Economic News Release

Producer Price Index News Release



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http://www.bls.gov/ppi              MAY 20, 2008


                           Producer Price Indexes - April 2008

       The Producer Price Index for Finished Goods increased 0.2 percent in April, seasonally 
adjusted, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  This 
rise followed a 1.1-percent advance in March and a 0.3-percent increase in February.  At the 
earlier stages of processing, prices received by producers of intermediate goods rose 0.9 percent 
following a 2.3-percent gain a month earlier, and the crude goods index advanced 3.2 percent 
after climbing 8.0 percent in March.  (See table A.)

Table A.  Monthly and annual percent changes in selected stage-of-processing price
indexes, seasonally adjusted
 ______________________________________________________________________________________
|        |                                                         |         |         |
|        |                   Finished goods                        |         |         |
|        |                                                         |         |         |
|        |---------------------------------------------------------|         |         |
|        |          |          |          |         |  Change in   |         |         |
|        |          |          |          | Except  |finished goods| Inter-  |         |
|        |          |          |          |foods and|from 12 months| mediate |  Crude  |
| Month  |  Total   |  Foods   |  Energy  | energy  |  ago(unadj.) | goods   |  goods  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|

 2007                                          
  Apr.        0.7        0.5         2.6       0.2         3.2         1.1        1.0   
  May          .6        -.7         2.9        .2         3.9         1.0        1.0   
  June         .1        -.2         -.3        .2         3.3          .4         .8   
  July         .5        -.1         2.2        .2         4.2          .7         .3   
  Aug.        -.8          0        -4.2        .1         2.3         -.9       -3.5   
  Sept.        .5        1.1         1.2        .1         4.4           0         .9   
  Oct.         .5        1.3         1.1        .1         6.1          .6        4.0   
  Nov.        2.6        -.2        11.7        .3         7.3         2.9        6.8   
  Dec.      r -.5      r 1.3      r -3.5      r .1       r 6.2        r .2      r 1.8   
                                          
 2008                                          
  Jan.      r 1.1        1.7       r 2.1      r .5         7.4       r 1.1      r 3.1   
  Feb.         .3        -.5          .8        .5         6.4          .8        3.7   
  Mar.        1.1        1.2         2.9        .2         6.9         2.3        8.0   
  Apr.         .2          0         -.2        .4         6.5          .9        3.2   

r=revised.  Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ 
from those previously reported because data for December 2007 have been revised to 
reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.


                                               -2-

	In April, the index for finished goods other than foods and energy moved up 0.4 percent 
and was partially offset by prices for energy goods, which fell 0.2 percent.  The index for 
finished consumer foods was unchanged from its March level.  

       Before seasonal adjustment, the Producer Price Index for Finished Goods increased 0.7 
percent in April to 176.7 (1982 = 100).  From April 2007 to April 2008, finished goods prices 
rose 6.5 percent.  Over the same period, the finished energy goods index advanced 17.5 percent, 
prices for finished goods less foods and energy increased 3.0 percent, and the index for finished 
consumer foods climbed 5.2 percent.  For the 12 months ended April 2008, prices received by 
manufacturers of intermediate goods advanced 10.5 percent, and the crude goods index jumped 
34.3 percent.

Finished goods

       The index for finished goods less foods and energy moved up 0.4 percent in April 
following a 0.2-percent increase in the previous month.  Prices for light motor trucks rose 1.3 
percent after decreasing 0.3 percent in March.  The indexes for commercial furniture and 
passenger cars also turned up in April following declines in the preceding month.  Prices for 
pharmaceutical preparations, alcoholic beverages, and household furniture rose more than they 
had in March.  By contrast, partially offsetting the acceleration in the index for finished goods 
less foods and energy, prices for communication and related equipment declined 0.4 percent after 
rising by the same rate in the prior month.  The index for book publishing also turned down in 
April, and prices for soaps and synthetic detergents increased less than in March.  (See table 2.)

Table B.  Monthly and annual percent changes in selected price indexes for 
intermediate goods and crude goods, seasonally adjusted
 __________________________________________________________________________________
|      |                                     |                                     |
|      |       Intermediate goods            |       Crude goods                   |
|      |                                     |                                     |
|      |---------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|      |       |        |         |Change in |       |         |         | Change  |
|      |       |        |         | interme- |       |         |         |in crude |
|      |       |        |         |  diate   |       |         |         | goods   |
|      |       |        |         |goods from|       |         |         | from 12 |
|      |       |        | Except  |12 months |       |         | Except  | months  |
|      |       |        |foods and|   ago    |       |         |foods and|  ago    |
|Month | Foods | Energy | energy  | (unadj.) | Foods | Energy  | energy  |(unadj.) |
|----------------------------------------------------------------------------------|

 2007                                                                
  Apr.    0.9       1.9      0.8       3.7       1.3      0.8       1.1     11.6    
  May       0       2.8       .5       3.8        .8      3.0      -1.8     11.3    
  June    1.9        .7       .3       3.6       -.1      2.2       -.3     15.5    
  July     .7       2.0       .4       4.2       1.1      -.5        .7     12.9    
  Aug.     .4      -2.9      -.4       2.4      -1.6     -6.4        .6      6.1    
  Sept.   1.3       -.5       .1       4.1       2.7      -.8       2.2     11.3    
  Oct.    1.2       1.3       .4       5.7       -.2      8.2       1.5     26.8    
  Nov.    1.4      10.4       .8       7.9       2.9     12.3       -.9     20.9    
  Dec.  r 2.0      r .1     r .1     r 7.1     r 4.2     r .5      r .8   r 19.8    
                                                                
 2008                                                                
  Jan.  r 3.5     r 1.8       .8       8.8     r 2.9    r 2.7     r 5.1     31.3    
  Feb.    2.3       1.1       .6       8.8        .7      5.6       3.3     24.6    
  Mar.    2.9       5.9      1.1      10.5       2.0     13.4       3.5     31.4    
  Apr.    -.6        .5      1.2      10.5       -.9      4.1       7.9     34.3    

r=revised.  Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ
from those previously reported because data for December 2007 have been revised to 
reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

                                               -3-

       The finished energy goods index fell 0.2 percent in April subsequent to a 2.9-percent rise 
a month earlier.  Gasoline prices decreased 4.6 percent following a 1.3-percent gain in March.  
(Prior to seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices increased 3.2 percent in April.)  The diesel fuel 
index also turned down in April after rising in the preceding month.  The indexes for home 
heating oil, liquefied petroleum gas, kerosene, and asphalt advanced less than they had in March.  
Conversely, residential natural gas prices climbed 5.4 percent in April after increasing 4.2 
percent in the prior month.  The indexes for residential electric power and for lubricating and 
similar oils also rose more than they had in March.
       
       The index for finished consumer foods was unchanged in April following a 1.2-percent 
rise in the prior month.  Prices for fresh and dry vegetables dropped 4.1 percent after jumping 
15.4 percent in March.  The indexes for beef and veal and for roasted coffee also turned down in 
April.  Prices for eggs for fresh use decreased more than they had in March.  By contrast, the 
dairy products index rose 0.4 percent in April following a 1.8-percent decline a month earlier.  
Prices for pork and soft drinks also turned up after declining a month earlier.  The index for 
confectionery end products rose more than in March.  
	
Intermediate goods

	The Producer Price Index for Intermediate Materials, Supplies, and Components 
increased 0.9 percent in April after rising 2.3 percent in March.  Leading this deceleration, prices 
for intermediate energy goods and for materials for durable manufacturing advanced less in April 
than in the prior month.  Prices for intermediate foods and feeds turned down after increasing in 
March.  By contrast, partially offsetting the overall deceleration in the intermediate goods index, 
prices for materials for nondurable manufacturing and for materials and components for 
construction increased at faster rates than they had in March.  The index for intermediate goods 
other than foods and energy climbed 1.2 percent in April following a 1.1-percent jump in the 
preceding month.  (See table B.)

	The index for intermediate energy goods advanced 0.5 percent in April following a 5.9-
percent jump in March.  Jet fuel prices rose 6.8 percent in April compared with a 10.2-percent 
surge a month earlier.  The indexes for home heating oil, industrial electric power, natural gas to 
electric utilities, and industrial natural gas also increased less than in March.  Prices for diesel 
fuel, gasoline, and residual fuel turned down in April.  By contrast, the index for finished 
lubricants rose 2.9 percent after advancing 1.3 percent in March.  (See table 2.)

	The index for materials for durable manufacturing moved up 1.9 percent in April 
following a 3.8-percent increase in March.  Prices for copper and brass mill shapes rose 0.4 
percent in April after advancing 6.9 percent in the preceding month.  The indexes for cold rolled 
steel sheet and strip and for secondary aluminum also climbed less than in March.  Prices for 
primary nonferrous metals and for nonferrous wire and cable turned down in April.  The index 
for cement fell more than it had in March.  Conversely, prices for hot rolled steel bars, plates, 
and structural shapes increased 6.2 percent in April compared with a 2.5-percent gain a month 
earlier.  The index for hot rolled steel sheet and strip also advanced at a faster rate than in March.  
Prices for prepared paint and thermoplastic resins turned up in April.

	The index for intermediate foods and feeds declined 0.6 percent in April following a 2.9-
percent rise in March.  Leading this reversal, prices for prepared animal feeds fell 0.9 percent 
after increasing 4.9 percent in March.  The indexes for flour; beef and veal; natural, processed, 
and imitation cheese; and confectionery materials also turned down in April.  Prices for 
shortening and cooking oils advanced less than they had in March.  By contrast, the index for 
fluid milk products moved up 2.9 percent in April following a 5.4-percent drop in the previous 
month.  Prices for pork and for dry, condensed, and evaporated milk products also rose after 
falling in March.  The index for malt and malt byproducts climbed more in April than in the 
preceding month.  

                                                  -4-

	The index for materials for nondurable manufacturing increased 1.7 percent in April 
compared with a 1.5-percent advance in March.  Prices for basic inorganic chemicals surged 13.7 
percent in April after rising 1.7 percent a month earlier.  The indexes for primary basic organic 
chemicals and ethanol also climbed more than they had in March.  Prices for plastic resins and 
materials, nitrogenates, and woodpulp turned up in April.  By contrast, the index for intermediate 
basic organic chemicals moved up 2.1 percent following a 12.3-percent jump in March.  Prices 
for inedible fats and oils, paper, and paint materials also rose less in April than in the previous 
month.  

	The index for materials and components for construction advanced 1.0 percent in April 
after rising 0.8 percent in March.  Prices for fabricated structural metal products jumped 3.1 
percent in April following a 1.0-percent increase in the preceding month.  The indexes for 
concrete products and for paving mixtures and blocks also moved up more than they had in 
March.  Prices for plumbing fixtures and brass fittings and for softwood lumber turned up in 
April.  The index for plastic construction products fell less than in March.  By contrast, prices for 
nonferrous wire and cable decreased 3.1 percent in April after surging 7.9 percent a month 
earlier.  The index for prefabricated wood buildings and components also turned down in April.  
Prices for asphalt felts and coatings and for fabricated ferrous wire products rose less than they 
had in March.

Crude goods

	The Producer Price Index for Crude Materials for Further Processing advanced 3.2 
percent in April following an 8.0-percent increase in March.  The index for crude energy 
materials rose at a slower rate compared with a month earlier.  Prices for crude foodstuffs and 
feedstuffs turned down in April.  By contrast, partially offsetting the deceleration in crude 
materials prices, the index for crude nonfood materials less energy moved up more than it had in 
March.  (See table B.)

	The index for crude energy materials advanced 4.1 percent in April subsequent to a 13.4-
percent gain in the preceding month.  Leading this deceleration, the index for crude petroleum 
increased 4.5 percent compared with a 17.5-percent surge in March.  Similarly, natural gas prices 
rose 4.3 percent following an 11.4-percent increase a month earlier.  By contrast, the coal index 
edged up 0.3 percent in April after falling 0.9 percent in the previous month.  (See table 2.)  

	The index for crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs decreased 0.9 percent in April following a 
2.0-percent rise a month earlier.  Wheat prices declined 23.1 percent after moving up 0.6 percent 
in March.  The indexes for fresh vegetables (excluding potatoes) and soybeans also turned down 
in April.  Prices for corn and slaughter turkeys rose less than they had in March.  By contrast, the 
slaughter hogs index advanced 10.5 percent compared with a 1.8-percent decline in the 
preceding month.  Prices for Irish potatoes for processing also turned up in April.  The index for 
fluid milk declined less than it had in March, and prices for slaughter cattle were unchanged after 
decreasing a month earlier.  

	The index for crude nonfood materials less energy advanced 7.9 percent in April 
subsequent to a 3.5-percent rise a month earlier.  Leading this acceleration, prices for iron and 
steel scrap surged 32.2 percent compared with a 1.4-percent increase in March.  The index for 
logs, bolts, timber, and pulpwood also moved up more than in the previous month.  Prices for 
iron ore increased following no change in March, while the hides and skins index turned up in 
April.  Conversely, the nonferrous metal ores index declined 1.8 percent compared with a 6.9-
percent gain a month earlier.  Prices for wastepaper; construction sand, gravel, and crushed 
stone; and raw cotton also turned down in April.  The index for nonferrous scrap advanced less 
than it had in March.

                                                  -5-

Net output price indexes

Mining, Utilities, and Manufacturing Industries.  The rise in the Producer Price Index for the Net 
Output of Total Mining, Utilities, and Manufacturing Industries slowed to 1.2 percent in April from 
2.3 percent in March.  (Net output price indexes are not seasonally adjusted.)  Prices received by the 
petroleum and coal products industry group increased 3.3 percent after jumping 13.2 percent in the 
prior month.  The indexes for the food manufacturing and the oil and gas extraction industry groups 
also rose less than they had in March.  Prices received by the electrical equipment and appliance 
industry group turned down in April after increasing a month earlier.  By contrast, partially offsetting 
the deceleration in the index for total mining, utilities, and manufacturing industries, the index for the 
electric power generation, distribution, and transmission industry group rose 2.7 percent in April 
after advancing 0.5 percent in the previous month.  Prices received by the chemical manufacturing 
industry group also increased more than in March.  The index for the transportation equipment 
industry group turned up after falling in the prior month.  Prices received by the industry groups for 
furniture and related products manufacturing and for printing and related support activities advanced 
after no change in March.  In April, the Producer Price Index for the Net Output of Total Mining, 
Utilities, and Manufacturing Industries was 111.6 (December 2006 = 100), 8.2 percent above its 
year-ago level.

Trade Industries.  The increase in the Producer Price Index for the Net Output of Total Trade 
Industries accelerated to 1.2 percent from 0.3 percent in March.  (Trade indexes measure changes in 
margins received by wholesalers and retailers.)  Margins received by wholesalers of nondurable 
goods turned up 1.4 percent in April after falling 2.1 percent in the previous month.  The margin 
index for grocery stores also advanced after decreasing in March.  Margins received by electronics 
and appliance stores, gasoline stations, department stores, and clothing stores rose more than a month 
earlier.  By contrast, the margin index for wholesalers of durable goods turned down 1.4 percent in 
April after advancing 1.9 percent in the prior month.  Margins received by furniture stores also 
decreased after rising in March.  In April, the Producer Price Index for the Net Output of Total Trade 
Industries was 106.7 (December 2006 = 100), 3.5 percent above its year-ago level. 

Transportation and Warehousing Industries.  The rise in the Producer Price Index for the Net 
Output of Total Transportation and Warehousing Industries accelerated to 1.2 percent from 1.0 
percent in March.  Prices received by the specialized freight trucking industry group rose 4.3 percent 
following a 0.3-percent increase in the previous month.  The industry indexes for long distance 
general freight trucking (truckload) and pipeline transportation of crude oil also advanced more than 
in March.  Prices received by the industries for scheduled freight air transportation and freight 
transportation arrangement  turned up in April after declining in the preceding month.  By contrast, 
the increase in the industry index for scheduled passenger air transportation slowed to 0.9 percent 
from 3.3 percent in March.  Prices received by couriers and long distance general freight truckers 
(less than truckload) also rose less than a month earlier.  In April, the Producer Price Index for the 
Net Output for Total Transportation and Warehousing Industries was 110.5 (December 2006 = 100), 
7.5 percent above its year-ago level.

Traditional Service Industries.  The Producer Price Index for the Net Output of Total Traditional 
Service Industries turned up 0.7 percent in April after falling 0.6 percent in March.  The index for the 
depository credit intermediation industry group advanced 4.4 percent following a 7.3-percent 
decrease a month earlier.  Prices received by offices of physicians (excluding mental health) also 
turned up in April, and the index for cellular and other wireless carriers advanced more than in 
March.  Conversely, the increase in the index for general and medical surgical hospitals slowed to 0.1 
percent in April from 0.5 percent in the previous month.  Prices received by direct health and medical 
insurance carriers, investment bankers and securities dealers, and software publishers also rose less 
than in March.  The index for passenger car rental turned down after advancing in the prior month.  
In April, the Producer Price Index for the Net Output of Total Traditional Service Industries was 
102.0 (December 2006 = 100), 0.9 percent above its year-ago level.

                                                *****
Producer Price Index data for May 2008 are scheduled to be released on Tuesday, June 17, 2008 at 
8:30 a.m. (EDT).





Technical Note

               Brief Explanation of Producer Prices Indexes

     The Producer Price Index (PPI) of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)
is a family of indexes that measure the average change over time in the
prices received by domestic producers of goods and services.  PPIs measure
price change from the perspective of the seller.  This contrasts with other
measures, such as the Consumer Price Index (CPI).  CPIs measure price
change from the purchaser's perspective.  Sellers' and purchasers' prices
can differ due to government subsidies, sales and excise taxes, and
distribution costs.

     More than 8,000 PPIs for individual products and groups of products
are released each month.  PPIs are available for the products of virtually
every industry in the mining and manufacturing sectors of the U.S. economy.
New PPIs are gradually being introduced for the products of industries in
the construction, trade, finance, and services sectors of the economy.

     More than 100,000 price quotations per month are organized into three
sets of PPIs:  (1) Stage-of-processing indexes, (2) commodity indexes, and
(3) indexes for the net output of industries and their products.  The stage-
of-processing structure organizes products by class of buyer and degree of
fabrication.  The commodity structure organizes products by similarity of
end use or material composition.  The entire output of various industries
is sampled to derive price indexes for the net output of industries and
their products.
     
                        Stage-of-Processing Indexes
                                     
     Within the stage-of-processing system, finished goods are commodities
that will not undergo further processing and are ready for sale to the
final-demand user, either an individual consumer or business firm.
Consumer foods include unprocessed foods such as eggs and fresh vegetables,
as well as processed foods such as bakery products and meats.  Other
finished consumer goods include durable goods such as automobiles,
household furniture, and appliances, as well as nondurable goods such as
apparel and home heating oil.  Capital equipment includes durable goods
such as heavy motor trucks, tractors, and machine tools.

     The stage-of-processing category for intermediate materials, supplies,
and components consists partly of commodities that have been processed but
require further processing.  Examples of such semifinished goods include
flour, cotton yarn, steel mill products, and lumber.  The intermediate
goods category also encompasses nondurable, physically complete items
purchased by business firms as inputs for their operations.  Examples
include diesel fuel, belts and belting, paper boxes, and fertilizers.

     Crude materials for further processing are products entering the
market for the first time that have not been manufactured or fabricated and
that are not sold directly to consumers.  Crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs
include items such as grains and livestock.  Examples of crude nonfood
materials include raw cotton, crude petroleum, coal, hides and skins, and
iron and steel scrap.
                                     
                             Commodity Indexes

     The commodity classification structure of the PPI organizes products
by similarity of end use or material composition, disregarding industry of
origin.  Fifteen major commodity groupings (two-digit commodity codes) make
up the All Commodities Index. Each major commodity grouping includes (in
descending order of aggregation) subgroups (three-digit codes), product
classes (four-digit codes), subproduct classes (six-digit codes), and
individual items (eight-digit codes).  Nearly all eight-digit commodities
under the traditional commodity coding system are now derived from
corresponding industry-classified product indexes.  In such instances,
movements in the traditional commodity price indexes and corresponding
percent changes will be virtually identical to their industry-based
counterparts, even if their index levels differ.
                                     
                     Industry Net-Output Price Indexes
                                     
     PPIs for the net output of industries and their products are grouped
according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).
Prior to the release of January 2004, industry-based PPIs were published
according to the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system.  Industry
price indexes are compatible with other economic time series organized by
industry, such as data on employment, wages, and productivity.  Table 5 of
the PPI Detailed Report includes data for NAICS industries and industry
groups (3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-digit codes); Census product classes (7- and 8-
digit codes), products (9-digit codes), and more detailed subproducts (11-
digit codes); and, for some industries, indexes for other sources of
revenue.

     Indexes may represent one of three kinds of product categories.  Every
industry has primary product indexes to show changes in prices received by
establishments classified in the industry for products made primarily, but
not necessarily exclusively, by that industry.  The industry classification
of an establishment is determined by which products make up a plurality of
its total shipment value.  In addition, most industries have secondary
product indexes that show changes in prices received by establishments
classified in the industry for products chiefly made in some other
industry.  Finally, some industries have miscellaneous receipts indexes to
show price changes in other sources of revenue received by establishments
within the industry that are not derived from sales of their products-for
example, resales of purchased materials, or revenues from parking lots
owned by a manufacturing plant.
                                     
                              Data Collection
                                     
     PPIs are based on selling prices reported by establishments of all
sizes selected by probability sampling, with the probability of selection
proportionate to size.  Individual items and transaction terms from these
firms also are chosen by probability proportionate to size.  BLS strongly
encourages cooperating companies to supply actual transaction prices at the
time of shipment to minimize the use of list prices.  Prices submitted by
survey respondents are effective on the Tuesday of the week containing the
13th day of the month.  This survey is conducted primarily through the
mail.

     Price data are provided on a voluntary and confidential basis; only
sworn BLS employees are allowed access to individual company price reports.
BLS publishes price indexes instead of actual prices.  All PPIs are subject
to revision 4 months after original publication to reflect the availability
of late reports and corrections by respondents.

     BLS periodically updates the PPI sample of survey respondents to
better reflect current conditions when the structure, membership,
technology, or product mix of an industry shifts significantly and to
spread reporting burden among smaller firms.  Results of these resampling
efforts are incorporated into the PPI with the release of data for January
and July.

     As part of an ongoing effort to expand coverage to sectors of the
economy other than mining and manufacturing, an increasing number of
service sector industries have been introduced into the PPI.  The following
list of recently introduced industries includes the month and year in which
an article describing the industry's content appeared in the PPI Detailed
Report.

                                                                      PPI
                                                                      Detailed
                                                                      Report
              Title                                           Code    Issue

                                                              SIC             
Wireless telecommunications...................................4812    July 1999
Telephone communications, except radio telephone..............4813    July 1995
Television broadcasting.......................................4833    July 2002
Grocery stores................................................5411    July 2000
Meat and fish (seafood) markets...............................5421    July 2000
Fruit and vegetable markets...................................5431    July 2000
Candy, nut, and confectionery stores..........................5441    July 2000
Retail bakeries...............................................5461    July 2000
Miscellaneous food stores.....................................5499    July 2000
New car dealers...............................................5511    July 2000
Gasoline service stations.....................................5541    January 2002
Boat dealers..................................................5551    January 2002
Recreational vehicle dealers..................................5561    January 2002
Miscellaneous retail..........................................59      January 2001
Security brokers, dealers, and investment bankers.............6211    January 2001
Investment advice.............................................6282    January 2003
Life insurance carriers.......................................6311    January 1999
Property and casualty insurance...............................6331    July 1998
Insurance agencies and brokerages.............................6412    January 2003
Operators and lessors of nonresidential buildings.............6512    January 1996
Real estate agents and managers...............................6531    January 1996
Prepackaged software..........................................7372    January 1998
Data processing services......................................7374    January 2002
Home health care services.....................................8082    January 1997
Legal services................................................8111    January 1997
Engineering design, analysis, and consulting services.........8711    January 1997
Architectural design, analysis, and consulting services.......8712    January 1997
Premiums for property and casualty insurance..................9331    July 1998
                                                         
                                                              NAICS            
New industrial building construction..........................236211  January 2008
New warehouse building construction...........................236221  July 2005
New school construction.......................................236222  July 2006
New office construction.......................................236223  January 2007
Merchant wholesalers, durable goods...........................423     July 2005
Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods........................424     July 2005
Wholesale trade agents and brokers............................425120  July 2005
Furniture and home furnishings stores.........................442     January 2004
Electronics and appliance stores..............................443     January 2004
Building  material and garden equipment and supplies dealers..444     January 2004
Clothing and clothing accessories stores......................448     January 2004
Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores.................451     January 2004
General merchandise stores....................................452     January 2004
Miscellaneous store retailers.................................453     January 2004
Internet service providers....................................518111  July 2005
Web search portals............................................518112  July 2005
Commercial banking............................................522110  January 2005
Savings institutions..........................................522120  January 2005
Direct health and medical insurance carriers..................524114  July 2004
Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment 
rental and leasing............................................532412  January 2005
Management consulting services................................541610  January 2007
Security guards and patrol services...........................561612  July 2005
Computer training.............................................611420  July 2007
Blood and organ banks.........................................621991  January 2007
Amusement and theme parks.....................................713110  July 2006
Golf courses and country clubs................................713910  July 2006
Fitness and recreational sports centers.......................713940  July 2005
Commercial machinery repair and maintenance...................811310  July 2007
                                     
                                  Weights

     Weights for most traditional commodity groupings of the PPI, as well
as weights for commodity-based aggregate indexes calculated using traditional 
commodity groupings, such as stage-of-processing indexes, currently reflect
2002 values of shipments as reported in the Census of Manufactures and 
other sources. From January 2002 through December 2006, PPI weights were 
derived from 1997 shipment values.  Industry indexes now are calculated 
with 2002 weights and 1997 net output ratios.  This periodic update of
the value weights used to calculate the PPI is done to more accurately
reflect changes in production and marketing patterns in the economy.  Net
output values of shipments are used as weights for industry indexes.  Net
output values refer to the value of shipments from establishments within
the industry to buyers outside the industry.  However, weights for
commodity price indexes are based on gross shipment values, including
values of shipments between establishments within the same industry.  As a
result, broad commodity grouping indexes, such as the PPI for All
Commodities, are affected by the multiple counting of price change at
successive stages of processing, which can lead to exaggerated or
misleading signals about inflation.  Stage-of-processing indexes partially
correct for this defect, but industry indexes consistently correct for this
at all levels of aggregation.  Therefore, industry and stage-of-processing
indexes are more appropriate than broad commodity groupings for economic
analysis of general price trends.
     
                        Price Index Reference Base
                                     
     Effective with publication of January 1988 data, many important PPI
series (including stage-of-processing groupings and most commodity groups
and individual items) were placed on a new reference base, 1982 = 100.
From 1971 through 1987, the standard reference base for most PPI series was
1967 = 100.  Except for rounding differences, the shift to the new
reference base did not alter any previously published percent changes for
affected PPI series.  (See "Calculating Index Changes," below.)  The 1982
reference base is not used for commodity indexes with a base later than
December 1981 or for industry net output indexes and their products.

     For further information on the underlying concepts and methodology of
the Producer Price Index, see chapter 14, "Producer Prices," in BLS
Handbook of Methods (April  1997), Bulletin 2490.  This document can be
downloaded from the BLS Web site at (www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch14_itc.htm).
Reprints are available on request.

                         Calculating Index Changes
                                     
     Each PPI measures price changes from a reference period that equals
100.0.  An increase of 5.5 percent from the reference period in the
Finished Goods Price Index, for example, is shown as 105.5.  This change
also can be expressed in dollars, as follows:  prices received by domestic
producers of a sample of finished goods have risen from $100 in 1982 to
$105.50.  Likewise, a current index of 90.0 would indicate that prices
received by producers of finished goods are 10 percent lower than they were
in 1982.

     Movements of price indexes from one month to another are usually
expressed as percent changes, rather than as changes in index points.
Index point changes are affected by the level of the index in relation to
its base period, whereas percent changes are not.  The following example
shows the computation of index point and percent changes.
     
          Index point change
     Finished Goods Price Index        107.5
     Less previous index               104.0
     Equals index point change           3.5

          Index percent change
     Index point change 3.5
     Divided by the previous index     104.0
     Equals                              0.034
     Result multiplied by 100            0.034 x 100
     Equals percent change               3.4


                  Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

     Because price data are used for different purposes by different
groups, BLS publishes seasonally adjusted and unadjusted changes each
month.  Seasonally adjusted data are preferred for analyzing general price
trends in the economy because these data eliminate the effect of changes
that normally occur at about the same time, and in about the same
magnitude, every year-such as price movements resulting from normal weather
patterns, regular production and marketing cycles, model changeovers,
seasonal discounts, and holidays.  For these reasons, seasonally adjusted
data more clearly reveal underlying cyclical trends.  Unadjusted data are
of primary interest to users who need information that can be related to
actual dollar values of transactions.  Individuals requiring this
information include marketing specialists, purchasing agents, budget and
cost analysts, contract specialists, and commodity traders.  It is the
unadjusted data that are generally cited when escalating long-term
contracts such as purchasing agreements or real estate leases.  For more
information, see Escalation and Producer Price Indexes: A Guide for
Contracting Parties, BLS Report 807, September 1991, on the Web at
(www.bls.gov/ppi/ppiescalation.htm).  Reprints are available on request.

     In 1998, the PPI implemented the X-12-ARIMA Seasonal Adjustment
Method; prior to that year, the PPI employed the X-11 method.  Each year,
the seasonal status of most commodity indexes is reevaluated to reflect
more recent price behavior.  Industry net output indexes are not seasonally
adjusted.  For time series that exhibit seasonal pricing patterns, new
seasonal factors are estimated and applied to the unadjusted data for the
previous 5 years.  These updated seasonally adjusted indexes replace the
most recent 5 years of seasonal data.

     Seasonal factors may be applied to series using either a direct or an
aggregative method.  Generally, commodity indexes are seasonally adjusted
using direct seasonal adjustment, which produces a more complete
elimination of seasonal movements than does the aggregative method.
However, the direct seasonal adjustment process may not yield figures that
possess additive consistency.  Thus, a seasonally adjusted index for a
broad category that is directly adjusted may not be logically consistent
with all seasonally adjusted indexes for its components.  Seasonal
movements for stage-of-processing indexes are derived indirectly through an
aggregative method that combines movements of a wide variety of subproduct
class (six-digit) series.

     Seasonally adjusted indexes can become problematic when previously
stable and predictable price patterns abruptly change.  If the new pattern
persists, the seasonal adjustment method will eventually reflect it
adequately; if the pattern keeps shifting, however, seasonally adjusted
data will become chronically troublesome.  This problem occurs relatively
infrequently for farm and food-related products, but has more often
affected manufactured products such as automobiles and steel.

     Since January 1988, the PPI has used Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment methods to enhance the calculation of seasonal factors.  With
this technique, outlier values that may distort the seasonal pattern are
removed from the data prior to applying the standard seasonal factor
estimation procedure.  For example, a possible economic cause for large
price movements for petroleum-based products might have been the Persian
Gulf War.  In this case, intervention techniques allowed for better
estimates of seasonally adjusted data.  On the whole, very few series have
required intervention.  Out of nearly 900 seasonally adjusted series, only
16 were subject to intervention in 1997.

     For more information relating to seasonal adjustment methods, see (1)
"Appendix A: Seasonal Adjustment Methodology at BLS," in the BLS Handbook
of Methods (April 1997), Bulletin 2490 and (2) "Summary of Changes to the
PPI's Seasonal Adjustment Methodology" in the January 1995 issue of
Producer Price Indexes.

                 Producer Price Index Data on the Internet

     In 1995, the BLS began posting PPI series, news releases, and
technical information to both a World Wide Web (WWW) site and a file
transfer protocol (FTP) site.  During the years following the introduction
of PPI Internet services, use of these sites eclipsed more traditional
methods of data dissemination, such as subscriptions to the PPI Detailed
Report.  There were more than 1.6 million instances of PPI series being
downloaded from the Internet during the 12 months ended December 31, 2003.

                 Retrieving PPI data from the PPI Web site
                                     
     PPI data can be obtained from the WWW address (www.bls.gov/ppi).
Scrolling down the page to the "Get Detailed PPI Statistics" header reveals
the following methods of data retrieval:
     
     Most Requested Series is a form-based application that allows the user
to quickly obtain PPI time series data by selecting from two separate lists
(commodity and industry) of the most commonly requested time series,
including the All Commodities Index and the stage-of-processing indexes
(for example, Finished Goods).  Within each list, any one-or all-of the
time series shown can be selected.  A user can modify the date range and
output options after executing the query, using the reformat button above
the data output table.

     Create Customized Tables is a form-based query application designed
for users unfamiliar with the PPI coding structure.  The application guides
a user through the PPI classification system by listing index titles and
does not require knowledge of commodity or industry codes.  Data retrieved
are based on a query formulated by selecting data characteristics from
lists provided.  Two options are available to create customized tables,
depending on a user's browser capability.  The one-screen option is a
JavaScript application that uses a single screen to guide a user through
the available time series data.  The second option is a multiple-screen,
non-Java-based application.  Both methods allow a user to browse the PPI
coding structure and select multiple series codes.  Using the one-screen
option, users can modify the date range and output options after executing
the query using the reformat button above the data output table.

     Series Report is a form-based application that uses formatted PPI time
series identifiers (commodity or industry codes) as input in extracting
data according to a specified set of date ranges and output options.  This
application provides the most efficient path for users who are familiar
with the format of PPI time series identifiers.  Up to 300 indexes can be
extracted at a time.

     There are five alphabetic prefixes used to create unique PPI time
series identifiers:  WP, WD, PC, PD, and ND.  Each provides the user access
to a different PPI database.  Adding either a "u" (not seasonally adjusted)
or an "s" (seasonally adjusted) to the end of these prefixes further
specifies the type of data needed.

     For commodity and stage-of-processing indexes, series identifiers
combine a "wpu" prefix (not seasonally adjusted) or a "wps" prefix
(seasonally adjusted) with a commodity code.
  
Commodity code            Provides data for:
wps141101                 Passenger cars, seasonally adjusted
wpu141101                 Passenger cars, not seasonally adjusted
wpusop3000                Finished goods, not seasonally adjusted
     
     For discontinued commodity indexes, series identifiers combine a "wdu"
prefix (not seasonally adjusted) or a "wds" prefix (seasonally adjusted)
with a commodity code.
     
Commodity code            Provides data for:
wds019                    Other farm products, seasonally adjusted
wdu0635                   Preparations, ethical (prescription), not seasonally
                          adjusted
wdusi138011               Stainless steel mill products, not seasonally adjusted
     
     Current price indexes for products grouped by industry according to
NAICS have series identifiers that begin with the prefix "pcu." After the
prefix, there are 12 digits (the 6-digit industry code is listed twice)
followed by up to 7 alphanumeric characters identifying product detail.
Dashes are used as placeholders for higher-level industry group codes.

Industry-product code,
current NAICS series       Provides data for:
pcu325---325---            Chemical manufacturing, not seasonally
                           adjusted
pcu336110336110            Automobile and light duty motor vehicle
                           manufacturing
pcu621111621111411         Offices of physicians, one- and two-physician practices and
                           single-specialty group practices, general/family practice
pcu325412325412A           Pharmaceutical preparation manufacturing, pharmaceuticals 
                           acting on the respiratory system                    
  
     Discontinued industry-product codes based on SIC combine a "pdu"
prefix and "#" between the fourth and fifth characters of the product code.
Series identifiers for the discontinued dataset use underscores as
placeholders to complete a reference to an SIC industry group code of fewer
than four digits.  (All PPI industry-based indexes organized by SIC were
discontinued with the introduction of NAICS.)
  
Industry-product code,
discontinued SIC series    Provides data for:
pdu28__#                   Chemicals and allied products, not seasonally adjusted
pdu331_#                   Blast furnaces, steel works, and rolling and
                           finishing mills, not seasonally adjusted
pdu3711#111                Passenger cars
  
     Price indexes for discontinued series grouped by industry according to
NAICS have series identifiers that begin with the prefix "ndu." After the
prefix, there are 12 numeric digits (the 6-digit industry code is listed
twice), and up to 7 additional alphanumeric characters that identify
product detail.  Dashes are used as placeholders for higher-level industry
group codes.
  
Industry-product code,
discontinued NAICS series  Provides data for:
ndu212231212231            Lead ore and zinc ore mining
ndu2122312122312           Lead and zinc concentrates
ndu212231212231214         Lead concentrates

     Flat Files and the FTP server are best suited for users requiring
access to either a large volume of time series data or other PPI-related
documentation (such as seasonal factor and relative importance tables).
The FTP site can be accessed at ftp://ftp.bls.gov or directly from the
links on the "Get Detailed Statistics" page or the PPI homepage.  Data and
documentation available for download include the following:

                                      Directory:
NAICS series, current                 /pub/time.series/pc
NAICS series, discontinued            /pub/time.series/nd
SIC series, discontinued              /pub/time.series/pd
Commodity series, current             /pub/time.series/wp
Commodity series, discontinued        /pub/time.series/wd
Special requests                      /pub/special.requests/ppi
Latest news release                   /pub/news.release/ppi.txt

     The FTP site maintains files to help with searches and downloads.
These files are centrally located in the /pub/doc directory.  Within this
directory, the overview.txt file contains an overview relating to all BLS
data available through the FTP site.  For current commodity-based PPI data,
the program help file is wp.txt; for discontinued commodity series, wd.txt;
for current industry-based PPI data based on NAICS, pc.txt; for industry-
based SIC time series that have been discontinued, pd.txt; and for industry-
based NAICS series that have been discontinued, nd.txt.
      
     Users who prefer downloading PPI datasets as individual ZIP files
should go to the directory labeled /pub/time.series/compressed/tape.format/
on the FTP site.  This directory includes six PPI-specific ZIP files, one
for each of the PPI databases-WP, WD, PC, ND, and PD-and a ZIP file for the
annual 5-year revision to historical seasonal PPIs.
                                     
                         Other Sources of PPI Data

     PPI data can also be accessed via the BLS homepage (www.bls.gov).
Clicking on the "Get Detailed Statistics" link at the top of the homepage
calls up a chart listing all available BLS programs.  The following methods
are available for retrieving PPI data:  Most requested statistics, create
customized tables (one screen or multiple screens), and flat files.
Additional sources of BLS data also are accessible from this page,
including economic news releases, series report, and economy at a glance.

                          Additional information

     The PPI homepage (www.bls.gov/ppi) contains additional information
regarding PPI data and methodology.  The top section of the homepage
provides PPI news releases, both current and archived, as well as general
PPI information.  The "Tables Created by BLS" section found beneath the
statistics section provides relative importance and seasonal factor tables.
The remaining sections offer special notices and publications pertaining to
PPI methodology and applications.
     
     For questions or comments regarding PPI data classification,
methodology, or data availability on the Internet, call or e-mail the
Section of Index Analysis and Public Information at (202) 691-7705 or ppi-
info@bls.gov.





Table 1.  Producer price indexes and percent changes by stage of processing                                                          
(1982=100)                                                                                                                           
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________      
                                                 |          |                       |Unadjusted     |                                
                                                 |          |                       |  percent      |Seasonally adjusted             
                                                 | Relative |    Unadjusted index   |change to      |percent change from:            
                    Grouping                     |importance|                       |Apr. 2008 from:|                                
                                                 |          |_______________________|_______________|__________________________      
                                                 |   Dec.   |       |       |       |       |       |       |         |              
                                                 |          |Dec.   |Mar.   |Apr.   |  Apr. | Mar.  |Jan. to|Feb.  to |Mar.  to      
                                                 |   2007 1/|2007 2/|2008 2/|2008 2/|  2007 | 2008  |  Feb. |   Mar.  |  Apr.        
_________________________________________________|__________|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_________|________      
                                                 |                                                                                   
Finished goods...................................|  100.000   170.4   175.4   176.7     6.5    0.7      0.3      1.1     0.2         
  Finished consumer goods........................|   78.317   178.2   184.4   186.0     7.7     .9       .3      1.3      .1         
    Finished consumer foods......................|   21.252   172.2   175.9   175.4     5.2    -.3      -.5      1.2     0           
      Crude......................................|    2.239   198.7   191.7   180.4     -.9   -5.9     -9.4      8.9    -3.9         
      Processed..................................|   19.013   169.6   174.4   175.0     5.9     .3       .5       .5      .5         
    Finished consumer goods, excluding foods.....|   57.064   180.1   187.3   189.8     8.8    1.3       .7      1.3      .2         
      Nondurable goods less foods................|   42.941   197.9   207.9   211.4    11.0    1.7       .7      1.7      .1         
      Durable goods..............................|   14.124   139.5   140.4   140.7     2.2     .2       .5       .1      .5         
  Capital equipment..............................|   21.683   150.7   152.1   152.5     2.3     .3       .5       .1      .4         
    Manufacturing industries.....................|    5.506   153.5   155.6   156.5     2.8     .6       .4       .3      .6         
    Nonmanufacturing industries..................|   16.178   149.6   150.8   151.0     2.1     .1       .5       .1      .3         
                                                 |                                                                                   
Intermediate materials, supplies, and components.|  100.000   175.7   184.1   186.9    10.5    1.5       .8      2.3      .9         
  Materials and components for manufacturing.....|   41.976   166.3   172.5   174.5     8.7    1.2       .8      1.6     1.2         
    Materials for food manufacturing.............|    2.923   169.8   180.3   179.7    14.1    -.3      1.5      1.6     -.3         
    Materials for nondurable manufacturing.......|   15.236   195.1   204.3   207.7    16.9    1.7       .9      1.5     1.7         
    Materials for durable manufacturing..........|    8.634   188.1   199.6   203.5     5.5    2.0      1.6      3.8     1.9         
    Components for manufacturing.................|   15.184   136.8   138.1   138.8     2.1     .5       .3       .4      .4         
  Materials and components for construction......|   13.391   193.4   197.2   199.3     3.7    1.1       .7       .8     1.0         
  Processed fuels and lubricants.................|   22.234   186.3   205.7   212.3    23.7    3.2       .7      6.0      .8         
    Manufacturing industries ....................|    6.009   181.1   198.6   201.9    20.0    1.7       .4      5.9     -.1         
    Nonmanufacturing industries..................|   16.225   188.9   209.1   217.0    25.1    3.8       .9      6.0     1.1         
  Containers.....................................|    2.933   183.4   185.9   187.0     4.4     .6       .7       .1      .6         
  Supplies.......................................|   19.466   164.6   169.5   170.5     6.1     .6       .8       .9      .6         
    Manufacturing industries.....................|    3.918   165.0   167.6   168.4     3.9     .5       .5       .3      .5         
    Nonmanufacturing industries..................|   15.549   163.1   168.5   169.6     6.6     .7      1.0      1.0      .7         
      Feeds......................................|    1.085   153.5   180.3   177.8    31.3   -1.4      4.4      6.1    -1.4         
      Other supplies.............................|   14.464   165.3   169.1   170.5     5.1     .8       .7       .6      .8         
                                                 |                                                                                   
Crude materials for further processing...........|  100.000   229.0   265.6   274.3    34.3    3.3      3.7      8.0     3.2         
  Foodstuffs and feedstuffs......................|   32.604   158.5   168.0   166.5    15.9    -.9       .7      2.0     -.9         
  Nonfood materials..............................|   67.396   275.4   333.1   349.9    43.5    5.0      5.0     10.9     5.0         
    Nonfood materials except fuel 3/.............|   40.991   277.1   328.1   347.3    53.9    5.9      1.7     11.4     5.7         
      Manufacturing 3/...........................|   40.547   257.7   305.7   323.7    54.7    5.9      1.7     11.5     5.8         
      Construction...............................|    0.444   197.1   199.4   197.7    -4.1    -.9       .3       .4    -1.0         
    Crude fuel 4/................................|   26.405   250.7   312.9   325.1    30.9    3.9     10.4     10.2     3.8         
      Manufacturing industries...................|    2.350   237.8   295.9   307.2    30.3    3.8     10.2     10.0     3.8         
      Nonmanufacturing industries................|   24.055   256.4   320.2   332.7    31.0    3.9     10.4     10.2     3.8         
                                                 |                                                                                   
               Special groupings                 |                                                                                   
                                                 |                                                                                   
Finished goods, excluding foods..................|5/ 78.748   169.6   174.9   176.7     6.9    1.0       .6      1.0      .2         
Intermediate materials less foods and feeds......|6/ 95.992   176.3   184.4   187.4    10.2    1.6       .7      2.3     1.0         
Intermediate foods and feeds.....................|6/  4.008   164.6   179.8   178.6    18.3    -.7      2.3      2.9     -.6         
Crude materials less agricultural products 3/ 7/.|8/ 66.711   282.8   342.2   359.5    43.5    5.1      5.1     11.0     5.0         
                                                 |                                                                                   
Finished energy goods............................|5/ 21.748   163.8   177.5   182.6    17.5    2.9       .8      2.9     -.2         
Finished goods less energy.......................|5/ 78.252   165.5   167.9   168.1     3.6     .1       .3       .5      .3         
Finished consumer goods less energy..............|5/ 56.569   172.0   174.8   174.9     4.1     .1       .2       .6      .3         
                                                 |                                                                                   
Finished goods less foods and energy.............|5/ 57.000   163.5   165.4   165.9     3.0     .3       .5       .2      .4         
Finished consumer goods less foods and energy....|5/ 35.316   172.2   174.4   175.0     3.6     .3       .6       .3      .4         
Consumer nondurable goods less foods and energy..|5/ 21.193   200.0   203.5   204.2     4.5     .3       .7       .4      .3         
                                                 |                                                                                   
Intermediate energy goods........................|6/ 23.140   187.8   208.1   213.8    25.4    2.7      1.1      5.9      .5         
Intermediate materials less energy...............|6/ 76.860   170.4   175.5   177.4     6.4    1.1       .8      1.2     1.1         
Intermediate materials less foods and energy.....|6/ 72.852   170.9   175.3   177.5     5.8    1.3       .6      1.1     1.2         
                                                 |                                                                                   
Crude energy materials 3/........................|8/ 50.963   268.3   330.5   344.1    51.9    4.1      5.6     13.4     4.1         
Crude materials less energy......................|8/ 48.942   194.1   210.7   215.4    18.6    2.2      1.6      2.5     2.1         
Crude nonfood materials less energy 4/...........|8/ 16.433   291.7   332.2   359.4    24.6    8.2      3.3      3.5     7.9         
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________      
                                                                                                                                     
  1/  Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed          5/  Percent of total finished goods.                 
      after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated            6/  Percent of total intermediate materials.         
      after final December indexes are available.                               7/  Formerly titled "Crude materials for             
  2/  The indexes for December 2007 have been recalculated to incorporate           further processing, excluding crude              
      late reports and corrections by respondents.  All indexes                     foodstuffs and feedstuffs, plant and             
      are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.                  animal fibers, oilseeds, and leaf tobacco."      
  3/  Includes crude petroleum.                                                 8/  Percent of total crude materials.                
  4/  Excludes crude petroleum. 

                                                                                                     



Table 2.  Producer price indexes and percent changes for selected commodity groupings by stage of processing                         
(1982=100 unless otherwise indicated)                                                                                                
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
           |                                                       |                       |Unadjusted     |                         
           |                                                       |                       | percent       |Seasonally adjusted      
           |                                                       |   Unadjusted index    |change to      |percent change from:     
 Commodity |                                                       |                       |Apr. 2008 from:|                         
   code    |                      Grouping                         |_______________________|_______________|________________________ 
           |                                                       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |         
           |                                                       |Dec.   |Mar.   |Apr.   | Apr.  | Mar.  |Jan. to|Feb. to|Mar. to  
           |                                                       |2007 1/|2008 1/|2008 1/| 2007  | 2008  |  Feb. |  Mar. |  Apr.   
___________|_______________________________________________________|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|________ 
           |                                                       |                                                                 
           |FINISHED GOODS.........................................| 170.4   175.4   176.7     6.5    0.7      0.3     1.1     0.2   
           | FINISHED CONSUMER GOODS...............................| 178.2   184.4   186.0     7.7     .9       .3     1.3      .1   
           |  FINISHED CONSUMER FOODS..............................| 172.2   175.9   175.4     5.2    -.3      -.5     1.2     0     
           |                                                       |                                                                 
01-11      |   Fresh fruits and melons 2/..........................| 142.6   127.3   126.2     1.9    -.9    -10.4     -.5     -.9   
01-13      |   Fresh and dry vegetables 2/.........................| 191.7   184.5   176.9   -16.2   -4.1    -15.7    15.4    -4.1   
01-71-07   |   Eggs for fresh use (Dec. 1991=100)..................| 193.2   193.8   148.8    39.6  -23.2      1.6     -.9   -12.3   
02-11      |   Bakery products 2/..................................| 222.2   231.3   233.8     8.9    1.1       .9      .6     1.1   
02-13      |   Milled rice 2/......................................| 167.2   205.6   241.4    57.4   17.4      7.9     8.7    17.4   
02-14-02   |   Pasta products (June 1985=100) 2/...................| 147.3   175.6   177.0    31.3     .8      3.7      .2      .8   
02-21-01   |   Beef and veal 2/....................................| 139.8   151.7   149.1    -4.6   -1.7       .6     4.0    -1.7   
02-21-04   |   Pork................................................| 123.0   119.4   119.0   -10.9    -.3     -1.9    -4.7     1.1   
02-22-03   |   Processed young chickens............................| 133.3   141.0   141.2     -.1     .1     -1.1     1.1     1.1   
02-22-06   |   Processed turkeys...................................| 114.4   115.7   118.0    12.7    2.0      2.2     4.5     1.8   
02-23      |   Finfish and shellfish...............................| 245.5   261.8   264.7     5.6    1.1      2.9     3.0     1.1   
02-3       |   Dairy products 2/...................................| 188.8   181.2   181.9    12.1     .4     -1.5    -1.8      .4   
02-4       |   Processed fruits and vegetables.....................| 159.8   162.8   163.9     5.1     .7       .1      .5      .9   
02-55      |   Confectionery end products 2/.......................| 208.8   210.9   213.5     2.9    1.2      -.3      .2     1.2   
02-62      |   Soft drinks 2/......................................| 168.6   171.6   172.2     3.7     .3       .5     -.8      .3   
02-63-01   |   Roasted coffee 2/...................................| 168.5   185.2   178.7    10.3   -3.5      4.4     5.1    -3.5   
02-78      |   Shortening and cooking oils 2/......................| 242.3   289.0   298.5    49.5    3.3      2.4     6.7     3.3   
           |                                                       |                                                                 
           |  FINISHED CONSUMER GOODS EXCLUDING FOODS..............| 180.1   187.3   189.8     8.8    1.3       .7     1.3      .2   
           |                                                       |                                                                 
02-61      |   Alcoholic beverages.................................| 161.8   164.9   166.4     4.5     .9      1.4      .3     1.0   
03-81-06   |   Women's, girls', & infants' apparel (12/03=100) 2/..| 101.1   101.1   101.2     -.2     .1       .2     -.1      .1   
03-81-07   |   Men's and boys' apparel (Dec. 2003=100) 2/..........|  98.8    99.1    99.1      .8    0         .1      .1     0     
03-82      |   Textile housefurnishings 2/.........................| 126.0   126.4   126.3     1.4    -.1       .1      .1     -.1   
04-3       |   Footwear 2/.........................................| 154.5   155.5   155.4     2.5    -.1      1.6      .1     -.1   
05-41      |   Residential electric power (Dec. 1990=100)..........| 138.7   140.6   142.2     4.9    1.1      -.4     1.1     1.2   
05-51      |   Residential gas (Dec. 1990=100).....................| 223.2   235.7   246.9     9.2    4.8      5.7     4.2     5.4   
05-71      |   Gasoline............................................| 235.4   272.6   281.4    23.0    3.2      2.9     1.3    -4.6   
05-73-02-01|   Home heating oil and distillates....................| 260.0   315.0   329.6    48.5    4.6     -3.7    13.1     2.2   
06-38      |   Pharmaceutical preparations (June 2001=100) 2/......| 131.5   135.9   136.8     6.6     .7      1.3      .4      .7   
06-71      |   Soaps and synthetic detergents 2/...................| 146.6   150.7   151.6     5.0     .6       .1     2.0      .6   
06-75      |   Cosmetics and other toilet preparations 2/..........| 148.5   146.9   147.4      .1     .3      -.1     -.1      .3   
07-12      |   Tires, tubes, tread, etc 2/.........................| 120.9   125.1   125.0     7.0    -.1       .7     1.8     -.1   
09-15-01   |   Sanitary paper products 2/..........................| 163.3   167.0   167.7     4.5     .4      2.5      .1      .4   
09-31-01   |   Newspaper circulation...............................| 247.4   247.2   247.2     1.5    0        -.5      .7      .2   
09-32-04   |   Periodical circulation (June 2007=100) 2/...........| 100.0   101.5   102.0     (3)     .5       .7     -.1      .5   
09-33      |   Book publishing 2/..................................| 289.2   296.6   295.8     4.8    -.3       .7      .5     -.3   
12-1       |   Household furniture 2/..............................| 175.5   177.0   178.6     2.7     .9       .2      .3      .9   
12-3       |   Floor coverings 2/..................................| 158.0   159.2   159.2     2.8    0         .6     1.1     0     
12-4       |   Household appliances 2/.............................| 105.4   105.9   106.3      .9     .4       .4      .1      .4   
12-5       |   Home electronic equipment 2/........................|  56.7    56.8    56.7    -4.4    -.2      0        .2     -.2   
12-62      |   Household glassware 2/..............................| 184.5   185.1   187.8     6.7    1.5       .8      .6     1.5   
12-64      |   Household flatware 2/...............................| 187.1     (3)   207.4    10.1    (3)      9.4     (3)     (3)   
12-66      |   Lawn and garden equip., ex. tractors 2/.............| 139.4   140.0   139.6     2.3    -.3      2.3      .1     -.3   
14-11-01   |   Passenger cars......................................| 127.2   127.7   127.8     2.1     .1       .8     -.2      .4   
15-11      |   Toys, games, and children's vehicles 2/.............| 131.4   131.5   134.2     2.6    2.1      0       -.1     2.1   
15-12      |   Sporting and athletic goods 2/......................| 130.4   132.1   130.5      .5   -1.2      1.1      .2    -1.2   
15-2       |   Tobacco products 2/.................................| 499.5   500.1   500.5     2.7     .1       .1     0        .1   
15-5       |   Mobile homes 2/.....................................| 212.4   213.3   214.3     1.9     .5       .2     0        .5   
15-94-02   |   Jewelry, platinum, & karat gold 2/..................| 157.6   168.9   167.1    10.2   -1.1       .5      .9    -1.1   
15-94-04   |   Costume jewelry and novelties 2/....................| 157.0   160.5   159.1     1.6    -.9      0       2.2     -.9   
           |                                                       |                                                                 
           | CAPITAL EQUIPMENT.....................................| 150.7   152.1   152.5     2.3     .3       .5      .1      .4   
           |                                                       |                                                                 
11-1       |   Agricultural machinery and equipment 2/.............| 187.5   189.0   189.0     3.2    0         .1     -.1     0     
11-2       |   Construction machinery and equipment................| 180.8   183.0   183.1     2.3     .1       .5      .3      .1   
11-37      |   Metal cutting machine tools 2/......................| 167.2   167.8   169.3     2.5     .9      -.1     -.1      .9   
11-38      |   Metal forming machine tools 2/......................| 184.6   187.7   191.3     3.4    1.9      1.7     0       1.9   
11-39      |   Tools, dies, jigs, fixtures, and ind. molds 2/......| 144.1   144.2   144.9      .7     .5      0       0        .5   
11-41      |   Pumps, compressors, and equipment 2/................| 197.8   203.0   203.4     4.5     .2       .9      .4      .2   
11-44      |   Industrial material handling equipment 2/...........| 163.9   167.3   168.7     4.7     .8      1.0      .2      .8   
11-51      |   Electronic computers (Dec. 2004=100) 2/.............|  45.6    42.4    42.2   -23.8    -.5     -1.1    -3.2     -.5   
11-62      |   Textile machinery 2/................................| 162.8   163.5   164.0     1.5     .3      -.1      .2      .3   
11-64      |   Paper industries machinery (June 1982=100) 2/.......| 186.6   186.0   186.2     2.1     .1     -1.2      .4      .1   
11-65      |   Printing trades machinery 2/........................| 150.8   151.7   151.7      .9    0        -.3      .1     0     
11-74      |   Transformers and power regulators 2/................| 200.1   213.1   213.6    10.6     .2      -.2     3.7      .2   
11-76      |   Communication & related equip. (Dec. 1985=100) 2/...| 103.3   104.9   104.5     1.2    -.4       .8      .4     -.4   
11-79-05   |   X-ray and electromedical equipment 2/...............|  91.9    91.5    91.4    -2.0    -.1      -.1     0       -.1   
11-91      |   Oil field and gas field machinery ..................| 186.5   198.8   198.3     7.9    -.3      1.7     3.7     -.6   
11-92      |   Mining machinery and equipment 2/...................| 193.2   198.2   200.4     5.6    1.1       .9      .4     1.1   
11-93      |   Office and store machines and equipment 2/..........| 115.8   117.4   117.5     3.4     .1       .6     -.1      .1   
12-2       |   Commercial furniture 2/.............................| 182.8   183.2   186.5     2.6    1.8       .1     -.7     1.8   
14-11-05   |   Light motor trucks..................................| 147.5   146.9   147.4     1.6     .3       .8     -.3     1.3   
14-11-06   |   Heavy motor trucks 2/...............................| 178.5   179.5   179.7      .7     .1      0        .1      .1   
14-14      |   Truck trailers 2/...................................| 171.0   173.6   173.7     3.3     .1       .1     1.0      .1   
14-21-02   |   Civilian aircraft (Dec. 1985=100)...................| 223.5   224.6   224.6     3.5    0         .6      .1      .1   
14-31      |   Ships (Dec. 1985=100) 2/............................| 195.4   198.8   196.5     3.1   -1.2      1.8     -.1    -1.2   
14-4       |   Railroad equipment 2/...............................| 177.5   176.1   176.7     1.4     .3       .2    -1.1      .3   
           |                                                       |                                                                 
           |INTERMEDIATE MATERIALS, SUPPLIES, AND COMPONENTS.......| 175.7   184.1   186.9    10.5    1.5       .8     2.3      .9   
           |                                                       |                                                                 
           | INTERMEDIATE FOODS AND FEEDS..........................| 164.6   179.8   178.6    18.3    -.7      2.3     2.9     -.6   
           |                                                       |                                                                 
02-12-03   |   Flour 2/............................................| 235.1   303.6   271.6    73.1  -10.5     15.2     6.2   -10.5   
02-53      |   Refined sugar and byproducts 2/.....................| 128.3   125.9   126.1    -7.1     .2      1.2     -.1      .2   
02-54      |   Confectionery materials.............................| 153.8   173.7   169.7    11.4   -2.3       .4      .8    -1.9   
02-64-01-11|   Soft drink beverage bases (Dec. 1985=100) 2/........| 197.7   207.4   211.5     7.4    2.0       .2     1.0     2.0   
02-9       |   Prepared animal feeds 2/............................| 155.3   178.3   176.7    26.1    -.9      4.2     4.9     -.9   
           |                                                       |                                                                 
           | INTERMEDIATE MATERIALS LESS FOODS AND FEEDS...........| 176.3   184.4   187.4    10.2    1.6       .7     2.3     1.0   
           |                                                       |                                                                 
03-1       |   Synthetic fibers 2/.................................| 115.2   114.2   114.8      .5     .5       .2     -.3      .5   
03-2       |   Processed yarns and threads 2/......................| 118.8   121.7   123.6     6.8    1.6       .8      .1     1.6   
03-3       |   Gray fabrics 2/.....................................| 121.2   122.1   122.2     2.2     .1       .2     -.5      .1   
03-4       |   Finished fabrics 2/.................................| 129.2   130.1   130.4     2.0     .2       .4     -.7      .2   
03-83-03   |   Industrial textile products 2/......................| 140.0   142.7   142.3     3.0    -.3       .5      .7     -.3   
04-2       |   Leather 2/..........................................| 233.1   236.8   235.2     2.1    -.7      1.3      .3     -.7   
05-32      |   Liquefied petroleum gas 2/..........................| 403.9   386.9   400.3    39.5    3.5     -9.7     4.2     3.5   
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
See footnotes at end of table.                                                                                                       

Table 2.  Producer price indexes and percent changes for selected commodity groupings by stage of processing - Continued             
(1982=100 unless otherwise indicated)                                                                                                
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
           |                                                       |                       |Unadjusted     |                         
           |                                                       |                       | percent       |Seasonally adjusted      
           |                                                       |   Unadjusted index    |change to      |percent change from:     
 Commodity |                                                       |                       |Apr. 2008 from:|                         
   code    |                      Grouping                         |_______________________|_______________|________________________ 
           |                                                       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |         
           |                                                       |Dec.   |Mar.   |Apr.   | Apr.  | Mar.  |Jan. to|Feb. to|Mar. to  
           |                                                       |2007 1/|2008 1/|2008 1/| 2007  | 2008  |  Feb. |  Mar. |  Apr.   
___________|_______________________________________________________|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|________ 
           |                                                       |                                                                 
           | INTERMEDIATE MATERIALS LESS FOODS AND FEEDS           |                                                                 
           |   -Continued..........................................|                                                                 
05-42      |   Commercial electric power...........................| 163.2   164.8   166.6     3.9    1.1     -0.1     0.9     0.9   
05-43      |   Industrial electric power...........................| 180.0   183.9   186.0     7.5    1.1      -.5     2.6     1.1   
05-52      |   Commercial natural gas (Dec. 1990=100)..............| 237.2   250.9   260.8    10.6    3.9      6.6     5.0     5.4   
05-53      |   Industrial natural gas (Dec. 1990=100)..............| 247.0   264.0   278.0    11.9    5.3      7.3     6.4     5.0   
05-54      |   Natural gas to electric utilities (Dec. 1990=100)...| 188.6   198.8   206.7     8.8    4.0      8.6     6.8     4.5   
05-72-03   |   Jet fuels...........................................| 268.3   292.1   322.9    55.3   10.5     -2.4    10.2     6.8   
05-73-03   |   No. 2 Diesel fuel...................................| 271.9   355.4   365.1    53.4    2.7       .9    15.3     -.9   
05-74      |   Residual fuels 2/...................................| 200.8   242.4   228.6    45.4   -5.7      -.8    18.1    -5.7   
06-1       |   Industrial chemicals 2/.............................| 245.1   254.7   266.7    22.8    4.7      -.2     1.9     4.7   
06-21      |   Prepared paint......................................| 211.4   215.3   217.2     4.1     .9      1.7    -1.5      .9   
06-22      |   Paint materials 2/..................................| 218.6   223.8   224.1     8.6     .1       .3     3.3      .1   
06-31      |   Medicinal and botanical chemicals 2/................| 140.2   141.1   141.2     -.1     .1      2.5     -.3      .1   
06-4       |   Fats and oils, inedible 2/..........................| 240.1   311.3   316.3    88.6    1.6      7.1    13.3     1.6   
06-51      |   Mixed fertilizers...................................| 171.4   198.7   213.4    34.0    7.4      4.1     4.6     7.0   
06-52-01   |   Nitrogenates........................................| 261.8   295.7   301.0    27.3    1.8     14.3    -2.0     2.1   
06-52-02   |   Phosphates 2/.......................................| 203.4   279.1   310.0    63.2   11.1    -11.0    13.0    11.1   
06-53      |   Other agricultural chemicals 2/.....................| 160.7   160.9   164.0     4.2    1.9       .7    -1.3     1.9   
06-6       |   Plastic resins and materials 2/.....................| 207.5   211.0   212.9    10.8     .9       .3     -.5      .9   
07-11-02   |   Synthetic rubber 2/.................................| 171.3   179.2   183.6     9.3    2.5      1.3     -.1     2.5   
07-21      |   Plastic construction products 2/....................| 180.5   180.6   180.4      .9    -.1       .2     -.5     -.1   
07-22      |   Unsupported plastic film, sheet, & other shapes 2/..| 181.2   184.5   185.7     7.5     .7      -.2     -.4      .7   
07-26      |   Plastic parts and components for manufacturing 2/...| 130.1   131.0   130.0      .3    -.8       .8     0       -.8   
08-11      |   Softwood lumber 2/..................................| 159.0   151.7   153.6   -11.9    1.3      -.7     -.3     1.3   
08-12      |   Hardwood lumber 2/..................................| 190.7   188.6   187.0    -2.8    -.8       .5      .2     -.8   
08-2       |   Millwork............................................| 201.6   203.2   203.8     1.1     .3       .2      .2      .1   
08-3       |   Plywood 2/..........................................| 177.2   174.0   174.2      .8     .1      -.6      .2      .1   
09-11      |   Woodpulp 2/.........................................| 167.3   170.3   171.8     8.2     .9      2.6    -3.4      .9   
09-13      |   Paper 2/............................................| 172.7   178.6   179.8     6.8     .7       .8     1.5      .7   
09-14      |   Paperboard 2/.......................................| 209.4   209.7   209.5     5.3    -.1      0        .1     -.1   
09-15-03   |   Paper boxes and containers 2/.......................| 201.5   202.4   202.8     3.2     .2       .1     -.1      .2   
09-2       |   Building paper and board 2/.........................| 151.9   155.4   155.0     -.8    -.3      0       2.3     -.3   
09-37      |   Commercial printing (June 1982=100) 2/..............| 166.3   167.8   169.5     2.1    1.0       .4     -.1     1.0   
10-15      |   Foundry and forge shop products 2/..................| 171.0   178.0   180.5     5.8    1.4      2.3      .5     1.4   
10-17      |   Steel mill products 2/..............................| 180.6   196.6   207.5    10.2    5.5      1.8     5.5     5.5   
10-22      |   Primary nonferrous metals 2/........................| 258.2   309.1   306.3     8.3    -.9      6.9    10.7     -.9   
10-25-01   |   Aluminum mill shapes 2/.............................| 182.8   189.7   195.7     2.4    3.2       .4     4.0     3.2   
10-25-02   |   Copper and brass mill shapes 2/.....................| 389.8   446.5   448.3     4.0     .4      5.8     6.9      .4   
10-26      |   Nonferrous wire and cable 2/........................| 239.7   269.1   260.8    12.0   -3.1      2.3     7.9    -3.1   
10-3       |   Metal containers 2/.................................| 134.6   138.1   141.4     5.8    2.4      1.9      .4     2.4   
10-4       |   Hardware 2/.........................................| 180.7   183.6   185.6     3.6    1.1      1.1      .3     1.1   
10-5       |   Plumbing fixtures and brass fittings................| 218.9   222.4   224.4     1.8     .9      1.5    -1.4     1.0   
10-6       |   Heating equipment...................................| 198.1   200.5   201.1     3.2     .3      -.7      .8      .5   
10-7       |   Fabricated structural metal products 2/.............| 189.5   194.0   200.1     7.1    3.1       .8     1.0     3.1   
10-88      |   Fabricated ferrous wire products (June 1982=100) 2/.| 169.0   182.0   188.4    14.3    3.5       .5     5.7     3.5   
10-89      |   Other misc. metal products 2/.......................| 145.8   147.1   147.7     3.8     .4       .3      .5      .4   
11-45      |   Mechanical power transmission equipment.............| 209.6   209.5   213.5     5.0    1.9       .1     0       2.1   
11-48      |   Air conditioning and refrigeration equipment........| 159.3   160.4   159.9     2.0    -.3      -.5      .2     -.4   
11-49-02   |   Metal valves, ex.fluid power (Dec. 1982=100) 2/.....| 231.9   233.7   237.0     6.2    1.4      1.5     -.4     1.4   
11-49-05   |   Ball and roller bearings 2/.........................| 203.6   205.0   206.1     4.4     .5      -.5      .1      .5   
11-71      |   Wiring devices 2/...................................| 198.1   200.8   201.0     5.1     .1       .5      .3      .1   
11-73      |   Motors, generators, motor generator sets 2/.........| 174.7   177.9   177.8     3.1    -.1       .6      .2     -.1   
11-75      |   Switchgear, switchboard, etc., equipment 2/.........| 191.1   194.7   196.6     4.4    1.0      1.1      .2     1.0   
11-78      |   Electronic components and accessories 2/............|  78.4    77.9    78.2    -6.7     .4       .1      .4      .4   
11-94      |   Internal combustion engines 2/......................| 154.9   156.5   156.2     1.1    -.2       .1     0       -.2   
11-95      |   Machine shop products 2/............................| 165.2   170.5   169.2     6.3    -.8       .6     3.8     -.8   
13-11      |   Flat glass 2/.......................................| 112.8   113.8   112.7    -1.7   -1.0      -.2     0      -1.0   
13-22      |   Cement..............................................| 210.5   212.8   211.0     -.2    -.8       .9     -.3    -2.1   
13-3       |   Concrete products...................................| 205.8   207.3   210.0     3.4    1.3       .2      .3     1.4   
13-6       |   Asphalt felts and coatings..........................| 148.8   147.9   151.5     4.7    2.4      -.5     2.7      .8   
13-7       |   Gypsum products 2/..................................| 207.2   210.2   210.6   -16.7     .2      -.2     2.2      .2   
13-8       |   Glass containers....................................| 163.0   171.3   171.0     7.0    -.2       .3      .1     -.1   
14-12      |   Motor vehicle parts 2/..............................| 118.4   118.2   118.8     1.0     .5      -.3     -.2      .5   
14-23      |   Aircraft engines & engine parts (Dec. 1985=100).....| 180.2   184.6   185.9     4.3     .7       .3      .2      .7   
14-25      |   Aircraft parts & aux.equip.,nec (June 1985=100) 2/..| 159.1   163.1   162.3     2.8    -.5      -.1      .3     -.5   
15-42      |   Photographic supplies 2/............................| 124.0   124.4   124.4     1.5    0         .5     0       0     
15-6       |   Medical/surgical/personal aid devices...............| 163.7   165.9   166.5     2.1     .4       .7     -.2      .4   
           |                                                       |                                                                 
           | CRUDE MATERIALS FOR FURTHER PROCESSING................| 229.0   265.6   274.3    34.3    3.3      3.7     8.0     3.2   
           |                                                       |                                                                 
           |  CRUDE FOODSTUFFS AND FEEDSTUFFS......................| 158.5   168.0   166.5    15.9    -.9       .7     2.0     -.9   
           |                                                       |                                                                 
01-21      |   Wheat 2/............................................| 265.9   345.3   265.4    96.9  -23.1     19.2      .6   -23.1   
01-22-02   |   Corn 2/.............................................| 165.7   217.8   232.1    69.5    6.6     -1.9    14.5     6.6   
01-31      |   Slaughter cattle 2/.................................| 134.8   134.1   134.1    -6.9    0        2.5     -.6     0     
01-32      |   Slaughter hogs......................................|  64.4    63.6    68.6   -10.2    7.9      9.8    -1.8    10.5   
01-41-02   |   Slaughter broilers/fryers...........................| 177.6   210.3   206.6      .2   -1.8     -3.1      .5     1.0   
01-42      |   Slaughter turkeys...................................| 162.8   152.2   162.0    21.6    6.4     10.4     6.7     4.9   
01-6       |   Fluid milk..........................................| 161.1   137.2   134.9     8.5   -1.7     -5.3    -5.2    -2.6   
01-83-01-31|   Soybeans 2/.........................................| 192.5   228.7   228.2    91.1    -.2      4.1     4.2     -.2   
02-52-01-03|   Cane sugar, raw (Dec. 2003=100) 2/..................| 116.9   118.1   117.6    -1.8    -.4     -2.2     2.6     -.4   
           |                                                       |                                                                 
           |  CRUDE NONFOOD MATERIALS..............................| 275.4   333.1   349.9    43.5    5.0      5.0    10.9     5.0   
           |                                                       |                                                                 
01-51      |   Raw cotton 2/.......................................|  98.6   102.3   100.0    26.9   -2.2     -1.2     1.2    -2.2   
04-1       |   Hides and skins 2/..................................| 196.6   187.0   193.7   -12.9    3.6     -1.1     -.6     3.6   
05-1       |   Coal................................................| 131.5   141.1   142.0     7.9     .6      1.0     -.9      .3   
05-31      |   Natural gas 2/......................................| 292.1   370.4   386.2    33.9    4.3     11.5    11.4     4.3   
05-61      |   Crude petroleum 2/..................................| 246.8   301.0   314.4    87.4    4.5       .6    17.5     4.5   
08-5       |   Logs, timber, etc 2/................................| 209.2   215.0   217.3    -3.1    1.1      2.1      .2     1.1   
09-12      |   Wastepaper 2/.......................................| 397.5   438.6   428.6    17.6   -2.3      5.4     2.6    -2.3   
10-11      |   Iron ore 2/.........................................| 129.5   134.3   145.2    12.6    8.1      0       0       8.1   
10-12      |   Iron and steel scrap 2/.............................| 421.2   537.0   709.8    57.3   32.2      6.5     1.4    32.2   
10-21      |   Nonferrous metal ores (Dec. 1983=100) 2/............| 250.7   289.7   284.5    17.1   -1.8      3.3     6.9    -1.8   
10-23-01   |   Copper base scrap 2/................................| 482.0   564.8   594.6    22.5    5.3      7.8     7.0     5.3   
10-23-02   |   Aluminum base scrap.................................| 264.3   311.0   322.7    11.7    3.8      -.4     9.9     2.1   
13-21      |   Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone........| 237.1   247.1   246.2     6.5    -.4      1.9     1.4     -.7   
13-99-01   |   Industrial sand.....................................| 195.3   207.2   206.9     9.0    -.1       .3      .9     0     
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
                                                                                                                                     
1/  The indexes for  December 2007  have been recalculated to incorporate late       2/  Not seasonally adjusted.                    
    reports and corrections by respondents.  All indexes are subject to              3/  Not available.                              
    revision 4 months after original publication.

                                                                                   



Table 3.  Producer price indexes for selected commodity groupings                                
(1982=100 unless otherwise indicated)                                                            
_______________________________________________________________________________________________  
         |                                                |                                   |  
         |                                                |         Unadjusted index 1/       |  
Commodity|                                                |___________________________________|  
  code   |                    Grouping                    | Dec. 2007 |March 2008 |April 2008 |  
_________|________________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|  
         |                                                |           |           |           |  
         | Finished Goods (1967=100)......................|   478.1   |   492.2   |   495.9   |  
         | All commodities................................|   178.6   |   188.1   |   190.7   |  
         |                                                |           |           |           |  
         |                                                |           |           |           |  
         |            MAJOR COMMODITY GROUPS              |           |           |           |  
         |                                                |           |           |           |  
         | Farm products and processed foods and feeds....|   166.0   |   173.6   |   172.9   |  
01       |   Farm products................................|   159.6   |   167.8   |   164.8   |  
02       |   Processed foods and feeds....................|   169.4   |   176.7   |   177.0   |  
         |                                                |           |           |           |  
         | Industrial commodities.........................|   180.7   |   190.5   |   193.7   |  
03       |   Textile products and apparel.................|   126.6   |   127.3   |   127.7   |  
04       |   Hides, skins, leather, and related products..|   172.6   |   172.3   |   173.2   |  
05       |   Fuels and related products and power.........|   192.6   |   217.9   |   224.7   |  
06       |   Chemicals and allied products 2/.............|   224.7   |   233.2   |   238.4   |  
07       |   Rubber and plastic products..................|   157.5   |   160.8   |   160.7   |  
08       |   Lumber and wood products.....................|   190.0   |   189.9   |   190.1   |  
09       |   Pulp, paper, and allied products.............|   220.2   |   224.1   |   224.8   |  
10       |   Metals and metal products....................|   194.1   |   207.2   |   214.5   |  
11       |   Machinery and equipment......................|   127.4   |   129.0   |   129.1   |  
12       |   Furniture and household durables.............|   145.4   |   146.3   |   147.3   |  
13       |   Nonmetallic mineral products.................|   186.9   |   189.8   |   190.8   |  
14       |   Transportation equipment.....................|   156.6   |   157.2   |   157.5   |  
15       |   Miscellaneous products.......................|   211.3   |   214.5   |   214.7   |  
         |                                                |           |           |           |  
         | Industrial commodities less fuels and related  |           |           |           |  
         |   products and power...........................|   173.1   |   177.1   |   179.0   |  
         |                                                |           |           |           |  
         |                                                |           |           |           |  
         |             OTHER COMMODITY GROUPINGS          |           |           |           |  
         |                                                |           |           |           |  
01-1     | Fruits and melons, fresh and dry vegetables,   |           |           |           |  
         |   and tree nuts................................|   175.7   |   165.5   |   161.4   |  
01-2     | Grains.........................................|   188.5   |   245.1   |   237.3   |  
01-3     | Slaughter livestock............................|   118.2   |   117.4   |   118.6   |  
01-4     | Slaughter poultry..............................|   172.1   |   196.1   |   195.0   |  
01-5     | Plant and animal fibers........................|    99.4   |   103.2   |   100.9   |  
01-7     | Chicken eggs...................................|   240.3   |   245.9   |   184.8   |  
01-8     | Hay, hayseeds, and oilseeds....................|   217.6   |   250.9   |   254.9   |  
01-83    | Oilseeds.......................................|   207.8   |   245.1   |   244.4   |  
02-1     | Cereal and bakery products.....................|   210.0   |   228.2   |   227.2   |  
02-2     | Meats, poultry, and fish.......................|   140.6   |   147.0   |   146.4   |  
02-22    | Processed poultry..............................|   130.1   |   135.4   |   136.0   |  
02-5     | Sugar and confectionery........................|   169.4   |   174.1   |   174.7   |  
02-6     | Beverages and beverage materials...............|   166.8   |   171.1   |   171.9   |  
02-63    | Packaged beverage materials....................|   166.4   |   180.0   |   174.8   |  
02-7     | Fats and oils..................................|   247.1   |   293.9   |   305.3   |  
03-81    | Apparel........................................|   127.2   |   127.6   |   127.7   |  
04-4     | Other leather and related products.............|   157.0   |   157.8   |   158.3   |  
05-3     | Gas fuels......................................|   314.2   |   368.1   |   383.1   |  
05-4     | Electric power.................................|   166.4   |   168.8   |   170.6   |  
05-7     | Refined petroleum products.....................|   238.8   |   282.1   |   291.4   |  
06-3     | Drugs and pharmaceuticals......................|   327.4   |   337.2   |   339.1   |  
06-5     | Agricultural chemicals and products............|   194.5   |   225.4   |   238.4   |  
06-7     | Other chemicals and allied products............|   165.1   |   168.3   |   169.5   |  
07-1     | Rubber and rubber products.....................|   142.7   |   146.7   |   147.6   |  
07-11    | Rubber, except natural rubber..................|   170.4   |   178.3   |   182.7   |  
07-13    | Miscellaneous rubber products..................|   156.7   |   159.1   |   159.7   |  
07-2     | Plastic products...............................|   168.3   |   171.5   |   171.1   |  
08-1     | Lumber.........................................|   167.3   |   162.3   |   162.8   |  
09-1     | Pulp, paper, and products, excluding building  |           |           |           |  
         |   paper and board..............................|   191.4   |   195.5   |   195.9   |  
09-15    | Converted paper and paperboard products........|   191.4   |   193.5   |   194.1   |  
10-1     | Iron and steel.................................|   200.6   |   223.0   |   245.8   |  
10-2     | Nonferrous metals..............................|   239.7   |   266.9   |   267.5   |  
10-25    | Nonferrous mill shapes.........................|   210.4   |   226.8   |   229.9   |  
11-3     | Metalworking machinery and equipment...........|   165.2   |   166.5   |   167.7   |  
11-4     | General purpose machinery and equipment........|   186.6   |   188.9   |   189.7   |  
11-6     | Special industry machinery.....................|   183.2   |   186.7   |   187.2   |  
11-7     | Electrical machinery and equipment.............|   112.6   |   113.5   |   113.6   |  
11-9     | Miscellaneous machinery and equipment..........|   157.4   |   162.2   |   161.7   |  
12-6     | Other household durable goods..................|   171.3   |   173.0   |   172.7   |  
13-2     | Concrete ingredients...........................|   223.4   |   230.6   |   229.3   |  
14-1     | Motor vehicles and equipment...................|   133.2   |   133.2   |   133.7   |  
15-1     | Toys, sporting goods, small arms, etc..........|   143.3   |   145.2   |   144.8   |  
15-4     | Photographic equipment and supplies............|   110.1   |   110.5   |   110.5   |  
15-9     | Other miscellaneous products...................|   156.6   |   161.4   |   161.3   |  
__________________________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|  
                                                                                                 
1/  Data for December 2007 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and     
    corrections by respondents.  All data are subject to revision 4 months after original        
    publication.                                                                                 
2/  Prices of some items in this grouping are lagged 1 month.  

                                  




Table 4.  Producer price indexes for the net output of selected industries and industry groups, not seasonally 
adjusted               
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________                 
                  |                                              |     |         Index         |  Percent change                     
  Industry        |                Industry 1/                   |Index|_______________________|to_Apr._2008_from:                 
    code          |                                              |base |       |       |       |        |                            
                  |                                              |     |Dec.   |Mar.   |Apr.   |  Apr.  |  Mar.                      
                  |                                              |     |2007 2/|2008 2/|2008 2/|  2007  |  2008                      
__________________|______________________________________________|_____|_______|_______|_______|________|_________                 
                  |                                              |     |                                                             
                  |Total mining, utilities, and manufacturing    |     |                                                             
                  | industries.................................. |12/06| 106.2   110.3   111.6      8.2      1.2                     
                  |                                              |     |                                                             
                  |Total mining industries...................... |12/84| 249.5   290.0   299.0     39.7      3.1                     
       211        | Oil and gas extraction...................... |12/85| 315.9   375.6   390.3     51.8      3.9                     
       212        | Mining (except oil & gas)................... |12/03| 161.2   175.6   176.4     11.5       .5                     
       213        | Mining support activities................... |12/03| 164.9   170.0   170.0     -1.2    0                         
                  |                                              |     |                                                             
       221        | Utilities................................... |12/03| 127.4   129.7   133.6      7.3      3.0                     
                  |                                              |     |                                                             
                  |Total manufacturing industries............... |12/84| 166.9   173.4   175.1      8.0      1.0                     
       311        | Food mfg.................................... |12/84| 162.8   170.2   170.9      8.9       .4                     
       312        | Beverage & tobacco mfg...................... |12/03| 111.2   112.6   113.0      3.6       .4                     
       313        | Textile mills............................... |12/03| 109.3   110.3   110.8      3.2       .5                     
       314        | Textile product mills....................... |12/03| 110.2   111.2   111.1      2.0      -.1                     
       315        | Apparel manufacturing....................... |12/03| 101.5   102.0   102.2       .6       .2                     
       316        | Leather and allied product manufacturing.... |12/84| 151.1   152.5   152.8      2.1       .2                     
       321        | Wood product manufacturing.................. |12/03| 106.1   105.8   106.0      -.9       .2                     
       322        | Paper manufacturing......................... |12/03| 118.0   119.6   120.2      4.8       .5                     
       323        | Printing and related support activities..... |12/03| 107.4   108.1   109.2      2.4      1.0                     
       324        | Petroleum and coal products manufacturing... |12/84| 288.4   336.4   347.6     34.1      3.3                     
       325        | Chemical mfg................................ |12/84| 210.4   216.9   220.4      9.6      1.6                     
       326        | Plastics and rubber products mfg............ |12/84| 153.2   156.5   156.3      4.6      -.1                     
       327        | Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing... |12/84| 166.9   168.8   169.8      1.6       .6                     
       331        | Primary metal mfg........................... |12/84| 188.6   202.9   210.5      8.4      3.7                     
       332        | Fabricated metal product mfg................ |12/84| 164.3   167.8   170.6      5.4      1.7                     
       333        | Machinery manufacturing..................... |12/03| 113.1   114.8   115.2      2.9       .3                     
       334        | Computer & electronic product mfg........... |12/03|  92.6    92.8    92.7     -2.5      -.1                     
       335        | Electrical equipment  and appliance mfg..... |12/03| 124.4   128.4   127.3      5.6      -.9                     
       336        | Transportation equipment manufacturing...... |12/03| 106.0   106.3   106.5      1.9       .2                     
       337        | Furniture & related product mfg............. |12/84| 166.4   167.8   169.7      2.5      1.1                     
       339        | Miscellaneous mfg........................... |12/03| 107.7   109.3   109.5      2.5       .2                     
                  |                                              |     |                                                             
                  |Total trade industries....................... |12/06| 103.9   105.4   106.7      3.5      1.2                     
                  |                                              |     |                                                             
                  |Total wholesale trade industries............. |12/06| 103.0   106.1   106.0      3.4      -.1                     
       423        | Merchant wholesalers, durable goods......... |06/04| 111.9   115.4   113.8      3.2     -1.4                     
       424        | Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods...... |06/05| 110.6   114.0   115.6      3.3      1.4                     
       425        | Wholesale trade agents and brokers.......... |06/05| 108.6   109.5   112.2      8.9      2.5                     
                  |                                              |     |                                                             
                  |Total retail trade industries................ |12/06| 104.5   105.0   107.2      3.6      2.1                     
       441        | Motor vehicle and parts dealers............. |12/03| 118.0   118.8   119.0      2.9       .2                     
       442        | Furniture and home furnishings stores....... |12/03| 119.0   122.2   119.2      3.0     -2.5                     
       443        | Electronics and appliance stores............ |12/03|  89.3    88.0   110.9     13.3     26.0                     
       444        | Bldg material and garden equip and supp      |     |                                                             
                  |  dealers.................................... |12/03| 119.6   121.0   119.5       .4     -1.2                     
       445        | Food and beverage stores.................... |12/99| 140.8   141.7   146.5      5.5      3.4                     
       446        | Health and personal care stores............. |12/03| 123.8   125.9   128.0      4.7      1.7                     
       447        | Gasoline stations........................... |06/01|  66.6    61.1    65.6     -7.7      7.4                     
       448        | Clothing and clothing accessories stores.... |12/03| 106.7   108.9   113.6      6.9      4.3                     
       451        | Sporting goods, hobby, book and music stores |12/03| 106.5   110.5   110.1     13.3      -.4                     
       452        | General merchandise stores.................. |12/03| 112.4   111.7   115.2      5.3      3.1                     
       454        | Nonstore retailers.......................... |12/03| 134.7   134.3   136.2      4.4      1.4                     
                  |                                              |     |                                                             
                  |Transportation and warehousing industries.... |12/06| 106.6   109.2   110.5      7.5      1.2                     
                  |                                              |     |                                                             
                  |Transportation industries.................... |12/06| 105.8   108.9   110.5      7.8      1.5                     
       481        | Air transportation.......................... |12/92| 187.1   197.2   199.5      9.4      1.2                     
       482        | Rail transportation......................... |12/96| 148.0   153.0   153.9     12.6       .6                     
       483        | Water transportation........................ |12/03| 116.4   120.8   122.1      9.6      1.1                     
       484        | Truck transportation........................ |12/03| 117.8   119.8   122.1      6.2      1.9                     
       486110     | Pipeline transportation of crude oil........ |06/86| 143.8   145.0   149.8     11.5      3.3                     
       486910     | Refined petroleum product pipeline           |     |                                                             
                  |  transport.................................. |06/86| 135.6   135.9   135.5      5.0      -.3                     
       488        | Transportation support activities........... |12/03| 109.3   109.8   111.9      3.0      1.9                     
                  |                                              |     |                                                             
                  |Delivery and warehouse industries............ |12/06| 108.6   109.7   110.0      6.1       .3                     
       491        | Postal service.............................. |06/89| 175.5   175.5   175.5      6.6    0                         
       492        | Couriers and messengers..................... |12/03| 134.3   137.1   137.8      6.3       .5                     
       493        | Warehousing and storage..................... |12/06| 104.0   105.2   105.3      3.4       .1                     
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________                 
See footnotes at end of table.


Table 4.  Producer price indexes for the net output of selected industries and industry groups, not seasonally 
adjusted -- Continued  
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________                 
                  |                                              |     |         Index         |  Percent change                     
  Industry        |                Industry 1/                   |Index|_______________________|to_Apr._2008_from:                 
    code          |                                              |base |       |       |       |        |                            
                  |                                              |     |Dec.   |Mar.   |Apr.   |  Apr.  |  Mar.                      
                  |                                              |     |2007 2/|2008 2/|2008 2/|  2007  |  2008                      
__________________|______________________________________________|_____|_______|_______|_______|________|_________                 
                  |                                              |     |                                                             
                  |Total traditional service industries......... |12/06| 101.8   101.3   102.0      0.9      0.7                     
                  |                                              |     |                                                             
                  |Information.................................. |12/06| 101.0   101.7   102.4      1.8       .7                     
       511        | Publishing industries, except Internet...... |12/03| 108.5   110.4   110.7      2.5       .3                     
       515        | Broadcasting, except Internet............... |12/03| 103.6   103.2   102.4      1.3      -.8                     
       517        | Telecommunications.......................... |12/03| 100.7   100.8   102.1      1.7      1.3                     
       5181       | ISPs and Web search portals................. |06/04|  72.7    72.2    72.6      -.7       .6                     
       5182       | Data processing and related services........ |12/03| 100.4   100.6   100.5       .4      -.1                     
                  |                                              |     |                                                             
                  |Selected health care industries.............. |12/06| 103.9   103.9   104.3      2.5       .4                     
       6211       | Offices of physicians....................... |12/96| 122.7   121.0   122.3       .1      1.1                     
       6215       | Medical and diagnostic laboratories......... |12/03| 106.7   106.8   107.4       .7       .6                     
       6216       | Home health care services................... |12/96| 125.3   125.6   125.5      1.5      -.1                     
       621991     | Blood and organ banks....................... |06/06| 104.4   105.6   105.6      2.7    0                         
       622        | Hospitals................................... |12/92| 161.9   162.7   162.9      3.5       .1                     
       6231       | Nursing care facilities..................... |12/03| 117.0   117.6   118.2      4.0       .5                     
       62321      | Residential mental retardation facilities... |12/03| 114.6   118.2   118.0      5.8      -.2                     
                  |                                              |     |                                                             
                  |Other selected traditional service            |     |                                                             
                  | industries.................................. |12/06| 101.3   100.3   101.1       .1       .8                     
       5221       | Depository credit intermediation............ |12/03| 107.6    99.9   104.3     -8.4      4.4                     
       523        | Security, commodity contracts and like       |     |                                                             
                  |  activity................................... |12/03| 123.0   118.4   119.2       .9       .7                     
       524        | Insurance carriers and related activities... |12/03| 108.4   109.3   109.3      1.8    0                         
       53112      | Lessors of nonres bldg (exc miniwarehouse).. |12/03| 110.0   107.9   109.1      3.0      1.1                     
       53113      | Lessors of miniwarehouse and self storage    |     |                                                             
                  |  units...................................... |12/03| 110.3   111.6   112.5      3.9       .8                     
       5312       | Offices of real estate agents and brokers... |12/03| 109.9   110.6   110.0     -1.3      -.5                     
       5321       | Automotive equipment rental and leasing..... |06/01| 119.1   121.6   117.8       .7     -3.1                     
       532412     | Other heavy machinery rental and leasing.... |12/03| 118.8   119.2   119.2       .8    0                         
       5411       | Legal services.............................. |12/96| 155.1   160.6   160.8      5.1       .1                     
       5413       | Architectural, engineering and related       |     |                                                             
                  |  services................................... |12/96| 140.8   140.0   140.4      0.5      0.3                     
       5416       | Management and technical consulting services |06/06| 104.7   105.0   105.1      2.5       .1                     
       54181      | Advertising agencies........................ |12/03| 105.1   105.2   106.0       .9       .8                     
       5613       | Employment services......................... |12/96| 122.2   122.5   122.3       .8      -.2                     
       56151      | Travel agencies............................. |12/03| 100.2    98.7    98.8     -2.4       .1                     
       56172      | Janitorial services......................... |12/03| 108.7   107.7   109.0      3.5      1.2                     
       5621       | Waste collection............................ |12/03| 108.4   112.1   112.3      4.8       .2                     
       61142      | Computer training........................... |06/06| 106.6   108.0   110.4      8.9      2.2                     
       71311      | Amusement and theme parks................... |06/06| 108.3   108.8   108.9      5.3       .1                     
       71391      | Golf courses and country clubs.............. |12/05| 104.6   106.7   105.3      1.1     -1.3                     
       71394      | Fitness and recreational sports centers..... |12/04| 101.0   100.7   101.0      1.7       .3                     
       721        | Accommodation............................... |12/96| 143.7   144.2   146.0      3.8      1.2                     
       8113       | Commercial machinery repair and maintenance. |06/06| 103.7   104.7   104.3      2.9      -.4                     
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________                 

1/ Indexes in this table are derived from the net-output-weighted industry price indexes.  Because of differences
   in coverage and aggregation methodology, they will generally not match the movements of similarly titled 
   indexes which are derived from traditional commodity groupings.                              
2/ The indexes for December 2007 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents.                      
   All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.                                                       
3/ Not available.                                                                                                                    
   
Note:  NAICS replaced the SIC system beginning with the release of PPI data for January 2004.

                       



Table 5.  Producer price indexes by stage of processing, seasonally adjusted                                 
(1982=100)                                                                                                   
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                       |                                                     
                                                       |                      Index 1/                       
                                                       |_____________________________________________________
               Grouping                                |        |        |        |        |        |        
                                                       |  Nov.  |  Dec.  |  Jan.  |  Feb.  |  Mar.  |  Apr.  
                                                       |  2007  |  2007  |  2008  |  2008  |  2008  |  2008  
_______________________________________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________
                                                       |                                                     
      Finished goods...................................| 172.3    171.4    173.3    173.9    175.8    176.1
        Finished consumer goods........................| 180.8    179.7    182.0    182.6    185.0    185.2
          Finished consumer foods......................| 169.7    171.9    174.8    173.9    176.0    176.0
            Crude......................................| 174.6    189.2    193.8    175.5    191.1    183.6
            Processed..................................| 169.3    170.2    173.0    173.8    174.6    175.4
          Finished consumer goods, excluding foods.....| 184.8    182.4    184.4    185.6    188.1    188.4
            Nondurable goods less foods................| 204.9    201.5    204.2    205.7    209.2    209.4
            Durable goods..............................| 139.0    138.7    139.2    139.9    140.1    140.8
        Capital equipment..............................| 150.4    150.3    150.9    151.7    151.9    152.5
          Manufacturing industries.....................| 153.3    153.4    154.5    155.1    155.5    156.5
          Nonmanufacturing industries..................| 149.3    149.2    149.6    150.4    150.6    151.1
                                                       |                                            
      Intermediate materials, supplies, and components.| 176.9    177.2    179.2    180.6    184.8    186.5
        Materials and components for manufacturing.....| 166.3    166.4    168.4    169.8    172.5    174.5
          Materials for food manufacturing.............| 167.4    170.7    174.8    177.5    180.4    179.9
          Materials for nondurable manufacturing.......| 195.2    195.0    199.5    201.2    204.2    207.6
          Materials for durable manufacturing..........| 188.9    188.3    189.2    192.2    199.5    203.3
          Components for manufacturing.................| 136.8    136.9    137.2    137.6    138.1    138.7
        Materials and components for construction......| 193.5    193.8    194.2    195.5    197.1    199.1
        Processed fuels and lubricants.................| 192.6    192.7    195.8    197.2    209.1    210.7
          Manufacturing industries.....................| 188.2    186.6    189.6    190.4    201.6    201.3
          Nonmanufacturing industries..................| 195.0    195.7    198.8    200.6    212.7    215.1
        Containers.....................................| 183.2    183.5    184.4    185.6    185.8    187.0
        Supplies.......................................| 164.0    164.6    166.5    167.9    169.4    170.5
          Manufacturing industries.....................| 164.3    165.0    166.1    167.0    167.5    168.4
          Nonmanufacturing industries..................| 162.5    163.1    165.2    166.8    168.5    169.6
            Feeds......................................| 150.3    153.5    162.9    170.0    180.3    177.8
            Other supplies.............................| 164.9    165.3    166.8    168.0    169.0    170.4
                                                       |                                            
      Crude materials for further processing...........| 226.3    230.3    237.5    246.2    266.0    274.6
        Foodstuffs and feedstuffs......................| 153.8    160.2    164.9    166.1    169.4    167.9
        Nonfood materials..............................| 274.8    276.3    285.4    299.8    332.5    349.1
          Nonfood materials except fuel 2/.............| 281.0    278.1    289.3    294.1    327.6    346.4
            Manufacturing 2/...........................| 261.4    258.7    269.2    273.7    305.2    322.9
            Construction...............................| 198.2    198.5    197.7    198.2    198.9    196.9
          Crude fuel 3/................................| 243.6    251.2    256.7    283.5    312.4    324.4
            Manufacturing industries...................| 231.3    238.4    243.7    268.5    295.3    306.4
            Nonmanufacturing industries................| 249.1    256.9    262.6    290.0    319.7    331.9
                                                       |                                            
                     Special groupings                 |                                            
                                                       |                                            
      Finished goods, excluding foods..................| 172.7    171.0    172.6    173.7    175.4    175.8
      Intermediate materials less foods and feeds......| 177.7    177.8    179.7    181.0    185.2    187.0
      Intermediate foods and feeds.....................| 162.0    165.2    170.9    174.8    179.9    178.8
      Crude materials less agricultural products 2/....| 282.3    283.7    292.9    307.8    341.6    358.6
                                                       |                                            
      Finished energy goods............................| 175.9    169.7    173.3    174.6    179.6    179.3
      Finished goods less energy.......................| 164.5    165.1    166.4    166.9    167.7    168.2
      Finished consumer goods less energy..............| 170.7    171.6    173.3    173.6    174.7    175.2
                                                       |                                            
      Finished goods less foods and energy.............| 163.0    163.1    163.9    164.8    165.2    165.9
      Finished consumer goods less foods and energy....| 171.6    171.8    172.6    173.7    174.2    174.9
      Consumer nondurable goods less foods and energy..| 199.3    200.0    201.1    202.6    203.4    204.1
                                                       |                                            
      Intermediate energy goods........................| 193.9    194.0    197.4    199.5    211.3    212.3
      Intermediate materials less energy...............| 170.3    170.6    172.1    173.4    175.4    177.3
      Intermediate materials less foods and energy.....| 170.9    171.0    172.3    173.4    175.3    177.4
                                                       |                                            
      Crude energy materials 2/........................| 267.3    268.6    275.8    291.3    330.2    343.7
      Crude materials less energy......................| 190.4    196.2    203.2    206.5    211.6    216.1
      Crude nonfood materials less energy 3/...........| 292.2    294.6    309.7    319.8    330.9    357.1
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                                             
  1/  All seasonally adjusted indexes are subject to change up to 5 years after original publication due to  
      the recalculation of seasonal factors each January.  The indexes for December 2007 have been           
      recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents.                               
  2/  Includes crude petroleum.                                                                              
  3/  Excludes crude petroleum.



Last Modified Date: May 20, 2008
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