Economic News Release

Extended Mass Layoffs (Quarterly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, May 11, 2011                    USDL-11-0678

Technical information: (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                       EXTENDED MASS LAYOFFS -- FIRST QUARTER 2011


      (NOTE: This release and associated database were corrected on May
      27, 2011. The number of layoff events in California has been
      corrected to include an additional 4 events which occurred during
      the reference quarter, increasing the number of separated workers
      in California by 506. The West region and national totals were
      also updated.)
 
 
Employers initiated 1,397 mass layoff events in the first quarter of 2011 that
resulted in the separation of 190,895 workers from their jobs for at least 31 days,
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Extended mass layoff events and
separations have decreased over the year for six consecutive quarters. (See table A.)
First quarter 2011 layoff data are preliminary and are subject to revision. (See the
Technical Note.)

Forty-nine percent of employers expected to recall at least some laid-off workers,
the highest first quarter percentage since 2005 and up from 38 percent in 2010. In
the first quarter of 2010 to the first quarter of 2011, the number of events in the
manufacturing sector decreased from 441 to 281, and associated worker separations fell
from 60,855 to a series low 37,249. The average size of a layoff (as measured by the
number of separations per layoff event) fell to a series low 137 workers during the
first quarter of 2011.
  
The national unemployment rate averaged 9.5 percent, not seasonally adjusted, in the
first quarter of 2011, down from 10.4 percent a year earlier. Private nonfarm payroll
employment, not seasonally adjusted, increased by 1.4 percent (1,448,000) over the year.

Industry Distribution of Extended Layoffs
 
Over the year, the number of extended mass layoff events declined in 13 of the 18 major
private industry sectors. The manufacturing and retail trade sectors experienced the
largest declines in the numbers of worker separations over the year. Nineteen of the
21 manufacturing subsectors experienced over-the-year decreases in the number of layoff
events. (See table 1.)

Construction firms recorded 339 events and 34,132 separations, primarily due to contract
completion. This sector accounted for 24 percent of the layoff events and 18 percent
of the related separations in the quarter. In these events, 77 percent of the employers
anticipated recalling at least some of the displaced workers.



Table A. Selected measures of extended mass layoff activity


     Period                  Layoff events       Separations     Initial claimants

     2007

January-March...........          1,110            225,600            199,250
April-June..............          1,421            278,719            259,234
July-September..........          1,018            160,024            173,077
October-December........          1,814            301,592            347,151

     2008

January-March...........          1,340            230,098            259,292
April-June..............          1,756            354,713            339,630
July-September..........          1,581            290,453            304,340
October-December........          3,582            641,714            766,780

      2009

January-March...........          3,979            705,141            835,551
April-June..............          3,395            651,318            731,049
July-September..........          2,034            345,531            406,823
October-December........          2,416            406,212            468,577

     2010
January-March (r) ......          1,870            314,512            368,642
April-June (r) .........          2,008            381,622            395,573
July-September (r) .....          1,370            222,357            259,886
October-December (r)(c).          1,999            338,115            388,285

     2011

January-March (p)(c) ...          1,397            190,895            179,686


    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    c = corrected.
   
   
    
In the manufacturing sector, the number of events decreased over the year from 441 to
281, and associated worker separations fell from 60,855 to a series low 37,249. Forty-six
percent of manufacturing employers with an extended mass layoff event in the first
quarter of 2011 anticipated recalling at least some of the displaced workers.

Reasons for Extended Layoffs

Among the seven categories of economic reasons cited by employers for extended mass
layoffs during the quarter, business demand factors accounted for 38 percent of events
and 36 percent of related separations, primarily as a result of contract completion.
Over the year, the largest decrease in worker separations occurred in layoffs
attributed to business demand reasons. (See table 2.)



Table B. Metropolitan areas with the largest number of initial claimants associated with
extended mass layoff events in the first quarter 2011, by residency of claimants


                                                         2010 I (r)              2011 I (p)     

            Metropolitan area                        Initial                  Initial            
                                                    claimants     Rank       claimants   Rank

        Total, 372 metropolitan areas (c) .......    305,374                  143,427               
        
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. (c) ....     32,782        1          17,557      1    
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long
    Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. .......................     22,378        2          14,312      2    
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. .......     13,001        5           7,835      3    
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, Calif. (c) .......     13,652        4           5,147      4    
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. (c) ....     15,563        3           4,942      5    
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif. (c) .......      8,205        6           4,481      6    
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.
    -N.J.-Del.-Md. ..............................      4,811       11           2,747      7    
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Wash. ..................      3,601       15           2,601      8    
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, Calif. (c) .      6,825        8           2,546      9    
Pittsburgh, Pa. .................................      3,684       14           2,205     10    

    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    c = corrected.
    NOTE: The geographic boundaries of the metropolitan areas shown in this table are defined 
in Office of Management and Budget Bulletin 10-02, December 1, 2009.



Movement of Work

In the first quarter of 2011, 44 extended mass layoffs involved movement of work and
were associated with 10,144 worker separations. Over the year, the number of such events
decreased by 28, and the number of separations decreased by 1,347. Movement of work
layoffs accounted for 4 percent of total nonseasonal events. (See table 9.)

Fifty-nine percent of the events related to movement of work were from manufacturing
industries. (See table 6.) Employers cited organizational changes as the economic
reason for layoff in 43 percent of the events involving movement of work. (See table 7.)
Among the four census regions, the largest proportions of workers affected by the
movement of work were in the Northeast. (See table 8.) Among states, New Jersey,
Massachusetts, California, and Illinois reported the highest numbers of separations
associated with movement of work.
  
The 44 events with movement of work for the first quarter involved 68 identifiable
relocations of work actions. (See table 9.) Employers were able to provide information
on the specific number of worker separations for 30 of these actions. Among these actions,
67 percent were domestic reassignments, and 80 percent involved work moving within the
same company. (See table 10.)

