Economic News Release

Extended Mass Layoffs (Quarterly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, August 10, 2011                  USDL-11-1186

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                EXTENDED MASS LAYOFFS -- SECOND QUARTER 2011


(NOTE: This release was reissued on Friday, August 12, 2011,
to correct separations data for Arizona, the West region, and
total nonfarm sector. Corrections can be found in the text and
tables A, 1, 2, 4, 5, 9, 12 and 13.)


Employers in the private nonfarm sector initiated 1,624 mass layoff
events in the second quarter of 2011 that resulted in the separation
of 261,346 workers from their jobs for at least 31 days, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Total extended mass layoff
events decreased over the year from 2,008 to 1,624, and associated
worker separations fell from 381,622 to 261,346. Both events and
separations have decreased over the year for seven consecutive
quarters. (See table A.) Second quarter 2011 layoff data are
preliminary and are subject to revision. (See the Technical Note.)

Both events and separations in the manufacturing sector declined to
series’ lows during the second quarter of 2011. Sixty-one percent of
private nonfarm employers indicated they anticipated some type of
recall--the highest second quarter percentage since 2005.
  
The national unemployment rate averaged 8.9 percent, not seasonally
adjusted, in the second quarter of 2011, down from 9.5 percent a year
earlier. Private nonfarm payroll employment, not seasonally adjusted,
increased by 1.7 percent (1,818,000) over the year.

Industry Distribution of Extended Layoffs
 
Over the year ending in the second quarter of 2011, the number of
extended mass layoff events declined in 16 of the 18 major private
nonfarm industry sectors. The manufacturing and accommodation and food
services sectors experienced the largest declines in the numbers of
worker separations over the year. Fourteen of the 21 manufacturing
subsectors experienced over-the-year decreases in the number of layoff
events. (See table 1.)

Both events and separations in the manufacturing sector were at
series’ lows in the second quarter of 2011. Forty-seven percent of
manufacturing employers with an extended mass layoff event in the
second quarter of 2011 anticipated recalling at least some of the
displaced workers--the highest second quarter percentage since 1998.

Construction firms had 219 extended mass layoff events and 26,806
separations, primarily due to contract completion. This sector
accounted for 13 percent of the layoff events and 10 percent of the
related separations in the second quarter. In these events, a second
quarter series high 65 percent of the employers anticipated recalling
at least some of the displaced workers.


Table A. Selected measures of extended mass layoff activity


     Period                  Layoff events       Separations     Initial claimants

     2007

January-March............         1,110            225,600            199,250
April-June...............         1,421            278,719            259,234
July-September...........         1,018            160,024            173,077
October-December.........         1,814            301,592            347,151

     2008

January-March............         1,340            230,098            259,292
April-June...............         1,756            354,713            339,630
July-September...........         1,581            290,453            304,340
October-December.........         3,582            641,714            766,780

     2009

January-March............         3,979            705,141            835,551
April-June...............         3,395            651,318            731,049
July-September...........         2,034            345,531            406,823
October-December.........         2,416            406,212            468,577

     2010

January-March (r) .......         1,870            314,512            368,664
April-June (r) ..........         2,008            381,622            396,441
July-September (r) ......         1,370            222,357            260,030
October-December (r) ....         1,999            338,643            390,445

     2011

January-March (r) .......         1,490            225,136            257,031
April-June (p)    .......         1,624         (c)261,346            231,643


   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   c = corrected.


Reasons for Extended Layoffs

Layoffs due to the completion of seasonal work accounted for 43
percent of extended mass layoff events and 51 percent of related
separations in the private nonfarm sector during the second quarter of
2011. Business demand factors, primarily as a result of contract
completion, accounted for 30 percent of events and 26 percent of
related separations during the quarter. Over the year, the largest
decrease in worker separations occurred in layoffs attributed to
seasonal factors. (See table 2.)

Movement of Work

In the second quarter of 2011, 42 extended mass layoffs involved
movement of work and were associated with 6,824 worker separations, a
series low for both figures. Over the year, the number of such events
decreased by 14, and the number of separations decreased by 4,163.
Movement of work layoffs accounted for 5 percent of total nonseasonal
events during the quarter. (See table 9.)

Forty-five percent of the events related to movement of work were from
manufacturing industries. (See table 6.) Employers cited
organizational changes as the economic reason for layoff in 43 percent
of the events involving movement of work. (See table 7.) Among the
four census regions, the largest proportions of workers affected by
the movement of work were in the West. (See table 8.) Among states,
California, Washington, Oklahoma, and Illinois reported the highest
numbers of separations associated with movement of work.
  
The 42 events with movement of work for the second quarter involved 50
identifiable relocations of work actions. (See table 9.) Employers
were able to provide information on the specific number of worker
separations for 25 of these actions. Among these actions, 76 percent
were domestic reassignments, and 84 percent involved work moving
within the same company. (See table 10.)

Recall Expectations

Sixty-one percent of the private nonfarm employers reporting an
extended mass layoff in the second quarter indicated they anticipated
some type of recall--the highest second quarter percentage since 2005.
Of those employers expecting to recall workers, 45 percent indicated
the offer would be extended to all displaced employees, and 82 percent
of employers anticipated extending the offer to at least half of the
workers. Seventy-nine percent of employers expecting to recall laid-
off employees intend to do so within six months. Excluding extended
mass layoff events due to seasonal work and vacation period, in which
96 percent of the employers expected a recall, employers anticipated
recalling laid-off workers in 35 percent of the events. (See table
11.)
  
Size of Extended Layoffs
  
The average size of a layoff (as measured by the number of separations
per layoff event) was 161 workers during the second quarter of 2011.
(See table 12.) Events were largely concentrated at the lower end of
the extended layoff-size spectrum, with 70 percent involving fewer
than 150 workers. Conversely, only 5 percent of layoff events involved
500 or more workers. (See table 13.)

