Economic News Release

Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, May 22, 2013                         USDL-13-0990

Technical information: (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  * www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                                  MASS LAYOFFS -- APRIL 2013


Employers took 1,199 mass layoff actions in April involving 116,849 workers as measured
by new filings for unemployment insurance benefits during the month, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. (Data are seasonally adjusted.) Each mass layoff
involved at least 50 workers from a single employer. Mass layoff events decreased by
138 from March, and the number of associated initial claims decreased by 11,090. In
April, 293 mass layoff events occurred in the manufacturing sector resulting in 29,744
initial claims. Monthly mass layoff events are identified using administrative data
sources without regard to layoff duration. (See table 1 and the note at the end of this
release.)

The national unemployment rate was 7.5 percent in April, essentially unchanged from the
prior month and down from 8.1 percent a year earlier. Total nonfarm payroll employment
increased by 165,000 over the month, and increased by 2,077,000 over the year.

Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

The number of mass layoff events in April was 1,174, not seasonally adjusted, resulting
in 119,196 initial claims for unemployment insurance. (See table 2.) Over the year,
the number of average weekly mass layoff events for April decreased by 61 to 294, and
associated average weekly initial claims decreased by 6,791 to 29,799. Fourteen of the
19 major industry sectors in the private economy reported over-the-year decreases in
average weekly initial claims, with the largest decrease occurring in transportation and
warehousing. (See table 3.) School and employee bus transportation was the six-digit
industry with the largest number of private nonfarm initial claims due to mass layoffs
in April. (See table A.)


Table A. Six-digit NAICS industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims
in April 2013, private nonfarm, not seasonally adjusted

                 Industry                                                April peak
                                                 Initial claims     Year  Initial claims
                                                                                        
School and employee bus transportation ....          10,210         2011      23,573
Temporary help services (1) ...............           8,778         2001      17,507
Motion picture and video production .......           7,632         1997      15,908
Tax preparation services ..................           3,997         2010       6,514
Food service contractors ..................           3,723         2011      10,948
Hotels and motels, except casino hotels ...           2,580         2010       4,130
Discount department stores ................           2,253         2009       4,462
Skiing facilities .........................           2,077         2010       2,640
Payroll services ..........................           1,980         2000       5,165
Warehouse clubs and supercenters ..........           1,885         2010       2,466
                                                                                        
   1 See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.


The manufacturing sector accounted for 22 percent of mass layoff events and associated
initial claims in the private economy in April. Within manufacturing, the numbers of mass
layoff claimants were highest in food and in machinery. Nine of the 21 manufacturing
subsectors experienced over-the-year decreases in average weekly initial claims. (See
table 3.)

Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Among the census regions, the West had the largest number of initial claims due to mass
layoffs in April. Three of the 4 regions experienced over-the-year decreases in average
weekly initial claims, with the largest decrease occurring in the Northeast. (See
table 4.)

Among the states, California had the highest number of mass layoff initial claims in
April, followed by New York, Pennsylvania, and North Carolina. Thirty-one states
experienced over-the-year decreases in average weekly initial claims, led by New York
and New Jersey. (See table 4.)

Note

The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or more workers
beginning in a given month, regardless of the duration of the layoffs. For private
nonfarm establishments, information on the length of the layoff is obtained later and
issued in a quarterly release that reports on mass layoffs lasting more than 30 days
(referred to as "extended mass layoffs"). The quarterly release provides more information
on the industry classification and location of the establishment and on the demographics
of the laid-off workers. The monthly data series in this release are subjected to average
weekly analysis, which mitigates the effect of differing lengths of months. See the
Technical Note for more detailed definitions and for a description of average weekly
analysis.

