Economic News Release

Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release






Technical information:  (202) 691-6392    USDL 08-1185
               http://www.bls.gov/mls/
                                          For release:  10:00 A.M. (EDT)
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902    Friday, August 22, 2008
                                   
                                   
                       MASS LAYOFFS IN JULY 2008

   In July, employers took 1,512 mass layoff actions, seasonally adjusted, 
as measured by new filings for unemployment insurance benefits during the 
month, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported
today.  Each action involved at least 50 persons from a single employer; the
number of workers involved totaled 151,171, on a seasonally adjusted basis.
The number of mass layoff events this July decreased by 131 from the prior
month, while the number of associated initial claims decreased by 14,526.
In July, 443 mass layoff events were reported in the manufacturing sector,
seasonally adjusted, resulting in 57,470 initial claims.  Over the month,
mass layoff events in manufacturing decreased by 98 and initial claims de-
creased by 19,044.  (See table 1.)

   From January through July 2008, the total number of mass layoff events 
(seasonally adjusted), at 10,770, and initial claims (seasonally adjusted),
at 1,100,810, were the highest for the January-July period since 2003.

   The national unemployment rate was 5.7 percent in July, seasonally adjusted, 
up from 5.5 percent in the prior month and up from 4.6 percent a year earlier.  
Total nonfarm payroll employment decreased by 51,000 in July from the previous 
month and decreased by 67,000 from a year earlier.

Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   The number of mass layoff events in July was 1,891 on a not seasonally ad-
justed basis; the number of associated initial claims was 200,382.  (See 
table 2.)  Over the year, there were increases in both the number of layoff 
events (+292) and initial claims (+24,963).  The largest over-the-year in-
creases in initial claims occurred in transportation equipment manufacturing 
(+8,966) and administrative and support services (+5,174).  The largest de-
creases occurred in machinery manufacturing (-1,952) and primary metal manu-
facturing (-1,712).

   The manufacturing sector accounted for 40 percent of all mass layoff events 
and 54 percent of initial claims filed in July; a year earlier, manufacturing 
made up 43 percent of the events and 58 percent of initial claims.  In July 
2008, the number of manufacturing claimants was highest in transportation equip-
ment manufacturing (57,761), followed by fabricated metal products (7,007).  
(See table 3.)  Administrative and waste services accounted for 14 percent of
mass layoff events and 11 percent of associated initial claims in July, primari-
ly from temporary help services.

   The six-digit NAICS industry with the highest number of initial claims was 
temporary help services with 14,068, followed by light truck and utility vehicle 
manufacturing with 8,825.  Among the industries with the highest levels of ini-
tial claims, heavy duty truck manufacturing reached a program high for the month
of July (data are available back to 1995).  (See table A.)


                                  - 2 -


Table A.  Industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims
in July 2008
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               |        |      July peak      
                    Industry                   |Initial |---------------------
                                               | claims |      |              
                                               |        | Year |Initial claims
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               |        |      |              
Temporary help services .......................| 14,068 | 1998 |     24,601   
Light truck and utility vehicle manufacturing .|  8,825 | 1997 |     14,618   
Motor vehicle metal stamping ..................|  7,033 | 2005 |      8,198   
Heavy duty truck manufacturing ................|  6,790 | 2008 |      6,790   
Automobile manufacturing ......................|  6,636 | 1996 |     22,644   
All other motor vehicle parts manufacturing ...|  5,986 | 2004 |      9,691   
School and employee bus transportation ........|  5,156 | 1997 |      8,081   
Motor vehicle seating and interior trim        |        |      |              
 manufacturing ................................|  4,459 | 2005 |      9,238   
Elementary and secondary schools ..............|  4,172 | 2005 |      7,104   
Professional employer organizations ...........|  3,949 | 2004 |      4,425   
                                               |        |      |              
------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   Of the 4 census regions, the highest number of initial claims in July due to 
mass layoffs was in the Midwest (84,535).  The South had the second largest number 
of initial claims among the regions with 48,440, followed by the West with 41,901 
and the Northeast with 25,506.  (See table 5.)

