Economic News Release

Occupational Injuries and Illnesses by Selected Characteristics for State and Local Government News Release


OS NR 02/24/2010 CASE AND DEMO NEWS RELEASE: Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Requiring Days Away From Work for State Government and Local Government Workers, 2008

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, February 24, 2010	USDL-10-0230

Technical information:	(202) 691-6170  -  iifstaff@bls.gov  -  www.bls.gov/iif/oshcdnew.htm
Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  -  PressOffice@bls.gov

                                 NONFATAL OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES AND ILLNESSES REQUIRING DAYS AWAY FROM WORK 
                                          FOR STATE GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT WORKERS, 2008

There were 277,680 occupational injuries and illnesses with days away from work reported for State and local government combined in 2008, according 
to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Fifty percent occurred in service occupations, including health care support and protective service workers. In 
contrast, 22 percent of the injuries and illnesses in private industry occurred in service occupations.

State government workers sustained occupational injuries and illnesses at an incidence rate of 170 cases per 10,000 full-time workers and required
a median of 8 days away from work to recuperate. The incidence rate for local government workers was 195 and the median days away from work was 9. 
For comparison, the incidence rate for private industry was 113 cases per 10,000 full-time workers.

There were a total of 206,580 cases of days away from work in local government and 71,100 cases in State government. Sprains and strains comprised 
43 percent of the injuries and illness in local government at an incidence rate of 83 cases per 10,000 full-time workers. For State government, 
sprains and strains comprised 39 percent of the cases at a rate of 67 per 10,000 full-time workers (see table 3).

Key findings for injuries and illnesses requiring days away from work for State government and local government in 2008:

    - Local government workers accounted for 15 percent of the 1.4 million days-away-from-work cases reported for private industry, State government, 
      and local government combined--higher than their share of employment (9 percent) (see chart A).
 
    - The incidence rate per 10,000 full-time workers for assaults and violent acts by person in State government was 27 (compared to 2 for private 
      industry) (see table 3). Fifty-three percent of these assaults and violent acts by a person occurred to the following three occupations: 
      correctional officers and jailers; psychiatric aides; and psychiatric technicians (see table 5).

    - The incidence rate for falls on the same level in local government was 36 (compared to 17 for private industry). Thirty-seven percent of falls 
      to the same level (see table 5) occurred to the following five occupations: janitors and cleaners; police and sheriff’s patrol officers; 
      elementary school teachers; teacher assistants; and secondary school teachers. 

    - The proportion of injuries and illnesses occurring to workers with over five years of service with an employer was greater for both State 
      government (58 percent) and local government (60 percent) than for private industry (31 percent) (see table 6).


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The 2008 results announced today present the first national data for State government and local government on the case circumstances and worker 
characteristics for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses requiring days away from work. Data for total recordable cases for State and 
local government were reported in the Workplace Injuries and Illnesses, 2008 news release issued in October 2009. 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



[Chart A. Injuries and illnesses and employment by ownership, 2008, appears here in the .pdf version of this news release.]


 
Occupation 

State government.  Workers in protective service occupations suffered the most injuries and illnesses with days away from work (19,720), followed 
by healthcare support occupations with 8,860 cases, and healthcare practitioners and technical occupations with 7,550 cases. Combined these three 
occupational groups accounted for 51 percent of days-away-from-work cases in State government.

    - Among detailed occupations, correctional officers and jailers experienced the highest number of days-away-from-work injuries and illnesses in 
      2008 (12,420 cases) (see chart B). Twenty-six percent of these injuries were suffered by women and of the cases involving women, 29 percent 
     (940 cases) were falls. The median number of days away from work for this occupation was 10 days. 

    - Psychiatric aides had 4,620 cases in 2008. Two-thirds of these cases were suffered by women, nearly all in hospitals and nursing and residential 
      care facilities. Assaults and violent acts accounted for 44 percent of cases to psychiatric aides, followed 
      by overexertion (24 percent). The median number of days away from work was 10 days for this occupation.


[Chart B. Injuries and illnesses with days away from work for occupations in State government with 2,000 or more cases, by ownership, 2008, appears here 
in the .pdf version of this news release.]

 
Local government.  Workers in protective service occupations suffered the most injuries and illnesses with days away from work with 57,790 cases 
(see table 2) in local government; followed by building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations with 29,390 cases; and education, training, 
and library occupations with 27,260 cases. Combined these occupational groups accounted for 55 percent of the days-away-from-work cases in local 
government. Protective service workers needed 11 median days away from work to recuperate from injuries and illnesses and building and grounds 
cleaning workers needed 10 days. Education, training, and library workers required only 4 days to recuperate.

    - Among detailed occupations, police and sheriff’s patrol officers had the most cases with 24,020 (see chart C). Men accounted for 87 percent of 
      these cases. Transportation accidents accounted for 20 percent of the cases to this occupation and assaults and violent acts by person accounted 
      for 17 percent. The median number of days away from work for this occupation was 9 days.

    - Three detailed occupations, police and sheriff’s patrol officers, janitors and cleaners, and fire fighters each had more than 15,000 injuries 
      and illnesses with days away from work and together accounted for 30 percent of all cases in local government. 


[Chart C. Injuries and illnesses with days away from work for occupations in local government with 4,000 or more cases, by ownership, 2008, appears here 
in the .pdf version of this news release.] 



Worker characteristics

Worker characteristics include age, gender, race or ethnic origin, and length of service with the employer (see table 6).

Age.  In both State government and local government, the proportion of injuries and illnesses occurring to workers in the age groups 16 to 19, 
20 to 24, and 25 to 34 was lower compared to the same age groups for private industry. 

Local government workers age 65 and over required 14 median days away from work to recuperate from their injuries and illnesses while State government 
workers in this age group required 9 median days. In State government, workers 55 to 64 years old required a median of 10 days away from work. In 
private sector, the median days away from work was 15 for workers age 65 and over and 12 days for workers age 55 to 64.

Gender.  Men accounted for 52 percent of the days-away-from-work cases in State government and 59 percent of the cases in local government. These 
percentages were lower than in private industry, where men comprised 64 percent of days-away-from-work cases. Men in local government required a 
median of 10 days away from work to recuperate from their injuries and illnesses, while women needed 6 days. 


Case characteristics

A number of variables describe the circumstances of workplace injuries and illnesses that required one or more days away from work. They include 
nature, part of body, source, and event or exposure, as well as "musculoskeletal disorders" (an amalgamation of selected nature and event or exposure 
categories). 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     A nursing aide sprains (nature) her back (part of body) from overexertion in lifting (event or exposure) a 
     health care patient (source).         
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Event or exposure.  In 2008, three event or exposure categories accounted for 65 percent of the total injuries and illnesses requiring days away from 
work in private industry: contact with objects and equipment; overexertion; and fall on same level. These same event or exposure categories accounted 
for 48 percent of total injuries and illnesses in State government and 55 percent in local government.

    - Assaults and violent acts by person had a rate of 27 cases per 10,000 full-time workers in State government, compared to a rate of 11 in local 
      government and a rate of 2 in private industry (see chart D). Of the injuries incurred from assaults and violent acts by person in State 
      government, 59 percent occurred in the health and social assistance industry. Of these types of injuries in State government, 18 percent occurred 
      to psychiatric aides and 15 percent to psychiatric technicians.

    - Days-away-from-work cases from overexertion occurred at a rate of 28 cases per 10,000 full-time workers in State government and a rate of 36 for local 
      government workers. In private industry, the incidence rate was 26 for overexertion. 

    - Overexertion was the most frequent event associated with injuries to nursing aides, orderlies and attendants in local government and private 
      industry. Overexertion was the most frequent event among janitors and cleaners in State government and firefighters in local government.

Nature of injury or illness.  In 2008, sprain or strain injuries accounted for 39 percent of total injury and illness cases requiring days away from 
work in both private industry and State government; these types of injuries accounted for 43 percent of cases in local government. The incidence rate 
per 10,000 full-time workers for sprain or strain injuries in local government was 83, which was significantly higher than the rate for State 
government (67) and private industry (44) (see chart E).

    - Of the sprains and strains occurring to State government workers, 19 percent occurred to correctional officers and jailers (see table 4).

    - Of the sprains and strains occurring to local government workers, 12 percent occurred to fire fighters, 11 percent to police and sheriff’s 
      patrol officers, and 11 percent to janitors and cleaners (see table 4).


[Chart D. Incidence rate of injuries and illnesses with days away from work by event or exposure, 2008, appears here in the .pdf version of the news 
release.]

[Chart E. Incidence rate of injuries and illnesses with days away from work by nature, 2008, appears here in the .pdf version of the news release.] 
 


Musculoskeletal disorders.  In 2008, musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) accounted for 29 percent of all workplace injuries and illnesses requiring time 
away from work in private industry compared to only 22 percent in State government and 25 percent in local government. The incidence rate of MSDs for 
local government was 49 per 10,000 full-time workers, greater than the rate for State government and private industry, with incidence rates of 37 and 
33 respectively (see chart F).

In State government, healthcare support occupations comprised 17 percent of the MSD cases and protective service occupations accounted for 16 percent. 
In local government, protective service occupations accounted for 25 percent of the MSD cases and building and grounds cleaning and maintenance 
occupations accounted for 20 percent. Transportation and material moving occupations had the highest percent (21) of MSD cases in private industry. 
In State government and local government, this occupation group accounted for 3 and 9 percent of the MSD cases respectively.

 
[Chart F. Incidence rate of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) by ownership, 2008, appears here in the .pdf version of the news release.]
 


Notes

This release is the fourth in a series of releases from the BLS covering occupational safety and health statistics for 2008. The first release, in 
August 2009, covered work-related fatal injuries from the 2008 Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries. In October 2009, the Survey of Occupational 
Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) reported the total recordable cases for occupational injuries and illnesses for 2008. In November of 2009, the case 
and demographic characteristics of occupational injuries and illnesses requiring days away from work for private industry was reported. Additional 
background and methodological information regarding the BLS occupational safety and health program can be found in Chapter 9 of the BLS Handbook of 
Methods at http://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch9.pdf.

