Economic News Release

Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release


Technical information:  (202) 691-6392     USDL 09-0272
               http://www.bls.gov/mls/
                                           For release:  10:00 A.M. (EDT)
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902     Friday, March 20, 2009
                                   
                                   
                     MASS LAYOFFS IN FEBRUARY 2009

   Employers took 2,769 mass layoff actions in February that resulted
in the separation of 295,477 workers, seasonally adjusted, as measured
by new filings for unemployment insurance benefits during the month,
the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported 
today.  Each action involved at least 50 persons from a single employer.  
The number of mass layoff events in February increased by 542 from the 
prior month, while the number of associated initial claims increased by 
57,575.  Over the year, the number of mass layoff events increased by 
1,100, and the associated initial claims increased by 112,439.  In Feb-
ruary, 1,235 mass layoff events were reported in the manufacturing 
sector, seasonally adjusted, resulting in 152,618 initial claims.  Over 
the month, mass layoff events in manufacturing increased by 497, and 
initial claims increased by 50,041.  (See table 1.)  Layoff events for 
all industries and for the manufacturing sector rose to their highest 
levels on record, with data available back to 1995.

   During the 15 months from December 2007 through February 2009, the
total number of mass layoff events (seasonally adjusted) was 28,481,
and the number of initial claims (seasonally adjusted) was 2,927,813.
(December 2007 was the start of a recession as designated by the
National Bureau of Economic Research.)

   The national unemployment rate was 8.1 percent in February 2009,
seasonally adjusted, up from 7.6 percent the prior month and from 4.8
percent a year earlier.  In February, total nonfarm payroll employment 
decreased by 651,000 over the month and by 4,168,000 from a year earlier.

Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   The number of mass layoff events in February was 2,262 on a not
seasonally adjusted basis; the number of associated initial claims was
218,438.  (See table 2.)  Average weekly layoff events rose from 254
in February 2008 to 566 in February 2009, and average weekly initial
claimants increased from 23,902 to 54,610.  (Average weekly analysis
mitigates the effect of differing lengths of months.  See the Techni-
cal Note.)  This year, both average weekly events and initial claimants 
reached their highest February levels in program history; data are avail-
able back to 1996.  Thirteen of the 19 major industry sectors reported 
program highs in terms of average weekly initial claimants for the month 
of February--mining; construction; manufacturing; wholesale trade; retail 
trade; transportation and warehousing; finance and insurance; real estate 
and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of 
companies and enterprises; educational services; accommodation and food 
services; and other services, except public administration.


                                     - 2 -


Table A.  Industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims 
in February 2009


                                                          February peak
                  Industry                         
                                           Initial                Initial
                                           claims       Year      claims

Temporary help services (1) .............. 12,477       2001      18,893
Professional employer organizations (1) ..  6,452       2009       6,452
Automobile manufacturing .................  4,491       2001      13,977
Construction machinery manufacturing .....  4,063       2009       4,063
Motion picture and video production ......  3,263       2002       5,844
Payroll services .........................  3,154       2000       6,590
School and employee bus transportation ...  2,888       2008       4,254
Department stores, except discount .......  2,648       2001       2,994
Food service contractors .................  2,580       2009       2,580
Semiconductors and related device mfg. ...  2,472       2009       2,472
                                                                                        
   1 See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.


   The manufacturing sector accounted for 42 percent of all mass
layoff events and 47 percent of initial claims filed in February
2009; a year earlier, manufacturing made up 28 percent of events and
36 percent of initial claims.  This February, the number of manufac-
turing claimants was greatest in transportation equipment (22,440) 
and machinery (14,921).  (See table 3.)  The administrative and waste 
services industry accounted for 10 percent of mass layoff events and 
11 percent of associated initial claims during the month.  The six-
digit NAICS industry with the largest number of initial claims was 
temporary help services (12,477).  (See table A.)

Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   Of the 4 census regions, the West registered the highest number of
initial claims in February due to mass layoffs (65,792), followed by
the Midwest (64,973), the South (55,542), and the Northeast (32,131).
(See table 5.)  Average weekly initial claims associated with mass
layoffs increased over the year in all 4 regions, with the Midwest
(+11,055) and the West (+8,012) experiencing the largest increases.
In 2009, the Northeast, Midwest, and South regions reported their
highest February levels of average weekly initial claims in program
history.

   Of the 9 geographic divisions, the Pacific (54,411) had the highest
number of initial claims due to mass layoffs in February, followed by
the East North Central (52,690) and the Middle Atlantic (24,387).  
(See table 5.)  All divisions experienced over-the-year increases in
average weekly initial claims, led by the East North Central (+8,789)
and the Pacific (+5,918).  This year, 8 of the 9 divisions reached
February program highs in terms of average weekly initial claims--New
England, Middle Atlantic, East North Central, West North Central,
South Atlantic, East South Central, West South Central, and Mountain.

   California recorded the highest number of initial claims filed due
to mass layoff events in February with 45,557.  The states with the
next highest number of mass layoff initial claims were Illinois
(19,469), Pennsylvania (11,683), and Wisconsin (9,988).  (See table
6.)  In 2009, 30 states reached program highs in average weekly
initial claims for the month of February--Alabama, Alaska, Arizona,
Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa,
Kentucky, Massachusetts, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire,
New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania,
South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia,
and Wisconsin.  Forty-eight states and the District of Columbia regis-
tered over-the-year increases in average weekly initial claims associated 
with mass layoffs, led by California (+4,840), Illinois (+3,598), and 
Wisconsin (+1,878).  Louisiana and Mississippi were the only states to
experience over-the-year decreases.


                                     - 3 -


Note

   The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or
more workers beginning in a given month, regardless of the duration of
the layoffs.  For private nonfarm establishments, information on the
length of the layoff is obtained later and issued in a quarterly
release that reports on mass layoffs lasting more than 30 days (refer-
red to as "extended mass layoffs").  The quarterly release provides 
more information on the industry classification and location of the 
establishment and on the demographics of the laid-off workers.  Because 
monthly figures include short-term layoffs of 30 days or less, the sum 
of the figures for the 3 months in a quarter will be higher than the 
quarterly figure for mass layoffs of more than 30 days.  (See table 4.)  
See the Technical Note for more detailed definitions.


                    ______________________________
                                   
                                   
   The report on Mass Layoffs in March 2009 is scheduled to be released 
on Thursday, April 23.



                                - 4 - 


Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database.  Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period.  These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
could contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks.  The number of weeks in a given 
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a
year may vary.  Therefore, analysis of over-the-month and over-the-year
change in not seasonally adjusted series should take this calendar effect
into consideration.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding.  Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  202-691-5200; TDD message referral
phone number:  1-800-877-8339.

Definitions

   Employer.  Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws.  Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is adminis-
tered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Industry.  Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  For temporary help
services and for professional employer organizations industries, monthly MLS-
related statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client com-
panies in other industries.  An individual layoff action at a client company 
can be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs 
are assigned to a temporary help services or professional employer organiza-
tions firm, a mass layoff event may be triggered.

   Initial claimant.  A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.
   
   Mass layoff event.  Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insur-
ance benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless 
of duration.
   
   
                                - 5 - 


Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publish-
ing six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series.  The six series are the
numbers of mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total,
private nonfarm, and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expan-
sions and contractions.

   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjust-
ment method on a concurrent basis.  Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all
available monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in devel-
oping seasonal adjustment factors.  Revisions to the most recent 5 years
of seasonally adjusted data will be made once a year with the issuance of
December data.  Before the data are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments
are made to the original data to adjust them for differences in the number
of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.  Because weekly unemployment
insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data, a particular month's
value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in 1 year and 4 weeks in 
another.  The effects of these differences could seriously distort the sea-
sonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process.  These 
effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently removed from 
the final seasonally adjusted series.





Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, March 2005 to 
February 2009, seasonally adjusted

                                      Total            Private nonfarm         Manufacturing  
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2005                                                                             

March ......................     1,204     129,993     1,056     119,466       368      52,667
April ......................     1,244     134,425     1,111     123,958       396      60,052
May ........................     1,264     137,475     1,121     124,468       397      54,998
June .......................     1,196     126,416     1,082     117,568       367      58,003
July .......................     1,241     130,331     1,094     117,510       354      46,056
August .....................     1,143     125,536     1,000     113,465       342      47,255
September ..................     2,250     296,913     2,035     252,291       420      55,974
October ....................     1,109     111,202       991     102,111       320      43,387
November ...................     1,162     113,502     1,027     102,058       325      41,493
December ...................     1,263     136,751     1,135     125,700       358      46,940

             2006                                                                             

January ....................     1,112     111,601       986     102,359       293      35,390
February ...................       960     104,045       872      96,317       317      41,810
March ......................     1,078     118,270       976     109,842       320      48,026
April ......................     1,198     123,674     1,062     113,849       366      50,747
May ........................     1,132     116,808     1,013     106,743       312      42,958
June .......................     1,156     124,955     1,044     115,491       356      45,280
July .......................     1,204     123,172     1,077     113,324       381      50,109
August .....................     1,278     136,289     1,117     125,064       376      60,524
September ..................     1,167     124,083     1,054     115,451       390      46,470
October ....................     1,195     121,439     1,081     112,777       401      53,597
November ...................     1,209     131,459     1,096     122,136       402      57,084
December ...................     1,201     133,311     1,100     124,019       369      51,113

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,261     129,190     1,116     118,890       406      55,341
February ...................     1,240     134,524     1,130     126,105       404      58,861
March ......................     1,261     129,480     1,151     120,923       407      52,356
April ......................     1,281     130,263     1,145     119,683       381      45,654
May ........................     1,200     119,259     1,097     111,585       368      48,682
June .......................     1,256     132,078     1,138     122,726       356      41,135
July .......................     1,288     131,556     1,182     123,322       405      53,318
August .....................     1,262     125,334     1,162     117,557       331      36,577
September ..................     1,279     125,527     1,183     118,917       440      54,006
October ....................     1,346     133,514     1,224     124,666       436      57,527
November ...................     1,352     143,419     1,233     134,445       408      56,330
December ...................     1,469     145,916     1,354     136,914       447      56,152

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,476     149,068     1,350     139,076       435      56,579
February ...................     1,669     183,038     1,532     172,013       526      67,235
March ......................     1,585     161,497     1,471     151,550       483      65,252
April ......................     1,344     135,352     1,215     125,074       487      63,247
May ........................     1,701     180,558     1,563     170,538       538      75,520
June .......................     1,717     174,748     1,561     162,071       555      79,744
July .......................     1,535     152,499     1,390     141,239       455      57,648
August .....................     1,887     188,951     1,735     178,479       626      80,913
September ..................     2,290     240,721     2,114     226,492       643      86,617
October ....................     2,204     230,330     2,042     216,095       687      92,256
November ...................     2,333     225,639     2,185     213,288       868     100,643
December ...................     2,275     226,117     2,100     212,559       871     105,402

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     2,227     237,902     2,070     225,490       738     102,577
February ...................     2,769     295,477     2,628     281,500     1,235     152,618





Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,  March 2005 to 
February 2009, not seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing  
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2005                                                                             

March ......................       806      88,937       733      83,793       246      33,030
April ......................     1,373     158,582     1,263     148,133       395      59,129
May ........................       986     101,358       891      93,332       249      30,424
June .......................     1,157     120,463       941     103,307       216      32,783
July .......................     1,981     244,216     1,745     222,377       856     136,210
August .....................       645      67,582       598      63,484       188      22,531
September ..................     1,662     213,281     1,505     179,042       318      47,497
October ....................       905      91,941       757      80,694       249      37,276
November ...................     1,254     116,127     1,079     102,182       363      41,442
December ...................     2,323     254,258     2,168     242,753       706      96,382

