Economic News Release

Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, May 22, 2012                     USDL-12-1018

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                             MASS LAYOFFS -- APRIL 2012


Employers took 1,388 mass layoff actions in April involving 135,600 workers, 
seasonally adjusted, as measured by new filings for unemployment insurance 
benefits during the month, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. 
Each mass layoff involved at least 50 workers from a single employer. Mass 
layoff events in April increased by 115 from March, and the number of associated 
initial claims increased by 14,290. In April, 287 mass layoff events were 
reported in the manufacturing sector, seasonally adjusted, resulting in 33,243
initial claims. (See table 1.)

The national unemployment rate was 8.1 percent in April, little changed from  
the prior month but down from 9.0 percent a year earlier. Total nonfarm payroll 
employment increased by 115,000 over the month and by 1,816,000 over the year.


Table A. Six-digit NAICS industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims
in April 2012, private nonfarm, not seasonally adjusted

                 Industry                                           April peak
                                              Initial Claims     Year  Initial claims
                                                                                     
School and employee bus transportation ....       20,482         2011      23,573
Temporary help services (1) ...............       10,285         2001      17,507
Food service contractors ..................        8,561         2011      10,948
Tax preparation services ..................        4,528         2010       6,514
Motor vehicle metal stamping ..............         (2)          2012        (2)
Hotels and motels, except casino hotels ...        2,388         2010       4,130
Educational support services ..............        2,381         2012       2,381
Discount department stores ................        2,301         2009       4,462
Motion picture and video production .......        2,201         1997      15,908
Tire manufacturing, except retreading .....         (2)          2009       2,376
                                                                                 
   1 See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.


Industry Distributions (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

The number of mass layoff events in April was 1,421, not seasonally adjusted, 
resulting in 146,358 initial claims for unemployment insurance. (See table 2.) 
Over the year, the number of average weekly mass layoff events increased by 5 
to 355, while associated average weekly initial claims decreased by 1,394 to 
36,590. Ten of the 19 major industry sectors in the private economy reported 
over-the-year decreases in average weekly initial claims, with the largest 
decrease occurring in manufacturing. (See table 3.) In April, the six-digit
industry with the largest number of private nonfarm initial claims was school
and employee bus transportation. (See table A.)

In April, the manufacturing sector accounted for 19 percent of mass layoff
events and 23 percent of associated initial claims in the private economy.
Within manufacturing, the numbers of mass layoff claimants were highest in
food and in transportation equipment. Thirteen of the 21 manufacturing
subsectors experienced over-the-year decreases in average weekly initial
claims, with the largest decrease occurring in transportation equipment.
(See table 3.)

Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Among the census regions, the Northeast registered the largest number of 
initial claims in April. Two of the 4 regions experienced over-the-year 
decreases in average weekly initial claims, with the largest decrease 
occurring in the Midwest. (See table 4.)

Among the states, California recorded the highest number of mass layoff 
initial claims in April, followed by New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and 
Illinois. Twenty-six states and the District of Columbia experienced over-
the-year decreases in average weekly initial claims, led by Ohio, Kentucky, 
Michigan, and Wisconsin. (See table 4.)

Note

The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or more 
workers beginning in a given month, regardless of the duration of the layoffs. 
For private nonfarm establishments, information on the length of the layoff 
is obtained later and issued in a quarterly release that reports on mass 
layoffs lasting more than 30 days (referred to as "extended mass layoffs"). 
The quarterly release provides more information on the industry classification 
and location of the establishment and on the demographics of the laid-off 
workers. The monthly data series in this release are subjected to average
weekly analysis, which mitigates the effect of differing lengths of months. 
See the Technical Note for more detailed definitions and for a description of 
average weekly analysis.

____________
The Mass Layoffs news release for May is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, 
June 20, 2012, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note


   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database. Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period. These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment 
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that 
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is 
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks.  The number of weeks in a given
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a year
may vary.  Therefore, data users who intend to perform analysis of over-the-year
change in the not seasonally adjusted series should use the average weekly
mass layoff figures displayed in tables 3 and 4 of this release.  The average
weekly adjustment process produces a consistent series for each month across
all years, permitting over-the-year analysis to be performed using strictly
comparable data.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding. Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   Average weekly mass layoff events and initial claimants. The number of
events and initial claimants in a given month divided by the number of weeks
contained within that month.

