Economic News Release

Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release


Technical information:  (202) 691-6392     USDL 09-0980
               http://www.bls.gov/mls/
                                           For release:  10:00 A.M. (EDT)
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902     Friday, August 21, 2009
                                   
                                   
                       MASS LAYOFFS IN JULY 2009


   Employers took 2,157 mass layoff actions in July that resulted in
the separation of 206,791 workers, seasonally adjusted, as measured by
new filings for unemployment insurance benefits during the month, the
Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported
today.  Each action involved at least 50 persons from a single employer.  
The number of mass layoff events in July decreased by 606 from the prior 
month, and the number of associated initial claims decreased by 72,440.  
Over the year, the number of mass layoff events increased by 622, and 
associated initial claims increased by 54,292.  In July, 621 mass layoff 
events were reported in the manufacturing sector, seasonally adjusted, 
resulting in 72,266 initial claims.  Over the year, the number of manu-
facturing events increased by 166, and associated initial claims in-
creased by 14,618.  (See table 1.)

   During the 20 months from December 2007 through July 2009, the total 
number of mass layoff events (seasonally adjusted) was 41,979, and the 
number of initial claims filed (seasonally adjusted) in those events was 
4,297,329.  (December 2007 was the start of a recession as designated by 
the National Bureau of Economic Research.)

   The national unemployment rate was 9.4 percent in July 2009, seasonally 
adjusted, little changed from 9.5 percent the prior month but up from 5.8 
percent a year earlier.  In July, total nonfarm payroll employment de-
creased by 247,000 over the month and by 5,740,000 from a year earlier.

Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
   
   The number of mass layoff events in July was 3,054 on a not seasonally 
adjusted basis; the number of associated initial claims was 336,654.  (See 
table 2.)  Over the year, increases were recorded in both the number of 
mass layoff events (+1,163) and initial claims (+136,272).  This year, 
average weekly events reached its highest July level in program history; 
data are available back to 1995.  (Average weekly analysis mitigates the 
effect of differing lengths of months.  See the Technical Note.)  Nine of 
the 19 major industry sectors reported program highs in terms of average 
weekly initial claimants for the month of July--construction; wholesale 
trade; retail trade; finance and insurance; professional and technical 
services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and 
waste services; health care and social assistance; and accommodation and
food services.  Government also reported a program high in terms of aver-
age weekly initial claimants for the month of July.
   
   The manufacturing sector accounted for 37 percent of all mass layoff 
events and 46 percent of initial claims filed in July 2009; a year ear-
lier, manufacturing made up 40 percent of events and 54 percent of initial 
claims.  This July, the number of manufacturing claimants was greatest in 
transportation equipment (47,322) and machinery (29,528).  (See table 3.)  
The administrative and waste services sector accounted for 11 percent of 
mass layoff events and associated initial claims during the month.


                                 - 2 -


Table A. Industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims in July 2009,  
not seasonally adjusted 


                                                                     July peak
                  Industry                         
                                               Initial claims   Year  Initial claims
                                                                    
Elementary and secondary schools ..............    20,769       2009      20,769
Temporary help services (1) ...................    20,377       1998      24,601
Construction machinery manufacturing ..........    13,914       2009      13,914
Professional employer organizations (1) .......     8,240       2009       8,240
Motion picture and video production ...........     7,950       1998      12,310
Light truck and utility vehicle manufacturing .     7,713       1997      14,618
All other plastics product manufacturing ......     6,015       2004       8,864
All other motor vehicle parts manufacturing ...     5,751       2004       9,691
School and employee bus transportation ........     5,553       1997       8,081
Motor vehicle metal stamping ..................     4,504       2005       8,198
                                                                                        
   1  See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.


   Of the 10 detailed industries with the largest number of mass layoff 
initial claims, 3 reached a series high for July:  construction machinery 
manufacturing; professional employer organizations; and elementary and 
secondary schools.  The industry with the largest number of initial claims 
was elementary and secondary schools (20,769), which includes both public 
and private entities.  (See table A.)

Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   Among the four census regions, the Midwest registered the highest number 
of initial claims in July due to mass layoffs (117,188), followed by the 
West (102,292) and the South (71,648).  (See table 5.)  Average weekly 
initial claims associated with mass layoffs increased over the year in all 
four regions, with the West experiencing the largest increase.  In 2009, the 
South and the West reported their highest July levels of average weekly ini-
tial claims in program history.
   
   Of the nine geographic divisions, the East North Central (94,516) had the 
highest number of initial claims due to mass layoffs in July, followed by 
the Pacific (91,051) and the Middle Atlantic (38,332).  (See table 5.)  Eight 
of the 9 divisions experienced over-the-year increases in average weekly ini-
tial claims, led by the Pacific.  This year, the Mountain and the Pacific divi-
sions reached program highs for July in terms of average weekly initial claims.
   
   California recorded the highest number of initial claims filed due to mass 
layoff events in July with 82,085.  The states with the next highest number 
of mass layoff initial claims were Illinois (25,119), Michigan (23,929), and
Ohio (19,704).  (See table 6.)  Over-the-year increases in average weekly ini-
tial claims were highest in California, Illinois, and Pennsylvania.  In 2009, 
seven states reached program highs in average weekly initial claims for the 
month of July--Arizona, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Nevada, New Jersey, and Utah.


                                 - 3 -


Note
   
   The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or more 
workers beginning in a given month, regardless of the duration of the layoffs.  
For private nonfarm establishments, information on the length of the layoff 
is obtained later and issued in a quarterly release that reports on mass 
layoffs lasting more than 30 days (referred to as "extended mass layoffs").  
The quarterly release provides more information on the industry classifica-
tion and location of the establishment and on the demographics of the laid-
off workers.  Because monthly figures include short-term layoffs of 30 days 
or less, the sum of the figures for the 3 months in a quarter will be higher
than the quarterly figure for mass layoffs of more than 30 days.  (See table 4.)  
See the Technical Note for more detailed definitions.
   
                         ______________________________
                                     
                                   
   The report on Mass Layoffs in August 2009 is scheduled to be released on 
Wednesday,September 23.





                                - 4 - 


Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database.  Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period.  These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks.  The number of weeks in a given 
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a
year may vary.  Therefore, analysis of over-the-month and over-the-year
change in not seasonally adjusted series should take this calendar effect
into consideration.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding.  Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  202-691-5200; TDD message referral
phone number:  1-800-877-8339.

Definitions

   Employer.  Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws.  Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is adminis-
tered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Industry.  Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  For temporary help
and professional employers organization industries, monthly MLS-related 
statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client companies 
in other industries.  An individual layoff action at a client company can
be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs are
assigned to a temporary help or professional employer organization firm, a
mass layoff event may trigger.

   Initial claimant.  A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.
   
   Mass layoff event.  Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insur-
ance benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless 
of duration.
   
   
                                - 5 - 


Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publish-
ing six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series.  The six series are the
numbers of mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total,
private nonfarm, and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expan-
sions and contractions.

   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjust-
ment method on a concurrent basis.  Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all
available monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in devel-
oping seasonal adjustment factors.  Revisions to the most recent 5 years
of seasonally adjusted data will be made once a year with the issuance of
December data.  Before the data are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments
are made to the original data to adjust them for differences in the number
of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.  Because weekly unemployment
insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data, a particular month's
value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in 1 year and 4 weeks in 
another.  The effects of these differences could seriously distort the sea-
sonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process.  These 
effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently removed from 
the final seasonally adjusted series.





Table 1.  Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, August 2005 to 
July 2009, seasonally adjusted 

                                      Total            Private nonfarm         Manufacturing  
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial  
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants 
                                                                                              
             2005                                                                             

August .....................     1,143     125,536     1,000     113,465       342      47,255
September ..................     2,250     296,913     2,035     252,291       420      55,974
October ....................     1,109     111,202       991     102,111       320      43,387
November ...................     1,162     113,502     1,027     102,058       325      41,493
December ...................     1,263     136,751     1,135     125,700       358      46,940