-------------
The Mass Layoffs news release for May 2013 is scheduled to be released on Friday,
June 21, 2013, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


   -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  |                                                                                     |
  |                               Mass Layoffs Data Discontinued                        |
  |                                                                                     |
  |On March 1, 2013, President Obama ordered into effect the across-the-board spending  |
  |cuts (commonly referred to as sequestration) required by the Balanced Budget and     |
  |Emergency Deficit Control Act, as amended. Under the order, the Bureau of Labor      |
  |Statistics (BLS) must cut its current budget by more than $30 million, 5 percent     |
  |of the current 2013 appropriation, by September 30, 2013. In order to help achieve   |
  |these savings and protect core programs, the BLS will eliminate two programs,        |
  |including Mass Layoff Statistics, and all "measuring green jobs" products. The       |
  |final release of Mass Layoffs Statistics data will occur on June 21st, with          |
  |publication of the May 2013 data.                                                    |
  |                                                                                     |
   -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




Technical Note


   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database. Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period. These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   The monthly data present preliminary mass layoff activity in the 
reference month and are not revised in subsequent months except in special 
circumstances (e.g., layoffs in states affected by Hurricane Katrina).  
Counts of initial claims associated with mass layoff events reflect 
activity through the end of the reference month. Additional mass layoff 
event and initial claims activity received after data for the reference 
month have been published by BLS are not updated in the monthly mass layoff 
series and, therefore, may not match revised mass layoff data issued in 
state publications. However, any additional mass layoff information 
meeting the extended mass layoff criteria will be reflected in BLS’ 
quarterly publication of extended mass layoff data.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment 
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that 
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is 
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks.  The number of weeks in a given
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a year
may vary.  Therefore, data users who intend to perform analysis of over-the-year
change in the not seasonally adjusted series should use the average weekly
mass layoff figures displayed in tables 3 and 4 of this release.  The average
weekly adjustment process produces a consistent series for each month across
all years, permitting over-the-year analysis to be performed using strictly
comparable data.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding. Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   Average weekly mass layoff events and initial claimants. The number of
events and initial claimants in a given month divided by the number of weeks
contained within that month.

   Employer. Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws. Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is administered
by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Industry. Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). For temporary help
and professional employers organization industries, monthly MLS-related 
statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client companies 
in other industries. An individual layoff action at a client company can
be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs are
assigned to a temporary help or professional employer organization firm, a
mass layoff event may trigger.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Mass layoff event. Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insurance
benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless of
duration.

Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publishing
six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series. The six series are the numbers of
mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total, private nonfarm,
and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expansions
and contractions.

   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjustment
method on a concurrent basis. Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all available
monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in developing seasonal
adjustment factors. Revisions to the most recent 5 years of seasonally adjusted
data will be made once a year with the issuance of December data. Before the data
are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments are made to the original data to adjust
them for differences in the number of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.
Because weekly unemployment insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data,
a particular month's value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in 1 year and
4 weeks in another. The effects of these differences could seriously distort the
seasonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process. These 
effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently removed from 
the final seasonally adjusted series.




Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, May 2009 to 
April 2013, seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing    
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2009                                                                             

May ........................     2,712     286,089     2,522     270,051     1,206     151,114
June .......................     2,470     248,680     2,261     231,529     1,063     140,105
July .......................     2,184     222,776     1,976     203,347       639      76,345
August .....................     2,358     218,380     2,119     198,877       743      75,387
September ..................     2,274     216,959     2,054     200,863       754      90,250
October ....................     1,970     196,370     1,775     178,648       567      64,681
November ...................     1,764     159,283     1,598     146,802       469      51,887
December ...................     1,720     155,738     1,549     141,699       425      44,455

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     1,699     169,561     1,522     155,298       461      53,303
February ...................     1,647     161,694     1,480     147,259       387      47,272
March ......................     1,703     153,784     1,501     138,188       373      43,022
April ......................     1,622     154,962     1,442     138,849       378      44,860
May ........................     1,585     150,959     1,345     131,482       317      31,677
June .......................     1,701     152,080     1,481     133,366       335      34,653
July .......................     1,521     137,750     1,315     121,313       303      32,064
August .....................     1,612     162,455     1,409     138,849       384      41,123
September ..................     1,526     137,074     1,303     117,582       310      33,906
October ....................     1,661     149,985     1,454     132,373       349      38,157
November ...................     1,584     153,394     1,407     138,925       353      38,097
December ...................     1,476     136,252     1,277     121,849       322      36,611

