Economic News Release

Productivity and Costs News Release



Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                     USDL-13-1802     
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, September 5, 2013

Technical information: (202) 691-5606   dprweb@bls.gov  www.bls.gov/lpc
Media contact          (202) 691-5902   PressOffice@bls.gov


                        PRODUCTIVITY AND COSTS
                     Second Quarter 2013, Revised
                     

Nonfarm business sector labor productivity increased at a 2.3 percent 
annual rate during the second quarter of 2013, the U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics reported today. The increase in productivity reflects increases 
of 3.7 percent in output and 1.4 percent in hours worked. (All quarterly 
percent changes in this release are seasonally adjusted annual rates.) 
From the second quarter of 2012 to the second quarter of 2013, 
productivity increased 0.3 percent as output and hours worked rose 2.1 
percent and 1.7 percent, respectively. (See table A.) 

Labor productivity, or output per hour, is calculated by dividing an index 
of real output by an index of hours worked of all persons, including 
employees, proprietors, and unpaid family workers. The measures released 
today were based on more recent source data than were available for the 
preliminary report.

Unit labor costs in nonfarm businesses were unchanged in the second 
quarter of 2013, as hourly compensation increased at the same 2.3 percent 
rate as productivity. Unit labor costs rose 1.5 percent over the last four 
quarters. (See table A.)

BLS defines unit labor costs as the ratio of hourly compensation to labor 
productivity; increases in hourly compensation tend to increase unit labor 
costs and increases in output per hour tend to reduce them.

Manufacturing sector productivity rose 1.9 percent in the second quarter 
of 2013, as output declined 0.6 percent and hours worked declined 2.4 
percent. Productivity increased 3.3 percent in the durable goods sector 
and 0.2 percent in the nondurable goods sector. Over the last four 
quarters, manufacturing productivity increased 1.9 percent, as output 
increased 1.9 percent and hours were unchanged. Unit labor costs in 
manufacturing rose 2.3 percent in the second quarter of 2013 and decreased 
0.5 percent from the same quarter a year ago. (See tables A and 3.) 

Preliminary second-quarter 2013 measures of productivity and costs were 
announced for the nonfinancial corporate sector. Productivity increased 
3.2 percent in the second quarter of 2013, as output and hours rose 4.8 
percent and 1.5 percent, respectively. Unit labor costs fell 0.9 percent, 
as the 2.3 percent gain in hourly compensation was less than the 3.2 
percent gain in productivity. (See tables C and 6.)

The concepts, sources, and methods used for the manufacturing and 
nonfinancial corporate output series differ from those used in the 
business and nonfarm business output series; these output measures are not 
directly comparable. See Technical Notes for a more detailed explanation.


Revised measures

The measures released today are based on more recent source data than were 
available for the preliminary report. Tables B and C present previous and 
revised productivity and related measures for the major sectors: nonfarm 
business, business, and manufacturing, as well as nonfinancial 
corporations.

In the second quarter of 2013, nonfarm business productivity increased 
2.3 percent, rather than 0.9 percent as reported August 16. The revised 
figure reflects both an upward revision to output and a downward revision 
to hours worked. Unit labor costs were revised down due solely to the 
upward revision to productivity. In the manufacturing sector, 
productivity growth was revised down due to a downward revision to output 
and an upward revision to hours. Due to the downward revision to 
productivity, unit labor costs increased more than previously reported, 
2.3 percent.
 
In the first quarter of 2013, nonfarm business productivity was 
unrevised, and manufacturing productivity was revised down slightly from 
the August 16 release. In the nonfarm business sector, hourly 
compensation and unit labor costs decreased less than previously 
reported.

In the nonfinancial corporate sector, productivity, output, and unit labor 
costs were subject to revisions for the full period of these series, which 
begin in 1947. Measures of output and compensation for the nonfinancial 
corporate (NFC) sector now incorporate the revised National Income and 
Product Accounts (NIPA) data released on July 31 and corrected on August 
15 by the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce. Hours 
were also revised for the NFC sector for 2001 forward, to include revised 
NIPA data on the proportion of sector compensation paid to employees of 
corporations and of nonprofit institutions. Also, all index measures for 
the NFC sector have been converted to a base year of 2009. A new base 
generally has little or no effect on percent changes. Historical revisions 
to measures for all other sectors due to the NIPA revision and BLS base 
year change were published with the August 16, 2013 release of 
Productivity and Costs. 

In the first quarter of 2013, nonfinancial corporate sector productivity 
declined 4.1 percent, rather than increasing 0.3 percent as reported June 
5. Unit labor costs declined 2.1 percent in the first quarter, compared to 
the 1.5 percent decrease published June 5. 

Annual Average productivity growth for 2012 in the nonfinancial corporate 
sector was revised to 1.4 percent from 0.7 percent due to an upward 
revision to output. For the full series from 1947 to 2012, the average 
annual rate of growth is 2.4 percent, slightly higher than the 2.3 percent 
rate published June 5.

Revised quarterly and annual series for recent years for all sectors 
appear in tables 1-6. Revised annual indexes for the NFC sector for all 
years appear in appendix table 1. Full historical annual and quarterly 
measures can be found on the productivity and costs home page 
http://www.bls.gov/lpc/#data.






______________

The preliminary Productivity and Costs press release for third-quarter 2013 
is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, November 6, 2013 at 8:30 a.m. (EST).


======================================================================================================
Table A. Revised second-quarter 2013 measures: percent change from previous quarter, at annual rate 
(Q to Q) and from same quarter a year ago (Y to Y)

Sector                    Nonfarm                                        Durable         Nondurable
                          Business         Business      Manufacturing   Manufacturing   Manufacturing
                       Q to Q   Y to Y  Q to Q  Y to Y  Q to Q  Y to Y  Q to Q  Y to Y  Q to Q  Y to Y
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
Productivity            2.3      0.3     2.1     0.7     1.9     1.9     3.3     2.6     0.2      1.1
Output                  3.7      2.1     3.4     2.1    -0.6     1.9     0.5     2.6    -1.9      1.0
Hours                   1.4      1.7     1.3     1.5    -2.4     0.0    -2.7     0.0    -2.1     -0.1
Hourly 
 compensation           2.3      1.8     2.4     2.1     4.2     1.4     4.6     1.2     3.4      1.8
Real hourly 
 compensation           2.3      0.3     2.5     0.6     4.2     0.0     4.7    -0.2     3.4      0.4
Unit labor 
 costs                  0.0      1.5     0.4     1.4     2.3    -0.5     1.3    -1.4     3.2      0.7
======================================================================================================
Table B. Revised and previous measures: second quarter and first quarter 2013 

