Economic News Release

Extended Mass Layoffs (Quarterly) News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, February 11, 2011                 USDL-11-0156

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      EXTENDED MASS LAYOFFS -- FOURTH QUARTER 2010
                                  ANNUAL TOTALS -- 2010


Employers initiated 1,910 mass layoff events in the fourth quarter of 2010 that
resulted in the separation of 295,571 workers from their jobs for at least 31
days, according to preliminary figures released by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Sta-
tistics. Layoff events and separations declined from fourth quarter 2009 levels.
(See table A.) Fourth quarter 2010 layoff data are preliminary and are subject to
revision. (See the Technical Note.)

Permanent worksite closures accounted for 6 percent of extended mass layoff events
in the fourth quarter 2010, the lowest proportion of events due to closure in pro-
gram history (with data available back to 1995). Manufacturing firms accounted for
19 percent of private nonfarm extended mass layoff events and 21 percent of separa-
tions, the lowest fourth quarter proportions in program history. Sixty percent of
employers expected to recall at least some laid-off workers, the highest fourth
quarter percentage since 2005 and up from 48 percent a year earlier.

The national unemployment rate averaged 9.2 percent, not seasonally adjusted, in
the fourth quarter 2010, down from 9.5 percent a year earlier. Private nonfarm pay-
roll employment, not seasonally adjusted, increased by 0.8 percent (903,000) over
the year.

Industry Distribution of Extended Layoffs

Fifteen of 18 major industry sectors in the private nonfarm economy registered de-
clines over the year in the number of extended mass layoff events. Seventeen of 21
manufacturing subsectors experienced over-the-year decreases in the number of lay-
off events.

Construction firms recorded 673 events and 84,205 separations, primarily due to the
ending of seasonal work. Both layoff events and separations in this sector decreased
over the year. Of the 673 events, 80 percent of employers anticipated recalling some
workers.

Manufacturing firms reported 362 events involving the separation of 60,832 workers,
largely due to the ending of seasonal work. Of these events, 50 percent of employers
anticipated recalling some workers. This sector accounted for 19 percent of private 
nonfarm extended layoff events and 21 percent of related separations in the quarter,
the lowest fourth quarter proportions in program history. (See table 1.)



Table A. Selected measures of extended mass layoff activity

     Period                  Layoff events       Separations     Initial claimants

     2006

January-March ..........            963            183,089            193,510
April-June .............          1,353            295,964            264,927
July-September .........            929            160,254            161,764
October-December .......          1,640            296,662            330,954

     2007

January-March ..........          1,110            225,600            199,250
April-June .............          1,421            278,719            259,234
July-September .........          1,018            160,024            173,077
October-December .......          1,814            301,592            347,151

     2008

January-March ..........          1,340            230,098            259,292
April-June .............          1,756            354,713            339,630
July-September .........          1,581            290,453            304,340
October-December .......          3,582            641,714            766,780

     2009

January-March ..........          3,979            705,141            835,551
April-June .............          3,395            651,318            731,049
July-September .........          2,034            345,531            406,823
October-December(r) ....          2,416            406,212            468,577

     2010

January-March(r) .......          1,870            314,512            368,459
April-June(r) ..........          2,008            381,622            395,224
July-September(r) ......          1,370            221,933            256,636
October-December(p) ....          1,910            295,571            268,431

   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.


Reasons for Extended Layoffs

Among the seven categories of economic reasons for extended mass layoffs, events
related to seasonal factors accounted for 42 percent of events and 43 percent of
related separations during the fourth quarter. (See table 2.) Over the year, the
largest decrease in separations occurred in layoffs due to business demand reasons.

Movement of Work

In the fourth quarter, 46 extended mass layoffs involved movement of work and were
associated with 8,474 separated workers. Over the year, the number of such events
decreased by 20, and the number of separations decreased by 3,500. Movement of work
layoffs accounted for 4 percent of the nonseasonal layoff events. (See table 9.)

Table B. Metropolitan areas with the largest number of initial claimants associated
with extended mass layoff events in the fourth quarter 2010, by residency of claimants

                                                    2009 IV (r)          2010 IV (p)

            Metropolitan area                    Initial              Initial       
                                                claimants   Rank    claimants   Rank

        Total, 372 metropolitan areas .......    369,199     --      209,877     -- 
        
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. ....     38,204      1       24,299      1 
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. ...     22,719      2       13,193      2 
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long
    Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. ...................     20,177      3       10,899      3 
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. .....    14,331      4        6,299      4 
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, Calif. .......     13,323      5        6,269      5 
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif. .......      8,948      6        4,236      6 
Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev. ....................      6,346      8        4,004      7 
Pittsburgh, Pa. .............................      6,466      7        3,929      8 
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, Calif. .      6,252      9        3,903      9 
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.
    -N.J.-Del.-Md. ..........................      4,003     17        3,419     10 

   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: The geographic boundaries of the metropolitan areas shown in this table are
 defined in Office of Management and Budget Bulletin 10-02, December 1, 2009.


Sixty-one percent of the extended mass layoff events related to movement of work
were from manufacturing industries. (See table 6.) Employers cited organizational
changes as the economic reason for layoffs in 48 percent of the events involving
movement of work. (See table 7.) Among the regions, the largest proportions of
workers affected by the movement of work were in the South. (See table 8.) By state,
California, Massachusetts, Illinois, and Tennessee reported the highest numbers of
separations associated with movement of work.

The 46 extended layoff events with movement of work for the fourth quarter involved
61 identifiable relocations of work actions. (See table 9.) Employers were able to
provide more complete separation information for 42 of these actions. Among the 42
actions, 83 percent involved work moving within the same company, and 71 percent
were domestic reassignments. (See table 10.)

