Economic News Release

Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release




Technical information:  (202)  691-6392     USDL 08-0831
                http://www.bls.gov/mls/
                                            For release:  10:00 A.M. (EDT)
Media contact:           (202) 691-5902     Friday, June 20, 2008


                         MASS LAYOFFS IN MAY 2008

   In May, employers took 1,626 mass layoff actions, seasonally adjusted,
as measured by new filings for unemployment insurance benefits during the
month, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor
reported today.  Each action involved at least 50 persons from a single
employer; the number of workers involved totaled 171,387, on a seasonally
adjusted basis.  Layoff events and associated initial claimants were the
highest for the month of May since 2003.  The number of mass layoff events
in May 2008 increased sharply by 318 from the prior month, while the number
of associated initial claims rose by 37,473.  In May, 528 mass layoff events 
were reported in the manufacturing sector, seasonally adjusted, resulting in 
72,058 initial claims.  Over the month, mass layoff events in manufacturing 
increased by 45 and initial claims increased by 11,506.  (See table 1.)
      
   From January through May 2008, the total number of events (seasonally
adjusted), at 7,615, and initial claims (seasonally adjusted), at 783,942,
were considerably higher than in January-May 2007 (6,325 and 650,605,
respectively).
   
   The national unemployment rate was 5.5 percent in May, seasonally adjusted, 
up from 5.0 percent in the prior month and up from 4.5 percent a year earlier.  
Total nonfarm payroll employment decreased by 49,000 in May from the previous 
month, but increased by 236,000 from a year earlier.
   
Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
   
   The number of mass layoff events in May was 1,552 on a not seasonally
adjusted basis; the number of associated initial claims was 159,471.  (See
table 2.)  Average weekly layoff events rose from 231 in May 2007 to 310 in
May 2008, while average weekly initial claimants increased from 21,454 to
31,894.  Both the average weekly number of events and claims reached the
highest levels for the month of May since 2003.
   
    The largest over-the-year increases in May 2008 average weekly initial
claims associated with mass layoffs occurred in transportation equipment
manufacturing (+1,766) and in transit and ground passenger transportation
(+1,176).  The largest decreases occurred in general merchandise stores 
(-256) and in textile mills (-126).
   
   The manufacturing sector accounted for 25 percent of all mass layoff
events and 32 percent of initial claims filed in May; a year earlier,
manufacturing made up 24 percent of events and 31 percent of initial
claims.  In May 2008, the number of manufacturing claimants was highest 
in transportation equipment manufacturing (21,667), followed by food
manufacturing (4,800).  (See table 3.)  Administrative and waste services
accounted for 12 percent of mass layoff events and 10 percent of associated
initial claims in May, primarily from temporary help services.
   
   The six-digit NAICS industry with the highest number of initial claims
was temporary help services with 8,389, followed by food service contractors 
(7,376) and motion picture and video production (6,874).  Among the 10 indus-
tries with the highest levels of initial claims, 7 of the 10 reached program 
highs in 2008 for the month of May (with data available back to 1995).  
(See table A.)
   
                                     - 2 -
   
  Table A.  Industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims
  in May 2008
  -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               |        |      May peak        
                      Industry                 |Initial |----------------------
                                               | claims |      |               
                                               |        | Year |Initial claims 
  -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               |        |      |               
  Temporary help services .....................|  8,389 | 2002 |      16,992   
  Food service contractors ....................|  7,376 | 2008 |       7,376   
  Motion picture and video production .........|  6,874 | 1999 |       8,985   
  School and employee bus transportation ......|  6,323 | 2008 |       6,323   
  Heavy duty truck manufacturing ..............|  5,053 | 2008 |       5,053   
  Child day care services .....................|  4,541 | 2008 |       4,541   
  Professional employer organizations .........|  4,085 | 2008 |       4,085   
  Other social advocacy organizations .........|  2,919 | 2008 |       2,919   
  Automobile manufacturing ....................|  2,763 | 2003 |       7,851   
  All other motor vehicle parts manufacturing .|  2,333 | 2008 |       2,333   
                                               |        |      |               
  -----------------------------------------------------------------------------


Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
   
   Of the 4 census regions, the highest number of initial claims in May
due to mass layoffs was in the West (45,558).  The Midwest had the second
largest number of initial claims among the regions (45,462), followed by
the South with 42,832 and the Northeast with 25,619.  (See table 5.)
   
