Economic News Release

Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release



Technical information:  (202) 691-6392     USDL 08-0557
               http://www.bls.gov/mls/

                                           For release:  10:00 A.M. (EDT)
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902     Wednesday, April 23, 2008


                        MASS LAYOFFS IN MARCH 2008


   In March, employers took 1,571 mass layoff actions, seasonally ad-
justed, as measured by new filings for unemployment insurance benefits
during the month, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department
of Labor reported today.  Each action involved at least 50 persons from
a single employer; the number of workers involved totaled 157,156, on a
seasonally adjusted basis.  March layoff events and associated initial
claimants were the highest for the month of March since 2003.  The number
of mass layoff events in March 2008 decreased by 101 from the prior month,
while the number of associated initial claims decreased by 20,218.  However,
the seasonally adjusted figures for February 2008 mass layoff events and
initial claims were inflated due to an unusual calendar effect.  (See the
box note on page 3 of this news release.)  In March, 482 mass layoff events
were reported in the manufacturing sector, seasonally adjusted, resulting
in 64,088 initial claims.  Over the month, mass layoff activity in manufac-
turing decreased by 47 events, and initial claims decreased by 2,825.
(See table 1.)

   The national unemployment rate was 5.1 percent in March, seasonally
adjusted, up from 4.8 percent in the prior month and from 4.4 percent a
year earlier.  Total nonfarm payroll employment decreased by 80,000 in
March from the previous month, but increased by 536,000 from a year
earlier.

Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   The number of mass layoff events in March 2008 was 1,089 on a not sea-
sonally adjusted basis; the number of associated initial claims was 114,541.
(See table 2.)  The average weekly number of events in March 2008 was 272
compared with 216 in March 2007.  The average weekly initial claimants in-
creased from 24,795 to 28,635.  The weekly average number of events reached
the highest level for the month of March since 2003, while the weekly average
number of initial claims reached its highest level for the month since 2002.
(The weekly averages of events and claims are calculated by dividing the total
events and claims for the month by the number of weeks in the month--4 in
March 2008 versus 5 in March 2007.)


                                  - 2 -


Table A.  Industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims
in March 2008
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          |        |      March peak      
                 Industry                 |Initial |----------------------
                                          | claims |      |               
                                          |        | Year |Initial claims 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          |        |      |               
School and employee bus transportation ...|  8,073 | 2008 |      8,073    
Food service contractors .................|  6,504 | 2007 |      7,636    
Temporary help services ..................|  5,056 | 2002 |     14,338    
Motion picture and video production ......|  3,324 | 2005 |      7,192    
Light truck and utility vehicle           |        |      |               
 manufacturing ...........................|  3,068 | 2008 |      3,068    
Discount department stores ...............|  2,711 | 2007 |      3,670    
Heavy duty truck manufacturing ...........|  2,683 | 1996 |      2,781    
Automobile manufacturing .................|  2,599 | 1996 |     15,411    
Professional employer organizations ......|  2,464 | 2002 |      2,987    
Household refrigerator and home freezer   |        |      |               
 manufacturing ...........................|    (1) | 2001 |      2,279    
                                          |        |      |               
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

   1  Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.



   The largest over-the-year increases in March 2008 average weekly initial
claims associated with mass layoffs occurred in transit and ground passenger
transportation (+1,275), food manufacturing (+709), and food services and
drinking places (+350).  The largest decreases occurred in administrative 
and support services (-502), transportation equipment manufacturing (-300),
and computer and electronic products manufacturing (-283).

   The manufacturing sector accounted for 31 percent of all mass layoff
events and 38 percent of all related initial claims filed in March; a year
earlier, manufacturing made up 34 percent of events and 40 percent of in-
itial claims.  In March 2008, the number of manufacturing claimants was
highest in transportation equipment manufacturing (14,318, largely in light
truck and utility vehicle manufacturing), followed by food manufacturing
(7,705, mainly in frozen fruit and vegetable manufacturing).  (See table 3.)

   Transportation and warehousing accounted for 8 percent of mass layoff
events and 9 percent of initial claims in March, primarily from school and
employee bus transportation.  Accommodation and food services comprised 8
percent of events and 9 percent of initial claims, primarily from food
service contractors.  Administrative and waste services made up 12 percent
of all mass layoff events and 9 percent of associated initial claims,
mainly from temporary help services.

