Economic News Release

Employment Situation of Veterans News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, March 20, 2013               USDL-13-0477

Technical information:  (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      EMPLOYMENT SITUATION OF VETERANS -- 2012


The unemployment rate for veterans who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed 
Forces at any time since September 2001--a group referred to as Gulf War-era II 
veterans--declined by 2.2 percentage points to 9.9 percent in 2012, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The jobless rate for all veterans 
fell by 1.3 percentage points to 7.0 percent. Twenty-eight percent of Gulf War-
era II veterans reported having a service-connected disability in August 2012, 
compared with 14 percent of all veterans.

This information was obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a 
monthly sample survey of about 60,000 households that provides data on 
employment and unemployment in the United States. Data about veterans are 
collected monthly in the CPS; those monthly data are the source of the 2012 
annual averages presented in this release. In August 2012, a supplement to 
the CPS collected additional information about veterans on topics such as 
service-connected disability and veterans’ current or past Reserve or 
National Guard membership. Information from the supplement is also presented 
in this release. The supplement was co-sponsored by the U.S. Department of
Veterans Affairs and by the U.S. Department of Labor's Veterans' Employment 
and Training Service. For more information, see the Technical Note, which 
provides definitions of terms used in this release.

Highlights from the 2012 data:

  --Among all veterans, the unemployment rate for men declined by 1.4
    percentage points to 6.9 percent in 2012. The rate for female veterans
    was little changed at 8.3 percent. (See table A.)

  --Veterans with a service-connected disability had an unemployment rate 
    of 6.5 percent in August 2012, little different than the rate for veterans 
    with no disability (7.1 percent). (See table 6.)

  --One in 3 employed veterans with a service-connected disability worked 
    in the public sector in August 2012, compared with 1 in 5 veterans 
    with no disability. (See table 7.)

  --Gulf War-era II veterans who were current or past members of the
    Reserve or National Guard had an unemployment rate of 7.2 percent in
    August 2012, lower than the rate for those veterans who had not been
    members of the Reserve or National Guard (13.7 percent). (See table 8.)

  --Gulf War-era II veterans who served in Iraq, Afghanistan, or both had
    an unemployment rate of 10.9 percent in August 2012, little different 
    from those who served elsewhere (11.3 percent). (See table 9.)

The Veteran Population

In 2012, 21.2 million men and women in the civilian noninstitutional
population ages 18 and over were veterans. In the survey, veterans are
defined as men and women who have previously served on active duty in
the U.S. Armed Forces and who were civilians at the time these data
were collected.

Veterans are more likely to be men and older than nonveterans. In
part, this reflects the characteristics of veterans who served during
World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam era. Veterans who served
during these wartime periods account for nearly one-half (9.9 million)
of the total veteran population. A total of 5.6 million veterans
served during Gulf War era I (August 1990 to August 2001) or Gulf War
era II (September 2001 forward). Another 5.7 million served outside
the designated wartime periods. Because age and other demographic
differences affect labor force status, the next sections focus on
veterans by period of service. (See tables 1 and 2A.)

Gulf War-era II Veterans

In 2012, about 2.6 million of the nation's veterans had served during Gulf 
War era II. About 17 percent of these veterans were women, compared with 
3 percent of veterans from World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam 
era. Almost half of all Gulf War-era II veterans were between the ages of 
25 and 34. (See tables 1 and 2A.)

Among male Gulf War-era II veterans, the unemployment rate fell by 2.5
percentage points to 9.5 percent from 2011 to 2012. The rate for female 
veterans, at 12.5 percent in 2012, was little different from the prior year. 
(See table 1.)

In 2012, the unemployment rate for male Gulf War-era II veterans age 18 to 
24 was 20.0 percent, higher than the rate for nonveterans of the same age 
group (16.4 percent). The rate for male veterans age 25 to 34 was also 
higher than the rate for their nonveteran counterparts (10.4 and 8.1 percent, 
respectively). For older age groups, the unemployment rates were little 
different for Gulf War-era II veterans and nonveterans. (See table 2B.)

Veterans of Gulf War era II and nonveterans had similar occupational profiles 
in 2012 after accounting for gender. About one-third of the employed men in 
both groups worked in management and professional occupations, a higher 
proportion than in any other major occupational group. Among employed women, 
about 50 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans and 42 percent of nonveterans 
worked in management and professional occupations. (See table 4.)

A higher proportion of employed Gulf War-era II veterans worked in the public 
sector in 2012 than employed nonveterans--25 and 14 percent, respectively. 
The federal government employed 14 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans, 
compared with about 2 percent of employed nonveterans. (See table 5.)

In August 2012, approximately 35 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans
reported that they had served in Iraq, Afghanistan, or both. (Some
veterans did not report their location of service.) These veterans had
an unemployment rate of 10.9 percent, not statistically different from
Gulf War-era II veterans who served elsewhere (11.3 percent). (See
table 9.)

Gulf War-era I Veterans

For the 3.0 million veterans who served during Gulf War era I (August
1990 to August 2001), the proportion that were women (16 percent in
2012) was similar to that of Gulf War-era II veterans. About 88
percent of Gulf War-era I veterans were age 35 and over, compared with
40 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans. (See tables 1 and 2A.)

In 2012, the unemployment rates for male and female Gulf War-era I 
veterans were 5.6 and 8.0 percent, respectively, lower than the rates 
for their Gulf War-era II veteran counterparts (9.5 and 12.5 percent, 
respectively). These differences in the unemployment rates reflect, at
least in part, the older age profile of veterans who served during
Gulf War era I. Younger workers--whether veterans or nonveterans--are
more likely to be unemployed than older workers. Unemployment rates of
Gulf War-era I veterans were little different from their nonveteran
counterparts of the same age and gender groups. (See tables 2B and 2C.)

Veterans of World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam Era

In 2012, about 9.9 million veterans were estimated to have served
during World War II, the Korean War, or the Vietnam era. All of these
veterans were at least 55 years old, and two-thirds were at least 65
years old. Nearly all (97 percent) of these veterans were men. In
2012, nearly one-third of male veterans of these wartime periods were
in the labor force, and their unemployment rate was 6.4 percent. Male
veterans of these wartime periods had lower labor force participation
rates than did male nonveterans in the same age categories, while
unemployment rates were similar. (See tables 1 and 2B.)

Veterans of Other Service Periods

In 2012, about 5.7 million veterans had served on active duty during
"other service periods," mainly between the Korean War and the Vietnam
era, and between the Vietnam era and Gulf War era I. Because these
veterans served between the major wartime periods, which span several
decades, this group is concentrated in two age ranges. About 41
percent of these veterans were 45 to 54 years old, and another 38
percent were 65 years and over. (See table 2A.)

Nine in 10 veterans of other service periods were men. Among most age
groups, male veterans of service periods between the designated wartime 
periods had unemployment rates that were little different than those of 
male nonveterans. (See tables 1 and 2B.)

Veterans with a Service-connected Disability

In August 2012, about 3.0 million veterans, or 14 percent of the
total, had a service-connected disability. (Some veterans did not
report whether they had a service-connected disability.) Veterans with
a service-connected disability are assigned a disability rating by the
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs or the U.S. Department of Defense.
Ratings range from 0 to 100 percent, in increments of 10 percentage
points, depending on the severity of the condition. (See table 6.)

Among veterans with a service-connected disability, nearly 4 in 10
reported a disability rating of less than 30 percent, while about 3 in
10 had a rating of 60 percent or higher. In August 2012, veterans with
a service-connected disability rating of less than 30 percent were
more than twice as likely to be in the labor force as those with a
rating of 60 percent or higher (58.1 and 26.1 percent, respectively).

Among veterans who served during Gulf War era II, nearly 3 in 10
(712,000) reported having a service-connected disability. Of these,
70.3 percent were in the labor force in August 2012, compared with
87.0 percent of veterans from this period with no service-connected
disability. Among Gulf War-era II veterans, the unemployment rate of
those with a disability was 8.0 percent, not statistically different
from those with no disability (12.5 percent).