Recall Expectations

Sixty percent of employers reporting an extended mass layoff in the fourth quarter
indicated they anticipated some type of recall, the highest fourth quarter percent-
age since 2005 and up from 48 percent a year earlier. Of those employers expecting
to recall workers, 32 percent indicated the offer would be extended to all displaced


Table C. Selected measures of mass layoff activity, 1996-2010

   Period                  Layoff events       Separations     Initial claimants

    1996 ................       4,760             948,122             805,810
    1997 ................       4,671             947,843             879,831
    1998 ................       4,859             991,245           1,056,462
    1999 ................       4,556             901,451             796,917
    2000 ................       4,591             915,962             846,267
    2001 ................       7,375           1,524,832           1,457,512
    2002 ................       6,337           1,272,331           1,218,143
    2003 ................       6,181           1,216,886           1,200,811
    2004 ................       5,010             993,909             903,079
    2005 ................       4,881             884,661             834,533

    2006 ................       4,885             935,969             951,155
    2007 ................       5,363             965,935             978,712
    2008 ................       8,259           1,516,978           1,670,042
    2009(r) .............      11,824           2,108,202           2,442,000
    2010(p) .............       7,158           1,213,638           1,288,750

   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.


employees, and 75 percent of employers anticipated extending the offer to at least
half of the workers. Seventy-three percent of employers expecting to recall laid-off
employees intend to do so within 6 months. Excluding extended mass layoff events due
to seasonal work and vacation period, in which 95 percent of the employers expected
a recall, employers anticipated recalling laid-off workers in just 34 percent of the
events. (See table 11.)

Size of Extended Layoffs

The average size of a layoff (as measured by separations per layoff event) was 155
during the quarter. (See table 12.) Events were primarily concentrated at the lower
end of the extended layoff-size spectrum, with 71 percent involving fewer than 150
workers. Conversely, only four percent of events involved 500 or more workers. (See
table 13.)

Initial Claimant Characteristics

A total of 268,431 initial claimants for unemployment insurance were associated with
extended mass layoffs in the fourth quarter. Of these claimants, 12 percent were
black, 19 percent were Hispanic, 29 percent were women, and 18 percent were 55 years
of age or older. (See table 3.) The percentage of claimants who were women reached
an all-time program low in the fourth quarter. Among persons in the civilian labor
force for the same period, 12 percent were black, 15 percent were Hispanic, 47 per-
cent were women, and 20 percent were 55 years of age or older.

Geographic Distribution

Among the four census regions, the West and the Midwest recorded the highest numbers
of separations due to extended mass layoff events in the fourth quarter. Among the
nine census divisions, the highest numbers of separations were in the Pacific and
the East North Central. All census regions and divisions registered fewer laid-off
workers compared with the fourth quarter of 2009. This was the fifth consecutive
quarter separations have decreased over the year for all census regions and divi-
sions. (See table 4.)

California recorded the largest number of worker separations, followed by Illinois,
Wisconsin, New York, and Ohio. (See table 5.) Over the year, 38 states and the District
of Columbia reported decreased numbers of laid-off workers, led by California, Florida,
and Illinois.

Seventy-eight percent of the initial claimants associated with extended mass layoff
events in the fourth quarter resided within metropolitan areas. Among the 372 metro-
politan areas, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif., reported the highest number
of resident initial claimants. Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md., 
entered the highest 10 metropolitan areas in terms of initial claims by residency
of claimant in the fourth quarter, replacing Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Wash., from the
fourth quarter 2009. (See table B.)

Review of 2010

For all of 2010, employers reported 7,158 extended mass layoff actions, affecting
1,213,638 workers. Compared to 2009, the number of events decreased by 39 percent and
the number of separations decreased by 42 percent, the first over-the-year decline for
both measures since 2005. (See table C.) The annual average national unemployment rate
increased from 9.3 percent in 2009 to 9.6 percent in 2010, and private nonfarm payroll
employment decreased by 0.8 percent, or 914,000.

Industry Distribution of Extended Layoffs

In the private nonfarm economy, manufacturing reported the largest number of separa-
tions, despite reaching a program low in 2010 (with annual data available back to 1996).
Construction had the next highest number of separations. Educational services reported
program highs in both layoff events and separations in 2010.

Reasons for Extended Layoffs

Among the seven categories of economic reasons for layoff, layoffs due to business
demand factors accounted for the largest numbers of events and separations during 2010.
Compared to 2009, the largest decreases in events were related to business demand
factors and financial issues.

Movement of Work

In 2010, 225 extended mass layoffs involved movement of work and were associated with
38,505 separated workers, both reaching program lows (with annual data available back to
2004). Fifty-four percent of events related to movement of work were from manufacturing
industries. Employers cited organizational issues in 46 percent of the layoffs involving
the movement of work, the highest among the reason categories.

The 225 extended layoff events with movement of work for 2010 involved 311 identifiable
relocations of work actions. Employers were able to provide more complete separations
information for 197 of the actions. Of these, 86 percent involved work moving within the
same company, and 77 percent were domestic reassignments.

Recall Expectations

About 50 percent of employers reporting an extended mass layoff in 2010 indicated they
anticipated some type of recall, up from 34 percent a year earlier. Of those employers
expecting to recall workers, 36 percent indicated that the offer would be extended to
all displaced employees, and a program low 70 percent intended to do so within 6 months.
Excluding events due to seasonal work and vacation period, employers anticipated re-
calling laid-off workers in just 28 percent of the events.

Size of Extended Layoffs

In 2010, the average size of a layoff (as measured by separations per layoff event) was
170, registering the smallest annual average size in program history (with annual data
available back to 1996). Extended mass layoffs involving 500 or more workers accounted
for only 5 percent of events but resulted in 29 percent of all separations.

Initial Claimant Characteristics

A total of 1,288,750 initial claimants for unemployment insurance were associated with
extended mass layoffs in 2010. Of these claimants, 15 percent were black and a program
high 20 percent were Hispanic. The 55 years-of-age or older demographic reached an an-
nual program high at 20 percent, and the proportion of women who filed for notice of
unemployment was 41 percent. Among persons in the civilian labor force for the same
period, 12 percent were black, 15 percent were Hispanic, 47 percent were women, and 20
percent were 55 years of age or older.

Geographic Distribution

Compared to 2009, all census regions, divisions, and 45 states and the District of
Columbia reported decreased numbers of laid-off workers in 2010. Among the states, the
largest decreases were reported by California, Florida, and Michigan.

Among the 372 metropolitan areas, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif., reported
the highest number of resident initial claimants in 2010. The next highest were New
York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa., and Chicago-Joliet-Naperville,
Ill.-Ind.-Wis.

