Economic News Release

Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, December 6, 2011                  USDL-11-1717

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- OCTOBER 2011


Unemployment rates were lower in October than a year earlier in 281 of the 372 
metropolitan areas, higher in 76 areas, and unchanged in 15 areas, the U.S. Bureau 
of Labor Statistics reported today. Eight areas recorded jobless rates of at least 
15.0 percent, while 21 areas registered rates of less than 5.0 percent. Two hundred 
thirty-three metropolitan areas reported over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 133 reported decreases, and 6 had no change. The national unemployment 
rate in October was 8.5 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 9.0 percent a 
year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, 74 metropolitan areas reported jobless rates of at least 10.0 percent, 
down from 98 areas a year earlier, while 106 areas posted rates below 7.0 percent, 
up from 80 areas in October 2010. El Centro, Calif., and Yuma, Ariz., recorded the 
highest unemployment rates in October 2011, 28.9 and 26.3 percent, respectively. The
remaining six areas with jobless rates of at least 15.0 percent were located in 
California. Bismarck, N.D., registered the lowest unemployment rate, 2.4 percent. 
The areas with the next lowest rates were Fargo, N.D.-Minn., and Lincoln, Neb., 3.1
and 3.4 percent, respectively. A total of 223 areas recorded October unemployment 
rates below the U.S. figure of 8.5 percent, 141 areas reported rates above it, and 8
areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in October was registered in 
Muskegon-Norton Shores, Mich. (-2.6 percentage points), followed by El Centro, 
Calif.; Farmington, N.M.; Flint, Mich.; and Jackson, Mich. (-2.5 points each). Ten 
other areas recorded rate declines of 2.0 percentage points or more, and an 
additional 68 areas had decreases of at least a full point. Kennewick-Pasco-Richland,
Wash., reported the largest over-the-year jobless rate increase (+1.7 percentage points).
Three other areas had increases of 1.0 percentage point or more from a year earlier.

In the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more, the 
highest unemployment rates in October were registered in Riverside-San 
Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., and Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev., 13.3 and 13.1 percent, 
respectively. Eight additional large areas posted rates of 10.0 percent or more. The 
lowest jobless rate among the large areas was recorded in Minneapolis-St. 
Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., 5.4 percent. Forty-two of the large areas reported 
over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, while four areas registered rate 
increases and three had no change. Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, Fla., 
experienced the largest unemployment rate decrease from October 2010 
(-1.8 percentage points). Eleven other large areas reported rate decreases of at 
least 1.0 percentage point. The large area with the largest over-the-year jobless 
rate increase was Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. (+0.7 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In 
October 2011, Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., registered the highest jobless rate 
among the divisions, 12.1 percent. Nashua, N.H.-Mass., reported the lowest division 
rate, 5.1 percent. (See table 2.)

Thirty of the metropolitan divisions recorded over-the-year jobless rate decreases 
in October, while four divisions registered increases. Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, 
Fla., posted the largest rate decline from a year earlier (-2.4 percentage points). 
Nine additional divisions reported rate decreases of 1.0 percentage point or more. 
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill., experienced the largest unemployment rate increase 
from a year earlier (+0.9 percentage point).

In 5 of the 11 metropolitan areas that contain divisions, the ranges between the 
highest and lowest division jobless rates were 2.0 percentage points or more in 
October. Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., recorded the largest rate difference 
among its divisions, 5.9 percentage points (Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., 11.0
percent, compared with Nashua, N.H.-Mass., 5.1 percent).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, 233 metropolitan areas reported over-the-year increases in nonfarm 
payroll employment, 133 reported decreases, and 6 had no change. The largest 
over-the-year employment increase occurred in Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas 
(+79,500), followed by Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+48,800), 
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H. (+47,000), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana,
Calif. (+39,400). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment was 
reported in Kankakee-Bradley, Ill. (+6.5 percent), followed by Hot Springs, Ark. 
(+6.2 percent), and Victoria, Texas (+5.5 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Atlanta-Sandy 
Springs-Marietta, Ga. (-22,100), Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Va.-N.C. 
(-6,700), and Indianapolis-Carmel, Ind. (-5,300). The largest over-the-year 
percentage decreases in employment were reported in Missoula, Mont. (-5.4 percent),
Abilene, Texas (-5.2 percent), and Dalton, Ga. (-4.7 percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 29 of the 36 metropolitan areas with 
annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2010. The largest over-the-year 
percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas were posted in 
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+3.2 percent), Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, 
Texas (+3.1 percent), and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Wash. (+2.3 percent). The largest
over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Atlanta-Sandy 
Springs-Marietta, Ga. (-1.0 percent), Indianapolis-Carmel, Ind. (-0.6 percent), and 
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, Ohio and Columbus, Ohio (-0.3 percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in October 2011 for 32 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers within a
metropolitan area. Twenty-five of the 32 metropolitan divisions reported 
over-the-year employment gains, while 7 reported losses. The largest over-the-year 
increases in the metropolitan divisions occurred in Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash.
(+36,300), Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+32,400), and Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass. 
(+30,400). The largest over-the-year decreases in the metropolitan divisions were in 
Edison-New Brunswick, N.J. (-13,200), Nassau-Suffolk, N.Y. (-11,300), and 
Wilmington, Del.-Md.-N.J. (-4,700). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan 
divisions was reported in Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, Mass.-N.H. (+3.0 percent), 
followed by Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (+2.6 percent), and 
Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, Mass. (+2.5 percent). The largest over-the-year 
percentage decrease in employment was in Wilmington, Del.-Md.-N.J. (-1.4 percent),
followed by Edison-New Brunswick, N.J. and Gary, Ind. (-1.3 percent each), and 
Nassau-Suffolk, N.Y. (-0.9 percent).

____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for November is 
scheduled to be released on Tuesday, December 20, 2011, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The 
Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for November is scheduled 
to be released on Wednesday, January 4, 2012, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).




Technical Note


   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for
372 metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 8 areas in Puerto Rico.  Estimates for 34
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented.  Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
   
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program
   
   Definitions.  The labor force and unemployment data are based on 
the same concepts and definitions as those used for the official na-
tional estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a 
sample survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.  The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis.  The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
over.  Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation.  Unemployed persons are those who were
not employed during the reference week (based on the definition above),
had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with
the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed.  The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed
persons.  The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force.
   
   Method of estimation.  Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, 
and New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals.  Model-based estimation was
extended to the following areas and their respective balances of state
in 2005:  the Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-
Warren-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-
Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Metropolitan Statistical Area; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division.  (Model-based estimation of the New Orleans-
Metairie-Kenner metropolitan area was suspended following Hurricane
Katrina; the indirect estimation methods described below will be used
for this area until further notice.)  Modeling improves the statistical
basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools for
analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series.
For all other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared
through indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work" esti-
mates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of residence 
as used in the CPS.  Unemployment estimates are aggregates of persons 
previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment in-
surance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geograph- 
ically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure 
that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-state 
totals.  A detailed description of the estimation procedures is avail-
able from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions.  Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the end of each year, usually
implemented with January estimates.  The adjusted model-based estimates
reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revi-
sions in the other data sources, and model reestimation.  All substate 
estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised model-based 
estimates.

Employment--from the CES program
   
   Definitions.  Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month.  Persons are counted at their place of work
rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than
one payroll are counted on each payroll.  Industries are classified on
the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 ver-
sion of the North American Industry Classification System.
   
   Method of estimation.  The employment data are estimated using a
"link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-
month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sam-
ple of establishments reporting for both months.  The estimates of em-
ployment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the esti-
mates for the previous month by these ratios.  Small-domain models are 
used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES 
published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based 
estimates.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state un-
employment insurance (UI) laws.  The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month.  Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employ-
ment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in 
the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates
   
   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors.  Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed.  Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations.  Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the particular estimation processes used.  The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding.  Unemployment rates are computed from un-
rounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates.  Model-based error measures
are available for states on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm.
Measures of nonsampling error are not available, but additional infor-
mation on the subject is provided in Employment and Earnings Online at
www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.
   
   Employment estimates.  Measures of sampling error for state CES data 
at the supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data at the 
total nonfarm level are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm.
Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the
BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions
   
   The substate area data published in this release reflect the stan-
dards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and 
Budget on December 1, 2009.  Data reflect New England City and Town
Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the
six New England States.  A detailed list of the geographic definitions
is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
   
   More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop
these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings
Online.
   