In August 2012, about 17 percent (532,000) of veterans who served
during Gulf War era I reported a service-connected disability. Their
labor force participation rate (72.6 percent) was lower than the rate
for veterans from the era who did not have a disability (87.8
percent). Unemployment rates for Gulf War-era I veterans with and
without service-connected disabilities were little different (5.0 and
6.3 percent, respectively).

Among the 1.3 million veterans with a service-connected disability
from World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam era, 21.1 percent
were in the labor force in August 2012, compared with 32.2 percent of
veterans from these periods who did not have a service-connected
disability. The unemployment rate of veterans with a disability from
these wartime periods was 6.1 percent, little different from their
counterparts with no disability (5.5 percent).

Veterans with a service-connected disability from other service
periods had a labor force participation rate of 54.0 percent in August
2012, compared with 56.0 percent for veterans with no disability from
these periods. Among veterans from other service periods, the
unemployment rates of those with and without service-connected
disabilities were similar--6.5 and 6.4 percent, respectively.

Regardless of period of service, many veterans with a service-
connected disability worked in the public sector. In August 2012, 34
percent of employed veterans with a disability worked in federal,
state, or local government, compared with 19 percent of veterans with
no disability and 14 percent of nonveterans. The federal government
employed 19 percent of veterans with a disability, compared with 7
percent of veterans with no disability and 2 percent of employed 
nonveterans. (See table 7.)

Reserve and National Guard Membership

Nearly 30 percent of both Gulf War-era I and Gulf War-era II veterans
were reported to be current or past members of the Reserve or National
Guard. Among Gulf War-era II veterans, those who were current or past
members of the Reserve or National Guard had an unemployment rate of
7.2 percent in August 2012, lower than the rate for those who had
never been members (13.7 percent). Gulf War-era II veterans who were
current or past members of the Reserve or National Guard had a higher
labor force participation rate than those who had never been members
(85.8 and 78.7 percent, respectively). For veterans of Gulf War-era I, 
labor force participation rates and unemployment rates were similar 
for members and nonmembers. (See table 8.)




Table A. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, 2011-2012 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status and period of service 2011 2012
Total Men Women Total Men Women

TOTAL VETERANS

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,613 19,812 1,801 21,183 19,368 1,815

Civilian labor force

11,320 10,204 1,116 11,006 9,884 1,122

Participation rate

52.4 51.5 62.0 52.0 51.0 61.8

Employed

10,375 9,360 1,015 10,233 9,204 1,029

Employment-population ratio

48.0 47.2 56.3 48.3 47.5 56.7

Unemployed

945 844 101 773 680 93

Unemployment rate

8.3 8.3 9.1 7.0 6.9 8.3

Not in labor force

10,293 9,608 685 10,177 9,484 693

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,387 1,982 405 2,566 2,136 431

Civilian labor force

1,937 1,656 281 2,071 1,774 297

Participation rate

81.2 83.5 69.5 80.7 83.1 68.9

Employed

1,704 1,457 246 1,866 1,606 259

Employment-population ratio

71.4 73.5 60.9 72.7 75.2 60.2

Unemployed

234 199 35 205 168 37

Unemployment rate

12.1 12.0 12.4 9.9 9.5 12.5

Not in labor force

450 327 123 496 362 134

NONVETERANS

Civilian noninstitutional population

209,278 92,019 117,259 213,211 93,425 119,785

Civilian labor force

140,424 70,854 69,570 142,017 71,493 70,524

Participation rate

67.1 77.0 59.3 66.6 76.5 58.9

Employed

128,140 64,280 63,859 130,817 65,692 65,125

Employment-population ratio

61.2 69.9 54.5 61.4 70.3 54.4

Unemployed

12,284 6,573 5,710 11,200 5,801 5,399

Unemployment rate

8.7 9.3 8.2 7.9 8.1 7.7

Not in labor force

68,854 21,166 47,689 71,194 21,933 49,261

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Gulf War-era II veterans served on active duty anywhere in the world sometime since September 2001. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces.


Technical Note


   The data in this release were collected through the Current Population Survey
(CPS). The CPS--a monthly survey of about 60,000 eligible households conducted by
the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics--obtains information
on employment and unemployment among the nation's civilian noninstitutional
population age 16 and over.

   Most of the data in this release are annual averages for 2012, compiled from
the results of the monthly survey. In August 2012, a supplement to the CPS 
collected additional information about veterans on topics such as service-
connected disability, veterans' Reserve or National Guard status, and veterans 
who served in Iraq and/or Afghanistan. The supplement was co-sponsored by the U.S.
Department of Veterans Affairs and by the U.S. Department of Labor's Veterans'
Employment and Training Service. Questions were asked of persons 17 years of
age and older regarding their prior service in the U.S. Armed Forces. Data are
tabulated for persons 18 years of age and older.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   The definitions underlying the data in this release are as follows:

   Veterans are men and women who previously served on active duty in the U.S.
Armed Forces and who were civilians at the time they were surveyed. Members of
the Reserve and National Guard are counted as veterans if they had ever been
called  to active duty. Persons who are on active duty at the time of the survey
are outside the scope of the survey and thus not in the estimates shown here, as
are persons who reside in institutions, such as nursing homes and prisons.

   Nonveterans are men and women who never served on active duty in the U.S.
Armed Forces.

   World War II, Korean War, Vietnam-era, and Gulf War-era veterans are men and
women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during these periods of service, 
regardless of where in the world they served. Veterans who served in more than 
one wartime period are classified in the most recent one.

   Veterans of other service periods are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed
Forces at any time other than World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, or
the Gulf War era. Although U.S. Armed Forces were engaged in several armed conflicts
during other service periods, these conflicts were more limited in scope and
included a smaller proportion of the Armed Forces than the selected wartime
periods. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and
during another period are classified in the wartime period.

   Veteran status is obtained from responses to the question, "Did you ever serve
on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces?"

   Period of service identifies when a veteran served in the Armed Forces, but 
not the location of their service. It is obtained from answers to the question 
asked of veterans, "When did you serve on active duty in the  U.S. Armed Forces?" 

   The following service periods are identified:

      Gulf War era II -- September 2001-present
      Gulf War era I  -- August 1990-August 2001
      Vietnam era     -- August 1964-April 1975
      Korean War      -- July 1950-January 1955
      World War II    -- December 1941-December 1946
      Other service periods -- All other time periods

   Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service. 
Veterans are counted only in one period of service, their most recent wartime period. 
Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent 
one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are 
classified in the wartime period. The period-of-service definitions are modified 
occasionally to reflect changes in law, regulations, and program needs of the survey 
sponsors.

   Veterans who served in Iraq, Afghanistan, or both are individuals who served in
Iraq at any time since March 2003, in Afghanistan at any time since October 2001,
or in both locations. Service in Iraq or Afghanistan is determined by answers to
two questions: "Did you serve in Iraq, off the coast of Iraq, or did you fly missions
over Iraq at any time since March 2003?" and "Did you serve in Afghanistan, or
did you fly missions over Afghanistan, at any time since October 2001?"

   Presence of service-connected disability is determined by answers to the question,
"Has the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) or Department of Defense (DoD) determined
that you have a service-connected disability, that is, a health condition or
impairment caused or made worse by any of your military service?"

   Service-connected disability rating is based on answers to the question, "What
is your current service-connected disability rating?" Answers can range from 0 to
100 percent, in increments of 10 percentage points. Ratings are determined by the
VA or DoD from a rating schedule published in the Code of Federal Regulations,
Title 38, "Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief," Part 4--"Schedule for Rating
Disabilities." The rating schedule is "primarily a guide in the evaluation of 
disability resulting from all types of diseases and injuries encountered as a result
of or incident to military service. The percentage ratings represent as far as can
practicably be determined the average impairment in earning capacity resulting from
such diseases and injuries and their residual conditions in civil occupations." 
Part 4 contains a listing of hundreds of possible disorders and assigns ratings of
0 through 100 percent, with instructions for rating multiple disorders.