Note

The quarterly series on extended mass layoffs cover layoffs of at least 31-days duration
that involve 50 or more individuals from a single employer filing initial claims for un-
employment insurance during a consecutive 5-week period. Approximately 30 days after a
mass layoff is triggered, the employer is contacted for additional information. Data for
the current quarter are preliminary and subject to revision. This release also includes
revised data for previous quarters. Data are not seasonally adjusted, but survey data
suggest that there is a seasonal pattern to layoffs. Thus, comparisons between consecu-
tive quarters should not be used as an indicator of trend. For additional information
about the program, see the Technical Note.
________
The Mass Layoffs news release for January 2011 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday,
February 23, 2011, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).





Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program which
identifies, describes, and tracks the effects of major job cutbacks, using
data from each state's unemployment insurance database. Employers which have
at least 50 initial claims filed against them during a consecutive 5-week per-
iod are contacted by the state agency to determine whether these separations
are of at least 31 days duration, and, if so, information is obtained on the
total number of persons separated and the reasons for these separations. Em-
ployers are identified according to industry classification and location, and
unemployment insurance claimants are identified by such demographic factors as
age, race, gender, ethnic group, and place of residence. The program yields
information on an individual's entire spell of unemployment, to the point when
regular unemployment insurance benefits are exhausted.

Definitions

   Domestic relocation. A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location also inside the U.S., either within the same company or to
a different company altogether (domestic outsourcing).

   Employer. A firm covered by state unemployment insurance laws. Information
on employers is obtained from the Quarterly Census ofEmployment and Wages (QCEW)
program, which is administered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Extended mass layoff event. A layoff defined by the filing of 50 or more
initial claims for unemployment insurance benefits from an employer during a
5-week period, with at least 50 workers separated for more than 30 days. Such
layoffs involve both persons subject to recall and those who are terminated.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to initiate
a request either for a determination of entitlement to and eligibility for com-
pensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment within a benefit year or
period of eligibility.

   Movement of work. The reassignment of work activities previously performed
at the worksite by the company experiencing the layoff (1) to another worksite
within the company; (2) to another company under formal contractual arrange-
ments at the same worksite; or (3) to another company under formal contractual
arrangements at another worksite either within or outside of the U.S.

   Outsourcing. A movement of work that was formerly conducted in-house by em-
ployees paid directly by a company to a different company under a contractual
arrangement.

   Overseas relocation. A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location outside of the U.S. (offshoring), either within the same
company or to a different company altogether (offshore outsourcing).

   Relocation of work action. A movement-of-work action where the employer
provides information on the new location of work and/or the number of workers
affected by the movement. Events may involve more than one action per employer
if work is moved to more than one location.

   Separations. The number of individuals who have become displaced during an
extended mass layoff event as provided by the employer, regardless of whether
they file for unemployment insurance or not.

   Worksite closure. The complete closure of an employer or the partial closure
of an employer with multiple locations where entire worksites affected by layoffs
are closed.



Revisions to preliminary data

   The latest quarterly data in this news release are considered preliminary.
After the initial publication of quarterly information, more data are collected
as remaining employer interviews for the quarter are completed and additional
initial claimant information associated with extended layoff events is received.

Movement of work concepts and questions

   Beginning in 2004, the economic reasons "domestic relocation" and "overseas
relocation" were replaced by the movement of work concept. The movement of work
data are not collected in the same way as the relocation reasons in releases prior
to 2004; therefore, the movement of work data are not comparable to the data for
those discontinued reasons.

   Questions on movement of work and location are asked for all layoff events when
the reason for separation is other than "seasonal work" or "vacation period," as
these are unlikely. Movement of work questions are asked after the analyst veri-
fies that a layoff in fact occurred and lasted more than 30 days. If the reason
for layoff is other than seasonal or vacation, the employer was asked the following:

   (1) "Did this layoff include your company moving work from this location(s)
to a different geographic location(s) within your company?"

   (2) "Did this layoff include your company moving work that was performed in-
house by your employees to a different company, through contractual arrangements?"

   A "yes" response to either question is followed by:

   "Is the location inside or outside of the U.S.?" and "How many of the layoffs
were a result of this relocation?"

   Layoff actions are classified as "domestic relocation" if the
employer responds "yes" to questions 1 and/or 2 and indicates the
location(s) was inside the U.S.; "overseas relocation" indicates that
the location(s) was outside the U.S.

Reliability of the data

   The identification of employers and layoff events in the MLS program and asso-
ciated characteristics of claimants is based on administrative data on covered
employers and unemployment insurance claims, and, therefore, is not subject to
issues associated with sampling error. Nonsampling errors such as typographical
errors may occur but are not likely to be significant. While the MLS employers
and layoff events are not subject to sampling error, and all such employers are
asked the interview questions, the employer responses are subject to nonsampling
error. Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the inability to
obtain information for all respondents, inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or processing
of the data. For the fourth quarter of 2010, outright refusal to participate in
the employer interview accounted for 3.7 percent of all private nonfarm events.
Although included in the total number of instances involving the movement of work,
employers in 19 relocations were unable to provide the number of separations
specifically associated with the movement of work, 3 of which involved out-of-
country moves.

Additional information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired in-
dividuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202)691-5200; Federal Relay Service:
(800) 877-8339.





Table 1. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                                                                            Initial claimants for  
                                                         Layoff events              Separations             unemployment insurance 
                      Industry                                                                                                     
                                                     IV      III     IV        IV       III      IV         IV       III       IV  
                                                    2009r   2010r   2010p     2009r    2010r    2010p      2009r    2010r     2010p
                                                                                                                                   
      Total, private nonfarm (1) .................  2,416   1,370   1,910    406,212  221,933  295,571    468,577  256,636  268,431

    Mining .......................................     39       4      32      4,887    1,067    3,430      5,486      774    3,239
    Utilities ....................................      9       4     (2)      1,637      535      (2)      1,585      649      (2)
    Construction .................................    761     210     673     95,711   21,251   84,205    120,451   31,921   79,982
    Manufacturing ................................    592     265     362     99,035   39,171   60,832    122,475   46,857   54,302
         Food ....................................     93      63      84     19,961    9,692   20,942     21,988   13,104   13,318
         Beverage and tobacco products ...........    (2)       4      10        (2)      344    1,707        (2)      495    1,267
         Textile mills ...........................     11       -       3      2,028        -      379      6,953        -      468
         Textile product mills ...................      -     (2)     (2)          -      (2)      (2)          -      (2)      (2)
         Apparel .................................     18      10      11      2,380    1,541    1,886      2,371    1,783    2,050
         Leather and allied products .............    (2)       -     (2)        (2)        -      (2)        (2)        -      (2)
         Wood products ...........................     35      14      18      4,688    1,983    2,004      6,857    1,906    2,593
         Paper ...................................     14     (2)       9      1,604      (2)    1,324      1,733      (2)      928
         Printing and related support activities .     10       6      11      2,400      500    2,076      1,941    1,415    1,712
         Petroleum and coal products .............     21     (2)      17      3,092      (2)    2,463      3,256      (2)    2,346

