Economic News Release

Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Thursday, February 23, 2012          	USDL-12-0330

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                             MASS LAYOFFS -- JANUARY 2012


Employers took 1,434 mass layoff actions in January involving 129,920
workers, seasonally adjusted, as measured by new filings for unemployment
insurance benefits during the month, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Each mass layoff involved at least 50 workers from a single
employer. Mass layoff events in January increased by 50 from December,
while the number of associated initial claims decreased by 15,728. In
January, 341 mass layoff events were reported in the manufacturing sector,
seasonally adjusted, resulting in 33,597 initial claims. (See table 1.)


The national unemployment rate was 8.3 percent in January, down from 8.5
percent the prior month and from 9.1 percent a year earlier. Total nonfarm
payroll employment increased by 243,000 over the month and by 1,953,000
over the year.

Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

The number of mass layoff events in January was 1,705, not seasonally
adjusted, resulting in 141,703 initial claims for unemployment insurance.
(See table 2.) Over the year, the number of average weekly mass layoff
events decreased by 86 to 426, and associated average weekly initial claims
decreased by 13,867 to 35,426. Sixteen of the 19 major industry sectors in
the private economy reported over-the-year decreases in average weekly
initial claims, with the largest decrease occurring in manufacturing. (See
table 3.) The six-digit industry with the largest number of private nonfarm
initial claims in January 2012 was temporary help services. (See table A.)


   ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
  |                                                                        |
  |                   Changes to Mass Layoff Data                          |
  |                                                                        |
  | Effective with this release, the Mass Layoff Statistics program        |
  | updated the basis for industry classification from the 2007 North      |
  | American Industry Classification System (NAICS) to the 2012 NAICS. The |
  | new conversion reflects definitional changes within the utilities,     |
  | construction, manufacturing, wholesale trade, and retail trade         |
  | sectors. Several industry titles and descriptions were also updated.   |
  | For more information on the 2012 NAICS update, visit                   |
  | www.census.gov/epcd/www/naics.html. For more information on the        |
  | implementation of NAICS 2012 in the Mass Layoff Statistics program,    |
  | visit www.bls.gov/mls/mls2012naics.htm                                 |
  |                                                                        |
   ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 


In January the manufacturing sector accounted for 25 percent of mass layoff
events and 28 percent of associated initial claims in the private economy.
A year earlier, manufacturing made up 28 percent of events and 32 percent
of initial claims. Within manufacturing, the numbers of mass layoff claimants 
in January 2012 were greatest in transportation equipment and food. Fifteen 
of the 21 manufacturing subsectors experienced over-the-year decreases in 
average weekly initial claims, with the largest decrease occurring in 
transportation equipment. Five subsectors recorded January series’ lows in 
terms of average weekly initial claims--beverage and tobacco products, textile 
product mills, wood products, fabricated metal products, and transportation 
equipment. (See table 3.) 


Table A. Six-digit NAICS industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims
in January 2012, private nonfarm, not seasonally adjusted

                 Industry                                                  January peak
                                                     Initial Claims     Year  Initial claims
                                                                                            
Temporary help services (1) ...............              13,692         1998      26,224
School and employee bus transportation ....               8,165         2010      15,131
Discount department stores ................               4,225         2010       8,065
Professional employer organizations (1) ...               3,157         2009      11,345
Highway, street, and bridge construction ..               2,889         2000       9,680
Hotels and motels, except casino hotels ...               2,537         2009       6,592
Supermarkets and other grocery stores .....               2,515         2009       3,978
Department stores, except discount ........               2,212         1998       5,600
Full-service restaurants ..................               1,905         2009       2,658
Motion picture and video production .......               1,649         1998      12,038
                                                                                            
   1  See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.


Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Among the census regions, the South registered the greatest number of initial 
claims in January. All four regions experienced over-the-year decreases in 
average weekly initial claims, with the largest decline occurring in the 
Midwest. (See table 4.)