   The number of initial claimants in mass layoffs increased over the year in 3 of 
the 4 regions--the South (+12,677), the West (+8,837), and the Northeast (+4,471).  
Six of the 9 divisions had over-the-year increases in initial claims, with the 
largest increase in the Pacific (+9,016).

   California recorded the highest number of initial claims filed due to mass lay-
off events in July with 33,250, largely due to layoffs in administrative and support 
services and in educational services.  (See table 6.)  The next highest numbers of 
mass layoff initial claims were in Michigan (27,672), Ohio (19,402), and Kentucky 
(11,907).

   Twenty-nine states reported over-the-year increases in initial claims associated 
with mass layoffs, led by Ohio (+8,967), California (+8,196), and Kentucky (+5,949).  
States with the largest over-the-year decreases in claims were Michigan (-8,684) 
and Kansas and Iowa (-1,563 each).


                                 ___________________________


   The report on Mass Layoffs in August 2008 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, 
September 23.







                              - 3 -


Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database.  Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period.  These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks, the number of weeks in a given 
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a
year may vary.  Therefore, analysis of over-the-month and over-the-year
change in not seasonally adjusted series should take this calendar effect
into consideration.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding.  Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD message referral
phone number:  1-800-877-8339.

Definitions

   Employer.  Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws.  Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is adminis-
tered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Initial claimant.  A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.
   
   Mass layoff event.  Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment 
insurance benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period,
regardless of duration.

                                  - 4 -
   
Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publish-
ing six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series.  The six series are the
numbers of mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total,
private nonfarm, and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expan-
sions and contractions.
   
   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjust-
ment method on a concurrent basis.  Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all
available monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in devel-
oping seasonal adjustment factors.  Revisions to the most recent 5 years
of seasonally adjusted data will be made once a year with the issuance of
December data.  Before the data are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments
are made to the original data to adjust them for differences in the number
of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.  Because weekly unemployment
insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data, a particular month's
value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in one year and 4 weeks
in another.  The effects of these differences could seriously distort the
seasonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process.
These effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently
removed from the final seasonally adjusted series.







Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, August 2004 to 
July 2008, seasonally adjusted

                                      Total            Private nonfarm         Manufacturing  
             Date                                                                             
                                          Initial               Initial                Initial
                                Events   claimants    Events   claimants     Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2004                                                                             

August .....................     1,426     128,759     1,233     113,809       343      36,539
September ..................     1,285     127,833     1,154     116,843       336      45,690
October ....................     1,283     132,766     1,169     123,471       363      47,046
November ...................     1,320     130,873     1,174     119,029       380      45,416
December ...................     1,148     111,060       991      99,784       287      31,935

             2005                                                                             

January ....................     1,475     160,725     1,346     151,028       382      61,324
February ...................     1,146     121,455     1,020     110,480       353      43,568
March ......................     1,207     131,271     1,066     120,945       372      53,673
April ......................     1,252     136,752     1,125     126,550       401      60,681
May ........................     1,248     136,420     1,104     123,495       398      54,999
June .......................     1,196     127,084     1,078     118,012       368      58,300
July .......................     1,250     132,445     1,103     119,566       357      46,602
August .....................     1,144     125,686     1,000     113,762       341      47,598
September ..................     2,248     297,544     2,028     251,185       417      55,304
October ....................     1,101     110,035       982     100,934       321      43,230
November ...................     1,176     114,965     1,042     103,535       332      42,071
December ...................     1,261     134,461     1,132     123,418       360      46,863

