Economic News Release

Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, October 22, 2009        USDL-09-1272

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                        MASS LAYOFFS -- SEPTEMBER 2009


Employers took 2,561 mass layoff actions in September that resulted in
the separation of 248,006 workers, seasonally adjusted, as measured by
new filings for unemployment insurance benefits during the month, the
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Each action involved 
at least 50 persons from a single employer. The number of mass layoff 
events in September decreased by 129 from the prior month, and the num-
ber of associated initial claims decreased by 11,301. Over the year, 
the number of mass layoff events increased by 271, and associated ini-
tial claims increased by 7,285. Year-to-date mass layoff events (23,745) 
and initial claims (2,410,208) both recorded program highs. In September, 
856 mass layoff events were reported in the manufacturing sector, sea-
sonally adjusted, resulting in 97,066 initial claims. Over the month, 
the number of manufacturing events decreased by 44, while associated 
initial claims increased by 3,174. (See table 1.)

During the 22 months from December 2007 through September 2009, the
total number of mass layoff events (seasonally adjusted) was 47,230,
and the number of initial claims filed (seasonally adjusted) in those
events was 4,804,642. (December 2007 was the start of a recession as
designated by the National Bureau of Economic Research.)

The national unemployment rate was 9.8 percent in September 2009, sea-
sonally adjusted, little changed from 9.7 percent the prior month and 
up from 6.2 percent a year earlier. In September, total nonfarm pay-
roll employment decreased by 263,000 over the month and by 5,785,000 
from a year earlier.

Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

The number of mass layoff events in September was 1,371 on a not sea-
sonally adjusted basis; the number of associated initial claims was
123,177. (See table 2.) Over the year, the number of mass layoff
events increased by 79, while associated initial claims decreased by
6,409. Five of the 19 major industry sectors reported program highs in
terms of average weekly initial claimants for the month of September:
mining; utilities; wholesale trade; finance and insurance; and manage-
ment of companies and enterprises. (Average weekly analysis mitigates 
the effect of differing lengths of months. See the Technical Note.)

The manufacturing sector accounted for 33 percent of all mass layoff
events and 42 percent of initial claims filed in September 2009. A
year earlier, manufacturing made up 28 percent of events and 36 per-
cent of initial claims. Within manufacturing, the number of claimants 
in September was greatest in machinery (12,389) and transportation 
equipment (7,331). (See table 3.)  The construction sector accounted 
for 12 percent of mass layoff events and 9 percent of initial claims.

Of the 10 detailed industries with the largest number of mass layoff
initial claims, 3 reached a series high for September: nonresidential
electrical contractors; farm machinery and equipment manufacturing;
and construction machinery manufacturing. This September, the indus-
try with the largest number of initial claims was temporary help ser-
vices. (See table A.)



Table A. Industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims in 
September 2009, not seasonally adjusted


                                                               September peak 
                  Industry                                                    
                                                 Initial      Year     Initial
                                                 claims                claims 
                                                                              
Temporary help services (1) ...................   5,635       2001      12,752
Construction machinery manufacturing ..........   3,452       2009       3,452
Discount department stores ....................   3,446       2005       3,550
Farm machinery and equipment manufacturing ....   2,982       2009       2,982
Automobile manufacturing ......................   2,646       2004        (2) 
Professional employer organizations (1) .......   2,548       2008       4,520
Motion picture and video production ...........   2,431       1997      11,176
Elementary and secondary schools ..............   2,033       2005      15,815
Hotels and motels, except casino hotels .......   1,996       2001      10,886
Nonresidential electrical contractors .........   1,759       2009       1,759
                                                                                 
   1  See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.
   2  Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.



Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Among the 4 census regions, the Midwest registered the highest number
of initial claims in September due to mass layoffs (38,137), followed
by the West (37,480) and the South (28,943). (See table 5.) Initial
claims associated with mass layoffs increased over the year in 2 of
the 4 regions, with the Midwest experiencing the largest increase
(+11,491). In 2009, the Midwest reported its highest September level
of average weekly initial claims (9,534) in program history.