   The 10 industries reporting the highest numbers of mass layoff initial
claims, not seasonally adjusted, accounted for 34 percent of all such
claims in March.  The industry with the highest number of initial claims
was school and employee bus transportation with 8,073, followed by food
service contractors (6,504), temporary help services (5,056), and motion
picture and video production (3,324).  (See table A.)

Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   Among the four census regions, the highest number of initial claims in
March due to mass layoffs was in the Midwest, 34,885.  Transportation equip-
ment manufacturing accounted for 31 percent of all mass layoff initial
claims in that region during the month.  The West had the second largest
number of initial claims among the regions, 30,357, followed by the South
with 28,097 and the Northeast with 21,202.  (See table 5.)

   Three of the 4 regions experienced over-the-year increases in average 
weekly initial claims--the Northeast (+2,378), the Midwest (+2,039), and 
the South (+62).  Six of the 9 divisions had over-the-year increases in
average weekly initial claims, led by the Middle Atlantic (+2,454).

                                  - 3 -


   California recorded the highest number of initial claims filed due to
mass layoff events in March (21,812), followed by Pennsylvania (12,745),
Wisconsin (7,067), Illinois (6,694), and Ohio (6,236).  These five states
accounted for 51 percent of all mass layoff events and 42 percent of all
initial claims for unemployment insurance in March.  (See table 6.)

   Thirty states reported over-the-year increases in average weekly
initial claims associated with mass layoffs, led by Pennsylvania (+2,227),
Ohio (+670), and Wisconsin (+650).  For Pennsylvania, the largest increase
in initial claims occurred in food manufacturing.  States with the largest
over-the-year decreases in average weekly claims were California (-1,181),
Mississippi (-762), and North Carolina (-455).


                      ______________________________


   The report on Extended Mass Layoffs in the First Quarter of 2008 is
scheduled to be released on Thursday, May 15.  The report on Mass Layoffs
in April 2008 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, May 22.



      ---------------------------------------------------------------------
     |                                                                     |
     |              Calendar Effect on Over-the-Month Change               |
     |                     in Seasonally Adjusted Data                     |
     |                                                                     |
     |                                                                     |
     |    The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) monthly data can encompass      |
     | either 4 or 5 weeks of events and claims, based on where the        |
     | first day of the month falls.  During months with 5 weeks, more     |
     | data are collected.  The seasonal adjustment procedure typically    |
     | adjusts the data for differences in the number of weeks in a month. |
     | This year, February was a 5-week month, an event that occurs once   |
     | every 28 years, and the seasonal adjustment program did not account |
     | for this rare occurrence.  Therefore, the seasonally adjusted data  |
     | reflect an exaggerated downward movement from February to March in  |
     | events and initial claims.  See the Technical Note for more infor-  |
     | mation on the seasonal adjustment of MLS data.                      |
     |                                                                     |
      ---------------------------------------------------------------------







                              - 4 -


Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database.  Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period.  These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks, the number of weeks in a given 
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a
year may vary.  Therefore, analysis of over-the-month and over-the-year
change in not seasonally adjusted series should take this calendar effect
into consideration.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding.  Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD message referral
phone number:  1-800-877-8339.

Definitions

   Employer.  Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws.  Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is adminis-
tered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Initial claimant.  A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.
   
   Mass layoff event.  Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment 
insurance benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period,
regardless of duration.
   
Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publish-
ing six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series.  The six series are the
numbers of mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total,
private nonfarm, and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expan-
sions and contractions.
   
   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjust-
ment method on a concurrent basis.  Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all
available monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in devel-
oping seasonal adjustment factors.  Revisions to the most recent 5 years
of seasonally adjusted data will be made once a year with the issuance of
December data.  Before the data are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments
are made to the original data to adjust them for differences in the number
of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.  Because weekly unemployment
insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data, a particular month's
value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in one year and 4 weeks
in another.  The effects of these differences could seriously distort the
seasonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process.
These effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently
removed from the final seasonally adjusted series.







Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, April 2004 to
March 2008, seasonally adjusted

                                      Total            Private nonfarm         Manufacturing   
             Date                                                                              
                                          Initial               Initial                Initial 
                                Events   claimants    Events   claimants     Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2004                                                                             

April ......................     1,360     139,185     1,193     124,432       351      37,760
May ........................     1,224     114,810     1,059     100,854       339      39,045
June .......................     1,400     141,168     1,231     128,245       371      47,243
July .......................     1,329     137,805     1,178     126,301       376      50,799
August .....................     1,426     128,759     1,233     113,809       343      36,539
September ..................     1,285     127,833     1,154     116,843       336      45,690
October ....................     1,283     132,766     1,169     123,471       363      47,046
November ...................     1,320     130,873     1,174     119,029       380      45,416
December ...................     1,148     111,060       991      99,784       287      31,935

             2005                                                                             

January ....................     1,475     160,725     1,346     151,028       382      61,324
February ...................     1,146     121,455     1,020     110,480       353      43,568
March ......................     1,207     131,271     1,066     120,945       372      53,673
April ......................     1,252     136,752     1,125     126,550       401      60,681
May ........................     1,248     136,420     1,104     123,495       398      54,999
June .......................     1,196     127,084     1,078     118,012       368      58,300
July .......................     1,250     132,445     1,103     119,566       357      46,602
August .....................     1,144     125,686     1,000     113,762       341      47,598
September ..................     2,248     297,544     2,028     251,185       417      55,304
October ....................     1,101     110,035       982     100,934       321      43,230
November ...................     1,176     114,965     1,042     103,535       332      42,071
December ...................     1,261     134,461     1,132     123,418       360      46,863

             2006                                                                             

January ....................     1,107     110,800       988     101,494       283      34,037
February ...................     1,031     109,798       940     101,828       322      43,147
March ......................     1,084     119,049       983     110,668       323      48,119
April ......................     1,171     121,580     1,043     112,175       368      49,568
May ........................     1,124     117,115     1,005     107,181       314      43,087
June .......................     1,146     123,827     1,030     114,080       352      44,869
July .......................     1,179     121,017     1,051     111,336       372      48,534
August .....................     1,270     135,400     1,107     124,427       377      60,906
September ..................     1,173     123,767     1,056     114,677       385      45,767
October ....................     1,191     121,827     1,076     113,123       399      53,601
November ...................     1,232     133,803     1,121     124,559       414      58,385
December ...................     1,194     131,062     1,092     121,796       374      51,408

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,254     128,223     1,118     117,824       391      52,858
February ...................     1,352     143,837     1,238     135,066       416      61,749
March ......................     1,277     130,981     1,169     122,488       412      52,606
April ......................     1,243     126,977     1,116     116,926       382      43,930
May ........................     1,199     120,587     1,096     113,069       370      48,910
June .......................     1,238     129,858     1,116     120,165       351      40,670
July .......................     1,247     127,687     1,140     119,614       392      51,333
August .....................     1,228     121,886     1,128     114,628       335      36,518
September ..................     1,307     128,487     1,204     121,294       430      53,432
October ....................     1,347     136,124     1,224     127,163       430      57,695
November ...................     1,329     139,671     1,215     131,390       414      56,965
December ...................     1,433     141,750     1,315     133,024       462      58,108

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,438     144,111     1,317     134,347       427      55,488
February ...................     1,672     177,374     1,539     166,782       529      66,913
March ......................     1,571     157,156     1,460     147,537       482      64,088







Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, April 2004 to
March 2008, not seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing    
             Date                                                                               
                                           Initial              Initial                Initial  
                                Events    claimants   Events   claimants     Events   claimants 
                                                                                              
             2004                                                                             

April ......................     1,458     157,314     1,316     142,657       343      36,172
May ........................       988      87,501       878      78,786       219      22,141
June .......................     1,379     134,588     1,077     110,804       222      27,307
July .......................     2,094     253,929     1,860     234,877       885     145,895
August .....................       809      69,033       745      63,876       194      17,698
September ..................       708      68,972       637      63,102       189      25,808
October ....................     1,242     127,918     1,101     117,375       372      48,265
November ...................     1,399     130,423     1,201     115,549       412      44,243
December ...................     1,614     161,271     1,487     152,092       436      50,726

