Economic News Release

Employment Situation of Veterans News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EST)  Friday, March 12, 2010              USDL-10-0285

Technical information:  (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                     EMPLOYMENT SITUATION OF VETERANS--2009


The unemployment rate for veterans who served in the military since
September 2001--a group referred to as Gulf War-era II veterans--was 
10.2 percent in 2009, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 
today. The jobless rate for veterans of all eras combined was 8.1 
percent. About 21 percent of Gulf War-era II  veterans reported hav-
ing a service-connected disability in August 2009, compared with 
about 13 percent of all veterans.

This information was obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), 
a monthly sample survey of about 60,000 households that provides offi-
cial statistics on employment and unemployment in the United States. 
Data about veterans are collected monthly in the CPS; those monthly 
data are the source of the 2009 annual averages presented in this re-
lease. In August 2009, a supplement to the CPS collected additional 
information about veterans on topics such as service-connected disabil-
ity. Information from the supplement also is presented in this re-
lease. The supplement was co-sponsored by the U.S. Department of 
Veterans Affairs and by the U.S. Department of Labor's Veterans' Em-
ployment and Training Service. For more information, see the Techni-
cal Note, which provides definitions of terms used in this release.

Some highlights in this release are:

  -- Young male veterans (those ages 18 to 24) who served during 
     Gulf War era II had an unemployment rate of 21.6 percent in 
     2009, not statistically different from the jobless rate of 
     young male nonveterans (19.1 percent).
  
  -- Male veterans age 18 to 24 were more likely to participate 
     in the labor force in 2009 than were their nonveteran counter-
     parts--79.1 percent versus 69.1 percent.
     
  -- The unemployment rate for disabled veterans from all service 
     periods was 8.2 percent in August 2009, essentially the same as 
     the rate for nondisabled veterans (8.3 percent).

  -- Nearly 1 in 3 of employed veterans with a service-connected 
     disability worked in the public sector; 1 in 5 disabled veter-
     ans was employed by the federal government.

  -- Gulf War-era II veterans who were current or past members of 
     the Reserve or National Guard had an unemployment rate of 10.6 
     percent, compared with a rate of 13.8 percent for those who had 
     not been members.

The Veteran Population

In 2009, 22.2 million men and women in the civilian noninstitutional
population ages 18 and over were veterans. (See table 1.)  In the CPS,
veterans are defined as men and women who have previously served on
active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and who were civilians at the
time they were surveyed.

Veterans are more likely to be men and older than nonveterans. In part, 
this reflects the characteristics of veterans who served during World 
War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam era. Veterans who served during 
these wartime periods account for about one-half (11.4 million) of the 
total veteran population. A total of 4.9 million veterans served during 
Gulf War era I (August 1990 to August 2001) or Gulf War era II (Septem-
ber 2001 forward). Another 5.9 million served outside the designated 
wartime periods. Because age and other demographic differences affect 
labor force status, the groups of veterans listed above are examined 
separately in the next sections.

Gulf War-era II Veterans

In 2009, about 1.9 million of the nation's veterans had served during
Gulf War era II. About 18 percent of these veterans were women, com-
pared with 3 percent of veterans from World War II, the Korean War, 
and the Vietnam era. Nearly two-thirds of all Gulf War-era II veterans 
were under the age of 35. (See tables 1 and 2.)

In 2009, a large majority (83.5 percent) of Gulf War-era II veterans
participated in the labor force, and their unemployment rate was 10.2
percent. For those ages 18 to 24, the unemployment rate was 21.1 per-
cent, twice that of Gulf War-era II veterans ages 25 to 34 (10.6 per-
cent). In general, Gulf War-era II veterans had unemployment rates 
that were not statistically different from those of nonveterans of 
the same age group and gender.

Gulf War-era II veterans were much more likely to work in the public
sector than were nonveterans--about 27 percent and 15 percent, respec-
tively. Nearly 15 percent of employed veterans of the era worked for 
the federal government, compared with about 2 percent of nonveterans. 
(See table 4.)

Veterans of Gulf War era II and nonveterans had similar occupational
profiles. About one-third of the men in both groups worked in manage-
ment and professional occupations, a higher proportion than in any 
other major occupational group. Among women, 45 percent of Gulf War-
era II veterans and 41 percent of nonveterans were employed in these 
occupations. (See tables 3.)

Gulf War-era I Veterans

For the 2.9 million veterans who served during Gulf War era I (August
1990 to August 2001), the proportion that were men (85 percent in
2009) was similar to that of Gulf War-era II veterans. About 78 per-
cent of the era's veterans were age 35 and over, compared with 35 per-
cent of Gulf War-era II veterans. (See tables 1 and 2.)

The labor force participation rate of veterans from Gulf War era I was
87.7 percent in 2009, somewhat higher than the rate of Gulf War-era II
veterans (83.5 percent). The unemployment rate for Gulf War-era I vet-
erans (7.6 percent) was lower than the rate for Gulf War-era II vet-
erans (10.2 percent). These differences in labor force participation 
and unemployment reflect, at least in part, the older age profile of 
veterans who served in Gulf War era I. In general, older workers tend 
to have higher participation rates and lower unemployment rates than 
younger workers. Unemployment rates of Gulf War-era I veterans were 
similar to those of nonveterans of the same age group and gender; how-
ever, labor force participation rates were higher for female veterans 
than female nonveterans.

Veterans of World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam Era

In 2009, about 11.4 million veterans had served during World War II,
the Korean War, or the Vietnam era. Nearly all of these veterans were
at least 55 years old, and more than half were at least 65 years old.
Virtually all (97 percent) of these veterans were men. In 2009, 38.4
percent of male veterans of these earlier wartime periods were in the
labor force, and their unemployment rate was 7.6 percent. Male veter-
ans of these wartime periods had lower labor force participation rates 
compared with male nonveterans in the same age categories. The unem-
ployment rates of these veterans and nonveterans were similar, however.
(See tables 1 and 2.)


Veterans of Other Service Periods

In 2009, nearly 6 million veterans had served on active duty during
"other service periods," mainly between the Korean War and the Vietnam
era, and between the Vietnam era and Gulf War era I. Because these
veterans served between the major wartime periods, which span several
decades, this group has a diverse age profile. About 40 percent of
these veterans were 45 to 54 years old. Another 38 percent were 65 
years and over, and 14 percent were 35 to 44 years old. (See tables 1 
and 2.)

Nine in 10 veterans of other service periods were men. Among most age
groups, male veterans of service periods between the designated war-
time periods had labor force participation rates and unemployment 
rates that were similar to those of male nonveterans.

Veterans with a Service-connected Disability

In August 2009, about 2.8 million veterans, or 13 percent of the total,
reported having a service-connected disability. (Some veterans did not 
report whether they had a service-connected disability.) Veterans with 
a service-connected disability are assigned a disability rating by the 
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Ratings range from 0 to 100 per-
cent, in increments of 10 percentage points, depending on the severity 
of the condition. About 4 in 10 disabled veterans reported a disability 
rating of less than 30 percent, while about 1 in 4 had a rating of 60 
percent or higher. (See table 5.)

Among veterans who served in Gulf War era II, about 21 percent
(413,000) reported having a service-connected disability. Of these,
80.5 percent were in the labor force, compared with 87.2 percent of
nondisabled veterans from this period. The unemployment rate of dis-
abled veterans from Gulf War era II was 11.8 percent, not statisti-
cally different from the rate for nondisabled veterans (12.7 percent).

About 18 percent (559,000) of veterans who served during Gulf War era
I reported a service-connected disability. Their labor force partici-
pation rate (77.8 percent) was lower than the rate for veterans from 
the era who did not have a disability (92.8 percent). Unemployment 
rates for the disabled and nondisabled were not statistically differ-
ent (9.3 and 8.1 percent, respectively).

Among the 1.4 million disabled veterans of World War II, the Korean
War, and the Vietnam era, 28.8 percent were in the labor force in
August 2009, compared with 37.0 percent of veterans from these periods
who did not have a service-connected disability. The unemployment rate
of disabled veterans from these wartime periods was 5.1 percent; for
their nondisabled peers, it was 7.9 percent.

