Economic News Release

Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Thursday, December 22, 2011                  USDL-11-1779

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                            MASS LAYOFFS -- NOVEMBER 2011


Employers took 1,331 mass layoff actions in November involving 129,887 workers, 
seasonally adjusted, as measured by new filings for unemployment insurance 
benefits during the month, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. 
Each mass layoff involved at least 50 workers from a single employer. The 
number of mass layoff events in November decreased by 22 from October, while 
the number of associated initial claims increased by 11,198. In November, 322 
mass layoff events were reported in the manufacturing sector, seasonally 
adjusted, resulting in 36,343 initial claims. (See table 1.)

The national unemployment rate was 8.6 percent in November, down from 9.0 
percent the prior month and from 9.8 percent a year earlier. In November, 
total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 120,000 over the month and by 
1,600,000 over the year.

Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

The number of mass layoff events in November was 1,393, not seasonally 
adjusted, resulting in 127,750 initial claims for unemployment insurance. 
(See table 2.) Over the year, the number of average weekly mass layoff 
events decreased by 71 to 348, and associated average weekly initial claims 
decreased by 7,574 to 31,938. Thirteen of the 19 major industry sectors in 
the private economy reported over-the-year decreases in average weekly 
initial claims, with the largest decreases occurring in information, 
construction, and administrative and waste services. (See table 3.) The 
six-digit industry with the largest number of private nonfarm initial 
claims in November 2011 was highway, street, and bridge construction. 
(See table A.)

The manufacturing sector accounted for 25 percent of all mass layoff
events and 30 percent of initial claims filed in November. A year
earlier, manufacturing made up 23 percent of events and 26 percent of
initial claims. Within this sector, the numbers of mass layoff claimants 
in November 2011 was greatest in the transportation equipment, food, and 
machinery subsectors. Fifteen of the 21 manufacturing subsectors 
experienced over-the-year decreases in average weekly initial claims, 
with the largest decrease occurring in electrical equipment and appliances. 
(See table 3.)


Table A. Six-digit NAICS industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial
claims in November 2011, private nonfarm, not seasonally adjusted

                 Industry                                             November peak
                                                Initial Claims     Year  Initial claims
                                                                                            
Highway, street, and bridge construction ..          9,355         2001      14,641    
Temporary help services (1) ...............          8,767         2000      19,023    
Food service contractors ..................          5,672         2007       6,163    
School and employee bus transportation ....          5,068         2011       5,068    
Automobile manufacturing ..................          3,074         2007       8,416    
Motion picture and video production .......          2,073         2000       8,664    
Professional employer organizations (1) ...          2,007         2008       5,873    
Travel trailer and camper manufacturing ...          1,793         2006       3,548    
Landscaping services ......................          1,653         2002       2,129    
Industrial building construction ..........          1,555         2002       3,306    
                                                                                            
   1  See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.


Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Among the census regions, the Midwest registered the greatest numbers of
initial claims in November. Three of the 4 regions experienced over-the-year
decreases in average weekly initial claims, with the largest decline occurring
in the West. (See table 4.)

Among the states, California recorded the highest number of mass layoff 
initial claims in November, followed by Wisconsin, Texas, Pennsylvania, 
and Michigan. Thirty-three states and the District of Columbia experienced 
over-the-year declines in average weekly initial claims, led by California 
and North Carolina. (See table 4.)

Note

The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or more 
workers beginning in a given month, regardless of the duration of the 
layoffs. For private nonfarm establishments, information on the length of 
the layoff is obtained later and issued in a quarterly release that reports 
on mass layoffs lasting more than 30 days (referred to as "extended mass 
layoffs"). The quarterly release provides more information on the industry 
classification and location of the establishment and on the demographics of 
the laid-off workers. The monthly data series in this release are subjected 
to average weekly analysis, which mitigates the effect of differing lengths 
of months. See the Technical Note for more detailed definitions and for a
description of average weekly analysis.

____________
The Mass Layoffs news release for December 2011 and Annual Totals for 2011 is
scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 25, 2012, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).



    ----------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                |
   |        Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Mass Layoff Data        |
   |                                                                |
   | In accordance with usual practice, the release of mass layoff  |
   | data for December 2011, scheduled for January 25, 2012, will   |
   | incorporate annual updating of seasonal adjustment factors.    |
   | Seasonally adjusted estimates back to January 2007 are subject |
   | to revision.                                                   |
   |                                                                |
    ----------------------------------------------------------------



    ----------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                |
   |              Upcoming Changes to Mass Layoff Data              |
   |                                                                |
   | With the release of January 2012 data on February 23, 2012,    |
   | the Mass Layoff Statistics program will update the basis for   |
   | industry classification from the 2007 North American Industry  |
   | Classification System (NAICS) to the 2012 NAICS. The new       |
   | classification reflects definitional changes within            |
   | construction, manufacturing, and wholesale trade. Several      |
   | industry codes, titles, and descriptions will also be updated. |
   | For more information on the 2012 NAICS update, visit           |
   | www.census.gov/epcd/www/naics.html.                            |
   |                                                                |
    ----------------------------------------------------------------




Technical Note


   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database.  Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period.  These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks.  The number of weeks in a given 
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a
year may vary.  Therefore, analysis of over-the-month and over-the-year
change in not seasonally adjusted series should take this calendar effect
into consideration.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding.  Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   Employer.  Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws.  Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is adminis-
tered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Industry.  Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  For temporary help
and professional employers organization industries, monthly MLS-related 
statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client companies 
in other industries.  An individual layoff action at a client company can
be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs are
assigned to a temporary help or professional employer organization firm, a
mass layoff event may trigger.

   Initial claimant.  A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Mass layoff event.  Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insur-
ance benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless 
of duration.

Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publish-
ing six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series.  The six series are the
numbers of mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total,
private nonfarm, and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expan-
sions and contractions.

   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjust-
ment method on a concurrent basis.  Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all
available monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in devel-
oping seasonal adjustment factors.  Revisions to the most recent 5 years
of seasonally adjusted data will be made once a year with the issuance of
December data.  Before the data are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments
are made to the original data to adjust them for differences in the number
of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.  Because weekly unemployment
insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data, a particular month's
value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in 1 year and 4 weeks in 
another.  The effects of these differences could seriously distort the sea-
sonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process.  These 
effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently removed from 
the final seasonally adjusted series.




Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, December 2007 to 
November 2011, seasonally adjusted

                                      Total            Private nonfarm         Manufacturing   
             Date                                                                              
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                               
             2007                                                                              
                                                                                               
December ...................     1,553     154,275     1,435     144,785       463      59,445 
                                                                                               
             2008                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     1,437     146,900     1,302     135,622       431      55,562 
February ...................     1,604     175,128     1,441     163,475       471      59,118 
March ......................     1,500     150,502     1,388     140,424       435      56,156 
April ......................     1,292     128,901     1,162     118,016       449      58,402 
May ........................     1,582     161,944     1,444     152,230       468      62,452 
June .......................     1,631     164,508     1,488     153,014       491      68,198 
July .......................     1,581     164,497     1,443     153,720       463      62,425 
August .....................     1,791     181,107     1,653     171,705       583      77,874 
September ..................     2,192     233,034     2,024     219,532       635      82,471 
October ....................     2,221     229,254     2,062     215,787       697      92,408 
November ...................     2,415     228,107     2,256     214,631       900     102,284 
December ...................     2,443     245,661     2,264     231,138       927     114,280 
                                                                                               
             2009                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     2,272     238,717     2,103     224,850       756     100,927 
February ...................     2,801     315,507     2,636     300,042     1,194     138,583 
March ......................     2,950     295,543     2,758     279,027     1,205     144,713 
April ......................     2,579     251,032     2,368     234,796       997     121,435 
May ........................     2,758     288,319     2,557     271,425     1,187     147,548 
June .......................     2,506     250,275     2,293     232,814     1,048     135,389 
July .......................     2,192     223,697     1,977     203,365       620      72,932 
August .....................     2,419     220,262     2,177     201,951       778      83,837 
September ..................     2,305     219,924     2,095     204,596       799      91,665 
October ....................     1,975     195,347     1,780     177,977       570      63,646 
November ...................     1,754     154,223     1,585     141,439       464      51,891 
December ...................     1,725     156,274     1,545     141,649       420      43,584 
                                                                                               
             2010                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     1,716     171,633     1,541     157,597       494      60,059 
February ...................     1,492     149,369     1,318     135,490       351      40,564 
March ......................     1,635     146,901     1,436     131,953       347      37,273 
April ......................     1,675     159,358     1,498     143,814       371      48,646 
May ........................     1,665     155,352     1,405     133,913       314      30,967 
June .......................     1,729     153,937     1,504     134,837       326      32,646 
July .......................     1,528     138,581     1,316     121,378       296      30,752 
August .....................     1,658     163,325     1,453     141,489       409      47,668 
September ..................     1,541     137,941     1,331     119,654       336      34,641 
October ....................     1,649     147,204     1,445     130,264       353      37,394 
November ...................     1,579     148,800     1,397     133,845       350      39,072 
December ...................     1,483     137,992     1,272     122,688       319      35,977 
                                                                                               
             2011                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     1,534     149,799     1,344     132,730       341      39,189 
February ...................     1,421     130,818     1,220     116,190       291      26,060 
March ......................     1,286     118,523     1,128     105,636       253      27,619 
April ......................     1,564     143,927     1,401     129,702       327      35,022 
May ........................     1,599     143,540     1,405     127,494       373      38,673 
June .......................     1,532     143,444     1,348     128,105       341      35,693 
July .......................     1,579     145,000     1,363     124,745       342      35,460 
August .....................     1,587     165,547     1,373     150,136       391      48,997 
September ..................     1,495     153,229     1,347     139,151       376      39,929 
October ....................     1,353     118,689     1,221     107,101       345      33,849 
November ...................     1,331     129,887     1,192     119,061       322      36,343 




Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, December 2007 to 
November 2011, not seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing   
             Date                                                                              
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants    Events   claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                               
             2007                                                                              
                                                                                               
December ...................     2,167     224,214     2,071     216,898       699      91,754 
                                                                                               
             2008                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     1,647     154,503     1,520     144,191       488      54,418 
February ...................     1,269     119,508     1,178     113,587       361      42,527 
March ......................     1,089     114,541     1,039     110,147       333      43,740 
April ......................     1,272     130,810     1,172     121,625       394      48,188 
May ........................     1,552     159,471     1,438     150,462       388      51,698 
June .......................     1,622     166,742     1,315     140,916       309      42,097 
July .......................     1,891     200,382     1,687     186,018       760     108,733 
August .....................     1,427     139,999     1,343     133,146       414      51,912 
September ..................     1,292     129,586     1,202     122,505       361      46,391 
October ....................     2,125     221,784     1,917     205,553       689     100,457 
November ...................     2,574     241,589     2,389     226,657       997     107,620 
December ...................     3,377     351,305     3,232     340,220     1,378     172,529 
                                                                                               
             2009                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     3,806     388,813     3,633     375,293     1,461     172,757 
February ...................     2,262     218,438     2,173     210,755       945     103,588 
March ......................     2,191     228,387     2,107     221,397       940     114,747 
April ......................     2,547     256,930     2,385     243,321       887     100,872 
May ........................     2,738     289,628     2,572     274,047     1,005     123,683 
June .......................     2,519     256,357     2,051     216,063       674      85,726 
July .......................     3,054     336,654     2,659     296,589     1,133     154,208 
August .....................     1,428     125,024     1,334     117,193       436      41,151 
September ..................     1,371     123,177     1,258     115,141       448      51,126 
October ....................     1,934     193,904     1,678     172,883       566      69,655 
November ...................     1,870     164,496     1,679     150,751       517      55,053 
December ...................     2,310     214,648     2,166     203,655       615      64,540 
                                                                                               
             2010                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     2,860     278,679     2,682     265,074       962     104,846 
February ...................     1,183     102,818     1,091      96,022       282      30,728 
March ......................     1,197     111,727     1,111     105,514       273      29,745 
April ......................     1,840     199,690     1,697     184,654       424      55,178 
May ........................     1,354     123,333     1,170     109,203       216      19,334 
June .......................     1,861     171,190     1,355     125,872       212      21,083 
July .......................     2,124     206,254     1,732     172,248       532      64,200 
August .....................       976      92,435       897      83,021       230      23,088 
September ..................       920      77,654       806      67,987       187      19,403 
October ....................     1,642     148,638     1,373     127,865       351      40,861 
November ...................     1,676     158,048     1,477     142,591       389      41,383 
December ...................     1,931     184,130     1,763     172,881       465      52,816 
                                                                                               
             2011                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     2,558     246,463     2,372     229,765       693      75,006 
February ...................     1,024      85,585       919      78,718       222      18,471 
March ......................       908      85,095       844      80,014       191      20,869 
April ......................     1,750     189,919     1,625     176,478       397      47,104 
May ........................     1,367     119,911     1,221     108,531       270      25,199 
June .......................     1,661     159,930     1,238     122,821       226      22,986 
July .......................     2,176     216,774     1,759     174,078       602      71,814 
August .....................       961      99,213       875      93,159       228      26,916 
September ..................     1,189     117,232     1,095     107,300       296      32,058 
October ....................     1,101      96,914       950      83,748       265      28,447 
November ...................     1,393     127,750     1,245     117,474       349      37,799 




Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally adjusted

                      Industry                                   Mass layoff totals                    Average weekly mass layoffs (1)
                      
                                                            Events          Initial claimants           Events          Initial claimants 
                                                     November   November   November   November   November   November   November   November
                                                         2010       2011       2010       2011       2010       2011       2010       2011
                                                                                                                                          
      Total (2) ..................................      1,676      1,393    158,048    127,750        419        348     39,512     31,938
                                                                                                                                          
Total, private ...................................      1,614      1,332    152,651    123,294        404        333     38,163     30,824
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ...        137         87     10,060      5,820         34         22      2,515      1,455
                                                                                                                                          
  Total, private nonfarm .........................      1,477      1,245    142,591    117,474        369        311     35,648     29,369
    Mining .......................................         13         10        943        739          3          3        236        185
    Utilities ....................................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Construction .................................        325        260     26,767     21,526         81         65      6,692      5,382
        Construction of buildings ................         37         32      2,817      2,772          9          8        704        693
        Heavy and civil engineering construction .        189        156     16,720     13,320         47         39      4,180      3,330
        Specialty trade contractors ..............         99         72      7,230      5,434         25         18      1,808      1,359
    Manufacturing ................................        389        349     41,383     37,799         97         87     10,346      9,450
        Food .....................................         69         64      7,242      6,312         17         16      1,811      1,578
        Beverage and tobacco products ............          7         12        655        925          2          3        164        231
        Textile mills ............................         15         11      1,631      1,181          4          3        408        295
        Textile product mills ....................        (3)          4        (3)        362        (3)          1        (3)         91
        Apparel ..................................          8          7        993      1,198          2          2        248        300
        Leather and allied products ..............        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -
        Wood products ............................         28         25      2,568      2,410          7          6        642        603
        Paper ....................................          8         12        653        851          2          3        163        213
        Printing and related support activities ..         14          8      1,312        624          4          2        328        156
        Petroleum and coal products ..............          8          3        796        160          2          1        199         40
                                                                                                                                          
        Chemicals ................................          9          5        685        394          2          1        171         99
        Plastics and rubber products .............         20         13      1,912        947          5          3        478        237
        Nonmetallic mineral products .............         21         20      1,839      1,360          5          5        460        340
        Primary metals ...........................         17         13      1,352      1,092          4          3        338        273
        Fabricated metal products ................         21         17      1,766      1,315          5          4        442        329
        Machinery ................................         24         26      2,980      3,223          6          7        745        806
        Computer and electronic products .........         12         17        990        990          3          4        248        248
        Electrical equipment and appliances ......         11          8      1,808        745          3          2        452        186
        Transportation equipment .................         60         63      7,754     10,771         15         16      1,939      2,693
        Furniture and related products ...........         23         14      2,945      2,285          6          4        736        571
        Miscellaneous manufacturing ..............          9          7        775        654          2          2        194        164
                                                                                                                                          
    Wholesale trade ..............................         28         18      2,347      1,414          7          5        587        354
    Retail trade (4) .............................         99         69      8,433      6,001         25         17      2,108      1,500
        Building material and garden supply stores         12         11      1,075        826          3          3        269        207
        Food and beverage stores .................         21         16      1,561      1,372          5          4        390        343
        Clothing and clothing accessories stores .         13          4        726        183          3          1        182         46
        General merchandise stores ...............         33         23      3,600      2,525          8          6        900        631
    Transportation and warehousing (4) ...........         68         72      6,236      6,993         17         18      1,559      1,748
        Truck transportation .....................         14         10        771        521          4          3        193        130
        Transit and ground passenger                                       
          transportation .........................         42         49      4,456      5,242         11         12      1,114      1,311
        Support activities for transportation ....          4        (3)        404        (3)          1        (3)        101        (3)
    Information ..................................         48         33     10,136      3,682         12          8      2,534        921
    Finance and insurance ........................         22         17      1,742      2,061          6          4        436        515
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........          5        (3)        287        (3)          1        (3)         72        (3)
    Professional and technical services ..........         57         48      6,284      4,724         14         12      1,571      1,181
    Management of companies and enterprises ......        (3)          6        (3)        449        (3)          2        (3)        112
    Administrative and waste services ............        225        206     20,778     16,714         56         52      5,195      4,179
    Educational services .........................          3          7        147        434          1          2         37        109
    Health care and social assistance ............         31         26      2,523      2,233          8          7        631        558
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........         32         30      2,703      2,864          8          8        676        716
    Accommodation and food services ..............        112         78     10,219      8,560         28         20      2,555      2,140
        Accommodation ............................         47         20      3,639      1,866         12          5        910        467
        Food services and drinking places ........         65         58      6,580      6,694         16         15      1,645      1,674
    Other services, except public administration .         15          9      1,168        710          4          2        292        178
    Unclassified .................................          1          -         79          -          -          -         20          -
                                                                                                                                          
Government .......................................         62         61      5,397      4,456         16         15      1,349      1,114
    Federal ......................................         10         11        945        913          3          3        236        228
    State ........................................         17         19      1,472      1,384          4          5        368        346
         State government education ..............          4          3        414        174          1          1        104         44
    Local ........................................         35         31      2,980      2,159          9          8        745        540
         Local government education ..............          7          8      1,125        496          2          2        281        124
                                                                                                                                          
   1 Average weekly analysis mitigates the effect of differing lengths of months.  There were 4 weeks in November 2010 and 4 weeks in
November 2011.  Average weekly events and initial claimants may not sum to subtotals and totals due to rounding.
   2 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   4 Includes other industries not shown.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Region and state distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
not seasonally adjusted

     Census region and state             Mass layoff totals                      Average weekly mass layoffs (1)    
                                                                                                                    
                                      Events          Initial Claimants           Events          Initial Claimants 
                               November   November   November   November   November   November   November   November
                                   2010       2011       2010       2011       2010       2011       2010       2011
                                                                                                                    
   Total (2) ...............      1,676      1,393    158,048    127,750        419        348     39,512     31,938
                                                                                                                    
Northeast ..................        223        237     20,305     21,086         56         59      5,076      5,272
    Connecticut ............          9          9        837        805          2          2        209        201
    Maine ..................          6        (3)        528        (3)          2        (3)        132        (3)
    Massachusetts ..........         17         16      1,449      1,248          4          4        362        312
    New Hampshire ..........        (3)          4        (3)        296        (3)          1        (3)         74
    New Jersey .............         33         35      4,247      4,114          8          9      1,062      1,029
    New York ...............         54         61      4,471      5,520         14         15      1,118      1,380
    Pennsylvania ...........         95        102      7,709      8,178         24         26      1,927      2,045
    Rhode Island ...........        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Vermont ................          5          5        736        543          1          1        184        136
                                                                                                                    
South ......................        426        349     38,416     33,887        107         87      9,604      8,472
    Alabama ................         26         19      2,499      1,798          7          5        625        450
    Arkansas ...............         10         19      1,224      1,843          3          5        306        461
    Delaware ...............        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    District of Columbia ...        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Florida ................         72         53      3,911      3,420         18         13        978        855
    Georgia ................         28         28      3,012      2,372          7          7        753        593
    Kentucky ...............         21         25      1,744      2,934          5          6        436        734
    Louisiana ..............         17         17      1,351      1,404          4          4        338        351
    Maryland ...............          7          7        529        643          2          2        132        161
    Mississippi ............         25         17      1,964      1,607          6          4        491        402
    North Carolina .........         78         30      8,019      2,524         20          8      2,005        631
    Oklahoma ...............          5          7        441      1,464          1          2        110        366
    South Carolina .........         19          9      1,501        894          5          2        375        224
    Tennessee ..............         11         14        975        988          3          4        244        247
    Texas ..................         66         73      7,445      8,862         17         18      1,861      2,216
    Virginia ...............         32         26      3,111      2,788          8          7        778        697
    West Virginia ..........          5        (3)        457        (3)          1        (3)        114        (3)
                                                                                                                    
Midwest ....................        431        391     43,401     40,372        108         98     10,850     10,093
    Illinois ...............         59         57      5,386      5,056         15         14      1,347      1,264
    Indiana ................         30         32      3,799      4,367          8          8        950      1,092
    Iowa ...................         24         22      3,716      2,797          6          6        929        699
    Kansas .................          8        (3)      1,205        (3)          2        (3)        301        (3)
    Michigan ...............         74         54      7,199      7,046         19         14      1,800      1,762
    Minnesota ..............         39         36      3,316      2,991         10          9        829        748
    Missouri ...............         29         22      2,159      1,440          7          6        540        360
    Nebraska ...............          8          6        643        399          2          2        161        100
    North Dakota ...........          6        (3)        528        (3)          2        (3)        132        (3)
    Ohio ...................         64         66      6,234      6,017         16         17      1,559      1,504
    South Dakota ...........          -          -          -          -          -          -          -          -
    Wisconsin ..............         90         90      9,216      9,359         23         23      2,304      2,340
                                                                                                                    
West .......................        596        416     55,926     32,405        149        104     13,982      8,101
    Alaska .................          4          6        266        395          1          2         67         99
    Arizona ................          5          7        365        666          1          2         91        167
    California .............        424        275     40,704     19,677        106         69     10,176      4,919
    Colorado ...............         17         16      1,379      1,358          4          4        345        340
    Hawaii .................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Idaho ..................         21         17      2,085      1,214          5          4        521        304
    Montana ................         12         10      1,074        895          3          3        269        224
    Nevada .................         28         15      2,186      1,754          7          4        547        439
    New Mexico .............          8        (3)        636        (3)          2        (3)        159        (3)
    Oregon .................         28         21      2,676      2,225          7          5        669        556
    Utah ...................          9         10        977        704          2          3        244        176
    Washington .............         37         33      3,294      3,033          9          8        824        758
    Wyoming ................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
                                                                                                                    
    Puerto Rico ............         11         10      1,046      1,048          3          3        262        262
                                                                                                                    
   1 See footnote 1, table 3
   2 See footnote 2, table 3.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Last Modified Date: December 22, 2011
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