Economic News Release

Employment Situation of Veterans News Release


Technical information:  (202) 691-6378       USDL 08-0456
               http://www.bls.gov/cps/
                                             For release:  10:00 A.M. (EDT)
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902       Thursday, April 10, 2008


     (NOTE:  This news release was reissued on Friday, April 11, 2008, 
   to correct an estimate shown in the text on page 3.  The estimate of 
   Gulf War-era II veterans with a service-connected disability was cor-
   rected from "18 percent" to "about 17 percent."  Data in the tables 
   and other figures in the text were not affected by this correction.)


                    EMPLOYMENT SITUATION OF VETERANS:  2007

   In 2007, the unemployment rate among veterans who served in the U.S.
Armed Forces since September 2001 was 6.1 percent, the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  About
17 percent of these veterans, also called Gulf War-era II veterans, had a
service-connected disability in August 2007.  The jobless rate for veterans
of all eras combined was 3.8 percent in 2007.  About 12 percent of all
veterans had a service-connected disability in August 2007.

   This information on veterans was obtained from the Current Population
Survey (CPS), a monthly sample survey of about 60,000 households that 
provides official statistics on employment and unemployment in the United
States.  Data about veterans are collected monthly in the CPS; those
monthly data are the source of the 2007 annual averages presented in this
release.  In August 2007, a supplement to the CPS collected additional
information about veterans on topics such as service-connected disability.
Information from the supplement also is presented in this release.  The
supplement was co-sponsored by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and
the Veterans’ Employment and Training Service, an agency of the U.S.
Department of Labor.  For more information, see the box note on page 3 and
the technical note, which provides definitions of terms, including periods
of service, used in this release.  Other findings from the 2007 annual
averages and August 2007 supplement include:

    --Young male veterans (those ages 18 to 24) who served during Gulf War
      era II had an unemployment rate of 11.2 percent in 2007, not statis-
      tically different from the jobless rate of young male nonveterans
      (10.5 percent).  Young male veterans were more likely to be in the
      labor force than their nonveteran counterparts.

    --Gulf War-era II veterans who were current or past members of the
      Reserve or National Guard had an unemployment rate of 2.6 percent,
      compared with a rate of 8.1 percent for those who had not been
      members.

    --The unemployment rate for disabled veterans was 3.4 percent in
      August 2007, essentially the same as the rate for nondisabled
      veterans (3.5 percent).

    --One-third of employed veterans with a service-connected disability
      worked in the public sector; 16 percent were employed by the federal
      government.

The Veteran Population

   In the CPS, veterans are defined as men and women who have previously served
on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and who were civilians at the time they
were surveyed.  In 2007, 22.6 million men and women in the civilian noninstitu-
tional population ages 18 and over were veterans.  The veteran population dif-
fers from the nonveteran population in several ways.  Veterans are more likely
to be men, white, and older than nonveterans.  In part, this reflects the char-
acteristics of veterans who served during World War II, the Korean War, and the 
Vietnam era.  Veterans who served during these wars account for about one-half
(12.3 million) of the total veteran population.  A total of 4.3 million veterans
served during Gulf War era I (August 1990 to August 2001) or Gulf War era II
(September 2001 forward).  Another 6.0 million served outside the designated
wartime periods.  (See table 1.)  Because age and other demographic differences
affect employment and unemployment status, the groups of veterans listed above
are examined separately in the next sections.


                                   - 2 -

Gulf War-era II Veterans

   About 1.5 million veterans served during Gulf War era II.  As with all period-
of-service groups, men accounted for the vast majority (84 percent) of Gulf War-
era II veterans.  However, the proportion of veterans who were women was much
higher among veterans who served in Gulf War era II (16 percent) than among those
who served in earlier periods.  In 2007, about two-thirds of all Gulf War-era II
veterans were under the age of 35.  (See tables 1 and 2.)

   In 2007, a large majority (86.5 percent) of Gulf War-era II veterans partici-
pated in the labor force, and their unemployment rate was 6.1 percent.  For those
ages 18 to 24, the unemployment rate was 12.0 percent, twice that of Gulf War-
era II veterans ages 25 to 34 (6.0 percent).  Among men ages 18 to 24, the unem-
ployment rate of Gulf War-era II veterans (11.2 percent) was about the same as
the rate of nonveterans (10.5 percent).  In general, Gulf War-era II veterans had
unemployment rates that were not statistically different from those of nonveterans
of the same age and gender.

   Nearly one-third of employed male veterans of Gulf War era II worked in manage-
ment, professional, and related occupations, about the same proportion as male non-
veterans.  Sales and office occupations; natural resources, construction, and main-
tenance occupations; and production, transportation, and material moving occupations
each accounted for about 18 percent of employed male veterans and nonveterans.  (See
table 3.)  Among female veterans of Gulf War era II, nearly 40 percent were employed
in management and professional occupations, with another 33 percent working in sales
and office jobs.  These proportions were virtually the same as those for female non-
veterans.

Gulf War-era I Veterans

   For the 2.9 million veterans who served during Gulf War era I (August 1990 to 
August 2001), the proportion that were men was similar to that of Gulf War-era II
veterans.  In 2007, about two-thirds of Gulf War-era I veterans were ages 35 and 
over, compared with one-third of those from Gulf War era II.

   Nearly 90 percent of veterans from Gulf War era I were in the labor force in 2007,
somewhat higher than the rate of Gulf War-era II veterans.  The unemployment rate for
Gulf War-era I veterans (3.5 percent) was lower than the rate for Gulf War-era II vet-
erans (6.1 percent).  These differences in labor force participation and unemployment
rates probably reflect the older age distribution of veterans who served in Gulf War
era I.  Labor force participation rates and unemployment rates of Gulf War-era I vet-
erans were similar to those of nonveterans of the same age and gender.

Veterans of Earlier Service Periods

   In 2007, there were about 12 million veterans who had served during World War II,
the Korean War, or the Vietnam era.  Nearly all of these veterans were at least 55
years old, and one-half were at least 65 years old.  About 97 percent of these vet-
erans were men.

   About 40 percent of male veterans of these earlier wartime periods were in the labor
force in 2007, and their unemployment rate was 3.4 percent.  As with nonveterans, the
labor force participation rates for these veterans decreased with age; the rate for
veterans ages 45 to 54 was 78.9 percent, while the rate for those ages 65 and over was
14.8 percent.  In contrast, the unemployment rates for these veterans were similar
across the age groups.

   Male veterans of these wartime periods (World War II, the Korean War, and the Viet-
nam era) had lower labor force participation rates than male nonveterans in the same
age categories.  The unemployment rates of these veterans and nonveterans were about
the same, however.

   Six million veterans served on active duty during "other service periods," mainly
between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and Gulf War
era I.  (See table 1.)  Because these veterans served between the major wartime per-
iods, which span several decades, this group has a diverse age profile.  About 37 per-
cent of these veterans were at least 65 years old.  Another 34 percent were between
ages 45 and 54, and 21 percent were ages 35 to 44.  Ninety-one percent were men.

   Among most age groups, male veterans of service periods between the designated war-
time periods had labor force participation rates and unemployment rates similar to those
of male nonveterans.


                                   - 3 -


Disabled Veterans

   In August 2007, about 2.6 million veterans, or 12 percent of the total, reported
having a service-connected disability.  (Some veterans did not report whether they had
a service-connected disability.)  Veterans with a service-connected disability are as-
signed a disability rating by the Department of Veterans Affairs.  Ratings range from
0 to 100 percent, in increments of 10 percentage points, depending on the severity of
the condition.  About 40 percent of disabled veterans reported a disability rating of
less than 30 percent, while 25 percent had a rating of 60 percent or higher.  (See
table 5.)

   Among veterans who served in Gulf War era II, about 17 percent (260,000) reported 
having a service-connected disability, one-fifth of whom had a rating of 60 percent or 
more.  Of Gulf War-era II veterans with a disability, 87.8 percent were in the labor 
force, about the same as the rate for nondisabled veterans from this period.  The 
unemployment rate of disabled veterans from Gulf War eras I and II combined was 2.0 
percent, while the rate for nondisabled veterans was 4.4 percent; in statistical terms,
these rates are not significantly different.

