Economic News Release

Regional and State Unemployment (Annual) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, February 29, 2012                    USDL-12-0371

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392 * lausinfo@bls.gov * www.bls.gov/lau
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov

(NOTE: This release was reissued on Wednesday, April 4, 2012, to incorporate minor
corrections to employment and labor force estimates for Montana due to an input error.
Montana’s 2010 employment-population ratio changed from 59.7 to 59.9 percent, while
its 2011 ratio changed from 59.8 to 59.7 percent, impacting the state counts for
over-the-year employment-population ratio changes. The introductory paragraph of the
release, as well as tables 1 and 2, have been modified accordingly.)


        REGIONAL AND STATE UNEMPLOYMENT -- 2011 ANNUAL AVERAGES


In 2011, annual average unemployment rates declined in 48 states and rose in 2 states
and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Employment-population ratios decreased in 25 states and the District of Columbia,
increased in 18 states, and were unchanged in 7 states. The U.S. jobless rate in
2011 was 8.9 percent, down 0.7 percentage point from the prior year. The national
employment-population ratio continued to trend down to 58.4 percent in 2011.

Regional Unemployment

All four regions posted statistically significant unemployment rate decreases in 
2011. The Midwest experienced the greatest decline (-1.1 percentage points), 
followed by the West (-0.6 point) and the Northeast and South (-0.5 point each). The 
West, at 10.4 percent, registered the only jobless rate significantly higher than 
that of the U.S. in 2011. The Northeast and Midwest, at 8.2 and 8.4 percent, 
respectively, both had rates significantly below the national figure. (See table 1.)

Eight of the 9 geographic divisions reported statistically significant over-the-year 
unemployment rate changes in 2011, all of which were decreases. The largest of these 
occurred in the East North Central (-1.3 percentage points) and New England 
(-0.8 point). For the fourth year in a row, the Pacific recorded the highest 
unemployment rate, 11.0 percent in 2011. The next highest rates were in the East South 
Central and South Atlantic, 9.4 and 9.3 percent, respectively. The rates of these
three divisions were significantly above the U.S. average. The West North Central
division again posted the lowest jobless rate, 6.6 percent. Three other
divisions--the Middle Atlantic, New England, and West South Central--also had rates 
significantly below the national figure.

State Unemployment

In 2011, 30 states posted statistically significant unemployment rate decreases, the 
largest of which was in Michigan (-2.4 percentage points). Four additional states 
experienced decreases greater than 1.0 percentage point: Ohio (-1.4 points), Utah 
(-1.3 points), Oregon (-1.2 points), and Indiana (-1.1 points). The remaining 20 
states and the District of Columbia reported annual average unemployment rates for
2011 that were not appreciably different from those of the previous year, even 
though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant 
changes. (See table A.)

Eight states and the District of Columbia reported unemployment rates of 10.0 
percent or more in 2011. Nevada again posted the highest unemployment rate, 13.5 
percent, followed by California, 11.7 percent. North Dakota registered the lowest 
jobless rate among states for the third year in a row, 3.5 percent, followed by 
Nebraska, 4.4 percent. Overall, 28 states had unemployment rates that were 
significantly lower than the U.S. rate of 8.9 percent, while 10 states and the 
District of Columbia recorded rates significantly above it. (See table B.)

Regional Employment-Population Ratios

In 2011, the West was the only region to register a statistically significant change 
(-0.4 percentage point) in its employment-population ratio--the proportion of the 
civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and over with a job. The 
Midwest continued to report the highest ratio, 60.4 percent, while the South, at 
57.5 percent, maintained the lowest. The South and West posted employment-population 
ratios that were significantly lower than the national figure of 58.4 percent, while 
the Midwest recorded a significantly higher ratio. (See table 2.)

The Mountain was the only division to register a statistically significant change in 
its employment-population ratio in 2011 (-0.7 percentage point). The East South 
Central again recorded the lowest proportion of employed persons, 55.2 percent. The 
next lowest ratios were posted in the Pacific, 56.9 percent; South Atlantic, 57.3
percent; and Middle Atlantic, 57.7 percent. Ratios in all four of these divisions 
were significantly below the national average. The division with the highest 
employment-population ratio was the West North Central, at 64.7 percent, followed by 
New England, at 61.6 percent. These two divisions, along with the Mountain and West 
South Central, at 59.1 percent each, registered employment-population ratios 
measurably above that of the U.S. The ratio registered in the Pacific in 2011 was a
series low. (All region, division, and state series begin in 1976.)