   All 4 regions experienced over-the-year increases in average weekly
initial claims--the Midwest (+3,156), the South (+2,944), the West (+2,365),
and the Northeast (+1,976).  Eight of the 9 divisions had over-the-year
increases in average weekly initial claims, led by the East North Central
(+3,334).
 
   California recorded the highest number of initial claims filed due to
mass layoff events in May with 34,085, largely due to layoffs in motion
picture and sound recording industries and in administrative and support
services.  The next highest states reporting mass layoff initial claims
were New York (9,613), Pennsylvania (8,975), Florida (8,841), and Kentucky
(8,666).  (See table 6.)
   
   Forty states reported over-the-year increases in average weekly initial
claims associated with mass layoffs, led by California (+1,422), New York
(+1,333), Illinois (+843), and Florida (+752).  States with the largest
over-the-year decreases in average weekly claims were Missouri (-705) and
Virginia (-162).  In 2008, six states reported program highs in terms of
average weekly initial claims for the month of May (with data available
back to 1995)--Florida, Hawaii, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, and Ohio.
   
   
                      ______________________________
   
   
   The report on Mass Layoffs in June 2008 is scheduled to be released on
Wednesday, July 23.
   
   
   
   
   


                              - 3 -


Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database.  Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period.  These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks, the number of weeks in a given 
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a
year may vary.  Therefore, analysis of over-the-month and over-the-year
change in not seasonally adjusted series should take this calendar effect
into consideration.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding.  Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD message referral
phone number:  1-800-877-8339.

Definitions

   Employer.  Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws.  Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is adminis-
tered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Initial claimant.  A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.
   
   Mass layoff event.  Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment 
insurance benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period,
regardless of duration.
   
Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publish-
ing six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series.  The six series are the
numbers of mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total,
private nonfarm, and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expan-
sions and contractions.
   
   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjust-
ment method on a concurrent basis.  Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all
available monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in devel-
oping seasonal adjustment factors.  Revisions to the most recent 5 years
of seasonally adjusted data will be made once a year with the issuance of
December data.  Before the data are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments
are made to the original data to adjust them for differences in the number
of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.  Because weekly unemployment
insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data, a particular month's
value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in one year and 4 weeks
in another.  The effects of these differences could seriously distort the
seasonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process.
These effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently
removed from the final seasonally adjusted series.







Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, June 2004 to
May 2008, seasonally adjusted

                                      Total            Private nonfarm         Manufacturing  
             Date                                                                             
                                          Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events   claimants    Events   claimants     Events  claimants
                                                                                              
             2004                                                                             

June .......................     1,400     141,168     1,231     128,245       371      47,243
July .......................     1,329     137,805     1,178     126,301       376      50,799
August .....................     1,426     128,759     1,233     113,809       343      36,539
September ..................     1,285     127,833     1,154     116,843       336      45,690
October ....................     1,283     132,766     1,169     123,471       363      47,046
November ...................     1,320     130,873     1,174     119,029       380      45,416
December ...................     1,148     111,060       991      99,784       287      31,935

             2005                                                                             

January ....................     1,475     160,725     1,346     151,028       382      61,324
February ...................     1,146     121,455     1,020     110,480       353      43,568
March ......................     1,207     131,271     1,066     120,945       372      53,673
April ......................     1,252     136,752     1,125     126,550       401      60,681
May ........................     1,248     136,420     1,104     123,495       398      54,999
June .......................     1,196     127,084     1,078     118,012       368      58,300
July .......................     1,250     132,445     1,103     119,566       357      46,602
August .....................     1,144     125,686     1,000     113,762       341      47,598
September ..................     2,248     297,544     2,028     251,185       417      55,304
October ....................     1,101     110,035       982     100,934       321      43,230
November ...................     1,176     114,965     1,042     103,535       332      42,071
December ...................     1,261     134,461     1,132     123,418       360      46,863