Of the 9 geographic divisions, the Pacific had the highest number of
initial claims due to mass layoffs in September, followed by the East
North Central and the Middle Atlantic. (See table 5.) Seven of the 9
divisions experienced over-the-year increases in initial claims, led
by the East North Central (+7,217). This year, the East North Central
division reached a program high for September in terms of average
weekly initial claims.

California recorded the highest number of initial claims in September,
with 28,797, even though it had an over-the-year decrease in initial 
claims (-5,787). The over-the-year decrease in California was largely 
due to a drop in claims from the administrative and support services 
industry. The states with the next highest number of mass layoff ini-
tial claims were Illinois (10,743), Pennsylvania (8,587), and Michigan 
(6,167). (See table 6.) Twenty-eight states experienced over-the-year 
increases in initial claims, led by Illinois, Pennsylvania, and Kansas. 
In 2009, six states reached program highs in average weekly initial 
claims for the month of September: Alaska, Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, 
Kansas, and Wisconsin.

Louisiana registered the largest decrease in initial claims from
September of 2008, when Hurricane Gustov contributed to higher lay-
off activity.

Note

The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or
more workers beginning in a given month, regardless of the duration 
of the layoffs. For private nonfarm establishments, information on 
the length of the layoff is obtained later and issued in a quarterly
release that reports on mass layoffs lasting more than 30 days (re-
ferred to as "extended mass layoffs"). The quarterly release provides 
more information on the industry classification and location of the 
establishment and on the demographics of the laid-off workers. Be-
cause monthly figures include short-term layoffs of 30 days or less,
the sum of the figures for the 3 months in a quarter will be higher
than the quarterly figure for mass layoffs of more than 30 days. (See
table 4.) See the Technical Note for more detailed definitions.

____________
Extended Mass Layoffs in the Third Quarter of 2009 is scheduled to 
be released on Tuesday, November 10, 2009, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). Mass 
Layoffs in October 2009 is scheduled to be released on Friday,
November 20, 2009, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).





Technical Note


   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database.  Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period.  These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks.  The number of weeks in a given 
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a
year may vary.  Therefore, analysis of over-the-month and over-the-year
change in not seasonally adjusted series should take this calendar effect
into consideration.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding.  Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   Employer.  Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws.  Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is adminis-
tered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Industry.  Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  For temporary help
and professional employers organization industries, monthly MLS-related 
statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client companies 
in other industries.  An individual layoff action at a client company can
be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs are
assigned to a temporary help or professional employer organization firm, a
mass layoff event may trigger.

   Initial claimant.  A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Mass layoff event.  Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insur-
ance benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless 
of duration.

Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publish-
ing six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series.  The six series are the
numbers of mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total,
private nonfarm, and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expan-
sions and contractions.

   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjust-
ment method on a concurrent basis.  Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all
available monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in devel-
oping seasonal adjustment factors.  Revisions to the most recent 5 years
of seasonally adjusted data will be made once a year with the issuance of
December data.  Before the data are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments
are made to the original data to adjust them for differences in the number
of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.  Because weekly unemployment
insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data, a particular month's
value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in 1 year and 4 weeks in 
another.  The effects of these differences could seriously distort the sea-
sonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process.  These 
effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently removed from 
the final seasonally adjusted series.





Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, October 2005 to 
September 2009, seasonally adjusted 

                                      Total            Private nonfarm         Manufacturing    
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2005                                                                             

October ....................     1,109     111,202       991     102,111       320      43,387
November ...................     1,162     113,502     1,027     102,058       325      41,493
December ...................     1,263     136,751     1,135     125,700       358      46,940

             2006                                                                             

January ....................     1,112     111,601       986     102,359       293      35,390
February ...................       960     104,045       872      96,317       317      41,810
March ......................     1,078     118,270       976     109,842       320      48,026
April ......................     1,198     123,674     1,062     113,849       366      50,747
May ........................     1,132     116,808     1,013     106,743       312      42,958
June .......................     1,156     124,955     1,044     115,491       356      45,280
July .......................     1,204     123,172     1,077     113,324       381      50,109
August .....................     1,278     136,289     1,117     125,064       376      60,524
September ..................     1,167     124,083     1,054     115,451       390      46,470
October ....................     1,195     121,439     1,081     112,777       401      53,597
November ...................     1,209     131,459     1,096     122,136       402      57,084
December ...................     1,201     133,311     1,100     124,019       369      51,113