             2006                                                                             

January ....................     1,107     110,800       988     101,494       283      34,037
February ...................     1,031     109,798       940     101,828       322      43,147
March ......................     1,084     119,049       983     110,668       323      48,119
April ......................     1,171     121,580     1,043     112,175       368      49,568
May ........................     1,124     117,115     1,005     107,181       314      43,087
June .......................     1,146     123,827     1,030     114,080       352      44,869
July .......................     1,179     121,017     1,051     111,336       372      48,534
August .....................     1,270     135,400     1,107     124,427       377      60,906
September ..................     1,173     123,767     1,056     114,677       385      45,767
October ....................     1,191     121,827     1,076     113,123       399      53,601
November ...................     1,232     133,803     1,121     124,559       414      58,385
December ...................     1,194     131,062     1,092     121,796       374      51,408

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,254     128,223     1,118     117,824       391      52,858
February ...................     1,352     143,837     1,238     135,066       416      61,749
March ......................     1,277     130,981     1,169     122,488       412      52,606
April ......................     1,243     126,977     1,116     116,926       382      43,930
May ........................     1,199     120,587     1,096     113,069       370      48,910
June .......................     1,238     129,858     1,116     120,165       351      40,670
July .......................     1,247     127,687     1,140     119,614       392      51,333
August .....................     1,228     121,886     1,128     114,628       335      36,518
September ..................     1,307     128,487     1,204     121,294       430      53,432
October ....................     1,347     136,124     1,224     127,163       430      57,695
November ...................     1,329     139,671     1,215     131,390       414      56,965
December ...................     1,433     141,750     1,315     133,024       462      58,108

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,438     144,111     1,317     134,347       427      55,488
February ...................     1,672     177,374     1,539     166,782       529      66,913
March ......................     1,571     157,156     1,460     147,537       482      64,088
April ......................     1,308     133,914     1,186     124,053       483      60,552
May ........................     1,626     171,387     1,496     161,912       528      72,058
June .......................     1,643     165,697     1,491     153,568       541      76,514
July .......................     1,512     151,171     1,368     140,116       443      57,470







Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,  August 2004 to 
July 2008, not seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing  
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial              Initial                Initial
                                Events    claimants   Events   claimants     Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2004                                                                             

August .....................       809      69,033       745      63,876       194      17,698
September ..................       708      68,972       637      63,102       189      25,808
October ....................     1,242     127,918     1,101     117,375       372      48,265
November ...................     1,399     130,423     1,201     115,549       412      44,243
December ...................     1,614     161,271     1,487     152,092       436      50,726

             2005                                                                             

January ....................     2,564     263,952     2,421     253,409       823     108,985
February ...................       810      74,644       722      68,372       230      24,931
March ......................       806      88,937       733      83,793       246      33,030
April ......................     1,373     158,582     1,263     148,133       395      59,129
May ........................       986     101,358       891      93,332       249      30,424
June .......................     1,157     120,463       941     103,307       216      32,783
July .......................     1,981     244,216     1,745     222,377       856     136,210
August .....................       645      67,582       598      63,484       188      22,531
September ..................     1,662     213,281     1,505     179,042       318      47,497
October ....................       905      91,941       757      80,694       249      37,276
November ...................     1,254     116,127     1,079     102,182       363      41,442
December ...................     2,323     254,258     2,168     242,753       706      96,382

             2006                                                                             

January ....................     1,245     117,946     1,123     108,701       331      35,097
February ...................       719      66,555       658      62,208       210      24,892
March ......................       921     111,838       856     106,177       285      44,688
April ......................     1,140     121,589     1,038     112,964       296      39,538
May ........................       872      84,809       794      78,663       192      23,570
June .......................     1,489     164,761     1,224     140,687       319      41,095
July .......................     1,511     166,857     1,335     154,342       648      96,152
August .....................       708      72,844       656      69,054       203      28,494
September ..................       865      87,699       785      81,274       296      39,076
October ....................       964      98,804       820      88,133       311      46,737
November ...................     1,315     136,186     1,172     125,009       455      58,473
December ...................     2,249     254,503     2,126     244,783       735     105,462

