Economic News Release

Extended Mass Layoffs (Quarterly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Thursday, February 14, 2013                  USDL-13-0236

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      EXTENDED MASS LAYOFFS -- FOURTH QUARTER 2012
                                 ANNUAL TOTALS -- 2012

Employers in the private nonfarm sector initiated 1,674 mass layoff events in the
fourth quarter of 2012 that resulted in the separation of 319,639 workers from 
their jobs for at least 31 days, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 
today. Over the year, total extended mass layoff events and associated worker 
separations were down from 1,903 and 334,383, respectively. (See table A.) 
Permanent worksite closures accounted for 7 percent of all events and 10 percent
of all separations during the fourth quarter of 2012, primarily in the manufacturing 
sector. Fourth quarter 2012 layoff data are preliminary and are subject to revision. 
(See the Technical Note.)

Preliminary fourth quarter 2012 data indicate that in New Jersey and New York, 
31 extended mass layoff events related to Hurricane Sandy resulted in 6,759 worker 
separations.

Industry Distribution of Extended Layoffs

Construction industry firms reported 528 extended mass layoff events and 68,463 
separations in the fourth quarter of 2012, largely due to the completion of 
seasonal work. This sector accounted for 32 percent of layoff events and 21 percent 
of related separations during the quarter. (See table 1.)

During the same period, the manufacturing sector had 311 extended mass layoff 
events and 62,964 separations, also largely due to the completion of seasonal 
work. This sector accounted for 19 percent of layoff events and 20 percent of 
related separations during the quarter. Employers in the administrative and 
waste services sector reported 249 layoff events and 55,685 separations, 
primarily due to contract completion. (See table 1.)


Table A. Selected measures of extended mass layoff activity


     Period                   Layoff events      Separations     Initial claimants

     2008                                             

January-March...........          1,340            230,098            259,292
April-June..............          1,756            354,713            339,630
July-September..........          1,581            290,453            304,340
October-December........          3,582            641,714            766,780

     2009     

January-March...........          3,979            705,141            835,551
April-June..............          3,395            651,318            731,049
July-September..........          2,034            345,531            406,823
October-December........          2,416            406,212            468,577

     2010

January-March...........          1,870            314,512            368,664
April-June..............          2,008            381,622            396,441
July-September..........          1,370            222,357            260,077
October-December........          1,999            338,643            390,584
          
     2011

January-March...........          1,490            225,456            258,220
April-June..............          1,810            317,546            342,530
July-September..........          1,393            235,325            291,066
October-December........          1,903            334,383            403,457

     2012

January-March(r) .......          1,294            246,956            291,174
April-June(r) ..........          1,959            385,983            383,466
July-September(r) ......          1,124            199,680            228,528
October-December(p) ....          1,674            319,639            273,975
                                                                             
                                                                             
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.


Reasons for Extended Layoffs

Layoffs due to the completion of seasonal work accounted for 44 percent of 
extended mass layoff events and 39 percent of related separations in the private 
nonfarm sector during the fourth quarter of 2012. Business demand factors, 
primarily contract completion, accounted for 32 percent of both events and related 
separations during the quarter. (See table 2.)

Movement of Work

In the fourth quarter of 2012, 29 extended mass layoffs involved movement of 
work and were associated with 6,290 worker separations. Forty-one percent of 
the events related to movement of work were from manufacturing industries. 
Employers cited organizational changes as the economic reason for layoff in 34 
percent of the events involving movement of work. Among the four census 
regions, the Northeast had the largest share of workers affected by the 
movement of work. (See tables 6-8.)

The 29 events with movement of work for the fourth quarter involved 39 identifiable 
relocations of work actions. (See table 9.) Employers were able to provide 
information on the specific number of worker separations for 22 of these actions. 
Among these 22 actions, most were domestic reassignments and involved work moving 
within the same company. (See table 10.)


Table B. Metropolitan areas with the largest number of initial claimants associated with
extended mass layoff events in the fourth quarter 2012, by residency of claimants


                                                      2011 IV (r)           2012 IV (p)

            Metropolitan area                      Initial                Initial
                                                  claimants     Rank     claimants    Rank

        Total, 372 metropolitan areas ...........  326,505                220,398

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. ........   69,571        1        31,715      1
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long                          
    Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. .......................   18,673        2        15,342      2
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. .......   15,952        3        11,847      3
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. ........   13,493        4         9,554      4
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, Calif. ...........   11,376        5         7,812      5
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif. ...........    7,539        6         5,434      6
Pittsburgh, Pa. .................................    3,490       14         4,209      7
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, Calif. .....    5,064        8         3,887      8
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. ..........    4,889        9         3,825      9
Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev. ........................    6,051        7         3,667     10


   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: The geographic boundaries of the metropolitan areas shown in this table are defined
in Office of Management and Budget Bulletin 10-02, December 1, 2009.


Recall Expectations

Sixty-three percent of the private nonfarm employers reporting an extended mass 
layoff in the fourth quarter of 2012 anticipated recalling at least some of the 
displaced workers. Of those employers expecting to recall workers, 37 percent 
indicated the offer would be extended to all displaced employees and 78 percent 
anticipated extending the offer to at least half of the workers. Among employers 
expecting to recall laid-off workers, 74 percent intend to do so within six months. 
Excluding extended mass layoff events due to seasonal work and vacation period, 
employers anticipated recalling the laid-off workers in 41 percent of the events. 
(See table 11.)

Size of Extended Layoffs

The average size of an extended mass layoff (as measured by the number of separations 
per layoff event) was 191 workers during the fourth quarter of 2012. (See table 12.) 
Events were largely concentrated at the lower end of the extended layoff-size 
spectrum, with 64 percent involving fewer than 150 workers. Conversely, only 6 
percent of layoff events involved 500 or more workers. (See table 13.)


