Economic News Release

Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release


Technical information:  (202) 691-6392    USDL 08-0688
               http://www.bls.gov/mls/
                                          For release:  10:00 A.M. (EDT)
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902    Thursday, May 22, 2008


                      MASS LAYOFFS IN APRIL 2008


   In April, employers took 1,308 mass layoff actions, seasonally adjusted,
as measured by new filings for unemployment insurance benefits during the
month, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor re-
ported today.  Each action involved at least 50 persons from a single em-
ployer; the number of workers involved totaled 133,914, on a seasonally
adjusted basis.  The number of mass layoff events in April 2008 decreased
by 263 from the prior month, while the number of associated initial claims
decreased by 23,242.  In April, 483 mass layoff events were reported in the
manufacturing sector, seasonally adjusted, resulting in 60,552 initial claims.
Over the month, mass layoff events in manufacturing remained essentially un-
changed, but initial claims decreased by 3,536.  (See table 1.)

   The national unemployment rate was 5.0 percent in April, seasonally ad-
justed, down from 5.1 percent in the prior month but up from 4.5 percent a
year earlier.  Total nonfarm payroll employment decreased by 20,000 in April
from the previous month but was 462,000 higher than a year earlier.

Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   The number of mass layoff events in April, at 1,272 on a not seasonally
adjusted basis, was up by 53 from a year earlier.  The number of associ-
ated initial claims was 130,810, an increase of 3,366 over the year.  (See
table 2.) The largest over-the-year increases in initial claims occurred in
transportation equipment manufacturing (+6,114) and administrative and sup-
port services (+5,878).  The largest decreases occurred in transit and ground
passenger transportation (-11,550) and in motion picture and sound
recording industries (-5,806).

   The manufacturing sector accounted for 31 percent of all mass layoff events
and 37 percent of initial claims filed in April; a year earlier, manufacturing
made up 25 percent of events and 28 percent of initial claims.  In April 2008,
the number of manufacturing claimants was highest in transportation equipment
manufacturing (17,617), followed by food manufacturing (7,085).  (See table 3.)
Administrative and waste services accounted for 13 percent of both mass layoff
events and initial claims in April, primarily from temporary help services.

   The six-digit NAICS industry with the highest number of initial claims was
temporary help services with 11,280, followed by school and employee bus trans-
portation (6,258), and automobile manufacturing (5,082).  Among the 10 industries
with the highest levels of initial claims, scheduled passenger air transportation
reached a program high for the month of April (with data available back to 1995).
(See table A.)



                                   - 2 -




Table A.  Industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims
in April 2008
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          |        |      April peak      
                 Industry                 |Initial |----------------------
                                          | claims |      |               
                                          |        | Year |Initial claims 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          |        |      |               
Temporary help services ..................| 11,280 | 2001 |     17,507    
School and employee bus transportation ...|  6,258 | 2006 |     17,621    
Automobile manufacturing .................|  5,082 | 1996 |     14,744    
Food service contractors .................|  3,645 | 2004 |      5,496    
Tax preparation services .................|  3,256 | 2006 |      3,791    
Heavy duty truck manufacturing ...........|  2,711 | 2007 |      3,451    
Professional employer organizations ......|  2,673 | 2001 |      3,280    
Farm labor contractors and crew leaders ..|  2,616 | 1998 |      4,054    
Scheduled passenger air transportation ...|  2,278 | 2008 |      2,278    
Motion picture and video production ......|  2,076 | 1997 |     15,908    
                                          |        |      |               
--------------------------------------------------------------------------



Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   Among the four census regions, the highest number of initial claims in April
due to mass layoffs was in the West (41,721).  The Midwest had the second largest
number of initial claims among the regions (37,169), followed by the South with
27,299 and the Northeast with 24,621.  (See table 5.)

   The number of initial claimants in mass layoffs increased over the year in
2 of the 4 regions--the Midwest (+14,124) and the South (+1,088).  Five of the
9 divisions had over-the-year increases in initial claims, led by the East North
Central (+10,612).

   California recorded the highest number of initial claims filed due to mass lay-
off events in April with 28,172, followed by Michigan (11,156), New York (7,539),
and Pennsylvania (7,506).  (See table 6.)  Twenty-eight states reported over-the-
year increases in initial claims associated with mass layoffs, led by Michigan
(+7,367), Texas (+2,477), and Indiana (+2,144).  States with the largest over-the-
year decreases in claims were New York (-7,715) and Pennsylvania (-3,491).


