    989.6  1,008.7     79.2     65.7     77.4     65.6   8.0   6.5   7.8   6.5
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    344.3    361.5    343.1    361.8     36.3     31.6     34.6     30.1  10.5   8.7  10.1   8.3
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,182.4  3,228.5  3,187.0  3,246.5    188.3    170.9    179.3    165.2   5.9   5.3   5.6   5.1
     Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick (3).....    653.4    662.7    653.9    667.6     35.7     32.8     34.1     32.2   5.5   5.0   5.2   4.8
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,528.9  2,565.9  2,533.1  2,578.9    152.6    138.1    145.3    132.9   6.0   5.4   5.7   5.2
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,326.7  9,387.1  9,304.0  9,389.7    987.0    809.9    946.4    767.5  10.6   8.6  10.2   8.2
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.....  2,892.3  2,916.6  2,901.6  2,933.5    300.1    246.7    291.5    241.8  10.4   8.5  10.0   8.2
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................  1,000.7  1,003.9    997.1  1,000.5     93.4     75.9     89.3     71.1   9.3   7.6   9.0   7.1
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,268.3  1,289.6  1,282.1  1,311.7    137.5    113.2    136.6    117.2  10.8   8.8  10.7   8.9
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Boynton Beach......................    623.4    623.1    622.4    621.3     69.2     57.7     65.6     53.6  11.1   9.3  10.5   8.6
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,591.2  6,623.2  6,590.8  6,675.4    646.3    536.3    634.3    558.6   9.8   8.1   9.6   8.4
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville (2)...........  4,844.1  4,892.5  4,837.3  4,920.9    479.9    389.7    467.1    410.8   9.9   8.0   9.7   8.3
     Chicago-Joliet-Naperville............  4,065.3  4,123.9  4,057.7  4,150.2    409.4    327.9    397.2    349.6  10.1   8.0   9.8   8.4
     Gary (3).............................    331.1    322.8    332.2    323.6     30.4     26.2     30.2     26.4   9.2   8.1   9.1   8.2
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    447.7    445.9    447.4    447.0     40.0     35.6     39.7     34.8   8.9   8.0   8.9   7.8
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,447.5  3,465.7  3,450.8  3,479.9    250.4    223.2    230.3    216.1   7.3   6.4   6.7   6.2
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (2).............  2,513.5  2,531.8  2,522.8  2,551.2    167.8    150.3    155.2    147.1   6.7   5.9   6.2   5.8
     Boston-Cambridge-Quincy..............  1,520.6  1,539.5  1,526.5  1,550.9     96.6     85.2     89.0     83.5   6.4   5.5   5.8   5.4
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    126.0    126.2    126.5    127.3     10.6      9.2      9.7      8.7   8.4   7.3   7.7   6.8
     Framingham...........................    147.6    149.1    148.3    150.0      8.2      7.4      7.6      7.3   5.6   5.0   5.1   4.9
     Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (2)     124.2    123.7    123.8    125.0      8.2      7.7      7.8      7.8   6.6   6.2   6.3   6.2
     Lawrence-Methuen-Salem (2)...........     73.2     72.0     72.8     72.4      8.5      7.9      8.0      7.7  11.6  10.9  11.0  10.7
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    154.1    154.4    154.9    155.3     11.6     10.5     10.7     10.1   7.6   6.8   6.9   6.5
     Nashua (2)...........................    175.4    173.6    176.5    175.4      9.8      9.6      9.4      9.7   5.6   5.5   5.3   5.5
     Peabody..............................    129.6    131.4    130.4    132.5      9.3      8.5      8.6      8.2   7.1   6.5   6.6   6.2
     Taunton-Norton-Raynham...............     62.8     61.8     63.2     62.2      4.9      4.2      4.4      4.0   7.8   6.9   7.0   6.4
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,655.3  4,669.7  4,647.5  4,685.6    455.1    384.9    422.7    387.6   9.8   8.2   9.1   8.3
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..................  2,023.1  2,012.3  2,021.8  2,028.7    226.1    200.9    213.7    212.8  11.2  10.0  10.6  10.5
     Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.............    823.8    816.5    822.2    823.7    102.0     92.4     96.2     97.7  12.4  11.3  11.7  11.9
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,199.3  1,195.7  1,199.5  1,205.0    124.1    108.6    117.5    115.1  10.3   9.1   9.8   9.6
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,487.8  9,537.2  9,505.4  9,620.2    773.6    782.8    762.2    797.6   8.2   8.2   8.0   8.3
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                           
       Long Island (2)....................  9,420.7  9,449.0  9,459.9  9,556.0    809.8    804.0    801.6    830.5   8.6   8.5   8.5   8.7
     Edison-New Brunswick (3).............  1,211.4  1,208.4  1,215.2  1,224.3    103.6    103.4    101.8    107.1   8.6   8.6   8.4   8.7
     Nassau-Suffolk.......................  1,450.5  1,462.4  1,457.3  1,480.6    102.6    107.4     98.9    106.0   7.1   7.3   6.8   7.2
     New York-White Plains-Wayne (2)......  5,660.7  5,682.5  5,683.9  5,739.8    503.1    494.6    503.7    515.2   8.9   8.7   8.9   9.0
     Newark-Union (3).....................  1,098.1  1,095.6  1,103.5  1,111.4    100.5     98.6     97.2    102.1   9.1   9.0   8.8   9.2
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,394.8  6,537.9  6,394.7  6,555.5    482.4    490.6    477.8    485.2   7.5   7.5   7.5   7.4
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  2,966.7  3,000.0  2,981.2  3,025.9    251.2    251.9    247.4    251.6   8.5   8.4   8.3   8.3
     Camden (3)...........................    666.0    663.7    668.5    673.7     64.8     65.4     62.8     67.4   9.7   9.8   9.4  10.0
     Philadelphia.........................  1,950.7  1,985.6  1,959.3  1,996.1    159.0    161.5    157.7    159.0   8.2   8.1   8.1   8.0
     Wilmington (3).......................    350.1    350.7    353.4    356.1     27.4     25.0     26.9     25.2   7.8   7.1   7.6   7.1
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 12,525.6 12,641.6 12,515.0 12,671.5  1,002.6    801.6    949.9    792.4   8.0   6.3   7.6   6.3
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,314.3  3,334.5  3,300.9  3,342.7    260.0    208.6    247.9    206.7   7.8   6.3   7.5   6.2
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,215.4  2,225.5  2,200.8  2,229.9    174.3    140.3    166.6    139.1   7.9   6.3   7.6   6.2
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,098.9  1,109.0  1,100.1  1,112.8     85.7     68.3     81.2     67.6   7.8   6.2   7.4   6.1
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,492.3  3,504.3  3,506.4  3,483.8    300.1    269.8    296.1    252.6   8.6   7.7   8.4   7.2
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,883.5  1,901.6  1,883.7  1,876.7    158.8    139.3    155.7    130.3   8.4   7.3   8.3   6.9
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,501.1  1,514.0  1,497.1  1,485.4    123.4    107.0    120.6     99.1   8.2   7.1   8.1   6.7
     Tacoma...............................    382.4    387.7    386.6    391.3     35.4     32.3     35.1     31.3   9.3   8.3   9.1   8.0