             2005                                                                             

January ....................     2,564     263,952     2,421     253,409       823     108,985
February ...................       810      74,644       722      68,372       230      24,931
March ......................       806      88,937       733      83,793       246      33,030
April ......................     1,373     158,582     1,263     148,133       395      59,129
May ........................       986     101,358       891      93,332       249      30,424
June .......................     1,157     120,463       941     103,307       216      32,783
July .......................     1,981     244,216     1,745     222,377       856     136,210
August .....................       645      67,582       598      63,484       188      22,531
September ..................     1,662     213,281     1,505     179,042       318      47,497
October ....................       905      91,941       757      80,694       249      37,276
November ...................     1,254     116,127     1,079     102,182       363      41,442
December ...................     2,323     254,258     2,168     242,753       706      96,382

             2006                                                                             

January ....................     1,245     117,946     1,123     108,701       331      35,097
February ...................       719      66,555       658      62,208       210      24,892
March ......................       921     111,838       856     106,177       285      44,688
April ......................     1,140     121,589     1,038     112,964       296      39,538
May ........................       872      84,809       794      78,663       192      23,570
June .......................     1,489     164,761     1,224     140,687       319      41,095
July .......................     1,511     166,857     1,335     154,342       648      96,152
August .....................       708      72,844       656      69,054       203      28,494
September ..................       865      87,699       785      81,274       296      39,076
October ....................       964      98,804       820      88,133       311      46,737
November ...................     1,315     136,186     1,172     125,009       455      58,473
December ...................     2,249     254,503     2,126     244,783       735     105,462

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,407     134,984     1,263     124,475       456      53,615
February ...................       935      86,696       861      82,097       273      36,170
March ......................     1,082     123,974     1,015     118,431       367      49,886
April ......................     1,219     127,444     1,115     118,040       309      35,229
May ........................       923      85,816       856      81,153       224      26,527
June .......................     1,599     172,810     1,318     148,669       313      36,571
July .......................     1,599     175,419     1,450     164,939       684     101,390
August .....................       963      93,458       908      88,345       220      23,361
September ..................       717      67,385       667      64,026       246      29,381
October ....................     1,083     108,455       929      97,716       338      50,918
November ...................     1,799     198,220     1,593     181,184       514      75,413
December ...................     2,167     224,214     2,071     216,898       699      91,754

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,647     154,503     1,520     144,191       488      54,418
February ...................     1,269     119,508     1,178     113,587       361      42,527
March ......................     1,089     114,541     1,039     110,147       333      43,740







Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance

                                                                                                    Initial claimants for          
                                                               Mass layoff events                   unemployment insurance         
                     Industry                                                                                                      
                                                      March    January  February   March     March     January   February    March 
                                                       2007     2008      2008      2008      2007      2008       2008       2008 
                                                                                                                                   
                Seasonally adjusted                                                                                                


      Total .....................................    1,277     1,438    1,672     1,571     130,981    144,111   177,374    157,156

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    1,169     1,317    1,539     1,460     122,488    134,347   166,782    147,537
    Manufacturing ...............................      412       427      529       482      52,606     55,488    66,913     64,088

              Not seasonally adjusted                                                                                              

      Total (1) .................................    1,082     1,647    1,269     1,089     123,974    154,503   119,508    114,541

Total, private ..................................    1,046     1,592    1,232     1,063     120,544    148,901   116,852    111,984
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ..       31        72       54        24       2,113      4,710     3,265      1,837

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    1,015     1,520    1,178     1,039     118,431    144,191   113,587    110,147
    Mining ......................................     (2)          8        5      (2)         (2)         550       335       (2) 
    Utilities ...................................     (2)       (2)      (2)       (2)         (2)        (2)       (2)        (2) 
    Construction ................................      107       198      193       119       7,815     13,532    13,335      7,891
    Manufacturing ...............................      367       488      361       333      49,886     54,418    42,527     43,740
        Food ....................................       67        57       46        58       6,087      5,024     3,916      7,705
        Beverage and tobacco products ...........        7         7        9         6         778        531       795        540
        Textile mills ...........................       16        13       10        14       1,882      1,258     1,373      2,745
        Textile product mills (3) ...............        4         8        5      (2)          350        950       615       (2) 
        Apparel (3) .............................       15        17     (2)          8       1,355      1,630      (2)         544
        Leather and allied products .............      -        (2)       -         -           -         (2)        -          -  
        Wood products ...........................       30        46       50        30       2,674      4,780     5,576      2,419
        Paper ...................................       10         6        7         9         779        469       711        827
        Printing and related support activities .        8        11       11         9         637        766       714        736
        Petroleum and coal products .............      -        (2)      (2)       (2)          -         (2)       (2)        (2) 

