Economic News Release

Employment Situation of Veterans News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, March 11, 2011                       USDL-11-0306

Technical information:  (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                           EMPLOYMENT SITUATION OF VETERANS -- 2010

    NOTE: This release was reissued on Thursday, October 20, 2011, to
    correct an error in Table 3. The data for the educational attainment
    categories erroneously contained data for those age 18 and over instead
    of for those age 25 and over. The analyses in this release were not
    affected by the corrections.

The unemployment rate for veterans who served in the military at any time since
September 2001--a group referred to as Gulf War-era II veterans--was 11.5 percent
in 2010, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The jobless rate for
veterans of all eras combined was 8.7 percent, compared with 9.4 percent for non-
veterans. About 25 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans reported having a service-
connected disability in July 2010, compared with about 13 percent of all veterans.

This information was obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a monthly
sample survey of about 60,000 households that provides official statistics on employ-
ment and unemployment in the United States. Data about veterans are collected monthly
in the CPS; those monthly data are the source of the 2010 annual averages presented
in this release. In July 2010, a supplement to the CPS collected additional informa-
tion about veterans on topics such as service-connected disability. Information from
the supplement also is presented in this release. The  supplement was co-sponsored
by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and by the U.S. Department of Labor's 
Veterans' Employment and Training Service. For more information, see the Technical
Note, which provides definitions of terms used in this release.

Highlights from the 2010 data:

   -- Young male veterans (those ages 18 to 24) who served during Gulf War era II
      had an unemployment rate of 21.9 percent in 2010, not statistically different
      from the jobless rate of young male nonveterans (19.7 percent). (See table 2.)

   -- Male Gulf War-era II veterans ages 18 to 24 were more likely to participate
      in the labor force in 2010 than were their nonveteran counterparts--74.0 per-
      cent versus 67.5 percent. (See table 2.)

   -- Among all veterans, those with a service-connected disability had an unem-
      ployment rate of 9.1 percent in July 2010, about the same as the rate for
      veterans with no disability (8.7 percent). (See table 6.)

   -- About one-third of employed veterans with a service-connected disability
      worked in the public sector in July 2010; 1 in 5 veterans with a disability
      were employed by the federal government. (See table 7.)

   -- Gulf War-era II veterans who were current or past members of the Reserve or
      National Guard had an unemployment rate of 14.0 percent in July 2010, com-
      pared with a rate of 12.1 percent for those veterans who had not been mem-
      bers. (See table 8.)

   -- Regardless of their period of service, unemployment rates in 2010 for veterans
      with higher levels of education were lower than for those with less education.
      (See table 3.)

The Veteran Population

In 2010, 20.2 million men and 1.8 million women in the civilian noninstitutional pop-
ulation ages 18 and over were veterans. (See table 1.) In the CPS, veterans are de-
fined as men and women who have previously served on active duty in the U.S. Armed
Forces and who were civilians at the time they were surveyed.

Veterans are more likely to be men and older than were nonveterans. In part, this
reflects the characteristics of veterans who served during World War II, the Korean
War, and the Vietnam era. Veterans who served during these wartime periods account
for one-half (11.0 million) of the total veteran population. A total of 5.1 million
veterans served during Gulf War era I (August 1990 to August 2001) or Gulf War era II
(September 2001 forward). Another 5.9 million served outside the designated wartime
periods. Because age and other demographic differences affect labor force status, the
groups of veterans are examined separately in the next sections.

Gulf War-era II Veterans

In 2010, about 2.2 million of the nation's veterans had served during Gulf War era II.
About 17 percent of these veterans were women, compared with 3 percent of veterans
from World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam era. Nearly two-thirds of all Gulf
War-era II veterans were under the age of 35. (See tables 1 and 2.)

In 2010, a large majority (82.2 percent) of Gulf War-era II veterans participated in
the labor force, and their unemployment rate was 11.5 percent. For those ages 18 to 24,
the unemployment rate was 20.9 percent, higher than that of Gulf War-era II veterans
ages 25 to 34 (13.1 percent). In general, Gulf War-era II veterans had unemployment
rates that were not statistically different from those of nonveterans of the same
gender and age group. (See table 2.)

Gulf War-era II veterans were twice as likely to work in the public sector as were
nonveterans--30 percent and 15 percent, respectively. About 16 percent of employed
veterans of the era worked for the federal government, compared with about 2 percent
of nonveterans. (See table 5.)

Veterans of Gulf War era II and nonveterans had similar occupational profiles after
accounting for gender. About one-third of the men in both groups worked in management
and professional occupations, a higher proportion than in any other major occupational
group. Among women, 44 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans and 41 percent of nonveter-
ans were employed in management and professional occupations. (See table 4.)

The July 2010 veterans supplement included questions to identify veterans who had ser-
ved in Iraq at any time since March 2003 or in Afghanistan at any time since October
2001. In July 2010, approximately one-third of Gulf War-era II veterans reported that
they had served in Iraq, Afghanistan, or both. (Some veterans did not report their lo-
cation of service.) These veterans had an unemployment rate of 14.3 percent, not sta-
tistically different from Gulf War-era II veterans who served elsewhere (11.4 percent).
(See table 9.)

Gulf War-era I Veterans

For the 2.9 million veterans who served during Gulf War era I (August 1990 to August
2001), the proportion that were men (85 percent in 2010) was similar to that of Gulf
War-era II veterans. About 83 percent of the era's veterans were age 35 and over, com-
pared with 35 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans. (See tables 1 and 2.)

The labor force participation rate of veterans from Gulf War era I was 86.5 percent in
2010, slightly higher than the rate of Gulf War-era II veterans (82.2 percent). The un-
employment rate for Gulf War-era I veterans (7.7 percent) was lower than the rate for
Gulf War-era II veterans (11.5 percent). These differences in labor force participation
and unemployment reflect, at least in part, the older age profile of veterans who served
in Gulf War era I. Unemployment rates of Gulf War-era I veterans were not statistically
different from those of nonveterans of the same gender and age group.

Veterans of World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam Era

In 2010, about 11.0 million veterans had served during World War II, the Korean War, or
the Vietnam era. Nearly all of these veterans were at least 55 years old, and more than
half were at least 65 years old. Virtually all (97 percent) of these veterans were men.
In 2010, just over one-third of male veterans of these earlier wartime periods were in
the labor force, and their unemployment rate was 8.4 percent. Male veterans of these
wartime periods had lower labor force participation rates compared with male nonveter-
ans in the same age categories. (See tables 1 and 2.)

Veterans of Other Service Periods

In 2010, about 5.9 million veterans had served on active duty during "other service 
periods," mainly between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam
era and Gulf War era I. Because these veterans served between the major wartime periods,
which span several decades, this group has a diverse age profile. About 43 percent of
these veterans were 45 to 54 years old, and another 39 percent were 65 years and over.
(See tables 1 and 2.)

Nine in 10 veterans of other service periods were men. Among most age groups, male
veterans of service periods between the designated wartime periods had labor force
participation rates and unemployment rates that were not statistically different than
those of male nonveterans.

Veterans with a Service-connected Disability

In July 2010, about 2.8 million veterans, or 13 percent of the total, reported having a
service-connected disability. (Some veterans did not report whether they had a service-
connected disability.) Veterans with a service-connected disability are assigned a dis-
ability rating by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Ratings range from 0 to 100
percent, in increments of 10 percentage points, depending on the severity of the condi-
tion. Among veterans with a service-connected disability, about 4 in 10 reported a dis-
ability rating of less than 30 percent, while about 1 in 4 had a rating of 60 percent
or higher. (See table 6.)

Among veterans who served in Gulf War era II, about 1 in 4 (530,000) reported having a
service-connected disability. Of these, 81.0 percent were in the labor force, compared
with 86.2 percent of veterans from this period with no service-connected disability.
Among Gulf War-era II veterans, the unemployment rate of those with a disability was
11.2 percent, not statistically different from those with no disability (13.6 percent).

Nineteen percent (548,000) of veterans who served during Gulf War era I reported a
service-connected disability. Their labor force participation rate (75.8 percent) was
lower than the rate for veterans from the era who did not have a disability (88.7 per-
cent). Unemployment rates for Gulf War-era I veterans with and without service-connected
disabilities were not statistically different (8.8 and 6.8 percent, respectively).

Among the 1.2 million veterans with a service-connected disability from World War II,
the Korean War, and the Vietnam era, 26.2 percent were in the labor force in July 2010,
compared with 36.5 percent of veterans from these periods who did not have a service-
connected disability. The unemployment rate of veterans with a disability from these
wartime periods was 10.1 percent, little different than veterans with no disability
(8.6 percent).