Disabled veterans from other service periods had a labor force parti-
cipation rate of 51.3 percent, compared with 60.1 percent for nondis-
abled veterans from these periods. The unemployment rate of disabled 
veterans from other service periods was 6.2 percent, essentially the 
same as for the nondisabled--7.5 percent.

Many veterans with a service-connected disability worked in the public
sector. In August 2009, 32 percent of employed disabled veterans worked
in federal, state, or local government, compared with 21 percent of 
nondisabled veterans and 14 percent of nonveterans. About 20 percent of 
employed disabled veterans worked for the federal government, compared 
with about 8 percent of nondisabled veterans and 2 percent of nonveter-
ans. (See table 6.)

Reserve and National Guard Membership

In both Gulf War era I and Gulf War era II, about one-third of veterans 
were reported to be current or past members of the Reserve or National 
Guard. One-half had never belonged to the Reserve or National Guard. In-
formation on Reserve or National Guard status was not reported for the 
remainder. (See table 7.)

Among Gulf War-era II veterans, those who were current or past members
of the Reserve or National Guard had an unemployment rate of 10.6 percent 
in August 2009, compared with 13.8 percent for those who had never been 
members. Labor force participation rates did not differ significantly by 
Reserve or National Guard membership for Gulf War-era II veterans. For 
veterans of Gulf War era I, labor force participation rates as well as 
unemployment rates were similar for Reserve or National Guard members and 
nonmembers.



    ---------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                               |
   |      Upcoming Change to the Veterans Supplement Schedule      |
   |                                                               |
   | In the previous news release on veterans (issued March 20,    |
   | 2009), BLS announced that the annual releases would contain   |
   | data from the veterans supplement in the even-numbered years, |
   | reflecting the biennial collection schedule for the supple-   |
   | ment. Since that announcement, legislation was passed that    |
   | mandates an annual veterans supplement. As a result, the      |
   | future annual BLS news releases on veterans will feature both |
   | supplement and annual average data.                           |
   |                                                               |
    --------------------------------------------------------------- 





Technical Note

   The data in this release were collected through the Current Population 
Survey (CPS),  The CPS--a monthly survey of about 60,000 households con-
ducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics--obtains 
information on employment and unemployment among the nation's civilian non-
institutional population age 16 and over.

   Most of the data in this release are annual averages for 2009, compiled
from the results of the monthly survey.  Some of the data, such as those
related to service-connected disability and Reserve or National Guard status,
are from special questions asked as part of the latest veterans supplement 
to the CPS, which was conducted in August 2009.  The supplement was co-spon-
sored by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and by the U.S. Department 
of Labor's Veterans' Employment and Training Service.  Questions were asked 
of persons 17 years of age and older regarding their prior service in the U.S. 
Armed Forces.  Data are tabulated for persons 18 years of age and older.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired in-
dividuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 
(800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   The definitions underlying the data in this release are as follows:  
   
   Veterans are men and women who previously served on active duty in the U.S. 
Armed Forces.  Members of the Reserve and National Guard are counted as veterans 
if they had ever been called to active duty.  Persons who are on active duty at 
the time of the survey are outside the scope of the survey and thus not in the 
estimates shown here, as are persons who reside in institutions, such as nursing 
homes and prisons.

   Nonveterans are men and women who never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed
Forces.

   World War II, Korean War, Vietnam-era, and Gulf War-era veterans are men and 
women who served in the Armed Forces during these periods, regardless of where they
served.  Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the
most recent one.

   Veterans of other service periods are men and women who served in the Armed Forces
at any time other than World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, or the Gulf
War era.  Although U.S. Armed Forces were engaged in several armed conflicts during
other service periods, these conflicts were more limited in scope and included a
smaller proportion of the Armed Forces than the selected wartime periods.  Veterans
who served during one of the selected wartime periods and during another period are
classified in the wartime period.

   Veteran status is obtained from responses to the question, "Did you ever serve on
active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces?"

   Period of service is obtained from answers to the question asked of veterans, "When
did you serve on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces?"  The following service periods
are identified:

           Gulf War era II        --   September 2001-present
           Gulf War era I         --   August 1990-August 2001
           Vietnam era            --   August 1964-April 1975
           Korean War             --   July 1950-January 1955
           World War II           --   December 1941-December 1946
           Other service periods  --   All other time periods

Period-of-service definitions are modified occasionally to reflect changes in law,
regulations, and program needs of the survey sponsors.

   Presence of service-connected disability is determined by answers to the question,
"Has the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) or  Department of Defense (DoD) deter-
mined that you have a service-connected disability, that is, a health condition or
impairment caused or made worse by any of your military service?"

   Service-connected disability rating is based on answers to the question, "What
is your current service-connected disability rating?"  Answers can range from 0 to
100 percent, in increments of 10 percentage points.  Ratings are determined by the
VA or DoD from a rating schedule published in the Code of Federal Regulations, 
Title 38, "Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief," Part 4--"Schedule for Rating
Disabilities."  The rating schedule is "primarily a guide in the evaluation of dis-
ability resulting from all types of diseases and injuries encountered as a result of
or incident to military service.  The percentage ratings represent as far as can
practicably be determined the average impairment in earning capacity resulting from
such diseases and injuries and their residual conditions in civil occupations." 
Part 4 contains a listing of hundreds of possible disorders and assigns ratings of
0 through 100 percent, with instructions for rating multiple disorders.

   Reserve or National Guard status is obtained from answers to two questions.  Gulf
War-era veterans were asked:  "Was any of your active service the result of a call-up
from the Reserve or National Guard?"  If the answer was no, they were asked, "Have you
ever been a member of the Reserve or National Guard?"  A 'yes' response to either ques-
tion classified persons as "Current or past member of the Reserve or National Guard."
A 'no' response to the latter question classified persons as "Never a member of the
Reserve or National Guard."  These questions were asked only of Gulf War-era veterans.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance that
the sample estimates will differ from the "true" population values they represent. 
The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular sample
selected, and this variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate.
There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on
a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population
value because of sampling error.  BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-per-
cent level of confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error.  Nonsampling error can occur
for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population, the 
inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, the inability or
unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the
collection or processing of the data.

   For a full discussion of the reliability of data from the CPS and information on
estimating standard errors, see the explanatory note for the household survey avail-
able online at www.bls.gov/cps/eetech_methods.pdf.





     Table 1.  Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, sex, race,
     and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2009 annual averages

     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                    Civilian labor force                                     
                                                                                                                                             
                                                Civilian                                                                                     
        Veteran status, period of service,     noninsti-                                  Employed               Unemployed          Not in  
        sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino       tutional                Percent                                                      labor   
                    ethnicity                  population    Total         of                                                        force   
                                                                       population               Percent                 Percent              
                                                                                     Total         of        Total         of                
                                                                                               population             labor force            
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
                      TOTAL                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................   226,857     151,915       67.0      138,227       60.9       13,688        9.0       74,942  
      Veterans...............................    22,182      12,102       54.6       11,119       50.1          983        8.1       10,080  
       Gulf War era, total...................     4,855       4,177       86.0        3,817       78.6          360        8.6          678  
        Gulf War era I.......................     2,915       2,556       87.7        2,361       81.0          195        7.6          358  
        Gulf War era II......................     1,940       1,620       83.5        1,455       75.0          165       10.2          319  
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....    11,390       4,356       38.2        4,029       35.4          327        7.5        7,034  
       Other service periods.................     5,937       3,569       60.1        3,273       55.1          296        8.3        2,368  
      Nonveterans............................   204,676     139,813       68.3      127,108       62.1       12,706        9.1       64,862  
                                                                                                                                             