Table C. Selected measures of mass layoff activity, 1996-2012


   Period                   Layoff events       Separations     Initial claimants
   
    1996 ................       4,760             948,122             805,810
    1997 ................       4,671             947,843             879,831
    1998 ................       4,859             991,245           1,056,462
    1999 ................       4,556             901,451             796,917
    2000 ................       4,591             915,962             846,267
    2001 ................       7,375           1,524,832           1,457,512
    2002 ................       6,337           1,272,331           1,218,143
    2003 ................       6,181           1,216,886           1,200,811
    2004 ................       5,010             993,909             903,079
    2005 ................       4,881             884,661             834,533
    
    2006 ................       4,885             935,969             951,155
    2007 ................       5,363             965,935             978,712
    2008 ................       8,259           1,516,978           1,670,042
    2009 ................      11,824           2,108,202           2,442,000
    2010 ................       7,247           1,257,134           1,415,766
    2011(r) .............       6,596           1,112,710           1,295,273
    2012(p) .............       6,051           1,152,258           1,177,143


   r = revised.	
   p = preliminary.


Initial Claimant Characteristics

A total of 273,975 initial claimants for unemployment insurance were associated 
with extended mass layoffs in the fourth quarter of 2012. Of these claimants, 
12 percent were black, 22 percent were Hispanic, 29 percent were women, and 19 
percent were 55 years of age or older. (See table 3.) In the entire civilian 
labor force for the same period, 12 percent of all persons were black, 16 
percent were Hispanic, 47 percent were women, and 21 percent were 55 years of 
age or older.


Geographic Distribution

Among the four census regions, the Midwest had the highest number of extended 
mass layoff events in the fourth quarter of 2012, primarily in the construction 
industry. Among the nine census divisions, the highest number of extended mass 
layoff events was in the Pacific. (See table 4.)

California had the largest number of extended mass layoff events in the fourth 
quarter of 2012, followed by Illinois, New York, Pennsylvania, and Ohio. (See
table 5.) Excluding layoff activity due to seasonal work and vacation period 
reasons, California, New York, and Illinois had the largest numbers of events.

Eighty percent of the initial claimants for unemployment insurance associated 
with extended mass layoff events in the fourth quarter of 2012 resided within 
metropolitan areas. Among the 372 metropolitan areas, Los Angeles-Long Beach-
Santa Ana, Calif., had the highest number of resident initial claimants. 
(See table B.)

Review of 2012

For all of 2012, employers reported 6,051 extended mass layoff actions, 
affecting 1,152,258 workers. Compared to 2011, the number of events decreased 
by 8 percent, while the number of separations increased by 4 percent. (See 
table C.) The annual proportion of extended mass layoff events involving 
permanent worksite closures, at 9 percent, increased for the first time since 
2006. The annual average national unemployment rate decreased from 8.9 percent 
in 2011 to 8.1 percent in 2012, and private nonfarm payroll employment increased 
by 2.2 percent, or 2,410,000.

Industry Distribution of Extended Layoffs

In the private nonfarm economy, administrative and waste services firms 
reported the largest number of separations, increasing to the highest annual 
level since 2009. Manufacturing had the next highest number of separations, 
followed by construction.

Reasons for Extended Layoffs

Among the seven categories of economic reasons for layoff, layoffs due to 
business demand factors accounted for the largest number of extended mass layoff 
events during 2012, mostly due to contract completion. Layoffs attributed to 
this reason occurred primarily in construction and in administrative and 
waste services, which includes temporary help services.

Movement of Work

In 2012, 137 extended mass layoffs involved movement of work and were associated 
with 24,983 separated workers. Both measures reached program lows (with annual 
data available back to 2004). Forty-eight percent of events related to movement 
of work were from manufacturing industries. Employers cited organizational 
issues in 49 percent of the layoffs involving the movement of work, the highest 
among the reason categories.

The 137 extended layoff events with movement of work for 2012 involved 187 
identifiable relocations of work actions. Employers were able to provide more 
complete separations information for 112 of the actions. Of these, 91 percent 
involved work moving within the same company, and 84 percent were domestic 
reassignments.

Recall Expectations

Fifty-seven percent of employers reporting an extended mass layoff in 2012 
indicated they anticipated some type of recall, up slightly from 55 percent in 
2011. Of those employers expecting to recall workers, 31 percent indicated that 
the offer would be extended to all displaced employees, and 65 percent intended 
to do so within 6 months. Excluding events due to seasonal work and vacation 
period, employers anticipated recalling laid-off workers in just 38 percent of 
the events.

Size of Extended Layoffs

In 2012, the average size of an extended mass layoff (as measured by separations 
per layoff event) was 190, the largest average size for a calendar year since 2006. 
Extended mass layoffs involving 500 or more workers accounted for 7 percent 
of events in 2012 but resulted in one-third of all separations.

Initial Claimant Characteristics

A total of 1,177,143 initial claimants for unemployment insurance were 
associated with extended mass layoffs in 2012. Of these claimants, 14 percent 
were black, 22 percent were Hispanic, 41 percent were women, and 20 percent 
were 55 years of age or older. Among persons in the civilian labor force for 
the same period, 12 percent were black, 16 percent were Hispanic, 47 percent 
were women, and 21 percent were 55 years of age or older.

Geographic Distribution

Among the four census regions, the West had the greatest numbers of laid-off 
workers in 2012, increasing by 22 percent to the highest annual level since 
2009. Among the nine census divisions, the Pacific had the largest numbers of 
worker separations. Among the states, California had the largest annual 
numbers of laid-off workers.

Among the 372 metropolitan areas, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif., 
had the highest number of resident initial claimants associated with extended 
mass layoff events in 2012, followed by New York-Northern New Jersey-Long 
Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa., and Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif.

Note

The quarterly series on extended mass layoffs cover layoffs of at least 
31-days duration that involve 50 or more individuals from a single employer 
filing initial claims for unemployment insurance during a consecutive 5-week 
period. Approximately 30 days after a mass layoff is triggered, the employer 
is contacted for additional information. Data for the current quarter are 
preliminary and subject to revision. This release also includes revised data 
for previous quarters. Data are not seasonally adjusted, but survey data 
suggest that there is a seasonal pattern to layoffs. Thus, comparisons between
consecutive quarters should not be used as an indicator of trend. For additional 
information about the program, see the Technical Note.

____________
The Mass Layoffs news release for January 2013 is scheduled to be
released on Tuesday, February 26, 2013, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).




Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
which identifies, describes, and tracks the effects of major job
cutbacks, using data from each state's unemployment insurance database.
Employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them
during a consecutive 5-week period are contacted by the state agency to
determine whether these separations are of at least 31 days duration,
and, if so, information is obtained on the total number of persons
separated and the reasons for these separations. Employers are
identified according to industry classification and location, and
unemployment insurance claimants are identified by such demographic
factors as age, race, gender, ethnic group, and place of residence. The
program yields information on an individual's entire spell of
unemployment, to the point when regular unemployment insurance benefits
are exhausted.