   Thirty percent of disabled veterans of World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam
era were in the labor force in August 2007, compared with 40.5 percent of veterans from
these periods who did not have a service-connected disability.  The unemployment rate of
disabled veterans of these earlier wartime periods was 5.4 percent; for their nondisabled
peers, it was 3.3 percent.  (See table 5.)

   Disabled veterans who were on active duty during other (non-wartime) service periods
had a 58.0 percent labor force participation rate, essentially the same as the rate for
nondisabled veterans from these periods (59.9 percent).  The unemployment rate of dis-
abled veterans from other service periods was 3.2 percent; for the nondisabled, it was 
2.8 percent.

   About 33 percent of disabled veterans were employed in federal, state, or local gov-
ernment, compared with 18 percent of nondisabled veterans and 14 percent of nonveterans.
About 16 percent of employed disabled veterans worked for the federal government.  This
compared with 7 percent of nondisabled veterans and 2 percent of nonveterans.  (See
table 6.)

Reserve and National Guard Membership

   The August 2007 supplement collected information about Gulf War-era veterans’ member-
ship in the Reserve or National Guard.  Among Gulf War-era II veterans, about 38 percent
were reported to be current or past members of the Reserve or National Guard; the propor-
tion for Gulf War-era I veterans was 32 percent.  About half of both Gulf War-era II and
Gulf War-era I veterans had never belonged to the Reserve or National Guard.  Information
on Reserve or National Guard status was not reported for a substantial proportion of both
groups.

   For Gulf War-era II veterans, those who were current or past members of the Reserve or
National Guard had an unemployment rate of 2.6 percent, compared with a rate of 8.1 per-
cent for those who had never been members.  Labor force participation rates did not differ
significantly by Reserve or National Guard membership for Gulf War-era II veterans.  For 
veterans of Gulf War era I, both labor force participation rates and unemployment rates
were similar regardless of Reserve or National Guard membership.  (See table 7.)





        --------------------------------------------------------------------------
       |                                                                          |
       |                  Changes in the News Releases on Veterans                |
       |                                                                          |
       |   Since 1985, BLS has issued news releases biennially that focused on    |
       |the results from the Current Population Survey (CPS) veterans supplements.|
       |This is the first news release in the series to combine annual average and|
       |supplement data from the CPS.  This release is also the first to contain  |
       |detailed information on veterans who served in the Armed Forces since     |
       |September 2001, also referred to as Gulf War-era II veterans.             |
       |                                                                          |
       |   BLS plans to issue alternating news releases on veterans.  In odd-num- |
       |bered years, the release will include only the annual average data for the|
       |previous year.  In even-numbered years, that is, the years following the  |
       |biennial veterans supplements, the news release will include both annual  |
       |average and supplement data.                                              |
       |                                                                          |
        --------------------------------------------------------------------------





        


                                   - 4 -


Technical Note

   The estimates in this release are obtained from the Current Population 
Survey (CPS), which provides basic information on the labor force, employ-
ment, and unemployment.  The survey is conducted monthly for the Bureau of
Labor Statistics by the U.S. Census Bureau from a scientifically selected
national sample of about 60,000 households.

   Most of the data in this release are annual averages for 2007, compiled
from the results of the monthly survey.  Some of the data, such as those
related to service-connected disability and Reserve or National Guard status,
are from special questions asked as part of the latest biennial veterans sup-
plement to the CPS, which was conducted in August 2007.  The supplement was
co-sponsored by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and by the U.S.
Department of Labor's Veterans’ Employment and Training Service.  Questions
were asked of persons 17 years of age and older regarding their prior service
in the U.S. Armed Forces.  Data are tabulated for persons 18 years of age and
older.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral
phone number:  1-800-877-8339.

Definitions

   The definitions underlying the data in this release are as follows:  Veterans
are men and women who previously served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces.
Members of the Reserve and National Guard are counted as veterans if they had 
ever been called to active duty.  Persons who are on active duty at the time of
the survey are outside the scope of the survey and thus not in the estimates shown
here, as are persons who reside in institutions, such as nursing homes and prisons.

   Nonveterans are men and women who never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed
Forces.

   World War II, Korean War, Vietnam-era, and Gulf War-era veterans are men and 
women who served in the Armed Forces during these periods, regardless of where they
served.  Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the
most recent one.

   Veterans of other service periods are men and women who served in the Armed Forces
at any time other than World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, or the Gulf
War era.  Although U.S. Armed Forces were engaged in several armed conflicts during
other service periods, these conflicts were more limited in scope and included a
smaller proportion of the Armed Forces than the selected wartime periods.  Veterans
who served during one of the selected wartime periods and during another period are
classified in the wartime period.

   Veteran status is obtained from responses to the question, "Did you ever serve on
active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces?"

   Period of service is obtained from answers to the question asked of veterans, "When
did you serve on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces?"  The following service periods
are identified:

           Gulf War era II    --   September 2001-present
           Gulf War era I     --   August 1990-August 2001
           May 1975-July 1990
           Vietnam era        --   August 1964-April 1975
           February 1955-July 1964
           Korean War         --   July 1950-January 1955
           January 1947-June 1950
           World War II       --   December 1941-December 1946
           November 1941 or earlier

Period-of-service definitions are modified occasionally to reflect changes in law,
regulations, and program needs of the survey sponsors.


                                   - 5 -


   Presence of service-connected disability is provided by answers to the question,
"Has the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) or  Department of Defense (DoD) deter-
mined that you have a service-connected disability, that is, a health condition or
impairment caused or made worse by any of your military service?"

   Service-connected disability rating is based on answers to the question, "What
is your current service-connected disability rating?"  Answers can range from 0 to
100 percent, in increments of 10 percentage points.  Ratings are determined by the
VA or DoD from a rating schedule published in the Code of Federal Regulations, 
Title 38, "Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief," Part 4--"Schedule for Rating
Disabilities."  The rating schedule is "primarily a guide in the evaluation of dis-
ability resulting from all types of diseases and injuries encountered as a result of
or incident to military service.  The percentage ratings represent, as far as can
practicably be determined, the average impairment in earning capacity resulting from
such diseases and injuries and their residual conditions in civil occupations." 
Part 4 contains a listing of hundreds of possible disorders and assigns ratings of
0 through 100 percent in steps of 10 percent for each, with instructions for rating
multiple disorders.

   Reserve or National Guard status is obtained from answers to two questions.  Gulf
War-era veterans were asked:  "Was any of your active service the result of a call-up
from the Reserve or National Guard?"  If the answer was no, they were asked, "Have you
ever been a member of the Reserve or National Guard?"  A ‘yes’ response to either ques-
tion classified persons as "Current or past member of the Reserve or National Guard."
A ‘no’ response to the latter question classified persons as "Never a member of the
Reserve or National Guard."  These questions were asked only of Gulf War-era veterans.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance that
the sample estimates will differ from the "true" population values they represent. 
The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular sample
selected, and this variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate.
There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on
a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population
value because of sampling error.  BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-per-
cent level of confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error.  Nonsampling error can occur
for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population, the 
inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, the inability or
unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the
collection or processing of the data.

   For a full discussion of the reliability of data from the CPS and information on
estimating standard errors, see the explanatory note for the household survey online
at http://www.bls.gov/cps/eetech_methods.pdf.