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,261     129,190     1,116     118,890       406      55,341
February ...................     1,240     134,524     1,130     126,105       404      58,861
March ......................     1,261     129,480     1,151     120,923       407      52,356
April ......................     1,281     130,263     1,145     119,683       381      45,654
May ........................     1,200     119,259     1,097     111,585       368      48,682
June .......................     1,256     132,078     1,138     122,726       356      41,135
July .......................     1,288     131,556     1,182     123,322       405      53,318
August .....................     1,262     125,334     1,162     117,557       331      36,577
September ..................     1,279     125,527     1,183     118,917       440      54,006
October ....................     1,346     133,514     1,224     124,666       436      57,527
November ...................     1,352     143,419     1,233     134,445       408      56,330
December ...................     1,469     145,916     1,354     136,914       447      56,152

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,476     149,068     1,350     139,076       435      56,579
February ...................     1,669     183,038     1,532     172,013       526      67,235
March ......................     1,585     161,497     1,471     151,550       483      65,252
April ......................     1,344     135,352     1,215     125,074       487      63,247
May ........................     1,701     180,558     1,563     170,538       538      75,520
June .......................     1,717     174,748     1,561     162,071       555      79,744
July .......................     1,535     152,499     1,390     141,239       455      57,648
August .....................     1,887     188,951     1,735     178,479       626      80,913
September ..................     2,290     240,721     2,114     226,492       643      86,617
October ....................     2,204     230,330     2,042     216,095       687      92,256
November ...................     2,333     225,639     2,185     213,288       868     100,643
December ...................     2,275     226,117     2,100     212,559       871     105,402

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     2,227     237,902     2,070     225,490       738     102,577
February ...................     2,769     295,477     2,628     281,500     1,235     152,618
March ......................     2,933     299,388     2,751     283,989     1,259     155,909
April ......................     2,712     271,226     2,519     256,111     1,111     135,252
May ........................     2,933     312,880     2,736     296,108     1,331     165,802
June .......................     2,763     279,231     2,536     260,747     1,235     159,310
July .......................     2,157     206,791     1,928     185,718       621      72,266
August .....................     2,690     259,307     2,428     237,302       900      93,892
September ..................     2,561     248,006     2,324     229,371       856      97,066





Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, October 2005 to 
September 2009, not seasonally adjusted 

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing  
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial  
                                Events    claimants    Events   claimants    Events   claimants 
                                                                                              
             2005                                                                             

October ....................       905      91,941       757      80,694       249      37,276
November ...................     1,254     116,127     1,079     102,182       363      41,442
December ...................     2,323     254,258     2,168     242,753       706      96,382

             2006                                                                             

January ....................     1,245     117,946     1,123     108,701       331      35,097
February ...................       719      66,555       658      62,208       210      24,892
March ......................       921     111,838       856     106,177       285      44,688
April ......................     1,140     121,589     1,038     112,964       296      39,538
May ........................       872      84,809       794      78,663       192      23,570
June .......................     1,489     164,761     1,224     140,687       319      41,095
July .......................     1,511     166,857     1,335     154,342       648      96,152
August .....................       708      72,844       656      69,054       203      28,494
September ..................       865      87,699       785      81,274       296      39,076
October ....................       964      98,804       820      88,133       311      46,737
November ...................     1,315     136,186     1,172     125,009       455      58,473
December ...................     2,249     254,503     2,126     244,783       735     105,462