State Employment-Population Ratios

In 2011, Utah registered the largest employment-population ratio decline among 
states (-1.0 percentage point). The next largest statistically significant declines 
occurred in Arizona (-0.9 percentage point), Nevada and New Mexico (-0.8 point each), 
and New York (-0.5 point). The District of Columbia also reported a measurable 
decline (-1.3 percentage points). Virginia posted the only significant ratio increase 
among states (+0.2 percentage point). The remaining 44 states had employment-population
ratios that were not significantly different from those of a year earlier.

West Virginia again reported the lowest employment-population ratio among the states, 
49.5 percent. West Virginia has had the lowest employment-population ratio each year since
the series began in 1976. Four states in the West North Central division again posted the
highest ratios: North Dakota, 69.3 percent; Nebraska, 68.5 percent; South Dakota, 68.1 
percent; and Minnesota, 67.1 percent. Twenty-three states and the District of Columbia recorded
employment-population ratios that were significantly above the U.S. ratio of 58.4 percent,
and 16 states had ratios that were appreciably below it. The remaining 11 states had
ratios that were not measurably different from that of the nation. Five states registered
the lowest employment-population ratios in their series in 2011: California, 56.0 percent;
Hawaii, 58.6 percent; Nevada, 57.2 percent; New Mexico, 54.3 percent; and North Carolina,
56.2percent. (See table C.)

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for January 2012 is 
scheduled to be released on Tuesday, March 13, 2012, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The 
Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for January 2012 is 
scheduled to be released on Friday, March 23, 2012, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A.  States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes, 
2010-11 annual averages
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate           |               
                                |-------------------------| Over-the-year 
             State              |            |            |  rate change  
                                |    2010    |    2011    |               
--------------------------------|------------|------------|---------------
Arizona ........................|    10.5    |     9.5    |     -1.0      
California .....................|    12.4    |    11.7    |      -.7      
Colorado .......................|     8.9    |     8.3    |      -.6      
Delaware .......................|     8.0    |     7.3    |      -.7      
Florida ........................|    11.3    |    10.5    |      -.8      
Illinois .......................|    10.5    |     9.8    |      -.7      
Indiana ........................|    10.1    |     9.0    |     -1.1      
Kansas .........................|     7.2    |     6.7    |      -.5      
Kentucky .......................|    10.2    |     9.5    |      -.7      
Maine ..........................|     8.2    |     7.5    |      -.7      
                                |            |            |               
Maryland .......................|     7.8    |     7.0    |      -.8      
Massachusetts ..................|     8.3    |     7.4    |      -.9      
Michigan .......................|    12.7    |    10.3    |     -2.4      
Minnesota ......................|     7.3    |     6.4    |      -.9      
Missouri .......................|     9.4    |     8.6    |      -.8      
New Hampshire ..................|     6.1    |     5.4    |      -.7      
New York .......................|     8.6    |     8.2    |      -.4      
North Dakota ...................|     3.8    |     3.5    |      -.3      
Ohio ...........................|    10.0    |     8.6    |     -1.4      
Oklahoma .......................|     6.9    |     6.2    |      -.7      
                                |            |            |               
Oregon .........................|    10.7    |     9.5    |     -1.2      
Pennsylvania ...................|     8.5    |     7.9    |      -.6      
South Carolina .................|    11.2    |    10.3    |      -.9      
South Dakota ...................|     5.0    |     4.7    |      -.3      
Utah ...........................|     8.0    |     6.7    |     -1.3      
Vermont ........................|     6.4    |     5.6    |      -.8      
Virginia .......................|     6.9    |     6.2    |      -.7      
Washington .....................|     9.9    |     9.2    |      -.7      
Wisconsin ......................|     8.5    |     7.5    |     -1.0      
Wyoming ........................|     7.0    |     6.0    |     -1.0      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------