Sector            Nonfarm                                             Durable           Nondurable
                  Business         Business         Manufacturing     Manufacturing     Manufacturing
              Revised Previous  Revised Previous  Revised Previous  Revised Previous  Revised Previous
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                Percent change, annual rate, second quarter 2013
Productivity     2.3     0.9     2.1     0.7      1.9      2.7       3.3      4.5       0.2       0.7
Output           3.7     2.6     3.4     2.3     -0.6      0.1       0.5      1.5      -1.9      -1.5
Hours            1.4     1.7     1.3     1.6     -2.4     -2.6      -2.7     -2.9      -2.1      -2.1
Hourly 
 compensation    2.3     2.3     2.4     2.4      4.2      4.2       4.6      4.6       3.4       3.5
Real hourly 
 compensation    2.3     2.3     2.5     2.4      4.2      4.2       4.7      4.6       3.4       3.5
Unit labor 
 costs           0.0     1.4     0.4     1.7      2.3      1.4       1.3      0.1       3.2       2.8
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                Percent change, annual rate, first quarter 2013
Productivity    -1.7    -1.7     0.4     0.4      3.8      3.9       3.7      3.8       4.4       4.7
Output          -0.3    -0.3     1.4     1.4      5.4      5.6       6.4      6.5       4.3       4.5
Hours            1.5     1.5     1.0     1.0      1.6      1.6       2.6      2.6      -0.2      -0.2
Hourly 
 compensation   -5.2    -5.9    -4.6    -5.3     -0.7      0.6      -1.2      0.9       0.2      -0.4
Real hourly
 compensation   -6.6    -7.3    -6.0    -6.7     -2.1     -0.9      -2.7     -0.6      -1.3      -1.8
Unit labor 
 costs          -3.5    -4.2    -4.9    -5.6     -4.2     -3.2      -4.7     -2.8      -4.0      -4.8
======================================================================================================
Table C. Nonfinancial corporations: preliminary second quarter and revised first quarter 2013

                                                        Real 
                                           Hourly       hourly        Unit                    Implicit
             Produc-                       compen-      compen-       labor       Unit        price
             tivity    Output     Hours    sation       sation        costs       profits     deflator
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
                                Percent change, annual rate, second quarter 2013
Q to Q          3.2      4.8       1.5       2.3          2.3          -0.9         12.7         -0.2
Y to Y          0.1      1.9       1.8       1.0         -0.4           0.9          3.5          1.2

                                Percent change, annual rate, first quarter 2013
Revised        -4.1     -1.3       2.9      -6.1         -7.5          -2.1          0.3          1.3
Previous        0.3      3.3       3.0      -1.2         -2.7          -1.5         -6.3         -0.2
======================================================================================================






			TECHNICAL NOTES
			
			
Labor Hours: Hours data for the labor productivity and cost measures 
include hours for all persons working in the sector--wage and salary 
workers, the self-employed and unpaid family workers. The primary source 
of hours and employment data is the BLS Current Employment Statistics 
(CES) program, which provides monthly survey data on the number of jobs 
held by wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments. The CES also 
provides average weekly paid hours of production and nonsupervisory 
workers in these establishments. Weekly paid hours are adjusted to hours 
at work using data from the National Compensation Survey (NCS). The BLS 
Hours at Work survey, conducted for this purpose, was used for earlier 
years. The Office of Productivity and Technology estimates average weekly 
hours at work for nonproduction and supervisory workers using information 
from the Current Population Survey (CPS), the CES, and the NCS.
     Data from the CPS are used for farm labor, nonfarm proprietors, and 
nonfarm unpaid family workers. Estimates of labor input for government 
enterprises are derived from the CPS, the CES, and the National Income and 
Product Accounts (NIPA) prepared by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) 
of the Department of Commerce.
     The CES measures jobs, counting a person who is employed by two or 
more establishments at each place of employment. In contrast, the CPS 
features measures of employment that count each person only once and 
classify each person according to his or her primary job; hours worked at 
all jobs by that person accrue to his or her primary job. However, the CPS 
also collects more detailed information on employment and hours worked at 
primary jobs and all other jobs, separately. The BLS productivity measures 
use the more detailed information on employment and hours to assign all 
hours worked to the correct industrial sector and avoid duplicating hours 
data from the CES.

Output: Business sector output is a chain-type, current-weighted index 
constructed after excluding from gross domestic product (GDP) the 
following outputs: general government, nonprofit institutions, and private 
households (including owner-occupied housing). Corresponding exclusions 
also are made in labor inputs. Business output accounted for about 75 
percent of the value of GDP in 2012. Nonfarm business, which excludes 
farming, accounted for about 74 percent of GDP in 2012.
     Annual indexes for manufacturing and its durable and nondurable goods 
components are constructed by deflating current-dollar industry value of 
production data from the U.S. Bureau of the Census with deflators from the 
BLS. These deflators are based on data from the BLS producer price program 
and other sources. The industry shipments are aggregated using annual 
weights, and intrasector transactions are removed. Quarterly manufacturing 
output measures are based on the index of industrial production prepared 
monthly by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, adjusted 
to be consistent with annual indexes of manufacturing sector output 
prepared by BLS. Durables include the following 3-digit NAICS industries: 
wood product manufacturing; nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing; 
primary metal manufacturing; fabricated metal product manufacturing; 
machinery manufacturing; computer and electronic product manufacturing; 
electrical equipment and appliance manufacturing; transportation equipment 
manufacturing; furniture and related product manufacturing; and 
miscellaneous manufacturing. Nondurables include: food manufacturing; 
beverage and tobacco product manufacturing; textile mills; textile product 
mills; apparel manufacturing; leather and allied product manufacturing; 
paper manufacturing; printing and related support activities; petroleum 
and coal products manufacturing; chemical manufacturing; and plastics and 
rubber products manufacturing.
     Nonfinancial corporate output is a chain-type, current-weighted index 
calculated on the basis of the costs incurred and the incomes earned from 
production.  The output measure excludes the following outputs from GDP: 
general government; nonprofit institutions; private households; 
unincorporated business; and those corporations classified as offices of 
bank holding companies, offices of other holding companies, or offices in 
the finance and insurance sector. Nonfinancial corporations accounted for 
about 49 percent of the value of GDP in 2012.
     
