Economic News Release

Employment Situation of Veterans News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, March 20, 2012                         USDL-12-0493

Technical information:  (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                        EMPLOYMENT SITUATION OF VETERANS -- 2011


The unemployment rate for veterans who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces at
any time since September 2001--a group referred to as Gulf War-era II veterans--was 12.1
percent in 2011, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The jobless rate
for all veterans was 8.3 percent. Twenty-six percent of Gulf War-era II veterans reported
having a service-connected disability in August 2011, compared with about 14 percent of
all veterans.

This information was obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a monthly sample
survey of about 60,000 households that provides information on employment and unemployment
in the United States. Data about veterans are collected monthly in the CPS; those monthly
data are the source of the 2011 annual averages presented in this release. In August 2011,
a supplement to the CPS collected additional information about veterans on topics such as
service-connected disability. Information from the supplement is also presented in this
release. The supplement was co-sponsored by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and
by the U.S. Department of Labor's Veterans' Employment and Training Service. For more
information, see the Technical Note, which provides definitions of terms used in this
release.

Highlights from the 2011 data:

  -- The unemployment rate of veterans in 2011 (8.3 percent) was not statistically
     different from the rate in 2010 (8.7 percent). The rate for Gulf War-era II
     veterans also was little different from a year earlier. (See table A.)

  -- Young male veterans (those ages 18 to 24) who served during Gulf War era II had
     an unemployment rate of 29.1 percent in 2011, higher than that of young male
     nonveterans (17.6 percent). (See table 2B.)

  -- Among all veterans, those with a service-connected disability had an unemployment
     rate of 8.5 percent in August 2011, about the same as the rate for veterans with
     no disability (7.9 percent). (See table 6.)

  -- One in three employed veterans with a service-connected disability worked in
     the public sector in August 2011, compared with about 1 in 5 veterans with no
     disability. (See table 7.)

  -- Gulf War-era II veterans who were current or past members of the Reserve or
     National Guard had an unemployment rate of 9.1 percent in August 2011, little
     different than the rate for those veterans who had not been members (11.0
     percent). (See table 8.)

  -- Gulf War-era II veterans who served in Iraq, Afghanistan, or both had an
     unemployment rate of 11.6 percent in August 2011. (See table 9.)

The Veteran Population

In 2011, 21.6 million men and women in the civilian noninstitutional population ages
18 and over were veterans. (See table 1.) In the survey, veterans are defined as men and
women who have previously served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and who were
civilians at the time of the survey.

Veterans are more likely to be men and older than nonveterans. In part, this reflects
the characteristics of veterans who served during World War II, the Korean War, and the
Vietnam era. Veterans who served during these wartime periods account for about one-half
(10.4 million) of the total veteran population. A total of 5.3 million veterans served
during Gulf War era I (August 1990 to August 2001) or Gulf War era II (September 2001
forward). Another 5.9 million served outside these designated wartime periods. Because
age and other demographic differences affect labor force status, the next sections focus
on veterans by period of service.

Gulf War-era II Veterans

In 2011, about 2.4 million of the nation's veterans had served during Gulf War era II.
About 17 percent of these veterans were women, compared with 3 percent of veterans from
World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam era. About half of all Gulf War-era II
veterans were between the ages of 25 and 34. (See tables 1 and 2A.)

Among Gulf War-era II veterans, the unemployment rate for men was 12.0 percent in 2011,
little different from the rate for women (12.4 percent). (See table 1.)

The unemployment rate for male Gulf War-era II veterans age 18 to 24, at 29.1 percent,
was higher than that for nonveterans of the same age group (17.6 percent). The rate 
for male veterans age 25 to 34 also was higher than the rate for their nonveteran
counterparts (13.4 and 9.5 percent, respectively). For those age 35 and over, the
unemployment rates of male veterans and nonveterans generally were little different.
(See table 2B.)

Veterans of Gulf War era II and nonveterans had similar occupational profiles in 2011
after accounting for gender. About one-third of the employed men in both groups worked
in management and professional occupations, a higher proportion than in any other major
occupational group. Among employed women, about 49 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans
and 41 percent of nonveterans worked in management and professional occupations. (See
table 4.)

Gulf War-era II veterans were about twice as likely to work in the public sector in
2011 as were nonveterans--27 percent and 14 percent, respectively. About 14 percent
of employed veterans of the era worked for the federal government, compared with about
2 percent of employed nonveterans. (See table 5.)

In August 2011, approximately 38 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans reported that
they had served in Iraq, Afghanistan, or both. (Some veterans did not report their
location of service.) These veterans had an unemployment rate of 11.6 percent, not
statistically different from Gulf War-era II veterans who served elsewhere (8.6
percent). (See table 9.)

Gulf War-era I Veterans

For the 2.9 million veterans who served during Gulf War era I (August 1990 to August
2001), the proportion that were women (16 percent in 2011) was similar to that of
Gulf War-era II veterans. About 87 percent of the era's veterans were age 35 and over,
compared with 36 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans. (See tables 1 and 2A.)

The labor force participation rate of male veterans from Gulf War era I was 85.7
percent in 2011, little different than the rate for male Gulf War-era II veterans
(83.5 percent). The unemployment rate for male Gulf War-era I veterans (7.1 percent)
was lower than the rate for Gulf War-era II veterans (12.0 percent). This difference
in the unemployment rate reflects, at least in part, the older age profile of veterans
who served during Gulf War era I. Unemployment rates of Gulf War-era I veterans were
not statistically different from those of nonveterans of the same gender and age group.

Veterans of World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam Era

In August 2011, about 10.4 million veterans responded that they had served during World
War II, the Korean War, or the Vietnam era. Nearly all of these veterans were at least
55 years old, and more than half were at least 65 years old. Nearly all (97 percent) of
these veterans were men. In 2011, just over one-third of male veterans of these wartime
periods were in the labor force, and their unemployment rate was 7.6 percent. Male
veterans of these wartime periods had lower labor force participation rates compared
with male nonveterans in the same age categories. (See tables 1 and 2B.)

Veterans of Other Service Periods

In 2011, about 5.9 million veterans had served on active duty during "other service
periods," mainly between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam
era and Gulf War era I. Because these veterans served between the major wartime
periods, which span several decades, this group is concentrated in two age ranges.
About 43 percent of these veterans were 45 to 54 years old, and another 38 percent
were 65 years and over. (See tables 1 and 2A.)

Nine in 10 veterans of other service periods were men. Among most age groups, male
veterans of service periods between the designated wartime periods had labor force
participation rates and unemployment rates that were not statistically different than
those of male nonveterans.

Veterans with a Service-connected Disability

In August 2011, about 3.0 million veterans, or 14 percent of the total, reported
having a service-connected disability. (Some veterans did not report whether they
had a service-connected disability.) Veterans with a service-connected disability
are assigned a disability rating by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs or the
U.S. Department of Defense. Ratings range from 0 to 100 percent, in increments of 10
percentage points, depending on the severity of the condition. (See table 6.)

Among veterans with a service-connected disability, about 4 in 10 reported a disability
rating of less than 30 percent, while about 3 in 10 had a rating of 60 percent or higher.
In August 2011, 60.3 percent of veterans with a service-connected disability rating of
less than 30 percent were in the labor force, compared with 26.6 percent for those with
a rating of 60 percent or higher.

Among veterans who served in Gulf War-era II, about 1 in 4 (633,000) reported having a
service-connected disability. Of these, 80.0 percent were in the labor force in August
2011, compared with 83.7 percent of veterans from this period with no service-connected
disability. Among Gulf War-era II veterans, the unemployment rate of those with a
disability was 12.1 percent, not statistically different from those with no disability (9.5 percent).

In August 2011, 19.5 percent (586,000) of veterans who served during Gulf War era I reported
a service-connected disability. Their labor force participation rate (69.6 percent)
was lower than the rate for veterans from the era who did not have a disability
(88.2 percent). Unemployment rates for Gulf War-era I veterans with and without
service-connected disabilities were little different (7.1 and 6.9 percent, respectively).