             2006                                                                             

January ....................     1,245     117,946     1,123     108,701       331      35,097
February ...................       719      66,555       658      62,208       210      24,892
March ......................       921     111,838       856     106,177       285      44,688
April ......................     1,140     121,589     1,038     112,964       296      39,538
May ........................       872      84,809       794      78,663       192      23,570
June .......................     1,489     164,761     1,224     140,687       319      41,095
July .......................     1,511     166,857     1,335     154,342       648      96,152
August .....................       708      72,844       656      69,054       203      28,494
September ..................       865      87,699       785      81,274       296      39,076
October ....................       964      98,804       820      88,133       311      46,737
November ...................     1,315     136,186     1,172     125,009       455      58,473
December ...................     2,249     254,503     2,126     244,783       735     105,462

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,407     134,984     1,263     124,475       456      53,615
February ...................       935      86,696       861      82,097       273      36,170
March ......................     1,082     123,974     1,015     118,431       367      49,886
April ......................     1,219     127,444     1,115     118,040       309      35,229
May ........................       923      85,816       856      81,153       224      26,527
June .......................     1,599     172,810     1,318     148,669       313      36,571
July .......................     1,599     175,419     1,450     164,939       684     101,390
August .....................       963      93,458       908      88,345       220      23,361
September ..................       717      67,385       667      64,026       246      29,381
October ....................     1,083     108,455       929      97,716       338      50,918
November ...................     1,799     198,220     1,593     181,184       514      75,413
December ...................     2,167     224,214     2,071     216,898       699      91,754

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,647     154,503     1,520     144,191       488      54,418
February ...................     1,269     119,508     1,178     113,587       361      42,527
March ......................     1,089     114,541     1,039     110,147       333      43,740
April ......................     1,272     130,810     1,172     121,625       394      48,188
May ........................     1,552     159,471     1,438     150,462       388      51,698
June .......................     1,622     166,742     1,315     140,916       309      42,097
July .......................     1,891     200,382     1,687     186,018       760     108,733
August .....................     1,427     139,999     1,343     133,146       414      51,912
September ..................     1,292     129,586     1,202     122,505       361      46,391
October ....................     2,125     221,784     1,917     205,553       689     100,457
November ...................     2,574     241,589     2,389     226,657       997     107,620
December ...................     3,377     351,305     3,232     340,220     1,378     172,529

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     3,806     388,813     3,633     375,293     1,461     172,757
February ...................     2,262     218,438     2,173     210,755       945     103,588





Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance


                                                                                                    Initial claimants for          
                                                               Mass layoff events                   unemployment insurance         
                     Industry                                                                                                      
                                                    February  December January   February   February   December  January    February
                                                      2008      2008     2009      2009       2008       2008      2009       2009  
                                                                                                                                   
                Seasonally adjusted                                                                                                


      Total .....................................    1,669     2,275    2,227     2,769     183,038    226,117   237,902    295,477

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    1,532     2,100    2,070     2,628     172,013    212,559   225,490    281,500
    Manufacturing ...............................      526       871      738     1,235      67,235    105,402   102,577    152,618

              Not seasonally adjusted                                                                                              

      Total (1) .................................    1,269     3,377    3,806     2,262     119,508    351,305   388,813    218,438

Total, private ..................................    1,232     3,278    3,709     2,215     116,852    343,963   380,158    213,548
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ..       54        46       76        42       3,265      3,743     4,865      2,793

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    1,178     3,232    3,633     2,173     113,587    340,220   375,293    210,755
    Mining ......................................        5        43       50        35         335      4,191     4,538      3,379
    Utilities ...................................      (2)         6      (2)       (2)         (2)        355       (2)        (2)
    Construction ................................      193       544      388       199      13,335     40,579    27,762     14,040
    Manufacturing ...............................      361     1,378    1,461       945      42,527    172,529   172,757    103,588
        Food ....................................       46        77       84        57       3,916      7,797     8,083      5,379
        Beverage and tobacco products ...........        9        12        6         8         795      1,222       511        606
        Textile mills ...........................       10        44       35        19       1,373      4,725     4,322      1,833
        Textile product mills ...................        5         7       19         8         615        672     2,811        769
        Apparel .................................      (2)        22       33        16         (2)      2,479     3,189      1,545
        Leather and allied products .............        -         4        6       (2)           -        800       504        (2)
        Wood products ...........................       50        86      104        57       5,576      8,465     9,870      5,348
        Paper ...................................        7        34       38        34         711      4,384     3,977      3,129
        Printing and related support activities .       11        20       38        21         714      1,904     4,187      1,758
        Petroleum and coal products .............      (2)        12        8       (2)         (2)      1,124       515        (2)