             2011                                                                             

January ....................     1,522     150,406     1,335     132,659       327      37,431
February ...................     1,456     137,938     1,263     123,141       312      30,036
March ......................     1,307     119,691     1,156     106,721       269      31,699
April ......................     1,526     145,315     1,366     130,841       352      37,177
May ........................     1,573     144,824     1,387     129,296       399      42,238
June .......................     1,522     144,060     1,342     129,136       359      38,630
July .......................     1,566     144,543     1,347     123,815       342      35,458
August .....................     1,585     168,266     1,364     153,081       374      46,267
September ..................     1,463     150,165     1,319     136,564       346      37,505
October ....................     1,349     118,135     1,220     106,478       335      32,310
November ...................     1,312     123,078     1,177     113,239       312      33,715
December ...................     1,392     144,661     1,247     129,994       346      38,469

             2012                                                                             

January ....................     1,435     129,169     1,298     118,127       325      32,503
February ...................     1,275     120,199     1,134     109,458       283      28,236
March ......................     1,290     125,195     1,141     112,889       269      28,300
April ......................     1,403     138,164     1,235     122,236       294      34,929
May ........................     1,370     131,603     1,220     119,788       277      31,873
June .......................     1,320     133,080     1,178     120,857       282      31,737
July .......................     1,354     138,694     1,217     128,186       355      43,427
August .....................     1,297     130,266     1,172     120,391       322      39,389
September ..................     1,346     125,692     1,223     116,792       365      40,287
October ....................     1,400     136,153     1,249     125,026       346      42,927
November ...................     1,749     172,879     1,574     159,872       412      47,171
December ...................     1,509     137,839     1,334     125,505       330      35,211

             2013                                                                             

January ....................     1,328     134,026     1,197     123,088       357      43,068
February ...................     1,422     135,468     1,218     119,856       295      39,407
March ......................     1,337     127,939     1,183     115,664       311      36,696
April ......................     1,199     116,849     1,051     104,746       293      29,744




Table 2. Mass layoff events and	initial claimants for unemployment insurance, May 2009
to April 2013, not seasonally adjusted

                          Total               Private nonfarm         Manufacturing   
      Date                                                                            
                                Initial                Initial                Initial 
                     Events    claimants    Events    claimants    Events    claimants
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
         2009                                                                         
May ..............    2,738      289,628     2,572     274,047      1,005     123,683 
June .............    2,519      256,357     2,051     216,063        674      85,726 
July .............    3,054      336,654     2,659     296,589      1,133     154,208 
August ...........    1,428      125,024     1,334     117,193        436      41,151 
September .........   1,371      123,177     1,258     115,141        448      51,126 
October ..........    1,934      193,904     1,678     172,883        566      69,655 
November .........    1,870      164,496     1,679     150,751        517      55,053 
December .........    2,310      214,648     2,166     203,655        615      64,540 
                                                                                      