        Chemicals ...............................        5        10        6         3         310        898       368        140
        Plastics and rubber products (3) ........       18        37       15        27       1,682      2,855     1,081      2,201
        Nonmetallic mineral products ............       16        38       25        15       1,483      2,602     1,836      1,224
        Primary metals ..........................       17        16       13        10       1,976      1,491     1,480        873
        Fabricated metal products ...............       14        40       17        20       1,567      3,144     1,155      1,878
        Machinery (3) ...........................       11        23       15        15       2,013      2,901     1,129      2,447
        Computer and electronic products ........       26        18       15        10       2,562      1,222     1,204        917
        Electrical equipment and appliances .....       15         7       17         9       2,502        784     5,327      2,692
        Transportation equipment (3) ............       68        86       66        72      19,397     17,920    12,189     14,318
        Furniture and related products (3) ......       16        34       18        11       1,571      4,127     2,043        842
        Miscellaneous manufacturing (3) .........        4         9       10         4         281        721       638        301

    Wholesale trade .............................       17        30       17        22       1,828      2,848     1,248      1,624
    Retail trade ................................       93       119      123        94      11,407     12,839    11,662      9,788
    Transportation and warehousing ..............       55       124       53        92       5,896     13,031     7,318     10,629
    Information .................................       30        43       28        35       4,843      4,668     4,229      4,316
    Finance and insurance (3) ...................       39        50       46        46       2,883      4,285     3,397      3,692
    Real estate and rental and leasing (3) ......        7         8        5         5         400        462       261        552
    Professional and technical services (3) .....       29        41       34        24       4,391      3,829     2,756      3,225
    Management of companies and enterprises .....        5      (2)         3      (2)          324        (2)        181       (2)
    Administrative and waste services (3) .......      140       232      197       130      15,153     20,639    17,799     10,076
    Educational services ........................        4         7        5         6         192        851       374      1,191
    Health care and social assistance ...........       16        27       19        20       1,160      1,767     1,407      1,347
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........       10        38        6         8         680      2,445       330        492
    Accommodation and food services .............       86        88       78        90      10,895      6,064     6,121     10,328
    Other services, except public administration         6        13     (2)         10         364      1,381      (2)         906
    Unclassified ................................      -         -        -         -           -          -         -          -

Government ......................................       36        55       37        26       3,430      5,602     2,656      2,557
    Federal .....................................        6        13        3         7         501      1,106       249        569
    State .......................................       11         9       11         7         820        804       819        618
    Local .......................................       19        33       23        12       2,109      3,692     1,588      1,370
                                                                                                                                   

   1 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   3 Data beginning in 2008 are not strictly comparable to prior years due to a change in NAICS versions.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.







Table 4. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, January 2006 to March 2008, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                                  Private nonfarm                                
                                                                                                                                 
                                  Total mass layoffs                            Extended mass layoffs                            
             Date                                        Mass layoffs         lasting more than 30 days     Realization rates (1)

                                           Initial               Initial                       Initial                   Initial 
                               Events     claimants   Events    claimants       Events        claimants        Events   claimants
             2006                                                                                                                

January ....................    1,245      117,946     1,123     108,701                                                         
February ...................      719       66,555       658      62,208                                                         
March ......................      921      111,838       856     106,177                                                         

First Quarter ..............    2,885      296,339     2,637     277,086           963         193,510           36.5       69.8 

April ......................    1,140      121,589     1,038     112,964                                                         
May ........................      872       84,809       794      78,663                                                         
June .......................    1,489      164,761     1,224     140,687                                                         

Second Quarter .............    3,501      371,159     3,056     332,314         1,353         264,927           44.3       79.7 

July .......................    1,511      166,857     1,335     154,342                                                         
August .....................      708       72,844       656      69,054                                                         
September ..................      865       87,699       785      81,274                                                         