Initial Claimant Characteristics

A total of 231,643 initial claimants for unemployment insurance were
associated with extended mass layoffs in the second quarter. Of these
claimants, 17 percent were black, 16 percent were Hispanic, 52 percent
were women, and 24 percent were 55 years of age or older. The
percentage of claimants aged 55 and over reached a series high during
the quarter. (See table 3.) In the entire civilian labor force for the
same period, 12 percent of all persons were black, 15 percent were
Hispanic, 47 percent were women, and 20 percent were 55 years of age
or older.


Table B. Metropolitan areas with the largest number of initial claimants associated with
extended mass layoff events in the second quarter 2011, by residency of claimants

                        
                                                        2010 II (r)            2011 II (p)
                        
            Metropolitan area                        Initial                  Initial
                                                    claimants     Rank       claimants   Rank

        Total, 372 metropolitan areas ...........    330,728                  184,173      
        								 
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. ........     38,370        1          18,485      1
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long
    Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. .......................     24,224        2          12,826      2
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. .......     17,424        3          11,860      3
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.
    -N.J.-Del.-Md. ..............................      8,933        6           5,407      4
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. ........     12,378        5           4,500      5
Pittsburgh, Pa. .................................      5,289       10           4,379      6
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, Calif. ...........     15,415        4           4,244      7
St. Louis, Mo.-Ill. .............................      6,531        9           3,882      8
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif. ...........      8,658        7           2,964      9
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas ...............      4,781       11           2,569     10

    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The geographic boundaries of the metropolitan areas shown in this table are defined 
in Office of Management and Budget Bulletin 10-02, December 1, 2009.


Geographic Distribution
  
Among the four census regions, the West recorded the highest number of
separations due to extended mass layoff events in the second quarter
of 2011. Among the nine census divisions, the highest numbers of
displaced workers were in the Pacific and the East North Central. All
regions and 8 of the 9 divisions registered fewer laid-off workers
compared with the second quarter of 2010. (See table 4.)

California recorded the largest number of worker separations in the
second quarter of 2011, followed by Illinois, Pennsylvania, New York,
and Ohio. Over the year, 37 states and the District of Columbia
reported decreased numbers of separated workers associated with
extended mass layoff events during the second quarter, led by
California, New Jersey, and New York. (See table 5.)

Eighty percent of the initial claimants for unemployment insurance
associated with extended mass layoff events in the second quarter of
2011 resided within metropolitan areas. Among the 372 metropolitan
areas, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif., reported the highest
number of resident initial claimants. When compared with the second
quarter of 2010, Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas, entered into the
highest 10 metropolitan areas in terms of initial claims by residency
of claimant, replacing Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, Calif. (See
table B.)

Note

The quarterly series on extended mass layoffs cover layoffs of at
least 31-days duration that involve 50 or more individuals from a
single employer filing initial claims for unemployment insurance
during a consecutive 5-week period. Approximately 30 days after a mass
layoff is triggered, the employer is contacted for additional
information.  Data for the current quarter are preliminary and subject
to revision. This release also includes revised data for previous
quarters. Data are not seasonally adjusted, but survey data suggest
that there is a seasonal pattern to layoffs. Thus, comparisons between
consecutive quarters should not be used as an indicator of trend. For
additional information about the program, see the Technical Note.

________________
The Mass Layoffs news release for July is scheduled to be released on
Tuesday, August 23, 2011, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program which
identifies, describes, and tracks the effects of major job cutbacks, using
data from each state's unemployment insurance database. Employers which have
at least 50 initial claims filed against them during a consecutive 5-week per-
iod are contacted by the state agency to determine whether these separations
are of at least 31 days duration, and, if so, information is obtained on the
total number of persons separated and the reasons for these separations. Em-
ployers are identified according to industry classification and location, and
unemployment insurance claimants are identified by such demographic factors as
age, race, gender, ethnic group, and place of residence. The program yields
information on an individual's entire spell of unemployment, to the point when
regular unemployment insurance benefits are exhausted.

Definitions

   Domestic relocation. A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location also inside the U.S., either within the same company or to
a different company altogether (domestic outsourcing).

   Employer. A firm covered by state unemployment insurance laws. Information
on employers is obtained from the Quarterly Census ofEmployment and Wages (QCEW)
program, which is administered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Extended mass layoff event. A layoff defined by the filing of 50 or more
initial claims for unemployment insurance benefits from an employer during a
5-week period, with at least 50 workers separated for more than 30 days. Such
layoffs involve both persons subject to recall and those who are terminated.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to initiate
a request either for a determination of entitlement to and eligibility for com-
pensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment within a benefit year or
period of eligibility.

   Movement of work. The reassignment of work activities previously performed
at the worksite by the company experiencing the layoff (1) to another worksite
within the company; (2) to another company under formal contractual arrange-
ments at the same worksite; or (3) to another company under formal contractual
arrangements at another worksite either within or outside of the U.S.

   Outsourcing. A movement of work that was formerly conducted inhouse by em-
ployees paid directly by a company to a different company under a contractual
arrangement.

   Overseas relocation. A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location outside of the U.S. (offshoring), either within the same
company or to a different company altogether (offshore outsourcing).

   Relocation of work action. A movement-of-work action where the employer
provides information on the new location of work and/or the number of workers
affected by the movement. Events may involve more than one action per employer
if work is moved to more than one location.

   Separations. The number of individuals who have become displaced during an
extended mass layoff event as provided by the employer, regardless of whether
they file for unemployment insurance or not.

   Worksite closure. The complete closure of an employer or the partial closure
of an employer with multiple locations where entire worksites affected by layoffs
are closed.



Revisions to preliminary data

   The latest quarterly data in this news release are considered preliminary.
After the initial publication of quarterly information, more data are collected
as remaining employer interviews for the quarter are completed and additional
initial claimant information associated with extended layoff events is received.

Movement of work concepts and questions

   Beginning in 2004, the economic reasons "domestic relocation" and "overseas
relocation" were replaced by the movement of work concept. The movement of work
data are not collected in the same way as the relocation reasons in releases prior
to 2004; therefore, the movement of work data are not comparable to the data for
those discontinued reasons.