Veterans with a service-connected disability from other service periods had a labor
force participation rate of 53.5 percent, compared with 60.4  percent for veterans with
no disability from these periods. The unemployment rate of veterans with a disability
from other service periods was 5.1 percent, not statistically different from the veter-
ans with no disability--8.1 percent.

Regardless of period of service, many veterans with a service-connected disability worked
in the public sector. In July 2010, 35 percent of employed veterans  with a disability
worked in federal, state, or local government, compared with 21 percent of veterans with
no disability and 14 percent of nonveterans. About 20 percent of employed veterans with a
disability worked for the federal government, compared with 7 percent of veterans with
no disability and 2 percent of nonveterans. (See table 7.)

Reserve and National Guard Membership

A smaller proportion of Gulf War-era I veterans (27 percent) were reported to be cur-
rent or past members of the Reserve or National Guard than Gulf War era-II veterans
(32 percent). Among Gulf War-era II veterans, those who were current or past members
of the Reserve or National Guard had an unemployment rate of 14.0 percent in July 2010,
compared with 12.1 percent for those who had never been members. Labor force participa-
tion rates did not differ significantly by Reserve or National Guard membership for
Gulf War-era II veterans. For veterans of Gulf War era I, labor force participation
rates as well as unemployment rates were similar for Reserve or National Guard members
and non-members. (See table 8.)




Technical Note


   The data in this release were collected through the Current Population Sur-
vey (CPS). The CPS--a monthly survey of about 60,000 households conducted by
the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics--obtains information
on employment and unemployment among the nation's civilian noninstitutional
population age 16 and over.

   Most of the data in this release are annual averages for 2010, compiled from
the results of the monthly survey. Some of the data, such as those related to
service-connected disability and Reserve or National Guard status, are from 
special questions asked as part of the latest veterans supplement to the CPS,
which was conducted in July 2010. The supplement was co-sponsored by the U.S.
Department of Veterans Affairs and by the U.S. Department of Labor's Veterans'
Employment and Training Service. Questions were asked of persons 17 years of
age and older regarding their prior service in the U.S. Armed Forces. Data are
tabulated for persons 18 years of age and older.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   The definitions underlying the data in this release are as follows:

   Veterans are men and women who previously served on active duty in the U.S.
Armed Forces. Members of the Reserve and National Guard are counted as veterans
if they had ever been called  to active duty. Persons who are on active duty at
the time of the survey are outside the scope of the survey and thus not in the
estimates shown here, as are persons who reside in institutions, such as nursing
homes and prisons.

   Nonveterans are men and women who never served on active duty in the U.S.
Armed Forces.

   World War II, Korean War, Vietnam-era, and Gulf War-era veterans are men and
women who served in the Armed Forces during these periods, regardless of where
they served. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified
in the most recent one.

   Veterans of other service periods are men and women who served in the Armed
Forces at any time other than World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, or
the Gulf War era. Although U.S. Armed Forces were engaged in several armed con-
flicts during other service periods, these conflicts were more limited in scope
and included a smaller proportion of the Armed Forces than the selected wartime
periods. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and
during another period are classified in the wartime period.

   Veteran status is obtained from responses to the question, "Did you ever serve
on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces?"

   Period of service is obtained from answers to the question asked of veterans,
"When did you serve on active duty in the  U.S. Armed Forces?" 

   The following service periods are identified:

      Gulf War era II -- September 2001-present
      Gulf War era I  -- August 1990-August 2001
      Vietnam era     -- August 1964-April 1975
      Korean War      -- July 1950-January 1955
      World War II    -- December 1941-December 1946
      Other service periods -- All other time periods

   Period-of-service definitions are modified occasionally to reflect changes in
law, regulations, and program needs of the survey sponsors.

   Veterans who served in Iraq, Afghanistan, or both are individuals who served in
Iraq at any time since March 2003, in Afghanistan at any time since October 2001,
or in both locations. Service in Iraq or Afghanistan is determined by answers to
two questions, "Did you serve in Iraq, off the coast of Iraq, or did you fly mis-
sions over Iraq at anytime since March 2003?" and Did you serve in Afghanistan, or
did you fly missions over Afghanistan, at anytime since October 2001?"

   Presence of service-connected disability is determined by answers to the ques-
tion,"Has the Department of Veterans Affairs (or Department of Defense (DoD) deter-
mined that you have a service-connected disability, that is, a health condition or
impairment caused or made worse by any of your military service?"

   Service-connected disability rating is based on answers to the question, "What
is your current service-connected disability rating?" Answers can range from 0 to
100 percent, in increments of 10 percentage points. Ratings are determined by the
VA or DoD from a rating schedule published in the Code of Federal Regulations,
Title 38, "Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief," Part 4--"Schedule for Rating
Disabilities." The rating schedule is "primarily a guide in the evaluation of dis-
ability resulting from all types of diseases and injuries encountered as a result
of or incident to military service. The percentage ratings represent as far as can
practicably be determined the average impairment in earning capacity resulting from
such diseases and injuries and their residual conditions in civil occupations." 
Part 4 contains a listing of hundreds of possible disorders and assigns ratings of
0 through 100 percent, with instructions for rating multiple disorders.

   Reserve or National Guard status is obtained from answers to two questions. Gulf
War-era veterans were asked: "Was any of your active service the result of a call-up
from the Reserve or National Guard?" If the answer was no, they were asked, "Have you
ever been a member of the Reserve or National Guard?" A 'yes' response to either ques-
tion classified persons as "Current or past member of the Reserve or National Guard."
A 'no' response to the latter question classified persons as "Never a member of the
Reserve or National Guard." These questions were asked only of Gulf War-era veterans.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance that
the sample estimates will differ from the "true" population values they represent.
The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular sample 
selected, and this variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate.
There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on
a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population
value because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-per-
cent level of confidence

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can occur
for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population, the
inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, the inability or
unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the
collection or processing of the data

   For a full discussion of the reliability of data from the CPS and information on
estimating standard errors, see the explanatory note for the household survey avail-
able online at www.bls.gov/cps/eetech_methods.pdf.




Table 1. Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino
ethnicity, 2010 annual averages

(Numbers in thousands)                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                               Civilian labor force                                     
                                                                                                                                        
                                           Civilian                                                                                     
   Veteran status, period of service,     noninsti-                                  Employed               Unemployed          Not in  
   sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino       tutional                Percent                                                      labor   
               ethnicity                  population    Total         of                                                        force   
                                                                  population               Percent                 Percent              
                                                                                Total         of        Total         of                
                                                                                          population             labor force            
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................   228,886     151,888       66.4      137,646       60.1       14,242        9.4       76,998  
 Veterans...............................    22,011      11,758       53.4       10,738       48.8        1,020        8.7       10,253  
  Gulf War era, total...................     5,091       4,311       84.7        3,911       76.8          399        9.3          780  
   Gulf War era I.......................     2,922       2,528       86.5        2,334       79.9          194        7.7          394  
   Gulf War era II......................     2,169       1,783       82.2        1,577       72.7          205       11.5          386  
  WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....    11,006       3,993       36.3        3,662       33.3          331        8.3        7,013  
  Other service periods.................     5,914       3,455       58.4        3,165       53.5          290        8.4        2,459  
 Nonveterans............................   206,875     140,130       67.7      126,908       61.3       13,222        9.4       66,745  
                                                                                                                                        
                  Men                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................   110,634      80,995       73.2       72,684       65.7        8,311       10.3       29,639  
 Veterans...............................    20,225      10,650       52.7        9,717       48.0          933        8.8        9,575  
  Gulf War era, total...................     4,272       3,703       86.7        3,358       78.6          345        9.3          569  
   Gulf War era I.......................     2,472       2,181       88.2        2,009       81.3          171        7.8          291  
   Gulf War era II......................     1,800       1,523       84.6        1,348       74.9          174       11.4          278  
  WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....    10,638       3,880       36.5        3,555       33.4          324        8.4        6,758  
  Other service periods.................     5,315       3,067       57.7        2,804       52.8          263        8.6        2,248  
 Nonveterans............................    90,409      70,345       77.8       62,967       69.6        7,378       10.5       20,064  
                                                                                                                                        
                 Women                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................   118,252      70,893       60.0       64,962       54.9        5,931        8.4       47,359  
 Veterans...............................     1,786       1,108       62.1        1,021       57.2           87        7.9          678  
  Gulf War era, total...................       819         607       74.2          554       67.6           54        8.9          212  
   Gulf War era I.......................       450         347       77.1          325       72.1           23        6.5          103  
   Gulf War era II......................       369         260       70.6          229       62.2           31       12.0          108  
  WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....       368         113       30.7          107       29.0            6        5.5          255  
  Other service periods.................       599         388       64.8          361       60.2           27        7.0          211  
 Nonveterans............................   116,466      69,785       59.9       63,941       54.9        5,844        8.4       46,681  
                                                                                                                                        