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment.  Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, labor market areas, counties, cities
with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the admini-
stration of various federal economic assistance programs are available 
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/.  Employment data from the 
CES program are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Ser-
vice:  (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                             September          October          September          October       September    October  
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2010     2011     2010     2011p    2010     2011     2010     2011p   2010  2011  2010 2011p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,121.1  2,161.0  2,121.7  2,158.6    191.6    207.7    188.7    188.6   9.0   9.6   8.9   8.7
  Anniston-Oxford.......................     52.4     53.0     52.3     53.2      4.7      5.1      4.6      4.6   9.0   9.6   8.9   8.7
  Auburn-Opelika........................     65.4     67.4     65.6     68.3      5.0      5.3      4.9      4.8   7.6   7.9   7.5   7.1
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    512.3    523.8    514.8    522.2     44.5     46.7     43.8     42.0   8.7   8.9   8.5   8.0
  Decatur...............................     71.2     71.8     71.4     72.3      6.5      7.0      6.5      6.2   9.2   9.7   9.1   8.6
  Dothan................................     62.5     63.2     62.3     63.4      5.1      5.7      5.0      5.1   8.1   9.0   8.0   8.1
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     68.2     70.2     68.0     71.1      5.9      6.5      5.5      5.7   8.6   9.2   8.1   8.0
  Gadsden...............................     44.3     44.6     44.3     44.7      4.0      4.4      3.8      4.0   9.0   9.9   8.7   9.0
  Huntsville............................    206.0    211.0    206.6    210.7     15.0     17.2     14.7     15.7   7.3   8.1   7.1   7.4
  Mobile................................    186.6    191.0    186.2    190.1     18.1     20.7     17.9     18.9   9.7  10.8   9.6  10.0
  Montgomery............................    166.7    168.4    166.8    168.4     14.8     16.5     14.7     15.0   8.9   9.8   8.8   8.9
  Tuscaloosa............................     98.5     99.3     98.5     99.1      8.2      8.8      7.9      7.9   8.3   8.9   8.1   8.0
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    363.1    369.0    359.8    366.7     26.1     24.7     26.3     25.2   7.2   6.7   7.3   6.9
  Anchorage.............................    195.2    197.8    199.3    201.4     13.5     12.2     13.2     12.2   6.9   6.2   6.6   6.1
  Fairbanks.............................     46.8     47.8     46.7     47.8      2.9      2.8      3.0      2.9   6.2   5.8   6.3   6.0
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,187.1  3,159.9  3,179.5  3,170.9    313.4    281.3    307.1    282.0   9.8   8.9   9.7   8.9
  Flagstaff.............................     77.4     76.9     77.2     77.3      6.1      5.6      6.0      5.7   7.9   7.3   7.8   7.3
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     92.3     90.9     91.5     90.2     10.2      8.9     10.3      9.1  11.1   9.8  11.2  10.1
  Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale.................  2,132.3  2,119.1  2,127.6  2,126.1    193.5    170.5    188.6    171.6   9.1   8.0   8.9   8.1
  Prescott..............................     98.3     94.0     98.2     94.8     10.0      8.9      9.8      9.0  10.2   9.5   9.9   9.5
  Tucson................................    492.6    487.6    489.9    489.6     44.0     38.9     42.5     38.8   8.9   8.0   8.7   7.9
  Yuma..................................     93.9     95.5     95.8     95.1     25.3     25.7     25.8     25.0  26.9  27.0  26.9  26.3
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,357.7  1,361.8  1,355.1  1,362.9    100.3    106.5     95.9    100.9   7.4   7.8   7.1   7.4
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    228.5    227.6    228.4    229.0     14.0     14.3     13.4     13.5   6.1   6.3   5.9   5.9
  Fort Smith............................    134.2    132.2    134.0    132.1     10.2     10.6     10.3     10.5   7.6   8.0   7.7   7.9
  Hot Springs...........................     41.8     45.0     42.0     44.4      3.2      3.5      3.1      3.2   7.8   7.7   7.3   7.3
  Jonesboro.............................     58.1     57.1     58.1     57.3      4.1      4.2      3.9      3.9   7.1   7.4   6.8   6.9
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    344.3    345.6    343.6    343.5     22.9     24.6     22.0     23.2   6.7   7.1   6.4   6.8
  Pine Bluff............................     43.8     43.5     43.8     43.4      4.1      4.4      3.9      4.1   9.3  10.1   8.8   9.5
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,188.7 18,164.9 18,140.5 18,221.2  2,208.7  2,066.8  2,194.3  2,049.9  12.1  11.4  12.1  11.2
  Bakersfield-Delano....................    371.8    372.8    370.9    374.5     53.7     50.7     53.3     50.5  14.4  13.6  14.4  13.5
  Chico.................................    103.7    102.8    104.6    105.6     13.5     13.0     13.7     12.9  13.0  12.6  13.1  12.2
  El Centro.............................     78.0     78.1     77.4     76.7     24.8     24.3     24.3     22.2  31.8  31.1  31.4  28.9
  Fresno................................    446.4    438.7    436.5    431.7     66.9     65.3     69.8     67.9  15.0  14.9  16.0  15.7
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     61.2     61.4     60.9     61.3      9.0      8.6      9.6      9.0  14.7  14.0  15.7  14.6
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana......  6,479.4  6,461.6  6,469.8  6,495.1    771.9    731.1    766.1    717.9  11.9  11.3  11.8  11.1
  Madera-Chowchilla.....................     69.1     68.1     65.4     64.6      9.3      8.9      9.6      9.1  13.4  13.1  14.7  14.0
  Merced................................    109.2    107.8    106.7    107.8     17.6     17.1     17.4     17.0  16.1  15.8  16.3  15.8
  Modesto...............................    239.4    238.3    236.9    237.3     37.7     35.7     38.2     36.0  15.8  15.0  16.1  15.2
  Napa..................................     74.9     75.4     74.1     75.0      6.9      6.4      6.7      6.2   9.2   8.5   9.0   8.3
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    426.4    427.4    429.4    430.4     46.6     43.1     45.4     42.3  10.9  10.1  10.6   9.8
  Redding...............................     83.2     84.8     83.1     85.0     12.5     11.2     12.3     11.2  15.0  13.3  14.8  13.2
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,753.7  1,754.1  1,758.6  1,765.1    255.7    235.9    253.8    234.2  14.6  13.5  14.4  13.3
  Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville...  1,036.4  1,026.4  1,032.2  1,025.6    127.6    117.1    126.3    117.0  12.3  11.4  12.2  11.4
  Salinas...............................    224.1    219.1    220.0    217.6     22.6     22.2     22.6     22.4  10.1  10.1  10.3  10.3
  San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos.........  1,557.5  1,568.0  1,555.8  1,579.5    163.7    153.2    162.0    152.5  10.5   9.8  10.4   9.7
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont.........  2,241.7  2,236.0  2,234.1  2,243.8    228.7    206.5    225.0    204.3  10.2   9.2  10.1   9.1
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........    900.1    914.7    898.2    915.9     98.8     88.1     96.7     87.4  11.0   9.6  10.8   9.5
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles...........    134.7    135.3    135.8    137.3     13.5     12.7     13.3     12.6  10.0   9.4   9.8   9.2
  Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta......    218.2    217.1    219.8    218.2     19.8     18.5     19.9     18.8   9.1   8.5   9.1   8.6
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    147.2    151.3    147.4    151.6     15.9     15.1     16.0     15.4  10.8  10.0  10.8  10.1
  Santa Rosa-Petaluma...................    255.9    255.3    255.2    256.0     25.6     23.9     25.1     23.7  10.0   9.4   9.8   9.3
  Stockton..............................    298.6    300.2    295.8    296.7     48.8     45.9     49.0     46.5  16.3  15.3  16.6  15.7
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    215.0    212.3    213.3    212.4     25.2     23.4     24.8     23.2  11.7  11.0  11.6  10.9
  Visalia-Porterville...................    207.6    209.4    206.2    208.6     32.0     31.2     32.8     31.9  15.4  14.9  15.9  15.3
  Yuba City.............................     70.1     70.0     68.9     69.7     12.2     11.5     12.3     11.7  17.4  16.4  17.9  16.7
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,695.1  2,711.3  2,681.6  2,727.9    226.5    208.0    226.4    210.2   8.4   7.7   8.4   7.7
  Boulder...............................    173.3    175.4    173.8    178.6     11.5     10.3     11.6     10.5   6.7   5.9   6.7   5.9
  Colorado Springs......................    310.7    308.6    308.1    308.9     28.5     26.5     28.3     26.7   9.2   8.6   9.2   8.6
  Denver-Aurora-Broomfield..............  1,380.9  1,389.0  1,377.2  1,400.0    118.8    109.2    118.0    109.7   8.6   7.9   8.6   7.8
  Fort Collins-Loveland.................    177.8    180.0    177.1    180.3     12.0     10.9     12.1     11.1   6.7   6.0   6.8   6.1
  Grand Junction........................     78.9     77.9     78.4     77.5      7.5      6.6      7.5      6.6   9.5   8.5   9.5   8.5
  Greeley...............................    121.7    120.5    120.6    121.1     11.4     10.5     11.4     10.6   9.4   8.7   9.5   8.7
  Pueblo................................     74.9     76.7     74.5     77.5      7.5      7.2      7.4      7.2  10.0   9.4  10.0   9.4
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,893.1  1,879.8  1,896.3  1,891.8    167.6    158.4    163.0    155.7   8.9   8.4   8.6   8.2
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    479.1    473.8    480.6    477.4     40.2     37.6     39.0     37.0   8.4   7.9   8.1   7.8
  Danbury...............................     91.5     91.7     92.1     92.8      6.7      6.2      6.6      6.0   7.4   6.8   7.1   6.5
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    599.0    596.8    599.8    601.6     52.7     50.3     51.4     49.5   8.8   8.4   8.6   8.2
  New Haven.............................    316.4    312.8    317.1    315.4     29.0     27.8     28.3     27.2   9.2   8.9   8.9   8.6
  Norwich-New London....................    153.9    150.9    153.3    150.3     13.1     12.6     12.9     12.5   8.5   8.4   8.4   8.3
  Waterbury.............................    101.8    102.1    102.0    102.0     11.8     11.0     11.4     10.8  11.6  10.8  11.2  10.6
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    419.8    423.3    421.8    426.2     34.1     33.3     34.5     32.0   8.1   7.9   8.2   7.5
  Dover.................................     71.5     72.1     72.1     73.3      5.8      5.7      5.9      5.5   8.1   7.9   8.2   7.5
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    331.3    334.5    330.8    332.8     31.3     36.7     31.4     34.5   9.5  11.0   9.5  10.4
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,061.9  3,093.2  3,058.9  3,095.6    181.6    188.6    179.5    177.0   5.9   6.1   5.9   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,291.6  9,287.9  9,255.3  9,255.9  1,095.4    987.0  1,077.1    931.3  11.8  10.6  11.6  10.1
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    275.7    274.8    273.8    273.6     36.5     31.0     35.2     29.2  13.2  11.3  12.9  10.7
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin....     97.2     99.8     95.7     98.1      7.8      7.3      7.7      6.8   8.0   7.3   8.0   7.0
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    254.8    256.3    253.3    256.5     31.2     27.8     30.4     26.5  12.2  10.8  12.0  10.3
  Gainesville...........................    141.2    141.5    140.2    139.8     11.8     11.5     11.3     10.5   8.3   8.1   8.0   7.5
  Jacksonville..........................    695.2    693.2    691.6    688.8     78.2     69.7     75.8     66.1  11.2  10.0  11.0   9.6
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    277.6    273.2    275.4    271.2     36.3     32.7     34.9     30.5  13.1  12.0  12.7  11.3
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach...  2,898.0  2,919.0  2,903.0  2,924.8    340.4    311.2    343.6    292.5  11.7  10.7  11.8  10.0
  Naples-Marco Island...................    142.5    140.2    142.8    140.4     18.6     16.0     17.6     15.0  13.0  11.4  12.3  10.7
  North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota.........    303.5    299.4    302.6    300.9     38.4     32.9     37.0     31.0  12.7  11.0  12.2  10.3
  Ocala.................................    135.6    134.4    134.3    133.5     18.9     16.7     18.5     15.8  13.9  12.4  13.7  11.8
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.............  1,135.5  1,131.7  1,130.3  1,124.7    131.8    115.5    128.2    109.8  11.6  10.2  11.3   9.8
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    270.0    264.3    267.9    261.9     31.3     30.8     31.8     29.2  11.6  11.6  11.9  11.2
  Palm Coast............................     33.9     32.9     33.5     33.0      5.3      4.8      5.2      4.6  15.8  14.7  15.5  14.0
  Panama City-Lynn Haven-                                                                                                               
    Panama City Beach...................     91.6     90.3     90.2     89.6      9.5      8.8      9.6      8.5  10.4   9.7  10.6   9.5
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    214.7    213.9    211.8    210.7     22.3     21.4     21.7     20.0  10.4  10.0  10.2   9.5
  Port St. Lucie........................    189.5    187.1    189.4    187.1     26.7     23.7     25.8     22.4  14.1  12.7  13.6  12.0
  Punta Gorda...........................     69.2     68.8     69.2     69.1      8.9      7.7      8.7      7.3  12.9  11.2  12.5  10.6
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     62.2     61.0     61.9     61.0      9.5      8.3      8.9      7.7  15.2  13.6  14.4  12.7
  Tallahassee...........................    195.8    195.2    196.1    194.8     16.8     16.7     16.2     15.5   8.6   8.6   8.3   7.9
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,315.4  1,322.7  1,304.1  1,310.5    160.9    142.7    156.4    135.4  12.2  10.8  12.0  10.3
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,683.3  4,746.1  4,674.4  4,746.5    476.7    486.2    472.9    472.8  10.2  10.2  10.1  10.0
  Albany................................     74.9     77.0     74.7     76.5      8.1      8.3      8.0      8.0  10.8  10.8  10.8  10.4
  Athens-Clarke County..................    104.9    107.8    105.5    108.2      7.9      8.6      8.0      8.2   7.5   8.0   7.6   7.5
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta........  2,654.3  2,680.9  2,649.4  2,685.8    272.5    274.2    268.9    266.4  10.3  10.2  10.2   9.9
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    258.9    261.0    258.1    261.4     22.9     25.0     23.1     24.2   8.9   9.6   8.9   9.3
  Brunswick.............................     50.6     51.5     50.6     51.5      5.0      5.4      5.0      5.3   9.9  10.5   9.9  10.2
  Columbus..............................    128.6    133.8    128.8    132.0     11.8     13.1     11.9     12.5   9.2   9.8   9.2   9.5
  Dalton................................     62.4     61.9     62.0     61.4      7.3      7.7      7.4      7.8  11.7  12.5  11.9  12.7
  Gainesville...........................     89.3     89.5     89.4     89.1      7.8      7.7      8.1      7.5   8.8   8.6   9.1   8.4
  Hinesville-Fort Stewart...............     32.5     33.6     32.4     33.5      2.9      3.3      2.9      3.2   8.8   9.8   8.9   9.5
  Macon.................................    111.0    114.7    111.1    114.8     11.5     11.9     11.4     11.6  10.4  10.3  10.2  10.1
  Rome..................................     48.2     48.8     48.0     48.6      5.1      5.5      5.0      5.4  10.6  11.2  10.5  11.1
  Savannah..............................    172.7    177.1    172.9    175.7     15.5     16.4     15.4     15.8   9.0   9.3   8.9   9.0
  Valdosta..............................     66.5     66.3     66.2     66.6      5.7      6.1      5.7      6.0   8.6   9.3   8.6   9.0
  Warner Robins.........................     71.2     72.1     70.8     72.1      5.4      5.7      5.5      5.6   7.5   7.9   7.7   7.7
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    626.6    628.1    623.0    630.6     41.4     41.7     39.7     40.9   6.6   6.6   6.4   6.5
  Honolulu..............................    437.5    441.3    437.8    443.6     24.3     25.4     23.9     25.0   5.6   5.7   5.5   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    759.2    760.1    760.1    763.5     66.5     61.6     67.3     61.3   8.8   8.1   8.9   8.0
  Boise City-Nampa......................    293.3    295.3    292.3    296.3     27.4     25.2     27.7     25.0   9.4   8.5   9.5   8.4
  Coeur d'Alene.........................     71.0     70.1     71.0     70.3      7.1      6.6      7.4      6.5  10.0   9.3  10.4   9.3
  Idaho Falls...........................     62.2     61.9     62.8     62.4      4.3      4.2      4.3      4.1   6.9   6.7   6.8   6.6
  Lewiston..............................     28.8     28.0     28.8     27.9      2.2      2.0      2.2      1.9   7.5   7.1   7.5   6.8
  Pocatello.............................     43.7     43.5     44.3     44.3      3.5      3.4      3.6      3.4   8.1   7.7   8.1   7.7
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,646.5  6,644.4  6,638.4  6,618.6    619.8    631.7    597.2    630.9   9.3   9.5   9.0   9.5
  Bloomington-Normal....................     94.2     93.4     94.6     93.8      6.7      6.8      6.7      6.8   7.1   7.3   7.1   7.3
  Champaign-Urbana......................    123.8    120.4    125.8    121.1     10.3     10.2     10.5     10.3   8.3   8.5   8.4   8.5
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville.............  4,858.1  4,864.0  4,845.3  4,833.2    454.5    467.8    431.6    464.0   9.4   9.6   8.9   9.6
  Danville..............................     37.5     36.2     37.7     36.9      4.0      3.7      4.0      4.0  10.7  10.3  10.7  10.8
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island..........    205.3    205.7    204.2    204.2     15.3     14.6     15.8     15.4   7.5   7.1   7.7   7.5
  Decatur...............................     55.4     55.1     55.8     55.4      5.8      5.7      5.8      5.7  10.5  10.3  10.4  10.3
  Kankakee-Bradley......................     57.1     58.6     57.4     59.0      6.8      6.6      6.8      6.7  11.9  11.3  11.8  11.3
  Peoria................................    205.6    210.0    206.8    211.5     18.7     17.4     18.4     17.6   9.1   8.3   8.9   8.3
  Rockford..............................    173.3    170.4    173.6    170.6     25.2     22.8     24.2     21.5  14.5  13.4  13.9  12.6
  Springfield...........................    118.8    117.8    119.3    118.5      8.6      9.0      8.7      9.2   7.3   7.6   7.3   7.7
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,139.7  3,147.9  3,136.2  3,162.4    294.6    266.4    288.7    273.5   9.4   8.5   9.2   8.6
  Anderson..............................     61.0     60.2     61.1     60.2      6.4      5.8      6.3      6.0  10.5   9.7  10.3   9.9
  Bloomington...........................     97.3     97.8     98.2     99.2      7.1      7.2      6.8      7.2   7.3   7.3   6.9   7.3
  Columbus..............................     37.6     38.6     37.7     38.9      3.1      2.7      3.1      2.8   8.3   7.1   8.2   7.1
  Elkhart-Goshen........................     90.2     88.7     89.9     89.2     11.0      9.8     11.1     10.1  12.2  11.1  12.3  11.3
  Evansville............................    182.3    184.6    181.5    184.5     14.7     13.5     14.3     13.6   8.1   7.3   7.9   7.4
  Fort Wayne............................    206.2    212.7    206.0    213.7     19.5     17.2     19.1     17.7   9.4   8.1   9.3   8.3
  Indianapolis-Carmel...................    887.4    888.8    889.2    892.4     75.9     71.6     75.1     74.0   8.6   8.1   8.4   8.3
  Kokomo................................     42.2     42.1     42.9     42.8      4.6      4.1      4.5      4.2  10.9   9.6  10.6   9.7
  Lafayette.............................     97.7     99.9     97.9    100.2      8.1      7.3      7.7      7.4   8.3   7.3   7.9   7.4