Definitions

   Domestic relocation. A movement of work from an establishment within
the U.S. to a location also inside the U.S., either within the same
company or to a different company altogether (domestic outsourcing).

   Employer. A firm covered by state unemployment insurance laws.
Information on employers is obtained from the Quarterly Census of
Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is administered by the Bureau
of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Extended mass layoff event. A layoff defined by the filing of 50 or
more initial claims for unemployment insurance benefits from an employer
during a 5-week period, with at least 50 workers separated for more than
30 days. Such layoffs involve both persons subject to recall and those
who are terminated.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Movement of work. The reassignment of work activities previously
performed at the worksite by the company experiencing the layoff (1) to
another worksite within the company; (2) to another company under formal
contractual arrangements at the same worksite; or (3) to another company
under formal contractual arrangements at another worksite either within
or outside of the U.S.

   Outsourcing. A movement of work that was formerly conducted in-house
by employees paid directly by a company to a different company under a
contractual arrangement.

   Overseas relocation. A movement of work from an establishment within
the U.S. to a location outside of the U.S. (offshoring), either within
the same company or to a different company altogether (offshore
outsourcing).

   Relocation of work action. A movement-of-work action where the
employer provides information on the new location of work and/or the
number of workers affected by the movement. Events may involve more than
one action per employer if work is moved to more than one location.

   Separations. The number of individuals who have become displaced
during an extended mass layoff event as provided by the employer,
regardless of whether they file for unemployment insurance or not.

   Worksite closure. The complete closure of an employer or the partial
closure of an employer with multiple locations where entire worksites
affected by layoffs are closed.

Revisions to preliminary data

   The latest quarterly data in this news release are considered
preliminary. After the initial publication of quarterly information,
more data are collected as remaining employer interviews for the quarter
are completed and additional initial claimant information associated
with extended layoff events is received.

Movement of work concepts and questions

   Beginning in 2004, the economic reasons "domestic relocation" and
"overseas relocation" were replaced by the movement of work concept. 
The movement of work data are not collected in the same way as the
relocation reasons in releases prior to 2004; therefore, the movement of
work data are not comparable to the data for those discontinued reasons.
   
   Questions on movement of work and location are asked for all layoff
events when the reason for separation is other than "seasonal work" or
"vacation period," as these are unlikely. Movement of work questions 
are asked after the analyst verifies that a layoff in fact occurred 
and lasted more than 30 days. If the reason for layoff is other than
seasonal or vacation, the employer was asked the following:

   (1)  "Did this layoff include your company moving work from this
location(s) to a different geographic location(s) within your company?"

   (2)  "Did this layoff  include your company moving work that was
performed in-house by your employees to a different company, through
contractual arrangements?"
   
   A "yes" response to either question is followed by: "Is the
location inside or outside of the U.S.?" and "How many of the layoffs
were a result of this relocation?"

   Layoff actions are classified as "domestic relocation" if the
employer responds "yes" to questions 1 and/or 2 and indicates the
location(s) was inside the U.S.; "overseas relocation" indicates that
the location(s) was outside the U.S.

Reliability of the data

   The identification of employers and layoff events in the MLS program
and associated characteristics of claimants is based on administrative
data on covered employers and unemployment insurance claims, and,
therefore, is not subject to issues associated with sampling error.
Nonsampling errors such as typographical errors may affect the
identification of layoff events and associated claimants, but are not
likely to be significant.

   With one exception, all employers in the private nonfarm sector
identified as having a mass layoff based on administrative data are
asked the interview questions. These employer responses are also subject
to nonsampling error. Nonsampling errors can occur for many reasons,
including the inability to obtain information for all respondents,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct
information, and errors made in the collection or processing of the
data.

   Beginning with first quarter 2012 data, employers in California
identified as having mass layoff events from the administrative and
support services (NAICS 561) industry subsector are randomly selected to
participate in the employer interview. Sampling weights are applied to
data collected from these employer interviews, which represent responses
for those employers not selected for employer contact. These data are
subject to sampling errors which can result from the variation that
occurs by chance because a sample is surveyed rather than the entire
universe of NAICS 561 employers in California identified as having
layoff events.

   For the fourth quarter of 2012, outright refusal to participate in
the employer interview accounted for 3.5 percent of all private nonfarm
events. Although included in the total number of instances involving
the movement of work, employers in 17 relocations were unable to provide
the number of separations specifically associated with the movement of
work, 2 of which involved out-of-country moves.

Additional information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service: (800) 877-8339.




Table 1. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012
  
                                                                                                        Initial claimants for  
                                                     Layoff events               Separations            unemployment insurance 
                  Industry                                                                                                     
                                                 IV      III     IV        IV       III      IV         IV       III       IV  
                                                2011r   2012r   2012p     2011r    2012r    2012p      2011r    2012r    2012p 
                                                                                                                               
  Total, private nonfarm (1) .................  1,903   1,124   1,674    334,383  199,680  319,639    403,457  228,528  273,975
 
Mining .......................................     26      14      38      3,358    2,043    4,597      3,825    1,800    4,128
Utilities ....................................    (2)       4       7        (2)      586    1,214        (2)      768      851
Construction .................................    576     144     528     73,985   19,076   68,463     88,328   24,119   68,016
Manufacturing ................................    366     235     311     67,370   34,549   62,964     70,972   37,328   53,183
     Food ....................................     94      55      86     19,011    9,993   27,520     18,520   11,879   22,558
     Beverage and tobacco products ...........     11       6       6      1,829      656      805      2,633      688      605
     Textile mills ...........................      8     (2)       3      4,401      (2)      537      4,439      (2)      574
     Textile product mills ...................      4       3       3      1,174      227      443      1,562      221      578
     Apparel .................................      6       4       7        989      748      731      1,496      929      726
     Leather and allied products .............    (2)     (2)       -        (2)      (2)        -        (2)      (2)        -
     Wood products ...........................     14       -       8      2,561        -      742      3,307        -      786
     Paper ...................................     14       6       -      3,039      613        -      2,318      582        -
     Printing and related support activities .     11       3       9      1,411      299      890      1,924      303      765
     Petroleum and coal products .............     15     (2)      21      1,868      (2)    3,017      2,332      (2)    2,544