  1 These 11 areas contain all of the 34 metropolitan divisions. 
  2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
  3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
  p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated
December 1, 2009, and are available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City
and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state that corresponds to the first city in their title. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some
divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are
listed. Three sets of metropolitan areas and divisions have similar or identical titles. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria,
D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. For the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., and
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis., metropolitan areas, the division titles are similar but include only Massachusetts and
Illinois, respectively. Data for 2011 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for
the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area September October Change from
October 2011 to October 2012(p)
2011 2012 2011 2012(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,866.9 1,881.4 1,874.2 1,887.9 13.7 0.7

Anniston-Oxford

47.5 48.7 47.8 48.7 0.9 1.9

Auburn-Opelika

54.1 52.5 55.1 53.0 -2.1 -3.8

Birmingham-Hoover

488.6 487.3 489.3 489.5 0.2 0.0

Decatur

54.2 54.9 54.7 55.6 0.9 1.6

Dothan

57.5 57.2 57.8 57.6 -0.2 -0.3

Florence-Muscle Shoals

54.5 55.5 55.4 56.1 0.7 1.3

Gadsden

35.5 35.6 35.8 35.8 0.0 0.0

Huntsville

207.0 207.1 206.9 207.3 0.4 0.2

Mobile

175.0 176.5 174.8 177.0 2.2 1.3

Montgomery

165.2 166.8 165.5 165.6 0.1 0.1

Tuscaloosa

93.5 90.3 93.9 91.2 -2.7 -2.9


Alaska

342.0 342.0 325.7 325.8 0.1 0.0

Anchorage

179.3 179.0 174.8 174.9 0.1 0.1

Fairbanks

40.9 41.4 39.5 40.7 1.2 3.0


Arizona

2,417.5 2,472.3 2,437.6 2,484.2 46.6 1.9

Flagstaff

62.1 62.7 62.1 62.2 0.1 0.2

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

46.1 45.9 45.5 45.6 0.1 0.2

Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale

1,720.3 1,767.3 1,737.2 1,778.0 40.8 2.3

Prescott

53.8 54.2 53.9 54.5 0.6 1.1

Tucson

358.1 357.7 359.7 359.6 -0.1 0.0

Yuma

48.1 49.0 48.8 49.4 0.6 1.2


Arkansas

1,161.2 1,174.2 1,164.9 1,178.4 13.5 1.2

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

203.9 210.6 205.1 213.0 7.9 3.9

Fort Smith

111.6 111.3 111.7 110.9 -0.8 -0.7

Hot Springs

37.8 36.5 37.3 36.5 -0.8 -2.1

Jonesboro

48.7 49.8 49.2 50.2 1.0 2.0

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

336.4 338.4 336.7 342.1 5.4 1.6

Pine Bluff

36.7 36.6 36.7 37.1 0.4 1.1


California

14,057.7 14,357.2 14,182.7 14,478.8 296.1 2.1

Bakersfield-Delano

229.4 234.2 232.4 236.8 4.4 1.9

Chico

67.3 67.0 68.2 68.4 0.2 0.3

El Centro

44.0 44.1 44.6 44.7 0.1 0.2

Fresno

278.6 286.4 282.7 289.1 6.4 2.3

Hanford-Corcoran

37.2 37.7 36.9 37.0 0.1 0.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,143.0 5,235.0 5,211.4 5,289.7 78.3 1.5

Madera-Chowchilla

32.0 31.9 31.9 32.2 0.3 0.9

Merced

58.2 56.4 58.0 57.0 -1.0 -1.7

Modesto

146.5 146.7 143.6 145.9 2.3 1.6

Napa

62.5 61.8 62.5 62.4 -0.1 -0.2

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

274.9 276.0 275.0 279.0 4.0 1.5

Redding

59.3 59.7 59.2 60.4 1.2 2.0

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,125.4 1,135.4 1,136.9 1,144.2 7.3 0.6

Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville

798.7 815.6 801.6 816.6 15.0 1.9

Salinas

123.2 126.9 123.3 127.2 3.9 3.2

San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos

1,226.2 1,252.7 1,238.1 1,261.6 23.5 1.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