  Michigan City-La Porte................     50.8     50.1     50.8     50.4      5.5      4.8      5.4      5.0  10.8   9.6  10.5  10.0
  Muncie................................     54.7     54.2     54.3     54.2      5.5      5.0      5.3      5.1  10.0   9.3   9.9   9.5
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    152.6    152.5    152.5    154.0     15.9     14.5     15.5     14.5  10.4   9.5  10.1   9.4
  Terre Haute...........................     80.0     79.7     79.9     80.1      8.3      7.7      8.1      7.8  10.4   9.7  10.1   9.7
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,678.1  1,659.4  1,677.3  1,661.2     97.3     91.7     94.3     89.4   5.8   5.5   5.6   5.4
  Ames..................................     49.7     48.8     49.6     48.9      2.1      2.1      2.0      2.0   4.3   4.3   4.0   4.1
  Cedar Rapids..........................    148.8    147.6    148.4    145.7      8.6      8.3      8.3      8.2   5.8   5.6   5.6   5.6
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    315.4    312.6    313.6    313.9     18.6     17.4     18.1     17.2   5.9   5.6   5.8   5.5
  Dubuque...............................     54.2     53.9     54.1     53.5      3.0      2.6      2.9      2.5   5.5   4.7   5.4   4.6
  Iowa City.............................     93.1     89.9     92.7     90.0      4.0      4.0      3.9      3.8   4.3   4.5   4.2   4.2
  Sioux City............................     77.8     78.1     78.0     78.3      5.1      4.1      5.1      4.0   6.5   5.2   6.6   5.1
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     96.2     95.9     96.0     96.4      5.3      5.1      5.1      5.0   5.6   5.3   5.3   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,500.0  1,509.5  1,497.2  1,510.5    103.1    100.1     98.1     93.3   6.9   6.6   6.6   6.2
  Lawrence..............................     63.6     65.7     63.2     65.6      3.9      3.9      3.6      3.5   6.2   5.9   5.8   5.4
  Manhattan.............................     64.9     67.0     65.3     67.7      3.6      3.6      3.4      3.3   5.6   5.4   5.2   4.9
  Topeka................................    123.7    122.8    122.6    122.5      8.7      8.8      8.3      8.1   7.1   7.1   6.7   6.6
  Wichita...............................    313.0    315.0    311.8    314.4     26.2     24.9     25.3     22.7   8.4   7.9   8.1   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  2,087.2  2,102.3  2,073.4  2,093.5    203.6    203.1    198.2    188.4   9.8   9.7   9.6   9.0
  Bowling Green.........................     65.3     65.0     65.7     64.2      5.4      5.3      6.0      5.2   8.3   8.1   9.1   8.2
  Elizabethtown.........................     57.2     57.1     56.9     56.8      5.0      5.3      4.8      5.4   8.7   9.4   8.5   9.4
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    243.9    245.6    242.4    245.5     19.9     19.6     19.2     18.0   8.2   8.0   7.9   7.3
  Louisville-Jefferson County...........    638.0    650.1    631.6    647.8     62.2     62.7     60.4     58.5   9.8   9.6   9.6   9.0
  Owensboro.............................     58.2     58.6     57.6     58.3      5.0      4.9      4.7      4.5   8.6   8.4   8.2   7.6
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,095.2  2,054.5  2,099.8  2,058.0    161.0    140.8    157.6    145.5   7.7   6.9   7.5   7.1
  Alexandria............................     69.8     68.8     70.3     68.7      5.1      4.5      5.0      4.7   7.3   6.6   7.1   6.8
  Baton Rouge...........................    382.2    370.5    382.1    370.5     29.8     26.1     28.9     26.4   7.8   7.0   7.6   7.1
  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux............    104.7    104.4    105.3    104.4      5.6      4.9      5.7      5.1   5.4   4.7   5.4   4.9
  Lafayette.............................    137.8    136.9    137.7    138.2      8.4      7.1      8.4      7.4   6.1   5.2   6.1   5.3
  Lake Charles..........................     94.7     94.2     95.2     94.4      6.9      5.8      6.6      6.1   7.3   6.1   7.0   6.4
  Monroe................................     82.2     79.1     82.0     79.7      6.6      5.7      6.4      6.0   8.0   7.2   7.8   7.5
  New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner...........    546.3    541.8    549.7    545.0     42.3     37.4     41.6     38.8   7.7   6.9   7.6   7.1
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    186.8    186.7    185.9    183.4     13.5     11.7     13.2     12.2   7.2   6.3   7.1   6.7
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    697.1    697.3    699.6    698.3     47.3     47.0     48.3     46.1   6.8   6.7   6.9   6.6
  Bangor................................     69.9     71.7     71.7     72.8      4.7      4.6      4.9      4.4   6.8   6.4   6.8   6.1
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     56.8     57.7     57.5     57.9      4.2      3.9      4.2      3.9   7.3   6.8   7.3   6.7
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford.....    203.8    204.2    204.5    205.0     11.6     11.5     11.7     11.2   5.7   5.6   5.7   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  2,980.4  2,994.9  2,981.8  3,004.5    213.7    213.8    211.8    203.9   7.2   7.1   7.1   6.8
  Baltimore-Towson......................  1,391.2  1,401.5  1,392.0  1,412.1    106.4    106.0    105.2    101.5   7.6   7.6   7.6   7.2
  Cumberland............................     48.6     50.1     49.0     50.2      4.0      4.1      4.0      3.8   8.2   8.1   8.2   7.6
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    118.7    116.9    118.0    116.0     11.3     10.4     11.1      9.7   9.5   8.9   9.4   8.4
  Salisbury.............................     63.1     63.4     63.0     63.0      5.2      5.4      5.2      5.2   8.3   8.5   8.3   8.3
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,487.4  3,482.0  3,484.1  3,495.6    288.0    251.3    271.5    238.7   8.3   7.2   7.8   6.8
  Barnstable Town.......................    140.8    136.2    135.5    134.3     10.8      9.5     10.3      9.1   7.6   7.0   7.6   6.8
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy...............  2,537.1  2,541.0  2,541.7  2,556.3    193.1    167.8    181.5    159.7   7.6   6.6   7.1   6.2
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner..........     73.0     72.3     73.2     72.9      7.9      7.0      7.4      6.6  10.8   9.7  10.1   9.1
  New Bedford...........................     87.0     85.4     86.7     85.8      9.9      8.9      9.5      8.5  11.4  10.4  10.9   9.9
  Pittsfield............................     39.3     40.3     39.2     40.0      3.2      2.8      3.0      2.6   8.0   6.8   7.6   6.6
  Springfield...........................    349.0    347.1    348.2    348.1     31.7     28.4     29.9     27.0   9.1   8.2   8.6   7.8
  Worcester.............................    295.4    298.5    295.5    299.7     26.5     23.1     24.8     21.8   9.0   7.7   8.4   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,778.6  4,691.4  4,767.8  4,656.6    545.2    473.8    519.7    426.5  11.4  10.1  10.9   9.2
  Ann Arbor.............................    182.1    179.1    183.3    180.6     14.1     11.8     13.0     10.3   7.7   6.6   7.1   5.7
  Battle Creek..........................     66.3     64.3     66.6     64.1      6.8      5.5      6.4      4.8  10.3   8.6   9.6   7.5
  Bay City..............................     53.5     53.3     52.8     52.6      5.6      4.7      5.2      4.1  10.5   8.8   9.9   7.9
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia................  2,066.1  2,037.8  2,064.8  2,021.5    259.5    239.3    252.2    219.2  12.6  11.7  12.2  10.8
  Flint.................................    188.4    181.3    187.6    180.6     24.1     19.3     22.3     17.0  12.8  10.6  11.9   9.4
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    387.3    384.5    387.2    381.0     37.4     30.5     35.2     26.9   9.7   7.9   9.1   7.1
  Holland-Grand Haven...................    130.0    127.8    129.1    127.3     12.9      9.9     12.1      8.8   9.9   7.8   9.3   7.0
  Jackson...............................     72.7     71.1     72.7     71.0      8.5      6.8      7.9      6.0  11.6   9.5  10.9   8.4
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    166.7    165.5    168.1    165.8     16.6     13.8     15.5     12.2  10.0   8.3   9.2   7.3
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    240.2    238.6    242.7    239.9     22.0     18.3     20.4     16.0   9.2   7.7   8.4   6.7
  Monroe................................     70.7     68.7     70.4     68.5      8.0      6.3      7.3      5.5  11.3   9.2  10.3   8.1
  Muskegon-Norton Shores................     84.3     81.6     83.1     80.9     10.3      8.2      9.6      7.3  12.2  10.0  11.6   9.0
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     77.0     74.7     76.8     74.4      8.7      7.1      8.1      6.2  11.2   9.5  10.5   8.4
  Saginaw-Saginaw Township North........     91.6     91.5     91.2     90.9      9.9      8.3      9.4      7.4  10.8   9.1  10.3   8.1
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  2,972.4  2,980.8  2,969.0  2,968.4    199.4    176.5    188.8    158.8   6.7   5.9   6.4   5.4
  Duluth................................    147.4    148.4    147.7    146.3     10.4      9.6     10.0      8.9   7.1   6.5   6.8   6.1
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     58.1     58.9     58.6     59.5      3.4      2.9      3.2      2.6   5.9   4.9   5.4   4.3
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,855.7  1,860.8  1,846.6  1,850.1    127.2    111.3    119.8    100.3   6.9   6.0   6.5   5.4
  Rochester.............................    105.5    107.1    105.1    105.8      5.9      5.2      5.7      4.7   5.6   4.8   5.4   4.5
  St. Cloud.............................    109.3    108.3    110.6    107.9      7.1      6.2      6.6      5.5   6.5   5.7   6.0   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,311.9  1,358.1  1,313.4  1,354.5    129.3    144.2    128.9    138.7   9.9  10.6   9.8  10.2
  Gulfport-Biloxi.......................    114.6    121.7    114.4    121.0      9.9     11.8     10.2     11.4   8.6   9.7   8.9   9.4
  Hattiesburg...........................     67.6     71.2     68.7     71.1      5.9      6.7      5.9      6.4   8.7   9.4   8.5   9.0
  Jackson...............................    263.4    276.1    264.1    277.1     21.3     23.7     21.4     22.9   8.1   8.6   8.1   8.3
  Pascagoula............................     73.9     77.0     73.8     77.0      6.7      8.5      6.8      8.1   9.0  11.0   9.2  10.5
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  2,999.6  3,047.7  2,993.9  3,057.7    279.0    252.2    271.5    244.8   9.3   8.3   9.1   8.0
  Cape Girardeau-Jackson................     46.6     48.0     46.3     47.9      3.8      3.5      3.7      3.5   8.2   7.3   8.0   7.2
  Columbia..............................     94.1     96.3     94.8     97.3      6.0      5.4      5.7      5.4   6.3   5.6   6.0   5.5
  Jefferson City........................     77.5     79.1     77.3     79.1      5.5      5.0      5.3      4.9   7.1   6.3   6.9   6.1
  Joplin................................     85.9     86.8     86.1     87.4      7.3      6.6      7.1      6.4   8.5   7.6   8.2   7.3
  Kansas City...........................  1,032.9  1,044.0  1,028.4  1,043.5     91.9     85.4     89.4     81.5   8.9   8.2   8.7   7.8
  St. Joseph............................     67.8     66.8     67.9     67.0      5.6      5.2      5.6      4.9   8.3   7.8   8.2   7.3
  St. Louis (1).........................  1,431.8  1,454.4  1,431.9  1,459.8    137.7    126.3    134.6    126.0   9.6   8.7   9.4   8.6
  Springfield...........................    216.9    222.7    215.8    223.7     18.5     16.6     17.8     16.3   8.5   7.4   8.3   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    498.2    502.0    495.2    500.4     32.3     34.0     33.4     34.6   6.5   6.8   6.7   6.9
  Billings..............................     86.2     86.4     85.4     86.2      4.5      4.6      4.5      4.5   5.2   5.4   5.2   5.2
  Great Falls...........................     40.6     40.3     40.7     39.9      2.3      2.6      2.3      2.5   5.7   6.3   5.7   6.2
  Missoula..............................     58.9     54.8     58.1     54.4      3.9      3.9      4.0      3.9   6.6   7.0   6.8   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................    968.5    993.7    972.6  1,000.6     40.7     38.6     38.8     37.7   4.2   3.9   4.0   3.8
  Lincoln...............................    165.6    170.9    165.3    172.2      6.4      6.1      6.0      5.8   3.9   3.6   3.6   3.4
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    442.4    451.7    443.2    452.7     21.1     20.2     20.2     19.5   4.8   4.5   4.6   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,352.6  1,320.6  1,333.5  1,313.9    204.0    174.9    191.1    167.2  15.1  13.2  14.3  12.7
  Carson City...........................     28.6     27.5     28.3     27.4      3.9      3.4      3.7      3.3  13.8  12.4  13.1  12.0
  Las Vegas-Paradise....................    968.2    950.5    955.2    945.7    151.4    129.4    141.7    123.6  15.6  13.6  14.8  13.1
  Reno-Sparks...........................    223.5    215.0    220.3    214.3     31.1     27.1     29.2     25.9  13.9  12.6  13.3  12.1
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    741.3    742.1    740.0    743.2     40.2     37.3     39.0     36.1   5.4   5.0   5.3   4.9
  Manchester............................    107.7    107.0    107.8    108.0      6.0      5.4      5.8      5.2   5.6   5.0   5.4   4.8
  Portsmouth............................     45.4     45.1     45.0     45.3      2.1      2.1      2.1      2.0   4.7   4.5   4.7   4.4
  Rochester-Dover.......................     84.5     87.3     84.9     86.9      4.6      4.4      4.5      4.2   5.5   5.0   5.3   4.8
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,464.7  4,513.5  4,463.3  4,541.3    402.1    401.9    390.7    397.9   9.0   8.9   8.8   8.8
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    136.0    135.9    134.1    134.0     15.5     16.1     15.5     16.4  11.4  11.8  11.5  12.2
  Ocean City............................     62.4     62.0     56.6     57.1      5.1      5.5      5.7      6.2   8.2   8.9  10.1  10.9
  Trenton-Ewing.........................    201.5    203.0    202.0    204.4     15.3     15.5     14.8     15.2   7.6   7.6   7.3   7.4
  Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton..........     69.8     70.7     70.0     70.3      8.6      8.8      8.5      8.7  12.4  12.4  12.1  12.4
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    955.1    933.8    958.3    938.8     78.6     59.7     78.9     60.5   8.2   6.4   8.2   6.4
  Albuquerque...........................    409.4    398.0    410.5    400.1     36.1     27.6     36.1     27.9   8.8   6.9   8.8   7.0
  Farmington............................     56.4     55.9     56.8     56.5      5.1      3.7      5.1      3.6   9.1   6.5   8.9   6.4
  Las Cruces............................     93.6     91.9     94.8     92.8      7.3      5.7      7.4      5.9   7.8   6.2   7.8   6.3
  Santa Fe..............................     77.1     75.7     77.5     76.5      5.3      4.1      5.4      4.1   6.9   5.4   6.9   5.4
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,568.6  9,524.1  9,567.4  9,548.5    783.7    741.0    767.4    737.0   8.2   7.8   8.0   7.7
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    443.7    439.4    444.0    439.5     31.2     30.0     30.6     28.5   7.0   6.8   6.9   6.5
  Binghamton............................    120.3    119.6    120.3    120.4      9.7      9.3      9.4      9.0   8.0   7.8   7.8   7.5
  Buffalo-Niagara Falls.................    575.4    574.2    576.3    572.9     45.3     41.9     44.1     40.1   7.9   7.3   7.7   7.0
  Elmira................................     40.6     40.1     40.4     39.6      3.2      3.0      3.2      2.9   8.0   7.6   7.8   7.3
  Glens Falls...........................     68.0     66.4     67.0     66.5      4.9      4.7      4.8      4.6   7.2   7.1   7.2   6.9
  Ithaca................................     57.1     56.4     57.6     56.0      3.3      3.2      3.2      2.9   5.8   5.6   5.6   5.3
  Kingston..............................     88.3     87.0     88.2     86.4      6.9      6.8      6.7      6.4   7.8   7.8   7.6   7.4
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                         
       Long Island......................  9,402.9  9,413.3  9,405.9  9,469.5    805.8    776.9    786.7    781.3   8.6   8.3   8.4   8.3
     New York City......................  3,981.3  3,983.3  3,980.3  4,002.1    361.8    344.9    357.0    358.9   9.1   8.7   9.0   9.0
  Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown......    320.2    317.1    321.0    317.4     25.3     23.7     24.4     22.3   7.9   7.5   7.6   7.0
  Rochester.............................    524.3    526.4    525.4    529.0     40.6     37.6     39.1     35.5   7.7   7.1   7.4   6.7
  Syracuse..............................    323.5    323.5    324.3    322.9     26.0     24.5     25.5     23.3   8.0   7.6   7.8   7.2
  Utica-Rome............................    138.5    139.1    138.7    139.3     10.3     10.2     10.1      9.9   7.4   7.3   7.3   7.1
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,474.3  4,516.1  4,477.9  4,507.4    420.7    453.8    420.5    436.6   9.4  10.0   9.4   9.7
  Asheville.............................    207.4    208.0    207.9    206.9     15.6     16.7     15.5     15.9   7.5   8.0   7.5   7.7
  Burlington............................     69.5     69.8     69.5     69.4      6.9      7.5      6.9      6.9  10.0  10.7   9.9  10.0
  Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill..........    855.2    860.3    853.4    854.8     91.6     92.4     89.4     87.6  10.7  10.7  10.5  10.2
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    262.0    263.2    261.3    263.2     18.3     20.5     18.1     19.7   7.0   7.8   6.9   7.5
  Fayetteville..........................    155.5    160.7    156.5    160.3     13.7     16.1     13.8     15.5   8.8  10.0   8.8   9.7
  Goldsboro.............................     52.1     52.2     51.9     51.9      4.3      4.7      4.2      4.5   8.2   9.1   8.1   8.6
  Greensboro-High Point.................    359.6    361.9    359.5    363.2     35.8     37.9     35.4     36.6  10.0  10.5   9.9  10.1
  Greenville............................     90.7     90.4     90.7     91.4      8.4      9.3      8.3      8.8   9.3  10.3   9.1   9.6
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    166.1    163.9    166.0    162.9     19.5     19.7     19.5     19.1  11.8  12.0  11.7  11.7
  Jacksonville..........................     65.6     65.5     65.1     65.4      5.2      6.2      5.1      5.9   7.9   9.5   7.8   9.0
  Raleigh-Cary..........................    558.6    566.7    560.6    565.5     43.9     47.8     43.3     45.4   7.9   8.4   7.7   8.0
  Rocky Mount...........................     70.0     70.2     70.6     70.1      8.4      9.4      8.5      9.1  11.9  13.4  12.1  13.0
  Wilmington............................    177.3    175.9    176.6    174.0     16.2     18.0     16.2     17.4   9.1  10.2   9.1  10.0
  Winston-Salem.........................    234.8    239.8    235.2    239.5     21.3     22.7     21.1     21.9   9.1   9.5   9.0   9.2
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    371.9    379.6    369.8    379.1     11.7     10.2     10.8     10.0   3.1   2.7   2.9   2.6
  Bismarck..............................     62.0     60.9     61.1     61.0      1.9      1.5      1.7      1.5   3.0   2.5   2.8   2.4
  Fargo.................................    119.7    119.7    118.6    119.4      4.2      4.0      3.9      3.7   3.5   3.3   3.3   3.1
  Grand Forks...........................     54.7     56.6     55.2     56.0      2.0      2.3      1.8      2.1   3.6   4.0   3.3   3.8
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,898.3  5,864.1  5,905.6  5,859.2    553.4    497.2    544.5    491.3   9.4   8.5   9.2   8.4
  Akron.................................    382.8    384.1    383.5    386.6     34.5     31.1     34.5     31.1   9.0   8.1   9.0   8.1
  Canton-Massillon......................    202.1    200.6    202.8    200.6     20.8     18.0     20.8     18.2  10.3   9.0  10.2   9.1
  Cincinnati-Middletown.................  1,117.9  1,120.6  1,119.3  1,122.1    103.0     97.1    102.7     96.3   9.2   8.7   9.2   8.6
  Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor...............  1,084.7  1,090.9  1,076.5  1,088.4     98.4     82.5     89.6     77.8   9.1   7.6   8.3   7.1