             2006                                                                             

January ....................     1,112     111,601       986     102,359       293      35,390
February ...................       960     104,045       872      96,317       317      41,810
March ......................     1,078     118,270       976     109,842       320      48,026
April ......................     1,198     123,674     1,062     113,849       366      50,747
May ........................     1,132     116,808     1,013     106,743       312      42,958
June .......................     1,156     124,955     1,044     115,491       356      45,280
July .......................     1,204     123,172     1,077     113,324       381      50,109
August .....................     1,278     136,289     1,117     125,064       376      60,524
September ..................     1,167     124,083     1,054     115,451       390      46,470
October ....................     1,195     121,439     1,081     112,777       401      53,597
November ...................     1,209     131,459     1,096     122,136       402      57,084
December ...................     1,201     133,311     1,100     124,019       369      51,113

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,261     129,190     1,116     118,890       406      55,341
February ...................     1,240     134,524     1,130     126,105       404      58,861
March ......................     1,261     129,480     1,151     120,923       407      52,356
April ......................     1,281     130,263     1,145     119,683       381      45,654
May ........................     1,200     119,259     1,097     111,585       368      48,682
June .......................     1,256     132,078     1,138     122,726       356      41,135
July .......................     1,288     131,556     1,182     123,322       405      53,318
August .....................     1,262     125,334     1,162     117,557       331      36,577
September ..................     1,279     125,527     1,183     118,917       440      54,006
October ....................     1,346     133,514     1,224     124,666       436      57,527
November ...................     1,352     143,419     1,233     134,445       408      56,330
December ...................     1,469     145,916     1,354     136,914       447      56,152

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,476     149,068     1,350     139,076       435      56,579
February ...................     1,669     183,038     1,532     172,013       526      67,235
March ......................     1,585     161,497     1,471     151,550       483      65,252
April ......................     1,344     135,352     1,215     125,074       487      63,247
May ........................     1,701     180,558     1,563     170,538       538      75,520
June .......................     1,717     174,748     1,561     162,071       555      79,744
July .......................     1,535     152,499     1,390     141,239       455      57,648
August .....................     1,887     188,951     1,735     178,479       626      80,913
September ..................     2,290     240,721     2,114     226,492       643      86,617
October ....................     2,204     230,330     2,042     216,095       687      92,256
November ...................     2,333     225,639     2,185     213,288       868     100,643
December ...................     2,275     226,117     2,100     212,559       871     105,402

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     2,227     237,902     2,070     225,490       738     102,577
February ...................     2,769     295,477     2,628     281,500     1,235     152,618
March ......................     2,933     299,388     2,751     283,989     1,259     155,909
April ......................     2,712     271,226     2,519     256,111     1,111     135,252
May ........................     2,933     312,880     2,736     296,108     1,331     165,802
June .......................     2,763     279,231     2,536     260,747     1,235     159,310
July .......................     2,157     206,791     1,928     185,718       621      72,266





Table 2.  Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,  August 2005 to 
July 2009, not seasonally adjusted 

                                       Total            Private nonfarm        Manufacturing  
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2005                                                                             

August .....................       645      67,582       598      63,484       188      22,531
September ..................     1,662     213,281     1,505     179,042       318      47,497
October ....................       905      91,941       757      80,694       249      37,276
November ...................     1,254     116,127     1,079     102,182       363      41,442
December ...................     2,323     254,258     2,168     242,753       706      96,382

             2006                                                                             

January ....................     1,245     117,946     1,123     108,701       331      35,097
February ...................       719      66,555       658      62,208       210      24,892
March ......................       921     111,838       856     106,177       285      44,688
April ......................     1,140     121,589     1,038     112,964       296      39,538
May ........................       872      84,809       794      78,663       192      23,570
June .......................     1,489     164,761     1,224     140,687       319      41,095
July .......................     1,511     166,857     1,335     154,342       648      96,152
August .....................       708      72,844       656      69,054       203      28,494
September ..................       865      87,699       785      81,274       296      39,076
October ....................       964      98,804       820      88,133       311      46,737
November ...................     1,315     136,186     1,172     125,009       455      58,473
December ...................     2,249     254,503     2,126     244,783       735     105,462