                       Men                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................   109,588      81,020       73.9       72,884       66.5        8,136       10.0       28,568  
      Veterans...............................    20,425      10,968       53.7       10,076       49.3          892        8.1        9,457  
       Gulf War era, total...................     4,057       3,558       87.7        3,254       80.2          305        8.6          499  
        Gulf War era I.......................     2,464       2,195       89.1        2,026       82.2          169        7.7          269  
        Gulf War era II......................     1,593       1,363       85.6        1,228       77.1          136        9.9          230  
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....    11,008       4,223       38.4        3,903       35.5          320        7.6        6,785  
       Other service periods.................     5,360       3,187       59.5        2,919       54.5          267        8.4        2,173  
      Nonveterans............................    89,163      70,052       78.6       62,807       70.4        7,245       10.3       19,111  
                                                                                                                                             
                      Women                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................   117,269      70,895       60.5       65,343       55.7        5,552        7.8       46,374  
      Veterans...............................     1,757       1,134       64.5        1,042       59.3           91        8.0          623  
       Gulf War era, total...................       797         618       77.5          563       70.6           55        9.0          179  
        Gulf War era I.......................       451         361       80.1          335       74.4           26        7.1           90  
        Gulf War era II......................       347         257       74.2          228       65.6           30       11.5           89  
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....       382         133       34.8          126       32.9            7        5.4          249  
       Other service periods.................       577         382       66.2          354       61.3           29        7.5          195  
      Nonveterans............................   115,512      69,761       60.4       64,301       55.7        5,461        7.8       45,751  
                                                                                                                                             
                      White                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................   184,127     123,761       67.2      113,554       61.7       10,208        8.2       60,366  
      Veterans...............................    19,075      10,202       53.5        9,418       49.4          784        7.7        8,873  
       Gulf War era, total...................     3,856       3,347       86.8        3,082       79.9          265        7.9          510  
        Gulf War era I.......................     2,326       2,065       88.8        1,920       82.6          145        7.0          261  
        Gulf War era II......................     1,530       1,282       83.8        1,162       75.9          120        9.4          248  
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....    10,243       3,935       38.4        3,647       35.6          288        7.3        6,308  
       Other service periods.................     4,976       2,920       58.7        2,689       54.0          231        7.9        2,056  
      Nonveterans............................   165,052     113,559       68.8      104,136       63.1        9,424        8.3       51,493  
                                                                                                                                             
            Black or African American                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................    26,812      17,432       65.0       14,923       55.7        2,509       14.4        9,380  
      Veterans...............................     2,326       1,422       61.1        1,262       54.2          160       11.3          905  
       Gulf War era, total...................       747         619       82.9          541       72.5           78       12.6          128  
        Gulf War era I.......................       459         382       83.2          336       73.2           46       12.0           77  
        Gulf War era II......................       288         238       82.4          205       71.2           32       13.5           51  
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....       838         303       36.2          276       32.9           28        9.1          534  
       Other service periods.................       742         499       67.3          445       60.0           55       10.9          242  
      Nonveterans............................    24,486      16,011       65.4       13,661       55.8        2,349       14.7        8,475  
                                                                                                                                             
                      Asian                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................    10,464       7,076       67.6        6,571       62.8          505        7.1        3,388  
      Veterans...............................       258         152       59.0          146       56.4            7        4.4          106  
       Gulf War era, total...................        80          66       83.0           64       79.9            2        3.8           14  
        Gulf War era I.......................        41          35       85.2           34       82.9            1        2.7            6  
        Gulf War era II......................        39          32       80.6           30       76.7            2       (1)             8  
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....       111          36       32.7           34       30.6            2        6.4           74  
       Other service periods.................        68          50       73.6           48       70.9            2        3.7           18  
      Nonveterans............................    10,205       6,923       67.8        6,425       63.0          498        7.2        3,282  
                                                                                                                                             
           Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................    31,201      21,961       70.4       19,378       62.1        2,584       11.8        9,240  
      Veterans...............................     1,225         804       65.7          742       60.6           62        7.7          420  
       Gulf War era, total...................       446         375       84.2          342       76.6           34        9.0           70  
        Gulf War era I.......................       256         225       87.8          207       80.9           18        7.9           31  
        Gulf War era II......................       190         151       79.4          135       70.9           16       10.7           39  
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....       452         204       45.0          188       41.5           16        7.8          249  
       Other service periods.................       327         225       69.0          213       65.2           12        5.5          101  
      Nonveterans............................    29,976      21,157       70.6       18,635       62.2        2,522       11.9        8,819  

       1 Rates are not shown where base is less than 35,000. 
       NOTE:  Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf
     War era, and all other service periods.  Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces.  Other service periods
     include the periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and
     the Gulf War era.  More detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release.  Estimates for the above race groups (white,
     black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.  Persons whose ethnicity is
     identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race





     Table 2.  Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, age, period of service, and sex,
     2009 annual averages

     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                    Civilian labor force                                     
                                                                                                                                             
                                                Civilian                                                                                     
     Veteran status, age, period of service,   noninsti-                                  Employed               Unemployed          Not in  
                     and sex                    tutional                Percent                                                      labor   
                                               population    Total         of                                                        force   
                                                                       population               Percent                 Percent              
                                                                                     Total         of        Total         of                
                                                                                               population             labor force            
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
                      TOTAL                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                             
                     VETERANS                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................    22,182      12,102       54.6       11,119       50.1          983        8.1       10,080  
         18 to 24 years......................       309         238       77.0          188       60.7           50       21.1           71  
         25 to 34 years......................     1,602       1,373       85.7        1,221       76.2          152       11.1          229  
         35 to 44 years......................     2,519       2,273       90.3        2,106       83.6          167        7.3          245  
         45 to 54 years......................     3,673       3,068       83.5        2,815       76.6          254        8.3          605  
         55 to 64 years......................     5,481       3,521       64.2        3,269       59.6          252        7.2        1,960  
         65 years and over...................     8,597       1,628       18.9        1,520       17.7          108        6.6        6,969  
                                                                                                                                             
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................     4,855       4,177       86.0        3,817       78.6          360        8.6          678  
         18 to 24 years......................       309         238       77.0          188       60.7           50       21.1           71  
         25 to 34 years......................     1,602       1,373       85.7        1,221       76.2          152       11.1          229  
         35 to 44 years......................     1,681       1,535       91.3        1,434       85.3          101        6.6          146  
         45 to 54 years......................       856         751       87.7          711       83.0           40        5.3          105  
         55 to 64 years......................       343         256       74.6          241       70.1           15        6.0           87  
         65 years and over...................        62          23       37.2           22       35.2            1       (1)            39  
                                                                                                                                             
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 25 years and over................     2,915       2,556       87.7        2,361       81.0          195        7.6          358  
         25 to 34 years......................       655         575       87.7          507       77.4           67       11.7           81  
         35 to 44 years......................     1,371       1,264       92.2        1,180       86.0           85        6.7          107  
         45 to 54 years......................       575         505       87.8          474       82.4           31        6.2           70  
         55 to 64 years......................       259         192       74.4          181       70.2           11        5.7           66  
         65 years and over...................        55          20       37.4           19       35.5            1       (1)            34  
                                                                                                                                             
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................     1,940       1,620       83.5        1,455       75.0          165       10.2          319  
         18 to 24 years......................       309         238       77.0          188       60.7           50       21.1           71  
         25 to 34 years......................       947         799       84.4          714       75.4           85       10.6          148  
         35 to 44 years......................       310         271       87.5          255       82.2           16        6.0           39  
         45 to 54 years......................       281         246       87.5          237       84.3            9        3.6           35  
         55 to 64 years......................        85          64       75.1           59       69.9            4        7.0           21  
         65 years and over...................         8           3       (1)             3       (1)          -          (1)             5  
                                                                                                                                             
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 45 years and over................    11,390       4,356       38.2        4,029       35.4          327        7.5        7,034  
         45 to 54 years......................       414         309       74.7          273       65.9           36       11.7          105  
         55 to 64 years......................     4,713       2,986       63.4        2,764       58.6          223        7.5        1,727  
         65 years and over...................     6,263       1,061       16.9          993       15.9           68        6.4        5,203  
                                                                                                                                             
