Economic News Release

Productivity and Costs by Industry News Release


Internet: http://www.bls.gov/lpc/home.htm
Historical, technical					USDL 08-0382
  information:	(202) 691-5618			FOR RELEASE: 10:00 a.m. EDT
Media contact:	(202) 691-5902			THURSDAY, MARCH 20, 2008



                   PRODUCTIVITY AND COSTS BY INDUSTRY:
                     MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES, 2006


	Labor productivity – defined as output per hour – rose in 52 percent of the 
manufacturing industries studied in 2006, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. 
Department of Labor reported today.  This proportion was much smaller than the 88 
percent that recorded productivity increases in the previous year.  Output, the production 
of manufactured goods, rose in 56 percent of the industries in 2006 and hours fell in 57 
percent.  Unit labor costs declined in 33 percent of the industries.

	From 1987 to 2006, labor productivity increased in all but 1 of the 86 
manufacturing industries.  Output rose in 78 percent of the industries and hours fell in 79 
percent.  Unit labor costs fell in 24 percent of the industries during the period.

	This report presents data for the manufacturing industries included in the attached 
tables.  Productivity data for industries in other sectors have been published in separate 
releases and can be found on the BLS Labor Productivity and Costs web site at 
http://www.bls.gov/lpc/home.htm.  Beginning with this release, productivity and related 
indexes and rates of change are available on the web site for all industries for which BLS 
maintains productivity measures.  Previously, data for NAICS 5- and 6-digit 
manufacturing and trade industries were available only upon request.

2005-2006 change

      Labor productivity increased in 2006 in 13 of the 21 3-digit manufacturing 
industries. Table 1 shows the range of productivity changes in these industries.  Strong 
output growth and a slight drop in hours resulted in the largest productivity gain, 8.7 
percent, in computer and electronic products manufacturing (NAICS 334).  In contrast, a 
drop in output combined with an increase in labor hours resulted in the largest 
productivity decline, 6.4 percent, in beverages and tobacco products manufacturing 
(NAICS 312).

      Labor productivity rose in 45 of the 86 4-digit manufacturing industries in 2006.  
(See table 1.)  Productivity increased 3.0 percent or more in approximately one third of 
those industries.  Output grew in 48 industries and hours fell in 49 industries.  The 
computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing industry (NAICS 3341) posted the 
largest productivity gain, 31.7 percent, spurred by strong output growth combined with 
falling hours.  The largest decline in labor productivity, 9.7 percent, occurred in textile 
and fabric finishing and fabric coating mills (NAICS 3133). Labor productivity declined 
in many more industries in 2006 than over the period from 1987 to 2006.

      Unit labor costs, which reflect the total labor costs required to produce a unit of 
output, fell in 28 of the 86 manufacturing industries in 2006.  (See table 1.)  Unit labor 
costs fell most rapidly in computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing (NAICS 
3341) and communications equipment manufacturing (NAICS 3342), the two industries 
with the largest increases in labor productivity.

Long-term trends

      Between 1987 and 2006, labor productivity increased in 85 of the 86 
manufacturing industries.  Output rose in 67 industries and hours fell in 68 industries.  
Productivity grew fastest in computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing (NAICS 
3341) and semiconductor and other electronic component manufacturing (NAICS 3344), 
an average 24.1 percent per year and 16.8 percent per year, respectively.  Both industries 
experienced strong growth in output combined with falling hours over the long term 
period.  Productivity fell from 1987 to 2006 in just one industry, accessories and other 
apparel manufacturing (NAICS 3159). 

	Unit labor costs fell in 21 of the 86 manufacturing industries from 1987 to 2006.  
The two industries with the fastest productivity growth, computer and peripheral 
equipment manufacturing (NAICS 3341) and semiconductor and other electronic 
component manufacturing (NAICS 3344), also recorded the largest declines in unit labor 
costs.