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,407     134,984     1,263     124,475       456      53,615
February ...................       935      86,696       861      82,097       273      36,170
March ......................     1,082     123,974     1,015     118,431       367      49,886
April ......................     1,219     127,444     1,115     118,040       309      35,229
May ........................       923      85,816       856      81,153       224      26,527
June .......................     1,599     172,810     1,318     148,669       313      36,571
July .......................     1,599     175,419     1,450     164,939       684     101,390
August .....................       963      93,458       908      88,345       220      23,361
September ..................       717      67,385       667      64,026       246      29,381
October ....................     1,083     108,455       929      97,716       338      50,918
November ...................     1,799     198,220     1,593     181,184       514      75,413
December ...................     2,167     224,214     2,071     216,898       699      91,754

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,647     154,503     1,520     144,191       488      54,418
February ...................     1,269     119,508     1,178     113,587       361      42,527
March ......................     1,089     114,541     1,039     110,147       333      43,740
April ......................     1,272     130,810     1,172     121,625       394      48,188
May ........................     1,552     159,471     1,438     150,462       388      51,698
June .......................     1,622     166,742     1,315     140,916       309      42,097
July .......................     1,891     200,382     1,687     186,018       760     108,733
August .....................     1,427     139,999     1,343     133,146       414      51,912
September ..................     1,292     129,586     1,202     122,505       361      46,391
October ....................     2,125     221,784     1,917     205,553       689     100,457
November ...................     2,574     241,589     2,389     226,657       997     107,620
December ...................     3,377     351,305     3,232     340,220     1,378     172,529

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     3,806     388,813     3,633     375,293     1,461     172,757
February ...................     2,262     218,438     2,173     210,755       945     103,588
March ......................     2,191     228,387     2,107     221,397       940     114,747
April ......................     2,547     256,930     2,385     243,321       887     100,872
May ........................     2,738     289,628     2,572     274,047     1,005     123,683
June .......................     2,519     256,357     2,051     216,063       674      85,726
July .......................     3,054     336,654     2,659     296,589     1,133     154,208
August .....................     1,428     125,024     1,334     117,193       436      41,151
September ..................     1,371     123,177     1,258     115,141       448      51,126





Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance  


                                                                                                    Initial claimants for           
                                                               Mass layoff events                   unemployment insurance          
                     Industry                                                                                                      
                                                   September   July    August   September  September    July     August    September 
                                                     2008      2009     2009      2009       2008       2009      2009       2009   
                                                                                                                                   
                Seasonally adjusted                                                                                                


      Total .....................................    2,290     2,157    2,690     2,561     240,721    206,791   259,307    248,006

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    2,114     1,928    2,428     2,324     226,492    185,718   237,302    229,371
    Manufacturing ...............................      643       621      900       856      86,617     72,266    93,892     97,066
    
              Not seasonally adjusted                                                                                              

      Total (1) .................................    1,292     3,054    1,428     1,371     129,586    336,654   125,024    123,177
      
Total, private ..................................    1,227     2,752    1,356     1,285     124,096    304,108   118,920    116,813
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ..       25        93       22        27       1,591      7,519     1,727      1,672

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    1,202     2,659    1,334     1,258     122,505    296,589   117,193    115,141
    Mining ......................................        6        22        9        10         728      1,816       603        918
    Utilities ...................................      (2)         3      (2)         6         (2)        446       (2)        448
    Construction ................................      144       170      160       167      10,763     12,415    11,904     10,637
    Manufacturing ...............................      361     1,133      436       448      46,391    154,208    41,151     51,126
        Food ....................................       33        67       41        50       3,068      8,076     3,632      5,044
        Beverage and tobacco products ...........        7         8        5         5         648        624       937        306
        Textile mills ...........................       13        21      (2)        12       1,422      2,424       (2)      1,197
        Textile product mills ...................        3         8        5       (2)         347        875       557        (2)
        Apparel .................................        7        26       15         7         688      2,926     1,317        572
        Leather and allied products .............      (2)         4      (2)       (2)         (2)        306       (2)        (2)
        Wood products ...........................       32        42       19        36       2,901      3,453     1,423      2,653
        Paper ...................................        8        17        8        15         603      1,439       576      1,287
        Printing and related support activities .        5        16        9        10         341      1,950       714        828
        Petroleum and coal products .............        -         6        -         -           -        373         -          -