        Chemicals ...............................        6        23       26        20         368      2,046     1,883      1,806
        Plastics and rubber products ............       15       136      110        48       1,081     14,215    11,156      4,878
        Nonmetallic mineral products ............       25        89       56        40       1,836      9,104     4,441      2,788
        Primary metals ..........................       13        83       98        59       1,480      8,558     9,660      6,523
        Fabricated metal products ...............       17       145      151        99       1,155     12,576    13,746      8,735
        Machinery ...............................       15        75      121       106       1,129      7,531    14,120     14,921
        Computer and electronic products ........       15        53       76        78       1,204      5,245     6,747      7,439
        Electrical equipment and appliances .....       17        51       53        35       5,327      9,049     5,807      5,399
        Transportation equipment ................       66       352      316       171      12,189     64,336    57,173     22,440
        Furniture and related products ..........       18        37       48        44       2,043      4,764     6,928      6,333
        Miscellaneous manufacturing .............       10        16       35        20         638      1,533     3,127      1,607

    Wholesale trade .............................       17        60       86        62       1,248      5,374     7,612      4,243
    Retail trade ................................      123       142      329       193      11,662     12,104    33,622     17,538
    Transportation and warehousing ..............       53       196      236        80       7,318     22,751    25,081      7,864
    Information .................................       28        71       69        72       4,229      9,138     9,405      8,476
    Finance and insurance .......................       46        40       88        74       3,397      2,998     7,683      5,685
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........        5        16       26        17         261      1,382     1,870      1,083
    Professional and technical services .........       34        76       87        82       2,756      6,280     7,032      7,895
    Management of companies and enterprises .....        3        17      (2)        14         181      2,433       (2)        990
    Administrative and waste services ...........      197       348      473       235      17,799     31,069    46,646     23,566
    Educational services ........................        5        11       14       (2)         374        634     1,952        (2)
    Health care and social assistance ...........       19        36       41        33       1,407      2,626     4,279      2,032
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........        6        23       49        10         330      1,503     4,421        655
    Accommodation and food services .............       78       199      197        95       6,121     22,312    17,360      8,080
    Other services, except public administration       (2)        24       25        18         (2)      1,821     2,155      1,083
    Unclassified ................................        -         2        1         -           -        141        49          -

Government ......................................       37        99       97        47       2,656      7,342     8,655      4,890
    Federal .....................................        3        10       13         7         249      1,011     1,302        533
    State .......................................       11        19       25        17         819      1,296     2,155      1,804
    Local .......................................       23        70       59        23       1,588      5,035     5,198      2,553
                                                                                                                                   
 
   1 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.





Table 4. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, January 2007 to February 2009, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                                   Private nonfarm                                   
                                                                                   
                                Total mass layoffs                              Extended mass layoffs                                
             Date                                        Mass layoffs          lasting more than 30 days        Realization rates (1)
             
                                           Initial               Initial                       Initial                      Initial 
                               Events     claimants   Events    claimants       Events        claimants           Events   claimants
             2007                                                                                                                 

January ....................    1,407      134,984     1,263     124,475                                                          
February ...................      935       86,696       861      82,097                                                          
March ......................    1,082      123,974     1,015     118,431                                                          

First Quarter ..............    3,424      345,654     3,139     325,003         1,110         199,250             35.4       61.3

April ......................    1,219      127,444     1,115     118,040                                                          
May ........................      923       85,816       856      81,153                                                          
June .......................    1,599      172,810     1,318     148,669                                                          

Second Quarter .............    3,741      386,070     3,289     347,862         1,421         259,234             43.2       74.5

July .......................    1,599      175,419     1,450     164,939                                                          
August .....................      963       93,458       908      88,345                                                          
September ..................      717       67,385       667      64,026                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    3,279      336,262     3,025     317,310         1,018         173,077             33.7       54.5