1,897.3 1,954.9 1,913.9 1,965.9 52.0 2.7

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

885.0 912.9 889.2 920.6 31.4 3.5

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles

96.6 99.4 97.1 101.5 4.4 4.5

Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta

163.0 167.1 164.5 170.2 5.7 3.5

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

87.4 88.7 89.3 93.4 4.1 4.6

Santa Rosa-Petaluma

170.2 177.1 169.5 178.5 9.0 5.3

Stockton

187.8 193.2 188.5 194.8 6.3 3.3

Vallejo-Fairfield

117.9 120.0 119.5 120.9 1.4 1.2

Visalia-Porterville

104.9 105.4 105.3 105.9 0.6 0.6

Yuba City

36.8 35.7 37.2 36.1 -1.1 -3.0


Colorado

2,272.6 2,310.6 2,276.4 2,318.0 41.6 1.8

Boulder

163.6 168.8 165.1 170.9 5.8 3.5

Colorado Springs

251.4 247.0 252.2 247.8 -4.4 -1.7

Denver-Aurora-Broomfield

1,221.5 1,251.7 1,224.4 1,256.2 31.8 2.6

Fort Collins-Loveland

138.2 142.2 137.4 143.0 5.6 4.1

Grand Junction

60.7 63.0 60.7 62.8 2.1 3.5

Greeley

81.1 84.2 81.7 84.2 2.5 3.1

Pueblo

59.1 59.3 59.2 60.2 1.0 1.7


Connecticut

1,626.8 1,627.6 1,641.4 1,638.3 -3.1 -0.2

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

397.6 401.6 400.0 403.6 3.6 0.9

Danbury

67.3 67.9 68.1 68.9 0.8 1.2

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

539.5 543.2 546.3 546.1 -0.2 0.0

New Haven

268.5 270.3 271.9 272.7 0.8 0.3

Norwich-New London

128.5 127.3 128.0 125.8 -2.2 -1.7

Waterbury

62.8 64.9 62.5 65.0 2.5 4.0


Delaware

418.7 418.4 419.7 418.1 -1.6 -0.4

Dover

63.9 63.1 65.0 63.0 -2.0 -3.1


District of Columbia

728.4 734.5 734.2 738.6 4.4 0.6

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

2,995.9 3,038.3 3,016.0 3,053.4 37.4 1.2


Florida

7,250.1 7,324.3 7,299.2 7,365.3 66.1 0.9

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

202.0 199.3 204.1 201.3 -2.8 -1.4

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

81.0 79.0 80.6 78.6 -2.0 -2.5

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

156.4 154.9 158.0 155.9 -2.1 -1.3

Gainesville

126.8 123.9 126.2 126.4 0.2 0.2

Jacksonville

585.9 592.2 588.4 594.7 6.3 1.1

Lakeland-Winter Haven

193.2 195.7 194.0 196.0 2.0 1.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,210.5 2,218.5 2,229.9 2,230.2 0.3 0.0

Naples-Marco Island

112.3 112.9 112.9 115.3 2.4 2.1

North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota

237.3 240.1 239.8 243.0 3.2 1.3

Ocala

91.0 92.2 91.3 93.0 1.7 1.9

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,008.7 1,030.1 1,015.2 1,036.9 21.7 2.1

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

192.5 193.8 192.2 194.0 1.8 0.9

Palm Coast

18.7 19.0 19.2 19.2 0.0 0.0

Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach

72.1 72.8 71.6 72.3 0.7 1.0

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

159.8 157.4 159.2 158.1 -1.1 -0.7

Port St. Lucie

119.6 116.7 120.2 118.5 -1.7 -1.4

Punta Gorda

40.9 40.4 41.6 40.8 -0.8 -1.9

Sebastian-Vero Beach

43.3 44.5 43.6 45.4 1.8 4.1

Tallahassee

166.9 166.8 169.1 168.0 -1.1 -0.7

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,139.6 1,151.4 1,140.9 1,160.2 19.3 1.7