  Columbus..............................    965.8    952.8    973.1    954.6     78.4     72.4     78.6     72.3   8.1   7.6   8.1   7.6
  Dayton................................    416.6    409.5    418.2    410.9     41.7     37.7     42.0     37.9  10.0   9.2  10.0   9.2
  Lima..................................     50.8     51.1     51.0     51.0      4.9      4.7      5.0      4.7   9.6   9.2   9.7   9.2
  Mansfield.............................     60.3     58.9     61.0     59.1      6.5      5.9      6.6      5.9  10.8  10.0  10.8  10.0
  Sandusky..............................     44.2     45.6     42.9     44.0      4.1      3.7      3.9      3.8   9.2   8.0   9.0   8.6
  Springfield...........................     69.9     69.0     71.3     69.3      6.6      6.1      6.9      6.1   9.5   8.8   9.7   8.9
  Steubenville-Weirton..................     56.4     57.2     56.2     55.6      7.1      5.9      7.1      5.7  12.7  10.4  12.6  10.3
  Toledo................................    329.6    326.9    330.7    326.4     33.4     30.2     33.4     30.4  10.1   9.2  10.1   9.3
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    272.9    273.3    272.9    271.8     28.0     24.2     27.9     24.2  10.3   8.8  10.2   8.9
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,752.4  1,745.3  1,752.9  1,752.0    115.6    101.5    117.1    105.9   6.6   5.8   6.7   6.0
  Lawton................................     47.8     46.5     48.0     46.5      3.0      2.9      3.2      3.2   6.3   6.3   6.6   6.8
  Oklahoma City.........................    572.9    566.4    570.0    571.4     34.9     31.1     35.7     32.9   6.1   5.5   6.3   5.8
  Tulsa.................................    437.1    434.0    437.5    435.4     32.7     27.8     32.7     28.9   7.5   6.4   7.5   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,990.1  2,003.1  1,988.6  2,003.7    197.9    177.1    198.1    177.4   9.9   8.8  10.0   8.9
  Bend..................................     81.0     80.8     79.7     79.5     10.5      9.1     10.7      9.1  13.0  11.3  13.4  11.4
  Corvallis.............................     43.7     44.6     44.9     45.5      2.9      2.8      3.0      2.7   6.6   6.2   6.6   5.9
  Eugene-Springfield....................    178.9    179.4    182.2    182.1     18.7     16.3     18.9     16.0  10.4   9.1  10.4   8.8
  Medford...............................    102.8    105.2    103.1    105.7     11.9     10.8     11.7     10.5  11.6  10.3  11.4   9.9
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro..........  1,187.3  1,192.3  1,190.1  1,195.2    117.0    103.5    116.1    100.0   9.9   8.7   9.8   8.4
  Salem.................................    202.4    200.3    200.5    200.0     19.6     18.3     19.9     18.2   9.7   9.1   9.9   9.1
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,329.7  6,364.0  6,323.6  6,360.2    503.3    481.2    510.6    460.2   8.0   7.6   8.1   7.2
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    417.4    417.2    415.2    415.4     36.5     34.9     36.6     33.7   8.8   8.4   8.8   8.1
  Altoona...............................     64.2     64.4     64.1     64.0      4.4      4.1      4.5      4.0   6.8   6.4   7.0   6.2
  Erie..................................    139.3    138.6    138.8    138.3     11.4     10.3     11.5      9.9   8.2   7.5   8.3   7.1
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    280.6    280.8    279.3    279.1     20.6     19.8     20.9     18.7   7.3   7.1   7.5   6.7
  Johnstown.............................     67.8     68.7     68.2     69.1      5.7      5.4      5.9      5.1   8.4   7.8   8.6   7.4
  Lancaster.............................    266.7    266.4    267.4    265.7     18.3     17.0     18.5     16.2   6.8   6.4   6.9   6.1
  Lebanon...............................     73.2     74.5     73.3     73.5      4.8      4.7      4.9      4.3   6.6   6.3   6.7   5.9
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  2,930.9  2,947.6  2,939.9  2,961.8    253.2    249.5    253.8    240.6   8.6   8.5   8.6   8.1
  Pittsburgh............................  1,212.4  1,226.9  1,206.9  1,232.0     87.4     83.2     87.9     78.9   7.2   6.8   7.3   6.4
  Reading...............................    202.7    205.1    202.6    204.2     17.2     15.9     17.3     15.0   8.5   7.7   8.5   7.3
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre................    278.2    279.6    278.1    279.7     24.8     24.9     25.3     23.9   8.9   8.9   9.1   8.5
  State College.........................     75.9     76.0     76.8     77.1      4.3      3.9      4.1      3.6   5.6   5.2   5.4   4.7
  Williamsport..........................     60.2     59.9     60.3     59.9      4.7      4.5      4.8      4.2   7.9   7.4   8.0   7.0
  York-Hanover..........................    223.8    225.8    223.7    225.7     17.9     16.7     18.9     16.0   8.0   7.4   8.5   7.1
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    576.3    562.4    576.9    565.6     61.9     56.3     63.3     57.6  10.7  10.0  11.0  10.2
  Providence-Fall River-Warwick.........    712.9    697.5    714.3    701.6     77.4     70.4     78.5     71.2  10.9  10.1  11.0  10.2
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,156.9  2,167.6  2,152.7  2,165.0    232.3    229.0    228.1    214.2  10.8  10.6  10.6   9.9
  Anderson..............................     84.5     85.3     85.6     86.2      8.8      8.4      9.1      8.0  10.4   9.9  10.7   9.3
  Charleston-North Charleston-                                                                                                          
    Summerville.........................    321.1    323.6    321.3    324.0     29.2     29.2     29.3     27.6   9.1   9.0   9.1   8.5
  Columbia..............................    368.6    373.1    368.3    373.7     33.6     34.1     33.7     31.9   9.1   9.1   9.1   8.5
  Florence..............................     94.2     94.9     94.2     95.1     10.7     10.8     10.6     10.3  11.3  11.4  11.3  10.8
  Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.............    312.2    315.5    312.7    313.8     28.9     27.6     29.1     26.2   9.3   8.8   9.3   8.4
  Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway    132.4    134.9    130.7    133.0     14.1     14.2     14.5     13.8  10.6  10.5  11.1  10.4
  Spartanburg...........................    134.7    134.8    135.3    136.0     14.6     14.2     14.4     13.5  10.8  10.5  10.7   9.9
  Sumter................................     45.4     45.2     45.4     45.3      5.2      5.2      5.2      4.9  11.5  11.5  11.6  10.9
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    444.8    447.4    445.6    451.1     18.6     18.1     18.5     17.9   4.2   4.1   4.1   4.0
  Rapid City............................     66.9     67.0     66.5     67.3      2.9      2.8      2.9      2.8   4.4   4.2   4.4   4.1
  Sioux Falls...........................    128.2    128.9    128.2    129.7      5.6      5.2      5.6      5.1   4.4   4.0   4.3   3.9
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,065.5  3,128.8  3,070.6  3,125.6    278.4    303.3    276.3    278.0   9.1   9.7   9.0   8.9
  Chattanooga...........................    259.4    265.1    260.6    264.3     21.3     23.0     21.3     21.0   8.2   8.7   8.2   7.9
  Clarksville...........................    114.8    117.1    114.6    115.7     10.6     12.0     10.5     10.9   9.3  10.2   9.2   9.4
  Cleveland.............................     55.0     55.9     55.3     55.1      4.9      5.5      4.9      4.9   8.9   9.8   8.8   8.8
  Jackson...............................     56.5     56.7     56.3     56.7      5.2      5.8      5.2      5.3   9.3  10.1   9.2   9.3
  Johnson City..........................    101.5    102.4    102.1    101.8      8.4      8.9      8.4      7.9   8.3   8.7   8.2   7.8
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    147.7    150.6    147.5    150.2     12.0     12.7     11.8     11.5   8.1   8.4   8.0   7.6
  Knoxville.............................    366.9    374.1    367.7    374.4     26.6     29.6     26.5     26.4   7.3   7.9   7.2   7.0
  Memphis...............................    604.4    627.6    604.7    628.1     58.3     65.6     58.0     62.6   9.7  10.4   9.6  10.0
  Morristown............................     63.8     64.5     64.1     64.4      6.8      7.3      6.7      6.6  10.6  11.3  10.4  10.3
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                    
    Franklin............................    822.1    840.7    824.2    842.6     67.6     71.7     66.3     64.5   8.2   8.5   8.0   7.7
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 12,183.4 12,371.5 12,172.0 12,367.0    977.4  1,041.2    966.9    988.9   8.0   8.4   7.9   8.0
  Abilene...............................     83.3     80.1     83.1     78.8      5.4      5.7      5.3      5.4   6.4   7.1   6.4   6.8
  Amarillo..............................    132.5    134.0    132.4    134.1      7.3      8.0      7.2      7.5   5.5   6.0   5.5   5.6
  Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos..........    912.9    925.6    910.2    923.5     63.7     69.2     63.2     65.4   7.0   7.5   6.9   7.1
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    187.6    190.1    187.3    190.6     19.7     21.7     19.3     20.5  10.5  11.4  10.3  10.8
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    157.5    159.2    157.8    159.4     17.4     19.8     17.4     19.0  11.1  12.4  11.0  11.9
  College Station-Bryan.................    116.2    116.8    117.2    116.9      7.1      7.7      7.1      7.3   6.1   6.6   6.1   6.2
  Corpus Christi........................    211.9    219.0    212.4    219.3     16.9     17.6     16.7     16.6   8.0   8.0   7.9   7.6
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,226.7  3,285.3  3,228.0  3,274.4    261.6    273.9    258.3    261.5   8.1   8.3   8.0   8.0
  El Paso...............................    320.0    327.4    320.9    325.9     30.7     34.5     30.6     33.3   9.6  10.5   9.5  10.2
  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown............  2,909.8  2,969.9  2,905.4  2,989.5    241.5    254.8    239.0    241.1   8.3   8.6   8.2   8.1
  Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood..............    168.6    168.8    168.3    170.2     12.9     14.8     12.8     14.3   7.6   8.8   7.6   8.4
  Laredo................................     95.4     98.0     95.3     98.9      7.8      8.0      7.7      7.7   8.1   8.2   8.1   7.7
  Longview..............................    112.3    112.9    112.6    114.3      8.1      8.2      7.9      7.8   7.2   7.3   7.0   6.8
  Lubbock...............................    147.4    150.5    146.8    150.5      9.0      9.8      8.8      9.1   6.1   6.5   6.0   6.1
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    304.0    312.0    306.9    312.8     35.2     38.1     34.8     36.3  11.6  12.2  11.4  11.6
  Midland...............................     78.3     79.5     77.6     79.3      3.9      3.9      3.8      3.6   5.0   4.9   4.9   4.5
  Odessa................................     73.6     74.9     73.7     75.4      5.3      4.6      5.2      4.3   7.2   6.2   7.1   5.7
  San Angelo............................     54.9     55.1     54.8     54.9      3.4      3.7      3.4      3.5   6.3   6.8   6.2   6.3
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.............    990.5  1,000.0    988.5  1,000.1     72.3     79.6     72.1     75.5   7.3   8.0   7.3   7.5
  Sherman-Denison.......................     57.3     58.3     57.3     58.0      4.7      5.1      4.7      4.9   8.3   8.8   8.2   8.5
  Texarkana.............................     65.1     66.1     65.4     65.6      4.7      5.2      4.6      4.8   7.2   7.8   7.1   7.4
  Tyler.................................    101.7    103.3    102.2    105.9      7.7      8.5      7.8      9.0   7.6   8.3   7.6   8.5
  Victoria..............................     59.0     61.7     58.7     60.8      4.3      4.4      4.3      4.1   7.3   7.1   7.3   6.8
  Waco..................................    116.0    117.9    115.8    118.3      8.4      9.4      8.3      9.0   7.2   8.0   7.2   7.6
  Wichita Falls.........................     73.2     71.9     72.5     71.5      5.4      5.5      5.3      5.2   7.4   7.6   7.3   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,367.6  1,344.3  1,363.5  1,338.7     98.5     91.3     98.9     84.7   7.2   6.8   7.3   6.3
  Logan.................................     70.2     69.5     70.1     69.6      3.7      3.4      3.8      3.2   5.3   4.9   5.4   4.5
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    262.9    261.7    262.4    260.0     19.5     18.0     19.2     16.9   7.4   6.9   7.3   6.5
  Provo-Orem............................    228.6    225.6    227.7    225.8     16.6     15.4     16.7     14.3   7.3   6.8   7.3   6.3
  St. George............................     58.7     56.0     58.2     56.3      5.4      4.8      5.4      4.4   9.2   8.6   9.3   7.8
  Salt Lake City........................    601.7    592.5    602.6    589.7     42.4     39.6     42.8     36.7   7.0   6.7   7.1   6.2
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    360.3    365.2    360.5    362.1     19.8     19.2     18.7     16.5   5.5   5.3   5.2   4.6
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    116.5    119.8    116.8    119.2      5.5      5.0      5.2      4.3   4.7   4.2   4.5   3.6
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,178.7  4,242.0  4,169.1  4,242.5    273.4    272.2    266.9    255.8   6.5   6.4   6.4   6.0
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     80.9     82.9     81.5     82.4      5.9      5.8      5.9      5.4   7.3   6.9   7.3   6.5
  Charlottesville.......................    107.4    111.7    108.4    112.4      5.8      6.0      5.8      5.6   5.4   5.4   5.3   5.0
  Danville..............................     51.7     53.0     51.4     52.8      5.7      5.0      5.3      4.7  11.0   9.5  10.2   8.9
  Harrisonburg..........................     66.4     68.3     67.4     68.9      4.1      4.2      4.1      3.9   6.1   6.1   6.1   5.6
  Lynchburg.............................    124.4    128.1    123.3    127.5      9.1      8.9      8.8      8.3   7.3   6.9   7.2   6.5
  Richmond..............................    653.3    653.3    650.0    653.3     48.8     47.4     47.2     44.8   7.5   7.3   7.3   6.9
  Roanoke...............................    156.1    159.1    155.7    159.4     11.0     10.6     10.6     10.0   7.0   6.7   6.8   6.2
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    825.4    831.7    820.2    826.2     58.4     60.7     57.2     57.8   7.1   7.3   7.0   7.0
  Winchester............................     65.4     67.6     65.0     67.2      4.5      4.4      4.4      4.2   6.9   6.5   6.8   6.2
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,531.0  3,491.6  3,539.5  3,499.3    314.1    298.2    310.7    291.5   8.9   8.5   8.8   8.3
  Bellingham............................    104.2    100.5    106.1    103.6      8.3      7.9      8.1      7.9   8.0   7.9   7.6   7.6
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    123.6    119.0    123.8    120.1      9.0      8.7      8.7      8.9   7.2   7.3   7.1   7.4
  Kennewick-Pasco-Richland..............    138.5    133.0    138.8    133.9      8.7      9.0      8.5     10.4   6.3   6.7   6.1   7.8
  Longview..............................     44.2     42.3     44.2     42.5      5.1      4.7      4.9      4.6  11.5  11.2  11.2  10.8
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     58.8     57.5     58.4     57.7      5.4      5.1      5.3      5.2   9.2   8.9   9.1   8.9
  Olympia...............................    129.2    126.0    129.3    127.9      9.8      9.7      9.6      9.9   7.5   7.7   7.4   7.8
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,881.1  1,893.2  1,884.2  1,887.3    171.4    161.0    171.1    157.2   9.1   8.5   9.1   8.3
  Spokane...............................    233.1    225.4    237.2    231.6     19.8     18.9     19.3     19.2   8.5   8.4   8.1   8.3
  Wenatchee-East Wenatchee..............     67.7     67.2     66.4     66.9      4.4      4.3      4.3      4.3   6.5   6.4   6.5   6.4
  Yakima................................    136.1    130.3    134.2    129.4     10.1     10.7      9.6     10.8   7.4   8.2   7.1   8.4
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    782.7    784.9    778.5    781.2     66.5     61.6     66.5     57.5   8.5   7.8   8.5   7.4
  Charleston............................    135.3    137.1    134.0    136.2     10.7     10.1     10.8      9.3   7.9   7.4   8.0   6.8
  Huntington-Ashland....................    130.1    129.8    129.3    129.0     11.4     11.1     11.0     10.1   8.7   8.5   8.5   7.9
  Morgantown............................     64.9     64.6     64.8     64.9      3.8      3.8      3.9      3.4   5.9   5.9   6.0   5.2
  Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna...........     75.6     76.1     75.5     76.3      6.7      6.2      6.5      5.8   8.9   8.1   8.6   7.6
  Wheeling..............................     69.2     69.6     69.6     69.2      6.3      5.5      6.3      5.3   9.1   7.9   9.1   7.7
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,052.7  3,063.3  3,044.4  3,053.2    217.7    213.9    212.1    207.4   7.1   7.0   7.0   6.8
  Appleton..............................    123.8    122.5    123.5    123.1      8.0      7.8      7.7      7.5   6.5   6.4   6.3   6.1
  Eau Claire............................     90.4     90.9     89.9     90.0      5.5      5.6      5.3      5.4   6.1   6.2   5.9   6.0
  Fond du Lac...........................     55.5     55.5     55.3     55.2      3.8      3.7      3.7      3.5   6.8   6.6   6.6   6.4
  Green Bay.............................    172.2    170.4    171.9    170.4     11.5     11.5     11.3     11.1   6.7   6.7   6.6   6.5
  Janesville............................     79.5     78.0     79.0     78.4      7.7      7.0      7.4      6.8   9.7   9.0   9.4   8.6
  La Crosse.............................     76.2     76.2     76.0     77.3      4.3      4.2      4.1      4.0   5.6   5.5   5.5   5.2
  Madison...............................    343.3    345.3    342.6    344.4     18.1     18.0     17.6     17.4   5.3   5.2   5.1   5.1
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    793.1    808.5    793.9    801.7     61.9     61.8     59.9     59.8   7.8   7.6   7.5   7.5
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     95.5     95.6     94.8     95.8      6.1      6.0      5.8      5.8   6.3   6.3   6.2   6.1
  Racine................................     97.5     97.0     97.0     96.4      8.4      8.4      8.1      8.2   8.6   8.6   8.4   8.5
  Sheboygan.............................     63.3     63.1     62.6     62.9      4.6      4.4      4.5      4.3   7.2   6.9   7.2   6.8
  Wausau................................     72.5     72.3     72.3     71.7      5.3      5.1      5.2      4.9   7.4   7.0   7.2   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    293.7    293.1    292.0    293.8     17.7     14.8     17.4     15.5   6.0   5.1   6.0   5.3
  Casper................................     40.1     40.8     40.4     41.6      2.7      2.2      2.6      2.2   6.7   5.3   6.5   5.3
  Cheyenne..............................     42.5     42.2     42.9     42.8      2.9      2.5      2.8      2.6   6.9   6.0   6.6   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,293.7  1,275.7  1,299.7  1,286.7    210.4    195.9    205.5    209.5  16.3  15.4  15.8  16.3
  Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian.......    108.9    108.4    110.0    110.5     18.4     17.6     18.2     18.9  16.9  16.2  16.5  17.1
  Fajardo...............................     25.5     24.6     25.5     24.9      4.9      4.8      4.9      5.1  19.3  19.5  19.2  20.4
  Guayama...............................     26.1     25.8     26.3     26.1      5.9      5.3      5.7      5.7  22.4  20.6  21.5  21.7
  Mayaguez..............................     34.7     34.3     35.1     34.5      6.2      5.7      6.1      6.1  17.7  16.6  17.4  17.7
  Ponce.................................     89.1     87.7     89.2     88.6     14.7     13.8     14.3     14.9  16.5  15.7  16.0  16.8
  San German-Cabo Rojo..................     49.8     50.9     51.0     52.1      7.8      7.5      7.8      8.2  15.7  14.7  15.3  15.7
  San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo..............    866.0    851.5    869.7    855.4    133.1    122.6    129.7    130.8  15.4  14.4  14.9  15.3
  Yauco.................................     37.0     36.9     36.9     37.7      7.1      6.5      6.9      7.1  19.3  17.8  18.7  18.8