         2010                                                                         
January ..........    2,860      278,679     2,682     265,074        962     104,846 
February .........    1,183      102,818     1,091      96,022        282      30,728 
March ............    1,197      111,727     1,111     105,514        273      29,745 
April ............    1,840      199,690     1,697     184,654        424      55,178 
May ..............    1,354      123,333     1,170     109,203        216      19,334 
June .............    1,861      171,190     1,355     125,872        212      21,083 
July .............    2,124      206,254     1,732     172,248        532      64,200 
August ...........      976       92,435       897      83,021        230      23,088 
September .........     920       77,654       806      67,987        187      19,403 
October ..........    1,642      148,638     1,373     127,865        351      40,861 
November .........    1,676      158,048     1,477     142,591        389      41,383 
December .........    1,931      184,130     1,763     172,881        465      52,816 
         2011                                                                         
January ..........    2,558      246,463     2,372     229,765        693      75,006 
February .........    1,024       85,585       919      78,718        222      18,471 
March ............      908       85,095       844      80,014        191      20,869 
April ............    1,750      189,919     1,625     176,478        397      47,104 
May ..............    1,367      119,911     1,221     108,531        270      25,199 
June .............    1,661      159,930     1,238     122,821        226      22,986 
July .............    2,176      216,774     1,759     174,078        602      71,814 
August ...........      961       99,213       875      93,159        228      26,916 
September .........   1,189      117,232     1,095     107,300        296      32,058 
October ..........    1,101       96,914       950      83,748        265      28,447 
November .........    1,393      127,750     1,245     117,474        349      37,799 
December .........    2,433      263,665     2,258     247,916        658      75,033 
         2012                                                                         
January ..........    1,705      141,703     1,587     132,754        415      38,021 
February .........      895       73,974       820      69,076        196      16,555 
March ............    1,125      117,817     1,040     110,954        242      24,241 
April ............    1,421      146,358     1,293     132,697        256      32,518 
May ..............    1,201      109,259     1,081     100,434        186      18,800 
June .............    1,890      198,537     1,485     158,334        255      28,570 
July .............    1,515      157,753     1,321     144,340        559      74,963 
August ...........    1,063      104,045       992      97,694        251      31,193 
September .........     811       70,570       749      66,214        221      22,748 
October ..........    1,142      109,829       968      97,390        277      37,702 
November .........    2,339      249,949     2,078     228,124        551      72,690 
December .........    1,973      187,137     1,822     177,452        477      50,686 
         2013                                                                         
January ..........    1,528      144,517     1,424     135,970        455      50,793 
February .........      960       79,786       846      72,391        192      21,630 
March ............    1,132      114,897     1,048     108,200        268      28,923 
April ............    1,174      119,196     1,068     109,105        248      25,780 




Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally adjusted

                      Industry                                   Mass layoff totals                    Average weekly mass layoffs (1)

                                                              Events         Initial claimants            Events         Initial claimants
                                                        April      April      April      April      April      April      April      April
                                                         2012       2013       2012       2013       2012       2013       2012       2013

      Total (2) ..................................      1,421      1,174    146,358    119,196        355        294     36,590     29,799

Total, private ...................................      1,378      1,125    140,376    114,638        345        281     35,094     28,660
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ...         85         57      7,679      5,533         21         14      1,920      1,383

  Total, private nonfarm .........................      1,293      1,068    132,697    109,105        323        267     33,174     27,276
    Mining .......................................          7          8        774        687          2          2        194        172
    Utilities ....................................        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -
    Construction .................................        138         97      9,720      7,185         35         24      2,430      1,796
        Construction of buildings ................         28         15      1,845      1,047          7          4        461        262
        Heavy and civil engineering construction .         45         34      3,066      2,527         11          9        767        632
        Specialty trade contractors ..............         65         48      4,809      3,611         16         12      1,202        903
    Manufacturing ................................        256        248     32,518     25,780         64         62      8,130      6,445
        Food .....................................         86         75      8,735      8,477         22         19      2,184      2,119
        Beverage and tobacco products ............          5        (3)        293        (3)          1        (3)         73        (3)
        Textile mills ............................         24          8      3,246        760          6          2        812        190
        Textile product mills ....................          3          4        260        499          1          1         65        125
        Apparel ..................................         12          9      1,329        845          3          2        332        211
        Leather and allied products ..............        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
        Wood products ............................         10          8        780        721          3          2        195        180
        Paper ....................................          3          3        335        213          1          1         84         53
        Printing and related support activities ..          7         10        436        719          2          3        109        180
        Petroleum and coal products ..............          -          3          -        202          -          1          -         51