         Chemicals ...............................     23      17       5      3,057    2,007      419      2,681    2,388      470
         Plastics and rubber products ............     19       8      12      1,880      613    1,533      1,973      772    1,131
         Nonmetallic mineral products ............     60      13      49      7,822    1,435    6,115      9,513    1,583    5,871
         Primary metals ..........................     34      12      12      4,202    2,490    1,906      6,916    2,609    1,577
         Fabricated metal products ...............     44      16      16      5,896    2,267    2,158      7,075    3,627    2,180
         Machinery ...............................     47      15      16      6,375    2,661    2,770      8,961    3,830    3,509
         Computer and electronic products ........     40      25      14      5,135    2,783    1,924      6,761    3,550    1,797
         Electrical equipment and appliances .....     15       9       6      2,173    1,005    1,136      2,283    1,217    1,233
         Transportation equipment ................     72      35      50     21,400    7,453    7,586     24,711    5,738    9,199
         Furniture and related products ..........     14       7       8      2,021    1,014    1,236      2,907    1,384    1,308
         Miscellaneous manufacturing .............     13       6       8      1,898      959      955      1,685      857      741

    Wholesale trade ..............................     56      33      32      6,981    3,901    3,486      6,854    3,829    3,279
    Retail trade .................................     91      79      78     19,469   20,996   15,660     23,743   22,664   13,644
    Transportation and warehousing ...............     88     159      49     17,709   24,122    7,579     17,844   28,162    8,603
    Information ..................................     62      54      54     12,316   14,322   12,712     17,190   20,109   16,592
    Finance and insurance ........................     74      55      41     14,934   10,137    6,970     16,641   12,187    5,802
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........     20      14      13      2,454    2,289    1,450      2,784    1,562    1,057
    Professional and technical services ..........     77      62      67     14,379   10,938   10,358     14,242   12,199   10,002
    Management of companies and enterprises ......      9       4     (2)      1,073      346      (2)      3,479      372      (2)
    Administrative and waste services ............    253     146     217     52,551   31,159   33,098     63,778   33,724   33,929
    Educational services .........................      8      34       8        959    3,972    2,164      1,050    4,926      773
    Health care and social assistance ............     42      84      44      6,216    8,213    5,731      6,638    9,009    5,381
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........     68      51      57     18,959    5,882   11,447     11,731    7,802    6,106
    Accommodation and food services ..............    143      87     155     33,137   20,514   33,016     29,127   16,518   22,355
    Other services, except public administration .     23      25      20      3,609    3,118    2,272      3,283    3,372    2,278

    Unclassified .................................      1       -       -        196        -        -        196        -        -
                                                                                                                                   
   1 For the fourth quarter of 2010, data on layoffs were reported by employers in all states and the District of Columbia.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.    
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.





Table 2. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                                                                         Initial claimants for 
                                             Layoff events                   Separations                 unemployment insurance
         Reason for layoff                                                                                                     
                                       IV        III       IV          IV        III       IV           IV        III       IV 
                                      2009r     2010r     2010p       2009r     2010r     2010p        2009r     2010r     2010p
                                                                                                                                
   Total, private nonfarm (1) .....   2,416     1,370     1,910      406,212   221,933   295,571      468,577   256,636   268,431

Business demand ...................     845       487       643      126,734    76,408    93,402      178,974    97,085    98,462
  Contract cancellation ...........      37        32        24        6,953     4,366     4,134        7,968     4,273     3,548
  Contract completion .............     290       241       371       49,017    41,565    57,966       66,797    52,268    62,317
  Domestic competition ............     (2)         -       (2)          (2)         -       (2)          (2)         -       (2)
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market ........................      10       (2)         -        1,184       (2)         -        1,707       (2)         -
  Import competition ..............     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown.     501       209       243       68,855    29,510    30,624      101,883    38,697    32,018
    
Organizational changes ............      89        83        72       17,736    16,963    16,749       15,866    13,966    11,830
  Business-ownership change .......      29        17        17        9,000     8,485     9,118        4,599     2,472     2,321
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company ....................      60        66        55        8,736     8,478     7,631       11,267    11,494     9,509

Financial issues ..................     179       110       105       29,342    15,653    15,460       34,531    18,535    13,017
  Bankruptcy ......................      21        14        13        5,262     2,450     3,418        4,882     1,282     1,671
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability ........     113        63        63       16,570     8,290     7,188       21,152    12,096     7,995
  Financial difficulty ............      45        33        29        7,510     4,913     4,854        8,497     5,157     3,351

Production specific ...............      16       (2)         8        1,982       (2)     1,140        1,833       (2)     1,104
  Automation/technological 
    advances ......................     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Energy related ..................       -         -       (2)            -         -       (2)            -         -       (2)
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention ..................       5         6       (2)          576       727       (2)          541       725       (2)
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ...........     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Material or supply shortage .....     (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -
  Model changeover ................     (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ...................       3         5         -          540       411         -          449       501         -
  Product line discontinued .......     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)

Disaster/safety ...................       6       (2)         5          840       (2)       521        1,075       (2)       474
  Hazardous work environment ......       -         -       (2)            -         -       (2)            -         -       (2)
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) ......................       -         -         -            -         -         -            -         -         -
  Non-natural disaster ............     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Extreme weather-related event ...     (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -

Seasonal ..........................     828       372       804      137,207    52,613   127,766      143,965    66,451   103,093
  Seasonal ........................     817       212       798      134,911    33,122   127,225      140,270    42,202   102,466
  Vacation period-school related 
    or otherwise ..................      11       160         6        2,296    19,491       541        3,695    24,249       627

Other/miscellaneous ...............     453       300       273       92,371    58,522    40,533       92,333    58,611    40,451
  Other ...........................      22        14        18        3,501     1,583     2,101        3,680     1,756     1,978
  Data not provided: refusal ......     108        69        71       29,159    18,521     9,996       29,159    18,521     9,977
  Data not provided: does not 
    know ..........................     323       217       184       59,711    38,418    28,436       59,494    38,334    28,496

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.     
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.





