Economic News Release

Productivity and Costs News Release



Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until      USDL-11-1276      
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, September 1, 2011

Technical information: (202) 691-5606   dprweb@bls.gov  www.bls.gov/lpc
Media contact:	       (202) 691-5902   PressOffice@bls.gov



			    PRODUCTIVITY AND COSTS
			Second Quarter 2011, Revised 

Nonfarm business sector labor productivity decreased at a 0.7 percent annual
rate during the second quarter of 2011, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today, with output and hours worked rising 1.3 percent and 2.0 
percent, respectively. (All quarterly percent changes in this release are
seasonally adjusted annual rates.) From the second quarter of 2010 to the
second quarter of 2011, output increased 2.4 percent while hours rose 1.6
percent, yielding an increase in productivity of 0.7 percent. 
(See tables A and 2.) 

Labor productivity, or output per hour, is calculated by dividing an index 
of real output by an index of hours worked of all persons, including 
employees, proprietors, and unpaid family workers. 

Unit labor costs in nonfarm businesses rose 3.3 percent in the second quarter
of 2011, because hourly compensation increased 2.7 percent while productivity
decreased 0.7 percent. Over the last four quarters, hourly compensation 
increased more than output per hour, and unit labor costs rose 1.9 percent.
(See tables A and 2.)

BLS defines unit labor costs as the ratio of hourly compensation to labor 
productivity; increases in hourly compensation tend to increase unit labor 
costs and increases in output per hour tend to reduce them. 

Manufacturing sector productivity fell 1.5 percent in the second quarter of 
2011, as output rose 1.2 percent and hours increased 2.7 percent. Productivity
declined 2.7 percent in the durable goods sector and increased 1.3 percent in 
the nondurable goods sector. Over the last four quarters, total manufacturing
productivity increased 2.4 percent. Unit labor costs in manufacturing rose 4.6
percent in the second quarter of 2011 and 0.4 percent over the last four 
quarters. (See tables A, 3, 4, and 5.) 

The data sources and methods used in the preparation of the manufacturing 
output series differ from those used in preparing the business and nonfarm
business output series, and these measures are not directly comparable. See
Technical Notes for further information on data sources. 

Preliminary data for the second quarter of 2011 for the nonfinancial 
corporate sector also were released today.  Productivity increased 4.4 
percent as output and hours rose 7.5 percent and 3.0 percent, respectively.
(See tables C and 6.) 


Revised Measures

The measures released today were based on more recent source data than were 
available for the preliminary report. Tables B and C present previous and 
revised productivity and related measures for the major sectors: nonfarm 
business, business and manufacturing, as well as nonfinancial corporations.

In the second quarter of 2011, nonfarm business productivity decreased 0.7
percent, rather than 0.3 percent, reflecting a downward revision of 0.5
percentage points to output; hours were not revised. Hourly compensation
increased 2.7 percent in the second quarter, a larger gain than reported
August 9. The increase in unit labor costs was revised up to 3.3 percent. In 
the manufacturing sector, productivity showed a smaller decline than 
previously reported, 1.5 percent, due to an upward revision to output; hours 
were revised up slightly. Unit labor costs increased 4.6 percent rather than
4.4 percent.

In the first quarter of 2011, nonfarm business productivity growth was not 
revised. Unit labor costs increased 6.2 percent, rather than the previous 
estimate of 4.8 percent, due solely to an upward revision to hourly 
compensation. The first-quarter increase in unit labor costs follows a 2.0 
percent decline from 2009 to 2010, the largest in the annual series.  In 
manufacturing, productivity growth was not revised. Unit labor costs fell 
0.1 percent, rather than 1.1 percent, due to an upward revision to hourly 
compensation. 

Nonfinancial corporate sector productivity growth in the first quarter of 
2011 was revised up to 2.3 percent from the preliminary estimate of 1.4 
percent. (See tables C and 6.) 

Manufacturing sector productivity, output, and unit labor costs series were
revised back to 1987 to reflect revised output indexes constructed by BLS 
using data from the U.S. Department of Commerce.  Manufacturing productivity
was revised up for the years 2009 and 2010, and the average annual rate of
growth from 2007 to 2010 is now 2.0 percent, compared to 1.6 percent as of
August 9.  Revised annual index series appear in appendix tables 1-3.  Full
historical annual and quarterly measures can be found on the productivity and
costs home page at www.bls.gov/lpc/#data.  
___________




The preliminary Productivity and Costs news release for third-quarter 2011 is
scheduled to be released on Thursday, November 3, 2011 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




======================================================================================================
Table A. Revised second-quarter 2011 measures: percent change from previous quarter, annual rate 
         (Q to Q) and from same quarter a year ago (Y to Y)
         
Sector                    Nonfarm                                        Durable         Nondurable
                          Business         Business      Manufacturing   Manufacturing   Manufacturing
                       Q to Q   Y to Y  Q to Q  Y to Y  Q to Q  Y to Y  Q to Q  Y to Y  Q to Q  Y to Y
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
Productivity		 -0.7	   0.7	   -0.5	   0.6	   -1.5	   2.4	  -2.7	   2.7	   1.3	   3.5
Output			  1.3	   2.4	    1.2	   2.1	    1.2	   4.6	   2.2	   7.4	   0.3	   1.8
Hours		          2.0	   1.6	    1.7	   1.5	    2.7	   2.1	   5.0	   4.5	  -0.9	  -1.7
Hourly 
 compensation	 	  2.7	   2.7	    3.1	   2.7	    3.1	   2.8	   2.4	   2.0	   4.1	   3.7
Real hourly 
 compensation		 -1.4	  -0.7	   -1.0	  -0.6     -0.9	  -0.6	  -1.6	  -1.3	   0.0	   0.3
Unit labor
 costs			  3.3	   1.9	    3.5	   2.1      4.6	   0.4	   5.2	  -0.7	   2.7	   0.1
======================================================================================================
Table B. Revised and previous measures: second quarter and first quarter 2011