Among the 1.2 million veterans with a service-connected disability from World War II,
the Korean War, and the Vietnam era, 20.9 percent were in the labor force in August
2011, compared with 35.5 percent of veterans from these periods who did not have a
service-connected disability. The unemployment rate of veterans with a disability from
these wartime periods was 3.1 percent, below the rate for their counterparts with no
disability (8.2 percent).

Veterans with a service-connected disability from other service periods had a labor
force participation rate of 53.1 percent in August 2011, compared with 56.8 percent
for veterans with no disability from these periods. Among veterans from other service
periods, the unemployment rates of veterans with and without service-connected
disabilities were not statistically different--9.4 and 7.5 percent, respectively.

Regardless of period of service, many veterans with a service-connected disability
worked in the public sector. In August 2011, 34 percent of employed veterans with a
disability worked in federal, state, or local government, compared with 19 percent
of veterans with no disability and 14 percent of nonveterans. About 18 percent of
employed veterans with a disability worked for the federal government, compared with
6 percent of veterans with no disability and 2 percent of nonveterans. (See table 7.)

Reserve and National Guard Membership

About 30 percent of both Gulf War-era I and Gulf War-era II veterans were reported to
be current or past members of the Reserve or National Guard. Among Gulf War-era II
veterans, those who were current or past members of the Reserve or National Guard had
an unemployment rate of 9.1 percent in August 2011, little different from those who
had never been members (11.0 percent). Gulf War-era II veterans who were current or
past members of the Reserve or National Guard had a higher labor force participation
rate than those who had never been members. For veterans of Gulf War-era I, labor
force participation rates as well as unemployment rates were similar for members and
nonmembers. (See table 8.)




Table A. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, 2010-2011 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status and period of service 2010 2011
Total Men Women Total Men Women

TOTAL VETERANS

Civilian noninstitutional population

22,011 20,225 1,786 21,613 19,812 1,801

Civilian labor force

11,758 10,650 1,108 11,320 10,204 1,116

Participation rate

53.4 52.7 62.1 52.4 51.5 62.0

Employed

10,738 9,717 1,021 10,375 9,360 1,015

Employment-population ratio

48.8 48.0 57.2 48.0 47.2 56.3

Unemployed

1,020 933 87 945 844 101

Unemployment rate

8.7 8.8 7.9 8.3 8.3 9.1

Not in labor force

10,253 9,575 678 10,293 9,608 685

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,169 1,800 369 2,387 1,982 405

Civilian labor force

1,783 1,523 260 1,937 1,656 281

Participation rate

82.2 84.6 70.6 81.2 83.5 69.5

Employed

1,577 1,348 229 1,704 1,457 246

Employment-population ratio

72.7 74.9 62.2 71.4 73.5 60.9

Unemployed

205 174 31 234 199 35

Unemployment rate

11.5 11.4 12.0 12.1 12.0 12.4

Not in labor force

386 278 108 450 327 123

NONVETERANS

Civilian noninstitutional population

206,875 90,409 116,466 209,278 92,019 117,259

Civilian labor force

140,130 70,345 69,785 140,424 70,854 69,570

Participation rate

67.7 77.8 59.9 67.1 77.0 59.3

Employed

126,908 62,967 63,941 128,140 64,280 63,859

Employment-population ratio

61.3 69.6 54.9 61.2 69.9 54.5

Unemployed

13,222 7,378 5,844 12,284 6,573 5,710

Unemployment rate

9.4 10.5 8.4 8.7 9.3 8.2

Not in labor force

66,745 20,064 46,681 68,854 21,166 47,689

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Gulf War-era II veterans served on active duty anywhere in the world sometime since September 2001. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces.


Technical Note


   The data in this release were collected through the Current Population Survey
(CPS). The CPS--a monthly survey of about 60,000 eligible households conducted by
the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics--obtains information
on employment and unemployment among the nation's civilian noninstitutional
population age 16 and over.

   Most of the data in this release are annual averages for 2011, compiled from
the results of the monthly survey. Some of the data, such as those related to
service-connected disability and Reserve or National Guard status, are from 
special questions asked as part of the latest veterans supplement to the CPS,
which was conducted in August 2011. The supplement was co-sponsored by the U.S.
Department of Veterans Affairs and by the U.S. Department of Labor's Veterans'
Employment and Training Service. Questions were asked of persons 17 years of
age and older regarding their prior service in the U.S. Armed Forces. Data are
tabulated for persons 18 years of age and older.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   The definitions underlying the data in this release are as follows:

   Veterans are men and women who previously served on active duty in the U.S.
Armed Forces and who were civilians at the time they were surveyed. Members of
the Reserve and National Guard are counted as veterans if they had ever been
called  to active duty. Persons who are on active duty at the time of the survey
are outside the scope of the survey and thus not in the estimates shown here, as
are persons who reside in institutions, such as nursing homes and prisons.

   Nonveterans are men and women who never served on active duty in the U.S.
Armed Forces.

   World War II, Korean War, Vietnam-era, and Gulf War-era veterans are men and
women who served in the Armed Forces during these periods, regardless of where
they served. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified
in the most recent one.

   Veterans of other service periods are men and women who served in the Armed
Forces at any time other than World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, or
the Gulf War era. Although U.S. Armed Forces were engaged in several armed conflicts
during other service periods, these conflicts were more limited in scope and
included a smaller proportion of the Armed Forces than the selected wartime
periods. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and
during another period are classified in the wartime period.

   Veteran status is obtained from responses to the question, "Did you ever serve
on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces?"

   Period of service is obtained from answers to the question asked of veterans,
"When did you serve on active duty in the  U.S. Armed Forces?" 

   The following service periods are identified:

      Gulf War era II -- September 2001-present
      Gulf War era I  -- August 1990-August 2001
      Vietnam era     -- August 1964-April 1975
      Korean War      -- July 1950-January 1955
      World War II    -- December 1941-December 1946
      Other service periods -- All other time periods

   Period-of-service definitions are modified occasionally to reflect changes in
law, regulations, and program needs of the survey sponsors.

   Veterans who served in Iraq, Afghanistan, or both are individuals who served in
Iraq at any time since March 2003, in Afghanistan at any time since October 2001,
or in both locations. Service in Iraq or Afghanistan is determined by answers to
two questions, "Did you serve in Iraq, off the coast of Iraq, or did you fly missions
over Iraq at any time since March 2003?" and, "Did you serve in Afghanistan, or
did you fly missions over Afghanistan, at any time since October 2001?"

   Presence of service-connected disability is determined by answers to the question,
"Has the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) or Department of Defense (DoD) determined
that you have a service-connected disability, that is, a health condition or
impairment caused or made worse by any of your military service?"

   Service-connected disability rating is based on answers to the question, "What
is your current service-connected disability rating?" Answers can range from 0 to
100 percent, in increments of 10 percentage points. Ratings are determined by the
VA or DoD from a rating schedule published in the Code of Federal Regulations,
Title 38, "Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief," Part 4--"Schedule for Rating
Disabilities." The rating schedule is "primarily a guide in the evaluation of disability
resulting from all types of diseases and injuries encountered as a result
of or incident to military service. The percentage ratings represent as far as can
practicably be determined the average impairment in earning capacity resulting from
such diseases and injuries and their residual conditions in civil occupations." 
Part 4 contains a listing of hundreds of possible disorders and assigns ratings of
0 through 100 percent, with instructions for rating multiple disorders.

   Reserve or National Guard status is obtained from answers to two questions. Gulf
War-era veterans were asked: "Was any of your active service the result of a call-up
from the Reserve or National Guard?" If the answer was no, they were asked, "Have you
ever been a member of the Reserve or National Guard?" A 'yes' response to either question
classified persons as "Current or past member of the Reserve or National Guard."
A 'no' response to the latter question classified persons as "Never a member of the
Reserve or National Guard." These questions were asked only of Gulf War-era veterans.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance that
the sample estimates will differ from the "true" population values they represent.
The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular sample 
selected, and this variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate.
There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on
a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population
value because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent
level of confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can occur
for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population, the
inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, the inability or
unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the
collection or processing of the data.