   Questions on movement of work and location are asked for all layoff events when
the reason for separation is other than "seasonal work" or "vacation period," as
these are unlikely. Movement of work questions are asked after the analyst veri-
fies that a layoff in fact occurred and lasted more than 30 days. If the reason
for layoff is other than seasonal or vacation, the employer was asked the following:

   (1) "Did this layoff include your company moving work from this location(s)
to a different geographic location(s) within your company?"

   (2) "Did this layoff include your company moving work that was performed in-
house by your employees to a different company, through contractual arrangements?"

   A "yes" response to either question is followed by:

   "Is the location inside or outside of the U.S.?" and "How many of the layoffs
were a result of this relocation?"

   Layoff actions are classified as "domestic relocation" if the employer responds
"yes" to questions 1 and/or 2 and indicates the location(s) was inside the U.S.;
"overseas relocation" indicates that the location(s) was outside the U.S.

Reliability of the data

   The identification of employers and layoff events in the MLS program and asso-
ciated characteristics of claimants is based on administrative data on covered
employers and unemployment insurance claims, and, therefore, is not subject to
issues associated with sampling error. Nonsampling errors such as typographical
errors may occur but are not likely to be significant. While the MLS employers
and layoff events are not subject to sampling error, and all such employers are
asked the interview questions, the employer responses are subject to nonsampling
error. Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the inability to
obtain information for all respondents, inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or processing
of the data. For the second quarter of 2011, outright refusal to participate in
the employer interview accounted for 3.6 percent of all private nonfarm events.
Although included in the total number of instances involving the movement of work,
employers in 25 relocations were unable to provide the number of separations
specifically associated with the movement of work, 3 of which involved out-of-
country moves.

Additional information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired in-
dividuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202)691-5200; Federal Relay Service:
(800) 877-8339.




Table 1. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                                                                           Initial claimants for   
                                                         Layoff events              Separations            unemployment insurance   
                      Industry                                                                                                     
                                                     II       I      II        II        I          II         II        I       II   
                                                    2010    2011r   2011p     2010     2011r       2011p      2010r    2011r    2011p 
                                                                                                                                      
      Total, private nonfarm (1) .................  2,008   1,490   1,624    381,622  225,136  (c)261,346    396,441  257,031  231,643
											        
    Mining .......................................      8      11     (2)        879      952         (2)        883    1,228      (2)
    Utilities ....................................      7       5     (2)      1,118      502         (2)      1,363      555      (2)
    Construction .................................    284     348     219     36,871   38,454      26,806     44,795   49,404   28,062
    Manufacturing ................................    324     305     247     57,728   45,461      34,974     62,025   50,370   32,181
         Food ....................................     73      72      60     13,191   13,585       9,062     13,089   13,306    8,042
         Beverage and tobacco products ...........    (2)       7     (2)        (2)      950         (2)        (2)    1,192      (2)
         Textile mills ...........................      4       3       3        844      248         446      1,972    1,509      926
         Textile product mills ...................    (2)     (2)       3        (2)      (2)         189        (2)      (2)      248
         Apparel .................................      9       4      10      1,190    1,911       2,404      1,402    1,953    2,270
         Leather and allied products .............      -     (2)       -          -      (2)           -          -      (2)        -
         Wood products ...........................     13      14       5      1,607    1,771         540      1,648    2,357      623
         Paper ...................................     11      13       7      1,390    1,541       1,389      1,136    1,356    1,035
         Printing and related support activities .     11      10       9      1,067    1,520         619      1,507    1,593      768
         Petroleum and coal products .............    (2)       4     (2)        (2)      418         (2)        (2)      450      (2)
											        
         Chemicals ...............................     11      17       7      1,535    2,527         790      1,248    2,262      636
         Plastics and rubber products ............      7       9      10        563      924       1,009        707      873    1,021
         Nonmetallic mineral products ............     17      35       5      1,590    3,179         412      2,084    4,055      441
         Primary metals ..........................     17      10       5      2,266      988         760      2,485      933      528
         Fabricated metal products ...............     15      16      14      1,314    1,864       1,806      1,819    2,243    1,799
         Machinery ...............................     35      17      15      6,400    2,073       3,135      7,751    2,010    2,009
         Computer and electronic products ........     29      13      17      4,105    1,966       1,981      4,841    2,070    1,677
         Electrical equipment and appliances .....      6       4       4        819    1,037         277        752    1,088      281
         Transportation equipment ................     42      36      52     11,803    6,423       8,064     15,594    8,212    7,771
         Furniture and related products ..........      8       8       8      2,237    1,081         892      1,782    1,015      947
         Miscellaneous manufacturing .............     11       9      10      1,848    1,183         969      1,598    1,004      945
											        
    Wholesale trade ..............................     30      36      32      3,555    4,592       3,664      3,572    4,457    3,486
    Retail trade .................................    111     153      84     25,860   29,241      12,827     35,262   35,244   12,984
    Transportation and warehousing ...............    183      69     136     42,892   15,530      29,954     45,704   14,162   24,497
    Information ..................................     51      58      44     13,050   11,976       7,628     17,371   20,071    9,278
    Finance and insurance ........................     71      39      51     13,706    4,543       6,488     13,271    8,176    7,198
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........     26      18      16      3,476    1,661       2,131      3,588    2,240    2,165
    Professional and technical services ..........     98      63      92     28,384    8,763      18,695     24,950   10,980   17,546
    Management of companies and enterprises ......      7       6       8      1,694      713         962      1,125      599      732
    Administrative and waste services ............    166     183     149     29,187   36,724   (c)23,273     36,004   31,989   22,025
    Educational services .........................     39       8      26      4,303      905       2,798      5,981    1,101    2,667
    Health care and social assistance ............    218      39     197     28,200    4,459      23,510     28,063    4,989   20,694
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........     78      53      63     20,591    6,241      15,124      9,472    7,110    7,609
    Accommodation and food services ..............    223      83     182     58,904   12,844      42,737     52,387   12,710   32,156
    Other services, except public administration .     84      13      73     11,224    1,575       8,060     10,625    1,646    7,701
											        
    Unclassified .................................      -       -       -          -        -           -          -        -        -
                                                                                                                                   
    1 For the second quarter of 2011, data on layoffs were reported by employers in all states and the District of Columbia. 
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.    
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    c = corrected.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.    