     Chemicals ...............................      8      10       7      1,788      966    3,290      1,839      986      582
     Plastics and rubber products ............     13       9       9      2,409      849      779      2,341      721      949
     Nonmetallic mineral products ............     41       7      31      5,537      820    4,823      6,017    1,104    4,602
     Primary metals ..........................     13       9      11      2,090    1,117    1,669      2,659    1,488    1,301
     Fabricated metal products ...............     18      17      20      2,064    1,947    2,055      2,282    2,605    2,512
     Machinery ...............................     16      23      28      3,639    2,622    5,893      4,032    3,467    5,506
     Computer and electronic products ........     29      29      20      5,255    3,361    3,012      3,683    3,440    2,196
     Electrical equipment and appliances .....    (2)       3       4        (2)      411      371        (2)      453      304
     Transportation equipment ................     28      35      31      5,712    7,576    4,903      6,411    6,502    4,871
     Furniture and related products ..........     10     (2)       3        905      (2)      369      1,094      (2)      292
     Miscellaneous manufacturing .............      9      10       4      1,065    1,077    1,115      1,099      980      932
  
Wholesale trade ..............................     25      26      36      3,742    2,995    5,580      3,204    2,868    4,820
Retail trade .................................     96      67      89     24,309   15,685   18,290     30,002   17,972   14,190
Transportation and warehousing ...............     37      78      43      5,529   13,239   13,550      5,607   12,670    6,412
Information ..................................     74      69      43     24,160   27,677   15,337     44,158   35,560   14,945
Finance and insurance ........................     40      32      16      7,687    6,222    2,487      9,662    6,692    1,623
Real estate and rental and leasing ...........     15       3      10      2,862      712    1,454      2,788      803    1,436
Professional and technical services ..........     94      56      57     18,126   12,145    8,887     25,207   13,771    8,416
Management of companies and enterprises ......      6       7     (2)        991      858      (2)      1,194      931      (2)
Administrative and waste services ............    275     180     249     50,945   30,647   55,685     69,772   41,118   60,342
Educational services .........................     13      29      11      1,394    4,145    1,234      1,902    4,276    1,012
Health care and social assistance ............     38      54      41      6,421    6,222   10,907      5,810    5,695    5,252
Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........     69      42      60     11,944    7,373   16,551     11,187    7,962    7,426
Accommodation and food services ..............    133      66     105     28,039   13,149   27,535     26,088   11,983   18,505
Other services, except public administration .     17      16      24      2,926    2,069    3,970      3,119    1,937    2,634
 
Unclassified .................................    (2)       2     (2)        (2)      288      (2)        (2)      275      (2)
                                                                                                                               
   1 For the fourth quarter of 2012, data on layoffs were reported by employers in all states and the District of Columbia.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 2. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                                                                         Initial claimants for
                                             Layoff events                   Separations                 unemployment insurance
         Reason for layoff                                                                                                      
                                       IV        III       IV          IV        III       IV           IV        III       IV   
                                      2011r     2012r     2012p       2011r     2012r     2012p        2011r     2012r     2012p
                                                                                                                                
   Total, private nonfarm (1) .....   1,903     1,124     1,674      334,383   199,680   319,639      403,457   228,528   273,975

Business demand ...................     633       485       529      110,761    87,573   103,318      171,251   112,253   108,104
  Contract cancellation ...........      21        31        23        3,041     5,723     6,150        4,866     3,714     2,706
  Contract completion .............     428       335       350       80,872    69,317    78,272      133,036    94,313    86,101
  Domestic competition ............     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market ........................     (2)       (2)         5          (2)       (2)       657          (2)       (2)       729
  Import competition ..............       -         -       (2)            -         -       (2)            -         -       (2)
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
     non-seasonal/business slowdown     181       114       147       26,411    11,473    17,896       32,966    13,153    18,181

Organizational changes ............      73        75        55       14,431    12,762    21,736       13,465    10,689     7,404
  Business-ownership change .......      18        13        19        3,806     2,694    12,631        2,996     1,408     2,072
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company ....................      55        62        36       10,625    10,068     9,105       10,469     9,281     5,332

Financial issues ..................      76        83        97       13,631    12,290    28,570       16,805    13,954    19,799
  Bankruptcy ......................      15         9        43        3,975     2,671    19,016        2,199     1,330    13,333
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability ........      33        43        29        5,630     5,797     4,893        7,764     9,094     3,385
  Financial difficulty ............      28        31        25        4,026     3,822     4,661        6,842     3,530     3,081

Production specific ...............     (2)       (2)        19          (2)       (2)     3,902          (2)       (2)     3,215
  Automation/technological 
    advances ......................     (2)         3         3          (2)       410       427          (2)       428       307
  Energy related ..................       -         -         -            -         -         -            -         -         -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention ..................     (2)         6         4          (2)     1,057       965          (2)       807       706
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ...........     (2)       (2)         3          (2)       (2)       675          (2)       (2)       327
  Material or supply shortage .....     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Model changeover ................       4       (2)       (2)          820       (2)       (2)          741       (2)       (2)
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ...................       4         5       (2)        2,054       433       (2)        1,408       744       (2)
  Product line discontinued .......       6       (2)         4        1,749       (2)       857        1,408       (2)       569

Disaster/safety ...................     (2)       (2)        34          (2)       (2)     6,083          (2)       (2)     7,455
  Hazardous work environment ......     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) ......................     (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -
  Non-natural disaster ............     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Extreme weather-related event ...     (2)         -        30          (2)         -     5,457          (2)         -     7,049

Seasonal ..........................     818       216       736      135,675    35,114   124,401      142,554    40,161    97,359
  Seasonal ........................     811       142       725      134,764    26,571   122,505      140,774    29,318    95,838
  Vacation period-school related 
    or otherwise ..................       7        74        11          911     8,543     1,896        1,780    10,843     1,521

Other/miscellaneous ...............     279       241       204       52,965    47,975    31,629       53,584    47,312    30,639
  Other ...........................      22        22        16        2,816     4,756     2,566        3,545     4,106     1,608
  Data not provided: refusal ......      75        63        59       18,157    15,636    10,808       18,076    15,635    10,806
  Data not provided: does not 
    know ..........................     182       156       129       31,992    27,583    18,255       31,963    27,571    18,225