   For a full discussion of the reliability of data from the CPS and information on
estimating standard errors, see the explanatory note for the household survey available
online at www.bls.gov/cps/eetech_methods.pdf.




Table 1. Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2011 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, period of service,
sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent
of
population
Total Percent
of
labor force

TOTAL

Total, 18 years and over

230,891 151,743 65.7 138,515 60.0 13,229 8.7 79,147

Veterans

21,613 11,320 52.4 10,375 48.0 945 8.3 10,293

Gulf War era, total

5,323 4,397 82.6 3,992 75.0 405 9.2 925

Gulf War era II

2,387 1,937 81.2 1,704 71.4 234 12.1 450

Gulf War era I

2,936 2,460 83.8 2,289 78.0 172 7.0 476

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

10,436 3,549 34.0 3,280 31.4 269 7.6 6,887

Other service periods

5,853 3,374 57.6 3,102 53.0 271 8.0 2,480

Nonveterans

209,278 140,424 67.1 128,140 61.2 12,284 8.7 68,854

Men

Total, 18 years and over

111,831 81,058 72.5 73,641 65.8 7,417 9.2 30,773

Veterans

19,812 10,204 51.5 9,360 47.2 844 8.3 9,608

Gulf War era, total

4,457 3,777 84.7 3,428 76.9 349 9.2 680

Gulf War era II

1,982 1,656 83.5 1,457 73.5 199 12.0 327

Gulf War era I

2,475 2,121 85.7 1,971 79.6 150 7.1 353

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

10,106 3,441 34.0 3,181 31.5 260 7.6 6,665

Other service periods

5,248 2,986 56.9 2,751 52.4 235 7.9 2,262

Nonveterans

92,019 70,854 77.0 64,280 69.9 6,573 9.3 21,166

Women

Total, 18 years and over

119,060 70,685 59.4 64,874 54.5 5,811 8.2 48,374

Veterans

1,801 1,116 62.0 1,015 56.3 101 9.1 685

Gulf War era, total

865 620 71.7 564 65.2 56 9.1 245

Gulf War era II

405 281 69.5 246 60.9 35 12.4 123

Gulf War era I

461 339 73.5 318 68.9 21 6.3 122

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

330 108 32.7 99 30.1 9 7.9 222

Other service periods

605 388 64.1 351 58.1 36 9.4 217

Nonveterans

117,259 69,570 59.3 63,859 54.5 5,710 8.2 47,689

White

Total, 18 years and over

186,403 122,998 66.0 113,501 60.9 9,497 7.7 63,405

Veterans

18,463 9,449 51.2 8,709 47.2 740 7.8 9,014

Gulf War era, total

4,176 3,498 83.8 3,199 76.6 299 8.5 678

Gulf War era II

1,865 1,531 82.1 1,357 72.7 174 11.4 335

Gulf War era I

2,310 1,967 85.1 1,842 79.7 125 6.3 343

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

9,365 3,176 33.9 2,941 31.4 235 7.4 6,189

Other service periods

4,923 2,775 56.4 2,568 52.2 207 7.4 2,147

Nonveterans

167,941 113,550 67.6 104,792 62.4 8,757 7.7 54,391

Black or African American

Total, 18 years and over

27,799 17,732 63.8 14,988 53.9 2,743 15.5 10,068

Veterans

2,349 1,389 59.1 1,233 52.5 156 11.2 960

Gulf War era, total

855 676 79.0 595 69.6 81 11.9 180

Gulf War era II

394 316 80.1 271 68.7 45 14.3 78

Gulf War era I

462 360 78.0 325 70.3 35 9.8 101

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

782 254 32.5 229 29.3 25 9.9 528

Other service periods

712 459 64.5 409 57.5 50 10.9 253

Nonveterans

25,450 16,343 64.2 13,755 54.0 2,588 15.8 9,107

Asian

Total, 18 years and over

11,066 7,303 66.0 6,796 61.4 507 6.9 3,763

Veterans

262 154 58.9 147 56.1 7 4.8 108

Gulf War era, total

94 75 80.2 72 76.3 4 4.9 19

Gulf War era II

47 35 75.4 33 70.0 3 7.1 12

Gulf War era I

47 40 85.1 39 82.6 1 3.0 7

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

111 40 35.8 39 35.0 1 2.1 72

Other service periods

57 39 68.8 36 63.9 3 7.2 18

Nonveterans

10,804 7,149 66.2 6,650 61.5 499 7.0 3,656

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total, 18 years and over

32,570 22,572 69.3 20,048 61.6 2,524 11.2 9,999

Veterans

1,259 847 67.2 764 60.6 83 9.8 413

Gulf War era, total

547 464 84.7 406 74.2 57 12.4 84

Gulf War era II

287 239 83.4 199 69.3 41 17.0 48

Gulf War era I

260 224 86.2 207 79.7 17 7.5 36

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

384 148 38.6 138 36.0 10 6.6 236

Other service periods

328 235 71.6 219 66.8 16 6.7 93

Nonveterans

31,311 21,725 69.4 19,284 61.6 2,441 11.2 9,586

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.


Table 2A. Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, age, and period of service, 2011 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, age, and period of service Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Percent of
labor force