                    ______________________________


   The report on Mass Layoffs in May 2008 is scheduled to be released on
Friday, June 20.


                              - 3 -


Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database.  Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period.  These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks, the number of weeks in a given 
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a
year may vary.  Therefore, analysis of over-the-month and over-the-year
change in not seasonally adjusted series should take this calendar effect
into consideration.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding.  Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD message referral
phone number:  1-800-877-8339.

Definitions

   Employer.  Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws.  Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is adminis-
tered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Initial claimant.  A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.
   
   Mass layoff event.  Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment 
insurance benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period,
regardless of duration.
   
Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publish-
ing six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series.  The six series are the
numbers of mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total,
private nonfarm, and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expan-
sions and contractions.
   
   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjust-
ment method on a concurrent basis.  Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all
available monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in devel-
oping seasonal adjustment factors.  Revisions to the most recent 5 years
of seasonally adjusted data will be made once a year with the issuance of
December data.  Before the data are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments
are made to the original data to adjust them for differences in the number
of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.  Because weekly unemployment
insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data, a particular month's
value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in one year and 4 weeks
in another.  The effects of these differences could seriously distort the
seasonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process.
These effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently
removed from the final seasonally adjusted series.







Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, May 2004 to 
April 2008, seasonally adjusted

                                      Total            Private nonfarm         Manufacturing  
             Date                                                                             
                                          Initial               Initial                Initial
                                Events   claimants    Events   claimants     Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2004                                                                             

May ........................     1,224     114,810     1,059     100,854       339      39,045
June .......................     1,400     141,168     1,231     128,245       371      47,243
July .......................     1,329     137,805     1,178     126,301       376      50,799
August .....................     1,426     128,759     1,233     113,809       343      36,539
September ..................     1,285     127,833     1,154     116,843       336      45,690
October ....................     1,283     132,766     1,169     123,471       363      47,046
November ...................     1,320     130,873     1,174     119,029       380      45,416
December ...................     1,148     111,060       991      99,784       287      31,935

             2005                                                                             

January ....................     1,475     160,725     1,346     151,028       382      61,324
February ...................     1,146     121,455     1,020     110,480       353      43,568
March ......................     1,207     131,271     1,066     120,945       372      53,673
April ......................     1,252     136,752     1,125     126,550       401      60,681
May ........................     1,248     136,420     1,104     123,495       398      54,999
June .......................     1,196     127,084     1,078     118,012       368      58,300
July .......................     1,250     132,445     1,103     119,566       357      46,602
August .....................     1,144     125,686     1,000     113,762       341      47,598
September ..................     2,248     297,544     2,028     251,185       417      55,304
October ....................     1,101     110,035       982     100,934       321      43,230
November ...................     1,176     114,965     1,042     103,535       332      42,071
December ...................     1,261     134,461     1,132     123,418       360      46,863

             2006                                                                             

January ....................     1,107     110,800       988     101,494       283      34,037
February ...................     1,031     109,798       940     101,828       322      43,147
March ......................     1,084     119,049       983     110,668       323      48,119
April ......................     1,171     121,580     1,043     112,175       368      49,568
May ........................     1,124     117,115     1,005     107,181       314      43,087
June .......................     1,146     123,827     1,030     114,080       352      44,869
July .......................     1,179     121,017     1,051     111,336       372      48,534
August .....................     1,270     135,400     1,107     124,427       377      60,906
September ..................     1,173     123,767     1,056     114,677       385      45,767
October ....................     1,191     121,827     1,076     113,123       399      53,601
November ...................     1,232     133,803     1,121     124,559       414      58,385
December ...................     1,194     131,062     1,092     121,796       374      51,408

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,254     128,223     1,118     117,824       391      52,858
February ...................     1,352     143,837     1,238     135,066       416      61,749
March ......................     1,277     130,981     1,169     122,488       412      52,606
April ......................     1,243     126,977     1,116     116,926       382      43,930
May ........................     1,199     120,587     1,096     113,069       370      48,910
June .......................     1,238     129,858     1,116     120,165       351      40,670
July .......................     1,247     127,687     1,140     119,614       392      51,333
August .....................     1,228     121,886     1,128     114,628       335      36,518
September ..................     1,307     128,487     1,204     121,294       430      53,432
October ....................     1,347     136,124     1,224     127,163       430      57,695
November ...................     1,329     139,671     1,215     131,390       414      56,965
December ...................     1,433     141,750     1,315     133,024       462      58,108