                 White                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................   185,276     123,391       66.6      112,920       60.9       10,471        8.5       61,885  
 Veterans...............................    18,896       9,855       52.2        9,059       47.9          797        8.1        9,041  
  Gulf War era, total...................     4,019       3,437       85.5        3,154       78.5          283        8.2          582  
   Gulf War era I.......................     2,324       2,031       87.4        1,898       81.7          133        6.6          293  
   Gulf War era II......................     1,696       1,406       82.9        1,256       74.1          150       10.7          290  
  WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....     9,881       3,578       36.2        3,291       33.3          287        8.0        6,303  
  Other service periods.................     4,996       2,840       56.9        2,613       52.3          227        8.0        2,155  
 Nonveterans............................   166,379     113,535       68.2      103,862       62.4        9,674        8.5       52,844  
                                                                                                                                        
       Black or African American                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................    27,310      17,695       64.8       14,937       54.7        2,758       15.6        9,616  
 Veterans...............................     2,317       1,401       60.4        1,223       52.8          178       12.7          917  
  Gulf War era, total...................       801         655       81.7          562       70.1           93       14.2          146  
   Gulf War era I.......................       454         381       84.0          328       72.3           53       13.9           73  
   Gulf War era II......................       347         273       78.8          233       67.2           40       14.7           74  
  WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....       826         290       35.1          259       31.3           31       10.7          536  
  Other service periods.................       690         456       66.1          403       58.3           54       11.8          234  
 Nonveterans............................    24,993      16,294       65.2       13,714       54.9        2,580       15.8        8,699  
                                                                                                                                        
                 Asian                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................    10,801       7,161       66.3        6,635       61.4          526        7.3        3,641  
 Veterans...............................       261         165       63.0          157       60.2            7        4.4           97  
  Gulf War era, total...................        87          70       80.7           66       76.3            4        5.4           17  
   Gulf War era I.......................        40          28       71.9           27       68.7            1        (1)           11  
   Gulf War era II......................        47          41       88.1           39       82.7            3        6.1            6  
  WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....       107          42       39.1           40       37.1            2        5.0           65  
  Other service periods.................        68          53       78.0           52       75.9            1        2.7           15  
 Nonveterans............................    10,540       6,996       66.4        6,478       61.5          518        7.4        3,544  
                                                                                                                                        
      Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................    31,934      22,391       70.1       19,660       61.6        2,731       12.2        9,544  
 Veterans...............................     1,244         819       65.9          744       59.8           76        9.2          425  
  Gulf War era, total...................       491         421       85.9          376       76.7           45       10.7           69  
   Gulf War era I.......................       250         225       90.0          207       83.0           18        7.9           25  
   Gulf War era II......................       241         196       81.6          169       70.2           28       14.0           44  
  WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....       431         170       39.4          157       36.4           13        7.7          261  
  Other service periods.................       322         228       70.7          211       65.3           17        7.5           95  
 Nonveterans............................    30,691      21,571       70.3       18,916       61.6        2,655       12.3        9,119  

   1 Rates are not shown where base is less than 35,000. 
   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf
War era, and all other service periods. Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces. Other service periods
include the periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and
the Gulf War era. More detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release. Estimates for the above race groups (white,
black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is
identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.




Table 2. Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, age, period of service, and sex, 2010 annual averages

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                               Civilian labor force                                     
                                                                                                                                        
                                           Civilian                                                                                     
Veteran status, age, period of service,   noninsti-                                  Employed               Unemployed          Not in  
                and sex                    tutional                Percent                                                      labor   
                                          population    Total         of                                                        force   
                                                                  population               Percent                 Percent              
                                                                                Total         of        Total         of                
                                                                                          population             labor force            
                                                                                                                                        
                VETERANS                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................    22,011      11,758       53.4       10,738       48.8        1,020        8.7       10,253  
    18 to 24 years......................       298         219       73.5          174       58.2           46       20.9           79  
    25 to 34 years......................     1,623       1,352       83.3        1,182       72.8          170       12.6          271  
    35 to 44 years......................     2,435       2,185       89.7        2,026       83.2          159        7.3          251  
    45 to 54 years......................     3,677       3,084       83.9        2,826       76.9          258        8.4          593  
    55 to 64 years......................     5,298       3,272       61.8        3,003       56.7          269        8.2        2,026  
    65 years and over...................     8,679       1,646       19.0        1,527       17.6          119        7.2        7,033  
                                                                                                                                        
          Gulf War era, total                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................     5,091       4,311       84.7        3,911       76.8          399        9.3          780  
    18 to 24 years......................       298         219       73.5          174       58.2           46       20.9           79  
    25 to 34 years......................     1,623       1,352       83.3        1,182       72.8          170       12.6          271  
    35 to 44 years......................     1,792       1,624       90.6        1,512       84.4          112        6.9          168  
    45 to 54 years......................       937         821       87.6          767       81.8           55        6.7          116  
    55 to 64 years......................       362         268       74.0          251       69.4           17        6.2           94  
    65 years and over...................        78          26       33.3           26       32.8           -         (1)           52  
                                                                                                                                        
             Gulf War era I                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 25 years and over................     2,922       2,528       86.5        2,334       79.9          194        7.7          394  
    25 to 34 years......................       504         426       84.4          377       74.8           49       11.5           79  
    35 to 44 years......................     1,443       1,321       91.5        1,227       85.1           94        7.1          122  
    45 to 54 years......................       625         547       87.5          509       81.5           38        6.9           78  
    55 to 64 years......................       278         210       75.7          197       70.8           13        6.4           68  
    65 years and over...................        72          24       33.7           24       33.1           -         (1)           48  
                                                                                                                                        
            Gulf War era II                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................     2,169       1,783       82.2        1,577       72.7          205       11.5          386  
    18 to 24 years......................       298         219       73.5          174       58.2           46       20.9           79  
    25 to 34 years......................     1,119         926       82.8          805       72.0          121       13.1          193  
    35 to 44 years......................       349         303       86.9          285       81.7           18        6.0           46  
    45 to 54 years......................       312         275       88.0          257       82.4           17        6.3           38  
    55 to 64 years......................        84          58       68.6           54       64.7            3        5.7           26  
    65 years and over...................         6           2        (1)            2        (1)           -         (1)            4  
                                                                                                                                        
  WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 45 years and over................    11,006       3,993       36.3        3,662       33.3          331        8.3        7,013  
    45 to 54 years......................       223         166       74.6          151       67.8           15        9.1           56  
    55 to 64 years......................     4,467       2,699       60.4        2,465       55.2          234        8.7        1,769  
    65 years and over...................     6,316       1,128       17.9        1,047       16.6           81        7.2        5,188  
                                                                                                                                        
         Other service periods                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 35 years and over................     5,914       3,455       58.4        3,165       53.5          290        8.4        2,459  
    35 to 44 years......................       644         561       87.1          514       79.8           47        8.4           83  
    45 to 54 years......................     2,517       2,097       83.3        1,908       75.8          188        9.0          420  
    55 to 64 years......................       469         305       65.1          287       61.3           18        5.8          164  
    65 years and over...................     2,285         492       21.5          455       19.9           37        7.6        1,792  
                                                                                                                                        
              NONVETERANS                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................   206,875     140,130       67.7      126,908       61.3       13,222        9.4       66,745  
    18 to 24 years......................    28,706      18,714       65.2       15,486       53.9        3,229       17.3        9,992  
    25 to 34 years......................    39,280      32,262       82.1       29,046       73.9        3,216       10.0        7,018  
    35 to 44 years......................    37,655      31,181       82.8       28,637       76.1        2,544        8.2        6,473  
    45 to 54 years......................    40,623      32,879       80.9       30,365       74.7        2,514        7.6        7,744  
    55 to 64 years......................    30,588      20,025       65.5       18,633       60.9        1,392        7.0       10,563  
    65 years and over...................    30,024       5,068       16.9        4,741       15.8          327        6.5       24,955  
                                                                                                                                        
                  MEN                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
                VETERANS                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................    20,225      10,650       52.7        9,717       48.0          933        8.8        9,575  
    18 to 24 years......................       249         184       74.0          144       57.8           40       21.9           65  
    25 to 34 years......................     1,318       1,142       86.6          997       75.6          145       12.7          176  
    35 to 44 years......................     2,079       1,898       91.3        1,760       84.7          138        7.3          181  
    45 to 54 years......................     3,201       2,712       84.7        2,478       77.4          234        8.6          489  
    55 to 64 years......................     5,007       3,102       61.9        2,842       56.8          259        8.4        1,905  
    65 years and over...................     8,371       1,612       19.3        1,496       17.9          116        7.2        6,759  
                                                                                                                                        