Because of space limitations, this release does not present all the publishable estimates and rates for days-away-from-work cases. Additional detailed 
data are available from BLS staff on 202-691-6170, iifstaff@bls.gov, and the BLS Internet site at http://www.bls.gov/iif/home.htm




     TABLE 1. Incidence rate, median days away from work, number, and percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work(1) by industry and summary occupation groups, 2008
     ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                 |           |           |           |                                                                                                                       
                                                                 |           |           |           |                                               Summary occupation groups                                               
                                                                 |           |           |           |                                                       (percent)                                                       
                                                                 |           |           |           |_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                 |           |           |Median days|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
                               Industry                          | Incidence |   Number  | away from |Management,|           |           |           | Office and|  Farming, |           | Installa- |           |Transporta-
                                                                 |  rate(2)  |           |    work   | business, |  Profes-  |           | Sales and |  adminis- |  fishing, | Construc- |   tion,   |           |  tion and 
                                                                 |           |           |           |    and    | sional and|  Service  |  related  |  trative  |    and    |  tion and |  mainte-  | Production|  material 
                                                                 |           |           |           | financial |  related  |occupations|occupations|  support  |  forestry | extraction| nance, and|occupations|   moving  
                                                                 |           |           |           |occupations|occupations|           |           |occupations|occupations|occupations|   repair  |           |occupations
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |occupations|           |           
     ____________________________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Total private, State and local government...................|   123.3   | 1,355,820 |      8    |     2.4   |    10.1   |    27.6   |     5.2   |     7.1   |     1.0   |    10.0   |     7.9   |    10.6   |    17.9   
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      Total State and local government combined..................|   187.6   |   277,680 |      8    |     2.4   |    20.2   |    50.0   |      .4   |     5.6   |      .2   |     5.3   |     4.7   |     1.7   |     9.2   
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Total State government....................................|   170.0   |    71,100 |      8    |     4.2   |    19.6   |    51.6   |     1.2   |     7.4   |      .8   |     4.8   |     3.3   |     1.3   |     5.4   
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
        Total goods producing....................................|   194.3   |     1,500 |      7    |     -     |     4.0   |     -     |     -     |     1.3   |     -     |    65.3   |     6.7   |    11.3   |    10.7   
           Construction..........................................|   196.8   |     1,450 |      6    |     -     |     4.1   |     -     |     -     |     1.4   |     -     |    66.2   |     6.9   |    11.0   |    10.3   
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
        Total service providing..................................|   169.5   |    69,600 |      8    |     4.3   |    20.0   |    52.8   |     1.2   |     7.5   |      .8   |     3.5   |     3.2   |     1.1   |     5.3   
           Education and health services.........................|   152.1   |    30,600 |      7    |     2.8   |    29.1   |    53.9   |      .1   |     6.5   |      .1   |     2.1   |     2.7   |      .9   |     1.4   
             Educational services................................|    68.8   |     9,920 |      7    |     5.2   |    15.4   |    48.3   |      .3   |    12.7   |      .4   |     5.4   |     6.5   |     2.1   |     3.5   
             Health care and social assistance...................|   363.0   |    20,670 |      7    |     1.6   |    35.7   |    56.7   |     -     |     3.6   |     -     |      .5   |      .9   |      .4   |      .4   
           Public administration.................................|   175.1   |    33,780 |      8    |     6.3   |    14.4   |    58.1   |     1.1   |     9.1   |     1.5   |     3.8   |     2.5   |     1.2   |     1.9   
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Total local government....................................|   194.6   |   206,580 |      9    |     1.7   |    20.4   |    49.5   |      .1   |     4.9   |    (3)    |     5.5   |     5.1   |     1.9   |    10.5   
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
        Total goods producing....................................|   364.5   |     3,670 |     11    |     1.4   |     1.6   |    13.6   |     -     |     1.6   |     -     |    62.7   |     4.9   |     1.4   |    12.3   
           Construction..........................................|   366.2   |     3,660 |     11    |     1.4   |     1.6   |    13.4   |     -     |     1.4   |     -     |    62.8   |     4.9   |     1.4   |    12.3   
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
        Total service providing..................................|   192.9   |   202,910 |      9    |     1.8   |    20.7   |    50.1   |      .1   |     5.0   |    (3)    |     4.5   |     5.2   |     1.9   |    10.5   
           Trade, transportation and utilities(4)................|   294.2   |    13,720 |     14    |     2.2   |     1.0   |     6.9   |      .2   |     7.8   |     -     |     9.2   |    19.2   |    10.2   |    43.4   
             Transportation and warehousing......................|   348.0   |     8,330 |     17    |      .8   |      .8   |     8.9   |     -     |     4.2   |     -     |     1.2   |    14.4   |     2.2   |    67.3   
             Utilities...........................................|   239.3   |     5,380 |     10    |     4.1   |     1.5   |     3.5   |     -     |    13.2   |     -     |    21.6   |    26.6   |    22.7   |     6.3   
           Education and health services.........................|   134.1   |    81,970 |      7    |     1.9   |    42.3   |    40.2   |    (3)    |     5.5   |     -     |     1.2   |     2.5   |      .3   |     5.8   
             Educational services................................|   126.0   |    67,740 |      7    |     1.9   |    42.6   |    38.9   |    (3)    |     5.3   |     -     |     1.3   |     2.7   |      .2   |     6.8   
             Health care and social assistance...................|   193.3   |    14,240 |      6    |     2.0   |    40.7   |    46.6   |     -     |     6.2   |     -     |     1.0   |     1.6   |     1.1   |      .7   
           Public administration.................................|   273.0   |    96,900 |     10    |     1.5   |     7.3   |    65.4   |      .1   |     4.1   |      .1   |     6.5   |     4.7   |     2.1   |     8.0   
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Total private industry(5).................................|   113.3   | 1,078,140 |      8    |     2.4   |     7.5   |    21.8   |     6.4   |     7.5   |     1.3   |    11.2   |     8.7   |    12.9   |    20.1   
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
        Total goods producing....................................|   140.0   |   311,890 |      9    |     1.3   |     1.0   |     1.5   |      .6   |     2.2   |     3.7   |    34.7   |     7.8   |    34.8   |    12.4   
           Natural resources and mining(6).......................|   155.9   |    26,710 |      9    |     1.8   |     1.1   |     1.6   |      .1   |      .8   |    41.2   |    24.3   |     6.1   |     6.9   |    16.0   
           Construction..........................................|   174.3   |   120,240 |     10    |     1.6   |      .5   |     1.0   |      .6   |      .5   |     -     |    78.7   |     9.0   |     3.6   |     4.2   
           Manufacturing.........................................|   120.7   |   164,940 |      8    |     1.0   |     1.4   |     1.7   |      .6   |     3.6   |      .3   |     4.3   |     7.3   |    62.0   |    17.8   
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
        Total service providing..................................|   105.1   |   766,250 |      7    |     2.9   |    10.1   |    30.1   |     8.8   |     9.6   |      .3   |     1.7   |     9.1   |     4.0   |    23.3   
           Trade, transportation and utilities(4)................|   143.6   |   328,220 |     10    |     1.3   |      .9   |     6.6   |    17.9   |    10.9   |      .4   |     1.6   |    10.7   |     4.9   |    44.5   
             Transportation and warehousing......................|   245.9   |   104,120 |     17    |      .3   |      .2   |     6.1   |      .6   |    11.6   |      .2   |     1.0   |     6.9   |     1.9   |    71.1   
             Utilities...........................................|   106.5   |     5,890 |     13    |     1.0   |     4.4   |     2.0   |     1.0   |    15.3   |     -     |    16.1   |    40.6   |    14.6   |     4.4   
           Information...........................................|    69.4   |    18,070 |      9    |     3.7   |    15.5   |     4.2   |     4.4   |    15.6   |     -     |     1.2   |    39.0   |     8.4   |     8.1   
           Financial activities..................................|    47.2   |    35,010 |      7    |    10.6   |     3.4   |    19.4   |     6.5   |    26.0   |     -     |     4.1   |    15.4   |     1.2   |    12.5   
           Professional and business services....................|    61.2   |    85,540 |      8    |     4.8   |     7.8   |    38.4   |     2.0   |    13.3   |      .5   |     3.6   |     7.1   |     6.2   |    15.7   
           Education and health services.........................|   131.4   |   182,750 |      5    |     3.7   |    32.3   |    52.5   |      .2   |     5.6   |    (3)    |      .5   |     1.7   |     1.0   |     2.2   
             Educational services................................|    68.6   |    11,420 |      7    |     8.7   |    37.2   |    32.6   |      .4   |     9.7   |      .3   |     2.8   |     5.0   |      .9   |     2.0   
             Health care and social assistance...................|   139.9   |   171,330 |      5    |     3.3   |    32.0   |    53.9   |      .2   |     5.3   |     -     |      .4   |     1.5   |     1.1   |     2.2   
           Leisure and hospitality...............................|    95.7   |    86,190 |      7    |     2.2   |     3.9   |    77.1   |     3.5   |     2.4   |      .1   |      .8   |     2.8   |     2.4   |     4.8   
           Other services........................................|    98.2   |    30,470 |      7    |     2.7   |     4.8   |    20.6   |     1.9   |     6.9   |      .1   |     3.7   |    33.0   |    10.1   |    16.1   
     ____________________________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________

       1 Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.
       2 Incidence rates represent the number of injuries and illnesses per 10,000 full-time workers and were calculated as:  (N/EH) x 20,000,000 where            
       
       N     =number of injuries and illnesses                      
       EH    =total hours worked by all employees                   
              during the calendar year                             
       
       20,000,000=base for 10,000 equivalent full-time workers (working 40 hours per week, 
              50 weeks per year)
       
       3 Data too small to be displayed.
       4 Data for employers in rail transportation are provided to BLS by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation.  
       5 Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.
       6 Data for Mining (Sector 21 in the North American Industry Classification System-- United States, 2002) include establishments not governed by the Mine Safety and Health Administration rules and reporting, such as
     those in Oil and Gas Extraction and related support activities.  Data for mining operators in coal, metal, and nonmetal mining are provided to BLS by the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of
     Labor.  Independent mining contractors are excluded from the coal, metal, and nonmetal mining industries.  These data do not reflect the changes the Occupational Safety and Health Administration made to its
     recordkeeping requirements effective January 1, 2002; therefore, estimates for these industries are not comparable to estimates in other industries.     
       
       NOTE:  Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines.  Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
       SOURCE:  Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses in cooperation with participating State agencies



     TABLE 2. Number, percent distribution, and median days away from work for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work(1) by minor
     occupation group and private industry, State government, and local government sectors, 2008
     ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                 |                                   |                                   |                                   
                                                                 |              Private              |               State               |               Local               
                                                                 |         industry(2)(3)(4)         |             government            |             government            
                                                                 |___________________________________|___________________________________|___________________________________
                              Occupation                         |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
                                                                 |           |           |Median days|           |           |Median days|           |           |Median days
                                                                 |   Number  |  Percent  | away from |   Number  |  Percent  | away from |   Number  |  Percent  | away from 
                                                                 |           |           |    work   |           |           |    work   |           |           |    work   
     ____________________________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
          Total..................................................| 1,078,140 |   100.0   |      8    |    71,100 |   100.0   |      8    |   206,580 |   100.0   |      9    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Management, Business, and Financial Occupations.............|    26,310 |     2.4   |      5    |     3,020 |     4.2   |      4    |     3,610 |     1.7   |      5    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Management occupations....................................|    19,650 |     1.8   |      5    |     1,550 |     2.2   |      4    |     3,040 |     1.5   |      4    
         Top executives..........................................|     3,300 |      .3   |     10    |       290 |      .4   |      4    |       410 |      .2   |      7    
         Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations,   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
          and sales managers.....................................|     1,170 |      .1   |      6    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        60 |    (5)    |      5    
         Operations specialties managers.........................|     3,120 |      .3   |      5    |       180 |      .3   |      2    |       170 |      .1   |      5    
         Other management occupations............................|    12,050 |     1.1   |      5    |     1,060 |     1.5   |      3    |     2,390 |     1.2   |      4    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Business and financial operations occupations.............|     6,660 |      .6   |      5    |     1,470 |     2.1   |      5    |       570 |      .3   |      8    
         Business operations specialists.........................|     4,600 |      .4   |      6    |     1,080 |     1.5   |      4    |       460 |      .2   |      8    
         Financial specialists...................................|     2,060 |      .2   |      2    |       400 |      .6   |      6    |       120 |      .1   |      6    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Professional and Related Occupations........................|    80,790 |     7.5   |      5    |    13,970 |    19.6   |      7    |    42,150 |    20.4   |      5    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Computer and mathematical occupations.....................|     3,280 |      .3   |      7    |       410 |      .6   |      3    |       520 |      .3   |     10    
         Computer specialists....................................|     3,210 |      .3   |      7    |       380 |      .5   |      2    |       500 |      .2   |     11    
         Mathematical science occupations........................|        70 |    (5)    |     20    |        30 |    (5)    |      3    |        20 |    (5)    |      1    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Architecture and engineering occupations..................|     5,000 |      .5   |      3    |       200 |      .3   |      5    |       460 |      .2   |     20    
         Architects, surveyors, and cartographers................|       730 |      .1   |      3    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        30 |    (5)    |     17    
         Engineers...............................................|     1,260 |      .1   |      8    |        80 |      .1   |      5    |       220 |      .1   |     25    
         Drafters, engineering, and mapping technicians..........|     3,010 |      .3   |      5    |       110 |      .2   |      6    |       210 |      .1   |      9    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Life, physical, and social science occupations............|     2,260 |      .2   |      5    |       700 |     1.0   |      4    |       520 |      .3   |      5    
         Life scientists.........................................|       320 |    (5)    |      3    |       140 |      .2   |      4    |        60 |    (5)    |     21    
         Physical scientists.....................................|       210 |    (5)    |      5    |        90 |      .1   |     28    |       150 |      .1   |      8    
         Social scientists and related workers...................|       410 |    (5)    |      3    |       110 |      .2   |      7    |       150 |      .1   |      3    
         Life, physical, and social science technicians..........|     1,320 |      .1   |      9    |       350 |      .5   |      4    |       170 |      .1   |      3    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Community and social services occupations.................|     8,960 |      .8   |      4    |     3,520 |     5.0   |      6    |     3,320 |     1.6   |      8    
         Counselors, social workers, and other community and     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
          social service specialists.............................|     8,740 |      .8   |      4    |     3,480 |     4.9   |      6    |     3,320 |     1.6   |      8    
         Religious workers.......................................|       230 |    (5)    |      6    |        40 |      .1   |      6    |     -     |     -     |     -     
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Legal occupations.........................................|     1,460 |      .1   |      4    |       240 |      .3   |      7    |       250 |      .1   |      7    
         Lawyers, judges, and related workers....................|       330 |    (5)    |      5    |        90 |      .1   |      2    |        70 |    (5)    |      3    
         Legal support workers...................................|     1,130 |      .1   |      1    |       150 |      .2   |      9    |       170 |      .1   |     11    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Education, training, and library occupations..............|     8,650 |      .8   |      3    |     1,240 |     1.7   |      6    |    27,260 |    13.2   |      4    
         Postsecondary teachers..................................|       790 |      .1   |      8    |       360 |      .5   |      6    |       130 |      .1   |     14    
         Primary, secondary, and special education school        |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
          teachers...............................................|     2,770 |      .3   |      3    |       220 |      .3   |      2    |    15,830 |     7.7   |      4    
         Other teachers and instructors..........................|     1,890 |      .2   |      3    |       320 |      .5   |      7    |     2,290 |     1.1   |      7    
         Librarians, curators, and archivists....................|       150 |    (5)    |      2    |        60 |      .1   |      5    |       290 |      .1   |     24    
         Other education, training, and library occupations......|     3,060 |      .3   |      3    |       280 |      .4   |      5    |     8,730 |     4.2   |      4    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations|     6,230 |      .6   |     11    |       110 |      .2   |      4    |       630 |      .3   |      8    
         Art and design workers..................................|     1,150 |      .1   |      5    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
         Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers |     3,740 |      .3   |     16    |        50 |      .1   |     16    |       330 |      .2   |     40    
         Media and communication workers.........................|       470 |    (5)    |      3    |        40 |      .1   |      1    |       280 |      .1   |      7    
         Media and communication equipment workers...............|       870 |      .1   |     21    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations........|    44,950 |     4.2   |      5    |     7,550 |    10.6   |     10    |     9,190 |     4.4   |      6    
         Health diagnosing and treating practitioners............|    23,010 |     2.1   |      5    |     2,850 |     4.0   |     13    |     3,730 |     1.8   |      5    
         Health technologists and technicians....................|    21,790 |     2.0   |      5    |     4,640 |     6.5   |      8    |     5,420 |     2.6   |      7    
         Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations|       150 |    (5)    |      8    |        70 |      .1   |     45    |        40 |    (5)    |      3    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Service Occupations.........................................|   235,340 |    21.8   |      7    |    36,720 |    51.6   |      8    |   102,240 |    49.5   |     10    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Healthcare support occupations............................|    65,720 |     6.1   |      6    |     8,860 |    12.5   |      7    |     5,860 |     2.8   |      5    
         Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides.............|    54,050 |     5.0   |      6    |     8,090 |    11.4   |      7    |     4,990 |     2.4   |      6    
         Occupational and physical therapist assistants and aides|       550 |      .1   |     14    |        90 |      .1   |      8    |        60 |    (5)    |      7    
         Other healthcare support occupations....................|    11,120 |     1.0   |      5    |       680 |     1.0   |      8    |       810 |      .4   |      3    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Protective service occupations............................|    10,860 |     1.0   |     10    |    19,720 |    27.7   |      9    |    57,790 |    28.0   |     11    
         First-line supervisors/managers, protective service     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
          workers................................................|       470 |    (5)    |     20    |     2,160 |     3.0   |      7    |     6,860 |     3.3   |     13    
         Fire fighting and prevention workers....................|       150 |    (5)    |     10    |       170 |      .2   |      5    |    17,420 |     8.4   |     11    
         Law enforcement workers.................................|       480 |    (5)    |     10    |    15,890 |    22.3   |     10    |    29,420 |    14.2   |     11    
         Other protective service workers........................|     9,760 |      .9   |     10    |     1,500 |     2.1   |     11    |     4,080 |     2.0   |      9    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Food preparation and serving related occupations..........|    67,160 |     6.2   |      6    |     1,780 |     2.5   |      7    |     6,990 |     3.4   |      7    
         Supervisors, food preparation and serving workers.......|     7,160 |      .7   |      7    |       210 |      .3   |      4    |       660 |      .3   |     97    
         Cooks and food preparation workers......................|    24,910 |     2.3   |      5    |     1,010 |     1.4   |      7    |     2,770 |     1.3   |      5    
         Food and beverage serving workers.......................|    26,870 |     2.5   |      6    |       440 |      .6   |      7    |     1,670 |      .8   |     10    
         Other food preparation and serving related workers......|     8,230 |      .8   |      7    |       120 |      .2   |     11    |     1,890 |      .9   |      6    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations |    68,670 |     6.4   |      7    |     5,580 |     7.8   |      9    |    29,390 |    14.2   |     10    
         Supervisors, building and grounds cleaning and          |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
          maintenance workers....................................|     4,500 |      .4   |      7    |       250 |      .4   |     12    |     1,510 |      .7   |     11    
         Building cleaning and pest control workers..............|    48,830 |     4.5   |      7    |     4,380 |     6.2   |      8    |    22,210 |    10.8   |     10    
         Grounds maintenance workers.............................|    15,350 |     1.4   |     10    |       950 |     1.3   |     10    |     5,670 |     2.7   |     12    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Personal care and service occupations.....................|    22,920 |     2.1   |     10    |       780 |     1.1   |      9    |     2,220 |     1.1   |     13    
         Supervisors, personal care and service workers..........|       980 |      .1   |     13    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        40 |    (5)    |      3    
         Animal care and service workers.........................|     2,400 |      .2   |      4    |        50 |      .1   |     42    |       300 |      .1   |     18    
         Entertainment attendants and related workers............|     2,110 |      .2   |      7    |        30 |    (5)    |     12    |       190 |      .1   |     19    
         Funeral service workers.................................|        30 |    (5)    |      3    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
         Personal appearance workers.............................|     1,190 |      .1   |     17    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
         Transportation, tourism, and lodging attendants.........|     5,660 |      .5   |     20    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        90 |    (5)    |     90    
         Other personal care and service workers.................|    10,550 |     1.0   |      7    |       680 |     1.0   |      9    |     1,600 |      .8   |      8    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Sales and related occupations...............................|    69,410 |     6.4   |      7    |       850 |     1.2   |      7    |       200 |      .1   |      7    
         Supervisors, sales workers..............................|    17,240 |     1.6   |      8    |       180 |      .3   |     16    |     -     |     -     |     -     
         Retail sales workers....................................|    42,900 |     4.0   |      7    |       660 |      .9   |      6    |       130 |      .1   |      7    
         Sales representatives, services.........................|     3,580 |      .3   |      7    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
         Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing......|     2,980 |      .3   |     16    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
         Other sales and related workers.........................|     2,710 |      .3   |      6    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        50 |    (5)    |      3    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Office and administrative support occupations...............|    80,410 |     7.5   |      7    |     5,250 |     7.4   |      5    |    10,200 |     4.9   |      6    
         Supervisors, office and administrative support workers..|     4,940 |      .5   |      6    |       310 |      .4   |      6    |       630 |      .3   |      3    
         Communications equipment operators......................|       360 |    (5)    |     13    |        40 |      .1   |      2    |        30 |    (5)    |      7    
         Financial clerks........................................|     5,830 |      .5   |      4    |       160 |      .2   |      6    |       470 |      .2   |      8    
         Information and record clerks...........................|    20,280 |     1.9   |      9    |       650 |      .9   |      9    |     1,860 |      .9   |      5    
         Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and        |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
          distributing workers...................................|    30,780 |     2.9   |      7    |       510 |      .7   |      5    |     1,670 |      .8   |      5    
         Secretaries and administrative assistants...............|     6,520 |      .6   |     11    |     1,260 |     1.8   |      6    |     2,270 |     1.1   |     11    
         Other office and administrative support workers.........|    11,710 |     1.1   |      7    |     2,310 |     3.2   |      5    |     3,260 |     1.6   |      7    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations..................|    13,510 |     1.3   |      6    |       550 |      .8   |      7    |        70 |    (5)    |      4    
         Supervisors, farming, fishing, and forestry workers.....|       340 |    (5)    |     10    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
         Agricultural workers....................................|    12,150 |     1.1   |      6    |       300 |      .4   |     10    |     -     |     -     |     -     
         Fishing and hunting workers.............................|       110 |    (5)    |      7    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
         Forest, conservation, and logging workers...............|       900 |      .1   |      8    |       240 |      .3   |      5    |        60 |    (5)    |      4    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Construction and extraction occupations.....................|   120,890 |    11.2   |     10    |     3,420 |     4.8   |      8    |    11,350 |     5.5   |     13    
         Supervisors, construction and extraction workers........|     7,230 |      .7   |      8    |       210 |      .3   |     10    |       930 |      .5   |     42    
         Construction trades workers.............................|    99,010 |     9.2   |     10    |     1,420 |     2.0   |      8    |     7,310 |     3.5   |     14    
         Helpers, construction trades............................|     4,480 |      .4   |      5    |     -     |     -     |     -     |       140 |      .1   |      5    
         Other construction and related workers..................|     3,830 |      .4   |     10    |     1,790 |     2.5   |      6    |     2,940 |     1.4   |      9    
         Extraction workers......................................|     6,350 |      .6   |     14    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations...........|    93,880 |     8.7   |      8    |     2,360 |     3.3   |     19    |    10,630 |     5.1   |      9    
         Supervisors of installation, maintenance, and repair    |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
          workers................................................|     2,990 |      .3   |      6    |       100 |      .1   |     13    |       350 |      .2   |     14    
         Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics,          |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
          installers, and repairers..............................|     7,720 |      .7   |     10    |       250 |      .4   |     50    |       240 |      .1   |      7    
         Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
          repairers..............................................|    29,780 |     2.8   |      7    |       580 |      .8   |     14    |     2,550 |     1.2   |     13    
         Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations |    53,380 |     5.0   |     10    |     1,430 |     2.0   |     13    |     7,490 |     3.6   |      8    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Production occupations......................................|   138,890 |    12.9   |      8    |       930 |     1.3   |      7    |     3,920 |     1.9   |     10    
         Supervisors, production workers.........................|     4,830 |      .4   |      6    |       100 |      .1   |      1    |       270 |      .1   |     54    
         Assemblers and fabricators..............................|    21,450 |     2.0   |      9    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        20 |    (5)    |      2    
         Food processing workers.................................|     7,240 |      .7   |      7    |        20 |    (5)    |      6    |     -     |     -     |     -     
         Metal workers and plastic workers.......................|    33,580 |     3.1   |      8    |        50 |      .1   |      7    |       330 |      .2   |     12    
         Printing workers........................................|     3,330 |      .3   |     10    |        40 |      .1   |     11    |        30 |    (5)    |      3    
         Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers...............|     6,200 |      .6   |     11    |        60 |      .1   |      5    |       140 |      .1   |      3    
         Woodworkers.............................................|     3,580 |      .3   |     10    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
         Plant and system operators..............................|     1,480 |      .1   |     12    |       290 |      .4   |     22    |     1,990 |     1.0   |     10    
         Other production occupations............................|    57,200 |     5.3   |      8    |       370 |      .5   |      4    |     1,130 |      .5   |      8    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Transportation and material moving occupations..............|   217,070 |    20.1   |     11    |     3,860 |     5.4   |      8    |    21,760 |    10.5   |     12    
         Supervisors, transportation and material moving workers |     4,040 |      .4   |     10    |       120 |      .2   |     14    |       160 |      .1   |     12    
         Air transportation workers..............................|       790 |      .1   |     14    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
         Motor vehicle operators.................................|   102,860 |     9.5   |     14    |     2,770 |     3.9   |      7    |    12,010 |     5.8   |     12    
         Rail transportation workers.............................|     1,780 |      .2   |     39    |        30 |    (5)    |      5    |       120 |      .1   |      8    
         Water transportation workers............................|     1,020 |      .1   |     19    |        80 |      .1   |     11    |        30 |    (5)    |     48    
         Other transportation workers............................|     4,780 |      .4   |     10    |        80 |      .1   |      6    |       140 |      .1   |     30    
         Material moving workers.................................|   101,800 |     9.4   |      8    |       790 |     1.1   |     11    |     9,300 |     4.5   |     10    
     ____________________________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________

       1 Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.
       2 Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.
       3 Data for Mining (Sector 21 in the North American Industry Classification System-- United States, 2002) include establishments not governed by the Mine Safety and
     Health Administration rules and reporting, such as those in Oil and Gas Extraction and related support activities.  Data for mining operators in coal, metal, and
     nonmetal mining are provided to BLS by the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor.  Independent mining contractors are excluded from the coal,
     metal, and nonmetal mining industries.  These data do not reflect the changes the Occupational Safety and Health Administration made to its recordkeeping requirements
     effective January 1, 2002; therefore, estimates for these industries are not comparable to estimates in other industries.     
       4 Data for employers in rail transportation are provided to BLS by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation.  
       5 Data too small to be displayed.
       
       NOTE:  Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines.  Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
       SOURCE:  Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses in cooperation with participating State agencies



     TABLE 3. Number, incidence rate, and median days away from work for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work(1) by selected injury or illness characteristics and private
     industry, State government, and local government sectors, 2008
     ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                 |                                   |                                   |                                   |                                   
                                                                 |  Total private, State, and local  |              Private              |               State               |               Local               
                                                                 |             government            |              industry             |             government            |             government            
                                                                 |___________________________________|___________________________________|___________________________________|___________________________________
                            Characteristic                       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
                                                                 |           | Incidence |Median days|           | Incidence |Median days|           | Incidence |Median days|           | Incidence |Median days
                                                                 |   Number  |  rate(2)  | away from |   Number  |  rate(2)  | away from |   Number  |  rate(2)  | away from |   Number  |  rate(2)  | away from 
                                                                 |           |           |    work   |           |           |    work   |           |           |    work   |           |           |    work   
     ____________________________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
         Total...................................................| 1,355,820 |   123.3   |      8    | 1,078,140 |   113.3   |      8    |    71,100 |   170.0   |      8    |   206,580 |   194.6   |      9    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Musculoskeletal disorders(3)................................|   384,480 |    35.0   |     10    |   317,440 |    33.4   |     10    |    15,340 |    36.7   |     10    |    51,700 |    48.7   |     12    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Nature of injury or illness:                                |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Sprains, strains, tears...................................|   532,590 |    48.4   |      9    |   416,620 |    43.8   |      9    |    28,060 |    67.1   |     10    |    87,910 |    82.8   |     10    
       Fractures.................................................|   107,100 |     9.7   |     27    |    89,650 |     9.4   |     28    |     4,390 |    10.5   |     16    |    13,060 |    12.3   |     20    
       Cuts, lacerations, punctures..............................|   111,560 |    10.1   |      4    |    99,830 |    10.5   |      3    |     2,450 |     5.9   |      6    |     9,290 |     8.7   |      5    
         Cuts, lacerations.......................................|    96,850 |     8.8   |      4    |    87,060 |     9.1   |      3    |     2,040 |     4.9   |      6    |     7,750 |     7.3   |      5    
         Punctures...............................................|    14,710 |     1.3   |      3    |    12,760 |     1.3   |      3    |       410 |     1.0   |     10    |     1,540 |     1.4   |      5    
       Amputations...............................................|     6,870 |      .6   |     26    |     6,230 |      .7   |     26    |        40 |      .1   |     46    |       600 |      .6   |     48    
       Bruises, contusions.......................................|   120,630 |    11.0   |      4    |    93,650 |     9.8   |      4    |     8,490 |    20.3   |      4    |    18,490 |    17.4   |      4    
       Heat burns, scalds........................................|    18,040 |     1.6   |      6    |    15,630 |     1.6   |      6    |       500 |     1.2   |      6    |     1,910 |     1.8   |      6    
       Chemical burns............................................|     6,210 |      .6   |      3    |     5,620 |      .6   |      3    |       140 |      .3   |      3    |       450 |      .4   |      1    
       Carpal tunnel syndrome....................................|    11,950 |     1.1   |     27    |    10,080 |     1.1   |     28    |       820 |     2.0   |     17    |     1,040 |     1.0   |     25    
       Tendonitis................................................|     4,730 |      .4   |     13    |     4,100 |      .4   |     11    |       150 |      .4   |      6    |       480 |      .5   |     41    
       Multiple traumatic injuries and disorders.................|    59,300 |     5.4   |      9    |    43,960 |     4.6   |      9    |     4,570 |    10.9   |      7    |    10,760 |    10.1   |     11    
         Fractures and burns.....................................|    10,970 |     1.0   |     30    |     8,840 |      .9   |     32    |       520 |     1.2   |     10    |     1,610 |     1.5   |     27    
         Sprains and bruises.....................................|    23,470 |     2.1   |      8    |    16,780 |     1.8   |      8    |     2,070 |     4.9   |      9    |     4,630 |     4.4   |     10    
       Soreness, pain, including back............................|   147,190 |    13.4   |      8    |   114,030 |    12.0   |      8    |     8,610 |    20.6   |      7    |    24,550 |    23.1   |      7    
         Back pain only..........................................|    45,900 |     4.2   |      6    |    37,140 |     3.9   |      6    |     2,130 |     5.1   |     11    |     6,630 |     6.2   |      7    
       All other natures.........................................|   229,640 |    20.9   |      7    |   178,740 |    18.8   |      7    |    12,870 |    30.8   |      7    |    38,030 |    35.8   |      6    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Event or exposure leading to injury or illness:             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Contact with objects and equipment........................|   339,870 |    30.9   |      5    |   291,880 |    30.7   |      5    |    11,060 |    26.4   |      5    |    36,930 |    34.8   |      6    
         Struck by object........................................|   176,560 |    16.1   |      5    |   152,770 |    16.1   |      5    |     5,880 |    14.1   |      5    |    17,910 |    16.9   |      5    
         Struck against object...................................|    85,210 |     7.7   |      5    |    70,300 |     7.4   |      5    |     3,190 |     7.6   |      6    |    11,720 |    11.0   |      6    
         Caught in or compressed by equipment or objects.........|    53,780 |     4.9   |      9    |    49,240 |     5.2   |      9    |       910 |     2.2   |      8    |     3,620 |     3.4   |      8    
       Fall to lower level.......................................|    83,310 |     7.6   |     14    |    67,510 |     7.1   |     15    |     4,230 |    10.1   |     10    |    11,580 |    10.9   |     10    
       Fall on same level........................................|   207,270 |    18.8   |     10    |   157,680 |    16.6   |     10    |    11,620 |    27.8   |      8    |    37,960 |    35.8   |     10    
       Slip, trip, loss of balancewithout fall..................|    45,850 |     4.2   |     10    |    35,420 |     3.7   |     10    |     2,780 |     6.7   |     13    |     7,650 |     7.2   |     10    
       Overexertion..............................................|   301,190 |    27.4   |     10    |   250,960 |    26.4   |     10    |    11,670 |    27.9   |     10    |    38,560 |    36.3   |     13    
         Overexertion in lifting.................................|   154,500 |    14.1   |     10    |   129,990 |    13.7   |     10    |     5,240 |    12.5   |      8    |    19,280 |    18.2   |     14    
       Repetitive motion.........................................|    36,540 |     3.3   |     17    |    30,920 |     3.2   |     18    |     2,110 |     5.0   |     20    |     3,500 |     3.3   |     14    
       Exposure to harmful substances or environments............|    57,690 |     5.2   |      3    |    45,480 |     4.8   |      3    |     2,750 |     6.6   |      4    |     9,460 |     8.9   |      3    
       Transportation incidents..................................|    67,170 |     6.1   |     11    |    48,610 |     5.1   |     12    |     4,120 |     9.9   |      6    |    14,430 |    13.6   |     10    
         Highway accident........................................|    44,040 |     4.0   |      9    |    29,550 |     3.1   |     10    |     3,380 |     8.1   |      6    |    11,110 |    10.5   |      9    
       Fires and explosions......................................|     3,060 |      .3   |      7    |     2,320 |      .2   |      7    |        50 |      .1   |      6    |       690 |      .6   |     14    
       Assaults and violent acts.................................|    48,070 |     4.4   |      6    |    22,690 |     2.4   |      5    |    11,980 |    28.6   |      7    |    13,400 |    12.6   |      6    
         By person(s)............................................|    39,300 |     3.6   |      7    |    16,330 |     1.7   |      6    |    11,330 |    27.1   |      7    |    11,640 |    11.0   |      6    
         By animal...............................................|     7,690 |      .7   |      3    |     6,120 |      .6   |      3    |       250 |      .6   |      4    |     1,320 |     1.2   |      3    
       All other events..........................................|   165,800 |    15.1   |     10    |   124,670 |    13.1   |      9    |     8,710 |    20.8   |     10    |    32,420 |    30.5   |     10    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Part of body affected by the injury or illness:             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Head......................................................|    91,950 |     8.4   |      2    |    73,270 |     7.7   |      2    |     5,640 |    13.5   |      3    |    13,030 |    12.3   |      3    
         Eye(s)..................................................|    32,980 |     3.0   |      2    |    27,450 |     2.9   |      2    |     1,470 |     3.5   |      2    |     4,060 |     3.8   |      2    
       Neck, including throat....................................|    20,010 |     1.8   |      5    |    15,890 |     1.7   |      6    |     1,060 |     2.5   |      5    |     3,060 |     2.9   |      4    
       Trunk.....................................................|   449,910 |    40.9   |     10    |   366,710 |    38.5   |     10    |    19,700 |    47.1   |     10    |    63,510 |    59.8   |     10    
         Shoulder, including clavicle, scapula...................|    93,400 |     8.5   |     20    |    74,100 |     7.8   |     20    |     4,490 |    10.7   |     15    |    14,810 |    13.9   |     18    
         Back, including spine, spinal cord......................|   269,450 |    24.5   |      7    |   222,290 |    23.4   |      7    |    11,130 |    26.6   |      8    |    36,030 |    33.9   |      8    
       Upper extremities.........................................|   289,760 |    26.4   |      7    |   244,150 |    25.7   |      7    |    12,440 |    29.7   |      7    |    33,170 |    31.2   |      8    
         Arm(s)..................................................|    59,880 |     5.4   |     10    |    48,420 |     5.1   |     10    |     2,590 |     6.2   |      6    |     8,870 |     8.4   |     12    
         Wrist(s)................................................|    56,030 |     5.1   |     14    |    46,660 |     4.9   |     14    |     2,950 |     7.1   |     14    |     6,410 |     6.0   |     10    
         Hand(s), except finger(s)...............................|    50,280 |     4.6   |      6    |    41,940 |     4.4   |      6    |     2,050 |     4.9   |      6    |     6,280 |     5.9   |      5    
         Finger(s), fingernail(s)................................|   108,050 |     9.8   |      5    |    95,080 |    10.0   |      5    |     3,620 |     8.7   |      7    |     9,340 |     8.8   |      7    
       Lower extremities.........................................|   310,950 |    28.3   |     11    |   240,760 |    25.3   |     11    |    16,040 |    38.3   |     10    |    54,160 |    51.0   |     12    
         Knee(s).................................................|   123,010 |    11.2   |     15    |    91,830 |     9.7   |     15    |     7,220 |    17.2   |     11    |    23,960 |    22.6   |     16    
         Ankle(s)................................................|    71,450 |     6.5   |      8    |    55,270 |     5.8   |      8    |     3,160 |     7.5   |      6    |    13,030 |    12.3   |      9    
         Foot, toe...............................................|    59,020 |     5.4   |      7    |    49,390 |     5.2   |      7    |     2,630 |     6.3   |      9    |     7,000 |     6.6   |      6    
       Body systems..............................................|    23,280 |     2.1   |      4    |    15,860 |     1.7   |      4    |     1,910 |     4.6   |      7    |     5,500 |     5.2   |      3    
       Multiple body parts.......................................|   158,270 |    14.4   |      9    |   112,200 |    11.8   |      9    |    13,940 |    33.3   |      8    |    32,130 |    30.3   |      8    
       All other parts of body...................................|    11,690 |     1.1   |      5    |     9,290 |     1.0   |      6    |       380 |      .9   |      5    |     2,020 |     1.9   |      5    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Source of injury or illness:                                |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Chemicals and chemical products...........................|    18,470 |     1.7   |      3    |    15,220 |     1.6   |      3    |       620 |     1.5   |      3    |     2,630 |     2.5   |      2    
       Containers................................................|   146,080 |    13.3   |      9    |   130,010 |    13.7   |      9    |     3,460 |     8.3   |     10    |    12,610 |    11.9   |     10    
       Furniture and fixtures....................................|    52,520 |     4.8   |      6    |    42,280 |     4.4   |      5    |     2,470 |     5.9   |      8    |     7,770 |     7.3   |      8    
       Machinery.................................................|    70,490 |     6.4   |      8    |    64,170 |     6.7   |      9    |     1,690 |     4.0   |      4    |     4,620 |     4.4   |      8    
       Parts and materials.......................................|   117,460 |    10.7   |      7    |   106,920 |    11.2   |      7    |     2,100 |     5.0   |      8    |     8,440 |     7.9   |     10    
       Floors, walkways, ground surfaces.........................|   284,360 |    25.9   |     11    |   217,420 |    22.8   |     11    |    16,630 |    39.8   |      8    |    50,310 |    47.4   |     10    
       Handtools.................................................|    56,820 |     5.2   |      4    |    50,530 |     5.3   |      4    |     1,150 |     2.8   |      7    |     5,140 |     4.8   |      6    
       Vehicles..................................................|   119,210 |    10.8   |     10    |    91,320 |     9.6   |     10    |     5,980 |    14.3   |      7    |    21,910 |    20.6   |     10    
       Person, injured or ill worker.............................|   204,270 |    18.6   |     10    |   156,360 |    16.4   |     10    |    11,460 |    27.4   |     10    |    36,450 |    34.3   |     10    
         Bodily motion or position of injured,                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
          ill worker.............................................|   194,090 |    17.7   |     10    |   149,490 |    15.7   |     10    |    10,520 |    25.2   |     10    |    34,080 |    32.1   |     10    
       Person, other than injured or ill worker..................|   101,480 |     9.2   |      7    |    61,680 |     6.5   |      6    |    16,310 |    39.0   |      7    |    23,490 |    22.1   |      7    
         Health care patient.....................................|    66,630 |     6.1   |      6    |    49,180 |     5.2   |      6    |     9,180 |    22.0   |      7    |     8,260 |     7.8   |      9    
       All other sources.........................................|   184,650 |    16.8   |      5    |   142,220 |    14.9   |      5    |     9,240 |    22.1   |      6    |    33,190 |    31.3   |      6    
     ____________________________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________

       1 Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.
       2 Incidence rates represent the number of injuries and illnesses per 10,000 full-time workers and were calculated as:  (N/EH) x 20,000,000 where            
       
       N     =number of injuries and illnesses                      
       EH    =total hours worked by all employees                   
              during the calendar year                             
       
       20,000,000=base for 10,000 equivalent full-time workers (working 40 hours per week, 
              50 weeks per year)
       
       3 Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) include cases where the nature of the injury or illness is sprains, strains, tears; back pain, hurt back; soreness, pain, hurt, except the back; carpal tunnel syndrome;
     hernia; or musculoskeletal system and connective tissue diseases and disorders, when the event or exposure leading to the injury or illness is bodily reaction/bending, climbing, crawling, reaching,
     twisting; overexertion; or repetition.
       
       NOTE:  Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines.  Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
       SOURCE:  Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses in cooperation with participating State agencies



     TABLE 4. Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work(1) by selected State government and local government occupations, and selected natures of injury or illness, 2008
     ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                 |           |                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                 |           |                                                                                       Nature of injury or illness(2)                                                                                      
                                                                 |           |___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                 |           |           |           |                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |                                   |                       |           
                                                                 |           |           |           |    Cuts, lacerations, punctures   |           |           |           |           |           |           |  Multiple traumatic injuries and  |     Back pain and     |           
                                                                 |           |           |           |___________________________________|           |           |           |           |           |           |             disorders             |   pain, except back   |           
                              Occupation                         |   Total   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |___________________________________|_______________________|           
                                                                 |           |  Sprains, |           |           |           |           |  Bruises, |    Heat   |  Chemical |           |   Carpal  |           |           |           |           |           |           |    All    
                                                                 |           |  strains, | Fractures |           |           |           | contusions|   burns   |   burns   |Amputations|   tunnel  | Tendonitis|           |    With   |    With   |           |    Back   |   other   
                                                                 |           |   tears   |           |   Total   |   Cuts,   | Punctures |           |           |           |           |  syndrome |           |           | fractures,|  sprains  |           |   pain,   | natures(3)
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |lacerations|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |   Total   | burns, and|    and    |   Total   |    hurt   |           
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |   other   |  bruises  |           | back only |           
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |  injuries |           |           |           |           
     ____________________________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Total State government......................................|    71,100 |   28,060  |    4,390  |    2,450  |    2,040  |      410  |    8,490  |      500  |      140  |       40  |      820  |      150  |    4,570  |      520  |    2,070  |    8,610  |    2,130  |   12,870  
           Correctional officers and jailers.....................|    12,420 |    5,200  |      350  |      430  |      340  |       90  |    1,700  |       40  |       30  |     -     |       30  |     -     |      810  |       60  |      460  |    1,380  |      210  |    2,440  
           Psychiatric aides.....................................|     4,620 |    1,810  |      120  |       80  |       80  |     -     |      590  |       30  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |      320  |       40  |      150  |    1,110  |      180  |      510  
           Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
            cleaners.............................................|     3,800 |    2,000  |      110  |       80  |       70  |     -     |      520  |     -     |       40  |     -     |       30  |     -     |      160  |       20  |      110  |      400  |      110  |      450  
           Nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants..............|     3,140 |    1,680  |      180  |       30  |       20  |     -     |      520  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |      190  |       20  |      130  |      260  |       70  |      250  
           Police and sheriff's patrol officers..................|     2,980 |    1,080  |      190  |      160  |      150  |     -     |      140  |     -     |     -     |     -     |      110  |     -     |      290  |      120  |      140  |      490  |      320  |      520  
           Psychiatric technicians...............................|     2,920 |      770  |       90  |     -     |     -     |     -     |      790  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |      110  |     -     |       20  |      100  |       30  |    1,030  
           Registered nurses.....................................|     2,440 |    1,060  |      130  |       60  |       30  |       20  |      380  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |      100  |     -     |       60  |      190  |       60  |      530  
           Bus drivers, transit and intercity....................|     2,360 |      950  |       80  |       90  |       90  |     -     |      470  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |      360  |     -     |      150  |      100  |       40  |      300  
           Highway maintenance workers...........................|     1,740 |      760  |      100  |       90  |       50  |     -     |      150  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |       70  |     -     |       30  |      330  |      120  |      230  
           First-line supervisors/managers of correctional       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
            officers.............................................|     1,580 |      520  |      280  |       40  |       40  |     -     |      120  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |      320  |       30  |     -     |       70  |     -     |      230  
           Office clerks, general................................|     1,080 |      390  |      140  |       20  |     -     |     -     |      170  |     -     |     -     |     -     |       40  |     -     |       50  |       30  |     -     |      140  |       30  |      140  
           Maintenance and repair workers, general...............|     1,080 |      480  |      140  |       50  |       40  |     -     |       70  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |       20  |     -     |     -     |      110  |       20  |      190  
           Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses.....|     1,000 |      410  |       60  |       20  |       20  |     -     |      120  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |       50  |     -     |       40  |      200  |       70  |      110  
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Total local government......................................|   206,580 |   87,910  |   13,060  |    9,290  |    7,750  |    1,540  |   18,490  |    1,910  |      450  |      600  |    1,040  |      480  |   10,760  |    1,610  |    4,630  |   24,550  |    6,630  |   38,030  
           Police and sheriff's patrol officers..................|    24,020 |    9,830  |    1,990  |      940  |      720  |      220  |    1,860  |      110  |     -     |     -     |       40  |       40  |    1,500  |      120  |      760  |    3,250  |      570  |    4,470  
           Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
            cleaners.............................................|    20,880 |    9,360  |    1,140  |    1,600  |    1,440  |      150  |    1,980  |       40  |      180  |       40  |      130  |       20  |      570  |      120  |      220  |    2,240  |      670  |    3,580  
           Fire fighters.........................................|    16,800 |   10,390  |      160  |      680  |      660  |       20  |      720  |      680  |     -     |     -     |     -     |      120  |      550  |       20  |      490  |    1,120  |      470  |    2,340  
           Elementary school teachers, except special education..|     8,430 |    2,530  |    1,030  |      160  |      130  |       40  |    1,140  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |      940  |      270  |      440  |      970  |      200  |    1,650  
           Teacher assistants....................................|     8,290 |    3,040  |    1,200  |      240  |      210  |       30  |    1,070  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |      470  |       30  |      170  |    1,140  |      270  |    1,120  
           Refuse and recyclable material collectors.............|     4,750 |    1,910  |      280  |      380  |      370  |     -     |      550  |     -     |     -     |       20  |     -     |     -     |       60  |     -     |     -     |      350  |       80  |    1,190  
           Bus drivers, transit and intercity....................|     4,750 |    2,130  |       90  |       30  |       30  |     -     |      550  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |      390  |       50  |       70  |      410  |      180  |    1,160  
           Nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants..............|     4,700 |    2,790  |       90  |     -     |     -     |     -     |      380  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |       30  |      160  |       40  |       80  |      820  |      330  |      410  
           Maintenance and repair workers, general...............|     4,660 |    2,060  |      170  |      330  |      280  |       50  |      320  |       20  |     -     |       70  |     -     |     -     |      110  |     -     |       40  |      500  |      150  |    1,060  
           Landscaping and groundskeeping workers................|     4,590 |    2,290  |      240  |      180  |      140  |       50  |      280  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |       90  |     -     |       60  |      430  |      150  |    1,070  
           Bus drivers, school...................................|     4,560 |    1,520  |      310  |      100  |      100  |     -     |      280  |     -     |     -     |     -     |       20  |     -     |      660  |      210  |       80  |      540  |       60  |    1,130  
           First-line supervisors/managers of fire fighting and  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
            prevention workers...................................|     3,870 |    2,180  |      140  |      120  |      110  |     -     |       80  |       60  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |      260  |      120  |      630  
           Correctional officers and jailers.....................|     3,860 |    1,280  |      200  |      150  |      140  |     -     |      680  |       40  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |      280  |      100  |      130  |      300  |       30  |      930  
           Secondary school teachers, except special and         |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
            vocational education.................................|     3,510 |    1,040  |      540  |      110  |      110  |     -     |      680  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |      210  |       20  |      150  |      350  |      100  |      570  
           Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand|     3,340 |    1,130  |      180  |      170  |      130  |       40  |      540  |     -     |       20  |      250  |       20  |     -     |       50  |     -     |       20  |      450  |      100  |      520  
           Emergency medical technicians and paramedics..........|     3,320 |    1,920  |       80  |      250  |      100  |      150  |      390  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |       60  |     -     |       40  |      170  |       50  |      430  
           Registered nurses.....................................|     2,980 |    1,460  |      150  |       70  |       40  |       30  |      340  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |       20  |      100  |     -     |       30  |      420  |      110  |      410  
           Operating engineers and other construction equipment  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
            operators............................................|     2,670 |    1,250  |      110  |       80  |       70  |     -     |      100  |     -     |     -     |       40  |     -     |     -     |       40  |     -     |     -     |      490  |      310  |      550  
           First-line supervisors/managers of police and         |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
            detectives...........................................|     2,300 |    1,180  |      100  |       40  |       40  |     -     |      190  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |       80  |       20  |       20  |      260  |       70  |      440  
           Teachers and instructors, all other...................|     2,220 |      680  |      230  |      140  |      140  |     -     |      330  |       40  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |       70  |     -     |       60  |      450  |       50  |      270  
           Construction laborers.................................|     2,050 |      700  |       90  |      100  |      100  |     -     |       70  |     -     |     -     |     -     |       20  |     -     |      130  |     -     |     -     |      460  |       50  |      460  
     ____________________________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________

       1 Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.
       2 Data shown in columns correspond to the following Nature codes:  Sprains, strains, tears = 021; Fractures = 012; Cuts, lacerations, punctures = 034, 037; Cuts, lacerations = 034; Punctures = 037; Bruises, contusions = 043; Heat burns = 053; Chemical burns = 051;
     Amputations = 031; Carpal tunnel syndrome = 1241; Tendonitis = 1733; Multiple traumatic injuries and illnesses, Total = 080-089; With fractures, burns, and other injuries = 083, 084; With sprains and bruises = 082; Back pain and pain, except back, Total = 0972, 0973; Back
     pain, hurt back only = 0972; All other natures = all remaining codes, including 9999 (Nonclassifiable).  These codes are based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
       3 Includes nonclassifiable responses.
       
       NOTE:  Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines.  Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
       SOURCE:  Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses in cooperation with participating State agencies



     TABLE 5. Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work(1) by selected State government and local government worker occupations, and selected events or exposures leading to injury or illness, 2008
     ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                 |           |                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                 |           |                                                                                         Event or exposure leading to injury or illness(2)                                                                                         
                                                                 |           |___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                 |           |                                               |           |           |           |                       |           |           |                       |           |                                               |           
                                                                 |           |              Contact with objects             |           |           |           |      Overexertion     |           |           |     Transportation    |           |           Assaults and violent acts           |           
                                                                 |           |_______________________________________________|           |           |           |_______________________|           |  Exposure |       incidents       |           |_______________________________________________|           
                              Occupation                         |   Total   |           |           |           |           |    Fall   |    Fall   |   Slips   |           |           |           |     to    |_______________________|           |           |           |                       |           
                                                                 |           |           |           |           | Caught in |     to    |     on    |     or    |           |           | Repetitive|  harmful  |           |           |   Fires   |           |           |   All other assaults  |    All    
                                                                 |           |           |   Struck  |   Struck  |     or    |   lower   |    same   |   trips   |           |           |   motion  | substances|           |           |    and    |           |           |_______________________|   other   
                                                                 |           |   Total   |     by    |  against  | compressed|   level   |   level   |  without  |   Total   | In lifting|           |     or    |           |  Highway  | explosions|   Total   |     By    |           |           | events(3) 
                                                                 |           |           |   object  |   object  |     or    |           |           |    fall   |           |           |           |  environ- |   Total   |  accident |           |           |   person  |           |  Assaults |           
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |  crushed  |           |           |           |           |           |           |   ments   |           |           |           |           |           |   Total   |     by    |           
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |   animal  |           
     ____________________________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Total State government......................................|    71,100 |   11,060  |    5,880  |    3,190  |      910  |    4,230  |   11,620  |    2,780  |   11,670  |    5,240  |    2,110  |    2,750  |    4,120  |    3,380  |       50  |   11,980  |   11,330  |      650  |      250  |    8,710  
           Correctional officers and jailers.....................|    12,420 |    2,480  |    1,010  |      960  |      240  |      950  |    1,830  |      530  |    1,280  |      540  |      210  |      480  |      100  |       80  |       20  |    2,440  |    2,260  |      170  |       50  |    2,110  
           Psychiatric aides.....................................|     4,620 |      520  |      310  |      160  |       20  |       40  |      450  |      110  |    1,130  |      180  |       50  |       60  |       20  |     -     |     -     |    2,050  |    1,990  |     -     |     -     |      180  
           Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
            cleaners.............................................|     3,800 |      630  |      280  |      230  |       40  |      220  |      680  |      190  |    1,120  |      590  |      140  |      200  |       60  |       50  |     -     |       70  |       70  |     -     |     -     |      490  
           Nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants..............|     3,140 |      280  |      140  |       70  |       40  |      110  |      390  |      160  |    1,060  |      390  |       40  |       80  |     -     |     -     |     -     |      860  |      830  |       20  |     -     |      150  
           Police and sheriff's patrol officers..................|     2,980 |      350  |       90  |      100  |     -     |       80  |      330  |      100  |      190  |       70  |      120  |       90  |      820  |      680  |     -     |      270  |      240  |       20  |       20  |      630  
           Psychiatric technicians...............................|     2,920 |      230  |      120  |       80  |     -     |       60  |       90  |       70  |      230  |       60  |       20  |       20  |     -     |     -     |     -     |    1,830  |    1,710  |      120  |     -     |      320  
           Registered nurses.....................................|     2,440 |      200  |       80  |       20  |       60  |       70  |      350  |       90  |      450  |      140  |     -     |       50  |       40  |       30  |     -     |      870  |      810  |       70  |     -     |      300  
           Bus drivers, transit and intercity....................|     2,360 |      370  |      280  |       60  |     -     |       80  |      140  |       30  |       70  |     -     |     -     |       30  |      790  |      690  |     -     |      590  |      590  |     -     |     -     |      250  
           Highway maintenance workers...........................|     1,740 |      460  |      240  |      130  |       50  |       60  |      240  |      130  |      370  |      200  |       30  |       90  |      180  |      150  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |      180  
           First-line supervisors/managers of correctional       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
            officers.............................................|     1,580 |      130  |      100  |       20  |     -     |      550  |      360  |       90  |       30  |       20  |     -     |       40  |     -     |     -     |     -     |      170  |      160  |     -     |     -     |      230  
           Office clerks, general................................|     1,080 |      130  |       40  |       80  |     -     |      150  |      340  |       40  |      120  |       40  |      100  |     -     |       30  |       20  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |      160  
           Maintenance and repair workers, general...............|     1,080 |      290  |      170  |       80  |       20  |       90  |      110  |       20  |      290  |      150  |       30  |       60  |       20  |     -     |     -     |       30  |     -     |       30  |       30  |      140  
           Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses.....|     1,000 |      140  |       90  |       50  |     -     |       80  |      180  |     -     |      320  |      110  |     -     |       20  |       20  |       20  |     -     |      160  |      160  |     -     |     -     |       60  
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Total local government......................................|   206,580 |   36,930  |   17,910  |   11,720  |    3,620  |   11,580  |   37,960  |    7,650  |   38,560  |   19,280  |    3,500  |    9,460  |   14,430  |   11,110  |      690  |   13,400  |   11,640  |    1,760  |    1,320  |   32,420  
           Police and sheriff's patrol officers..................|    24,020 |    2,440  |      950  |    1,110  |       90  |      720  |    3,040  |      600  |    1,520  |      660  |      170  |      710  |    4,710  |    3,730  |       80  |    4,650  |    4,060  |      580  |      380  |    5,380  
           Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
            cleaners.............................................|    20,880 |    4,610  |    3,000  |      920  |      380  |    1,190  |    4,240  |      750  |    5,720  |    2,990  |      450  |      680  |      280  |      170  |     -     |      270  |      240  |       20  |       20  |    2,690  
           Fire fighters.........................................|    16,800 |    3,200  |    1,630  |    1,220  |      270  |      640  |    1,400  |      870  |    5,100  |    2,670  |      140  |      990  |      190  |      170  |      500  |       90  |       70  |       20  |       20  |    3,670  
           Elementary school teachers, except special education..|     8,430 |    1,570  |      870  |      650  |       40  |      850  |    2,810  |      250  |      350  |      100  |     -     |      250  |      190  |      160  |     -     |      820  |      750  |     -     |     -     |    1,340  
           Teacher assistants....................................|     8,290 |    1,520  |    1,030  |      250  |      130  |      740  |    2,160  |      560  |      980  |      550  |       20  |       80  |      330  |      290  |     -     |    1,060  |    1,050  |     -     |     -     |      840  
           Refuse and recyclable material collectors.............|     4,750 |      900  |      240  |      350  |       70  |      250  |      380  |      160  |    1,130  |      790  |       40  |      310  |      880  |      540  |     -     |      290  |     -     |      290  |      290  |      400  
           Bus drivers, transit and intercity....................|     4,750 |      730  |      150  |      360  |       40  |      160  |      850  |       90  |      520  |       60  |      100  |      130  |    1,320  |    1,180  |     -     |      300  |      210  |       90  |     -     |      540  
           Nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants..............|     4,700 |      450  |      190  |      140  |      100  |       30  |      710  |      120  |    2,600  |      880  |     -     |       90  |       30  |       20  |     -     |      260  |      230  |       30  |     -     |      410  
           Maintenance and repair workers, general...............|     4,660 |      940  |      390  |      300  |      150  |      220  |      390  |      140  |    1,120  |      750  |     -     |      330  |      490  |      420  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |    1,010  
           Landscaping and groundskeeping workers................|     4,590 |    1,180  |      490  |      270  |       30  |      100  |      500  |      290  |    1,340  |      640  |       30  |      270  |      190  |       40  |     -     |       30  |     -     |       20  |       20  |      670  
           Bus drivers, school...................................|     4,560 |      470  |       90  |      190  |       70  |      610  |    1,250  |      100  |      370  |       50  |      110  |       60  |    1,080  |    1,000  |     -     |       40  |       40  |     -     |     -     |      470  
           First-line supervisors/managers of fire fighting and  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
            prevention workers...................................|     3,870 |      720  |      320  |      330  |     -     |      120  |      790  |      200  |      810  |      450  |      100  |       80  |     -     |     -     |       30  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |    1,020  
           Correctional officers and jailers.....................|     3,860 |      370  |      220  |      130  |     -     |      130  |      690  |       90  |      240  |       70  |     -     |      200  |       50  |       50  |     -     |    1,320  |    1,280  |       40  |     -     |      720  
           Secondary school teachers, except special and         |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
            vocational education.................................|     3,510 |      540  |      200  |      260  |       20  |      210  |    1,650  |       90  |      190  |      130  |     -     |      130  |       20  |       20  |     -     |      200  |      200  |     -     |     -     |      460  
           Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand|     3,340 |    1,170  |      600  |       70  |      440  |      120  |      420  |       90  |      700  |      320  |       70  |      140  |      180  |       70  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |      450  
           Emergency medical technicians and paramedics..........|     3,320 |      810  |      250  |      340  |      110  |      100  |      360  |       50  |    1,510  |      780  |     -     |       50  |      100  |       80  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |      330  
           Registered nurses.....................................|     2,980 |      370  |      120  |      120  |       60  |       20  |      790  |      130  |      890  |      300  |     -     |       90  |       90  |       70  |     -     |      350  |      350  |     -     |     -     |      240  
           Operating engineers and other construction equipment  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
            operators............................................|     2,670 |      540  |      220  |      130  |      140  |      180  |      210  |       90  |    1,070  |      640  |       20  |       40  |      190  |      160  |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |      320  
           First-line supervisors/managers of police and         |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
            detectives...........................................|     2,300 |      240  |      110  |      100  |     -     |       60  |      480  |       80  |      170  |       60  |       30  |      110  |      440  |      230  |     -     |      220  |      210  |     -     |     -     |      490  
           Teachers and instructors, all other...................|     2,220 |      270  |      190  |       50  |       20  |       70  |      870  |      100  |       70  |       30  |       30  |       90  |     -     |     -     |     -     |      150  |      150  |     -     |     -     |      560  
           Construction laborers.................................|     2,050 |      540  |      390  |       80  |       40  |       40  |      120  |       40  |      670  |      400  |       30  |      270  |      100  |       80  |     -     |       20  |     -     |       20  |       20  |      230  
     ____________________________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________

       1 Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.
       2 Data shown in columns correspond to the following Event codes: Contact with objects, Total = 00-09; Struck by object = 020-029; Struck against object = 010-019; Caught in or compressed or crushed = 030-049; Fall to lower level = 110-119; Fall on same level = 130-139; Slips or trips without fall
     = 215; Overexertion, Total = 220-229; In lifting = 221; Repetitive motion = 230-239; Exposure to harmful substances or environments = 30-39; Transportation incidents = 40-49; Highway accident = 41; Fires and explosions = 50-52; Assaults and violent acts, Total = 60-63; Assaults by person = 61; All
     other assaults = 60, 62, and 63; Assaults by animal = 63; All other events = all remaining codes, including 9999 (Nonclassifiable).  These codes are based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
       3 Includes nonclassifiable responses.
       
       NOTE:  Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines.  Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
       SOURCE:  Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses in cooperation with participating State agencies



     TABLE 6. Number, percent distribution, and median days away from work for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work(1) by selected worker characteristics and private
     industry, State government, and local government sectors, 2008
     ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                 |                                   |                                   |                                   |                                   
                                                                 |  Total private, State, and local  |              Private              |               State               |               Local               
                                                                 |             government            |         industry(2)(3)(4)         |             government            |             government            
                                                                 |___________________________________|___________________________________|___________________________________|___________________________________
                            Characteristic                       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
                                                                 |           |           |Median days|           |           |Median days|           |           |Median days|           |           |Median days
                                                                 |   Number  |  Percent  | away from |   Number  |  Percent  | away from |   Number  |  Percent  | away from |   Number  |  Percent  | away from 
                                                                 |           |           |    work   |           |           |    work   |           |           |    work   |           |           |    work   
     ____________________________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Total cases.................................................| 1,355,820 |   100.0   |      8    | 1,078,140 |   100.0   |      8    |    71,100 |   100.0   |      8    |   206,580 |   100.0   |      9    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Gender:                                                     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Male......................................................|   848,130 |    62.6   |      9    |   688,790 |    63.9   |      9    |    36,670 |    51.6   |      8    |   122,670 |    59.4   |     10    
       Female....................................................|   502,850 |    37.1   |      7    |   384,930 |    35.7   |      7    |    34,220 |    48.1   |      7    |    83,700 |    40.5   |      6    
       Not reported..............................................|     4,840 |      .4   |     15    |     4,420 |      .4   |     17    |       210 |      .3   |     10    |       200 |      .1   |      3    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Age:                                                        |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       14 - 15...................................................|       170 |    (5)    |      3    |       130 |    (5)    |      4    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        40 |    (5)    |      3    
       16 - 19...................................................|    32,710 |     2.4   |      4    |    31,010 |     2.9   |      4    |       450 |      .6   |      4    |     1,260 |      .6   |      4    
       20 - 24...................................................|   119,620 |     8.8   |      5    |   107,880 |    10.0   |      5    |     3,320 |     4.7   |      6    |     8,420 |     4.1   |      4    
       25 - 34...................................................|   290,530 |    21.4   |      6    |   239,580 |    22.2   |      6    |    13,340 |    18.8   |      7    |    37,600 |    18.2   |      8    
       35 - 44...................................................|   324,140 |    23.9   |      9    |   251,490 |    23.3   |      9    |    17,560 |    24.7   |      8    |    55,090 |    26.7   |      9    
       45 - 54...................................................|   341,440 |    25.2   |     10    |   261,030 |    24.2   |     10    |    20,950 |    29.5   |      9    |    59,460 |    28.8   |      9    
       55 - 64...................................................|   189,580 |    14.0   |     12    |   142,840 |    13.2   |     12    |    11,310 |    15.9   |     10    |    35,430 |    17.2   |     11    
       65 and over...............................................|    36,190 |     2.7   |     15    |    28,420 |     2.6   |     15    |     1,510 |     2.1   |      9    |     6,260 |     3.0   |     14    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Length of service with employer:                            |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       Less than 3 months........................................|   125,220 |     9.2   |      6    |   117,130 |    10.9   |      6    |     2,090 |     2.9   |      8    |     5,990 |     2.9   |      7    
       3 - 11 months.............................................|   241,220 |    17.8   |      6    |   218,510 |    20.3   |      6    |     5,910 |     8.3   |      6    |    16,800 |     8.1   |      5    
       1 - 5 years...............................................|   465,540 |    34.3   |      7    |   388,160 |    36.0   |      7    |    20,090 |    28.3   |      7    |    57,280 |    27.7   |      7    
       More than 5 years.........................................|   503,300 |    37.1   |     10    |   338,320 |    31.4   |     11    |    41,010 |    57.7   |      9    |   123,970 |    60.0   |     10    
                                                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Race or ethnic origin:                                      |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
       White only................................................|   569,590 |    42.0   |      7    |   464,500 |    43.1   |      7    |    20,430 |    28.7   |      7    |    84,660 |    41.0   |      7    
       Black only................................................|   106,720 |     7.9   |      7    |    83,970 |     7.8   |      6    |     9,660 |    13.6   |      6    |    13,090 |     6.3   |      7    
       Hispanic or Latino only...................................|   160,160 |    11.8   |      8    |   145,870 |    13.5   |      7    |     1,790 |     2.5   |     10    |    12,510 |     6.1   |     10    
       Asian only................................................|    16,260 |     1.2   |      7    |    15,090 |     1.4   |      7    |       370 |      .5   |      6    |       800 |      .4   |     13    
       Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander only..................|     3,540 |      .3   |      7    |     2,920 |      .3   |      6    |       330 |      .5   |     15    |       280 |      .1   |     19    
       American Indian or Alaskan Native only....................|     5,430 |      .4   |      5    |     4,230 |      .4   |      5    |       370 |      .5   |      5    |       820 |      .4   |      5    
       Hispanic or Latino and other race.........................|       970 |      .1   |     10    |       930 |      .1   |     10    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        40 |    (5)    |      6    
       Multi-race................................................|       900 |      .1   |     10    |       760 |      .1   |     11    |        30 |    (5)    |     11    |       100 |    (5)    |      4    
       Not reported..............................................|   492,260 |    36.3   |     10    |   359,870 |    33.4   |     10    |    38,120 |    53.6   |      8    |    94,270 |    45.6   |     10    
     ____________________________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________

       1 Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.
       2 Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.
       3 Data for Mining (Sector 21 in the North American Industry Classification System-- United States, 2002) include establishments not governed by the Mine Safety and Health Administration rules and
     reporting, such as those in Oil and Gas Extraction and related support activities.  Data for mining operators in coal, metal, and nonmetal mining are provided to BLS by the Mine Safety and Health
     Administration, U.S. Department of Labor.  Independent mining contractors are excluded from the coal, metal, and nonmetal mining industries.  These data do not reflect the changes the Occupational Safety
     and Health Administration made to its recordkeeping requirements effective January 1, 2002; therefore, estimates for these industries are not comparable to estimates in other industries.     
       4 Data for employers in rail transportation are provided to BLS by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation.  
       5 Data too small to be displayed.
       
       NOTE:  Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines.  Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
       SOURCE:  Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses in cooperation with participating State agencies

Last Modified Date: February 24, 2010
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