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,438     144,111     1,317     134,347       427      55,488
February ...................     1,672     177,374     1,539     166,782       529      66,913
March ......................     1,571     157,156     1,460     147,537       482      64,088
April ......................     1,308     133,914     1,186     124,053       483      60,552







Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,  May 2004 to
April 2008, not seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing  
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial              Initial                Initial
                                Events    claimants   Events   claimants     Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2004                                                                             

May ........................       988      87,501       878      78,786       219      22,141
June .......................     1,379     134,588     1,077     110,804       222      27,307
July .......................     2,094     253,929     1,860     234,877       885     145,895
August .....................       809      69,033       745      63,876       194      17,698
September ..................       708      68,972       637      63,102       189      25,808
October ....................     1,242     127,918     1,101     117,375       372      48,265
November ...................     1,399     130,423     1,201     115,549       412      44,243
December ...................     1,614     161,271     1,487     152,092       436      50,726

             2005                                                                             

January ....................     2,564     263,952     2,421     253,409       823     108,985
February ...................       810      74,644       722      68,372       230      24,931
March ......................       806      88,937       733      83,793       246      33,030
April ......................     1,373     158,582     1,263     148,133       395      59,129
May ........................       986     101,358       891      93,332       249      30,424
June .......................     1,157     120,463       941     103,307       216      32,783
July .......................     1,981     244,216     1,745     222,377       856     136,210
August .....................       645      67,582       598      63,484       188      22,531
September ..................     1,662     213,281     1,505     179,042       318      47,497
October ....................       905      91,941       757      80,694       249      37,276
November ...................     1,254     116,127     1,079     102,182       363      41,442
December ...................     2,323     254,258     2,168     242,753       706      96,382

             2006                                                                             

January ....................     1,245     117,946     1,123     108,701       331      35,097
February ...................       719      66,555       658      62,208       210      24,892
March ......................       921     111,838       856     106,177       285      44,688
April ......................     1,140     121,589     1,038     112,964       296      39,538
May ........................       872      84,809       794      78,663       192      23,570
June .......................     1,489     164,761     1,224     140,687       319      41,095
July .......................     1,511     166,857     1,335     154,342       648      96,152
August .....................       708      72,844       656      69,054       203      28,494
September ..................       865      87,699       785      81,274       296      39,076
October ....................       964      98,804       820      88,133       311      46,737
November ...................     1,315     136,186     1,172     125,009       455      58,473
December ...................     2,249     254,503     2,126     244,783       735     105,462

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,407     134,984     1,263     124,475       456      53,615
February ...................       935      86,696       861      82,097       273      36,170
March ......................     1,082     123,974     1,015     118,431       367      49,886
April ......................     1,219     127,444     1,115     118,040       309      35,229
May ........................       923      85,816       856      81,153       224      26,527
June .......................     1,599     172,810     1,318     148,669       313      36,571
July .......................     1,599     175,419     1,450     164,939       684     101,390
August .....................       963      93,458       908      88,345       220      23,361
September ..................       717      67,385       667      64,026       246      29,381
October ....................     1,083     108,455       929      97,716       338      50,918
November ...................     1,799     198,220     1,593     181,184       514      75,413
December ...................     2,167     224,214     2,071     216,898       699      91,754

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,647     154,503     1,520     144,191       488      54,418
February ...................     1,269     119,508     1,178     113,587       361      42,527
March ......................     1,089     114,541     1,039     110,147       333      43,740
April ......................     1,272     130,810     1,172     121,625       394      48,188







Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance

                                                                                                    Initial claimants for          
                                                               Mass layoff events                   unemployment insurance         
                     Industry                                                                                                      
                                                     April   February  March     April      April     February   March      April  
                                                     2007      2008    2008      2008       2007       2008      2008       2008   
                                                                                                                                   
                Seasonally adjusted                                                                                                

      Total .....................................    1,243     1,672    1,571     1,308     126,977    177,374   157,156    133,914

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    1,116     1,539    1,460     1,186     116,926    166,782   147,537    124,053
    Manufacturing ...............................      382       529      482       483      43,930     66,913    64,088     60,552

              Not seasonally adjusted                                                                                              

      Total (1) .................................    1,219     1,269    1,089     1,272     127,444    119,508   114,541    130,810

Total, private ..................................    1,177     1,232    1,063     1,234     124,672    116,852   111,984    127,631
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ..       62        54       24        62       6,632      3,265     1,837      6,006