     Table 1.  Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino
     ethnicity, 2007 annual averages
     
     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                    Civilian labor force                                     
                                                                                                                                             
                                                Civilian                                                                                     
        Veteran status, period of service,     noninsti-                                  Employed               Unemployed          Not in  
        sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino       tutional                Percent                                                      labor   
                    ethnicity                  population    Total         of                                                        force   
                                                                       population               Percent                 Percent              
                                                                                     Total         of        Total         of                
                                                                                               population             labor force            
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
                      TOTAL                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................   222,645     150,354       67.5      143,761       64.6        6,593        4.4       72,292  
      Veterans...............................    22,633      12,502       55.2       12,029       53.2          473        3.8       10,130  
       Gulf War era, total...................     4,330       3,818       88.2        3,651       84.3          167        4.4          511  
        Gulf War era I.......................     2,877       2,561       89.0        2,471       85.9           90        3.5          316  
        Gulf War era II......................     1,453       1,257       86.5        1,180       81.2           77        6.1          196  
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....    12,262       4,941       40.3        4,772       38.9          168        3.4        7,321  
       Other service periods.................     6,042       3,743       62.0        3,606       59.7          137        3.7        2,298  
      Nonveterans............................   200,013     137,851       68.9      131,731       65.9        6,120        4.4       62,161  
                                                                                                                                             
                       Men                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................   107,515      80,783       75.1       77,164       71.8        3,619        4.5       26,732  
      Veterans...............................    20,952      11,418       54.5       10,997       52.5          421        3.7        9,533  
       Gulf War era, total...................     3,630       3,280       90.4        3,143       86.6          137        4.2          350  
        Gulf War era I.......................     2,415       2,199       91.0        2,123       87.9           76        3.5          217  
        Gulf War era II......................     1,214       1,081       89.0        1,020       84.0           61        5.6          133  
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....    11,843       4,797       40.5        4,633       39.1          165        3.4        7,046  
       Other service periods.................     5,479       3,341       61.0        3,222       58.8          120        3.6        2,138  
      Nonveterans............................    86,563      69,364       80.1       66,166       76.4        3,198        4.6       17,199  
                                                                                                                                             
                      Women                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................   115,130      69,571       60.4       66,597       57.8        2,974        4.3       45,559  
      Veterans...............................     1,681       1,084       64.5        1,032       61.4           52        4.8          597  
       Gulf War era, total...................       700         539       77.0          508       72.6           30        5.6          161  
        Gulf War era I.......................       461         362       78.6          348       75.5           14        3.9           99  
        Gulf War era II......................       239         176       73.9          160       67.2           16        9.1           62  
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....       419         143       34.2          140       33.4            4        2.6          275  
       Other service periods.................       562         402       71.5          384       68.3           18        4.4          160  
      Nonveterans............................   113,449      68,487       60.4       65,565       57.8        2,922        4.3       44,962  
                                                                                                                                             
                      White                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................   181,228     122,609       67.7      117,827       65.0        4,782        3.9       58,618  
      Veterans...............................    19,428      10,465       53.9       10,104       52.0          361        3.5        8,963  
       Gulf War era, total...................     3,317       2,947       88.9        2,835       85.5          112        3.8          370  
        Gulf War era I.......................     2,212       1,989       89.9        1,932       87.3           56        2.8          224  
        Gulf War era II......................     1,105         958       86.8          903       81.8           55        5.8          146  
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....    11,023       4,449       40.4        4,301       39.0          148        3.3        6,574  
       Other service periods.................     5,089       3,069       60.3        2,967       58.3          102        3.3        2,020  
      Nonveterans............................   161,800     112,144       69.3      107,724       66.6        4,421        3.9       49,655  
                                                                                                                                             
            Black or African American                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................    26,026      17,230       66.2       15,882       61.0        1,349        7.8        8,796  
      Veterans...............................     2,427       1,545       63.6        1,454       59.9           90        5.8          882  
       Gulf War era, total...................       768         656       85.5          614       80.0           42        6.5          111  
        Gulf War era I.......................       510         439       86.0          411       80.6           27        6.2           71  
        Gulf War era II......................       257         217       84.5          202       78.6           15        6.9           40  
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....       915         352       38.5          336       36.7           16        4.5          563  
       Other service periods.................       744         536       72.1          504       67.7           32        6.0          208  
      Nonveterans............................    23,600      15,686       66.5       14,427       61.1        1,258        8.0        7,914  
                                                                                                                                             
                      Asian                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................    10,262       6,983       68.0        6,762       65.9          220        3.2        3,279  
      Veterans...............................       259         161       62.2          155       59.9            6        3.7           98  
       Gulf War era, total...................        94          84       89.1           79       84.0            5        5.7           10  
        Gulf War era I.......................        59          51       87.6           50       86.1            1        1.7            7  
        Gulf War era II......................        36          33       91.5           29       80.4            4       (1)             3  
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....       102          35       34.6           35       34.0            1        1.8           67  
       Other service periods.................        63          42       66.9           41       66.0            1        1.3           21  
      Nonveterans............................    10,002       6,821       68.2        6,607       66.1          214        3.1        3,181  
                                                                                                                                             
           Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................    29,756      21,185       71.2       20,047       67.4        1,138        5.4        8,571  
      Veterans...............................     1,151         778       67.6          749       65.0           29        3.8          373  
       Gulf War era, total...................       376         334       88.8          319       84.9           15        4.4           42  
        Gulf War era I.......................       228         206       90.5          198       86.7            9        4.1           22  
        Gulf War era II......................       148         127       86.3          121       82.0            6        4.9           20  
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era....       467         223       47.8          217       46.5            6        2.9          244  
       Other service periods.................       309         221       71.5          213       68.9            8        3.6           88  
      Nonveterans............................    28,605      20,407       71.3       19,299       67.5        1,108        5.4        8,198  
     
        1 Ratios are not shown where the denominator is less than 35,000.  Small estimated levels are based on a small number of survey
     responses and, thus, are subject to relatively large standard errors.
        NOTE:  Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf
     War era, and all other service periods.  Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces.  Other service periods
     include the periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and
     the Gulf War era.  More detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release.  Estimates for the above race groups (white,
     black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.  Persons whose ethnicity is
     identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.
     
     
     
     
     
     


     Table 2.  Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, age, period of service, and sex, 2007 annual averages
     
     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                    Civilian labor force                                     
                                                                                                                                             
                                                Civilian                                                                                     
     Veteran status, age, period of service,   noninsti-                                  Employed               Unemployed          Not in  
                     and sex                    tutional                Percent                                                      labor   
                                               population    Total         of                                                        force   
                                                                       population               Percent                 Percent              
                                                                                     Total         of        Total         of                
                                                                                               population             labor force            
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
                      TOTAL                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                             
                     VETERANS                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................    22,633      12,502       55.2       12,029       53.2          473        3.8       10,130  
         18 to 24 years......................       329         264       80.3          233       70.9           31       11.7           65  
         25 to 34 years......................     1,561       1,404       89.9        1,329       85.2           75        5.3          157  
         35 to 44 years......................     2,722       2,475       90.9        2,391       87.8           83        3.4          247  
         45 to 54 years......................     3,618       3,047       84.2        2,947       81.4          100        3.3          571  
         55 to 64 years......................     5,833       3,825       65.6        3,693       63.3          132        3.5        2,008  
         65 years and over...................     8,570       1,488       17.4        1,436       16.8           52        3.5        7,082  
                                                                                                                                             
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................     4,330       3,818       88.2        3,651       84.3          167        4.4          511  
         18 to 24 years......................       329         264       80.3          233       70.9           31       11.7           65  
         25 to 34 years......................     1,561       1,404       89.9        1,329       85.2           75        5.3          157  
         35 to 44 years......................     1,446       1,327       91.8        1,288       89.1           39        2.9          119  
         45 to 54 years......................       690         621       89.9          606       87.7           15        2.4           70  
         55 to 64 years......................       262         188       71.9          181       69.2            7        3.8           74  
         65 years and over...................        43          15       34.2           14       33.5         -           -             28  
                                                                                                                                             
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................     2,877       2,561       89.0        2,471       85.9           90        3.5          316  
         18 to 24 years......................        11           9        (1)            9       (1)          -           -              2  
         25 to 34 years......................       932         848       91.0          807       86.5           41        4.8           84  
         35 to 44 years......................     1,181       1,084       91.8        1,052       89.1           32        3.0           97  
         45 to 54 years......................       509         457       89.7          445       87.4           12        2.5           53  
         55 to 64 years......................       205         150       73.1          145       70.8            5        3.2           55  
         65 years and over...................        38          13       35.1           13       34.3         -           -             25  
                                                                                                                                             
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................     1,453       1,257       86.5        1,180       81.2           77        6.1          196  
         18 to 24 years......................       317         255       80.3          224       70.7           31       12.0           63  
         25 to 34 years......................       628         556       88.5          522       83.1           34        6.0           72  
         35 to 44 years......................       265         243       91.7          236       89.2            7        2.8           22  
         45 to 54 years......................       181         164       90.6          161       88.7            3        2.1           17  
         55 to 64 years......................        57          39       67.5           36       63.4            2        6.2           19  
         65 years and over...................         5           1        (1)            1        (1)           -          -             3  
                                                                                                                                             
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era 2                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 45 years and over................    12,262       4,941       40.3        4,772       38.9          168        3.4        7,321  
         45 to 54 years......................       851         666       78.3          646       75.9           20        3.0          185  
         55 to 64 years......................     5,116       3,359       65.7        3,241       63.4          118        3.5        1,757  
         65 years and over...................     6,295         916       14.6          886       14.1           30        3.3        5,379  
                                                                                                                                             