Sector             Nonfarm                                             Durable           Nondurable
                   Business         Business         Manufacturing     Manufacturing     Manufacturing
              Revised Previous  Revised Previous  Revised Previous  Revised Previous  Revised Previous
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
			Percent change, annual rate, second quarter 2011
Productivity	  -0.7	  -0.3	    -0.5     0.0     -1.5     -2.0	-2.7	-3.5	  1.3	   1.2
Output		   1.3	   1.8	     1.2     1.6      1.2      0.6	 2.2	 1.4	  0.3	  -0.2
Hours		   2.0	   2.0	     1.7     1.7      2.7      2.6	 5.0	 5.1	 -0.9	  -1.4
Hourly
 compensation      2.7	   1.9	     3.1     2.3      3.1      2.3	 2.4	 1.6	  4.1	   3.0
Real hourly
 compensation	  -1.4	  -2.1	    -1.0    -1.7     -0.9     -1.7	-1.6	-2.4	  0.0	  -1.0
Unit labor
 costs		   3.3	   2.2	     3.5     2.4      4.6      4.4	 5.2	 5.3	  2.7	   1.8
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
			Percent change, annual rate, first quarter 2011
Productivity	  -0.6	  -0.6	    -1.4    -1.4       4.2	4.2	 6.8	 6.9	  3.4	   3.4
Output		   0.9	   0.9	     0.3     0.3       7.8	7.8	13.7	13.8	  2.1	   2.0
Hours		   1.5	   1.5	     1.7     1.7       3.4	3.4	 6.4	 6.4	 -1.3	  -1.3
Hourly 
 compensation	   5.6	   4.2	     5.4     4.0       4.1	3.1	 4.4	 4.9	  2.8	  -0.8
Real hourly 
 compensation	   0.3	  -1.0	     0.1    -1.2      -1.2     -2.1	-0.8	-0.4	 -2.4     -5.8
Unit labor 
 costs		   6.2	   4.8	     6.8     5.4      -0.1     -1.1     -2.3	-1.9	 -0.6	  -4.0
======================================================================================================
Table C. Nonfinancial corporations: preliminary second quarter 2011 and revised first quarter 2011
                                                        Real 
                                           Hourly       hourly        Unit                    Implicit
Sector       Produc-                       compen-      compen-       labor       Unit        price
             tivity    Output     Hours    sation       sation        costs       profits     deflator
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
			Percent change, annual rate, second quarter 2011
Q to Q		4.4	 7.5	   3.0	      2.5 	 -1.5	       -1.8	    28.9           1.8
Y to Y		0.8	 3.2	   2.3	      2.3        -1.0	        1.5	    10.7           2.0
			Percent change, annual rate, first quarter 2011
Revised		2.3	 4.5	   2.1	      4.5        -0.8	 	2.1	     3.7           2.0
Previous	1.4	 3.6	   2.1	      3.1        -2.1		1.6	     4.6	   2.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 



			TECHNICAL NOTES

Labor Hours: Hours data for the labor productivity and cost measures 
include hours for all persons working in the sector--wage and salary 
workers, the self-employed and unpaid family workers. The primary 
source of hours and employment data is the BLS Current Employment 
Statistics (CES) program, which provides monthly survey data on the 
number of jobs held by wage and salary workers in nonfarm 
establishments. The CES also provides average weekly paid hours of 
production and nonsupervisory workers in these establishments. Weekly 
paid hours are adjusted to hours at work using data from the National 
Compensation Survey (NCS). The BLS Hours at Work survey, conducted for 
this purpose, was used for earlier years. The Office of Productivity 
and Technology estimates average weekly hours at work for 
nonproduction and supervisory workers using information from the 
Current Population Survey (CPS), the CES, and the NCS.
     Data from the CPS are used for farm labor, nonfarm proprietors, 
and nonfarm unpaid family workers. Estimates of labor input for 
government enterprises are derived from the CPS, the CES, and the 
National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) prepared by the Bureau of 
Economic Analysis (BEA) of the Department of Commerce.
     The CES measures jobs, counting a person who is employed by two or 
more establishments at each place of employment. In contrast, the CPS 
features measures of employment that count each person only once and 
classify each person according to his or her primary job; hours worked 
at all jobs by that person accrue to his or her primary job. However, 
the CPS also collects more detailed information on employment and 
hours worked at primary jobs and all other jobs, separately. The BLS 
productivity measures use the more detailed information on employment 
and hours to assign all hours worked to the correct industrial sector 
and avoid duplicating hours data from the CES.

Output: Business sector output is a chain-type, current-weighted index 
constructed after excluding from gross domestic product (GDP) the 
following outputs: general government, nonprofit institutions, and 
private households (including owner-occupied housing). Corresponding 
exclusions also are made in labor inputs. Business output accounted 
for about 75 percent of the value of GDP in 2010. Nonfarm business, 
which excludes farming, accounted for about 74 percent of GDP in 2010.
     Annual indexes for manufacturing and its durable and nondurable 
goods components are constructed by deflating current-dollar industry 
value of production data from the U.S. Bureau of the Census with 
deflators from the BLS. These deflators are based on data from the BLS 
producer price program and other sources. The industry shipments are 
aggregated using annual weights, and intrasector transactions are 
removed. Quarterly manufacturing output measures are based on the 
index of industrial production prepared monthly by the Board of 
Governors of the Federal Reserve System, adjusted to be consistent 
with annual indexes of manufacturing sector output prepared by BLS. 
Durables include the following 3-digit NAICS industries: wood product 
manufacturing; nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing; primary 
metal manufacturing; fabricated metal product manufacturing; machinery 
manufacturing; computer and electronic product manufacturing; 
electrical equipment and appliance manufacturing; transportation 
equipment manufacturing; furniture and related product manufacturing; 
and miscellaneous manufacturing. Nondurables include: food 
manufacturing; beverage and tobacco product manufacturing; textile 
mills; textile product mills; apparel manufacturing; leather and 
allied product manufacturing; paper manufacturing; printing and 
related support activities; petroleum and coal products manufacturing; 
chemical manufacturing; and plastics and rubber products 
manufacturing.
     Nonfinancial corporate output is a chain-type, current-weighted 
index calculated on the basis of the costs incurred and the incomes 
earned from production.  The output measure excludes the following 
outputs from GDP: general government; nonprofit institutions; private 
households; unincorporated business; and those corporations classified 
as offices of bank holding companies, offices of other holding 
companies, or offices in the finance and insurance sector. 
Nonfinancial corporations accounted for about 48 percent of the value 
of GDP in 2010.
     
