Economic News Release

Extended Mass Layoffs (Quarterly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, August 9, 2012                     USDL-12-1589

Technical information: (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


              EXTENDED MASS LAYOFFS -- SECOND QUARTER 2012

                                   
Employers in the private nonfarm sector initiated 1,476 mass layoff events in the
second quarter of 2012 that resulted in the separation of 262,848 workers from
their jobs for at least 31 days, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 
today. Over the year, total extended mass layoff events and associated worker
separations were down from 1,810 and 317,546, respectively. (See table A.) In 2012,
total events reached their lowest second quarter level since 2007, while 
manufacturing sector events declined to their lowest level for any quarter in 
program history (with data available back to 1995). The completion of seasonal
work accounted for 44 percent of the total extended mass layoff events during the
quarter. Second quarter 2012 layoff data are preliminary and are subject to revision.
(See the Technical Note.)

Industry Distribution of Extended Layoffs
 
Over the year ending in the second quarter of 2012, the number of private nonfarm
extended mass layoff events declined in 15 of the 18 major industry sectors, with
the largest decreases occurring in accommodation and food services and in 
manufacturing. Total manufacturing events declined over-the-year from 263 to 180,
their lowest level for any quarter in program history. Sixteen of the 21 manufacturing
subsectors experienced over-the-year decreases in the number of layoff events. (See
table 1.)

The construction sector had 194 extended mass layoff events and 21,825 separations,
primarily due to contract completion. This sector accounted for 13 percent of the
layoff events and 8 percent of the related separations during the second quarter of 
2012.

Reasons for Extended Layoffs

Layoffs due to the completion of seasonal work accounted for 44 percent of extended
mass layoff events and 51 percent of related separations in the private nonfarm sector
during the second quarter of 2012. Business demand factors, primarily contract
completion, accounted for 32 percent of the events and 27 percent of related 
separations during the quarter. (See table 2.)


Table A. Selected measures of extended mass layoff activity


     Period                  Layoff events       Separations     Initial claimants
     
     2008

January-March............         1,340            230,098            259,292
April-June...............         1,756            354,713            339,630
July-September...........         1,581            290,453            304,340
October-December.........         3,582            641,714            766,780

     2009

January-March............         3,979            705,141            835,551
April-June...............         3,395            651,318            731,049
July-September...........         2,034            345,531            406,823
October-December.........         2,416            406,212            468,577

     2010

January-March............         1,870            314,512            368,664
April-June...............         2,008            381,622            396,441
July-September...........         1,370            222,357            260,077
October-December.........         1,999            338,643            390,584

     2011

January-March............         1,490            225,456            258,220
April-June...............         1,810            317,546            342,530
July-September (r) ......         1,393            235,325            291,066
October-December (r) ....         1,903            334,383            403,439

     2012

January-March (r) .......         1,290            245,901            286,384
April-June (p) ..........         1,476            262,848            221,997


    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.


Movement of Work

In the second quarter of 2012, 36 extended mass layoffs involved movement of work and
were associated with 7,506 worker separations. Forty-seven percent of the events
related to movement of work were from manufacturing industries. Employers cited
organizational changes as the economic reason for layoff in 58 percent of the events
involving movement of work. Among workers seperated by the movement of work, the
largest proportions were in the Midwest. (See tables 6-8.)

The 36 events with movement of work for the second quarter involved 42 identifiable
relocations of work actions. (See table 9.) Employers were able to provide information
on the specific number of worker separations for 25 of these actions. Among these 
actions, most were domestic reassignments and involved work moving within the same 
company. (See table 10.)

Recall Expectations

Sixty-four percent of the private nonfarm employers reporting an extended mass layoff
in the second quarter of 2012 anticipated recalling at least some of the displaced
workers--the highest second quarter percentage since 1998. Of those employers expecting
to recall workers, 44 percent indicated the offer would be extended to all displaced
employees and 77 percent anticipated extending the offer to at least half of the workers.
Among employers expecting to recall laid-off workers, 75 percent intend to do so within
six months. Excluding extended mass layoff events due to seasonal work and vacation period,
employers anticipated recalling laid-off workers in 38 percent of the events. (See table
11.)


Table B. Metropolitan areas with the largest number of initial claimants associated with
extended mass layoff events in the second quarter 2012, by residency of claimants


                                                        2011 II (r)            2012 II (p)
                        
            Metropolitan area                        Initial                  Initial
                                                    claimants     Rank       claimants   Rank

        Total, 372 metropolitan areas ...........    278,922                  181,686      

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. ........     34,819        1          22,248      1
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long
    Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. .......................     20,469        2          16,019      2
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. .......     14,664        3          12,497      3
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. ........      9,355        4           6,134      4
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.
   -N.J.-Del.-Md. ...............................      8,621        5           4,561      5
St. Louis, Mo.-Ill. .............................      5,077        9           4,190      6
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, Calif. ...........      7,826        6           4,087      7
Kansas City, Mo.-Kan. ...........................      1,904       27           3,353      8
Pittsburgh, Pa. .................................      5,600        8           3,042      9
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas ...............      3,118       13           2,881     10

    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The geographic boundaries of the metropolitan areas shown in this table are defined
    in Office of Management and Budget Bulletin 10-02, December 1, 2009.


Size of Extended Layoffs
  
The average size of a layoff (as measured by the number of separations per layoff event)
was 178 workers during the second quarter of 2012. (See table 12.) Events were largely
concentrated at the lower end of the extended layoff-size spectrum, with 67 percent
involving fewer than 150 workers. Conversely, only 6 percent of layoff events involved
500 or more workers. (See table 13.)

Initial Claimant Characteristics

A total of 221,997 initial claimants for unemployment insurance were associated with
extended mass layoffs in the second quarter of 2012. Of these claimants, 18 percent were
black, 18 percent were Hispanic, 53 percent were women, and 25 percent were 55 years of
age or older. (See table 3.) In the entire civilian labor force for the same period, 12
percent of all persons were black, 16 percent were Hispanic, 47 percent were women, and
21 percent were 55 years of age or older.

Geographic Distribution
  
Among the four census regions, the West recorded the highest number of extended mass layoff
events in the second quarter of 2012. Among the nine census divisions, the highest number
of mass layoff events was in the Pacific. All regions and 8 of the 9 divisions registered
fewer extended mass layoff events compared with the second quarter of 2011. (See table 4.)

California recorded the largest number of extended mass layoff events in the second quarter
of 2012, followed by Illinois, Pennsylvania, and New York. Over the year, 38 states reported
decreased numbers of extended mass layoff events for the second quarter. The largest declines
were in California, Florida, and Pennsylvania. (See table 5.)

Eighty-two percent of the initial claimants for unemployment insurance associated with 
extended mass layoff events in the second quarter of 2012 resided within metropolitan areas.
Among the 372 metropolitan areas, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif., reported the
highest number of resident initial claimants. (See table B.)

Note

The quarterly series on extended mass layoffs cover layoffs of at least 31-days duration that
involve 50 or more individuals from a single employer filing initial claims for unemployment
insurance during a consecutive 5-week period. Approximately 30 days after a mass layoff is
triggered, the employer is contacted for additional information.  Data for the current quarter
are preliminary and subject to revision. This release also includes revised data for previous
quarters. Data are not seasonally adjusted, but survey data suggest that there is a seasonal
pattern to layoffs. Thus, comparisons between consecutive quarters should not be used as an
indicator of trend. For additional information about the program, see the Technical Note.

________________
The Mass Layoffs news release for July is scheduled to be released on
Thursday, August 23, 2012, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program which
identifies, describes, and tracks the effects of major job cutbacks, using
data from each state's unemployment insurance database. Employers which have
at least 50 initial claims filed against them during a consecutive 5-week period
are contacted by the state agency to determine whether these separations are
of at least 31 days duration, and, if so, information is obtained on the total
number of persons separated and the reasons for these separations. Employers
are identified according to industry classification and location, and 
unemployment insurance claimants are identified by such demographic factors as
age, race, gender, ethnic group, and place of residence. The program yields
information on an individual's entire spell of unemployment, to the point when
regular unemployment insurance benefits are exhausted.

Definitions

   Domestic relocation. A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location also inside the U.S., either within the same company or to
a different company altogether (domestic outsourcing).

   Employer. A firm covered by state unemployment insurance laws. Information
on employers is obtained from the Quarterly Census ofEmployment and Wages (QCEW)
program, which is administered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Extended mass layoff event. A layoff defined by the filing of 50 or more
initial claims for unemployment insurance benefits from an employer during a
5-week period, with at least 50 workers separated for more than 30 days. Such
layoffs involve both persons subject to recall and those who are terminated.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to initiate
a request either for a determination of entitlement to and eligibility for 
compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment within a benefit year or
period of eligibility.

   Movement of work. The reassignment of work activities previously performed
at the worksite by the company experiencing the layoff (1) to another worksite
within the company; (2) to another company under formal contractual arrangements
at the same worksite; or (3) to another company under formal contractual
arrangements at another worksite either within or outside of the U.S.

   Outsourcing. A movement of work that was formerly conducted inhouse by employees
paid directly by a company to a different company under a contractual arrangement.

   Overseas relocation. A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location outside of the U.S. (offshoring), either within the same
company or to a different company altogether (offshore outsourcing).

   Relocation of work action. A movement-of-work action where the employer
provides information on the new location of work and/or the number of workers
affected by the movement. Events may involve more than one action per employer
if work is moved to more than one location.

   Separations. The number of individuals who have become displaced during an
extended mass layoff event as provided by the employer, regardless of whether
they file for unemployment insurance or not.

   Worksite closure. The complete closure of an employer or the partial closure
of an employer with multiple locations where entire worksites affected by layoffs
are closed.

Revisions to preliminary data

   The latest quarterly data in this news release are considered preliminary.
After the initial publication of quarterly information, more data are collected
as remaining employer interviews for the quarter are completed and additional
initial claimant information associated with extended layoff events is received.

Movement of work concepts and questions

   Beginning in 2004, the economic reasons "domestic relocation" and "overseas
relocation" were replaced by the movement of work concept. The movement of work
data are not collected in the same way as the relocation reasons in releases prior
to 2004; therefore, the movement of work data are not comparable to the data for
those discontinued reasons.

   Questions on movement of work and location are asked for all layoff events when
the reason for separation is other than "seasonal work" or "vacation period," as
these are unlikely. Movement of work questions are asked after the analyst verifies
that a layoff in fact occurred and lasted more than 30 days. If the reason for
layoff is other than seasonal or vacation, the employer was asked the following:

   (1) "Did this layoff include your company moving work from this location(s)
to a different geographic location(s) within your company?"

   (2) "Did this layoff include your company moving work that was performed inhouse
by your employees to a different company, through contractual arrangements?"

   A "yes" response to either question is followed by:

   "Is the location inside or outside of the U.S.?" and "How many of the layoffs
were a result of this relocation?"

   Layoff actions are classified as "domestic relocation" if the employer responds
"yes" to questions 1 and/or 2 and indicates the location(s) was inside the U.S.;
"overseas relocation" indicates that the location(s) was outside the U.S.

Reliability of the data

   The identification of employers and layoff events in the MLS program and 
associated characteristics of claimants is based on administrative data on covered 
employers and unemployment insurance claims, and, therefore, is not subject to 
issues associated with sampling error. Nonsampling errors such as typographical 
errors may affect the identification of layoff events and associated claimants, but 
are not likely to be significant.

   With one exception, all employers in the private nonfarm sector identified as 
having a mass layoff based on administrative data are asked the interview questions. 
These employer responses are also subject to nonsampling error. Nonsampling errors 
can occur for many reasons, including the inability to obtain information for all
respondents, inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information, 
and errors made in the collection or processing of the data.

   Beginning with first quarter 2012 data, employers in California identified as 
having mass layoff events from the administrative and support services (NAICS 561) 
industry subsector are randomly selected to participate in the employer interview. 
Sampling weights are applied to data collected from these employer interviews, 
which represent responses for those employers not selected for employer contact. 
These data are subject to sampling errors which can result from the variation that 
occurs by chance because a sample is surveyed rather than the entire universe of 
NAICS 561 employers in California identified as having layoff events.

   For the second quarter of 2012, outright refusal to participate in the employer
interview accounted for 4.1 percent of all private nonfarm events.  Although included
in the total number of instances involving the movement of work, employers in 17 
relocations were unable to provide the number of separations specifically associated
with the movement of work, 3 of which involved out-of-country moves.

Additional information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals 
upon request. Voice phone: (202)691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.




Table 1. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                                                                           Initial claimants for
                                                         Layoff events              Separations            unemployment insurance
                      Industry                                                                                                     
                                                      II      I      II         II       I       II          II       I       II
                                                     2011   2012r   2012p      2011    2012r    2012p       2011    2012r    2012p
                                                                                                                                   
      Total, private nonfarm (1) .................  1,810   1,290   1,476    317,546  245,901  262,848    342,530  286,384  221,997

    Mining .......................................    (2)      16      12        (2)    1,760    1,673        (2)    1,523    1,263
    Utilities ....................................    (2)       3     (2)        (2)      421      (2)        (2)      850      (2)
    Construction .................................    237     261     194     29,631   33,700   21,825     37,978   41,749   23,702
    Manufacturing ................................    263     233     180     40,023   33,044   29,003     47,082   36,104   26,127
         Food ....................................     66      56      57      9,804    8,714    8,370     11,256   10,257    7,272
         Beverage and tobacco products ...........    (2)       3     (2)        (2)      485      (2)        (2)      320      (2)
         Textile mills ...........................      3       4     (2)        446      382      (2)      2,488      374      (2)
         Textile product mills ...................      3       3       6        201      435      764        402      964      686
         Apparel .................................     11       4       4      3,373    1,182      558      3,625    1,177      616
         Leather and allied products .............      -       -     (2)          -        -      (2)          -        -      (2)
         Wood products ...........................      6      13     (2)        619    1,686      (2)        747    1,314      (2)
         Paper ...................................      7       6       4      1,420      645    1,490      1,077      663      596
         Printing and related support activities .      9       7      11        637    1,200      923        913      997    1,125
         Petroleum and coal products .............    (2)       4       -        (2)      810        -        (2)      327        -

         Chemicals ...............................      9       9       6        915    1,222    1,165        892    1,087      805
         Plastics and rubber products ............     12      11       4      1,230    1,109      376      1,284      880      296
         Nonmetallic mineral products ............      5      21       4        412    2,143      356        584    2,295      360
         Primary metals ..........................      6     (2)       6        991      (2)      822        812      (2)      807
         Fabricated metal products ...............     15      12       6      2,025    1,093      635      2,258    1,113      718
         Machinery ...............................     16      11      16      4,005    1,015    3,315      3,629    1,715    2,044
         Computer and electronic products ........     17      19      11      2,135    2,245    1,455      2,165    2,033    1,041
         Electrical equipment and appliances .....      5     (2)       3        424      (2)    1,133        539      (2)    1,007
         Transportation equipment ................     54      27      27      9,415    5,464    4,980     11,586    7,882    6,009
         Furniture and related products ..........      7      10       5        879    1,454      369      1,248    1,291      349
         Miscellaneous manufacturing .............      9       8       4        842    1,160      659      1,333      954      578

    Wholesale trade ..............................     35      27      30      4,243    3,032    4,649      4,637    2,644    3,589
    Retail trade .................................     90     139      80     15,747   35,373   16,407     18,767   37,412   16,870
    Transportation and warehousing ...............    160      50     155     37,832    8,621   28,416     41,072    7,053   25,824
    Information ..................................     56      74      56     15,755   31,454   13,253     17,470   45,657   13,937
    Finance and insurance ........................     60      35      24      9,145    6,819    5,233     11,786    5,880    3,065
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........     18       6       9      2,843    3,269    1,324      3,054    1,549    1,520
    Professional and technical services ..........     96      62      80     21,367   12,799   21,330     23,429   17,203   15,976
    Management of companies and enterprises ......      9      12       8      1,031    1,871      834        879    1,824      805
    Administrative and waste services ............    169     189     167     32,294   46,414   29,276     37,321   60,520   22,921
    Educational services .........................     37       6      27      4,977      495    3,306      6,020      618    2,836
    Health care and social assistance ............    225      29     189     27,577    4,374   25,819     28,311    4,105   21,098
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........     71      45      61     15,913    5,899   14,892      9,629    6,412    7,013
    Accommodation and food services ..............    202      89     146     48,826   15,035   37,490     43,842   13,671   28,595
    Other services, except public administration .     75      10      53      8,470    1,156    7,443     10,228    1,276    6,314

    Unclassified .................................      -       4     (2)          -      365      (2)          -      334      (2)
                                                                                                                                   
    1 For the second quarter of 2012, data on layoffs were reported by employers in all states and the District of Columbia.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 2. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                                                                         Initial claimants for
                                             Layoff events                   Separations                 unemployment insurance
         Reason for layoff                                                                                                      
                                        II        I        II           II        I        II            II        I        II
                                       2011     2012r     2012p        2011     2012r     2012p         2011     2012r     2012p
                                                                                                                                
   Total, private nonfarm (1) .....   1,810     1,290     1,476      317,546   245,901   262,848      342,530   286,384   221,997

Business demand ...................     517       518       477       74,273   107,583    71,532       97,935   150,923    71,095
  Contract cancellation ...........      30        20        31        3,617     4,694     6,466        3,769     3,775     4,451
  Contract completion .............     317       358       311       49,032    83,425    44,536       67,686   124,206    48,429
  Domestic competition ............       -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market ........................     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Import competition ..............     (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown.     166       135       131       21,063    17,725    19,896       25,974    19,207    17,783
    
Organizational changes ............      70        74        77       16,533    15,077    15,628       12,582    13,495    10,245
  Business-ownership change .......      17        15        16        8,787     3,844     5,533        2,339     1,623     1,346
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company ....................      53        59        61        7,746    11,233    10,095       10,243    11,872     8,899

Financial issues ..................     117       114        75       15,854    21,773    13,154       19,948    17,059     9,900
  Bankruptcy ......................      26        16        14        3,668     2,557     2,329        3,374     1,514     1,628
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability ........      61        52        36        7,084     9,947     6,069       11,427     9,232     5,591
  Financial difficulty ............      30        46        25        5,102     9,269     4,756        5,147     6,313     2,681

Production specific ...............      33        16       (2)        4,369     2,469       (2)        7,382     2,766       (2)
  Automation/technological 
    advances ......................       3         3       (2)          513       626       (2)          675       911       (2)
  Energy related ..................       -         -         -            -         -         -            -         -         -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention ..................       5         3         3          690       528       593        1,890       479       284
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ...........     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Material or supply shortage .....      17       (2)       (2)        2,034       (2)       (2)        3,134       (2)       (2)
  Model changeover ................     (2)       (2)         3          (2)       (2)     1,436          (2)       (2)     2,054
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ...................       3         3       (2)          439       265       (2)          358       428       (2)
  Product line discontinued .......     (2)       (2)         3          (2)       (2)       614          (2)       (2)       330

Disaster/safety ...................      11         4       (2)        2,039       676       (2)        2,152       590       (2)
  Hazardous work environment ......     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) ......................       -         -         -            -         -         -            -         -         -
  Non-natural disaster ............     (2)         -       (2)          (2)         -       (2)          (2)         -       (2)
  Extreme weather-related event ...       7       (2)         -        1,244       (2)         -        1,529       (2)         -

Seasonal ..........................     773       324       656      151,717    54,244   132,820      149,023    57,830   102,180
  Seasonal ........................     468       (2)       371       95,526       (2)    83,593       87,499       (2)    59,339
  Vacation period-school related 
    or otherwise ..................     305       (2)       285       56,191       (2)    49,227       61,524       (2)    42,841

Other/miscellaneous ...............     289       240       175       52,761    44,079    25,323       53,508    43,721    25,022
  Other ...........................      29        24        17        3,848     4,905     2,611        4,596     5,069     2,437
  Data not provided: refusal ......      67        70        63       18,512    13,110     9,463       18,538    13,110     9,328
  Data not provided: does not 
    know ..........................     193       146        95       30,401    26,064    13,249       30,374    25,542    13,257

                                                                                                                                
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 3. State and selected claimant characteristics: Extended mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, first and second quarters, 2012

                                                         Total                              Percent of total
                                                        initial                          Hispanic                    Persons age 55
                                  Layoff events        claimants          Black           origin          Women         and over
              State                                                                                                                
                                    I      II         I       II         I     II        I     II        I     II       I      II
                                  2012r   2012p     2012r    2012p     2012r  2012p    2012r  2012p    2012r  2012p   2012r   2012p
                                
    Total, private nonfarm (1) .  1,290   1,476    286,384  221,997     11.8   18.3     23.6   17.9     38.3   53.1     18.7   24.6

Alabama ........................      6      22      1,719    3,156     20.5   62.6      4.1    2.2     38.0   71.2     24.3   22.1
Alaska .........................      4      11        433    1,828      6.9    6.3      4.4    8.4     30.0   39.4     12.9   29.4
Arizona ........................     15      21      1,969    3,624      8.4    5.5     34.3   58.7     44.7   67.7     16.8   23.9
Arkansas .......................      6      13      1,517    2,374     19.1   30.7      2.8    5.5     41.8   55.7     25.4   25.7
California .....................    446     308    152,169   50,835      8.3    8.1     33.6   37.6     40.3   41.6     16.2   17.3
Colorado .......................      8      22      1,251    3,181      5.9    5.0     45.1   19.8     24.0   48.0     25.4   18.9
Connecticut ....................      7      16        762    2,160     11.2   15.4      7.7   13.7     29.0   70.0     35.7   34.9
Delaware .......................      4       7        505      669     30.7   48.4      3.4   10.0     50.3   76.7     21.0   27.2
District of Columbia ...........      3       5        239      505     72.4   85.5      7.5    3.8     61.1   64.2     25.9   24.8
Florida ........................     20      48      2,728    5,778     27.0   32.8     26.8   34.9     50.2   70.1     25.0   27.7
Georgia ........................     19      33      2,729    5,300     52.1   55.2       .6    2.7     32.4   62.4     17.7   23.7
Hawaii .........................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)       .8     .9     19.2    8.9      3.0   16.4      7.5   15.0
Idaho ..........................      5       6        654      462       .2      -     11.9    3.2     37.2   51.9     24.9   25.8

Illinois .......................     75     110     12,761   20,524     19.5   23.5     13.4   11.4     33.8   58.1     17.9   23.7
Indiana ........................     22      29      3,832    3,963      9.0   17.5      1.6    1.9     33.5   43.8     21.2   21.9
Iowa ...........................      -       8          -    1,118        -    9.6        -    6.1        -   63.1        -   30.1
Kansas .........................      6      16        643    1,999     14.6   15.9      1.1    4.5     51.6   57.5     11.8   31.5
Kentucky .......................     29      25      3,257    3,114     17.3   12.1       .1     .1     33.7   41.7     15.4   23.9
Louisiana ......................     10      35      1,534    4,616     42.9   70.7      6.1    2.8     42.0   72.5     28.1   27.9
Maine ..........................      6       9        852      976      5.3     .4       .6     .7     44.1   46.3     26.9   21.1
Maryland (3) ...................     18       3      1,732      365     36.5   12.9      4.1    1.6     38.4   52.1     26.6   10.4
Massachusetts ..................     20      21      2,924    3,368     13.3   17.0       .7    1.7     40.9   65.1     17.3   28.4
Michigan .......................     29      37      9,265    4,687     16.8   19.6      2.1    3.1     38.1   69.6     23.6   27.0
Minnesota ......................     18      15      2,508    1,681      4.6    8.7      3.4    3.5     27.3   46.8     20.0   28.4
Mississippi ....................      9       7        954    1,000     56.7   67.5      2.6    7.5     45.9   49.0     32.4   19.7
Missouri .......................     21      47      1,762    7,791     13.8   21.7      2.9    1.8     38.4   56.4     20.7   28.6

Montana ........................    (2)       4        (2)      439        -    1.4      4.1    2.7      6.5   40.3     37.4    9.3
Nebraska .......................    (2)       5        (2)      835      9.2   17.1     18.4    3.4     42.1   62.8     19.7   44.0
Nevada .........................     18      12      3,243    1,196     10.7    8.7     28.6   29.9     42.8   47.8     20.6   29.8
New Hampshire ..................      7       6        558    1,170      1.1     .4     13.3    1.1     20.3   69.0     27.4   32.9
New Jersey .....................     44      66      6,390   10,698     19.8   21.7      5.4    5.8     44.9   64.1     22.7   35.3
New Mexico .....................      6      16        683    1,654       .9    1.2     54.8   54.0     22.7   51.1     19.6   21.9
New York .......................     86      90     11,941   13,816     15.0   16.2     19.1   16.2     37.4   49.8     25.0   25.1
North Carolina .................     16      10      1,794    1,308     26.0   58.0      7.7    6.2     33.2   56.3     22.8   17.0
North Dakota ...................    (2)       -        (2)        -        -      -      1.0      -     12.9      -     33.7      -
Ohio ...........................     62      66      8,069    8,051     13.9   16.1      3.0    3.5     30.3   51.1     21.3   25.2
Oklahoma .......................      5     (2)        479      (2)      5.0    3.3      7.3   19.7     44.3   46.1     23.2   23.0
Oregon .........................     24      28      5,321    4,012      2.8    2.6     14.8   19.5     45.2   48.1     19.1   18.9
Pennsylvania ...................     68      94     10,399   12,999      8.1   10.9      5.7    3.3     36.3   57.4     28.8   37.0

Rhode Island ...................      -       7          -    1,452        -    4.4        -   16.5        -   68.0        -   32.4
South Carolina .................     10       7      1,351    1,047     51.0   57.4      1.9    1.9     51.5   61.2     13.4   27.9
South Dakota ...................      -       -          -        -        -      -        -      -        -      -        -      -
Tennessee ......................     11      18      1,851    2,205     17.5   22.3       .1      -     50.6   58.7     21.2   36.5
Texas ..........................     31      50      9,174    9,670     12.9   17.6     53.4   45.8     17.4   47.6     14.5   17.2
Utah ...........................      5       9        492    1,000      2.2    1.1     14.8   10.1     15.0   45.4     10.0   15.6
Vermont ........................      6       3      1,176      446       .9    1.1       .5     .4     34.9   36.5     20.6   18.6
Virginia .......................     17      20      3,149    2,770     40.4   37.9      3.9    6.2     46.1   51.3     25.2   23.9
Washington .....................     29      32      5,059    3,392      5.3    8.8      7.7   18.9     35.2   35.0     18.9   21.2
West Virginia ..................      5       5        844      694       .1     .1        -     .1     28.0   20.3     28.2   20.2
Wisconsin ......................     28      48      4,970    7,423      4.7   15.7      9.2    3.8     34.3   62.1     21.5   37.6
Wyoming ........................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)      2.8      -     21.6    7.9     24.4   18.9     17.0   11.1

Puerto Rico ....................     17       7      4,994    1,195       .1      -     99.5   99.6     59.7   51.7     10.3    7.4
                                                                                                                                   
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    3 Data starting in June 2012 may not be comparable to prior data due to a change in MLS unemployment insurance procedures.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                                                                    Initial claimants for
                                         Layoff events                   Separations                unemployment insurance
   Census region and division                                                                                              
                                    II        I        II           II        I        II            II       I       II
                                   2011     2012r     2012p        2011     2012r     2012p         2011    2012r    2012p
                                                                                                                           
        United States (1) .....   1,810     1,290     1,476      317,546   245,901   262,848      342,530  286,384  221,997

Northeast .....................     367       244       312       61,739    35,480    53,411       73,021   35,002   47,085

    New England ...............      83        46        62       17,350     8,243    12,189       13,720    6,272    9,572
    Middle Atlantic ...........     284       198       250       44,389    27,237    41,222       59,301   28,730   37,513

South .........................     417       219       310       66,705    36,881    49,261       75,199   35,556   44,723

    South Atlantic ............     220       112       138       34,512    15,734    21,985       40,279   15,071   18,436
    East South Central ........      72        55        72       10,299    11,095    10,714       11,761    7,781    9,475
    West South Central ........     125        52       100       21,894    10,052    16,562       23,159   12,704   16,812

Midwest .......................     432       263       381       75,635    39,067    66,493       79,225   43,987   58,072

    East North Central ........     328       216       290       58,403    33,751    49,987       62,024   38,897   44,648
    West North Central ........     104        47        91       17,232     5,316    16,506       17,201    5,090   13,424

West ..........................     594       564       473      113,467   134,473    93,683      115,085  171,839   72,117

    Mountain ..................     118        60        92       31,060     9,223    28,246       16,816    8,591   11,836
    Pacific ...................     476       504       381       82,407   125,250    65,437       98,269  163,248   60,281
                                                                                                                           
   
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and
Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central:
Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West
North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington. 




Table 5. State distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                                                                        Initial claimants for
                                           Layoff events                     Separations                unemployment insurance
              State                                                                                                             
                                       II        I        II           II        I        II            II        I        II
                                      2011     2012r     2012p        2011     2012r     2012p         2011     2012r     2012p
                                
    Total, private nonfarm (1) .     1,810     1,290     1,476      317,546   245,901   262,848      342,530   286,384   221,997

Alabama ........................        21         6        22        3,683       892     3,134        3,868     1,719     3,156
Alaska .........................        11         4        11        3,110       534     3,020        2,347       433     1,828
Arizona ........................        31        15        21        5,519     2,597     7,643        5,164     1,969     3,624
Arkansas .......................        25         6        13        2,982       990     2,873        5,214     1,517     2,374
California .....................       388       446       308       66,846   114,906    52,943       82,319   152,169    50,835
Colorado .......................        18         8        22        8,337     1,419     6,637        2,967     1,251     3,181
Connecticut ....................        27         7        16        5,202       762     2,160        4,298       762     2,160
Delaware .......................        10         4         7        1,289       260       608        1,177       505       669
District of Columbia ...........         5         3         5          672       239       505          672       239       505
Florida ........................        75        20        48       14,755     3,273     7,179       14,141     2,728     5,778
Georgia ........................        48        19        33        4,693     2,729     5,300        9,705     2,729     5,300
Hawaii .........................         4       (2)       (2)          413       (2)       (2)          503       (2)       (2)
Idaho ..........................        12         5         6        1,967       529     1,306        1,516       654       462

Illinois .......................       109        75       110       25,506    12,596    23,396       24,595    12,761    20,524
Indiana ........................        35        22        29        3,805     2,668     2,907        6,869     3,832     3,963
Iowa ...........................        10         -         8        1,422         -     1,104        1,885         -     1,118
Kansas .........................        17         6        16        1,930       752     2,969        2,093       643     1,999
Kentucky .......................        30        29        25        3,133     6,879     3,482        3,598     3,257     3,114
Louisiana ......................        40        10        35        8,710     2,320     5,457        5,540     1,534     4,616
Maine ..........................        12         6         9        2,423     1,770     1,556        1,730       852       976
Maryland (3) ...................        13        18         3        2,607     2,705       364        1,648     1,732       365
Massachusetts ..................        17        20        21        2,975     3,052     4,764        2,378     2,924     3,368
Michigan .......................        50        29        37        6,605     5,098     5,602        7,793     9,265     4,687
Minnesota ......................        24        18        15        4,240     2,495     2,705        3,920     2,508     1,681
Mississippi ....................         6         9         7        1,312     1,319     1,575        1,146       954     1,000
Missouri .......................        43        21        47        8,372     1,923     8,874        7,920     1,762     7,791

Montana ........................        10       (2)         4        1,205       (2)     1,558          990       (2)       439
Nebraska .......................         8       (2)         5        1,088       (2)       854        1,104       (2)       835
Nevada .........................        13        18        12        3,527     3,104     1,281        2,125     3,243     1,196
New Hampshire ..................         4         7         6        2,174       807     1,796        1,111       558     1,170
New Jersey .....................        66        44        66       13,001     7,426    14,366       14,308     6,390    10,698
New Mexico .....................        17         6        16        2,960       758     3,411        2,089       683     1,654
New York .......................        97        86        90       12,986    12,008    16,002       22,128    11,941    13,816
North Carolina .................        17        16        10        1,341     1,345     2,160        5,104     1,794     1,308
North Dakota ...................       (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -
Ohio ...........................        80        62        66       13,134     8,656     9,282       13,296     8,069     8,051
Oklahoma .......................        12         5       (2)        1,717       761       (2)        1,614       479       (2)
Oregon .........................        37        24        28        7,789     5,978     5,631        7,789     5,321     4,012
Pennsylvania ...................       121        68        94       18,402     7,803    10,854       22,865    10,399    12,999

Rhode Island ...................         7         -         7        1,995         -     1,601        2,011         -     1,452
South Carolina .................        12        10         7        3,167     1,398     1,211        1,854     1,351     1,047
South Dakota ...................       (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -
Tennessee ......................        15        11        18        2,171     2,005     2,523        3,149     1,851     2,205
Texas ..........................        48        31        50        8,485     5,981     8,094       10,791     9,174     9,670
Utah ...........................        14         5         9        5,955       487     4,810        1,580       492     1,000
Vermont ........................        16         6         3        2,581     1,852       312        2,192     1,176       446
Virginia .......................        30        17        20        4,417     2,509     2,708        4,714     3,149     2,770
Washington .....................        36        29        32        4,249     3,777     3,618        5,311     5,059     3,392
West Virginia ..................        10         5         5        1,571     1,276     1,950        1,264       844       694
Wisconsin ......................        54        28        48        9,353     4,733     8,800        9,471     4,970     7,423
Wyoming ........................       (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)

Puerto Rico ....................        13        17         7        1,876     2,524       960        2,774     4,994     1,195
                                                                                                                                
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    3 Data starting in June 2012 may not be comparable to prior data due to a change in MLS unemployment insurance procedures.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.
    
    
    

Table 6. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                               Layoff events                            Separations
                     Industry
                                                       II            I           II           II             I            II
                                                      2011         2012r        2012p        2011          2012r         2012p
                                                  
      Total, private nonfarm (1) ................       42           34           36         6,922         5,294         7,506

    Mining ......................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Utilities ...................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Construction ................................        3            -            -           448             -             -
    Manufacturing ...............................       19           20           17         3,717         3,092         4,594
         Food ...................................        5            4          (2)         1,400           712           (2)
         Beverage and tobacco products ..........        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Textile mills ..........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Textile product mills ..................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Apparel ................................      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Leather and allied products ............        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Wood products ..........................        -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
         Paper ..................................        -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
         Printing and related support activities         -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
         Petroleum and coal products ............        -            -            -             -             -             -
         
         Chemicals ..............................      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Plastics and rubber products ...........      (2)            4            -           (2)           529             -
         Nonmetallic mineral products ...........        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Primary metals .........................        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
         Fabricated metal products ..............        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Machinery ..............................        -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
         Computer and electronic products .......        3          (2)          (2)           577           (2)           (2)
         Electrical equipment and appliances ....        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
         Transportation equipment ...............        5          (2)          (2)           838           (2)           (2)
         Furniture and related products .........      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Miscellaneous manufacturing ............        -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
         
    Wholesale trade .............................        3          (2)            3           288           (2)           558
    Retail trade ................................        4          (2)            4           708           (2)           509
    Transportation and warehousing ..............      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    Information .................................        -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
    Finance and insurance .......................        7            5          (2)           845           593           (2)
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Professional and technical services .........      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    Management of companies and enterprises .....      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    Administrative and waste services ...........      (2)            -            3           (2)             -           360
    Educational services ........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Health care and social assistance ...........        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
    Accommodation and food services .............        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
    Other services, except public administration       (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -

    Unclassified ................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                              
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 7. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work, 
selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                               Layoff events                                  Separations
                                               
                                                 
         Reason for layoff              II           I          II               II                I               II  
                                       2011        2012r       2012p            2011             2012r            2012p
                                                 
   Total, private nonfarm (1) ....       42          34          36             6,922            5,294            7,506

Business demand ..................      (2)         (2)           5               (2)              (2)            1,518
  Contract cancellation ..........      (2)           -         (2)               (2)                -              (2)
  Contract completion ............        5         (2)           -               894              (2)                -
  Domestic competition ...........        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market .......................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Import competition .............      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
    
Organizational changes ...........       17          17          21             1,985            2,825            4,562
  Business-ownership change ......      (2)           3         (2)               (2)              388              (2)
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company ...................      (2)          14         (2)               (2)            2,437              (2)
    
Financial issues .................       13          10           6             2,247            1,379              687
  Bankruptcy .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability .......      (2)         (2)           6               (2)              (2)              687
  Financial difficulty ...........      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  
Production specific ..............        -         (2)         (2)                 -              (2)              (2)
  Automation/technological 
    advances .....................        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
  Energy related .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ..........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Material or supply shortage ....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Model changeover ...............        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ..................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Product line discontinued ......        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  
Disaster/safety ..................      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Hazardous work environment .....      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Non-natural disaster ...........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Extreme weather-related event ..      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -

Other/miscellaneous ..............        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Other ..........................        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Data not provided: refusal .....        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Data not provided: does not 
    know .........................        -           -           -                 -                -                -


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero. 




Table 8. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                       Layoff events                             Separations
 Census region and division
                               II            I          II            II              I             II
                              2011         2012r       2012p         2011           2012r          2012p

        United States (1) .     42           34          36          6,922          5,294          7,506
        
Northeast .................      5            9           5            893          1,232            588

    New England ...........    (2)            -         (2)            (2)              -            (2)
    Middle Atlantic .......    (2)            9         (2)            (2)          1,232            (2)
    
South .....................      9            8          10          1,422          1,150          2,091

    South Atlantic ........    (2)          (2)         (2)            (2)            (2)            (2)
    East South Central ....    (2)            4           5            (2)            433            557
    West South Central ....      5          (2)         (2)            734            (2)            (2)
    
Midwest ...................     10            6          10          1,163            829          2,750

    East North Central ....    (2)          (2)           7            (2)            (2)          1,900
    West North Central ....    (2)          (2)           3            (2)            (2)            850
    
West ......................     18           11          11          3,444          2,083          2,077

    Mountain ..............      5            3           3          1,169            479            287
    Pacific ...............     13            8           8          2,275          1,604          1,790


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New
England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:
New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida,
Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:
Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and
Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa,
Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii,
Oregon, and Washington. 




Table 9. Extended mass layoff events and separations, selected measures, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                  Layoff events                                Separations              
                Action                                                                                                  
                                           II           I           II              II              I              II   
                                          2011        2012r        2012p           2011           2012r           2012p    

Total, private nonfarm (1) .........     1,810        1,290        1,476         317,546         245,901         262,848

    Total, excluding seasonal 
        and vacation events (2) ....     1,037          966          820         165,829         191,657         130,028


        Total, movement of work (3)         42           34           36           6,922           5,294           7,506


             Movement of work 
               actions .............        50           48           42             (4)             (4)             (4)
                  With separations
                    reported .......        25           37           25           3,293           2,787           2,873
                  With separations
                    unknown ........        25           11           17             (4)             (4)             (4)

    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 The questions on movement of work were not asked of employers when the reason for layoff was either seasonal work
or vacation period.
    3 Movement of work can involve more than one action. 
    4 Data are not available.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary. 




Table 10. Movement of work actions by type of separation where number of separations is known by employers,
selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                              Actions (1)                        Separations        
           Activities                                                                               
                                      II          I         II             II          I         II
                                     2011       2012r      2012p          2011       2012r      2012p
                        
With separations reported (2) .        25         37         25           3,293      2,787      2,873

           By location                    

  Out-of-country relocations ..         6          4          3             916        247      1,315
      Within company ..........         4          4          3             733        247      1,315
      Different company .......         2          -          -             183          -          -
      
  Domestic relocations ........        19         33         21           2,377      2,540      1,483
      Within company ..........        17         31         21           2,119      2,340      1,483
      Different company .......         2          2          -             258        200          -
      
  Unable to assign place of    
     relocation ...............         -          -          1               -          -         75

           By company

  Within company ..............        21         35         24           2,852      2,587      2,798
      Domestic ................        17         31         21           2,119      2,340      1,483
      Out of country ..........         4          4          3             733        247      1,315
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -          -
      
  Different company ...........         4          2          1             441        200         75
      Domestic ................         2          2          -             258        200          -
      Out of country ..........         2          -          -             183          -          -
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          1               -          -         75



    1 Only actions for which separations associated with the movement of work were reported are shown.
    2 See footnote 1, table 1. 
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    Note: Dash represents zero.




Table 11. Summary of employer expectations of a recall from extended mass layoffs, private nonfarm sector, 
selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                 Percent of total layoff events(1)       Percent of layoff events             Percent of layoff events,    
                                                                           due to seasonal work                excluding those due to        
    Nature of recall                                                        and vacation period              seasonal and vacation period   

                                  II          I            II             II           I         II            II            I          II  
                                 2011       2012r         2012p          2011        2012r      2012p         2011         2012r       2012p

Anticipate a recall .....        60.1        48.4          64.0          96.2        85.8       96.5          33.2         35.9        38.0

         Timeframe
         
Within 6 months .........        78.5        51.2          75.0          91.1        73.7       91.6          51.2         33.1        41.3
      Within 3 months ...        52.6        36.2          50.8          58.3        46.4       59.4          40.1         28.0        33.3

         Size of recall
         
At least half ...........        81.9        57.3          77.4          95.0        87.4       94.9          53.5         33.1        41.7
      All workers .......        45.2        19.8          43.6          57.0        34.9       59.7          19.8          7.8        10.9


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.




Table 12. Average number of separations in extended mass layoff events by selected measures, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                        Average number of separations
          Measure                        
                                                   II                 I                   II
                                                 2011               2012r               2012p

      Total, private nonfarm (1) ....             175                191                  178

             Industry
             
Mining ...............................            285                110                  139
Utilities ............................            223                140                  215
Construction .........................            125                129                  113
Manufacturing ........................            152                142                  161
Wholesale trade ......................            121                112                  155
Retail trade .........................            175                254                  205
Transportation and warehousing .......            236                172                  183
Information ..........................            281                425                  237
Finance and insurance ................            152                195                  218
Real estate and rental and leasing ...            158                545                  147
Professional and 
  technical services .................            223                206                  267
Management of companies
  and enterprises ....................            115                156                  104
Administrative and waste services ....            191                246                  175
Educational services .................            135                 83                  122
Health care and social assistance ....            123                151                  137
Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..            224                131                  244
Accommodation and food services ......            242                169                  257
Other services, except  
  public administration ..............            113                116                  140
Unclassified establishments ..........              -                 91                   82

       Reason for layoff groupings 

Business demand ......................            144                208                  150
Organizational changes ...............            236                204                  203
Financial issues .....................            136                191                  175
Production specific ..................            132                154                  275
Disaster/Safety ......................            185                169                  270
Seasonal .............................            196                167                  202
Other/miscellaneous ..................            183                184                  145


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 13. Distribution of extended layoff events by size of layoff, private nonfarm 
sector, second quarter 2012(p)


                                      Layoff events                Separations
     Size 
                                   Number      Percent          Number      Percent

 Total .....................        1,476       100.0          262,848       100.0
 
   50-99 ...................          661        44.8           47,285        18.0
   100-149 .................          327        22.2           38,225        14.5
   150-199 .................          142         9.6           23,958         9.1
   200-299 .................          139         9.4           32,357        12.3
   300-499 .................          118         8.0           42,403        16.1
   500-999 .................           68         4.6           48,272        18.4
   1,000 or more ...........           21         1.4           30,348        11.5
  
   p = preliminary.




Last Modified Date: August 14, 2012
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