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    1,115     1,178    1,039     1,172     118,040    113,587   110,147    121,625
    Mining ......................................     (2)         5      (2)       (2)         (2)         335      (2)        (2) 
    Utilities ...................................      -        (2)      (2)       (2)          -         (2)       (2)        (2) 
    Construction ................................       88       193      119       112       6,423     13,335     7,891      8,106
    Manufacturing ...............................      309       361      333       394      35,229     42,527    43,740     48,188
        Food ....................................       61        46       58        66       5,976      3,916     7,705      7,085
        Beverage and tobacco products ...........        3         9        6         4         251        795       540        422
        Textile mills ...........................       15        10       14        10       1,234      1,373     2,745      1,065
        Textile product mills (3) ...............        8         5     (2)          5       1,030        615      (2)         700
        Apparel (3) .............................       12      (2)         8        10         951       (2)        544        872
        Leather and allied products .............     (2)        -        -        (2)         (2)         -         -         (2) 
        Wood products ...........................       21        50       30        33       1,907      5,576     2,419      3,973
        Paper ...................................        3         7        9         7         214        711       827        419
        Printing and related support activities .        5        11        9        11         578        714       736      1,136
        Petroleum and coal products .............     (2)       (2)      (2)       (2)         (2)        (2)       (2)        (2) 

        Chemicals ...............................        7         6        3         8         682        368       140        621
        Plastics and rubber products (3) ........       11        15       27        28         945      1,081     2,201      2,522
        Nonmetallic mineral products ............       11        25       15        14       1,021      1,836     1,224      1,251
        Primary metals ..........................       12        13       10        14       1,415      1,480       873      1,386
        Fabricated metal products ...............       22        17       20        22       1,649      1,155     1,878      1,612
        Machinery (3) ...........................       16        15       15        19       2,392      1,129     2,447      2,393
        Computer and electronic products ........       14        15       10        15       1,031      1,204       917      1,544
        Electrical equipment and appliances .....        5        17        9        13         996      5,327     2,692      1,153
        Transportation equipment (3) ............       63        66       72        89      11,503     12,189    14,318     17,617
        Furniture and related products (3) ......        7        18       11        18         518      2,043       842      1,746
        Miscellaneous manufacturing (3) .........       10        10        4         3         758        638       301        395

    Wholesale trade .............................       17        17       22        26       1,719      1,248     1,624      2,649
    Retail trade ................................       95       123       94        95       7,630     11,662     9,788      7,933
    Transportation and warehousing ..............      162        53       92       108      19,296      7,318    10,629     12,228
    Information .................................       35        28       35        33       8,715      4,229     4,316      3,446
    Finance and insurance (3) ...................       46        46       46        43       3,961      3,397     3,692      2,978
    Real estate and rental and leasing (3) ......        5         5        5         7         251        261       552        864
    Professional and technical services (3) .....       48        34       24        59       6,715      2,756     3,225      7,282
    Management of companies and enterprises .....      (2)         3     (2)       (2)         (2)         181      (2)        (2) 
    Administrative and waste services (3) .......      142       197      130       168      10,953     17,799    10,076     16,831
    Educational services ........................        7         5        6         5       1,341        374     1,191        464
    Health care and social assistance ...........       30        19       20        16       3,468      1,407     1,347      1,016
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........       28         6        8        28       1,979        330       492      2,078
    Accommodation and food services .............       80        78       90        68       7,800      6,121    10,328      6,743
    Other services, except public administration        17      (2)        10         5       1,823       (2)        906        310
    Unclassified ................................        1       -        -         -           282        -         -          -  

Government ......................................       42        37       26        38       2,772      2,656     2,557      3,179
    Federal .....................................        9         3        7         7         698        249       569        490
    State .......................................        9        11        7        10         524        819       618        748
    Local .......................................       24        23       12        21       1,550      1,588     1,370      1,941
                                                                                                                                   

   1 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   3 Data beginning in 2008 are not strictly comparable to prior years due to a change in NAICS versions.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.