Georgia

3,877.6 3,935.7 3,903.7 3,971.7 68.0 1.7

Albany

58.8 59.8 58.7 59.7 1.0 1.7

Athens-Clarke County

84.0 86.0 85.3 88.1 2.8 3.3

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta

2,304.3 2,334.0 2,319.8 2,353.5 33.7 1.5

Augusta-Richmond County

208.2 206.0 209.9 206.4 -3.5 -1.7

Brunswick

38.9 40.0 39.1 40.3 1.2 3.1

Columbus

120.5 118.6 119.5 118.8 -0.7 -0.6

Dalton

64.1 61.2 63.8 61.4 -2.4 -3.8

Gainesville

75.2 78.5 75.7 78.8 3.1 4.1

Hinesville-Fort Stewart

19.7 19.8 19.8 20.0 0.2 1.0

Macon

95.7 97.2 96.2 98.8 2.6 2.7

Rome

37.0 37.5 37.1 38.1 1.0 2.7

Savannah

150.3 153.7 150.1 154.6 4.5 3.0

Valdosta

51.3 52.3 51.9 52.3 0.4 0.8

Warner Robins

58.7 58.9 59.3 59.3 0.0 0.0


Hawaii

589.8 601.8 595.8 607.8 12.0 2.0

Honolulu

437.0 442.4 441.8 447.0 5.2 1.2


Idaho

616.3 628.2 616.9 630.0 13.1 2.1

Boise City-Nampa

260.7 265.2 261.1 267.4 6.3 2.4

Coeur d'Alene

54.6 56.3 54.8 55.7 0.9 1.6

Idaho Falls

48.6 50.0 48.1 50.2 2.1 4.4

Lewiston

26.1 27.2 26.2 27.3 1.1 4.2

Pocatello

36.4 37.5 37.0 37.5 0.5 1.4


Illinois

5,685.7 5,738.2 5,728.8 5,767.3 38.5 0.7

Bloomington-Normal

90.6 90.8 91.6 91.8 0.2 0.2

Champaign-Urbana

104.9 104.8 105.8 106.6 0.8 0.8

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

4,318.2 4,355.4 4,343.2 4,372.2 29.0 0.7

Danville

29.1 28.5 29.4 28.6 -0.8 -2.7

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island

181.4 180.4 181.0 179.7 -1.3 -0.7

Decatur

53.8 53.1 53.9 53.5 -0.4 -0.7

Kankakee-Bradley

43.1 43.5 43.8 44.4 0.6 1.4

Peoria

183.2 185.3 184.5 186.5 2.0 1.1

Rockford

145.4 148.8 148.4 149.0 0.6 0.4

Springfield

111.1 113.1 112.1 113.9 1.8 1.6


Indiana

2,863.9 2,928.1 2,871.4 2,942.9 71.5 2.5

Anderson

40.4 40.4 40.3 40.6 0.3 0.7

Bloomington

82.1 82.6 83.5 84.0 0.5 0.6

Columbus

46.4 50.2 46.9 50.3 3.4 7.2

Elkhart-Goshen

107.8 116.8 108.0 115.9 7.9 7.3

Evansville

176.3 176.8 176.4 178.1 1.7 1.0

Fort Wayne

210.4 218.4 211.7 218.4 6.7 3.2

Indianapolis-Carmel

887.5 899.5 890.3 898.8 8.5 1.0

Kokomo

40.8 42.6 41.6 43.3 1.7 4.1

Lafayette

95.2 97.4 96.8 99.1 2.3 2.4

Michigan City-La Porte

42.8 42.8 42.5 42.8 0.3 0.7

Muncie

49.9 51.4 49.9 51.4 1.5 3.0

South Bend-Mishawaka

136.0 136.8 137.6 138.3 0.7 0.5

Terre Haute

71.1 72.1 71.6 73.7 2.1 2.9


Iowa

1,481.3 1,497.6 1,499.6 1,515.0 15.4 1.0

Ames

48.6 50.4 49.0 50.8 1.8 3.7

Cedar Rapids

138.4 137.5 138.1 139.6 1.5 1.1

Des Moines-West Des Moines

319.0 322.8 323.2 327.9 4.7 1.5

Dubuque

56.3 57.7 56.3 57.9 1.6 2.8

Iowa City

89.6 91.8 91.3 93.3 2.0 2.2

Sioux City

73.5 74.9 74.1 74.9 0.8 1.1

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

91.0 91.5 92.5 91.4 -1.1 -1.2


Kansas

1,340.4 1,352.5 1,350.2 1,358.6 8.4 0.6

Lawrence

50.6 50.3 51.2 50.3 -0.9 -1.8

Manhattan

54.6 57.4 55.4 58.3 2.9 5.2

Topeka

108.0 107.6 107.7 107.8 0.1 0.1

Wichita

284.6 288.1 287.0 289.2 2.2 0.8


Kentucky

1,796.2 1,840.2 1,807.2 1,845.2 38.0 2.1

Bowling Green

61.2 60.5 60.4 61.2 0.8 1.3

Elizabethtown

47.4 47.7 46.9 48.3 1.4 3.0

Lexington-Fayette

249.0 253.2 250.9 255.2 4.3 1.7

Louisville-Jefferson County

603.0 621.5 607.7 624.1 16.4 2.7

Owensboro

51.7 51.9 52.1 51.8 -0.3 -0.6


Louisiana

1,913.4 1,931.4 1,928.4 1,955.4 27.0 1.4

Alexandria

62.6 63.2 62.6 63.2 0.6 1.0

Baton Rouge

367.8 367.3 369.5 368.5 -1.0 -0.3

Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux

94.6 96.1 94.7 96.9 2.2 2.3

Lafayette

153.3 166.7 155.7 168.9 13.2 8.5

Lake Charles

87.5 89.3 87.4 89.6 2.2 2.5

Monroe

75.8 77.2 76.5 77.9 1.4 1.8

New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner

527.1 517.5 529.7 527.4 -2.3 -0.4

Shreveport-Bossier City

178.4 176.4 177.0 177.3 0.3 0.2


Maine

605.9 606.5 603.5 604.8 1.3 0.2

Bangor

64.6 64.7 65.4 65.1 -0.3 -0.5

Lewiston-Auburn

49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3 0.0 0.0

Portland-South Portland-Biddeford

192.0 192.6 190.9 191.8 0.9 0.5


Maryland

2,562.7 2,590.8 2,580.4 2,613.8 33.4 1.3

Baltimore-Towson

1,295.9 1,300.6 1,312.2 1,323.5 11.3 0.9

Cumberland

41.4 41.1 42.1 41.4 -0.7 -1.7

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

98.2 99.5 99.1 99.7 0.6 0.6

Salisbury

52.4 52.0 53.5 52.2 -1.3 -2.4


Massachusetts

3,220.2 3,270.2 3,245.4 3,288.6 43.2 1.3

Barnstable Town

100.6 102.9 99.3 100.4 1.1 1.1

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

2,447.5 2,495.1 2,467.8 2,514.7 46.9 1.9

Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner

46.8 48.2 47.3 48.2 0.9 1.9

New Bedford

64.7 66.4 65.8 67.8 2.0 3.0

Pittsfield

36.1 35.7 35.9 35.4 -0.5 -1.4

Springfield

289.7 289.6 291.1 289.6 -1.5 -0.5

Worcester

244.1 245.1 245.8 247.6 1.8 0.7


Michigan

3,969.4 4,022.3 4,002.7 4,028.4 25.7 0.6

Ann Arbor

201.0 203.5 204.3 206.6 2.3 1.1

Battle Creek

56.9 55.8 56.9 56.8 -0.1 -0.2

Bay City

37.0 37.3 36.8 37.8 1.0 2.7

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,783.4 1,812.5 1,802.3 1,809.6 7.3 0.4