             2006                                                                             

January ....................     1,107     110,800       988     101,494       283      34,037
February ...................     1,031     109,798       940     101,828       322      43,147
March ......................     1,084     119,049       983     110,668       323      48,119
April ......................     1,171     121,580     1,043     112,175       368      49,568
May ........................     1,124     117,115     1,005     107,181       314      43,087
June .......................     1,146     123,827     1,030     114,080       352      44,869
July .......................     1,179     121,017     1,051     111,336       372      48,534
August .....................     1,270     135,400     1,107     124,427       377      60,906
September ..................     1,173     123,767     1,056     114,677       385      45,767
October ....................     1,191     121,827     1,076     113,123       399      53,601
November ...................     1,232     133,803     1,121     124,559       414      58,385
December ...................     1,194     131,062     1,092     121,796       374      51,408

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,254     128,223     1,118     117,824       391      52,858
February ...................     1,352     143,837     1,238     135,066       416      61,749
March ......................     1,277     130,981     1,169     122,488       412      52,606
April ......................     1,243     126,977     1,116     116,926       382      43,930
May ........................     1,199     120,587     1,096     113,069       370      48,910
June .......................     1,238     129,858     1,116     120,165       351      40,670
July .......................     1,247     127,687     1,140     119,614       392      51,333
August .....................     1,228     121,886     1,128     114,628       335      36,518
September ..................     1,307     128,487     1,204     121,294       430      53,432
October ....................     1,347     136,124     1,224     127,163       430      57,695
November ...................     1,329     139,671     1,215     131,390       414      56,965
December ...................     1,433     141,750     1,315     133,024       462      58,108

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,438     144,111     1,317     134,347       427      55,488
February ...................     1,672     177,374     1,539     166,782       529      66,913
March ......................     1,571     157,156     1,460     147,537       482      64,088
April ......................     1,308     133,914     1,186     124,053       483      60,552
May ........................     1,626     171,387     1,496     161,912       528      72,058







Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,  June 2004 to
May 2008, not seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing  
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial              Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events   claimants     Events  claimants
                                                                                              
             2004                                                                             

June .......................     1,379     134,588     1,077     110,804       222      27,307
July .......................     2,094     253,929     1,860     234,877       885     145,895
August .....................       809      69,033       745      63,876       194      17,698
September ..................       708      68,972       637      63,102       189      25,808
October ....................     1,242     127,918     1,101     117,375       372      48,265
November ...................     1,399     130,423     1,201     115,549       412      44,243
December ...................     1,614     161,271     1,487     152,092       436      50,726

             2005                                                                             

January ....................     2,564     263,952     2,421     253,409       823     108,985
February ...................       810      74,644       722      68,372       230      24,931
March ......................       806      88,937       733      83,793       246      33,030
April ......................     1,373     158,582     1,263     148,133       395      59,129
May ........................       986     101,358       891      93,332       249      30,424
June .......................     1,157     120,463       941     103,307       216      32,783
July .......................     1,981     244,216     1,745     222,377       856     136,210
August .....................       645      67,582       598      63,484       188      22,531
September ..................     1,662     213,281     1,505     179,042       318      47,497
October ....................       905      91,941       757      80,694       249      37,276
November ...................     1,254     116,127     1,079     102,182       363      41,442
December ...................     2,323     254,258     2,168     242,753       706      96,382