Recall Expectations

Forty-nine percent of employers reporting an extended mass layoff in the first quarter
indicated they anticipated some type of recall--the highest first quarter percentage
since 2005 and up from 38 percent in 2010. Of those employers expecting to recall workers,
25 percent indicated the offer would be extended to all displaced employees, and 63
percent of employers anticipated extending the offer to at least half of the workers.
Sixty-one percent of employers expecting to recall laid-off employees intend to do so
within six months. Excluding extended mass layoff events due to seasonal work and vacation
period, in which 90 percent of the employers expected a recall, employers anticipated
recalling laid-off workers in 33 percent of the events. (See table 11.)

Size of Extended Layoffs
  
The average size of a layoff (as measured by the number of separations per layoff event)
fell to a series low 137 workers during the quarter.(See table 12.) Events were largely
concentrated at the lower end of the extended layoff-size spectrum, with a series high
of 77 percent involving fewer than 150 workers. Conversely, only 3 percent of layoff
events involved 500 or more workers. (See table 13.)

Initial Claimant Characteristics

A total of 179,686 initial claimants for unemployment insurance were associated with
extended mass layoffs in the first quarter. Of these claimants, 15 percent were black,
18 percent were Hispanic, 37 percent were women, and 19 percent were 55 years of age
or older. (See table 3.) In the entire civilian labor force for the same period, 12 percent
of all persons were black, 15 percent were Hispanic, 47 percent were women, and 20 percent
were 55 years of age or older.

Geographic Distribution
  
Among the four census regions, the West recorded the highest number of separations due to
extended mass layoff events in the first quarter of 2011. Among the nine census divisions,
the highest numbers of displaced workers were in the Pacific and the East North Central. All
regions and 8 of the 9 divisions registered fewer laid-off workers compared with the first
quarter of 2010. (See table 4.)

California recorded the largest number of worker separations in the first quarter of 2011,
followed by Illinois, New York, and Pennsylvania. Over the year, 41 states reported decreased
numbers of workers laid off during the first quarter, led by California, Florida, and New
York. (See table 5.)

Eighty percent of the initial claimants for unemployment insurance
associated with extended mass layoff events in the first quarter of 2011 resided within
metropolitan areas. Among the 372 metropolitan areas, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif.,
reported the highest number of resident initial claimants. Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington,
Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md., Pittsburgh, Pa., and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Wash., entered into the
highest 10 metropolitan areas in terms of initial claims by residency of claimant in the first
quarter, replacing San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif., Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach,
Fla., and Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas, from the first quarter of 2010. (See table B.)

Note

The quarterly series on extended mass layoffs cover layoffs of at least 31-days duration that
involve 50 or more individuals from a single employer filing initial claims for unemployment
insurance during a consecutive 5-week period. Approximately 30 days after a mass
layoff is triggered, the employer is contacted for additional information. Data for the
current quarter are preliminary and subject to revision. This release also includes revised
data for previous quarters. Data are not seasonally adjusted, but survey data suggest
that there is a seasonal pattern to layoffs. Thus, comparisons between consecutive quarters
should not be used as an indicator of trend. For additional information about the program,
see the Technical Note.

________________
The Mass Layoffs news release for April is scheduled to be released on Friday, May 20, 2011,
at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program which
identifies, describes, and tracks the effects of major job cutbacks, using
data from each state's unemployment insurance database. Employers which have
at least 50 initial claims filed against them during a consecutive 5-week per-
iod are contacted by the state agency to determine whether these separations
are of at least 31 days duration, and, if so, information is obtained on the
total number of persons separated and the reasons for these separations. Em-
ployers are identified according to industry classification and location, and
unemployment insurance claimants are identified by such demographic factors as
age, race, gender, ethnic group, and place of residence. The program yields
information on an individual's entire spell of unemployment, to the point when
regular unemployment insurance benefits are exhausted.

Definitions

   Domestic relocation. A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location also inside the U.S., either within the same company or to
a different company altogether (domestic outsourcing).

   Employer. A firm covered by state unemployment insurance laws. Information
on employers is obtained from the Quarterly Census ofEmployment and Wages (QCEW)
program, which is administered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Extended mass layoff event. A layoff defined by the filing of 50 or more
initial claims for unemployment insurance benefits from an employer during a
5-week period, with at least 50 workers separated for more than 30 days. Such
layoffs involve both persons subject to recall and those who are terminated.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to initiate
a request either for a determination of entitlement to and eligibility for com-
pensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment within a benefit year or
period of eligibility.

   Movement of work. The reassignment of work activities previously performed
at the worksite by the company experiencing the layoff (1) to another worksite
within the company; (2) to another company under formal contractual arrange-
ments at the same worksite; or (3) to another company under formal contractual
arrangements at another worksite either within or outside of the U.S.

   Outsourcing. A movement of work that was formerly conducted inhouse by em-
ployees paid directly by a company to a different company under a contractual
arrangement.

   Overseas relocation. A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location outside of the U.S. (offshoring), either within the same
company or to a different company altogether (offshore outsourcing).

   Relocation of work action. A movement-of-work action where the employer
provides information on the new location of work and/or the number of workers
affected by the movement. Events may involve more than one action per employer
if work is moved to more than one location.

   Separations. The number of individuals who have become displaced during an
extended mass layoff event as provided by the employer, regardless of whether
they file for unemployment insurance or not.

   Worksite closure. The complete closure of an employer or the partial closure
of an employer with multiple locations where entire worksites affected by layoffs
are closed.



Revisions to preliminary data

   The latest quarterly data in this news release are considered preliminary.
After the initial publication of quarterly information, more data are collected
as remaining employer interviews for the quarter are completed and additional
initial claimant information associated with extended layoff events is received.

Movement of work concepts and questions

   Beginning in 2004, the economic reasons "domestic relocation" and "overseas
relocation" were replaced by the movement of work concept. The movement of work
data are not collected in the same way as the relocation reasons in releases prior
to 2004; therefore, the movement of work data are not comparable to the data for
those discontinued reasons.