Table 3. State and selected claimant characteristics: Extended mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, third and fourth quarters, 2010

                                                         Total                              Percent of total                       
                                                        initial                          Hispanic                    Persons age 55
                                  Layoff events        claimants          Black           origin          Women         and over   
              State                                                                                                                
                                   III     IV        III      IV        III     IV      III     IV      III     IV      III     IV 
                                  2010r   2010p     2010r    2010p     2010r  2010p    2010r  2010p    2010r  2010p    2010r  2010p

    Total, private nonfarm (1) .  1,370   1,910    256,636  268,431     16.0   11.8     22.8   19.1     42.0   29.2     20.1   18.1

Alabama ........................     11       6      2,988    1,507     48.2   51.2      1.6    3.3     43.8   59.9     15.9   11.3
Alaska .........................     10      12      3,381    1,502      7.4    5.7     20.4   10.7     27.9   26.2     24.7   18.2
Arizona ........................      9      12      1,671    1,643     11.9    7.4     29.2   35.5     60.6   42.2     18.1   20.1
Arkansas .......................      5       4        920      823     26.2   17.6      4.3    3.3     40.2   31.3     12.5   20.5
California .....................    442     454     95,418   68,474      8.5    7.3     35.3   37.2     40.5   36.6     16.3   16.7
Colorado .......................     11      24      1,235    2,577      8.4    4.9     15.4   36.5     45.7   26.9     14.7   20.8
Connecticut ....................      9      13      1,605    1,583     19.5   17.1     15.1   13.1     52.5   38.3     21.4   25.4
Delaware .......................    (2)       5        (2)      368     41.6   24.5     14.2   13.3     56.6   25.8     26.5   45.4
District of Columbia ...........    (2)       3        (2)      328     97.7   71.0        -    9.1     78.9   57.9      5.5   11.9
Florida ........................     73      39     14,023    7,115     17.1   18.1     30.3   25.4     37.8   42.9     19.8   21.1
Georgia ........................     12      20      2,396    2,231     55.7   62.0      1.5    1.4     50.5   48.3     13.8   16.2
Hawaii .........................      5       -        567        -      1.6      -      7.6      -     41.8      -     28.0      -
Idaho ..........................      3      12        289    1,500        -     .1     30.1   10.3     47.4   26.6     25.3   17.8

Illinois .......................     68     155     12,521   19,547     16.3   11.1     15.1   22.7     31.6   20.0     17.0   15.2
Indiana ........................     11      40      1,445    5,847     11.3   10.2      3.0    3.4     31.3   18.1     26.2   16.6
Iowa ...........................      4      11        534    1,066      1.5    1.3      2.2    1.4     56.0   12.3     32.4   24.0
Kansas .........................      8      15      1,190    2,858     15.0    6.4      5.2    8.4     56.7   33.2     15.5   20.7
Kentucky .......................     13      26      2,009    2,854     10.5    9.0       .1     .1     43.7   19.1     13.8   19.4
Louisiana ......................     12      23      1,244    3,580     70.7   36.1      2.3    6.0     63.3   18.9     19.6   19.4
Maine ..........................    (2)       6        (2)      856       .8    1.1        -     .4     42.1   20.9     10.2   22.3
Maryland .......................     20      11      3,630    1,355     48.1   50.8      1.3    2.1     39.0   53.3     22.2   17.5
Massachusetts ..................     18      26      2,252    2,634     12.9    7.4      1.2    1.1     43.0   34.1     23.0   23.3
Michigan .......................     13      67      1,546    7,394     22.8    7.0      1.8    9.8     43.8   19.2     20.6   13.9
Minnesota ......................      9      66      1,099    8,440      9.6    4.3      3.5    8.1     24.0   14.7     19.4   18.9
Mississippi ....................     14      11      1,527    1,341     66.6   52.2       .9    4.5     51.7   29.1     16.0   17.4
Missouri .......................     14      42      2,582    4,238     14.4   19.3      1.2    1.5     50.2   28.7     27.7   22.6

Montana ........................    (2)      13        (2)    1,274        -     .2        -    4.2      5.3   15.5     21.1   19.2
Nebraska .......................      4       9        414      951      6.3    2.7      1.7   10.8     46.1   29.8     26.8   20.8
Nevada .........................      6      24      1,035    4,821     14.0    7.8     26.6   28.7     32.9   37.2     17.4   21.1
New Hampshire ..................      -       4          -      580        -     .3        -     .5        -   14.0        -   41.0
New Jersey .....................     52      44      7,341    6,973     25.6   14.3      8.1   11.0     58.5   35.6     26.3   19.6
New Mexico .....................      7      10      1,206      955      3.8    1.6     37.0   61.0     21.9   36.0     22.4   18.7
New York .......................    230     138     41,036   18,235     19.4   11.4     21.8   10.7     50.0   29.7     29.4   22.1
North Carolina (3) .............     20      47      4,237    8,023     47.7   37.4      5.3   13.1     50.0   34.9     13.8   18.0
North Dakota ...................    (2)      10        (2)    1,238        -     .6        -    3.3     34.2    8.1     39.3   20.8
Ohio ...........................     32     105      5,380   14,161     14.6    8.6      2.6    3.8     27.8   18.5     21.8   17.6
Oklahoma .......................      3       3        513      331     25.1    6.6      7.0    6.9     61.8   36.6     18.3   18.4
Oregon .........................     19      23      3,408    5,578      1.4    1.2     22.4   28.5     45.9   40.7     18.5   17.6
Pennsylvania ...................     70     127     12,223   17,500     14.2    7.2      3.9    4.3     40.6   22.9     25.5   19.0