              Other service periods                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 35 years and over................     5,937       3,569       60.1        3,273       55.1          296        8.3        2,368  
         35 to 44 years......................       838         738       88.1          672       80.2           66        8.9          100  
         45 to 54 years......................     2,404       2,009       83.6        1,831       76.2          177        8.8          395  
         55 to 64 years......................       424         279       65.6          265       62.4           14        4.9          146  
         65 years and over...................     2,271         544       23.9          505       22.2           39        7.2        1,728  
                                                                                                                                             
                   NONVETERANS                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................   204,676     139,813       68.3      127,108       62.1       12,706        9.1       64,862  
         18 to 24 years......................    28,315      18,896       66.7       15,762       55.7        3,133       16.6        9,419  
         25 to 34 years......................    38,678      31,925       82.5       28,793       74.4        3,131        9.8        6,753  
         35 to 44 years......................    38,401      31,965       83.2       29,410       76.6        2,555        8.0        6,436  
         45 to 54 years......................    40,694      33,139       81.4       30,798       75.7        2,341        7.1        7,555  
         55 to 64 years......................    29,192      18,986       65.0       17,749       60.8        1,237        6.5       10,205  
         65 years and over...................    29,397       4,902       16.7        4,594       15.6          308        6.3       24,494  
                                                                                                                                             
                       MEN                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                             
                     VETERANS                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................    20,425      10,968       53.7       10,076       49.3          892        8.1        9,457  
         18 to 24 years......................       243         193       79.1          151       62.0           42       21.6           51  
         25 to 34 years......................     1,296       1,146       88.4        1,018       78.5          129       11.2          150  
         35 to 44 years......................     2,160       1,982       91.8        1,836       85.0          146        7.3          178  
         45 to 54 years......................     3,186       2,682       84.2        2,453       77.0          229        8.5          504  
         55 to 64 years......................     5,213       3,366       64.6        3,125       59.9          241        7.2        1,847  
         65 years and over...................     8,326       1,599       19.2        1,494       17.9          105        6.6        6,727  
                                                                                                                                             
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................     4,057       3,558       87.7        3,254       80.2          305        8.6          499  
         18 to 24 years......................       243         193       79.1          151       62.0           42       21.6           51  
         25 to 34 years......................     1,296       1,146       88.4        1,018       78.5          129       11.2          150  
         35 to 44 years......................     1,432       1,328       92.8        1,242       86.7           87        6.5          103  
         45 to 54 years......................       713         630       88.4          595       83.5           35        5.6           83  
         55 to 64 years......................       314         238       75.8          226       71.9           12        5.1           76  
         65 years and over...................        59          23       38.5           22       37.6            1       (1)            36  
                                                                                                                                             
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 25 years and over................     2,464       2,195       89.1        2,026       82.2          169        7.7          269  
         25 to 34 years......................       532         479       90.0          420       78.9           59       12.3           53  
         35 to 44 years......................     1,169       1,096       93.7        1,022       87.4           74        6.7           73  
         45 to 54 years......................       473         422       89.1          395       83.4           27        6.4           51  
         55 to 64 years......................       238         179       75.4          170       71.7            9        4.9           59  
         65 years and over...................        52          20       38.1           19       37.5         -          (1)            32  
                                                                                                                                             
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................     1,593       1,363       85.6        1,228       77.1          136        9.9          230  
         18 to 24 years......................       243         193       79.1          151       62.0           42       21.6           51  
         25 to 34 years......................       764         668       87.4          598       78.2           70       10.5           97  
         35 to 44 years......................       262         233       88.6          220       83.8           13        5.5           30  
         45 to 54 years......................       239         208       87.0          200       83.8            8        3.8           31  
         55 to 64 years......................        77          59       77.2           56       72.7            3        5.7           18  
         65 years and over...................         7           3       (1)             3       (1)          -          (1)             4  
                                                                                                                                             
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 45 years and over................    11,008       4,223       38.4        3,903       35.5          320        7.6        6,785  
         45 to 54 years......................       386         292       75.7          256       66.4           36       12.3           94  
         55 to 64 years......................     4,543       2,886       63.5        2,669       58.7          217        7.5        1,658  
         65 years and over...................     6,079       1,046       17.2          979       16.1           67        6.4        5,034  
                                                                                                                                             
              Other service periods                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 35 years and over................     5,360       3,187       59.5        2,919       54.5          267        8.4        2,173  
         35 to 44 years......................       728         653       89.7          594       81.6           59        9.0           75  
         45 to 54 years......................     2,088       1,761       84.3        1,602       76.7          159        9.0          328  
         55 to 64 years......................       355         242       68.1          230       64.6           12        5.1          114  
         65 years and over...................     2,188         531       24.3          493       22.5           38        7.1        1,658  
                                                                                                                                             
                   NONVETERANS                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................    89,163      70,052       78.6       62,807       70.4        7,245       10.3       19,111  
         18 to 24 years......................    14,136       9,770       69.1        7,901       55.9        1,869       19.1        4,366  
         25 to 34 years......................    18,870      17,064       90.4       15,206       80.6        1,859       10.9        1,806  
         35 to 44 years......................    18,039      16,536       91.7       15,082       83.6        1,455        8.8        1,503  
         45 to 54 years......................    18,547      16,320       88.0       14,990       80.8        1,331        8.2        2,227  
         55 to 64 years......................    11,487       8,366       72.8        7,766       67.6          601        7.2        3,121  
         65 years and over...................     8,084       1,994       24.7        1,863       23.0          131        6.6        6,089  
                                                                                                                                             
                       WOMEN                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                             
                     VETERANS                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................     1,757       1,134       64.5        1,042       59.3           91        8.0          623  
         18 to 24 years......................        66          45       69.1           37       55.8            9       19.2           20  
         25 to 34 years......................       306         227       74.2          203       66.5           23       10.3           79  
         35 to 44 years......................       359         291       81.1          270       75.2           21        7.3           68  
         45 to 54 years......................       487         386       79.2          362       74.3           24        6.3          101  
         55 to 64 years......................       268         155       57.9          145       53.9           11        7.0          113  
         65 years and over...................       271          29       10.5           26        9.5            3       (1)           242  
                                                                                                                                             
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................       797         618       77.5          563       70.6           55        9.0          179  
         18 to 24 years......................        66          45       69.1           37       55.8            9       19.2           20  
         25 to 34 years......................       306         227       74.2          203       66.5           23       10.3           79  
         35 to 44 years......................       250         207       82.8          192       77.1           14        6.9           43  
         45 to 54 years......................       143         121       84.2          116       80.7            5        4.2           23  
         55 to 64 years......................        29          18       (1)            14       (1)             3       (1)            11  
         65 years and over...................         4           1       (1)          -          (1)             1       (1)             3  
                                                                                                                                             
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 25 years and over................       451         361       80.1          335       74.4           26        7.1           90  
         25 to 34 years......................       123          96       77.7           88       71.1            8        8.5           27  
         35 to 44 years......................       202         168       83.3          158       78.0           11        6.4           34  
         45 to 54 years......................       101          83       81.7           79       77.8            4        4.7           19  
         55 to 64 years......................        21          13       (1)            11       (1)             2       (1)             8  
         65 years and over...................         3           1       (1)          -           -              1       (1)             2  
                                                                                                                                             
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................       347         257       74.2          228       65.6           30       11.5           89  
         18 to 24 years......................        66          45       69.1           37       55.8            9       19.2           20  
         25 to 34 years......................       183         131       71.8          116       63.5           15       11.6           52  
         35 to 44 years......................        47          38       81.0           35       73.5            4        9.3            9  
         45 to 54 years......................        42          38       90.4           37       87.7            1        3.0            4  
         55 to 64 years......................         8           4       (1)             3       (1)             1       (1)             4  
         65 years and over...................         1        -           -           -           -           -           -              1  
                                                                                                                                             
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 45 years and over................       382         133       34.8          126       32.9            7        5.4          249  
         45 to 54 years......................        28          17       (1)            17       (1)          -          (1)            11  
         55 to 64 years......................       170         101       59.3           95       55.7            6        6.1           69  
         65 years and over...................       184          15        8.1           14        7.8            1       (1)           169  
                                                                                                                                             
