Economic News Release

Extended Mass Layoffs (Quarterly) News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, August 11, 2010           USDL-10-1102

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      EXTENDED MASS LAYOFFS -- SECOND QUARTER 2010


Employers initiated 1,851 mass layoff events in the second quarter of
2010 that resulted in the separation of 338,064 workers from their
jobs for at least 31 days, according to preliminary figures released
by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Over the year, both events and
separations decreased sharply from program high second quarter levels
(with data available back to 1995). (See table A.)

Manufacturing accounted for 16 percent of private nonfarm extended
layoff events and 15 percent of related separations in the second
quarter of 2010, the lowest proportions for any quarter in program
history. Fifty-six percent of employers reporting an extended mass
layoff during the quarter indicated they anticipated some type of
recall, up from 37 percent a year earlier. Over the year, the per-
centage of initial claimants who are women increased from 42 percent 
to 51 percent during the quarter. Second quarter 2010 layoff data 
are preliminary and are subject to revision. (See the Technical 
Note.)

The national unemployment rate averaged 9.5 percent, not seasonally
adjusted, in the second quarter of 2010, up from 9.1 percent a year
earlier. Private nonfarm payroll employment, not seasonally adjusted,
decreased by 2.3 million over the year.

Industry Distribution of Extended Layoffs

Sixteen of 18 major industry sectors in the private nonfarm economy
registered declines over the year in the number of extended mass
layoff events. Nineteen of 21 manufacturing subsectors experienced
over-the-year decreases in the number of layoff events.

Manufacturing firms reported 299 events involving the separation of
51,085 workers. This sector accounted for 16 percent of private non-
farm extended layoff events and 15 percent of related separations in 
the second quarter of 2010, the lowest proportions for any quarter in 
program history. A year earlier, manufacturing made up 31 percent of 
events and 30 percent of separations. (See table 1.) The largest num-
bers of separations were associated with food and transportation 
equipment manufacturing.

Construction firms recorded 276 events and 34,642 separations, pri-
marily in specialty trade contracting and heavy and civil engineering 
construction. Layoffs in this sector comprised 15 percent of events 
and 10 percent of separations.

Reasons for Extended Layoffs

Layoffs due to the completion of seasonal work accounted for 41 percent 
of events and 48 percent of related separations during the second quar-
ter of 2010, up from 22 percent of events and 25 percent of separations 
in the same period a year earlier. (See table 2.) Separations related 
to business demand factors decreased over the year by 139,687, or 61 
percent. The largest over-the-year decrease in separations related to 
business demand was due to slack work/insufficient demand (-114,079). 
(See chart.)


Table A. Selected measures of extended mass layoff activity


     Period                  Layoff events       Separations     Initial claimants

     2006

January-March  ..........           963            183,089            193,510
April-June ..............         1,353            295,964            264,927
July-September ..........           929            160,254            161,764
October-December ........         1,640            296,662            330,954

     2007

January-March ...........         1,110            225,600            199,250
April-June ..............         1,421            278,719            259,234
July-September ..........         1,018            160,024            173,077
October-December ........         1,814            301,592            347,151

     2008

January-March ...........         1,340            230,098            259,292
April-June ..............         1,756            354,713            339,630
July-September ..........         1,581            290,453            304,340
October-December ........         3,582            641,714            766,780

     2009

January-March ...........         3,979            705,141            835,551
April-June(r) ..........          3,395            651,318            731,049
July-September(r) ......          2,034            345,531            406,802
October-December(r) ....          2,416            406,212            468,368

     2010

January-March(r) .......          1,870            313,660            360,208
April-June(p) ..........          1,851            338,064            273,860


   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.


Movement of Work

In the second quarter of 2010, 53 extended mass layoffs involved
movement of work and were associated with 10,206 separated workers.
Over the year, the number of events decreased from 116 to 53, and 
the number of separations decreased from 21,365 to 10,206. Movement 
of work layoffs accounted for 5 percent of the nonseasonal layoff 
events during the quarter. (See table 9.)

Nearly half of the extended mass layoff events related to movement of
work were from manufacturing industries. (See table 6.) Employers
cited organizational changes as for the reason for the layoff in 45 
percent of the events involving the movement of work. (See table 7.) 
Among the regions, the largest numbers of workers affected by the 
movement of work were in the Midwest and South. (See table 8.) 
Illinois, Iowa, and Virginia reported the highest numbers of separa-
tions associated with movement of work.

The 53 extended layoff events with movement of work for the second
quarter of 2010 involved 71 identifiable relocations of work actions.
(See table 9.) Employers were able to provide more complete separation
information for 44 of the actions. Of these, 93 percent involved work
moving within the same company, and 75 percent were domestic reassign-
ments. (See table 10.)

Recall Expectations

Fifty-six percent of employers reporting an extended mass layoff in
the second quarter 2010 indicated they anticipated some type of
recall, up from 37 percent a year earlier. Excluding extended mass
layoff events due to seasonal work and vacation period, in which 96
percent of the employers expected a recall, employers anticipated
recalling laid-off workers in 28 percent of the events. Of those
employers expecting to recall workers, 44 percent indicated that the
offer would be extended to all displaced employees, and 79 percent of
employers anticipated extending the offer to at least half of the
workers. Seventy-four percent of employers expecting to recall laid-
off employees intend to do so within 6 months. (See table 11.)

Size of Extended Layoffs

In second quarter 2010, the average size of a layoff (as measured by 
separations per layoff event) was 183, the smallest second quarter 
average size in program history. (See table 12.) Events were pri-
marily concentrated at the lower end of the extended layoff-size 
spectrum, with 67 percent involving fewer than 150 workers, up from 
64 percent a year ago; 7 percent of the events involved 500 or more 
workers, the highest proportion since second quarter 2006. (See 
table 13.)


Table B. Metropolitan areas with the largest number of initial claimants associated with
extended mass layoff events in the second quarter 2010, by residency of claimants


                                                        2009 II (r)            2010 II (p)    
            
            Metropolitan area                         Initial                Initial            
                                                     claimants    Rank      claimants    Rank

        Total, 372 metropolitan areas .............. 588,820                226,982           

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. ...........  49,256        1        23,877        1    
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long
    Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. ..........................  34,383        2        14,957        2    
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. ..........  26,461        4        13,387        3    
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, Calif. ..............  19,285        5         9,771        4    
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. ...........  19,245        6         6,870        5    
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.
    -N.J.-Del.-Md. .................................  11,623        8         6,598        6    
St. Louis, Mo.-Ill. ................................   8,207       14         4,954        7    
Pittsburgh, Pa. ....................................   6,969       16         4,441        8    
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif. ..............  12,082        7         4,412        9    
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, Calif. ........   8,876       12         4,170       10    

    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The geographic boundaries of the metropolitan areas shown in this table are defined in
Office of Management and Budget Bulletin 10-02, December 1, 2009.


Initial Claimant Characteristics

A total of 273,860 initial claimants for unemployment insurance were
associated with extended mass layoffs in the second quarter of 2010.
Of these claimants, 16 percent were black, 17 percent were Hispanic,
51 percent were women, and 24 percent were 55 years of age or older.
(See table 3.) Among persons in the civilian labor force for the same
period, 12 percent were black, 15 percent were Hispanic, 47 percent
were women, and 19 percent were 55 years of age or older.

Geographic Distribution
  
Among the four census regions, the Midwest and the West recorded the
highest numbers of separations due to extended mass layoff events in
the second quarter of 2010. Among the nine census divisions, the
highest numbers of separations were in the East North Central and
Pacific. All regions and divisions registered over-the-year decreases
in the number of separations. (See table 4.)

California recorded the largest number of worker separations, followed
by Illinois, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Ohio. (See table 5.) Over
the year, 42 states and the District of Columbia reported decreased
numbers of laid-off workers, led by California, Florida, and Ohio.

Eighty-three percent of the initial claimants associated with extended
mass layoff events in the second quarter of 2010 resided within metro-
politan areas, nearly the same as a year earlier (81 percent). Among 
the 372 metropolitan areas, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif., 
reported the highest number of resident initial claimants. Sacramento--
Arden-Arcade--Roseville, Calif., St. Louis, Mo.-Ill., and Pittsburgh, 
Pa., moved into the top 10 metropolitan areas in terms of initial 
claims by residency of claimant in the quarter, replacing Miami-Fort 
Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, Fla., Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich., and Las 
Vegas-Paradise, Nev., from the previous year. (See table B.)

Note

The quarterly series on extended mass layoffs cover layoffs of at least 
31-days duration that involve 50 or more individuals from a single em-
ployer filing initial claims for unemployment insurance during a con-
secutive 5-week period. Approximately 30 days after a mass layoff is 
triggered, the employer is contacted for additional information. Data 
for the current quarter are preliminary and subject to revision. This 
release also includes revised data for previous quarters. Data are not 
seasonally adjusted, but survey data suggest that there is a seasonal 
pattern to layoffs. Thus, comparisons between consecutive quarters 
should not be used as an indicator of trend. For additional information 
about the program, see the Technical Note.

________________
The Mass Layoffs in July 2010 news release is scheduled to be released
on Friday, August 20, 2010, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).





Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program which
identifies, describes, and tracks the effects of major job cutbacks, using
data from each state's unemployment insurance database.  Employers which have
at least 50 initial claims filed against them during a consecutive 5-week per-
iod are contacted by the state agency to determine whether these separations
are of at least 31 days duration, and, if so, information is obtained on the
total number of persons separated and the reasons for these separations.  Em-
ployers are identified according to industry classification and location, and
unemployment insurance claimants are identified by such demographic factors as
age, race, gender, ethnic group, and place of residence.  The program yields
information on an individual's entire spell of unemployment, to the point when
regular unemployment insurance benefits are exhausted.

Definitions

   Domestic relocation.  A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location also inside the U.S., either within the same company or to
a different company altogether (domestic outsourcing).

   Employer.  A firm covered by state unemployment insurance laws. Information
on employers is obtained from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW)
program, which is administered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Extended mass layoff event.  A layoff defined by the filing of 50 or more
initial claims for unemployment insurance benefits from an employer during a
5-week period, with at least 50 workers separated for more than 30 days.  Such
layoffs involve both persons subject to recall and those who are terminated.

   Initial claimant.  A person who files any notice of unemployment to initiate
a request either for a determination of entitlement to and eligibility for com-
pensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment within a benefit year or
period of eligibility.

   Movement of work.  The reassignment of work activities previously performed
at the worksite by the company experiencing the layoff (1) to another worksite
within the company; (2) to another company under formal contractual arrange-
ments at the same worksite; or (3) to another company under formal contractual
arrangements at another worksite either within or outside of the U.S.

   Outsourcing.  A movement of work that was formerly conducted in-house by em-
ployees paid directly by a company to a different company under a contractual
arrangement.

   Overseas relocation.  A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location outside of the U.S. (offshoring), either within the same
company or to a different company altogether (offshore outsourcing).

   Relocation of work action.  A movement-of-work action where the employer
provides information on the new location of work and/or the number of workers
affected by the movement.  Events may involve more than one action per employer
if work is moved to more than one location.

   Separations.  The number of individuals who have become displaced during an
extended mass layoff event as provided by the employer, regardless of whether
they file for unemployment insurance or not.

   Worksite closure.  The complete closure of an employer or the partial closure
of an employer with multiple locations where entire worksites affected by layoffs
are closed.



Revisions to preliminary data

   The latest quarterly data in this news release are considered preliminary.
After the initial publication of quarterly information, more data are collected
as remaining employer interviews for the quarter are completed and additional
initial claimant information associated with extended layoff events is received.

Movement of work concepts and questions

   Beginning in 2004, the economic reasons "domestic relocation" and "overseas
relocation" were replaced by the movement of work concept.  The movement of work
data are not collected in the same way as the relocation reasons in releases prior
to 2004; therefore, the movement of work data are not comparable to the data for
those discontinued reasons.

   Questions on movement of work and location are asked for all layoff events when
the reason for separation is other than "seasonal work" or "vacation period," as
these are unlikely.  Movement of work questions are asked after the analyst veri-
fies that a layoff in fact occurred and lasted more than 30 days.  If the reason
for layoff is other than seasonal or vacation, the employer was asked the following:

   (1) "Did this layoff include your company moving work from this location(s)
to a different geographic location(s) within your company?"

   (2) "Did this layoff include your company moving work that was performed in-
house by your employees to a different company, through contractual arrangements?"

   A "yes" response to either question is followed by:

   "Is the location inside or outside of the U.S.?" and "How many of the layoffs
were a result of this relocation?"

   Layoff actions are classified as "domestic relocation" if the
employer responds "yes" to questions 1 and/or 2 and indicates the
location(s) was inside the U.S.; "overseas relocation" indicates that
the location(s) was outside the U.S.

Reliability of the data

   The identification of employers and layoff events in the MLS program and asso-
ciated characteristics of claimants is based on administrative data on covered
employers and unemployment insurance claims, and, therefore, is not subject to
issues associated with sampling error.  Nonsampling errors such as typographical
errors may occur but are not likely to be significant.  While the MLS employers
and layoff events are not subject to sampling error, and all such employers are
asked the interview questions, the employer responses are subject to nonsampling
error.  Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the inability to
obtain information for all respondents, inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or processing
of the data.  For the second quarter of 2010, outright refusal to participate in
the employer interview accounted for 3.9 percent of all private nonfarm events.
Although included in the total number of instances involving the movement of work,
for the second quarter, employers in 27 relocations were unable to provide the num-
ber of separations specifically associated with the movement of work, 4 of which
involved out-of-country moves.

Additional information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired in-
dividuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202)691-5200; Federal Relay Service:
(800) 877-8339.





Table 1. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                                                                           Initial claimants for   
                                                         Layoff events              Separations            unemployment insurance   
                      Industry                                                                                                     
                                                     II       I      II        II        I       II         II        I       II   
                                                    2009r   2010r   2010p     2009r    2010r    2010p      2009r    2010r    2010p 
                                                                                                                                   
      Total, private nonfarm (1) .................  3,395   1,870   1,851    651,318  313,660  338,064    731,049  360,208  273,860

    Mining .......................................     50      16       7      8,393    2,271      734      7,505    2,098      719
    Utilities ....................................      4       4       7        902      983      713        980    1,089    1,072
    Construction .................................    380     444     276     44,355   50,278   34,642     56,837   66,057   31,398
    Manufacturing ................................  1,062     441     299    194,215   60,823   51,085    266,027   72,128   44,297
         Food ....................................     82      76      67     15,975   11,833   12,325     17,481   14,644    9,667
         Beverage and tobacco products ...........      4       7     (2)        421      978      (2)        622    1,682      (2)
         Textile mills ...........................     15     (2)       4      2,268      (2)      844      4,590      (2)    1,088
         Textile product mills ...................      7       8     (2)        734    1,080      (2)      1,039    1,200      (2)
         Apparel .................................     28       8       9      4,563      824    1,185      4,467      941    1,291
         Leather and allied products .............      -     (2)       -          -      (2)        -          -      (2)        -
         Wood products ...........................     41      18       9      4,542    1,697    1,211      5,978    3,685      998
         Paper ...................................     29       9      10      3,626    1,402    1,306      3,588    1,909      985
         Printing and related support activities .     31      20      10      3,103    2,277      986      5,078    2,900    1,158
         Petroleum and coal products .............      3       5     (2)        315      455      (2)        330      527      (2)

         Chemicals ...............................     26      20      10      2,646    3,073    1,119      3,478    3,227      928
         Plastics and rubber products ............     56      15       6      7,355    1,320      499      9,838    1,777      490
         Nonmetallic mineral products ............     42      33      16      5,374    3,451    1,410      5,330    4,127    1,727
         Primary metals ..........................     83      20      17     15,853    2,940    2,172     18,891    2,453    2,019
         Fabricated metal products ...............     97      26      16     13,237    3,020    1,394     14,716    3,496    1,577
         Machinery ...............................    110      37      33     22,621    5,690    4,488     38,993    6,112    4,234
         Computer and electronic products ........     96      30      27     13,917    5,800    3,511     15,349    5,544    3,632
         Electrical equipment and appliances .....     34      14       6      5,630    1,932      818      6,875    1,599      700
         Transportation equipment ................    217      60      38     64,320    8,489   10,614     97,328   10,232   11,249
         Furniture and related products ..........     37      17       7      4,380    2,397    1,535      8,047    2,954      816
         Miscellaneous manufacturing .............     24      12      10      3,335    1,580    1,779      4,009    1,487    1,325

    Wholesale trade ..............................     89      53      31     15,261    6,049    3,575     14,686    5,830    3,059
    Retail trade .................................    199     201      97     45,003   52,422   21,166     53,797   66,994   18,774
    Transportation and warehousing ...............    259      92     173     59,211   19,118   38,003     57,719   18,193   32,836
    Information ..................................     92      60      48     16,867   10,936   11,903     18,605   12,342   12,586
    Finance and insurance ........................    128      75      56     29,400   14,115   10,871     26,487   16,933    7,272
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........     27      13      25      4,733    2,530    3,183      4,463    2,083    2,568
    Professional and technical services ..........    141      69      92     34,472    8,181   27,054     27,475   11,326   20,287
    Management of companies and enterprises ......     13      11       7      3,809    2,124    1,562      4,031    1,585      824
    Administrative and waste services ............    300     205     150     64,682   48,913   23,721     73,937   49,076   21,224
    Educational services .........................     29       5      28      3,650      887    2,666      4,318      850    2,472
    Health care and social assistance ............    218      34     201     28,863    5,612   25,312     26,956    5,123   20,435
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........     89      40      73     17,914    9,745   19,416     11,011    7,047    7,722
    Accommodation and food services ..............    241      93     203     70,156   16,870   52,041     66,353   19,469   38,482
    Other services, except public administration .     74      14      78      9,432    1,803   10,417      9,862    1,985    7,833

    Unclassified .................................      -       -       -          -        -        -          -        -        -
                                                                                                                                   
    1 For the second quarter of 2010, data on layoffs were reported by employers in all states and the District of Columbia. 
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.    
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.    
    
    
    


Table 2. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                                                                         Initial claimants for     
                                             Layoff events                   Separations                 unemployment insurance     
         Reason for layoff                                                                                                      
                                       II         I        II          II         I        II           II         I        II    
                                      2009r     2010r     2010p       2009r     2010r     2010p        2009r     2010r     2010p  
                                                                                                                                
   Total, private nonfarm (1) .....   3,395     1,870     1,851      651,318   313,660   338,064      731,049   360,208   273,860

Business demand ...................   1,457       738       604      228,473   112,292    88,786      320,773   136,716    84,297
  Contract cancellation ...........      78        42        49       12,837     6,225     8,985       14,967     6,049     7,314
  Contract completion .............     310       253       262       51,259    48,110    37,552       63,752    59,200    35,552
  Domestic competition ............       -       (2)         3            -       (2)       266            -       (2)       320
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market ........................      25         8       (2)        7,263     1,048       (2)       17,537     1,291       (2)
  Import competition ..............       8       (2)       (2)        1,261       (2)       (2)        1,133       (2)       (2)
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown.   1,036       431       287      155,853    55,121    41,774      223,384    68,472    40,901
    
Organizational changes ............     170       117       109       35,873    20,075    23,587       37,300    25,461    14,370
  Business-ownership change .......      32        31        29       12,480     5,293     9,871        7,587     4,171     2,592
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company ....................     138        86        80       23,393    14,782    13,716       29,713    21,290    11,778

Financial issues ..................     295       165       112       74,301    27,450    25,517       77,205    37,601    18,533
  Bankruptcy ......................      51        17        13       32,265     4,159     4,713       29,543     2,949     1,843
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability ........     169        98        58       24,117    12,992     9,880       33,161    26,267     8,811
  Financial difficulty ............      75        50        41       17,919    10,299    10,924       14,501     8,385     7,879

Production specific ...............      14        15        11        2,014     2,663     1,951        2,243     2,843     1,013
  Automation/technological 
    advances ......................     (2)         4       (2)          (2)       549       (2)          (2)       676       (2)
  Energy related ..................       -         -         -            -         -         -            -         -         -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention ..................       3         3         4          598       416     1,139          279       272       330
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ...........       -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)
  Material or supply shortage .....     (2)         -       (2)          (2)         -       (2)          (2)         -       (2)
  Model changeover ................     (2)         3       (2)          (2)       654       (2)          (2)       910       (2)
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ...................     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Product line discontinued .......       5       (2)         -          577       (2)         -          777       (2)         -

Disaster/safety ...................       3         7        11          508       940     1,681          231       863     1,434
  Hazardous work environment ......       -         -         -            -         -         -            -         -         -
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) ......................       -       (2)         -            -       (2)         -            -       (2)         -
  Non-natural disaster ............     (2)         4       (2)          (2)       530       (2)          (2)       438       (2)
  Extreme weather-related event ...     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)

Seasonal ..........................     757       418       757      160,045    68,625   162,585      140,563    75,487   120,804
  Seasonal ........................     387       (2)       459       87,563       (2)   110,213       71,414       (2)    76,156
  Vacation period-school related 
    or otherwise ..................     370       (2)       298       72,482       (2)    52,372       69,149       (2)    44,648

Other/miscellaneous ...............     699       410       247      150,104    81,615    33,957      152,734    81,237    33,409
  Other ...........................      38        23         9        5,953     3,883     1,303        8,465     3,540       894
  Data not provided: refusal ......     170        86        73       42,676    22,964    11,552       42,670    22,957    11,527
  Data not provided: does not 
    know ..........................     491       301       165      101,475    54,768    21,102      101,599    54,740    20,988

                                                                                                                                
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.     
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.





Table 3. State and selected claimant characteristics: Extended mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, first and second quarters, 2010
                                                                                            Percent of total
                                                         Total                                                                     
                                                        initial                          Hispanic                    Persons age 55
                                  Layoff events        claimants          Black           origin          Women         and over   
              State                                                                                                                
                                    I      II         I       II         I     II        I     II        I     II        I     II  
                                  2010r   2010p     2010r    2010p     2010r  2010p    2010r  2010p    2010r  2010p    2010r  2010p

    Total, private nonfarm(1) ..  1,870   1,851    360,208  273,860     15.0   16.4     19.3   16.8     38.1   50.7     18.6   24.1

Alabama ........................     11      19      3,469    3,544     44.3   58.2      1.3    2.2     34.5   66.2     15.7   20.1
Alaska .........................      7      15      1,844    2,633      9.9    5.7     15.9   13.5     28.9   39.0     24.0   26.5
Arizona ........................     14      29      2,221    4,265      9.5    4.5     25.7   50.5     33.0   58.9     11.7   19.8
Arkansas .......................      7      10      2,152    1,655     28.0   16.1      3.2    6.8     43.7   59.3     17.3   16.9
California .....................    530     482    111,140   71,906      9.7    9.0     36.6   33.6     40.9   39.8     16.3   18.3
Colorado .......................     14      24      1,783    3,480      7.0    3.8     19.5   23.2     34.7   55.9     18.5   19.1
Connecticut ....................     19      23      3,527    2,712     15.8   14.0     12.0   13.2     45.0   63.2     19.8   29.4
Delaware .......................    (2)       7        (2)      576     19.9   52.3      2.8    9.5      3.5   72.0     17.4   25.9
District of Columbia ...........      3       5        261      394     56.3   68.5      3.4    8.9     47.1   58.9     26.4   26.9
Florida ........................     62      71     22,970    8,885     16.5   23.4     29.5   27.0     43.0   57.6     17.8   30.0
Georgia ........................     22      19      4,224    2,840     47.5   52.8      4.9    6.3     47.8   53.7     23.3   19.6
Hawaii .........................    (2)       3        (2)      266       .7    1.1      3.3   10.9     34.0   30.1     17.6   13.9
Idaho ..........................      7       9        833      719       .1      -      8.9    5.0     31.2   51.6     19.6   30.5

Illinois .......................    118     119     20,467   21,386     18.8   21.8     14.1   11.0     38.3   56.6     17.7   22.0
Indiana ........................     31      31      4,830    3,948     12.3   13.0      2.3    2.1     27.6   46.7     20.2   19.3
Iowa ...........................      6      11      2,625    2,208      1.3    3.2      1.7   11.4     38.5   46.0     21.0   22.3
Kansas .........................      9      17      1,050    2,323     11.3   14.7      6.2    2.9     36.2   54.8     18.7   25.8
Kentucky .......................     27      26      3,107    2,926      7.0   13.6        -     .1     19.5   37.5     19.6   18.7
Louisiana ......................     19      35      3,255    5,016     53.3   66.1      3.2    3.5     39.6   64.9     12.5   19.1
Maine ..........................      9       8      1,547    1,031      3.5    1.3       .5     .3     51.8   52.1     26.1   22.9
Maryland .......................     29       7      3,452      849     42.1   56.4      3.7    1.4     37.7   58.8     23.2   28.2
Massachusetts ..................     23      12      3,420    1,765     12.1   15.6      1.7    2.8     41.5   60.6     21.1   29.7
Michigan .......................     40      42      5,466    5,237      8.4   18.6      3.8    3.5     33.3   76.1     19.1   26.1
Minnesota ......................     34      19      4,445    2,034      4.2    9.8      5.9    5.7     26.8   42.6     20.6   24.5
Mississippi ....................      6       9        576      925     78.1   61.8      2.6    1.0     38.0   47.6     10.2   16.2
Missouri .......................     48      48      5,463    6,415     11.3   25.5      1.6    1.4     37.5   67.4     21.4   30.6

Montana ........................      5       8        757      715       .5     .6      2.2    3.5     24.2   59.3     37.0   20.3
Nebraska .......................      4       7        254    1,038      3.9   12.1      5.9    2.0     13.8   70.1     33.1   35.5
Nevada .........................     27      13      4,988    1,591      7.4    8.7     31.3   23.5     34.2   35.5     18.9   19.9
New Hampshire ..................      3      11        407    1,528      1.7     .7      3.4    1.3     38.3   66.4     26.0   29.3
New Jersey .....................     55      65      9,028   12,571     21.5   18.2      8.0    6.2     48.8   66.9     24.8   35.4
New Mexico .....................     11      17      1,227    1,923      2.7    2.1     45.5   41.9     23.6   49.7     16.4   19.8
New York .......................    155      98     27,111   14,160     13.6   14.0     12.4   11.8     33.4   43.1     21.4   26.5
North Carolina .................     33      19      6,483    3,218     55.2   42.9      5.0    6.5     49.2   43.8     16.2   16.4
North Dakota ...................      5       5        719      592       .4    4.9      1.9    2.2     10.0   36.8     20.9   18.9
Ohio ...........................     90      90     14,895   12,246     12.8   13.5      2.5    3.2     32.9   42.8     22.4   25.2
Oklahoma .......................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)     10.2   13.8      4.7     .7     54.8   50.0     20.6   11.2
Oregon .........................     22      28      4,109    5,147      2.2    2.2     14.7   14.9     35.2   57.2     17.2   30.6
Pennsylvania ...................    116     121     22,449   20,082      5.9    8.9      2.8    3.2     28.4   56.2     24.7   38.6

Rhode Island ...................      3      13        582    2,257      2.1    2.5     33.8   14.2     67.0   74.5     34.5   38.5
South Carolina .................     25      18      4,357    2,821     51.4   55.3      2.1    1.2     49.2   52.4      9.1   15.6
South Dakota ...................    (2)       -        (2)        -      4.8      -     12.4      -     69.7      -     16.6      -
Tennessee ......................     27      30      4,813    4,225     32.0   26.9       .1      -     53.2   55.7     19.2   29.6
Texas ..........................     56      64     15,632    9,942     20.3   17.7     36.5   44.2     32.5   45.4     13.9   17.4
Utah ...........................      8      10      1,238    1,239       .4     .2     10.1    7.3     21.2   35.9     17.2   16.8
Vermont ........................      -      12          -    1,689        -     .6        -     .4        -   47.7        -   24.6
Virginia .......................     34      32      7,105    4,756     37.3   47.5      2.8    7.0     38.5   64.1     22.8   21.2
Washington .....................     35      29      6,082    3,546      6.1    6.9     10.6   18.2     33.2   31.2     15.2   16.9
West Virginia ..................      7       9        955      983        -     .2       .1     .1     17.7   22.0     14.6   14.9
Wisconsin ......................     47      48     11,120    7,228      7.7   14.5      7.2    4.2     41.5   65.4     18.7   34.9
Wyoming ........................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)      1.5     .7     18.4    5.5     15.8   20.5     18.4   10.6

Puerto Rico ....................     14      10      5,409    1,626       .1      -     99.4   99.6     47.2   60.8      6.1   10.6
                                                                                                                                   
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.           
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.





Table 4. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                                                                    Initial claimants for    
                                         Layoff events                   Separations                unemployment insurance    
   Census region and division                                                                                              
                                   II         I        II          II         I        II           II        I       II   
                                  2009r     2010r     2010p       2009r     2010r     2010p        2009r    2010r    2010p 
                                                                                                                           
        United States (1) .....   3,395     1,870     1,851      651,318   313,660   338,064      731,049  360,208  273,860

Northeast .....................     616       383       363      113,542    56,858    64,336      124,121   68,071   57,795

    New England ...............      94        57        79       17,226    10,021    15,429       16,719    9,483   10,982
    Middle Atlantic ...........     522       326       284       96,316    46,837    48,907      107,402   58,588   46,813

South .........................     750       371       382      146,800    74,217    62,059      156,317   84,087   53,707

    South Atlantic ............     413       216       187       84,836    47,128    27,928       95,042   50,123   25,322
    East South Central ........     154        71        84       28,001    11,481    14,634       29,138   11,965   11,620
    West South Central ........     183        84       111       33,963    15,608    19,497       32,137   21,999   16,765

Midwest .......................     896       433       437      181,930    66,502    76,890      233,971   71,479   64,655

    East North Central ........     678       326       330      142,155    54,189    57,522      186,215   56,778   50,045
    West North Central ........     218       107       107       39,775    12,313    19,368       47,756   14,701   14,610

West ..........................   1,133       683       669      209,046   116,083   134,779      216,640  136,571   97,703

    Mountain ..................     194        88       112       37,582    13,394    30,883       32,935   13,243   14,205
    Pacific ...................     939       595       557      171,464   102,689   103,896      183,705  123,328   83,498
                                                                                                                           
 
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and
Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Virginia, and  West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and  Tennessee; West South Central:
Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West
North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington. 





Table 5. State distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                                                                        Initial claimants for     
                                           Layoff events                     Separations                unemployment insurance     
              State                                                                                                             
                                      II         I        II          II         I        II           II         I        II    
                                     2009r     2010r     2010p       2009r     2010r     2010p        2009r     2010r     2010p  
                                   
    Total, private nonfarm (1) .     3,395     1,870     1,851      651,318   313,660   338,064      731,049   360,208   273,860

Alabama ........................        35        11        19       10,345     2,406     3,647       11,111     3,469     3,544
Alaska .........................        14         7        15        3,901     1,844     3,912        2,903     1,844     2,633
Arizona ........................        41        14        29        7,656     1,834     6,870        7,456     2,221     4,265
Arkansas .......................        21         7        10        4,231     1,060     1,209        3,611     2,152     1,655
California .....................       803       530       482      142,958    93,972    89,286      155,173   111,140    71,906
Colorado .......................        34        14        24        8,928     2,309    10,341        4,882     1,783     3,480
Connecticut ....................        27        19        23        5,433     4,083     4,002        5,108     3,527     2,712
Delaware .......................        11       (2)         7        1,354       (2)       863        1,376       (2)       576
District of Columbia ...........         4         3         5          405       261       394          405       261       394
Florida ........................       190        62        71       42,566    26,724    11,709       38,857    22,970     8,885
Georgia ........................        34        22        19        6,137     2,485     2,577       11,685     4,224     2,840
Hawaii .........................        10       (2)         3        1,343       (2)       285        1,315       (2)       266
Idaho ..........................         7         7         9        1,447       804     1,920          828       833       719

Illinois .......................       196       118       119       42,599    19,388    25,923       52,251    20,467    21,386
Indiana ........................        87        31        31       16,931     3,602     4,138       19,423     4,830     3,948
Iowa ...........................        25         6        11        3,091       815     2,780        7,237     2,625     2,208
Kansas .........................        25         9        17        7,549       967     2,658       10,206     1,050     2,323
Kentucky .......................        62        27        26        7,759     3,477     4,018        8,386     3,107     2,926
Louisiana ......................        52        19        35        9,699     3,690     8,513        8,503     3,255     5,016
Maine ..........................        11         9         8        2,729     1,625     1,724        1,882     1,547     1,031
Maryland .......................        19        29         7        2,533     3,587       807        2,242     3,452       849
Massachusetts ..................        30        23        12        5,326     2,976     2,345        5,898     3,420     1,765
Michigan .......................       121        40        42       23,040     4,562     6,771       56,096     5,466     5,237
Minnesota ......................        73        34        19       10,113     3,731     2,363       12,732     4,445     2,034
Mississippi ....................        16         6         9        2,845       874     1,874        1,937       576       925
Missouri .......................        75        48        48       14,530     5,587     9,123       13,741     5,463     6,415

Montana ........................        12         5         8        2,145       821     1,775        1,564       757       715
Nebraska .......................         9         4         7        2,237       359     1,937        1,622       254     1,038
Nevada .........................        55        27        13        9,430     4,832     2,749       12,278     4,988     1,591
New Hampshire ..................         7         3        11        1,275       638     2,358        1,354       407     1,528
New Jersey .....................       112        55        65       27,424     9,108    20,546       24,110     9,028    12,571
New Mexico .....................        29        11        17        4,316     1,133     4,388        3,338     1,227     1,923
New York .......................       162       155        98       31,222    22,599    12,836       33,175    27,111    14,160
North Carolina .................        51        33        19       15,065     3,049     2,100       20,565     6,483     3,218
North Dakota ...................        10         5         5        2,160       704       507        2,160       719       592
Ohio ...........................       178        90        90       43,243    15,200    13,011       39,713    14,895    12,246
Oklahoma .......................        17       (2)       (2)        2,996       (2)       (2)        2,950       (2)       (2)
Oregon .........................        57        22        28       11,445     3,736     7,165       13,707     4,109     5,147
Pennsylvania ...................       248       116       121       37,670    15,130    15,525       50,117    22,449    20,082

Rhode Island ...................         7         3        13          821       699     2,734          835       582     2,257
South Carolina .................        34        25        18        5,914     3,978     2,887        6,481     4,357     2,821
South Dakota ...................       (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -
Tennessee ......................        41        27        30        7,052     4,724     5,095        7,704     4,813     4,225
Texas ..........................        93        56        64       17,037     9,865     9,503       17,073    15,632     9,942
Utah ...........................        14         8        10        2,725     1,378     1,490        2,201     1,238     1,239
Vermont ........................        12         -        12        1,642         -     2,266        1,642         -     1,689
Virginia .......................        47        34        32        7,146     5,650     4,953       10,590     7,105     4,756
Washington .....................        55        35        29       11,817     3,082     3,248       10,607     6,082     3,546
West Virginia ..................        23         7         9        3,716     1,004     1,638        2,841       955       983
Wisconsin ......................        96        47        48       16,342    11,437     7,679       18,732    11,120     7,228
Wyoming ........................       (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)

Puerto Rico ....................        10        14        10        1,184     1,313       659        2,526     5,409     1,626
                                                                                                                                
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero. 





Table 6. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                               Layoff events                            Separations           
                     Industry                                                                                                 
                                                       II            I           II          II             I            II
                                                      2009r        2010r        2010p       2009r         2010r         2010p

      Total, private nonfarm(1)..................      116           72           53        21,365        10,962        10,206
      
    Mining ......................................      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
    Utilities ...................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Construction ................................      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
    Manufacturing ...............................       75           39           24        12,483         5,928         5,365
         Food ...................................       10          (2)            3         2,000           (2)         1,656
         Beverage and tobacco products ..........        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
         Textile mills ..........................      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Textile product mills ..................      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
         Apparel ................................        4          (2)            -           565           (2)             -
         Leather and allied products ............        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
         Wood products ..........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Paper ..................................      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
         Printing and related support activities         4          (2)          (2)           594           (2)           (2)
         Petroleum and coal products ............        -            -            -             -             -             -
         
         Chemicals  .............................      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Plastics and rubber products ...........        6          (2)          (2)           838           (2)           (2)
         Nonmetallic mineral products ...........        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Primary metals .........................        3            3            -           257           431             -
         Fabricated metal products ..............        8            3          (2)           924           373           (2)
         Machinery ..............................        5            6            5         1,138           908           622
         Computer and electronic products .......       12            6          (2)         1,945           780           (2)
         Electrical equipment and appliances ....        -            3          (2)             -           670           (2)
         Transportation equipment ...............        8            3            4         1,540           610           793
         Furniture and related products .........        4          (2)          (2)           612           (2)           (2)
         Miscellaneous manufacturing ............        5          (2)          (2)         1,206           (2)           (2)
         
    Wholesale trade .............................        6            4            3           459           524           235
    Retail trade ................................        6           10            4         2,426         1,533           695
    Transportation and warehousing ..............        3            3          (2)           315           511           (2)
    Information .................................        3            5          (2)           464           777           (2)
    Finance and insurance .......................        5            4            9         1,380           588         1,805
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
    Professional and technical services .........      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
    Management of companies and enterprises .....      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    Administrative and waste services ...........        7          (2)            3         1,072           (2)           610
    Educational services ........................      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
    Health care and social assistance ...........      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
    Accommodation and food services .............      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    Other services, except public administration         -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
    
    Unclassified ................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
                                                                                                                              
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised. 
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.





Table 7. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work, 
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                               Layoff events                                  Separations               


         Reason for layoff              II           I          II              II                I               II  
                                       2009r       2010r       2010p           2009r            2010r            2010p
                                                    
   Total, private nonfarm(1) .....      116          72          53            21,365           10,962           10,206

Business demand ..................       38          15         (2)             5,848            2,152              (2)
  Contract cancellation ..........        3           -           -               555                -                -
  Contract completion ............        -         (2)         (2)                 -              (2)              (2)
  Domestic competition ...........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market .......................        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
  Import competition .............        6         (2)         (2)               831              (2)              (2)
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown       29          10         (2)             4,462            1,360              (2)
    
Organizational changes ...........       46          32          24             7,627            5,550            4,223
  Business-ownership change ......        3           4           3               901              774              645
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company ...................       43          28          21             6,726            4,776            3,578
    
Financial issues .................       24          22          14             6,497            2,992            1,643
  Bankruptcy .....................        4         (2)           -             1,254              (2)                -
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability .......       14          19         (2)             2,587            2,587              (2)
  Financial difficulty ...........        6         (2)         (2)             2,656              (2)              (2)
  
Production specific ..............        5           -         (2)               558                -              (2)
  Automation/technological 
    advances .....................      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Energy related .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention .................        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ..........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Material or supply shortage ....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Model changeover ...............        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ..................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Product line discontinued ......      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  
Disaster/safety ..................        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Hazardous work environment .....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Non-natural disaster ...........        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Extreme weather-related event ..        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  
Other/miscellaneous ..............        3           3           -               835              268                -
  Other ..........................      (2)           3           -               (2)              268                -
  Data not provided: refusal .....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Data not provided: does not 
    know .........................      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero. 





Table 8. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                       Layoff events                             Separations            
 Census region and division                                                                              
                               II            I          II           II              I             II   
                              2009r        2010r       2010p        2009r          2010r          2010p 

        United States(1) ..    116           72          53         21,365         10,962         10,206
        
Northeast .................     16           14           9          3,056          2,176          1,334

    New England ...........      8            8           4          1,313          1,272            400
    Middle Atlantic .......      8            6           5          1,743            904            934

South .....................     41           26          24          6,088          3,744          3,686

    South Atlantic ........     19           13          13          3,303          1,787          1,947
    East South Central ....     16            9           7          1,446          1,207          1,009
    West South Central ....      6            4           4          1,339            750            730

Midwest ...................     35           14          16          5,684          2,661          4,815

    East North Central ....     24            9           9          4,107          1,892          2,117
    West North Central ....     11            5           7          1,577            769          2,698

West ......................     24           18           4          6,537          2,381            371

    Mountain ..............    (2)            3         (2)            (2)            484            (2)
    Pacific ...............    (2)           15         (2)            (2)          1,897            (2)
                                                                                                        
 
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New
England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:
New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida,
Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:
Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and
Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa,
Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii,
Oregon, and Washington. 





Table 9. Extended mass layoff events and separations, selected measures, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                  Layoff events                                Separations              
                Action                                                                                                  
                                          II            I           II             II               I              II   
                                         2009r        2010r        2010p          2009r           2010r           2010p 
                             
Total, private nonfarm(1) ..........     3,395        1,870        1,851         651,318         313,660         338,064

    Total, excluding seasonal                                                                                           
        and vacation events(2) .....     2,638        1,452        1,094         491,273         245,035         175,479

                                                                                                                        
        Total, movement of work(3)         116           72           53          21,365          10,962          10,206

                                                                                                                        
             Movement of work 
               actions .............       158          101           71             (4)             (4)             (4)
                  With separations
                    reported .......       102           67           44          11,478           5,949           4,188
                  With separations
                    unknown ........        56           34           27             (4)             (4)             (4)

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 The questions on movement of work were not asked of employers when the reason for layoff was either seasonal work
or vacation period.
   3 Movement of work can involve more than one action. 
   4 Data are not available.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.





Table 10. Movement of work actions by type of separation where number of separations is known by employers
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                              Actions (1)                        Separations         
           Activities                                                                                
                                      II          I         II            II           I         II  
                                     2009r      2010r      2010p         2009r       2010r      2010p

With separations reported(2) ..       102         67         44          11,478      5,949      4,188

           By location                                                                               

  Out-of-country relocations ..        22         14         11           2,849      1,023      1,200
      Within company ..........        21         11         10           2,759        933      1,160
      Different company .......         1          3          1              90         90         40

  Domestic relocations ........        80         53         33           8,629      4,926      2,988
      Within company ..........        73         47         31           7,406      3,992      2,529
      Different company .......         7          6          2           1,223        934        459

  Unable to assign place of 
     relocation ...............         -          -          -               -          -          -

           By company

  Within company ..............        94         58         41          10,165      4,925      3,689
      Domestic ................        73         47         31           7,406      3,992      2,529
      Out of country ..........        21         11         10           2,759        933      1,160
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -          -

  Different company ...........         8          9          3           1,313      1,024        499
      Domestic ................         7          6          2           1,223        934        459
      Out of country ..........         1          3          1              90         90         40
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -          -

                                                                                                     

   1 Only actions for which separations associated with the movement of work were reported are shown.
   2 See footnote 1, table 1. 
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.





Table 11. Summary of employer expectations of a recall from extended mass layoffs, private nonfarm sector, 
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                 Percent of total layoff events(1)       Percent of layoff events             Percent of layoff events,    
                                                                           due to seasonal work                excluding those due to        
    Nature of recall                                                        and vacation period              seasonal and vacation period   

                                  II          I            II             II          I         II             II           I          II  
                                 2009       2010r         2010p          2009       2010r      2010p          2009        2010r       2010p

Anticipate a recall .....        37.3        38.0          55.8          95.2        85.9       95.8          20.7         24.2        28.1

         Timeframe

Within 6 months .........        77.3        63.4          74.3          90.8        78.3       89.8          59.4         48.3        37.8
      Within 3 months ...        56.9        41.6          50.9          65.9        47.1       60.0          45.0         36.1        29.3

         Size of recall

At least half ...........        78.6        63.6          78.8          94.0        80.5       95.3          58.2         46.3        39.7
      All workers .......        41.7        25.2          43.9          57.6        37.9       57.0          20.7         12.2        13.0


   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.





Table 12. Average number of separations in extended mass layoff events by selected
measures, private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                        Average number of separations        
          Measure                                                                            
                                                  II                  I                  II  
                                                 2009r              2010r               2010p

      Total, private nonfarm (1) .....            192                168                  183

             Industry                                                                        

Mining ...............................            168                142                  105
Utilities ............................            226                246                  102
Construction .........................            117                113                  126
Manufacturing ........................            183                138                  171
Wholesale trade ......................            171                114                  115
Retail trade .........................            226                261                  218
Transportation and warehousing .......            229                208                  220
Information ..........................            183                182                  248
Finance and insurance ................            230                188                  194
Real estate and rental and leasing ...            175                195                  127
Professional and 
  technical services .................            244                119                  294
Management of companies
  and enterprises ....................            293                193                  223
Administrative and waste services ....            216                239                  158
Educational services .................            126                177                   95
Health care and social assistance ....            132                165                  126
Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..            201                244                  266
Accommodation and food services ......            291                181                  256
Other services, except 
  public administration ..............            127                129                  134
Unclassified establishments ..........              -                  -                    -

     Reason for layoff groupings                                                             

Business demand ......................            157                152                  147
Organizational changes ...............            211                172                  216
Financial issues .....................            252                166                  228
Production specific ..................            144                178                  177
Disaster/Safety ......................            169                134                  153
Seasonal .............................            211                164                  215
Other/miscellaneous ..................            215                199                  137


   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.





Table 13. Distribution of extended layoff events by size of layoff, private nonfarm sector, 
second quarter 2010(p)


                                      Layoff events                Separations    
     Size
                                   Number      Percent         Number       Percent

 Total .....................        1,851       100.0          338,064       100.0

   50-99 ...................          854        46.1           60,026        17.8
   100-149 .................          384        20.7           44,431        13.1
   150-199 .................          196        10.6           32,556         9.6
   200-299 .................          180         9.7           41,476        12.3
   300-499 .................          115         6.2           40,681        12.0
   500-999 .................           85         4.6           56,552        16.7
   1,000 or more ...........           37         2.0           62,342        18.4

   p = preliminary.




Last Modified Date: August 11, 2010
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