   Reserve and National Guard membership refers only to Gulf War-era veterans who are 
current or past members of the Reserve or National Guard. Members of the Reserve 
and National Guard are counted as veterans if they had ever been called to active duty.  
These data do not refer to all persons who may have ever served in the Reserve or 
National Guard. Reserve or National Guard status is obtained from answers to two 
questions. Gulf War-era veterans were asked: "Was any of your active service the result 
of a call-up from the Reserve or National Guard?" If the answer was no, they were 
asked, "Have you ever been a member of the Reserve or National Guard?" A 'yes' 
response to either question classified persons as "Current or past member of the 
Reserve or National Guard." A 'no' response to the latter question classified 
persons as "Never a member of the Reserve or National Guard."

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance that
the sample estimates will differ from the true population values they represent.
The component of this difference that occurs because samples differ by chance is known 
as sampling error, and its variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate.
There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on
a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population
value because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent
level of confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can occur
for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population, the
inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, the inability or
unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the
collection or processing of the data.

   A full discussion of the reliability of data from the CPS and information on
estimating standard errors is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/cps/
documentation.htm#reliability.




Table 1. Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2012 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, period of service,
sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent
of
population
Total Percent
of
labor force

TOTAL

Total, 18 years and over

234,393 153,022 65.3 141,050 60.2 11,972 7.8 81,371

Veterans

21,183 11,006 52.0 10,233 48.3 773 7.0 10,177

Gulf War era, total

5,615 4,618 82.3 4,263 75.9 355 7.7 997

Gulf War era II

2,566 2,071 80.7 1,866 72.7 205 9.9 496

Gulf War era I

3,049 2,548 83.6 2,398 78.6 150 5.9 501

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

9,872 3,165 32.1 2,964 30.0 201 6.4 6,707

Other service periods

5,696 3,222 56.6 3,006 52.8 217 6.7 2,473

Nonveterans

213,211 142,017 66.6 130,817 61.4 11,200 7.9 71,194

Men

Total, 18 years and over

112,793 81,377 72.1 74,896 66.4 6,481 8.0 31,417

Veterans

19,368 9,884 51.0 9,204 47.5 680 6.9 9,484

Gulf War era, total

4,703 3,958 84.2 3,669 78.0 289 7.3 745

Gulf War era II

2,136 1,774 83.1 1,606 75.2 168 9.5 362

Gulf War era I

2,567 2,184 85.1 2,063 80.4 121 5.6 383

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

9,554 3,063 32.1 2,866 30.0 197 6.4 6,491

Other service periods

5,112 2,863 56.0 2,669 52.2 194 6.8 2,248

Nonveterans

93,425 71,493 76.5 65,692 70.3 5,801 8.1 21,933

Women

Total, 18 years and over

121,600 71,645 58.9 66,154 54.4 5,492 7.7 49,955

Veterans

1,815 1,122 61.8 1,029 56.7 93 8.3 693

Gulf War era, total

912 660 72.4 594 65.1 66 10.0 252

Gulf War era II

431 297 68.9 259 60.2 37 12.5 134

Gulf War era I

482 364 75.5 335 69.5 29 8.0 118

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

318 102 32.1 98 30.7 4 4.1 216

Other service periods

584 359 61.5 337 57.7 22 6.2 225

Nonveterans

119,785 70,524 58.9 65,125 54.4 5,399 7.7 49,261

White

Total, 18 years and over

186,587 122,080 65.4 113,562 60.9 8,518 7.0 64,507

Veterans

17,923 9,051 50.5 8,467 47.2 584 6.4 8,872

Gulf War era, total

4,298 3,566 83.0 3,313 77.1 253 7.1 733

Gulf War era II

1,971 1,596 81.0 1,447 73.4 149 9.4 375

Gulf War era I

2,327 1,970 84.6 1,866 80.2 103 5.3 357

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

8,852 2,838 32.1 2,666 30.1 172 6.1 6,014

Other service periods

4,772 2,647 55.5 2,488 52.1 159 6.0 2,125

Nonveterans

168,664 113,029 67.0 105,094 62.3 7,934 7.0 55,635

Black or African American

Total, 18 years and over

28,562 18,219 63.8 15,768 55.2 2,451 13.5 10,342

Veterans

2,358 1,405 59.6 1,263 53.6 142 10.1 954

Gulf War era, total

918 729 79.4 657 71.6 72 9.8 189

Gulf War era II

389 314 80.7 273 70.2 41 13.0 75

Gulf War era I

528 415 78.5 384 72.7 31 7.4 113

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

720 229 31.8 206 28.6 23 10.1 491

Other service periods

720 447 62.0 400 55.5 47 10.5 274

Nonveterans

26,203 16,815 64.2 14,505 55.4 2,309 13.7 9,389

Asian

Total, 18 years and over

12,345 8,097 65.6 7,624 61.8 473 5.8 4,248

Veterans

293 170 58.0 160 54.7 10 5.8 123

Gulf War era, total

131 105 79.6 97 73.5 8 7.7 27

Gulf War era II

78 60 76.3 56 71.2 4 6.7 18

Gulf War era I

53 45 84.4 41 76.8 4 9.0 8

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

115 33 28.6 32 27.6 1 - 82

Other service periods

47 33 69.6 32 68.2 1 - 14

Nonveterans

12,052 7,927 65.8 7,464 61.9 463 5.8 4,125

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total, 18 years and over

34,792 23,999 69.0 21,602 62.1 2,396 10.0 10,793

Veterans

1,298 822 63.4 755 58.2 67 8.2 475

Gulf War era, total

582 480 82.4 434 74.6 46 9.5 102

Gulf War era II

308 246 79.9 217 70.5 29 11.7 62

Gulf War era I

274 234 85.3 217 79.2 17 7.2 40

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

412 139 33.8 132 32.0 8 5.4 273

Other service periods

303 203 67.0 189 62.2 14 7.1 100

Nonveterans

33,494 23,176 69.2 20,848 62.2 2,329 10.0 10,318

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 2A. Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, age, and period of service, 2012 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, age, and period of service Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Percent of
labor force