Flint

133.9 136.6 136.2 137.9 1.7 1.2

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

376.4 380.5 376.8 383.3 6.5 1.7

Holland-Grand Haven

112.4 115.1 113.8 115.8 2.0 1.8

Jackson

54.5 56.2 55.0 56.2 1.2 2.2

Kalamazoo-Portage

134.0 138.6 135.6 137.3 1.7 1.3

Lansing-East Lansing

219.5 219.3 222.7 221.2 -1.5 -0.7

Monroe

38.4 39.4 38.8 38.9 0.1 0.3

Muskegon-Norton Shores

60.1 59.3 60.4 59.0 -1.4 -2.3

Niles-Benton Harbor

61.2 60.8 61.6 60.8 -0.8 -1.3

Saginaw-Saginaw Township North

86.0 85.2 86.2 85.2 -1.0 -1.2


Minnesota

2,697.1 2,736.7 2,711.2 2,746.0 34.8 1.3

Duluth

129.2 129.8 128.1 129.5 1.4 1.1

Mankato-North Mankato

52.6 53.8 53.9 54.7 0.8 1.5

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,737.7 1,761.6 1,749.9 1,769.3 19.4 1.1

Rochester

102.5 102.5 102.6 103.0 0.4 0.4

St. Cloud

99.2 102.2 100.3 102.5 2.2 2.2


Mississippi

1,093.4 1,087.2 1,096.6 1,092.8 -3.8 -0.3

Gulfport-Biloxi

106.5 108.1 106.3 107.2 0.9 0.8

Hattiesburg

57.9 59.6 58.2 59.7 1.5 2.6

Jackson

254.4 254.4 256.1 256.6 0.5 0.2

Pascagoula

55.5 59.6 56.0 59.6 3.6 6.4


Missouri

2,663.5 2,677.1 2,668.8 2,695.8 27.0 1.0

Cape Girardeau-Jackson

43.6 42.4 43.3 43.0 -0.3 -0.7

Columbia

96.4 94.7 97.1 97.2 0.1 0.1

Jefferson City

77.3 77.1 77.5 77.1 -0.4 -0.5

Joplin

79.7 80.9 80.6 81.6 1.0 1.2

Kansas City

992.8 997.3 993.0 999.5 6.5 0.7

St. Joseph

59.3 61.8 59.9 62.7 2.8 4.7

St. Louis(1)