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,407     134,984     1,263     124,475       456      53,615
February ...................       935      86,696       861      82,097       273      36,170
March ......................     1,082     123,974     1,015     118,431       367      49,886
April ......................     1,219     127,444     1,115     118,040       309      35,229
May ........................       923      85,816       856      81,153       224      26,527
June .......................     1,599     172,810     1,318     148,669       313      36,571
July .......................     1,599     175,419     1,450     164,939       684     101,390
August .....................       963      93,458       908      88,345       220      23,361
September ..................       717      67,385       667      64,026       246      29,381
October ....................     1,083     108,455       929      97,716       338      50,918
November ...................     1,799     198,220     1,593     181,184       514      75,413
December ...................     2,167     224,214     2,071     216,898       699      91,754

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,647     154,503     1,520     144,191       488      54,418
February ...................     1,269     119,508     1,178     113,587       361      42,527
March ......................     1,089     114,541     1,039     110,147       333      43,740
April ......................     1,272     130,810     1,172     121,625       394      48,188
May ........................     1,552     159,471     1,438     150,462       388      51,698
June .......................     1,622     166,742     1,315     140,916       309      42,097
July .......................     1,891     200,382     1,687     186,018       760     108,733







Table 3. Industry distribution:  Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance

                                                                                                    Initial claimants for          
                                                               Mass layoff events                   unemployment insurance         
                     Industry                                                                                                      
                                                     July      May      June      July       July       May       June      July   
                                                     2007      2008     2008      2008       2007       2008      2008      2008   
                                                                                                                                   
                Seasonally adjusted                                                                                                

      Total .....................................    1,247     1,626    1,643     1,512     127,687    171,387   165,697    151,171

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    1,140     1,496    1,491     1,368     119,614    161,912   153,568    140,116
    Manufacturing ...............................      392       528      541       443      51,333     72,058    76,514     57,470

              Not seasonally adjusted                                                                                              

      Total (1) .................................    1,599     1,552    1,622     1,891     175,419    159,471   166,742    200,382

Total, private ..................................    1,503     1,467    1,363     1,765     168,280    152,510   144,732    191,309
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ..       53        29       48        78       3,341      2,048     3,816      5,291

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    1,450     1,438    1,315     1,687     164,939    150,462   140,916    186,018
    Mining ......................................     (2)          5     (2)       (2)         (2)         458      (2)        (2) 
    Utilities ...................................     (2)          4     (2)       (2)         (2)         475      (2)        (2) 
    Construction ................................       88       167      114        72       5,844     12,411     7,713      4,941
    Manufacturing ...............................      684       388      309       760     101,390     51,698    42,097    108,733
        Food ....................................       46        48       58        49       4,927      4,800     6,065      4,844
        Beverage and tobacco products ...........        5         5     (2)       (2)          316        273      (2)        (2) 
        Textile mills ...........................       19         6        5        15       2,272        520       730      1,286
        Textile product mills (3) ...............        8         8     (2)          5         857        580       (2)        560
        Apparel (3) .............................       19        14        7        24       1,678      1,171       534      2,048
        Leather and allied products .............        7      (2)         3         3       1,212       (2)        862        184
        Wood products ...........................       27        24       22        38       2,901      2,455     2,314      4,044
        Paper ...................................        4        11        6        10         259      1,091       411      1,239
        Printing and related support activities .        5         9       10        12         499        833     1,116        947
        Petroleum and coal products .............       -       (2)       -        (2)           -        (2)         -        (2) 