Rhode Island ...................      3       3        258      275      7.4    2.2     12.4    6.5     53.9   32.4     26.7   17.1
South Carolina .................     15      15      2,043    2,519     63.3   54.7      2.0    1.2     50.3   39.6     13.4   10.5
South Dakota ...................      -       -          -        -        -      -        -      -        -      -        -      -
Tennessee ......................     13      18      2,806    2,270     26.2   40.6        -      -     41.8   39.8     18.6   30.5
Texas ..........................     29      31      5,976    4,491     14.9   11.9     48.6   56.8     25.2   22.5     15.1   12.2
Utah ...........................      4      17        675    2,648      1.6     .8     17.8   11.8     51.0   12.2     15.0   15.7
Vermont ........................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)       .4      -       .4    1.0     52.6   14.4     20.4   26.9
Virginia .......................     11      27      1,595    4,090     48.2   33.3      5.5    4.8     45.5   30.1     21.1   21.2
Washington .....................     27      48      4,788    7,056      7.3    4.3     15.1   25.2     43.2   35.1     14.8   17.2
West Virginia ..................    (2)       4        (2)      702        -     .1        -      -      1.8    2.3     12.7   12.5
Wisconsin ......................     20      84      4,442   11,321      5.6    6.1     15.4   11.1     25.4   17.1     24.0   15.6
Wyoming ........................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)      1.0    1.6      6.7    3.5     81.7   41.1     16.3   26.3

Puerto Rico ....................     16       5      3,389      919        -      -     99.4   98.8     48.0   58.0      9.4    3.9
                                                                                                                                   
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   3 Data starting in November 2010 may not be comparable to prior data.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.





Table 4. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                                                                    Initial claimants for  
                                         Layoff events                   Separations                unemployment insurance 
   Census region and division                                                                                              
                                   IV        III       IV          IV        III       IV           IV       III      IV   
                                  2009r     2010r     2010p       2009r     2010r     2010p        2009r    2010r    2010p 
                                                                                                                           
        United States (1) .....   2,416     1,370     1,910      406,212   221,933   295,571      468,577  256,636  268,431

Northeast .....................     425       386       362       64,076    54,202    46,148       80,893   65,199   48,837

    New England ...............      63        34        53        9,335     5,793     8,809        8,589    4,599    6,129
    Middle Atlantic ...........     362       352       309       54,741    48,409    37,339       72,304   60,600   42,708

South .........................     425       255       293       71,858    46,139    45,285       87,559   46,314   43,928

    South Atlantic ............     260       155       171       44,579    26,861    25,681       58,152   28,331   26,731
    East South Central ........      77        51        61       13,233    11,266     9,746       13,440    9,330    7,972
    West South Central ........      88        49        61       14,046     8,012     9,858       15,967    8,653    9,225

Midwest .......................     728       184       604      121,744    30,381    94,779      131,521   31,270   77,061

    East North Central ........     531       144       451       89,585    20,943    68,025       99,463   25,334   58,270
    West North Central ........     197        40       153       32,159     9,438    26,754       32,058    5,936   18,791

West ..........................     838       545       651      148,534    91,211   109,359      168,604  113,853   98,605

    Mountain ..................     145        42       114       24,024     8,966    21,405       24,662    6,291   15,995
    Pacific ...................     693       503       537      124,510    82,245    87,954      143,942  107,562   82,610
                                                                                                                           
 
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and
Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Virginia, and  West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central:
Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West
North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington. 





Table 5. State distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                                                                        Initial claimants for   
                                           Layoff events                     Separations                unemployment insurance  
              State                                                                                                             
                                      IV        III       IV          IV        III       IV           IV        III       IV   
                                     2009r     2010r     2010p       2009r     2010r     2010p        2009r     2010r     2010p 
                                                                                                                                
    Total, private nonfarm (1) .     2,416     1,370     1,910      406,212   221,933   295,571      468,577   256,636   268,431

Alabama ........................        12        11         6        3,118     2,618     1,351        3,648     2,988     1,507
Alaska .........................        14        10        12        6,247     3,621     3,547        3,065     3,381     1,502
Arizona ........................        20         9        12        2,208     1,841     1,770        2,540     1,671     1,643
Arkansas .......................        12         5         4        1,680       639       583        2,254       920       823
California .....................       577       442       454      102,458    71,620    72,798      119,647    95,418    68,474
Colorado .......................        38        11        24        5,243     1,508     4,835        4,891     1,235     2,577
Connecticut ....................        15         9        13        2,831     2,846     2,761        1,923     1,605     1,583
Delaware .......................         6       (2)         5        1,176       (2)       399          517       (2)       368
District of Columbia ...........         6       (2)         3          816       (2)       328          816       (2)       328
Florida ........................       100        73        39       22,005    15,456     7,546       21,276    14,023     7,115
Georgia ........................        20        12        20        3,781     1,406     1,725        9,466     2,396     2,231
Hawaii .........................         5         5         -          494       710         -          689       567         -
Idaho ..........................        16         3        12        2,686       226     1,504        2,584       289     1,500

Illinois .......................       203        68       155       36,294    10,397    24,379       36,395    12,521    19,547
Indiana ........................        43        11        40        4,335       870     4,121        7,370     1,445     5,847
Iowa ...........................        13         4        11        1,287       662     1,375        1,860       534     1,066
Kansas .........................        17         8        15        3,863       978     1,788        3,976     1,190     2,858
Kentucky .......................        26        13        26        3,597     4,509     3,733        2,946     2,009     2,854
Louisiana ......................        27        12        23        4,469     1,434     4,349        3,556     1,244     3,580
Maine ..........................         7       (2)         6        1,110       (2)       696        1,255       (2)       856
Maryland .......................        18        20        11        2,068     4,704     2,659        2,307     3,630     1,355
Massachusetts ..................        19        18        26        2,192     2,151     4,207        2,658     2,252     2,634
Michigan .......................        79        13        67       11,487       966     8,133       11,436     1,546     7,394
Minnesota ......................        93         9        66       14,483       965    11,550       15,214     1,099     8,440
Mississippi ....................        12        14        11        1,613     2,268     1,992          901     1,527     1,341
Missouri .......................        58        14        42       10,611     6,026     8,848        9,223     2,582     4,238