Table 4. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, April 2006 to April 2008,
not seasonally adjusted

                                                                                  Private nonfarm                                    

                                  Total mass layoffs                            Extended mass layoffs                                
             Date                                        Mass layoffs         lasting more than 30 days         Realization rates (1)

                                           Initial               Initial                       Initial                      Initial 
                               Events     claimants   Events    claimants       Events        claimants           Events   claimants
             2006                                                                                                                 

April ......................    1,140      121,589     1,038     112,964                                                          
May ........................      872       84,809       794      78,663                                                          
June .......................    1,489      164,761     1,224     140,687                                                          

Second Quarter .............    3,501      371,159     3,056     332,314         1,353         264,927             44.3       79.7

July .......................    1,511      166,857     1,335     154,342                                                          
August .....................      708       72,844       656      69,054                                                          
September ..................      865       87,699       785      81,274                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    3,084      327,400     2,776     304,670           929         161,764             33.5       53.1

October ....................      964       98,804       820      88,133                                                          
November ...................    1,315      136,186     1,172     125,009                                                          
December ...................    2,249      254,503     2,126     244,783                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    4,528      489,493     4,118     457,925         1,640         330,901             39.8       72.3

             2007                                                                                                                 

January ....................    1,407      134,984     1,263     124,475                                                          
February ...................      935       86,696       861      82,097                                                          
March ......................    1,082      123,974     1,015     118,431                                                          

First Quarter ..............    3,424      345,654     3,139     325,003      (r)1,110      (r)199,250             35.4       61.3

April ......................    1,219      127,444     1,115     118,040                                                          
May ........................      923       85,816       856      81,153                                                          
June .......................    1,599      172,810     1,318     148,669                                                          

Second Quarter .............    3,741      386,070     3,289     347,862         1,421      (r)259,082             43.2    (r)74.5

July .......................    1,599      175,419     1,450     164,939                                                          
August .....................      963       93,458       908      88,345                                                          
September ..................      717       67,385       667      64,026                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    3,279      336,262     3,025     317,310         1,019      (r)173,518             33.7    (r)54.7

October ....................    1,083      108,455       929      97,716                                                          
November ...................    1,799      198,220     1,593     181,184                                                          
December ...................    2,167      224,214     2,071     216,898                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    5,049      530,889     4,593     495,798      (r)1,814      (r)346,030          (r)39.5    (r)69.8

             2008                                                                                                                 

January ....................    1,647      154,503     1,520     144,191                                                          
February ...................    1,269      119,508     1,178     113,587                                                          
March ......................    1,089      114,541     1,039     110,147                                                          

First Quarter ..............    4,005      388,552     3,737     367,925   (2)(p)1,111   (2)(p)165,933          (p)29.7    (p)45.1

April ......................    1,272      130,810     1,172     121,625                                                          

   1 The event realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff events lasting more than 30 days. The
initial claimant realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff initial claimants associated with
layoffs lasting more than 30 days.
   2 These quarterly numbers are provisional and will be revised as more data on these layoffs become available.
Experience suggests that the number of extended mass layoff events is generally revised upwards by less than 10 percent and
the number of initial claimants associated with such events increases by 25-40 percent.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   
   
   
   
   


Table 5. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance by census region and division,
not seasonally adjusted

                                                                                       Initial claimants for            
                                             Mass layoff events                        unemployment insurance           

  Census region and division                                                                                            

                                   April    February   March        April      April     February     March       April 
                                    2007      2008      2008         2008       2007       2008       2008        2008  
                                                                                                                        
        United States (1) ...      1,219     1,269     1,089        1,272     127,444    119,508     114,541     130,810

Northeast ...................        315       212       180          244      35,637     21,554      21,202      24,621
    New England .............         39        35        14           59       4,637      3,999       1,014       6,506
    Middle Atlantic .........        276       177       166          185      31,000     17,555      20,188      18,115

South .......................        248       305       245          256      26,211     29,835      28,097      27,299
    South Atlantic ..........        147       176       139          139      13,763     13,912      14,166      11,989
    East South Central ......         54        64        53           59       6,813      8,907       6,680       8,783
    West South Central ......         47        65        53           58       5,635      7,016       7,251       6,527

Midwest .....................        222       232       287          330      23,045     25,941      34,885      37,169
    East North Central ......        190       184       224          267      20,560     21,916      27,847      31,172
    West North Central ......         32        48        63           63       2,485      4,025       7,038       5,997

West ........................        434       520       377          442      42,551     42,178      30,357      41,721
    Mountain ................         73        47        43           67       8,024      3,754       4,001       7,701
    Pacific .................        361       473       334          375      34,527     38,424      26,356      34,020
                                                                                                                        
 
   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   NOTE:  The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are:  New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:  New Jersey, New York, 
and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic:  Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South 
Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:  Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South
Central:  Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central:  Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and
Wisconsin; West North Central:  Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain:
Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific:  Alaska, California, Hawaii,
Oregon, and Washington.