        Chemicals ...............................        8         9        4        13         826        696       228        999
        Plastics and rubber products (3) ........       65        21        8        62       7,487      1,793       960      6,804
        Nonmetallic mineral products ............       10        14        9        16       1,373      1,175       516      1,412
        Primary metals ..........................       36         9       12        41       6,318      1,217     1,012      4,606
        Fabricated metal products ...............       63        29       19        71       6,364      2,596     1,716      7,007
        Machinery (3) ...........................       49        25       22        45       6,994      3,758     2,611      5,042
        Computer and electronic products ........       20        14       13        30       2,549      1,250     1,091      2,498
        Electrical equipment and appliances .....       20        13        8        21       3,271      1,845     2,128      3,052
        Transportation equipment (3) ............      249       101       74       269      48,795     21,667    17,597     57,761
        Furniture and related products (3) ......       14        20       12        18       1,394      3,285     1,076      2,397
        Miscellaneous manufacturing (3) .........       10         5       13        15       1,098        445       909      1,751

    Wholesale trade .............................       18        21       15        22       1,347      1,513       908      1,926
    Retail trade ................................       83       109       89       116       6,663     10,090    10,567      9,450
    Transportation and warehousing ..............       90        99      160       107       9,132     11,176    20,647     11,182
    Information .................................       37        56       47        42       4,253      9,251     5,078      4,069
    Finance and insurance (3) ...................       39        38       40        55       2,499      2,666     2,968      4,256
    Real estate and rental and leasing (3) ......        7         6        7        11         605        407       798        792
    Professional and technical services (3) .....       45        66       32        40       4,072      6,924     3,903      3,147
    Management of companies and enterprises .....        5         4        4         4         329        383       257        313
    Administrative and waste services (3) .......      216       192      164       259      18,257     16,175    15,635     22,921
    Educational services ........................        7         6       18        18         486        383     1,275      1,388
    Health care and social assistance ...........       49        85      151        65       3,911      7,643    11,867      4,263
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........       17        32       26        27       1,007      1,993     1,462      2,136
    Accommodation and food services .............       50       122      102        78       3,967     13,212    12,931      5,803
    Other services, except public administration         7        38       33         7         578      3,604     2,507        419
    Unclassified ................................        3        -         1        -          218         -         57         - 

Government ......................................       96        85      259       126       7,139      6,961    22,010      9,073
    Federal .....................................        8        16       11         4         925      1,656       928        306
    State .......................................       10        14       12        26         901        867       953      2,179
    Local .......................................       78        55      236        96       5,313      4,438    20,129      6,588
                                                                                                                                   

   1 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   3 Data beginning in 2008 are not strictly comparable to prior years due to a change in NAICS versions.
   NOTE:  Dash represents zero.







Table 4. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, July 2006 to July 2008, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                                   Private nonfarm                                   
                                                                                                                                     
                                Total mass layoffs                              Extended mass layoffs                                
             Date                                        Mass layoffs          lasting more than 30 days        Realization rates (1)

                                           Initial               Initial                       Initial                      Initial 
                               Events     claimants   Events    claimants       Events        claimants           Events   claimants
             2006                                                                                                                 

July .......................    1,511      166,857     1,335     154,342                                                          
August .....................      708       72,844       656      69,054                                                          
September ..................      865       87,699       785      81,274                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    3,084      327,400     2,776     304,670           929         161,764             33.5       53.1

October ....................      964       98,804       820      88,133                                                          
November ...................    1,315      136,186     1,172     125,009                                                          
December ...................    2,249      254,503     2,126     244,783                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    4,528      489,493     4,118     457,925         1,640      (r)330,954             39.8       72.3

             2007                                                                                                                 

January ....................    1,407      134,984     1,263     124,475                                                          
February ...................      935       86,696       861      82,097                                                          
March ......................    1,082      123,974     1,015     118,431                                                          

First Quarter ..............    3,424      345,654     3,139     325,003         1,110         199,250             35.4       61.3

April ......................    1,219      127,444     1,115     118,040                                                          
May ........................      923       85,816       856      81,153                                                          
June .......................    1,599      172,810     1,318     148,669                                                          

Second Quarter .............    3,741      386,070     3,289     347,862         1,421      (r)259,234             43.2       74.5