Among the states, California recorded the highest number of mass layoff
initial claims in January, followed by New York, Pennsylvania, and North
Carolina. Forty-one states and the District of Columbia experienced over-
the-year declines in average weekly initial claims, led by California,
Pennsylvania, and Michigan. (See table 4.)

Note

The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or more
workers beginning in a given month, regardless of the duration of the
layoffs. For private nonfarm establishments, information on the length of
the layoff is obtained later and issued in a quarterly release that reports
on mass layoffs lasting more than 30 days (referred to as "extended mass
layoffs"). The quarterly release provides more information on the industry
classification and location of the establishment and on the demographics of
the laid-off workers. The monthly data series in this release are subjected
to average weekly analysis, which mitigates the effect of differing lengths
of months. See the Technical Note for more detailed definitions and for a
description of average weekly analysis.

____________
The Mass Layoffs news release for February 2012 is scheduled to be released
on Friday, March 23, 2012, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note


   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database. Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period. These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment 
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that 
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is 
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks.  The number of weeks in a given
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a year
may vary.  Therefore, data users who intend to perform analysis of over-the-year
change in the not seasonally adjusted series should use the average weekly
mass layoff figures displayed in tables 3 and 4 of this release.  The average
weekly adjustment process produces a consistent series for each month across
all years, permitting over-the-year analysis to be performed using strictly
comparable data.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding. Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   Average weekly mass layoff events and initial claimants. The number of
events and initial claimants in a given month divided by the number of weeks
contained within that month.

   Employer. Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws. Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is administered
by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Industry. Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). For temporary help
and professional employers organization industries, monthly MLS-related 
statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client companies 
in other industries. An individual layoff action at a client company can
be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs are
assigned to a temporary help or professional employer organization firm, a
mass layoff event may trigger.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Mass layoff event. Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insurance
benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless of
duration.

Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publishing
six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series. The six series are the numbers of
mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total, private nonfarm,
and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expansions
and contractions.

   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjustment
method on a concurrent basis. Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all available
monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in developing seasonal
adjustment factors. Revisions to the most recent 5 years of seasonally adjusted
data will be made once a year with the issuance of December data. Before the data
are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments are made to the original data to adjust
them for differences in the number of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.
Because weekly unemployment insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data,
a particular month's value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in 1 year and
4 weeks in another. The effects of these differences could seriously distort the
seasonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process. These 
effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently removed from 
the final seasonally adjusted series.




Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, February 2008 to 
January 2012, seasonally adjusted

                                      Total            Private nonfarm         Manufacturing    
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2008                                                                             

February ...................     1,724     179,955     1,567     168,003       485      60,752
March ......................     1,515     151,628     1,400     141,316       441      58,254
April ......................     1,290     128,643     1,157     117,639       453      57,044
May ........................     1,567     160,475     1,432     150,893       470      62,776
June .......................     1,612     163,425     1,471     152,133       491      68,862
July .......................     1,589     163,572     1,452     153,060       465      62,210
August .....................     1,763     181,853     1,632     172,147       578      77,464
September ..................     2,159     229,180     1,990     215,749       629      82,011
October ....................     2,201     226,853     2,043     213,454       698      93,252
November ...................     2,406     239,239     2,247     225,404       907     103,836
December ...................     2,437     244,889     2,261     230,621       935     116,181

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     2,254     235,371     2,083     221,653       726      92,293
February ...................     3,059     326,392     2,901     310,378     1,251     145,839
March ......................     2,999     299,322     2,800     282,414     1,230     154,168
April ......................     2,566     249,129     2,349     232,632     1,007     116,051
May ........................     2,710     284,468     2,516     267,869     1,181     147,184
June .......................     2,466     247,597     2,257     230,502     1,048     137,649
July .......................     2,186     222,941     1,979     203,911       636      75,728
August .....................     2,340     216,047     2,115     197,172       751      77,894
September ..................     2,261     214,018     2,048     198,761       786      91,125
October ....................     1,969     195,752     1,772     178,172       571      65,217
November ...................     1,757     164,454     1,588     151,172       472      52,855
December ...................     1,719     155,056     1,543     140,835       424      44,096