   1 Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and are
available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs),
while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that
appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., is the exception in that it is listed under Illinois for
operational reasons. Data for 2010 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for
the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                               September          October          September          October       September    October  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2010     2011     2010     2011p    2010     2011     2010     2011p   2010  2011  2010 2011p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,188.7 18,164.9 18,140.5 18,221.2  2,208.7  2,066.8  2,194.3  2,049.9  12.1  11.4  12.1  11.2
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana........  6,479.4  6,461.6  6,469.8  6,495.1    771.9    731.1    766.1    717.9  11.9  11.3  11.8  11.1
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  4,901.6  4,878.2  4,887.3  4,899.0    622.0    595.0    618.8    582.9  12.7  12.2  12.7  11.9
     Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.............  1,577.8  1,583.3  1,582.5  1,596.0    149.9    136.1    147.3    135.1   9.5   8.6   9.3   8.5
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...........  2,241.7  2,236.0  2,234.1  2,243.8    228.7    206.5    225.0    204.3  10.2   9.2  10.1   9.1
     Oakland-Fremont-Hayward..............  1,276.4  1,269.0  1,273.0  1,270.8    142.4    128.6    140.3    127.4  11.2  10.1  11.0  10.0
     San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City.    965.3    967.0    961.2    973.0     86.3     77.9     84.7     76.9   8.9   8.1   8.8   7.9
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    331.3    334.5    330.8    332.8     31.3     36.7     31.4     34.5   9.5  11.0   9.5  10.4
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,061.9  3,093.2  3,058.9  3,095.6    181.6    188.6    179.5    177.0   5.9   6.1   5.9   5.7
     Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick (3).....    636.9    639.2    638.9    640.3     35.8     35.8     35.4     33.9   5.6   5.6   5.5   5.3
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,425.0  2,454.0  2,420.0  2,455.3    145.8    152.7    144.1    143.1   6.0   6.2   6.0   5.8
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,291.6  9,287.9  9,255.3  9,255.9  1,095.4    987.0  1,077.1    931.3  11.8  10.6  11.6  10.1
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.....  2,898.0  2,919.0  2,903.0  2,924.8    340.4    311.2    343.6    292.5  11.7  10.7  11.8  10.0
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................    997.4    992.9    987.3    988.1    102.9     93.1    100.0     88.1  10.3   9.4  10.1   8.9
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,279.4  1,304.3  1,298.0  1,316.9    161.4    150.2    170.4    140.4  12.6  11.5  13.1  10.7
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Boynton Beach......................    621.2    621.7    617.7    619.7     76.1     67.9     73.2     64.0  12.2  10.9  11.9  10.3
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,646.5  6,644.4  6,638.4  6,618.6    619.8    631.7    597.2    630.9   9.3   9.5   9.0   9.5
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville (2)...........  4,858.1  4,864.0  4,845.3  4,833.2    454.5    467.8    431.6    464.0   9.4   9.6   8.9   9.6
     Chicago-Joliet-Naperville............  4,081.9  4,091.2  4,068.7  4,059.9    379.7    399.0    358.4    394.2   9.3   9.8   8.8   9.7
     Gary (3).............................    323.8    320.6    324.2    322.7     33.2     28.5     31.6     29.3  10.2   8.9   9.8   9.1
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    452.3    452.2    452.4    450.6     41.6     40.3     41.6     40.5   9.2   8.9   9.2   9.0
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,487.4  3,482.0  3,484.1  3,495.6    288.0    251.3    271.5    238.7   8.3   7.2   7.8   6.8
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (2).............  2,537.1  2,541.0  2,541.7  2,556.3    193.1    167.8    181.5    159.7   7.6   6.6   7.1   6.2
     Boston-Cambridge-Quincy..............  1,536.1  1,540.0  1,540.9  1,550.1    113.4     97.2    106.1     92.3   7.4   6.3   6.9   6.0
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    128.7    128.3    128.6    129.3     12.3     10.7     11.5     10.1   9.6   8.3   9.0   7.8
     Framingham...........................    148.4    148.4    148.0    149.4      9.7      8.2      9.0      7.7   6.5   5.5   6.1   5.2
     Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (2).    124.2    125.4    124.1    125.1      9.2      8.2      8.8      7.9   7.4   6.5   7.1   6.4
     Lawrence-Methuen-Salem (2)...........     73.0     73.6     73.6     73.7      8.7      8.3      8.4      8.1  11.8  11.3  11.5  11.0
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    155.5    155.5    155.0    156.6     13.4     11.6     12.5     11.0   8.6   7.5   8.1   7.0
     Nashua (2)...........................    178.0    177.6    178.2    178.6     10.3      9.5      9.9      9.2   5.8   5.4   5.6   5.1
     Peabody..............................    129.9    129.2    129.6    130.1     10.7      9.3     10.0      8.8   8.2   7.2   7.7   6.8
     Taunton-Norton-Raynham...............     63.3     63.0     63.5     63.5      5.5      4.9      5.2      4.6   8.7   7.8   8.2   7.2
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,778.6  4,691.4  4,767.8  4,656.6    545.2    473.8    519.7    426.5  11.4  10.1  10.9   9.2
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..................  2,066.1  2,037.8  2,064.8  2,021.5    259.5    239.3    252.2    219.2  12.6  11.7  12.2  10.8
     Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.............    848.6    834.3    847.6    826.4    115.5    109.0    112.2     99.6  13.6  13.1  13.2  12.1
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,217.5  1,203.5  1,217.2  1,195.1    144.0    130.3    139.9    119.5  11.8  10.8  11.5  10.0
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,568.6  9,524.1  9,567.4  9,548.5    783.7    741.0    767.4    737.0   8.2   7.8   8.0   7.7
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                           
       Long Island (2)....................  9,402.9  9,413.3  9,405.9  9,469.5    805.8    776.9    786.7    781.3   8.6   8.3   8.4   8.3
     Edison-New Brunswick (3).............  1,189.9  1,195.4  1,189.4  1,203.1     99.2     99.7     96.2     99.6   8.3   8.3   8.1   8.3
     Nassau-Suffolk.......................  1,463.3  1,439.0  1,465.8  1,446.8    105.9     99.0    102.6     94.9   7.2   6.9   7.0   6.6
     New York-White Plains-Wayne (2)......  5,673.2  5,686.2  5,674.5  5,717.2    504.1    481.7    494.4    492.0   8.9   8.5   8.7   8.6
     Newark-Union (3).....................  1,076.4  1,092.7  1,076.2  1,102.5     96.5     96.5     93.5     94.7   9.0   8.8   8.7   8.6
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,329.7  6,364.0  6,323.6  6,360.2    503.3    481.2    510.6    460.2   8.0   7.6   8.1   7.2
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  2,930.9  2,947.6  2,939.9  2,961.8    253.2    249.5    253.8    240.6   8.6   8.5   8.6   8.1
     Camden (3)...........................    655.7    668.2    658.3    673.0     62.3     62.4     60.6     61.4   9.5   9.3   9.2   9.1
     Philadelphia.........................  1,938.6  1,941.8  1,941.8  1,948.0    161.8    158.9    163.9    152.1   8.3   8.2   8.4   7.8
     Wilmington (3).......................    336.6    337.6    339.8    340.9     29.2     28.1     29.3     27.0   8.7   8.3   8.6   7.9
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 12,183.4 12,371.5 12,172.0 12,367.0    977.4  1,041.2    966.9    988.9   8.0   8.4   7.9   8.0
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,226.7  3,285.3  3,228.0  3,274.4    261.6    273.9    258.3    261.5   8.1   8.3   8.0   8.0
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,155.7  2,201.1  2,158.3  2,187.1    175.2    184.5    173.2    176.6   8.1   8.4   8.0   8.1
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,071.0  1,084.2  1,069.7  1,087.3     86.3     89.4     85.1     84.9   8.1   8.2   8.0   7.8
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,531.0  3,491.6  3,539.5  3,499.3    314.1    298.2    310.7    291.5   8.9   8.5   8.8   8.3
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,881.1  1,893.2  1,884.2  1,887.3    171.4    161.0    171.1    157.2   9.1   8.5   9.1   8.3
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,486.8  1,510.1  1,490.2  1,496.8    136.0    126.4    136.5    121.5   9.1   8.4   9.2   8.1
     Tacoma...............................    394.3    383.1    394.0    390.5     35.4     34.6     34.6     35.6   9.0   9.0   8.8   9.1