              Other service periods                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 25 years and over................     6,042       3,743       62.0        3,606       59.7          137        3.7        2,298  
         25 to 34 years......................       -           -           -           -           -            -          -           -    
         35 to 44 years......................     1,277       1,148       89.9        1,104       86.4           44        3.9          129  
         45 to 54 years......................     2,077       1,760       84.7        1,695       81.6           65        3.7          317  
         55 to 64 years......................       456         278       61.1          271       59.5            7        2.6          177  
         65 years and over...................     2,232         557       25.0          536       24.0           21        3.7        1,675  
                                                                                                                                             
                   NONVETERANS                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................   200,013     137,851       68.9      131,731       65.9        6,120        4.4       62,161  
         18 to 24 years......................    27,859      19,182       68.9       17,356       62.3        1,827        9.5        8,677  
         25 to 34 years......................    38,191      31,726       83.1       30,257       79.2        1,469        4.6        6,465  
         35 to 44 years......................    39,679      33,052       83.3       31,910       80.4        1,141        3.5        6,627  
         45 to 54 years......................    39,927      32,652       81.8       31,616       79.2        1,036        3.2        7,275  
         55 to 64 years......................    26,700      16,925       63.4       16,416       61.5          510        3.0        9,775  
         65 years and over...................    27,657       4,315       15.6        4,178       15.1          137        3.2       23,342  
                                                                                                                                             
                       MEN                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                             
                     VETERANS                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................    20,952      11,418       54.5       10,997       52.5          421        3.7        9,533  
         18 to 24 years......................       270         227       84.1          202       74.9           25       10.9           43  
         25 to 34 years......................     1,272       1,179       92.7        1,120       88.0           59        5.0           93  
         35 to 44 years......................     2,311       2,145       92.8        2,072       89.7           72        3.4          166  
         45 to 54 years......................     3,194       2,716       85.0        2,631       82.4           85        3.1          478  
         55 to 64 years......................     5,615       3,691       65.7        3,562       63.4          129        3.5        1,924  
         65 years and over...................     8,290       1,461       17.6        1,410       17.0           51        3.5        6,829  
                                                                                                                                             
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................     3,630       3,280       90.4        3,143       86.6          137        4.2          350  
         18 to 24 years......................       270         227       84.1          202       74.9           25       10.9           43  
         25 to 34 years......................     1,272       1,179       92.7        1,120       88.0           59        5.0           93  
         35 to 44 years......................     1,215       1,145       94.2        1,110       91.3           35        3.0           71  
         45 to 54 years......................       596         543       91.2          532       89.3           12        2.1           52  
         55 to 64 years......................       237         172       72.6          166       69.8            7        3.9           65  
         65 years and over...................        39          13       34.1           13       33.2           -          -            26  
                                                                                                                                             
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................     2,415       2,199       91.0        2,123       87.9           76        3.5          217  
         18 to 24 years......................         9           8        (1)            8        (1)           -          -             1  
         25 to 34 years......................       760         712       93.6          680       89.4           32        4.5           48  
         35 to 44 years......................       997         939       94.2          910       91.2           30        3.2           58  
         45 to 54 years......................       427         389       91.1          379       88.8           10        2.5           38  
         55 to 64 years......................       187         138       74.1          134       71.8            4        3.1           48  
         65 years and over...................        35          12       34.4           12       33.5           -          -            23  
                                                                                                                                             
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................     1,214       1,081       89.0        1,020       84.0           61        5.6          133  
         18 to 24 years......................       261         219       83.8          194       74.4           25       11.2           42  
         25 to 34 years......................       512         467       91.2          440       85.9           27        5.8           45  
         35 to 44 years......................       218         206       94.2          201       91.9            5        2.5           13  
         45 to 54 years......................       169         155       91.6          153       90.4            2        1.3           14  
         55 to 64 years......................        50          34       67.2           32       62.5            2        (1)           17  
         65 years and over...................         4           1        (1)            1        (1)           -          -             3  
                                                                                                                                             
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era (2)                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 45 years and over................    11,843       4,797       40.5        4,633       39.1          165        3.4        7,046  
         45 to 54 years......................       790         623       78.9          604       76.5           20        3.1          166  
         55 to 64 years......................     4,968       3,271       65.8        3,156       63.5          115        3.5        1,697  
         65 years and over...................     6,085         903       14.8          873       14.4           30        3.3        5,182  
                                                                                                                                             
              Other service periods                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 25 years and over................     5,479       3,341       61.0        3,222       58.8          120        3.6        2,138  
         25 to 34 years......................       -           -           -           -           -            -          -           -    
         35 to 44 years......................     1,096       1,000       91.3          962       87.8           38        3.8           96  
         45 to 54 years......................     1,809       1,549       85.7        1,495       82.7           54        3.5          260  
         55 to 64 years......................       410         248       60.5          240       58.7            7        2.9          162  
         65 years and over...................     2,165         545       25.2          524       24.2           21        3.8        1,620  
                                                                                                                                             
                   NONVETERANS                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................    86,563      69,364       80.1       66,166       76.4        3,198        4.6       17,199  
         18 to 24 years......................    13,981      10,055       71.9        8,998       64.4        1,057       10.5        3,926  
         25 to 34 years......................    18,586      17,129       92.2       16,332       87.9          797        4.7        1,457  
         35 to 44 years......................    18,599      17,155       92.2       16,594       89.2          561        3.3        1,444  
         45 to 54 years......................    18,119      16,086       88.8       15,579       86.0          507        3.2        2,034  
         55 to 64 years......................    10,043       7,214       71.8        6,994       69.6          220        3.0        2,829  
         65 years and over...................     7,234       1,726       23.9        1,670       23.1           56        3.3        5,508  
                                                                                                                                             
                      WOMEN                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                             
                     VETERANS                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................     1,681       1,084       64.5        1,032       61.4           52        4.8          597  
         18 to 24 years......................        59          37       63.0           31       52.7            6       16.3           22  
         25 to 34 years......................       288         225       78.0          209       72.5           16        7.1           63  
         35 to 44 years......................       411         330       80.3          319       77.6           11        3.3           81  
         45 to 54 years......................       424         331       78.0          316       74.5           15        4.4           93  
         55 to 64 years......................       218         135       61.6          131       60.1            3        2.5           84  
         65 years and over...................       280          27        9.5           26        9.2            1        (1)          254  
                                                                                                                                             
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................       700         539       77.0          508       72.6           30        5.6          161  
         18 to 24 years......................        59          37       63.0           31       52.7            6       16.3           22  
         25 to 34 years......................       288         225       78.0          209       72.5           16        7.1           63  
         35 to 44 years......................       230         182       79.1          178       77.2            4        2.5           48  
         45 to 54 years......................        95          77       81.7           74       78.2            3        4.4           17  
         55 to 64 years......................        25          16        (1)           15        (1)           -          -             9  
         65 years and over...................         3           1        (1)            1        (1)           -          -             2  
                                                                                                                                             
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................       461         362       78.6          348       75.5           14        3.9           99  
         18 to 24 years......................         2           1        (1)            1        (1)           -          -             1  
         25 to 34 years......................       172         136       79.1          127       73.7            9        6.8           36  
         35 to 44 years......................       184         145       78.8          142       77.4            3        1.8           39  
         45 to 54 years......................        82          68       82.4           66       80.1            2        2.9           14  
         55 to 64 years......................        18          11        (1)           11        (1)           -          -             7  
         65 years and over...................         3           1        (1)            1        (1)           -          -             2  
                                                                                                                                             
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................       239         176       73.9          160       67.2           16        9.1           62  
         18 to 24 years......................        56          36       63.9           30       53.2            6       16.8           20  
         25 to 34 years......................       117          89       76.4           82       70.7            7        7.6           27  
         35 to 44 years......................        46          37       80.2           35       76.3            2        4.9            9  
         45 to 54 years......................        12           9        (1)            8        (1)            1        (1)            3  
         55 to 64 years......................         7           5        (1)            5        (1)           -          -             2  
         65 years and over...................         1          -          -            -          -            -          -             1  
                                                                                                                                             