1,300.2 1,308.2 1,303.6 1,318.8 15.2 1.2

Springfield

194.1 197.6 195.0 200.6 5.6 2.9


Montana

432.7 439.8 430.7 440.5 9.8 2.3

Billings

78.4 80.0 78.5 80.2 1.7 2.2

Great Falls

34.7 34.5 34.8 35.1 0.3 0.9

Missoula

56.0 56.4 56.1 56.3 0.2 0.4


Nebraska

946.5 960.3 953.7 963.9 10.2 1.1

Lincoln

174.3 177.4 177.1 177.8 0.7 0.4

Omaha-Council Bluffs

460.9 471.4 464.1 475.6 11.5 2.5


Nevada

1,133.3 1,139.5 1,139.1 1,144.2 5.1 0.4

Carson City

28.3 27.7 28.2 27.7 -0.5 -1.8

Las Vegas-Paradise

813.5 818.5 818.7 822.5 3.8 0.5

Reno-Sparks

189.9 190.7 191.4 192.3 0.9 0.5


New Hampshire

629.0 631.7 631.9 632.9 1.0 0.2

Manchester

98.1 98.5 99.2 98.4 -0.8 -0.8

Portsmouth

56.2 58.9 56.4 57.4 1.0 1.8

Rochester-Dover

57.6 56.7 57.3 56.4 -0.9 -1.6


New Jersey

3,864.0 3,905.5 3,889.0 3,915.5 26.5 0.7

Atlantic City-Hammonton

138.4 145.1 136.3 140.0 3.7 2.7

Ocean City

46.4 48.8 40.8 43.2 2.4 5.9

Trenton-Ewing

240.7 242.1 244.3 242.7 -1.6 -0.7

Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton

58.3 58.3 58.7 59.2 0.5 0.9


New Mexico

810.2 802.2 811.0 805.1 -5.9 -0.7

Albuquerque

373.3 370.4 372.9 371.6 -1.3 -0.3

Farmington

49.7 48.3 50.1 48.6 -1.5 -3.0

Las Cruces

70.8 68.6 71.2 68.6 -2.6 -3.7

Santa Fe

60.5 61.8 60.7 61.8 1.1 1.8


New York

8,696.3 8,828.5 8,778.6 8,913.9 135.3 1.5

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

436.0 438.6 441.1 444.2 3.1 0.7

Binghamton

109.9 109.5 111.8 110.6 -1.2 -1.1

Buffalo-Niagara Falls

546.4 545.1 550.7 550.6 -0.1 0.0

Elmira

39.8 38.8 39.8 39.2 -0.6 -1.5

Glens Falls

56.4 56.9 56.7 57.2 0.5 0.9

Ithaca

64.0 66.7 64.2 66.6 2.4 3.7

Kingston

61.2 61.0 60.6 61.5 0.9 1.5

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island

8,384.8 8,524.2 8,463.9 8,591.9 128.0 1.5

Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown

251.5 252.1 255.6 256.0 0.4 0.2

Rochester

508.5 516.3 517.1 520.7 3.6 0.7

Syracuse

315.4 316.1 318.5 318.8 0.3 0.1

Utica-Rome

131.7 133.3 133.1 133.9 0.8 0.6


North Carolina

3,941.0 3,976.5 3,962.0 3,998.3 36.3 0.9

Asheville

169.9 172.7 170.7 173.8 3.1 1.8

Burlington

57.8 58.7 57.9 58.7 0.8 1.4

Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill

834.0 843.4 836.8 851.3 14.5 1.7

Durham-Chapel Hill

274.7 281.7 276.9 281.1 4.2 1.5

Fayetteville

131.7 130.8 132.5 132.4 -0.1 -0.1

Goldsboro

43.0 43.7 43.4 43.7 0.3 0.7

Greensboro-High Point

341.0 348.8 344.3 348.3 4.0 1.2

Greenville

74.5 76.4 76.1 76.5 0.4 0.5

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

143.4 144.6 143.7 145.2 1.5 1.0

Jacksonville

47.6 48.5 48.1 48.9 0.8 1.7

Raleigh-Cary

509.5 521.6 514.3 522.3 8.0 1.6

Rocky Mount

58.3 60.2 59.3 61.0 1.7 2.9

Wilmington

138.7 135.1 137.2 136.0 -1.2 -0.9

Winston-Salem

207.6 205.4 209.0 207.2 -1.8 -0.9


North Dakota

402.1 424.8 406.5 428.1 21.6 5.3

Bismarck

64.5 68.6 65.4 68.8 3.4 5.2

Fargo

126.5 131.7 127.8 133.8 6.0 4.7

Grand Forks

54.9 55.0 55.0 56.1 1.1 2.0


Ohio

5,112.9 5,205.5 5,141.6 5,238.1 96.5 1.9

Akron

319.8 327.4 324.1 330.4 6.3 1.9

Canton-Massillon

165.3 169.3 165.3 170.5 5.2 3.1

Cincinnati-Middletown

997.8 1,023.9 1,000.6 1,029.0 28.4 2.8

Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor

992.1 1,002.2 994.3 1,006.7 12.4 1.2

Columbus

916.1 939.5 924.6 945.7 21.1 2.3

Dayton

379.4 380.3 381.7 384.0 2.3 0.6

Lima

52.1 53.5 52.5 53.7 1.2 2.3

Mansfield

52.4 52.7 53.1 53.5 0.4 0.8

Sandusky

39.2 40.9 37.5 38.9 1.4 3.7

Springfield

49.3 49.9 49.9 50.9 1.0 2.0

Steubenville-Weirton

44.3 44.4 43.4 43.8 0.4 0.9

Toledo

304.0 303.1 304.7 304.2 -0.5 -0.2

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

225.9 227.2 225.3 226.7 1.4 0.6


Oklahoma

1,562.6 1,606.5 1,573.2 1,615.6 42.4 2.7

Lawton

43.2 41.6 43.3 41.6 -1.7 -3.9

Oklahoma City

572.6 593.3 577.8 596.5 18.7 3.2

Tulsa

410.6 420.1 414.2 422.1 7.9 1.9


Oregon

1,626.7 1,642.8 1,638.4 1,654.1 15.7 1.0

Bend

62.3 61.5 61.5 62.0 0.5 0.8

Corvallis

37.1 37.0 38.1 38.7 0.6 1.6

Eugene-Springfield

137.8 140.5 140.7 143.3 2.6 1.8

Medford

76.2 76.8 77.8 77.6 -0.2 -0.3

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

989.7 1,005.1 998.9 1,008.2 9.3 0.9

Salem

141.9 142.8 143.7 144.9 1.2 0.8


Pennsylvania

5,700.2 5,759.7 5,757.2 5,805.3 48.1 0.8

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

337.4 342.5 338.7 347.3 8.6 2.5

Altoona

61.0 60.7 61.3 61.5 0.2 0.3

Erie

131.4 134.3 132.8 133.5 0.7 0.5

Harrisburg-Carlisle

323.4 324.8 324.1 325.9 1.8 0.6

Johnstown

59.8 59.6 60.8 61.1 0.3 0.5

Lancaster

226.9 231.2 229.1 233.4 4.3 1.9

Lebanon

50.4 50.2 50.3 50.2 -0.1 -0.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,698.3 2,717.1 2,727.1 2,739.8 12.7 0.5

Pittsburgh

1,155.9 1,167.3 1,170.4 1,176.6 6.2 0.5

Reading

171.2 172.8 172.1 174.1 2.0 1.2

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre

254.4 259.7 256.8 262.5 5.7 2.2

State College

77.0 77.0 78.8 78.9 0.1 0.1

Williamsport

54.4 55.9 55.0 56.3 1.3 2.4

York-Hanover

177.9 181.6 179.5 182.5 3.0 1.7


Rhode Island

464.1 464.3 465.9 463.3 -2.6 -0.6

Providence-Fall River-Warwick

545.5 548.3 547.6 549.8 2.2 0.4


South Carolina

1,832.6 1,863.8 1,840.4 1,874.9 34.5 1.9

Anderson

58.0 57.7 59.3 58.3 -1.0 -1.7

Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville

293.6 301.0 294.9 301.4 6.5 2.2

Columbia

345.7 351.3 349.0 356.1 7.1 2.0

Florence

81.4 84.3 82.2 84.9 2.7 3.3

Greenville-Mauldin-Easley

306.3 302.2 305.9 306.4 0.5 0.2

Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway

115.7 115.2 114.3 114.6 0.3 0.3

Spartanburg

116.3 122.4 118.1 123.1 5.0 4.2

Sumter

36.2 37.1 36.3 36.9 0.6 1.7


South Dakota

407.9 411.6 409.1 412.9 3.8 0.9

Rapid City

62.3 62.5 62.4 62.3 -0.1 -0.2

Sioux Falls

136.3 138.6 136.8 140.4 3.6 2.6


Tennessee

2,680.1 2,710.0 2,691.8 2,717.2 25.4 0.9

Chattanooga

234.1 237.8 234.8 237.2 2.4 1.0

Clarksville

84.2 87.0 83.8 87.0 3.2 3.8

Cleveland

39.2 38.9 39.1 38.8 -0.3 -0.8

Jackson

58.5 59.0 58.9 59.0 0.1 0.2

Johnson City

79.7 79.3 79.5 79.0 -0.5 -0.6

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

117.8 120.1 118.3 119.1 0.8 0.7

Knoxville

333.2 338.6 334.7 340.2 5.5 1.6

Memphis

599.1 604.6 600.4 605.5 5.1 0.8

Morristown

43.5 42.9 44.0 44.1 0.1 0.2

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

760.0 760.2 761.0 765.1 4.1 0.5


Texas

10,595.8 10,849.5 10,653.6 10,930.0 276.4 2.6

Abilene

64.5 65.6 64.0 66.5 2.5 3.9

Amarillo

112.1 113.2 112.9 115.2 2.3 2.0

Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos

794.9 821.5 799.4 827.6 28.2 3.5

Beaumont-Port Arthur

156.8 160.3 158.1 159.6 1.5 0.9

Brownsville-Harlingen

128.4 126.4 129.8 127.7 -2.1 -1.6

College Station-Bryan

97.3 95.6 97.9 97.5 -0.4 -0.4

Corpus Christi

182.5 187.3 183.2 187.2 4.0 2.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