          Gulf War era, total                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................     4,272       3,703       86.7        3,358       78.6          345        9.3          569  
    18 to 24 years......................       249         184       74.0          144       57.8           40       21.9           65  
    25 to 34 years......................     1,318       1,142       86.6          997       75.6          145       12.7          176  
    35 to 44 years......................     1,531       1,413       92.3        1,317       86.0           96        6.8          117  
    45 to 54 years......................       793         703       88.7          654       82.5           49        7.0           89  
    55 to 64 years......................       311         237       76.2          222       71.5           15        6.2           74  
    65 years and over...................        71          24       33.9           24       33.3           -         (1)           47  
                                                                                                                                        
             Gulf War era I                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 25 years and over................     2,472       2,181       88.2        2,009       81.3          171        7.8          291  
    25 to 34 years......................       404         353       87.4          310       76.8           43       12.1           51  
    35 to 44 years......................     1,243       1,161       93.4        1,078       86.7           83        7.1           82  
    45 to 54 years......................       519         458       88.1          424       81.6           34        7.4           62  
    55 to 64 years......................       240         187       77.9          175       73.1           12        6.3           53  
    65 years and over...................        65          22       34.0           22       33.3           -         (1)           43  
                                                                                                                                        
            Gulf War era II                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................     1,800       1,523       84.6        1,348       74.9          174       11.4          278  
    18 to 24 years......................       249         184       74.0          144       57.8           40       21.9           65  
    25 to 34 years......................       914         789       86.3          686       75.1          102       13.0          125  
    35 to 44 years......................       287         252       87.8          239       83.1           13        5.3           35  
    45 to 54 years......................       273         246       89.9          231       84.3           15        6.2           28  
    55 to 64 years......................        71          50       70.4           47       66.2            3        5.9           21  
    65 years and over...................         5           2        (1)            2        (1)           -         (1)            4  
                                                                                                                                        
  WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 45 years and over................    10,638       3,880       36.5        3,555       33.4          324        8.4        6,758  
    45 to 54 years......................       208         156       75.1          141       67.9           15        9.6           52  
    55 to 64 years......................     4,312       2,612       60.6        2,383       55.3          229        8.8        1,700  
    65 years and over...................     6,118       1,112       18.2        1,032       16.9           80        7.2        5,006  
                                                                                                                                        
         Other service periods                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 35 years and over................     5,315       3,067       57.7        2,804       52.8          263        8.6        2,248  
    35 to 44 years......................       548         485       88.5          443       80.8           42        8.7           63  
    45 to 54 years......................     2,200       1,852       84.2        1,682       76.5          170        9.2          348  
    55 to 64 years......................       384         253       65.8          237       61.7           16        6.2          131  
    65 years and over...................     2,183         476       21.8          441       20.2           35        7.4        1,706  
                                                                                                                                        
              NONVETERANS                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................    90,409      70,345       77.8       62,967       69.6        7,378       10.5       20,064  
    18 to 24 years......................    14,339       9,682       67.5        7,776       54.2        1,906       19.7        4,658  
    25 to 34 years......................    19,148      17,210       89.9       15,362       80.2        1,849       10.7        1,938  
    35 to 44 years......................    17,728      16,220       91.5       14,825       83.6        1,395        8.6        1,508  
    45 to 54 years......................    18,515      16,147       87.2       14,764       79.7        1,383        8.6        2,369  
    55 to 64 years......................    12,285       9,002       73.3        8,298       67.5          704        7.8        3,283  
    65 years and over...................     8,394       2,085       24.8        1,943       23.1          143        6.8        6,309  
                                                                                                                                        
                 WOMEN                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                        
                VETERANS                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................     1,786       1,108       62.1        1,021       57.2           87        7.9          678  
    18 to 24 years......................        49          35       71.3           30       60.3            5       15.3           14  
    25 to 34 years......................       306         210       68.9          186       60.8           25       11.8           95  
    35 to 44 years......................       356         286       80.3          266       74.6           20        7.2           70  
    45 to 54 years......................       476         372       78.2          348       73.0           25        6.6          104  
    55 to 64 years......................       291         170       58.5          161       55.3            9        5.5          121  
    65 years and over...................       308          34       11.0           31       10.1            3        (1)          274  
                                                                                                                                        
          Gulf War era, total                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................       819         607       74.2          554       67.6           54        8.9          212  
    18 to 24 years......................        49          35       71.3           30       60.3            5       15.3           14  
    25 to 34 years......................       306         210       68.9          186       60.8           25       11.8           95  
    35 to 44 years......................       261         211       80.7          195       74.7           16        7.4           50  
    45 to 54 years......................       144         118       81.7          112       77.7            6        5.0           26  
    55 to 64 years......................        51          31       60.6           29       56.6            2        (1)           20  
    65 years and over...................         8           2        (1)            2        (1)           -         (1)            6  
                                                                                                                                        
             Gulf War era I                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 25 years and over................       450         347       77.1          325       72.1           23        6.5          103  
    25 to 34 years......................       100          73       72.5           67       66.3            6        8.5           28  
    35 to 44 years......................       200         160       80.1          149       74.6           11        6.8           40  
    45 to 54 years......................       106          89       84.4           85       80.8            4        4.3           16  
    55 to 64 years......................        38          23       61.2           21       56.7            2        (1)           15  
    65 years and over...................         7           2        (1)            2       30.6           -         (1)            5  
                                                                                                                                        
            Gulf War era II                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................       369         260       70.6          229       62.2           31       12.0          108  
    18 to 24 years......................        49          35       71.3           30       60.3            5       15.3           14  
    25 to 34 years......................       205         138       67.1          119       58.0           19       13.6           67  
    35 to 44 years......................        61          51       82.7           46       75.0            5        9.3           11  
    45 to 54 years......................        39          29       74.4           27       69.2            2        (1)           10  
    55 to 64 years......................        13           8        (1)            7        (1)           -         (1)            5  
    65 years and over...................         1          -         (1)           -         (1)           -          -             1  
                                                                                                                                        
  WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 45 years and over................       368         113       30.7          107       29.0            6        5.5          255  
    45 to 54 years......................        15          10        (1)           10        (1)           -         (1)            5  
    55 to 64 years......................       156          87       56.1           82       52.6            5        6.2           68  
    65 years and over...................       198          16        8.0           15        7.6            1        (1)          182  
                                                                                                                                        
         Other service periods                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 35 years and over................       599         388       64.8          361       60.2           27        7.0          211  
    35 to 44 years......................        95          75       79.2           70       74.1            5        6.4           20  
    45 to 54 years......................       317         245       77.1          226       71.2           19        7.6           73  
    55 to 64 years......................        85          52       61.8           50       59.5            2        3.8           32  
    65 years and over...................       102          16       15.4           14       13.7            2        (1)           86  
                                                                                                                                        
              NONVETERANS                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 18 years and over................   116,466      69,785       59.9       63,941       54.9        5,844        8.4       46,681  
    18 to 24 years......................    14,367       9,033       62.9        7,710       53.7        1,323       14.6        5,334  
    25 to 34 years......................    20,132      15,052       74.8       13,685       68.0        1,368        9.1        5,080  
    35 to 44 years......................    19,927      14,961       75.1       13,812       69.3        1,149        7.7        4,966  
    45 to 54 years......................    22,108      16,732       75.7       15,601       70.6        1,131        6.8        5,376  
    55 to 64 years......................    18,303      11,024       60.2       10,335       56.5          689        6.2        7,280  
    65 years and over...................    21,629       2,983       13.8        2,798       12.9          185        6.2       18,646  

   1 Rates are not shown where base is less than 35,000.
   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf
War era, and all other service periods. Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces. Other service periods
include the periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and
the Gulf War era. More detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release. Dash represents or rounds to zero.