                                                                                                                                
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 3. State and selected claimant characteristics: Extended mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, third and fourth quarters, 2012

                                                         Total                              Percent of total
                                                        initial                          Hispanic                    Persons age 55
                                  Layoff events        claimants          Black           origin          Women         and over
              State                                                                                                                
                                   III     IV        III      IV        III     IV      III     IV      III     IV      III     IV 
                                  2012r   2012p     2012r    2012p     2012r  2012p    2012r  2012p    2012r  2012p    2012r  2012p
                                  
    Total, private nonfarm (1) .  1,124   1,674    228,528  273,975     13.4   11.6     24.3   21.5     40.3   29.4     19.3   19.2

Alabama ........................      5       9      1,526    1,278     48.3   53.4      4.8    3.8     52.1   52.7     10.2   19.4
Alaska .........................      6      14      2,656    2,430      9.1    5.8     22.6   11.2     29.2   27.0     28.0   21.6
Arizona ........................     15      10      2,159      929     12.6    4.8     34.2   31.9     49.1   22.2     13.0   16.4
Arkansas .......................     10       8      1,665    1,635     32.5   16.8      4.7    6.6     38.9   32.2     16.8   23.0
California .....................    450     343    120,513   85,045      8.5    9.4     33.8   39.0     41.3   36.2     16.7   15.2
Colorado .......................      9      21      1,163    2,609      7.7    5.9     16.3   30.0     32.1   22.6     13.0   22.5
Connecticut ....................     12      10      1,436    1,229     15.7    8.6     23.4    9.4     55.3   12.0     22.8   23.4
Delaware .......................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)     64.4   58.7      6.8   12.5     55.9   52.6     16.9   38.0
District of Columbia ...........    (2)       3        (2)      451     95.1   78.3      3.3    6.9     72.1   57.4      8.2   18.6
Florida ........................     32      18      3,836    3,472     30.4   22.7     27.9   23.8     45.6   38.8     20.3   28.9
Georgia ........................     14       9      1,495    2,070     46.1   72.8       .8     .7     39.6   40.0     25.2   16.9
Hawaii .........................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)        -    2.0     15.7    4.7      2.9   43.6      5.9   16.8
Idaho ..........................      5      10        450    1,127        -     .1     12.2   17.5     55.6   32.7     29.3   19.8

Illinois .......................     58     164     11,779   21,232     21.1   14.8     14.6   20.6     32.0   22.9     18.5   17.1
Indiana ........................     14      35      2,270    6,140     14.2    8.5      2.2    3.8     28.7   15.9     18.4   18.8
Iowa ...........................      8       8      1,186    1,534      8.0    3.5      9.8    5.1     49.2   12.8     23.8   26.5
Kansas .........................    (2)       8        (2)    1,763     20.8   10.0      1.9    2.1     57.1   21.5     45.7   15.4
Kentucky .......................     18      29      2,069    3,239     15.0    6.2        -     .2     33.1   20.0     23.3   22.2
Louisiana ......................     15      18      1,949    2,119     46.4   38.0      6.1    6.5     41.3   24.0     26.7   27.0
Maine ..........................      4       9        433    1,521      6.2     .6      3.9     .7     37.9   22.6     28.6   27.9
Maryland .......................     22       7      3,174      807     22.2   17.2       .5     .1     46.7   42.9     22.6   28.0
Massachusetts ..................      6      27        547    3,617     11.7    9.5        -    1.2     47.9   41.1     31.6   20.5
Michigan .......................     17      66      2,200    7,356     13.0    8.8      3.5    7.9     30.5   16.7     16.3   15.9
Minnesota ......................     11      79      1,299    8,963      5.8    2.8      2.3    9.0     24.3   13.9     20.6   19.4
Mississippi ....................      5       8        413      685     59.8   52.8      2.4    4.8     48.7   31.8     12.1   14.6
Missouri .......................     13      31      2,109    3,834     25.8   18.2      1.6    2.8     36.5   34.4     33.1   24.3

Montana ........................    (2)      13        (2)    1,332       .7     .7      2.5    4.7     16.9   22.3     25.9   22.1
Nebraska .......................    (2)       8        (2)      780     27.1    2.4      2.1   11.9     46.8   21.8     39.4   30.3
Nevada .........................     14      19      3,978    4,174      9.0    9.0     30.8   31.6     47.2   39.9     22.8   19.5
New Hampshire ..................      -       8          -      760        -     .7        -    1.2        -   19.2        -   33.3
New Jersey .....................     30      49      3,822    9,729     19.1   13.9     11.9   23.4     53.5   46.8     25.8   28.8
New Mexico .....................      6       9        827    1,198      3.3    1.7     31.3   58.6     34.3   38.3     19.8   21.1
New York .......................     95     131     17,046   18,190     19.2   15.8     19.6   16.5     48.4   36.4     24.6   23.1
North Carolina .................      6      20        729    2,554     52.9   34.7      2.2    7.7     32.9   28.9     24.8   23.4
North Dakota ...................    (2)      15        (2)    1,687      1.5    1.8     13.2    3.3     11.0    9.6     15.4   22.8
Ohio ...........................     38     100      5,663   13,023     13.3   10.5      3.8    3.9     26.0   17.9     21.9   19.0
Oklahoma .......................      7       9        805    1,072      7.7   11.1      6.3    6.6     58.6   35.5     21.5   20.8
Oregon .........................     19      26      2,530    4,743      1.4    1.6     23.4   28.4     39.0   42.0     18.4   22.8
Pennsylvania ...................     55     101     10,391   16,926     10.4    7.4      6.3    3.0     32.4   17.8     26.2   23.4