Productivity: These productivity measures describe the relationship 
between real output and the labor time involved in its production. They 
show the changes from period to period in the amount of goods and services 
produced per hour. Although these measures relate output to hours at work 
of all persons engaged in a sector, they do not measure the specific 
contribution of labor, capital, or any other factor of production. Rather, 
they reflect the joint effects of many influences, including changes in 
technology; capital investment; level of output; utilization of capacity, 
energy, and materials; the organization of production; managerial skill; 
and the characteristics and effort of the work force.

Labor Compensation: The measure includes accrued wages and salaries, 
supplements, employer contributions to employee benefit plans, and taxes. 
Estimates of labor compensation by major sector, required for measures of 
hourly compensation and unit labor costs, are based primarily on employee 
compensation data from the NIPA, prepared by the BEA. The compensation of 
employees in general government, nonprofit institutions and private 
households are subtracted from compensation of domestic employees to 
derive employee compensation for the business sector. The labor 
compensation of proprietors cannot be explicitly identified and must be 
estimated. This is done by assuming that proprietors have the same hourly 
compensation as employees in the same sector. The quarterly labor 
productivity and cost measures do not contain estimates of compensation 
for unpaid family workers.  
      
Unit Labor Costs: The measures of unit labor costs in this release 
describe the relationship between compensation per hour and productivity, 
or real output per hour, and can be used as an indicator of inflationary 
pressure on producers. Increases in hourly compensation increase unit 
labor costs; labor productivity increases offset compensation increases 
and lower unit labor costs. 

Presentation of the data: The quarterly data in this release are presented 
in three ways: as percent changes from the previous quarter presented at a 
compound annual rate, as percent changes from the corresponding quarter of 
the previous year, and as index number series where 2009=100. Annual data 
are presented both as index number series and percent changes from the 
previous year.  
	The index numbers and rates of change reported in the productivity 
and costs news release are rounded to one decimal place. All percent 
changes in this release and on the BLS web site are calculated using index 
numbers to three decimal places. These index numbers are available at the 
BLS web site, www.bls.gov/data/home.htm, or by contacting the BLS Division 
of Major Sector Productivity. (Telephone 202-691-5606 or email 
DPRWEB@BLS.GOV)
      
Information in this release will be made available to sensory-impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5606; Federal Relay Service 
number: 1-800-877-8339.





Table 1. Business sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, and prices,
seasonally adjusted
                                                          Real
             Output                            Compen-    compen-               Unit       Implicit
 Year        per hour               Hours      sation     sation      Unit      nonlabor   price
 and         of all                 of all     per hour   per hour    labor     payments   deflator
 quarter     persons     Output     persons      (1)        (2)       costs       (3)        (4)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2013 II        2.1 r       3.4 r      1.3 r      2.4        2.5 r      0.4 r      0.8 r      0.5  
     I         0.4         1.4        1.0       -4.6 r     -6.0 r     -4.9 r     11.4 r      1.8  

2012 ANNUAL    1.4         3.6        2.2        2.6        0.5        1.2        2.6        1.8  

2012 IV       -1.9         0.2        2.1       10.2        7.8       12.2      -11.5        1.2  
     III       2.1         3.6        1.4        0.8       -1.2       -1.3        7.4        2.5  
     II        1.3         1.6        0.3        1.9        0.9        0.6        3.9        2.0  
     I         1.3         4.9        3.5        8.8        6.3        7.4       -5.4        1.6  

2011 ANNUAL    0.4         2.4        2.0        2.4       -0.7        2.0        2.3        2.1  

2011 IV        3.3         6.4        2.9       -4.5       -5.9       -7.6       12.4        0.7  
     III      -0.1         1.8        1.9        2.6       -0.3        2.8        3.0        2.9  
     II        1.6         4.1        2.4       -0.7       -5.1       -2.3        9.8        2.7  
     I        -3.3        -1.9        1.4        6.3        1.8       10.0       -8.4        1.7  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2013 II        0.7 r       2.1 r      1.5        2.1 r      0.6 r      1.4 r      1.6 r      1.5  
     I         0.5         1.7        1.2        1.9 r      0.2 r      1.5 r      2.4 r      1.9  

2012 ANNUAL    1.4         3.6        2.2        2.6        0.5        1.2        2.6        1.8  

2012 IV        0.7         2.6        1.8        5.3        3.4        4.6       -1.7        1.8  
     III       2.0         4.1        2.0        1.6       -0.1       -0.4        4.4        1.7  
     II        1.4         3.6        2.2        2.1        0.2        0.6        3.3        1.8  
     I         1.5         4.3        2.7        1.4       -1.4       -0.1        4.7        2.0  

2011 ANNUAL    0.4         2.4        2.0        2.4       -0.7        2.0        2.3        2.1  

2011 IV        0.3         2.5        2.2        0.8       -2.4        0.5        3.9        2.0  
     III      -0.1         1.9        1.9        2.5       -1.2        2.5        2.3        2.4  
     II        0.6         2.5        1.9        2.5       -0.9        1.8        2.6        2.2  
     I         0.6         2.7        2.1        3.8        1.7        3.2        0.1        1.9  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2009=100

2013 II      105.7 r     111.4 r    105.3 r    108.7 r    100.5 r    102.8 r    111.5 r    106.5 r
     I       105.2       110.5      105.0      108.1 r     99.9 r    102.7 r    111.3 r    106.3  

2012 ANNUAL  105.1       109.4      104.1      107.2      100.1      102.0      109.6      105.2  

2012 IV      105.1       110.1      104.7      109.4      101.4      104.1      108.3      105.8  
     III     105.6       110.0      104.2      106.7       99.5      101.1      111.7      105.5  
     II      105.0       109.1      103.8      106.5       99.9      101.4      109.7      104.9  
     I       104.7       108.6      103.7      106.0       99.6      101.3      108.6      104.4  

2011 ANNUAL  103.6       105.6      101.9      104.4       99.6      100.8      106.8      103.3  

2011 IV      104.4       107.3      102.9      103.8       98.1       99.5      110.2      104.0  
     III     103.5       105.7      102.1      105.0       99.6      101.5      107.0      103.8  
     II      103.5       105.2      101.6      104.4       99.7      100.8      106.2      103.0  
     I       103.1       104.2      101.0      104.5      101.0      101.4      103.7      102.4  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                  September 5, 2013
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics





Table 2. Nonfarm business sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, and prices,
seasonally adjusted
                                                          Real
             Output                            Compen-    compen-               Unit       Implicit
 Year        per hour               Hours      sation     sation      Unit      nonlabor   price
 and         of all                 of all     per hour   per hour    labor     payments   deflator
 quarter     persons     Output     persons      (1)        (2)       costs       (3)        (4)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2013 II        2.3 r       3.7 r      1.4 r      2.3        2.3        0.0 r      2.4 r      1.0  
     I        -1.7        -0.3        1.5       -5.2 r     -6.6 r     -3.5 r      6.8 r      0.7  