        Chemicals ................................          3          7        343        626          1          2         86        157
        Plastics and rubber products .............          9          4      2,645        330          2          1        661         83
        Nonmetallic mineral products .............          7          6        546        619          2          2        137        155
        Primary metals ...........................          8         14        839      1,519          2          4        210        380
        Fabricated metal products ................          7         15        788      1,596          2          4        197        399
        Machinery ................................         17         18      1,649      2,113          4          5        412        528
        Computer and electronic products .........         14         17      1,366      1,184          4          4        342        296
        Electrical equipment and appliances ......          5         11        722      1,509          1          3        181        377
        Transportation equipment .................         26         17      7,093      1,432          7          4      1,773        358
        Furniture and related products ...........          6         10        634      1,422          2          3        159        356
        Miscellaneous manufacturing ..............        (3)          6        (3)        640        (3)          2        (3)        160

    Wholesale trade ..............................         29         19      2,498      1,364          7          5        625        341
    Retail trade (4) .............................        105         96      9,491      9,833         26         24      2,373      2,458
        Building material and garden supply stores          9          8        640        884          2          2        160        221
        Food and beverage stores .................         14         16      1,259      1,462          4          4        315        366
        Clothing and clothing accessories stores .          9          8        625        392          2          2        156         98
        General merchandise stores ...............         45         42      5,018      5,568         11         11      1,255      1,392
    Transportation and warehousing (4) ...........        171        116     23,008     12,688         43         29      5,752      3,172
        Truck transportation .....................          4          4        243        209          1          1         61         52
        Transit and ground passenger 
          transportation .........................        151         93     21,409     10,908         38         23      5,352      2,727
        Support activities for transportation ....        (3)          7        (3)        606        (3)          2        (3)        152
    Information ..................................         35         38      4,024      9,107          9         10      1,006      2,277
    Finance and insurance ........................         33         27      2,095      1,960          8          7        524        490
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........          8          4        601        201          2          1        150         50
    Professional and technical services ..........         55         78      6,288      9,919         14         20      1,572      2,480
    Management of companies and enterprises ......        (3)          5        (3)        434        (3)          1        (3)        109
    Administrative and waste services ............        220        155     17,166     13,493         55         39      4,292      3,373
    Educational services .........................         18         11      2,778        939          5          3        695        235
    Health care and social assistance ............         41         41      3,133      3,460         10         10        783        865
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........         40         34      3,344      3,320         10          9        836        830
    Accommodation and food services ..............        110         80     13,707      7,939         28         20      3,427      1,985
        Accommodation ............................         39         35      3,332      2,865         10          9        833        716
        Food services and drinking places ........         71         45     10,375      5,074         18         11      2,594      1,269
    Other services, except public administration .          9          9        521        699          2          2        130        175
    Unclassified .................................         10          2        452         97          3          1        113         24

Government .......................................         43         49      5,982      4,558         11         12      1,496      1,140
    Federal ......................................          5          9        395      1,074          1          2         99        269
    State ........................................         13         13      3,164      1,257          3          3        791        314
         State government education ..............          5          2        406        109          1          1        102         27
    Local ........................................         25         27      2,423      2,227          6          7        606        557
         Local government education ..............          7          8      1,032        877          2          2        258        219

   1 Average weekly analysis mitigates the effect of differing lengths of months. There were 4 weeks in April 2012 and 4 weeks in April 
2013. Average weekly events and initial claimants may not sum to subtotals and totals due to rounding.
   2 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   4 Includes other industries not shown.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Region and state distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
not seasonally adjusted

     Census region and state               Mass layoff totals                    Average weekly mass layoffs (1)

                                       Events          Initial claimants           Events          Initial claimants
                                  April      April      April      April      April      April      April      April
                                   2012       2013       2012       2013       2012       2013       2012       2013