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era (2)                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 45 years and over................       419         143       34.2          140       33.4            4        2.6          275  
         45 to 54 years......................        62          43       69.5           43       69.1           -          -            19  
         55 to 64 years......................       147          88       59.5           85       57.7            3        3.1           60  
         65 years and over...................       210          13        6.1           12        5.7            1        (1)          197  
                                                                                                                                             
              Other service periods                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 25 years and over................       562         402       71.5          384       68.3           18        4.4          160  
         25 to 34 years......................        -           -          -            -          -            -          -            -   
         35 to 44 years......................       181         148       81.8          142       78.2            7        4.4           33  
         45 to 54 years......................       268         211       78.6          200       74.5           11        5.2           57  
         55 to 64 years......................        46          31       66.5           31       66.2           -          -            15  
         65 years and over...................        67          13       18.6           12       18.5           -          -            55  
                                                                                                                                             
                   NONVETERANS                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 18 years and over................   113,449      68,487       60.4       65,565       57.8        2,922        4.3       44,962  
         18 to 24 years......................    13,878       9,128       65.8        8,357       60.2          770        8.4        4,750  
         25 to 34 years......................    19,605      14,597       74.5       13,924       71.0          672        4.6        5,008  
         35 to 44 years......................    21,080      15,897       75.4       15,317       72.7          580        3.7        5,183  
         45 to 54 years......................    21,807      16,566       76.0       16,037       73.5          529        3.2        5,241  
         55 to 64 years......................    16,657       9,711       58.3        9,422       56.6          290        3.0        6,946  
         65 years and over...................    20,423       2,589       12.7        2,508       12.3           81        3.1       17,834  
     
        1 Ratios are not shown where the denominator is less than 35,000.  Small estimated levels are based on a small number of survey
     responses and, thus, are subject to relatively large standard errors.
        2 Because of the aging of the population, there are no longer any veterans of these eras under 45 years of age.
        NOTE:  Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf
     War era, and all other service periods.  Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces.  Other service periods
     include the periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and
     the Gulf War era.  More detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release.  Dash represents or rounds to zero.
     
     
     
     
     
     


     Table 3.  Employed persons 18 years and over by occupation, sex, veteran status, and period of service, 2007 annual averages
     
     (Percent distribution)
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                          Gulf War era               WW II,                          
                                                                                                                  Korean War,    Other        Non-   
                              Occupation                            Veterans                                      and Vietnam   service     veterans 
                                                                                 Total      Gulf War    Gulf War      era       periods              
                                                                                             era I       era II                                      
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                TOTAL                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                     
          Total, 18 years and over (thousands)...................    12,029       3,651       2,471       1,180       4,772       3,606     131,731  
          Percent................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                     
      Management, professional, and related occupations..........      35.5        35.0        36.3        32.3        37.5        33.3        36.0  
        Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                               
         occupations.............................................      17.3        15.1        15.9        13.5        19.7        16.4        14.8  
        Professional and related occupations.....................      18.2        19.9        20.4        18.8        17.8        16.9        21.2  
      Service occupations........................................      12.0        14.7        13.9        16.2        10.0        11.9        16.4  
      Sales and office occupations...............................      18.4        18.0        17.1        19.8        18.8        18.2        25.2  
        Sales and related occupations............................      10.0         8.2         8.2         8.0        11.6         9.9        11.3  
        Office and administrative support occupations............       8.3         9.8         8.9        11.7         7.2         8.3        13.9  
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                               
       occupations...............................................      16.1        16.2        16.3        15.9        15.3        17.2        10.4  
        Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...............        .5          .3          .2          .4          .6          .4          .6  
        Construction and extraction occupations..................       8.0         7.7         7.4         8.1         7.9         8.6         6.5  
        Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations........       7.7         8.2         8.7         7.4         6.8         8.2         3.3  
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations      18.0        16.2        16.3        15.9        18.4        19.4        12.0  
        Production occupations...................................       7.6         7.1         7.3         6.6         7.5         8.3         6.4  
        Transportation and material moving occupations...........      10.4         9.1         9.0         9.2        10.9        11.2         5.6  
                                                                                                                                                     
                                 MEN                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                     
          Total, 18 years and over (thousands)...................    10,997       3,143       2,123       1,020       4,633       3,222      66,166  
          Percent................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                     
      Management, professional, and related occupations..........      34.6        33.2        34.1        31.2        37.2        32.3        32.9  
        Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                               
         occupations.............................................      17.5        15.0        15.4        14.3        19.9        16.4        15.8  
        Professional and related occupations.....................      17.1        18.1        18.7        16.9        17.2        15.9        17.1  
      Service occupations........................................      11.7        14.2        13.6        15.5        10.0        11.6        12.9  
      Sales and office occupations...............................      17.1        16.2        15.4        17.7        18.4        16.3        16.8  
        Sales and related occupations............................      10.1         8.3         8.5         7.8        11.6         9.8        10.8  
        Office and administrative support occupations............       7.0         7.9         7.0         9.9         6.8         6.5         6.0  
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                               
       occupations...............................................      17.5        18.5        18.7        18.0        15.7        19.1        19.7  
        Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...............        .5          .3          .2          .4          .6          .5         1.0  
        Construction and extraction occupations..................       8.7         8.8         8.6         9.3         8.1         9.5        12.5  
        Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations........       8.3         9.4         9.9         8.3         7.0         9.1         6.2  
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations      19.1        18.0        18.1        17.6        18.8        20.8        17.7  
        Production occupations...................................       8.0         7.8         8.1         7.2         7.6         8.7         8.5  
        Transportation and material moving occupations...........      11.2        10.1        10.0        10.3        11.2        12.1         9.2  
                                                                                                                                                     
                                WOMEN                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                     
          Total, 18 years and over (thousands)...................     1,032         508         348         160         140         384      65,565  
          Percent................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                     
      Management, professional, and related occupations..........      44.7        46.3        49.5        39.5        47.7        41.5        39.2  
        Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                               
         occupations.............................................      15.5        15.6        18.7         8.7        12.9        16.3        13.8  
        Professional and related occupations.....................      29.3        30.8        30.8        30.8        34.8        25.2        25.4  
      Service occupations........................................      15.7        17.7        16.2        20.9        11.0        14.9        19.9  
      Sales and office occupations...............................      31.5        29.2        27.6        32.8        32.3        34.3        33.7  
        Sales and related occupations............................       9.3         7.7         6.9         9.4        10.3        11.0        11.9  
        Office and administrative support occupations............      22.2        21.5        20.7        23.4        22.0        23.3        21.8  
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                               
       occupations...............................................       1.9         1.7         1.5         2.0         3.4         1.6         1.0  
        Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...............        .1          .1          .2        -           -           -             .3  
        Construction and extraction occupations..................        .9          .5          .4          .6         2.8          .8          .4  
        Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations........        .9         1.1          .9         1.4          .7          .8          .3  
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations       6.1         5.1         5.2         4.9         5.6         7.7         6.2  
        Production occupations...................................       3.5         2.7         2.7         2.6         3.2         4.7         4.2  
        Transportation and material moving occupations...........       2.6         2.4         2.5         2.3         2.4         3.0         2.0  
      
        NOTE:  Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf War era,
     and all other service periods.  Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces.  Other service periods include the
     periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and the Gulf War era.
     More detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release.  Dash represents or rounds to zero.
     