Third Quarter ..............    3,084      327,400     2,776     304,670           929         161,764           33.5       53.1 

October ....................      964       98,804       820      88,133                                                         
November ...................    1,315      136,186     1,172     125,009                                                         
December ...................    2,249      254,503     2,126     244,783                                                         

Fourth Quarter .............    4,528      489,493     4,118     457,925         1,640         330,901           39.8       72.3 

             2007                                                                                                                

January ....................    1,407      134,984     1,263     124,475                                                         
February ...................      935       86,696       861      82,097                                                         
March ......................    1,082      123,974     1,015     118,431                                                         

First Quarter ..............    3,424      345,654     3,139     325,003         1,111         199,295           35.4       61.3 

April ......................    1,219      127,444     1,115     118,040                                                         
May ........................      923       85,816       856      81,153                                                         
June .......................    1,599      172,810     1,318     148,669                                                         

Second Quarter .............    3,741      386,070     3,289     347,862         1,421         258,812           43.2       74.4 

July .......................    1,599      175,419     1,450     164,939                                                         
August .....................      963       93,458       908      88,345                                                         
September ..................      717       67,385       667      64,026                                                         

Third Quarter ..............    3,279      336,262     3,025     317,310         1,019         172,508           33.7       54.4 

October ....................    1,083      108,455       929      97,716                                                         
November ...................    1,799      198,220     1,593     181,184                                                         
December ...................    2,167      224,214     2,071     216,898                                                         

Fourth Quarter .............    5,049      530,889     4,593     495,798   (2)(p)1,619   (2)(p)234,612        (p)35.2    (p)47.3 

             2008                                                                                                                

January ....................    1,647      154,503     1,520     144,191                                                         
February ...................    1,269      119,508     1,178     113,587                                                         
March ......................    1,089      114,541     1,039     110,147                                                         

First Quarter ..............    4,005      388,552     3,737     367,925                                                         

   1 The event realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff events lasting more than 30 days.  The
initial claimant realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff initial claimants associated with layoffs
lasting more than 30 days.
   2 These quarterly numbers are provisional and will be revised as more data on these layoffs become available.  Experience
suggests that the number of extended mass layoff events is generally revised upwards by less than 10 percent and the number of
initial claimants associated with such events increases by 25-40 percent.
   p = preliminary. 







Table 5. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance by census region and division, not
seasonally adjusted

                                                                                       Initial claimants for            
                                             Mass layoff events                        unemployment insurance           

  Census region and division                                                                                            

                                    March    January  February      March       March    January    February      March 
                                     2007     2008      2008         2008        2007     2008        2008         2008 
                                                                                                                        
        United States (1) ...      1,082     1,647     1,269        1,089     123,974    154,503     119,508     114,541

Northeast ...................        137       349       212          180      14,613     32,949      21,554      21,202
    New England .............         17        30        35           14       1,650      2,056       3,999       1,014
    Middle Atlantic .........        120       319       177          166      12,963     30,893      17,555      20,188

South .......................        238       324       305          245      34,812     32,769      29,835      28,097
    South Atlantic ..........        115       157       176          139      13,072     15,997      13,912      14,166
    East South Central ......         77       129        64           53      15,237     13,585       8,907       6,680
    West South Central ......         46        38        65           53       6,503      3,187       7,016       7,251

Midwest .....................        283       416       232          287      33,410     42,229      25,941      34,885
    East North Central ......        225       324       184          224      27,218     33,964      21,916      27,847
    West North Central ......         58        92        48           63       6,192      8,265       4,025       7,038

West ........................        424       558       520          377      41,139     46,556      42,178      30,357
    Mountain ................         41        44        47           43       3,200      3,757       3,754       4,001
    Pacific .................        383       514       473          334      37,939     42,799      38,424      26,356
                                                                                                                        

   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   NOTE:  The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are:  New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:  New Jersey, New York, 
and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic:  Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South 
Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:  Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South
Central:  Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central:  Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and 
Wisconsin; West North Central:  Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain:
Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific:  Alaska, California, Hawaii,
Oregon, and Washington.