Productivity: These productivity measures describe the relationship 
between real output and the labor time involved in its production. 
They show the changes from period to period in the amount of goods and 
services produced per hour. Although these measures relate output to 
hours at work of all persons engaged in a sector, they do not measure 
the specific contribution of labor, capital, or any other factor of 
production. Rather, they reflect the joint effects of many influences, 
including changes in technology; capital investment; level of output; 
utilization of capacity, energy, and materials; the organization of 
production; managerial skill; and the characteristics and effort of 
the work force.

Labor Compensation: The measure includes accrued wages and salaries, 
supplements, employer contributions to employee benefit plans, and 
taxes. Estimates of labor compensation by major sector, required for 
measures of hourly compensation and unit labor costs, are based 
primarily on employee compensation data from the NIPA, prepared by the 
BEA. The compensation of employees in general government, nonprofit 
institutions and private households are subtracted from compensation 
of domestic employees to derive employee compensation for the business 
sector. The labor compensation of proprietors cannot be explicitly 
identified and must be estimated. This is done by assuming that 
proprietors have the same hourly compensation as employees in the same 
sector. The quarterly labor productivity and cost measures do not 
contain estimates of compensation for unpaid family workers.  
      
Unit Labor Costs: The measures of unit labor costs in this release 
describe the relationship between compensation per hour and 
productivity, or real output per hour, and can be used as an indicator 
of inflationary pressure on producers. Increases in hourly 
compensation increase unit labor costs; labor productivity increases 
offset compensation increases and lower unit labor costs. 

Presentation of the data: The quarterly data in this release are 
presented in three ways: as percent changes from the previous quarter 
presented at a compound annual rate, as percent changes from the 
corresponding quarter of the previous year, and as index number series 
where 2005=100. Annual data are presented both as index number series 
and percent changes from the previous year.  
	The index numbers and rates of change reported in the 
productivity and costs news release are rounded to one decimal place. 
All percent changes in this release and on the BLS web site are 
calculated using index numbers to three decimal places. These index 
numbers are available at the BLS web site, www.bls.gov/data/home.htm, 
or by contacting the BLS Division of Major Sector Productivity. 
(Telephone 202-691-5606 or email DPRWEB@BLS.GOV)
      
Information in this release will be made available to sensory-impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5606; Federal Relay 
Service number: 1-800-877-8339.








Table 1. Business sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, and prices,
seasonally adjusted
                                                          Real
             Output                            Compen-    compen-               Unit       Implicit
 Year        per hour               Hours      sation     sation      Unit      nonlabor   price
 and         of all                 of all     per hour   per hour    labor     payments   deflator
 quarter     persons     Output     persons      (1)        (2)       costs       (3)        (4)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2011 II       -0.5 r       1.2 r      1.7        3.1 r     -1.0 r      3.5 r      1.7 r      2.7 r
     I        -1.4         0.3        1.7        5.4 r      0.1 r      6.8 r     -2.2 r      2.9  

2010 ANNUAL    4.1         3.9       -0.1        2.0        0.4       -2.0        6.1        1.3  

2010 IV        1.7         3.2        1.5        0.4       -2.2       -1.3        7.3        2.2  
     III       2.5         3.7        1.2        2.2        0.7       -0.3        3.2        1.1  
     II        1.1         4.7        3.6        2.4        2.9        1.2        2.8        1.9  
     I         4.3         5.1        0.8        1.2        0.0       -2.9        9.0        1.8  

2009 ANNUAL    2.4        -4.9       -7.1        1.6        2.0       -0.8        3.1        0.7  

2009 IV        5.3         5.0       -0.3        1.2       -1.6       -3.9        9.0        1.1  
     III       7.0         1.8       -4.9        2.7       -0.9       -4.0        7.3        0.3  
     II        8.0        -1.0       -8.4        6.6        4.6       -1.3       -1.0       -1.2  
     I         1.5        -8.5       -9.8       -2.7       -0.4       -4.1       10.5        1.4  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2011 II        0.6 r       2.1 r      1.5        2.7 r     -0.6 r      2.1 r      2.4 r      2.3 r
     I         1.0         3.0        2.0        2.6 r      0.4 r      1.6 r      2.7 r      2.0  

2010 ANNUAL    4.1         3.9       -0.1        2.0        0.4       -2.0        6.1        1.3  

2010 IV        2.4         4.2        1.8        1.5        0.3       -0.8        5.5        1.8  
     III       3.3         4.6        1.3        1.7        0.5       -1.5        6.0        1.5  
     II        4.4         4.1       -0.3        1.9        0.1       -2.4        7.0        1.3  
     I         6.2         2.7       -3.3        2.9        0.5       -3.1        6.0        0.5  

2009 ANNUAL    2.4        -4.9       -7.1        1.6        2.0       -0.8        3.1        0.7  

2009 IV        5.4        -0.8       -5.9        1.9        0.4       -3.3        6.3        0.4  
     III       3.3        -5.1       -8.1        2.0        3.7       -1.2        1.8        0.0  
     II        1.3        -6.8       -8.0        2.2        3.2        0.9        0.5        0.8  
     I        -0.1        -6.5       -6.4        0.3        0.5        0.4        4.0        1.8  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2005=100

2011 II      110.2 r     104.3 r     94.6      118.8 r    103.2 r    107.7 r    118.3 r    111.9 r
     I       110.4       104.0       94.2      117.9 r    103.5 r    106.8 r    117.8 r    111.2  