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,407     134,984     1,263     124,475       456      53,615
February ...................       935      86,696       861      82,097       273      36,170
March ......................     1,082     123,974     1,015     118,431       367      49,886
April ......................     1,219     127,444     1,115     118,040       309      35,229
May ........................       923      85,816       856      81,153       224      26,527
June .......................     1,599     172,810     1,318     148,669       313      36,571
July .......................     1,599     175,419     1,450     164,939       684     101,390
August .....................       963      93,458       908      88,345       220      23,361
September ..................       717      67,385       667      64,026       246      29,381
October ....................     1,083     108,455       929      97,716       338      50,918
November ...................     1,799     198,220     1,593     181,184       514      75,413
December ...................     2,167     224,214     2,071     216,898       699      91,754

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,647     154,503     1,520     144,191       488      54,418
February ...................     1,269     119,508     1,178     113,587       361      42,527
March ......................     1,089     114,541     1,039     110,147       333      43,740
April ......................     1,272     130,810     1,172     121,625       394      48,188
May ........................     1,552     159,471     1,438     150,462       388      51,698
June .......................     1,622     166,742     1,315     140,916       309      42,097
July .......................     1,891     200,382     1,687     186,018       760     108,733
August .....................     1,427     139,999     1,343     133,146       414      51,912
September ..................     1,292     129,586     1,202     122,505       361      46,391
October ....................     2,125     221,784     1,917     205,553       689     100,457
November ...................     2,574     241,589     2,389     226,657       997     107,620
December ...................     3,377     351,305     3,232     340,220     1,378     172,529

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     3,806     388,813     3,633     375,293     1,461     172,757
February ...................     2,262     218,438     2,173     210,755       945     103,588
March ......................     2,191     228,387     2,107     221,397       940     114,747
April ......................     2,547     256,930     2,385     243,321       887     100,872
May ........................     2,738     289,628     2,572     274,047     1,005     123,683
June .......................     2,519     256,357     2,051     216,063       674      85,726
July .......................     3,054     336,654     2,659     296,589     1,133     154,208





Table 3.  Industry distribution:  Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance  


                                                                                                    Initial claimants for          
                                                               Mass layoff events                   unemployment insurance         
                     Industry                                                                                                      
                                                     July      May      June      July       July       May       June       July  
                                                     2008      2009     2009      2009       2008       2009      2009       2009  
                                                                                                                                   
                Seasonally adjusted                                                                                                


      Total .....................................    1,535     2,933    2,763     2,157     152,499    312,880   279,231    206,791

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    1,390     2,736    2,536     1,928     141,239    296,108   260,747    185,718
    Manufacturing ...............................      455     1,331    1,235       621      57,648    165,802   159,310     72,266

              Not seasonally adjusted                                                                                              

      Total (1) .................................    1,891     2,738    2,519     3,054     200,382    289,628   256,357    336,654

Total, private ..................................    1,765     2,599    2,101     2,752     191,309    276,113   219,548    304,108
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ..       78        27       50        93       5,291      2,066     3,485      7,519

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    1,687     2,572    2,051     2,659     186,018    274,047   216,063    296,589
    Mining ......................................     (2)         32       15        22       (2)        3,057     1,147      1,816
    Utilities ...................................     (2)          4        4         3       (2)          466       246        446
    Construction ................................       72       255      136       170       4,941     19,684     9,343     12,415
    Manufacturing ...............................      760     1,005      674     1,133     108,733    123,683    85,726    154,208
        Food ....................................       49        65       48        67       4,844      7,211     4,395      8,076
        Beverage and tobacco products ...........     (2)          7     (2)          8       (2)          607     (2)          624
        Textile mills ...........................       15        13       11        21       1,286      1,059     1,563      2,424
        Textile product mills ...................        5         8        4         8         560        775       214        875
        Apparel .................................       24        17       16        26       2,048      1,360     1,683      2,926
        Leather and allied products .............        3      (2)      (2)          4         184      (2)       (2)          306
        Wood products ...........................       38        43       29        42       4,044      4,219     2,435      3,453
        Paper ...................................       10        30       13        17       1,239      3,854       968      1,439
        Printing and related support activities .       12        34       18        16         947      3,521     1,552      1,950
        Petroleum and coal products .............     (2)       (2)      (2)          6       (2)        (2)       (2)          373