2,941.7 2,988.6 2,943.4 3,009.9 66.5 2.3

El Paso

281.9 285.5 281.5 286.1 4.6 1.6

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown

2,602.8 2,697.2 2,625.0 2,720.8 95.8 3.6

Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood

127.7 129.4 129.2 130.6 1.4 1.1

Laredo

92.6 93.2 93.9 94.2 0.3 0.3

Longview

96.2 98.6 97.5 99.7 2.2 2.3

Lubbock

130.3 130.3 131.4 130.5 -0.9 -0.7

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

225.7 225.7 229.2 229.3 0.1 0.0

Midland

75.5 77.9 76.0 78.7 2.7 3.6

Odessa

67.6 71.2 68.3 71.8 3.5 5.1

San Angelo

45.6 47.0 46.0 47.5 1.5 3.3

San Antonio-New Braunfels

849.4 872.1 854.5 877.9 23.4 2.7

Sherman-Denison

43.5 44.0 43.5 44.6 1.1 2.5

Texarkana

57.4 58.6 57.1 59.5 2.4 4.2

Tyler

94.4 96.9 95.9 98.2 2.3 2.4

Victoria

51.8 51.8 51.4 50.9 -0.5 -1.0

Waco

104.9 105.3 105.1 107.0 1.9 1.8

Wichita Falls

58.1 58.3 58.4 58.6 0.2 0.3


Utah

1,227.2 1,252.4 1,230.3 1,258.6 28.3 2.3

Logan

54.9 55.2 55.2 55.7 0.5 0.9

Ogden-Clearfield

198.2 198.6 196.5 199.6 3.1 1.6

Provo-Orem

187.6 191.8 188.3 193.3 5.0 2.7

St. George

47.2 47.6 47.8 48.3 0.5 1.0

Salt Lake City

627.8 643.0 630.5 645.6 15.1 2.4


Vermont

302.1 304.9 306.0 306.5 0.5 0.2

Burlington-South Burlington

115.1 116.8 116.6 117.5 0.9 0.8


Virginia

3,690.4 3,729.1 3,714.9 3,744.4 29.5 0.8

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

73.7 77.5 74.0 78.8 4.8 6.5

Charlottesville

101.7 103.1 102.9 103.5 0.6 0.6

Danville

40.1 40.8 40.1 40.5 0.4 1.0

Harrisonburg

63.4 63.7 64.2 65.1 0.9 1.4

Lynchburg

102.8 102.4 103.5 104.1 0.6 0.6

Richmond

609.7 614.4 614.0 616.3 2.3 0.4

Roanoke

156.7 156.5 158.1 157.5 -0.6 -0.4

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

736.1 742.7 738.3 742.7 4.4 0.6

Winchester

56.9 54.4 56.9 55.1 -1.8 -3.2


Washington

2,834.3 2,892.1 2,858.3 2,911.5 53.2 1.9

Bellingham

79.8 83.3 81.5 85.5 4.0 4.9

Bremerton-Silverdale

83.8 82.9 82.9 83.0 0.1 0.1

Kennewick-Pasco-Richland

102.4 100.7 102.3 100.9 -1.4 -1.4

Longview

35.6 35.2 35.7 36.0 0.3 0.8

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

44.4 44.8 44.7 45.3 0.6 1.3

Olympia

98.8 99.4 99.7 101.0 1.3 1.3

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,669.4 1,726.4 1,682.6 1,734.2 51.6 3.1