     
     
     
     
     


     Table 4.  Employed persons 18 years and over by industry, class of worker, sex, veteran status, and period of service, 2007 annual averages
     
     (Percent distribution)
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                          Gulf War era               WW II,                          
                                                                                                                  Korean War,    Other        Non-   
                     Industry and class of worker                   Veterans                                      and Vietnam   service     veterans 
                                                                                 Total      Gulf War    Gulf War      era       periods              
                                                                                             era I       era II                                      
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                TOTAL                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                     
     Total, 18 years and over (in thousands).....................    12,029       3,651       2,471       1,180       4,772       3,606     131,731  
     Percent.....................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                     
      Agriculture and related industries.........................       1.9          .5          .4          .7         3.2         1.7         1.4  
        Wage and salary workers..................................        .7          .4          .3          .5         1.0          .7          .8  
        Self-employed workers....................................       1.2          .2          .1          .2         2.2         1.0          .5  
      Nonagricultural industries.................................      98.1        99.5        99.6        99.3        96.8        98.3        98.6  
        Wage and salary workers..................................      89.9        95.7        94.9        97.4        85.4        89.8        92.1  
          Private industries.....................................      70.7        72.9        73.0        72.7        68.3        71.6        77.9  
            Mining...............................................        .7          .9          .7         1.3          .7          .6          .5  
            Construction.........................................       7.0         7.2         7.3         7.0         6.4         7.5         6.5  
            Manufacturing........................................      13.9        12.8        13.6        11.1        14.1        14.6        10.7  
            Wholesale trade......................................       3.6         3.4         3.8         2.6         3.9         3.4         2.8  
            Retail trade.........................................       8.6         8.3         7.2        10.5         8.8         8.6        10.6  
            Transportation and utilities.........................       7.0         6.9         7.6         5.4         6.7         7.6         3.7  
            Information..........................................       2.4         2.8         2.9         2.8         2.0         2.4         2.2  
            Financial activities.................................       5.1         4.8         5.0         4.5         5.2         5.2         6.7  
            Professional and business services...................       9.3        11.0        10.2        12.6         8.3         9.0         9.1  
            Education and health services........................       6.8         7.7         8.0         6.9         6.0         6.8        13.5  
            Leisure and hospitality..............................       3.2         4.0         3.6         4.7         2.8         2.9         7.5  
            Other services.......................................       3.2         3.2         3.1         3.4         3.3         3.0         4.1  
          Government.............................................      19.2        22.8        21.9        24.7        17.1        18.1        14.2  
            Federal..............................................       7.6        10.3         9.3        12.5         6.0         7.0         1.9  
            State................................................       4.6         5.2         5.1         5.5         4.3         4.2         4.4  
            Local................................................       7.0         7.3         7.6         6.7         6.8         6.9         7.9  
        Self-employed workers....................................       8.1         3.7         4.6         1.8        11.3         8.4         6.5  
        Unpaid family workers....................................        .1        -           -           -             .1          .1          .1  
                                                                                                                                                     
                                 MEN                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                     
     Total, 18 years and over (in thousands).....................    10,997       3,143       2,123       1,020       4,633       3,222      66,166  
     Percent.....................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                     
      Agriculture and related industries.........................       2.1          .6          .5          .9         3.3         1.8         2.0  
        Wage and salary workers..................................        .8          .4          .3          .6         1.0          .8         1.3  
        Self-employed workers....................................       1.3          .2          .1          .3         2.2         1.0          .7  
      Nonagricultural industries.................................      97.9        99.4        99.5        99.1        96.7        98.2        98.0  
        Wage and salary workers..................................      89.4        95.7        94.9        97.3        85.2        89.3        90.5  
          Private industries.....................................      71.1        74.0        74.3        73.4        68.3        72.1        79.9  
            Mining...............................................        .8         1.0          .8         1.5          .8          .7          .8  
            Construction.........................................       7.5         8.1         8.2         7.9         6.5         8.3        11.6  
            Manufacturing........................................      14.5        13.9        14.9        11.8        14.4        15.3        14.4  
            Wholesale trade......................................       3.8         3.8         4.2         2.9         4.0         3.5         3.8  
            Retail trade.........................................       8.6         8.3         7.4        10.4         8.8         8.5        10.1  
            Transportation and utilities.........................       7.4         7.6         8.5         5.8         6.8         8.2         5.4  
            Information..........................................       2.4         2.9         3.0         2.6         2.0         2.4         2.5  
            Financial activities.................................       4.9         4.6         4.7         4.4         5.2         4.8         5.4  
            Professional and business services...................       9.4        11.2        10.3        13.2         8.3         9.2         9.7  
            Education and health services........................       5.5         5.7         5.9         5.3         5.5         5.3         5.6  
            Leisure and hospitality..............................       3.0         3.6         3.3         4.3         2.8         2.8         6.9  
            Other services.......................................       3.2         3.3         3.2         3.3         3.3         3.0         3.7  
          Government.............................................      18.4        21.7        20.6        23.9        16.9        17.2        10.6  
            Federal..............................................       7.2         9.9         8.8        12.1         5.9         6.5         1.8  
            State................................................       4.3         4.7         4.6         5.1         4.2         4.1         3.3  
            Local................................................       6.8         7.1         7.3         6.6         6.7         6.6         5.5  
        Self-employed workers....................................       8.5         3.7         4.6         1.7        11.4         8.9         7.5  
        Unpaid family workers....................................      -           -           -           -             .1        -           -     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                WOMEN                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                     
     Total, 18 years and over (in thousands).....................     1,032         508         348         160         140         384      65,565  
     Percent.....................................................     100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                                                                                                                                     
      Agriculture and related industries.........................        .6          .2          .3          -           .7         1.1          .7  
        Wage and salary workers..................................        .2          .1          .2          -           .2          .2          .4  
        Self-employed workers....................................        .5          .1          .1          -           .5         1.0          .3  
      Nonagricultural industries.................................      99.4        99.8        99.7       100.0        99.3        98.9        99.3  
        Wage and salary workers..................................      94.6        95.8        94.7        98.0        92.6        93.8        93.7  
          Private industries.....................................      66.9        65.9        64.9        68.1        67.4        68.1        75.9  
            Mining...............................................        -           -           -           -           -           .1          .1  
            Construction.........................................       1.7         2.0         2.3         1.3         2.5         1.0         1.4  
            Manufacturing........................................       6.6         5.9         5.7         6.3         4.7         8.3         7.1  
            Wholesale trade......................................       1.5         1.0         1.1          .7         1.3         2.3         1.8  
            Retail trade.........................................       9.0         8.0         6.5        11.1        10.3         9.8        11.0  
            Transportation and utilities.........................       2.5         2.3         2.0         3.0         1.8         3.0         1.9  
            Information..........................................       2.4         2.4         1.8         3.7         2.9         2.1         1.9  
            Financial activities.................................       7.2         6.2         6.6         5.3         5.9         9.0         8.0  
            Professional and business services...................       8.8         9.7        10.1         8.8         8.6         7.6         8.5  
            Education and health services........................      20.1        20.0        21.2        17.3        23.7        19.0        21.5  
            Leisure and hospitality..............................       4.6         5.9         5.5         6.9         2.7         3.6         8.1  
            Other services.......................................       2.5         2.6         2.1         3.7         2.7         2.2         4.5  
          Government.............................................      27.7        29.8        29.8        29.9        25.3        25.7        17.8  
            Federal..............................................      12.0        13.1        12.3        14.9         8.9        11.6         2.1  
            State................................................       6.8         8.1         8.2         7.8         7.7         4.8         5.5  
            Local................................................       8.9         8.6         9.3         7.2         8.7         9.3        10.3  
        Self-employed workers....................................       4.6         4.0         4.9         2.0         6.7         4.6         5.5  
        Unpaid family workers....................................        .2          .1          .1          -           -           .5          .1  
     
        NOTE:  Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf War era,
     and all other service periods.  Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces.  Other service periods include the
     periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and the Gulf War era.
     More detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release.  Dash represents or rounds to zero.
     
     
     
     
     
     


   Table 5.  Employment status of veterans 18 years and over by presence of service-connected disability, reported disability rating,
   period of service, and sex, August 2007, not seasonally adjusted
   
   (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                            Civilian labor force                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                        Civilian                                                                                   
      Presence of disability, reported disability      noninsti-                                  Employed               Unemployed          Not in
                        rating,                         tutional                Percent                                                      labor 
               period of service, and sex              population    Total         of                                                        force 
                                                                               population               Percent                 Percent            
                                                                                             Total         of        Total         of              
                                                                                                       population             labor force          
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                         TOTAL                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                   
                        VETERANS                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................   22,620      12,424        54.9      12,014        53.1         410         3.3      10,196 
   With service-connected disability.................    2,647       1,276        48.2       1,232        46.5          44         3.4       1,371 
     Less than 30 percent disability rating..........    1,109         669        60.3         648        58.5          20         3.0         440 
     30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      634         322        50.9         310        48.9          12         3.8         312 
     60 percent or higher disability rating..........      665         181        27.2         171        25.7          10         5.8         484 
     Disability rating not reported..................      240         104        43.3         103        42.9           1         1.0         136 
   Without service-connected disability..............   16,730       9,155        54.7       8,838        52.8         317         3.5       7,574 
   Presence of disability not reported...............    3,243       1,993        61.4       1,944        59.9          49         2.4       1,250 
                                                                                                                                                   