        Chemicals ...............................       13        23       13        19         999      2,146     1,013      1,722
        Plastics and rubber products ............       62        52       35        74       6,804      5,187     3,697      9,776
        Nonmetallic mineral products ............       16        35       25        29       1,412      2,388     1,645      3,044
        Primary metals ..........................       41        77       45        89       4,606      8,785     6,496      9,850
        Fabricated metal products ...............       71       100       74       114       7,007      9,483     6,846     10,798
        Machinery ...............................       45       118       74       132       5,042     12,472    14,644     29,528
        Computer and electronic products ........       30        60       63        77       2,498      5,732     6,145      7,823
        Electrical equipment and appliances .....       21        37       30        45       3,052      3,506     4,344      5,992
        Transportation equipment ................      269       238      139       275      57,761     46,816    24,865     47,322
        Furniture and related products ..........       18        24       24        35       2,397      2,568     2,337      3,311
        Miscellaneous manufacturing .............       15        17        9        29       1,751      1,402       644      2,596

    Wholesale trade .............................       22        64       50        78       1,926      6,022     4,858      6,201
    Retail trade ................................      116       202      155       161       9,450     18,360    15,318     17,388
    Transportation and warehousing ..............      107        89      184       131      11,182      7,835    23,792     11,279
    Information .................................       42        67       53        90       4,069      9,132     6,018     13,941
    Finance and insurance .......................       55        71       34        84       4,256      6,374     2,239      6,700
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........       11        14       20        12         792        985     1,590        819
    Professional and technical services .........       40        83       53        95       3,147      7,030     4,503     10,555
    Management of companies and enterprises .....        4        12        8        14         313      1,329     1,164      2,289
    Administrative and waste services ...........      259       310      239       351      22,921     32,973    19,150     35,419
    Educational services ........................       18        10       28        31       1,388        758     2,295      2,540
    Health care and social assistance ...........       65        87      173       101       4,263      8,402    13,948      7,010
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........       27        37       45        38       2,136      2,676     2,671      2,611
    Accommodation and food services .............       78       189      136       124       5,803     21,484    18,499      9,651
    Other services, except public administration         7        41       42        19         419      3,797     3,424      1,212
    Unclassified ................................      -         -          2         2        -          -          132         89

Government ......................................      126       139      418       302       9,073     13,515    36,809     32,546
    Federal .....................................        4        37       15        10         306      4,585     1,124        845
    State .......................................       26        25       38        39       2,179      2,185     2,821      3,297
    Local .......................................       96        77      365       253       6,588      6,745    32,864     28,404
                                                                                                                                   
 
    1 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia. 
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.   
    NOTE:  Dash represents zero.





Table 4.  Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, July 2007 to July 2009, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                                   Private nonfarm                                     
                                                                                   
                                Total mass layoffs                              Extended mass layoffs                                
             Date                                        Mass layoffs          lasting more than 30 days         Realization rates (1)
             
                                          Initial                Initial                      Initial                         Initial 
                               Events     claimants   Events    claimants       Events       claimants            Events     claimants
             2007                                                                                                                 

July .......................    1,599      175,419     1,450     164,939                                                          
August .....................      963       93,458       908      88,345                                                          
September ..................      717       67,385       667      64,026                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    3,279      336,262     3,025     317,310         1,018         173,077             33.7       54.5

October ....................    1,083      108,455       929      97,716                                                          
November ...................    1,799      198,220     1,593     181,184                                                          
December ...................    2,167      224,214     2,071     216,898                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    5,049      530,889     4,593     495,798         1,814         347,151             39.5       70.0

             2008                                                                                                                 

January ....................    1,647      154,503     1,520     144,191                                                          
February ...................    1,269      119,508     1,178     113,587                                                          
March ......................    1,089      114,541     1,039     110,147                                                          

First Quarter ..............    4,005      388,552     3,737     367,925         1,340         259,292             35.9       70.5

