Economic News Release

Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, November 23, 2010           USDL-10-1627

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      MASS LAYOFFS -- OCTOBER 2010
                                   
                                   
Employers took 1,651 mass layoff actions in October that resulted in
the separation of 148,059 workers, seasonally adjusted, as measured by
new filings for unemployment insurance benefits during the month, the
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Each action involved
at least 50 persons from a single employer. The number of mass layoff
events in October increased by 121 from the prior month, and the number 
of associated initial claims increased by 9,839. In October, 356 mass 
layoff events were reported in the manufacturing sector, seasonally ad-
justed, resulting in 37,438 initial claims; both figures increased over 
the month. (See table 1.) 

The national unemployment rate was 9.6 percent in October, unchanged
from the prior month and down from 10.1 percent a year earlier. In
October, total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 151,000 over
the month and by 829,000 from a year earlier.

Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

The number of mass layoff events in October was 1,642 on a not season-
ally adjusted basis; the number of associated initial claims was 148,638. 
(See table 2.) Over the year, the number of mass layoff events decreased 
by 292, and associated initial claims decreased by 45,266. Fourteen of 
the 19 major industry sectors in the private economy reported over-the-
year decreases in initial claims, led by manufacturing. Manufacturing 
reached an October program low in terms of average weekly claims, while 
health care and social assistance reached an October program high. (Aver-
age weekly analysis mitigates the effect of differing lengths of months. 
See the Technical Note. Data began in 1995.)

The manufacturing sector accounted for 21 percent of all mass layoff 
events and 27 percent of initial claims filed in October. A year ear-
lier, manufacturing made up 29 percent of events and 36 percent of ini-
tial claims. Within manufacturing, the number of claimants in October 
was greatest in food and transportation equipment. (See table 3.) Fif-
teen of the 21 manufacturing subsectors experienced over-the-year de-
creases in initial claims, with the largest declines in transportation 
equipment and in machinery.

Government registered over-the-year increases in mass layoff events and 
initial claims. Year-to-date initial claim totals through October for 
government are the highest on record (with data available back to 1996), 
due in part to layoffs in educational services and the completion of 
work on the decennial census. (See table 3.)

The six-digit industry with the largest number of initial claims in
October was temporary help services. (See table A.) The table includes
both publicly and privately owned entities.



Table A. Industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims in 
October 2010, not seasonally adjusted


                                                                  October peak
                  Industry         
                                           Initial claims     Year  Initial claims

Temporary help services (1) ...............    12,153         1998      18,760
Professional employer organizations (1) ...     3,508         2008       7,242
Motion picture and video production .......     3,266         1997       7,692
Farm labor contractors and crew leaders ...     3,158         1998       9,617
Warehouse clubs and supercenters ..........     2,915         2010       2,915
Food service contractors ..................     2,672         2009       3,233
Highway, street, and bridge construction ..     2,564         2009       3,870
Discount department stores ................     2,449         2002       4,959
Fruit and vegetable canning ...............     2,362         2002       4,500
Automobile manufacturing ..................     2,165         2008      10,508

   1 See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.



Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

All four regions and 8 of the 9 divisions experienced over-the-year de-
creases in initial claims due to mass layoffs in October. Among the cen-
sus regions, the Midwest registered the largest over-the-year declines in 
initial claims. Of the geographic divisions, the East North Central had 
the largest over-the-year decline in initial claims.

California recorded the highest number of initial claims in October, fol-
lowed by Pennsylvania and Florida. Thirty-two states experienced over-the-
year decreases in initial claims, led by Michigan, Ohio, California, and 
Illinois. (See table 6.) Maine, North Dakota, South Dakota, and West Vir-
ginia had no mass layoff activity during the month. Arizona and Wyoming 
reached October program highs for average weekly initial claims.

Note

The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or more 
workers beginning in a given month, regardless of the duration of the lay-
offs. For private nonfarm establishments, information on the length of the 
layoff is obtained later and issued in a quarterly release that reports on 
mass layoffs lasting more than 30 days (referred to as "extended mass lay-
offs"). The quarterly release provides more information on the industry 
classification and location of the establishment and on the demographics 
of the laid-off workers. Because monthly figures include short-term layoffs 
of 30 days or less, the sum of the figures for the 3 months in a quarter 
will be higher than the quarterly figure for mass layoffs of more than 30 
days. (See table 4.) See the Technical Note for more detailed definitions.

____________
The Mass Layoffs news release for November is scheduled to be released on 
Wednesday, December 22, 2010, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).