2012 ANNUAL    1.5         3.7        2.2        2.6        0.5        1.2        2.7        1.8  

2012 IV       -1.7         0.7        2.4        9.9        7.5       11.8      -12.0        0.8  
     III       2.5         4.1        1.6        0.7       -1.3       -1.8        7.7        2.2  
     II        1.2         1.6        0.4        1.9        0.9        0.7        4.0        2.1  
     I         1.5         5.0        3.4        9.0        6.5        7.4       -5.5        1.6  

2011 ANNUAL    0.5         2.5        2.0        2.5       -0.7        2.0        1.4        1.7  

2011 IV        2.9         5.9        2.9       -4.6       -5.9       -7.3       13.3        1.1  
     III       0.0         1.7        1.7        3.0        0.0        3.0        2.3        2.7  
     II        1.9         4.7        2.8       -1.1       -5.4       -2.9       10.1        2.4  
     I        -3.2        -2.1        1.2        6.6        2.1       10.2      -10.3        0.9  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2013 II        0.3 r       2.1 r      1.7 r      1.8 r      0.3 r      1.5 r      0.9 r      1.2  
     I         0.0         1.5        1.5        1.7 r      0.0 r      1.6 r      1.3 r      1.5  

2012 ANNUAL    1.5         3.7        2.2        2.6        0.5        1.2        2.7        1.8  

2012 IV        0.9         2.8        1.9        5.3        3.3        4.4       -1.8        1.7  
     III       2.0         4.1        2.1        1.6        0.0       -0.4        4.6        1.8  
     II        1.4         3.5        2.1        2.2        0.3        0.8        3.3        1.9  
     I         1.6         4.3        2.7        1.5       -1.3       -0.1        4.8        1.9  

2011 ANNUAL    0.5         2.5        2.0        2.5       -0.7        2.0        1.4        1.7  

2011 IV        0.4         2.5        2.1        0.9       -2.4        0.5        3.4        1.8  
     III       0.2         2.1        1.9        2.6       -1.1        2.4        1.4        2.0  
     II        0.7         2.7        1.9        2.4       -0.9        1.7        1.7        1.7  
     I         0.6         2.7        2.1        4.0        1.8        3.3       -0.9        1.5  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2009=100

2013 II      105.5 r     111.4 r    105.6 r    108.7 r    100.4 r    103.0 r    109.4 r    105.6 r
     I       104.9       110.4      105.2      108.0 r     99.8 r    103.0 r    108.7 r    105.4  

2012 ANNUAL  105.3       109.7      104.1      107.4      100.3      102.0      108.3      104.6  

2012 IV      105.4       110.5      104.8      109.5      101.5      103.9      107.0      105.2  
     III     105.8       110.3      104.2      106.9       99.7      101.1      110.4      105.0  
     II      105.2       109.2      103.8      106.8      100.1      101.5      108.4      104.4  
     I       104.8       108.7      103.7      106.3       99.8      101.3      107.4      103.8  

2011 ANNUAL  103.8       105.7      101.9      104.6       99.7      100.8      105.5      102.7  

2011 IV      104.4       107.4      102.8      104.0       98.3       99.6      108.9      103.4  
     III     103.7       105.9      102.1      105.2       99.8      101.5      105.5      103.2  
     II      103.7       105.4      101.7      104.4       99.8      100.7      105.0      102.5  
     I       103.2       104.2      101.0      104.7      101.2      101.5      102.5      101.9  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                  September 5, 2013
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics





Table 3. Manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs,
seasonally adjusted
                                                                              Real
                 Output                                        Compen-        compen-
 Year            per hour                      Hours           sation         sation         Unit
 and             of all                        of all          per hour       per hour       labor
 quarter         persons        Output         persons           (1)            (2)          costs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2013 II            1.9 r         -0.6 r         -2.4 r          4.2            4.2            2.3 r
     I             3.8 r          5.4 r          1.6           -0.7 r         -2.1 r         -4.2 r

2012 ANNUAL        1.8            4.1            2.3            1.9           -0.2            0.1  

2012 IV            2.3            2.7            0.4            4.1            1.9            1.8  
     III          -0.3            0.1            0.4           -1.8           -3.8           -1.5  
     II            1.0            2.1            1.1            0.8           -0.1           -0.2  
     I             4.3            8.4            3.9           10.4            7.9            5.9  

2011 ANNUAL        1.0            3.1            2.1            1.3           -1.8            0.4  

2011 IV            0.2            5.2            4.9           -4.8           -6.1           -5.0  
     III           5.0            4.7           -0.3            2.2           -0.7           -2.7  
     II           -3.5           -0.7            2.9           -2.3           -6.6            1.3  
     I             0.7            3.0            2.4            1.2           -3.0            0.6  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2013 II            1.9 r          1.9 r          0.0 r          1.4 r          0.0 r         -0.5 r
     I             1.7            2.6            0.9            0.6 r         -1.1 r         -1.1 r

2012 ANNUAL        1.8            4.1            2.3            1.9           -0.2            0.1  

2012 IV            1.8            3.3            1.4            3.3            1.4            1.5  
     III           1.3            3.9            2.6            1.0           -0.7           -0.3  
     II            2.6            5.1            2.4            2.0            0.1           -0.6  
     I             1.4            4.3            2.8            1.2           -1.6           -0.2  

2011 ANNUAL        1.0            3.1            2.1            1.3           -1.8            0.4  

2011 IV            0.6            3.0            2.5           -0.9           -4.1           -1.5  
     III           0.8            2.1            1.2            1.4           -2.3            0.6  
     II           -0.2            2.1            2.3            1.3           -2.0            1.4  
     I             2.6            5.1            2.4            3.6            1.5            1.0  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2009=100

2013 II          111.3 r        116.1 r        104.4 r        107.2 r         99.1 r         96.4 r
     I           110.8 r        116.3 r        105.0          106.1 r         98.1 r         95.8 r

2012 ANNUAL      109.2          114.1          104.4          105.7           98.7           96.8  

2012 IV          109.7          114.8          104.6          106.3           98.6           96.9  
     III         109.1          114.0          104.5          105.3           98.2           96.5  
     II          109.2          114.0          104.4          105.7           99.1           96.8  
     I           108.9          113.4          104.1          105.5           99.1           96.9  