Table 2. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                                                                         Initial claimants for     
                                             Layoff events                   Separations                 unemployment insurance     
         Reason for layoff                                                                                                      
                                       II         I        II          II         I           II           II         I        II   
                                      2010      2011r     2011p       2010      2011r        2011p        2010r     2011r     2011p  
                                                                                                                                   
   Total, private nonfarm (1) .....   2,008     1,490     1,624      381,622   225,136   (c)261,346      396,441   257,031   231,643
										         
Business demand ...................     629       564       489       94,789    77,265    (c)67,481      125,589   101,907    67,151
  Contract cancellation ...........      50        30        27        9,096     5,591        3,338        9,049     5,915     3,067
  Contract completion .............     275       271       300       41,342    43,563    (c)44,655       56,023    58,348    44,435
  Domestic competition ............       3       (2)         -          266       (2)            -          448       (2)         -
  Excess inventory/saturated 							         
    market ........................     (2)         4       (2)          (2)       434          (2)          (2)       327       (2)
  Import competition ..............     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)          (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Slack work/insufficient demand/						         
    non-seasonal business slowdown.     298       256       158       43,876    26,926       18,927       59,738    36,608    19,151
    										         
Organizational changes ............     118        94        61       24,852    13,280        9,223       23,034    15,050     7,695
  Business-ownership change .......      30        22        14        9,424     2,679        2,115        3,724     1,988     1,366
  Reorganization or restructuring 						         
    of company ....................      88        72        47       15,428    10,601        7,108       19,310    13,062     6,329
										         
Financial issues ..................     126       120       110       27,539    27,618       14,648       28,970    23,432    13,005
  Bankruptcy ......................      15        14        25        5,043     4,114        3,496        2,430     2,120     2,918
  Cost control/cost cutting/							         
    increase profitability ........      65        73        58       10,850    11,217        6,846       15,726    15,363     6,926
  Financial difficulty ............      46        33        27       11,646    12,287        4,306       10,814     5,949     3,161
										         
Production specific ...............      12        24        31        2,031     3,517        4,202        1,295     3,740     5,941
  Automation/technological 							         
    advances ......................     (2)         -       (2)          (2)         -          (2)          (2)         -       (2)
  Energy related ..................       -       (2)         -            -       (2)            -            -       (2)         -
  Governmental regulations/							         
    intervention ..................       5         6         5        1,199       429          690          404       538     1,547
  Labor dispute/contract 							         
    negotiations/strike ...........     (2)         4       (2)          (2)       761          (2)          (2)       608       (2)
  Material or supply shortage .....     (2)         4        17          (2)       603        2,034          (2)       452     2,497
  Model changeover ................     (2)         3       (2)          (2)       990          (2)          (2)     1,319       (2)
  Plant or machine repair/							         
    maintenance ...................     (2)         4       (2)          (2)       400          (2)          (2)       523       (2)
  Product line discontinued .......       -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)          (2)            -       (2)       (2)
										         
Disaster/safety ...................      11         7        10        1,681     1,056        1,960        1,533     1,107     1,923
  Hazardous work environment ......       -         -       (2)            -         -          (2)            -         -       (2)
  Natural disaster (not weather 						         
    related) ......................       -       (2)         -            -       (2)            -            -       (2)         -
  Non-natural disaster ............     (2)         -       (2)          (2)         -          (2)          (2)         -       (2)
  Extreme weather-related event ...     (2)       (2)         6          (2)       (2)        1,165          (2)       (2)     1,336
										         
Seasonal ..........................     801       391       692      171,131    55,465      133,339      156,609    65,080   105,462
  Seasonal ........................     484       387       439      115,291    55,201       85,836       96,550    64,566    65,852
  Vacation period-school related 						         
    or otherwise ..................     317         4       253       55,840       264       47,503       60,059       514    39,610
										         
Other/miscellaneous ...............     311       290       231       59,599    46,935       30,493       59,411    46,715    30,466
  Other ...........................      10        29        25        1,403     3,315        3,203        1,233     3,221     3,257
  Data not provided: refusal ......      83        72        61       19,099    12,546       10,478       19,099    12,546    10,464
  Data not provided: does not 							         
    know ..........................     218       189       145       39,097    31,074       16,812       39,079    30,948    16,745

                                                                                                                               
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.     
    p = preliminary.
    c = corrected.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.      




Table 3. State and selected claimant characteristics: Extended mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, first and second quarters, 2011

                                                         Total                              Percent of total                       
                                                        initial                          Hispanic                    Persons age 55
                                  Layoff events        claimants          Black           origin          Women         and over   
              State                                                                                                                
                                    I      II         I       II         I     II        I     II        I     II       I      II  
                                  2011r   2011p     2011r    2011p     2011r  2011p    2011r  2011p    2011r  2011p    2011r  2011p

    Total, private nonfarm(1) ..  1,490   1,624    257,031  231,643     15.0   17.0     19.1   16.2     37.7   52.0     19.6   24.2

Alabama ........................     10      20      2,877    2,663     43.4   54.8      1.7    3.3     43.0   67.5     15.5   22.7
Alaska .........................      4      11      1,477    1,717     15.9    5.5     18.6   16.3     26.4   37.6     23.1   27.1
Arizona ........................     12      31      2,783    4,116      7.0    7.6     36.0   46.7     49.2   57.8     17.6   20.6
Arkansas .......................      3      22        392    3,696     53.6   35.1      2.8    6.7     38.5   63.7     20.9   19.6
California .....................    420     326     79,125   44,513      8.2    8.1     36.1   36.6     39.8   44.6     17.5   18.2
Colorado .......................      3      18        366    2,883      4.1    4.5     20.5   22.8     22.7   53.4     14.8   20.4
Connecticut ....................     10      27      1,313    2,947     22.5   14.4     16.7   14.3     35.5   56.8     15.0   29.0
Delaware .......................      3       9        763      808     48.4   46.8      9.6    9.9     35.8   66.8     12.2   23.6
District of Columbia ...........      3       5        293      449     53.6   72.2     16.4    7.1     27.6   65.0     22.2   26.7
Florida ........................     65      45     10,029    7,318     18.5   16.7     28.5   26.0     45.0   45.2     24.0   25.2
Georgia ........................     22      48      4,129    6,805     48.1   50.1      4.8    2.5     46.4   61.0     16.8   22.8
Hawaii .........................    (2)       4        (2)      360       .7     .3     11.9   10.0     25.9   40.3     19.7   20.6
Idaho ..........................      5      11        621    1,151       .2     .1     12.4   10.6     26.4   46.6     20.5   21.0

Illinois .......................     99     108     15,329   20,113     19.0   20.9     15.4   11.1     34.6   54.8     17.5   23.2
Indiana ........................     26      35      3,822    5,111     14.5   10.9      2.5    1.5     25.1   43.9     15.5   19.8
Iowa ...........................      7       9      1,296    1,342      1.2    8.4      1.5    3.4     39.5   67.7     31.4   32.5
Kansas .........................     12      17      1,607    1,694      5.8   19.3      4.2    2.4     24.5   66.3     23.3   24.5
Kentucky .......................     20      28      2,651    3,211     15.9   13.9       .2     .3     34.2   44.6     15.1   17.1
Louisiana ......................     16      40      2,956    4,770     47.7   61.9      3.9    3.0     42.5   66.6     20.9   26.0
Maine ..........................      5       7        751    1,083      2.3    1.0       .3     .5     36.5   34.8     27.0   33.8
Maryland .......................     26     (2)      2,817      (2)     48.1   62.4      3.0    1.1     41.5   57.5     19.9    9.8
Massachusetts ..................     25      17      4,198    2,058      9.7   12.3       .9    2.0     43.1   56.9     18.6   30.9
Michigan .......................     29      50      3,908    6,046      7.8   18.2      2.8    3.4     31.4   69.0     22.2   24.5
Minnesota ......................     21      24      2,844    2,851      4.7    8.1      8.9    4.7     23.7   35.7     18.8   21.1
Mississippi ....................     13       5      1,735      766     76.5   75.5      1.6    1.4     49.7   63.2     13.4   16.8
Missouri .......................     23      43      2,171    6,374     12.1   25.4      5.0    1.6     43.7   68.7     21.0   31.8

Montana ........................    (2)      10        (2)      940      1.2     .2      3.5    3.9     14.0   55.4     23.3   28.0
Nebraska .......................      6       8        628    1,080      5.4   12.0      8.8    3.9     23.6   47.3     17.5   36.7
Nevada .........................      5      11        876    1,508      5.7   11.3     18.2   20.0      7.5   44.8     15.8   26.6
New Hampshire ..................      4       4        322      597      1.6     .5      6.5    1.2      9.9   62.5     23.3   35.8
New Jersey .....................     64      43     10,072    8,578     20.8   22.0      7.4    6.1     38.7   64.2     24.5   31.8
New Mexico .....................      5      18        729    1,830      1.9    2.0     45.1   50.3     38.5   56.4     15.6   21.2
New York .......................    122      96     21,178   13,333     15.6   16.2     12.8   14.7     40.2   47.1     24.8   23.7
North Carolina (3) .............     22      17      4,371    2,189     43.5   32.8      6.8    7.8     46.8   48.1     21.6   27.9
North Dakota ...................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)      1.4     .7      6.4    2.6     31.4    4.6     22.9   25.0
Ohio ...........................     66      79     12,097   10,399     12.1   15.2      3.7    2.8     28.7   46.2     19.9   23.5
Oklahoma .......................      3      11        273    1,389      8.4   17.0      4.8    8.1     22.3   60.6     22.7   23.1
Oregon .........................     19      28      4,910    4,615      1.6    3.5     19.6   22.6     39.1   53.0     22.4   18.1
Pennsylvania ...................    102     101     18,355   16,771      8.9   11.6      5.1    5.4     35.9   54.8     22.5   37.9

Rhode Island ...................      6       7        504    1,011      3.2    2.8     11.3   12.9     47.6   79.5     32.5   42.5
South Carolina .................      6      11      1,037    1,099     75.1   61.3      1.1    1.0     56.3   66.9      9.5   24.4
South Dakota ...................      -     (2)          -      (2)        -    4.7        -   11.8        -   74.8        -   22.0
Tennessee ......................     22      15      2,492    2,173     25.3   22.5       .2     .1     43.2   62.6     23.6   38.4
Texas ..........................     36      48      7,727    9,180     13.6   16.1     50.0   48.5     24.4   42.8     14.2   16.9
Utah ...........................      8      14      1,095    1,541      1.9    1.3     21.6    8.8     25.3   40.9     11.2   14.5
Vermont ........................      3      16        225    2,077      1.3     .9       .4     .4     25.3   46.3     23.1   25.6
Virginia .......................     27      29      5,117    3,554     49.3   37.8      4.6    5.7     48.0   53.9     20.9   22.3
Washington .....................     37      36      6,888    3,634      6.5    5.3     11.7   20.0     36.8   35.8     17.1   19.0
West Virginia ..................      7       9      1,027      976       .4     .1       .1      -      5.5   12.8     12.8   14.9
Wisconsin ......................     32      47      6,107    7,420      4.3   12.3      6.1    3.7     34.3   59.7     23.0   34.1
Wyoming ........................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)      1.1     .3     12.5    5.8     29.5   20.6     17.0    7.8

Puerto Rico ....................     10       8      4,188    1,591        -      -     99.5   99.6     56.0   57.7      6.4   12.8
                                                                                                                                   
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    3 Data starting in November 2010 may not be comparable to prior data due to a change in MLS unemployment insurance 
input procedures.          
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                                                                    Initial claimants for    
                                         Layoff events                   Separations                unemployment insurance    
   Census region and division                                                                                              
                                   II         I        II          II         I            II           II        I       II   
                                  2010      2011r     2011p       2010      2011r         2011p        2010r    2011r    2011p 
                                                                                                                               
        United States (1) .....   2,008     1,490     1,624      381,622   225,136    (c)261,346      396,441  257,031  231,643
										      
Northeast .....................     399       341       318       73,534    46,608        52,519       81,664   56,918   48,455
										      
    New England ...............      87        53        78       16,397    10,831        16,292       13,852    7,313    9,773
    Middle Atlantic ...........     312       288       240       57,137    35,777        36,227       67,812   49,605   38,682
										      
South .........................     424       304       363       71,118    45,737        53,266       79,104   50,686   51,312
										      
    South Atlantic ............     222       181       174       35,670    25,168        23,618       41,126   29,583   23,464
    East South Central ........      85        65        68       14,677    10,671         8,710       14,058    9,755    8,813
    West South Central ........     117        58       121       20,771     9,898        20,938       23,920   11,348   19,035
										      
Midwest .......................     445       323       422       83,142    48,474        69,470       84,680   50,089   62,709
										      
    East North Central ........     332       252       319       61,577    37,567        53,529       64,384   41,263   49,089
    West North Central ........     113        71       103       21,565    10,907        15,941       20,296    8,826   13,620
										      
West ..........................     740       522       521      153,828    84,317     (c)86,091      150,993   99,338   69,167
										      
    Mountain ..................     121        40       116       33,215     7,601     (c)30,151       18,071    6,644   14,328
    Pacific ...................     619       482       405      120,613    76,716        55,940      132,922   92,694   54,839
                                                                                                                           
 
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    c = corrected.
    NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and
Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Virginia, and  West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central:
Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West
North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington. 




Table 5. State distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                                                                        Initial claimants for     
                                           Layoff events                     Separations                unemployment insurance     
              State                                                                                                             
                                       II        I        II          II         I           II           II         I        II   
                                      2010     2011r     2011p       2010      2011r        2011p        2010r     2011r     2011p  
                                     						        
    Total, private nonfarm (1) .     2,008     1,490     1,624      381,622   225,136   (c)261,346      396,441   257,031   231,643
										        
Alabama ........................        19        10        20        3,799     2,566        2,730        4,052     2,877     2,663
Alaska .........................        17         4        11        4,246     2,812        3,054        3,352     1,477     1,717
Arizona ........................        33        12        31        7,789     2,291     (c)5,061        5,642     2,783     4,116
Arkansas .......................        14         3        22        1,535     1,442        2,586        2,350       392     3,696
California .....................       540       420       326      104,582    66,824       43,831      117,263    79,125    44,513
Colorado .......................        24         3        18       10,400       380        8,337        3,713       366     2,883
Connecticut ....................        23        10        27        4,206     3,544        4,761        3,253     1,313     2,947
Delaware .......................         7         3         9          929       493        1,022          753       763       808
District of Columbia ...........         5         3         5          678       302          449          678       293       449
Florida ........................        83        65        45       13,380     9,834        7,794       12,469    10,029     7,318
Georgia ........................        22        22        48        2,926     1,770        4,526        4,730     4,129     6,805
Hawaii .........................       (2)       (2)         4          (2)       (2)          413          (2)       (2)       360
Idaho ..........................         9         5        11        1,920       548        1,875          854       621     1,151
										        
Illinois .......................       119        99       108       26,757    15,821       24,401       27,051    15,329    20,113
Indiana ........................        32        26        35        4,242     2,607        3,799        6,052     3,822     5,111
Iowa ...........................        12         7         9        2,980     1,421        1,221        3,106     1,296     1,342
Kansas .........................        17        12        17        3,062     2,202        1,629        3,198     1,607     1,694
Kentucky .......................        26        20        28        3,579     4,063        2,986        3,061     2,651     3,211
Louisiana ......................        35        16        40        8,575     2,681        8,570        5,552     2,956     4,770
Maine ..........................        11         5         7        1,995     1,528        1,806        1,315       751     1,083
Maryland .......................        12        26       (2)        1,708     3,170          (2)        1,681     2,817       (2)
Massachusetts ..................        15        25        17        2,583     4,431        2,975        2,811     4,198     2,058
Michigan .......................        42        29        50        6,923     3,351        6,061        6,840     3,908     6,046
Minnesota ......................        19        21        24        2,363     3,105        4,240        2,909     2,844     2,851
Mississippi ....................        10        13         5        1,939     1,569        1,221        1,372     1,735       766
Missouri .......................        53        23        43       10,716     3,322        7,571        9,414     2,171     6,374
										        
Montana ........................        10       (2)        10        1,962       (2)        1,205          911       (2)       940
Nebraska .......................         7         6         8        1,937       587        1,100        1,051       628     1,080
Nevada .........................        16         5        11        3,916     1,650        3,100        3,155       876     1,508
New Hampshire ..................        11         4         4        2,358       382        2,174        1,766       322       597
New Jersey .....................        69        64        43       22,267    10,283        8,979       18,612    10,072     8,578
New Mexico .....................        17         5        18        4,388       740        3,028        2,154       729     1,830
New York .......................       119       122        96       18,769    14,498       11,566       22,231    21,178    13,333
North Carolina (3) .............        25        22        17        2,660     2,508        1,341        7,668     4,371     2,189
North Dakota ...................         5       (2)       (2)          507       (2)          (2)          618       (2)       (2)
Ohio ...........................        91        66        79       15,514    10,086       11,244       15,988    12,097    10,399
Oklahoma .......................         4         3        11          558       359        1,621          438       273     1,389
Oregon .........................        30        19        28        7,966     3,754        4,615        7,088     4,910     4,615
Pennsylvania ...................       124       102       101       16,101    10,996       15,682       26,969    18,355    16,771
										        
Rhode Island ...................        15         6         7        2,989       555        1,995        2,922       504     1,011
South Carolina .................        27         6        11        6,025     1,075        3,008        6,047     1,037     1,099
South Dakota ...................         -         -       (2)            -         -          (2)            -         -       (2)
Tennessee ......................        30        22        15        5,360     2,473        1,773        5,573     2,492     2,173
Texas ..........................        64        36        48       10,103     5,416        8,161       15,580     7,727     9,180
Utah ...........................        10         8        14        1,490     1,311        5,955        1,366     1,095     1,541
Vermont ........................        12         3        16        2,266       391        2,581        1,785       225     2,077
Virginia .......................        32        27        29        5,579     4,987        3,812        5,959     5,117     3,554
Washington .....................        29        37        36        3,534     3,015        4,027        4,899     6,888     3,634
West Virginia ..................         9         7         9        1,785     1,029        1,400        1,141     1,027       976
Wisconsin ......................        48        32        47        8,141     5,702        8,024        8,453     6,107     7,420
Wyoming ........................       (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)          (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
										        
Puerto Rico ....................        13        10         8        1,967     1,395        1,275        3,953     4,188     1,591
                                                                                                                                
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    3 Data starting in November 2010 may not be comparable to prior data due to a change in MLS unemployment insurance 
input procedures.          
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    c = corrected.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 6. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2010 and 2011
             
                                                               Layoff events                            Separations           
                     Industry                                                                                                 
                                                       II            I           II           II             I            II
                                                      2010         2011r        2011p        2010          2011r         2011p

      Total, private nonfarm (1) ................       56           50           42        10,987        10,789         6,824
      
    Mining ......................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Utilities ...................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Construction ................................        -            -            3             -             -           448
    Manufacturing ...............................       25           29           19         5,723         6,334         3,619
         Food ...................................        4          (2)            5         1,856           (2)         1,302
         Beverage and tobacco products ..........        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Textile mills ..........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Textile product mills ..................        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
         Apparel ................................        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
         Leather and allied products ............        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Wood products ..........................        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
         Paper ..................................        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
         Printing and related support activities       (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
         Petroleum and coal products ............        -            -            -             -             -             -
         
         Chemicals  .............................      (2)            4          (2)           (2)           345           (2)
         Plastics and rubber products ...........      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Nonmetallic mineral products ...........        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
         Primary metals .........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Fabricated metal products ..............      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
         Machinery ..............................        6          (2)            -           702           (2)             -
         Computer and electronic products .......      (2)          (2)            3           (2)           (2)           577
         Electrical equipment and appliances ....      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
         Transportation equipment ...............        4            5            5           793         1,653           838
         Furniture and related products .........      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Miscellaneous manufacturing ............      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
         
    Wholesale trade .............................        3            3            3           235         1,422           288
    Retail trade ................................        4            6            4           695         1,327           708
    Transportation and warehousing ..............      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    Information .................................      (2)            3            -           (2)           510             -
    Finance and insurance .......................        9            -            7         1,805             -           845
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Professional and technical services .........        -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
    Management of companies and enterprises .....      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
    Administrative and waste services ...........        4            4          (2)           664           447           (2)
    Educational services ........................        -            -           -              -             -             -
    Health care and social assistance ...........      (2)          (2)           -            (2)           (2)             -
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........        -            -           -              -             -             -
    Accommodation and food services .............      (2)            -           -            (2)             -             -
    Other services, except public administration       (2)          (2)         (2)            (2)           (2)           (2)
    
    Unclassified ................................        -            -           -              -             -             -


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised. 
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 7. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work, 
selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                               Layoff events                                  Separations               


         Reason for layoff              II           I          II               II                I               II     
                                       2010        2011r       2011p            2010             2011r            2011p    
                                       
   Total, private nonfarm (1) ....       56          50          42            10,987           10,789            6,824

Business demand ..................       14          10         (2)             3,560            3,654              (2)
  Contract cancellation ..........      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  Contract completion ............      (2)         (2)           5               (2)              (2)              894
  Domestic competition ...........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market .......................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Import competition .............      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown      (2)           5         (2)               (2)            1,341              (2)
    
Organizational changes ...........       26          21          18             4,950            3,112            2,085
  Business-ownership change ......        4           3         (2)               845              250              (2)
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company ...................       22          18         (2)             4,105            2,862              (2)
    
Financial issues .................      (2)          12          13               (2)            2,890            2,247
  Bankruptcy .....................        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability .......      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Financial difficulty ...........      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  
Production specific ..............      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  Automation/technological 
    advances .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Energy related .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention .................      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ..........        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
  Material or supply shortage ....        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
  Model changeover ...............        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ..................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Product line discontinued ......        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
  
Disaster/safety ..................      (2)           -         (2)               (2)                -              (2)
  Hazardous work environment .....        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Non-natural disaster ...........      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Extreme weather-related event ..        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  
Other/miscellaneous ..............        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
  Other ..........................        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
  Data not provided: refusal .....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Data not provided: does not 
    know .........................        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -

    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero. 




Table 8. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                       Layoff events                             Separations
 Census region and division
                               II            I          II            II              I             II
                              2010         2011r       2011p         2010           2011r          2011p

        United States (1) .     56           50          42         10,987         10,789          6,824
        
Northeast .................     10           15           5          1,823          4,332            893

    New England ...........      4            7         (2)            400          2,421            (2)
    Middle Atlantic .......      6            8         (2)          1,423          1,911            (2)
    									       
South .....................     25           14           9          3,740          1,610          1,422

    South Atlantic ........     14            8         (2)          2,001          1,046            (2)
    East South Central ....      7          (2)         (2)          1,009            (2)            (2)
    West South Central ....      4          (2)           5            730            (2)            734
    
Midwest ...................     16           13          10          4,815          3,022          1,163
					  
    East North Central ....      9            9         (2)          2,117          1,782            (2)
    West North Central ....      7            4         (2)          2,698          1,240            (2)
    
West ......................      5            8          18            609          1,825          3,346

    Mountain ..............    (2)          (2)           5            (2)            (2)          1,169
    Pacific ...............    (2)          (2)          13            (2)            (2)          2,177


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New
England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:
New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida,
Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:
Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and
Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa,
Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii,
Oregon, and Washington. 




Table 9. Extended mass layoff events and separations, selected measures, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                  Layoff events                                Separations              
                Action                                                                                                  
                                          II            I           II             II               I              II   
                                         2010         2011r        2011p          2010            2011r           2011p    

Total, private nonfarm (1) .........     2,008        1,490        1,624         381,622         225,136      (c)261,346

    Total, excluding seasonal 
        and vacation events (2) ....     1,207        1,099          932         210,491         169,671      (c)128,007

                                                                                                                        
        Total, movement of work (3)         56           50           42          10,987          10,789           6,824

                                                                                                        
             Movement of work 
               actions .............        74           74           50             (4)             (4)             (4)
                  With separations
                    reported .......        47           34           25           4,677           5,951           3,293
                  With separations
                    unknown ........        27           40           25             (4)             (4)             (4)

    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 The questions on movement of work were not asked of employers when the reason for layoff was either seasonal work
or vacation period.
    3 Movement of work can involve more than one action. 
    4 Data are not available.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    c = corrected.




Table 10. Movement of work actions by type of separation where number of separations is known by employers,
selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                              Actions (1)                        Separations         
           Activities                                                                                
                                      II          I         II             II          I         II  
                                     2010       2011r      2011p          2010       2011r      2011p

With separations reported (2) .        47         34         25           4,677      5,951      3,293

           By location                                                                               

  Out-of-country relocations ..        11         11          6           1,200      2,409        916
      Within company ..........        10         10          4           1,160      2,309        733
      Different company .......         1          1          2              40        100        183

  Domestic relocations ........        36         22         19           3,477      3,395      2,377
      Within company ..........        34         17         17           3,018      3,186      2,119
      Different company .......         2          5          2             459        209        258

  Unable to assign place of
     relocation ...............         -          1          -               -        147          -

           By company

  Within company ..............        44         28         21           4,178      5,642      2,852
      Domestic ................        34         17         17           3,018      3,186      2,119
      Out of country ..........        10         10          4           1,160      2,309        733
      Unable to assign ........         -          1          -               -        147          -

  Different company ...........         3          6          4             499        309        441
      Domestic ................         2          5          2             459        209        258
      Out of country ..........         1          1          2              40        100        183
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -          -



    1 Only actions for which separations associated with the movement of work were reported are
shown.
    2 See footnote 1, table 1. 
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    Note: Dash represents zero.




Table 11. Summary of employer expectations of a recall from extended mass layoffs, private nonfarm sector, 
selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                 Percent of total layoff events(1)       Percent of layoff events             Percent of layoff events,    
                                                                           due to seasonal work                excluding those due to        
    Nature of recall                                                        and vacation period              seasonal and vacation period   

                                  II          I            II             II           I         II            II            I          II  
                                 2010       2011r         2011p          2010        2011r      2011p         2010         2011r       2011p
                                 
Anticipate a recall .....        54.2        46.6          60.9          95.6        90.0       96.1          26.8         31.1        34.8

         Timeframe
         
Within 6 months .........        74.6        60.1          78.7          90.2        81.3       90.8          37.5         38.3        53.7
      Within 3 months ...        51.1        42.1          51.4          60.4        52.3       55.9          28.8         31.6        42.0
      
         Size of recall
         
At least half ...........        78.6        63.1          82.2          95.2        88.4       95.2          39.3         37.1        55.6
      All workers .......        43.7        24.8          45.3          56.7        37.8       57.0          13.0         11.4        21.3


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.




Table 12. Average number of separations in extended mass layoff events by selected
measures, private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                        Average number of separations
          Measure                        
                                                  II                  I                  II
                                                 2010               2011r               2011p

      Total, private nonfarm (1) .....            190                151               (c)161
      
             Industry
             
Mining ...............................            110                 87                  423
Utilities ............................            160                100                  223
Construction .........................            130                111                  122
Manufacturing ........................            178                149                  142
Wholesale trade ......................            119                128                  115
Retail trade .........................            233                191                  153
Transportation and warehousing .......            234                225                  220
Information ..........................            256                206                  173
Finance and insurance ................            193                116                  127
Real estate and rental and leasing ...            134                 92                  133
Professional and 		    
  technical services .................            290                139                  203
Management of companies
  and enterprises ....................            242                119                  120
Administrative and waste services ....            176                201               (c)156
Educational services .................            110                113                  108
Health care and social assistance ....            129                114                  119
Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..            264                118                  240
Accommodation and food services ......            264                155                  235
Other services, except
  public administration ..............            134                121                  110
Unclassified establishments ..........              -                  -                    -

     Reason for layoff groupings
  
Business demand ......................            151                137               (c)138
Organizational changes ...............            211                141                  151
Financial issues .....................            219                230                  133
Production specific ..................            169                147                  136
Disaster/Safety ......................            153                151                  196
Seasonal .............................            214                142                  193
Other/miscellaneous ..................            192                162                  132


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    c = corrected.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 13. Distribution of extended layoff events by size of layoff, private nonfarm sector,
second quarter 2011(p)


                                      Layoff events                Separations
     Size 
                                   Number      Percent         Number       Percent

 Total .....................        1,624       100.0       (c)261,346       100.0
 
   50-99 ...................          762        46.9           53,078     (c)20.3
   100-149 .................          367        22.6           42,726     (c)16.3
   150-199 .................          163        10.0           27,156     (c)10.4
   200-299 .................       (c)148         9.1        (c)34,482     (c)13.2
   300-499 .................          105         6.5           37,601     (c)14.4
   500-999 .................           58         3.6           38,702     (c)14.8
   1,000 or more ...........        (c)21      (c)1.3        (c)27,601     (c)10.6

   p = preliminary.
   c = corrected.




Last Modified Date: August 12, 2011
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