  -----------------------------------------------------------------
 |                                                                 |
 |             Corrections to Seasonally Adjusted Data             |
 |                                                                 |
 | Monthly national Mass Layoffs data for April through September  |
 | 2010 were found to contain errors in each of the 6 seasonally   |
 | adjusted series. This release and the MLS database contain the  |
 | correct seasonally adjusted data for April-October 2010. Not    |
 | seasonally adjusted data and regional office news releases were |
 | not affected.                              			   |
 |   								   |
 |                                                                 |
  -----------------------------------------------------------------





Technical Note


   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database.  Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period.  These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks.  The number of weeks in a given 
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a
year may vary.  Therefore, analysis of over-the-month and over-the-year
change in not seasonally adjusted series should take this calendar effect
into consideration.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding.  Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   Employer.  Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws.  Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is adminis-
tered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Industry.  Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  For temporary help
and professional employers organization industries, monthly MLS-related 
statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client companies 
in other industries.  An individual layoff action at a client company can
be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs are
assigned to a temporary help or professional employer organization firm, a
mass layoff event may trigger.

   Initial claimant.  A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Mass layoff event.  Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insur-
ance benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless 
of duration.

Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publish-
ing six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series.  The six series are the
numbers of mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total,
private nonfarm, and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expan-
sions and contractions.

   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjust-
ment method on a concurrent basis.  Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all
available monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in devel-
oping seasonal adjustment factors.  Revisions to the most recent 5 years
of seasonally adjusted data will be made once a year with the issuance of
December data.  Before the data are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments
are made to the original data to adjust them for differences in the number
of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.  Because weekly unemployment
insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data, a particular month's
value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in 1 year and 4 weeks in 
another.  The effects of these differences could seriously distort the sea-
sonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process.  These 
effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently removed from 
the final seasonally adjusted series.





Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, November 2006 to
October 2010, seasonally adjusted

                                      Total            Private nonfarm         Manufacturing    
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial  
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants 
                                                                                              
             2006                                                                             

November ...................     1,244     135,465     1,128     125,976       413      58,509
December ...................     1,227     134,176     1,123     124,570       376      51,403

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,264     130,834     1,113     119,874       404      55,217
February ...................     1,191     121,289     1,075     112,607       374      54,581
March ......................     1,225     126,391     1,113     117,760       386      48,298
April ......................     1,268     129,098     1,135     118,175       362      43,205
May ........................     1,172     118,648     1,070     111,103       345      44,391
June .......................     1,241     131,394     1,125     122,123       338      37,931
July .......................     1,274     130,331     1,169     122,381       403      55,973
August .....................     1,247     126,108     1,158     118,575       323      34,902
September ..................     1,255     123,632     1,160     116,744       436      51,814
October ....................     1,370     137,108     1,248     128,387       449      58,360
November ...................     1,415     148,952     1,289     139,665       424      58,543
December ...................     1,569     155,095     1,448     145,666       483      60,368

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,481     151,269     1,348     140,570       436      57,147
February ...................     1,578     162,152     1,432     150,712       470      60,276
March ......................     1,487     151,539     1,372     141,574       436      56,919
April ......................     1,327     133,318     1,201     122,651       460      59,377
May ........................     1,604     170,619     1,465     160,529       468      62,345
June .......................     1,674     170,329     1,523     158,084       501      68,403
July .......................     1,531     152,447     1,389     141,707       461      61,417
August .....................     1,845     189,798     1,711     179,737       607      78,172
September ..................     2,222     235,755     2,049     220,832       634      81,989
October ....................     2,287     239,768     2,125     226,098       721      95,301
November ...................     2,489     240,181     2,334     227,368       929     107,072
December ...................     2,461     243,505     2,277     229,171       962     115,961

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     2,279     251,807     2,115     238,990       764     109,124
February ...................     2,737     289,162     2,592     274,040     1,186     141,264
March ......................     2,913     295,970     2,715     279,671     1,202     146,381
April ......................     2,663     263,162     2,461     247,329     1,033     125,093
May ........................     2,794     306,788     2,589     289,012     1,183     145,166
June .......................     2,598     260,596     2,371     241,864     1,072     135,844
July .......................     2,039     196,578     1,818     176,542       565      66,918
August .....................     2,480     238,911     2,244     218,425       798      87,201
September ..................     2,326     221,639     2,109     204,462       783      90,440
October ....................     2,055     205,502     1,856     187,880       594      65,801
November ...................     1,813     163,823     1,650     151,810       485      54,858
December ...................     1,726     153,127     1,542     138,747       433      44,072