   Employer. Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws. Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is administered
by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Industry. Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). For temporary help
and professional employers organization industries, monthly MLS-related 
statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client companies 
in other industries. An individual layoff action at a client company can
be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs are
assigned to a temporary help or professional employer organization firm, a
mass layoff event may trigger.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Mass layoff event. Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insurance
benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless of
duration.

Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publishing
six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series. The six series are the numbers of
mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total, private nonfarm,
and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expansions
and contractions.

   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjustment
method on a concurrent basis. Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all available
monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in developing seasonal
adjustment factors. Revisions to the most recent 5 years of seasonally adjusted
data will be made once a year with the issuance of December data. Before the data
are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments are made to the original data to adjust
them for differences in the number of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.
Because weekly unemployment insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data,
a particular month's value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in 1 year and
4 weeks in another. The effects of these differences could seriously distort the
seasonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process. These 
effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently removed from 
the final seasonally adjusted series.




Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, May 2008 to 
April 2012, seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing    
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2008                                                                             

May ........................     1,567     160,475     1,432     150,893       470      62,776
June .......................     1,612     163,425     1,471     152,133       491      68,862
July .......................     1,589     163,572     1,452     153,060       465      62,210
August .....................     1,763     181,853     1,632     172,147       578      77,464
September ..................     2,159     229,180     1,990     215,749       629      82,011
October ....................     2,201     226,853     2,043     213,454       698      93,252
November ...................     2,406     239,239     2,247     225,404       907     103,836
December ...................     2,437     244,889     2,261     230,621       935     116,181

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     2,254     235,371     2,083     221,653       726      92,293
February ...................     3,059     326,392     2,901     310,378     1,251     145,839
March ......................     2,999     299,322     2,800     282,414     1,230     154,168
April ......................     2,566     249,129     2,349     232,632     1,007     116,051
May ........................     2,710     284,468     2,516     267,869     1,181     147,184
June .......................     2,466     247,597     2,257     230,502     1,048     137,649
July .......................     2,186     222,941     1,979     203,911       636      75,728
August .....................     2,340     216,047     2,115     197,172       751      77,894
September ..................     2,261     214,018     2,048     198,761       786      91,125
October ....................     1,969     195,752     1,772     178,172       571      65,217
November ...................     1,757     164,454     1,588     151,172       472      52,855
December ...................     1,719     155,056     1,543     140,835       424      44,096

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     1,707     168,044     1,529     154,187       471      53,817
February ...................     1,631     156,292     1,465     141,831       374      43,620
March ......................     1,676     149,816     1,469     134,518       356      40,705
April ......................     1,637     154,558     1,452     138,503       368      44,506
May ........................     1,608     150,996     1,357     130,273       302      29,932
June .......................     1,695     151,435     1,475     132,742       325      33,298
July .......................     1,519     138,091     1,316     122,162       304      32,253
August .....................     1,588     159,329     1,399     136,697       390      43,154
September ..................     1,510     133,576     1,295     115,349       328      34,333
October ....................     1,654     149,589     1,446     132,146       354      38,937
November ...................     1,592     161,145     1,410     145,494       360      39,977
December ...................     1,477     135,849     1,271     121,171       322      36,267

             2011                                                                             

January ....................     1,536     148,952     1,348     131,869       337      37,477
February ...................     1,434     131,569     1,242     116,745       297      26,696
March ......................     1,275     115,391     1,118     102,722       251      28,988
April ......................     1,548     145,836     1,383     131,317       341      37,053
May ........................     1,600     144,412     1,404     127,793       374      39,180
June .......................     1,513     143,384     1,334     128,410       344      36,265
July .......................     1,562     145,078     1,348     125,285       346      36,312
August .....................     1,551     164,275     1,347     149,874       382      49,194
September ..................     1,447     147,353     1,306     134,038       364      38,026
October ....................     1,335     118,924     1,205     107,330       341      33,926
November ...................     1,332     131,627     1,192     120,760       324      36,563
December ...................     1,384     145,648     1,238     130,583       351      39,081

             2012                                                                             

January ....................     1,434     129,920     1,298     119,102       341      33,597
February ...................     1,293     119,463     1,153     108,577       282      27,388
March ......................     1,273     121,310     1,125     109,421       261      26,348
April ......................     1,388     135,600     1,222     120,213       287      33,243




Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, May 2008 to 
April 2012, not seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing   
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2008                                                                             