        Chemicals ...............................        8        19       10         9         527      1,722       843        540
        Plastics and rubber products ............       16        74       17        13       1,224      9,776     1,532      1,195
        Nonmetallic mineral products ............       12        29       18        12         861      3,044     1,147        763
        Primary metals ..........................       13        89       31        30       1,582      9,850     2,742      3,330
        Fabricated metal products ...............       35       114       43        44       2,357     10,798     3,501      3,856
        Machinery ...............................       28       132       74        63       4,058     29,528     6,608     12,389
        Computer and electronic products ........       15        77       30        28       1,556      7,823     2,535      1,986
        Electrical equipment and appliances .....       22        45       18        23       3,453      5,992     1,853      2,740
        Transportation equipment ................       87       275       68        53      19,278     47,322     9,076      7,331
        Furniture and related products ..........       13        35       13        22       1,153      3,311       941      3,481
        Miscellaneous manufacturing .............      (2)        29        6        11         (2)      2,596       577      1,117

    Wholesale trade .............................       20        78       34        32       1,642      6,201     2,714      2,422
    Retail trade ................................      112       161      111       139      10,345     17,388    10,173     13,094
    Transportation and warehousing ..............       54       131      101        47       4,383     11,279     9,131      4,807
    Information .................................       45        90       46        45       6,021     13,941     6,067      4,572
    Finance and insurance .......................       38        84       47        43       3,104      6,700     4,434      3,308
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........        7        12        7       (2)         396        819       404        (2)
    Professional and technical services .........       35        95       32        31       5,623     10,555     2,302      1,998
    Management of companies and enterprises .....      (2)        14      (2)         5         (2)      2,289       (2)        495
    Administrative and waste services ...........      181       351      195       142      18,557     35,419    15,604     11,525
    Educational services ........................        5        31       13         7         346      2,540     1,796        371
    Health care and social assistance ...........       54       101       31        23       4,021      7,010     1,947      1,573
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........       30        38       19        29       2,043      2,611     1,403      2,209
    Accommodation and food services .............       99       124       74        73       7,552      9,651     6,034      4,981
    Other services, except public administration         6        19       13         7         297      1,212     1,076        409
    Unclassified ................................        2         2        -       (2)          73         89         -        (2)

Government ......................................       65       302       72        86       5,490     32,546     6,104      6,364
    Federal .....................................        9        10       14         8         764        845     1,381        603
    State .......................................       12        39       19        28         922      3,297     1,717      2,082
    Local .......................................       44       253       39        50       3,804     28,404     3,006      3,679
                                                                                                                                   
 
   1 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.   
   NOTE:  Dash represents zero.





Table 4. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, July 2007 to September 2009, not seasonally adjusted 

                                                                                   Private nonfarm                                
                                                                                   
                                Total mass layoffs                              Extended mass layoffs                               
             Date                                        Mass layoffs          lasting more than 30 days        Realization rates (1)
             
                                           Initial               Initial                      Initial                       Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants       Events       claimants           Events    claimants
             2007                                                                                                                 

July .......................    1,599      175,419     1,450     164,939                                                          
August .....................      963       93,458       908      88,345                                                          
September ..................      717       67,385       667      64,026                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    3,279      336,262     3,025     317,310         1,018         173,077             33.7       54.5

October ....................    1,083      108,455       929      97,716                                                          
November ...................    1,799      198,220     1,593     181,184                                                          
December ...................    2,167      224,214     2,071     216,898                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    5,049      530,889     4,593     495,798         1,814         347,151             39.5       70.0

             2008                                                                                                                 

January ....................    1,647      154,503     1,520     144,191                                                          
February ...................    1,269      119,508     1,178     113,587                                                          
March ......................    1,089      114,541     1,039     110,147                                                          

First Quarter ..............    4,005      388,552     3,737     367,925         1,340         259,292             35.9       70.5

April ......................    1,272      130,810     1,172     121,625                                                          
May ........................    1,552      159,471     1,438     150,462                                                          
June .......................    1,622      166,742     1,315     140,916                                                          