TOTAL VETERANS

Total, 18 years and over

21,183 11,006 52.0 10,233 48.3 773 7.0 10,177

18 to 24 years

301 225 74.7 179 59.5 46 20.4 76

25 to 34 years

1,585 1,298 81.8 1,169 73.8 128 9.9 288

35 to 44 years

2,267 2,008 88.6 1,892 83.5 116 5.8 259

45 to 54 years

3,516 2,900 82.5 2,705 76.9 195 6.7 616

55 to 64 years

4,565 2,728 59.8 2,553 55.9 175 6.4 1,837

65 years and over

8,948 1,847 20.6 1,734 19.4 113 6.1 7,101

Gulf War era, total

Total, 18 years and over

5,615 4,618 82.3 4,263 75.9 355 7.7 997

18 to 24 years

301 225 74.7 179 59.5 46 20.4 76

25 to 34 years

1,585 1,298 81.8 1,169 73.8 128 9.9 288

35 to 44 years

1,916 1,699 88.7 1,603 83.7 96 5.6 217

45 to 54 years

1,159 981 84.6 923 79.6 59 6.0 178

55 to 64 years

517 369 71.4 348 67.3 21 5.8 148

65 years and over

136 46 34.0 41 30.2 5 11.1 90

Gulf War era II

Total, 18 years and over

2,566 2,071 80.7 1,866 72.7 205 9.9 496

18 to 24 years

301 225 74.7 179 59.5 46 20.4 76

25 to 34 years

1,234 997 80.8 891 72.2 106 10.6 237

35 to 44 years

467 397 85.0 377 80.7 20 5.0 70

45 to 54 years

387 334 86.4 309 79.8 26 7.7 52

55 to 64 years

150 107 71.0 101 66.9 6 5.8 44

65 years and over

26 10 - 9 - 1 - 16

Gulf War era I

Total, 25 years and over

3,049 2,548 83.6 2,398 78.6 150 5.9 501

25 to 34 years

351 301 85.6 279 79.3 22 7.4 50

35 to 44 years

1,449 1,302 89.8 1,226 84.6 76 5.8 147

45 to 54 years

772 647 83.8 614 79.5 33 5.1 126

55 to 64 years

367 263 71.6 247 67.4 15 5.8 104

65 years and over

110 36 32.8 32 29.0 4 11.6 74

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total, 55 years and over

9,872 3,165 32.1 2,964 30.0 201 6.4 6,707

55 to 64 years

3,220 1,777 55.2 1,662 51.6 115 6.5 1,443

65 years and over

6,652 1,388 20.9 1,302 19.6 86 6.2 5,264

Other service periods

Total, 35 years and over

5,696 3,222 56.6 3,006 52.8 217 6.7 2,473

35 to 44 years

351 309 88.1 289 82.3 20 6.6 42

45 to 54 years

2,357 1,919 81.4 1,783 75.6 136 7.1 438

55 to 64 years

828 582 70.3 543 65.7 38 6.6 246

65 years and over

2,160 413 19.1 391 18.1 22 5.3 1,747

TOTAL NONVETERANS

Total, 18 years and over

213,211 142,017 66.6 130,817 61.4 11,200 7.9 71,194

18 to 24 years

29,591 19,107 64.6 16,236 54.9 2,871 15.0 10,484

25 to 34 years

39,389 32,167 81.7 29,531 75.0 2,636 8.2 7,222

35 to 44 years

37,375 30,726 82.2 28,684 76.7 2,042 6.6 6,649

45 to 54 years

40,183 32,156 80.0 30,168 75.1 1,988 6.2 8,027

55 to 64 years

33,755 21,984 65.1 20,686 61.3 1,298 5.9 11,771

65 years and over

32,917 5,876 17.8 5,511 16.7 365 6.2 27,041

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 2B. Employment status of men 18 years and over by veteran status, age, and period of service, 2012 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, age, and period of service Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Percent of
labor force

VETERANS, MEN

Total, 18 years and over

19,368 9,884 51.0 9,204 47.5 680 6.9 9,484

18 to 24 years

250 193 77.3 154 61.9 39 20.0 57

25 to 34 years

1,321 1,116 84.5 1,009 76.4 107 9.6 204

35 to 44 years

1,896 1,715 90.5 1,616 85.2 99 5.8 181

45 to 54 years

3,016 2,534 84.0 2,373 78.7 161 6.3 481

55 to 64 years

4,224 2,519 59.6 2,357 55.8 163 6.5 1,704

65 years and over

8,662 1,806 20.9 1,695 19.6 111 6.2 6,856

Gulf War era, total

Total, 18 years and over

4,703 3,958 84.2 3,669 78.0 289 7.3 745

18 to 24 years

250 193 77.3 154 61.9 39 20.0 57

25 to 34 years

1,321 1,116 84.5 1,009 76.4 107 9.6 204

35 to 44 years

1,595 1,446 90.7 1,366 85.7 80 5.5 149

45 to 54 years

978 843 86.3 802 82.0 42 5.0 134

55 to 64 years

436 318 72.9 300 68.9 18 5.5 118

65 years and over

124 41 33.5 37 30.3 4 9.5 82

Gulf War era II

Total, 18 years and over

2,136 1,774 83.1 1,606 75.2 168 9.5 362

18 to 24 years

250 193 77.3 154 61.9 39 20.0 57

25 to 34 years

1,034 868 83.9 778 75.2 90 10.4 166

35 to 44 years

381 334 87.6 317 83.2 17 5.0 47

45 to 54 years

323 283 87.6 267 82.7 16 5.6 40

55 to 64 years

124 88 71.0 83 66.6 6 6.2 36

65 years and over

24 9 - 8 - 1 - 16

Gulf War era I

Total, 25 years and over

2,567 2,184 85.1 2,063 80.4 121 5.6 383

25 to 34 years

286 248 86.7 231 80.7 17 7.0 38

35 to 44 years

1,214 1,112 91.6 1,049 86.4 63 5.7 102

45 to 54 years

655 561 85.6 535 81.6 26 4.6 94

55 to 64 years

312 230 73.7 218 69.8 12 5.2 82

65 years and over

99 33 32.9 30 29.9 3 - 67

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total, 55 years and over

9,554 3,063 32.1 2,866 30.0 197 6.4 6,491

55 to 64 years

3,076 1,695 55.1 1,584 51.5 111 6.6 1,380

65 years and over

6,478 1,367 21.1 1,282 19.8 86 6.3 5,111

Other service periods

Total, 35 years and over

5,112 2,863 56.0 2,669 52.2 194 6.8 2,248

35 to 44 years

301 269 89.4 250 82.9 20 7.3 32

45 to 54 years

2,038 1,691 83.0 1,572 77.1 119 7.0 347

55 to 64 years

712 506 71.0 472 66.3 34 6.7 206

65 years and over

2,060 397 19.3 376 18.2 22 5.5 1,663

NONVETERANS, MEN

Total, 18 years and over

93,425 71,493 76.5 65,692 70.3 5,801 8.1 21,933

18 to 24 years

14,746 9,907 67.2 8,287 56.2 1,620 16.4 4,839

25 to 34 years

18,884 16,966 89.8 15,598 82.6 1,369 8.1 1,918

35 to 44 years

17,519 15,892 90.7 14,867 84.9 1,025 6.4 1,627

45 to 54 years

18,325 15,830 86.4 14,847 81.0 982 6.2 2,495

55 to 64 years

14,195 10,363 73.0 9,711 68.4 652 6.3 3,832

65 years and over

9,756 2,534 26.0 2,382 24.4 152 6.0 7,222

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 2C. Employment status of women 18 years and over by veteran status, age, and period of service, 2012 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, age, and period of service Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Percent of
labor force

VETERANS, WOMEN

Total, 18 years and over

1,815 1,122 61.8 1,029 56.7 93 8.3 693

18 to 24 years

52 32 62.2 25 48.1 7 - 20

25 to 34 years

265 181 68.5 160 60.5 21 11.6 83

35 to 44 years

371 293 79.0 276 74.4 17 5.8 78

45 to 54 years

501 366 73.1 332 66.3 34 9.2 135

55 to 64 years

341 209 61.2 196 57.5 12 6.0 133

65 years and over

286 41 14.3 39 13.8 1 3.2 245

Gulf War era, total

Total, 18 years and over

912 660 72.4 594 65.1 66 10.0 252

18 to 24 years

52 32 62.2 25 48.1 7 - 20

25 to 34 years

265 181 68.5 160 60.5 21 11.6 83

35 to 44 years

321 253 78.8 237 73.7 16 6.4 68

45 to 54 years

182 138 75.9 121 66.7 17 12.1 44

55 to 64 years

81 51 63.5 48 58.7 4 7.6 30

65 years and over

12 5 - 4 - 1 - 7

Gulf War era II

Total, 18 years and over

431 297 68.9 259 60.2 37 12.5 134

18 to 24 years

52 32 62.2 25 48.1 7 - 20

25 to 34 years

200 129 64.4 113 56.4 16 12.5 71

35 to 44 years

87 64 73.4 60 69.6 3 5.2 23

45 to 54 years

64 52 80.6 42 65.3 10 19.0 12

55 to 64 years

26 19 - 18 - 1 - 8

65 years and over

2 2 - 2 - 0 - 0

Gulf War era I

Total, 25 years and over

482 364 75.5 335 69.5 29 8.0 118

25 to 34 years

65 52 80.8 48 73.3 5 9.3 12

35 to 44 years

235 189 80.7 177 75.3 13 6.8 45

45 to 54 years

117 86 73.4 79 67.5 7 8.0 31

55 to 64 years

55 33 60.0 30 54.1 3 - 22

65 years and over

10 3 - 2 - 1 - 7

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total, 55 years and over

318 102 32.1 98 30.7 4 4.1 216

55 to 64 years

145 81 56.3 77 53.5 4 5.0 63

65 years and over

174 21 11.8 20 11.8 0 - 153

Other service periods

Total, 35 years and over

584 359 61.5 337 57.7 22 6.2 225

35 to 44 years

50 40 80.3 39 78.8 1 1.8 10

45 to 54 years

319 228 71.4 211 66.1 17 7.5 91

55 to 64 years

115 76 65.6 71 61.8 4 5.9 40

65 years and over

100 16 15.5 16 15.5 0 - 84

NONVETERANS, WOMEN

Total, 18 years and over

119,785 70,524 58.9 65,125 54.4 5,399 7.7 49,261

18 to 24 years

14,845 9,200 62.0 7,949 53.5 1,251 13.6 5,645

25 to 34 years

20,505 15,201 74.1 13,934 68.0 1,267 8.3 5,304

35 to 44 years

19,855 14,834 74.7 13,817 69.6 1,017 6.9 5,022

45 to 54 years

21,858 16,327 74.7 15,321 70.1 1,006 6.2 5,532

55 to 64 years

19,560 11,621 59.4 10,975 56.1 646 5.6 7,939

65 years and over

23,161 3,341 14.4 3,129 13.5 212 6.4 19,820

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 3. Employment status of persons 25 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and educational attainment, 2012 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status,
period of service, and educational attainment
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent
of
population
Total Percent
of
labor force