Table B.  States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., 2011 annual averages
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate          
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States .......................|           8.9          
                                     |                        
Alaska ..............................|           7.6          
Arkansas ............................|           8.0          
California ..........................|          11.7          
Colorado ............................|           8.3          
Delaware ............................|           7.3          
District of Columbia ................|          10.2          
Florida .............................|          10.5          
Georgia .............................|           9.8          
Hawaii ..............................|           6.7          
Illinois ............................|           9.8          
                                     |                        
Iowa ................................|           5.9          
Kansas ..............................|           6.7          
Louisiana ...........................|           7.3          
Maine ...............................|           7.5          
Maryland ............................|           7.0          
Massachusetts .......................|           7.4          
Michigan ............................|          10.3          
Minnesota ...........................|           6.4          
Mississippi .........................|          10.7          
Montana .............................|           6.8          
                                     |                        
Nebraska ............................|           4.4          
Nevada ..............................|          13.5          
New Hampshire .......................|           5.4          
New Mexico ..........................|           7.4          
New York ............................|           8.2          
North Carolina ......................|          10.5          
North Dakota ........................|           3.5          
Oklahoma ............................|           6.2          
Pennsylvania ........................|           7.9          
Rhode Island ........................|          11.3          
                                     |                        
South Carolina ......................|          10.3          
South Dakota ........................|           4.7          
Texas ...............................|           7.9          
Utah ................................|           6.7          
Vermont .............................|           5.6          
Virginia ............................|           6.2          
West Virginia .......................|           8.0          
Wisconsin ...........................|           7.5          
Wyoming .............................|           6.0          
--------------------------------------------------------------


Table C.  States with employment-population ratios significantly
different from that of the U.S., 2011 annual averages
----------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Ratio           
----------------------------------------------------------------
United States .......................|           58.4           
                                     |                          
Alabama .............................|           53.4           
Alaska ..............................|           64.2           
Arizona .............................|           55.8           
Arkansas ............................|           55.9           
California ..........................|           56.0           
Colorado ............................|           63.7           
Connecticut .........................|           62.0           
Delaware ............................|           57.3           
District of Columbia ................|           60.1           
Florida .............................|           54.4           
                                     |                          
Illinois ............................|           59.5           
Iowa ................................|           65.9           
Kansas ..............................|           64.8           
Kentucky ............................|           55.5           
Louisiana ...........................|           54.9           
Maine ...............................|           60.3           
Maryland ............................|           62.8           
Massachusetts .......................|           60.7           
Michigan ............................|           53.9           
Minnesota ...........................|           67.1           
                                     |                          
Mississippi .........................|           53.5           
Missouri ............................|           59.9           
Nebraska ............................|           68.5           
Nevada ..............................|           57.2           
New Hampshire .......................|           65.9           
New Jersey ..........................|           59.8           
New Mexico ..........................|           54.3           
New York ............................|           56.5           
North Carolina ......................|           56.2           
North Dakota ........................|           69.3           
                                     |                          
South Carolina ......................|           53.5           
South Dakota ........................|           68.1           
Texas ...............................|           60.4           
Utah ................................|           62.5           
Vermont .............................|           66.4           
Virginia ............................|           64.7           
Washington ..........................|           59.6           
West Virginia .......................|           49.5           
Wisconsin ...........................|           63.5           
Wyoming .............................|           65.4           
----------------------------------------------------------------




Technical Note

   This release presents labor force and unemployment data for census regions
and divisions and states from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)
program. The LAUS program is a federal-state cooperative endeavor.

Concepts

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of house-
holds that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S.
Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures employment and unemployment on a
place-of-residence basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitu-
tional population 16 years of age and over. Employed persons are those who did
any work at all for pay or profit in the reference week (the week including 
the 12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family
business or farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were
temporarily absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-manage-
ment dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were
not employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The unemploy-
ment rate is the number of unemployed expressed as a percent of the labor
force. The employment-population ratio is the proportion of the civilian
noninstitutional population 16 years of age and over that is employed.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 of the 50 states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York
City, and the balances of California and New York State are produced using
estimating equations based on regression techniques. This method, which under-
went substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2005, utilizes data from
several sources, including the CPS, the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
survey of nonfarm payroll employment, and state unemployment insurance (UI)
programs. Estimates for the State of California are derived by summing the
estimates for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and
the balance of California. Similarly, estimates for New York State are derived
by summing the estimates for New York City and the balance of New York State.
Estimates for all nine census divisions are based on a similar regression
approach that does not incorporate CES or UI data. Estimates for census
regions are obtained by summing the model-based estimates for the component
divisions and then calculating the unemployment rate. Each month, census
division estimates are controlled to national totals; state estimates are
then controlled to their respective division totals. Estimates for Puerto Rico
are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the CPS. A detailed
description of the estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
adjustments made at the end of each year. The adjusted estimates incorporate
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the
other data sources, and model reestimation. The population data (except for
Puerto Rico) reflect, for the first time, the results of the 2010 Census. In
most years, historical data for the most recent 5 years (both seasonally
adjusted and not seasonally adjusted) are revised near the beginning of each
calendar year, prior to the release of January estimates. Though the labor
force estimates are changed for 5 years, the population estimates are adjusted
back to the new decennial estimates base of April 2010.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and
other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability--
that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the
entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling
errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys
are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation
processes used. In table 1, level estimates for states may not sum to level
estimates for regions and divisions because of rounding. Unemployment rates
and employment-population ratios are computed from unrounded levels and thus
may differ slightly from rates and ratios computed using the rounded level
estimates displayed in table 1.

   Use of error measures. In 2005, the LAUS program introduced several
improvements to its methodology. Among these was the development of model-
based error measures for the monthly estimates and the estimates of over-
the-month changes. Annual average model-based error measures became avail-
able for the first time after 2006. The introductory section of this release
preserves the long-time practice of highlighting the direction of the move-
ments in regional and state unemployment rates and employment-population
ratios regardless of their statistical significance. The remainder of the
analysis in the release--other than historical highs and lows--takes statis-
tical significance into consideration. Model-based error measures are avail-
able online at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. BLS uses 90-percent confidence
levels in determining whether changes in LAUS unemployment rates or employment-
population ratios are statistically significant. The average magnitude of the
over-the-year change in an annual state unemployment rate that is required in
order to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level is
about 0.5 percentage point. The average magnitude of the over-the-year change
in an annual state employment-population ratio that is required in order to
be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level is about 0.6
percentage point. More details can be found on the Web site. Measures of non-
sampling error are not available, but additional information on the subject is
provided in Employment & Earnings Online, available on the BLS Web site at
www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.

Additional information

   More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these
estimates and additional data appear in Employment & Earnings Online.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service:
(800) 877-8339.




Table 1.  Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and over by region, division, and state,
2010-11 annual averages
 
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                     
                                    Population      Civilian labor       Employed         Unemployed     Unemployment                
                                                        force                                                rate      Error range of
  Region, division, and state                                                                                          rate, 2011 (1)
                                                                                                                                     
                                  2010     2011     2010     2011     2010     2011      2010     2011    2010   2011                
                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                     
     United States.............  237,830  239,618  153,889  153,617  139,064  139,869   14,825   13,747    9.6    8.9    8.9  -   9.0

Northeast......................   43,812   44,082   28,287   28,186   25,824   25,880    2,462    2,305    8.7    8.2    8.0  -   8.4
   New England.................   11,520   11,589    7,756    7,740    7,097    7,140      659      599    8.5    7.7    7.4  -   8.1
      Connecticut..............    2,796    2,822    1,917    1,918    1,738    1,749      178      169    9.3    8.8    8.3  -   9.3
      Maine....................    1,073    1,079      701      704      643      651       57       53    8.2    7.5    7.0  -   8.1
      Massachusetts............    5,245    5,275    3,469    3,456    3,181    3,202      289      254    8.3    7.4    6.8  -   7.9
      New Hampshire............    1,056    1,060      739      738      694      698       45       40    6.1    5.4    5.1  -   5.8
      Rhode Island.............      842      843      570      563      504      500       67       63   11.7   11.3   10.5  -  12.0
      Vermont..................      508      511      360      359      337      339       23       20    6.4    5.6    5.1  -   6.0

   Middle Atlantic.............   32,292   32,492   20,531   20,446   18,728   18,740    1,803    1,706    8.8    8.3    8.1  -   8.6
      New Jersey...............    6,860    6,915    4,554    4,556    4,117    4,132      437      424    9.6    9.3    8.8  -   9.9
      New York.................   15,379   15,452    9,587    9,504    8,762    8,730      825      775    8.6    8.2    7.8  -   8.5
      Pennsylvania.............   10,053   10,125    6,390    6,386    5,849    5,879      541      507    8.5    7.9    7.5  -   8.4

Midwest........................   51,801   52,080   34,467   34,308   31,210   31,442    3,257    2,866    9.5    8.4    8.1  -   8.6
   East North Central..........   36,016   36,172   23,473   23,281   21,014   21,143    2,459    2,137   10.5    9.2    8.9  -   9.5
      Illinois.................    9,905    9,950    6,603    6,566    5,911    5,925      692      640   10.5    9.8    9.2  -  10.3
      Indiana..................    4,964    5,006    3,177    3,188    2,856    2,901      320      287   10.1    9.0    8.3  -   9.7
      Michigan.................    7,739    7,753    4,747    4,658    4,147    4,178      601      480   12.7   10.3    9.7  -  10.9
      Ohio.....................    8,970    8,999    5,864    5,806    5,279    5,305      586      501   10.0    8.6    8.1  -   9.2
      Wisconsin................    4,438    4,465    3,083    3,062    2,822    2,833      261      229    8.5    7.5    7.0  -   8.0

   West North Central..........   15,785   15,908   10,994   11,028   10,196   10,299      798      729    7.3    6.6    6.4  -   6.9
      Iowa.....................    2,359    2,377    1,670    1,664    1,565    1,566      105       98    6.3    5.9    5.4  -   6.4
      Kansas...................    2,150    2,166    1,505    1,505    1,397    1,404      108      101    7.2    6.7    6.2  -   7.2
      Minnesota................    4,117    4,152    2,959    2,978    2,742    2,787      217      191    7.3    6.4    6.0  -   6.8
      Missouri.................    4,630    4,651    3,053    3,046    2,767    2,786      286      261    9.4    8.6    7.9  -   9.2
      Nebraska.................    1,387    1,403      989    1,005      942      961       46       45    4.7    4.4    4.0  -   4.9
      North Dakota.............      521      533      376      383      361      370       14       13    3.8    3.5    3.1  -   3.9
      South Dakota.............      620      625      443      446      421      425       22       21    5.0    4.7    4.3  -   5.1

South..........................   87,697   88,998   55,598   56,134   50,421   51,192    5,176    4,942    9.3    8.8    8.6  -   9.0
   South Atlantic..............   46,422   47,108   29,489   29,747   26,560   26,986    2,929    2,760    9.9    9.3    9.0  -   9.5
      Delaware.................      701      711      437      439      402      407       35       32    8.0    7.3    6.8  -   7.9
      District of Columbia.....      503      514      343      344      309      309       35       35   10.1   10.2    9.5  -  11.0
      Florida..................   14,941   15,215    9,132    9,249    8,102    8,278    1,030      970   11.3   10.5   10.1  -  10.9
      Georgia..................    7,320    7,379    4,695    4,725    4,214    4,262      481      463   10.2    9.8    9.2  -  10.4
      Maryland.................    4,486    4,545    3,057    3,072    2,818    2,856      239      217    7.8    7.0    6.6  -   7.5
      North Carolina...........    7,286    7,405    4,617    4,654    4,112    4,165      505      489   10.9   10.5    9.9  -  11.1
      South Carolina...........    3,566    3,616    2,151    2,157    1,909    1,936      241      221   11.2   10.3    9.5  -  11.1
      Virginia.................    6,143    6,237    4,255    4,306    3,960    4,037      295      269    6.9    6.2    5.8  -   6.7
      West Virginia............    1,477    1,487      802      800      734      736       68       64    8.5    8.0    7.1  -   8.8

   East South Central..........   14,197   14,323    8,641    8,735    7,784    7,910      857      824    9.9    9.4    9.0  -   9.9
      Alabama..................    3,692    3,731    2,179    2,191    1,972    1,994      207      197    9.5    9.0    7.8  -  10.1
      Kentucky.................    3,350    3,371    2,060    2,068    1,849    1,871      211      197   10.2    9.5    8.8  -  10.3
      Mississippi..............    2,227    2,244    1,317    1,344    1,179    1,201      138      143   10.5   10.7    9.7  -  11.6
      Tennessee................    4,928    4,977    3,084    3,133    2,783    2,845      301      288    9.8    9.2    8.5  -   9.9

   West South Central..........   27,078   27,567   17,468   17,653   16,078   16,296    1,390    1,357    8.0    7.7    7.4  -   8.0
      Arkansas.................    2,233    2,253    1,357    1,370    1,249    1,260      108      110    7.9    8.0    7.3  -   8.8
      Louisiana................    3,439    3,475    2,070    2,061    1,915    1,909      155      151    7.5    7.3    6.5  -   8.2
      Oklahoma.................    2,834    2,870    1,771    1,771    1,649    1,662      122      109    6.9    6.2    5.6  -   6.7
      Texas....................   18,573   18,969   12,270   12,452   11,265   11,465    1,005      987    8.2    7.9    7.6  -   8.3

West...........................   55,097   55,856   35,902   35,878   31,938   32,160    3,965    3,718   11.0   10.4   10.1  -  10.6
   Mountain....................   16,737   16,926   11,073   10,989   10,007   10,009    1,066      980    9.6    8.9    8.6  -   9.2
      Arizona..................    4,898    4,926    3,100    3,034    2,775    2,747      325      288   10.5    9.5    8.7  -  10.3
      Colorado.................    3,870    3,922    2,725    2,723    2,481    2,497      244      226    8.9    8.3    7.8  -   8.8
      Idaho....................    1,166    1,181      763      771      697      704       67       67    8.8    8.7    7.9  -   9.5
      Montana (c)..............      778      787      500      504      466      470       34       35    6.9    6.8    6.1  -   7.6
      Nevada...................    2,062    2,095    1,386    1,386    1,195    1,198      190      188   13.7   13.5   12.8  -  14.3
      New Mexico...............    1,560    1,583      934      928      860      859       74       69    7.9    7.4    6.7  -   8.2
      Utah.....................    1,972    1,996    1,362    1,338    1,253    1,248      109       90    8.0    6.7    6.2  -   7.3
      Wyoming..................      431      438      303      304      282      286       21       18    7.0    6.0    5.4  -   6.5

   Pacific.....................   38,359   38,930   24,830   24,889   21,931   22,151    2,899    2,738   11.7   11.0   10.7  -  11.3
      Alaska...................      518      529      364      367      335      339       29       28    8.0    7.6    6.8  -   8.3
      California...............   28,531   28,968   18,316   18,385   16,052   16,227    2,265    2,158   12.4   11.7   11.4  -  12.1
      Hawaii...................    1,028    1,051      649      661      605      616       45       44    6.9    6.7    6.1  -   7.3
      Oregon...................    3,035    3,067    1,984    1,992    1,772    1,804      211      188   10.7    9.5    8.8  -  10.1
      Washington...............    5,247    5,315    3,516    3,485    3,167    3,165      349      319    9.9    9.2    8.5  -   9.8

Puerto Rico....................    3,100    3,152    1,297    1,275    1,089    1,075      209      200   16.1   15.7         NA

   1 Error ranges are shown at the 90-percent confidence level and are based on unrounded data.
   c = corrected.
   NA = Data not available.
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Unemployment rates are in percent and are based on unrounded levels. Data for subnational
areas reflect revised population controls and model reestimation. As a result, they will not add to U.S. totals. Data for Puerto Rico
are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey.




Table 2.  Employment-population ratios of persons 16 years of age and over by region, division,
and state, 2010-11 annual averages

(Percent)
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                                   Employment-population                                        
                                         ratio (1)        Over-the-        Error range of       
  Region, division, and state                               year                ratio,
                                                           change              2011 (2)         
                                      2010       2011                                           
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
     United States.............       58.5       58.4       -0.1          58.2    -     58.6

Northeast......................       58.9       58.7        -.2          58.3    -     59.1
   New England.................       61.6       61.6         .0          60.9    -     62.3
      Connecticut..............       62.2       62.0        -.2          60.8    -     63.1
      Maine....................       59.9       60.3         .4          59.1    -     61.5
      Massachusetts............       60.6       60.7         .1          59.6    -     61.8
      New Hampshire............       65.7       65.9         .2          64.9    -     66.9
      Rhode Island.............       59.8       59.3        -.5          58.2    -     60.5
      Vermont..................       66.2       66.4         .2          65.2    -     67.6

   Middle Atlantic.............       58.0       57.7        -.3          57.1    -     58.2
      New Jersey...............       60.0       59.8        -.2          58.8    -     60.7
      New York.................       57.0       56.5        -.5          55.8    -     57.1
      Pennsylvania.............       58.2       58.1        -.1          57.2    -     58.9

Midwest........................       60.2       60.4         .2          60.0    -     60.8
   East North Central..........       58.3       58.5         .2          57.9    -     59.0
      Illinois.................       59.7       59.5        -.2          58.6    -     60.5
      Indiana..................       57.5       58.0         .5          56.5    -     59.4
      Michigan.................       53.6       53.9         .3          52.9    -     54.9
      Ohio.....................       58.8       59.0         .2          58.1    -     59.8
      Wisconsin................       63.6       63.5        -.1          62.1    -     64.8

   West North Central..........       64.6       64.7         .1          64.1    -     65.3
      Iowa.....................       66.3       65.9        -.4          64.8    -     67.0
      Kansas...................       65.0       64.8        -.2          63.7    -     66.0
      Minnesota................       66.6       67.1         .5          66.0    -     68.3
      Missouri.................       59.8       59.9         .1          58.6    -     61.2
      Nebraska.................       67.9       68.5         .6          67.4    -     69.6
      North Dakota.............       69.3       69.3         .0          67.9    -     70.8
      South Dakota.............       67.9       68.1         .2          66.9    -     69.3

South..........................       57.5       57.5         .0          57.2    -     57.8
   South Atlantic..............       57.2       57.3         .1          56.8    -     57.7
      Delaware.................       57.3       57.3         .0          56.2    -     58.3
      District of Columbia.....       61.4       60.1       -1.3          59.0    -     61.3
      Florida..................       54.2       54.4         .2          53.5    -     55.3
      Georgia..................       57.6       57.8         .2          56.7    -     58.8
      Maryland.................       62.8       62.8         .0          61.9    -     63.7
      North Carolina...........       56.4       56.2        -.2          55.2    -     57.2
      South Carolina...........       53.5       53.5         .0          52.3    -     54.8
      Virginia.................       64.5       64.7         .2          63.9    -     65.6
      West Virginia............       49.7       49.5        -.2          47.9    -     51.1

   East South Central..........       54.8       55.2         .4          54.4    -     56.0
      Alabama..................       53.4       53.4         .0          51.7    -     55.2
      Kentucky.................       55.2       55.5         .3          54.2    -     56.8
      Mississippi..............       52.9       53.5         .6          52.0    -     55.0
      Tennessee................       56.5       57.2         .7          55.9    -     58.4

   West South Central..........       59.4       59.1        -.3          58.5    -     59.7
      Arkansas.................       55.9       55.9         .0          54.7    -     57.1
      Louisiana................       55.7       54.9        -.8          53.4    -     56.5
      Oklahoma.................       58.2       57.9        -.3          56.6    -     59.2
      Texas....................       60.7       60.4        -.3          59.7    -     61.2

West...........................       58.0       57.6        -.4          57.2    -     57.9
   Mountain....................       59.8       59.1        -.7          58.5    -     59.8
      Arizona..................       56.7       55.8        -.9          54.1    -     57.4
      Colorado.................       64.1       63.7        -.4          62.2    -     65.2
      Idaho....................       59.7       59.6        -.1          58.1    -     61.0
      Montana (c)..............       59.9       59.7        -.2          58.2    -     61.3
      Nevada...................       58.0       57.2        -.8          56.0    -     58.3
      New Mexico...............       55.1       54.3        -.8          53.2    -     55.3
      Utah.....................       63.5       62.5       -1.0          61.0    -     64.1
      Wyoming..................       65.4       65.4         .0          64.1    -     66.7

   Pacific.....................       57.2       56.9        -.3          56.5    -     57.3
      Alaska...................       64.7       64.2        -.5          62.5    -     65.9
      California...............       56.3       56.0        -.3          55.6    -     56.5
      Hawaii...................       58.8       58.6        -.2          57.4    -     59.9
      Oregon...................       58.4       58.8         .4          57.8    -     59.8
      Washington...............       60.4       59.6        -.8          58.5    -     60.6

Puerto Rico....................       35.1       34.1       -1.0                  NA

   1 Employment as a percent of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age
and over.
   2 Error ranges are shown at the 90-percent confidence level and are based on unrounded
data.
   c = corrected.
   NA = Data not available.
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Employment-population ratios are based on
unrounded levels. Data for subnational areas reflect revised population controls and model
reestimation. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to
the Current Population Survey.




Last Modified Date: April 04, 2012
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