                            Technical Notes

Labor Productivity: The industry labor productivity measures describe the relationship 
between output and the labor time involved in its production.  They show the changes 
from period to period in the amount of goods and services produced per hour.  Industry 
output per hour indexes are prepared from data published by various public and private 
agencies, using the greatest level of industry detail available.
      Although the labor productivity measures relate output to hours of employees or 
all persons engaged in an industry, they do not measure the specific contribution of labor, 
capital, or any other factor of production.  Rather, they reflect the joint effects of many 
influences, including changes in technology; capital investment; level of output; 
utilization of capacity, energy, and materials; the use of purchased services inputs, 
including contract employment services; the organization of production; managerial skill; 
and the characteristics and effort of the workforce.
      Long-term productivity trends tend to be more reliable indicators of the 
performance of an industry than are year-to-year changes.  The annual changes in an 
industry’s output and use of labor may reflect cyclical changes in the economy as well as 
long-term trends.  Also, annual productivity indexes are based on sample data, which are 
likely to differ from data generated by a census of establishments in the industry.

Output:  Industry output is measured as sectoral output, the total value in real terms of 
goods and services produced for sale outside the industry.  Real industry output is most 
often derived by deflating nominal value of production.  Wherever possible, the indexes 
of industry output are calculated with a Törnqvist formula.  This formula aggregates the 
growth rates of the various industry outputs between two periods, using their relative 
shares in industry value of production, averaged over the two periods, as weights.
      Industry output measures for manufacturing industries are constructed using data 
from the economic censuses and annual surveys of the Bureau of the Census, U.S.  
Department of Commerce, together with information on price changes primarily from the 
Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Labor Hours:  The primary source of data on industry employment and hours is the BLS 
Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey.  The CES provides monthly data on the 
number of total and production worker jobs held by wage and salary workers in nonfarm 
establishments, as well as data on the average weekly hours of production workers in 
those establishments.  CES data are supplemented or further disaggregated for some 
industries using data from the BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages 
(QCEW), the Bureau of the Census, or other sources.  Data from the Current Population 
Survey (CPS) are also used to supplement the CES data.  The industry productivity 
program estimates the average weekly hours of nonproduction workers for each industry 
using data from the CPS together with the CES data.  The hours of production and 
nonproduction workers are treated as homogeneous and are directly aggregated.  

Unit Labor Costs:  The unit labor costs represent the cost of labor input required to 
produce one unit of output.  The indexes of unit labor costs are computed by dividing an 
index of industry labor compensation by an index of real industry output.  Unit labor 
costs also describe the relationship between compensation per hour and real output per 
hour (labor productivity).  Increases in hourly compensation increase unit labor costs; 
increases in labor productivity offset compensation increases and lower unit labor costs.  
	Compensation, defined as payroll plus supplemental payments, is a measure of 
the cost to the employer of securing the services of labor.  Payroll includes salaries, 
wages, commissions, dismissal pay, bonuses, vacation and sick leave pay, and 
compensation in kind.  Supplemental payments include legally required expenditures and 
payments for voluntary programs.  The legally required portion consists primarily of 
Federal old age and survivors’ insurance, unemployment compensation, and workers’ 
compensation.  Payments for voluntary programs include all programs not specifically 
required by legislation, such as the employer portion of private health insurance and 
pension plans.
      
Other Notes:  The measures in this news release incorporate revised data from the 
Census Bureau’s 2006 Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) and the annual benchmark 
revision of the BLS Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey published in February 
2008.  These measures replace the manufacturing series published in the news release 
Productivity and Costs by Industry: Manufacturing, 2005 (released April 19, 2007) and 
in table 51 of the Monthly Labor Review.  All of the measures for 2006 in this release are 
preliminary and subject to revision.  
	The industries reported on in this release are classified according to the 2002 
NAICS.  Industry productivity measures will be classified according to the 2007 NAICS 
in 2009, with the publication of manufacturing industry data for 2007.
      Published industry productivity and related indexes and rates of change can be 
accessed electronically by visiting the Labor Productivity and Costs web site at 
http://www.bls.gov/lpc/home.htm.  Data on industry employment, hours, labor 
compensation, value of production, and the implicit price deflator for output for these 
industries are available upon request by calling the Division of Industry Productivity 
Studies (202-691-5618) or by sending a request by e-mail to dipsweb@bls.gov.  While 
the index numbers and rates of change reported by BLS in this news release are rounded 
to one decimal place, all industry productivity percent changes are calculated using index 
numbers to three decimal places. 
      Material in this report is in the public domain and, with appropriate credit, may be 
used without permission.  Information in this report will be made available to sensory-
impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone: 202-691-5618; TDD message referral 
phone number: 1-800-877-8339.