Spokane

202.3 207.0 206.8 209.2 2.4 1.2

Wenatchee-East Wenatchee

38.9 39.2 39.5 39.3 -0.2 -0.5

Yakima

77.2 78.0 77.3 78.3 1.0 1.3


West Virginia

761.0 751.4 766.2 755.0 -11.2 -1.5

Charleston

147.8 146.9 148.6 146.8 -1.8 -1.2

Huntington-Ashland

113.4 117.1 114.1 116.8 2.7 2.4

Morgantown

66.4 67.6 67.7 68.6 0.9 1.3

Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna

69.4 70.1 70.3 69.0 -1.3 -1.8

Wheeling

66.9 66.5 67.1 66.6 -0.5 -0.7


Wisconsin

2,755.3 2,749.8 2,763.9 2,753.4 -10.5 -0.4

Appleton

116.2 119.9 117.9 120.9 3.0 2.5

Eau Claire

81.1 78.6 82.0 79.4 -2.6 -3.2

Fond du Lac

45.6 46.0 45.6 46.2 0.6 1.3

Green Bay

168.2 169.6 169.2 168.7 -0.5 -0.3

Janesville

60.0 60.8 61.0 61.7 0.7 1.1

La Crosse

74.8 75.8 76.0 76.3 0.3 0.4

Madison

348.6 347.7 350.7 350.3 -0.4 -0.1

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

821.3 817.0 822.8 817.0 -5.8 -0.7

Oshkosh-Neenah

94.3 95.5 95.0 96.3 1.3 1.4

Racine

75.3 76.5 75.8 76.8 1.0 1.3

Sheboygan

58.2 57.4 58.1 57.5 -0.6 -1.0

Wausau

66.8 67.9 66.7 69.0 2.3 3.4


Wyoming

292.7 295.1 288.6 289.8 1.2 0.4

Casper

40.7 41.6 41.3 42.1 0.8 1.9

Cheyenne

44.8 45.9 45.1 46.1 1.0 2.2


Puerto Rico

919.3 909.4 921.5 916.2 -5.3 -0.6

Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian

47.4 45.1 47.9 45.8 -2.1 -4.4

Fajardo

14.6 14.9 14.7 15.2 0.5 3.4

Guayama

16.9 17.0 17.1 17.7 0.6 3.5

Mayaguez

35.5 36.1 35.4 35.8 0.4 1.1

Ponce

61.1 59.4 61.4 59.2 -2.2 -3.6

San German-Cabo Rojo

20.8 20.6 21.2 21.1 -0.1 -0.5

San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo

681.4 673.7 683.2 678.4 -4.8 -0.7

Yauco

13.9 13.9 14.2 13.6 -0.6 -4.2


Virgin Islands

43.1 40.5 43.1 40.4 -2.7 -6.3

Footnotes
(1) Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. is the exception since it is listed under Illinois for operational reasons.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
[In thousands]
State, area, and division September October Change from
October 2011 to October 2012(p)
2011 2012 2011 2012(p) Number Percent

California

14,057.7 14,357.2 14,182.7 14,478.8 296.1 2.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,143.0 5,235.0 5,211.4 5,289.7 78.3 1.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

3,776.4 3,844.1 3,827.5 3,885.3 57.8 1.5

Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine

1,366.6 1,390.9 1,383.9 1,404.4 20.5 1.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

1,897.3 1,954.9 1,913.9 1,965.9 52.0 2.7

Oakland-Fremont-Hayward

947.6 968.8 952.7 972.1 19.4 2.0

San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City

953.6 986.1 961.2 993.8 32.6 3.4


District of Columbia

728.4 734.5 734.2 738.6 4.4 0.6

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

2,995.9 3,038.3 3,016.0 3,053.4 37.4 1.2

Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick(2)

564.0 576.9 564.7 580.4 15.7 2.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

2,431.9 2,461.4 2,451.3 2,473.0 21.7 0.9


Florida

7,250.1 7,324.3 7,299.2 7,365.3 66.1 0.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,210.5 2,218.5 2,229.9 2,230.2 0.3 0.0

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

706.3 707.7 712.6 711.5 -1.1 -0.2

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,004.4 1,011.5 1,014.8 1,015.6 0.8 0.1

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach

499.8 499.3 502.5 503.1 0.6 0.1


Illinois

5,685.7 5,738.2 5,728.8 5,767.3 38.5 0.7

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville(1)

4,318.2 4,355.4 4,343.2 4,372.2 29.0 0.7

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

3,667.8 3,700.3 3,692.2 3,716.4 24.2 0.7

Gary(2)

270.0 271.1 270.1 271.2 1.1 0.4

Lake County-Kenosha County(1)

380.4 384.0 380.9 384.6 3.7 1.0


Massachusetts

3,220.2 3,270.2 3,245.4 3,288.6 43.2 1.3

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy(1)

2,447.5 2,495.1 2,467.8 2,514.7 46.9 1.9

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

1,686.5 1,729.9 1,699.8 1,742.7 42.9 2.5

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

86.4 87.8 87.9 89.3 1.4 1.6

Framingham

157.2 159.7 158.3 160.4 2.1 1.3

Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury(1)

79.5 78.5 78.3 79.2 0.9 1.1

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(1)

117.1 118.2 118.9 118.9 0.0 0.0

Nashua(1)

124.2 122.8 124.8 123.1 -1.7 -1.4

Peabody

101.6 104.4 103.3 105.6 2.3 2.2


Michigan

3,969.4 4,022.3 4,002.7 4,028.4 25.7 0.6

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,783.4 1,812.5 1,802.3 1,809.6 7.3 0.4

Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn

699.3 705.2 706.9 703.5 -3.4 -0.5

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,084.1 1,107.3 1,095.4 1,106.1 10.7 1.0


New York

8,696.3 8,828.5 8,778.6 8,913.9 135.3 1.5

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island(1)

8,384.8 8,524.2 8,463.9 8,591.9 128.0 1.5

Edison-New Brunswick(2)

979.9 988.1 985.5 990.7 5.2 0.5

Nassau-Suffolk

1,234.3 1,244.1 1,254.8 1,261.3 6.5 0.5

New York-White Plains-Wayne(1)

5,206.8 5,318.9 5,249.6 5,363.1 113.5 2.2

Newark-Union(2)

963.8 973.1 974.0 976.8 2.8 0.3


Pennsylvania

5,700.2 5,759.7 5,757.2 5,805.3 48.1 0.8

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(1)

2,698.3 2,717.1 2,727.1 2,739.8 12.7 0.5

Camden(2)

500.3 504.1 505.1 507.2 2.1 0.4

Philadelphia

1,867.5 1,877.7 1,889.9 1,895.7 5.8 0.3

Wilmington(2)

330.5 335.3 332.1 336.9 4.8 1.4


Texas

10,595.8 10,849.5 10,653.6 10,930.0 276.4 2.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

2,941.7 2,988.6 2,943.4 3,009.9 66.5 2.3

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,075.8 2,104.5 2,073.5 2,117.4 43.9 2.1

Fort Worth-Arlington

865.9 884.1 869.9 892.5 22.6 2.6


Washington

2,834.3 2,892.1 2,858.3 2,911.5 53.2 1.9

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,669.4 1,726.4 1,682.6 1,734.2 51.6 3.1

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,402.7 1,452.5 1,414.7 1,458.2 43.5 3.1

Tacoma

266.7 273.9 267.9 276.0 8.1 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Part of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(2) All of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.


Last Modified Date: November 28, 2012
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