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     1,707     168,044     1,529     154,187       471      53,817
February ...................     1,631     156,292     1,465     141,831       374      43,620
March ......................     1,676     149,816     1,469     134,518       356      40,705
April ......................     1,637     154,558     1,452     138,503       368      44,506
May ........................     1,608     150,996     1,357     130,273       302      29,932
June .......................     1,695     151,435     1,475     132,742       325      33,298
July .......................     1,519     138,091     1,316     122,162       304      32,253
August .....................     1,588     159,329     1,399     136,697       390      43,154
September ..................     1,510     133,576     1,295     115,349       328      34,333
October ....................     1,654     149,589     1,446     132,146       354      38,937
November ...................     1,592     161,145     1,410     145,494       360      39,977
December ...................     1,477     135,849     1,271     121,171       322      36,267

             2011                                                                             

January ....................     1,536     148,952     1,348     131,869       337      37,477
February ...................     1,434     131,569     1,242     116,745       297      26,696
March ......................     1,275     115,391     1,118     102,722       251      28,988
April ......................     1,548     145,836     1,383     131,317       341      37,053
May ........................     1,600     144,412     1,404     127,793       374      39,180
June .......................     1,513     143,384     1,334     128,410       344      36,265
July .......................     1,562     145,078     1,348     125,285       346      36,312
August .....................     1,551     164,275     1,347     149,874       382      49,194
September ..................     1,447     147,353     1,306     134,038       364      38,026
October ....................     1,335     118,924     1,205     107,330       341      33,926
November ...................     1,332     131,627     1,192     120,760       324      36,563
December ...................     1,384     145,648     1,238     130,583       351      39,081

             2012                                                                             

January ....................     1,434     129,920     1,298     119,102       341      33,597




Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, February 2008 to 
January 2012, not seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing    
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2008                                                                             

February ...................     1,269     119,508     1,178     113,587       361      42,527
March ......................     1,089     114,541     1,039     110,147       333      43,740
April ......................     1,272     130,810     1,172     121,625       394      48,188
May ........................     1,552     159,471     1,438     150,462       388      51,698
June .......................     1,622     166,742     1,315     140,916       309      42,097
July .......................     1,891     200,382     1,687     186,018       760     108,733
August .....................     1,427     139,999     1,343     133,146       414      51,912
September ..................     1,292     129,586     1,202     122,505       361      46,391
October ....................     2,125     221,784     1,917     205,553       689     100,457
November ...................     2,574     241,589     2,389     226,657       997     107,620
December ...................     3,377     351,305     3,232     340,220     1,378     172,529

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     3,806     388,813     3,633     375,293     1,461     172,757
February ...................     2,262     218,438     2,173     210,755       945     103,588
March ......................     2,191     228,387     2,107     221,397       940     114,747
April ......................     2,547     256,930     2,385     243,321       887     100,872
May ........................     2,738     289,628     2,572     274,047     1,005     123,683
June .......................     2,519     256,357     2,051     216,063       674      85,726
July .......................     3,054     336,654     2,659     296,589     1,133     154,208
August .....................     1,428     125,024     1,334     117,193       436      41,151
September ..................     1,371     123,177     1,258     115,141       448      51,126
October ....................     1,934     193,904     1,678     172,883       566      69,655
November ...................     1,870     164,496     1,679     150,751       517      55,053
December ...................     2,310     214,648     2,166     203,655       615      64,540