              Other service periods                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 35 years and over................       577         382       66.2          354       61.3           29        7.5          195  
         35 to 44 years......................       109          85       77.3           78       70.9            7        8.2           25  
         45 to 54 years......................       315         248       78.6          229       72.7           19        7.5           67  
         55 to 64 years......................        69          37       53.1           35       50.9            1        4.0           32  
         65 years and over...................        83          13       15.6           12       13.9            1       (1)            70  
                                                                                                                                             
                   NONVETERANS                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................   115,512      69,761       60.4       64,301       55.7        5,461        7.8       45,751  
         18 to 24 years......................    14,179       9,125       64.4        7,861       55.4        1,265       13.9        5,054  
         25 to 34 years......................    19,808      14,860       75.0       13,588       68.6        1,273        8.6        4,947  
         35 to 44 years......................    20,362      15,429       75.8       14,329       70.4        1,100        7.1        4,933  
         45 to 54 years......................    22,147      16,819       75.9       15,809       71.4        1,010        6.0        5,328  
         55 to 64 years......................    17,704      10,620       60.0        9,984       56.4          636        6.0        7,084  
         65 years and over...................    21,313       2,908       13.6        2,731       12.8          177        6.1       18,405  

       1 Rates are not shown where base is less than 35,000. 
       NOTE:  Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf
     War era, and all other service periods.  Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces.  Other service periods
     include the periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and
     the Gulf War era.  More detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release.  Dash represents or rounds to zero.





     Table 3.  Employed persons 18 years and over by occupation, sex, veteran status, and period of service,
     2009 annual averages

     (Percent distribution)
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                          Gulf War era               WW II,                          
                                                                                                                  Korean War,    Other        Non-   
                              Occupation                            Veterans                                      and Vietnam   service     veterans 
                                                                                 Total      Gulf War    Gulf War      era       periods              
                                                                                             era I       era II                                      
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                TOTAL                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                     
          Total, 18 years and over (thousands)...................    11,119       3,817       2,361       1,455       4,029       3,273     127,108  
          Percent................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                     
      Management, professional, and related occupations..........      37.6        36.5        37.8        34.5        40.2        35.5        37.7  
        Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                               
        occupations..............................................      18.4        15.8        16.6        14.5        21.7        17.3        15.3  
        Professional and related occupations.....................      19.2        20.7        21.1        20.0        18.5        18.3        22.4  
      Service occupations........................................      13.6        16.1        14.8        18.3        11.0        13.9        17.6  
      Sales and office occupations...............................      17.5        16.9        16.6        17.4        18.6        16.8        24.6  
        Sales and related occupations............................       9.2         7.3         7.1         7.5        11.2         8.9        11.2  
        Office and administrative support occupations............       8.3         9.6         9.4         9.9         7.4         7.8        13.4  
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                               
        occupations..............................................      14.6        15.4        15.5        15.2        13.4        15.3         9.1  
        Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...............        .4          .2          .2          .2          .4          .4          .7  
        Construction and extraction occupations..................       7.0         6.7         7.3         5.8         7.0         7.5         5.2  
        Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations........       7.2         8.5         8.0         9.2         6.0         7.3         3.3  
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations      16.7        15.1        15.4        14.6        16.8        18.5        11.0  
        Production occupations...................................       6.6         6.3         6.5         6.0         6.3         7.3         5.4  
        Transportation and material moving occupations...........      10.1         8.8         8.9         8.6        10.5        11.3         5.6  
                                                                                                                                                     
                                 MEN                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                     
          Total, 18 years and over (thousands)...................    10,076       3,254       2,026       1,228       3,903       2,919      62,807  
          Percent................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                     
      Management, professional, and related occupations..........      36.3        34.3        35.4        32.5        39.8        33.7        34.5  
        Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                               
        occupations..............................................      18.4        15.6        16.3        14.6        21.9        16.8        16.6  
        Professional and related occupations.....................      17.9        18.7        19.1        18.0        17.9        16.9        17.9  
      Service occupations........................................      13.5        16.1        15.0        17.8        11.0        13.9        14.1  
      Sales and office occupations...............................      16.5        15.1        15.0        15.3        18.2        15.7        16.9  
        Sales and related occupations............................       9.3         7.3         7.2         7.4        11.3         9.1        10.8  
        Office and administrative support occupations............       7.1         7.8         7.8         7.9         6.9         6.6         6.1  
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                               
        occupations..............................................      16.0        17.8        17.8        17.7        13.8        16.8        17.6  
        Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...............        .4          .2          .3          .2          .5          .4         1.0  
        Construction and extraction occupations..................       7.7         7.7         8.3         6.8         7.2         8.3        10.2  
        Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations........       7.9         9.8         9.3        10.7         6.2         8.0         6.3  
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations      17.8        16.7        16.9        16.6        17.2        19.9        16.9  
        Production occupations...................................       7.0         7.0         7.2         6.7         6.4         7.8         7.6  
        Transportation and material moving occupations...........      10.8         9.7         9.6         9.8        10.7        12.1         9.3  
                                                                                                                                                     
                                WOMEN                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                     
          Total, 18 years and over (thousands)...................     1,042         563         335         228         126         354      64,301  
          Percent................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                     
      Management, professional, and related occupations..........      50.0        49.2        52.1        45.0        52.2        50.5        40.9  
        Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                               
        occupations..............................................      18.1        16.8        18.4        14.3        16.0        20.9        14.0  
        Professional and related occupations.....................      31.9        32.5        33.7        30.7        36.2        29.6        26.8  
      Service occupations........................................      14.9        16.6        13.6        21.0         9.4        14.2        21.0  
      Sales and office occupations...............................      26.9        27.2        26.3        28.5        30.4        25.3        32.1  
        Sales and related occupations............................       7.6         7.3         6.9         7.9         9.5         7.4        11.5  
        Office and administrative support occupations............      19.3        19.8        19.4        20.6        20.9        17.9        20.6  
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                               
        occupations..............................................       1.9         1.5         1.6         1.4         1.3         2.6          .9  
        Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...............      -           -           -           -           -             .1          .3  
        Construction and extraction occupations..................        .8          .8         1.2          .4          .5          .9          .3  
        Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations........       1.0          .7          .5         1.0          .8         1.6          .3  
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations       6.3         5.4         6.4         4.1         6.7         7.5         5.2  
        Production occupations...................................       2.5         2.1         2.1         2.1         3.4         2.9         3.3  
        Transportation and material moving occupations...........       3.8         3.4         4.3         2.0         3.3         4.6         1.9  

       NOTE:  Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf War era,
     and all other service periods.  Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces.  Other service periods include the
     periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and the Gulf War era.
     More detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release. Dash represents or rounds to zero.





     Table 4.  Employed persons 18 years and over by industry, class of worker, sex, veteran status, and period of service,
     2009 annual averages