Table 3.  Employment status of persons 25 years and over by veteran status, and educational attainment, 2010 annual averages
 
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                               Civilian labor force                                     
                                                                                                                                        
                                           Civilian                                                                                     
   Period of service and educational      noninsti-                                  Employed               Unemployed          Not in  
               attainment                  tutional                Percent                                                      labor   
                                          population    Total         of                                                        force   
                                                                  population               Percent                 Percent              
                                                                                Total         of        Total         of                
                                                                                          population             labor force            
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                VETERANS                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 25 years and over................    21,713      11,539       53.1       10,565       48.7          974        8.4       10,174  
  Less than a high school diploma(1)....     1,530         318       20.8          282       18.4           36       11.3        1,213  
  High school graduates, no college(1)..     7,078       3,496       49.4        3,127       44.2          369       10.5        3,582  
  Some college or associate degree(1)...     7,214       4,306       59.7        3,913       54.2          393        9.1        2,908  
  Bachelor's degree and higher(1).......     5,890       3,419       58.0        3,242       55.0          177        5.2        2,471  
                                                                                                                                        
          Gulf War era, Total                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 25 years and over................     4,792       4,091       85.4        3,738       78.0          353        8.6          701  
  Less than a high school diploma(1)....        48          34       70.3           28       59.4            5       (2)            14  
  High school graduates, no college(1)..     1,286       1,089       84.7          964       75.0          125       11.5          197  
  Some college or associate degree(1)...     2,063       1,736       84.2        1,563       75.8          173       10.0          326  
  Bachelor's degree and higher(1).......     1,396       1,232       88.3        1,182       84.7           50        4.1          164  
                                                                                                                                        
             Gulf War era I                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 25 years and over................     2,922       2,528       86.5        2,334       79.9          194        7.7          394  
  Less than a high school diploma(1)....        32          21       (2)            18       (2)             3       (2)            10  
  High school graduates, no college(1)..       796         679       85.3          606       76.1           73       10.8          117  
  Some college or associate degree(1)...     1,216       1,052       86.5          967       79.5           85        8.1          164  
  Bachelor's degree and higher(1).......       878         775       88.3          743       84.7           32        4.1          103  
                                                                                                                                        
            Gulf War era II                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 25 years and over................     1,870       1,564       83.6        1,404       75.1          160       10.2          307  
  Less than a high school diploma(1)....        16          12       (2)            11       (2)             2       (2)             4  
  High school graduates, no college(1)..       489         410       83.8          358       73.1           52       12.7           79  
  Some college or associate degree(1)...       846         684       80.8          596       70.4           88       12.8          163  
  Bachelor's degree and higher(1).......       518         457       88.2          439       84.7           18        3.9           61  
                                                                                                                                        
  WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 25 years and over................    11,006       3,993       36.3        3,662       33.3          331        8.3        7,013  
  Less than a high school diploma(1)....     1,064         159       15.0          143       13.4           16       10.2          905  
  High school graduates, no college(1)..     3,639       1,197       32.9        1,081       29.7          117        9.7        2,442  
  Some college or associate degree(1)...     3,243       1,344       41.4        1,222       37.7          121        9.0        1,899  
  Bachelor's degree and higher(1).......     3,059       1,293       42.3        1,216       39.8           76        5.9        1,767  
                                                                                                                                        
         Other service periods                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 25 years and over................     5,914       3,455       58.4        3,165       53.5          290        8.4        2,459  
  Less than a high school diploma(1)....       418         125       29.8          110       26.3           15       11.7          294  
  High school graduates, no college(1)..     2,153       1,209       56.2        1,083       50.3          127       10.5          943  
  Some college or associate degree(1)...     1,909       1,227       64.3        1,128       59.1           98        8.0          682  
  Bachelor's degree and higher(1).......     1,435         894       62.3          844       58.8           50        5.6          540  
                                                                                                                                        
              NONVETERANS                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 25 years and over................   178,169     121,416       68.1      111,422       62.5        9,994        8.2       56,754  
  Less than a high school diploma(1)....    23,994      11,458       47.8        9,746       40.6        1,712       14.9       12,536  
  High school graduates, no college(1)..    54,926      34,733       63.2       31,156       56.7        3,576       10.3       20,194  
  Some college or associate degree(1)...    45,245      32,718       72.3       29,999       66.3        2,719        8.3       12,526  
  Bachelor's degree and higher(1).......    54,005      42,507       78.7       40,521       75.0        1,986        4.7       11,498  
   
  1 This release was reissued on Thursday, October 20, 2011, to correct an error in Table 3. The data for the educational attainment
categories erroneously contained data for those age 18 and over instead of for those age 25 and over. The analyses in this release were
not affected by the corrections.
  2 Data not shown where base is less than 35,000. 
  NOTE:  More detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release. Dash represents or rounds to zero.
  
  
  
  

Table 4. Employed persons 18 years and over by occupation, sex, veteran status, and period of service, 2010 annual averages

(Percent distribution)
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                     Gulf War era               WW II,                          
                                                                                                             Korean War,    Other        Non-   
                         Occupation                            Veterans                                      and Vietnam   service     veterans 
                                                                            Total      Gulf War    Gulf War      era       periods              
                                                                                        era I       era II                                      
                                                                                                                                                
                           TOTAL                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
     Total, 18 years and over (thousands)...................    10,738       3,911       2,334       1,577       3,662       3,165     126,908  
     Percent................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                
 Management, professional, and related occupations..........      37.3        37.2        38.6        35.0        39.1        35.2        37.5  
   Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                               
   occupations..............................................      17.8        16.0        17.4        14.0        20.9        16.4        15.0  
   Professional and related occupations.....................      19.5        21.2        21.3        21.0        18.2        18.9        22.6  
 Service occupations........................................      13.8        15.9        13.4        19.7        11.5        13.7        17.7  
 Sales and office occupations...............................      17.5        17.4        17.7        16.8        17.4        17.8        24.5  
   Sales and related occupations............................       8.7         6.7         7.3         5.7        11.0         8.5        11.1  
   Office and administrative support occupations............       8.8        10.7        10.4        11.1         6.3         9.3        13.4  
 Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                               
   occupations..............................................      14.4        14.3        14.0        14.8        14.1        14.9         9.0  
   Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...............        .4          .1          .2          .1          .6          .4          .7  
   Construction and extraction occupations..................       6.5         6.1         6.1         6.1         6.9         6.6         5.1  
   Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations........       7.5         8.1         7.7         8.6         6.6         7.9         3.2  
 Production, transportation, and material moving occupations      17.0        15.2        16.2        13.7        17.9        18.3        11.2  
   Production occupations...................................       7.1         7.3         7.8         6.6         6.7         7.4         5.7  
   Transportation and material moving occupations...........       9.9         7.9         8.4         7.1        11.2        10.9         5.5  
                                                                                                                                                
                            MEN                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                
     Total, 18 years and over (thousands)...................     9,717       3,358       2,009       1,348       3,555       2,804      62,967  
     Percent................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                
 Management, professional, and related occupations..........      36.3        35.5        36.8        33.6        39.0        33.9        34.1  
   Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                               
   occupations..............................................      17.9        15.8        17.2        13.8        21.1        16.4        16.2  
   Professional and related occupations.....................      18.4        19.7        19.6        19.7        17.8        17.6        17.9  
 Service occupations........................................      13.7        16.0        13.5        19.8        11.5        13.8        14.3  
 Sales and office occupations...............................      16.1        15.0        15.4        14.4        17.0        16.3        17.0  
   Sales and related occupations............................       8.8         6.7         7.3         5.8        11.0         8.5        10.6  
   Office and administrative support occupations............       7.3         8.3         8.1         8.7         5.9         7.8         6.3  
 Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                               
   occupations..............................................      15.7        16.5        16.0        17.1        14.4        16.5        17.3  
   Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...............        .4          .2          .2          .1          .6          .4         1.1  
   Construction and extraction occupations..................       7.2         7.0         7.0         7.1         7.1         7.5         9.9  
   Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations........       8.2         9.3         8.8         9.9         6.7         8.7         6.3  
 Production, transportation, and material moving occupations      18.1        17.0        18.3        15.1        18.2        19.5        17.3  
   Production occupations...................................       7.5         8.1         8.7         7.2         6.8         7.8         8.0  
   Transportation and material moving occupations...........      10.6         8.9         9.6         8.0        11.4        11.7         9.3  
                                                                                                                                                
                           WOMEN                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
     Total, 18 years and over (thousands)...................     1,021         554         325         229         107         361      63,941  
     Percent................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                
 Management, professional, and related occupations..........      46.6        47.4        50.2        43.5        45.7        45.5        40.9  
   Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                               
   occupations..............................................      16.7        17.3        18.8        15.1        14.7        16.6        13.8  
   Professional and related occupations.....................      29.8        30.2        31.4        28.4        30.9        28.9        27.1  
 Service occupations........................................      14.5        15.3        12.8        18.8        13.6        13.6        21.0  
 Sales and office occupations...............................      30.9        31.7        32.3        30.9        31.4        29.6        31.9  
   Sales and related occupations............................       7.9         6.8         7.6         5.6        10.7         8.8        11.5  
   Office and administrative support occupations............      23.1        25.0        24.8        25.3        20.8        20.8        20.4  
 Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                               
   occupations..............................................       1.7         1.3         1.1         1.6         2.0         2.2          .9  
   Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...............        .2          -           -           .1          .4          .4          .3  
   Construction and extraction occupations..................        .4          .5          .4          .5          -           .3          .3  
   Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations........       1.2          .8          .7         1.0         1.6         1.5          .3  
 Production, transportation, and material moving occupations       6.3         4.3         3.6         5.3         7.3         9.1         5.2  
   Production occupations...................................       3.2         2.7         2.3         3.3         2.2         4.1         3.4  
   Transportation and material moving occupations...........       3.1         1.5         1.3         1.9         5.1         5.0         1.8  

   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf War era,
and all other service periods. Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces. Other service periods include the
periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and the Gulf War era.
More detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release. Dash represents or rounds to zero.