   Total (2) ...............      1,421      1,174    146,358    119,196        355        294     36,590     29,799
Northeast ..................        363        272     48,882     28,395         91         68     12,221      7,099
    Connecticut ............          6          7        530        742          2          2        133        186
    Maine ..................          7          6        696        780          2          2        174        195
    Massachusetts ..........         17         20      3,291      3,021          4          5        823        755
    New Hampshire ..........          6          5        928        902          2          1        232        226
    New Jersey .............         65         46     10,222      4,217         16         12      2,556      1,054
    New York ...............        152         86     22,367      9,093         38         22      5,592      2,273
    Pennsylvania ...........         91         85      7,943      6,591         23         21      1,986      1,648
    Rhode Island ...........          9          7      2,081      2,024          2          2        520        506
    Vermont ................         10         10        824      1,025          3          3        206        256

South ......................        318        310     30,733     29,555         80         78      7,683      7,389
    Alabama ................         17         11      2,706      1,238          4          3        677        310
    Arkansas ...............          6         16        851      1,442          2          4        213        361
    Delaware ...............          7          8        542        582          2          2        136        146
    District of Columbia ...          -          -          -          -          -          -          -          -
    Florida ................         70         54      4,913      4,148         18         14      1,228      1,037
    Georgia ................         24         21      2,879      2,756          6          5        720        689
    Kentucky ...............         25         21      2,946      2,209          6          5        737        552
    Louisiana ..............         13         14      1,067        942          3          4        267        236
    Maryland (4) ...........          3         12        256        984          1          3         64        246
    Mississippi ............         13         14        835      1,030          3          4        209        258
    North Carolina .........         51         45      4,782      5,411         13         11      1,196      1,353
    Oklahoma ...............          4        (3)        621        (3)          1        (3)        155        (3)
    South Carolina .........         12          8      1,321      1,004          3          2        330        251
    Tennessee ..............          9         10        752        879          2          3        188        220
    Texas ..................         45         57      4,621      5,113         11         14      1,155      1,278
    Virginia ...............         14         12      1,141      1,249          4          3        285        312
    West Virginia ..........          5        (3)        500        (3)          1        (3)        125        (3)

Midwest ....................        216        203     26,205     19,909         54         51      6,551      4,977
    Illinois ...............         38         49      5,969      5,272         10         12      1,492      1,318
    Indiana ................         17         10      4,867        807          4          3      1,217        202
    Iowa ...................         13         14      1,388      1,348          3          4        347        337
    Kansas .................          9        (3)        726        (3)          2        (3)        182        (3)
    Michigan ...............         23         24      2,313      2,354          6          6        578        589
    Minnesota ..............          8          7        455        561          2          2        114        140
    Missouri ...............         27         14      1,770      1,101          7          4        443        275
    Nebraska ...............          3        (3)        289        (3)          1        (3)         72        (3)
    North Dakota ...........          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)
    Ohio ...................         34         45      3,651      4,459          9         11        913      1,115
    South Dakota ...........          -          -          -          -          -          -          -          -
    Wisconsin ..............         44         35      4,777      3,648         11          9      1,194        912

West .......................        524        389     40,538     41,337        131         97     10,135     10,334
    Alaska .................          9          4      1,008        545          2          1        252        136
    Arizona ................         30         30      4,627      3,820          8          8      1,157        955
    California .............        391        273     26,375     29,242         98         68      6,594      7,311
    Colorado ...............         12         12      1,401      1,379          3          3        350        345
    Hawaii .................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Idaho ..................          7          4        771        711          2          1        193        178
    Montana ................          6          5        526        437          2          1        132        109
    Nevada .................         13          7      1,051        460          3          2        263        115
    New Mexico .............          4          5        327        445          1          1         82        111
    Oregon .................         17         14      1,276      1,080          4          4        319        270
    Utah ...................          5          9        482        837          1          2        121        209
    Washington .............         26         22      2,301      2,029          7          6        575        507
    Wyoming ................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Puerto Rico ............         12          7      1,169        659          3          2        292        165
                                                                                                                    
   1 See footnote 1, table 3.                                                                                                                    
   2 See footnote 2, table 3.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards. 
   4 Data starting in June 2012 may not be comparable to prior data due to a change in MLS unemployment insurance 
procedures.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Last Modified Date: May 22, 2013
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