Montana ........................        12       (2)        13        1,320       (2)     2,310        1,405       (2)     1,274
Nebraska .......................         6         4         9          829       697     2,081          565       414       951
Nevada .........................        29         6        24        5,473       775     3,329        8,041     1,035     4,821
New Hampshire ..................         7         -         4          996         -       631          839         -       580
New Jersey .....................        53        52        44       10,184     7,749    10,004        8,288     7,341     6,973
New Mexico .....................        12         7        10        1,769     1,066     1,800        1,655     1,206       955
New York .......................       166       230       138       24,798    32,884    16,122       31,394    41,036    18,235
North Carolina (3) .............        40        20        47        4,039     1,464     5,073       11,220     4,237     8,023
North Dakota ...................         9       (2)        10        1,013       (2)     1,112        1,138       (2)     1,238
Ohio ...........................        97        32       105       17,240     5,686    15,066       21,289     5,380    14,161
Oklahoma .......................         8         3         3        2,102       927       411        1,593       513       331
Oregon .........................        33        19        23        6,407     3,122     5,626        8,435     3,408     5,578
Pennsylvania ...................       143        70       127       19,759     7,776    11,213       32,622    12,223    17,500

Rhode Island ...................         7         3         3          684       274       254          570       258       275
South Carolina .................        34        15        15        4,338     1,978     2,495        4,664     2,043     2,519
South Dakota ...................       (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -
Tennessee ......................        27        13        18        4,905     1,871     2,670        5,945     2,806     2,270
Texas ..........................        41        29        31        5,795     5,012     4,515        8,564     5,976     4,491
Utah ...........................        14         4        17        1,695     3,200     3,257        2,921       675     2,648
Vermont ........................         8       (2)       (2)        1,522       (2)       (2)        1,344       (2)       (2)
Virginia .......................        29        11        27        5,497     1,378     4,445        7,029     1,595     4,090
Washington .....................        64        27        48        8,904     3,172     5,983       12,106     4,788     7,056
West Virginia ..................         7       (2)         4          859       (2)     1,011          857       (2)       702
Wisconsin ......................       109        20        84       20,229     3,024    16,326       22,973     4,442    11,321
Wyoming ........................       (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)

Puerto Rico ....................         5        16         5          299     1,591       482          666     3,389       919
                                                                                                                                
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   3 Data starting in November 2010 may not be comparable to prior data.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.





Table 6. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                               Layoff events                            Separations           
                     Industry                                                                                                 
                                                        IV          III          IV           IV            III           IV
                                                       2009        2010r       2010p         2009          2010r         2010p

      Total, private nonfarm (1).................       66           51           46        11,974         7,553         8,474
      
    Mining ......................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Utilities ...................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Construction ................................      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
    Manufacturing ...............................       38           29           28         7,226         3,462         5,161
         Food ...................................      (2)            9            3           (2)           988           195
         Beverage and tobacco products ..........        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
         Textile mills ..........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Textile product mills ..................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Apparel ................................        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
         Leather and allied products ............      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Wood products ..........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Paper ..................................      (2)            -            3           (2)             -           390
         Printing and related support activities         -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
         Petroleum and coal products ............      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         
         Chemicals ..............................        4            3          (2)           760           564           (2)
         Plastics and rubber products ...........      (2)          (2)            4           (2)           (2)           462
         Nonmetallic mineral products ...........        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
         Primary metals .........................      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
         Fabricated metal products ..............      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Machinery ..............................        4          (2)            3           890           (2)           281
         Computer and electronic products .......        9            5          (2)           930           402           (2)
         Electrical equipment and appliances ....        3          (2)          (2)           807           (2)           (2)
         Transportation equipment ...............        6          (2)            3         2,103           (2)           999
         Furniture and related products .........      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
         Miscellaneous manufacturing ............      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         
    Wholesale trade .............................        7            3          (2)           905           500           (2)
    Retail trade ................................      (2)          (2)            3           (2)           (2)           203
    Transportation and warehousing ..............      (2)            4            -           (2)           509             -
    Information .................................        5          (2)          (2)           696           (2)           (2)
    Finance and insurance .......................        3          (2)            4           939           (2)         1,446
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
    Professional and technical services .........      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    Management of companies and enterprises .....      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
    Administrative and waste services ...........        3          (2)          (2)           650           (2)           (2)
    Educational services ........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Health care and social assistance ...........        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
    Accommodation and food services .............        -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
    Other services, except public administration       (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
    
    Unclassified ................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
                                                                                                                              

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.





Table 7. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work, 
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                               Layoff events                                  Separations              

         Reason for layoff               IV         III         IV               IV               III              IV  
                                        2009       2010r       2010p            2009             2010r            2010p
                                        
   Total, private nonfarm (1) ....       66          51          46            11,974            7,553            8,474

Business demand ..................       18         (2)           7             3,071              (2)            1,526
  Contract cancellation ..........      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Contract completion ............      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Domestic competition ...........      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market .......................      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Import competition .............      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown       11           8           3             2,451            1,114            1,045

Organizational changes ...........       21          23          22             3,190            3,229            4,513
  Business-ownership change ......      (2)           3           3               (2)              490            1,513
  Reorganization or restructuring 	
    of company ...................      (2)          20          19               (2)            2,739            3,000

Financial issues .................       23          14          17             4,953            2,162            2,435
  Bankruptcy .....................      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability .......       18         (2)          13             3,964              (2)            1,631
  Financial difficulty ...........      (2)         (2)           4               (2)              (2)              804

Production specific ..............      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  Automation/technological 
    advances .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Energy related .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ..........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Material or supply shortage ....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Model changeover ...............        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ..................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Product line discontinued ......      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -

Disaster/safety ..................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Hazardous work environment .....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Non-natural disaster ...........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Extreme weather-related event ..        -           -           -                 -                -                -

Other/miscellaneous ..............      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  Other ..........................      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  Data not provided: refusal .....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Data not provided: does not 
    know .........................        -           -           -                 -                -                -

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.