VETERANS

Total, 25 years and over

20,882 10,781 51.6 10,054 48.1 727 6.7 10,101

Less than a high school diploma

1,271 273 21.5 245 19.3 28 10.2 998

High school graduates, no college

6,638 3,133 47.2 2,895 43.6 238 7.6 3,505

Some college or associate degree

7,122 4,036 56.7 3,726 52.3 309 7.7 3,086

Bachelor's degree and higher

5,851 3,339 57.1 3,187 54.5 152 4.5 2,512

Gulf War era, total

Total, 25 years and over

5,314 4,393 82.7 4,084 76.9 309 7.0 921

Less than a high school diploma

85 56 66.1 53 61.5 4 7.0 29

High school graduates, no college

1,392 1,157 83.1 1,070 76.9 87 7.6 235

Some college or associate degree

2,227 1,792 80.5 1,645 73.9 147 8.2 435

Bachelor's degree and higher

1,610 1,388 86.2 1,317 81.8 71 5.1 222

Gulf War era II

Total, 25 years and over

2,265 1,845 81.5 1,687 74.5 159 8.6 420

Less than a high school diploma

27 18 - 17 - 1 - 9

High school graduates, no college

549 453 82.5 413 75.2 40 8.8 96

Some college or associate degree

986 760 77.0 678 68.8 82 10.7 226

Bachelor's degree and higher

703 615 87.5 578 82.3 37 6.0 88

Gulf War era I

Total, 25 years and over

3,049 2,548 83.6 2,398 78.6 150 5.9 501

Less than a high school diploma

58 38 66.2 35 60.6 3 8.5 20

High school graduates, no college

843 704 83.6 657 77.9 48 6.8 138

Some college or associate degree

1,241 1,032 83.2 967 77.9 65 6.3 208

Bachelor's degree and higher

907 773 85.2 739 81.4 34 4.4 134

WWII, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total, 25 years and over

9,872 3,165 32.1 2,964 30.0 201 6.4 6,707

Less than a high school diploma

823 115 14.0 104 12.6 12 10.2 707

High school graduates, no college

3,191 870 27.3 816 25.6 54 6.3 2,321

Some college or associate degree

2,992 1,072 35.8 990 33.1 83 7.7 1,920

Bachelor's degree and higher

2,866 1,107 38.6 1,054 36.8 52 4.7 1,760

Other service periods

Total, 25 years and over

5,696 3,222 56.6 3,006 52.8 217 6.7 2,473

Less than a high school diploma

363 101 27.8 89 24.5 12 12.0 262

High school graduates, no college

2,055 1,105 53.8 1,010 49.1 96 8.7 949

Some college or associate degree

1,903 1,172 61.6 1,092 57.4 80 6.8 732

Bachelor's degree and higher

1,375 845 61.4 816 59.3 29 3.4 530

NONVETERANS

Total, 25 years and over

183,619 122,909 66.9 114,581 62.4 8,328 6.8 60,710

Less than a high school diploma

23,542 10,977 46.6 9,611 40.8 1,366 12.4 12,565

High school graduates, no college

55,134 33,634 61.0 30,821 55.9 2,813 8.4 21,500

Some college or associate degree

47,319 33,455 70.7 31,097 65.7 2,358 7.0 13,864

Bachelor's degree and higher

57,625 44,843 77.8 43,052 74.7 1,791 4.0 12,782

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 4. Employed persons 18 years and over by occupation, sex, veteran status, and period of service, 2012 annual averages
[Percent distribution]
Occupation and sex Veterans Non-
veterans
Total Gulf War era WW II,
Korean
War, and
Vietnam
era
Other
service
periods
Total Gulf War
era II
Gulf War
era I

TOTAL

Total employed (in thousands)

10,233 4,263 1,866 2,398 2,964 3,006 130,817

Occupation as a percent of total employed

Total employed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

37.8 36.8 36.0 37.5 41.3 35.6 38.3

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

18.1 16.2 15.3 16.9 21.8 17.1 15.9

Professional and related occupations

19.7 20.6 20.7 20.5 19.4 18.5 22.4

Service occupations

14.2 16.8 17.9 15.9 11.5 13.4 17.8

Sales and office occupations

17.0 17.4 17.3 17.5 17.6 15.8 23.7

Sales and related occupations

8.9 8.3 8.1 8.4 11.0 7.8 10.8

Office and administrative support occupations

8.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 6.7 8.1 12.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13.9 13.6 13.6 13.6 12.3 15.7 8.7

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.7

Construction and extraction occupations

6.4 5.6 4.9 6.2 6.1 7.7 4.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

7.1 7.7 8.5 7.1 5.8 7.5 3.1

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

17.2 15.4 15.2 15.5 17.3 19.5 11.6

Production occupations

7.2 7.1 7.5 6.8 6.6 8.0 5.9

Transportation and material moving occupations

9.9 8.3 7.7 8.7 10.7 11.5 5.7

MEN

Total employed (in thousands)

9,204 3,669 1,606 2,063 2,866 2,669 65,692

Occupation as a percent of total employed

Total employed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

36.6 34.9 33.9 35.7 41.2 34.0 34.7

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

18.1 16.1 15.4 16.7 22.1 16.6 16.9

Professional and related occupations

18.5 18.8 18.5 19.0 19.1 17.3 17.8

Service occupations

14.0 16.9 18.1 15.9 11.4 12.9 14.6

Sales and office occupations

15.8 15.6 16.0 15.2 17.3 14.4 16.8

Sales and related occupations

9.1 8.5 8.3 8.6 11.0 8.0 10.6

Office and administrative support occupations

6.6 7.1 7.7 6.6 6.3 6.4 6.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

15.3 15.6 15.4 15.7 12.7 17.5 16.4

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.6 1.1

Construction and extraction occupations

7.0 6.5 5.5 7.2 6.3 8.6 9.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

7.8 8.9 9.7 8.3 6.0 8.3 6.0

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

18.4 17.1 16.6 17.5 17.5 21.2 17.5

Production occupations

7.7 7.9 8.2 7.6 6.6 8.7 8.2

Transportation and material moving occupations

10.7 9.2 8.4 9.8 10.9 12.5 9.3

WOMEN

Total employed (in thousands)

1,029 594 259 335 98 337 65,125

Occupation as a percent of total employed

Total employed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

48.3 48.8 49.5 48.4 44.0 48.7 41.9

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

17.9 16.9 15.0 18.3 14.9 20.6 14.9

Professional and related occupations

30.4 32.0 34.5 30.1 29.1 28.0 27.0

Service occupations

16.2 16.3 16.7 16.1 14.0 16.7 21.2

Sales and office occupations

28.1 28.7 25.3 31.3 28.3 26.9 30.6

Sales and related occupations

7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1 9.9 5.9 11.1

Office and administrative support occupations

21.1 21.6 18.2 24.2 18.4 21.0 19.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

1.3 1.3 2.3 0.5 1.2 1.5 0.8

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3

Construction and extraction occupations

0.6 0.5 1.0 0.1 1.2 0.6 0.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

0.6 0.5 1.1 0.1 0.0 0.8 0.2

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

6.0 4.8 6.2 3.7 12.6 6.2 5.5

Production occupations

3.2 2.4 3.1 1.8 7.8 3.2 3.5

Transportation and material moving occupations

2.8 2.4 3.1 1.9 4.7 3.0 2.0

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period.