     (Percent distribution)
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                          Gulf War era               WW II,                          
                                                                                                                  Korean War,    Other        Non-   
                     Industry and class of worker                   Veterans                                      and Vietnam   service     veterans 
                                                                                 Total      Gulf War    Gulf War      era       periods              
                                                                                             era I       era II                                      
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                TOTAL                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                     
     Total, 18 years and over (in thousands).....................    11,119       3,817       2,361       1,455       4,029       3,273     127,108  
     Percent.....................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                     
      Agriculture and related industries.........................       1.9          .7          .7          .8         3.1         1.7         1.4  
        Wage and salary workers..................................        .7          .5          .4          .5          .8          .8          .9  
        Self-employed workers....................................       1.2          .3          .3          .3         2.2          .9          .5  
      Nonagricultural industries.................................      98.1        99.3        99.3        99.2        96.9        98.3        98.6  
        Wage and salary workers..................................      90.9        95.8        95.2        96.7        86.0        91.0        92.1  
          Private industries.....................................      69.5        70.1        70.4        69.5        67.9        70.7        77.3  
            Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction........        .8         1.0         1.2          .7          .6          .7          .5  
            Construction.........................................       6.3         6.4         6.6         6.0         6.0         6.8         5.3  
            Manufacturing........................................      13.1        12.0        12.7        10.9        12.8        14.6         9.7  
            Wholesale trade......................................       3.1         2.7         2.8         2.5         3.4         3.1         2.6  
            Retail trade.........................................       8.2         7.9         7.6         8.3         8.9         7.8        10.7  
            Transportation and utilities.........................       7.0         6.7         7.2         6.0         6.7         7.7         3.6  
            Information..........................................       2.2         2.6         2.7         2.5         1.6         2.5         2.1  
            Financial activities.................................       4.5         4.5         4.9         3.8         4.5         4.6         6.4  
            Professional and business services...................       9.1        10.3         9.4        11.8         8.8         8.0         9.1  
            Education and health services........................       8.0         8.5         8.5         8.4         7.4         8.1        14.8  
            Leisure and hospitality..............................       4.0         4.8         4.5         5.4         3.3         3.9         8.3  
            Other services.......................................       3.2         2.7         2.3         3.3         3.8         2.9         4.3  
          Government.............................................      21.4        25.7        24.8        27.2        18.2        20.4        14.8  
            Federal..............................................       8.5        11.9        10.2        14.7         5.9         7.6         2.1  
            State................................................       4.4         4.7         5.1         4.1         4.3         4.2         4.6  
            Local................................................       8.5         9.0         9.5         8.3         8.0         8.5         8.1  
        Self-employed workers....................................       7.2         3.4         4.1         2.4        10.9         7.2         6.4  
        Unpaid family workers....................................      -           -           -           -           -           -           -     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                 MEN                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                     
     Total, 18 years and over (in thousands).....................    10,076       3,254       2,026       1,228       3,903       2,919      62,807  
     Percent.....................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                     
      Agriculture and related industries.........................       2.0          .8          .7          .9         3.1         1.9         2.2  
        Wage and salary workers..................................        .7          .5          .4          .5          .8          .9         1.4  
        Self-employed workers....................................       1.3          .3          .3          .4         2.3         1.0          .8  
      Nonagricultural industries.................................      98.0        99.2        99.3        99.1        96.9        98.1        97.8  
        Wage and salary workers..................................      90.4        95.6        95.0        96.5        85.9        90.7        90.3  
          Private industries.....................................      70.0        70.9        71.1        70.7        68.0        71.8        79.1  
            Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction........        .8         1.1         1.3          .8          .6          .7          .8  
            Construction.........................................       6.9         7.3         7.5         6.8         6.1         7.5         9.6  
            Manufacturing........................................      13.8        13.3        14.1        11.9        13.0        15.3        13.4  
            Wholesale trade......................................       3.2         2.9         2.9         2.9         3.5         3.3         3.5  
            Retail trade.........................................       8.2         7.7         7.4         8.2         8.9         7.9        10.5  
            Transportation and utilities.........................       7.5         7.5         7.9         6.9         6.8         8.4         5.6  
            Information..........................................       2.4         2.8         2.9         2.7         1.7         2.8         2.4  
            Financial activities.................................       4.4         4.3         4.6         3.6         4.5         4.3         5.5  
            Professional and business services...................       9.2        10.5         9.7        11.9         9.0         8.2        10.1  
            Education and health services........................       6.5         6.1         6.1         6.0         6.8         6.6         6.2  
            Leisure and hospitality..............................       3.9         4.7         4.3         5.3         3.3         3.9         7.8  
            Other services.......................................       3.2         2.8         2.3         3.6         3.8         2.8         3.9  
          Government.............................................      20.4        24.6        23.9        25.8        18.0        18.9        11.2  
            Federal..............................................       7.9        11.2         9.6        13.8         5.9         6.9         2.0  
            State................................................       4.3         4.6         4.9         4.0         4.2         4.0         3.4  
            Local................................................       8.3         8.9         9.3         8.1         7.9         8.1         5.8  
        Self-employed workers....................................       7.6         3.6         4.3         2.6        11.0         7.4         7.5  
        Unpaid family workers....................................      -           -           -           -           -           -           -     
                                                                                                                                                     
                             WOMEN                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                     
     Total, 18 years and over (in thousands).....................     1,042         563         335         228         126         354      64,301  
     Percent.....................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                     
      Agriculture and related industries.........................        .7          .4          .3          .6         2.4          .6          .7  
        Wage and salary workers..................................        .3          .4          .3          .6          .8        -             .4  
        Self-employed workers....................................        .4        -           -           -            1.6          .5          .3  
      Nonagricultural industries.................................      99.3        99.6        99.7        99.4        97.6        99.4        99.3  
        Wage and salary workers..................................      95.1        97.1        96.7        97.8        89.5        93.8        93.9  
          Private industries.....................................      63.9        65.3        66.6        63.3        64.9        61.5        75.5  
            Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction........        .5          .6         1.0          .1        -             .6          .1  
            Construction.........................................       1.2         1.3         1.0         1.7          .7         1.2         1.2  
            Manufacturing........................................       6.4         4.7         4.2         5.5         8.5         8.3         6.0  
            Wholesale trade......................................       1.6         1.4         2.1          .4         1.9         1.7         1.6  
            Retail trade.........................................       8.0         8.6         8.7         8.6         8.5         6.7        11.0  
            Transportation and utilities.........................       2.4         2.2         2.8         1.3         5.2         1.9         1.7  
            Information..........................................       1.0         1.6         1.6         1.7        -             .5         1.8  
            Financial activities.................................       5.8         5.6         6.4         4.4         3.6         6.9         7.4  
            Professional and business services...................       7.8         9.0         7.8        10.9         5.1         6.7         8.0  
            Education and health services........................      21.9        22.2        23.0        21.0        25.2        20.1        23.3  
            Leisure and hospitality..............................       4.7         5.8         5.7         5.8         4.1         3.1         8.7  
            Other services.......................................       2.7         2.2         2.3         2.0         2.3         3.8         4.6  
          Government.............................................      31.2        31.9        30.1        34.6        24.6        32.3        18.4  
            Federal..............................................      14.4        16.3        13.9        19.9         6.6        14.1         2.3  
            State................................................       6.0         5.7         6.0         5.2         7.2         6.1         5.7  
            Local................................................      10.8         9.9        10.2         9.5        10.8        12.2        10.4  
        Self-employed workers....................................       4.2         2.4         3.0         1.6         8.1         5.6         5.3  
        Unpaid family workers....................................      -           -           -           -           -           -             .1  

       NOTE:  Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf War era,
     and all other service periods.  Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces.  Other service periods include the
     periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and the Gulf War era.
     More detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release. Effective with  January 2009 data, industries reflect the introduction
     of the 2007 Census industry classification  system is derived from the 2007 North American Classification System. The self employed refer  to
     the unincorporated self employed. The incorporated self employed are considered wage and salary  workers. Dash represents or rounds to zero.





     Table 5.  Employment status of veterans 18 years and over by presence of service-connected disability, reported disability rating,
      period of service, and sex, August 2009, not seasonally adjusted

     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                          Civilian labor force                                 
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
        Presence of disability, reported disability      Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed        Not in  
                          rating,                        noninsti-                                                                      labor  
                 period of service, and sex              tutional               Percent                                                 force  
                                                        population    Total       of                  Percent               Percent            
                                                                              population    Total       of        Total       of               
                                                                                                    population               labor             
                                                                                                                             force             
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
                           TOTAL                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
                          VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................   22,137     12,063      54.5      11,130      50.3         933       7.7      10,074  
     With service-connected disability.................    2,824      1,397      49.5       1,283      45.4         114       8.2       1,427  
       Less than 30 percent disability rating..........    1,163        682      58.6         638      54.8          45       6.5         481  
       30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      685        416      60.6         377      54.9          39       9.4         270  
       60 percent or higher disability rating..........      747        198      26.5         180      24.1          18       8.9         549  
       Disability rating not reported..................      228        101      44.4          88      38.7          13      13.0         127  
     Without service-connected disability..............   16,215      8,749      54.0       8,020      49.5         729       8.3       7,465  
     Presence of disability not reported...............    3,098      1,916      61.9       1,827      59.0          89       4.7       1,182  
                                                                                                                                               