2011 ANNUAL      107.3          109.5          102.1          103.8           98.9           96.7  

2011 IV          107.8          111.2          103.1          102.9           97.3           95.5  
     III         107.7          109.8          101.9          104.2           98.8           96.7  
     II          106.4          108.5          102.0          103.6           99.0           97.4  
     I           107.4          108.7          101.2          104.2          100.7           97.1  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                  September 5, 2013
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics





Table 4. Durable manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs,
seasonally adjusted
                                                                              Real
                 Output                                        Compen-        compen-
 Year            per hour                      Hours           sation         sation         Unit
 and             of all                        of all          per hour       per hour       labor
 quarter         persons        Output         persons           (1)            (2)          costs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2013 II            3.3 r          0.5 r         -2.7 r          4.6            4.7 r          1.3 r
     I             3.7 r          6.4 r          2.6           -1.2 r         -2.7 r         -4.7 r

2012 ANNUAL        4.0            7.0            2.9            1.5           -0.5           -2.3  

2012 IV            3.2            3.8            0.5            4.1            1.9            0.9  
     III           0.3            0.0           -0.3           -2.4           -4.4           -2.7  
     II            3.7            5.0            1.3           -0.6           -1.5           -4.1  
     I             8.5           13.0            4.2           11.6            9.1            2.9  

2011 ANNUAL        2.4            6.3            3.8            0.9           -2.2           -1.5  

2011 IV            1.6            9.5            7.8           -6.3           -7.6           -7.8  
     III           8.1            7.5           -0.6            3.5            0.5           -4.3  
     II           -4.9           -0.2            5.0           -4.2           -8.4            0.8  
     I             2.0            6.9            4.9            0.7           -3.6           -1.3  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2013 II            2.6 r          2.6 r          0.0            1.2 r         -0.2 r         -1.4 r
     I             2.7 r          3.8            1.0           -0.1 r         -1.7 r         -2.7 r

2012 ANNUAL        4.0            7.0            2.9            1.5           -0.5           -2.3  

2012 IV            3.9            5.3            1.4            3.0            1.1           -0.8  
     III           3.5            6.8            3.2            0.4           -1.3           -3.0  
     II            5.4            8.7            3.1            1.8           -0.1           -3.4  
     I             3.2            7.3            4.1            0.9           -1.9           -2.2  

2011 ANNUAL        2.4            6.3            3.8            0.9           -2.2           -1.5  

2011 IV            1.6            5.9            4.2           -1.7           -4.8           -3.2  
     III           1.8            4.5            2.6            1.2           -2.5           -0.6  
     II            0.5            5.1            4.5            0.1           -3.2           -0.5  
     I             5.7            9.9            3.9            4.1            1.9           -1.6  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2009=100

2013 II          120.4 r        128.5 r        106.8 r        106.3 r         98.2 r         88.3 r
     I           119.4 r        128.4 r        107.5          105.1 r         97.1 r         88.0 r

2012 ANNUAL      117.3          125.1          106.7          105.0           98.1           89.5  

2012 IV          118.3          126.4          106.8          105.4           97.8           89.1  
     III         117.4          125.2          106.7          104.3           97.3           88.9  
     II          117.3          125.2          106.7          105.0           98.4           89.5  
     I           116.3          123.7          106.4          105.1           98.8           90.4  

2011 ANNUAL      112.8          116.9          103.6          103.4           98.6           91.6  

2011 IV          113.9          120.0          105.3          102.3           96.7           89.8  
     III         113.5          117.3          103.4          104.0           98.6           91.6  
     II          111.3          115.2          103.5          103.1           98.5           92.6  
     I           112.7          115.2          102.3          104.2          100.7           92.5  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                  September 5, 2013
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics





Table 5. Nondurable manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs,
seasonally adjusted
                                                                              Real
                 Output                                        Compen-        compen-
 Year            per hour                      Hours           sation         sation         Unit
 and             of all                        of all          per hour       per hour       labor
 quarter         persons        Output         persons           (1)            (2)          costs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2013 II            0.2 r         -1.9 r         -2.1            3.4 r          3.4 r          3.2 r
     I             4.4 r          4.3 r         -0.2            0.2 r         -1.3 r         -4.0 r

2012 ANNUAL       -0.1            1.1            1.3            2.4            0.3            2.5  

2012 IV            1.4            1.5            0.2            4.1            1.8            2.7  
     III          -1.4            0.2            1.6           -0.4           -2.4            1.0  
     II           -1.9           -1.1            0.8            3.6            2.6            5.5  
     I             0.0            3.4            3.4            8.1            5.6            8.1  

2011 ANNUAL        1.2            0.5           -0.6            1.7           -1.4            0.6  

2011 IV            0.5            0.8            0.3           -2.4           -3.8           -2.9  
     III           2.0            2.2            0.2           -0.1           -2.9           -2.1  
     II           -0.4           -0.8           -0.4            0.9           -3.6            1.3  
     I             1.4           -0.2           -1.6            1.8           -2.5            0.4  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2013 II            1.1 r          1.0 r         -0.1            1.8 r          0.4 r          0.7 r
     I             0.6 r          1.2 r          0.6            1.8 r          0.1 r          1.2 r

2012 ANNUAL       -0.1            1.1            1.3            2.4            0.3            2.5  

2012 IV           -0.5            1.0            1.5            3.8            1.8            4.3  
     III          -0.7            0.8            1.5            2.1            0.4            2.8  
     II            0.2            1.3            1.2            2.2            0.3            2.0  
     I             0.6            1.4            0.9            1.5           -1.2            1.0  

2011 ANNUAL        1.2            0.5           -0.6            1.7           -1.4            0.6  

2011 IV            0.9            0.5           -0.4            0.0           -3.2           -0.8  
     III           1.3            0.2           -1.0            1.5           -2.2            0.3  
     II            1.1           -0.1           -1.2            3.0           -0.4            1.8  
     I             1.4            1.4            0.1            2.5            0.3            1.1  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2009=100

2013 II          105.3 r        105.8 r        100.5 r        108.5 r        100.3 r        103.1 r
     I           105.3 r        106.4 r        101.0          107.6 r         99.5 r        102.3 r

2012 ANNUAL      104.2          105.0          100.8          106.6           99.6          102.3  

2012 IV          104.1          105.2          101.1          107.6           99.8          103.3  
     III         103.8          104.8          101.0          106.5           99.3          102.6  
     II          104.1          104.8          100.6          106.6           99.9          102.4  
     I           104.6          105.1          100.4          105.7           99.3          101.0  