2010 ANNUAL  110.0       102.5       93.2      115.8      103.6      105.3      116.3      109.6  

2010 IV      110.7       103.9       93.8      116.3      103.5      105.0      118.5      110.4  
     III     110.3       103.1       93.5      116.2      104.1      105.4      116.4      109.7  
     II      109.6       102.1       93.2      115.6      103.9      105.5      115.5      109.4  
     I       109.3       101.0       92.4      114.9      103.1      105.1      114.7      108.9  

2009 ANNUAL  105.7        98.7       93.4      113.5      103.3      107.4      109.6      108.3  

2009 IV      108.2        99.7       92.2      114.6      103.1      105.9      112.3      108.4  
     III     106.8        98.5       92.3      114.2      103.5      107.0      109.9      108.1  
     II      105.0        98.1       93.4      113.5      103.8      108.1      108.0      108.1  
     I       103.0        98.3       95.5      111.7      102.6      108.5      108.2      108.4  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                  September 1, 2011
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics





Table 2. Nonfarm business sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, and prices,
seasonally adjusted
                                                          Real
             Output                            Compen-    compen-               Unit       Implicit
 Year        per hour               Hours      sation     sation      Unit      nonlabor   price
 and         of all                 of all     per hour   per hour    labor     payments   deflator
 quarter     persons     Output     persons      (1)        (2)       costs       (3)        (4)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2011 II       -0.7 r       1.3 r      2.0        2.7 r     -1.4 r      3.3 r      1.5 r      2.6 r
     I        -0.6         0.9        1.5        5.6 r      0.3 r      6.2 r     -3.1 r      2.2  

2010 ANNUAL    4.1         4.0       -0.1        2.1        0.4       -2.0        5.7        1.1  

2010 IV        2.2         3.8        1.5        0.6       -2.1       -1.6        6.4        1.7  
     III       2.1         3.5        1.4        1.9        0.4       -0.2        2.0        0.7  
     II        1.2         4.6        3.4        2.6        3.1        1.4        3.0        2.0  
     I         4.6         5.2        0.5        1.4        0.2       -3.1        8.8        1.6  

2009 ANNUAL    2.3        -5.1       -7.2        1.6        2.0       -0.7        3.8        1.1  

2009 IV        5.5         5.6        0.1        1.2       -1.5       -4.1        7.7        0.5  
     III       6.5         1.4       -4.8        2.3       -1.3       -3.9        8.1        0.6  
     II        8.0        -1.1       -8.4        6.7        4.7       -1.2       -1.3       -1.2  
     I         1.3        -8.7       -9.9       -2.7       -0.4       -4.0       12.1        2.0  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2011 II        0.7 r       2.4 r      1.6        2.7 r     -0.7 r      1.9 r      1.6 r      1.8 r
     I         1.2         3.2        1.9        2.6 r      0.4 r      1.4 r      2.0 r      1.7  

2010 ANNUAL    4.1         4.0       -0.1        2.1        0.4       -2.0        5.7        1.1  

2010 IV        2.5         4.3        1.7        1.6        0.4       -0.9        5.0        1.5  
     III       3.3         4.7        1.3        1.8        0.5       -1.5        5.3        1.2  
     II        4.4         4.2       -0.3        1.9        0.1       -2.5        6.9        1.2  
     I         6.2         2.7       -3.2        2.9        0.5       -3.1        5.7        0.4  

2009 ANNUAL    2.3        -5.1       -7.2        1.6        2.0       -0.7        3.8        1.1  

2009 IV        5.3        -0.9       -5.9        1.8        0.3       -3.3        6.5        0.5  
     III       3.0        -5.5       -8.2        2.1        3.7       -0.9        2.5        0.4  
     II        1.2        -7.1       -8.2        2.4        3.4        1.1        1.2        1.2  
     I        -0.2        -6.7       -6.5        0.4        0.5        0.5        5.0        2.2  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2005=100

2011 II      110.3 r     104.4 r     94.6 r    118.7 r    103.2 r    107.6 r    117.5 r    111.5 r
     I       110.5       104.0       94.2      117.9 r    103.6 r    106.7 r    117.0 r    110.8  

2010 ANNUAL  109.8       102.4       93.2      115.8      103.7      105.4      116.1      109.6  

2010 IV      110.7       103.8       93.8      116.3      103.5      105.1      118.0      110.2  
     III     110.1       102.9       93.5      116.2      104.0      105.6      116.1      109.7  
     II      109.5       102.0       93.1      115.6      103.9      105.6      115.6      109.5  
     I       109.2       100.8       92.4      114.9      103.1      105.3      114.7      109.0  

2009 ANNUAL  105.5        98.5       93.3      113.4      103.3      107.5      109.8      108.4  

2009 IV      107.9        99.6       92.2      114.5      103.1      106.1      112.3      108.5  
     III     106.5        98.2       92.2      114.2      103.5      107.2      110.3      108.4  
     II      104.8        97.9       93.4      113.5      103.8      108.3      108.1      108.2  
     I       102.8        98.2       95.5      111.7      102.6      108.6      108.5      108.6  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                  September 1, 2011
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics





Table 3. Manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs,
seasonally adjusted
                                                                              Real
                 Output                                        Compen-        compen-
 Year            per hour                      Hours           sation         sation         Unit
 and             of all                        of all          per hour       per hour       labor
 quarter         persons        Output         persons           (1)            (2)          costs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2011 II           -1.5 r          1.2 r          2.7 r          3.1 r         -0.9 r          4.6 r
     I             4.2            7.8            3.4            4.1 r         -1.2 r         -0.1 r

2010 ANNUAL        6.1 r          6.0 r          0.0            1.6            0.0           -4.2 r

2010 IV            4.9            3.8           -1.0            2.3           -0.4           -2.5  
     III           2.1            5.6            3.4            1.7            0.2           -0.5  
     II            5.2            9.2            3.8            3.8            4.3           -1.3  
     I             4.7            7.8            3.0           -2.7           -3.9           -7.1  