May ........................     1,552     159,471     1,438     150,462       388      51,698
June .......................     1,622     166,742     1,315     140,916       309      42,097
July .......................     1,891     200,382     1,687     186,018       760     108,733
August .....................     1,427     139,999     1,343     133,146       414      51,912
September ..................     1,292     129,586     1,202     122,505       361      46,391
October ....................     2,125     221,784     1,917     205,553       689     100,457
November ...................     2,574     241,589     2,389     226,657       997     107,620
December ...................     3,377     351,305     3,232     340,220     1,378     172,529

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     3,806     388,813     3,633     375,293     1,461     172,757
February ...................     2,262     218,438     2,173     210,755       945     103,588
March ......................     2,191     228,387     2,107     221,397       940     114,747
April ......................     2,547     256,930     2,385     243,321       887     100,872
May ........................     2,738     289,628     2,572     274,047     1,005     123,683
June .......................     2,519     256,357     2,051     216,063       674      85,726
July .......................     3,054     336,654     2,659     296,589     1,133     154,208
August .....................     1,428     125,024     1,334     117,193       436      41,151
September ..................     1,371     123,177     1,258     115,141       448      51,126
October ....................     1,934     193,904     1,678     172,883       566      69,655
November ...................     1,870     164,496     1,679     150,751       517      55,053
December ...................     2,310     214,648     2,166     203,655       615      64,540

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     2,860     278,679     2,682     265,074       962     104,846
February ...................     1,183     102,818     1,091      96,022       282      30,728
March ......................     1,197     111,727     1,111     105,514       273      29,745
April ......................     1,840     199,690     1,697     184,654       424      55,178
May ........................     1,354     123,333     1,170     109,203       216      19,334
June .......................     1,861     171,190     1,355     125,872       212      21,083
July .......................     2,124     206,254     1,732     172,248       532      64,200
August .....................       976      92,435       897      83,021       230      23,088
September ..................       920      77,654       806      67,987       187      19,403
October ....................     1,642     148,638     1,373     127,865       351      40,861
November ...................     1,676     158,048     1,477     142,591       389      41,383
December ...................     1,931     184,130     1,763     172,881       465      52,816

             2011                                                                             

January ....................     2,558     246,463     2,372     229,765       693      75,006
February ...................     1,024      85,585       919      78,718       222      18,471
March ......................       908      85,095       844      80,014       191      20,869
April ......................     1,750     189,919     1,625     176,478       397      47,104
May ........................     1,367     119,911     1,221     108,531       270      25,199
June .......................     1,661     159,930     1,238     122,821       226      22,986
July .......................     2,176     216,774     1,759     174,078       602      71,814
August .....................       961      99,213       875      93,159       228      26,916
September ..................     1,189     117,232     1,095     107,300       296      32,058
October ....................     1,101      96,914       950      83,748       265      28,447
November ...................     1,393     127,750     1,245     117,474       349      37,799
December ...................     2,433     263,665     2,258     247,916       658      75,033

             2012                                                                             

January ....................     1,705     141,703     1,587     132,754       415      38,021
February ...................       895      73,974       820      69,076       196      16,555
March ......................     1,125     117,817     1,040     110,954       242      24,241
April ......................     1,421     146,358     1,293     132,697       256      32,518




Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally adjusted

                      Industry                                   Mass layoff totals                    Average weekly mass layoffs (1)
                      
                                                             Events         Initial claimants            Events         Initial claimants 
                                                        April      April     April      April        April      April    April      April
                                                         2011       2012      2011       2012         2011       2012     2011       2012

      Total (2) ..................................      1,750      1,421    189,919    146,358        350        355     37,984     36,590
      
Total, private ...................................      1,685      1,378    183,436    140,376        337        345     36,687     35,094
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ...         60         85      6,958      7,679         12         21      1,392      1,920