Rhode Island ...................    (2)       4        (2)      220        -    1.8     75.8    6.4     78.8    8.2      4.5   21.4
South Carolina .................      8       6      1,122      903     52.4   38.9      1.8    1.1     43.1   30.5     21.7   31.9
South Dakota ...................    (2)       -        (2)        -      8.5      -      3.4      -     22.0      -      6.8      -
Tennessee ......................     13       5      2,214      417     29.2    5.3        -     .5     36.0   20.9     30.1   24.7
Texas ..........................     26      40      4,508    8,037     31.3   19.2     32.2   45.5     43.7   20.1     15.2   14.9
Utah ...........................      3      13        334    2,400       .6    1.1     18.9   13.1      4.8   10.9      6.3   16.2
Vermont ........................      -       3          -      304        -     .3        -     .3        -   16.8        -   24.0
Virginia .......................      7      13      1,593    2,453     26.3   38.2      4.5    3.2     31.0   42.2     18.5   24.1
Washington .....................     19      54      2,820    6,670      9.4    5.6     25.3   17.3     34.0   32.0     18.2   18.4
West Virginia ..................      5       8        553      610       .4     .7       .2     .3      6.1   19.0     39.6   19.5
Wisconsin ......................     12      70      1,920    9,668      3.3    5.2      3.0   12.7     39.4   18.1     24.6   19.3
Wyoming ........................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)      6.7    1.7     16.0    4.2      9.3   44.7     10.7   26.2

Puerto Rico ....................      9      10      2,061    2,126       .1      -     99.6   99.3     52.7   57.9      7.7    8.5
                                                                                                                                   
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                                                                    Initial claimants for
                                         Layoff events                   Separations                unemployment insurance
   Census region and division                                                                                              
                                   IV        III       IV          IV        III       IV           IV       III      IV
                                  2011r     2012r     2012p       2011r     2012r     2012p        2011r    2012r    2012p
                                                                                                                           
        United States (1) .....   1,903     1,124     1,674      334,383   199,680   319,639      403,457  228,528  273,975

Northeast .....................     311       203       342       38,571    29,393    52,553       58,763   33,741   52,496

    New England ...............      43        23        61        6,209     2,499     9,166        5,755    2,482    7,651
    Middle Atlantic ...........     268       180       281       32,362    26,894    43,387       53,008   31,259   44,845

South .........................     308       195       212       53,937    30,374    38,640       59,609   27,771   32,163

    South Atlantic ............     161        96        86       28,967    13,493    16,594       33,267   12,622   13,681
    East South Central ........      68        41        51       10,352     7,229     7,591       10,128    6,222    5,619
    West South Central ........      79        58        75       14,618     9,652    14,455       16,214    8,927   12,863

Midwest .......................     551       176       584       94,348    28,279    95,326       95,581   29,131   75,980

    East North Central ........     415       139       435       70,961    23,248    65,587       73,514   23,832   57,419
    West North Central ........     136        37       149       23,387     5,031    29,739       22,067    5,299   18,561

West ..........................     733       550       536      147,527   111,634   133,120      189,504  137,885  113,336

    Mountain ..................     122        55        97       23,748    10,762    21,141       20,498    9,264   14,299
    Pacific ...................     611       495       439      123,779   100,872   111,979      169,006  128,621   99,037
                                                                                                                           
   
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and
Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central:
Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West
North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.




Table 5. State distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                                                                        Initial claimants for
                                           Layoff events                     Separations                unemployment insurance
              State                                                                                                             
                                      IV        III       IV          IV        III       IV           IV        III       IV
                                     2011r     2012r     2012p       2011r     2012r     2012p        2011r     2012r     2012p
                                     
    Total, private nonfarm (1) .     1,903     1,124     1,674      334,383   199,680   319,639      403,457   228,528   273,975

Alabama ........................         4         5         9        1,763     1,566     1,448        1,975     1,526     1,278
Alaska .........................        14         6        14        4,774     2,736     5,873        2,627     2,656     2,430
Arizona ........................        15        15        10        2,823     1,833     1,568        3,159     2,159       929
Arkansas .......................        13        10         8        1,856     1,263     1,438        2,227     1,665     1,635
California .....................       512       450       343      101,452    92,804    93,319      146,770   120,513    85,045
Colorado .......................        19         9        21        2,935     1,938     3,287        2,326     1,163     2,609
Connecticut ....................         6        12        10          689     1,436     1,229          689     1,436     1,229
Delaware .......................         4       (2)       (2)          398       (2)       (2)          572       (2)       (2)
District of Columbia ...........         3       (2)         3          471       (2)       451          543       (2)       451
Florida ........................        35        32        18        5,022     4,526     4,819        4,609     3,836     3,472
Georgia ........................        33        14         9        8,340     1,501     2,070        8,913     1,495     2,070
Hawaii .........................         4       (2)       (2)          975       (2)       (2)          842       (2)       (2)
Idaho ..........................        18         5        10        3,570       632     1,294        2,602       450     1,127

Illinois .......................       156        58       164       24,908    11,642    23,840       25,674    11,779    21,232
Indiana ........................        29        14        35        3,344     1,664     5,773        5,695     2,270     6,140
Iowa ...........................        12         8         8        1,071       754     1,374        3,313     1,186     1,534
Kansas .........................         5       (2)         8          662       (2)     1,918          660       (2)     1,763
Kentucky .......................        31        18        29        4,037     2,926     3,606        3,326     2,069     3,239
Louisiana ......................        22        15        18        4,802     2,732     3,011        3,330     1,949     2,119
Maine ..........................        10         4         9        1,271       308     1,522        1,310       433     1,521
Maryland (3) ...................        15        22         7        1,731     3,269     1,767        2,234     3,174       807
Massachusetts ..................        17         6        27        2,844       689     4,797        2,201       547     3,617
Michigan .......................        55        17        66        7,415     2,241    11,031        8,812     2,200     7,356
Minnesota ......................        68        11        79       13,023     1,400    14,075       10,397     1,299     8,963
Mississippi ....................         9         5         8        1,015       651     1,928          857       413       685
Missouri .......................        34        13        31        6,044     2,181     9,654        5,508     2,109     3,834