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     1,761     182,261     1,585     168,466       486      62,556
February ...................     1,570     155,718     1,406     142,240       376      43,100
March ......................     1,628     150,864     1,432     136,446       356      39,290
April(c) ...................     1,646     164,325     1,478     149,621       388      50,083
May(c) .....................     1,676     164,115     1,416     142,594       320      30,729
June(c) ....................     1,757     158,479     1,529     139,029       332      33,012
July(c) ....................     1,520     135,389     1,301     117,546       286      29,826
August(c) ..................     1,655     165,528     1,448     143,056       400      48,858
September(c) ...............     1,530     138,220     1,317     118,741       334      34,096
October ....................     1,651     148,059     1,445     130,448       356      37,438


   c = corrected





Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, November 2006 to
October 2010, not seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing    
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial  
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants 
                                                                                              
             2006                                                                             

November ...................     1,315     136,186     1,172     125,009       455      58,473
December ...................     2,249     254,503     2,126     244,783       735     105,462

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,407     134,984     1,263     124,475       456      53,615
February ...................       935      86,696       861      82,097       273      36,170
March ......................     1,082     123,974     1,015     118,431       367      49,886
April ......................     1,219     127,444     1,115     118,040       309      35,229
May ........................       923      85,816       856      81,153       224      26,527
June .......................     1,599     172,810     1,318     148,669       313      36,571
July .......................     1,599     175,419     1,450     164,939       684     101,390
August .....................       963      93,458       908      88,345       220      23,361
September ..................       717      67,385       667      64,026       246      29,381
October ....................     1,083     108,455       929      97,716       338      50,918
November ...................     1,799     198,220     1,593     181,184       514      75,413
December ...................     2,167     224,214     2,071     216,898       699      91,754

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,647     154,503     1,520     144,191       488      54,418
February ...................     1,269     119,508     1,178     113,587       361      42,527
March ......................     1,089     114,541     1,039     110,147       333      43,740
April ......................     1,272     130,810     1,172     121,625       394      48,188
May ........................     1,552     159,471     1,438     150,462       388      51,698
June .......................     1,622     166,742     1,315     140,916       309      42,097
July .......................     1,891     200,382     1,687     186,018       760     108,733
August .....................     1,427     139,999     1,343     133,146       414      51,912
September ..................     1,292     129,586     1,202     122,505       361      46,391
October ....................     2,125     221,784     1,917     205,553       689     100,457
November ...................     2,574     241,589     2,389     226,657       997     107,620
December ...................     3,377     351,305     3,232     340,220     1,378     172,529

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     3,806     388,813     3,633     375,293     1,461     172,757
February ...................     2,262     218,438     2,173     210,755       945     103,588
March ......................     2,191     228,387     2,107     221,397       940     114,747
April ......................     2,547     256,930     2,385     243,321       887     100,872
May ........................     2,738     289,628     2,572     274,047     1,005     123,683
June .......................     2,519     256,357     2,051     216,063       674      85,726
July .......................     3,054     336,654     2,659     296,589     1,133     154,208
August .....................     1,428     125,024     1,334     117,193       436      41,151
September ..................     1,371     123,177     1,258     115,141       448      51,126
October ....................     1,934     193,904     1,678     172,883       566      69,655
November ...................     1,870     164,496     1,679     150,751       517      55,053
December ...................     2,310     214,648     2,166     203,655       615      64,540

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     2,860     278,679     2,682     265,074       962     104,846
February ...................     1,183     102,818     1,091      96,022       282      30,728
March ......................     1,197     111,727     1,111     105,514       273      29,745
April ......................     1,840     199,690     1,697     184,654       424      55,178
May ........................     1,354     123,333     1,170     109,203       216      19,334
June .......................     1,861     171,190     1,355     125,872       212      21,083
July .......................     2,124     206,254     1,732     172,248       532      64,200
August .....................       976      92,435       897      83,021       230      23,088
September ..................       920      77,654       806      67,987       187      19,403
October ....................     1,642     148,638     1,373     127,865       351      40,861





Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance


                                                                                                     Initial claimants for           
                                                              Mass layoff events                    unemployment insurance          
                     Industry                                                                                                      
                                                    October   August  September  October    October    August   September    October 
                                                     2009      2010      2010      2010       2009      2010       2010        2010   
                                                                                                                                   
                Seasonally adjusted                                                                                                


      Total .....................................    2,055  (c)1,655 (c)1,530     1,651     205,502 (c)165,528 (c)138,220    148,059