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     2,860     278,679     2,682     265,074       962     104,846
February ...................     1,183     102,818     1,091      96,022       282      30,728
March ......................     1,197     111,727     1,111     105,514       273      29,745
April ......................     1,840     199,690     1,697     184,654       424      55,178
May ........................     1,354     123,333     1,170     109,203       216      19,334
June .......................     1,861     171,190     1,355     125,872       212      21,083
July .......................     2,124     206,254     1,732     172,248       532      64,200
August .....................       976      92,435       897      83,021       230      23,088
September ..................       920      77,654       806      67,987       187      19,403
October ....................     1,642     148,638     1,373     127,865       351      40,861
November ...................     1,676     158,048     1,477     142,591       389      41,383
December ...................     1,931     184,130     1,763     172,881       465      52,816

             2011                                                                             

January ....................     2,558     246,463     2,372     229,765       693      75,006
February ...................     1,024      85,585       919      78,718       222      18,471
March ......................       908      85,095       844      80,014       191      20,869
April ......................     1,750     189,919     1,625     176,478       397      47,104
May ........................     1,367     119,911     1,221     108,531       270      25,199
June .......................     1,661     159,930     1,238     122,821       226      22,986
July .......................     2,176     216,774     1,759     174,078       602      71,814
August .....................       961      99,213       875      93,159       228      26,916
September ..................     1,189     117,232     1,095     107,300       296      32,058
October ....................     1,101      96,914       950      83,748       265      28,447
November ...................     1,393     127,750     1,245     117,474       349      37,799
December ...................     2,433     263,665     2,258     247,916       658      75,033

             2012                                                                             

January ....................     1,705     141,703     1,587     132,754       415      38,021




Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally adjusted

                      Industry                                   Mass layoff totals                    Average weekly mass layoffs (1)

                                                            Events          Initial claimants           Events          Initial claimants  
                                                      January    January    January    January    January    January    January    January
                                                         2011       2012       2011       2012       2011       2012       2011       2012

      Total (2) ..................................      2,558      1,705    246,463    141,703        512        426     49,293     35,426
      
Total, private ...................................      2,438      1,634    234,708    135,663        488        409     46,942     33,916
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ...         66         47      4,943      2,909         13         12        989        727

  Total, private nonfarm .........................      2,372      1,587    229,765    132,754        474        397     45,953     33,189
    Mining .......................................         15         16      1,188      1,019          3          4        238        255
    Utilities ....................................          5          4        390        350          1          1         78         88
    Construction .................................        325        194     23,906     13,743         65         49      4,781      3,436
        Construction of buildings ................         47         33      3,426      2,429          9          8        685        607
        Heavy and civil engineering construction .        137         69     10,392      4,786         27         17      2,078      1,197
        Specialty trade contractors ..............        141         92     10,088      6,528         28         23      2,018      1,632
    Manufacturing ................................        693        415     75,006     38,021        139        104     15,001      9,505
        Food .....................................         94         56      9,313      4,964         19         14      1,863      1,241
        Beverage and tobacco products ............          5        (3)        752        (3)          1        (3)        150        (3)
        Textile mills ............................         31         20      4,455      2,274          6          5        891        569
        Textile product mills ....................          9          5        793        444          2          1        159        111
        Apparel ..................................         20         17      1,776      1,899          4          4        355        475
        Leather and allied products ..............        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
        Wood products ............................         43         35      4,930      2,704          9          9        986        676
        Paper ....................................         14          8      1,049        833          3          2        210        208
        Printing and related support activities ..         12         16        983      1,347          2          4        197        337
        Petroleum and coal products ..............        (3)          4        (3)        273        (3)          1        (3)         68