Montana ........................        13       (2)        13        1,674       (2)     2,894        1,350       (2)     1,332
Nebraska .......................         7       (2)         8        1,628       (2)       887          805       (2)       780
Nevada .........................        34        14        19        6,546     5,082     4,894        7,389     3,978     4,174
New Hampshire ..................       (2)         -         8          (2)         -     1,044          (2)         -       760
New Jersey .....................        54        30        49        9,820     3,735    11,333        9,839     3,822     9,729
New Mexico .....................         9         6         9        1,904       612     2,050        1,036       827     1,198
New York .......................       133        95       131       13,400    14,566    19,698       27,245    17,046    18,190
North Carolina .................        28         6        20        3,062       523     2,815        5,444       729     2,554
North Dakota ...................        10       (2)        15          959       (2)     1,831        1,384       (2)     1,687
Ohio ...........................        94        38       100       17,100     6,118    15,052       16,179     5,663    13,023
Oklahoma .......................         9         7         9        1,247       744     1,197          995       805     1,072
Oregon .........................        33        19        26        9,257     2,972     4,731        9,257     2,530     4,743
Pennsylvania ...................        81        55       101        9,142     8,593    12,356       15,924    10,391    16,926

Rhode Island ...................         4       (2)         4          306       (2)       250          307       (2)       220
South Carolina .................         8         8         6        2,902       850       855        1,988     1,122       903
South Dakota ...................         -       (2)         -            -       (2)         -            -       (2)         -
Tennessee ......................        24        13         5        3,537     2,086       609        3,970     2,214       417
Texas ..........................        35        26        40        6,713     4,913     8,809        9,662     4,508     8,037
Utah ...........................        12         3        13        1,876       327     3,194        2,019       334     2,400
Vermont ........................         3         -         3          804         -       324          840         -       304
Virginia .......................        31         7        13        6,251     1,664     2,771        8,254     1,593     2,453
Washington .....................        48        19        54        7,321     2,280     7,772        9,510     2,820     6,670
West Virginia ..................         4         5         8          790     1,040       886          710       553       610
Wisconsin ......................        81        12        70       18,194     1,583     9,891       17,154     1,920     9,668
Wyoming ........................       (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)

Puerto Rico ....................        12         9        10        2,370       912     1,956        5,159     2,061     2,126
                                                                                                                                
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    3 Data starting in June 2012 may not be comparable to prior data due to a change in MLS unemployment insurance procedures.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 6. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2011 and 2012
         
                                                           Layoff events                            Separations           
                 Industry
                                                    IV          III          IV           IV            III           IV
                                                   2011        2012r        2012p        2011          2012r         2012p
                                                   
  Total, private nonfarm (1) ................       36           32           29         6,513         4,387         6,290
         
Mining ......................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
Utilities ...................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
Construction ................................      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
Manufacturing ...............................       23           17           12         4,187         2,073         2,385
     Food ...................................        3          (2)          (2)           431           (2)           (2)
     Beverage and tobacco products ..........        -            -            -             -             -             -
     Textile mills ..........................        -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
     Textile product mills ..................        -            -            -             -             -             -
     Apparel ................................      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
     Leather and allied products ............      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
     Wood products ..........................      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
     Paper ..................................        -            3            -             -           273             -
     Printing and related support activities       (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
     Petroleum and coal products ............        -            -            -             -             -             -
     
     Chemicals ..............................        -            3          (2)             -           236           (2)
     Plastics and rubber products ...........      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
     Nonmetallic mineral products ...........        -            -            -             -             -             -
     Primary metals .........................      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
     Fabricated metal products ..............        3          (2)            -           487           (2)             -
     Machinery ..............................      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
     Computer and electronic products .......        3          (2)          (2)           610           (2)           (2)
     Electrical equipment and appliances ....      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
     Transportation equipment ...............      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
     Furniture and related products .........      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
     Miscellaneous manufacturing ............      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
     
Wholesale trade .............................      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
Retail trade ................................      (2)          (2)            5           (2)           (2)           517
Transportation and warehousing ..............      (2)            3            -           (2)           453             -
Information .................................        3            3          (2)           613           562           (2)
Finance and insurance .......................      (2)            5            3           (2)           802           452
Real estate and rental and leasing ..........      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
Professional and technical services .........        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
Management of companies and enterprises .....        -            -            -             -             -             -
Administrative and waste services ...........        3            -            3           198             -         1,720
Educational services ........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
Health care and social assistance ...........        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........        -            -            -             -             -             -
Accommodation and food services .............        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
Other services, except public administration         -            -            -             -             -             -

Unclassified ................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
                                                                                                                          
        
1 See footnote 1, table 1.
2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
r = revised. 
p = preliminary. 
NOTE: Dash represents zero. 




Table 7. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work, 
selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                Layoff events                                 Separations


         Reason for layoff               IV         III         IV               IV               III              IV 
                                        2011       2012r       2012p            2011             2012r            2012p
                                                 
   Total, private nonfarm (1) ....       36          32          29             6,513            4,387            6,290

Business demand ..................      (2)           -           9               (2)                -            2,991
  Contract cancellation ..........        -           -           3                 -                -            1,825
  Contract completion ............      (2)           -         (2)               (2)                -              (2)
  Domestic competition ...........        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market .......................        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Import competition .............        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown      (2)           -         (2)               (2)                -              (2)
    
Organizational changes ............      18          16          10             3,940            2,244            1,891
  Business-ownership change .......       3         (2)           3               998              (2)              441
  Reorganization or restructuring
    of company ...................       15         (2)           7             2,942              (2)            1,450
    
Financial issues .................        8          11         (2)               952            1,555              (2)
  Bankruptcy .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability .......      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Financial difficulty ...........      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  
Production specific ..............      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  Automation/technological 
    advances .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Energy related .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ..........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Material or supply shortage ....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Model changeover ...............        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ..................      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  Product line discontinued ......      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
   
Disaster/safety ..................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Hazardous work environment .....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Non-natural disaster ...........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Extreme weather-related event ..        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  
Other/miscellaneous ..............        5         (2)         (2)               801              (2)              (2)
  Other ..........................      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Data not provided: refusal ......     (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Data not provided: does not 
    know .........................      (2)           -         (2)               (2)                -              (2)

    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero. 