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    1,856  (c)1,448 (c)1,317     1,445     187,880 (c)143,056 (c)118,741    130,448
    Manufacturing ...............................      594    (c)400   (c)334       356      65,801  (c)48,858  (c)34,096     37,438
    
              Not seasonally adjusted                                                                                              

      Total (1) .................................    1,934       976      920     1,642     193,904     92,435     77,654    148,638
      
Total, private ..................................    1,806       923      823     1,493     181,476     84,610     68,913    136,178
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ..      128        26       17       120       8,593      1,589        926      8,313

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    1,678       897      806     1,373     172,883     83,021     67,987    127,865
    Mining ......................................       15       (2)        4         6       1,038        (2)        447        390
    Utilities ...................................        6         -      (2)       (2)         550          -        (2)        (2)
    Construction ................................      205       105       89       175      15,258      6,910      6,137     13,500
    Manufacturing ...............................      566       230      187       351      69,655     23,088     19,403     40,861
        Food ....................................       91        54       31        80       8,999      4,312      3,216      8,639
        Beverage and tobacco products ...........       12       (2)      (2)        15       1,001        (2)        (2)      1,166
        Textile mills ...........................        9         4        3         7       1,407        888        277      1,019
        Textile product mills ...................        3         3      (2)         4         419        272        (2)        271
        Apparel .................................        7         9        3        10         438        573        194      1,399
        Leather and allied products .............        -       (2)        -       (2)           -        (2)          -        (2)
        Wood products ...........................       41        17       22        26       4,326      1,355      1,726      2,570
        Paper ...................................       14         7        4         4       1,216        559        239        334
        Printing and related support activities .       17         3        3         6       1,337        246        277        435
        Petroleum and coal products .............        3         -        3       (2)         312          -        180        (2)

        Chemicals ...............................        8         8      (2)         8         533        562        (2)        723
        Plastics and rubber products ............       35        10      (2)         9       2,672        691        (2)        656
        Nonmetallic mineral products ............       16         8        7        15       1,172        621        609      1,460
        Primary metals ..........................       44         7       13        16       4,703        835      1,381      1,358
        Fabricated metal products ...............       49        12       13        20       4,702        925      1,006      1,667
        Machinery ...............................       51        18       11        26      10,892      2,077      1,787      4,968
        Computer and electronic products ........       29        15        8        13       2,169        999        562        851
        Electrical equipment and appliances .....       29         8       10        15       3,394      1,303      1,793      1,935
        Transportation equipment ................       72        32       30        50      17,069      4,869      4,166      8,581
        Furniture and related products ..........       22         6       11        17       1,865      1,417        792      1,929
        Miscellaneous manufacturing .............       14         4        8         6       1,029        319        573        596

    Wholesale trade .............................       50        18       16        30       4,645      1,324      1,011      2,079
    Retail trade ................................      124       108       99       126      12,914     10,430      9,764     13,260
    Transportation and warehousing ..............       61        45       31        45       5,541      4,356      2,268      3,948
    Information .................................       57        36       24        52       9,567      6,155      2,365      5,640
    Finance and insurance .......................       49        24       29        31       3,716      1,945      2,602      2,342
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........       13         7        4         9         870        514        267        455
    Professional and technical services .........       57        43       23        43       5,974      4,657      1,504      3,447
    Management of companies and enterprises .....        6         6      (2)       (2)         812        490        (2)        (2)
    Administrative and waste services ...........      260       158      133       275      25,694     14,605     10,059     23,531
    Educational services ........................        3         6       13        11         226        902        786        657
    Health care and social assistance ...........       37        36       26        54       2,165      2,532      1,660      4,056
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........       34        17       39        31       2,435      1,286      2,799      2,674
    Accommodation and food services .............      126        50       72       118      11,346      3,424      5,735     10,024
    Other services, except public administration         9       (2)       12        10         477        (2)        864        506
    Unclassified ................................        -         -        1         1           -          -         78         73

Government ......................................      128        53       97       149      12,428      7,825      8,741     12,460
    Federal .....................................       28        18       19        41       2,550      1,933      1,898      4,336
    State .......................................       32        12       22        32       3,433        894      1,575      2,967
    Local .......................................       68        23       56        76       6,445      4,998      5,268      5,157
                                                                                                                                   
 
   1 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia. 
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.   
   c = corrected
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.