        Chemicals ................................         18         13      1,612      1,064          4          3        322        266
        Plastics and rubber products .............         51         24      4,569      1,931         10          6        914        483
        Nonmetallic mineral products .............         56         36      4,239      2,569         11          9        848        642
        Primary metals ...........................         23         15      3,046      1,649          5          4        609        412
        Fabricated metal products ................         51         23      4,174      1,643         10          6        835        411
        Machinery ................................         46         22      5,446      1,938          9          6      1,089        485
        Computer and electronic products .........         14         15      1,020        876          3          4        204        219
        Electrical equipment and appliances ......         15         11      1,572      1,797          3          3        314        449
        Transportation equipment .................        128         47     19,478      5,969         26         12      3,896      1,492
        Furniture and related products ...........         44         30      4,263      2,371          9          8        853        593
        Miscellaneous manufacturing ..............         14         13      1,073      1,113          3          3        215        278

    Wholesale trade ..............................         32         29      2,839      2,262          6          7        568        566
    Retail trade (4) .............................        241        181     27,038     16,612         48         45      5,408      4,153
        Building material and garden supply stores         21         16      1,777      1,501          4          4        355        375
        Food and beverage stores .................         28         31      2,743      2,575          6          8        549        644
        Clothing and clothing accessories stores .         26         16      1,944      1,041          5          4        389        260
        General merchandise stores ...............         92         77     13,645      8,406         18         19      2,729      2,102
    Transportation and warehousing (4) ...........        212        137     22,440     13,404         42         34      4,488      3,351
        Truck transportation .....................         27         27      1,742      1,773          5          7        348        443
        Transit and ground passenger 
          transportation .........................        139         75     15,596      8,592         28         19      3,119      2,148
        Support activities for transportation ....          5          5        384        324          1          1         77         81
    Information ..................................         53         33      7,915      2,925         11          8      1,583        731
    Finance and insurance ........................         31         30      2,758      2,076          6          8        552        519
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........         17          4      1,150        207          3          1        230         52
    Professional and technical services ..........         52         45      4,019      3,084         10         11        804        771
    Management of companies and enterprises ......          6          6        439        432          1          2         88        108
    Administrative and waste services ............        381        276     34,996     21,596         76         69      6,999      5,399
    Educational services .........................         19         17      2,672      1,770          4          4        534        443
    Health care and social assistance ............         56         36      3,880      2,053         11          9        776        513
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........         55         33      5,494      3,107         11          8      1,099        777
    Accommodation and food services ..............        158        114     12,107      8,725         32         29      2,421      2,181
        Accommodation ............................         58         42      4,800      3,371         12         11        960        843
        Food services and drinking places ........        100         72      7,307      5,354         20         18      1,461      1,339
    Other services, except public administration .         21         12      1,528      1,019          4          3        306        255
    Unclassified .................................          -          5          -        349          -          1          -         87

Government .......................................        120         71     11,755      6,040         24         18      2,351      1,510
    Federal ......................................         23         13      2,922      1,196          5          3        584        299
    State ........................................         32         25      3,272      2,576          6          6        654        644
         State government education ..............         13          9        911        602          3          2        182        151
    Local ........................................         65         33      5,561      2,268         13          8      1,112        567
         Local government education ..............         23         12      2,132        788          5          3        426        197

   1 Average weekly analysis mitigates the effect of differing lengths of months.  There were 5 weeks in January 2011 and 4 weeks in January 
   2012. Average weekly events and initial claimants may not sum to subtotals and totals due to rounding.
   2 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   4 Includes other industries not shown.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.
   
   
   

Table 4. Region and state distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
not seasonally adjusted

     Census region and state               Mass layoff totals                    Average weekly mass layoffs (1)    
     
                                       Events         Initial Claimants            Events         Initial Claimants 
                                 January    January    January    January    January    January    January    January
                                   2011       2012       2011       2012       2011       2012       2011       2012

   Total (2) ...............      2,558      1,705    246,463    141,703        512        426     49,293     35,426
Northeast ..................        591        386     58,802     34,860        118         97     11,760      8,715
    Connecticut ............         11          8      1,048        547          2          2        210        137
    Maine ..................         11          8        900        658          2          2        180        165
    Massachusetts ..........         34         18      3,225      1,821          7          5        645        455
    New Hampshire ..........          9          7        722        504          2          2        144        126
    New Jersey .............        109         51      9,853      4,273         22         13      1,971      1,068
    New York ...............        207        166     24,950     17,607         41         42      4,990      4,402
    Pennsylvania ...........        194        120     16,952      8,912         39         30      3,390      2,228
    Rhode Island ...........          8          5        555        318          2          1        111         80
    Vermont ................          8          3        597        220          2          1        119         55

South ......................        687        496     66,552     43,925        137        124     13,310     10,981
    Alabama ................         70         55      7,730      6,489         14         14      1,546      1,622
    Arkansas ...............          6         19        768      1,389          1          5        154        347
    Delaware ...............          5        (3)        411        (3)          1        (3)         82        (3)
    District of Columbia ...        (3)          4        (3)        263        (3)          1        (3)         66
    Florida ................        128         87      9,464      6,044         26         22      1,893      1,511
    Georgia ................         84         41      8,952      4,097         17         10      1,790      1,024
    Kentucky ...............         47         33      5,472      2,847          9          8      1,094        712
    Louisiana ..............         29          8      2,309        518          6          2        462        130
    Maryland ...............         25         10      1,888        624          5          3        378        156
    Mississippi ............         13         13      1,163        737          3          3        233        184
    North Carolina .........        100         84      9,865      7,468         20         21      1,973      1,867
    Oklahoma ...............         11          6      1,048        443          2          2        210        111
    South Carolina .........         41         32      5,124      3,475          8          8      1,025        869
    Tennessee ..............         26         24      2,143      1,820          5          6        429        455
    Texas ..................         54         51      5,039      3,981         11         13      1,008        995
    Virginia ...............         42         25      4,497      3,362          8          6        899        841
    West Virginia ..........        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)

Midwest ....................        613        386     63,468     31,060        123         97     12,694      7,765
    Illinois ...............         86         55      7,516      4,823         17         14      1,503      1,206
    Indiana ................         43         40      6,487      3,594          9         10      1,297        899
    Iowa ...................         39         17      4,007      1,271          8          4        801        318
    Kansas .................         23          8      5,440        815          5          2      1,088        204
    Michigan ...............        127         53     10,398      3,962         25         13      2,080        991
    Minnesota ..............         19         20      1,988      1,591          4          5        398        398
    Missouri ...............         55         42      4,713      2,860         11         11        943        715
    Nebraska ...............          9        (3)      1,086        (3)          2        (3)        217        (3)
    North Dakota ...........        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Ohio ...................         93         67      9,241      5,630         19         17      1,848      1,408
    South Dakota ...........        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -
    Wisconsin ..............        115         78     12,148      6,014         23         20      2,430      1,504

West .......................        667        437     57,641     31,858        133        109     11,528      7,965
    Alaska .................        (3)          8        (3)        731        (3)          2        (3)        183
    Arizona ................         13        (3)      1,075        (3)          3        (3)        215        (3)
    California .............        530        342     44,274     23,787        106         86      8,855      5,947
    Colorado ...............         11          5      1,126        556          2          1        225        139
    Hawaii .................          6          4        388        316          1          1         78         79
    Idaho ..................          8          6        698        445          2          2        140        111
    Montana ................          6          5        560        503          1          1        112        126
    Nevada .................         12         14      1,299      1,323          2          4        260        331
    New Mexico .............          7          5        467        299          1          1         93         75
    Oregon .................         36         19      4,390      1,699          7          5        878        425
    Utah ...................          7          7        720        514          1          2        144        129
    Washington .............         25         18      2,151      1,446          5          5        430        362
    Wyoming ................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    
    Puerto Rico ............         25         15      2,854      1,205          5          4        571        301
                                                                                                                    
   1 See footnote 1, table 3
   2 See footnote 2, table 3.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.
   
   
   
   

Last Modified Date: February 23, 2012
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