Table 6. State distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally
adjusted

                                                                                      Initial claimants for           
                                        Mass layoff events                           unemployment insurance           
           State                                                                                                      
                              March      January    February     March       March      January     February     March
                               2007       2008        2008        2008        2007       2008         2008        2008

   Total (1) ..... ......    1,082        1,647      1,269      1,089      123,974      154,503     119,508    114,541

Alabama .................       26           82         17         11        3,373       10,160       2,549        927
Alaska ..................      -           (2)         -         (2)          -            (2)          -         (2) 
Arizona .................        6            4       (2)          9          362           290        (2)         808
Arkansas ................     (2)             4          3          5        (2)            293         364        867
California ..............      333          468        416        296       33,172       38,715      32,747     21,812
Colorado ................        4            7          4          6          458          654         326        533
Connecticut .............     (2)          (2)        (2)        (2)         (2)           (2)         (2)        (2) 
Delaware ................      -           (2)        (2)           4         -            (2)         (2)         298
District of Columbia ....      -           (2)        (2)         -           -            (2)         (2)         -  
Florida .................       51           70        102         63        4,562        5,366       6,572      5,145
Georgia .................       14           51         26         20        1,635        4,718       2,428      3,302
Hawaii ..................        4            3          9          4          323          217         786        304
Idaho ...................        8            7          7         12          537          496         497      1,187

Illinois ................       54           68         52         51        8,754        9,106       6,344      6,694
Indiana .................       19           34         24         27        1,927        2,955       3,709      3,870
Iowa ....................       11           26         16         11        1,285        3,163       1,885      1,051
Kansas ..................        4            8          3          8          930          490         192      1,069
Kentucky ................       32           28         24         26        6,623        2,304       4,219      4,555
Louisiana ...............        5            7         13          6          446          739       2,640        411
Maine ...................        3         (2)           4        -            233         (2)          245        -  
Maryland ................        6            9          5       (2)           462          708         377       (2) 
Massachusetts ...........        4           11          9          5          268          791         698        433
Michigan ................       51           86         32         41        6,508        7,004       4,379      3,980
Minnesota ...............       15           19          5          9        1,231        1,751         361        617
Mississippi .............       10            6         10          7        4,428          324         897        493
Missouri ................       22           37         19         28        2,347        2,664       1,127      3,799

Montana .................        4            6       (2)        (2)           319          579        (2)        (2) 
Nebraska ................        3         (2)           5          6          218         (2)          460        412
Nevada ..................       11           15         23          7          842        1,151       1,909        522
New Hampshire ...........        3         (2)           3          3          462         (2)          351        167
New Jersey ..............       35           35         35         34        3,529        2,613       3,439      4,007
New Mexico ..............        6            4       (2)           5          548          473        (2)         685
New York ................       40          152         42         29        4,636       18,636       5,912      3,436
North Carolina ..........       22            3         21         16        3,986          350       2,121      1,367
North Dakota ............     (2)          (2)         -          -           (2)          (2)          -          -  
Ohio ....................       43           71         42         52        4,444        9,352       4,387      6,236
Oklahoma ................        4            4       (2)           6        1,178          317        (2)         868
Oregon ..................       30           28         29         21        3,272        2,769       3,125      3,275
Pennsylvania ............       45          132        100        103        4,798        9,644       8,204     12,745

Rhode Island ............     (2)             9          9          4         (2)           562       1,448        303
South Carolina ..........       10           12         10         17        1,210        1,991       1,354      1,659
South Dakota ............     (2)           -          -         (2)          (2)            -          -         (2) 
Tennessee ...............        9           13         13          9          813          797       1,242        705
Texas ...................       35           23         47         36        4,762        1,838       3,870      5,105
Utah ....................     (2)          (2)           7       (2)          (2)          (2)          525       (2) 
Vermont .................        4            4          8       (2)           465          248       1,084       (2) 
Virginia ................       10            8          8         14        1,091        1,027         742      1,808
Washington ..............       16           14         19         12        1,172        1,047       1,766        913
West Virginia ...........     (2)          (2)        (2)           3         (2)          (2)         (2)         428
Wisconsin ...............       58           65         34         53        5,585        5,547       3,097      7,067
Wyoming .................     (2)           -         (2)         -           (2)           -          (2)         -  

Puerto Rico .............       15           10         23          4        1,355        1,120       2,113        344

   1  See footnote 1, table 3.
   2  Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.






Last Modified Date: April 23, 2008
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