  Total, private nonfarm .........................      1,625      1,293    176,478    132,697        325        323     35,296     33,174
    Mining .......................................          4          7        270        774          1          2         54        194
    Utilities ....................................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Construction .................................        161        138     12,121      9,720         32         35      2,424      2,430
        Construction of buildings ................         25         28      1,917      1,845          5          7        383        461
        Heavy and civil engineering construction .         52         45      4,469      3,066         10         11        894        767
        Specialty trade contractors ..............         84         65      5,735      4,809         17         16      1,147      1,202
    Manufacturing ................................        397        256     47,104     32,518         79         64      9,421      8,130
        Food .....................................         84         86      9,064      8,735         17         22      1,813      2,184
        Beverage and tobacco products ............          6          5        438        293          1          1         88         73
        Textile mills ............................          5         24        792      3,246          1          6        158        812
        Textile product mills ....................          6          3        536        260          1          1        107         65
        Apparel ..................................         10         12        964      1,329          2          3        193        332
        Leather and allied products ..............          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)
        Wood products ............................         19         10      1,681        780          4          3        336        195
        Paper ....................................          6          3        590        335          1          1        118         84
        Printing and related support activities ..          8          7        858        436          2          2        172        109
        Petroleum and coal products ..............          -          -          -          -          -          -          -          -

        Chemicals ................................          5          3        453        343          1          1         91         86
        Plastics and rubber products .............         21          9      2,113      2,645          4          2        423        661
        Nonmetallic mineral products .............          9          7        926        546          2          2        185        137
        Primary metals ...........................         12          8        944        839          2          2        189        210
        Fabricated metal products ................         21          7      1,758        788          4          2        352        197
        Machinery ................................         16         17      2,552      1,649          3          4        510        412
        Computer and electronic products .........         18         14      1,675      1,366          4          4        335        342
        Electrical equipment and appliances ......         16          5      1,736        722          3          1        347        181
        Transportation equipment .................        117         26     18,328      7,093         23          7      3,666      1,773
        Furniture and related products ...........          9          6        831        634          2          2        166        159
        Miscellaneous manufacturing ..............          9        (3)        865        (3)          2        (3)        173        (3)

    Wholesale trade ..............................         27         29      2,005      2,498          5          7        401        625
    Retail trade (4) .............................        147        105     16,501      9,491         29         26      3,300      2,373
        Building material and garden supply stores          7          9        597        640          1          2        119        160
        Food and beverage stores .................         33         14      3,273      1,259          7          4        655        315
        Clothing and clothing accessories stores .          9          9        531        625          2          2        106        156
        General merchandise stores ...............         57         45      8,317      5,018         11         11      1,663      1,255
    Transportation and warehousing (4) ...........        194        171     26,537     23,008         39         43      5,307      5,752
        Truck transportation .....................         11          4        697        243          2          1        139         61
        Transit and ground passenger 
          transportation .........................        165        151     24,454     21,409         33         38      4,891      5,352
        Support activities for transportation ....        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Information ..................................         42         35      5,689      4,024          8          9      1,138      1,006
    Finance and insurance ........................         42         33      3,482      2,095          8          8        696        524
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........         15          8      1,389        601          3          2        278        150
    Professional and technical services ..........         80         55      8,572      6,288         16         14      1,714      1,572
    Management of companies and enterprises ......          7        (3)        550        (3)          1        (3)        110        (3)
    Administrative and waste services ............        262        220     23,380     17,166         52         55      4,676      4,292
    Educational services .........................         17         18      2,522      2,778          3          5        504        695
    Health care and social assistance ............         46         41      3,397      3,133          9         10        679        783
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........         45         40      4,650      3,344          9         10        930        836
    Accommodation and food services ..............        127        110     17,269     13,707         25         28      3,454      3,427
        Accommodation ............................         49         39      4,302      3,332         10         10        860        833
        Food services and drinking places ........         78         71     12,967     10,375         16         18      2,593      2,594
    Other services, except public administration .          9          9        845        521          2          2        169        130
    Unclassified .................................        (3)         10        (3)        452        (3)          3        (3)        113

Government .......................................         65         43      6,483      5,982         13         11      1,297      1,496
    Federal ......................................          6          5        582        395          1          1        116         99
    State ........................................         18         13      1,714      3,164          4          3        343        791
         State government education ..............          6          5        464        406          1          1         93        102
    Local ........................................         41         25      4,187      2,423          8          6        837        606
         Local government education ..............         14          7      1,455      1,032          3          2        291        258

   1 Average weekly analysis mitigates the effect of differing lengths of months. There were 5 weeks in April 2011 and 4 weeks in April 
2012. Average weekly events and initial claimants may not sum to subtotals and totals due to rounding.
   2 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   4 Includes other industries not shown.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.
   