July .......................    1,599      175,419     1,450     164,939                                                          
August .....................      963       93,458       908      88,345                                                          
September ..................      717       67,385       667      64,026                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    3,279      336,262     3,025     317,310      (r)1,018      (r)173,077             33.7    (r)54.5

October ....................    1,083      108,455       929      97,716                                                          
November ...................    1,799      198,220     1,593     181,184                                                          
December ...................    2,167      224,214     2,071     216,898                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    5,049      530,889     4,593     495,798         1,814      (r)347,146             39.5    (r)70.0

             2008                                                                                                                 

January ....................    1,647      154,503     1,520     144,191                                                          
February ...................    1,269      119,508     1,178     113,587                                                          
March ......................    1,089      114,541     1,039     110,147                                                          

First Quarter ..............    4,005      388,552     3,737     367,925      (r)1,340      (r)256,697          (r)35.9    (r)69.8

April ......................    1,272      130,810     1,172     121,625                                                          
May ........................    1,552      159,471     1,438     150,462                                                          
June .......................    1,622      166,742     1,315     140,916                                                          

Second Quarter .............    4,446      457,023     3,925     413,003   (2)(p)1,534   (2)(p)215,808          (p)39.1    (p)52.3

July .......................    1,891      200,382     1,687     186,018                                                          

   1 The event realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff events lasting more than 30 days. The initial
claimant realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff initial claimants associated with layoffs lasting
more than 30 days.
   2 These quarterly numbers are provisional and will be revised as more data on these layoffs become available.  Experience sug-
gests that the number of extended mass layoff events is generally revised upwards by less than 10 percent and the number of ini-
tial claimants associated with such events increases by 25-40 percent.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.







Table 5. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance by census region and division, not
seasonally adjusted

                                                                                   Initial claimants for           
                                           Mass layoff events                      unemployment insurance          

  Census region and division                                                                                       

                                    July      May       June     July       July       May         June       July 
                                    2007      2008      2008     2008       2007       2008        2008       2008 
                                                                                                                   
        United States (1) ...      1,599     1,552     1,622    1,891     175,419    159,471     166,742    200,382

Northeast ...................        241       266       282      281      21,035     25,619      32,721     25,506
    New England .............         39        32        49       34       3,608      3,218       4,929      2,658
    Middle Atlantic .........        202       234       233      247      17,427     22,401      27,792     22,848

South .......................        360       402       365      450      35,763     42,832      38,453     48,440
    South Atlantic ..........        180       199       207      218      15,861     15,761      18,972     17,556
    East South Central ......        122       116        63      161      14,074     16,810      10,974     21,721
    West South Central ......         58        87        95       71       5,828     10,261       8,507      9,163

Midwest .....................        573       390       345      606      85,557     45,462      39,391     84,535
    East North Central ......        485       312       257      528      72,514     36,332      28,549     75,373
    West North Central ......         88        78        88       78      13,043      9,130      10,842      9,162

West ........................        425       494       630      554      33,064     45,558      56,177     41,901
    Mountain ................         44        62        63       49       4,698      5,548       4,903      4,519
    Pacific .................        381       432       567      505      28,366     40,010      51,274     37,382
                                                                                                                   

   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   NOTE:  The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are:  New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:  New Jersey, New
York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic:  Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:  Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and
Tennessee; West South Central:  Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central:  Illinois, Indiana,
Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central:  Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and
South Dakota; Mountain:  Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific:
Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.