2011 ANNUAL      104.3          103.8           99.6          104.1           99.3           99.8  

2011 IV          104.6          104.2           99.6          103.7           98.0           99.1  
     III         104.5          104.0           99.5          104.3           98.9           99.8  
     II          103.9          103.4           99.5          104.3           99.6          100.4  
     I           104.0          103.6           99.6          104.1          100.6          100.0  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                  September 5, 2013
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics





Table 6. Nonfinancial corporate sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, unit profits,
and prices, seasonally adjusted
                                                     Real               Unit
              Output                       Hourly    hourly             non-      Total   Unit   Implicit
 Year         per all-                     compen-   compen-   Unit     labor     unit    pro-   price
 and          employee          Employee   sation    sation    labor    costs     cost    fits   deflator
 quarter      hour     Output   hours       (1)       (2)      costs     (6)      (7)     (8)      (4)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2013 II        3.2       4.8      1.5       2.3       2.3      -0.9     -5.1     -2.3     12.7     -0.2  
     I        -4.1 r    -1.3 r    2.9 r    -6.1 r    -7.5 r    -2.1 r    9.1 r    1.5 r    0.3 r    1.3 r

2012 ANNUAL    1.4 r     3.7 r    2.3       2.8 r     0.7 r     1.4 r    0.2 r    1.0 r    3.8 r    1.4 r

2012 IV        4.5 r     6.4 r    1.8       7.6 r     5.2 r     3.0 r   -4.2 r    0.6 r    9.6 r    1.8 r
     III      -2.9 r    -2.0 r    1.0       0.6 r    -1.4 r     3.7 r    3.0 r    3.5 r   -7.4 r    1.8 r
     II        0.9 r     1.6 r    0.7 r     1.2 r     0.3 r     0.3 r    1.1 r    0.6 r    5.8 r    1.3 r
     I         5.1 r     8.9 r    3.5      11.5 r     9.0 r     6.1 r   -0.6 r    3.8 r   -2.2 r    2.9 r

2011 ANNUAL    0.3 r     3.0 r    2.8       2.1 r    -1.0 r     1.9 r    0.7 r    1.5 r    7.7 r    2.3  

2011 IV        1.8 r     4.5 r    2.7 r    -4.3 r    -5.6 r    -6.0 r   -1.3 r   -4.5 r    0.8 r   -3.7 r
     III      -3.5 r    -0.7 r    2.8       1.4 r    -1.5 r     5.1 r    3.2 r    4.5 r    7.6 r    4.9 r
     II        2.4 r     6.4 r    3.9      -1.8 r    -6.1 r    -4.1     -1.8 r   -3.3 r   54.1 r    3.1 r
     I         4.2 r     6.1 r    1.8       8.9 r     4.3 r     4.5 r   -0.3 r    2.9 r  -16.9 r    0.0 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2013 II        0.1       1.9      1.8       1.0      -0.4       0.9      0.5      0.8      3.5      1.2  
     I        -0.5 r     1.1 r    1.6       0.7 r    -1.0 r     1.2 r    2.1 r    1.5 r    1.9 r    1.6 r

2012 ANNUAL    1.4 r     3.7 r    2.3       2.8 r     0.7 r     1.4 r    0.2 r    1.0 r    3.8 r    1.4 r

2012 IV        1.8 r     3.6 r    1.7       5.1 r     3.2 r     3.2 r   -0.2 r    2.1 r    1.2 r    2.0 r
     III       1.2 r     3.2 r    2.0 r     2.1 r     0.4 r     0.9 r    0.5 r    0.8 r   -0.9 r    0.5 r
     II        1.0 r     3.5 r    2.4       2.3 r     0.4 r     1.3 r    0.6 r    1.0 r    2.9 r    1.3 r
     I         1.4 r     4.7 r    3.2       1.6 r    -1.2 r     0.1 r   -0.2 r    0.0 r   13.1 r    1.7 r

2011 ANNUAL    0.3 r     3.0 r    2.8       2.1 r    -1.0 r     1.9 r    0.7 r    1.5 r    7.7 r    2.3  

2011 IV        1.2 r     4.0 r    2.8       0.9 r    -2.3 r    -0.3 r   -0.1 r   -0.2 r    8.5 r    1.0 r
     III      -0.7 r     2.1 r    2.7       2.2 r    -1.5 r     2.9 r    1.7 r    2.5      5.4 r    2.9 r
     II        0.7 r     3.5 r    2.8       2.1 r    -1.2 r     1.4 r    0.4 r    1.0 r   12.8 r    2.6  
     I        -0.2 r     2.6 r    2.8       3.3       1.1       3.5 r    0.9 r    2.6 r    4.1 r    2.8 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                            Indexes 2009=100

2013 II      107.4     114.9    107.1     107.3      99.2     100.0     98.0     99.3    150.3    104.7  
     I       106.5 r   113.6 r  106.7 r   106.7 r    98.6 r   100.2 r   99.3 r   99.9 r  145.9 r  104.7 r

2012 ANNUAL  107.1 r   112.9 r  105.4 r   106.8 r    99.8 r    99.7 r   97.5 r   99.0 r  144.2 r  103.7 r

2012 IV      107.6 r   114.0 r  105.9 r   108.4 r   100.6 r   100.7 r   97.2 r   99.5 r  145.8 r  104.4 r
     III     106.5 r   112.2 r  105.4 r   106.5 r    99.3 r   100.0 r   98.2 r   99.4 r  142.5 r  103.9 r
     II      107.3 r   112.8 r  105.2 r   106.3 r    99.6 r    99.1 r   97.5 r   98.6 r  145.3 r  103.4 r
     I       107.0 r   112.4 r  105.0 r   106.0 r    99.6 r    99.0 r   97.2 r   98.4 r  143.2 r  103.1 r

2011 ANNUAL  105.7 r   108.8 r  103.0 r   103.9 r    99.1 r    98.3 r   97.4 r   98.0 r  139.0 r  102.3 r

2011 IV      105.7 r   110.0 r  104.1 r   103.1 r    97.5 r    97.6 r   97.4 r   97.5 r  144.0 r  102.4 r
     III     105.2 r   108.8 r  103.4 r   104.3 r    98.9 r    99.1 r   97.7 r   98.6 r  143.8 r  103.3 r
     II      106.2 r   109.0 r  102.7 r   103.9 r    99.2 r    97.9 r   96.9 r   97.6 r  141.2 r  102.1 r
     I       105.5 r   107.3 r  101.7 r   104.4 r   100.8 r    98.9 r   97.4 r   98.4 r  126.7 r  101.3 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                        September 5, 2013
r=revised                                                              Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



SOURCES: Output data are from the Bureau of Economic Analysis and the 
Census Bureau of the U.S. Department of Commerce; the Bureau of Labor 
Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor; and the Federal Reserve Board. 
Hours and compensation data are from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and 
the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

RELIABILITY: Productivity and cost measures are regularly revised as more 
complete information becomes available.  The measures are first published 
within 40 days of the close of the reference period; revisions appear 30 
days later, and second revisions after an additional 60 days.  In the 
business sector, the third publication (second revision) of a quarterly 
index of output per hour of all persons has differed from the initial 
value by between -1.7 and 1.5 index points approximately 95 percent of 
the time.  This interval is based on the performance of this measure 
between the fourth quarter of 1995 and the first quarter of 2013.