Table 5. Employed persons 18 years and over by industry, class of worker, sex, veteran status, and period of service, 2010 annual averages

(Percent distribution)
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                     Gulf War era               WW II,                          
                                                                                                             Korean War,    Other        Non-   
                Industry and class of worker                   Veterans                                      and Vietnam   service     veterans 
                                                                            Total      Gulf War    Gulf War      era       periods              
                                                                                        era I       era II                                      
                                                                                                                                                
                           TOTAL                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
Total, 18 years and over (in thousands).....................    10,738       3,911       2,334       1,577       3,662       3,165     126,908  
Percent.....................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                
 Agriculture and related industries.........................       1.9          .5          .6          .4         3.3         1.9         1.5  
   Wage and salary workers..................................        .7          .3          .4          .2         1.0          .9         1.0  
   Self-employed workers....................................       1.1          .2          .2          .2         2.2         1.0          .5  
 Nonagricultural industries.................................      98.1        99.5        99.4        99.6        96.7        98.1        98.5  
   Wage and salary workers..................................      91.0        96.4        95.6        97.5        85.8        90.4        92.1  
     Private industries.....................................      69.1        69.2        70.5        67.2        68.1        70.2        77.3  
       Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction........        .7         1.0          .9         1.2          .7          .5          .5  
       Construction.........................................       5.5         5.4         5.5         5.2         5.5         5.6         5.0  
       Manufacturing........................................      12.9        12.1        13.1        10.5        12.8        14.2         9.7  
       Wholesale trade......................................       3.0         2.1         2.6         1.4         3.8         3.2         2.6  
       Retail trade.........................................       8.0         6.8         6.7         6.8         9.2         7.9        10.9  
       Transportation and utilities.........................       7.3         6.9         7.1         6.6         6.5         8.5         3.6  
       Information..........................................       2.2         2.8         3.3         2.1         1.6         2.1         2.0  
       Financial activities.................................       4.4         4.2         4.1         4.3         4.6         4.3         6.3  
       Professional and business services...................      10.0        12.1        11.7        12.9         9.0         8.5         9.2  
       Education and health services........................       8.3         9.0         9.7         7.9         7.5         8.3        15.2  
       Leisure and hospitality..............................       3.6         4.1         3.1         5.5         3.2         3.5         8.2  
       Other services.......................................       3.3         2.7         2.7         2.7         3.7         3.5         4.2  
     Government.............................................      21.9        27.2        25.1        30.4        17.6        20.2        14.8  
       Federal..............................................       8.7        12.9        10.5        16.3         5.6         7.2         2.2  
       State................................................       4.9         5.5         5.6         5.3         4.4         4.9         4.6  
       Local................................................       8.2         8.8         8.9         8.7         7.6         8.1         8.0  
   Self-employed workers....................................       7.1         3.1         3.8         2.1        10.9         7.7         6.3  
   Unpaid family workers....................................        -           .1          .1          -           -           -           .1  
                                                                                                                                                
                            MEN                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                
Total, 18 years and over (in thousands).....................     9,717       3,358       2,009       1,348       3,555       2,804      62,967  
Percent.....................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                
 Agriculture and related industries.........................       2.0          .5          .6          .4         3.3         2.1         2.3  
   Wage and salary workers..................................        .8          .3          .4          .2         1.0         1.0         1.5  
   Self-employed workers....................................       1.2          .2          .2          .2         2.3         1.1          .8  
 Nonagricultural industries.................................      98.0        99.5        99.4        99.6        96.7        97.9        97.7  
   Wage and salary workers..................................      90.5        96.2        95.5        97.3        85.7        89.7        90.2  
     Private industries.....................................      69.4        69.7        70.9        67.9        68.4        70.4        79.0  
       Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction........        .8         1.2         1.0         1.4          .7          .5          .8  
       Construction.........................................       6.0         6.2         6.3         6.1         5.7         6.3         8.9  
       Manufacturing........................................      13.6        13.2        14.5        11.3        13.1        14.9        13.5  
       Wholesale trade......................................       3.1         2.3         2.7         1.7         3.8         3.3         3.6  
       Retail trade.........................................       8.0         6.8         6.7         6.9         9.2         7.9        10.6  
       Transportation and utilities.........................       7.7         7.6         7.9         7.3         6.6         9.1         5.5  
       Information..........................................       2.2         3.0         3.6         2.1         1.6         2.1         2.3  
       Financial activities.................................       4.2         3.9         3.7         4.2         4.6         4.0         5.3  
       Professional and business services...................      10.1        12.3        11.4        13.6         9.2         8.7        10.3  
       Education and health services........................       6.8         6.7         7.4         5.6         6.8         6.8         6.5  
       Leisure and hospitality..............................       3.5         3.8         3.0         5.0         3.2         3.5         7.8  
       Other services.......................................       3.3         2.7         2.7         2.7         3.8         3.4         3.8  
     Government.............................................      21.1        26.5        24.6        29.4        17.3        19.2        11.3  
       Federal..............................................       8.3        12.4        10.4        15.4         5.5         6.9         2.1  
       State................................................       4.7         5.2         5.2         5.2         4.4         4.7         3.4  
       Local................................................       8.0         8.9         9.0         8.8         7.5         7.7         5.7  
   Self-employed workers....................................       7.5         3.2         3.8         2.3        10.9         8.2         7.5  
   Unpaid family workers....................................      -             .1          .1          -           -           -           -   
                                                                                                                                                
                           WOMEN                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
Total, 18 years and over (in thousands).....................     1,021         554         325         229         107         361      63,941  
Percent.....................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                
 Agriculture and related industries.........................        .6          .4          .6          .1         1.8          .7          .8  
   Wage and salary workers..................................        .4          .3          .5          -          1.0          .3          .5  
   Self-employed workers....................................        .2          .1          .2          -           .7          .3          .3  
 Nonagricultural industries.................................      99.4        99.6        99.4        99.9        98.2        99.3        99.2  
   Wage and salary workers..................................      95.7        97.2        95.9        98.9        88.1        95.8        93.9  
     Private industries.....................................      66.1        65.8        67.9        62.9        60.1        68.3        75.7  
       Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction........        .2          .1          .2          -           -           .5          .1  
       Construction.........................................        .3          .6          .8          .3          .1          -          1.0  
       Manufacturing........................................       6.2         5.4         4.9         6.2         2.6         8.4         5.9  
       Wholesale trade......................................       1.6         1.0         1.6          .1         2.1         2.3         1.6  
       Retail trade.........................................       7.5         6.4         6.6         6.1        10.0         8.6        11.2  
       Transportation and utilities.........................       3.2         2.4         2.4         2.3         4.8         3.9         1.7  
       Information..........................................       1.7         1.7         1.5         2.1          .8         1.8         1.7  
       Financial activities.................................       6.2         5.8         6.9         4.3         5.0         7.1         7.2  
       Professional and business services...................       8.8        11.3        13.2         8.7         1.5         7.2         8.2  
       Education and health services........................      22.5        22.8        23.8        21.4        28.1        20.4        23.8  
       Leisure and hospitality..............................       4.8         5.7         3.6         8.6         2.8         4.0         8.7  
       Other services.......................................       3.1         2.6         2.5         2.7         2.1         4.3         4.5  
     Government.............................................      29.6        31.4        28.0        36.0        28.1        27.5        18.2  
       Federal..............................................      13.1        15.7        11.4        21.7         9.3        10.1         2.3  
       State................................................       6.8         7.4         8.4         6.0         5.1         6.3         5.7  
       Local................................................       9.8         8.3         8.2         8.3        13.6        11.1        10.2  
   Self-employed workers....................................       3.6         2.4         3.4         1.0        10.0         3.4         5.2  
   Unpaid family workers....................................        -           -           -           -           -           .1          .1  

   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf War era,
and all other service periods. Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces. Other service periods include the
periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and the Gulf War era.
More detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release. Effective with January 2009 data, industries reflect the introduction
of the 2007 Census industry classification system is derived from the 2007 North American Classification System. The self employed refer to
the unincorporated self employed. The incorporated self employed are considered wage and salary  workers. Dash represents or rounds to zero.




Table 6.  Employment status of veterans 18 years and over by presence of service-connected disability, reported disability rating,
period of service, and sex, July 2010, not seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                     Civilian labor force                                 
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
   Presence of disability, reported disability      Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed        Not in  
                     rating,                        noninsti-                                                                      labor  
            period of service, and sex              tutional               Percent                                                 force  
                                                   population    Total       of                  Percent               Percent            
                                                                         population    Total       of        Total       of               
                                                                                               population               labor             
                                                                                                                        force             
                                                                                                                                          
                      TOTAL                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                          
                     VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................   21,997     11,857      53.9      10,863      49.4         994       8.4      10,140  
With service-connected disability.................    2,798      1,427      51.0       1,297      46.4         130       9.1       1,371  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........    1,077        667      61.9         609      56.5          59       8.8         410  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      732        435      59.4         394      53.8          41       9.5         297  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      729        204      27.9         185      25.4          19       9.1         526  
  Disability rating not reported..................      260        122      46.7         110      42.3          12       9.5         139  
Without service-connected disability..............   15,783      8,399      53.2       7,669      48.6         730       8.7       7,384  
Presence of disability not reported...............    3,415      2,031      59.5       1,896      55.5         135       6.6       1,385  
                                                                                                                                          
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    5,058      4,298      85.0       3,902      77.2         396       9.2         760  
With service-connected disability.................    1,078        844      78.3         760      70.5          84      10.0         234  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      424        372      87.7         335      79.1          37       9.8          52  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      340        268      78.7         242      71.0          26       9.8          72  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      233        131      56.3         117      50.4          14      10.6         102  
  Disability rating not reported..................       81         73      90.6          66      81.2           8       (1)           8  
Without service-connected disability..............    3,070      2,692      87.7       2,438      79.4         254       9.4         377  
Presence of disability not reported...............      910        761      83.6         704      77.3          57       7.5         149  
                                                                                                                                          
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    2,897      2,473      85.4       2,293      79.2         180       7.3         423  
With service-connected disability.................      548        415      75.8         379      69.1          36       8.8         133  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      267        241      90.1         222      83.2          18       7.6          26  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      134         89      66.4          86      64.2           3       3.4          45  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      119         59      49.3          45      38.1          13       (1)          60  
  Disability rating not reported..................       27         26       (1)          25       (1)           2       (1)           1  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,855      1,645      88.7       1,533      82.6         112       6.8         210  
Presence of disability not reported...............      494        413      83.6         382      77.2          32       7.7          81  
                                                                                                                                          
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    2,161      1,824      84.4       1,609      74.5         215      11.8         336  
With service-connected disability.................      530        429      81.0         381      72.0          48      11.2         101  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      157        131      83.7         113      72.0          18      13.9          26  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      206        179      86.8         155      75.5          23      13.0          27  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      114         72      63.7          72      63.2           1       (1)          41  
  Disability rating not reported..................       54         47       (1)          41       (1)           6       (1)           7  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,215      1,047      86.2         905      74.5         142      13.6         167  
Presence of disability not reported...............      416        348      83.6         322      77.4          26       7.4          68  
                                                                                                                                          
        WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................   10,971      3,985      36.3       3,654      33.3         331       8.3       6,986  
With service-connected disability.................    1,235        324      26.2         291      23.6          33      10.1         912  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      447        163      36.5         146      32.6          17      10.6         284  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      271         87      32.1          81      29.7           7       7.5         184  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      385         46      12.1          42      10.8           5       (1)         338  
  Disability rating not reported..................      132         27      20.4          23      17.4           4       (1)         105  
Without service-connected disability..............    8,237      3,003      36.5       2,746      33.3         257       8.6       5,234  
Presence of disability not reported...............    1,499        659      43.9         618      41.2          41       6.2         840  
                                                                                                                                          
              Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    5,968      3,574      59.9       3,306      55.4         268       7.5       2,394  
With service-connected disability.................      485        260      53.5         246      50.8          13       5.1         226  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      206        132      64.2         128      61.9           5       3.5          74  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      120         80      66.4          71      59.3           9      10.8          40  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      112         26      23.3          26      23.3          -        (1)          86  
  Disability rating not reported..................       47         21       (1)          21       (1)          -        (1)          26  
Without service-connected disability..............    4,477      2,704      60.4       2,485      55.5         218       8.1       1,773  
Presence of disability not reported...............    1,006        611      60.7         574      57.1          37       6.0         395  
                                                                                                                                          
                       MEN                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
                     VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................   20,210     10,739      53.1       9,809      48.5         930       8.7       9,471  
With service-connected disability.................    2,524      1,288      51.0       1,177      46.6         111       8.6       1,237  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      981        597      60.9         546      55.7          51       8.5         384  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      636        400      62.9         362      57.0          37       9.3         236  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      659        176      26.7         162      24.6          14       7.9         483  
  Disability rating not reported..................      249        115      46.2         106      42.4           9       8.2         134  
Without service-connected disability..............   14,541      7,608      52.3       6,921      47.6         687       9.0       6,933  
Presence of disability not reported...............    3,145      1,844      58.6       1,712      54.4         132       7.1       1,301  
                                                                                                                                          
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    4,199      3,654      87.0       3,315      79.0         339       9.3         545  
With service-connected disability.................      882        729      82.7         662      75.1          67       9.2         153  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      348        314      90.3         286      82.1          29       9.1          34  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      270        238      87.9         214      79.2          24       9.9          33  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      189        110      58.5         101      53.6           9       8.4          79  
  Disability rating not reported..................       75         67      89.8          61      82.3           6       (1)           8  
Without service-connected disability..............    2,515      2,262      89.9       2,044      81.3         218       9.6         253  
Presence of disability not reported...............      802        663      82.7         609      75.9          54       8.2         139  
                                                                                                                                          
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    2,441      2,125      87.1       1,969      80.7         156       7.3         316  
With service-connected disability.................      448        353      78.9         325      72.7          28       7.9          94  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      224        206      91.7         188      84.1          17       8.3          19  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      102         77      75.7          77      75.3          -         -           25  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........       96         46      48.0          37      38.9           9       (1)          50  
  Disability rating not reported..................       25         24       (1)          22       (1)           2       (1)           1  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,562      1,416      90.6       1,320      84.5          96       6.8         146  
Presence of disability not reported...............      430        355      82.5         324      75.2          32       8.9          75  
                                                                                                                                          
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    1,758      1,529      87.0       1,346      76.6         183      12.0         229  
With service-connected disability.................      434        376      86.5         337      77.6          39      10.4          58  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      124        109      87.6          97      78.4          11      10.5          15  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      168        160      95.3         137      81.5          23      14.5           8  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........       93         64      69.3          64      68.7           1       (1)          28  
  Disability rating not reported..................       49         43       (1)          39       (1)           4       (1)           7  
Without service-connected disability..............      952        846      88.8         724      76.0         122      14.4         107  
Presence of disability not reported...............      372        308      82.8         285      76.8          22       7.3          64  
                                                                                                                                          
        WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................   10,596      3,879      36.6       3,551      33.5         328       8.5       6,717  
With service-connected disability.................    1,216        321      26.4         289      23.7          33      10.1         895  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      446        163      36.5         145      32.6          17      10.7         283  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      262         85      32.5          79      30.0           7       7.7         177  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      379         46      12.2          42      11.0           5       (1)         333  
  Disability rating not reported..................      129         27      20.9          23      17.9           4       (1)         102  
Without service-connected disability..............    7,928      2,915      36.8       2,660      33.6         255       8.7       5,013  
Presence of disability not reported...............    1,452        643      44.3         602      41.5          41       6.4         809  
                                                                                                                                          
              Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    5,415      3,206      59.2       2,943      54.4         262       8.2       2,209  
With service-connected disability.................      426        237      55.7         226      52.9          12       4.9         189  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      186        120      64.4         115      61.9           5       3.9          66  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      103         77      74.7          70      67.9           7       9.0          26  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........       91         19      21.1          19      21.1          -        (1)          72  
  Disability rating not reported..................       46         21       (1)          21       (1)          -        (1)          25  
Without service-connected disability..............    4,097      2,431      59.3       2,217      54.1         214       8.8       1,667  
Presence of disability not reported...............      891        538      60.3         501      56.2          37       6.8         354  
                                                                                                                                          
                      WOMEN                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                          
                     VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    1,787      1,118      62.6       1,053      58.9          65       5.8         669  
With service-connected disability.................      274        140      51.0         121      44.1          19      13.6         134  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........       97         70      72.7          62      64.4           8       (1)          26  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............       96         35      36.8          31      32.3           4       (1)          61  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........       70         28       (1)          23       (1)           5       (1)          42  
  Disability rating not reported..................       11          7       (1)           4       (1)           2       (1)           5  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,242        791      63.7         749      60.3          43       5.4         451  
Presence of disability not reported...............      270        187      69.2         184      68.0           3       1.7          83  
                                                                                                                                          
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      859        644      74.9         587      68.3          57       8.8         215  
With service-connected disability.................      196        115      58.7          98      49.9          17      15.1          81  
Without service-connected disability..............      555        431      77.6         395      71.1          36       8.4         124  
Presence of disability not reported...............      108         98      90.5          95      87.6           3       3.2          10  
                                                                                                                                          
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      456        349      76.4         325      71.1          24       6.9         108  
With service-connected disability.................      100         61      61.5          53      53.1           8       (1)          39  
Without service-connected disability..............      292        229      78.3         213      72.9          16       6.9          63  
Presence of disability not reported...............       64         58       (1)          58       (1)          -        (1)           6  
                                                                                                                                          
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      402        295      73.3         262      65.2          32      11.0         108  
With service-connected disability.................       96         54      55.9          45      46.5           9       (1)          42  
Without service-connected disability..............      262        202      76.9         181      69.1          20      10.1          61  
Presence of disability not reported...............       44         40       (1)          37       (1)           3       (1)           5  
                                                                                                                                          
        WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      375        106      28.3         104      27.6           2       2.2         269  
With service-connected disability.................       19          2       (1)           2       (1)          -         -           17  
Without service-connected disability..............      308         88      28.4          85      27.7           2       2.6         221  
Presence of disability not reported...............       47         16       (1)          16       (1)          -         -           31  
                                                                                                                                          
              Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      553        368      66.6         363      65.5           6       1.6         185  
With service-connected disability.................       59         22       (1)          21       (1)           2       (1)          37  
Without service-connected disability..............      380        273      71.9         269      70.8           4       1.5         107  
Presence of disability not reported...............      115         73      63.7          73      63.7          -         -           42  

   1 Rates not shown where the base is less than 75,000. Small estimated levels are based on a small number of survey responses and, thus,
are subject to relatively large standard errors.
   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf
War era, and all other service periods. Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces. Other service periods
include the periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and
the Gulf War era. A service-connected disability is a health condition or impairment caused or made worse by military service. The
associated disability rating, which can range from 0 to 100 percent, is determined from a rating schedule published in the U.S. Code of
Federal Regulations, "Title 38." More detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release. Dash represents or rounds to
zero.  




Table 7. Employed persons 18 years and over by veteran status, presence of service-connected disability, period of service, and class of worker,
July 2010, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                 Percent distribution by class of worker                        
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                   Nonagricultural industries                   
                                                 Total                                                                                          
 Veteran status, presence of disability, and   employed                                             Wage and salary workers                     
              period of service               (thousands)           Agriculture                                                                 
                                                          Total         and                                                              Self-  
                                                                      related                                   Government             employed 
                                                                    industries   Total                                                and unpaid
                                                                                            Private                                     family  
                                                                                            sector                            State     workers 
                                                                                                        Total     Federal      and              
                                                                                                                              local             
                                                                                                                                                
Veterans, total (1)..........................   10,863     100.0        2.1       97.9       68.2       22.3        8.6       13.7        7.4   
  With service-connected disability..........    1,297     100.0        1.1       98.9       58.9       34.9       19.6       15.3        5.0   
  Without service-connected disability.......    7,669     100.0        2.4       97.6       69.1       20.7        7.1       13.6        7.8   
                                                                                                                                                
  Gulf War era, total (1)....................    3,902     100.0         .7       99.3       67.4       27.9       12.0       15.8        4.1   
    With service-connected disability........      760     100.0         .4       99.6       57.9       37.3       22.3       15.0        4.3   
    Without service-connected disability.....    2,438     100.0         .9       99.1       70.0       24.6        9.3       15.3        4.5   
                                                                                                                                                
    Gulf War era I (1).......................    2,293     100.0         .8       99.2       66.8       27.5       11.3       16.3        4.9   
      With service-connected disability......      379     100.0         .4       99.6       53.1       40.7       29.1       11.6        5.8   
      Without service-connected disability...    1,533     100.0        1.0       99.0       68.9       24.7        7.4       17.4        5.3   
                                                                                                                                                
    Gulf War era II (1)......................    1,609     100.0         .5       99.5       68.2       28.3       13.1       15.2        3.0   
      With service-connected disability......      381     100.0         .4       99.6       62.7       34.0       15.6       18.4        2.8   
      Without service-connected disability...      905     100.0         .7       99.3       71.8       24.4       12.7       11.8        3.1   
                                                                                                                                                
  WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era (1).....    3,654     100.0        3.2       96.8       67.9       18.5        6.5       11.9       10.5   
    With service-connected disability........      291     100.0        3.4       96.6       62.7       26.8       16.3       10.4        7.1   
    Without service-connected disability.....    2,746     100.0        3.4       96.6       67.5       18.2        5.6       12.6       10.9   
                                                                                                                                                
  Other service periods (1)..................    3,306     100.0        2.6       97.4       69.5       20.0        7.0       13.0        7.8   
    With service-connected disability........      246     100.0         .6       99.4       57.4       37.1       15.1       22.0        4.9   
    Without service-connected disability.....    2,485     100.0        2.8       97.2       69.9       19.7        6.7       13.0        7.6   
                                                                                                                                                
Nonveterans..................................  127,573     100.0        1.7       98.3       77.9       14.0        2.2       11.8        6.4   

   1 Includes veterans who did not report presence of disability.
   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf War era,
and all other service periods. Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces. Other service periods include the
periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and the Gulf War era. 
A service-connected disability is a health condition or impairment caused or made worse by military service. The associated disability rating,
which can range from 0 to 100 percent, is determined from a rating schedule published in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, "Title 38." More
detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release.




Table 8. Employment status of Gulf War era veterans by Reserve or National Guard status, July 2010, not seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                         Civilian labor force                                 
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                                                        Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed        Not in  
                Period of service and                   noninsti-                                                                      labor  
           Reserve or National Guard status             tutional               Percent                                                 force  
                                                       population    Total       of                  Percent               Percent            
                                                                             population    Total       of        Total       of               
                                                                                                   population               labor             
                                                                                                                            force             
                                                                                                                                              
                       VETERANS                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                              
                 Gulf War era, total                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                              
  Total...............................................     5,058      4,298     85.0        3,902     77.2          396      9.2          760 
Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...     1,471      1,250     85.0        1,126     76.6          123      9.9          221 
Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     2,675      2,283     85.3        2,067     77.3          216      9.5          392 
Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       912        766     83.9          709     77.8           56      7.3          147 
                                                                                                                                              
                    Gulf War era I                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                              
  Total...............................................     2,897      2,473     85.4        2,293     79.2          180      7.3          423 
Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...       772        653     84.5          613     79.4           40      6.1          119 
Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     1,619      1,399     86.4        1,290     79.7          109      7.8          220 
Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       507        422     83.3          391     77.1           32      7.5           84 
                                                                                                                                              
                   Gulf War era II                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                              
  Total...............................................     2,161      1,824     84.4        1,609     74.5          215     11.8          336 
Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...       699        597     85.4          513     73.4           84     14.0          102 
Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     1,056        884     83.7          777     73.6          107     12.1          172 
Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       406        343     84.7          319     78.6           25      7.2           62 

   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf War
era, and all other service periods. The Gulf War era began in August 1990 and continues to the present day. More detailed information
appears in the Technical Note of this release.




Table 9. Employment status of Gulf War-era II veterans 18 years and over by location of service, July 2010, not seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                     Civilian labor force                                 
                                                                                                                                          
                                                    Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed        Not in  
          Period of service and location            noninsti-                                                                      labor  
                                                    tutional               Percent                                                 force  
                                                   population    Total       of                  Percent               Percent            
                                                                         population    Total       of        Total       of               
                                                                                               population               labor             
                                                                                                                        force             
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................     2,161      1,824     84.4        1,609     74.5          215     11.8          336 
Served in Iraq, Afghanistan, or both (1)..........       734        595     81.1          510     69.5           85     14.3          139 
Served elsewhere..................................     1,062        927     87.2          821     77.3          106     11.4          136 
Location of service not reported..................       364        302     82.9          278     76.2           25      8.2           62 

   1 Refers to veterans who served in Iraq at anytime since March 2003 and veterans who served in Afghanistan at anytime since October
2001. Also includes veterans who served in both countries.
   NOTE: Gulf War-era II veterans served anywhere in the world at anytime since September 2001.




Last Modified Date: October 20, 2011
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