Table 6. State distribution:  Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
not seasonally adjusted

                                                                                      Initial claimants for           
                                         Mass layoff events                           unemployment insurance          
           State                                                                                                      
                              July         May        June       July        July         May         June       July 
                              2007         2008       2008       2008        2007         2008        2008       2008 

   Total (1) ............    1,599        1,552      1,622      1,891      175,419      159,471     166,742    200,382

Alabama .................       59           35         13         67        6,510        4,044       2,091      7,072
Alaska ..................      -           (2)         -          -            -           (2)          -          -  
Arizona .................       10            9         17         15          808          872       1,520      1,422
Arkansas ................       10            7          6         13        1,133          648         414      1,606
California ..............      351          382        516        460       25,054       34,085      44,754     33,250
Colorado ................     (2)             8          3          4         (2)           930         177        343
Connecticut .............        5           11          9          6          357          924         758        579
Delaware ................     (2)             3          3       (2)          (2)           203         159       (2) 
District of Columbia ....     (2)          (2)          3         -           (2)          (2)         236         -  
Florida .................       79          125        132        123        5,214        8,841      10,751      7,555
Georgia .................       50           32         32         39        5,133        3,170       3,304      3,949
Hawaii ..................     (2)            11          6          4         (2)         1,118         783        271
Idaho ...................        6           12          9          7        1,395        1,131         684        619

Illinois ................       53           59         48         56        8,175        8,058       4,767      7,674
Indiana .................       55           44         40         67        7,836        4,943       4,916      8,787
Iowa ....................       20           12         27         16        3,631        3,033       3,682      2,068
Kansas ..................       14           12         12          8        2,294          893         927        731
Kentucky ................       43           39         26         63        5,958        8,666       6,706     11,907
Louisiana ...............        9           22         23         10          604        3,101       1,767      1,645
Maine ...................        4          -         (2)           5          266           -         (2)         359
Maryland ................        4            4          8          5          455          318         754        443
Massachusetts ...........       20            9         17         16        2,173          946       1,467      1,107
Michigan ................      211           85         61        212       36,356        8,139       6,323     27,672
Minnesota ...............       10           10         16         12        1,558        1,075       1,506      1,452
Mississippi .............        8           18          5         13          822        1,682         300      1,330
Missouri ................       38           35         28         39        3,619        3,298       4,320      3,763

Montana .................        4            6          4          4          379          437         299        234
Nebraska ................        3            5       (2)        (2)           682          413        (2)        (2) 
Nevada ..................       15           14         17         15        1,438        1,057       1,323      1,637
New Hampshire ...........        5            5          4          4          391          384         657        426
New Jersey ..............       42           38         60         56        3,176        3,813       9,512      4,110
New Mexico ..............        6            9          8       (2)          392          690         465        (2)
New York ................       88           95         38        103        8,175        9,613       3,445     10,764
North Carolina ..........        3            9         10         12          219        1,163       1,875      1,128
North Dakota ............        3         (2)           3       (2)         1,259         (2)          248       (2) 
Ohio ....................       86           67         55        117       10,435        7,621       6,678     19,402
Oklahoma ................        4            3          6          5          307          624         502        575
Oregon ..................       20           24         24         25        2,463        3,449       3,863      2,498
Pennsylvania ............       72          101        135         88        6,076        8,975      14,835      7,974

Rhode Island ............        3            3         11       (2)           222          243       1,141       (2) 
South Carolina ..........       24           11         12         29        3,094          809       1,139      2,958
South Dakota ............       -          (2)         -          -            -           (2)          -          -  
Tennessee ...............       12           24         19         18          784        2,418       1,877      1,412
Texas ...................       35           55         60         43        3,784        5,888       5,824      5,337
Utah ....................     (2)             4          5       (2)          (2)           431         435       (2) 
Vermont .................     (2)             4          6       (2)          (2)           721         683       (2) 
Virginia ................       15           11          5          9        1,400          904         628      1,475
Washington ..............        8           13         21         16          722        1,211       1,874      1,363
West Virginia ...........     (2)             3       (2)         -           (2)           277        (2)         -  
Wisconsin ...............       80           57         53         76        9,712        7,571       5,865     11,838
Wyoming .................      -            -          -          -            -            -           -          - 

 Puerto Rico ............       13           17         13         12        1,221        2,626       1,265      1,227

   1  See footnote 1, table 3.
   2  Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   NOTE:  Dash represents zero.






Last Modified Date: August 22, 2008
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