		        Table Footnotes
			      
(1) Wages and salaries of employees plus employers' contributions for 
social insurance and private benefit plans. Except for nonfinancial 
corporations, where there are no self-employed, data also include an 
estimate of wages, salaries, and supplemental payments for the self-
employed.

(2) The change for recent quarters is based on the Consumer Price Index 
for all urban consumers (CPI-U). The trend from 1978-2012 is based on the
Consumer Price Index research series (CPI-U-RS).

(3) Unit nonlabor payments include profits, consumption of fixed 
capital, taxes on production and imports less subsidies, net interest and 
miscellaneous payments, business current transfer payments, rental income 
of persons, and the current surplus of government enterprises.

(4) Current dollar output divided by the output index.

(5) Quarterly changes: Percent change compounded at annual rate is 
calculated using index numbers to three decimal places. Indexes 
published in the news release are rounded to one decimal place for 
convenience. Annual changes: Percent change is calculated using annual 
indexes to three decimal places.

(6) Unit nonlabor costs include consumption of fixed capital, taxes on 
production and imports less subsidies, net interest and miscellaneous 
payments, and business current transfer payments.

(7) Total unit costs are the sum of unit labor and nonlabor costs.

(8) Unit profits include corporate profits before tax with inventory 
valuation and capital consumption adjustments.






Appendix table 1.
 Nonfinancial corporate sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, unit profits,
 and prices.

                                                     Real               Unit
             Output                        Hourly    hourly             non-      Total    Unit   Implicit
             per all-                      compen-   compen-   Unit     labor     unit     pro-   price
             employee           Employee   sation    sation    labor    costs     cost     fits   deflator
   Year      hour      Output   hours       (1)       (2)      costs     (6)      (7)      (8)      (4)
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Indexes 2009=100
   2012       107.1 r   112.9 r  105.4 r   106.8 r    99.8 r    99.7 r   97.5 r   99.0 r  144.2 r  103.7 r
   2011       105.7 r   108.8 r  103.0 r   103.9 r    99.1 r    98.3 r   97.4 r   98.0 r  139.0 r  102.3 r
   2010       105.4 r   105.6 r  100.2 r   101.8 r   100.1 r    96.6 r   96.7 r   96.6 r  129.0 r  100.0 r

   2009       100.0 r   100.0 r  100.0 r   100.0 r   100.0 r   100.0 r  100.0 r  100.0 r  100.0 r  100.0 r
   2008        99.2 r   107.6 r  108.5 r    98.3 r    97.9 r    99.0 r   94.3 r   97.5 r  105.4 r   98.3 r
   2007        98.8 r   109.0 r  110.3 r    95.5 r    98.8 r    96.6 r   88.6 r   93.9 r  116.8 r   96.3 r
   2006        98.3 r   107.9 r  109.8 r    92.0 r    97.9 r    93.6 r   83.1 r   90.1 r  131.0 r   94.4 r
   2005        96.5 r   103.9 r  107.7 r    89.2 r    98.1 r    92.5 r   81.0 r   88.7 r  116.7 r   91.6 r

   2004        94.7 r   100.6 r  106.3 r    86.6 r    98.3 r    91.5 r   77.5 r   86.8 r  102.7 r   88.5 r
   2003        91.5 r    96.3 r  105.2 r    83.6 r    97.5 r    91.3 r   78.1 r   86.9 r   84.4 r   86.6 r
   2002        88.0 r    94.2 r  107.1 r    80.9 r    96.5 r    91.9 r   78.9 r   87.6 r   69.2 r   85.7 r
   2001        84.6 r    93.4 r  110.4 r    79.4 r    96.2 r    93.8 r   78.4 r   88.7 r   56.9 r   85.3 r
   2000        84.1 r    95.5 r  113.5 r    77.5 r    96.5 r    92.2 r   73.2 r   85.8 r   70.0 r   84.2 r

   1999        80.8 r    90.5 r  112.1 r    72.2 r    93.0 r    89.4 r   70.6 r   83.2 r   84.1 r   83.2 r
   1998        78.3 r    85.8 r  109.6 r    69.0 r    90.7 r    88.2 r   69.3 r   81.8 r   90.5 r   82.7 r
   1997        75.7 r    81.2 r  107.3 r    65.3 r    87.0 r    86.2 r   69.1 r   80.5 r  101.7 r   82.7 r
   1996        73.7 r    76.1 r  103.3 r    63.1 r    86.0 r    85.7 r   69.4 r   80.2 r   99.2 r   82.2 r
   1995        70.8 r    71.9 r  101.5 r    60.8 r    85.0 r    85.8 r   70.3 r   80.6 r   92.5 r   81.9 r

   1994        70.0 r    68.6 r   98.0 r    59.9 r    85.7 r    85.5 r   70.0 r   80.3 r   87.4 r   81.1 r
   1993        68.8 r    64.6 r   94.0 r    59.1 r    86.4 r    85.9 r   69.6 r   80.5 r   73.2 r   79.7 r
   1992        68.8 r    63.1 r   91.8 r    58.3 r    87.4 r    84.9 r   69.7 r   79.8 r   63.0 r   78.0 r
   1991        67.0 r    61.2 r   91.4 r    55.4 r    85.1 r    82.8 r   71.0 r   78.8 r   60.8 r   76.9 r
   1990        65.4 r    61.5 r   94.1 r    53.0 r    84.3 r    81.0 r   68.1 r   76.7 r   59.3 r   74.9 r

   1989        64.7 r    60.7 r   93.7 r    50.5 r    84.3 r    78.0 r   65.1 r   73.7 r   62.9 r   72.6 r
   1988        65.5 r    59.5 r   90.9 r    49.1 r    85.5 r    75.0 r   61.7 r   70.6 r   68.9 r   70.4 r
   1987        63.6 r    56.1 r   88.2 r    46.8 r    84.5 r    73.5 r   60.5 r   69.2 r   64.4 r   68.7 r
   1986        62.3 r    53.3 r   85.5 r    45.2 r    84.3 r    72.5 r   60.0 r   68.3 r   60.2 r   67.5 r
   1985        60.9 r    51.9 r   85.2 r    42.8 r    81.3 r    70.2 r   57.0 r   65.8 r   72.7 r   66.5 r

   1984        59.5 r    49.6 r   83.3 r    40.8 r    80.1 r    68.5 r   55.8 r   64.2 r   75.5 r   65.4 r
   1983        58.2 r    45.5 r   78.3 r    39.1 r    79.9 r    67.1 r   56.1 r   63.4 r   64.4 r   63.5 r
   1982        56.3 r    43.4 r   77.2 r    37.5 r    80.0 r    66.7 r   55.8 r   63.0 r   55.6 r   62.2 r
   1981        56.0 r    44.4 r   79.3 r    35.2 r    79.6 r    62.8 r   50.3 r   58.6 r   59.6 r   58.7 r
   1980        54.6 r    42.7 r   78.2 r    32.2 r    79.9 r    59.1 r   44.2 r   54.1 r   50.8 r   53.8 r

   1979        54.7 r    43.1 r   78.7 r    29.3 r    80.6 r    53.5 r   37.7 r   48.2 r   56.3 r   49.1 r
   1978        55.2 r    41.7 r   75.7 r    26.8 r    80.9 r    48.6 r   34.8 r   44.0 r   58.6 r   45.5 r
   1977        54.5 r    39.2 r   72.0 r    24.6 r    79.4 r    45.1 r   33.4 r   41.2 r   55.1 r   42.7 r
   1976        53.0 r    36.5 r   68.8 r    22.7 r    78.2 r    42.9 r   32.2 r   39.3 r   50.8 r   40.5 r
   1975        51.3 r    33.7 r   65.8 r    21.2 r    77.0 r    41.2 r   32.5 r   38.3 r   43.0 r   38.8 r

   1974        49.4 r    34.2 r   69.3 r    19.2 r    76.1 r    38.8 r   28.4 r   35.3 r   35.6 r   35.3 r
   1973        50.4 r    34.8 r   69.0 r    17.6 r    77.3 r    34.8 r   24.7 r   31.5 r   39.0 r   32.2 r
   1972        49.9 r    32.8 r   65.7 r    16.4 r    76.7 r    32.8 r   23.4 r   29.7 r   37.5 r   30.5 r
   1971        48.9 r    30.5 r   62.3 r    15.6 r    75.2 r    31.8 r   23.4 r   29.0 r   34.4 r   29.6 r
   1970        47.0 r    29.3 r   62.3 r    14.7 r    74.1 r    31.3 r   22.3 r   28.3 r   30.3 r   28.5 r

   1969        46.7 r    29.6 r   63.3 r    13.8 r    73.4 r    29.5 r   19.8 r   26.2 r   36.9 r   27.3 r
   1968        46.7 r    28.4 r   60.9 r    12.9 r    72.4 r    27.6 r   18.3 r   24.5 r   40.8 r   26.2 r
   1967        45.0 r    26.7 r   59.3 r    12.0 r    70.4 r    26.7 r   17.1 r   23.5 r   40.7 r   25.3 r
   1966        44.2 r    26.0 r   58.7 r    11.4 r    68.7 r    25.7 r   16.2 r   22.5 r   43.5 r   24.7 r
   1965        43.4 r    24.2 r   55.7 r    10.8 r    66.9 r    24.8 r   16.1 r   21.9 r   43.5 r   24.2 r

   1964        42.3 r    22.3 r   52.7 r    10.5 r    66.1 r    24.8 r   16.2 r   21.9 r   40.3 r   23.8 r
   1963        41.6 r    20.8 r   50.0 r    10.3 r    65.7 r    24.7 r   16.2 r   21.8 r   39.0 r   23.6 r
   1962        40.1 r    19.6 r   48.9 r    10.0 r    64.6 r    24.8 r   16.3 r   22.0 r   36.8 r   23.5 r
   1961        38.4 r    18.1 r   47.1 r     9.6 r    62.8 r    25.0 r   16.5 r   22.1 r   34.3 r   23.4 r
   1960        37.2 r    17.7 r   47.5 r     9.3 r    61.4 r    25.0 r   16.2 r   22.0 r   34.2 r   23.3 r

   1959        36.6 r    17.1 r   46.7 r     8.9 r    60.1 r    24.4 r   15.8 r   21.5 r   37.1 r   23.2 r
   1958        34.9 r    15.4 r   44.1 r     8.6 r    58.3 r    24.7 r   16.4 r   21.9 r   31.9 r   23.0 r
   1957        34.1 r    16.0 r   46.8 r     8.3 r    57.7 r    24.3 r   15.0 r   21.2 r   35.2 r   22.6 r
   1956        33.4 r    15.8 r   47.1 r     7.8 r    56.3 r    23.4 r   13.9 r   20.2 r   36.6 r   21.9 r
   1955        33.2 r    15.2 r   45.9 r     7.4 r    53.7 r    22.1 r   13.0 r   19.1 r   39.1 r   21.2 r

   1954        31.3 r    13.6 r   43.4 r     7.1 r    51.7 r    22.7 r   13.4 r   19.6 r   33.5 r   21.0 r
   1953        30.0 r    13.7 r   45.7 r     6.9 r    50.3 r    22.8 r   13.1 r   19.6 r   34.4 r   21.1 r
   1952        28.9 r    12.8 r   44.3 r     6.5 r    48.0 r    22.5 r   13.1 r   19.4 r   36.7 r   21.2 r
   1951        28.2 r    12.3 r   43.7 r     6.1 r    46.2 r    21.8 r   12.6 r   18.7 r   40.7 r   21.0 r
   1950        28.5 r    11.7 r   41.0 r     5.6 r    45.7 r    19.8 r   12.0 r   17.2 r   37.9 r   19.3 r

   1949        26.5 r    10.3 r   39.0 r     5.3 r    43.8 r    20.1 r   12.5 r   17.6 r   33.5 r   19.2 r
   1948        25.1 r    10.4 r   41.5 r     5.2 r    41.9 r    20.5 r   11.6 r   17.5 r   36.9 r   19.6 r
   1947        23.6 r     9.7 r   41.1 r     4.7 r    41.1 r    19.9 r   11.1 r   17.0 r   30.9 r   18.4 r
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 See footnotes following Table 6.                                                         September 5, 2013
 r=revised                                                               Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Last Modified Date: September 05, 2013
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