Table 4. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, October 2008 to October 2010, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                                   Private nonfarm                                
                                                                                   
                                Total mass layoffs                             Extended mass layoffs                              
             Date                                        Mass layoffs         lasting more than 30 days         Realization rates (1)
             
                                           Initial               Initial                      Initial                       Initial 
                               Events     claimants   Events    claimants       Events       claimants            Events   claimants
             2008                                                                                                                 

October ....................    2,125      221,784     1,917     205,553                                                          
November ...................    2,574      241,589     2,389     226,657                                                          
December ...................    3,377      351,305     3,232     340,220                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    8,076      814,678     7,538     772,430         3,582         766,780             47.5       99.3

             2009                                                                                                                 

January ....................    3,806      388,813     3,633     375,293                                                          
February ...................    2,262      218,438     2,173     210,755                                                          
March ......................    2,191      228,387     2,107     221,397                                                          

First Quarter ..............    8,259      835,638     7,913     807,445         3,979         835,551             50.3      103.5

April ......................    2,547      256,930     2,385     243,321                                                          
May ........................    2,738      289,628     2,572     274,047                                                          
June .......................    2,519      256,357     2,051     216,063                                                          

Second Quarter .............    7,804      802,915     7,008     733,431         3,395         731,049             48.4       99.7

July .......................    3,054      336,654     2,659     296,589                                                          
August .....................    1,428      125,024     1,334     117,193                                                          
September ..................    1,371      123,177     1,258     115,141                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    5,853      584,855     5,251     528,923         2,034      (r)406,823             38.7       76.9

October ....................    1,934      193,904     1,678     172,883                                                          
November ...................    1,870      164,496     1,679     150,751                                                          
December ...................    2,310      214,648     2,166     203,655                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    6,114      573,048     5,523     527,289         2,416      (r)468,560             43.7    (r)88.9

             2010                                                                                                                 

January ....................    2,860      278,679     2,682     265,074                                                          
February ...................    1,183      102,818     1,091      96,022                                                          
March ......................    1,197      111,727     1,111     105,514                                                          

First Quarter ..............    5,240      493,224     4,884     466,610         1,870      (r)367,930             38.3    (r)78.9

April ......................    1,840      199,690     1,697     184,654                                                          
May ........................    1,354      123,333     1,170     109,203                                                          
June .......................    1,861      171,190     1,355     125,872                                                          

Second Quarter .............    5,055      494,213     4,222     419,729      (r)2,011      (r)393,435          (r)47.6    (r)93.7

July .......................    2,124      206,254     1,732     172,248                                                          
August .....................      976       92,435       897      83,021                                                          
September ..................      920       77,654       806      67,987                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    4,020      376,343     3,435     323,256   (2)(p)1,297   (2)(p)177,807          (p)37.8    (p)55.0

October ....................    1,642      148,638     1,373     127,865                                                          


   1 The event realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff events lasting more than 30 days. The 
initial claimant realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff initial claimants associated with
layoffs lasting more than 30 days.
   2 These quarterly numbers are provisional and will be revised as more data on these layoffs become available.
Experience suggests that the  number of extended mass layoff events is generally revised upwards by less than 10 percent and
the number of initial claimants associated with such events increases by 25-40 percent.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.





Table 5. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance by census region and division, not
seasonally adjusted

                                                                                   Initial claimants for            
                                          Mass layoff events                      unemployment insurance            
                                           
  Census region and division                                                                                            
  
                                  October    August  September  October    October     August    September   October  
                                    2009      2010      2010      2010       2009       2010        2010       2010   
                                                                                                                        
        United States (1) ...      1,934       976       920     1,642     193,904     92,435      77,654    148,638
        
Northeast ...................        260       183       160       246      22,709     16,706      14,411     20,922
    New England .............         30        34        15        25       2,134      3,743       1,357      1,940
    Middle Atlantic .........        230       149       145       221      20,575     12,963      13,054     18,982

South .......................        499       274       259       368      45,772     21,631      21,507     35,853
    South Atlantic ..........        279       160       153       213      23,144     12,404      11,811     21,191
    East South Central ......         87        55        41        70       9,545      4,584       3,633      7,095
    West South Central ......        133        59        65        85      13,083      4,643       6,063      7,567

Midwest .....................        483       157       155       316      60,792     17,140      14,964     34,290
    East North Central ......        375       124       115       227      49,277     13,603      11,280     25,674
    West North Central ......        108        33        40        89      11,515      3,537       3,684      8,616

West ........................        692       362       346       712      64,631     36,958      26,772     57,573
    Mountain ................        103        31        47        99       9,020      2,197       4,461      9,563
    Pacific .................        589       331       299       613      55,611     34,761      22,311     48,010
                                                                                                                   
 
   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York,
and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South
Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South 
Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and 
Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain:
Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii,  
Oregon, and Washington.