   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 34 metropolitan divisions. 
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated
December 1, 2009, and are available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City
and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state that corresponds to the first city in their title. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some
divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are
listed. Three sets of metropolitan areas and divisions have similar or identical titles. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria,
D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. For the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., and
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis., metropolitan areas, the division titles are similar but include only Massachusetts and
Illinois, respectively. Data for 2010 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for
the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area September October Change from
October 2010 to October 2011(p)
2010 2011 2010 2011(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,871.1 1,871.0 1,876.9 1,880.7 3.8 0.2

Anniston-Oxford

49.2 48.3 48.9 48.5 -0.4 -0.8

Auburn-Opelika

53.5 54.0 53.7 55.2 1.5 2.8

Birmingham-Hoover

487.3 489.2 490.6 488.6 -2.0 -0.4

Decatur

54.1 53.2 54.2 53.9 -0.3 -0.6

Dothan

56.8 56.1 56.7 56.4 -0.3 -0.5

Florence-Muscle Shoals

54.8 55.5 55.2 56.5 1.3 2.4

Gadsden

35.8 35.1 35.8 35.1 -0.7 -2.0

Huntsville

208.3 208.0 208.9 207.2 -1.7 -0.8

Mobile

176.2 175.2 175.9 174.7 -1.2 -0.7

Montgomery

167.6 165.0 167.9 165.1 -2.8 -1.7

Tuscaloosa

94.2 92.8 94.7 93.1 -1.6 -1.7


Alaska

339.2 343.3 324.8 327.1 2.3 0.7

Anchorage

176.8 177.9 174.4 173.9 -0.5 -0.3

Fairbanks

40.6 41.4 39.2 39.6 0.4 1.0


Arizona

2,363.5 2,418.0 2,388.8 2,433.5 44.7 1.9

Flagstaff

61.9 63.0 62.2 63.1 0.9 1.4

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

44.9 46.1 45.0 45.4 0.4 0.9

Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale

1,676.7 1,719.9 1,698.1 1,728.0 29.9 1.8

Prescott

54.1 52.8 54.4 52.8 -1.6 -2.9

Tucson

351.5 359.2 354.2 359.5 5.3 1.5

Yuma

48.7 48.1 49.2 48.7 -0.5 -1.0


Arkansas

1,170.1 1,177.5 1,181.7 1,180.5 -1.2 -0.1

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

203.1 202.2 203.1 204.2 1.1 0.5

Fort Smith

117.5 116.3 117.4 116.6 -0.8 -0.7

Hot Springs

37.0 40.2 37.2 39.5 2.3 6.2

Jonesboro

49.2 48.4 49.4 48.8 -0.6 -1.2

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

339.6 338.3 340.2 338.4 -1.8 -0.5

Pine Bluff

37.1 36.6 37.1 36.5 -0.6 -1.6


California

13,865.5 14,126.5 13,987.2 14,227.7 240.5 1.7

Bakersfield-Delano

222.9 226.8 225.7 230.2 4.5 2.0

Chico

69.9 69.7 70.6 71.9 1.3 1.8

El Centro

43.8 44.1 43.9 44.9 1.0 2.3

Fresno

280.6 277.9 282.7 282.3 -0.4 -0.1

Hanford-Corcoran

36.3 37.0 35.7 36.8 1.1 3.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,096.0 5,148.1 5,154.6 5,194.0 39.4 0.8

Madera-Chowchilla

32.9 32.1 32.7 32.0 -0.7 -2.1

Merced

57.0 57.0 56.5 57.9 1.4 2.5

Modesto

148.1 148.9 146.6 148.0 1.4 1.0

Napa

59.5 60.6 59.4 60.4 1.0 1.7

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

271.0 275.6 273.5 275.9 2.4 0.9

Redding

58.0 60.6 57.9 60.2 2.3 4.0

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,098.6 1,114.2 1,108.8 1,124.0 15.2 1.4

Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville

804.7 804.5 806.6 805.3 -1.3 -0.2

Salinas

122.5 121.8 121.7 122.4 0.7 0.6

San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos

1,218.5 1,237.6 1,224.7 1,248.7 24.0 2.0

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

1,886.1 1,899.2 1,891.6 1,909.3 17.7 0.9

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

853.1 881.9 858.1 885.4 27.3 3.2

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles

95.0 96.2 96.7 97.7 1.0 1.0

Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta

159.6 159.9 162.2 160.9 -1.3 -0.8

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

83.5 88.5 85.7 90.3 4.6 5.4

Santa Rosa-Petaluma

170.1 170.9 170.9 171.3 0.4 0.2

Stockton

188.6 190.9 189.1 189.6 0.5 0.3

Vallejo-Fairfield

119.1 117.5 118.9 118.2 -0.7 -0.6

Visalia-Porterville

104.6 106.9 105.1 107.6 2.5 2.4

Yuba City

36.3 37.1 36.3 37.2 0.9 2.5


Colorado

2,228.3 2,255.0 2,229.2 2,261.2 32.0 1.4

Boulder

159.8 162.4 160.9 164.7 3.8 2.4

Colorado Springs

247.6 246.3 247.4 246.3 -1.1 -0.4

Denver-Aurora-Broomfield

1,197.5 1,205.2 1,198.3 1,210.0 11.7 1.0

Fort Collins-Loveland

136.4 138.8 136.2 137.6 1.4 1.0

Grand Junction

59.3 58.8 59.4 59.0 -0.4 -0.7

Greeley

78.5 78.9 79.0 79.4 0.4 0.5

Pueblo

57.6 59.2 57.4 59.7 2.3 4.0


Connecticut

1,616.3 1,622.9 1,630.1 1,640.3 10.2 0.6

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

398.2 395.8 400.8 399.0 -1.8 -0.4

Danbury

65.4 66.4 66.1 67.5 1.4 2.1

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

536.9 537.8 539.6 544.4 4.8 0.9

New Haven

265.8 263.2 267.6 267.1 -0.5 -0.2

Norwich-New London

130.5 128.3 130.3 127.9 -2.4 -1.8

Waterbury

62.2 63.8 62.9 63.6 0.7 1.1


Delaware

418.0 413.0 415.6 415.3 -0.3 -0.1

Dover

63.5 62.7 63.8 63.9 0.1 0.2


District of Columbia

709.6 710.7 715.8 716.4 0.6 0.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

2,975.4 2,980.4 2,988.4 2,994.3 5.9 0.2


Florida

7,135.8 7,218.0 7,169.0 7,261.9 92.9 1.3

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

191.2 195.0 191.9 196.7 4.8 2.5

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

77.2 80.0 76.5 79.3 2.8 3.7

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

152.8 156.4 153.3 157.8 4.5 2.9

Gainesville

127.4 127.6 127.7 127.0 -0.7 -0.5

Jacksonville

579.7 584.6 582.6 585.4 2.8 0.5

Lakeland-Winter Haven

192.9 191.2 193.4 192.1 -1.3 -0.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,173.0 2,197.5 2,182.3 2,213.5 31.2 1.4

Naples-Marco Island

106.4 106.6 107.6 107.1 -0.5 -0.5

North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota

235.6 236.6 237.2 239.2 2.0 0.8

Ocala

89.7 90.7 89.5 90.6 1.1 1.2

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

998.6 1,010.4 1,007.0 1,015.6 8.6 0.9

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

193.0 188.1 192.1 187.9 -4.2 -2.2

Palm Coast

18.2 17.6 18.3 18.0 -0.3 -1.6

Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach

72.5 71.8 71.9 71.8 -0.1 -0.1

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

159.0 158.3 158.0 157.0 -1.0 -0.6

Port St. Lucie

118.6 118.6 119.1 119.1 0.0 0.0

Punta Gorda

39.6 40.3 40.1 40.8 0.7 1.7

Sebastian-Vero Beach

42.4 42.6 42.4 42.8 0.4 0.9

Tallahassee

169.3 168.4 170.9 169.3 -1.6 -0.9

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,112.0 1,138.0 1,114.7 1,138.8 24.1 2.2