2009 ANNUAL        0.5 r        -12.5 r        -13.0            4.5            4.9            4.0 r

2009 IV            7.3 r          6.5 r         -0.8            3.1            0.3           -3.9 r
     III          13.1 r          7.5 r         -4.9            1.4           -2.2          -10.3 r
     II            6.3 r        -10.1 r        -15.4            7.9            5.9            1.5 r
     I            -1.4 r        -21.1 r        -20.0            0.5            2.9            1.9 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2011 II            2.4 r          4.6 r          2.1            2.8 r         -0.6 r          0.4 r
     I             4.1            6.6            2.4            2.9 r          0.7 r         -1.1 r

2010 ANNUAL        6.1 r          6.0 r          0.0            1.6            0.0           -4.2 r

2010 IV            4.2            6.6            2.3            1.2            0.0           -2.9  
     III           4.8 r          7.3 r          2.3            1.4            0.2           -3.2 r
     II            7.5 r          7.7 r          0.2            1.4           -0.4           -5.7 r
     I             7.8 r          2.6 r         -4.8            2.4            0.0           -5.0 r

2009 ANNUAL        0.5 r        -12.5 r        -13.0            4.5            4.9            4.0 r

2009 IV            6.2 r         -5.1 r        -10.6            3.2            1.7           -2.8 r
     III           2.7 r        -11.9 r        -14.2            4.8            6.6            2.0 r
     II           -1.7 r        -16.5 r        -15.1            5.8            6.9            7.6 r
     I            -4.8 r        -16.0 r        -11.8            4.0            4.2            9.2 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2005=100

2011 II          113.7 r         95.9 r         84.4 r        119.7 r        104.1 r        105.3 r
     I           114.1 r         95.6 r         83.8          118.8 r        104.3 r        104.1 r

2010 ANNUAL      111.3 r         92.0 r         82.7          116.6          104.4          104.8 r

2010 IV          112.9 r         93.8 r         83.1          117.6          104.6          104.2 r
     III         111.6 r         92.9 r         83.3          117.0          104.7          104.8 r
     II          111.0 r         91.7 r         82.6          116.5          104.7          105.0 r
     I           109.6 r         89.7 r         81.8          115.4          103.6          105.3 r

2009 ANNUAL      104.9 r         86.8 r         82.7          114.8          104.5          109.4 r

2009 IV          108.3 r         88.0 r         81.2          116.2          104.6          107.3 r
     III         106.5 r         86.7 r         81.4          115.3          104.5          108.3 r
     II          103.2 r         85.1 r         82.4          114.9          105.1          111.3 r
     I           101.7 r         87.4 r         86.0          112.8          103.6          110.9 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                  September 1, 2011
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics





Table 4. Durable manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs,
seasonally adjusted
                                                                              Real
                 Output                                        Compen-        compen-
 Year            per hour                      Hours           sation         sation         Unit
 and             of all                        of all          per hour       per hour       labor
 quarter         persons        Output         persons           (1)            (2)          costs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2011 II           -2.7 r          2.2 r          5.0 r          2.4 r         -1.6 r          5.2 r
     I             6.8 r         13.7 r          6.4            4.4 r         -0.8 r         -2.3 r

2010 ANNUAL        7.7 r          7.6 r         -0.1            2.1            0.4           -5.2 r

2010 IV            5.3            5.7            0.4            2.2           -0.5           -3.0  
     III           1.7            8.3            6.5           -0.8           -2.2           -2.5  
     II           11.3           14.5            2.8            7.1            7.7           -3.7  
     I             6.2           10.2            3.8           -3.1           -4.3           -8.7  

2009 ANNUAL       -4.6 r        -19.3 r        -15.5            5.7            6.1           10.8 r

2009 IV            6.3 r          5.9 r         -0.4            3.8            1.0           -2.3 r
     III          18.2 r         10.3 r         -6.6            1.0           -2.6          -14.5 r
     II            2.1 r        -18.8 r        -20.5           11.6            9.5            9.3 r
     I           -10.0 r        -31.2 r        -23.6            3.1            5.5           14.6 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2011 II            2.7 r          7.4 r          4.5 r          2.0 r         -1.3 r         -0.7 r
     I             6.2 r         10.5            4.0            3.2 r          1.0 r         -2.9 r

2010 ANNUAL        7.7 r          7.6 r         -0.1            2.1            0.4           -5.2 r

2010 IV            6.1            9.6            3.4            1.3            0.1           -4.5  
     III           6.3 r          9.7 r          3.2            1.7            0.4           -4.4 r
     II           10.4 r         10.2 r         -0.2            2.1            0.3           -7.5 r
     I             8.0 r          1.1 r         -6.4            3.2            0.8           -4.5 r

2009 ANNUAL       -4.6 r        -19.3 r        -15.5            5.7            6.1           10.8 r

2009 IV            3.6 r        -10.1 r        -13.3            4.8            3.3            1.1 r
     III          -2.5 r        -18.9 r        -16.8            5.9            7.7            8.7 r
     II           -7.8 r        -24.4 r        -18.0            7.4            8.4           16.4 r
     I           -10.5 r        -22.5 r        -13.4            4.6            4.8           16.9 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2005=100

2011 II          112.1 r         93.3 r         83.2 r        120.9 r        105.1 r        107.9 r
     I           112.9 r         92.8 r         82.2          120.2 r        105.6 r        106.5 r

2010 ANNUAL      109.0 r         87.3 r         80.1          118.1          105.7          108.3 r

2010 IV          111.0 r         89.8 r         80.9          118.9          105.8          107.1 r
     III         109.6 r         88.6 r         80.9          118.3          105.9          108.0 r
     II          109.1 r         86.9 r         79.6          118.5          106.5          108.6 r
     I           106.2 r         84.0 r         79.0          116.5          104.6          109.7 r

2009 ANNUAL      101.2 r         81.2 r         80.2          115.7          105.3          114.3 r

2009 IV          104.7 r         82.0 r         78.3          117.4          105.7          112.2 r
     III         103.1 r         80.8 r         78.4          116.4          105.5          112.9 r
     II           98.9 r         78.8 r         79.7          116.1          106.2          117.4 r
     I            98.3 r         83.0 r         84.4          112.9          103.8          114.8 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                  September 1, 2011
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics





Table 5. Nondurable manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs,
seasonally adjusted
                                                                              Real
                 Output                                        Compen-        compen-
 Year            per hour                      Hours           sation         sation         Unit
 and             of all                        of all          per hour       per hour       labor
 quarter         persons        Output         persons           (1)            (2)          costs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2011 II            1.3 r          0.3 r         -0.9 r          4.1 r          0.0 r          2.7 r
     I             3.4            2.1 r         -1.3            2.8 r         -2.4 r         -0.6 r

2010 ANNUAL        3.9 r          3.9 r          0.1            0.8           -0.9           -3.0 r

2010 IV            5.3            2.0           -3.2            2.2           -0.5           -3.0  
     III           4.2            2.8           -1.3            5.7            4.2            1.4  
     II           -1.3 r          4.0            5.4           -1.9           -1.4           -0.5  
     I             3.6            5.4            1.7           -2.2           -3.4           -5.6  

2009 ANNUAL        2.3 r         -6.6 r         -8.7            2.9            3.2            0.5 r

2009 IV            7.7 r          6.2 r         -1.4            1.9           -0.9           -5.4 r
     III           5.3 r          3.0 r         -2.2            2.5           -1.1           -2.6 r
     II            4.3 r         -2.5 r         -6.5            2.8            0.8           -1.5 r
     I             2.8 r        -11.2 r        -13.6           -3.3           -1.0           -6.0 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2011 II            3.5            1.8 r         -1.7 r          3.7 r          0.3 r          0.1 r
     I             2.9            2.7           -0.2            2.1 r          0.0 r         -0.7 r

2010 ANNUAL        3.9 r          3.9 r          0.1            0.8           -0.9           -3.0 r

2010 IV            2.9            3.5            0.6            0.9           -0.3           -2.0  
     III           3.5 r          4.6 r          1.1            0.8           -0.4           -2.6 r
     II            3.8 r          4.6 r          0.8            0.1           -1.7           -3.6 r
     I             5.2 r          3.0 r         -2.1            1.2           -1.1           -3.8 r

2009 ANNUAL        2.3 r         -6.6 r         -8.7            2.9            3.2            0.5 r

2009 IV            5.0 r         -1.3 r         -6.0            0.9           -0.5           -3.9 r
     III           4.5 r         -5.8 r         -9.8            3.5            5.2           -1.0 r
     II            0.9 r         -9.1 r         -9.9            3.7            4.7            2.8 r
     I            -1.0 r         -9.7 r         -8.8            3.3            3.4            4.3 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2005=100

2011 II          111.3 r         96.1 r         86.4 r        117.8 r        102.4 r        105.8 r
     I           110.9 r         96.0 r         86.6          116.6 r        102.4 r        105.1 r

2010 ANNUAL      108.5 r         94.6 r         87.2          114.7          102.7          105.7 r

2010 IV          110.0 r         95.5 r         86.9          115.8          103.0          105.3 r
     III         108.6 r         95.1 r         87.6          115.2          103.2          106.1 r
     II          107.5 r         94.4 r         87.9          113.6          102.1          105.7 r
     I           107.8 r         93.5 r         86.7          114.2          102.5          105.9 r

2009 ANNUAL      104.5 r         91.1 r         87.2          113.8          103.6          109.0 r

2009 IV          106.9 r         92.3 r         86.3          114.8          103.3          107.4 r
     III         104.9 r         90.9 r         86.6          114.3          103.6          108.9 r
     II          103.6 r         90.2 r         87.1          113.5          103.8          109.6 r
     I           102.5 r         90.8 r         88.6          112.8          103.6          110.0 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                  September 1, 2011
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics





Table 6. Nonfinancial corporate sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, unit profits,
and prices, seasonally adjusted
                                                     Real               Unit
              Output                       Hourly    hourly             non-      Total   Unit   Implicit
 Year         per all-                     compen-   compen-   Unit     labor     unit    pro-   price
 and          employee          Employee   sation    sation    labor    costs     cost    fits   deflator
 quarter      hour     Output   hours       (1)       (2)      costs     (6)      (7)     (8)      (4)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2011 II        4.4       7.5      3.0       2.5      -1.5      -1.8     -3.2     -2.2     28.9      1.8  
     I         2.3 r     4.5 r    2.1       4.5 r    -0.8 r     2.1 r    0.7 r    1.7 r    3.7 r    2.0  

2010 ANNUAL    5.3       5.4      0.1       1.9       0.3      -3.2     -9.7     -5.1     40.6     -0.7  

2010 IV       -3.1      -1.3      1.9      -0.3      -3.0       2.9      1.8      2.6     -0.8      2.1  
     III      -0.1       2.3      2.3       2.6       1.2       2.7     -4.6      0.6     13.3      2.3  
     II       -1.2       2.9      4.2       1.4       2.0       2.7     -7.8     -0.4     10.2      0.9  
     I         9.3      10.6      1.2       0.9      -0.4      -7.7    -15.0     -9.9    101.8     -0.5  

2009 ANNUAL    1.6      -6.3     -7.8       2.0       2.4       0.4      5.3      1.8     -9.2      0.6  

2009 IV       10.5       9.9     -0.6       1.6      -1.1      -8.1    -10.4     -8.7     74.1     -2.4  
     III       9.3       3.8     -5.0       3.0      -0.7      -5.7    -13.5     -8.1     52.8     -3.7  
     II        7.2      -3.2     -9.7       7.4       5.4       0.2     -3.3     -0.9    -28.2     -3.7  
     I        -8.1     -18.6    -11.5      -6.3      -4.0       2.0     21.4      7.4    -29.7      3.0  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2011 II        0.8       3.2      2.3       2.3      -1.0       1.5     -1.4      0.7     10.7      2.0  
     I        -0.6 r     2.1 r    2.6       2.0 r    -0.2 r     2.6 r   -2.5 r    1.1      6.5 r    1.8  