Table 8. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                       Layoff events                             Separations
 Census region and division
                                IV           III        IV            IV             III            IV
                               2011         2012r      2012p         2011           2012r          2012p

        United States (1) .     36           32          29          6,513          4,387          6,290
        
Northeast .................      6            3           7            830            206          2,646

    New England ...........    (2)          (2)         (2)            (2)            (2)            (2)
    Middle Atlantic .......    (2)          (2)         (2)            (2)            (2)            (2)
    
South .....................      8           12           8          1,207          1,588          1,360

    South Atlantic ........    (2)            6           5            (2)            728            822
    East South Central ....    (2)            3           3            (2)            499            538
    West South Central ....      3            3           -            706            361              -
    
Midwest  ...................    11           10           7          2,201          1,396            928

    East North Central ....      8            6         (2)          1,876            703            (2)
    West North Central ....      3            4         (2)            325            693            (2)
    
West ......................     11            7           7          2,275          1,197          1,356

    Mountain ..............      -          (2)         (2)              -            (2)            (2)
    Pacific ...............     11          (2)         (2)          2,275            (2)            (2)


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New
England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:
New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida,
Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:
Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and
Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa,
Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii,
Oregon, and Washington. 




Table 9. Extended mass layoff events and separations, selected measures, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                  Layoff events                                Separations              
                Action
                                          IV           III          IV             IV              III             IV
                                         2011         2012r        2012p          2011            2012r           2012p
                           
Total, private nonfarm (1) .........     1,903        1,124        1,674         334,383         199,680         319,639

    Total, excluding seasonal 
        and vacation events (2) ....     1,085          908          938         198,708         164,566         195,238
                                                                                                        

        Total, movement of work (3)         36           32           29           6,513           4,387           6,290
                                                                                                        

             Movement of work 
               actions .............        56           44           39             (4)             (4)             (4)
                  With separations
                    reported .......        26           23           22           2,183           1,752           3,468
                  With separations 
                    unknown ........        30           21           17             (4)             (4)             (4)
                                                                                                        
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 The questions on movement of work were not asked of employers when the reason for layoff was either seasonal work
or vacation period.
    3 Movement of work can involve more than one action. 
    4 Data are not available.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.




Table 10. Movement of work actions by type of separation where number of separations is known by employers,
selected quarters, 2011 and 2012
                
                                              Actions (1)                        Separations
           Activities                             
                                       IV        III         IV            IV         III        IV
                                      2011      2012r       2012p         2011       2012r      2012p

With separations reported (2) .        26         23         22           2,183      1,752      3,468

           By location                                                                               

  Out-of-country relocations ..         5          1          9             316         10      1,115
      Within company ..........         5          1          8             316         10        933
      Different company .......         -          -          1               -          -        182

  Domestic relocations ........        21         22         13           1,867      1,742      2,353
      Within company ..........        16         20          9             896      1,520      1,035
      Different company .......         5          2          4             971        222      1,318

  Unable to assign place of
     relocation ...............         -          -          -               -          -          -
     
           By company
           
  Within company ..............        21         21         17           1,212      1,530      1,968
      Domestic ................        16         20          9             896      1,520      1,035
      Out of country ..........         5          1          8             316         10        933
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -          -
      
  Different company ...........         5          2          5             971        222      1,500
      Domestic ................         5          2          4             971        222      1,318
      Out of country ..........         -          -          1               -          -        182
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -          -



    1 Only actions for which separations associated with the movement of work were reported are shown.
    2 See footnote 1, table 1. 
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    Note: Dash represents zero.




Table 11. Summary of employer expectations of a recall from extended mass layoffs, private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                Percent of total layoff events (1)        Percent of layoff events             Percent of layoff events,   
                                                                            due to seasonal work                 excluding those due to    
    Nature of recall                                                         and vacation period              seasonal and vacation period 

                                  IV         III           IV             IV         III        IV             IV          III         IV
                                 2011r      2012r         2012p          2011       2012r      2012p          2011r       2012r       2012p
                                 
Anticipate a recall .....        62.4        46.5          63.2          93.9        94.9       91.7          38.6         35.0        40.8

         Timeframe

Within 6 months .........        71.3        52.8          74.3          87.6        81.0       87.9          41.3         34.6        50.4
      Within 3 months ...        30.0        42.8          32.6          29.0        61.0       30.4          31.7         31.1        36.6

         Size of recall

At least half ...........        75.3        55.6          77.5          92.8        87.3       92.7          43.2         35.2        50.7
      All workers .......        31.7        18.4          36.5          42.7        28.3       47.7          11.5         11.9        16.7


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.




Table 12. Average number of separations in extended mass layoff events by selected measures,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                        Average number of separations        
          Measure                                                                            
                                                  IV                  III                 IV
                                                 2011r               2012r               2012p

      Total, private nonfarm (1) .....            176                 178                 191

           Industry

Mining ...............................            129                 146                 121
Utilities ............................            263                 147                 173
Construction .........................            128                 132                 130
Manufacturing ........................            184                 147                 202
Wholesale trade ......................            150                 115                 155
Retail trade .........................            253                 234                 206
Transportation and warehousing .......            149                 170                 315
Information ..........................            326                 401                 357
Finance and insurance ................            192                 194                 155
Real estate and rental and leasing ...            191                 237                 145
Professional and 
  technical services .................            193                 217                 156
Management of companies
  and enterprises ....................            165                 123                 225
Administrative and waste services ....            185                 170                 224
Educational services .................            107                 143                 112
Health care and social assistance ....            169                 115                 266
Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..            173                 176                 276
Accommodation and food services ......            211                 199                 262
Other services, except 
  public administration ..............            172                 129                 165
Unclassified establishments ..........             70                 144                 121

           Reason for layoff groupings                                             

Business demand ......................            175                 181                 195
Organizational changes ...............            198                 170                 395
Financial issues .....................            179                 148                 295
Production specific ..................            311                 165                 205
Disaster/Safety ......................            175                 168                 179
Seasonal .............................            166                 163                 169
Other/miscellaneous ..................            190                 199                 155
                                                                                   
                                                                                    
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.




Table 13. Distribution of extended layoff events by size of layoff, private nonfarm 
sector, fourth quarter 2012 (p)


                                      Layoff events                Separations
           Size
                                   Number     Percent         Number       Percent
  
Total .....................        1,674       100.0          319,639       100.0
 
  50-99 ...................          666        39.8           48,405        15.1
  100-149 .................          397        23.7           46,552        14.6
  150-199 .................          208        12.4           35,002        11.0
  200-299 .................          206        12.3           48,908        15.3
  300-499 .................           93         5.6           34,326        10.7
  500-999 .................           63         3.8           41,559        13.0
  1,000 or more ...........           41         2.4           64,887        20.3
                                                                                 
  p = preliminary.



Last Modified Date: February 14, 2013
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