                  Gulf War era, total                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................    4,419       3,895        88.2       3,754        85.0         141         3.6         524 
   With service-connected disability.................      711         581        81.8         569        80.1          12         2.0         130 
     Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      306         280        91.6         273        89.2           7         2.6          26 
     30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      225         187        82.9         184        81.9           2         1.2          38 
     60 percent or higher disability rating..........      136          75        55.2          73        53.5           2         3.2          61 
     Disability rating not reported..................       44          40         (1)          40         (1)          -           -            5 
   Without service-connected disability..............    2,962       2,688        90.7       2,569        86.7         119         4.4         275 
   Presence of disability not reported...............      746         626        84.0         616        82.6          10         1.6         120 
                                                                                                                                                   
                     Gulf War era I                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................    2,933       2,598        88.6       2,519        85.9          79         3.0         335 
   With service-connected disability.................      451         353        78.3         343        76.1          10         2.8          98 
     Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      195         176        90.0         169        86.3           7         4.1          20 
     30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      153         123        80.3         122        79.7           1          .8          30 
     60 percent or higher disability rating..........       85          37        43.4          35        41.2           2          -           48 
     Disability rating not reported..................       17          17         (1)          17         (1)          -           -           -  
   Without service-connected disability..............    1,975       1,815        91.9       1,755        88.9          60         3.3         160 
   Presence of disability not reported...............      507         430        84.8         421        83.0           9         2.1          77 
                                                                                                                                                   
                    Gulf War era II                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................    1,486       1,297        87.3       1,236        83.1          62         4.8         189 
   With service-connected disability.................      260         228        87.8         227        87.1           2          .8          32 
     Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      110         104        94.4         104        94.4          -           -            6 
     30 to 50 percent disability rating..............       72          64         (1)           62        (1)            1        (1)           8 
     60 percent or higher disability rating..........       51          38         (1)           38        (1)            1        (1)          13 
     Disability rating not reported..................       27          23         (1)           23        (1)          -          (1)           5 
   Without service-connected disability..............      988         873        88.4         814        82.4          59         6.7         115 
   Presence of disability not reported...............      239         196        82.2         195        81.7           1          .6          42 
                                                                                                                                                   
           WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................   12,254       4,913        40.1       4,755        38.8         158         3.2       7,342 
   With service-connected disability.................    1,529         458        30.0         434        28.4          25         5.4       1,071 
     Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      592         228        38.5         217        36.7          11         4.7         364 
     30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      333          99        29.9          94        28.3           5         5.1         233 
     60 percent or higher disability rating..........      441          77        17.4          69        15.6           8        10.2         364 
     Disability rating not reported..................      163          54        33.4          53        32.7           1         (1)         109 
   Without service-connected disability..............    9,147       3,701        40.5       3,579        39.1         122         3.3       5,446 
   Presence of disability not reported...............    1,579         754        47.7         742        47.0          12         1.5         825 
                                                                                                                                                   
                 Other service periods                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................    5,947       3,616        60.8       3,505        58.9         111         3.1       2,331 
   With service-connected disability.................      408         237        58.0         229        56.2           8         3.2         171 
     Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      211         161        76.2         158        75.1           2         1.5          50 
     30 to 50 percent disability rating..............       76          36        47.9          32        41.5           5         (1)          40 
     60 percent or higher disability rating..........       88          29        33.4          29        33.2          -           -           59 
     Disability rating not reported..................       33          10         (1)          10         (1)          -           -           23 
   Without service-connected disability..............    4,621       2,767        59.9       2,690        58.2          76         2.8       1,854 
   Presence of disability not reported...............      919         613        66.7         586        63.8          27         4.4         306 
                                                                                                                                                   
                          MEN                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                   
                        VETERANS                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................   20,939      11,304        54.0      10,963        52.4         341         3.0       9,635 
   With service-connected disability.................    2,473       1,168        47.2       1,129        45.7          39         3.3       1,305 
     Less than 30 percent disability rating..........    1,050         625        59.5         604        57.6          20         3.2         425 
     30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      569         282        49.6         274        48.3           7         2.6         287 
     60 percent or higher disability rating..........      624         167        26.8         157        25.1          10         6.3         456 
     Disability rating not reported..................      231          95        41.1          94        40.6           1         1.1         136 
   Without service-connected disability..............   15,518       8,330        53.7       8,068        52.0         262         3.1       7,188 
   Presence of disability not reported...............    2,948       1,806        61.3       1,765        59.9          41         2.3       1,142 
                                                                                                                                                   
                  Gulf War era, total                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................    3,674       3,306        90.0       3,202        87.2         104         3.2         368 
   With service-connected disability.................      608         514        84.5         502        82.5          12         2.3          94 
     Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      277         261        94.2         253        91.6           7         2.7          16 
     30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      194         160        82.4         158        81.2           2         1.4          34 
     60 percent or higher disability rating..........      102          63        61.3          60        58.9           2         (1)          40 
     Disability rating not reported..................       35          30         (1)          30         (1)          -           -            5 
   Without service-connected disability..............    2,463       2,285        92.8       2,202        89.4          83         3.6         178 
   Presence of disability not reported...............      603         508        84.2         498        82.7           9         1.9          95 
                                                                                                                                                   
                     Gulf War era I                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................    2,441       2,197        90.0       2,135        87.4          63         2.8         244 
   With service-connected disability.................      383         315        82.1         305        79.5          10         3.2          69 
     Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      177         164        92.7         157        88.7           7         4.4          13 
     30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      132         104        78.6         103        77.9           1          .9          28 
     60 percent or higher disability rating..........       59          32         (1)          30         (1)           2         (1)          27 
     Disability rating not reported..................       15          15         (1)          15         (1)          -           -           -  
   Without service-connected disability..............    1,648       1,533        93.0       1,489        90.4          44         2.9         115 
   Presence of disability not reported...............      410         350        85.3         341        83.1           9         2.5          60 
                                                                                                                                                   
                    Gulf War era II                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................    1,233       1,109        89.9       1,067        86.6          42         3.7         124 
   With service-connected disability.................      225         199        88.6         197        87.8           2         1.0          26 
     Less than 30 percent disability rating..........       99          96        96.9          96        96.9          -           -            3 
     30 to 50 percent disability rating..............       62          56         (1)          55         (1)           1         (1)           6 
     60 percent or higher disability rating..........       43          31         (1)          31         (1)           1         (1)          12 
     Disability rating not reported..................       20          16         (1)          16         (1)          -           -            5 
   Without service-connected disability..............      816         752        92.2         713        87.4          39         5.2          64 
   Presence of disability not reported...............      193         158        82.0         158        81.7           1          .3          35 
                                                                                                                                                   
           WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................   11,830       4,762        40.3       4,611        39.0         152         3.2       7,068 
   With service-connected disability.................    1,501         446        29.7         421        28.1          25         5.5       1,055 
     Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      579         217        37.4         206        35.6          11         4.9         363 
     30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      320          99        30.9          94        29.3           5         5.1         221 
     60 percent or higher disability rating..........      438          76        17.3          68        15.6           8        10.3         362 
     Disability rating not reported..................      163          54        33.4          53        32.7           1         (1)         109 
   Without service-connected disability..............    8,831       3,582        40.6       3,466        39.3         116         3.2       5,249 
   Presence of disability not reported...............    1,499         734        49.0         723        48.2          12         1.6         765 
                                                                                                                                                   
                 Other service periods                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................    5,435       3,236        59.5       3,150        58.0          85         2.6       2,199 
   With service-connected disability.................      364         209        57.3         206        56.6           3         1.3         156 
     Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      194         147        76.0         145        74.8           2         1.6          46 
     30 to 50 percent disability rating..............       55          23         (1)          23         (1)          -           -           32 
     60 percent or higher disability rating..........       83          28        34.2          28        33.9          -           -           55 
     Disability rating not reported..................       33          10         (1)          10         (1)          -           -           23 
   Without service-connected disability..............    4,224       2,463        58.3       2,400        56.8          63         2.6       1,761 
   Presence of disability not reported...............      846         564        66.6         544        64.3          20         3.5         282 
                                                                                                                                                   