                    Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................    4,974      4,327      87.0       3,948      79.4         379       8.8         647  
     With service-connected disability.................      972        767      78.9         687      70.7          80      10.4         205  
       Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      429        365      85.1         332      77.3          33       9.1          64  
       30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      299        255      85.4         226      75.7          29      11.4          44  
       60 percent or higher disability rating..........      187        115      61.4         105      55.8          10       9.1          72  
       Disability rating not reported..................       56         32       (1)          25       (1)           7       (1)          25  
     Without service-connected disability..............    3,147      2,856      90.7       2,578      81.9         277       9.7         292  
     Presence of disability not reported...............      855        704      82.4         682      79.8          22       3.1         150  
                                                                                                                                               
                       Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................    3,027      2,683      88.6       2,490      82.2         193       7.2         344  
     With service-connected disability.................      559        434      77.8         394      70.5          41       9.3         124  
       Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      285        237      83.2         219      77.0          18       7.4          48  
       30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      145        125      86.3         109      74.9          16      13.1          20  
       60 percent or higher disability rating..........      100         52      52.3          48      48.6           4       (1)          48  
       Disability rating not reported..................       29         20       (1)          18       (1)           3       (1)           9  
     Without service-connected disability..............    2,003      1,858      92.8       1,708      85.3         150       8.1         145  
     Presence of disability not reported...............      465        390      83.9         388      83.3           3        .6          75  
                                                                                                                                               
                      Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................    1,947      1,644      84.5       1,459      74.9         185      11.3         302  
     With service-connected disability.................      413        333      80.5         293      71.0          39      11.8          80  
       Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      144        128      88.7         112      77.9          16      12.2          16  
       30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      154        131      84.6         118      76.3          13       9.8          24  
       60 percent or higher disability rating..........       88         63      71.7          56      64.1           7       (1)          25  
       Disability rating not reported..................       27         11       (1)           7       (1)           4       (1)          16  
     Without service-connected disability..............    1,144        997      87.2         871      76.1         127      12.7         147  
     Presence of disability not reported...............      389        314      80.7         295      75.7          19       6.2          75  
                                                                                                                                               
             WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................   11,338      4,239      37.4       3,930      34.7         309       7.3       7,099  
     With service-connected disability.................    1,421        409      28.8         388      27.3          21       5.1       1,012  
       Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      544        209      38.5         201      37.0           8       3.8         335  
       30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      276         90      32.6          85      30.8           5       5.6         186  
       60 percent or higher disability rating..........      476         64      13.4          59      12.4           4       (1)         412  
       Disability rating not reported..................      125         46      36.6          42      34.0           3       (1)          79  
     Without service-connected disability..............    8,509      3,152      37.0       2,905      34.1         248       7.9       5,357  
     Presence of disability not reported...............    1,408        678      48.1         637      45.2          41       6.0         730  
                                                                                                                                               
                   Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................    5,825      3,497      60.0       3,252      55.8         245       7.0       2,328  
     With service-connected disability.................      432        221      51.3         208      48.1          14       6.2         210  
       Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      191        108      56.7         105      54.9           3       3.1          83  
       30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      110         70      63.6          65      59.3           5       (1)          40  
       60 percent or higher disability rating..........       84         19      23.1          17      19.8           3       (1)          65  
       Disability rating not reported..................       47         24       (1)          21       (1)           3       (1)          23  
     Without service-connected disability..............    4,558      2,741      60.1       2,537      55.7         204       7.5       1,817  
     Presence of disability not reported...............      835        534      63.9         508      60.8          26       5.0         301  
                                                                                                                                               
                            MEN                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                               
                          VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................   20,378     10,916      53.6      10,065      49.4         851       7.8       9,462  
     With service-connected disability.................    2,568      1,234      48.1       1,133      44.1         101       8.2       1,334  
       Less than 30 percent disability rating..........    1,075        621      57.8         583      54.2          38       6.2         454  
       30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      613        363      59.3         324      53.0          39      10.7         249  
       60 percent or higher disability rating..........      680        161      23.7         147      21.6          15       9.1         519  
       Disability rating not reported..................      200         88      44.1          79      39.5           9      10.2         112  
     Without service-connected disability..............   14,996      7,946      53.0       7,285      48.6         661       8.3       7,050  
     Presence of disability not reported...............    2,814      1,736      61.7       1,647      58.5          89       5.1       1,078  
                                                                                                                                               
                    Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................    4,127      3,651      88.5       3,332      80.7         319       8.7         476  
     With service-connected disability.................      806        639      79.3         572      71.0          67      10.5         167  
       Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      375        314      83.9         287      76.5          28       8.8          60  
       30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      254        224      88.1         194      76.6          29      13.0          30  
       60 percent or higher disability rating..........      149         82      55.3          75      50.3           7       9.0          67  
       Disability rating not reported..................       28         18       (1)          15       (1)           3       (1)          10  
     Without service-connected disability..............    2,607      2,413      92.6       2,183      83.7         230       9.5         193  
     Presence of disability not reported...............      714        599      83.9         577      80.8          22       3.6         115  
                                                                                                                                               
                       Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................    2,546      2,297      90.2       2,131      83.7         166       7.2         249  
     With service-connected disability.................      461        356      77.1         324      70.2          32       9.0         106  
       Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      248        203      81.8         191      77.0          12       5.9          45  
       30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      119        100      84.4          84      70.5          16      16.4          19  
       60 percent or higher disability rating..........       82         40      48.6          39      47.7           1       (1)          42  
       Disability rating not reported..................       13         13       (1)          10       (1)           3       (1)         -    
     Without service-connected disability..............    1,700      1,605      94.4       1,473      86.7         132       8.2          95  
     Presence of disability not reported...............      384        337      87.5         334      86.9           3        .7          48  
                                                                                                                                               
                      Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................    1,581      1,354      85.7       1,201      76.0         153      11.3         227  
     With service-connected disability.................      344        283      82.2         248      72.0          35      12.4          61  
       Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      126        111      88.1          96      75.7          16      14.0          15  
       30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      135        124      91.3         111      81.9          13      10.3          12  
       60 percent or higher disability rating..........       68         43       (1)          36       (1)           7       (1)          25  
       Disability rating not reported..................       15          5       (1)           5       (1)         -          -           10  
     Without service-connected disability..............      907        809      89.2         710      78.3          99      12.2          98  
     Presence of disability not reported...............      330        262      79.6         243      73.7          19       7.4          67  
                                                                                                                                               
             WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................   10,952      4,115      37.6       3,817      34.9         298       7.2       6,837  
     With service-connected disability.................    1,383        399      28.8         378      27.3          21       5.2         985  
       Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      524        206      39.3         198      37.8           8       3.9         318  
       30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      264         83      31.4          78      29.5           5       6.1         181  
       60 percent or higher disability rating..........      470         64      13.6          59      12.6           4       (1)         406  
       Disability rating not reported..................      125         46      36.6          42      34.0           3       (1)          79  
     Without service-connected disability..............    8,222      3,056      37.2       2,820      34.3         236       7.7       5,167  
     Presence of disability not reported...............    1,346        661      49.1         620      46.1          41       6.2         685  
                                                                                                                                               
                   Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................    5,300      3,150      59.4       2,916      55.0         235       7.4       2,149  
     With service-connected disability.................      379        197      52.0         184      48.5          13       6.7         182  
       Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      177        101      57.3          98      55.7           3       2.7          75  
       30 to 50 percent disability rating..............       94         57      60.3          52      55.3           5       (1)          37  
       60 percent or higher disability rating..........       61         15       (1)          12       (1)           3       (1)          46  
       Disability rating not reported..................       47         24       (1)          21       (1)           3       (1)          23  
     Without service-connected disability..............    4,167      2,477      59.4       2,282      54.8         195       7.9       1,690  
     Presence of disability not reported...............      754        476      63.1         450      59.6          26       5.6         278  
                                                                                                                                               
                           WOMEN                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
                          VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................    1,759      1,147      65.2       1,065      60.5          82       7.1         612  
     With service-connected disability.................      256        163      63.6         149      58.3          13       8.2          93  
       Less than 30 percent disability rating..........       88         61      69.0          54      61.9           6       (1)          27  
       30 to 50 percent disability rating..............       73         52       (1)          52       (1)         -          -           21  
       60 percent or higher disability rating..........       67         37       (1)          34       (1)           3       (1)          30  
       Disability rating not reported..................       28         13       (1)           9       (1)           4       (1)          15  
     Without service-connected disability..............    1,219        803      65.9         735      60.3          68       8.5         416  
     Presence of disability not reported...............      284        180      63.5         180      63.5         -          -          103  
                                                                                                                                               
                    Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................      847        676      79.8         616      72.7          60       8.9         171  
     With service-connected disability.................      166        128      77.3         115      69.6          13      10.0          38  
     Without service-connected disability..............      540        442      81.8         395      73.1          47      10.6          98  
     Presence of disability not reported...............      140        105      75.0         105      75.0         -          -           35  
                                                                                                                                               
                       Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................      481        386      80.2         358      74.5          27       7.1          95  
     With service-connected disability.................       97         79      81.1          70      72.2           9      11.0          18  
     Without service-connected disability..............      303        253      83.6         235      77.4          19       7.4          50  
     Presence of disability not reported...............       81         54      66.4          54      66.4         -          -           27  
                                                                                                                                               
                      Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................      366        290      79.3         257      70.4          33      11.2          76  
     With service-connected disability.................       69         50       (1)          45       (1)           4       (1)          19  
     Without service-connected disability..............      237        189      79.6         161      67.7          28      15.0          48  
     Presence of disability not reported...............       60         52       (1)          52       (1)         -          -            8  
                                                                                                                                               
             WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................      387        124      32.1         113      29.1          12       9.3         263  
     With service-connected disability.................       38         10       (1)          10       (1)         -          -           28  
     Without service-connected disability..............      287         97      33.7          85      29.7          12      11.9         190  
     Presence of disability not reported...............       62         17       (1)          17       (1)         -          -           45  
                                                                                                                                               
                   Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                               
       Total...........................................      525        347      66.0         337      64.1          10       2.9         179  
     With service-connected disability.................       53         24       (1)          24       (1)           1       (1)          28  
     Without service-connected disability..............      391        264      67.5         255      65.1          10       3.6         127  
     Presence of disability not reported...............       81         58      71.3          58      71.3         -          -           23  

       1 Rates not shown where the base is less than 75,000.  Small estimated levels are based on a small number of survey responses and, thus,
     are subject to relatively large standard errors.
       NOTE:  Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf
     War era, and all other service periods.  Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces.  Other service periods
     include the periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and
     the Gulf War era.  A service-connected disability is a health condition or impairment caused or made worse by military service.  The
     associated disability rating, which can range from 0 to 100 percent, is determined from a rating schedule published in the U.S. Code of
     Federal Regulations, "Title 38."  More detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release.  Dash represents or rounds to
     zero.





     Table 6.  Employed persons 18 years and over by veteran status, presence of service-connected disability, period of service,
     and class of worker, August 2009, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                      Percent distribution by class of worker                        
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                        Nonagricultural industries                   
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                      Total                                                                                          
      Veteran status, presence of disability, and   employed                                             Wage and salary workers                     
                   period of service                 (thou-               Agricul-                                                                   
                                                      sands)    Total     ture and                                                            Self-  
                                                                          related                                    Government             employed 
                                                                         industries    Total                                               and unpaid
                                                                                                 Private                                     family  
                                                                                                 sector                            State     workers 
                                                                                                             Total     Federal      and              
                                                                                                                                   local             
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
     Veterans, total (1)..........................   11,130     100.0        1.9       98.1       68.5       22.3        9.0       13.3        7.3   
       With service-connected disability..........    1,283     100.0         .8       99.2       61.1       32.3       19.9       12.4        5.8   
       Without service-connected disability.......    8,020     100.0        2.3       97.7       68.9       21.4        7.6       13.8        7.5   
                                                                                                                                                     
       Gulf War era, total (1)....................    3,948     100.0         .9       99.1       68.4       27.2       12.5       14.7        3.6   
         With service-connected disability........      687     100.0         .4       99.6       60.9       34.6       23.2       11.4        4.1   
         Without service-connected disability.....    2,578     100.0         .9       99.1       70.1       25.7       10.1       15.6        3.3   
                                                                                                                                                     
         Gulf War era I (1).......................    2,490     100.0        1.1       98.9       67.7       26.4       12.4       14.0        4.8   
           With service-connected disability......      394     100.0         .1       99.9       58.0       36.7       28.1        8.7        5.2   
           Without service-connected disability...    1,708     100.0        1.1       98.9       69.5       24.9        9.2       15.7        4.5   
                                                                                                                                                     
         Gulf War era II (1)......................    1,459     100.0         .5       99.5       69.5       28.4       12.6       15.8        1.5   
           With service-connected disability......      293     100.0         .8       99.2       64.7       31.8       16.7       15.1        2.7   
           Without service-connected disability...      871     100.0         .6       99.4       71.4       27.2       11.8       15.3         .9   
                                                                                                                                                     
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era (1).....    3,930     100.0        2.7       97.3       68.8       17.6        6.1       11.5       10.9   
         With service-connected disability........      388     100.0        1.4       98.6       63.5       25.5       11.2       14.4        9.6   
         Without service-connected disability.....    2,905     100.0        3.3       96.7       68.5       17.2        5.6       11.6       10.9   
                                                                                                                                                     
       Other service periods (1)..................    3,252     100.0        2.2       97.8       68.4       22.0        8.3       13.7        7.4   
         With service-connected disability........      208     100.0        1.1       98.9       57.4       37.5       25.4       12.1        4.0   
         Without service-connected disability.....    2,537     100.0        2.4       97.6       68.0       21.8        7.2       14.5        7.8   
                                                                                                                                                     
     Nonveterans..................................  126,995     100.0        1.5       98.5       77.5       14.3        2.1       12.2        6.6   

        1 Includes veterans who did not report presence of disability.
        NOTE:  Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf War era,
     and all other service periods.  Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces.  Other service periods include the
     periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and the Gulf War era. 
     A service-connected disability is a health condition or impairment caused or made worse by military service.  The associated disability rating,
     which can range from 0 to 100 percent, is determined from a rating schedule published in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, "Title 38." More
     detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release.





     Table 7.  Employment status of Gulf War era veterans by Reserve or National Guard status, August 2009, not seasonally adjusted

     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                              Civilian labor force                                 
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed        Not in  
                     Period of service and                   noninsti-                                                                      labor  
                Reserve or National Guard status             tutional               Percent                                                 force  
                                                            population    Total       of                  Percent               Percent            
                                                                                  population    Total       of        Total       of               
                                                                                                        population               labor             
                                                                                                                                 force             
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                            VETERANS                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                   
                      Gulf War era, total                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                   
       Total...............................................     4,974      4,327     87.0        3,948     79.4          379      8.8          647 
     Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...     1,628      1,428     87.7        1,304     80.1          124      8.7          199 
     Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     2,487      2,198     88.4        1,966     79.1          232     10.5          289 
     Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       859        701     81.6          678     78.9           23      3.3          158 
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Gulf War era I                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
       Total...............................................     3,027      2,683     88.6        2,490     82.2          193      7.2          344 
     Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...       960        852     88.7          789     82.2           63      7.4          108 
     Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     1,588      1,435     90.3        1,308     82.4          127      8.8          153 
     Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       478        396     82.7          392     82.0            3       .9           83 
                                                                                                                                                   
                        Gulf War era II                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
       Total...............................................     1,947      1,644     84.5        1,459     74.9          185     11.3          302 
     Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...       667        576     86.3          515     77.2           61     10.6           91 
     Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........       898        763     84.9          658     73.2          105     13.8          136 
     Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       381        305     80.2          286     75.1           19      6.3           75 

        NOTE:  Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf War
     era, and all other service periods.  The Gulf War era began in August 1990 and continues to the present day.  More detailed information
     appears in the Technical Note of this release.




Last Modified Date: March 12, 2010
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