TOTAL VETERANS

Total, 18 years and over

21,613 11,320 52.4 10,375 48.0 945 8.3 10,293

18 to 24 years

299 213 71.4 149 49.8 64 30.2 85

25 to 34 years

1,590 1,318 82.9 1,160 73.0 158 12.0 272

35 to 44 years

2,364 2,090 88.4 1,940 82.1 150 7.2 274

45 to 54 years

3,636 2,989 82.2 2,761 75.9 228 7.6 647

55 to 64 years

5,084 2,976 58.5 2,747 54.0 229 7.7 2,108

65 years and over

8,640 1,733 20.1 1,618 18.7 115 6.7 6,907

Gulf War era, total

Total, 18 years and over

5,323 4,397 82.6 3,992 75.0 405 9.2 925

18 to 24 years

299 213 71.4 149 49.8 64 30.2 85

25 to 34 years

1,590 1,318 82.9 1,160 73.0 158 12.0 272

35 to 44 years

1,874 1,665 88.8 1,546 82.5 119 7.1 209

45 to 54 years

1,025 871 85.0 826 80.5 45 5.2 154

55 to 64 years

436 298 68.3 281 64.4 17 5.7 138

65 years and over

99 33 33.1 30 30.7 2 - 66

Gulf War era II

Total, 18 years and over

2,387 1,937 81.2 1,704 71.4 234 12.1 450

18 to 24 years

299 213 71.4 149 49.8 64 30.2 85

25 to 34 years

1,218 1,000 82.1 870 71.4 130 13.0 218

35 to 44 years

412 358 86.9 337 81.7 22 6.0 54

45 to 54 years

339 287 84.6 275 81.2 12 4.1 52

55 to 64 years

103 71 69.3 66 63.9 6 7.8 32

65 years and over

16 7 - 7 - 0 - 8

Gulf War era I

Total, 25 years and over

2,936 2,460 83.8 2,289 78.0 172 7.0 476

25 to 34 years

372 318 85.6 290 78.1 28 8.7 54

35 to 44 years

1,462 1,306 89.4 1,209 82.7 97 7.4 155

45 to 54 years

686 584 85.1 551 80.2 33 5.7 102

55 to 64 years

333 226 68.0 215 64.6 11 5.0 106

65 years and over

83 25 30.5 24 28.3 2 - 58

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total, 45 years and over

10,436 3,549 34.0 3,280 31.4 269 7.6 6,887

45 to 54 years

86 60 70.2 54 62.3 7 11.3 26

55 to 64 years

4,032 2,258 56.0 2,077 51.5 180 8.0 1,774

65 years and over

6,319 1,231 19.5 1,149 18.2 81 6.6 5,088

Other service periods

Total, 35 years and over

5,853 3,374 57.6 3,102 53.0 271 8.0 2,480

35 to 44 years

490 426 86.9 395 80.5 31 7.3 64

45 to 54 years

2,525 2,058 81.5 1,882 74.5 176 8.6 467

55 to 64 years

616 420 68.2 388 63.0 32 7.6 196

65 years and over

2,222 470 21.1 438 19.7 32 6.7 1,753

TOTAL NONVETERANS

Total, 18 years and over

209,278 140,424 67.1 128,140 61.2 12,284 8.7 68,854

18 to 24 years

29,172 18,910 64.8 15,859 54.4 3,051 16.1 10,262

25 to 34 years

39,774 32,406 81.5 29,377 73.9 3,030 9.3 7,367

35 to 44 years

37,135 30,569 82.3 28,330 76.3 2,239 7.3 6,565

45 to 54 years

40,209 32,373 80.5 30,106 74.9 2,267 7.0 7,836

55 to 64 years

31,905 20,791 65.2 19,439 60.9 1,352 6.5 11,114

65 years and over

31,084 5,374 17.3 5,029 16.2 345 6.4 25,710

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 2B. Employment status of men 18 years and over by veteran status, age, and period of service, 2011 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, age, and period of service Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Percent of
labor force

VETERANS, MEN

Total, 18 years and over

19,812 10,204 51.5 9,360 47.2 844 8.3 9,608

18 to 24 years

250 179 71.6 127 50.8 52 29.1 71

25 to 34 years

1,322 1,136 86.0 996 75.3 141 12.4 186

35 to 44 years

1,985 1,786 89.9 1,661 83.7 125 7.0 200

45 to 54 years

3,146 2,621 83.3 2,424 77.1 196 7.5 525

55 to 64 years

4,749 2,786 58.7 2,569 54.1 217 7.8 1,963

65 years and over

8,360 1,697 20.3 1,583 18.9 113 6.7 6,663

Gulf War era, total

Total, 18 years and over

4,457 3,777 84.7 3,428 76.9 349 9.2 680

18 to 24 years

250 179 71.6 127 50.8 52 29.1 71

25 to 34 years

1,322 1,136 86.0 996 75.3 141 12.4 186

35 to 44 years

1,568 1,416 90.3 1,315 83.9 100 7.1 152

45 to 54 years

872 761 87.2 722 82.8 38 5.0 112

55 to 64 years

356 255 71.6 239 67.2 15 6.0 101

65 years and over

89 30 34.2 28 31.7 2 - 59

Gulf War era II

Total, 18 years and over

1,982 1,656 83.5 1,457 73.5 199 12.0 327

18 to 24 years

250 179 71.6 127 50.8 52 29.1 71

25 to 34 years

1,012 864 85.3 748 73.9 115 13.4 148

35 to 44 years

329 290 88.1 273 82.7 18 6.1 39

45 to 54 years

290 254 87.6 245 84.6 9 3.4 36

55 to 64 years

85 62 72.3 57 67.0 5 7.4 24

65 years and over

15 7 - 6 - 0 - 8

Gulf War era I

Total, 25 years and over

2,475 2,121 85.7 1,971 79.6 150 7.1 353

25 to 34 years

310 273 88.0 247 79.8 25 9.3 37

35 to 44 years

1,238 1,126 90.9 1,043 84.2 83 7.4 113

45 to 54 years

582 507 87.0 477 81.9 30 5.9 76

55 to 64 years

271 193 71.3 182 67.3 11 5.6 78

65 years and over

74 23 31.8 22 29.4 2 - 50

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total, 45 years and over

10,106 3,441 34.0 3,181 31.5 260 7.6 6,665

45 to 54 years

83 57 69.5 51 61.2 7 11.9 25

55 to 64 years

3,877 2,171 56.0 1,997 51.5 173 8.0 1,707

65 years and over

6,146 1,213 19.7 1,133 18.4 80 6.6 4,933

Other service periods

Total, 35 years and over

5,248 2,986 56.9 2,751 52.4 235 7.9 2,262

35 to 44 years

417 370 88.6 346 82.8 24 6.5 48

45 to 54 years

2,191 1,802 82.3 1,651 75.4 151 8.4 388

55 to 64 years

515 360 70.0 332 64.5 29 7.9 155

65 years and over

2,125 453 21.3 422 19.9 31 6.9 1,672

NONVETERANS, MEN

Total, 18 years and over

92,019 70,854 77.0 64,280 69.9 6,573 9.3 21,166

18 to 24 years

14,689 9,900 67.4 8,158 55.5 1,742 17.6 4,789

25 to 34 years

19,388 17,333 89.4 15,678 80.9 1,654 9.5 2,056

35 to 44 years

17,461 15,900 91.1 14,709 84.2 1,191 7.5 1,560

45 to 54 years

18,308 15,865 86.7 14,689 80.2 1,176 7.4 2,443

55 to 64 years

13,064 9,567 73.2 8,900 68.1 667 7.0 3,497

65 years and over

9,109 2,289 25.1 2,147 23.6 143 6.2 6,820

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 2C. Employment status of women 18 years and over by veteran status, age, and period of service, 2011 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, age, and period of service Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Percent of
labor force

VETERANS, WOMEN

Total, 18 years and over

1,801 1,116 62.0 1,015 56.3 101 9.1 685

18 to 24 years

49 35 70.4 22 45.0 12 36.1 15

25 to 34 years

268 182 67.8 165 61.5 17 9.2 86

35 to 44 years

379 305 80.5 279 73.7 26 8.4 74

45 to 54 years

490 369 75.2 337 68.7 32 8.7 122

55 to 64 years

335 190 56.6 178 53.0 12 6.4 146

65 years and over

280 37 13.1 35 12.3 2 5.7 243

Gulf War era, total

Total, 18 years and over

865 620 71.7 564 65.2 56 9.1 245

18 to 24 years

49 35 70.4 22 45.0 12 36.1 15

25 to 34 years

268 182 67.8 165 61.5 17 9.2 86

35 to 44 years

306 249 81.2 230 75.2 18 7.4 57

45 to 54 years

153 110 72.1 103 67.6 7 6.2 43

55 to 64 years

80 43 53.9 41 51.9 2 3.6 37

65 years and over

10 2 - 2 - 0 - 8

Gulf War era II

Total, 18 years and over

405 281 69.5 246 60.9 35 12.4 123

18 to 24 years

49 35 70.4 22 45.0 12 36.1 15

25 to 34 years

206 136 66.1 122 59.0 14 10.6 70

35 to 44 years

83 68 82.2 64 77.4 4 5.9 15

45 to 54 years

49 33 66.9 30 60.6 3 - 16

55 to 64 years

18 10 - 9 - 1 - 8

65 years and over

0 0 - 0 - 0 - 0

Gulf War era I

Total, 25 years and over

461 339 73.5 318 68.9 21 6.3 122

25 to 34 years

62 45 73.5 43 69.7 2 5.1 16

35 to 44 years

223 181 80.9 166 74.4 14 8.0 43

45 to 54 years

104 77 74.5 74 70.9 4 4.9 26

55 to 64 years

62 33 53.6 33 52.8 1 - 29

65 years and over

10 2 - 2 - 0 - 8

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total, 45 years and over

330 108 32.7 99 30.1 9 7.9 222

45 to 54 years

3 3 - 3 - 0 - 0

55 to 64 years

154 87 56.3 80 51.8 7 8.0 67

65 years and over

173 18 10.5 17 9.6 2 - 155

Other service periods

Total, 35 years and over

605 388 64.1 351 58.1 36 9.4 217

35 to 44 years

73 56 77.2 49 67.4 7 12.7 17

45 to 54 years

334 255 76.5 230 69.0 25 9.9 78

55 to 64 years

101 60 59.2 56 55.7 4 5.9 41

65 years and over

97 16 16.7 16 16.3 0 - 81

NONVETERANS, WOMEN

Total, 18 years and over

117,259 69,570 59.3 63,859 54.5 5,710 8.2 47,689

18 to 24 years

14,483 9,010 62.2 7,701 53.2 1,309 14.5 5,473

25 to 34 years

20,385 15,074 73.9 13,699 67.2 1,375 9.1 5,311

35 to 44 years

19,674 14,669 74.6 13,621 69.2 1,047 7.1 5,005

45 to 54 years

21,901 16,508 75.4 15,417 70.4 1,091 6.6 5,393

55 to 64 years

18,841 11,224 59.6 10,539 55.9 685 6.1 7,617

65 years and over

21,975 3,085 14.0 2,883 13.1 202 6.6 18,890

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 3. Employment status of persons 25 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and educational attainment, 2011 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status,
period of service, and educational attainment
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent
of
population
Total Percent
of
labor force