                         WOMEN                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                   
                        VETERANS                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................    1,681       1,120        66.6       1,052        62.6          68         6.1         561 
   With service-connected disability.................      174         108        61.8         103        59.0           5         4.5          67 
     Less than 30 percent disability rating..........       59          44         (1)          44         (1)          -           -           15 
     30 to 50 percent disability rating..............       65          41         (1)          36         (1)           5         (1)          25 
     60 percent or higher disability rating..........       41          14         (1)          14         (1)          -           -           27 
     Disability rating not reported..................        9           9         (1)           9         (1)          -           -           -  
   Without service-connected disability..............    1,212         825        68.1         770        63.6          55         6.7         386 
   Presence of disability not reported...............      295         187        63.3         179        60.6           8         4.3         108 
                                                                                                                                                   
                  Gulf War era, total                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................      745         589        79.1         552        74.2          37         6.2         156 
   With service-connected disability.................      103          68        65.8          68        65.8          -           -           35 
   Without service-connected disability..............      499         403        80.7         367        73.5          36         8.9          96 
   Presence of disability not reported...............      143         118        82.9         118        82.5           1          .5          24 
                                                                                                                                                   
                     Gulf War era I                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................      492         401        81.5         384        78.2          17         4.1          91 
   With service-connected disability.................       67          38         (1)          38         (1)          -           -           29 
   Without service-connected disability..............      327         282        86.3         266        81.2          17         5.9          45 
   Presence of disability not reported...............       97          81        82.8          81        82.8          -           -           17 
                                                                                                                                                   
                    Gulf War era II                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................      253         188        74.4         168        66.4          20        10.7          65 
   With service-connected disability.................       36          29         (1)          29         (1)          -           -            6 
   Without service-connected disability..............      172         121        70.3         101        58.9          19        16.1          51 
   Presence of disability not reported...............       46          38         (1)           37        (1)           1         (1)           8 
                                                                                                                                                   
           WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................      424         150        35.5         144        34.0           6         4.0         274 
   With service-connected disability.................       28          12         (1)          12         (1)          -           -           16 
   Without service-connected disability..............      316         119        37.6         113        35.6           6         5.1         197 
   Presence of disability not reported...............       80          19        24.4          19        24.4          -           -           60 
                                                                                                                                                   
                 Other service periods                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                   
     Total...........................................      512         380        74.2         355        69.3          25         6.7         132 
   With service-connected disability.................       43          28         (1)          23         (1)           5         (1)          16 
   Without service-connected disability..............      396         304        76.6         291        73.3          13         4.3          93 
   Presence of disability not reported...............       73          49         (1)          42         (1)           7         (1)          24 
   
      1 Ratios are not shown where the denominator is less than 75,000.  Small estimated levels are based on a small number of survey responses 
   and, thus, are subject to relatively large standard errors.
      NOTE:  Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf War era,
   and all other service periods.  Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces.  Other service periods include the
   periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and the Gulf War era.
   A service-connected disability is a health condition or impairment caused or made worse by military service.  The associated disability rating,
   which can range from 0 to 100 percent, is determined from a rating schedule published in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, "Title 38."
   More detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release.  Dash represents or rounds to zero.
   
   
   
   
   
     


     Table 6.  Employed persons 18 years and over by veteran status, presence of service-connected disability, period of service, and class of
     worker, August 2007, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                      Percent distribution by class of worker                        
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                        Nonagricultural industries                   
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                      Total                                                                                          
      Veteran status, presence of disability, and   employed                                             Wage and salary workers                     
                   period of service               (thousands)            Agricul-                                                                   
                                                                 Total    ture and                                                            Self-  
                                                                          related                                    Government             employed 
                                                                         industries    Total                                               and unpaid
                                                                                                 Private                                     family  
                                                                                                 sector                            State     workers 
                                                                                                             Total     Federal      and              
                                                                                                                                   local             
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
     Veterans, total (1)..........................   12,014     100.0        1.9       98.1       70.3       19.8        7.8       12.0        7.9   
       With service-connected disability..........    1,232     100.0        1.9       98.1       58.2       33.1       16.3       16.9        6.8   
       Without service-connected disability.......    8,838     100.0        2.3       97.7       71.4       18.3        6.8       11.5        8.0   
                                                                                                                                                     
       Gulf War era, total (1)....................    3,754     100.0         .7       99.3       74.3       21.3        9.4       11.9        3.7   
         With service-connected disability........      569     100.0         -       100.0       61.6       34.2       19.9       14.3        4.1   
         Without service-connected disability.....    2,569     100.0        1.0       99.0       76.7       18.9        7.2       11.7        3.4   
                                                                                                                                                     
         Gulf War era I (1).......................    2,519     100.0         .5       99.5       74.4       20.1        8.9       11.2        5.0   
           With service-connected disability......      343     100.0         -       100.0       62.3       32.0       21.3       10.7        5.7   
           Without service-connected disability...    1,755     100.0         .7       99.3       76.8       17.9        6.2       11.7        4.6   
                                                                                                                                                     
         Gulf War era II (1)......................    1,236     100.0        1.0       99.0       74.2       23.8       10.6       13.2        1.0   
           With service-connected disability......      227     100.0         -       100.0       60.6       37.7       17.8       19.8        1.7   
           Without service-connected disability...      814     100.0        1.5       98.5       76.5       20.9        9.4       11.5        1.0   
                                                                                                                                                     
       WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era (1).....    4,755     100.0        3.2       96.8       66.9       18.8        6.5       12.3       11.1   
         With service-connected disability........      434     100.0        3.8       96.2       49.2       37.2       12.1       25.1        9.7   
         Without service-connected disability.....    3,579     100.0        3.7       96.3       67.7       17.2        5.8       11.4       11.4   
                                                                                                                                                     
       Other service periods (1)..................    3,505     100.0        1.5       98.5       70.8       19.6        7.9       11.7        8.1   
         With service-connected disability........      229     100.0        2.9       97.1       66.6       22.6       15.1        7.5        7.9   
         Without service-connected disability.....    2,690     100.0        1.6       98.4       71.2       19.2        7.7       11.5        8.0   
                                                                                                                                                     
     Nonveterans..................................  131,850     100.0        1.3       98.7       78.2       13.9        1.9       11.9        6.7   
     
        1 Includes veterans who did not report presence of disability.
        NOTE:  Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf War era,
     and all other service periods.  Nonveterans are men and women who never served in the U.S. Armed Forces.  Other service periods include the
     periods between World War II and the Korean War, between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam era and the Gulf War era. 
     A service-connected disability is a health condition or impairment caused or made worse by military service.  The associated disability rating,
     which can range from 0 to 100 percent, is determined from a rating schedule published in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, "Title 38." More
     detailed information appears in the Technical Note of this release.  Dash represents or rounds to zero.
     
     
     
     
     
     


     Table 7.  Employment status of Gulf War era veterans by Reserve or National Guard status, August 2007, not seasonally adjusted
     
     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                              Civilian labor force                                 
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed        Not in  
                                                             noninsti-                                                                      labor  
                                                             tutional               Percent                                                 force  
                                                            population    Total       of                  Percent               Percent            
                                                                                  population    Total       of        Total       of               
                                                                                                        population               labor             
                                                                                                                                 force             
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                      Gulf War era, total                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                   
       Total...............................................     4,419      3,895     88.2        3,754     85.0          141      3.6          524 
     Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...     1,513      1,355     89.5        1,317     87.1           38      2.8          158 
     Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     2,135      1,896     88.8        1,803     84.5           93      4.9          239 
     Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       771        644     83.6          634     82.3           10      1.6          127 
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Gulf War era I                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
       Total...............................................     2,933      2,598     88.6        2,519     85.9           79      3.0          335 
     Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...       944        844     89.3          819     86.7           24      2.9          101 
     Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     1,458      1,311     89.9        1,265     86.8           46      3.5          147 
     Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       530        443     83.6          435     82.0            9      2.0           87 
                                                                                                                                                   
                        Gulf War era II                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
       Total...............................................     1,486      1,297     87.3        1,236     83.1           62      4.8          189 
     Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...       569        511     89.9          498     87.6           13      2.6           57 
     Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........       677        586     86.5          538     79.5           47      8.1           92 
     Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       240        201     83.5          199     83.0            1       .6           40 
     
         NOTE:  Veterans are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, the Gulf War
     era, and all other service periods.  The Gulf War era began in August 1990 and continues to the present day.  More detailed information
     appears in the Technical Note of this release.
     
     
     
     
     
     

Last Modified Date: April 11, 2008
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