Second Quarter .............    4,446      457,023     3,925     413,003         1,756         339,629             44.7       82.2

July .......................    1,891      200,382     1,687     186,018                                                          
August .....................    1,427      139,999     1,343     133,146                                                          
September ..................    1,292      129,586     1,202     122,505                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    4,610      469,967     4,232     441,669         1,582         304,316             37.4       68.9

October ....................    2,125      221,784     1,917     205,553                                                          
November ...................    2,574      241,589     2,389     226,657                                                          
December ...................    3,377      351,305     3,232     340,220                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    8,076      814,678     7,538     772,430         3,582         765,019             47.5       99.0

             2009                                                                                                                 

January ....................    3,806      388,813     3,633     375,293                                                          
February ...................    2,262      218,438     2,173     210,755                                                          
March ......................    2,191      228,387     2,107     221,397                                                          

First Quarter ..............    8,259      835,638     7,913     807,445         3,979         830,028             50.3      102.8

April ......................    2,547      256,930     2,385     243,321                                                          
May ........................    2,738      289,628     2,572     274,047                                                          
June .......................    2,519      256,357     2,051     216,063                                                          

Second Quarter .............    7,804      802,915     7,008     733,431   (2)(p)2,994   (2)(p)506,533          (p)42.7    (p)69.1

July .......................    3,054      336,654     2,659     296,589                                                          
August .....................    1,428      125,024     1,334     117,193                                                          
September ..................    1,371      123,177     1,258     115,141                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    5,853      584,855     5,251     528,923                                                          


   1 The event realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff events lasting more than 30 days.  The 
initial claimant realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff initial claimants associated with
layoffs lasting more than 30 days.
   2 These quarterly numbers are provisional and will be revised as more data on these layoffs become available.  Experience 
suggests that the number of extended mass layoff events is generally revised upwards by less than 10 percent and the number 
of initial claimants associated with such events increases by 25-40 percent.
   p = preliminary.





Table 5. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance by census region and division, not seasonally adjusted 

                                                                                   Initial claimants for            
                                           Mass layoff events                      unemployment insurance            
                                          
  Census region and division                                                                                            
  
                                  September   July     August  September  September    July       August    September 
                                    2008      2009      2009     2009       2008       2009        2009       2009   
                                                                                                                   
        United States (1) ...      1,292     3,054     1,428    1,371     129,586    336,654     125,024    123,177
        
Northeast ...................        142       511       279      233      11,646     45,526      26,444     18,617
    New England .............         15        82        32       29       1,180      7,194       2,953      2,762
    Middle Atlantic .........        127       429       247      204      10,466     38,332      23,491     15,855

South .......................        475       725       342      334      43,772     71,648      29,486     28,943
    South Atlantic ..........        153       389       204      182      12,291     34,220      17,732     14,927
    East South Central ......         54       213        57       71       4,788     25,153       4,820      6,844
    West South Central ......        268       123        81       81      26,693     12,275       6,934      7,172

Midwest .....................        225       805       350      309      26,646    117,188      32,197     38,137
    East North Central ......        189       635       273      240      23,087     94,516      25,962     30,304
    West North Central ......         36       170        77       69       3,559     22,672       6,235      7,833

West ........................        450     1,013       457      495      47,522    102,292      36,897     37,480
    Mountain ................         43       112        63       53       3,675     11,241       6,116      3,924
    Pacific .................        407       901       394      442      43,847     91,051      30,781     33,556
                                                                                                                   

   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   NOTE:  The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are:  New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:  New Jersey, New
York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic:  Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:  Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and
Tennessee; West South Central:  Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central:  Illinois, Indiana,
Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central:  Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and
South Dakota; Mountain:  Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific:
Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.