October ....................    1,083      108,455       929      97,716                                                          
November ...................    1,799      198,220     1,593     181,184                                                          
December ...................    2,167      224,214     2,071     216,898                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    5,049      530,889     4,593     495,798         1,814         347,151             39.5       70.0

             2008                                                                                                                 

January ....................    1,647      154,503     1,520     144,191                                                          
February ...................    1,269      119,508     1,178     113,587                                                          
March ......................    1,089      114,541     1,039     110,147                                                          

First Quarter ..............    4,005      388,552     3,737     367,925         1,340         259,084             35.9       70.4

April ......................    1,272      130,810     1,172     121,625                                                          
May ........................    1,552      159,471     1,438     150,462                                                          
June .......................    1,622      166,742     1,315     140,916                                                          

Second Quarter .............    4,446      457,023     3,925     413,003         1,756         339,184             44.7       82.1

July .......................    1,891      200,382     1,687     186,018                                                          
August .....................    1,427      139,999     1,343     133,146                                                          
September ..................    1,292      129,586     1,202     122,505                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    4,610      469,967     4,232     441,669         1,582         300,337             37.4       68.0

October ....................    2,125      221,784     1,917     205,553                                                          
November ...................    2,574      241,589     2,389     226,657                                                          
December ...................    3,377      351,305     3,232     340,220                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    8,076      814,678     7,538     772,430   (2)(p)3,140   (2)(p)463,715          (p)41.7    (p)60.0

             2009                                                                                                                 

January ....................    3,806      388,813     3,633     375,293                                                          
February ...................    2,262      218,438     2,173     210,755                                                          


                                                                                                                                  
   1 The event realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff events lasting more than 30 days. The 
initial claimant realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff initial claimants associated with
layoffs lasting more than 30 days.
   2 These quarterly numbers are provisional and will be revised as more data on these layoffs become available.
Experience suggests that the number of extended mass layoff events is generally revised upwards by less than 10 percent and
the number of initial claimants associated with such events increases by 25-40 percent.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.





Table 5. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance by census region and division, not 
seasonally adjusted

                                                                                   Initial claimants for           
                                           Mass layoff events                      unemployment insurance          
  
  Census region and division                                                                                
  
                                  February  December  January  February   February   December    January    February
                                    2008      2008      2009     2009       2008       2008        2009       2009 
                                                                                                                   
        United States (1) ...      1,269     3,377     3,806    2,262     119,508    351,305     388,813    218,438

Northeast ...................        212       491       787      348      21,554     44,901      77,142     32,131
    New England .............         35        70        97       78       3,999      7,024       8,414      7,744
    Middle Atlantic .........        177       421       690      270      17,555     37,877      68,728     24,387

South .......................        305       815     1,052      624      29,835     94,307     115,630     55,542
    South Atlantic ..........        176       362       574      295      13,912     33,456      58,892     23,842
    East South Central ......         64       296       279      172       8,907     42,388      32,215     17,840
    West South Central ......         65       157       199      157       7,016     18,463      24,523     13,860

Midwest .....................        232     1,278     1,024      561      25,941    146,155     114,195     64,973
    East North Central ......        184       961       821      434      21,916    108,017      93,852     52,690
    West North Central ......         48       317       203      127       4,025     38,138      20,343     12,283

West ........................        520       793       943      729      42,178     65,942      81,846     65,792
    Mountain ................         47       139       149      128       3,754     12,780      12,657     11,381
    Pacific .................        473       654       794      601      38,424     53,162      69,189     54,411
                                                                                                                   
 
   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   NOTE:  The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, 
and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South 
Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South 
Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and 
Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain:
Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii,  
Oregon, and Washington.