Georgia

3,824.2 3,792.3 3,851.4 3,818.8 -32.6 -0.8

Albany

60.5 61.1 60.7 60.9 0.2 0.3

Athens-Clarke County

80.3 80.5 81.3 81.8 0.5 0.6

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta

2,260.9 2,234.2 2,270.2 2,248.1 -22.1 -1.0

Augusta-Richmond County

210.0 207.0 210.1 208.0 -2.1 -1.0

Brunswick

40.3 40.0 40.5 40.2 -0.3 -0.7

Columbus

117.8 119.2 118.3 117.6 -0.7 -0.6

Dalton

66.4 63.8 66.4 63.3 -3.1 -4.7

Gainesville

73.0 71.7 73.3 71.9 -1.4 -1.9

Hinesville-Fort Stewart

19.5 19.4 19.4 19.5 0.1 0.5

Macon

94.7 96.0 95.4 96.3 0.9 0.9

Rome

38.6 37.7 38.8 37.8 -1.0 -2.6

Savannah

148.7 148.7 149.9 147.9 -2.0 -1.3

Valdosta

52.6 51.2 52.7 51.6 -1.1 -2.1

Warner Robins

60.3 59.2 60.3 59.5 -0.8 -1.3


Hawaii

584.4 592.5 590.7 597.0 6.3 1.1

Honolulu

432.7 441.1 439.3 444.7 5.4 1.2


Idaho

610.9 618.3 613.2 617.4 4.2 0.7

Boise City-Nampa

252.3 259.1 253.2 258.7 5.5 2.2

Coeur d'Alene

54.0 53.3 53.7 53.6 -0.1 -0.2

Idaho Falls

48.9 48.8 49.0 48.4 -0.6 -1.2

Lewiston

25.8 25.1 25.9 25.2 -0.7 -2.7

Pocatello

36.3 36.0 36.4 36.3 -0.1 -0.3


Illinois

5,655.1 5,699.4 5,681.1 5,743.0 61.9 1.1

Bloomington-Normal

91.3 90.8 91.4 91.7 0.3 0.3

Champaign-Urbana

109.8 107.2 111.5 108.4 -3.1 -2.8

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

4,275.5 4,293.6 4,300.0 4,316.2 16.2 0.4

Danville

29.3 28.6 29.2 28.9 -0.3 -1.0

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island

180.5 183.5 179.5 182.6 3.1 1.7

Decatur

52.9 52.9 52.9 53.2 0.3 0.6

Kankakee-Bradley

42.6 45.1 42.8 45.6 2.8 6.5

Peoria

179.9 186.6 180.3 188.1 7.8 4.3

Rockford

143.7 144.1 144.8 146.6 1.8 1.2

Springfield

112.2 111.6 112.5 112.7 0.2 0.2


Indiana

2,823.9 2,824.4 2,841.1 2,828.7 -12.4 -0.4

Anderson

40.7 39.9 40.7 39.4 -1.3 -3.2

Bloomington

83.2 82.6 84.6 83.7 -0.9 -1.1

Columbus

42.7 43.8 42.7 44.2 1.5 3.5

Elkhart-Goshen

106.1 104.3 105.9 105.0 -0.9 -0.8

Evansville

174.0 176.5 174.1 176.6 2.5 1.4

Fort Wayne

203.0 211.2 203.8 211.9 8.1 4.0

Indianapolis-Carmel

875.3 873.3 880.8 875.5 -5.3 -0.6

Kokomo

40.7 41.3 41.9 41.8 -0.1 -0.2

Lafayette

93.7 95.3 95.2 96.8 1.6 1.7

Michigan City-La Porte

43.1 42.3 43.2 42.3 -0.9 -2.1

Muncie

50.6 49.8 50.4 50.0 -0.4 -0.8

South Bend-Mishawaka

133.6 133.9 133.8 135.4 1.6 1.2

Terre Haute

71.4 71.0 71.7 71.3 -0.4 -0.6


Iowa

1,473.5 1,488.5 1,491.5 1,504.8 13.3 0.9

Ames

47.8 47.4 48.4 47.9 -0.5 -1.0

Cedar Rapids

138.5 138.9 138.8 138.4 -0.4 -0.3

Des Moines-West Des Moines

314.3 317.0 317.2 321.4 4.2 1.3

Dubuque

56.5 57.3 56.9 57.0 0.1 0.2

Iowa City

90.6 88.2 91.4 89.2 -2.2 -2.4

Sioux City

72.7 74.6 73.4 75.0 1.6 2.2

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

88.8 90.2 89.9 91.2 1.3 1.4


Kansas

1,323.4 1,331.9 1,336.4 1,340.9 4.5 0.3

Lawrence

50.8 52.9 51.3 53.4 2.1 4.1

Manhattan

56.7 58.6 58.0 59.6 1.6 2.8

Topeka

108.2 106.4 108.7 107.1 -1.6 -1.5

Wichita

282.9 285.3 285.7 287.7 2.0 0.7


Kentucky

1,780.5 1,800.2 1,792.8 1,811.8 19.0 1.1

Bowling Green

60.1 60.2 60.4 59.3 -1.1 -1.8

Elizabethtown

47.8 47.3 47.9 46.7 -1.2 -2.5

Lexington-Fayette

247.8 250.4 248.1 252.4 4.3 1.7

Louisville-Jefferson County

594.4 607.3 594.5 612.0 17.5 2.9

Owensboro

49.8 50.6 49.8 50.9 1.1 2.2


Louisiana

1,883.3 1,924.9 1,895.8 1,939.9 44.1 2.3

Alexandria

63.7 65.2 64.3 65.1 0.8 1.2

Baton Rouge

364.0 363.3 365.0 363.9 -1.1 -0.3

Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux

93.5 96.4 94.1 96.8 2.7 2.9

Lafayette

147.4 151.9 148.2 154.2 6.0 4.0

Lake Charles

88.0 90.9 89.0 90.9 1.9 2.1

Monroe

75.7 75.3 75.9 76.3 0.4 0.5

New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner

517.7 529.6 522.5 533.1 10.6 2.0

Shreveport-Bossier City

177.9 181.9 178.1 178.9 0.8 0.4


Maine

602.2 607.6 603.9 605.7 1.8 0.3

Bangor

63.3 65.1 64.7 66.0 1.3 2.0

Lewiston-Auburn

47.5 48.9 47.9 48.8 0.9 1.9

Portland-South Portland-Biddeford

191.0 190.8 190.3 190.2 -0.1 -0.1


Maryland

2,526.4 2,534.8 2,537.8 2,547.7 9.9 0.4

Baltimore-Towson

1,273.7 1,279.4 1,280.0 1,294.1 14.1 1.1

Cumberland

39.4 40.8 40.0 41.2 1.2 3.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

97.4 95.2 97.3 96.0 -1.3 -1.3

Salisbury

52.2 52.1 53.0 53.3 0.3 0.6


Massachusetts

3,204.9 3,251.2 3,224.4 3,274.9 50.5 1.6

Barnstable Town

102.3 99.8 98.6 98.5 -0.1 -0.1

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

2,430.8 2,479.4 2,452.5 2,499.5 47.0 1.9

Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner

48.3 48.1 48.7 48.9 0.2 0.4

New Bedford

65.2 65.1 65.7 65.8 0.1 0.2

Pittsfield

35.5 37.4 35.6 37.2 1.6 4.5

Springfield

288.0 291.1 288.7 292.0 3.3 1.1

Worcester

239.9 248.1 242.4 249.8 7.4 3.1


Michigan

3,909.1 3,958.4 3,940.0 3,987.6 47.6 1.2

Ann Arbor

196.7 197.5 199.5 201.1 1.6 0.8

Battle Creek

56.0 55.7 56.6 56.1 -0.5 -0.9

Bay City

37.2 38.1 36.8 37.8 1.0 2.7

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,746.1 1,761.0 1,756.4 1,774.0 17.6 1.0

Flint

133.1 131.5 133.6 133.0 -0.6 -0.4

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

367.4 375.6 370.3 376.5 6.2 1.7

Holland-Grand Haven

107.0 109.1 107.1 110.4 3.3 3.1

Jackson

53.6 54.2 53.7 54.5 0.8 1.5

Kalamazoo-Portage

136.8 139.6 139.0 141.2 2.2 1.6

Lansing-East Lansing

217.4 221.1 221.3 224.7 3.4 1.5

Monroe

37.8 37.9 37.9 38.1 0.2 0.5

Muskegon-Norton Shores

59.4 59.1 58.7 59.1 0.4 0.7

Niles-Benton Harbor

61.7 61.4 61.6 61.8 0.2 0.3

Saginaw-Saginaw Township North

84.2 86.7 84.4 87.1 2.7 3.2


Minnesota

2,652.8 2,686.5 2,682.3 2,701.9 19.6 0.7

Duluth

129.2 130.9 130.3 129.8 -0.5 -0.4

Mankato-North Mankato

51.2 52.5 52.3 53.7 1.4 2.7

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,695.7 1,718.8 1,707.6 1,728.6 21.0 1.2

Rochester

102.2 104.8 102.4 104.3 1.9 1.9

St. Cloud

98.9 98.4 100.6 99.2 -1.4 -1.4


Mississippi

1,092.1 1,099.1 1,093.9 1,104.4 10.5 1.0

Gulfport-Biloxi

105.4 106.9 104.9 106.7 1.8 1.7

Hattiesburg

58.8 59.4 59.9 59.7 -0.2 -0.3

Jackson

249.9 251.4 250.9 253.8 2.9 1.2

Pascagoula

59.1 57.5 59.1 58.1 -1.0 -1.7


Missouri

2,666.9 2,664.8 2,670.8 2,671.0 0.2 0.0

Cape Girardeau-Jackson

43.6 44.3 43.5 44.2 0.7 1.6

Columbia

93.7 94.2 94.9 94.8 -0.1 -0.1

Jefferson City

78.1 78.3 78.4 78.4 0.0 0.0

Joplin

79.7 79.2 80.3 80.0 -0.3 -0.4

Kansas City

967.9 969.1 969.5 969.0 -0.5 -0.1

St. Joseph

57.5 55.3 58.0 55.9 -2.1 -3.6

St. Louis(1)

1,296.8 1,305.7 1,300.5 1,308.6 8.1 0.6

Springfield

191.9 194.5 192.4 195.7 3.3 1.7


Montana

434.7 441.0 432.4 440.4 8.0 1.9

Billings

78.9 80.2 78.5 80.7 2.2 2.8

Great Falls

35.7 35.9 36.0 35.7 -0.3 -0.8

Missoula

56.2 52.9 55.6 52.6 -3.0 -5.4


Nebraska

941.3 960.9 948.4 967.3 18.9 2.0

Lincoln

171.5 175.9 172.1 177.8 5.7 3.3

Omaha-Council Bluffs

456.0 463.8 460.0 466.9 6.9 1.5


Nevada

1,115.0 1,124.5 1,118.0 1,130.0 12.0 1.1

Carson City

29.0 28.5 29.1 28.5 -0.6 -2.1

Las Vegas-Paradise

798.0 807.0 800.5 811.2 10.7 1.3

Reno-Sparks

191.0 188.1 191.3 189.4 -1.9 -1.0


New Hampshire

628.8 635.4 629.8 636.6 6.8 1.1

Manchester

97.2 97.6 97.8 98.7 0.9 0.9

Portsmouth

55.6 54.7 54.5 54.6 0.1 0.2

Rochester-Dover

56.0 59.8 56.7 59.2 2.5 4.4


New Jersey

3,851.3 3,871.9 3,871.8 3,894.7 22.9 0.6

Atlantic City-Hammonton

139.8 136.3 138.4 134.7 -3.7 -2.7

Ocean City

48.3 46.6 41.5 40.8 -0.7 -1.7

Trenton-Ewing

236.8 234.2 238.7 236.4 -2.3 -1.0

Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton

58.3 57.8 58.8 58.2 -0.6 -1.0


New Mexico

804.9 809.7 806.8 811.8 5.0 0.6

Albuquerque

372.0 370.6 372.0 370.5 -1.5 -0.4

Farmington

48.2 49.3 48.6 49.6 1.0 2.1

Las Cruces

69.4 69.3 70.2 70.2 0.0 0.0

Santa Fe

60.8 60.9 60.8 61.2 0.4 0.7


New York

8,554.6 8,639.8 8,663.5 8,727.0 63.5 0.7

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

433.6 433.4 439.6 437.9 -1.7 -0.4

Binghamton

109.6 109.8 110.9 111.8 0.9 0.8

Buffalo-Niagara Falls

540.0 545.2 547.9 549.7 1.8 0.3

Elmira

39.9 39.9 40.2 39.8 -0.4 -1.0

Glens Falls

55.3 54.4 55.0 54.9 -0.1 -0.2

Ithaca

65.6 65.5 66.9 65.6 -1.3 -1.9

Kingston

60.9 60.4 61.4 60.2 -1.2 -2.0

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island

8,292.6 8,296.9 8,378.6 8,382.8 4.2 0.1

Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown

247.5 247.4 252.1 250.6 -1.5 -0.6

Rochester

503.9 512.6 513.3 521.0 7.7 1.5

Syracuse

313.3 317.1 318.1 319.9 1.8 0.6

Utica-Rome

129.6 131.1 131.4 132.8 1.4 1.1


North Carolina

3,885.4 3,892.8 3,897.8 3,909.0 11.2 0.3

Asheville

168.3 168.7 168.8 168.6 -0.2 -0.1

Burlington

56.2 55.9 56.3 56.5 0.2 0.4

Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill

804.8 809.8 805.5 811.2 5.7 0.7

Durham-Chapel Hill

281.2 280.3 280.5 281.8 1.3 0.5

Fayetteville

127.9 130.7 128.7 131.6 2.9 2.3

Goldsboro

42.2 42.1 42.1 42.2 0.1 0.2

Greensboro-High Point

341.0 341.8 341.2 345.5 4.3 1.3

Greenville

75.8 74.5 75.7 76.1 0.4 0.5

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

143.8 141.5 143.7 141.5 -2.2 -1.5

Jacksonville

47.8 47.2 47.4 47.4 0.0 0.0

Raleigh-Cary

499.2 504.7 501.8 507.7 5.9 1.2

Rocky Mount

60.0 59.3 60.5 59.7 -0.8 -1.3

Wilmington

138.5 136.0 137.7 135.0 -2.7 -2.0

Winston-Salem

204.3 208.7 204.9 209.6 4.7 2.3


North Dakota

382.6 401.3 387.3 405.9 18.6 4.8

Bismarck

62.9 64.2 63.4 65.2 1.8 2.8

Fargo

122.2 125.1 123.2 126.3 3.1 2.5

Grand Forks

53.4 56.2 54.5 56.3 1.8 3.3


Ohio

5,068.7 5,137.9 5,102.6 5,166.6 64.0 1.3

Akron

319.0 327.2 319.8 331.5 11.7 3.7

Canton-Massillon

160.4 162.5 161.1 162.7 1.6 1.0

Cincinnati-Middletown

985.4 1,000.5 990.0 1,006.5 16.5 1.7

Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor

996.5 997.4 1,003.0 999.8 -3.2 -0.3

Columbus

907.4 907.3 915.7 913.0 -2.7 -0.3

Dayton

371.9 371.1 373.4 374.2 0.8 0.2

Lima

52.0 53.2 52.5 53.5 1.0 1.9

Mansfield

52.4 52.0 53.2 52.5 -0.7 -1.3

Sandusky

38.6 41.2 37.5 39.4 1.9 5.1

Springfield

49.2 49.6 50.6 50.1 -0.5 -1.0

Steubenville-Weirton

44.0 46.5 44.3 45.2 0.9 2.0

Toledo

302.3 305.7 304.0 306.3 2.3 0.8

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

222.9 228.5 223.8 227.6 3.8 1.7


Oklahoma

1,525.9 1,571.0 1,537.4 1,584.2 46.8 3.0

Lawton

43.6 43.0 43.7 43.0 -0.7 -1.6

Oklahoma City

561.5 572.1 561.3 576.6 15.3 2.7

Tulsa

404.3 416.6 409.2 419.5 10.3 2.5


Oregon

1,605.6 1,632.9 1,621.2 1,645.5 24.3 1.5

Bend

61.4 61.8 60.6 60.7 0.1 0.2

Corvallis

36.6 37.3 38.3 38.6 0.3 0.8

Eugene-Springfield

137.6 138.0 140.9 141.4 0.5 0.4

Medford

74.9 77.0 76.0 78.1 2.1 2.8

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

967.5 977.5 975.7 987.2 11.5 1.2

Salem

146.0 142.0 145.4 144.0 -1.4 -1.0


Pennsylvania

5,645.6 5,695.2 5,693.3 5,748.4 55.1 1.0

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

334.3 333.9 336.2 335.5 -0.7 -0.2

Altoona

60.6 60.6 60.8 60.7 -0.1 -0.2

Erie

129.3 129.1 130.2 130.5 0.3 0.2

Harrisburg-Carlisle

318.9 317.9 319.6 318.8 -0.8 -0.3

Johnstown

59.8 60.9 60.7 61.9 1.2 2.0

Lancaster

228.0 226.4 229.2 228.7 -0.5 -0.2

Lebanon

50.2 51.3 50.5 51.1 0.6 1.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,695.5 2,690.3 2,721.5 2,718.2 -3.3 -0.1