Table 6. State distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally adjusted 

                                                                                      Initial claimants for           
                                         Mass layoff events                           unemployment insurance          
           State                                                                                                      
                            September      July      August    September   September      July       August    September
                              2008         2009       2009       2009        2008         2009        2009       2009   
                                 
   Total (1) ............    1,292        3,054      1,428      1,371      129,586      336,654     125,024    123,177
                                 
Alabama .................       12           75         23         22        1,090        8,324       1,997      2,044
Alaska ..................        3          (2)          4          7          241          (2)         295        849
Arizona .................        8           35         10          7          586        3,469         977        463
Arkansas ................        3           11          4        (2)          359        1,033         260        (2)
California ..............      358          812        340        395       34,584       82,085      26,082     28,797
Colorado ................        3           15          5         14          196        1,536         374      1,036
Connecticut .............        6           15          4          4          402        1,056         334        323
Delaware ................      (2)            5        (2)        (2)          (2)          347         (2)        (2)
District of Columbia ....        -            -        (2)          -            -            -         (2)          -
Florida .................       96          192        104         91        5,988       14,929       7,795      5,975
Georgia .................       20           62         23         35        1,885        7,636       2,202      2,817
Hawaii ..................        9            9          8          6          919          670         872        465
Idaho ...................        4            8          9          4          324          759       1,305        306

Illinois ................       43          110         82         71        4,941       25,119       7,432     10,743
Indiana .................       34           87         30         21        4,314       10,131       3,182      2,895
Iowa ....................       10           48         17         18        1,455        8,730       1,359      2,384
Kansas ..................        6           22         14         15          478        2,088         945      2,880
Kentucky ................       24           97         22         32        2,351       14,128       2,006      3,394
Louisiana ...............      163           21         18         10       14,929        1,768       1,698        887
Maine ...................      (2)            4        (2)          3          (2)          256         (2)        268
Maryland ................        5           11         10          7          349          987         759        463
Massachusetts ...........        4           31         13         12          310        2,972       1,357        985
Michigan ................       40          185         43         40        4,130       23,929       3,593      6,167
Minnesota ...............        4           31         13         15          430        3,229         948      1,122
Mississippi .............        6           14          5          5          463          803         349        323
Missouri ................       16           61         28         16        1,196        7,647       2,549      1,018

Montana .................      (2)            5          3          3          (2)          481         258        227
Nebraska ................        -            4        (2)          3            -          418         (2)        210
Nevada ..................       18           37         30         15        1,604        3,212       2,879      1,201
New Hampshire ...........      (2)           17          6        (2)          (2)        1,564         454        (2)
New Jersey ..............       17          101         27         31        1,663        8,366       2,162      2,844
New Mexico ..............        4            5          4          7          440          252         191        487
New York ................       36          126        106         58        2,905       11,886      11,405      4,424
North Carolina ..........        9           23         19          8          793        1,950       2,523        918
North Dakota ............        -            4        (2)        (2)            -          560         (2)        (2)
Ohio ....................       32          138         58         47        5,912       19,704       5,941      4,745
Oklahoma ................        5           16          8          4          789        2,013         679        401
Oregon ..................       21           49         21         15        2,942        5,492       1,691      1,402
Pennsylvania ............       74          202        114        115        5,898       18,080       9,924      8,587

Rhode Island ............      (2)           10          5          3          (2)          965         456        260
South Carolina ..........       16           59         20         18        1,793        5,359       2,133      2,831
South Dakota ............        -            -        (2)          -            -            -         (2)          -
Tennessee ...............       12           27          7         12          884        1,898         468      1,083
Texas ...................       97           75         51         65       10,616        7,461       4,297      5,715
Utah ....................        3            7        (2)          3          243        1,532         (2)        204
Vermont .................      (2)            5        (2)          5          (2)          381         (2)        507
Virginia ................        4           35         21         22          546        2,873       1,652      1,868
Washington ..............       16           29         21         19        5,161        2,549       1,841      2,043
West Virginia ...........      (2)          (2)          4          -          (2)          (2)         272          -
Wisconsin ...............       40          115         60         61        3,790       15,633       5,814      5,754
Wyoming .................      (2)            -          -          -          (2)            -           -          -

Puerto Rico .............       18           22         15         17        1,715        1,826       1,326      1,563
 
    1 See footnote 1, table 3.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    NOTE:  Dash represents zero.




Last Modified Date: October 22, 2009
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