April ......................    1,272      130,810     1,172     121,625                                                          
May ........................    1,552      159,471     1,438     150,462                                                          
June .......................    1,622      166,742     1,315     140,916                                                          

Second Quarter .............    4,446      457,023     3,925     413,003         1,756      (r)339,629             44.7       82.2

July .......................    1,891      200,382     1,687     186,018                                                          
August .....................    1,427      139,999     1,343     133,146                                                          
September ..................    1,292      129,586     1,202     122,505                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    4,610      469,967     4,232     441,669         1,582      (r)304,316             37.4    (r)68.9

October ....................    2,125      221,784     1,917     205,553                                                          
November ...................    2,574      241,589     2,389     226,657                                                          
December ...................    3,377      351,305     3,232     340,220                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    8,076      814,678     7,538     772,430      (r)3,582      (r)765,019          (r)47.5    (r)99.0

             2009                                                                                                                 

January ....................    3,806      388,813     3,633     375,293                                                          
February ...................    2,262      218,438     2,173     210,755                                                          
March ......................    2,191      228,387     2,107     221,397                                                          

First Quarter ..............    8,259      835,638     7,913     807,445      (r)3,979      (r)830,028          (r)50.3   (r)102.8

April ......................    2,547      256,930     2,385     243,321                                                          
May ........................    2,738      289,628     2,572     274,047                                                          
June .......................    2,519      256,357     2,051     216,063                                                          

Second Quarter .............    7,804      802,915     7,008     733,431   (2)(p)2,994   (2)(p)506,533          (p)42.7    (p)69.1

July .......................    3,054      336,654     2,659     296,589                                                          
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
   1 The event realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff events lasting more than 30 days.  The 
initial claimant realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff initial claimants associated with
layoffs lasting more than 30 days.
   2 These quarterly numbers are provisional and will be revised as more data on these layoffs become available.
Experience suggests that the number of extended mass layoff events is generally revised upwards by less than 10 percent and
the number of initial claimants associated with such events increases by 25-40 percent.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.    





Table 5.  Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance by census region and division, not 
seasonally adjusted 

                                                                                   Initial claimants for           
                                           Mass layoff events                      unemployment insurance          
  
  Census region and division                                                                                       
  
                                    July     May       June     July       July       May         June       July  
                                    2008     2009      2009     2009       2008       2009        2009       2009  
                                                                                                                   
        United States (1) ...      1,891     2,738     2,519    3,054     200,382    289,628     256,357    336,654

Northeast ...................        281       451       428      511      25,506     41,413      46,593     45,526
    New England .............         34        67        63       82       2,658      5,865       6,516      7,194
    Middle Atlantic .........        247       384       365      429      22,848     35,548      40,077     38,332

South .......................        450       742       620      725      48,440     72,375      61,962     71,648
    South Atlantic ..........        218       370       354      389      17,556     34,117      31,988     34,220
    East South Central ......        161       171       128      213      21,721     18,081      16,589     25,153
    West South Central ......         71       201       138      123       9,163     20,177      13,385     12,275

Midwest .....................        606       826       592      805      84,535    105,264      76,301    117,188
    East North Central ......        528       649       469      635      75,373     84,281      59,347     94,516
    West North Central ......         78       177       123      170       9,162     20,983      16,954     22,672

West ........................        554       719       879    1,013      41,901     70,576      71,501    102,292
    Mountain ................         49       135        90      112       4,519     13,290       7,184     11,241
    Pacific .................        505       584       789      901      37,382     57,286      64,317     91,051
                                                                                                                   
 
   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   NOTE:  The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are:  New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:  New Jersey, New York,
and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic:  Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South
Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South 
Central:  Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central:  Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and 
Wisconsin; West North Central:  Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain:
Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific:  Alaska, California, Hawaii,  
Oregon, and Washington.