2010 ANNUAL    5.3       5.4      0.1       1.9       0.3      -3.2     -9.7     -5.1     40.6     -0.7  

2010 IV        1.1       3.5      2.4       1.1      -0.1       0.0     -6.6     -1.9     25.7      1.2  
     III       4.5       6.4      1.8       1.6       0.4      -2.7     -9.5     -4.7     44.7      0.1  
     II        6.8       6.8     -0.1       1.7       0.0      -4.8    -11.7     -6.9     56.0     -1.4  
     I         9.1       5.1     -3.6       3.2       0.8      -5.4    -10.7     -7.0     40.1     -2.6  

2009 ANNUAL    1.6      -6.3     -7.8       2.0       2.4       0.4      5.3      1.8     -9.2      0.6  

2009 IV        4.5      -2.6     -6.8       1.3      -0.1      -3.0     -2.3     -2.8      7.6     -1.7  
     III       1.3      -7.6     -8.8       2.5       4.1       1.2      4.9      2.2    -19.2     -0.3  
     II        1.1      -7.7     -8.7       2.9       3.9       1.7      8.7      3.7    -16.2      1.6  
     I        -0.3      -7.2     -6.9       1.5       1.6       1.8     10.4      4.3     -7.8      3.0  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                            Indexes 2005=100

2011 II      111.3     105.4     94.7     118.0     102.6     106.0    106.5    106.2    128.0    108.9  
     I       110.1 r   103.6 r   94.0     117.3 r   103.0 r   106.5 r  107.4 r  106.8 r  120.1 r  108.5  

2010 ANNUAL  110.3     102.2     92.7     115.6     103.5     104.9    108.0    105.7    116.7    107.1  

2010 IV      109.5     102.4     93.5     116.0     103.2     106.0    107.2    106.3    119.0    107.9  
     III     110.4     102.8     93.1     116.1     104.0     105.2    106.7    105.6    119.3    107.3  
     II      110.4     102.2     92.6     115.4     103.7     104.5    107.9    105.5    115.6    106.8  
     I       110.7     101.5     91.6     115.0     103.2     103.8    110.2    105.6    112.8    106.5  

2009 ANNUAL  104.7      97.0     92.6     113.4     103.2     108.4    119.5    111.5     83.0    107.9  

2009 IV      108.3      98.9     91.3     114.7     103.3     105.9    114.7    108.4     94.7    106.6  
     III     105.6      96.6     91.5     114.3     103.6     108.2    117.9    110.9     82.4    107.3  
     II      103.3      95.7     92.7     113.4     103.7     109.8    122.3    113.2     74.1    108.3  
     I       101.5      96.5     95.1     111.4     102.4     109.7    123.3    113.5     80.5    109.3  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                        September 1, 2011
r=revised                                                              Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



SOURCES: Output data are from the Bureau of Economic Analysis and the 
Census Bureau of the U.S. Department of Commerce; the Bureau of Labor 
Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor; and the Federal Reserve Board.  
Compensation and hours data are from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and 
the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

RELIABILITY: Productivity and cost measures are regularly revised as 
more complete information becomes available.  The measures are first 
published within 40 days of the close of the reference period; revisions 
appear 30 days later, and second revisions after an additional 60 days.  
In the business sector, the third publication (second revision) of a 
quarterly index of output per hour of all persons has differed from the 
initial value by between -1.8 and 1.6 index points approximately 95 
percent of the time.  This interval is based on the performance of this 
measure between the fourth quarter of 1995 and the first quarter of 
2011.


			Table Footnotes			

(1) Wages and salaries of employees plus employers' contributions for 
social insurance and private benefit plans. Except for nonfinancial 
corporations, where there are no self-employed, data also include an 
estimate of wages, salaries, and supplemental payments for the self-
employed.

(2) The change for recent quarters is based on the Consumer Price Index 
for all urban consumers (CPI-U). The trend from 1978-2010 is based on the 
Consumer Price Index research series (CPI-U-RS).

(3) Unit nonlabor payments include profits, consumption of fixed 
capital, taxes on production and imports less subsidies, net interest 
and miscellaneous payments, business current transfer payments, rental 
income of persons, and the current surplus of government enterprises.

(4) Current dollar output divided by the output index.

(5) Quarterly changes: Percent change compounded at annual rate is 
calculated using index numbers to three decimal places. Indexes 
published in the news release are rounded to one decimal place for 
convenience. Annual changes: Percent change is calculated using annual 
average indexes to three decimal places.

(6) Unit nonlabor costs include consumption of fixed capital, taxes on 
production and imports less subsidies, net interest and miscellaneous 
payments, and business current transfer payments.

(7) Total unit costs are the sum of unit labor and nonlabor costs.

(8) Unit profits include corporate profits before tax with 
inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.





Appendix table 1.
 Manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs

                                                                             Real
                 Output                                       Compen-        compen-
                 per hour                      Hours          sation         sation          Unit
                 of all                        of all         per hour       per hour        labor
   Year          persons        Output         persons          (1)            (2)           costs
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Indexes 2005=100
   2010           111.3 r         92.0 r         82.7          116.6          104.4          104.8 r

   2009           104.9 r         86.8 r         82.7          114.8          104.5          109.4 r
   2008           104.4 r         99.2 r         95.1          109.8           99.6          105.2 r
   2007           104.9 r        103.8 r         99.0          105.3           99.2          100.4 r
   2006           100.9 r        101.6 r        100.7          102.0           98.8          101.1 r
   2005           100.0          100.0          100.0          100.0          100.0          100.0  

   2004            95.4 r         96.5 r        101.1           96.8          100.0          101.4 r
   2003            93.3 r         94.9 r        101.7           96.0          101.9          102.9 r
   2002            87.8 r         93.9 r        106.9           88.9           96.5          101.2 r
   2001            81.9 r         94.2 r        115.0           84.3           92.9          102.9 r
   2000            80.4 r         98.9 r        123.1           81.2           92.0          101.0 r