Table 6. State distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
not seasonally adjusted

                                                                                      Initial claimants for           
                                        Mass layoff events                           unemployment insurance           
           State                                                                                                      
                             April     February      March      April       April      February      March       April
                              2007        2008        2008       2008        2007         2008        2008       2008 

   Total (1) ............    1,219        1,269      1,089      1,272      127,444      119,508     114,541    130,810

Alabama .................       17           17         11         21        1,684        2,549         927      2,789
Alaska ..................        5          -         (2)           4          621          -          (2)         499
Arizona .................       32         (2)          9          30        4,656         (2)          808      4,424
Arkansas ................        4            3          5          3          409          364         867        330
California ..............      314          416        296        321       29,053       32,747      21,812     28,172
Colorado ................       10            4          6          5          784          326         533        455
Connecticut .............     (2)          (2)        (2)          7          (2)          (2)         (2)         535
Delaware ................     (2)          (2)          4          3          (2)          (2)         298         920
District of Columbia ....      -           (2)         -          -            -           (2)          -          -
Florida .................       59          102         63         65        3,524        6,572       5,145      4,130
Georgia .................       26           26         20         29        2,369        2,428       3,302      2,606
Hawaii ..................        3            9          4          5          185          786         304      1,583
Idaho ...................        3            7         12          3          499          497       1,187        206

Illinois ................       34           52         51         47        4,497        6,344       6,694      4,646
Indiana .................       20           24         27         40        1,887        3,709       3,870      4,031
Iowa ....................        7           16         11         13          632        1,885       1,051      1,474
Kansas ..................        3            3          8          5          235          192       1,069        359
Kentucky ................       17           24         26         21        2,936        4,219       4,555      4,651
Louisiana ...............        7           13          6          5        1,755        2,640         411        396
Maine ...................        3            4        -            3          201          245         -          184
Maryland ................        9            5       (2)           6        1,048          377        (2)         531
Massachusetts ...........       11            9          5         18        1,020          698         433      1,936
Michigan ................       34           32         41         65        3,789        4,379       3,980     11,156
Minnesota ...............       11            5          9         15          817          361         617      1,148
Mississippi .............        4           10          7          9          217          897         493        773
Missouri ................        7           19         28         24          445        1,127       3,799      2,205

Montana .................     (2)          (2)        (2)           3         (2)          (2)         (2)         212
Nebraska ................     (2)             5          6          3         (2)           460         412        453
Nevada ..................       14           23          7         16        1,050        1,909         522      1,558
New Hampshire ...........        6            3          3          5          631          351         167        451
New Jersey ..............       50           35         34         34        4,749        3,439       4,007      3,070
New Mexico ..............        8         (2)           5          4          592         (2)          685        316
New York ................      116           42         29         64       15,254        5,912       3,436      7,539
North Carolina ..........       13           21         16          6        1,210        2,121       1,367        555
North Dakota ............     (2)           -          -         (2)          (2)           -           -         (2) 
Ohio ....................       55           42         52         67        6,024        4,387       6,236      6,951
Oklahoma ................        4         (2)           6       (2)           354         (2)          868       (2) 
Oregon ..................       21           29         21         20        2,790        3,125       3,275      1,563
Pennsylvania ............      110          100        103         87       10,997        8,204      12,745      7,506

Rhode Island ............        8            9          4         11        1,589        1,448         303      1,641
South Carolina ..........       26           10         17         22        3,291        1,354       1,659      2,563
South Dakota ............     (2)           -         (2)        (2)          (2)           -          (2)        (2) 
Tennessee ...............       16           13          9          8        1,976        1,242         705        570
Texas ...................       32           47         36         48        3,117        3,870       5,105      5,594
Utah ....................        4            7       (2)           5          315          525        (2)         464
Vermont .................       10            8       (2)          15        1,052        1,084        (2)       1,759
Virginia ................        9            8         14          6          628          742       1,808        494
Washington ..............       18           19         12         25        1,878        1,766         913      2,203
West Virginia ...........        4         (2)           3       (2)           305         (2)          428       (2) 
Wisconsin ...............       47           34         53         48        4,363        3,097       7,067      4,388
Wyoming .................      -           (2)         -         (2)           -           (2)          -         (2)

Puerto Rico .............       16           23          4         17        1,556        2,113         344      1,437

   1  See footnote 1, table 3.
   2  Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.






Last Modified Date: May 22, 2008
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