Table 5. Employed persons 18 years and over by industry, class of worker, sex, veteran status, and period of service, 2012 annual averages
[Percent distribution]
Industry, class of worker, and sex Veterans Non-
veterans
Total Gulf War era WW II,
Korean
War, and
Vietnam
era
Other
service
periods
Total Gulf War
era II
Gulf War
era I

TOTAL

Total employed (in thousands)(1)

10,233 4,263 1,866 2,398 2,964 3,006 130,817

As a percent of total employed

Total employed(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Agriculture and related industries

1.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 3.6 1.5 1.5

Wage and salary workers(2)

0.8 0.4 0.4 0.3 1.3 0.8 1.0

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

1.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 2.3 0.7 0.5

Nonagricultural industries

98.3 99.4 99.4 99.4 96.4 98.5 98.5

Wage and salary workers(2)

91.0 95.8 97.1 94.8 84.4 90.7 92.4

Private industries

70.2 71.1 72.2 70.2 68.4 70.7 78.4

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

0.9 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.6

Construction

5.4 5.0 4.5 5.5 5.1 6.2 4.9

Manufacturing

12.6 12.3 11.3 13.1 11.9 13.9 9.9

Wholesale trade

2.6 2.4 1.7 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.5

Retail trade

8.8 8.9 10.1 7.9 9.7 7.6 10.8

Transportation and utilities

7.1 6.7 6.2 7.1 6.3 8.2 3.7

Information

2.1 2.6 2.6 2.6 1.7 1.9 1.8

Financial activities

4.6 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.7 4.1 6.3

Professional and business services

10.5 11.7 12.8 10.9 10.1 9.3 9.8

Education and health services

8.4 8.6 8.8 8.4 7.9 8.8 15.3

Leisure and hospitality

4.1 5.1 6.0 4.3 3.2 3.7 8.4

Other services

3.0 2.7 3.1 2.4 3.4 3.1 4.4

Government

20.8 24.7 24.8 24.7 16.0 20.0 14.0

Federal

8.5 11.8 13.6 10.4 5.2 7.2 2.1

State

4.5 4.4 4.0 4.6 4.4 4.9 4.4

Local

7.8 8.6 7.2 9.6 6.5 7.9 7.4

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

7.2 3.6 2.3 4.5 12.0 7.7 6.1

MEN

Total employed (in thousands)(1)

9,204 3,669 1,606 2,063 2,866 2,669 65,692

As a percent of total employed

Total employed(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Agriculture and related industries

1.9 0.6 0.7 0.6 3.6 1.7 2.1

Wage and salary workers(2)

0.8 0.4 0.5 0.3 1.2 0.9 1.4

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

1.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 2.4 0.8 0.7

Nonagricultural industries

98.1 99.4 99.3 99.4 96.4 98.3 97.9

Wage and salary workers(2)

90.6 95.8 96.9 95.0 84.3 90.2 90.9

Private industries

70.6 71.6 72.1 71.2 68.7 71.4 80.3

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.1

Construction

5.9 5.7 5.0 6.3 5.2 6.8 8.8

Manufacturing

13.3 13.2 11.9 14.1 12.1 14.7 13.6

Wholesale trade

2.7 2.6 1.9 3.2 2.6 2.9 3.4

Retail trade

8.8 8.9 10.2 7.8 9.8 7.5 10.6

Transportation and utilities

7.6 7.5 6.9 8.0 6.5 9.0 5.5

Information

2.2 2.7 2.6 2.7 1.7 1.9 2.3

Financial activities

4.5 3.9 3.9 3.9 5.7 4.1 5.4

Professional and business services

10.8 12.2 12.9 11.5 10.2 9.5 11.0

Education and health services

6.7 6.2 6.6 5.9 7.3 7.0 6.7

Leisure and hospitality

4.0 4.9 5.9 4.1 3.2 3.6 8.0

Other services

3.1 2.8 3.2 2.4 3.4 3.3 3.9

Government

20.0 24.2 24.8 23.7 15.6 18.9 10.6

Federal

8.1 11.5 13.6 9.9 5.0 6.8 1.9

State

4.4 4.4 4.0 4.7 4.3 4.6 3.2

Local

7.5 8.3 7.2 9.1 6.4 7.5 5.5

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

7.5 3.6 2.5 4.5 12.0 8.0 6.9

WOMEN

Total employed (in thousands)(1)

1,029 594 259 335 98 337 65,125

As a percent of total employed

Total employed(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Agriculture and related industries

0.6 0.6 0.4 0.8 2.1 0.1 0.8

Wage and salary workers(2)

0.3 0.2 0.3 0.1 1.6 0.0 0.5

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

0.3 0.4 0.1 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.3

Nonagricultural industries

99.4 99.4 99.6 99.2 97.9 99.9 99.2

Wage and salary workers(2)

94.8 95.9 98.3 94.1 88.4 94.7 93.8

Private industries

66.4 67.9 73.1 63.8 60.0 65.8 76.5

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

0.2 0.3 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2

Construction

1.3 1.0 1.4 0.6 2.3 1.6 1.0

Manufacturing

6.9 7.1 7.6 6.7 4.8 7.2 6.2

Wholesale trade

1.2 0.9 0.4 1.3 1.2 1.9 1.5

Retail trade

8.6 8.9 10.0 8.0 7.1 8.5 11.0

Transportation and utilities

1.9 2.0 2.1 1.9 1.0 2.1 1.8

Information

1.9 2.1 2.3 1.9 0.6 2.0 1.4

Financial activities

4.9 5.0 5.0 4.9 6.3 4.4 7.1

Professional and business services

8.3 9.1 12.0 6.8 5.4 7.7 8.7

Education and health services

23.5 23.3 22.5 24.0 24.5 23.6 23.9

Leisure and hospitality

5.3 6.0 6.7 5.4 3.6 4.7 8.9

Other services

2.4 2.4 2.6 2.3 3.1 2.1 4.8

Government

28.4 28.1 25.2 30.3 28.4 28.9 17.3

Federal

12.3 13.7 13.8 13.7 10.9 10.3 2.2

State

5.6 4.0 3.8 4.2 7.5 7.7 5.7

Local

10.5 10.3 7.6 12.5 10.0 10.9 9.4

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

4.5 3.4 1.3 5.1 9.5 5.0 5.3

Footnotes
(1) Total includes a small number of unpaid family workers, not shown separately.
(2) Includes self-employed workers whose business are incorporated.

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period.


Table 6. Employment status of veterans 18 years and over by presence of service-connected disability, reported disability rating,
period of service, and sex, August 2012, not seasonally adjusted
     
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                     Civilian labor force                                 
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
   Presence of disability, reported disability      Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed        Not in  
                     rating,                        noninsti-                                                                      labor  
            period of service, and sex              tutional               Percent                                                 force  
                                                   population    Total       of                  Percent               Percent            
                                                                         population    Total       of        Total       of               
                                                                                               population               labor             
                                                                                                                        force             
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                      TOTAL                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                          
                     VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................   21,132     10,948      51.8      10,228      48.4         720       6.6      10,184  
With service-connected disability.................    2,972      1,392      46.8       1,301      43.8          91       6.5       1,580  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........    1,112        646      58.1         614      55.3          31       4.9         466  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      698        382      54.7         357      51.1          25       6.6         317  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      911        238      26.1         211      23.2          27      11.2         674  
  Disability rating not reported..................      250        127      50.5         119      47.4           8       6.2         124  
Without service-connected disability..............   14,748      7,668      52.0       7,123      48.3         544       7.1       7,080  
Presence of disability not reported...............    3,412      1,889      55.4       1,804      52.9          85       4.5       1,523  
                                                                                                                                          