   1999            76.9 r         95.9 r        124.7           75.4           88.3           97.9 r
   1998            73.3 r         92.1 r        125.5           72.2           86.3           98.4 r
   1997            69.5 r         87.4 r        125.9           68.0           82.4           97.8 r
   1996            65.9 r         81.5 r        123.6           66.4           82.2          100.7 r
   1995            63.6 r         78.8 r        123.9           65.2           83.0          102.6 r

   1994            60.8 r         74.9 r        123.1           64.2           83.7          105.6 r
   1993            58.8 r         70.7 r        120.3           62.7           83.4          106.6 r
   1992            57.3 r         68.0 r        118.7           61.3           83.5          106.9 r
   1991            55.2 r         65.8 r        119.3           58.5           81.8          106.0 r
   1990            53.8 r         67.0 r        124.5           55.2           80.0          102.7 r

   1989            52.6 r         67.2 r        127.7           52.7           80.1          100.1 r
   1988            52.1 r         66.1 r        126.9           51.2           81.1           98.2 r
   1987            51.0 r         62.9 r        123.2           49.4           81.2           96.8 r
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 See footnotes following Table 6.                                                   September 1, 2011
 r=revised                                                         Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



Appendix table 2.
 Durable manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs

                                                                             Real
                 Output                                       Compen-        compen-
                 per hour                      Hours          sation         sation          Unit
                 of all                        of all         per hour       per hour        labor
   Year          persons        Output         persons          (1)            (2)           costs
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Indexes 2005=100
   2010           109.0 r         87.3 r         80.1          118.1          105.7          108.3 r

   2009           101.2 r         81.2 r         80.2          115.7          105.3          114.3 r
   2008           106.0 r        100.6 r         94.9          109.4           99.2          103.2 r
   2007           107.7 r        106.6 r         99.0          106.1           99.9           98.5 r
   2006           102.2 r        103.3 r        101.1          102.2           99.0          100.1 r
   2005           100.0          100.0          100.0          100.0          100.0          100.0  

   2004            95.0 r         95.2 r        100.2           97.0          100.2          102.1 r
   2003            93.4 r         93.0 r         99.5           97.3          103.3          104.2 r
   2002            87.1 r         91.6 r        105.1           89.1           96.7          102.3 r
   2001            80.7 r         92.5 r        114.6           84.9           93.7          105.2 r
   2000            79.9 r         98.7 r        123.4           82.6           93.6          103.3 r

   1999            75.8 r         94.2 r        124.2           76.5           89.7          100.9 r
   1998            70.4 r         87.9 r        124.8           73.3           87.7          104.1 r
   1997            65.2 r         81.0 r        124.1           68.9           83.5          105.5 r
   1996            61.0 r         73.6 r        120.6           67.7           83.8          110.9 r
   1995            57.9 r         69.3 r        119.5           66.9           85.2          115.5 r

   1994            54.5 r         64.2 r        117.7           66.5           86.6          121.9 r
   1993            51.9 r         59.2 r        114.0           64.8           86.3          124.9 r
   1992            50.0 r         56.2 r        112.4           63.6           86.7          127.3 r
   1991            47.3 r         53.9 r        114.0           60.3           84.3          127.5 r
   1990            46.4 r         56.1 r        120.7           56.7           82.1          122.1 r

   1989            45.6 r         56.8 r        124.7           54.3           82.5          119.2 r
   1988            45.2 r         56.2 r        124.3           52.7           83.6          116.7 r
   1987            44.2 r         52.9 r        119.7           51.3           84.3          116.0 r
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 See footnotes following Table 6.                                                   September 1, 2011
 r=revised                                                         Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



Appendix table 3.
 Nondurable manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs

                                                                             Real
                 Output                                       Compen-        compen-
                 per hour                      Hours          sation         sation          Unit
                 of all                        of all         per hour       per hour        labor
   Year          persons        Output         persons          (1)            (2)           costs
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Indexes 2005=100
   2010           108.5 r         94.6 r         87.2          114.7          102.7          105.7 r

   2009           104.5 r         91.1 r         87.2          113.8          103.6          109.0 r
   2008           102.1 r         97.5 r         95.4          110.7          100.4          108.4 r
   2007           102.0 r        101.0 r         99.0          103.8           97.8          101.8 r
   2006            99.8 r         99.9 r        100.1          101.5           98.3          101.7 r
   2005           100.0          100.0          100.0          100.0          100.0          100.0  

   2004            95.3 r         98.1 r        102.8           96.5           99.8          101.2 r
   2003            92.0 r         96.9 r        105.3           94.0           99.8          102.2 r
   2002            87.8 r         96.6 r        110.0           88.8           96.4          101.1 r
   2001            82.9 r         96.0 r        115.9           83.0           91.5          100.2 r
   2000            80.9 r         99.1 r        122.5           78.5           89.0           97.0 r

   1999            78.2 r         98.1 r        125.5           73.2           85.7           93.6 r
   1998            77.2 r         97.9 r        126.9           70.2           83.9           90.9 r
   1997            75.2 r         97.0 r        128.9           66.5           80.7           88.4 r
   1996            72.3 r         93.2 r        128.9           64.2           79.6           88.9 r
   1995            70.8 r         93.1 r        131.5           62.7           79.7           88.5 r

   1994            69.1 r         91.4 r        132.4           60.9           79.3           88.2 r
   1993            67.5 r         88.5 r        131.1           59.6           79.2           88.2 r
   1992            66.7 r         86.5 r        129.6           58.0           79.0           86.9 r
   1991            65.6 r         84.2 r        128.4           55.9           78.1           85.2 r
   1990            64.0 r         83.9 r        131.1           53.0           76.7           82.8 r

   1989            62.7 r         83.4 r        132.9           50.0           76.1           79.7 r
   1988            62.2 r         81.7 r        131.4           48.5           76.8           77.9 r
   1987            61.0 r         78.8 r        129.2           46.3           76.1           75.9 r
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 See footnotes following Table 6.                                                   September 1, 2011
 r=revised                                                         Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Last Modified Date: September 01, 2011
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