Pittsburgh

1,133.8 1,147.7 1,139.5 1,161.3 21.8 1.9

Reading

167.7 170.4 168.5 171.6 3.1 1.8

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre

253.2 253.1 255.2 255.3 0.1 0.0

State College

75.5 75.5 77.3 77.5 0.2 0.3

Williamsport

53.2 52.7 53.6 53.4 -0.2 -0.4

York-Hanover

175.9 178.4 176.5 179.8 3.3 1.9


Rhode Island

464.5 465.5 466.5 466.3 -0.2 0.0

Providence-Fall River-Warwick

546.3 546.4 549.8 549.2 -0.6 -0.1


South Carolina

1,807.2 1,823.1 1,817.5 1,832.5 15.0 0.8

Anderson

59.0 60.1 60.1 61.5 1.4 2.3

Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville

283.9 286.3 285.1 287.8 2.7 0.9

Columbia

341.7 346.2 343.0 348.5 5.5 1.6

Florence

81.7 82.6 82.4 83.4 1.0 1.2

Greenville-Mauldin-Easley

295.2 300.3 296.5 299.0 2.5 0.8

Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway

117.0 119.9 115.7 118.6 2.9 2.5

Spartanburg

117.7 117.9 119.1 119.9 0.8 0.7

Sumter

36.8 36.7 37.1 37.0 -0.1 -0.3


South Dakota

407.9 408.6 408.1 410.0 1.9 0.5

Rapid City

61.2 61.4 60.9 61.5 0.6 1.0

Sioux Falls

134.1 135.0 134.2 135.5 1.3 1.0


Tennessee

2,633.3 2,655.8 2,643.4 2,667.9 24.5 0.9

Chattanooga

231.4 232.5 233.1 233.1 0.0 0.0

Clarksville

83.7 84.3 84.2 84.0 -0.2 -0.2

Cleveland

39.4 39.1 39.6 38.8 -0.8 -2.0

Jackson

58.2 57.4 58.4 57.9 -0.5 -0.9

Johnson City

79.0 78.3 79.4 78.0 -1.4 -1.8

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

117.8 118.5 117.7 118.8 1.1 0.9

Knoxville

326.7 327.9 327.9 329.1 1.2 0.4

Memphis

583.7 591.8 585.1 593.4 8.3 1.4

Morristown

45.5 44.9 46.0 45.1 -0.9 -2.0

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

741.3 748.7 745.0 752.7 7.7 1.0


Texas

10,364.5 10,617.0 10,449.4 10,681.9 232.5 2.2

Abilene

64.7 62.1 65.1 61.7 -3.4 -5.2

Amarillo

109.8 111.9 110.9 112.7 1.8 1.6

Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos

768.7 782.9 772.9 786.2 13.3 1.7

Beaumont-Port Arthur

158.3 160.0 159.2 161.3 2.1 1.3

Brownsville-Harlingen

125.6 126.4 126.9 127.8 0.9 0.7

College Station-Bryan

97.9 98.6 99.4 99.1 -0.3 -0.3

Corpus Christi

177.0 184.8 178.8 185.5 6.7 3.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

2,870.3 2,942.0 2,895.0 2,943.8 48.8 1.7

El Paso

278.5 284.5 281.0 283.3 2.3 0.8

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown

2,539.5 2,605.2 2,549.0 2,628.5 79.5 3.1

Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood

127.9 127.6 128.8 129.7 0.9 0.7

Laredo

87.7 91.1 88.1 91.9 3.8 4.3

Longview

96.1 97.4 97.0 99.0 2.0 2.1

Lubbock

129.0 132.4 129.6 133.9 4.3 3.3

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

218.2 224.3 221.8 226.4 4.6 2.1

Midland

69.1 70.8 69.2 71.3 2.1 3.0

Odessa

61.5 63.6 61.7 63.9 2.2 3.6

San Angelo

44.8 44.9 44.9 45.4 0.5 1.1

San Antonio-New Braunfels

841.1 849.7 843.0 851.1 8.1 1.0

Sherman-Denison

42.3 43.0 42.4 42.7 0.3 0.7

Texarkana

56.3 57.1 57.0 56.9 -0.1 -0.2

Tyler

92.6 94.4 93.5 96.1 2.6 2.8

Victoria

49.0 51.9 49.1 51.8 2.7 5.5

Waco

105.6 107.3 106.1 108.0 1.9 1.8

Wichita Falls

58.2 57.6 58.2 57.8 -0.4 -0.7


Utah

1,192.7 1,225.2 1,195.2 1,226.8 31.6 2.6

Logan

53.8 56.1 54.5 56.4 1.9 3.5

Ogden-Clearfield

193.2 200.6 193.7 199.3 5.6 2.9

Provo-Orem

181.4 186.3 181.6 187.9 6.3 3.5

St. George

46.4 46.2 46.3 46.9 0.6 1.3

Salt Lake City

608.6 621.6 613.2 623.0 9.8 1.6


Vermont

299.2 305.4 303.5 308.6 5.1 1.7

Burlington-South Burlington

112.5 116.8 114.0 117.9 3.9 3.4


Virginia

3,640.5 3,654.7 3,656.8 3,681.6 24.8 0.7

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

69.6 70.7 70.8 71.2 0.4 0.6

Charlottesville

98.8 101.7 100.3 102.9 2.6 2.6

Danville

38.9 40.3 39.3 40.5 1.2 3.1

Harrisonburg

62.0 63.2 63.2 63.9 0.7 1.1

Lynchburg

104.2 106.7 104.2 107.2 3.0 2.9

Richmond

601.9 595.1 603.6 599.3 -4.3 -0.7

Roanoke

153.7 155.3 154.5 156.6 2.1 1.4

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

736.4 730.1 736.8 730.1 -6.7 -0.9

Winchester

54.8 56.8 55.0 57.0 2.0 3.6


Washington

2,788.4 2,827.8 2,806.5 2,848.8 42.3 1.5

Bellingham

77.3 76.8 79.3 78.9 -0.4 -0.5

Bremerton-Silverdale

82.2 81.3 82.3 80.6 -1.7 -2.1

Kennewick-Pasco-Richland

101.0 99.4 101.6 98.5 -3.1 -3.1

Longview

35.6 35.2 35.8 35.2 -0.6 -1.7

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

44.1 44.8 44.4 45.0 0.6 1.4

Olympia

96.7 97.3 96.8 97.3 0.5 0.5

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,641.1 1,671.4 1,646.0 1,683.7 37.7 2.3

Spokane

203.3 203.0 207.6 206.1 -1.5 -0.7

Wenatchee-East Wenatchee

38.8 40.0 39.1 40.6 1.5 3.8

Yakima

77.5 75.7 78.5 75.0 -3.5 -4.5


West Virginia

753.1 756.7 757.7 762.5 4.8 0.6

Charleston

148.4 151.2 148.5 152.1 3.6 2.4

Huntington-Ashland

114.4 114.6 114.9 115.3 0.4 0.3

Morgantown

66.5 66.0 67.1 67.3 0.2 0.3

Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna

68.7 69.8 69.2 70.8 1.6 2.3

Wheeling

67.5 69.0 68.4 69.2 0.8 1.2


Wisconsin

2,755.9 2,778.8 2,773.9 2,779.4 5.5 0.2

Appleton

116.4 115.2 117.7 116.9 -0.8 -0.7

Eau Claire

80.9 81.7 81.4 81.7 0.3 0.4

Fond du Lac

45.7 45.8 45.8 45.7 -0.1 -0.2

Green Bay

166.5 165.2 167.9 166.4 -1.5 -0.9

Janesville

61.6 60.7 61.7 61.7 0.0 0.0

La Crosse

73.6 73.8 74.2 75.7 1.5 2.0

Madison

344.7 348.1 348.0 350.2 2.2 0.6

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

811.9 830.8 821.5 827.9 6.4 0.8

Oshkosh-Neenah

93.4 93.8 93.9 95.0 1.1 1.2

Racine

74.8 73.8 75.3 74.4 -0.9 -1.2

Sheboygan

59.0 59.3 58.9 59.5 0.6 1.0

Wausau

67.0 67.4 67.4 67.1 -0.3 -0.4


Wyoming

290.9 297.0 287.4 292.5 5.1 1.8

Casper

38.5 40.5 38.9 40.9 2.0 5.1

Cheyenne

43.8 44.4 43.7 44.4 0.7 1.6


Puerto Rico

912.1 914.3 918.7 916.0 -2.7 -0.3

Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian

47.7 48.2 48.2 48.9 0.7 1.5

Fajardo

14.1 13.5 13.9 13.7 -0.2 -1.4

Guayama

16.4 16.8 16.6 16.9 0.3 1.8

Mayaguez

34.9 35.0 35.3 34.8 -0.5 -1.4

Ponce

60.6 60.9 61.0 61.2 0.2 0.3

San German-Cabo Rojo

21.2 22.4 21.9 22.9 1.0 4.6

San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo

671.7 673.7 676.6 674.8 -1.8 -0.3

Yauco

13.5 14.0 13.4 14.1 0.7 5.2


Virgin Islands

43.8 42.2 43.2 42.2 -1.0 -2.3

Footnotes
(1) Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. is the exception since it is listed under Illinois for operational reasons.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
[In thousands]
State, area, and division September October Change from
October 2010 to October 2011(p)
2010 2011 2010 2011(p) Number Percent

California

13,865.5 14,126.5 13,987.2 14,227.7 240.5 1.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,096.0 5,148.1 5,154.6 5,194.0 39.4 0.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

3,745.0 3,777.5 3,790.1 3,809.1 19.0 0.5

Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine

1,351.0 1,370.6 1,364.5 1,384.9 20.4 1.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

1,886.1 1,899.2 1,891.6 1,909.3 17.7 0.9

Oakland-Fremont-Hayward

945.8 948.4 950.1 951.1 1.0 0.1

San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City

940.3 950.8 941.5 958.2 16.7 1.8


District of Columbia

709.6 710.7 715.8 716.4 0.6 0.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

2,975.4 2,980.4 2,988.4 2,994.3 5.9 0.2

Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick(2)

564.6 564.1 569.1 564.9 -4.2 -0.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

2,410.8 2,416.3 2,419.3 2,429.4 10.1 0.4


Florida

7,135.8 7,218.0 7,169.0 7,261.9 92.9 1.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,173.0 2,197.5 2,182.3 2,213.5 31.2 1.4

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

700.3 702.4 701.4 707.2 5.8 0.8

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

979.4 994.1 985.0 1,003.9 18.9 1.9

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach

493.3 501.0 495.9 502.4 6.5 1.3


Illinois

5,655.1 5,699.4 5,681.1 5,743.0 61.9 1.1

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville(1)

4,275.5 4,293.6 4,300.0 4,316.2 16.2 0.4

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

3,633.9 3,650.1 3,657.2 3,672.9 15.7 0.4

Gary(2)

263.4 261.4 265.2 261.8 -3.4 -1.3

Lake County-Kenosha County(1)

378.2 382.1 377.6 381.5 3.9 1.0


Massachusetts

3,204.9 3,251.2 3,224.4 3,274.9 50.5 1.6

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy(1)

2,430.8 2,479.4 2,452.5 2,499.5 47.0 1.9

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

1,672.8 1,708.8 1,691.4 1,721.8 30.4 1.8

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

87.6 88.9 88.3 90.5 2.2 2.5

Framingham

154.6 156.8 154.5 158.2 3.7 2.4

Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury(1)

77.4 80.0 77.3 78.8 1.5 1.9

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(1)

115.6 117.6 115.6 119.1 3.5 3.0

Nashua(1)

125.6 125.4 125.7 125.8 0.1 0.1

Peabody

99.4 99.7 99.4 100.9 1.5 1.5


Michigan

3,909.1 3,958.4 3,940.0 3,987.6 47.6 1.2

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,746.1 1,761.0 1,756.4 1,774.0 17.6 1.0

Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn

696.8 695.1 700.8 700.6 -0.2 0.0

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,049.3 1,065.9 1,055.6 1,073.4 17.8 1.7


New York

8,554.6 8,639.8 8,663.5 8,727.0 63.5 0.7

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island(1)

8,292.6 8,296.9 8,378.6 8,382.8 4.2 0.1

Edison-New Brunswick(2)

985.2 969.0 988.2 975.0 -13.2 -1.3

Nassau-Suffolk

1,223.3 1,210.9 1,242.5 1,231.2 -11.3 -0.9

New York-White Plains-Wayne(1)

5,119.6 5,150.6 5,179.8 5,198.7 18.9 0.4

Newark-Union(2)

964.5 966.4 968.1 977.9 9.8 1.0


Pennsylvania

5,645.6 5,695.2 5,693.3 5,748.4 55.1 1.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(1)

2,695.5 2,690.3 2,721.5 2,718.2 -3.3 -0.1

Camden(2)

504.2 507.2 508.9 512.4 3.5 0.7

Philadelphia

1,861.8 1,859.6 1,882.9 1,880.8 -2.1 -0.1

Wilmington(2)

329.5 323.5 329.7 325.0 -4.7 -1.4


Texas

10,364.5 10,617.0 10,449.4 10,681.9 232.5 2.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

2,870.3 2,942.0 2,895.0 2,943.8 48.8 1.7

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,023.1 2,081.2 2,045.2 2,077.6 32.4 1.6

Fort Worth-Arlington

847.2 860.8 849.8 866.2 16.4 1.9


Washington

2,788.4 2,827.8 2,806.5 2,848.8 42.3 1.5

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,641.1 1,671.4 1,646.0 1,683.7 37.7 2.3

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,373.6 1,404.3 1,379.0 1,415.3 36.3 2.6

Tacoma

267.5 267.1 267.0 268.4 1.4 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Part of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(2) All of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.


Last Modified Date: December 06, 2011
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