             2006                                                                             

January ....................     1,245     117,946     1,123     108,701       331      35,097
February ...................       719      66,555       658      62,208       210      24,892
March ......................       921     111,838       856     106,177       285      44,688
April ......................     1,140     121,589     1,038     112,964       296      39,538
May ........................       872      84,809       794      78,663       192      23,570
June .......................     1,489     164,761     1,224     140,687       319      41,095
July .......................     1,511     166,857     1,335     154,342       648      96,152
August .....................       708      72,844       656      69,054       203      28,494
September ..................       865      87,699       785      81,274       296      39,076
October ....................       964      98,804       820      88,133       311      46,737
November ...................     1,315     136,186     1,172     125,009       455      58,473
December ...................     2,249     254,503     2,126     244,783       735     105,462

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,407     134,984     1,263     124,475       456      53,615
February ...................       935      86,696       861      82,097       273      36,170
March ......................     1,082     123,974     1,015     118,431       367      49,886
April ......................     1,219     127,444     1,115     118,040       309      35,229
May ........................       923      85,816       856      81,153       224      26,527
June .......................     1,599     172,810     1,318     148,669       313      36,571
July .......................     1,599     175,419     1,450     164,939       684     101,390
August .....................       963      93,458       908      88,345       220      23,361
September ..................       717      67,385       667      64,026       246      29,381
October ....................     1,083     108,455       929      97,716       338      50,918
November ...................     1,799     198,220     1,593     181,184       514      75,413
December ...................     2,167     224,214     2,071     216,898       699      91,754

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,647     154,503     1,520     144,191       488      54,418
February ...................     1,269     119,508     1,178     113,587       361      42,527
March ......................     1,089     114,541     1,039     110,147       333      43,740
April ......................     1,272     130,810     1,172     121,625       394      48,188
May ........................     1,552     159,471     1,438     150,462       388      51,698







Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance

                                                                                                    Initial claimants for          
                                                               Mass layoff events                   unemployment insurance         
                     Industry                                                                                                      
                                                     May       March    April     May        May        March     April     May    
                                                     2007      2008     2008      2008       2007       2008      2008      2008   
                                                                                                                                   
                Seasonally adjusted                                                                                                

      Total .....................................    1,199     1,571    1,308     1,626     120,587    157,156   133,914    171,387

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    1,096     1,460    1,186     1,496     113,069    147,537   124,053    161,912
    Manufacturing ...............................      370       482      483       528      48,910     64,088    60,552     72,058

              Not seasonally adjusted                                                                                              

      Total (1) .................................      923     1,089    1,272     1,552      85,816    114,541   130,810    159,471

Total, private ..................................      880     1,063    1,234     1,467      82,760    111,984   127,631    152,510
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ..       24        24       62        29       1,607      1,837     6,006      2,048

  Total, private nonfarm ........................      856     1,039    1,172     1,438      81,153    110,147   121,625    150,462
    Mining ......................................     (2)       (2)      (2)          5        (2)        (2)       (2)         458
    Utilities ...................................        5      (2)      (2)          4         439        (2)      (2)         475
    Construction ................................       91       119      112       167       6,230      7,891     8,106     12,411
    Manufacturing ...............................      224       333      394       388      26,527     43,740    48,188     51,698
        Food ....................................       34        58       66        48       2,579      7,705     7,085      4,800
        Beverage and tobacco products ...........     (2)          6        4         5        (2)        540        422        273
        Textile mills ...........................        9        14       10         6         920      2,745     1,065        520
        Textile product mills (3) ...............     (2)       (2)         5         8        (2)        (2)        700        580
        Apparel (3) .............................        5         8       10        14         562        544       872      1,171
        Leather and allied products .............      -         -       (2)       (2)          -          -         (2)        (2)
        Wood products ...........................       20        30       33        24       1,823      2,419     3,973      2,455
        Paper ...................................        8         9        7        11         680        827       419      1,091
        Printing and related support activities .        7         9       11         9         551        736     1,136        833
        Petroleum and coal products .............     (2)       (2)      (2)       (2)         (2)        (2)       (2)        (2)

        Chemicals ...............................        6         3        8         9         377        140       621        696
        Plastics and rubber products (3) ........       11        27       28        21         810      2,201     2,522      1,793
        Nonmetallic mineral products ............        7        15       14        14         583      1,224     1,251      1,175
        Primary metals ..........................       13        10       14         9         963        873     1,386      1,217
        Fabricated metal products ...............       10        20       22        29         699      1,878     1,612      2,596
        Machinery (3) ...........................       16        15       19        25       1,430      2,447     2,393      3,758
        Computer and electronic products ........       11        10       15        14         758        917     1,544      1,250
        Electrical equipment and appliances .....        7         9       13        13       1,622      2,692     1,153      1,845
        Transportation equipment (3) ............       40        72       89       101      10,268     14,318    17,617     21,667
        Furniture and related products (3) ......       11        11       18        20       1,063        842     1,746      3,285
        Miscellaneous manufacturing (3) .........        5         4        3         5         613        301       395        445

    Wholesale trade .............................       10        22       26        21       1,021      1,624     2,649      1,513
    Retail trade ................................       87        94       95       109       7,827      9,788     7,933     10,090
    Transportation and warehousing ..............       31        92      108        99       2,782     10,629    12,228     11,176
    Information .................................       23        35       33        56       4,355      4,316     3,446      9,251
    Finance and insurance (3) ...................       33        46       43        38       2,414      3,692     2,978      2,666
    Real estate and rental and leasing (3) ......        4         5        7         6         344        552       864        407
    Professional and technical services (3) .....       41        24       59        66       3,168      3,225     7,282      6,924
    Management of companies and enterprises .....     (2)       (2)      (2)          4        (2)        (2)       (2)         383
    Administrative and waste services (3) .......      119       130      168       192       9,762     10,076    16,831     16,175
    Educational services ........................        4         6        5         6         204      1,191       464        383
    Health care and social assistance ...........       54        20       16        85       4,684      1,347     1,016      7,643
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........       20         8       28        32       1,166        492     2,078      1,993
    Accommodation and food services .............       87        90       68       122       8,401     10,328     6,743     13,212
    Other services, except public administration        20        10        5        38       1,684        906       310      3,604
    Unclassified ................................      -         -        -         -           -          -         -          -  

Government ......................................       43        26       38        85       3,056      2,557     3,179      6,961
    Federal .....................................        8         7        7        16         634        569       490      1,656
    State .......................................        7         7       10        14         594        618       748        867
    Local .......................................       28        12       21        55       1,828      1,370     1,941      4,438
                                                                                                                                   

   1 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   3 Data beginning in 2008 are not strictly comparable to prior years due to a change in NAICS versions.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.







Table 4. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, April 2006 to May 2008, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                                   Private nonfarm                                   
                                                                                                                                     
                                Total mass layoffs                              Extended mass layoffs                                
             Date                                        Mass layoffs         lasting more than 30 days         Realization rates (1)

                                           Initial               Initial                       Initial                      Initial 
                               Events     claimants   Events    claimants       Events        claimants           Events   claimants
             2006                                                                                                                 

April ......................    1,140      121,589     1,038     112,964                                                          
May ........................      872       84,809       794      78,663                                                          
June .......................    1,489      164,761     1,224     140,687                                                          

Second Quarter .............    3,501      371,159     3,056     332,314         1,353         264,927             44.3       79.7

July .......................    1,511      166,857     1,335     154,342                                                          
August .....................      708       72,844       656      69,054                                                          
September ..................      865       87,699       785      81,274                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    3,084      327,400     2,776     304,670           929         161,764             33.5       53.1

October ....................      964       98,804       820      88,133                                                          
November ...................    1,315      136,186     1,172     125,009                                                          
December ...................    2,249      254,503     2,126     244,783                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    4,528      489,493     4,118     457,925         1,640         330,901             39.8       72.3

             2007                                                                                                                 

January ....................    1,407      134,984     1,263     124,475                                                          
February ...................      935       86,696       861      82,097                                                          
March ......................    1,082      123,974     1,015     118,431                                                          

First Quarter ..............    3,424      345,654     3,139     325,003         1,110         199,250             35.4       61.3

April ......................    1,219      127,444     1,115     118,040                                                          
May ........................      923       85,816       856      81,153                                                          
June .......................    1,599      172,810     1,318     148,669                                                          

Second Quarter .............    3,741      386,070     3,289     347,862         1,421         259,082             43.2       74.5

July .......................    1,599      175,419     1,450     164,939                                                          
August .....................      963       93,458       908      88,345                                                          
September ..................      717       67,385       667      64,026                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    3,279      336,262     3,025     317,310         1,019         173,518             33.7       54.7

October ....................    1,083      108,455       929      97,716                                                          
November ...................    1,799      198,220     1,593     181,184                                                          
December ...................    2,167      224,214     2,071     216,898                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    5,049      530,889     4,593     495,798         1,814         346,030             39.5       69.8

             2008                                                                                                                 

January ....................    1,647      154,503     1,520     144,191                                                          
February ...................    1,269      119,508     1,178     113,587                                                          
March ......................    1,089      114,541     1,039     110,147                                                          

First Quarter ..............    4,005      388,552     3,737     367,925   (2)(p)1,111   (2)(p)165,933          (p)29.7    (p)45.1

April ......................    1,272      130,810     1,172     121,625                                                          
May ........................    1,552      159,471     1,438     150,462                                                          

   1 The event realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff events lasting more than 30 days. The initial
claimant realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff initial claimants associated with layoffs lasting
more than 30 days.
   2 These quarterly numbers are provisional and will be revised as more data on these layoffs become available.  Experience sug-
gests that the number of extended mass layoff events is generally revised upwards by less than 10 percent and the number of ini-
tial claimants associated with such events increases by 25-40 percent.
   p = preliminary.







Table 5. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance by census region and division, not
seasonally adjusted

                                                                                   Initial claimants for           
                                           Mass layoff events                      unemployment insurance          

  Census region and division                                                                                       

                                    May      March     April     May        May       March       April      May   
                                    2007     2008      2008      2008       2007      2008        2008       2008  
                                                                                                                   
        United States (1) ...        923     1,089     1,272    1,552      85,816    114,541     130,810    159,471

Northeast ...................        150       180       244      266      12,593     21,202      24,621     25,619
    New England .............         25        14        59       32       1,887      1,014       6,506      3,218
    Middle Atlantic .........        125       166       185      234      10,706     20,188      18,115     22,401

South .......................        222       245       256      402      22,490     28,097      27,299     42,832
    South Atlantic ..........        113       139       139      199       9,597     14,166      11,989     15,761
    East South Central ......         55        53        59      116       7,748      6,680       8,783     16,810
    West South Central ......         54        53        58       87       5,145      7,251       6,527     10,261

Midwest .....................        217       287       330      390      23,747     34,885      37,169     45,462
    East North Central ......        153       224       267      312      15,731     27,847      31,172     36,332
    West North Central ......         64        63        63       78       8,016      7,038       5,997      9,130

West ........................        334       377       442      494      26,986     30,357      41,721     45,558
    Mountain ................         29        43        67       62       2,309      4,001       7,701      5,548
    Pacific .................        305       334       375      432      24,677     26,356      34,020     40,010
                                                                                                                   

   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   NOTE:  The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:  New Jersey,
New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic:  Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:  Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and
Tennessee; West South Central:  Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central:  Illinois, Indiana,
Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central:  Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and
South Dakota; Mountain:  Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific:
Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.







Table 6. State distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally
adjusted

                                                                                      Initial claimants for           
                                         Mass layoff events                           unemployment insurance          
           State                                                                                                      
                              May         March      April       May         May          March       April      May  
                              2007        2008       2008        2008        2007         2008        2008       2008 

   Total (1) ............      923        1,089      1,272      1,552       85,816      114,541     130,810    159,471

Alabama .................       14           11         21         35        1,379          927       2,789      4,044
Alaska ..................     (2)          (2)           4       (2)          (2)          (2)          499       (2) 
Arizona .................        6            9         30          9          524          808       4,424        872
Arkansas ................        5            5          3          7          432          867         330        648
California ..............      270          296        321        382       21,582       21,812      28,172     34,085
Colorado ................        3            6          5          8          276          533         455        930
Connecticut .............        6          (2)          7         11          521         (2)          535        924
Delaware ................      -              4          3          3          -            298         920        203
District of Columbia ....     (2)            -         -         (2)          (2)           -           -         (2) 
Florida .................       60           63         65        125        4,066        5,145       4,130      8,841
Georgia .................       21           20         29         32        2,641        3,302       2,606      3,170
Hawaii ..................        3            4          5         11          251          304       1,583      1,118
Idaho ...................     (2)            12          3         12         (2)         1,187         206      1,131

Illinois ................       30           51         47         59        3,074        6,694       4,646      8,058
Indiana .................       18           27         40         44        1,416        3,870       4,031      4,943
Iowa ....................        5           11         13         12          481        1,051       1,474      3,033
Kansas ..................       10            8          5         12          613        1,069         359        893
Kentucky ................       19           26         21         39        4,593        4,555       4,651      8,666
Louisiana ...............        8            6          5         22          878          411         396      3,101
Maine ...................     (2)            -           3        -           (2)            -          184        -  
Maryland ................        5          (2)          6          4          426          (2)         531        318
Massachusetts ...........        9            5         18          9          649          433       1,936        946
Michigan ................       46           41         65         85        4,520        3,980      11,156      8,139
Minnesota ...............        9            9         15         10        1,090          617       1,148      1,075
Mississippi .............        9            7          9         18          461          493         773      1,682
Missouri ................       35           28         24         35        5,459        3,799       2,205      3,298

Montana .................        6          (2)          3          6          419          (2)         212        437
Nebraska ................     (2)             6          3          5          (2)          412         453        413
Nevada ..................        6            7         16         14          429          522       1,558      1,057
New Hampshire ...........     (2)             3          5          5         (2)          167         451         384
New Jersey ..............       31           34         34         38        2,936        4,007       3,070      3,813
New Mexico ..............        3            5          4          9          312          685         316        690
New York ................       29           29         64         95        2,358        3,436       7,539      9,613
North Carolina ..........        8           16          6          9          547        1,367         555      1,163
North Dakota ............     (2)            -        (2)        (2)          (2)            -         (2)        (2)
Ohio ....................       34           52         67         67        3,350        6,236       6,951      7,621
Oklahoma ................        5            6       (2)           3          428          868        (2)         624
Oregon ..................       15           21         20         24        1,528        3,275       1,563      3,449
Pennsylvania ............       65          103         87        101        5,412       12,745       7,506      8,975

Rhode Island ............     (2)             4         11          3         (2)          303       1,641         243
South Carolina ..........        6           17         22         11          473        1,659       2,563        809
South Dakota ............     (2)          (2)        (2)        (2)          (2)          (2)         (2)        (2) 
Tennessee ...............       13            9          8         24        1,315          705         570      2,418
Texas ...................       36           36         48         55        3,407        5,105       5,594      5,888
Utah ....................     (2)          (2)           5          4         (2)          (2)          464        431
Vermont .................        5         (2)          15          4          317          (2)       1,759        721
Virginia ................       12           14          6         11        1,370        1,808         494        904
Washington ..............       15           12         25         13        1,206          913       2,203      1,211
West Virginia ...........      -              3       (2)           3            -          428         (2)        277
Wisconsin ...............       25           53         48         57        3,371        7,067       4,388      7,571
Wyoming .................     (2)           -         (2)         -           (2)           -          (2)         -  

Puerto Rico .............       12            4         17         17          978           344      1,437      2,626

   1  See footnote 1, table 3.
   2  Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.






Last Modified Date: June 20, 2008
Recommend this page using: