Economic News Release

Producer Price Index News Release

FOR DATA ONLY:  (202) 691-5200      USDL 08-1181
FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:          TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN
(202) 691-7705                      THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
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http://www.bls.gov/ppi              AUGUST 19, 2008

                             Producer Price Indexes -- July 2008

	The Producer Price Index for Finished Goods advanced 1.2 percent in July, seasonally 
adjusted, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  This 
increase followed a 1.8-percent jump in June and a 1.4-percent rise in May.  At the earlier stages 
of processing, prices received by manufacturers of intermediate goods moved up 2.7 percent in 
July compared with a 2.1-percent gain in the prior month, and the index for crude materials for 
further processing climbed 4.2 percent subsequent to a 3.7-percent increase in June.  (See table 
A.)

Table A. Monthly and annual percent changes in selected stage-of-processing price indexes, seasonally adjusted
Month Finished goods Intermediate
goods
Crude
goods
Total Foods Energy Except foods
and energy
Change in
finished goods
from 12 months
ago (unadj.)

2007

July

0.5 -0.1 2.2 0.2 4.2 0.7 0.3

Aug.

-0.8 0.0 -4.2 0.1 2.3 -0.9 -3.5

Sept.

0.5 1.1 1.2 0.1 4.4 0.0 0.9

Oct.

0.5 1.3 1.1 0.1 6.1 0.6 4.0

Nov.

2.6 -0.2 11.7 0.3 7.3 2.9 6.8

Dec.

-0.5 1.3 -3.5 0.1 6.2 0.2 1.8

2008

Jan.

1.2 1.7 2.2 0.6 7.4 1.2 2.9

Feb.

0.3 -0.6 1.0 0.4 6.5 0.9 3.9

Mar.(1)

0.9 1.4 2.5 0.1 6.7 2.4 6.7

Apr.(1)

0.3 -0.1 -0.2 0.6 6.5 0.7 4.6

May

1.4 0.8 4.9 0.2 7.2 2.9 6.7

June

1.8 1.5 6.0 0.2 9.2 2.1 3.7

July

1.2 0.3 3.1 0.7 9.8 2.7 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for March 2008 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

        
        Among prices for finished goods, the index for energy goods rose 3.1 percent in July 
following a 6.0-percent jump in June.  Price increases for finished consumer foods also slowed, 
from 1.5 percent in June to 0.3 percent in July.  By contrast, partially offsetting the deceleration 
in finished goods prices, the index for finished goods other than foods and energy advanced 0.7 
percent after edging up 0.2 percent in June.

	Before seasonal adjustment, the Producer Price Index for Finished Goods moved up 1.4 
percent in July to 185.0 (1982 = 100).  From July 2007 to July 2008, the finished goods index 
advanced 9.8 percent.  Over the same period, prices for finished energy goods jumped 28.0 
percent, the index for finished goods other than foods and energy increased 3.5 percent, and 
prices for finished consumer foods rose 8.7 percent.  For the 12-month period ended in July, the 
index for intermediate goods advanced 16.6 percent, and prices received by crude goods 
producers surged 51.2 percent.

Finished goods

	The finished energy goods index increased 3.1 percent in July compared with a 6.0-
percent advance in June.  Home heating oil prices moved up 3.7 percent in July following a 12.4-
percent jump in the previous month, and the gasoline index turned down 0.2 percent after rising 
9.0 percent in June.  Prices for diesel fuel increased less than they had a month earlier.  
Conversely, slightly counteracting the deceleration in finished energy goods prices, the index for 
residential electric power climbed 2.0 percent subsequent to a 0.8-percent gain in June.  Prices 
for residential natural gas, asphalt, liquefied petroleum gas, and lubricating and similar oils also 
rose more than in the prior month.  (See table 2.)

	The index for finished consumer foods edged up 0.3 percent in July after jumping 1.5 percent in 
June.  Higher prices for beef and veal, fluid milk products, soft drinks, bakery products, and 
boxed meat outweighed lower prices for fresh vegetables (except potatoes), eggs for fresh use, 
fresh fruits and melons, natural cheese (except cottage cheese), and frozen juices and ades. 

Table B. Monthly and annual percent changes in selected price indexes for intermediate goods and crude goods, seasonally adjusted
Month Intermediate goods Crude goods
Foods Energy Except
foods
and energy
Change in
intermediate
goods from
12 months
ago (unadj.)
Foods Energy Except
foods
and energy
Change in
crude
goods from
12 months
ago (unadj.)

2007

July

0.7 2.0 0.4 4.2 1.1 -0.5 0.7 12.9

Aug.

0.4 -2.9 -0.4 2.4 -1.6 -6.4 0.6 6.1

Sept.

1.3 -0.5 0.1 4.1 2.7 -0.8 2.2 11.3

Oct.

1.2 1.3 0.4 5.7 -0.2 8.2 1.5 26.8

Nov.

1.4 10.4 0.8 7.9 2.9 12.3 -0.9 20.9

Dec.

2.0 0.1 0.1 7.1 4.2 0.5 0.8 19.8

2008

Jan.

3.5 1.9 0.9 8.9 3.1 1.8 4.7 30.8

Feb.

2.4 1.2 0.6 9.0 1.2 6.6 3.6 24.6

Mar.(1)

3.0 6.0 1.3 10.7 2.2 11.5 3.7 29.7

Apr.(1)

-0.9 0.1 0.9 10.5 -1.6 5.7 7.7 34.3

May

3.2 6.2 2.0 12.6 1.8 13.1 5.0 41.5

June

1.0 5.0 1.3 14.5 3.5 5.4 -0.2 45.5

July

4.0 4.3 2.0 16.6 0.1 6.9 3.4 51.2

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for March 2008 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

        
        The index for finished goods less foods and energy climbed 0.7 percent in July after 
increasing 0.2 percent a month earlier.  Prices for light motor trucks moved up 0.8 percent 
subsequent to a 1.8-percent drop in June.  The indexes for pharmaceutical preparations, 
consumer plastic products, and communication and related equipment also turned up in July.  
Prices for turbine and turbine generator sets rose more than they had in the previous month.  
Conversely, the index for passenger cars increased 1.4 percent following a 2.2-percent gain in 
June.  Pet food prices also rose less in July.  The indexes for wood household furniture and for 
textbooks turned down after rising in the prior month. 

Intermediate goods

	The Producer Price Index for Intermediate Materials, Supplies, and Components 
advanced 2.7 percent in July following a 2.1-percent increase in June.  Prices for materials for 
nondurable manufacturing, intermediate food and feeds, and materials and components for 
construction rose more than they had in the previous month.  By contrast, partially offsetting the 
acceleration in intermediate goods prices, the indexes for intermediate energy goods and 
materials for durable manufacturing increased less than they had in June.  Excluding foods and 
energy, prices for intermediate goods moved up 2.0 percent in July after rising 1.3 percent a 
month earlier.  (See table B.)
	
        The index for materials for nondurable manufacturing climbed 5.4 percent in July 
compared with a 2.7-percent gain in the preceding month.  Prices for basic organic chemicals 
moved up 6.9 percent in July following a 2.6-percent advance a month earlier.  The indexes for 
plastic resins and materials, inedible fats and oils, paper, meats, and synthetic rubber also 
increased more than they had in June.  Prices for alkalies and chlorine turned up in July.  By 
contrast, the advance in the index for agricultural chemicals slowed to 7.9 percent from 14.2 
percent in June.  Prices for leather turned down in July.  (See table 2.)

        Prices for intermediate foods and feeds advanced 4.0 percent subsequent to a 1.0-percent 
increase in June.  The formula feeds index climbed 8.3 percent after rising 1.1 percent in the 
previous month.  Prices for meats and for shortening and cooking oils also increased more than 
they had a month earlier.  The index for corn, cottonseed, and soybean cake and meal turned up 
in July.  By contrast, the flour index moved down 7.8 percent following a 0.8-percent decrease in 
June.  Prices for processed eggs also declined more compared with the preceding month.  The 
indexes for natural, processed, and imitation cheese and for processed poultry turned down in 
July.
	
        The index for materials and components for construction advanced 1.7 percent in July 
after rising 1.5 percent in the preceding month.  The paving mixtures and blocks index increased 
14.5 percent subsequent to a 6.3-percent advance a month earlier.  Prices for asphalt felts and 
coatings and for plastic construction products also rose more than they had in June.  The index 
for nonferrous wire and cable turned up in July, and prices for cast iron pressure and soil pipe 
and fittings advanced following no change in the prior month.  By contrast, prices for steel mill 
products moved up 1.7 percent after jumping 8.1 percent in June.  The index for non-farm 
prefabricated metal building systems also advanced less than it had a month earlier.  Prices for 
softwood lumber and ready-mixed concrete turned down in July.
        
	The intermediate energy goods index moved up 4.3 percent subsequent to a 5.0-percent 
increase a month earlier.  Diesel fuel prices advanced 2.6 percent following a 6.7-percent jump in 
June.  The indexes for jet fuel and home heating oil also rose less than in the preceding month.  
Gasoline prices declined after climbing in June.  By contrast, the index for electric power 
increased 1.3 percent compared with a 0.3-percent decline in the previous month.  Price 
increases for residual fuels, utility natural gas, and asphalt accelerated in July.  

        Prices for materials for durable manufacturing moved up 1.5 percent following a 1.7-
percent increase in June.  Leading this deceleration, the steel mill products index advanced 1.7 
percent subsequent to an 8.1-percent rise in the previous month.  Prices for softwood lumber and 
for building paper and board turned down in July.  By contrast, the index for primary nonferrous 
metals rose 3.2 percent in July after decreasing 5.8 percent a month earlier.  Similarly, prices for 
copper and brass mill shapes, nonferrous wire and cable, and paints and allied products also 
turned up in July.  The plastic resins and materials index advanced more than it had in the prior 
month.
        
Crude goods

	The Producer Price Index for Crude Materials for Further Processing increased 4.2 
percent in July following a 3.7-percent advance in June.  Prices for crude energy materials rose 
more than in June.  The index for crude nonfood materials less energy turned up after falling a 
month earlier.  By contrast, partially offsetting the acceleration in crude goods prices, the index 
for crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs increased less in July than it had in the prior month.  (See 
table B.)

        The index for crude energy materials climbed 6.9 percent in July following a 5.4-percent 
rise a month earlier.  The increase in the index for natural gas accelerated to 7.8 percent from 5.2 
percent in June.  Prices for crude petroleum advanced 6.7 percent following a 4.4-percent rise in 
the previous month.  Conversely, the index for coal moved up 2.1 percent in July after jumping 
14.4 percent in the prior month.  (See table 2.)
        
        The index for crude nonfood materials less energy turned up 3.4 percent in July after 
edging down 0.2 percent a month earlier.  The index for nonferrous scrap climbed 5.0 percent 
following a 5.6-percent drop in June.  Prices for wastepaper and for stainless and alloy steel 
scrap also turned up after falling in the previous month.  The indexes for carbon steel scrap and 
gold ores advanced more than in June.  Conversely, the rise in the index for phosphates slowed 
to 9.6 percent in July from 25.4 percent in the prior month.  Prices for construction sand, gravel, 
and crushed stone, and for pulpwood turned down after increasing in June.
        
        The index for crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs inched up 0.1 percent after advancing 3.5 
percent in June.  In July, higher prices for slaughter steers and heifers, soybeans, slaughter 
chickens, and slaughter cows and bulls slightly outweighed lower prices for wheat, corn, 
ungraded chicken eggs, and fresh vegetables, except potatoes.

Net output price indexes

Mining, Utilities, and Manufacturing Industries.  The Producer Price Index for the Net Output 
of Total Mining, Utilities, and Manufacturing Industries climbed 2.2 percent in July following a 
1.8-percent advance in June.  (Net output price indexes are not seasonally adjusted.)  Prices 
received by the livestock slaughtering industry jumped 6.8 percent in July after increasing 0.7 
percent a month earlier.  The indexes for animal feed manufacturing (excluding pet food), natural 
gas distribution, and crude petroleum and natural gas extraction also moved up more than they 
had in June.  Prices received by the industry for automobile, light truck, and utility vehicle 
manufacturing turned up in July.  By contrast, partially offsetting the acceleration in the index 
for total mining, utilities, and manufacturing industries, the index for electric power distribution 
advanced 1.9 percent following a 3.3-percent rise in June.  Prices received by the industries for 
phosphate fertilizer manufacturing and petroleum refining also increased less in July than they 
had in the preceding month.  The index for cheese manufacturing declined after moving up in 
June.  In July, the index for total mining, utilities, and manufacturing industries was 118.9 
(December 2006 = 100), 12.9 percent above its year-ago level.

Trade Industries.  The Producer Price Index for the Net Output of Total Trade Industries 
climbed 1.1 percent in July following a 0.7-percent rise in June.  (Trade indexes measure 
changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.)  Margins received by wholesalers of 
nondurable goods edged up 0.2 percent in July after dropping 4.0 percent in the prior month.  
The margin indexes for grocery stores (excluding convenience stores), electronic shopping and 
mail-order houses, and tire dealers also turned up after falling in June.  Margins received by 
gasoline stations with convenience stores and by pharmacies and drug stores increased more in 
July than they had a month earlier.  By contrast, margins received by merchant wholesalers of 
durable goods climbed 1.3 percent following a 2.6-percent rise a month earlier.  The margin 
index for non-discount department stores also advanced less than it had in June.  Margins 
received by family clothing stores turned down in July.  In July, the index for total trade 
industries was 110.1 (December 2006 = 100), 5.5 percent above its year-ago level.

Transportation and Warehousing Industries.  The Producer Price Index for the Net Output of 
Total Transportation and Warehousing Industries rose 0.8 percent in July after climbing 2.3 
percent in June.  The increase in prices received by the scheduled passenger air transportation 
industry slowed to 0.5 percent in July from 5.8 percent in the previous month.  The indexes for 
general freight trucking, line-haul railroads, deep sea freight transportation, and both local and 
long distance specialized freight trucking of new goods also advanced less than they had in June.  
Prices received by the scheduled freight air transportation industry turned down in July.  By 
contrast, the index for the couriers industry increased 2.4 percent following a 1.2-percent gain in 
June.  Prices received by the industries for pipeline transportation of crude oil and for general 
warehousing and storage moved up in July after no change in the prior month.  In July, the index 
for total transportation and warehousing industries was 115.9 (December 2006 = 100), 10.3 
percent above its year-ago level.

Traditional Service Industries.  The Producer Price Index for the Net Output of Total 
Traditional Service Industries edged down 0.2 percent in July after inching up 0.1 percent in 
June.  Leading this downturn, prices received by the commercial banking industry dropped 5.5 
percent in July following a 0.4-percent decline in the preceding month.  Prices received by 
casino hotels also fell more than in June.  The indexes for the securities, commodity contracts, 
and like activities industry sector and for the engineering services industry turned down in July.   
Conversely, the index for savings institutions rose 1.2 percent following a 2.7-percent decline in 
June.  Prices received by the industries for software publishers, offices of certified public 
accountants, and real estate agents and brokers also turned up in July after falling in the previous 
month.  The index for passenger car rental rose more than in June.  In July, the index for total 
traditional service industries was 101.8 (December 2006 = 100), 0.4 percent above its year-ago 
level.

                                         *****
Producer Price Index data for August 2008 are scheduled to be released on Friday, September 
12, 2008 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).

                                         *****

                                Resampling of Industries

	Effective with this release, the Producer Price Index (PPI) includes data for 58 resampled and 4 
newly introduced industries classified according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS).  The Bureau of Labor Statistics periodically updates the sample of producers providing data for 
the PPI to reflect current conditions more accurately when the structure, membership, technology, or 
product mix of an industry shifts.  The first results of this systematic process were published in July 1986.  
Subsequent efforts have been completed at 6-month intervals.  
        For information on specific index additions, deletions, and recodes that are effective with this 
semiannual update, see the July 2008 issue of the PPI Detailed Report online at 
http://www.bls.gov/ppi/ppidr200807.pdf, or contact the Division of Industrial Prices and Price Indexes, 
Section of Index Analysis and Public Information at ppi-info@bls.gov or (202) 691-7705.

NAICS
Code                    Industry

212111          Bituminous coal and lignite surface mining
212112          Bituminous coal underground mining
212290          Other metal ore mining
23811X          Concrete contractors, nonresidential building work*
23816X          Roofing contractors, nonresidential building work*
23821X          Electrical contractors, nonresidential building work*
23822X          Plumbing/HVAC contractors, nonresidential building work*
311230          Breakfast cereal manufacturing
311422          Specialty canning
311611          Animal, except poultry, slaughtering
311612          Meat processed from carcasses
311615          Poultry processing
311911          Roasted nuts and peanut butter manufacturing
311920          Coffee and tea manufacturing
311991          Perishable prepared food manufacturing
311999          All other miscellaneous food manufacturing
313111          Yarn spinning mills
313112          Yarn texturizing and twisting mills
313113          Thread mills
313230          Nonwoven fabric mills
313241          Weft knit fabric mills
313249          Other knit fabric and lace mills
323112          Commercial flexographic printing
325132          Synthetic organic dye and pigment manufacturing
325192          Cyclic crude and intermediate manufacturing
327112          Vitreous china and earthenware articles manufacturing
331521          Aluminum die-casting foundries
331524          Aluminum foundries, except die-casting
331528          Other nonferrous foundries, except die-casting
332114          Custom roll forming
332721          Precision turned product manufacturing
332722          Bolt, nut, screw, rivet, and washer manufacturing
332812          Metal coating and nonprecious engraving
333618          Other engine equipment manufacturing
333992          Welding and soldering equipment manufacturing
334290          Other communications equipment manufacturing
334412          Bare printed circuit board manufacturing
334414          Electronic capacitor manufacturing
334518          Watch, clock, and part manufacturing
335129          Other lighting equipment manufacturing
335999          Miscellaneous electrical equipment manufacturing
336413          Other aircraft parts and equipment
336999          All other transportation equipment manufacturing
337211          Wood office furniture manufacturing
337212          Custom architectural woodwork and millwork
339920          Sporting and athletic goods manufacturing
443120          Computer and software stores
448110          Men's clothing stores
448120          Women's clothing stores
448140          Family clothing stores
481211          Nonscheduled air passenger chartering**
481212          Nonscheduled air freight chartering**
492210          Local messengers and local delivery
511191          Greeting card publishers
515120          Television broadcasting
518210          Data processing and related services
531130          Lessors of miniwarehouses and self-storage units
541219          Other accounting services
621111          Offices of physicians, except mental health
622110          General medical and surgical hospitals
622210          Psychiatric and substance abuse hospitals
622310          Other specialty hospitals

* For further discussion of these newly introduced PPIs, see the July 2008 issue of the PPI Detailed 
Report online at http://www.bls.gov/ppi/ppidr200807.pdf, or contact the Division of Industrial Prices 
and Price Indexes, Section of Index Analysis and Public Information at ppi-info@bls.gov or (202) 691-
7705.

** NAICS 481211 and NAICS 481212 were previously service lines within a single industry, NAICS 
481210.

 







Technical Note

               Brief Explanation of Producer Prices Indexes

     The Producer Price Index (PPI) of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)
is a family of indexes that measure the average change over time in the
prices received by domestic producers of goods and services.  PPIs measure
price change from the perspective of the seller.  This contrasts with other
measures, such as the Consumer Price Index (CPI).  CPIs measure price
change from the purchaser's perspective.  Sellers' and purchasers' prices
can differ due to government subsidies, sales and excise taxes, and
distribution costs.

     More than 8,000 PPIs for individual products and groups of products
are released each month.  PPIs are available for the products of virtually
every industry in the mining and manufacturing sectors of the U.S. economy.
New PPIs are gradually being introduced for the products of industries in
the construction, trade, finance, and services sectors of the economy.

     More than 100,000 price quotations per month are organized into three
sets of PPIs:  (1) Stage-of-processing indexes, (2) commodity indexes, and
(3) indexes for the net output of industries and their products.  The stage-
of-processing structure organizes products by class of buyer and degree of
fabrication.  The commodity structure organizes products by similarity of
end use or material composition.  The entire output of various industries
is sampled to derive price indexes for the net output of industries and
their products.
     
                        Stage-of-Processing Indexes
                                     
     Within the stage-of-processing system, finished goods are commodities
that will not undergo further processing and are ready for sale to the
final-demand user, either an individual consumer or business firm.
Consumer foods include unprocessed foods such as eggs and fresh vegetables,
as well as processed foods such as bakery products and meats.  Other
finished consumer goods include durable goods such as automobiles,
household furniture, and appliances, as well as nondurable goods such as
apparel and home heating oil.  Capital equipment includes durable goods
such as heavy motor trucks, tractors, and machine tools.

     The stage-of-processing category for intermediate materials, supplies,
and components consists partly of commodities that have been processed but
require further processing.  Examples of such semifinished goods include
flour, cotton yarn, steel mill products, and lumber.  The intermediate
goods category also encompasses nondurable, physically complete items
purchased by business firms as inputs for their operations.  Examples
include diesel fuel, belts and belting, paper boxes, and fertilizers.

     Crude materials for further processing are products entering the
market for the first time that have not been manufactured or fabricated and
that are not sold directly to consumers.  Crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs
include items such as grains and livestock.  Examples of crude nonfood
materials include raw cotton, crude petroleum, coal, hides and skins, and
iron and steel scrap.
                                     
                             Commodity Indexes

     The commodity classification structure of the PPI organizes products
by similarity of end use or material composition, disregarding industry of
origin.  Fifteen major commodity groupings (two-digit commodity codes) make
up the All Commodities Index. Each major commodity grouping includes (in
descending order of aggregation) subgroups (three-digit codes), product
classes (four-digit codes), subproduct classes (six-digit codes), and
individual items (eight-digit codes).  Nearly all eight-digit commodities
under the traditional commodity coding system are now derived from
corresponding industry-classified product indexes.  In such instances,
movements in the traditional commodity price indexes and corresponding
percent changes will be virtually identical to their industry-based
counterparts, even if their index levels differ.
                                     
                     Industry Net-Output Price Indexes
                                     
     PPIs for the net output of industries and their products are grouped
according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).
Prior to the release of January 2004, industry-based PPIs were published
according to the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system.  Industry
price indexes are compatible with other economic time series organized by
industry, such as data on employment, wages, and productivity.  Table 5 of
the PPI Detailed Report includes data for NAICS industries and industry
groups (3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-digit codes); Census product classes (7- and 8-
digit codes), products (9-digit codes), and more detailed subproducts (11-
digit codes); and, for some industries, indexes for other sources of
revenue.

     Indexes may represent one of three kinds of product categories.  Every
industry has primary product indexes to show changes in prices received by
establishments classified in the industry for products made primarily, but
not necessarily exclusively, by that industry.  The industry classification
of an establishment is determined by which products make up a plurality of
its total shipment value.  In addition, most industries have secondary
product indexes that show changes in prices received by establishments
classified in the industry for products chiefly made in some other
industry.  Finally, some industries have miscellaneous receipts indexes to
show price changes in other sources of revenue received by establishments
within the industry that are not derived from sales of their products-for
example, resales of purchased materials, or revenues from parking lots
owned by a manufacturing plant.
                                     
                              Data Collection
                                     
     PPIs are based on selling prices reported by establishments of all
sizes selected by probability sampling, with the probability of selection
proportionate to size.  Individual items and transaction terms from these
firms also are chosen by probability proportionate to size.  BLS strongly
encourages cooperating companies to supply actual transaction prices at the
time of shipment to minimize the use of list prices.  Prices submitted by
survey respondents are effective on the Tuesday of the week containing the
13th day of the month.  This survey is conducted primarily through the
mail.

     Price data are provided on a voluntary and confidential basis; only
sworn BLS employees are allowed access to individual company price reports.
BLS publishes price indexes instead of actual prices.  All PPIs are subject
to revision 4 months after original publication to reflect the availability
of late reports and corrections by respondents.

     BLS periodically updates the PPI sample of survey respondents to
better reflect current conditions when the structure, membership,
technology, or product mix of an industry shifts significantly and to
spread reporting burden among smaller firms.  Results of these resampling
efforts are incorporated into the PPI with the release of data for January
and July.

     As part of an ongoing effort to expand coverage to sectors of the
economy other than mining and manufacturing, an increasing number of
service sector industries have been introduced into the PPI.  The following
list of recently introduced industries includes the month and year in which
an article describing the industry's content appeared in the PPI Detailed
Report.

                                                                      PPI
                                                                      Detailed
                                                                      Report
              Title                                           Code    Issue

                                                              SIC             
Wireless telecommunications...................................4812    July 1999
Telephone communications, except radio telephone..............4813    July 1995
Television broadcasting.......................................4833    July 2002
Grocery stores................................................5411    July 2000
Meat and fish (seafood) markets...............................5421    July 2000
Fruit and vegetable markets...................................5431    July 2000
Candy, nut, and confectionery stores..........................5441    July 2000
Retail bakeries...............................................5461    July 2000
Miscellaneous food stores.....................................5499    July 2000
New car dealers...............................................5511    July 2000
Gasoline service stations.....................................5541    January 2002
Boat dealers..................................................5551    January 2002
Recreational vehicle dealers..................................5561    January 2002
Miscellaneous retail..........................................59      January 2001
Security brokers, dealers, and investment bankers.............6211    January 2001
Investment advice.............................................6282    January 2003
Life insurance carriers.......................................6311    January 1999
Property and casualty insurance...............................6331    July 1998
Insurance agencies and brokerages.............................6412    January 2003
Operators and lessors of nonresidential buildings.............6512    January 1996
Real estate agents and managers...............................6531    January 1996
Prepackaged software..........................................7372    January 1998
Data processing services......................................7374    January 2002
Home health care services.....................................8082    January 1997
Legal services................................................8111    January 1997
Engineering design, analysis, and consulting services.........8711    January 1997
Architectural design, analysis, and consulting services.......8712    January 1997
Premiums for property and casualty insurance..................9331    July 1998
                                                         
                                                              NAICS            
New industrial building construction..........................236211  January 2008
New warehouse building construction...........................236221  July 2005
New school construction.......................................236222  July 2006
New office construction.......................................236223  January 2007
Merchant wholesalers, durable goods...........................423     July 2005
Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods........................424     July 2005
Wholesale trade agents and brokers............................425120  July 2005
Furniture and home furnishings stores.........................442     January 2004
Electronics and appliance stores..............................443     January 2004
Building  material and garden equipment and supplies dealers..444     January 2004
Clothing and clothing accessories stores......................448     January 2004
Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores.................451     January 2004
General merchandise stores....................................452     January 2004
Miscellaneous store retailers.................................453     January 2004
Internet service providers....................................518111  July 2005
Web search portals............................................518112  July 2005
Commercial banking............................................522110  January 2005
Savings institutions..........................................522120  January 2005
Direct health and medical insurance carriers..................524114  July 2004
Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment 
rental and leasing............................................532412  January 2005
Management consulting services................................541610  January 2007
Security guards and patrol services...........................561612  July 2005
Computer training.............................................611420  July 2007
Blood and organ banks.........................................621991  January 2007
Amusement and theme parks.....................................713110  July 2006
Golf courses and country clubs................................713910  July 2006
Fitness and recreational sports centers.......................713940  July 2005
Commercial machinery repair and maintenance...................811310  July 2007
                                     
                                  Weights

     Weights for most traditional commodity groupings of the PPI, as well
as weights for commodity-based aggregate indexes calculated using traditional 
commodity groupings, such as stage-of-processing indexes, currently reflect
2002 values of shipments as reported in the Census of Manufactures and 
other sources. From January 2002 through December 2006, PPI weights were 
derived from 1997 shipment values.  Industry indexes now are calculated 
with 2002 weights and 1997 net output ratios.  This periodic update of
the value weights used to calculate the PPI is done to more accurately
reflect changes in production and marketing patterns in the economy.  Net
output values of shipments are used as weights for industry indexes.  Net
output values refer to the value of shipments from establishments within
the industry to buyers outside the industry.  However, weights for
commodity price indexes are based on gross shipment values, including
values of shipments between establishments within the same industry.  As a
result, broad commodity grouping indexes, such as the PPI for All
Commodities, are affected by the multiple counting of price change at
successive stages of processing, which can lead to exaggerated or
misleading signals about inflation.  Stage-of-processing indexes partially
correct for this defect, but industry indexes consistently correct for this
at all levels of aggregation.  Therefore, industry and stage-of-processing
indexes are more appropriate than broad commodity groupings for economic
analysis of general price trends.
     
                        Price Index Reference Base
                                     
     Effective with publication of January 1988 data, many important PPI
series (including stage-of-processing groupings and most commodity groups
and individual items) were placed on a new reference base, 1982 = 100.
From 1971 through 1987, the standard reference base for most PPI series was
1967 = 100.  Except for rounding differences, the shift to the new
reference base did not alter any previously published percent changes for
affected PPI series.  (See "Calculating Index Changes," below.)  The 1982
reference base is not used for commodity indexes with a base later than
December 1981 or for industry net output indexes and their products.

     For further information on the underlying concepts and methodology of
the Producer Price Index, see chapter 14, "Producer Prices," in BLS
Handbook of Methods (April  1997), Bulletin 2490.  This document can be
downloaded from the BLS Web site at (www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch14_itc.htm).
Reprints are available on request.

                         Calculating Index Changes
                                     
     Each PPI measures price changes from a reference period that equals
100.0.  An increase of 5.5 percent from the reference period in the
Finished Goods Price Index, for example, is shown as 105.5.  This change
also can be expressed in dollars, as follows:  prices received by domestic
producers of a sample of finished goods have risen from $100 in 1982 to
$105.50.  Likewise, a current index of 90.0 would indicate that prices
received by producers of finished goods are 10 percent lower than they were
in 1982.

     Movements of price indexes from one month to another are usually
expressed as percent changes, rather than as changes in index points.
Index point changes are affected by the level of the index in relation to
its base period, whereas percent changes are not.  The following example
shows the computation of index point and percent changes.
     
          Index point change
     Finished Goods Price Index        107.5
     Less previous index               104.0
     Equals index point change           3.5

          Index percent change
     Index point change 3.5
     Divided by the previous index     104.0
     Equals                              0.034
     Result multiplied by 100            0.034 x 100
     Equals percent change               3.4


                  Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

     Because price data are used for different purposes by different
groups, BLS publishes seasonally adjusted and unadjusted changes each
month.  Seasonally adjusted data are preferred for analyzing general price
trends in the economy because these data eliminate the effect of changes
that normally occur at about the same time, and in about the same
magnitude, every year-such as price movements resulting from normal weather
patterns, regular production and marketing cycles, model changeovers,
seasonal discounts, and holidays.  For these reasons, seasonally adjusted
data more clearly reveal underlying cyclical trends.  Unadjusted data are
of primary interest to users who need information that can be related to
actual dollar values of transactions.  Individuals requiring this
information include marketing specialists, purchasing agents, budget and
cost analysts, contract specialists, and commodity traders.  It is the
unadjusted data that are generally cited when escalating long-term
contracts such as purchasing agreements or real estate leases.  For more
information, see Escalation and Producer Price Indexes: A Guide for
Contracting Parties, BLS Report 807, September 1991, on the Web at
(www.bls.gov/ppi/ppiescalation.htm).  Reprints are available on request.

     In 1998, the PPI implemented the X-12-ARIMA Seasonal Adjustment
Method; prior to that year, the PPI employed the X-11 method.  Each year,
the seasonal status of most commodity indexes is reevaluated to reflect
more recent price behavior.  Industry net output indexes are not seasonally
adjusted.  For time series that exhibit seasonal pricing patterns, new
seasonal factors are estimated and applied to the unadjusted data for the
previous 5 years.  These updated seasonally adjusted indexes replace the
most recent 5 years of seasonal data.

     Seasonal factors may be applied to series using either a direct or an
aggregative method.  Generally, commodity indexes are seasonally adjusted
using direct seasonal adjustment, which produces a more complete
elimination of seasonal movements than does the aggregative method.
However, the direct seasonal adjustment process may not yield figures that
possess additive consistency.  Thus, a seasonally adjusted index for a
broad category that is directly adjusted may not be logically consistent
with all seasonally adjusted indexes for its components.  Seasonal
movements for stage-of-processing indexes are derived indirectly through an
aggregative method that combines movements of a wide variety of subproduct
class (six-digit) series.

     Seasonally adjusted indexes can become problematic when previously
stable and predictable price patterns abruptly change.  If the new pattern
persists, the seasonal adjustment method will eventually reflect it
adequately; if the pattern keeps shifting, however, seasonally adjusted
data will become chronically troublesome.  This problem occurs relatively
infrequently for farm and food-related products, but has more often
affected manufactured products such as automobiles and steel.

     Since January 1988, the PPI has used Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment methods to enhance the calculation of seasonal factors.  With
this technique, outlier values that may distort the seasonal pattern are
removed from the data prior to applying the standard seasonal factor
estimation procedure.  For example, a possible economic cause for large
price movements for petroleum-based products might have been the Persian
Gulf War.  In this case, intervention techniques allowed for better
estimates of seasonally adjusted data.  On the whole, very few series have
required intervention.  Out of nearly 900 seasonally adjusted series, only
16 were subject to intervention in 1997.

     For more information relating to seasonal adjustment methods, see (1)
"Appendix A: Seasonal Adjustment Methodology at BLS," in the BLS Handbook
of Methods (April 1997), Bulletin 2490 and (2) "Summary of Changes to the
PPI's Seasonal Adjustment Methodology" in the January 1995 issue of
Producer Price Indexes.

                 Producer Price Index Data on the Internet

     In 1995, the BLS began posting PPI series, news releases, and
technical information to both a World Wide Web (WWW) site and a file
transfer protocol (FTP) site.  During the years following the introduction
of PPI Internet services, use of these sites eclipsed more traditional
methods of data dissemination, such as subscriptions to the PPI Detailed
Report.  There were more than 1.6 million instances of PPI series being
downloaded from the Internet during the 12 months ended December 31, 2003.

                 Retrieving PPI data from the PPI Web site
                                     
     PPI data can be obtained from the WWW address (www.bls.gov/ppi).
Scrolling down the page to the "Get Detailed PPI Statistics" header reveals
the following methods of data retrieval:
     
     Most Requested Series is a form-based application that allows the user
to quickly obtain PPI time series data by selecting from two separate lists
(commodity and industry) of the most commonly requested time series,
including the All Commodities Index and the stage-of-processing indexes
(for example, Finished Goods).  Within each list, any one-or all-of the
time series shown can be selected.  A user can modify the date range and
output options after executing the query, using the reformat button above
the data output table.

     Create Customized Tables is a form-based query application designed
for users unfamiliar with the PPI coding structure.  The application guides
a user through the PPI classification system by listing index titles and
does not require knowledge of commodity or industry codes.  Data retrieved
are based on a query formulated by selecting data characteristics from
lists provided.  Two options are available to create customized tables,
depending on a user's browser capability.  The one-screen option is a
JavaScript application that uses a single screen to guide a user through
the available time series data.  The second option is a multiple-screen,
non-Java-based application.  Both methods allow a user to browse the PPI
coding structure and select multiple series codes.  Using the one-screen
option, users can modify the date range and output options after executing
the query using the reformat button above the data output table.

     Series Report is a form-based application that uses formatted PPI time
series identifiers (commodity or industry codes) as input in extracting
data according to a specified set of date ranges and output options.  This
application provides the most efficient path for users who are familiar
with the format of PPI time series identifiers.  Up to 300 indexes can be
extracted at a time.

     There are five alphabetic prefixes used to create unique PPI time
series identifiers:  WP, WD, PC, PD, and ND.  Each provides the user access
to a different PPI database.  Adding either a "u" (not seasonally adjusted)
or an "s" (seasonally adjusted) to the end of these prefixes further
specifies the type of data needed.

     For commodity and stage-of-processing indexes, series identifiers
combine a "wpu" prefix (not seasonally adjusted) or a "wps" prefix
(seasonally adjusted) with a commodity code.
  
Commodity code            Provides data for:
wps141101                 Passenger cars, seasonally adjusted
wpu141101                 Passenger cars, not seasonally adjusted
wpusop3000                Finished goods, not seasonally adjusted
     
     For discontinued commodity indexes, series identifiers combine a "wdu"
prefix (not seasonally adjusted) or a "wds" prefix (seasonally adjusted)
with a commodity code.
     
Commodity code            Provides data for:
wds019                    Other farm products, seasonally adjusted
wdu0635                   Preparations, ethical (prescription), not seasonally
                          adjusted
wdusi138011               Stainless steel mill products, not seasonally adjusted
     
     Current price indexes for products grouped by industry according to
NAICS have series identifiers that begin with the prefix "pcu." After the
prefix, there are 12 digits (the 6-digit industry code is listed twice)
followed by up to 7 alphanumeric characters identifying product detail.
Dashes are used as placeholders for higher-level industry group codes.

Industry-product code,
current NAICS series       Provides data for:
pcu325---325---            Chemical manufacturing, not seasonally
                           adjusted
pcu336110336110            Automobile and light duty motor vehicle
                           manufacturing
pcu621111621111411         Offices of physicians, one- and two-physician practices and
                           single-specialty group practices, general/family practice
pcu325412325412A           Pharmaceutical preparation manufacturing, pharmaceuticals 
                           acting on the respiratory system                    
  
     Discontinued industry-product codes based on SIC combine a "pdu"
prefix and "#" between the fourth and fifth characters of the product code.
Series identifiers for the discontinued dataset use underscores as
placeholders to complete a reference to an SIC industry group code of fewer
than four digits.  (All PPI industry-based indexes organized by SIC were
discontinued with the introduction of NAICS.)
  
Industry-product code,
discontinued SIC series    Provides data for:
pdu28__#                   Chemicals and allied products, not seasonally adjusted
pdu331_#                   Blast furnaces, steel works, and rolling and
                           finishing mills, not seasonally adjusted
pdu3711#111                Passenger cars
  
     Price indexes for discontinued series grouped by industry according to
NAICS have series identifiers that begin with the prefix "ndu." After the
prefix, there are 12 numeric digits (the 6-digit industry code is listed
twice), and up to 7 additional alphanumeric characters that identify
product detail.  Dashes are used as placeholders for higher-level industry
group codes.
  
Industry-product code,
discontinued NAICS series  Provides data for:
ndu212231212231            Lead ore and zinc ore mining
ndu2122312122312           Lead and zinc concentrates
ndu212231212231214         Lead concentrates

     Flat Files and the FTP server are best suited for users requiring
access to either a large volume of time series data or other PPI-related
documentation (such as seasonal factor and relative importance tables).
The FTP site can be accessed at ftp://ftp.bls.gov or directly from the
links on the "Get Detailed Statistics" page or the PPI homepage.  Data and
documentation available for download include the following:

                                      Directory:
NAICS series, current                 /pub/time.series/pc
NAICS series, discontinued            /pub/time.series/nd
SIC series, discontinued              /pub/time.series/pd
Commodity series, current             /pub/time.series/wp
Commodity series, discontinued        /pub/time.series/wd
Special requests                      /pub/special.requests/ppi
Latest news release                   /pub/news.release/ppi.txt

     The FTP site maintains files to help with searches and downloads.
These files are centrally located in the /pub/doc directory.  Within this
directory, the overview.txt file contains an overview relating to all BLS
data available through the FTP site.  For current commodity-based PPI data,
the program help file is wp.txt; for discontinued commodity series, wd.txt;
for current industry-based PPI data based on NAICS, pc.txt; for industry-
based SIC time series that have been discontinued, pd.txt; and for industry-
based NAICS series that have been discontinued, nd.txt.
      
     Users who prefer downloading PPI datasets as individual ZIP files
should go to the directory labeled /pub/time.series/compressed/tape.format/
on the FTP site.  This directory includes six PPI-specific ZIP files, one
for each of the PPI databases-WP, WD, PC, ND, and PD-and a ZIP file for the
annual 5-year revision to historical seasonal PPIs.
                                     
                         Other Sources of PPI Data

     PPI data can also be accessed via the BLS homepage (www.bls.gov).
Clicking on the "Get Detailed Statistics" link at the top of the homepage
calls up a chart listing all available BLS programs.  The following methods
are available for retrieving PPI data:  Most requested statistics, create
customized tables (one screen or multiple screens), and flat files.
Additional sources of BLS data also are accessible from this page,
including economic news releases, series report, and economy at a glance.

                          Additional information

     The PPI homepage (www.bls.gov/ppi) contains additional information
regarding PPI data and methodology.  The top section of the homepage
provides PPI news releases, both current and archived, as well as general
PPI information.  The "Tables Created by BLS" section found beneath the
statistics section provides relative importance and seasonal factor tables.
The remaining sections offer special notices and publications pertaining to
PPI methodology and applications.
     
     For questions or comments regarding PPI data classification,
methodology, or data availability on the Internet, call or e-mail the
Section of Index Analysis and Public Information at (202) 691-7705 or ppi-
info@bls.gov.



Table 1. Producer price indexes and percent changes by stage of processing 1982=100
Grouping Relative
importance
Dec.
2007(1)
Unadjusted index Unadjusted
percent
change to
July 2008 from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
Mar.
2008(2)
June
2008(2)
July
2008(2)
July
2007
June
2008
Apr. to
May
May to
June
June to
July

Finished goods

100.000 175.1 182.5 185.0 9.8 1.4 1.4 1.8 1.2

Finished consumer goods

78.284 184.2 193.9 197.1 11.9 1.7 1.8 2.3 1.2

Finished consumer foods

21.296 176.0 180.1 180.9 8.7 0.4 0.8 1.5 0.3

Crude

2.258 194.3 182.8 164.1 7.3 -10.2 -4.6 8.1 -9.8

Processed

19.038 174.2 179.8 182.6 8.8 1.6 1.3 0.9 1.3

Finished consumer goods, excluding foods

56.988 187.1 199.1 203.2 13.1 2.1 2.2 2.6 1.6

Nondurable goods less foods

42.845 208.2 226.5 232.5 17.4 2.6 3.1 3.4 2.0

Durable goods

14.143 139.9 139.8 140.3 2.0 0.4 -0.4 0.3 0.6

Capital equipment

21.716 151.8 152.7 153.6 3.0 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.8

Manufacturing industries

5.508 155.1 156.9 157.7 3.5 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.6

Nonmanufacturing industries

16.208 150.6 151.1 152.1 2.9 0.7 0.1 0.3 0.9

Intermediate materials, supplies, and components

100.000 184.5 196.9 202.5 16.6 2.8 2.9 2.1 2.7

Materials and components for manufacturing

41.867 173.1 181.6 186.6 13.4 2.8 2.4 1.6 2.7

Materials for food manufacturing

2.911 180.0 185.7 187.7 14.7 1.1 1.3 1.6 0.9

Materials for nondurable manufacturing

15.185 206.0 220.1 231.9 23.9 5.4 3.2 2.7 5.4

Materials for durable manufacturing

8.624 200.3 216.3 219.4 12.5 1.4 4.5 1.7 1.5

Components for manufacturing

15.147 137.9 139.9 141.4 3.7 1.1 0.4 0.4 1.1

Materials and components for construction

13.389 197.3 206.3 209.9 8.5 1.7 2.1 1.5 1.7

Processed fuels and lubricants

22.403 206.1 238.6 249.6 36.4 4.6 6.4 4.7 3.7

Manufacturing industries

5.999 197.9 223.4 233.7 29.3 4.6 5.0 3.0 4.1

Nonmanufacturing industries

16.404 210.1 245.4 256.6 39.1 4.6 6.9 5.3 3.5

Containers

2.923 185.9 188.5 191.6 6.3 1.6 0.5 0.3 1.7

Supplies

19.418 170.0 174.3 177.7 9.8 2.0 1.3 0.9 2.0

Manufacturing industries

3.911 167.5 169.8 171.4 5.2 0.9 0.1 0.7 1.0

Nonmanufacturing industries

15.507 169.2 174.0 177.8 10.9 2.2 1.7 0.9 2.2

Feeds

1.081 179.4 187.3 205.9 48.7 9.9 5.2 0.1 9.9

Other supplies

14.426 169.2 173.7 175.9 7.6 1.3 0.9 1.0 1.3

Crude materials for further processing

100.000 262.1 305.2 317.9 51.2 4.2 6.7 3.7 4.2

Foodstuffs and feedstuffs

32.756 169.2 178.9 179.3 19.5 0.2 1.8 3.5 0.1

Nonfood materials

67.244 327.7 399.6 423.3 69.9 5.9 10.2 3.7 6.0

Nonfood materials except fuel(3)

40.982 324.6 382.1 401.8 64.9 5.2 7.7 2.3 5.2

Manufacturing(3)

40.533 302.4 356.5 375.0 65.9 5.2 7.8 2.3 5.2

Construction

0.449 200.7 198.2 201.6 -0.5 1.7 0.0 0.8 1.6

Crude fuel(4)

26.262 306.9 398.0 426.6 80.1 7.2 15.3 6.3 7.3

Manufacturing industries

2.338 290.4 375.7 402.3 78.8 7.1 15.0 6.5 7.2

Nonmanufacturing industries

23.924 314.0 407.3 436.6 80.2 7.2 15.4 6.3 7.3

Special groupings

Finished goods, excluding foods

(5)78.704 174.6 182.8 185.9 10.1 1.7 1.5 1.9 1.4

Intermediate materials less foods and feeds

(6)96.008 184.7 197.4 203.0 16.3 2.8 2.9 2.2 2.6

Intermediate foods and feeds

(6)3.992 180.3 186.8 194.6 24.8 4.2 3.2 1.0 4.0

Crude materials less agricultural products(3)(7)

(8)66.545 337.0 412.3 437.1 70.6 6.0 10.6 3.9 6.1

Finished energy goods

(5)21.654 177.5 204.3 213.0 28.0 4.3 4.9 6.0 3.1

Finished goods less energy

(5)78.346 167.6 169.5 170.4 4.9 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6

Finished consumer goods less energy

(5)56.630 174.7 177.0 177.8 5.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.5

Finished goods less foods and energy

(5)57.050 165.1 166.2 167.1 3.5 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.7

Finished consumer goods less foods and energy

(5)35.334 174.1 175.4 176.2 3.8 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.6

Consumer nondurable goods less foods and energy

(5)21.191 203.6 206.4 207.6 5.3 0.6 0.9 0.3 0.6

Intermediate energy goods

(6)23.306 208.6 240.5 253.0 37.4 5.2 6.2 5.0 4.3

Intermediate materials less energy

(6)76.694 176.0 183.4 187.3 11.0 2.1 2.1 1.2 2.2

Intermediate materials less foods and energy

(6)72.702 175.8 183.2 186.9 10.2 2.0 2.0 1.3 2.0

Crude energy materials(3)

(8)50.873 325.4 409.7 437.9 84.9 6.9 13.1 5.4 6.9

Crude materials less energy

(8)49.032 211.7 229.1 232.2 25.2 1.4 3.1 2.1 1.3

Crude nonfood materials less energy(4)

(8)16.371 332.1 374.5 387.2 36.3 3.4 5.0 -0.2 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated after final December indexes are available.
(2) The indexes for March 2008 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject revision 4 months after original publication.
(3) Includes crude petroleum.
(4) Excludes crude petroleum.
(5) Percent of total finished goods.
(6) Percent of total intermediate materials.
(7) Formerly titled "Crude materials for further processing, excluding crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs, plant and animal fibers, oilseeds, and leaf tobacco."
(8) Percent of total crude materials.


Table 2. Producer price indexes and percent changes for selected commodity groupings by stage of processing 1982=100, unless otherwise indicated
Grouping Commodity
code
Unadjusted index Unadjusted
percent change to
July 2008 from:
Seasonally adjusted percent
change from:
Mar.
2008(1)
June
2008(1)
July
2008(1)
July
2007
June
2008
Apr. to
May
May to
June
June to
July

Finished goods

175.1 182.5 185.0 9.8 1.4 1.4 1.8 1.2

Finished consumer goods

184.2 193.9 197.1 11.9 1.7 1.8 2.3 1.2

Finished consumer foods

176.0 180.1 180.9 8.7 0.4 0.8 1.5 0.3

Fresh fruits and melons(2)

01-11

133.8 131.0 114.7 1.0 -12.4 5.9 -2.0 -12.4

Fresh and dry vegetables(2)

01-13

182.6 184.5 167.5 20.9 -9.2 -9.0 14.7 -9.2

Eggs for fresh use (Dec 1991=100)

01-71-07

193.8 144.0 123.1 -6.2 -14.5 -4.1 11.6 -19.3

Bakery products(2)

02-11

231.4 236.9 240.5 11.7 1.5 0.1 1.2 1.5

Milled rice(2)

02-13

205.0 294.8 296.1 94.8 0.4 15.3 5.9 0.4

Pasta products (June 1985=100)(2)

02-14-02

175.7 185.0 188.3 39.8 1.8 4.9 -0.4 1.8

Beef and veal(2)

02-21-01

151.2 156.1 167.6 19.3 7.4 2.5 2.1 7.4

Pork

02-21-04

120.3 133.5 137.7 -3.1 3.1 8.0 -2.4 1.1

Processed young chickens

02-22-03

141.3 147.7 149.0 2.1 0.9 -0.5 1.5 -1.5

Processed turkeys

02-22-06

115.2 125.4 124.7 11.6 -0.6 1.5 1.5 -0.7

Finfish and shellfish

02-23

262.9 245.0 252.9 6.1 3.2 -1.5 -6.0 3.2

Dairy products(2)

02-3

180.3 187.1 189.3 1.7 1.2 -0.6 3.5 1.2

Processed fruits and vegetables

02-4

162.3 166.0 165.1 5.0 -0.5 1.0 0.4 -0.2

Confectionery end products(2)

02-55

211.0 217.0 218.3 5.5 0.6 1.8 -0.1 0.6

Soft drinks(2)

02-62

171.5 172.2 176.3 6.5 2.4 1.1 -1.1 2.4

Roasted coffee(2)

02-63-01

183.0 178.7 180.1 10.9 0.8 -0.3 0.3 0.8

Shortening and cooking oils(2)

02-78

289.1 324.0 335.1 56.6 3.4 6.6 1.8 3.4

Finished consumer goods excluding foods

187.1 199.1 203.2 13.1 2.1 2.2 2.6 1.6

Alcoholic beverages

02-61

165.5 166.4 166.6 4.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2

Pet food(2)

02-94-02

199.3 214.4 216.6 18.0 1.0 0.3 6.0 1.0

Women's, girls', & infants' apparel (Dec 2003=100)(2)

03-81-06

100.7 100.6 100.7 -0.4 0.1 -0.2 -0.4 0.1

Men's and boys' apparel (Dec 2003=100)(2)

03-81-07

99.1 99.6 99.9 1.4 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3

Textile housefurnishings(2)

03-82

126.3 126.2 126.7 0.9 0.4 0.2 -0.2 0.4

Footwear(2)

04-3

155.3 157.6 157.9 4.1 0.2 0.2 1.2 0.2

Residential electric power (Dec 1990=100)

05-41

140.8 148.8 152.2 6.3 2.3 0.6 0.8 2.0

Residential gas (Dec 1990=100)

05-51

235.1 268.1 290.8 23.5 8.5 3.8 6.6 8.8

Gasoline

05-71

272.4 334.2 343.7 36.0 2.8 9.3 9.0 -0.2

Home heating oil and distillates

05-73-02-01

312.7 394.3 414.1 80.6 5.0 8.0 12.4 3.7

Pharmaceutical preparations (June 2001=100)(2)

06-38

135.8 137.0 138.0 6.9 0.7 0.2 -0.1 0.7

Soaps and synthetic detergents(2)

06-71

150.8 152.2 153.7 6.2 1.0 -0.3 0.7 1.0

Cosmetics and other toilet preparations(2)

06-75

147.1 147.8 147.7 -0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Tires, tubes, tread, etc(2)

07-12

124.9 127.3 129.1 8.8 1.4 -0.2 2.0 1.4

Sanitary paper products(2)

09-15-01

167.5 168.1 169.8 4.6 1.0 0.1 0.1 1.0

Newspaper circulation

09-31-01

247.7 247.7 250.7 2.9 1.2 0.3 0.0 1.6

Periodical circulation (June 2007=100)(2)

09-32-04

101.6 101.1 101.5 1.7 0.4 - - -

Book publishing(2)

09-33

294.1 297.8 297.5 4.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.8 -0.1

Household furniture(2)

12-1

176.6 181.3 181.6 4.1 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.2

Floor coverings(2)

12-3

159.0 158.2 160.3 2.1 1.3 -0.4 -0.2 1.3

Household appliances(2)

12-4

106.1 106.0 106.9 1.5 0.8 -0.2 -0.1 0.8

Home electronic equipment(2)

12-5

56.9 57.2 57.2 -2.6 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.0

Household glassware(2)

12-62

187.8 - 188.8 6.9 - 0.0 - -

Household flatware(2)

12-64

195.7 197.2 197.2 5.4 0.0 - - 0.0

Lawn and garden equip, ex tractors(2)

12-66

139.9 139.9 140.4 3.0 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.4

Passenger cars

14-11-01

127.5 127.6 128.3 3.1 0.5 -1.0 2.2 1.4

Toys, games, and children's vehicles(2)

15-11

132.3 134.7 134.5 2.6 -0.1 -0.5 0.9 -0.1

Sporting and athletic goods(2)

15-12

128.1 129.2 130.5 0.1 1.0 -1.1 0.2 1.0

Tobacco products(2)

15-2

499.7 511.6 511.6 4.7 0.0 2.2 0.0 0.0

Mobile homes(2)

15-5

213.5 219.7 221.4 4.5 0.8 1.3 1.2 0.8

Jewelry, platinum, & karat gold(2)

15-94-02

167.7 164.8 167.3 8.9 1.5 -1.5 0.1 1.5

Costume jewelry and novelties(2)

15-94-04

160.1 160.1 159.6 1.9 -0.3 0.6 0.1 -0.3

Capital equipment

151.8 152.7 153.6 3.0 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.8

Agricultural machinery and equipment(2)

11-1

187.7 192.3 193.2 4.9 0.5 1.5 0.3 0.5

Construction machinery and equipment

11-2

182.9 184.4 185.2 2.9 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.5

Metal cutting machine tools(2)

11-37

167.6 170.2 171.7 3.7 0.9 -0.1 0.6 0.9

Metal forming machine tools(2)

11-38

187.0 192.7 197.3 7.2 2.4 -0.4 1.2 2.4

Tools, dies, jigs, fixtures, and ind. molds(2)

11-39

144.3 145.0 145.6 1.1 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.4

Pumps, compressors, and equipment(2)

11-41

202.7 205.1 207.3 6.0 1.1 0.0 0.8 1.1

Industrial material handling equipment(2)

11-44

167.5 171.4 173.7 6.9 1.3 0.5 1.1 1.3

Electronic computers (Dec 2004=100)(2)

11-51

41.7 41.3 40.7 -18.9 -1.5 -1.9 -0.2 -1.5

Textile machinery(2)

11-62

163.5 167.3 166.6 1.8 -0.4 0.1 1.9 -0.4

Paper industries machinery (June 1982=100)(2)

11-64

185.4 187.8 187.8 2.7 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.0

Printing trades machinery(2)

11-65

150.5 152.6 152.4 1.1 -0.1 0.9 -0.3 -0.1

Transformers and power regulators(2)

11-74

211.8 220.4 225.7 15.2 2.4 1.5 1.7 2.4

Communication & related equip (Dec 1985=100)(2)

11-76

104.6 104.7 105.2 1.9 0.5 0.4 -0.2 0.5

X-ray and electromedical equipment(2)

11-79-05

91.6 91.0 91.1 -1.6 0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.1

Oil field and gas field machinery

11-91

197.1 202.8 203.7 9.6 0.4 0.7 1.9 0.7

Mining machinery and equipment(2)

11-92

199.0 208.0 208.9 9.4 0.4 0.6 3.2 0.4

Office and store machines and equipment(2)

11-93

116.5 121.1 121.5 5.5 0.3 1.9 1.2 0.3

Commercial furniture(2)

12-2

184.2 188.7 190.1 5.0 0.7 0.1 1.1 0.7

Light motor trucks

14-11-05

145.9 141.0 140.6 -1.7 -0.3 -0.9 -1.8 0.8

Heavy motor trucks(2)

14-11-06

180.7 181.0 182.7 2.5 0.9 0.8 -0.1 0.9

Truck trailers(2)

14-14

172.8 178.1 179.3 5.3 0.7 1.2 1.4 0.7

Civilian aircraft (Dec 1985=100)

14-21-02

224.7 228.3 229.6 4.7 0.6 1.1 0.4 0.3

Ships (Dec 1985=100)(2)

14-31

196.4 197.1 200.5 4.3 1.7 -0.1 0.4 1.7

Railroad equipment(2)

14-4

177.6 183.8 184.7 4.1 0.5 0.6 3.4 0.5

Intermediate materials, supplies, and components

184.5 196.9 202.5 16.6 2.8 2.9 2.1 2.7

Intermediate foods and feeds

180.3 186.8 194.6 24.8 4.2 3.2 1.0 4.0

Flour(2)

02-12-03

300.7 251.4 231.7 35.1 -7.8 -6.7 -0.8 -7.8

Refined sugar and byproducts(2)

02-53

126.6 132.5 134.0 2.5 1.1 2.2 2.8 1.1

Confectionery materials

02-54

174.7 176.8 176.5 15.0 -0.2 3.8 1.1 0.3

Soft drink beverage bases (Dec 1985=100)(2)

02-64-01-11

204.9 209.3 213.0 7.8 1.8 -2.1 1.1 1.8

Processed eggs(2)

02-83

192.3 200.9 188.8 37.5 -6.0 -0.8 -0.3 -6.0

Prepared animal feeds(2)

02-9

178.5 187.2 202.9 41.8 8.4 4.8 1.1 8.4

Intermediate materials less foods and feeds

184.7 197.4 203.0 16.3 2.8 2.9 2.2 2.6

Synthetic fibers(2)

03-1

113.8 115.5 117.2 3.2 1.5 0.7 -0.1 1.5

Processed yarns and threads(2)

03-2

121.0 123.9 125.0 5.8 0.9 0.4 -0.2 0.9

Gray fabrics(2)

03-3

122.0 122.3 122.9 2.2 0.5 0.2 -0.2 0.5

Finished fabrics(2)

03-4

130.6 132.3 133.4 3.8 0.8 1.3 0.2 0.8

Industrial textile products(2)

03-83-03

141.6 143.1 143.4 3.3 0.2 0.0 0.6 0.2

Leather(2)

04-2

236.3 237.4 232.9 1.8 -1.9 -0.5 1.5 -1.9

Liquefied petroleum gas(2)

05-32

403.2 466.2 516.5 66.4 10.8 5.7 10.2 10.8

Commercial electric power

05-42

164.6 179.1 182.2 5.4 1.7 2.4 -1.1 1.3

Industrial electric power

05-43

183.1 196.1 197.8 5.8 0.9 1.6 -2.2 0.7

Commercial natural gas (Dec 1990=100)

05-52

250.9 289.5 318.3 33.1 9.9 6.0 6.9 9.4

Industrial natural gas (Dec 1990=100)

05-53

268.2 313.8 338.2 37.5 7.8 8.8 7.4 9.0

Natural gas to electric utilities (Dec 1990=100)

05-54

204.8 232.9 239.5 23.5 2.8 12.7 4.2 4.9

Jet fuels

05-72-03

303.1 374.8 410.2 86.6 9.4 6.9 8.5 6.5

No 2 Diesel fuel

05-73-03

353.7 421.0 432.5 77.6 2.7 11.2 6.7 2.6

Residual fuels(2)

05-74

242.4 260.2 315.0 74.2 21.1 8.4 5.0 21.1

Basic inorganic chemicals(2)

06-13

228.1 264.0 265.1 40.8 0.4 7.9 2.1 0.4

Basic organic chemicals(2)

06-14

269.2 293.7 313.9 29.9 6.9 4.6 2.6 6.9

Prepared paint

06-21

216.0 217.9 219.1 4.4 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.9

Paint materials(2)

06-22

222.2 217.9 220.3 4.6 1.1 1.3 -4.0 1.1

Medicinal and botanical chemicals(2)

06-31

141.5 141.5 143.3 1.2 1.3 0.2 0.0 1.3

Fats and oils, inedible(2)

06-4

309.1 328.8 351.8 78.5 7.0 1.5 2.5 7.0

Mixed fertilizers

06-51

206.9 244.3 263.1 61.1 7.7 6.9 8.2 8.1

Nitrogenates

06-52-01

305.7 352.2 383.2 63.1 8.8 7.1 13.2 12.2

Phosphates(2)

06-52-02

259.8 409.4 448.5 124.7 9.6 5.4 25.4 9.6

Other agricultural chemicals(2)

06-53

163.6 169.4 170.2 8.3 0.5 2.0 1.3 0.5

Plastic resins and materials(2)

06-6

210.8 219.9 236.7 19.2 7.6 2.5 0.7 7.6

Synthetic rubber(2)

07-11-02

179.2 200.1 213.9 25.7 6.9 4.1 4.7 6.9

Plastic construction products(2)

07-21

180.4 184.4 187.7 4.5 1.8 1.4 0.8 1.8

Unsupported plastic film, sheet, & other shapes(2)

07-22

188.2 190.0 193.8 10.2 2.0 1.9 0.4 2.0

Plastic parts and components for manufacturing(2)

07-26

130.2 130.6 132.4 2.6 1.4 0.0 0.5 1.4

Softwood lumber(2)

08-11

152.0 167.4 161.7 -9.3 -3.4 7.1 1.8 -3.4

Hardwood lumber(2)

08-12

188.5 185.7 184.5 -4.1 -0.6 -0.4 -0.3 -0.6

Millwork

08-2

203.7 204.8 205.5 2.0 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.3

Plywood(2)

08-3

173.3 179.7 176.4 -2.8 -1.8 2.4 0.7 -1.8

Treated wood

08-71-01

161.5 177.8 175.5 2.0 -1.3 7.3 3.7 -0.7

Woodpulp(2)

09-11

170.6 171.7 173.6 6.4 1.1 0.1 -0.1 1.1

Paper(2)

09-13

178.4 182.8 184.7 10.1 1.0 1.2 0.4 1.0

Paperboard(2)

09-14

209.7 210.1 211.7 6.4 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.8

Paper boxes and containers(2)

09-15-03

202.7 203.9 204.9 3.9 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.5

Building paper and board(2)

09-2

155.7 175.1 172.1 7.0 -1.7 7.5 5.1 -1.7

Commercial printing (June 1982=100)(2)

09-37

168.0 169.6 169.9 2.3 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.2

Foundry and forge shop products(2)

10-15

176.7 190.8 199.3 15.9 4.5 4.0 1.7 4.5

Steel mill products(2)

10-17

196.9 248.4 252.7 33.4 1.7 10.7 8.1 1.7

Primary nonferrous metals(2)

10-22

309.1 292.1 301.4 6.0 3.2 1.2 -5.8 3.2

Aluminum mill shapes(2)

10-25-01

190.5 195.5 196.4 3.9 0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.5

Copper and brass mill shapes(2)

10-25-02

444.6 434.5 446.8 -0.5 2.8 1.4 -4.4 2.8

Titanium mill shapes(2)

10-25-05

259.3 244.3 244.2 -18.2 0.0 - - 0.0

Nonferrous wire and cable(2)

10-26

261.5 259.0 263.7 6.2 1.8 2.2 -2.8 1.8

Metal containers(2)

10-3

138.5 143.1 147.0 9.6 2.7 1.1 0.1 2.7

Hardware(2)

10-4

183.7 189.1 190.2 5.5 0.6 0.5 1.3 0.6

Plumbing fixtures and brass fittings

10-5

224.1 228.3 231.4 4.3 1.4 0.2 1.2 1.5

Heating equipment

10-6

201.4 204.7 211.8 8.5 3.5 0.4 1.6 3.7

Fabricated structural metal products(2)

10-7

195.4 209.3 212.6 13.3 1.6 2.9 1.6 1.6

Fabricated ferrous wire products (June 1982=100)(2)

10-88

181.0 195.6 207.3 24.1 6.0 0.6 3.2 6.0

Other misc metal products(2)

10-89

147.1 149.6 153.8 6.0 2.8 0.3 1.0 2.8

Mechanical power transmission equipment

11-45

211.3 216.9 222.0 8.3 2.4 1.1 1.1 2.1

Air conditioning and refrigeration equipment

11-48

158.6 162.4 164.1 4.1 1.0 1.0 0.2 1.2

Metal valves, ex.fluid power (Dec. 1982=100)(2)

11-49-02

235.6 239.8 242.1 5.6 1.0 0.5 0.6 1.0

Ball and roller bearings(2)

11-49-05

205.2 208.4 216.9 9.9 4.1 2.4 -1.2 4.1

Wiring devices(2)

11-71

200.7 207.4 210.3 7.4 1.4 2.4 0.8 1.4

Motors, generators, motor generator sets(2)

11-73

177.7 180.4 182.9 5.3 1.4 0.9 0.6 1.4

Switchgear, switchboard, etc, equipment(2)

11-75

192.7 195.5 195.5 4.1 0.0 -1.8 1.2 0.0

Electronic components and accessories(2)

11-78

77.6 77.5 77.4 -5.3 -0.1 -0.9 0.0 -0.1

Internal combustion engines(2)

11-94

155.6 156.2 157.2 1.7 0.6 -0.4 0.4 0.6

Machine shop products(2)

11-95

168.5 171.4 171.2 7.4 -0.1 0.4 0.9 -0.1

Flat glass(2)

13-11

115.5 114.7 117.3 2.2 2.3 1.3 0.4 2.3

Cement

13-22

210.4 211.9 210.3 0.0 -0.8 1.2 0.4 -0.9

Concrete products

13-3

207.9 211.3 211.5 3.8 0.1 0.1 1.0 0.0

Asphalt felts and coatings

13-6

147.7 166.0 185.9 27.9 12.0 5.6 4.3 10.9

Gypsum products(2)

13-7

203.9 207.1 209.8 -6.1 1.3 -1.2 -0.4 1.3

Glass containers

13-8

168.7 171.8 174.2 7.0 1.4 -0.1 0.6 1.9

Motor vehicle parts(2)

14-12

118.1 118.9 120.3 1.8 1.2 0.1 0.0 1.2

Aircraft engines & engine parts (Dec 1985=100)

14-23

185.2 185.3 185.5 3.8 0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.4

Aircraft parts & aux. equip.,nec (June 1985=100)(2)

14-25

163.4 164.2 164.3 4.0 0.1 1.0 0.2 0.1

Photographic supplies(2)

15-42

124.3 125.5 125.5 2.8 0.0 1.2 -0.3 0.0

Medical/surgical/personal aid devices

15-6

166.0 165.8 166.3 2.0 0.3 -0.2 -0.2 0.5

Crude materials for further processing

262.1 305.2 317.9 51.2 4.2 6.7 3.7 4.2

Crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs

169.2 178.9 179.3 19.5 0.2 1.8 3.5 0.1

Wheat(2)

01-21

347.3 239.0 217.3 36.6 -9.1 -7.5 -2.7 -9.1

Corn(2)

01-22-02

217.8 256.0 240.5 80.4 -6.1 -1.7 12.2 -6.1

Slaughter cattle(2)

01-31

133.9 138.5 144.8 7.7 4.5 3.7 -0.4 4.5

Slaughter hogs

01-32

63.7 91.4 87.6 3.3 -4.2 18.1 -3.4 -2.1

Slaughter broilers/fryers

01-41-02

210.4 219.3 232.4 8.2 6.0 1.2 -0.9 3.6

Slaughter turkeys

01-42

152.2 174.1 178.5 10.3 2.5 0.5 -2.0 -0.1

Fluid milk

01-6

135.0 145.5 145.4 -10.5 -0.1 0.0 5.7 -0.5

Soybeans(2)

01-83-01-31

228.7 242.6 259.5 84.6 7.0 -0.6 6.9 7.0

Cane sugar, raw (Dec 2003=100)(2)

02-52-01-03

118.0 118.4 121.9 -0.6 3.0 0.7 0.0 3.0

Crude nonfood materials

327.7 399.6 423.3 69.9 5.9 10.2 3.7 6.0

Raw cotton(2)

01-51

100.8 98.6 100.5 29.7 1.9 1.1 -2.5 1.9

Hides and skins(2)

04-1

189.9 201.0 201.1 0.3 0.0 0.5 3.2 0.0

Coal

05-1

143.4 164.2 166.8 27.3 1.6 2.9 14.4 2.1

Natural gas(2)

05-31

362.7 475.6 512.6 87.1 7.8 17.0 5.2 7.8

Crude petroleum(2)

05-61

297.7 364.8 389.3 94.3 6.7 11.1 4.4 6.7

Logs, timber, etc(2)

08-5

216.3 222.4 222.6 2.7 0.1 1.2 1.1 0.1

Wastepaper(2)

09-12

444.6 397.3 403.2 5.8 1.5 -2.7 -4.7 1.5

Iron ore(2)

10-11

134.3 145.2 145.2 12.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Iron and steel scrap(2)

10-12

530.3 776.2 816.4 110.5 5.2 9.0 0.3 5.2

Nonferrous metal ores (Dec 1983=100)(2)

10-21

284.3 270.4 280.9 8.4 3.9 -5.9 1.0 3.9

Copper base scrap(2)

10-23-01

577.4 570.6 581.1 14.1 1.8 1.3 -5.3 1.8

Aluminum base scrap

10-23-02

307.1 316.0 323.6 18.3 2.4 0.4 1.1 5.8

Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone

13-21

243.6 247.2 248.0 7.0 0.3 0.5 1.0 -0.2

Industrial sand

13-99-01

206.7 208.1 221.7 16.0 6.5 0.8 0.6 6.6

Footnotes
(1) The indexes for March 2008 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject revision 4 months after original publication.
(2) Not seasonally adjusted.

"-" Data not available.


Table 3. Producer price indexes for selected commodity groupings 1982=100, unless otherwise indicated
Grouping Commodity
code
Unadjusted index(1)
Mar.
2008
June
2008
July
2008

All commodities

187.9 200.7 205.6

Major commodity groups

Farm products and processed foods and feeds

174.5 180.8 182.6

Farm products

01

169.6 177.0 174.7

Processed foods and feeds

02

176.9 182.7 186.6

Industrial commodities

190.2 204.2 209.6

Textile products and apparel

03

127.2 128.2 129.0

Hides, skins, leather, and related products

04

172.5 175.6 175.0

Fuels and related products and power

05

217.1 256.4 269.8

Chemicals and allied products(2)

06

235.6 249.8 259.4

Rubber and plastic products

07

160.6 164.5 167.3

Lumber and wood products

08

189.9 194.8 193.7

Pulp, paper, and allied products

09

224.0 225.6 226.8

Metals and metal products

10

208.0 227.0 232.2

Machinery and equipment

11

128.5 129.6 130.4

Furniture and household durables

12

146.4 148.1 149.1

Nonmetallic mineral products

13

189.5 194.4 198.9

Transportation equipment

14

156.8 156.7 157.5

Miscellaneous products

15

214.8 217.5 218.4

Industrial commodities less fuels and related products and power

177.4 183.0 185.7

Other commodity groupings

Fruits and melons, fresh and dry vegetables, and tree nuts

01-1

167.7 167.1 150.9

Grains

01-2

245.6 252.1 235.4

Slaughter livestock

01-3

117.3 129.6 132.8

Slaughter poultry

01-4

196.1 207.3 218.6

Plant and animal fibers

01-5

101.7 99.5 101.4

Chicken eggs

01-7

246.9 179.9 150.3

Hay, hayseeds, and oilseeds

01-8

252.9 273.1 289.8

Oilseeds

01-83

246.0 260.4 278.1

Cereal and bakery products

02-1

228.3 232.0 233.2

Meats, poultry, and fish

02-2

146.7 152.2 157.6

Processed poultry

02-22

135.8 142.1 142.7

Sugar and confectionery

02-5

174.2 178.9 180.1

Beverages and beverage materials

02-6

171.2 172.1 174.1

Packaged beverage materials

02-63

178.9 175.6 177.0

Fats and oils

02-7

292.1 328.1 336.6

Apparel

03-81

127.5 127.6 128.0

Other leather and related products

04-4

158.2 158.5 159.9

Gas fuels

05-3

366.9 466.4 506.0

Electric power

05-4

168.7 180.6 183.5

Refined petroleum products

05-7

282.6 340.9 357.9

Drugs and pharmaceuticals

06-3

336.9 339.3 341.9

Agricultural chemicals and products

06-5

225.3 283.0 303.1

Other chemicals and allied products

06-7

168.3 172.0 173.8

Rubber and rubber products

07-1

147.0 152.0 156.4

Rubber, except natural rubber

07-11

178.3 199.1 212.8

Miscellaneous rubber products

07-13

159.9 161.7 165.2

Plastic products

07-2

171.1 174.7 177.2

Lumber

08-1

162.1 170.9 166.9

Pulp, paper, and products, excluding building paper and board

09-1

195.6 196.3 198.5

Converted paper and paperboard products

09-15

193.8 195.1 197.4

Iron and steel

10-1

224.0 286.5 295.0

Nonferrous metals

10-2

265.5 261.3 266.3

Nonferrous mill shapes

10-25

225.9 227.0 228.8

Metalworking machinery and equipment

11-3

166.7 168.4 169.9

General purpose machinery and equipment

11-4

188.6 192.5 194.7

Special industry machinery

11-6

185.6 187.9 187.8

Electrical machinery and equipment

11-7

113.2 113.7 114.0

Miscellaneous machinery and equipment

11-9

161.7 163.8 166.7

Other household durable goods

12-6

172.8 172.9 173.9

Concrete ingredients

13-2

227.4 230.2 230.1

Motor vehicles and equipment

14-1

132.9 132.0 132.7

Toys, sporting goods, small arms, etc

15-1

142.6 144.2 145.0

Photographic equipment and supplies

15-4

110.3 111.7 111.6

Other miscellaneous products

15-9

161.6 162.5 163.4

Footnotes
(1) Data for March 2008 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents. All data are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.
(2) Prices of some items in this grouping are lagged 1 month.


Table 4. Producer price indexes for the net output of selected industries and industry groups, not seasonally adjusted
Industry(1) Industry
code
Index
base
Index Percent change
to July 2008 from:
Mar. 2008(2) June 2008(2) July 2008(2) July 2007 June 2008

Total mining, utilities, and manufacturing industries

12/06

110.4 116.3 118.9 12.9 2.2

Total mining industries

12/84

287.2 345.9 368.9 65.9 6.6

Oil and gas extraction

211

12/85

371.6 463.5 499.4 85.2 7.7

Mining (except oil & gas)

212

12/03

174.8 185.1 189.3 16.6 2.3

Mining support activities

213

12/03

169.8 174.6 176.5 4.5 1.1

Utilities

221

12/03

131.1 141.1 146.3 11.2 3.7

Total manufacturing industries

12/84

173.4 182.0 185.6 12.6 2.0

Food mfg

311

12/84

169.8 176.3 180.1 12.3 2.2

Beverage & tobacco mfg

312

12/03

112.7 114.2 115.2 5.5 0.9

Textile mills

313

12/84

110.4 111.7 112.6 3.9 0.8

Textile product mills

314

12/03

111.0 111.1 112.0 2.0 0.8

Apparel manufacturing

315

12/03

102.0 102.2 102.4 0.9 0.2

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

12/84

152.6 153.9 154.4 3.3 0.3

Wood product manufacturing

321

12/03

105.9 109.5 109.0 0.6 -0.5

Paper manufacturing

322

12/03

119.6 120.8 121.6 5.4 0.7

Printing and related support activities

323

12/03

108.2 109.5 110.0 3.1 0.5

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

12/84

337.1 406.0 428.9 51.5 5.6

Chemical mfg

325

12/84

218.4 227.8 233.7 14.8 2.6

Plastics and rubber products mfg

326

12/84

156.4 159.5 162.7 8.2 2.0

Nonmetallic mineral product mfg

327

12/84

168.6 170.5 171.4 2.8 0.5

Primary metal mfg

331

12/84

202.4 228.5 233.2 18.7 2.1

Fabricated metal product mfg

332

12/84

168.3 174.7 177.3 9.2 1.5

Machinery mfg

333

12/03

114.6 116.5 117.9 5.2 1.2

Computer & electronic product mfg

334

12/03

92.7 92.8 93.0 -1.2 0.2

Electrical equipment, appliance & component mfg

335

12/03

127.1 128.4 129.0 4.9 0.5

Transportation equipment mfg

336

12/03

106.1 105.9 106.5 2.0 0.6

Furniture & related product mfg

337

12/84

168.3 171.7 172.1 3.9 0.2

Miscellaneous mfg

339

12/03

109.2 110.0 110.4 3.3 0.4

Total trade industries

12/06

105.2 108.9 110.1 5.5 1.1

Total wholesale trade industries

12/06

105.2 109.7 110.6 8.8 0.8

Merchant wholesalers, durable goods

423

06/04

113.3 118.5 120.0 9.4 1.3

Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods

424

06/05

114.4 119.1 119.3 8.2 0.2

Wholesale trade agents and brokers

425

06/05

109.4 110.6 110.8 4.1 0.2

Total retail trade industries

12/06

105.2 108.4 109.8 3.3 1.3

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

441

12/03

117.9 118.6 118.1 2.2 -0.4

Furniture and home furnishings stores

442

12/03

120.1 119.8 120.3 3.3 0.4

Electronics and appliance stores

443

12/03

113.4 111.3 110.1 -1.3 -1.1

Bldg material and garden equip and supp dealers

444

12/03

118.5 121.0 121.6 -0.7 0.5

Food and beverage stores

445

12/99

144.3 149.6 151.3 8.1 1.1

Health and personal care stores

446

12/03

125.5 128.0 135.4 9.5 5.8

Gasoline stations

447

06/01

60.6 67.3 80.1 -1.8 19.0

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

448

12/03

107.3 115.9 111.7 2.1 -3.6

Sporting goods hobby, book and music stores

451

12/03

111.3 111.8 114.0 6.8 2.0

General merchandise stores

452

12/03

112.7 116.8 113.1 -3.0 -3.2

Nonstore retailers

454

12/03

133.1 138.0 140.9 14.5 2.1

Transportation and warehousing industries

12/06

109.8 115.0 115.9 10.3 0.8

Transportation industries

12/06

109.7 115.4 116.1 11.4 0.6

Air transportation

481

12/92

198.6 211.7 211.4 12.4 -0.1

Rail transportation

482

12/96

152.0 160.0 161.7 14.8 1.1

Water transportation

483

12/03

120.6 127.0 129.3 13.8 1.8

Truck transportation

484

12/03

121.0 127.2 127.9 10.9 0.6

Pipeline transportation of crude oil

486110

06/86

145.1 149.8 156.3 10.5 4.3

Refined petroleum product pipeline transport

486910

06/86

136.1 136.3 142.1 6.0 4.3

Transportation support activities

488

12/03

111.4 113.0 113.8 4.0 0.7

Delivery and warehouse industries

12/06

109.9 113.5 115.0 7.0 1.3

Postal service

491

06/89

175.5 180.5 180.5 2.8 0.0

Couriers and messengers

492

12/03

137.4 143.4 146.8 11.2 2.4

Warehousing and storage

493

12/06

105.5 105.7 107.4 5.5 1.6

Total traditional service industries

12/06

101.5 102.0 101.8 0.4 -0.2

Information

12/06

101.7 101.8 102.0 0.6 0.2

Publishing industries, except Internet

511

12/03

110.4 110.2 110.8 2.4 0.5

Broadcasting, except Internet

515

12/03

105.2 102.7 103.3 4.7 0.6

Telecommunications

517

12/03

100.6 101.1 101.0 -1.2 -0.1

ISPs and Web search portals

5181

06/04

73.6 73.8 74.0 2.1 0.3

Data processing and related services

5182

12/03

100.5 100.9 101.0 0.6 0.1

Selected health care industries

12/06

104.5 104.5 104.7 2.5 0.2

Offices of physicians

6211

12/96

123.3 123.2 123.2 0.8 0.0

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

6215

12/03

107.3 106.6 106.9 -0.1 0.3

Home health care services

6216

12/96

125.5 125.4 125.4 1.3 0.0

Blood and organ banks

621991

06/06

105.5 105.7 106.3 2.5 0.6

Hospitals

622

12/92

162.9 162.8 163.2 3.2 0.2

Nursing care facilities

6231

12/03

118.3 118.1 119.1 3.7 0.8

Residential mental retardation facilities

62321

12/03

117.7 117.6 117.8 4.3 0.2

Other selected traditional service industries

12/06

100.4 101.2 100.8 -0.4 -0.4

Depository credit intermediation

5221

12/03

98.6 102.4 97.7 -12.3 -4.6

Security, commodity contracts and like activity

523

12/03

121.0 120.7 118.8 -1.4 -1.6

Insurance carriers and related activities

524

12/03

109.4 109.7 109.9 2.0 0.2

Lessors of nonres bldg (exc miniwarehouse)

53112

12/03

109.7 109.7 110.2 3.8 0.5

Lessors of miniwarehouse and self storage units

53113

12/03

111.3 113.6 115.2 2.5 1.4

Offices of real estate agents and brokers

5312

12/03

110.0 105.4 107.0 -3.7 1.5

Automotive equipment rental and leasing

5321

06/01

125.1 125.2 132.6 9.4 5.9

Other heavy machinery rental and leasing

532412

12/03

119.1 119.2 117.1 -0.7 -1.8

Legal services

5411

12/96

160.7 160.9 161.5 5.1 0.4

Architectural, engineering and related services

5413

12/96

140.3 141.9 141.5 0.9 -0.3

Management and technical consulting services

5416

06/06

105.1 105.5 106.3 3.8 0.8

Advertising agencies

54181

12/03

105.3 105.7 105.7 0.6 0.0

Employment services

5613

12/96

123.0 122.9 123.1 1.1 0.2

Travel agencies

56151

12/03

98.8 98.8 98.8 -2.3 0.0

Janitorial services

56172

12/03

108.9 109.2 109.1 3.4 -0.1

Waste collection

5621

12/03

112.0 112.8 112.1 4.5 -0.6

Computer training

61142

06/06

108.4 109.8 110.1 5.9 0.3

Amusement and theme parks

71311

06/06

108.2 109.6 109.6 5.1 0.0

Golf courses and country clubs

71391

12/05

105.4 107.0 106.9 2.0 -0.1

Fitness and recreational sports centers

71394

12/04

100.6 101.0 101.0 1.6 0.0

Accommodation

721

12/96

145.3 149.6 152.8 3.9 2.1

Commercial machinery repair and maintenance

8113

06/06

104.0 105.8 106.2 4.1 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Indexes in this table are derived from the net-output-weighted industry price indexes. Because of differences in coverage and aggregation methodology, they will generally not match the movements of similarly titled indexes which are derived from traditional commodity groupings.
(2) The indexes for March 2008 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.

"-" Data not available.
NOTE: NAICS replaced the SIC system beginning with the release of PPI data for January 2004.
See http://www.bls.gov/ppi/ppinaics.htm for details.


Table 5. Producer price indexes by stage of processing, seasonally adjusted 1982=100
Grouping Index(1)
Feb.
2008
Mar.
2008
Apr.
2008
May
2008
June
2008
July
2008

Finished goods

174.0 175.6 176.1 178.5 181.7 183.9

Finished consumer goods

182.8 184.9 185.2 188.5 192.8 195.2

Finished consumer foods

173.8 176.2 176.0 177.4 180.1 180.6

Crude

179.9 195.4 183.6 175.1 189.3 170.8

Processed

173.2 174.3 175.4 177.6 179.2 181.5

Finished consumer goods, excluding foods

186.0 188.0 188.4 192.5 197.5 200.7

Nondurable goods less foods

206.4 209.5 209.4 215.9 223.3 227.7

Durable goods

139.7 139.5 140.8 140.3 140.7 141.6

Capital equipment

151.6 151.6 152.5 152.7 153.1 154.3

Manufacturing industries

155.0 155.1 156.5 156.7 157.1 158.0

Nonmanufacturing industries

150.4 150.4 151.1 151.3 151.7 153.0

Intermediate materials, supplies, and components

180.9 185.2 186.5 192.0 196.1 201.4

Materials and components for manufacturing

170.0 173.0 174.5 178.7 181.6 186.5

Materials for food manufacturing

177.0 180.1 179.9 182.2 185.1 186.7

Materials for nondurable manufacturing

201.4 205.8 207.6 214.3 220.1 232.0

Materials for durable manufacturing

193.1 200.2 203.3 212.5 216.1 219.3

Components for manufacturing

137.8 137.9 138.7 139.3 139.9 141.4

Materials and components for construction

195.7 197.2 199.1 203.2 206.2 209.8

Processed fuels and lubricants

197.7 209.7 210.7 224.1 234.6 243.2

Manufacturing industries

191.1 200.8 201.3 211.4 217.8 226.8

Nonmanufacturing industries

200.9 213.9 215.1 229.9 242.0 250.5

Containers

185.7 185.9 187.0 188.0 188.5 191.7

Supplies

168.1 170.0 170.5 172.8 174.3 177.8

Manufacturing industries

166.9 167.5 168.4 168.6 169.7 171.4

Nonmanufacturing industries

167.0 169.1 169.6 172.4 174.0 177.8

Feeds

170.2 179.3 177.8 187.1 187.3 205.8

Other supplies

167.8 169.2 170.4 172.0 173.7 175.9

Crude materials for further processing

246.2 262.6 274.6 293.1 303.8 316.5

Foodstuffs and feedstuffs

167.0 170.6 167.9 170.9 176.8 177.0

Nonfood materials

299.6 327.1 349.1 384.7 399.1 423.1

Nonfood materials except fuel(2)

295.3 324.0 346.4 373.1 381.6 401.4

Manufacturing(2)

274.9 301.9 322.9 348.1 356.0 374.6

Construction

197.6 200.4 196.9 196.9 198.5 201.6

Crude fuel(3)

283.2 306.3 324.4 374.1 397.8 426.7

Manufacturing industries

268.3 289.7 306.4 352.5 375.5 402.4

Nonmanufacturing industries

289.7 313.4 331.9 382.9 407.0 436.7

Special groupings

Finished goods, excluding foods

173.8 175.1 175.8 178.5 181.9 184.5

Intermediate materials less foods and feeds

181.2 185.5 187.0 192.4 196.6 201.8

Intermediate foods and feeds

175.1 180.4 178.8 184.5 186.4 193.9

Crude materials less agricultural products(2)

307.8 336.3 358.6 396.6 411.9 436.9

Finished energy goods

175.3 179.7 179.3 188.1 199.4 205.5

Finished goods less energy

166.8 167.5 168.2 168.9 169.9 170.9

Finished consumer goods less energy

173.5 174.6 175.2 176.0 177.3 178.2

Finished goods less foods and energy

164.7 164.9 165.9 166.3 166.7 167.8

Finished consumer goods less foods and energy

173.7 173.9 174.9 175.5 176.0 177.1

Consumer nondurable goods less foods and energy

202.9 203.5 204.1 205.9 206.5 207.7

Intermediate energy goods

200.0 212.0 212.3 225.5 236.7 246.9

Intermediate materials less energy

173.7 176.0 177.3 181.1 183.3 187.3

Intermediate materials less foods and energy

173.6 175.8 177.4 180.9 183.2 186.9

Crude energy materials(2)

291.5 325.1 343.7 388.7 409.7 438.1

Crude materials less energy

207.3 212.9 216.1 222.7 227.3 230.3

Crude nonfood materials less energy(3)

319.6 331.5 357.1 375.0 374.1 387.0

Footnotes
(1) All seasonally adjusted indexes are subject to change up to 5 years after original publication due to the recalculation of seasonal factors each January. The indexes for March 2008 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents.
(2) Includes crude petroleum.
(3) Excludes crude petroleum.

"-" Data not available.


Last Modified Date: August 19, 2008
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