Table 6. State distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                                      Initial claimants for             
                                       Mass layoff events                            unemployment insurance             
           State                                                                                                      
                            October       August   September   October     October       August    September   October 
                              2009         2010       2010       2010        2009         2010        2010       2010   
                                 
   Total (1) ............    1,934          976        920      1,642      193,904       92,435      77,654    148,638
                                 
Alabama .................       27           14         13         20        3,179        1,407       1,021      2,244
Alaska ..................        8           10          4          5          755          884         492        430
Arizona .................       20            5          6         24        1,666          268         477      2,392
Arkansas ................       17            3          3          7        1,954          275         301        790
California ..............      514          287        264        559       48,169       31,007      19,288     42,458
Colorado ................       19            5         10         17        1,554          355         827      1,675
Connecticut .............        9            8        (2)          7          671          880         (2)        523
Delaware ................        3          (2)        (2)          5          251          (2)         (2)        403
District of Columbia ....      (2)          (2)          -        (2)          (2)          (2)           -        (2)
Florida .................      167           93         91        105       11,851        6,506       6,001      9,277
Georgia .................       39           30         24         32        3,880        2,996       2,438      2,969
Hawaii ..................        7            5          3          5          630          381         182        401
Idaho ...................       10            7          7          5        1,088          504       1,011        362

Illinois ................       93           32         35         60       12,917        3,707       5,053      7,281
Indiana .................       37           14         10         26        4,759        1,554         846      4,349
Iowa ....................       35            9          3         14        4,732        1,743         362      1,397
Kansas ..................       13            4          8          6        1,562          366       1,245        737
Kentucky ................       36           18         10         20        4,656        1,422       1,454      2,828
Louisiana ...............       24           16         11         19        2,169        1,010         688      1,554
Maine ...................        3          (2)        (2)          -          177          (2)         (2)          -
Maryland ................        6            6          6          9          479          363         528        796
Massachusetts ...........        9           16          7         11          596        1,464         476        858
Michigan ................       70           14         11         34        9,543        2,385         758      3,010
Minnesota ...............       24            4          5         26        1,985          307         412      3,056
Mississippi .............       10           14         12         15          602        1,057         741      1,017
Missouri ................       31           12         19         37        2,556          864       1,115      2,866

Montana .................       11          (2)          4          9        1,062          (2)         332        831
Nebraska ................        4            4          5          6          559          257         550        560
Nevada ..................       19            7         13         26        1,361          484       1,238      2,396
New Hampshire ...........        3            6        (2)          3          263          657         (2)        302
New Jersey ..............       37           31         22         31        2,850        2,449       1,665      2,517
New Mexico ..............       11          (2)          3          7          761          (2)         238        545
New York ................       68           59         52         61        6,961        5,547       5,499      5,443
North Carolina ..........       19            9         13         21        1,672          698       1,372      1,697
North Dakota ............      (2)            -          -          -          (2)            -           -          -
Ohio ....................       75           27         22         45       10,569        2,569       1,638      4,734
Oklahoma ................        7          (2)        (2)          7          582          (2)         (2)        484
Oregon ..................       35           18         17         22        3,936        1,671       1,635      2,540
Pennsylvania ............      125           59         71        129       10,764        4,967       5,890     11,022

Rhode Island ............      (2)          (2)        (2)        (2)          (2)          (2)         (2)        (2)
South Carolina ..........       19           11          7         21        2,692          792         724      3,479
South Dakota ............        -            -          -          -            -            -           -          -
Tennessee ...............       14            9          6         15        1,108          698         417      1,006
Texas ...................       85           38         49         52        8,378        3,058       4,814      4,739
Utah ....................        9          (2)          4          7        1,058          (2)         338        758
Vermont .................        3          (2)        (2)        (2)          254          (2)         (2)        (2)
Virginia ................       22            8         11         19        1,955          747         689      2,444
Washington ..............       25           11         11         22        2,121          818         714      2,181
West Virginia ...........        3            -          -          -          250            -           -          -
Wisconsin ...............      100           37         37         62       11,489        3,388       2,985      6,300
Wyoming .................        4          (2)          -          4          470          (2)           -        604

Puerto Rico .............       12           12         16         22        1,079          987       1,382      2,191
 
   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Last Modified Date: November 23, 2010
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