Table 6.  State distribution:  Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally adjusted 

                                                                                      Initial claimants for           
                                         Mass layoff events                           unemployment insurance          
           State                                                                                                      
                              July         May        June       July        July          May         June       July
                              2008         2009       2009       2009        2008         2009         2009       2009

   Total (1) ............    1,891        2,738      2,519      3,054      200,382      289,628     256,357    336,654
                                                                                                                      
Alabama .................       67           40         49         75        7,072        4,037       7,837      8,324
Alaska ..................      -             12          6       (2)          -           1,230         431      (2)  
Arizona .................       15           28         27         35        1,422        2,484       2,137      3,469
Arkansas ................       13           18          8         11        1,606        2,319         583      1,033
California ..............      460          487        714        812       33,250       47,091      56,138     82,085
Colorado ................        4           15         11         15          343        1,762         832      1,536
Connecticut .............        6           17         15         15          579        1,389       1,487      1,056
Delaware ................     (2)             3          8          5        (2)            172         882        347
District of Columbia ....      -           (2)        (2)         -           -           (2)         (2)         -   
Florida .................      123          181        182        192        7,555       12,446      15,785     14,929
Georgia .................       39           56         43         62        3,949        5,187       3,809      7,636
Hawaii ..................        4            8         10          9          271          900         992        670
Idaho ...................        7            9          5          8          619          680         342        759

Illinois ................       56          135        116        110        7,674       19,717      20,576     25,119
Indiana .................       67           86         45         87        8,787       10,416       4,643     10,131
Iowa ....................       16           31         33         48        2,068        4,379       3,765      8,730
Kansas ..................        8           31         15         22          731        3,551       4,071      2,088
Kentucky ................       63           85         49         97       11,907        9,894       6,240     14,128
Louisiana ...............       10           35         26         21        1,645        3,160       3,005      1,768
Maine ...................        5            7          3          4          359          644         280        256
Maryland ................        5           10         13         11          443        1,201       1,325        987
Massachusetts ...........       16           23         20         31        1,107        2,281       1,777      2,972
Michigan ................      212          180        121        185       27,672       26,344      12,218     23,929
Minnesota ...............       12           38         26         31        1,452        4,224       2,318      3,229
Mississippi .............       13            9         11         14        1,330          726         895        803
Missouri ................       39           54         39         61        3,763        6,336       5,446      7,647

Montana .................        4            7          6          5          234          856         476        481
Nebraska ................     (2)            13          3          4        (2)          1,306         658        418
Nevada ..................       15           52         18         37        1,637        5,297       1,686      3,212
New Hampshire ...........        4            7          5         17          426          526         630      1,564
New Jersey ..............       56           45         88        101        4,110        4,394      14,033      8,366
New Mexico ..............     (2)            13         15          5        (2)          1,089       1,013        252
New York ................      103          112         83        126       10,764       10,762       7,681     11,886
North Carolina ..........       12           33         28         23        1,128        5,351       2,505      1,950
North Dakota ............     (2)             8          6          4        (2)            869         640        560
Ohio ....................      117          145         94        138       19,402       16,920      10,818     19,704
Oklahoma ................        5           13         11         16          575        1,772       1,052      2,013
Oregon ..................       25           41         43         49        2,498        4,775       5,525      5,492
Pennsylvania ............       88          227        194        202        7,974       20,392      18,363     18,080

Rhode Island ............     (2)             7         10         10        (2)            563       1,377        965
South Carolina ..........       29           31         38         59        2,958        3,021       4,087      5,359
South Dakota ............      -           (2)        (2)         -           -           (2)         (2)         -   
Tennessee ...............       18           37         19         27        1,412        3,424       1,617      1,898
Texas ...................       43          135         93         75        5,337       12,926       8,745      7,461
Utah ....................     (2)            10          8          7        (2)          1,020         698      1,532
Vermont .................     (2)             6         10          5        (2)            462         965        381
Virginia ................        9           49         31         35        1,475        6,168       2,817      2,873
Washington ..............       16           36         16         29        1,363        3,290       1,231      2,549
West Virginia ...........      -              5          8       (2)          -             429         583      (2)  
Wisconsin ...............       76          103         93        115       11,838       10,884      11,092     15,633
Wyoming .................      -           (2)         -          -           -           (2)          -          -   

Puerto Rico .............       12           23         17         22        1,227        2,830       1,280      1,826
 
   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   NOTE:  Dash represents zero.




Last Modified Date: August 21, 2009
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