   
   

Table 4. Region and state distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
not seasonally adjusted

     Census region and state               Mass layoff totals                    Average weekly mass layoffs (1)    
     
                                       Events         Initial Claimants            Events         Initial Claimants 
                                  April      April      April      April      April      April      April      April
                                   2011       2012       2011       2012       2011       2012       2011       2012

   Total (2) ...............      1,750      1,421    189,919    146,358        350        355     37,984     36,590
Northeast ..................        402        363     54,129     48,882         80         91     10,826     12,221
    Connecticut ............         10          6      1,056        530          2          2        211        133
    Maine ..................          7          7        818        696          1          2        164        174
    Massachusetts ..........         17         17      2,040      3,291          3          4        408        823
    New Hampshire ..........          7          6      1,107        928          1          2        221        232
    New Jersey .............         70         65     11,776     10,222         14         16      2,355      2,556
    New York ...............        153        152     22,636     22,367         31         38      4,527      5,592
    Pennsylvania ...........        112         91     10,791      7,943         22         23      2,158      1,986
    Rhode Island ...........          9          9      2,105      2,081          2          2        421        520
    Vermont ................         17         10      1,800        824          3          3        360        206

South ......................        431        318     42,685     30,733         86         80      8,537      7,683
    Alabama ................         28         17      3,080      2,706          6          4        616        677
    Arkansas ...............        (3)          6        (3)        851        (3)          2        (3)        213
    Delaware ...............          8          7        551        542          2          2        110        136
    District of Columbia ...        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -
    Florida ................         98         70      7,600      4,913         20         18      1,520      1,228
    Georgia ................         40         24      3,380      2,879          8          6        676        720
    Kentucky ...............         56         25      9,722      2,946         11          6      1,944        737
    Louisiana ..............         22         13      1,669      1,067          4          3        334        267
    Maryland ...............          5          3        365        256          1          1         73         64
    Mississippi ............         27         13      1,987        835          5          3        397        209
    North Carolina .........         14         51      1,240      4,782          3         13        248      1,196
    Oklahoma ...............          6          4        392        621          1          1         78        155
    South Carolina .........         19         12      1,913      1,321          4          3        383        330
    Tennessee ..............         14          9      1,259        752          3          2        252        188
    Texas ..................         67         45      7,118      4,621         13         11      1,424      1,155
    Virginia ...............         23         14      2,063      1,141          5          4        413        285
    West Virginia ..........        (3)          5        (3)        500        (3)          1        (3)        125

Midwest ....................        383        216     44,126     26,205         77         54      8,825      6,551
    Illinois ...............         56         38      6,701      5,969         11         10      1,340      1,492
    Indiana ................         41         17      4,689      4,867          8          4        938      1,217
    Iowa ...................         17         13      2,143      1,388          3          3        429        347
    Kansas .................          5          9        381        726          1          2         76        182
    Michigan ...............         50         23      6,813      2,313         10          6      1,363        578
    Minnesota ..............         16          8      1,023        455          3          2        205        114
    Missouri ...............         23         27      2,259      1,770          5          7        452        443
    Nebraska ...............          9          3        768        289          2          1        154         72
    North Dakota ...........        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -
    Ohio ...................         87         34     11,082      3,651         17          9      2,216        913
    South Dakota ...........        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -
    Wisconsin ..............         76         44      7,965      4,777         15         11      1,593      1,194

West .......................        534        524     48,979     40,538        107        131      9,796     10,135
    Alaska .................          9          9      1,137      1,008          2          2        227        252
    Arizona ................         40         30      5,635      4,627          8          8      1,127      1,157
    California .............        348        391     29,264     26,375         70         98      5,853      6,594
    Colorado ...............         15         12      1,750      1,401          3          3        350        350
    Hawaii .................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Idaho ..................         10          7        896        771          2          2        179        193
    Montana ................          7          6        438        526          1          2         88        132
    Nevada .................         23         13      1,703      1,051          5          3        341        263
    New Mexico .............          9          4        711        327          2          1        142         82
    Oregon .................         25         17      2,886      1,276          5          4        577        319
    Utah ...................         13          5      1,232        482          3          1        246        121
    Washington .............         28         26      2,725      2,301          6          7        545        575
    Wyoming ................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)

    Puerto Rico ............         17         12      1,676      1,169          3          3        335        292
                                                                                                                    
   1 See footnote 1, table 3
   2 See footnote 2, table 3.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.
   
   
   

Last Modified Date: May 22, 2012
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