Table 6. State distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
not seasonally adjusted

                                                                                      Initial claimants for           
                                         Mass layoff events                           unemployment insurance          
           State                                                                                                      
                            February     December   January    February    February     December    January    February
                              2008         2008       2009       2009        2008         2008        2009       2009  

   Total (1) ............    1,269        3,377      3,806      2,262      119,508      351,305     388,813    218,438

Alabama .................       17           88        100         33        2,549       14,160      10,588      4,690
Alaska ..................        -          (2)         10          7            -          (2)         788        557
Arizona .................      (2)           13         24         23          (2)        1,213       1,941      2,185
Arkansas ................        3           25         13          6          364        2,517       1,462      1,156
California ..............      416          546        651        515       32,747       43,265      54,153     45,557
Colorado ................        4           24         24         15          326        2,023       1,814      1,237
Connecticut .............      (2)           10         14         12          (2)          799       1,349        824
Delaware ................      (2)            8          5          4          (2)          817       1,052        484
District of Columbia ....      (2)          (2)        (2)        (2)          (2)          (2)         (2)        (2)
Florida .................      102          104        235        155        6,572        6,931      19,301      9,779
Georgia .................       26           83        137         45        2,428        8,508      16,654      3,830
Hawaii ..................        9           15         14         15          786        1,650         998      1,211
Idaho ...................        7           25         21         10          497        2,347       1,746        591

Illinois ................       52          202        130        115        6,344       25,885      13,443     19,469
Indiana .................       24          156        117         59        3,709       16,762      10,734      6,776
Iowa ....................       16           82         64         33        1,885       10,005       7,353      4,374
Kansas ..................        3           38         21         18          192        7,949       2,447      1,582
Kentucky ................       24          131         80         78        4,219       21,570      12,492      8,794
Louisiana ...............       13           17         29         19        2,640        2,430       3,396      1,498
Maine ...................        4            7         18          4          245          530       1,618        348
Maryland ................        5           15         31         11          377        1,002       2,535        800
Massachusetts ...........        9           38         33         32          698        4,289       2,782      2,873
Michigan ................       32          248        229         79        4,379       24,508      26,453      7,392
Minnesota ...............        5           67         41         24          361        7,374       3,289      1,777
Mississippi .............       10           27         25          8          897        2,399       2,353        458
Missouri ................       19          107         62         38        1,127       10,625       5,239      3,538

Montana .................      (2)            8         14         11          (2)          630       1,491        753
Nebraska ................        5           12          5          7          460        1,334       1,070        500
Nevada ..................       23           41         33         43        1,909        4,303       2,805      3,881
New Hampshire ...........        3            4          7          9          351          255         465      1,020
New Jersey ..............       35           80         90         47        3,439        6,910       7,179      3,777
New Mexico ..............      (2)           16         13         13          (2)        1,170         822      1,868
New York ................       42          111        279         82        5,912       10,511      31,893      8,927
North Carolina ..........       21           33         41         34        2,121        3,314       4,149      3,833
North Dakota ............        -            8        (2)          3            -          666         (2)        207
Ohio ....................       42          224        199         91        4,387       27,836      27,971      9,065
Oklahoma ................      (2)           20         21         19          (2)        3,210       2,772      1,437
Oregon ..................       29           51         76         43        3,125        4,413       9,005      5,321
Pennsylvania ............      100          230        321        141        8,204       20,456      29,656     11,683

Rhode Island ............        9            7         17          9        1,448          820       1,526      1,291
South Carolina ..........       10           84        102         33        1,354        9,381      10,703      3,471
South Dakota ............        -            3          6          4            -          185         530        305
Tennessee ...............       13           50         74         53        1,242        4,259       6,782      3,898
Texas ...................       47           95        136        113        3,870       10,306      16,893      9,769
Utah ....................        7           12         19         11          525        1,094       1,978        753
Vermont .................        8            4          8         12        1,084          331         674      1,388
Virginia ................        8           27         15          8          742        2,782       3,313        786
Washington ..............       19           40         43         21        1,766        3,663       4,245      1,765
West Virginia ...........      (2)            6          7          3          (2)          416       1,127        681
Wisconsin ...............       34          131        146         90        3,097       13,026      15,251      9,988
Wyoming .................      (2)            -        (2)        (2)          (2)            -         (2)        (2)

Puerto Rico .............       23           16         29         28        2,113        1,285       2,992      2,282

   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Last Modified Date: March 23, 2009
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