Table 8. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the
movement of work, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                       Layoff events                             Separations            
 Census region and division                                                                             
                                IV          III         IV            IV             III            IV  
                               2009        2010r       2010p         2009           2010r          2010p

        United States (1) .     66           51          46         11,974          7,553          8,474

Northeast .................     13           12          11          2,420          1,940          1,566

    New England ...........      6            5           7          1,280          1,034          1,216
    Middle Atlantic .......      7            7           4          1,140            906            350

South .....................     22           18          14          4,129          2,230          2,511

    South Atlantic ........     13            7           7          2,010            777          1,039
    East South Central ....      6            6         (2)          1,419            614            (2)
    West South Central ....      3            5         (2)            700            839            (2)

Midwest ...................     16            9          11          2,413          1,368          2,347

    East North Central ....     13            5           8          1,853            626          1,990
    West North Central ....      3            4           3            560            742            357

West ......................     15           12          10          3,012          2,015          2,050

    Mountain ..............    (2)          (2)           3            (2)            (2)            492
    Pacific ...............    (2)          (2)           7            (2)            (2)          1,558

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New
England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:
New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida,
Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:
Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and
Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa,
Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii,
Oregon, and Washington.





Table 9. Extended mass layoff events and separations, selected measures, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                  Layoff events                                Separations              
                Action                                                                                                  
                                          IV           III          IV             IV              III             IV   
                                         2009r        2010r        2010p          2009r           2010r           2010p 

Total, private nonfarm (1) .........     2,416        1,370        1,910         406,212         221,933         295,571

    Total, excluding seasonal
        and vacation events (2) ....     1,588          998        1,106         269,005         169,320         167,805


        Total, movement of work (3)         66           51           46          11,974           7,553           8,474


             Movement of work 
               actions .............       100           75           61             (4)             (4)             (4)
                  With separations 
                    reported .......        55           41           42           4,573           3,574           4,131
                  With separations 
                    unknown ........        45           34           19             (4)             (4)             (4)

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 The questions on movement of work were not asked of employers when the reason for layoff was either seasonal work
or vacation period.
   3 Movement of work can involve more than one action.
   4 Data are not available.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.





Table 10. Movement of work actions by type of separation where number of separations is known by employers,
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                              Actions (1)                        Separations         
           Activities                                                                                
                                       IV        III         IV            IV         III        IV  
                                      2009      2010r       2010p         2009       2010r      2010p

With separations reported (2) .        55         41         42           4,573      3,574      4,131

           By location                                                                               

  Out-of-country relocations ..        15          8         12           1,556      1,198      1,813
      Within company ..........        12          4         10           1,291        340      1,013
      Different company .......         3          4          2             265        858        800

  Domestic relocations ........        38         33         30           2,722      2,376      2,318
      Within company ..........        34         28         25           2,360      1,824      2,105
      Different company .......         4          5          5             362        552        213
      
  Unable to assign place of
     relocation ...............         2          -          -             295          -          -
 
           By company

  Within company ..............        48         32         35           3,946      2,164      3,118
      Domestic ................        34         28         25           2,360      1,824      2,105
      Out of country ..........        12          4         10           1,291        340      1,013
      Unable to assign ........         2          -          -             295          -          -

  Different company ...........         7          9          7             627      1,410      1,013
      Domestic ................         4          5          5             362        552        213
      Out of country ..........         3          4          2             265        858        800
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -         -

                                                                                                     
   1 Only actions for which separations associated with the movement of work were reported are
shown.
   2 See footnote 1, table 1. 
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   Note: Dash represents zero.





Table 11. Summary of employer expectations of a recall from extended mass layoffs, private nonfarm sector,
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                Percent of total layoff events (1)        Percent of layoff events             Percent of layoff events,   
                                                                            due to seasonal work                 excluding those due to    
    Nature of recall                                                         and vacation period              seasonal and vacation period 

                                  IV         III           IV             IV         III        IV             IV          III         IV
                                 2009r      2010r         2010p          2009       2010r      2010p          2009        2010r       2010p

Anticipate a recall .....        47.6        45.3          59.7          95.8        92.5       94.8          22.4         27.7        34.2

         Timeframe

Within 6 months .........        79.2        65.0          73.0          89.7        85.8       87.8          55.9         39.1        43.1
      Within 3 months ...        32.6        54.7          28.2          29.6        74.7       26.6          39.0         29.7        31.5

         Size of recall

At least half ...........        81.3        68.1          75.1          91.7        91.6       92.1          58.1         38.8        40.7
     All workers .......         38.6        39.0          32.3          46.8        61.0       41.9          20.5         11.6        13.0

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.





Table 12. Average number of separations in extended mass layoff events by selected measures,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                        Average number of separations        
          Measure                                                                            
                                                  IV                  III                 IV
                                                 2009r               2010r               2010p

      Total, private nonfarm (1) .....            168                 162                 155

           Industry

Mining ...............................            125                 267                 107
Utilities ............................            182                 134                  68
Construction .........................            126                 101                 125
Manufacturing ........................            167                 148                 168
Wholesale trade ......................            125                 118                 109
Retail trade .........................            214                 266                 201
Transportation and warehousing .......            201                 152                 155
Information ..........................            199                 265                 235
Finance and insurance ................            202                 184                 170
Real estate and rental and leasing ...            123                 164                 112
Professional and 
  technical services .................            187                 176                 155
Management of companies
  and enterprises ....................            119                  87                 156
Administrative and waste services ....            208                 213                 153
Educational services .................            120                 117                 271
Health care and social assistance ....            148                  98                 130
Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..            279                 115                 201
Accommodation and food services ......            232                 236                 213
Other services, except 
  public administration ..............            157                 125                 114
Unclassified establishments ..........            196                   -                   -

           Reason for layoff groupings

Business demand ......................            150                 157                 145
Organizational changes ...............            199                 204                 233
Financial issues .....................            164                 142                 147
Production specific ..................            124                 101                 143
Disaster/Safety ......................            140                  60                 104
Seasonal .............................            166                 141                 159
Other/miscellaneous ..................            204                 195                 148

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.





Table 13. Distribution of extended layoff events by size of layoff, private nonfarm sector,
fourth quarter 2010 (p)

                                      Layoff events                Separations
     Size
                                   Number      Percent         Number       Percent

 Total .....................        1,910       100.0          295,571       100.0    

   50-99 ...................          952        49.8           66,026        22.3    
   100-149 .................          405        21.2           47,490        16.1    
   150-199 .................          189         9.9           31,681        10.7    
   200-299 .................          189         9.9           44,281        15.0    
   300-499 .................          107         5.6           38,893        13.2    
   500-999 .................           46         2.4           31,097        10.5    
   1,000 or more ...........           22         1.2           36,103        12.2    

   p = preliminary.




Last Modified Date: February 11, 2011
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