Table 1.   Percent change in output per hour, output, hours, compensation, and unit labor costs, 2005-2006

                                                                                      Percent change, 2005-2006
                                                                2006     ---------------------------------------------------
 NAICS                        Industry                       Employment   Output                        Total     Unit labor
  code                                                      (thousands)  per hour   Output    Hours  compensation   costs

                           Manufacturing

311      Food                                                    1479      -1.7       1.1       2.9       1.8        0.7
3111         Animal food                                           49      -9.1      -1.5       8.5       1.9        3.4
3112         Grain and oilseed milling                             61      -1.8      -3.6      -1.9       2.7        6.5
3113         Sugar and confectionery products                      75      -1.1      -4.7      -3.5      -0.7        4.1
3114         Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty         176      -3.8      -0.6       3.3       1.9        2.6
3115         Dairy products                                       131       0.6       1.3       0.7      -0.9       -2.2
3116         Animal slaughtering and processing                   506      -0.4       4.4       4.8       0.6       -3.7
3117         Seafood product preparation and packaging             41       9.5       4.8      -4.3       1.2       -3.5
3118         Bakeries and tortilla manufacturing                  280      -4.3      -2.3       2.1       3.3        5.7
3119         Other food products                                  160       0.2       4.8       4.7       4.9        0.1

312      Beverages and tobacco products                           194      -6.4      -1.9       4.9       2.8        4.8
3121         Beverages                                            171      -6.9      -0.8       6.5       3.1        4.0
3122         Tobacco and tobacco products                          24       1.9      -3.8      -5.7       1.6        5.7

313      Textile mills                                            195      -1.5     -11.2      -9.8      -7.3        4.4
3131         Fiber, yarn, and thread mills                         48      -2.7      -8.7      -6.2      -9.0       -0.4
3132         Fabric mills                                          90       3.9      -9.1     -12.5      -6.7        2.7
3133         Textile and fabric finishing mills                    58      -9.7     -17.3      -8.4      -7.0       12.4

314      Textile product mills                                    161      -5.4      -8.5      -3.2      -3.6        5.3
3141         Textile furnishings mills                             90      -6.7     -10.5      -4.1      -5.8        5.3
3149         Other textile product mills                           71      -2.2      -4.1      -1.9      -1.3        2.9

315      Apparel                                                  238       2.8      -3.1      -5.7      -4.0       -0.9
3151         Apparel knitting mills                                35       3.1       0.0      -3.0      -8.3       -8.4
3152         Cut and sew apparel                                  184       3.5      -2.3      -5.6      -3.2       -0.9
3159         Accessories and other apparel                         20      -9.0     -18.9     -10.8      -3.2       19.4

316      Leather and allied products                               37       7.1      -2.6      -9.1      -1.7        1.0
3161         Leather and hide tanning and finishing                 4      -0.5     -27.1     -26.8     -18.8       11.4
3162         Footwear                                              17       9.3       1.3      -7.3      -1.5       -2.8
3169         Other leather products                                15      16.6      11.1      -4.7       7.3       -3.5

321      Wood products                                            559       1.4       0.9      -0.5       3.1        2.1
3211         Sawmills and wood preservation                       118       1.8       1.3      -0.5       1.9        0.6
3212         Plywood and engineered wood products                 120       6.6       1.8      -4.5       2.5        0.8
3219         Other wood products                                  321      -0.8       0.3       1.1       3.7        3.4

322      Paper and paper products                                 471       2.2       0.0      -2.2      -0.6       -0.6
3221         Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills                    136       2.3       1.2      -1.1      -3.4       -4.6
3222         Converted paper products                             334       1.6      -1.1      -2.7       1.3        2.5

323      Printing and related support activities                  634       1.3       0.8      -0.5       2.2        1.4
3231         Printing and related support activities              634       1.3       0.8      -0.5       2.2        1.4

324      Petroleum and coal products                              113      -0.8       0.4       1.2       3.4        3.0
3241         Petroleum and coal products                          113      -0.8       0.4       1.2       3.4        3.0

325      Chemicals                                                866       2.5       2.0      -0.5       1.5       -0.5
3251         Basic chemicals                                      148       2.5       2.2      -0.3       1.3       -0.8
3252         Resin, rubber, and artificial fibers                 105       3.4      -0.9      -4.2      -4.8       -3.9
3253         Agricultural chemicals                                38      -1.4      -3.7      -2.4       0.6        4.5
3254         Pharmaceuticals and medicines                        292       4.5       4.8       0.3       6.1        1.2
3255         Paints, coatings, and adhesives                       67      -4.4      -4.6      -0.2       2.2        7.2
3256         Soaps, cleaning compounds, and toiletries            111       6.4       6.2      -0.2       0.3       -5.5
3259         Other chemical products and preparations             105      -4.4      -3.0       1.4      -4.3       -1.2

326      Plastics and rubber products                             787       0.2      -0.7      -0.9       1.0        1.7
3261         Plastics products                                    631      -1.3      -0.2       1.2       1.8        2.0
3262         Rubber products                                      156       5.2      -3.3      -8.1      -2.0        1.3

327      Nonmetallic mineral products                             510      -0.6       2.3       2.9       5.5        3.1
3271        Clay products and refractories                         61      -2.3      -4.0      -1.7       1.0        5.2
3272         Glass and glass products                             102       8.0       0.8      -6.6       1.3        0.5
3273         Cement and concrete products                         248      -3.2       3.8       7.2       8.5        4.5
3274         Lime and gypsum products                              19      -2.3      -1.8       0.5       5.5        7.5
3279         Other nonmetallic mineral products                    80      -2.2       4.9       7.2       5.5        0.6

331      Primary metals                                           464      -0.9      -0.5       0.4       1.2        1.7
3311         Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy production        97       0.2       1.5       1.3       2.0        0.5
3312         Steel products from purchased steel                   61      -5.2      -3.2       2.1      -4.5       -1.4
3313         Alumina and aluminum production                       73      -1.7       1.2       3.0       0.0       -1.2
3314         Other nonferrous metal production                     73      -5.4      -7.9      -2.6       0.2        8.8
3315         Foundries                                            161       2.5       1.8      -0.7       3.2        1.4

332      Fabricated metal products                               1553       2.4       5.6       3.2       6.8        1.1
3321         Forging and stamping                                 113       3.5       6.4       2.8       4.5       -1.8
3322         Cutlery and hand tools                                54       2.2      -0.9      -3.1       1.9        2.9
3323         Architectural and structural metals                  412       3.9       8.2       4.1      10.5        2.2
3324         Boilers, tanks, and shipping containers               94       1.0       7.1       6.0       7.7        0.6
3325         Hardware                                              34      -0.5      -2.1      -1.6      -1.4        0.7
3326         Spring and wire products                              58      -1.9      -3.8      -2.0       1.6        5.7
3327         Machine shops and threaded products                  353       0.6       5.8       5.1       8.6        2.6
3328         Coating, engraving, and heat treating metals         149      -0.7       0.7       1.5       4.7        4.0
3329         Other fabricated metal products                      287       4.6       7.2       2.5       4.7       -2.4

333      Machinery                                               1181       2.5       4.7       2.2       4.8        0.0
3331         Agriculture, construction, and mining machinery      220      -0.2       7.5       7.6      10.4        2.7
3332         Industrial machinery                                 123      10.5      10.0      -0.5       4.9       -4.7
3333         Commercial and service industry machinery            109       6.2       5.6      -0.5       2.0       -3.5
3334         HVAC and commercial refrigeration equipment          156      -2.8       0.4       3.3       2.2        1.7
3335         Metalworking machinery                               200       0.8       0.4      -0.4       1.6        1.2
3336         Turbine and power transmission equipment             101      -3.0       3.9       7.1       6.5        2.5
3339         Other general purpose machinery                      272       3.8       3.8      -0.1       4.6        0.7

334      Computer and electronic products                        1297       8.7       8.4      -0.2       3.0       -5.0
3341         Computer and peripheral equipment                    196      31.7      25.1      -5.0     -10.0      -28.0
3342         Communications equipment                             141      24.0      17.7      -5.1       2.7      -12.8
3343         Audio and video equipment                             31       4.6      -1.1      -5.4      -2.9       -1.8
3344         Semiconductors and electronic components             458      -0.3       2.3       2.7       3.3        1.0
3345         Electronic instruments                               440       2.7       4.2       1.5       6.8        2.4
3346         Magnetic media manufacturing and reproduction         32      -3.1      -7.2      -4.3      -5.1        2.3

335      Electrical equipment and appliances                      433      -0.5       0.5       1.0       2.0        1.5
3351         Electric lighting equipment                           59       4.9       0.2      -4.5       1.0        0.8
3352         Household appliances                                  80       5.3      -1.8      -6.7      -2.4       -0.7
3353         Electrical equipment                                 155      -0.4       3.6       4.0       2.0       -1.5
3359         Other electrical equipment and components            139      -4.8      -0.4       4.6       4.4        4.8

336      Transportation equipment                                1596       1.1       1.4       0.4      -1.1       -2.5
3361         Motor vehicles                                       237      10.4       2.6      -7.1      -5.2       -7.6
3362         Motor vehicle bodies and trailers                    179      -2.9       3.8       6.9       6.6        2.7
3363         Motor vehicle parts                                  655      -0.2      -3.7      -3.4      -4.9       -1.3
3364         Aerospace products and parts                         474      -5.6      -0.1       5.8       2.1        2.2
3365         Railroad rolling stock                                28       7.8      15.1       6.8      10.5       -4.1
3366         Ship and boat building                               156      -3.4       1.6       5.1       4.9        3.3
3369         Other transportation equipment                        41       7.4       5.0      -2.2      10.4        5.1

337      Furniture and related products                           557       2.3      -0.3      -2.6       1.5        1.8
3371         Household and institutional furniture                371       2.7      -2.3      -4.9       0.7        3.1
3372         Office furniture and fixtures                        136      -0.3       3.9       4.2       3.5       -0.3
3379         Other furniture-related products                      51       1.9      -1.2      -3.0       0.0        1.2

339      Miscellaneous manufacturing                              649       3.6       3.1      -0.4       5.5        2.3
3391         Medical equipment and supplies                       308       2.9       4.4       1.5       7.1        2.5
3399         Other miscellaneous manufacturing                    341       3.9       1.7      -2.2       3.7        2.0




Table 2.  Average annual percent change in output per hour, output, hours, compensation, and unit labor costs, 1987-2006

                                                                   Average annual percent change, 1987-2006
                                                             ----------------------------------------------------
 NAICS                        Industry                         Output                        Total     Unit labor
  code                                                        per hour   Output    Hours  compensation   costs

                            Manufacturing

311      Food                                                    1.3       1.7       0.3       3.1       1.4
3111         Animal food                                         3.1       2.3      -0.8       3.2       0.9
3112         Grain and oilseed milling                           2.5       1.3      -1.2       2.2       0.8
3113         Sugar and confectionery products                    2.1       0.9      -1.2       2.2       1.3
3114         Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty        1.7       1.5      -0.2       2.9       1.4
3115         Dairy products                                      1.5       1.0      -0.5       2.9       1.9
3116         Animal slaughtering and processing                  1.0       2.5       1.5       3.5       1.0
3117         Seafood product preparation and packaging           2.7       1.3      -1.4       3.1       1.8
3118         Bakeries and tortilla manufacturing                 0.5       0.6       0.2       2.5       1.9
3119         Other food products                                 0.9       2.3       1.3       4.8       2.5

312      Beverages and tobacco products                          1.0       0.2      -0.8       1.7       1.5
3121         Beverages                                           2.0       1.7      -0.3       2.1       0.4
3122         Tobacco and tobacco products                        1.5      -2.1      -3.5       0.3       2.5

313      Textile mills                                           3.8      -1.5      -5.2      -1.9      -0.4
3131         Fiber, yarn, and thread mills                       4.0      -0.6      -4.4      -1.8      -1.2
3132         Fabric mills                                        5.0      -1.5      -6.1      -1.7      -0.2
3133         Textile and fabric finishing mills                  1.7      -2.2      -3.9      -2.5      -0.3

314      Textile product mills                                   1.4       0.2      -1.1       1.3       1.0
3141         Textile furnishings mills                           1.3       0.0      -1.3       0.3       0.2
3149         Other textile product mills                         1.7       0.7      -1.0       2.5       1.8

315      Apparel                                                 2.5      -4.8      -7.1      -4.9      -0.1
3151         Apparel knitting mills                              2.6      -3.7      -6.1      -5.0      -1.4
3152         Cut and sew apparel                                 2.8      -5.0      -7.5      -5.0      -0.1
3159         Accessories and other apparel                      -1.9      -5.5      -3.6      -3.3       2.3

316      Leather and allied products                             3.3      -3.8      -6.9      -2.8       1.0
3161         Leather and hide tanning and finishing              1.2      -4.9      -6.1      -2.3       2.7
3162         Footwear                                            2.2      -6.5      -8.5      -4.4       2.2
3169         Other leather products                              3.4      -1.3      -4.6      -0.9       0.4

321      Wood products                                           1.4       1.2      -0.2       3.5       2.2
3211         Sawmills and wood preservation                      2.7       1.3      -1.4       2.1       0.8
3212         Plywood and engineered wood products                0.9       1.6       0.7       3.7       2.1
3219         Other wood products                                 1.0       1.0       0.0       4.0       2.9

322      Paper and paper products                                2.1       0.5      -1.6       1.7       1.2
3221         Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills                   3.3       0.3      -2.9       0.7       0.4
3222         Converted paper products                            1.4       0.6      -0.8       2.5       1.9

323      Printing and related support activities                 1.1       0.3      -0.8       1.8       1.5
3231         Printing and related support activities             1.1       0.3      -0.8       1.8       1.5

324      Petroleum and coal products                             2.9       1.3      -1.6       4.1       2.8
3241         Petroleum and coal products                         2.9       1.3      -1.6       4.1       2.8

325      Chemicals                                               2.5       1.9      -0.6       3.2       1.3
3251         Basic chemicals                                     3.1       0.6      -2.4       2.2       1.6
3252         Resin, rubber, and artificial fibers                3.0       1.3      -1.7       1.6       0.3
3253         Agricultural chemicals                              2.6       1.2      -1.4       1.7       0.5
3254         Pharmaceuticals and medicines                       1.5       4.2       2.7       6.4       2.1
3255         Paints, coatings, and adhesives                     1.4       0.3      -1.1       2.5       2.2
3256         Soaps, cleaning compounds, and toiletries           3.5       2.9      -0.6       2.8      -0.1
3259         Other chemical products and preparations            2.4       0.4      -1.9       1.3       0.9

326      Plastics and rubber products                            2.6       2.6      -0.1       3.5       0.9
3261         Plastics products                                   2.5       3.0       0.4       4.1       1.1
3262         Rubber products                                     2.7       1.1      -1.6       1.9       0.8

327      Nonmetallic mineral products                            1.4       1.4       0.0       2.9       1.4
3271        Clay products and refractories                       1.3      -0.5      -1.8       0.9       1.3
3272         Glass and glass products                            2.5       0.8      -1.7       1.4       0.6
3273         Cement and concrete products                        0.5       2.1       1.6       4.2       2.1
3274         Lime and gypsum products                            1.5       0.6      -0.8       3.3       2.6
3279         Other nonmetallic mineral products                  1.8       1.7      -0.1       3.1       1.4

331      Primary metals                                          2.7       0.8      -1.8       1.1       0.3
3311         Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy production      5.0       1.9      -2.9       0.1      -1.8
3312         Steel products from purchased steel                 0.4      -0.1      -0.5       1.2       1.3
3313         Alumina and aluminum production                     2.8       0.7      -2.0       1.3       0.6
3314         Other nonferrous metal production                   0.9      -1.2      -2.1       1.6       2.7
3315         Foundries                                           2.6       1.2      -1.3       1.8       0.6

332      Fabricated metal products                               1.7       1.7       0.0       2.9       1.2
3321         Forging and stamping                                3.1       2.2      -0.9       2.1      -0.1
3322         Cutlery and hand tools                              1.6      -0.2      -1.8       1.6       1.8
3323         Architectural and structural metals                 1.3       2.2       0.9       3.8       1.6
3324         Boilers, tanks, and shipping containers             0.6      -0.1      -0.7       1.7       1.7
3325         Hardware                                            2.1      -1.1      -3.1      -0.4       0.7
3326         Spring and wire products                            2.9       1.2      -1.6       2.3       1.1
3327         Machine shops and threaded products                 2.2       3.5       1.2       4.5       0.9
3328         Coating, engraving, and heat treating metals        3.1       3.5       0.4       3.6       0.1
3329         Other fabricated metal products                     1.4       0.6      -0.7       1.8       1.2

333      Machinery                                               2.7       2.0      -0.7       2.2       0.2
3331         Agriculture, construction, and mining machinery     2.9       3.3       0.4       2.9      -0.5
3332         Industrial machinery                                3.1       2.3      -0.8       2.6       0.3
3333         Commercial and service industry machinery           1.8       0.0      -1.8       0.5       0.5
3334         HVAC and commercial refrigeration equipment         2.5       2.2      -0.2       2.6       0.3
3335         Metalworking machinery                              2.2       0.8      -1.4       1.7       0.9
3336         Turbine and power transmission equipment            2.5       2.2      -0.3       1.4      -0.8
3339         Other general purpose machinery                     2.9       2.0      -0.9       2.9       0.9

334      Computer and electronic products                       12.5      10.3      -2.0       1.0      -8.4
3341         Computer and peripheral equipment                  24.1      19.4      -3.7      -2.6     -18.5
3342         Communications equipment                            8.2       5.4      -2.6       0.5      -4.6
3343         Audio and video equipment                           7.4       3.7      -3.4       1.8      -1.9
3344         Semiconductors and electronic components           16.8      16.3      -0.4       1.9     -12.4
3345         Electronic instruments                              4.1       1.8      -2.2       1.6      -0.2
3346         Magnetic media manufacturing and reproduction       2.5       2.1      -0.4       1.3      -0.8

335      Electrical equipment and appliances                     2.9       0.6      -2.2       1.3       0.7
3351         Electric lighting equipment                         2.2       0.3      -1.8       1.6       1.3
3352         Household appliances                                4.6       1.8      -2.7       0.8      -1.0
3353         Electrical equipment                                2.9       0.3      -2.6       1.3       1.0
3359         Other electrical equipment and components           2.0       0.3      -1.7       1.5       1.2

336      Transportation equipment                                3.0       1.9      -1.1       1.5      -0.4
3361         Motor vehicles                                      4.2       2.6      -1.5       1.9      -0.7
3362         Motor vehicle bodies and trailers                   1.4       3.0       1.6       5.1       2.0
3363         Motor vehicle parts                                 3.2       3.3       0.1       2.2      -1.1
3364         Aerospace products and parts                        1.6      -1.2      -2.7       0.0       1.1
3365         Railroad rolling stock                              5.3       6.0       0.7       3.4      -2.5
3366         Ship and boat building                              1.5       1.0      -0.5       2.2       1.1
3369         Other transportation equipment                      5.3       5.5       0.2       4.7      -0.8

337      Furniture and related products                          2.2       1.7      -0.5       2.9       1.3
3371         Household and institutional furniture               2.0       1.4      -0.6       3.0       1.6
3372         Office furniture and fixtures                       2.4       1.8      -0.6       2.7       0.9
3379         Other furniture-related products                    2.2       2.6       0.4       3.6       0.9

339      Miscellaneous manufacturing                             3.3       3.3       0.0       4.6       1.3
3391         Medical equipment and supplies                      3.7       4.8       1.1       5.7       0.8
3399         Other miscellaneous manufacturing                   2.8       1.9      -0.8       3.6       1.6


Last Modified Date: March 20, 2008
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