VETERANS

Total, 25 years and over

21,314 11,106 52.1 10,226 48.0 880 7.9 10,207

Less than a high school diploma

1,376 287 20.8 250 18.2 36 12.7 1,090

High school graduates, no college

6,853 3,292 48.0 2,988 43.6 304 9.2 3,561

Some college or associate degree

7,288 4,188 57.5 3,821 52.4 367 8.8 3,100

Bachelor's degree and higher

5,797 3,340 57.6 3,167 54.6 173 5.2 2,456

Gulf War era, total

Total, 25 years and over

5,024 4,184 83.3 3,843 76.5 341 8.1 840

Less than a high school diploma

61 41 67.2 35 57.7 6 14.2 20

High school graduates, no college

1,329 1,100 82.8 989 74.4 111 10.1 229

Some college or associate degree

2,142 1,754 81.9 1,593 74.3 161 9.2 389

Bachelor's degree and higher

1,492 1,289 86.4 1,226 82.2 63 4.9 202

Gulf War era II

Total, 25 years and over

2,088 1,724 82.5 1,555 74.4 169 9.8 365

Less than a high school diploma

24 16 - 15 - 1 - 8

High school graduates, no college

525 430 82.0 377 71.8 54 12.5 94

Some college or associate degree

935 739 79.0 658 70.4 81 11.0 196

Bachelor's degree and higher

605 538 89.0 505 83.5 33 6.1 67

Gulf War era I

Total, 25 years and over

2,936 2,460 83.8 2,289 78.0 172 7.0 476

Less than a high school diploma

37 24 66.4 20 54.7 4 - 12

High school graduates, no college

805 670 83.2 613 76.1 57 8.5 135

Some college or associate degree

1,208 1,015 84.0 935 77.4 80 7.8 193

Bachelor's degree and higher

887 751 84.7 721 81.3 30 4.1 136

WWII, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total, 25 years and over

10,436 3,549 34.0 3,280 31.4 269 7.6 6,887

Less than a high school diploma

935 132 14.1 119 12.8 12 9.2 803

High school graduates, no college

3,430 1,035 30.2 946 27.6 89 8.6 2,395

Some college or associate degree

3,171 1,194 37.7 1,094 34.5 100 8.4 1,977

Bachelor's degree and higher

2,901 1,189 41.0 1,122 38.7 67 5.6 1,712

Other service periods

Total, 25 years and over

5,853 3,374 57.6 3,102 53.0 271 8.0 2,480

Less than a high school diploma

381 114 30.0 96 25.1 18 16.1 266

High school graduates, no college

2,094 1,157 55.3 1,053 50.3 104 9.0 937

Some college or associate degree

1,975 1,240 62.8 1,134 57.4 106 8.5 735

Bachelor's degree and higher

1,404 862 61.4 819 58.3 43 5.0 542

NONVETERANS

Total, 25 years and over

180,106 121,513 67.5 112,281 62.3 9,233 7.6 58,593

Less than a high school diploma

23,651 11,218 47.4 9,637 40.7 1,581 14.1 12,433

High school graduates, no college

55,035 34,040 61.9 30,826 56.0 3,214 9.4 20,994

Some college or associate degree

45,995 32,810 71.3 30,223 65.7 2,587 7.9 13,185

Bachelor's degree and higher

55,426 43,446 78.4 41,595 75.0 1,850 4.3 11,981

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 4. Employed persons 18 years and over by occupation, sex, veteran status, and period of service, 2011 annual averages
[Percent distribution]
Occupation and sex Veterans Non-
veterans
Total Gulf War era WW II,
Korean
War, and
Vietnam
era
Other
service
periods
Total Gulf War
era II
Gulf War
era I

TOTAL

Total employed (in thousands)

10,375 3,992 1,704 2,289 3,280 3,102 128,140

Occupation as a percent of total employed

Total employed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

37.6 37.6 35.1 39.4 40.3 34.6 37.9

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

18.1 16.6 14.8 17.9 21.6 16.4 15.4

Professional and related occupations

19.5 21.0 20.2 21.5 18.8 18.2 22.5

Service occupations

14.5 17.2 19.0 15.8 11.6 14.2 17.7

Sales and office occupations

16.9 16.7 16.9 16.5 17.2 17.0 24.1

Sales and related occupations

8.8 7.5 7.4 7.6 10.9 8.2 11.0

Office and administrative support occupations

8.2 9.2 9.5 8.9 6.3 8.9 13.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

14.0 14.3 16.1 13.0 12.8 15.0 9.0

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.7

Construction and extraction occupations

6.0 5.6 6.2 5.2 5.7 6.7 5.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

7.7 8.4 9.6 7.5 6.5 8.0 3.2

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

16.9 14.2 13.0 15.2 18.1 19.2 11.4

Production occupations

7.3 7.0 6.2 7.6 6.8 8.2 5.8

Transportation and material moving occupations

9.7 7.2 6.8 7.6 11.4 11.0 5.6

MEN

Total employed (in thousands)

9,360 3,428 1,457 1,971 3,181 2,751 64,280

Occupation as a percent of total employed

Total employed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

36.4 35.9 32.8 38.2 40.1 32.9 34.3

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

18.2 16.5 14.4 18.1 21.8 16.1 16.4

Professional and related occupations

18.2 19.4 18.4 20.1 18.3 16.8 17.9

Service occupations

14.5 17.3 19.7 15.5 11.7 14.1 14.5

Sales and office occupations

15.6 14.7 15.1 14.3 16.7 15.4 16.8

Sales and related occupations

9.0 7.6 7.5 7.7 11.0 8.3 10.5

Office and administrative support occupations

6.6 7.0 7.6 6.6 5.7 7.1 6.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

15.4 16.4 18.3 14.9 13.1 16.8 17.0

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 1.1

Construction and extraction occupations

6.6 6.4 7.0 6.1 5.9 7.5 9.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

8.4 9.6 11.0 8.6 6.6 8.9 6.1

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

18.2 15.8 14.0 17.0 18.5 20.8 17.3

Production occupations

7.7 7.6 6.7 8.4 6.9 8.8 7.9

Transportation and material moving occupations

10.4 8.1 7.4 8.6 11.6 12.0 9.4

WOMEN

Total employed (in thousands)

1,015 564 246 318 99 351 63,859

Occupation as a percent of total employed

Total employed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

48.0 47.8 48.5 47.3 49.7 48.0 41.4

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

17.4 17.1 17.5 16.8 15.0 18.6 14.3

Professional and related occupations

30.6 30.7 31.0 30.4 34.7 29.4 27.1

Service occupations

15.1 16.4 14.7 17.7 9.0 14.6 20.9

Sales and office occupations

29.7 28.9 27.3 30.1 32.4 30.2 31.4

Sales and related occupations

7.0 6.7 6.4 6.9 9.2 6.9 11.4

Office and administrative support occupations

22.7 22.2 20.9 23.2 23.2 23.2 19.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

1.6 1.9 2.8 1.1 1.9 1.0 0.8

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.3

Construction and extraction occupations

0.6 0.7 1.7 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.4 0.3

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

5.7 5.1 6.8 3.8 7.1 6.3 5.4

Production occupations

3.1 3.0 3.4 2.8 2.5 3.4 3.6

Transportation and material moving occupations

2.6 2.1 3.4 1.0 4.6 2.9 1.9

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Effective with January 2011 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2010 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2011 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.