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    5,654      4,634      82.0       4,258      75.3         376       8.1       1,020  
With service-connected disability.................    1,244        886      71.3         827      66.5          59       6.7         358  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      439        376      85.6         362      82.5          14       3.7          63  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      326        244      75.0         225      69.1          19       7.9          81  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      365        183      50.1         164      45.0          19      10.2         182  
  Disability rating not reported..................      114         84      73.1          76      66.7           7       8.8          31  
Without service-connected disability..............    3,417      2,988      87.4       2,722      79.7         266       8.9         429  
Presence of disability not reported...............      993        760      76.5         709      71.4          51       6.7         233  
                                                                                                                                          
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    2,571      2,081      81.0       1,854      72.1         227      10.9         490  
With service-connected disability.................      712        500      70.3         460      64.7          40       8.0         212  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      219        184      83.9         174      79.2          10       5.6          35  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      189        152      80.4         139      73.6          13       8.4          37  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      236        121      51.3         110      46.6          11       9.2         115  
  Disability rating not reported..................       67         43       (1)          37       (1)           6       (1)          24  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,428      1,241      87.0       1,086      76.1         155      12.5         186  
Presence of disability not reported...............      432        340      78.7         308      71.4          32       9.3          92  
                                                                                                                                          
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    3,083      2,553      82.8       2,403      78.0         149       5.8         530  
With service-connected disability.................      532        386      72.6         367      68.9          19       5.0         146  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      219        191      87.3         188      85.7           3       1.8          28  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      137         92      67.6          86      62.8           7       7.1          44  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      129         62      47.8          54      41.9           8       (1)          67  
  Disability rating not reported..................       47         41       (1)          39       (1)           2       (1)           6  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,990      1,747      87.8       1,636      82.2         110       6.3         243  
Presence of disability not reported...............      561        420      74.8         400      71.3          20       4.7         141  
                                                                                                                                          
        WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    9,815      3,101      31.6       2,939      29.9         162       5.2       6,714  
With service-connected disability.................    1,299        274      21.1         257      19.8          17       6.1       1,025  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      480        137      28.6         129      26.9           8       6.0         342  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      280         79      28.3          76      27.1           3       4.2         201  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      452         39       8.6          34       7.6           5       (1)         413  
  Disability rating not reported..................       88         18      21.0          18      20.4          -        (1)          69  
Without service-connected disability..............    6,995      2,251      32.2       2,127      30.4         124       5.5       4,743  
Presence of disability not reported...............    1,521        576      37.9         555      36.5          21       3.7         945  
                                                                                                                                          
              Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    5,663      3,213      56.7       3,031      53.5         182       5.7       2,450  
With service-connected disability.................      429        232      54.0         216      50.5          15       6.5         197  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      193        133      68.6         123      63.8           9       7.0          61  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............       93         58      62.8          56      60.1           3       (1)          35  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........       94         16      16.9          13      13.4           3       (1)          78  
  Disability rating not reported..................       48         24       (1)          24       (1)          -        (1)          24  
Without service-connected disability..............    4,336      2,429      56.0       2,274      52.4         155       6.4       1,907  
Presence of disability not reported...............      898        553      61.6         541      60.2          13       2.3         345  
                                                                                                                                          
                       MEN                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
                     VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................   19,316      9,836      50.9       9,217      47.7         619       6.3       9,480  
With service-connected disability.................    2,729      1,256      46.0       1,177      43.1          79       6.3       1,473  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........    1,046        595      56.9         569      54.4          26       4.4         450  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      624        335      53.7         311      49.8          24       7.2         289  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      837        216      25.8         192      22.9          24      11.2         621  
  Disability rating not reported..................      223        110      49.4         106      47.4           5       4.1         113  
Without service-connected disability..............   13,496      6,870      50.9       6,404      47.5         466       6.8       6,626  
Presence of disability not reported...............    3,090      1,710      55.3       1,636      52.9          75       4.4       1,380  
                                                                                                                                          
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    4,812      4,038      83.9       3,719      77.3         319       7.9         773  
With service-connected disability.................    1,042        766      73.5         718      68.9          49       6.4         276  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      382        334      87.6         325      85.1          10       2.9          48  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      257        198      77.1         179      69.8          19       9.5          59  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      311        167      53.5         150      48.3          16       9.8         145  
  Disability rating not reported..................       92         67      73.3          63      68.9           4       (1)          25  
Without service-connected disability..............    2,924      2,607      89.2       2,380      81.4         227       8.7         317  
Presence of disability not reported...............      845        665      78.7         622      73.6          43       6.5         180  
                                                                                                                                          
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    2,164      1,805      83.4       1,611      74.5         193      10.7         359  
With service-connected disability.................      588        432      73.4         397      67.5          35       8.0         156  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      176        156      88.8         150      85.1           7       4.2          20  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      146        125      86.1         113      77.3          13      10.2          20  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      212        117      54.9         105      49.6          11       9.6          96  
  Disability rating not reported..................       55         34       (1)          30       (1)           4       (1)          21  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,211      1,083      89.4         951      78.5         132      12.2         128  
Presence of disability not reported...............      364        290      79.7         263      72.2          27       9.4          74  
                                                                                                                                          
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    2,648      2,234      84.4       2,108      79.6         126       5.6         414  
With service-connected disability.................      454        334      73.7         320      70.6          14       4.2         119  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      206        178      86.5         175      85.1           3       1.6          28  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      111         73      65.3          66      59.9           6       (1)          39  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........       99         50      50.5          45      45.3           5       (1)          49  
  Disability rating not reported..................       37         34       (1)          34       (1)          -        (1)           4  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,713      1,525      89.0       1,429      83.4          96       6.3         189  
Presence of disability not reported...............      481        375      77.9         359      74.6          16       4.2         106  
                                                                                                                                          
        WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    9,499      3,003      31.6       2,842      29.9         162       5.4       6,495  
With service-connected disability.................    1,288        273      21.2         256      19.9          17       6.1       1,015  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      479        137      28.6         129      26.9           8       6.0         342  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      280         79      28.3          76      27.1           3       4.2         201  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      441         38       8.7          34       7.6           5       (1)         403  
  Disability rating not reported..................       88         18      21.0          18      20.4          -        (1)          69  
Without service-connected disability..............    6,741      2,181      32.4       2,057      30.5         124       5.7       4,561  
Presence of disability not reported...............    1,469        550      37.4         529      36.0          21       3.8         920  
                                                                                                                                          
              Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    5,006      2,794      55.8       2,656      53.1         138       4.9       2,212  
With service-connected disability.................      400        217      54.3         203      50.8          14       6.4         183  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      184        124      67.1         115      62.4           9       6.9          61  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............       87         58      66.2          56      64.0           2       (1)          29  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........       85         11      13.1           8       9.1           3       (1)          74  
  Disability rating not reported..................       43         24       (1)          24       (1)          -        (1)          19  
Without service-connected disability..............    3,830      2,082      54.3       1,967      51.4         114       5.5       1,749  
Presence of disability not reported...............      776        495      63.9         485      62.5          10       2.1         280  
                                                                                                                                          
                      WOMEN                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                          
                     VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    1,816      1,112      61.3       1,011      55.7         101       9.1         704  
With service-connected disability.................      242        136      56.0         124      51.1          12       8.8         107  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........       66         51      76.4          46      68.9           5       (1)          16  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............       75         47      62.9          46      61.4           1       (1)          28  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........       74         22       (1)          20       (1)           2       (1)          53  
  Disability rating not reported..................       27         16       (1)          13       (1)           3       (1)          11  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,252        798      63.7         719      57.4          79       9.9         454  
Presence of disability not reported...............      322        179      55.5         168      52.3          10       5.7         143  
                                                                                                                                          
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      843        596      70.7         539      63.9          57       9.6         247  
With service-connected disability.................      202        120      59.5         110      54.2          11       8.8          82  
Without service-connected disability..............      493        381      77.2         342      69.4          38      10.1         112  
Presence of disability not reported...............      148         95      64.3          87      58.8           8       8.4          53  
                                                                                                                                          