   Questions on movement of work and location are asked for all layoff events when
the reason for separation is other than "seasonal work" or "vacation period," as
these are unlikely. Movement of work questions are asked after the analyst veri-
fies that a layoff in fact occurred and lasted more than 30 days. If the reason
for layoff is other than seasonal or vacation, the employer was asked the following:

   (1) "Did this layoff include your company moving work from this location(s)
to a different geographic location(s) within your company?"

   (2) "Did this layoff include your company moving work that was performed in-
house by your employees to a different company, through contractual arrangements?"

   A "yes" response to either question is followed by:

   "Is the location inside or outside of the U.S.?" and "How many of the layoffs
were a result of this relocation?"

   Layoff actions are classified as "domestic relocation" if the employer responds
"yes" to questions 1 and/or 2 and indicates the location(s) was inside the U.S.;
"overseas relocation" indicates that the location(s) was outside the U.S.

Reliability of the data

   The identification of employers and layoff events in the MLS program and asso-
ciated characteristics of claimants is based on administrative data on covered
employers and unemployment insurance claims, and, therefore, is not subject to
issues associated with sampling error. Nonsampling errors such as typographical
errors may occur but are not likely to be significant. While the MLS employers
and layoff events are not subject to sampling error, and all such employers are
asked the interview questions, the employer responses are subject to nonsampling
error. Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the inability to
obtain information for all respondents, inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or processing
of the data. For the first quarter of 2011, outright refusal to participate in
the employer interview accounted for 4.9 percent of all private nonfarm events.
Although included in the total number of instances involving the movement of work,
employers in 38 relocations were unable to provide the number of separations
specifically associated with the movement of work, 14 of which involved out-of-
country moves.

Additional information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired in-
dividuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202)691-5200; Federal Relay Service:
(800) 877-8339.




Table 1. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                                                                           Initial claimants for   
                                                         Layoff events              Separations            unemployment insurance   
                      Industry                                                                                                     
                                                      I      IV       I         I        IV       I          I       IV        I   
                                                    2010    2010r   2011p     2010r    2010r    2011p      2010r    2010r     2011p 
                                                                                                                                   
      Total, private nonfarm (1)(c) ..............  1,870   1,999   1,397    314,512  338,115  190,895    368,642  388,285  179,686

    Mining .......................................     16      31      11      2,271    3,723      876      2,098    4,491    1,055
    Utilities ....................................      4     (2)       5        983      (2)      502      1,089      (2)      549
    Construction (c) .............................    444     685     339     50,278   89,036   34,132     66,516  108,149   36,424
    Manufacturing ................................    441     382     281     60,855   66,419   37,249     72,684   76,779   34,843
         Food ....................................     76      86      64     11,833   22,752    7,970     14,670   19,620    7,847
         Beverage and tobacco products ...........      7      12       5        978    1,830      823      1,706    2,193      803
         Textile mills ...........................    (2)       3       3        (2)      759      248        (2)    1,031      836
         Textile product mills ...................      8     (2)     (2)      1,080      (2)      (2)      1,202      (2)      (2)
         Apparel .................................      8      12       4        824    2,245    1,707        941    2,610    1,692
         Leather and allied products .............    (2)     (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)      (2)        (2)      (2)      (2)
         Wood products ...........................     18      18      14      1,697    2,173    1,767      3,691    4,700    2,086
         Paper ...................................      9      10      13      1,402    1,434    1,541      2,052    1,297    1,249
         Printing and related support activities .     20      11      10      2,277    2,090    1,520      2,904    1,986    1,330
         Petroleum and coal products .............      5      17       4        455    2,463      357        527    2,804      340

         Chemicals ...............................     20       5      13      3,103      464    1,925      3,259      567    1,521
         Plastics and rubber products ............     15      14       9      1,320    1,697      924      1,779    1,805      830
         Nonmetallic mineral products ............     33      50      35      3,451    6,367    2,952      4,127    7,447    3,548
         Primary metals ..........................     20      13       9      2,940    2,125      861      2,457    2,123      675
         Fabricated metal products ...............     26      19      16      3,020    2,858    1,822      3,496    3,575    1,923
         Machinery ...............................     37      18      13      5,690    3,022    1,531      6,193    4,781    1,391
         Computer and electronic products ........     30      15      11      5,800    2,029    1,755      5,551    2,523    1,239
         Electrical equipment and appliances .....     14       6       3      1,932    1,138      987      1,599    2,155      522
         Transportation equipment ................     60      51      36      8,491    8,062    6,289     10,451   11,500    4,869
         Furniture and related products ..........     17       8       8      2,397    1,246    1,081      2,960    1,687      886
         Miscellaneous manufacturing .............     12      10       7      1,580    1,272      925      1,487    1,226      734

    Wholesale trade ..............................     53      33      31      6,049    3,769    3,749      5,835    4,083    3,472
    Retail trade (c) .............................    201      88     142     53,090   22,417   25,410     68,502   26,276   26,529
    Transportation and warehousing ...............     92      52      65     19,139    9,345   13,149     18,256   12,910   10,530
    Information ..................................     60      55      52     10,957   15,752   10,747     12,368   26,173   12,205
    Finance and insurance ........................     75      50      35     14,116    9,827    3,408     17,339    9,831    5,326
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........     13      15      17      2,530    1,740    1,336      2,612    1,812    1,260
    Professional and technical services (c) ......     69      69      57      8,181   11,294    7,027     11,525   14,472    5,704
    Management of companies and enterprises ......     11     (2)       4      2,124      (2)      507      1,687      (2)      323
    Administrative and waste services ............    205     230     169     48,962   40,729   30,949     53,321   49,418   21,429
    Educational services .........................      5       9       7        887    2,655      781        920    1,457      808
    Health care and social assistance ............     34      48      36      5,613    6,475    3,812      5,196    6,874    3,311
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........     40      59      52      9,745   12,372    5,757      7,051    8,910    5,684
    Accommodation and food services (c) ..........     93     161      81     16,929   38,436   10,309     19,651   31,432    9,048
    Other services, except public administration .     14      22      13      1,803    2,794    1,195      1,992    3,423    1,186

    Unclassified .................................      -       -       -          -        -        -          -        -        -
                                                                                                                                   
    1 For the first quarter of 2011, data on layoffs were reported by employers in all states and the District of Columbia. 
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.    
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    c = corrected.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.  
    
    
    

Table 2. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                                                                         Initial claimants for   
                                             Layoff events                   Separations                 unemployment insurance  
         Reason for layoff
                                         I       IV         I           I        IV         I            I        IV         I   
                                       2010     2010r     2011p       2010r     2010r     2011p        2010r     2010r     2011p 

   Total, private nonfarm (1)(c) ..   1,870     1,999     1,397      314,512   338,115   190,895      368,642   388,285   179,686
   
Business demand (c) ...............     738       661       535      112,821   100,546    68,928      142,338   143,659    69,621
  Contract cancellation ...........      42        24        28        6,225     4,174     5,449        6,085     5,696     4,472
  Contract completion (c) .........     253       377       262       48,110    62,433    37,698       63,276    90,895    38,677
  Domestic competition ............     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market ........................       8         -         4        1,577         -       434        1,835         -       300
  Import competition ..............     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown (c)  431       255       238       55,121    33,261    24,596       69,433    46,416    25,808
    
Organizational changes (c) ........     117        79        87       20,105    17,864    12,027       26,108    16,720    10,851
  Business-ownership change .......      31        18        21        5,323     9,311     2,587        4,414     2,973     1,559
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company (c) ................      86        61        66       14,782     8,553     9,440       21,694    13,747     9,292
    
Financial issues ..................     165       110       116       27,450    15,995    25,732       38,929    17,008    15,507
  Bankruptcy ......................      17        14        12        4,159     3,505     2,580        3,479     1,863     1,325
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability ........      98        65        71       12,992     7,445    10,906       26,879    10,909    10,485
  Financial difficulty ............      50        31        33       10,299     5,045    12,246        8,571     4,236     3,697

Production specific ...............      15        10        21        2,663     1,422     3,192        2,860     2,400     2,875
  Automation/technological 
    advances ......................       4       (2)         -          549       (2)         -          676       (2)         -
  Energy related ..................       -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention ..................       3         4         5          416       629       358          289       660       303
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ...........     (2)       (2)         4          (2)       (2)       761          (2)       (2)       593
  Material or supply shortage .....       -         -       (2)            -         -       (2)            -         -       (2)
  Model changeover ................       3         -         3          654         -       990          910         -     1,203
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ...................     (2)       (2)         4          (2)       (2)       400          (2)       (2)       393
  Product line discontinued .......     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  
Disaster/safety ...................       7         5         7          940       521     1,056        1,094       512       799
  Hazardous work environment ......      -        (2)         -            -       (2)         -            -       (2)         -
  Natural disaster (not weather
    related) ......................     (2)         -       (2)          (2)         -       (2)          (2)         -       (2)
  Non-natural disaster ............       4       (2)         -          530       (2)         -          668       (2)         -
  Extreme weather-related event ...     (2)         -       (2)          (2)         -       (2)          (2)         -       (2)
  
Seasonal (c) ......................     418       826       381       68,625   137,477    50,007       75,725   142,957    50,508
  Seasonal (c) ....................     (2)       819       377          (2)   136,836    49,743          (2)   142,041    50,094
  Vacation period-school related
    or otherwise ..................     (2)         7         4          (2)       641       264          (2)       916       414
    
Other/miscellaneous (c) ...........     410       308       250       81,908    64,290    29,953       81,588    65,029    29,525
  Other (c) .......................      23        19        29        3,883     2,565     3,132        3,598     3,107     2,804
  Data not provided: refusal (c) ..      86        82        69       23,214    18,679     7,713       23,207    18,677     7,711
  Data not provided: does not 
    know ..........................     301       207       152       54,811    43,046    19,108       54,783    43,245    19,010


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.     
    p = preliminary.
    c = corrected.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.     




Table 3. State and selected claimant characteristics: Extended mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, fourth quarter, 2010 and first quarter, 2011

                                                         Total                              Percent of total                       
                                                        initial                          Hispanic                    Persons age 55
                                  Layoff events        claimants          Black           origin          Women         and over   
              State                                                                                                                
                                   IV       I        IV        I        IV      I       IV      I       IV      I       IV      I  
                                  2010r   2011p     2010r    2011p     2010r  2011p    2010r  2011p    2010r  2011p    2010r  2011p

    Total, private nonfarm(1)(c)  1,999   1,397    388,285  179,686     12.2   14.7     19.3   17.9     30.7   36.7     18.5   19.2

Alabama ........................      6       9      2,225    1,425     51.2   50.5      2.7    1.6     58.3   47.9     11.4   15.5
Alaska .........................     14     (2)      2,478      (2)      5.2    5.5     10.5    9.6     23.8   19.0     20.5   21.5
Arizona ........................     17      12      3,285    1,657     10.5    6.3     32.9   35.4     45.0   42.2     16.2   15.8
Arkansas .......................      5     (2)      1,685      (2)     16.7   71.7      2.3    2.1     32.2   39.3     29.3   23.6
California (c) .................    472     394    106,569   49,078      7.3    7.9     37.0   36.6     36.8   37.9     16.8   16.6

Colorado .......................     24       3      3,075      222      4.4    5.0     36.3   27.5     24.8   27.9     21.3   20.7
Connecticut ....................     13      10      2,149    1,074     16.8   20.8     12.4   17.0     38.1   32.9     25.3   15.2
Delaware .......................      5       3        525      632     30.3   46.7     11.8    8.9     31.8   37.5     39.2   12.5
District of Columbia ...........      3       3        434      287     64.5   53.3     11.1   16.7     59.7   27.2     13.1   22.3
Florida ........................     46      42     10,579    5,424     18.9   19.5     25.7   28.0     40.9   41.9     20.7   23.5
Georgia ........................     20      22      2,746    2,649     58.9   48.8      1.3    4.0     44.5   42.4     16.8   16.9
Hawaii .........................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)      6.8    1.1      3.9   10.4     25.2   25.7     34.0   18.0
Idaho ..........................     12       5      2,010      423       .1     .2      9.6   14.7     27.9   28.1     16.7   18.2

Illinois .......................    155     100     26,332   11,448     12.4   18.5     21.2   15.7     21.6   36.6     15.3   17.4
Indiana ........................     40      26      7,987    3,184     10.7   14.2      3.3    2.4     19.7   25.4     17.5   16.0
Iowa ...........................     11       7      2,559      808      1.2    1.1      1.4    1.6     23.0   39.1     23.9   23.6
Kansas .........................     15      12      3,558    1,578      6.4    5.9      8.2    4.2     32.5   24.7     22.0   23.5
Kentucky .......................     26      20      3,323    2,491     11.7   14.7       .1     .2     21.5   32.9     19.2   14.5
Louisiana ......................     23      16      4,024    2,367     36.9   47.6      6.0    3.5     18.9   43.9     18.9   20.3
Maine ..........................      9       5      1,460      583      1.8    2.2       .3     .3     25.3   39.1     23.2   26.9
Maryland .......................     18      10      2,509      958     47.9   42.6      2.2    3.7     51.6   27.5     19.9   24.2
Massachusetts ..................     26      25      3,335    3,545      7.8    9.1      1.0    1.0     34.0   45.0     23.8   18.9
Michigan .......................     67      29      9,407    2,798      6.5    8.4      9.4    3.1     18.4   29.5     14.3   22.7
Minnesota ......................     66      21     10,062    2,550      4.5    4.9      8.4    8.4     15.5   23.7     19.3   18.8
Mississippi ....................     11      13      1,504    1,184     52.3   71.8      4.3    1.8     28.1   49.5     18.3   12.2
Missouri .......................     41      21      6,364    1,636     14.7    9.0      1.4    5.6     31.5   42.2     25.6   20.5

Montana ........................     15     (2)      1,592      (2)       .3    1.2      4.0    3.5     18.7   14.0     20.8   23.3
Nebraska .......................      9       5      1,108      407      3.2    2.9     10.5    7.9     27.3   19.9     22.3   21.6
Nevada .........................     31     (2)      7,667      (2)      8.1    6.3     28.9   22.1     36.1    6.3     19.5    9.5
New Hampshire ..................      4       4        616      322       .3    1.6       .6    6.5     13.6    9.9     40.4   23.3
New Jersey .....................     48      56      9,819    7,867     15.4   20.5     10.4    7.0     35.0   35.6     19.4   23.8
New Mexico .....................     10       5      1,413      629      1.4    1.9     56.8   47.9     37.5   40.1     18.3   14.3
New York .......................    138     122     27,772   16,735     12.3   15.7     12.4   13.6     31.9   37.6     23.0   22.4
North Carolina (3) .............     48      20     11,174    2,720     40.6   45.6     12.1    7.2     35.2   44.9     18.4   23.6
North Dakota ...................     10     (2)      1,551      (2)       .6    1.4      3.2    6.5      8.2   31.5     21.9   22.9
Ohio ...........................    105      64     18,105    7,986      8.5   13.1      3.7    3.3     19.1   32.3     18.4   17.5
Oklahoma .......................      4       3      1,245      239     14.8    9.2      3.3    4.2     24.9   22.6      9.6   23.4
Oregon .........................     23      19      7,773    4,226      1.1    1.6     28.8   20.2     41.5   38.2     19.5   21.4
Pennsylvania ...................    134      97     24,186   15,133      7.6    7.7      4.3    4.7     24.5   34.4     20.0   22.5

Rhode Island ...................      4       6        364      504      1.9    3.2      9.3   11.3     36.0   47.6     19.0   32.5
South Carolina .................     20      11      4,161    1,469     59.1   67.1      1.2    1.4     45.6   57.5     11.6   10.6
South Dakota ...................      -       -          -        -        -      -        -      -        -      -        -      -
Tennessee ......................     25      20      4,220    1,629     34.7   20.4        -     .2     38.1   38.0     27.4   26.2
Texas ..........................     31      36      6,233    4,560     11.3   13.1     54.8   51.7     20.6   27.3     12.8   14.7
Utah ...........................     17       8      3,203    1,007       .7    2.1     11.9   21.2     12.1   25.8     16.8   11.0
Vermont ........................    (2)       3        (2)      218        -    1.4      1.0     .5     14.4   23.4     26.9   22.0
Virginia .......................     32      26      6,966    4,072     37.8   47.9      4.4    4.3     34.1   48.0     21.0   21.7
Washington .....................     48      37      9,198    4,903      4.5    6.7     22.8   10.4     35.0   37.1     17.5   16.7
West Virginia ..................      4       5      1,085      596       .1     .3        -      -      2.3    7.6     13.3   12.4
Wisconsin ......................     90      30     17,769    5,127      5.9    3.7      9.6    6.5     24.2   35.5     17.6   23.2
Wyoming ........................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)      1.6      -      3.5   10.9     41.1   35.9     26.3   15.6

Puerto Rico ....................      5       6      1,399    2,438        -      -     99.1   99.5     55.0   61.9      4.6    8.1
                                                                                                                                   
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    3 Data starting in November 2010 may not be comparable to prior data.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    c = corrected.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.
    
    
    

Table 4. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                                                                    Initial claimants for    
                                         Layoff events                   Separations                unemployment insurance    
   Census region and division                                                                                              
                                    I        IV         I           I        IV         I            I       IV        I   
                                  2010      2010r     2011p       2010r     2010r     2011p        2010r    2010r    2011p 
                                                                                                                           
        United States (1)(c) ..   1,870     1,999     1,397      314,512   338,115   190,895      368,642  388,285  179,686     


Northeast .....................     383       377       328       57,417    53,597    43,230       68,926   69,902   45,981

    New England ...............      57        57        53       10,550     9,863    10,662       10,329    8,125    6,246
    Middle Atlantic ...........     326       320       275       46,867    43,734    32,568       58,597   61,777   39,735

South .........................     371       327       261       74,510    55,276    34,301       90,568   64,638   32,893

    South Atlantic ............     216       196       142       47,131    33,224    17,706       56,193   40,179   18,807
    East South Central ........      71        68        62       11,751    11,485     8,855       12,351   11,272    6,729
    West South Central ........      84        63        57       15,628    10,567     7,740       22,024   13,187    7,357

Midwest .......................     433       609       317       66,502   101,848    45,501       71,413  104,802   37,801

    East North Central ........     326       457       249       54,189    74,564    35,203       56,992   79,600   30,543
    West North Central ........     107       152        68       12,313    27,284    10,298       14,421   25,202    7,258

West (c) ......................     683       686       491      116,083   127,394    67,863      137,735  148,943   63,011     

    Mountain ..................      88       128        37       13,394    25,009     5,091       13,268   22,822    4,310
    Pacific (c) ...............     595       558       454      102,689   102,385    62,772      124,467  126,121   58,701     

                                                                                                                           
 
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    c = corrected.
    NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and
Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Virginia, and  West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central:
Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West
North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington. 




Table 5. State distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                                                                        Initial claimants for     
                                           Layoff events                     Separations                unemployment insurance     
              State                                                                                                             
                                       I        IV         I           I        IV         I            I        IV         I    
                                      2010     2010r     2011p       2010r     2010r     2011p        2010r     2010r     2011p  
                                      
    Total, private nonfarm(1)(c)     1,870     1,999     1,397      314,512   338,115   190,895      368,642   388,285   179,686     


Alabama ........................        11         6         9        2,406     1,929     1,309        3,469     2,225     1,425
Alaska .........................         7        14       (2)        1,844     3,970       (2)        1,844     2,478       (2)
Arizona ........................        14        17        12        1,834     3,250     1,368        2,246     3,285     1,657
Arkansas .......................         7         5       (2)        1,080       864       (2)        2,177     1,685       (2)
California (c) .................       530       472       394       93,972    86,005    55,631      112,279   106,569    49,078     
Colorado .......................        14        24         3        2,309     4,835       380        1,783     3,075       222
Connecticut ....................        19        13        10        4,612     3,109     3,375        4,367     2,149     1,074
Delaware .......................       (2)         5         3          (2)       490       393          (2)       525       632
District of Columbia ...........         3         3         3          261       434       296          261       434       287
Florida ........................        62        46        42       26,724    11,030     5,532       27,451    10,579     5,424
Georgia ........................        22        20        22        2,485     1,725     1,525        4,224     2,746     2,649
Hawaii .........................       (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
Idaho ..........................         7        12         5          804     2,312       472          833     2,010       423

Illinois .......................       118       155       100       19,388    25,348    14,683       20,474    26,332    11,448
Indiana ........................        31        40        26        3,602     4,121     2,607        4,830     7,987     3,184
Iowa ...........................         6        11         7          815     1,375     1,421        2,345     2,559       808
Kansas .........................         9        15        12          967     1,836     2,196        1,050     3,558     1,578
Kentucky .......................        27        26        20        3,477     3,836     3,986        3,107     3,323     2,491
Louisiana ......................        19        23        16        3,690     4,560     2,509        3,255     4,024     2,367
Maine ..........................         9         9         5        1,625     1,336     1,528        1,547     1,460       583
Maryland .......................        29        18        10        3,589     3,781     1,175        3,454     2,509       958
Massachusetts ..................        23        26        25        2,976     4,207     4,431        3,426     3,335     3,545
Michigan .......................        40        67        29        4,562     8,347     3,343        5,475     9,407     2,798
Minnesota ......................        34        66        21        3,731    11,550     3,105        4,445    10,062     2,550
Mississippi ....................         6        11        13          874     1,996     1,569          576     1,504     1,184
Missouri .......................        48        41        21        5,587     9,232     2,862        5,463     6,364     1,636

Montana ........................         5        15       (2)          821     2,528       (2)          757     1,592       (2)
Nebraska .......................         4         9         5          359     2,179       444          254     1,108       407
Nevada .........................        27        31       (2)        4,832     4,400       (2)        4,988     7,667       (2)
New Hampshire ..................         3         4         4          638       631       382          407       616       322
New Jersey .....................        55        48        56        9,138    11,849     8,896        9,037     9,819     7,867
New Mexico .....................        11        10         5        1,133     1,800       740        1,227     1,413       629
New York .......................       155       138       122       22,599    18,928    13,489       27,111    27,772    16,735
North Carolina (3) .............        33        48        20        3,049     5,142     2,260        7,914    11,174     2,720
North Dakota ...................         5        10       (2)          704     1,112       (2)          719     1,551       (2)
Ohio ...........................        90       105        64       15,200    15,066     9,615       15,093    18,105     7,986
Oklahoma .......................       (2)         4         3          (2)       503       329          (2)     1,245       239
Oregon .........................        22        23        19        3,736     6,148     3,594        4,109     7,773     4,226
Pennsylvania ...................       116       134        97       15,130    12,957    10,183       22,449    24,186    15,133

Rhode Island ...................         3         4         6          699       320       555          582       364       504
South Carolina .................        25        20        11        3,978     3,993     1,420        4,357     4,161     1,469
South Dakota ...................       (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -
Tennessee ......................        27        25        20        4,994     3,724     1,991        5,199     4,220     1,629
Texas ..........................        56        31        36        9,865     4,640     4,740       15,632     6,233     4,560
Utah ...........................         8        17         8        1,378     3,284     1,300        1,238     3,203     1,007
Vermont ........................         -       (2)         3            -       (2)       391            -       (2)       218
Virginia .......................        34        32        26        5,651     5,271     4,509        7,251     6,966     4,072
Washington .....................        35        48        37        3,082     6,159     2,975        6,082     9,198     4,903
West Virginia ..................         7         4         5        1,004     1,358       596          955     1,085       596
Wisconsin ......................        47        90        30       11,437    21,682     4,955       11,120    17,769     5,127
Wyoming ........................       (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)

Puerto Rico ....................        14         5         6        1,313       482       868        5,412     1,399     2,438
                                                                                                                                
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    3 Data starting in November 2010 may not be comparable to prior data.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    c = corrected.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.
    
    
    

Table 6. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                               Layoff events                            Separations           
                     Industry                                                                                                 
                                                        I           IV            I           I             IV            I
                                                       2010        2010r        2011p        2010r         2010r         2011p

      Total, private nonfarm (1) ................       72           50           44        11,491         9,073        10,144
      
    Mining ......................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Utilities ...................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Construction ................................        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
    Manufacturing ...............................       39           30           26         5,928         5,219         5,962
         Food ...................................      (2)            3          (2)           (2)           195           (2)
         Beverage and tobacco products ..........      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
         Textile mills ..........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Textile product mills ..................      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
         Apparel ................................      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Leather and allied products ............      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Wood products ..........................        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
         Paper ..................................      (2)            3          (2)           (2)           390           (2)
         Printing and related support activities       (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Petroleum and coal products ............        -            -            -             -             -             -
         
         Chemicals  .............................      (2)          (2)            4           (2)           (2)           345
         Plastics and rubber products ...........      (2)            4          (2)           (2)           462           (2)
         Nonmetallic mineral products ...........        -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
         Primary metals .........................        3          (2)            -           431           (2)             -
         Fabricated metal products ..............        3          (2)          (2)           373           (2)           (2)
         Machinery ..............................        6            3          (2)           908           281           (2)
         Computer and electronic products .......        6          (2)          (2)           780           (2)           (2)
         Electrical equipment and appliances ....        3          (2)          (2)           670           (2)           (2)
         Transportation equipment ...............        3            4            4           610         1,101         1,539
         Furniture and related products .........      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Miscellaneous manufacturing ............      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
         
    Wholesale trade .............................        4          (2)            3           524           (2)         1,422
    Retail trade ................................       10            3            5         2,062           203         1,219
    Transportation and warehousing ..............        3            -          (2)           511             -           (2)
    Information .................................        5          (2)            3           777           (2)           510
    Finance and insurance .......................        4            5            -           588         1,635             -
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Professional and technical services .........      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    Management of companies and enterprises .....      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
    Administrative and waste services ...........      (2)            3            3           (2)           617           357
    Educational services ........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Health care and social assistance ...........        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
    Accommodation and food services .............      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
    Other services, except public administration       (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
    
    Unclassified ................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    
    
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.
    
    
    

Table 7. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work, 
selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                               Layoff events                                  Separations               


         Reason for layoff                I         IV           I               I                IV                I      
                                        2010       2010r       2011p            2010r            2010r            2011p    
                                        
   Total, private nonfarm (1) ....       72          50          44            11,491            9,073           10,144

Business demand ..................       15           8           9             2,681            1,663            3,564
  Contract cancellation ..........        -         (2)         (2)                 -              (2)              (2)
  Contract completion ............      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Domestic competition ...........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market .......................      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Import competition .............      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown       10           4           5             1,360            1,101            1,341
    
Organizational changes ...........       32          24          19             5,550            4,873            2,929
  Business-ownership change ......        4           3           3               774            1,413              250
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company ...................       28          21          16             4,776            3,460            2,679
    
Financial issues .................       22          18          11             2,992            2,537            2,743
  Bankruptcy .....................      (2)           -         (2)               (2)                -              (2)
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability .......       19          14         (2)             2,587            1,733              (2)
  Financial difficulty ...........      (2)           4         (2)               (2)              804              (2)
  
Production specific ..............        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Automation/technological
    advances .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Energy related .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ..........        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Material or supply shortage ....        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Model changeover ...............        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ..................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Product line discontinued ......        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  
Disaster/safety ..................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Hazardous work environment .....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Non-natural disaster ...........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Extreme weather-related event ..        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  
Other/miscellaneous ..............        3           -         (2)               268                -              (2)
  Other ..........................        3           -         (2)               268                -              (2)
  Data not provided: refusal .....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Data not provided: does not 
    know .........................        -           -           -                 -                -                -

    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 8. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                       Layoff events                             Separations            
 Census region and division                                                                             
                                I           IV           I            I              IV             I   
                               2010        2010r       2011p         2010r          2010r          2011p 

        United States (1) .     72           50          44         11,491          9,073         10,144
        
Northeast .................     14           12          12          2,705          1,622          4,002

    New England ...........      8            8           7          1,801          1,272          2,421
    Middle Atlantic .......      6            4           5            904            350          1,581

South .....................     26           14          12          3,744          2,511          1,385

    South Atlantic ........     13            7           6          1,787          1,039            821
    East South Central ....      9          (2)         (2)          1,207            (2)            (2)
    West South Central ....      4          (2)         (2)            750            (2)            (2)

Midwest ...................     14           11          12          2,661          2,328          2,932

    East North Central ....      9            8           9          1,892          1,890          1,782
    West North Central ....      5            3           3            769            438          1,150

West ......................     18           13           8          2,381          2,612          1,825

    Mountain ..............      3            5         (2)            484            865            (2)
    Pacific ...............     15            8         (2)          1,897          1,747            (2)


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New
England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:
New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida,
Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:
Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and
Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa,
Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii,
Oregon, and Washington. 




Table 9. Extended mass layoff events and separations, selected measures, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                  Layoff events                                Separations              
                Action                                                                                                  
                                           I           IV            I              I              IV               I      
                                         2010         2010r        2011p          2010r           2010r           2011p    
                                         
Total, private nonfarm (1)(c) ......     1,870        1,999        1,397         314,512         338,115         190,895

    Total, excluding seasonal                                                                                           
        and vacation events (2)(c) .     1,452        1,173        1,016         245,887         200,638         140,888
          
          
        Total, movement of work (3)         72           50           44          11,491           9,073          10,144
                                                                                                        
                                                                                                        
             Movement of work 
               actions .............       101           68           68             (4)             (4)             (4)
                  With separations 
                    reported .......        67           46           30           5,949           4,422           5,609
                  With separations
                    unknown ........        34           22           38             (4)             (4)             (4)

    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 The questions on movement of work were not asked of employers when the reason for layoff was either seasonal work
or vacation period.
    3 Movement of work can involve more than one action. 
    4 Data are not available.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary. 
    c = corrected.
    
    
    

Table 10. Movement of work actions by type of separation where number of separations is known by employers,
selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                              Actions (1)                        Separations         
           Activities                                                                                
                                        I        IV          I             I          IV          I  
                                      2010      2010r       2011p         2010       2010r      2011p

With separations reported (2) .        67         46         30           5,949      4,422      5,609

           By location

  Out-of-country relocations ..        14         13         10           1,023      1,915      2,298
      Within company ..........        11         11          9             933      1,115      2,198
      Different company .......         3          2          1              90        800        100
      
  Domestic relocations ........        53         33         20           4,926      2,507      3,311
      Within company ..........        47         28         15           3,992      2,294      3,102
      Different company .......         6          5          5             934        213        209
      
  Unable to assign place of
     relocation ...............         -          -          -               -          -          -

           By company

  Within company ..............        58         39         24           4,925      3,409      5,300
      Domestic ................        47         28         15           3,992      2,294      3,102
      Out of country ..........        11         11          9             933      1,115      2,198
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -          -

  Different company ...........         9          7          6           1,024      1,013        309
      Domestic ................         6          5          5             934        213        209
      Out of country ..........         3          2          1              90        800        100
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -          -



    1 Only actions for which separations associated with the movement of work were reported are
shown.
    2 See footnote 1, table 1. 
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    Note: Dash represents zero.
    
    
    

Table 11. Summary of employer expectations of a recall from extended mass layoffs, private nonfarm sector, 
selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                  Percent of total layoff events (1)      Percent of layoff events             Percent of layoff events,    
                                                                            due to seasonal work                 excluding those due to      
    Nature of recall                                                         and vacation period              seasonal and vacation period  

                                   I         IV             I              I         IV          I             I           IV           I  
                                 2010       2010r         2011p          2010       2010r      2011p          2010        2010r       2011p

Anticipate a recall (c) .        38.0        58.5          48.5          85.9        94.6       90.0          24.2         33.2        33.0

         Timeframe

Within 6 months (c) .....        63.4        72.9          60.5          78.3        87.2       81.9          48.3         44.2        38.5
      Within 3 months (c)        41.6        28.7          42.2          47.1        26.9       52.5          36.1         32.4        31.6

         Size of recall

At least half (c) .......        63.6        75.0          63.3          80.5        91.7       88.6          46.3         41.6        37.3
      All workers (c) ...        25.2        32.3          25.1          37.9        41.7       38.5          12.2         13.4        11.3


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    c = corrected.
    
    
    

Table 12. Average number of separations in extended mass layoff events by selected
measures, private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                        Average number of separations        
          Measure                                                                            
                                                   I                 IV                   I 
                                                 2010r              2010r               2011p

      Total, private nonfarm (1) .....            168                169                  137

           Industry

Mining ...............................            142                120                   80
Utilities ............................            246                 80                  100
Construction .........................            113                130                  101
Manufacturing ........................            138                174                  133
Wholesale trade ......................            114                114                  121
Retail trade .........................            264                255                  179
Transportation and warehousing .......            208                180                  202
Information ..........................            183                286                  207
Finance and insurance ................            188                197                   97
Real estate and rental and leasing ...            195                116                   79
Professional and 
  technical services .................            119                164                  123
Management of companies
  and enterprises ....................            193                147                  127
Administrative and waste services ....            239                177                  183
Educational services .................            177                295                  112
Health care and social assistance ....            165                135                  106
Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..            244                210                  111
Accommodation and food services (c) ..            182                239                  127
Other services, except 
  public administration ..............            129                127                   92
Unclassified establishments ..........              -                  -                    -

      Reason for layoff groupings

Business demand ......................            153                152                  129
Organizational changes (c) ...........            172                226                  138
Financial issues .....................            166                145                  222
Production specific ..................            178                142                  152
Disaster/Safety ......................            134                104                  151
Seasonal .............................            164                166                  131
Other/miscellaneous (c) ..............            200                209                  120


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    c = corrected. 
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.
    
    
    

Table 13. Distribution of extended layoff events by size of layoff, private nonfarm sector,
first quarter 2011(p)


                                      Layoff events                Separations
     Size
                                   Number      Percent         Number       Percent

 Total (c) .................        1,397       100.0          190,895       100.0        

   50-99 (c) ...............          800        57.3           54,959        28.8    
   100-149 (c) .............          276        19.8           32,751        17.2    
   150-199 (c) .............          129         9.2           21,219        11.1    
   200-299 (c) .............          103         7.4           23,590        12.4    
   300-499 .................           51         3.7           18,436         9.7    
   500-999 (c) .............           26         1.9           17,832         9.3    
   1,000 or more ...........           12         0.9           22,108        11.6    

   p = preliminary.
   c = corrected.
   
   
   

Last Modified Date: May 27, 2011
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