Table 5. Employed persons 18 years and over by industry, class of worker, sex, veteran status, and period of service, 2011 annual averages
[Percent distribution]
Industry, class of worker, and sex Veterans Non-
veterans
Total Gulf War era WW II,
Korean
War, and
Vietnam
era
Other
service
periods
Total Gulf War
era II
Gulf War
era I

TOTAL

Total employed (in thousands)(1)

10,375 3,992 1,704 2,289 3,280 3,102 128,140

As a percent of total employed

Total employed(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Agriculture and related industries

2.0 0.7 0.8 0.7 3.7 1.8 1.5

Wage and salary workers(2)

0.7 0.4 0.5 0.4 1.1 0.7 1.0

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

1.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 2.6 1.1 0.6

Nonagricultural industries

98.0 99.3 99.2 99.3 96.3 98.2 98.5

Wage and salary workers(2)

91.1 96.3 97.0 95.9 84.8 91.1 92.3

Private industries

69.5 69.9 69.8 69.9 67.7 70.8 78.0

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

0.9 1.1 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.6 0.5

Construction

5.2 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.4 6.4 5.0

Manufacturing

13.0 12.2 10.5 13.4 12.8 14.2 9.8

Wholesale trade

2.8 2.3 1.6 2.9 3.4 2.7 2.6

Retail trade

8.2 7.1 8.6 6.1 9.2 8.4 10.8

Transportation and utilities

7.1 6.1 5.7 6.4 7.0 8.4 3.7

Information

2.4 3.0 2.4 3.4 2.0 2.2 2.0

Financial activities

4.6 4.5 4.7 4.3 5.1 4.2 6.3

Professional and business services

10.1 12.0 12.2 11.8 8.9 8.9 9.6

Education and health services

8.2 9.1 8.5 9.6 7.4 7.9 15.2

Leisure and hospitality

4.0 4.5 5.6 3.7 3.3 4.0 8.3

Other services

3.1 3.1 3.9 2.5 3.3 3.0 4.2

Government

21.7 26.5 27.2 25.9 17.1 20.3 14.3

Federal

8.9 12.4 14.2 11.1 5.9 7.6 2.1

State

5.0 5.7 5.7 5.8 4.4 4.7 4.5

Local

7.8 8.4 7.3 9.1 6.8 7.9 7.7

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

6.8 2.9 2.2 3.4 11.4 7.1 6.1

MEN

Total employed (in thousands)(1)

9,360 3,428 1,457 1,971 3,181 2,751 64,280

As a percent of total employed

Total employed(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Agriculture and related industries

2.1 0.8 0.9 0.7 3.7 2.0 2.2

Wage and salary workers(2)

0.8 0.4 0.5 0.4 1.1 0.8 1.5

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

1.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 2.7 1.2 0.8

Nonagricultural industries

97.9 99.2 99.1 99.3 96.3 98.0 97.8

Wage and salary workers(2)

90.6 96.3 96.9 96.0 84.6 90.3 90.7

Private industries

69.8 70.1 69.4 70.7 68.0 71.4 79.7

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

1.0 1.3 1.4 1.2 0.9 0.6 0.9

Construction

5.6 5.5 5.3 5.7 4.5 6.9 9.0

Manufacturing

13.6 13.1 11.1 14.5 13.0 15.0 13.5

Wholesale trade

2.9 2.5 1.7 3.1 3.5 2.8 3.6

Retail trade

8.2 7.2 8.6 6.2 9.2 8.3 10.6

Transportation and utilities

7.6 6.7 6.4 7.0 7.2 9.1 5.6

Information

2.5 3.2 2.5 3.7 2.1 2.2 2.3

Financial activities

4.4 4.1 4.2 3.9 5.1 4.1 5.2

Professional and business services

10.2 12.2 12.8 11.9 9.1 8.9 10.7

Education and health services

6.6 6.9 6.1 7.5 6.8 6.1 6.6

Leisure and hospitality

3.9 4.4 5.6 3.5 3.3 4.1 7.9

Other services

3.2 3.0 3.7 2.5 3.4 3.2 3.8

Government

20.8 26.2 27.5 25.2 16.6 18.9 11.0

Federal

8.5 12.3 14.3 10.8 5.7 7.0 2.0

State

4.8 5.7 6.0 5.5 4.3 4.4 3.3

Local

7.5 8.2 7.2 8.9 6.7 7.6 5.6

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

7.2 2.9 2.3 3.3 11.6 7.6 7.0

WOMEN

Total employed (in thousands)(1)

1,015 564 246 318 99 351 63,859

As a percent of total employed

Total employed(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Agriculture and related industries

0.7 0.7 0.4 1.0 1.9 0.3 0.8

Wage and salary workers(2)

0.4 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.5

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

0.3 0.2 0.0 0.4 1.4 0.1 0.3

Nonagricultural industries

99.3 99.3 99.6 99.0 98.1 99.7 99.2

Wage and salary workers(2)

96.1 96.4 97.7 95.4 91.5 96.9 93.9

Private industries

66.7 68.2 72.2 65.1 59.1 66.3 76.2

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.1

Construction

1.3 0.9 1.6 0.3 1.5 2.0 1.1

Manufacturing

7.1 6.9 7.0 6.7 5.0 8.0 6.1

Wholesale trade

1.3 1.1 0.9 1.4 0.0 2.0 1.6

Retail trade

7.6 6.6 8.6 5.0 8.3 9.1 11.1

Transportation and utilities

2.4 2.1 1.6 2.4 3.2 2.9 1.8

Information

1.9 1.9 2.3 1.6 1.5 2.0 1.6

Financial activities

6.1 7.0 7.6 6.5 6.4 4.6 7.3

Professional and business services

8.9 10.3 9.0 11.3 3.2 8.2 8.5

Education and health services

22.6 22.6 22.7 22.4 25.3 22.0 23.8

Leisure and hospitality

4.4 5.2 5.3 5.1 2.8 3.5 8.7

Other services

2.8 3.6 5.3 2.3 2.1 1.6 4.5

Government

29.4 28.1 25.4 30.2 32.4 30.6 17.7

Federal

12.9 12.9 13.3 12.6 12.7 12.9 2.2

State

6.4 5.8 3.8 7.3 7.1 7.1 5.7

Local

10.1 9.4 8.3 10.3 12.6 10.5 9.8

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

3.2 2.9 1.9 3.7 6.6 2.6 5.2

Footnotes
(1) Total includes a small number of unpaid family workers, not shown separately.
(2) Includes self-employed workers whose business are incorporated.

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period.


Table 6. Employment status of veterans 18 years and over by presence of service-connected disability, reported disability rating, period
of service, and sex, August 2011, not seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                     Civilian labor force                                 
                                                                                                                                          
   Presence of disability, reported disability       Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed        Not in 
    rating,  period of service, and sex              noninsti-                                                                      labor 
                                                     tutional               Percent                                                 force 
                                                    population    Total       of                  Percent              Percent            
                                                                         population    Total       of        Total       of               
                                                                                               population              labor              
                                                                                                                       force              
                      TOTAL                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                          
                     VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................   21,562     11,374      52.7      10,497      48.7         877       7.7      10,188  
With service-connected disability.................    2,952      1,432      48.5       1,310      44.4         122       8.5       1,520  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........    1,146        691      60.3         638      55.6          53       7.7         455  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      689        395      57.3         355      51.5          40      10.1         295  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      864        230      26.6         212      24.6          18       7.7         634  
  Disability rating not reported..................      253        117      46.2         106      41.8          11       9.6         136  
Without service-connected disability..............   15,004      7,869      52.4       7,246      48.3         623       7.9       7,134  
Presence of disability not reported...............    3,606      2,072      57.5       1,941      53.8         132       6.3       1,534  
                                                                                                                                          
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    5,399      4,445      82.3       4,071      75.4         374       8.4         954  
With service-connected disability.................    1,219        914      75.0         824      67.6          90       9.8         305  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      459        392      85.4         355      77.4          37       9.3          67  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      300        257      85.7         224      74.7          33      12.9          43  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      353        185      52.2         171      48.3          14       7.5         169  
  Disability rating not reported..................      106         80      75.4          74      69.6           6       7.7          26  
Without service-connected disability..............    3,207      2,767      86.3       2,547      79.4         220       8.0         439  
Presence of disability not reported...............      973        763      78.4         699      71.8          64       8.4         210  
                                                                                                                                          
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    2,394      1,951      81.5       1,759      73.5         192       9.8         443  
With service-connected disability.................      633        506      80.0         445      70.4          61      12.1         126  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      225        196      87.1         171      76.2          25      12.6          29  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      170        157      92.2         141      82.6          16      10.4          13  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      166         96      57.8          82      49.5          14      14.4          70  
  Disability rating not reported..................       71         57       (1)          51       (1)           6       (1)          14  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,368      1,145      83.7       1,036      75.8         108       9.5         223  
Presence of disability not reported...............      393        300      76.3         277      70.5          22       7.5          93  
                                                                                                                                          
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    3,006      2,494      83.0       2,312      76.9         182       7.3         512  
With service-connected disability.................      586        408      69.6         379      64.7          29       7.1         178  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      234        196      83.7         184      78.6          12       6.1          38  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      130        100      77.3          83      64.3          17      16.8          29  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      187         88      47.3          88      47.3         -          -           99  
  Disability rating not reported..................       36         23       (1)          23       (1)         -          -           12  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,839      1,623      88.2       1,511      82.2         112       6.9         216  
Presence of disability not reported...............      580        463      79.9         422      72.7          41       8.9         117  
                                                                                                                                          
        WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................   10,383      3,577      34.5       3,332      32.1         245       6.9       6,806  
With service-connected disability.................    1,249        261      20.9         253      20.3           8       3.1         988  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      459        134      29.1         131      28.4           3       2.3         326  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      284         74      26.1          73      25.7           1       (1)         210  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      393         34       8.6          30       7.6           4       (1)         359  
  Disability rating not reported..................      113         20      17.6          20      17.6         -          -           93  
Without service-connected disability..............    7,494      2,660      35.5       2,441      32.6         219       8.2       4,834  
Presence of disability not reported...............    1,640        656      40.0         638      38.9          18       2.7         984  
                                                                                                                                          
              Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    5,780      3,352      58.0       3,094      53.5         258       7.7       2,428  
With service-connected disability.................      484        257      53.1         233      48.1          24       9.4         227  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      228        165      72.7         152      66.6          14       8.3          62  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      105         63      60.2          58      55.2           5       (1)          42  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      118         11       9.7          11       9.7         -          -          106  
  Disability rating not reported..................       34         17       (1)          12       (1)           5       (1)          17  
Without service-connected disability..............    4,303      2,442      56.8       2,258      52.5         184       7.5       1,861  
Presence of disability not reported...............      993        653      65.8         603      60.8          50       7.6         340  
                                                                                                                                          
                       MEN                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
                     VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................   19,759     10,291      52.1       9,524      48.2         767       7.5       9,468  
With service-connected disability.................    2,693      1,300      48.3       1,187      44.1         113       8.7       1,393  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........    1,055        633      60.0         586      55.6          47       7.4         422  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      622        357      57.4         320      51.5          37      10.4         265  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      777        200      25.7         182      23.5          18       8.8         577  
  Disability rating not reported..................      240        110      46.0          99      41.3          11      10.2         130  
Without service-connected disability..............   13,783      7,105      51.5       6,571      47.7         534       7.5       6,678  
Presence of disability not reported...............    3,282      1,886      57.5       1,766      53.8         120       6.4       1,397  
                                                                                                                                          
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    4,542      3,829      84.3       3,524      77.6         306       8.0         713  
With service-connected disability.................    1,043        814      78.1         733      70.3          81       9.9         229  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      397        350      88.1         320      80.5          30       8.6          47  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      259        230      88.9         200      77.2          30      13.2          29  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      289        160      55.4         147      50.7          14       8.6         129  
  Disability rating not reported..................       97         73      75.6          67      69.2           6       (1)          24  
Without service-connected disability..............    2,683      2,355      87.8       2,188      81.5         168       7.1         328  
Presence of disability not reported...............      816        660      80.9         603      73.8          58       8.7         156  
                                                                                                                                          
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    1,981      1,655      83.5       1,512      76.3         143       8.6         327  
With service-connected disability.................      547        452      82.6         394      72.0          58      12.8          95  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      185        170      91.7         148      80.0          22      12.7          15  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      153        140      91.8         124      81.1          16      11.6          12  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      144         88      61.1          74      51.5          14      15.7          56  
  Disability rating not reported..................       65         54       (1)          48       (1)           6       (1)          11  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,103        935      84.8         869      78.8          66       7.1         167  
Presence of disability not reported...............      332        268      80.7         249      75.0          19       7.0          64  
                                                                                                                                          
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    2,561      2,175      84.9       2,012      78.6         163       7.5         386  
With service-connected disability.................      496        362      73.1         340      68.5          23       6.3         133  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      213        181      84.9         172      80.9           9       4.7          32  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      106         90      84.8          76      71.5          14      15.7          16  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      145         72      49.8          72      49.8         -          -           73  
  Disability rating not reported..................       32         19       (1)          19       (1)         -          -           12  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,581      1,420      89.8       1,318      83.4         102       7.2         161  
Presence of disability not reported...............      485        393      81.1         354      73.1          39       9.9          92  
                                                                                                                                          
        WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................   10,048      3,499      34.8       3,261      32.5         238       6.8       6,549  
With service-connected disability.................    1,216        254      20.9         246      20.2           8       3.2         962  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      447        130      29.1         127      28.4           3       2.3         317  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      274         71      25.9          70      25.4           1       (1)         203  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      383         33       8.7          29       7.7           4       (1)         349  
  Disability rating not reported..................      113         20      17.6          20      17.6         -          -           93  
Without service-connected disability..............    7,243      2,603      35.9       2,391      33.0         212       8.1       4,640  
Presence of disability not reported...............    1,589        643      40.4         625      39.3          18       2.8         946  
                                                                                                                                          
              Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    5,169      2,963      57.3       2,739      53.0         224       7.6       2,207  
With service-connected disability.................      435        233      53.5         208      47.9          24      10.4         202  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      211        153      72.7         139      66.2          14       9.0          57  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............       90         56      62.6          51      56.7           5       (1)          34  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      105          6       5.9           6       5.9         -          -           98  
  Disability rating not reported..................       30         17       (1)          12       (1)           5       (1)          13  
Without service-connected disability..............    3,857      2,147      55.7       1,992      51.7         155       7.2       1,710  
Presence of disability not reported...............      877        583      66.5         538      61.3          45       7.7         294  
                                                                                                                                          
                      WOMEN                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                          
                     VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    1,803      1,083      60.1         974      54.0         109      10.1         720  
With service-connected disability.................      259        132      51.1         123      47.5           9       7.0         127  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........       91         58      63.5          51      56.4           6       (1)          33  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............       67         37       (1)          35       (1)           3       (1)          29  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........       87         30      34.3          30      34.3         -          -           57  
  Disability rating not reported..................       14          7       (1)           7       (1)         -          -            7  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,221        764      62.6         676      55.4          89      11.6         456  
Presence of disability not reported...............      324        186      57.6         175      54.1          11       6.1         137  
                                                                                                                                          
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      857        615      71.8         547      63.8          68      11.1         242  
With service-connected disability.................      176        100      56.7          91      51.5           9       9.2          76  
Without service-connected disability..............      524        412      78.7         360      68.7          53      12.7         111  
Presence of disability not reported...............      157        103      65.5          97      61.5           6       6.1          54  
                                                                                                                                          
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      412        296      71.9         247      59.9          49      16.6         116  
With service-connected disability.................       86         54      63.5          51      59.9           3       (1)          31  
Without service-connected disability..............      265        209      79.0         167      63.1          42      20.2          56  
Presence of disability not reported...............       62         32       (1)          29       (1)           4       (1)          29  
                                                                                                                                          
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      445        319      71.7         300      67.5          19       5.9         126  
With service-connected disability.................       91         46      50.3          40      43.6           6       (1)          45  
Without service-connected disability..............      259        203      78.4         193      74.5          10       5.0          56  
Presence of disability not reported...............       95         70      73.9          68      71.1           3       (1)          25  
                                                                                                                                          
        WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      336         78      23.3          71      21.1           7       9.3         257  
With service-connected disability.................       33          8       (1)           8       (1)           -        -           25  
Without service-connected disability..............      251         57      22.8          50      19.9           7       (1)         194  
Presence of disability not reported...............       51         13       (1)          13       (1)           -        -           38  
                                                                                                                                          
              Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      610        389      63.8         356      58.3          34       8.7         221  
With service-connected disability.................       49         24       (1)          24       (1)           -        -           25  
Without service-connected disability..............      446        295      66.2         266      59.7          29       9.8         151  
Presence of disability not reported...............      116         70      60.8          65      56.5           5       (1)          45  

   1 Rates not shown where the base is less than 75,000. Small estimated levels are based on a small number of survey responses and, thus,
are subject to relatively large standard errors.
   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the
survey Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf
War era (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-
December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent
wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a
wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. A service-connected disability is a health condition
or impairment caused or made worse by military service. The associated disability rating, which can range from 0 to 100 percent, is deter-
mined from a rating schedule published in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, "Title 38." More information appears in the Technical Note
of this release. Dash represents or rounds to zero.




Table 7. Employed persons 18 years and over by veteran status, presence of service-connected disability, period of service, and class of worker,
August 2011, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                 Percent distribution by class of worker                        
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                   Nonagricultural industries                   
                                                 Total                                                                                          
 Veteran status, presence of disability,       employed                                           Wage and salary workers (1)                   
   and period of service                     (thousands)             Agricul-                                                            Self-  
                                                          Total      ture and                                                          employed,
                                                                      related                                   Government              unicor- 
                                                                    industries    Total                                                porated, 
                                                                                            Private                                   and unpaid
                                                                                            sector                            State     family  
                                                                                                        Total     Federal      and      workers 
                                                                                                                              local             
                                                                                                                                                
Veterans, total (2)..........................   10,497     100.0        2.3       97.7       69.7       21.0        8.3       12.7        7.1   
  With service-connected disability..........    1,310     100.0         .8       99.2       59.5       33.6       18.4       15.2        6.1   
  Without service-connected disability.......    7,246     100.0        2.8       97.2       71.3       19.0        6.3       12.7        6.9   
                                                                                                                                                
  Gulf War era, total (2)....................    4,071     100.0         .7       99.3       70.7       25.5       11.0       14.5        3.1   
    With service-connected disability........      824     100.0         -       100.0       59.3       36.6       20.9       15.6        4.1   
    Without service-connected disability.....    2,547     100.0         .8       99.2       74.1       22.7        7.8       14.8        2.4   
                                                                                                                                                
    Gulf War era II (2)......................    1,759     100.0         .4       99.6       70.4       26.2       13.0       13.2        3.1   
      With service-connected disability......      445     100.0         -       100.0       61.0       35.3       20.9       14.4        3.7   
      Without service-connected disability...    1,036     100.0         .6       99.4       74.1       22.9        9.8       13.1        2.4   
                                                                                                                                                
    Gulf War era I (2).......................    2,312     100.0        1.0       99.0       70.9       25.0        9.5       15.5        3.2   
      With service-connected disability......      379     100.0         -       100.0       57.3       38.1       21.0       17.1        4.6   
      Without service-connected disability...    1,511     100.0        1.0       99.0       74.1       22.5        6.5       16.0        2.4   
                                                                                                                                                
  WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era (2).....    3,332     100.0        4.5       95.5       68.9       16.0        5.7       10.3       10.7   
    With service-connected disability........      253     100.0        4.1       95.9       59.8       26.6       14.3       12.3        9.5   
    Without service-connected disability.....    2,441     100.0        5.2       94.8       69.0       14.8        4.9        9.9       11.0   
                                                                                                                                                
  Other service periods (2)..................    3,094     100.0        1.9       98.1       69.4       20.4        7.5       12.9        8.3   
    With service-connected disability........      233     100.0         -       100.0       60.1       30.5       13.7       16.8        9.4   
    Without service-connected disability.....    2,258     100.0        2.4       97.6       70.5       19.5        6.1       13.4        7.5   
                                                                                                                                                
Nonveterans..................................  128,265     100.0        1.7       98.3       78.4       13.7        2.1       11.6        6.2   

   1 Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
   2 Includes veterans who did not report presence of disability.
   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey.
Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of
service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War
(July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted
in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most
recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. A service-connected
disability is a health condition or impairment caused or made worse by military service. The associated disability rating, which can range from
0 to 100 percent, is determined from a rating schedule published in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, "Title 38." More information appears
in the Technical Note of this release. Dash represents or rounds to zero.




Table 8. Employment status of Gulf War era veterans by Reserve or National Guard status, August 2011, not seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                         Civilian labor force                                 
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                                                        Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed        Not in  
                Period of service and                   noninsti-                                                                      labor  
           Reserve or National Guard status             tutional               Percent                                                 force  
                                                       population    Total       of                  Percent               Percent            
                                                                             population    Total       of        Total       of               
                                                                                                   population               labor             
                                                                                                                                              
                       VETERANS                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                              
                 Gulf War era, total                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                              
  Total...............................................     5,399      4,445     82.3        4,071     75.4          374      8.4          954 
Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...     1,587      1,356     85.4        1,246     78.5          110      8.1          231 
Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     2,842      2,313     81.4        2,113     74.4          200      8.6          529 
Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       970        776     80.0          712     73.4           64      8.2          194 
                                                                                                                                              
                   Gulf War era II                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                              
  Total...............................................     2,394      1,951     81.5        1,759     73.5          192      9.8          443 
Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...       724        630     87.1          573     79.2           57      9.1           93 
Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     1,286      1,018     79.2          906     70.5          112     11.0          268 
Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       383        302     78.8          279     72.9           22      7.5           81 
                                                                                                                                              
                    Gulf War era I                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                              
  Total...............................................     3,006      2,494     83.0        2,312     76.9          182      7.3          512 
Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...       864        726     84.0          673     77.9           53      7.2          138 
Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     1,555      1,294     83.2        1,206     77.6           88      6.8          261 
Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       587        474     80.8          432     73.7           41      8.7          113 

   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey.
The Gulf War era began in August 1990 and continues to the present day. It is divided into two periods of service: Gulf War era II (September
2001-present) and Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent period.




Table 9. Employment status of Gulf War-era II veterans 18 years and over by location of service, August 2011, not seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                     Civilian labor force                                 
                                                                                                                                          
                                                    Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed         Not in 
          Period of service and location            noninsti-                                                                       labor 
                                                    tutional               Percent                                                  force 
                                                   population    Total       of                  Percent               Percent            
                                                                         population    Total       of        Total       of               
                                                                                               population               labor             
                                                                                                                                          
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................     2,394      1,951     81.5        1,759     73.5          192      9.8          443 
Served in Iraq, Afghanistan, or both(1)...........       911        768     84.3          679     74.5           89     11.6          143 
Served elsewhere..................................     1,156        933     80.7          853     73.8           80      8.6          223 
Location of service not reported..................       327        249     76.4          227     69.5           22      9.0           77 

   1 Refers to veterans who served in Iraq at anytime since March 2003 and veterans who served in Afghanistan at anytime since October
2001. Also includes veterans who served in both countries.
   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the
survey. Gulf War-era II veterans served anywhere in the world at any time since September 2001.




Last Modified Date: March 20, 2012
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