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      407        276      67.9         243      59.7          33      12.1         131  
With service-connected disability.................      123         68      55.3          63      50.9           5       (1)          55  
Without service-connected disability..............      217        159      73.3         135      62.3          24      15.0          58  
Presence of disability not reported...............       67         49       (1)          45       (1)           4       (1)          18  
                                                                                                                                          
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      435        319      73.3         296      67.9          24       7.4         116  
With service-connected disability.................       79         52      66.0          47      59.4           5       (1)          27  
Without service-connected disability..............      276        222      80.3         207      75.0          15       6.6          55  
Presence of disability not reported...............       80         45      56.5          42      51.9           4       (1)          35  
                                                                                                                                          
        WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      316         98      30.9          98      30.9          -         -          218  
With service-connected disability.................       11          1       (1)           1       (1)          -         -           10  
Without service-connected disability..............      253         71      27.8          71      27.8          -        (1)         183  
Presence of disability not reported...............       52         26       (1)          26       (1)          -         -           25  
                                                                                                                                          
              Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      657        419      63.8         375      57.1          44      10.5         238  
With service-connected disability.................       29         15       (1)          13       (1)           1       (1)          15  
Without service-connected disability..............      506        347      68.6         306      60.6          40      11.7         159  
Presence of disability not reported...............      122         58      47.1          55      45.2           2       (1)          65  
 
   1 Rates not shown where the base is less than 75,000. Small estimated levels are based on a small number of survey responses and, thus,
are subject to relatively large standard errors.
   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey.
Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era
I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December
1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most
recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in
both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. A service-connected disability is a health
condition or impairment caused or made worse by military service. The associated disability rating, which can range from 0 to 100 percent,
is determined from a rating schedule published in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, "Title 38." More information appears in the
Technical Note of this release. Dash represents or rounds to zero.




Table 7. Employed persons 18 years and over by veteran status, presence of service-connected disability, period of service,
and class of worker, August 2012, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                 Percent distribution by class of worker                        
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                   Nonagricultural industries                   
                                                                                                                                                
                                                 Total                                                                                          
 Veteran status, presence of disability, and   employed                                           Wage and salary workers (1)                   
              period of service               (thousands)            Agricul-                                                            Self-  
                                                           Total     ture and                                                          employed,
                                                                      related                                   Government              unicor- 
                                                                    industries    Total                                                porated, 
                                                                                            Private                                   and unpaid
                                                                                            sector                            State     family  
                                                                                                        Total     Federal      and      workers 
                                                                                                                              local             
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
Veterans, total (2)..........................   10,228     100.0        1.7       98.3       70.3       20.5        8.3       12.1        7.5   
  With service-connected disability..........    1,301     100.0         .7       99.3       59.0       34.4       19.4       15.1        5.8   
  Without service-connected disability.......    7,123     100.0        1.8       98.2       71.8       19.2        6.6       12.6        7.3   
                                                                                                                                                
  Gulf War era, total (2)....................    4,258     100.0         .9       99.1       71.5       24.1       12.4       11.7        3.4   
    With service-connected disability........      827     100.0         .1       99.9       58.5       38.6       24.5       14.1        2.8   
    Without service-connected disability.....    2,722     100.0         .9       99.1       75.2       20.9        8.7       12.2        3.0   
                                                                                                                                                
    Gulf War era II (2)......................    1,854     100.0         .6       99.4       72.3       24.8       15.3        9.5        2.4   
      With service-connected disability......      460     100.0         -       100.0       62.3       36.6       24.4       12.2        1.1   
      Without service-connected disability...    1,086     100.0         .9       99.1       75.5       21.4       11.4       10.0        2.2   
                                                                                                                                                
    Gulf War era I (2).......................    2,403     100.0        1.2       98.8       71.0       23.6       10.1       13.5        4.3   
      With service-connected disability......      367     100.0         .3       99.7       53.7       41.1       24.7       16.4        5.0   
      Without service-connected disability...    1,636     100.0         .9       99.1       75.1       20.5        7.0       13.6        3.5   
                                                                                                                                                
  WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era (2).....    2,939     100.0        3.3       96.7       69.8       14.7        4.0       10.8       12.1   
    With service-connected disability........      257     100.0        3.1       96.9       61.9       20.8        4.6       16.1       14.2   
    Without service-connected disability.....    2,127     100.0        3.3       96.7       71.1       14.8        4.4       10.4       10.8   
                                                                                                                                                
  Other service periods (2)..................    3,031     100.0        1.3       98.7       68.9       20.9        6.9       14.0        8.8   
    With service-connected disability........      216     100.0         .1       99.9       57.8       34.6       17.1       17.5        7.5   
    Without service-connected disability.....    2,274     100.0        1.4       98.6       68.3       21.2        6.1       15.1        9.1   
                                                                                                                                                
Nonveterans..................................  130,730     100.0        1.6       98.4       78.7       13.6        2.1       11.5        6.2   
     
   1 Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
   2 Includes veterans who did not report presence of disability.
NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey.
Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of
service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War
(July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted
in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most
recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. A service-connected
disability is a health condition or impairment caused or made worse by military service. The associated disability rating, which can range from
0 to 100 percent, is determined from a rating schedule published in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, "Title 38." More information appears
in the Technical Note of this release. Dash represents or rounds to zero.




Table 8. Employment status of Gulf War era veterans by Reserve or National Guard status, August 2012, not seasonally adjusted
 
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                         Civilian labor force                                 
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                                                        Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed        Not in  
                Period of service and                   noninsti-                                                                      labor  
           Reserve or National Guard status             tutional               Percent                                                 force  
                                                       population    Total       of                  Percent               Percent            
                                                                             population    Total       of        Total       of               
                                                                                                   population               labor             
                                                                                                                            force             
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                       VETERANS                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                              
                 Gulf War era, total                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                              
  Total...............................................     5,654      4,634     82.0        4,258     75.3          376      8.1        1,020 
Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...     1,615      1,370     84.8        1,269     78.6          101      7.3          245 
Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     3,026      2,481     82.0        2,257     74.6          224      9.0          545 
Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....     1,013        783     77.3          732     72.2           51      6.5          230 
                                                                                                                                              
                   Gulf War era II                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                              
  Total...............................................     2,571      2,081     81.0        1,854     72.1          227     10.9          490 
Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...       763        655     85.8          608     79.6           47      7.2          109 
Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     1,377      1,083     78.7          935     67.9          148     13.7          293 
Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       431        343     79.6          311     72.3           32      9.2           88 
                                                                                                                                              
                    Gulf War era I                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                              
  Total...............................................     3,083      2,553     82.8        2,403     78.0          149      5.8          530 
Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...       851        715     84.0          661     77.7           54      7.5          136 
Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     1,649      1,398     84.8        1,322     80.1           76      5.4          251 
Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       583        440     75.5          420     72.1           20      4.4          143 
 
   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. The
Gulf War era began in August 1990 and continues to the present day. It is divided into two periods of service: Gulf War era II (September
2001-present) and Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent period.




Table 9. Employment status of Gulf War-era II veterans 18 years and over by location of service, August 2012, not seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                     Civilian labor force                                 
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                    Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed        Not in  
          Period of service and location            noninsti-                                                                      labor  
                                                    tutional               Percent                                                 force  
                                                   population    Total       of                  Percent               Percent            
                                                                         population    Total       of         Total      of               
                                                                                               population               labor             
                                                                                                                        force             
                                                                                                                                          
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total ..........................................   2,571       2,081      81.0       1,854      72.1         227      10.9        490   
Served in Iraq, Afghanistan, or both (1) .........     899         736      81.9         655      72.9          80      10.9        163   
Served elsewhere .................................   1,299       1,055      81.2         935      72.0         120      11.3        244   
Location of service not reported .................     373         291      77.9         264      70.7          27       9.2         83   
 
   1 Refers to veterans who served in Iraq at anytime since March 2003 and veterans who served in Afghanistan at anytime since October
2001. Also includes veterans who served in both countries.
   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey.
Gulf War-era II veterans served anywhere in the world at any time since September 2001.




Last Modified Date: March 20, 2013
Recommend this page using: